Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey

Women in the Labor Force: A Databook (2009 Edition)

Table 6. Employment status of women by presence and age of youngest child, marital status, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, March 2008 (Numbers in thousands)
Presence and age of children Civilian
noninstitutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Percent of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent of
population
Total Percent of
labor force
Total, all marital statuses

Total, 16 years and over

120,300 71,515 59.4 68,054 56.6 3,462 4.8 48,784

With children under 18 years old

36,410 25,930 71.2 24,637 67.7 1,294 5.0 10,479

With children 6 to 17 years old, none younger

19,972 15,479 77.5 14,842 74.3 636 4.1 4,493

With children under 6 years old

16,438 10,452 63.6 9,794 59.6 657 6.3 5,986

With children under 3 years old

9,657 5,754 59.6 5,380 55.7 374 6.5 3,903

With no children under 18 years old

83,890 45,585 54.3 43,417 51.8 2,168 4.8 38,305
Total, married, spouse present

Total, 16 years and over

60,108 37,074 61.7 35,919 59.8 1,155 3.1 23,034

With children under 18 years old

25,754 17,886 69.4 17,269 67.1 616 3.4 7,868

With children 6 to 17 years old, none younger

13,919 10,601 76.2 10,270 73.8 331 3.1 3,318

With children under 6 years old

11,835 7,285 61.6 6,999 59.1 285 3.9 4,551

With children under 3 years old

7,091 4,146 58.5 3,981 56.1 165 4.0 2,945

With no children under 18 years old

34,354 19,188 55.9 18,650 54.3 539 2.8 15,166
Total, other marital statuses (1)

Total, 16 years and over

60,192 34,441 57.2 32,135 53.4 2,307 6.7 25,750

With children under 18 years old

10,656 8,045 75.5 7,367 69.1 677 8.4 2,611

With children 6 to 17 years old, none younger

6,053 4,878 80.6 4,573 75.5 305 6.3 1,176

With children under 6 years old

4,603 3,167 68.8 2,795 60.7 372 11.7 1,436

With children under 3 years old

2,566 1,608 62.7 1,399 54.5 209 13.0 958

With no children under 18 years old

49,536 26,397 53.3 24,767 50.0 1,629 6.2 23,139
White, all marital statuses

Total, 16 years and over

96,576 57,044 59.1 54,604 56.5 2,440 4.3 39,532

With children under 18 years old

28,428 20,085 70.7 19,213 67.6 871 4.3 8,343

With children 6 to 17 years old, none younger

15,697 12,115 77.2 11,678 74.4 437 3.6 3,582

With children under 6 years old

12,731 7,970 62.6 7,536 59.2 434 5.4 4,761

With children under 3 years old

7,544 4,458 59.1 4,207 55.8 251 5.6 3,086

With no children under 18 years old

68,149 36,960 54.2 35,390 51.9 1,569 4.2 31,189
White, married, spouse present

Total, 16 years and over

51,326 31,375 61.1 30,442 59.3 933 3.0 19,951

With children under 18 years old

21,566 14,870 69.0 14,381 66.7 489 3.3 6,696

With children 6 to 17 years old, none younger

11,636 8,817 75.8 8,552 73.5 265 3.0 2,819

With children under 6 years old

9,929 6,053 61.0 5,830 58.7 223 3.7 3,876

With children under 3 years old

6,005 3,504 58.4 3,376 56.2 128 3.7 2,501

With no children under 18 years old

29,760 16,505 55.5 16,061 54.0 445 2.7 13,255
White, other marital statuses (1)

Total, 16 years and over

45,250 25,669 56.7 24,162 53.4 1,507 5.9 19,581

With children under 18 years old

6,862 5,215 76.0 4,832 70.4 383 7.3 1,647

With children 6 to 17 years old, none younger

4,060 3,298 81.2 3,126 77.0 172 5.2 763

With children under 6 years old

2,801 1,917 68.4 1,706 60.9 211 11.0 884

With children under 3 years old

1,539 954 62.0 831 54.0 123 12.9 585

With no children under 18 years old

38,388 20,454 53.3 19,330 50.4 1,124 5.5 17,934
Black or African American, all marital statuses

Total, 16 years and over

15,261 9,386 61.5 8,600 56.4 786 8.4 5,875

With children under 18 years old

5,100 3,848 75.4 3,503 68.7 345 9.0 1,252

With children 6 to 17 years old, none younger

2,800 2,240 80.0 2,079 74.2 161 7.2 560

With children under 6 years old

2,300 1,608 69.9 1,424 61.9 184 11.5 692

With children under 3 years old

1,301 808 62.1 706 54.3 102 12.6 493

With no children under 18 years old

10,160 5,538 54.5 5,097 50.2 441 8.0 4,622
Black or African American, married, spouse present

Total, 16 years and over

4,298 2,897 67.4 2,764 64.3 133 4.6 1,402

With children under 18 years old

1,912 1,473 77.0 1,394 72.9 79 5.4 439

With children 6 to 17 years old, none younger

1,117 923 82.6 885 79.3 38 4.1 194

With children under 6 years old

795 550 69.1 508 63.9 41 7.5 246

With children under 3 years old

442 263 59.5 238 54.0 24 9.3 179

With no children under 18 years old

2,386 1,424 59.7 1,370 57.4 54 3.8 962
Black or African American, other marital statuses (1)

Total, 16 years and over

10,962 6,489 59.2 5,836 53.2 653 10.1 4,473

With children under 18 years old

3,188 2,375 74.5 2,109 66.2 266 11.2 813

With children 6 to 17 years old, none younger

1,683 1,317 78.2 1,194 70.9 123 9.3 367

With children under 6 years old

1,505 1,058 70.3 915 60.8 143 13.5 446

With children under 3 years old

859 545 63.5 468 54.4 78 14.2 314

With no children under 18 years old

7,774 4,114 52.9 3,727 47.9 387 9.4 3,660
Asian, all marital statuses

Total, 16 years and over

5,580 3,384 60.7 3,271 58.6 113 3.3 2,195

With children under 18 years old

1,899 1,321 69.6 1,279 67.3 43 3.2 578

With children 6 to 17 years old, none younger

1,005 756 75.2 731 72.8 24 3.2 249

With children under 6 years old

895 566 63.2 547 61.2 18 3.2 329

With children under 3 years old

513 314 61.3 306 59.7 8 2.6 198

With no children under 18 years old

3,680 2,063 56.1 1,993 54.1 70 3.4 1,617
Asian, married, spouse present

Total, 16 years and over

3,293 2,064 62.7 2,009 61.0 55 2.6 1,229

With children under 18 years old

1,656 1,119 67.6 1,087 65.7 31 2.8 537

With children 6 to 17 years old, none younger

874 640 73.3 619 70.8 21 3.3 234

With children under 6 years old

782 478 61.2 468 59.9 10 2.1 303

With children under 3 years old

452 269 59.5 263 58.1 6 2.4 183

With no children under 18 years old

1,637 945 57.7 922 56.3 23 2.5 692
Asian, other marital statuses (1)

Total, 16 years and over

2,287 1,320 57.7 1,262 55.2 59 4.4 966

With children under 18 years old

244 203 83.2 191 78.6 11 5.5 41

With children 6 to 17 years old, none younger

131 116 88.2 112 85.8 3 2.7 15

With children under 6 years old

113 87 77.3 79 70.2 8 9.2 26

With children under 3 years old

60 45 74.9 43 72.0 2 3.9 15

With no children under 18 years old

2,043 1,118 54.7 1,070 52.4 47 4.2 925
Hispanic or Latino, all marital statuses

Total, 16 years and over

15,465 8,708 56.3 8,115 52.5 593 6.8 6,757

With children under 18 years old

6,820 4,165 61.1 3,891 57.0 274 6.6 2,655

With children 6 to 17 years old, none younger

3,370 2,359 70.0 2,225 66.0 134 5.7 1,011

With children under 6 years old

3,450 1,806 52.3 1,666 48.3 140 7.8 1,644

With children under 3 years old

1,996 945 47.3 859 43.0 87 9.2 1,051

With no children under 18 years old

8,645 4,543 52.5 4,224 48.9 319 7.0 4,102
Hispanic or Latino, married, spouse present

Total, 16 years and over

7,557 4,103 54.3 3,874 51.3 229 5.6 3,454

With children under 18 years old

4,663 2,625 56.3 2,482 53.2 143 5.4 2,038

With children 6 to 17 years old, none younger

2,259 1,482 65.6 1,414 62.6 67 4.5 778

With children under 6 years old

2,403 1,143 47.6 1,067 44.4 76 6.6 1,260

With children under 3 years old

1,407 614 43.6 564 40.1 50 8.1 793

With no children under 18 years old

2,894 1,479 51.1 1,393 48.1 86 5.8 1,415
Hispanic or Latino, other marital statuses (1)

Total, 16 years and over

7,908 4,605 58.2 4,241 53.6 364 7.9 3,304

With children under 18 years old

2,157 1,540 71.4 1,409 65.3 131 8.5 617

With children 6 to 17 years old, none younger

1,110 877 79.0 810 73.0 67 7.6 233

With children under 6 years old

1,047 663 63.3 599 57.2 64 9.7 384

With children under 3 years old

589 331 56.2 294 49.9 37 11.1 258

With no children under 18 years old

5,751 3,064 53.3 2,832 49.2 233 7.6 2,687

Footnotes:
(1) Includes never-married, divorced, separated, and widowed persons.

NOTE: Children are "own" children and include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Detail for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.

SOURCE: 2008 Annual Social and Economic Supplement, Current Population Survey, U.S. Department of Labor, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

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