Industries at a Glance

Accommodation and Food Services: NAICS 72

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About the Accommodation and Food Services sector

The accommodation and food services sector is part of the leisure and hospitality supersector.

The Accommodation and Food Services sector comprises establishments providing customers with lodging and/or preparing meals, snacks, and beverages for immediate consumption. The sector includes both accommodation and food services establishments because the two activities are often combined at the same establishment.

North American Industry Classification System

The accommodation and food services sector consists of these subsectors:

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in accommodation and food services. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, job openings and labor turnover, union membership and representation, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment, Unemployment, and Openings, Hires, and Separations

Data series Back
data
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
Jun.
2015

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

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12,895.5 12,906.8 (P) 12,933.4 (P) 12,959.6

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees

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11,196.3 11,409.9 (P) 11,637.5

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

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8.2% 7.6% 8.2% 7.9%

Job openings, hires, and separations (in thousands)

Job openings

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682 737 (P) 687

Hires

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790 915 (P) 953

Separations

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656 770 (P) 744

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey, Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
2011 2012 2013 2014

Union membership and representation

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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2.1% 1.9% 2.1% 2.5%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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2.4% 2.4% 2.6% 3.0%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2014

Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food

2,652,760

Cooks, fast food

503,110

Cooks, restaurant

1,048,190

Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks

233,020

Waiters and waitresses

2,272,680

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for accommodation and food services.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in accommodation and food services. This section also contains information on the average cost of benefits paid by employers, as well as recent rates of change in wages and total compensation.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015

Average hourly earnings

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$13.43 $13.37 $13.38 (P) $13.41

Average weekly hours

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26.5 26.6 26.4 (P) 26.5

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015

Average hourly earnings

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$11.81 $11.79 $11.79 (P) $11.86

Average weekly hours

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25.2 25.5 25.2 (P) 25.3

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Union Membership and Representation

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data
Median weekly earnings
2011 2012 2013 2014

Union membership and representation

Full-time workers

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$447 $445 $460 $481

Members of unions

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$594 $596 $582 $602

Represented by unions

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$594 $588 $591 $591

Nonunion

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$441 $438 $453 $478

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2014
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food

8.78 8.93 18,260 18,570

Cooks, fast food

8.91 9.13 18,520 18,990

Cooks, restaurant

10.77 11.35 22,400 23,600

Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks

9.88 10.64 20,540 22,130

Waiters and waitresses

9.00 10.39 18,710 21,620

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Employer Compensation Costs

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data
3rd quarter
2014
4th quarter
2014
1st quarter
2015
2nd quarter
2015

12-month percent change

Total compensation

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1.4% 1.5% 1.9% 2.1%

Wages and salaries

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1.8% 1.9% 2.3% 2.3%

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)



Data series Back
data
1st quarter 2015
Compensation component
($ per hour worked)
Percent of total compensation

Compensation costs

Total compensation

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12.08 100.0

Wages and salaries

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9.56 79.1

Total benefits

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2.52 20.9

Insurance

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0.62 5.2

Retirement

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0.15 1.2

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in accommodation and food services. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2010 2011 2012 2013

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

154 139 153 138

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

3.7 3.8 3.8 3.7

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5

Cases involving days away from work

1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in accommodation and food services.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
1st quarter
2014
2nd quarter
2014
3rd quarter
2014
4th quarter
2014

Number of establishments

Private industry

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(P) 654,604 (P) 659,643 (P) 663,456 (P) 665,643

Local government

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(P) 688 (P) 688 (P) 687 (P) 687

State government

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(P) 17 (P) 17 (P) 17 (P) 17

Federal government

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(P) 416 (P) 413 (P) 407 (P) 415

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Data extracted on: July 31, 2015

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