Mass Layoff Statistics

Table 2. Business processes involved in extended mass layoff events, by reason for layoff, second quarters 2008 and 2009 (1)
Reason Extended mass layoff events Total bus. process. Core processes Support processes
Procure., logistics, dist. Operations Product develop. Mktg., sales, account mgmt. Customer and after-
sales service
General mgmt. and firm infra-structure HR mgmt. Tech. and process develop.
Second quarter
2009 (p)
Total business process 2,994 3,931 304 2,320 110 143 147 604 168 135

Business demand
1,342 2,009 140 1,281 49 46 48 296 74 75

Contract cancellation
71 125 10 68 3 2 4 25 6 7

Contract
completion
292 340 11 284 3 2 4 27 4 5

Domestic competition

Excess inventory/
saturated market
25 47 6 25 3 7 1 5

Import
competition
6 20 4 6 1 1 4 2 2

Slack work/
insufficient demand/non-seasonal business slowdown
948 1,477 109 898 39 41 40 233 61 56

Organizational changes

149 331 31 134 7 22 19 77 25 16

Business-
ownership change
26 57 4 24 4 4 14 5 2

Reorgan-
ization or
restructuring of company
123 274 27 110 7 18 15 63 20 14

Financial issues
264 607 57 227 26 46 39 124 51 37

Bankruptcy
48 155 18 45 4 13 11 33 21 10

Cost control/cost cutting/
increase profitability
147 292 27 120 19 24 16 58 11 17

Financial
difficulty
69 160 12 62 3 9 12 33 19 10

Production
specific
8 17 3 8 1 1 3 1

Disaster/Safety
3 2 2

Seasonal
671 877 66 627 26 27 32 88 10 1

Other/
Miscellaneous
557 88 7 41 2 1 8 16 7 6
Second quarter
2008
Total business process 1,756 2,204 145 1,400 54 81 103 303 86 32

Business demand
566 742 34 535 20 25 21 77 18 12

Contract cancellation
22 43 2 21 1 3 2 8 4 2

Contract
completion
211 227 3 206 3 1 2 9 1 2

Domestic competition
1 3 1 1 1

Excess inventory/
saturated market
8 22 2 8 2 2 1 4 2 1

Import
competition
13 26 3 13 1 1 7 1

Slack work/
insufficient demand/non-seasonal business slowdown
311 421 23 286 13 17 16 49 10 7

Organizational changes
122 262 25 93 6 16 23 62 25 12

Business-
ownership change
20 34 2 13 2 3 1 10 3

Reorgan-
ization or
restructuring of company
102 228 23 80 4 13 22 52 22 12

Financial issues
120 277 33 102 6 21 17 67 26 5

Bankruptcy
23 64 9 21 2 4 4 12 9 3

Cost control/cost cutting/
increase profitability
55 113 9 45 4 9 6 33 5 2

Financial
difficulty
42 100 15 36 8 7 22 12

Production
specific
24 39 3 23 1 1 2 6 2 1

Disaster/Safety
6 11 1 6 1 2 1

Seasonal
651 832 47 621 20 14 38 79 13

Other/
Miscellaneous
267 41 2 20 4 2 10 1 2

(1) Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia.
p = preliminary.
NOTE: Dash represents zero. For unabbreviated business process titles, see Table 3.

Last Modified Date: November 24, 2009

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