Industries at a Glance

Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation: NAICS 71

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About the Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation sector

The arts, entertainment, and recreation sector is part of the leisure and hospitality supersector.

The Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation sector includes a wide range of establishments that operate facilities or provide services to meet varied cultural, entertainment, and recreational interests of their patrons. This sector comprises (1) establishments that are involved in producing, promoting, or participating in live performances, events, or exhibits intended for public viewing; (2) establishments that preserve and exhibit objects and sites of historical, cultural, or educational interest; and (3) establishments that operate facilities or provide services that enable patrons to participate in recreational activities or pursue amusement, hobby, and leisure-time interests.

Some establishments that provide cultural, entertainment, or recreational facilities and services are classified in other sectors.

North American Industry Classification System

The arts, entertainment, and recreation sector consists of these subsectors:

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in arts, entertainment, and recreation. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, job openings and labor turnover, union membership and representation, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment, Unemployment, and Openings, Hires, and Separations

Data series Back
data
Jun.
2014
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

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2,094.1 2,095.0 (P) 2,092.7 (P) 2,101.7

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees

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2,055.0 2,098.1 (P) 2,038.4

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

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8.3% 8.6% 9.0% 9.2%

Job openings, hires, and separations (in thousands)

Job openings

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63 58 (P) 84

Hires

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214 141 (P) 105

Separations

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96 109 (P) 182

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey, Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
2010 2011 2012 2013

Union membership and representation

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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5.3% 5.3% 6.4% 5.2%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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5.9% 5.7% 7.0% 5.8%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2013

Actors

17,150

Amusement and recreation attendants

174,860

Fitness trainers and aerobics instructors

156,360

Gaming supervisors

6,160

Musicians and singers

23,960

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for arts, entertainment, and recreation.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in arts, entertainment, and recreation.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

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data
May
2014
Jun.
2014
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$19.19 $18.35 $17.99 (P) $18.18

Average weekly hours

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24.5 25.7 26.1 (P) 26.1

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

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data
May
2014
Jun.
2014
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$16.02 $15.49 $15.30 (P) $15.26

Average weekly hours

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23.8 24.7 24.9 (P) 24.9

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Union Membership and Representation

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data
Median weekly earnings
2010 2011 2012 2013

Union membership and representation

Full-time workers

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$616 $612 $641 $629

Members of unions

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$636 $632 $675 $636

Represented by unions

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$632 $625 $668 $646

Nonunion

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$614 $611 $640 $627

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2013
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Actors

$16.71 $26.37 (1) $- (1) $-

Amusement and recreation attendants

$8.99 $9.53 $18,690 $19,830

Fitness trainers and aerobics instructors

$16.48 $18.75 $34,270 $39,000

Gaming supervisors

$21.73 $21.95 $45,200 $45,650

Musicians and singers

$26.82 $35.04 (1) $- (1) $-

Footnotes
(1) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in arts, entertainment, and recreation. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2010 2011 2012 2013

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

100 100 92 (P) 77

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

4.8

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

2.3

Cases involving days away from work

1.3

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

1.0

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in arts, entertainment, and recreation.

Establishments

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data
2nd quarter
2013
3rd quarter
2013
4th quarter
2013
1st quarter
2014

Number of establishments

Private industry

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128,309 129,305 130,140 (P) 131,256

Local government

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3,884 3,889 3,886 (P) 3,917

State government

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897 906 906 (P) 1,096

Federal government

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1,143 1,141 1,138 (P) 1,169

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Other BLS Resources

The Editor's Desk

See industry studies in the subject matter index of The Editor's Desk (Current Edition).

Career Guide to Industries

See arts, entertainment, and recreation in the Career Guide to Industries.

Data extracted on: October 22, 2014

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