Employment Projections

Civilian labor force participation rate by age, gender, race, and ethnicity

This table also can be found in the article, "Labor force projections to 2024: the labor force is growing, but slowly," published in the December 2015 Monthly Labor Review.

Other available formats: (XLSX)

Table 3.3 Civilian labor force participation rate, by age, gender, race, and ethnicity, 1994, 2004, 2014,
and projected 2024 (in percent)

Group

Participation rate

Percentage-point change

Annual growth rate

1994

2004

2014

2024

1994–2004

2004–14

2014–24

1994–2004

2004–14

2014–24

Total, 16 years and older

66.6

66.0

62.9

60.9

-0.6

-3.1

-2.0

-0.1

-0.5

-0.3

16 to 24

66.4

61.1

55.0

49.7

-5.3

-6.1

-5.3

-0.8

-1.0

-1.0

16 to 19

52.7

43.9

34.0

26.4

-8.8

-9.9

-7.6

-1.8

-2.5

-2.5

20 to 24

77.0

75.0

70.8

68.2

-2.0

-4.2

-2.6

-0.3

-0.6

-0.4

25 to 54

83.4

82.8

80.9

81.2

-0.6

-1.9

0.3

-0.1

-0.2

0.0

25 to 34

83.2

82.7

81.2

81.3

-0.5

-1.5

0.1

-0.1

-0.2

0.0

35 to 44

84.8

83.6

82.2

81.7

-1.2

-1.4

-0.5

-0.1

-0.2

-0.1

45 to 54

81.7

81.8

79.6

81.0

0.1

-2.2

1.4

0.0

-0.3

0.2

55 and older

30.1

36.2

40.0

39.4

6.1

3.8

-0.6

1.9

1.0

-0.2

55 to 64

56.8

62.3

64.1

66.3

5.5

1.8

2.2

0.9

0.3

0.3

55 to 59

67.7

71.1

71.4

74.2

3.4

0.3

2.8

0.5

0.0

0.4

60 to 64

44.9

50.9

55.8

58.8

6.0

4.9

3.0

1.3

0.9

0.5

60 to 61

54.5

59.2

63.4

67.1

4.7

4.2

3.7

0.8

0.7

0.6

62 to 64

38.7

44.4

50.2

53.2

5.7

5.8

3.0

1.4

1.2

0.6

65 and older

12.4

14.4

18.6

21.7

2.0

4.2

3.1

1.5

2.6

1.6

65 to 74

17.2

21.9

26.2

29.9

4.7

4.3

3.7

2.4

1.8

1.3

65 to 69

21.9

27.7

31.6

36.2

5.8

3.9

4.6

2.4

1.3

1.4

70 to 74

11.8

15.3

18.9

22.8

3.5

3.6

3.9

2.6

2.1

1.9

75 to 79

6.6

8.8

11.3

14.4

2.2

2.5

3.1

2.9

2.5

2.5

75 and older

5.4

6.1

8.0

10.6

0.7

1.9

2.6

1.2

2.7

2.9

Men, 16 years and older

75.1

73.3

69.2

66.2

-1.8

-4.1

-3.0

-0.2

-0.6

-0.4

16 to 24

70.3

63.9

56.4

50.2

-6.4

-7.5

-6.2

-0.9

-1.2

-1.2

16 to 19

54.1

43.9

33.5

27.5

-10.2

-10.4

-6.0

-2.1

-2.7

-2.0

20 to 24

83.1

79.6

73.9

68.3

-3.5

-5.7

-5.6

-0.4

-0.7

-0.8

25 to 54

91.7

90.5

88.2

87.3

-1.2

-2.3

-0.9

-0.1

-0.3

-0.1

25 to 34

92.6

91.9

88.7

87.0

-0.7

-3.2

-1.7

-0.1

-0.4

-0.2

35 to 44

92.8

91.9

90.5

90.1

-0.9

-1.4

-0.4

-0.1

-0.2

0.0

45 to 54

89.1

87.5

85.6

84.4

-1.6

-1.9

-1.2

-0.2

-0.2

-0.1

55 and older

37.8

43.2

45.9

44.0

5.4

2.7

-1.9

1.3

0.6

-0.4

55 to 64

65.5

68.7

69.9

69.9

3.2

1.2

0.0

0.5

0.2

0.0

55 to 59

76.9

77.6

76.8

76.3

0.7

-0.8

-0.5

0.1

-0.1

-0.1

60 to 64

52.8

57.0

61.9

63.8

4.2

4.9

1.9

0.8

0.8

0.3

60 to 61

64.8

64.9

69.7

69.7

0.1

4.8

0.0

0.0

0.7

0.0

62 to 64

45.1

50.8

56.2

59.9

5.7

5.4

3.7

1.2

1.0

0.6

65 and older

16.9

19.0

23.0

25.7

2.1

4.0

2.7

1.2

1.9

1.1

65 to 74

21.7

26.7

30.6

34.0

5.0

3.9

3.4

2.1

1.4

1.1

65 to 69

26.8

32.6

36.1

40.0

5.8

3.5

3.9

2.0

1.0

1.0

70 to 74

15.8

19.4

22.8

26.6

3.6

3.4

3.8

2.1

1.6

1.6

75 to 79

9.8

12.4

14.5

17.3

2.6

2.1

2.8

2.4

1.6

1.8

75 and older

8.6

9.0

11.0

13.5

0.4

2.0

2.5

0.5

2.0

2.1

Women, 16 years and older

58.8

59.2

57.0

55.8

0.4

-2.2

-1.2

0.1

-0.4

-0.2

16 to 24

62.5

58.7

53.6

48.6

-3.8

-5.1

-5.0

-0.6

-0.9

-1.0

16 to 19

51.3

43.8

34.5

25.9

-7.5

-9.3

-8.6

-1.6

-2.4

-2.8

20 to 24

71.0

70.5

67.7

66.5

-0.5

-2.8

-1.2

-0.1

-0.4

-0.2

25 to 54

75.3

75.3

73.9

75.2

0.0

-1.4

1.3

0.0

-0.2

0.2

25 to 34

74.0

73.6

73.8

74.9

-0.4

0.2

1.1

-0.1

0.0

0.1

35 to 44

77.1

75.6

74.1

73.9

-1.5

-1.5

-0.2

-0.2

-0.2

0.0

45 to 54

74.6

76.5

73.8

77.0

1.9

-2.7

3.2

0.3

-0.4

0.4

55 and older

24.0

30.5

34.9

35.4

6.5

4.4

0.5

2.4

1.4

0.1

55 to 64

48.9

56.3

58.8

62.9

7.4

2.5

4.1

1.4

0.4

0.7

55 to 59

59.2

65.0

66.4

72.2

5.8

1.4

5.8

0.9

0.2

0.8

60 to 64

37.8

45.4

50.2

54.2

7.6

4.8

4.0

1.8

1.0

0.8

60 to 61

45.3

54.0

57.6

64.8

8.7

3.6

7.2

1.8

0.6

1.2

62 to 64

33.1

38.7

44.7

47.1

5.6

6.0

2.4

1.6

1.5

0.5

65 and older

9.2

11.1

15.1

18.4

1.9

4.0

3.3

1.9

3.1

2.0

65 to 74

13.6

18.0

22.4

26.2

4.4

4.4

3.8

2.8

2.2

1.6

65 to 69

17.9

23.3

27.5

32.8

5.4

4.2

5.3

2.7

1.7

1.8

70 to 74

8.7

12.0

15.6

18.5

3.3

3.6

2.9

3.3

2.7

1.7

75 to 79

4.4

6.3

8.9

12.0

1.9

2.6

3.1

3.7

3.5

3.0

75 and older

3.5

4.3

5.9

8.4

0.8

1.6

2.5

2.1

3.2

3.6

Race:

White

67.1

66.3

63.1

60.8

-0.8

-3.2

-2.3

-0.1

-0.5

-0.4

Men

75.9

74.1

69.8

66.5

-1.8

-4.3

-3.3

-0.2

-0.6

-0.5

Women

58.9

58.9

56.7

55.2

0.0

-2.2

-1.5

0.0

-0.4

-0.3

Black

63.4

63.8

61.2

59.7

0.4

-2.6

-1.5

0.1

-0.4

-0.2

Men

69.1

66.7

63.6

60.7

-2.4

-3.1

-2.9

-0.4

-0.5

-0.5

Women

58.7

61.5

59.2

58.9

2.8

-2.3

-0.3

0.5

-0.4

-0.1

Asian

65.3

65.9

63.6

63.0

0.6

-2.3

-0.6

0.1

-0.4

-0.1

Men

74.3

75.0

72.4

71.3

0.7

-2.6

-1.1

0.1

-0.4

-0.2

Women

56.9

57.6

55.8

55.7

0.7

-1.8

-0.1

0.1

-0.3

0.0

All other race groups(1)

-

66.4

67.6

63.1

-

1.2

-4.5

-

0.2

-0.7

Men

-

73.2

72.0

68.3

-

-1.3

-3.7

-

-0.2

-0.5

Women

-

60.0

63.3

57.8

-

3.3

-5.5

-

0.5

-0.9

Ethnicity:

Hispanic origin

66.1

68.6

66.1

65.9

2.5

-2.5

-0.2

0.4

-0.4

0.0

Men

79.2

80.4

76.1

74.3

1.2

-4.3

-1.8

0.2

-0.5

-0.2

Women

52.9

56.1

56.0

57.4

3.2

-0.1

1.4

0.6

0.0

0.2

Other than Hispanic origin

66.6

65.6

62.3

59.7

-1.0

-3.3

-2.6

-0.2

-0.5

-0.4

Men

74.6

72.2

67.9

64.3

-2.4

-4.3

-3.6

-0.3

-0.6

-0.5

Women

59.4

59.6

57.2

55.5

0.2

-2.4

-2.1

0.0

-0.4

-0.4

White non-Hispanic

67.2

65.9

62.4

60.7

-1.3

-3.5

-1.7

-0.2

-0.5

-0.3

Men

75.5

73.0

68.4

66.0

-2.5

-4.6

-2.4

-0.3

-0.6

-0.4

Women

60.1

59.3

56.9

55.7

-0.8

-2.4

-1.2

-0.1

-0.4

-0.2

Age of baby boomers

30 to 48

40 to 58

50 to 68

60 to 78

Footnotes:
1 The "all other groups" category includes (1) those classified as being of mutiple racial origin and (2) the race categories of (2a) American Indian and Alaska Native or (2b) Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islanders.
Note: Dash indicates no data collected for category. Details may not sum to totals because of rounding.

Source: Employment Projections program, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

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Last Modified Date: December 8, 2015

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