Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey

Data Definitions

  1. How does JOLTS define Employment?

  2. How does JOLTS define Job Openings?

  3. How does JOLTS define Hires?

  4. How does JOLTS define Separations?

  1. How does JOLTS define Employment?

  2. JOLTS defines Employment as all persons on the payroll who worked during or received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. This definition is consistent with other BLS establishment-based programs.

    INCLUDES:

DOES NOT INCLUDE:

  • How does JOLTS define Job Openings?

  • JOLTS defines Job Openings as all positions that are open (not filled) on the last business day of the month. A job is "open" only if it meets all three of the following conditions:

    1. A specific position exists and there is work available for that position. The position can be full-time or part-time, and it can be permanent, short-term, or seasonal, and
    2. The job could start within 30 days, whether or not the establishment finds a suitable candidate during that time, and
    3. There is active recruiting for workers from outside the establishment location that has the opening.

    What is "active recruiting?" Active recruiting means the establishment is taking steps to fill a position. It may include advertising in newspapers, on television, or on radio; posting Internet notices; posting "help wanted" signs; networking with colleagues or making "word of mouth" announcements; accepting applications; interviewing candidates; contacting employment agencies; or soliciting employees at job fairs, state or local employment offices, or similar sources.

    DOES NOT INCLUDE:

  • How does JOLTS define Hires?

  • JOLTS defines Hires as all additions to the payroll during the month.

    INCLUDES:

    DOES NOT INCLUDE:

  • How does JOLTS define Separations?

  • JOLTS defines Separations as all employees separated from the payroll during the calendar month.

    INCLUDES:

    DOES NOT INCLUDE:

    Last Modified Date: August 04, 2003

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