Business Employment Dynamics

Business Employment Dynamics is a set of statistics generated from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages program. These quarterly data series consist of gross job gains and gross job losses statistics from 1992 forward. These data help to provide a picture of the dynamic state of the labor market.

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) program updated annual data and establishment age and survival data on May 14, 2015. With this update, we revised previously published data to reflect an administrative change that occurred in first quarter 2013. This administrative change resulted from some establishments moving into scope. We previously classified these establishments as private households (NAICS 814110), and they were out of scope. We now classify them in scope as services for the elderly and persons with disabilities (NAICS 624120). We also updated historical data to incorporate improved records that were previously not assigned an industry code. These records now have an industry code, which improves the accuracy of the BED industry data. We revised historical data from third quarter 1992 through fourth quarter 2012 to include these improvements. We will update quarterly BED data incorporating these changes with our normal revision cycle when we release first quarter 2015 data on November 18, 2015.

New data from the Business Employment Dynamics program

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Business Employment Dynamics: Third Quarter 2014

April 29, 2015

In the third quarter of 2014, gross job gains from opening and expanding private sector establishments were 7.2 million. Gross job losses from closing and contracting private sector establishments were 6.6 million. More...
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Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What are Business Employment Dynamics?
  2. How are Business Employment Dynamics data calculated?
  3. What are the sources of Business Employment Dynamics?
  4. What is the scope of Business Employment Dynamics?
  5. What is not included in Business Employment Dynamics?
  6. What are the differences between Business Employment Dynamics data and Current Employment Statistics (CES) and the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or ES-202, program data?
  7. What is the difference between Business Employment Dynamics and the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS)?
  8. What is the reference period?
  9. How is the net change in employment measured?
  10. How are the rates for gross job gains and losses calculated?
  11. How are establishments linked over time?
  12. What is seasonal adjustment?
  13. How are Business Employment Dynamics seasonally adjusted?
  14. What are openings?
  15. What are expansions?
  16. What are closings?
  17. What are contractions?
  18. Are the Business Employment Dynamics data from a survey?
  19. What are the uses of Business Employment Dynamics data?

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Office of Employment and Unemployment Statistics
Business Employment Dynamics
Suite 4840
2 Massachusetts Ave, NE
Washington, DC 20212-0001

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