Industries at a Glance

Accommodation and Food Services: NAICS 72

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About the Accommodation and Food Services sector

The accommodation and food services sector is part of the leisure and hospitality supersector.

The Accommodation and Food Services sector comprises establishments providing customers with lodging and/or preparing meals, snacks, and beverages for immediate consumption. The sector includes both accommodation and food services establishments because the two activities are often combined at the same establishment.

North American Industry Classification System

The accommodation and food services sector consists of these subsectors:

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in accommodation and food services. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, job openings and labor turnover, union membership and representation, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment, Unemployment, and Openings, Hires, and Separations

Data series Back
data
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
Jun.
2014

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

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12,438.2 12,469.1 (P) 12,507.1 (P) 12,542.1

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees

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10,805.7 11,030.5 (P) 11,266.9

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

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10.3% 8.1% 8.4% 8.6%

Job openings, hires, and separations (in thousands)

Job openings

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604 686 (P) 660

Hires

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706 822 (P) 876

Separations

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546 654 (P) 671

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey, Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
2010 2011 2012 2013

Union membership and representation

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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2.1% 2.1% 1.9% 2.1%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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2.4% 2.4% 2.4% 2.6%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2013

Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food

2,552,720

Cooks, fast food

490,610

Cooks, restaurant

1,001,520

Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks

225,930

Waiters and waitresses

2,233,010

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for accommodation and food services.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in accommodation and food services. This section also contains information on the average cost of benefits paid by employers, as well as recent rates of change in wages and total compensation.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$12.99 $12.90 $12.88 (P) $12.93

Average weekly hours

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26.1 26.7 26.3 (P) 26.4

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

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data
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$11.39 $11.35 $11.33 (P) $11.41

Average weekly hours

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24.9 25.7 25.3 (P) 25.3

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Union Membership and Representation

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data
Median weekly earnings
2010 2011 2012 2013

Union membership and representation

Full-time workers

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$430 $447 $445 $460

Members of unions

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$530 $594 $596 $582

Represented by unions

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$524 $594 $588 $591

Nonunion

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$424 $441 $438 $453

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2013
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food

$8.74 $8.80 $18,170 $18,310

Cooks, fast food

$8.88 $9.06 $18,460 $18,840

Cooks, restaurant

$10.61 $11.22 $22,060 $23,340

Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks

$9.77 $10.55 $20,320 $21,950

Waiters and waitresses

$8.93 $10.02 $18,570 $20,850

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Employer Compensation Costs

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data
2nd quarter
2013
3rd quarter
2013
4th quarter
2013
1st quarter
2014

12-month percent change

Total compensation

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0.7% 1.0% 0.8% 1.2%

Wages and salaries

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0.7% 1.0% 0.8% 1.3%

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)



Data series Back
data
1st quarter 2014
Compensation component
($ per hour worked)
Percent of total compensation

Compensation costs

Total compensation

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11.57 100.0

Wages and salaries

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9.20 79.5

Total benefits

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2.37 20.5

Insurance

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0.54 4.7

Retirement

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0.11 1.0

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in accommodation and food services. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2009 2010 2011 2012

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

151 154 139 153

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

3.7 3.7 3.9 3.8

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5

Cases involving days away from work

1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in accommodation and food services.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
1st quarter
2013
2nd quarter
2013
3rd quarter
2013
4th quarter
2013

Number of establishments

Private industry

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(P) 646,303 (P) 649,672 (P) 654,603 (P) 657,353

Local government

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(P) 733 (P) 729 (P) 726 (P) 722

State government

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(P) 14 (P) 15 (P) 15 (P) 18

Federal government

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(P) 422 (P) 419 (P) 415 (P) 398

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Other BLS Resources

The Editor's Desk

See industry studies in the subject matter index of The Editor's Desk (Current Edition).

Career Guide to Industries

To learn about careers from an industry perspective, see the Career Guide to Industries.

Data extracted on: July 22, 2014

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