Business Employment Dynamics

Business Employment Dynamics is a set of statistics generated from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages program. These quarterly data series consist of gross job gains and gross job losses statistics from 1992 forward. These data help to provide a picture of the dynamic state of the labor market.

NOTE: Changes to Business Employment Dynamics (BED) Data - Data in the next release, published on Wednesday, November 19, 2014, will incorporate annual revisions to the BED series. Annual revisions are published each year with the release of first quarter data. These revisions will cover the last four quarters of not seasonally adjusted data and five years of seasonally adjusted data.

NOTE: First quarter 2013 data were affected by an administrative change to the count of establishments in the education and health services industry. A review of the administrative data from which the BED data are derived revealed that certain establishments that provide non-medical, home-based services for the elderly and persons with disabilities had been misclassified in the private households industry (NAICS 814110), which is out of scope for the BED. These establishments are now in scope and are classified in services for the elderly and persons with disabilities (NAICS 624120.) This non-economic industry code change artificially inflates the data for gross job gains, openings, births, and the net employment change for the following data series: national total private, state total private, the education and health services sector, and firm size class.

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Business Employment Dynamics: Fourth Quarter 2013

July 30, 2014

In the fourth quarter of 2013, gross job gains from opening and expanding private sector establishments were 7.3 million. Gross job losses from closing and contracting private sector establishments were 6.5 million. More...
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Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What are Business Employment Dynamics?
  2. How are Business Employment Dynamics data calculated?
  3. What are the sources of Business Employment Dynamics?
  4. What is the scope of Business Employment Dynamics?
  5. What is not included in Business Employment Dynamics?
  6. What are the differences between Business Employment Dynamics data and Current Employment Statistics (CES) and the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or ES-202, program data?
  7. What is the difference between Business Employment Dynamics and the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS)?
  8. What is the reference period?
  9. How is the net change in employment measured?
  10. How are the rates for gross job gains and losses calculated?
  11. How are establishments linked over time?
  12. What is seasonal adjustment?
  13. How are Business Employment Dynamics seasonally adjusted?
  14. What are openings?
  15. What are expansions?
  16. What are closings?
  17. What are contractions?
  18. Are the Business Employment Dynamics data from a survey?
  19. What are the uses of Business Employment Dynamics data?

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Office of Employment and Unemployment Statistics
Business Employment Dynamics
Suite 4840
2 Massachusetts Ave, NE
Washington, DC 20212-0001

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