Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities

Fatal Occupational Injuries and Nonfatal Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, 2008

driving on rainy highway The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS, the Bureau) reports the number and frequency of work-related fatal injuries and nonfatal injuries and illnesses each year. The Bureau also provides detailed information on the circumstances of the injuries and illnesses and on the characteristics of the affected worker. These data come from two programs: the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) and the Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII).

The CFOI, administered by the Bureau in conjunction with the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and New York City, compiles detailed information on all work-related fatal injuries occurring in the United States. In an effort to compile counts that are as complete as possible, the CFOI uses diverse sources to identify, verify, and profile fatal work injuries. Source documents such as death certificates, news accounts, workers’ compensation reports, and Federal and State agency administrative records are cross-referenced to gather key information about each workplace fatality.

The SOII produces data on work-related nonfatal injuries and illnesses. These data identify the industrial, occupational, and worker groups having a relatively high risk of work-related injuries and illnesses. This survey is made possible through the cooperation of participating State agencies and nearly 200,000 business establishments that provide information on workplace injuries and illnesses to the Bureau. State agencies collect and verify most of the data provided. BLS field offices collect and verify data from nonparticipating States.

Two major enhancements are reflected in the data in this report. For the first time, national data on nonfatal injuries and illnesses are produced for government. Also for the first time, fatal injury rates are calculated on the basis of the number of hours worked rather than the number of days worked. The number of hours worked provides a more accurate picture of the risk experienced at work.

This report includes charts and text highlighting fatal injuries and nonfatal injuries and illnesses by industry, type of case, and case and worker characteristics. Supplementary data, such as injury and illness rates, broken down by detailed industry and establishment size, as well as data on factors to calculate relative standard errors for nonfatal injury and illness estimates can be accessed on the Internet at The online version of the Occupational Injuries and Illnesses Profiles System is found at

Supplementary data also are available from the Bureau at the following address:

Bureau of Labor Statistics
Office of Safety and Health Statistics
Room 3180
2 Massachusetts Avenue, NE.
Washington, DC 20212
(202) 691-6170
Fax: (202) 691-6196
Email: IIF Staff

Jim Rice, Jill Janocha, Andrew Marsh, and Luis Felipe Martínez, of the BLS Occupational Safety and Health Statistics program, prepared this report under the general direction of Katharine Newman. Production of the report was coordinated by Edith S. Baker of the Office of Publications and Special Studies under the management of William Parks II. Bruce Boyd, of the same office, designed and laid out the report. Many other organizations contributed to the success of the survey, including the participating State agencies that collected the data, the BLS regional offices that helped review and process them, and the BLS National Office of Field Operations, whose staff members oversaw survey processes in the State and regional offices. In addition, the BLS National Office of Technology and Survey Processing and the Statistical Methods Group of the BLS Office of Compensation and Working Conditions helped tabulate the data and performed quality control. The Bureau expresses its appreciation to the many employers who responded to the survey and without whose cooperation this report would not have been possible.

Material in this publication is in the public domain and, with appropriate credit, may be used without permission. The information is available to sensoryimpaired individuals upon request.

Voice phone: (202) 691–5200
Federal Relay Service: (800) 877–8339.


Fatal Occupational Injuries and Nonfatal Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, 2008 chart book (complete book as PDF, 2 MB)

Total injuries and illnesses


Injuries and illnesses



Gender, age, ethnicity, and region of worker

Musculoskeletal disorders

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Last Modified Date: May 20, 2011

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