Industries at a Glance

Chemical Manufacturing: NAICS 325

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About the Chemical Manufacturing subsector

The chemical manufacturing subsector is part of the manufacturing sector.

The Chemical Manufacturing subsector is based on the transformation of organic and inorganic raw materials by a chemical process and the formulation of products. This subsector distinguishes the production of basic chemicals that comprise the first industry group from the production of intermediate and end products produced by further processing of basic chemicals that make up the remaining industry groups.

North American Industry Classification System

The chemical manufacturing subsector consists of these industry groups:

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in chemical manufacturing. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment and Unemployment

Data series Back
data
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

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794.9 796.0 (P) 795.6 (P) 795.8

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees (seasonally adjusted)

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488.5 490.4 (P) 488.8 (P) 490.4

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

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2.8% 3.6% 3.2% 4.5%

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2013

Chemical equipment operators and tenders

48,660

Chemical technicians

19,720

Chemists

27,360

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

52,910

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

50,810

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for chemical manufacturing.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours employees are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in chemical manufacturing.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$29.56 $29.51 (P) $29.65 (P) $29.83

Average weekly hours

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41.7 40.9 (P) 41.6 (P) 42.0

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$21.69 $21.64 (P) $21.54 (P) $21.42

Average weekly hours

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42.8 42.7 (P) 42.8 (P) 43.1

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2013
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Chemical equipment operators and tenders

$23.06 $23.24 $47,960 $48,330

Chemical technicians

$22.56 $23.95 $46,920 $49,820

Chemists

$34.49 $37.08 $71,740 $77,130

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

$16.94 $17.75 $35,230 $36,930

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

$13.71 $14.74 $28,510 $30,650

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in chemical manufacturing. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2009 2010 2011 2012

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

18 24 25 24

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4

Cases involving days away from work

0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction. The import price index reflects the percentage change in prices paid to foreign producers for their goods and services within the U.S., while the export price index measures the percentage change in prices received by U.S. producers for goods and services sold outside the U.S.

Data series Back
data
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014

Producer price index

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(P) 262.8 (P) 266.2 (P) 267.4 (P) 268.8

Percent change from previous month

(P) 0.4% (P) 1.3% (P) 0.5% (P) 0.5%

Import index

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133.7 (R) 137.0 (R) 136.7 136.9

Percent change from previous month

0.0% (R) 2.5% (R) -0.2% (R) 0.1%

Export index

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(R) 128.6 (R) 128.0 (R) 127.9 128.0

Percent change from previous month

(R) -0.2% (R) -0.5% (R) -0.1% (R) 0.1%

Footnotes
(R) Revised
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Producer Price Indexes, International Price Program)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in chemical manufacturing. Also included in this section is information on productivity, presented as the rate of change in output per hour of workers in the industry.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
4th quarter
2012
1st quarter
2013
2nd quarter
2013
3rd quarter
2013

Number of establishments

Private industry

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16,298 (P) 16,225 (P) 16,373 (P) 16,418

Local government

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3 (P) 3 (P) 3 (P) 3

Federal government

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Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

Data series Back
data
2009 2010 2011 2012

Labor productivity index, output per hour

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101.782 107.495 108.217 107.814

Percent change from previous year

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-5.5 5.6 0.7 -0.4

Labor index, total labor hours

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84.257 85.474 84.700 85.149

Percent change from previous year

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-6.2 1.4 -0.9 0.5

Output index

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85.758 91.881 91.660 91.802

Percent change from previous year

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-11.4 7.1 -0.2 0.2

Unit labor costs index

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129.927 123.364 126.932 131.507

Percent change from previous year

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8.1 -5.1 2.9 3.6

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

Other BLS Resources

Career Guide to Industries

See chemical manufacturing, except pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing and pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing in the Career Guide to Industries.

Data extracted on: April 24, 2014

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