Industries at a Glance

Food Services and Drinking Places: NAICS 722

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About the Food Services and Drinking Places subsector

The food services and drinking places subsector is part of the accommodation and food services sector.

Industries in the Food Services and Drinking Places subsector prepare meals, snacks, and beverages to customer order for immediate on-premises and off-premises consumption. There is a wide range of establishments in these industries. Some provide food and drink only; while others provide various combinations of seating space, waiter/waitress services and incidental amenities, such as limited entertainment. The industries in the subsector are grouped based on the type and level of services provided. The industry groups are full-service restaurants; limited-service eating places; special food services, such as food service contractors, caterers, and mobile food services; and drinking places.

North American Industry Classification System

The food services and drinking places subsector consists of these industry groups:

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in food services and drinking places. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, union membership and representation, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment and Unemployment

Data series Back
data
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

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11,220.0 11,249.9 (P) 11,282.8 (P) 11,307.6

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees

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9,864.7 9,652.0 (P) 9,716.9

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

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7.7% 7.6% 6.8% 7.4%

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
2012 2013 2014 2015

Union membership and representation

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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1.2% 1.3% 1.4% 1.5%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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1.5% 1.8% 1.8% 1.9%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2015

Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food

2,709,580

Cooks, fast food

501,920

Cooks, restaurant

1,021,400

First-line supervisors/managers of food preparation and serving workers

696,730

Waiters and waitresses

2,189,100

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for food services and drinking places.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in food services and drinking places.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

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data
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016

Average hourly earnings

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$13.01 $13.15 $13.19 (P) $13.26

Average weekly hours

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25.7 25.4 24.9 (P) 25.5

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

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data
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016

Average hourly earnings

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$11.62 $11.74 $11.74 (P) $11.82

Average weekly hours

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24.5 24.3 23.6 (P) 24.2

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Union Membership and Representation

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data
Median weekly earnings
2012 2013 2014 2015

Union membership and representation

Full-time workers

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$421 $432 $465 $480

Members of unions

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$536 $530 $496 $492

Represented by unions

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$534 $535 $485 $490

Nonunion

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$419 $430 $465 $480

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2015
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food

9.03 9.21 18,780 19,150

Cooks, fast food

9.17 9.40 19,070 19,550

Cooks, restaurant

10.96 11.53 22,800 23,990

First-line supervisors/managers of food preparation and serving workers

14.09 15.58 29,310 32,410

Waiters and waitresses

9.23 10.95 19,210 22,770

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in food services and drinking places. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2011 2012 2013 2014

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

105 120 114 107

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2014

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

3.2

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

1.2

Cases involving days away from work

0.8

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.3

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in food services and drinking places. Also included in this section is information on productivity, presented as the rate of change in output per hour of workers in the industry.

Establishments

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data
4th quarter
2014
1st quarter
2015
2nd quarter
2015
3rd quarter
2015

Number of establishments

Private industry

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597,375 (P) 598,999 (P) 602,406 (P) 605,964

Local government

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548 (P) 573 (P) 570 (P) 572

State government

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4 (P) 4 (P) 4 (P) 5

Federal government

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203 (P) 191 (P) 192 (P) 193

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

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data
2012 2013 2014 2015

Labor productivity index, output per hour

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98.545 96.729 97.152

Percent change from previous year

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-2.1 -1.8 0.4

Labor index, total labor hours

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103.754 107.142 110.516 114.099

Percent change from previous year

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5.0 3.3 3.1 3.2

Output index

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102.245 103.637 107.368

Percent change from previous year

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2.8 1.4 3.6

Unit labor costs index

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115.333 118.412 120.487

Percent change from previous year

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3.9 2.7 1.8

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

Other BLS Resources

Career Guide to Industries

See food services and drinking places in the Career Guide to Industries.

Data extracted on: April 29, 2016

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