Industries at a Glance

Utilities: NAICS 22

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About the Utilities sector

The utilities sector is part of the trade, transportation, and utilities supersector.

The Utilities sector comprises establishments engaged in the provision of the following utility services: electric power, natural gas, steam supply, water supply, and sewage removal. Within this sector, the specific activities associated with the utility services provided vary by utility: electric power includes generation, transmission, and distribution; natural gas includes distribution; steam supply includes provision and/or distribution; water supply includes treatment and distribution; and sewage removal includes collection, treatment, and disposal of waste through sewer systems and sewage treatment facilities.

North American Industry Classification System

The utilities sector consists of a single subsector, Utilities: NAICS 221. Data published under either the sector or subsector classification are included in the tables below. The subsector consists of these industry groups:

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in utilities. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, union membership and representation, gross job gains and losses, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment and Unemployment

Data series Back
data
Jun.
2014
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

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551.6 553.4 (P) 555.6 (P) 553.5

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees (seasonally adjusted)

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446.5 447.5 (P) 449.6 (P) 446.3

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

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2.5% 0.8% 1.8% 1.2%

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, and Current Population Survey)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
2010 2011 2012 2013

Union membership and representation

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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28.3% 25.0% 24.7% 25.6%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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30.3% 25.7% 26.9% 27.1%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Dynamic Changes in Employment

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data
1st quarter
2013
2nd quarter
2013
3rd quarter
2013
4th quarter
2013

Dynamic changes in employment (in thousands)

Gross job gains

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10 14 11 13

Gross job losses

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11 14 13 16

(Source: Business Employment Dynamics)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2013

Control and valve installers and repairers, except mechanical door

17,400

Electrical engineers

17,910

Electrical power-line installers and repairers

59,090

First-line supervisors/managers of mechanics, installers, and repairers

16,270

Meter readers, utilities

15,510

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for utilities.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in utilities. This section also contains information on the average cost of benefits paid by employers, as well as recent rates of change in wages and total compensation.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

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data
Jun.
2014
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$35.40 $35.40 (P) $35.50 (P) $35.64

Average weekly hours

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42.2 42.5 (P) 42.3 (P) 42.0

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

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data
Jun.
2014
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$32.80 $32.82 (P) $32.87 (P) $32.84

Average weekly hours

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42.2 42.4 (P) 42.1 (P) 42.1

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Union Membership and Representation

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data
Median weekly earnings
2010 2011 2012 2013

Union membership and representation

Full-time workers

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$1,102 $1,081 $1,132 $1,104

Members of unions

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$1,199 $1,132 $1,216 $1,183

Represented by unions

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$1,193 $1,132 $1,204 $1,160

Nonunion

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$1,014 $1,027 $1,086 $1,078

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2013
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Control and valve installers and repairers, except mechanical door

$30.67 $30.06 $63,790 $62,520

Electrical engineers

$41.97 $42.55 $87,290 $88,510

Electrical power-line installers and repairers

$32.50 $32.23 $67,600 $67,030

First-line supervisors/managers of mechanics, installers, and repairers

$39.69 $38.75 $82,560 $80,600

Meter readers, utilities

$20.97 $21.49 $43,610 $44,700

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Employer Compensation Costs

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data
3rd quarter
2013
4th quarter
2013
1st quarter
2014
2nd quarter
2014

12-month percent change

Total compensation

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0.7% 1.0% 1.4% 1.5%

Wages and salaries

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3.0% 2.9% 2.9% 2.7%

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)



Data series Back
data
2nd quarter 2014
Compensation component
($ per hour worked)
Percent of total compensation

Compensation costs

Total compensation

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61.53 100.0

Wages and salaries

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37.91 61.6

Total benefits

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23.62 38.4

Insurance

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5.91 9.6

Retirement

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5.91 9.6

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in utilities. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2010 2011 2012 2013

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

42 60 37 (P) 38

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

3.1

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

1.7

Cases involving days away from work

1.0

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.7

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction.

Data series Back
data
Jun.
2014
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014

Producer price index

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(P) 145.1 (P) 146.5 (P) 143.7 (P) 142.8

Percent change from previous month

(P) 2.2% (P) 1.0% (P) -1.9% (P) -0.6%

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Producer Price Indexes)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments and the number of establishments experiencing job gains or job losses in utilities.

Establishments

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data
2nd quarter
2013
3rd quarter
2013
4th quarter
2013
1st quarter
2014

Number of establishments

Private industry

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17,225 17,292 17,380 (P) 17,464

Local government

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8,431 8,432 8,434 (P) 8,448

State government

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40 40 40 (P) 40

Federal government

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151 153 151 (P) 151

Establishments with changes in employment (in thousands)

With job gains (seasonally adjusted)

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3 3 3

With job losses (seasonally adjusted)

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4 3 3

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Business Employment Dynamics, Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Other BLS Resources

The Editor's Desk

See industry studies in the subject matter index of The Editor's Desk (Current Edition).

Career Guide to Industries

To learn about careers from an industry perspective, see the Career Guide to Industries.

Data extracted on: October 29, 2014

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