Industries at a Glance

Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction: NAICS 21

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About the Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction sector

The mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction sector is part of the natural resources and mining supersector.

The Mining sector comprises establishments that extract naturally occurring mineral solids, such as coal and ores; liquid minerals, such as crude petroleum; and gases, such as natural gas. The term mining is used in the broad sense to include quarrying, well operations, beneficiating (e.g., crushing, screening, washing, and flotation), and other preparation customarily performed at the mine site, or as a part of mining activity.

North American Industry Classification System

The mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction sector consists of these subsectors:

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, union membership and representation, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment and Unemployment

Data series Back
data
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

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852.2 838.1 (P) 825.8 (P) 810.9

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees

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609.1 601.3 (P) 594.1

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

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6.0% 8.6% 8.0% 8.7%

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, and Current Population Survey)

Union Membership and Representation

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data
2011 2012 2013 2014

Union membership and representation

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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7.2% 7.2% 5.4% 4.8%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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7.8% 7.7% 6.6% 5.9%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2014

First-line supervisors/managers of construction trades and extraction workers

33,070

Helpers--extraction workers

20,220

Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers

4,270

Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators

31,590

Roustabouts, oil and gas

63,300

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

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data
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015

Average hourly earnings

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$31.45 $31.22 $31.66 (P) $31.92

Average weekly hours

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45.4 44.8 44.4 (P) 44.2

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

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data
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015

Average hourly earnings

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$27.10 $26.82 $26.87 (P) $26.97

Average weekly hours

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48.3 47.1 46.3 (P) 46.4

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Union Membership and Representation

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data
Median weekly earnings
2011 2012 2013 2014

Union membership and representation

Full-time workers

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$1,064 $1,112 $1,119 $1,136

Members of unions

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$1,030 $1,119 $1,075 $1,150

Represented by unions

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$1,005 $1,112 $995 $1,176

Nonunion

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$1,069 $1,113 $1,130 $1,130

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2014
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

First-line supervisors/managers of construction trades and extraction workers

$36.31 $39.25 $75,520 $81,640

Helpers--extraction workers

$17.11 $17.78 $35,580 $36,980

Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers

$44.38 $50.78 $92,300 $105,620

Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators

$21.10 $22.30 $43,890 $46,390

Roustabouts, oil and gas

$17.26 $18.03 $35,900 $37,510

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2010 2011 2012 2013

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

172 155 181 155

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3

Cases involving days away from work

1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction. The import price index reflects the percentage change in prices paid to foreign producers for their goods and services within the U.S., while the export price index measures the percentage change in prices received by U.S. producers for goods and services sold outside the U.S.

Data series Back
data
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015

Producer price index

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(P) 171.3 (P) 172.6 (P) 171.0 (P) 171.6

Percent change from previous month

(P) -12.8% (P) 0.8% (P) -0.9% (P) 0.4%

Import index

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(R) 89.0 (R) 86.8 (R) 86.4 88.7

Percent change from previous month

(R) -20.2% (R) -2.5% (R) -0.5% (R) 2.7%

Export index

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80.3 (R) 75.6 (R) 79.6 73.7

Percent change from previous month

-10.8% (R) -5.9% (R) 5.3% (R) -7.4%

Footnotes
(R) Revised
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Producer Price Indexes, International Price Program)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction. Also included in this section is information on productivity, presented as the rate of change in output per hour of workers in the industry.

Establishments

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data
4th quarter
2013
1st quarter
2014
2nd quarter
2014
3rd quarter
2014

Number of establishments

Private industry

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35,300 (P) 35,566 (P) 35,794 (P) 36,147

Local government

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9 (P) 9 (P) 9 (P) 9

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

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data
2011 2012 2013 2014

Labor productivity index, output per hour

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95.247 95.453 104.056 108.075

Percent change from previous year

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-11.4 0.2 9.0 3.9

Labor index, total labor hours

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112.370 121.377 120.984 130.005

Percent change from previous year

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17.5 8.0 -0.3 7.5

Output index

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107.029 115.857 125.891 140.503

Percent change from previous year

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4.1 8.2 8.7 11.6

Unit labor costs index

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116.116 118.325 111.655 108.177

Percent change from previous year

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10.8 1.9 -5.6 -3.1

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

Data extracted on: May 27, 2015

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