Industries at a Glance

Food Manufacturing: NAICS 311

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About the Food Manufacturing subsector

The food manufacturing subsector is part of the manufacturing sector.

Industries in the Food Manufacturing subsector transform livestock and agricultural products into products for intermediate or final consumption. The industry groups are distinguished by the raw materials (generally of animal or vegetable origin) processed into food products.

The food products manufactured in these establishments are typically sold to wholesalers or retailers for distribution to consumers, but establishments primarily engaged in retailing bakery and candy products made on the premises not for immediate consumption are included.

North American Industry Classification System

The food manufacturing subsector consists of these industry groups:

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in food manufacturing. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment and Unemployment

Data series Back
data
Apr.
2014
May
2014
Jun.
2014
Jul.
2014

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

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1,482.4 1,476.2 (P) 1,473.2 (P) 1,469.6

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees (seasonally adjusted)

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1,177.3 1,171.6 (P) 1,168.8 (P) 1,165.6

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

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8.3% 7.5% 6.8% 7.1%

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2013

Bakers

51,750

First-line supervisors/managers of production and operating workers

47,430

Food batchmakers

91,530

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

118,190

Slaughterers and meat packers

78,470

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for food manufacturing.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in food manufacturing.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

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data
Apr.
2014
May
2014
Jun.
2014
Jul.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$18.52 $18.53 (P) $18.56 (P) $18.65

Average weekly hours

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39.9 40.0 (P) 40.0 (P) 39.7

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

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data
Apr.
2014
May
2014
Jun.
2014
Jul.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$15.48 $15.45 (P) $15.44 (P) $15.52

Average weekly hours

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40.8 40.8 (P) 40.9 (P) 40.8

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2013
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Bakers

$11.23 $12.31 $23,360 $25,610

First-line supervisors/managers of production and operating workers

$23.61 $25.03 $49,100 $52,050

Food batchmakers

$13.10 $13.95 $27,250 $29,020

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

$13.27 $14.14 $27,600 $29,410

Slaughterers and meat packers

$12.09 $12.26 $25,140 $25,500

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in food manufacturing. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2009 2010 2011 2012

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

48 56 52 43

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

5.7 5.8 5.6 5.4

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

3.6 3.7 3.5 3.4

Cases involving days away from work

1.3 1.4 1.5 1.3

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

2.3 2.3 2.1 2.2

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction. The import price index reflects the percentage change in prices paid to foreign producers for their goods and services within the U.S., while the export price index measures the percentage change in prices received by U.S. producers for goods and services sold outside the U.S.

Data series Back
data
Apr.
2014
May
2014
Jun.
2014
Jul.
2014

Producer price index

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(P) 210.3 (P) 210.6 (P) 211.3 (P) 212.9

Percent change from previous month

(P) 2.1% (P) 0.1% (P) 0.3% (P) 0.8%

Import index

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(R) 159.9 (R) 159.4 (R) 159.9 161.1

Percent change from previous month

(R) -0.3% (R) -0.3% (R) 0.3% (R) 0.8%

Export index

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181.6 182.9 (R) 183.7 184.9

Percent change from previous month

2.6% 0.7% (R) 0.4% (R) 0.7%

Footnotes
(R) Revised
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Producer Price Indexes, International Price Program)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in food manufacturing. Also included in this section is information on productivity, presented as the rate of change in output per hour of workers in the industry.

Establishments

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data
1st quarter
2013
2nd quarter
2013
3rd quarter
2013
4th quarter
2013

Number of establishments

Private industry

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(P) 29,808 (P) 30,019 (P) 30,251 (P) 30,461

Local government

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(P) 9 (P) 9 (P) 9 (P) 9

State government

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(P) 1 (P) 1 (P) 1 (P) 1

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

Data series Back
data
2010 2011 2012 2013

Labor productivity index, output per hour

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104.609 104.249 105.373

Percent change from previous year

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-0.6 -0.3 1.1

Labor index, total labor hours

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97.292 97.210 99.707 99.669

Percent change from previous year

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0.9 -0.1 2.6 0.0

Output index

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101.776 101.340 105.065

Percent change from previous year

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0.3 -0.4 3.7

Unit labor costs index

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117.164 118.674 118.257

Percent change from previous year

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2.7 1.3 -0.4

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

Other BLS Resources

Career Guide to Industries

See food manufacturing in the Career Guide to Industries.

Data extracted on: August 27, 2014

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