Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities

Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI): Definitions


Definition of Traumatic Injury

A traumatic injury is defined as any wound or damage to the body resulting from acute exposure to energy, such as heat, electricity, or impact from a crash or fall, or from the absence of such essentials as heat or oxygen, caused by a specific event or incident within a single workday or shift. Included are open wounds, intracranial and internal injuries, heatstroke, hypothermia, asphyxiation, acute poisonings resulting from short-term exposures limited to the worker's shift, suicides and homicides, and work injuries listed as underlying or contributory causes of death. Heart attacks and strokes are considered illnesses and therefore excluded from CFOI unless a traumatic injury contributed to the death.

Work Relationship Criteria

A work relationship exists if an event or exposure results in the fatal injury or illness of a person:

  1. ON the employer's premises and the person was there to work; or
  2. OFF the employer's premises and the person was there to work, or the event or exposure was related to the person's work or status as an employee.

The employer's premises include buildings, grounds, parking lots, and other facilities and property used in the conduct of business. Work is defined as duties, activities, or tasks that produce a product or result; that are done in exchange for money, goods, services, profit, or benefit; and, that are legal activities in the United States.

The following are clarifications of the CFOI work relationship criteria.

Data Element Definitions

The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) has published data on fatal occupational injuries for the United States since 1992. During this time, the classification systems and definitions of many data elements have changed. The following list describes data elements which experienced a series break or change in definition over the course of the CFOI program.

Occupation: For reference years 1992 to 2002, CFOI used the U.S. Census Bureau occupation classification system (BOC) system to classify occupation. For reference years 2003 to 2010, CFOI used the 2000 Standard Occupation Classification (SOC) system to classify occupation, representing a series break. Beginning with reference year 2011, a revised version of the SOC system will be used to classify occupations. While the changes to the new structure (SOC 2010) were not extensive, comparisons of SOC 2000 and SOC 2010 occupations should be made with caution. More information on the SOC, including an overview of new items in SOC 2010, can be found here: www.bls.gov/soc/home.htm. More information on occupation classifications used for the CFOI program can be found in the Handbook of Methods at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch9.pdf.

Industry: For reference years 1992 to 2002, CFOI used the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system to classify industry. For reference years 2003 to present, the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has been used to classify industry, representing a series break. For reference years 2003 to 2008, CFOI used NAICS 2002. From reference year 2009 onward, NAICS 2007 was used. The differences between the NAICS 2002 and NAICS 2007 were not as broad as those between SIC and NAICS. Therefore, adoption of NAICS 2007 did not result in a series break. For reference year 2014, CFOI will adopt a revised industry classification system, NAICS 2012, which will represent a break in series. More information NAICS can be found here: www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm. More information on industry classifications used for the CFOI program can be found in the Handbook of Methods at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch9.pdf.

Occupational Injury and Illness: In September 2010, the Bureau of Labor Statistics completed a major revision to the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System (OIICS). The revised OIICS structure (OIICS 2.01) will be used beginning with reference year 2011 by CFOI. Because of the extensive revisions, data for the OIICS case characteristics for reference year 2011 represent a break in series with data for prior years. More information on OIICS can be found here: www.bls.gov/iif/oshoiics.htm. As a result of the break in series, new survey IDs have been created for the public IIF databases (www.bls.gov/iif/data.htm) for CFOI. More information on industry classifications used for the CFOI program can be found in the Handbook of Methods at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch9.pdf.

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA): Beginning in 1999, the CFOI program began publishing MSA information based on definitions from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). For reference years 1999 to 2002, CFOI used the MSA definitions in OMB Bulletin Number 99-04, June 1999. For reference years 2003 to 2010, CFOI used the MSA definitions in OMB Bulletin Number 05-02, February, 2005. For reference year 2011 and forward, CFOI uses the MSA definitions in OMB Bulletin Number 10-02, December 2009.

New Data Elements: As the CFOI program developed, new data elements were introduced to increase the depth of the data and respond to data user requests. The following list shows the data element and the year it was introduced to the CFOI program.

Age

1992-present

Birthplace

2001-present

Contractor

2011-present

Contractor NAICS

2011-present

Contractor Ownership

2011-present

Day of Incident

1992-present

Employee Status

1992-present

Event 2011

2011-present

Event or Exposure

1992-2010

Gender

1992-present

Hispanic Origin

1992-present

Industry/NAICS

2003-present

Industry/SIC

1992-2002

Location

1992-present

MSA

1999-present

Month of Incident

1992-present

Nature

1992-2010

Nature 2011

2011-present

Occupation/BOC

1992-2002

Occupation/SOC

2003-present

Ownership

1992-present

Part of Body

1992-2010

Part of Body 2011

2011-present

Primary Source

1992-2010

Primary Source 2011

2011-present

Race

1992-present

Secondary Source

1992-2010

Secondary Source 2011

2011-present

State of Incident

1992-present

Time of Incident

1992-present

Worker Activity

1992-present


Last Modified Date: May 5, 2013

Recommend this page using: