Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey

The Current Population Survey (CPS) is a monthly survey of households conducted by the Bureau of Census for the Bureau of Labor Statistics. It provides a comprehensive body of data on the labor force, employment, unemployment, persons not in the labor force, hours of work, earnings, and other demographic and labor force characteristics.

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CPS News Releases

Payroll employment rises by 151,000 in January; unemployment rate changes little (4.9%)

02/05/2016

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 151,000 in January, and the unemployment rate was little changed at 4.9 percent. Job gains were led by retail trade, food services, health care, and manufacturing. Employment declined in educational services, transportation and warehousing, and mining.
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Unemployment rate for Gulf War-era II veterans declines to 7.2 percent in 2014

03/18/2015

The unemployment rate for veterans who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces at any time since September 2001--a group referred to as Gulf War-era II veterans--declined by 1.8 percentage points over the year to 7.2 percent in 2014.
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Union membership rate in 2015 is 11.1 percent, unchanged from 2014

01/28/2016

The union membership rate was 11.1 percent in 2015, unchanged from 2014. The number of wage and salary workers belonging to unions, at 14.8 million, was little different from 2014.
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CPS Databases

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Labor Force Statistics
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Weekly & Hourly Earnings
(Current Population Survey - CPS)
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Union Affiliation Data
(Current Population Survey - CPS)
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Marital and family labor force statistics
(Current Population Survey - CPS)
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Historical News Release Tables

Table Name News Release Tables
Historical 'A' Tables (Household data): Previous years and months
Employment Situation News Release (monthly)
Current Population Survey (CPS)
Tables
Historical 'B' Tables (Establishment data): Previous years and months
Employment Situation News Release (monthly)
Current Employment Statistics (CES)
Tables
Weekly Earnings Tables: Previous quarters
Usual Weekly Earnings of Wage and Salary Workers News Release (quarterly)
Current Population Survey (CPS)
Tables
Union Affiliation Tables: Previous years
Union Members News Release (annual)
Current Population Survey (CPS)
Tables
Access to Historical Data Series by Subject: Previous years and months
Browse labor force, employment, unemployment, and other data by subject
Current Population Survey (CPS)
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CPS Reports and Summaries

CPS Survey Methods Publications

CPS Frequently Asked Questions

People Are Asking...

  1. Where can I find the unemployment rate for previous years?
  2. How is the unemployment rate related to unemployment insurance claims?
  3. What is seasonal adjustment?

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Why does the Government collect statistics on the unemployed?
  2. Where do the statistics come from?
  3. What are the basic concepts of employment and unemployment?
  4. Who is counted as employed?
  5. Who is counted as unemployed?

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Contact the Current Population Survey (CPS)


State, city, and county labor force data

Labor force information for Census regions and divisions, states, counties, metropolitan areas, and many cities are available separately from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program. Contact LAUS by e-mail or call (202) 691-6392.



National labor force data

CPS economists are available to assist you Monday through Friday (8:30 A.M. - 4:30 P.M. Eastern Time), excluding federal holidays.

For assistance with these special topics:

Written inquiries may be directed to:
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Division of Labor Force Statistics
Suite 4675
2 Massachusetts Avenue, NE
Washington, DC 20212-0001



The Bureau of Labor Statistics does not provide information about unemployment insurance (UI)

The Bureau of Labor Statistics does not provide information about income and poverty

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