Industries at a Glance

Oil and Gas Extraction: NAICS 211

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About the Oil and Gas Extraction subsector

The oil and gas extraction subsector is part of the mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction sector.

Industries in the Oil and Gas Extraction subsector operate and/or develop oil and gas field properties. Such activities may include exploration for crude petroleum and natural gas; drilling, completing, and equipping wells; operating separators, emulsion breakers, desilting equipment, and field gathering lines for crude petroleum and natural gas; and all other activities in the preparation of oil and gas up to the point of shipment from the producing property. This subsector includes the production of crude petroleum, the mining and extraction of oil from oil shale and oil sands, and the production of natural gas, sulfur recovery from natural gas, and recovery of hydrocarbon liquids.

North American Industry Classification System

The oil and gas extraction subsector consists of a single industry group, Oil and Gas Extraction: NAICS 2111.

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment in oil and gas extraction. These data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment

Data series Back
data
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

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182.9 181.7 (P) 179.8 (P) 178.7

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees

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102.7 101.2 (P) 98.6

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2015

Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers

6,460

Petroleum engineers

13,560

Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers

5,950

Roustabouts, oil and gas

7,570

Wellhead pumpers

8,320

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for oil and gas extraction.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in oil and gas extraction.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016

Average hourly earnings

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$43.90 $42.98 $44.16 (P) $43.73

Average weekly hours

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42.4 41.2 40.7 (P) 40.3

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016

Average hourly earnings

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$31.61 $31.28 $32.11 (P) $32.03

Average weekly hours

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44.3 44.9 44.1 (P) 42.7

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2015
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers

62.28 70.91 129,550 147,490

Petroleum engineers

67.75 75.48 140,910 156,990

Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers

29.86 30.77 62,110 64,010

Roustabouts, oil and gas

18.12 18.83 37,690 39,170

Wellhead pumpers

24.45 24.34 50,860 50,620

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in oil and gas extraction. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2011 2012 2013 2014

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

13 26 12 18

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2014

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

0.8

Cases involving days away from work

0.6

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.2

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction.

Data series Back
data
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016

Producer price index

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(P) 109.2 (P) 89.9 (P) 86.8 (P) 95.2

Percent change from previous month

(P) -2.8% (P) -17.7% (P) -3.4% (P) 9.7%

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Producer Price Indexes)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in oil and gas extraction. Also included in this section is information on productivity, presented as the rate of change in output per hour of workers in the industry.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
4th quarter
2014
1st quarter
2015
2nd quarter
2015
3rd quarter
2015

Number of establishments

Private industry

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9,869 (P) 9,720 (P) 9,594 (P) 9,560

Local government

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3 (P) 4 (P) 4 (P) 4

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

Data series Back
data
2012 2013 2014 2015

Labor productivity index, output per hour

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84.093 95.861 107.335 119.549

Percent change from previous year

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-5.9 14.0 12.0 11.4

Labor index, total labor hours

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151.100 147.483 150.152 144.765

Percent change from previous year

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19.2 -2.4 1.8 -3.6

Output index

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127.065 141.379 161.165 173.066

Percent change from previous year

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12.1 11.3 14.0 7.4

Unit labor costs index

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117.434 108.442 100.334 93.596

Percent change from previous year

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1.5 -7.7 -7.5 -6.7

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

Data extracted on: April 27, 2016

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