Industries at a Glance

Wood Product Manufacturing: NAICS 321

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About the Wood Product Manufacturing subsector

The wood product manufacturing subsector is part of the manufacturing sector.

Industries in the Wood Product Manufacturing subsector manufacture wood products, such as lumber, plywood, veneers, wood containers, wood flooring, wood trusses, manufactured homes (i.e., mobile homes), and prefabricated wood buildings. The production processes of the Wood Product Manufacturing subsector include sawing, planing, shaping, laminating, and assembling of wood products starting from logs that are cut into bolts, or lumber that then may be further cut, or shaped by lathes or other shaping tools. The lumber or other transformed wood shapes may also be subsequently planed or smoothed, and assembled into finished products, such as wood containers. The Wood Product Manufacturing subsector includes establishments that make wood products from logs and bolts that are sawed and shaped, and establishments that purchase sawed lumber and make wood products. With the exception of sawmills and wood preservation establishments, the establishments are grouped into industries mainly based on the specific products manufactured.

North American Industry Classification System

The wood product manufacturing subsector consists of these industry groups:

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in wood product manufacturing. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment and Unemployment

Data series Back
data
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
Jun.
2014

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

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363.8 366.0 (P) 366.9 (P) 367.1

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees (seasonally adjusted)

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290.6 293.1 (P) 293.8 (P) 294.2

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

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8.3% 5.6% 4.9% 3.9%

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2013

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

10,280

Carpenters

10,900

First-line supervisors/managers of production and operating workers

13,230

Machine feeders and offbearers

9,570

Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood

31,090

Team assemblers

31,830

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing

40,440

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for wood product manufacturing.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in wood product manufacturing.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

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data
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
Jun.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$18.20 $18.07 (P) $18.02 (P) $18.15

Average weekly hours

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41.3 41.4 (P) 41.3 (P) 41.3

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

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data
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
Jun.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$15.56 $15.52 (P) $15.51 (P) $15.50

Average weekly hours

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41.9 42.0 (P) 42.0 (P) 42.2

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2013
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

$13.33 $14.33 $27,730 $29,800

Carpenters

$15.16 $16.83 $31,530 $35,000

First-line supervisors/managers of production and operating workers

$22.59 $24.03 $46,980 $49,990

Machine feeders and offbearers

$11.93 $12.57 $24,810 $26,140

Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood

$12.61 $13.35 $26,230 $27,770

Team assemblers

$12.16 $12.75 $25,290 $26,520

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing

$12.85 $13.38 $26,720 $27,830

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in wood product manufacturing. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2009 2010 2011 2012

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

21 34 25 24

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

6.5 6.2 6.5 6.5

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

3.3 3.4 3.5 3.8

Cases involving days away from work

1.8 1.9 1.9 2.0

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

1.5 1.5 1.6 1.8

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction. The import price index reflects the percentage change in prices paid to foreign producers for their goods and services within the U.S., while the export price index measures the percentage change in prices received by U.S. producers for goods and services sold outside the U.S.

Data series Back
data
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
Jun.
2014

Producer price index

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(P) 124.9 (P) 124.8 (P) 125.6 (P) 125.9

Percent change from previous month

(P) 0.6% (P) -0.1% (P) 0.6% (P) 0.2%

Import index

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122.8 121.5 120.6 120.6

Percent change from previous month

-0.1% -1.1% -0.7% 0.0%

Export index

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(R) 124.0 (R) 124.4 (R) 124.6 124.2

Percent change from previous month

(R) 0.2% (R) 0.3% (R) 0.2% (R) -0.3%

Footnotes
(R) Revised
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Producer Price Indexes, International Price Program)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in wood product manufacturing. Also included in this section is information on productivity, presented as the rate of change in output per hour of workers in the industry.

Establishments

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data
1st quarter
2013
2nd quarter
2013
3rd quarter
2013
4th quarter
2013

Number of establishments

Private industry

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(P) 14,443 (P) 14,433 (P) 14,456 (P) 14,447

Local government

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(P) 7 (P) 7 (P) 6 (P) 7

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

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2009 2010 2011 2012

Labor productivity index, output per hour

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105.095 111.473 112.833 114.180

Percent change from previous year

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-3.1 6.1 1.2 1.2

Labor index, total labor hours

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63.488 62.668 62.575 64.478

Percent change from previous year

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-21.9 -1.3 -0.1 3.0

Output index

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66.723 69.858 70.605 73.621

Percent change from previous year

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-24.3 4.7 1.1 4.3

Unit labor costs index

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116.451 110.707 110.356 109.760

Percent change from previous year

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0.7 -4.9 -0.3 -0.5

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

Other BLS Resources

Career Guide to Industries

To learn about careers from an industry perspective, see the Career Guide to Industries.

Data extracted on: July 22, 2014

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