Employment Cost Trends

National Compensation Survey - Employment Cost Trends produces quarterly indexes measuring change over time in labor costs (ECI) and quarterly data measuring level of average costs per hour worked (ECEC).

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ECT News Releases

Compensation costs up 0.6% Dec 2015-Mar 2016 and up 1.9% over the year ending March


Compensation costs increased 0.6 percent for civilian workers, seasonally adjusted, from December 2015 to March 2016. Over the year, compensation rose 1.9 percent, wages and salaries are up 2.0 percent, and benefits rose 1.7 percent.
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Civilian compensation costs average $33.58 per hour worked in December


Employer costs for civilian workers averaged $23.06 per hour worked for wages and salaries and $10.52 for benefits in December 2015. Private industry supplemental pay benefit costs averaged $1.06 per hour worked.

ECI Regional News Releases

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ECT Databases


Database Name Special
Tables Text Files
Pay & Cost of Benefits
Employment Cost Index
Top Picks for ECI One Screen Data Search for ECI Multi Screen Data Search for ECI Tables for ECI Text Files for ECI
Employer Cost for Employee Compensation
Top Picks for ECEC One Screen Data Search for ECEC Multi Screen Data Search for ECEC Tables for ECEC Text Files for ECEC

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ECT Tables

Contract Escalation

The Employment Cost Index (ECI) is increasingly being used by business organizations as an escalator to adjust long-term sales and purchasing contracts, and to adjust wage rates in collective bargaining agreements. A web page explaining how to use the ECI for escalating contracts is available.

ECT Publications

All NCS Publications (including benefits, compensation costs, and wages) »

ECT Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Is the ECI adjusted for inflation?
  2. What is the Employment Cost index for individual occupations in the U.S.?
  3. How can I get annualized ECI data?
  4. What's the average raise?
  5. Does the ECI publish indexes for individual areas?
  6. How do I calculate the percent change between two time periods?
  7. What impact can incentive paid workers have on the ECI?
  8. Once I have identified the series I want to use, how should I reference it to make sure it will not be confused with another series?
  9. Where can I get wage determinations data?
  10. Where can I obtain information on minimum wage and overtime laws and regulations?

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ECT Special Notice

Related Links to Other BLS Programs

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Contact Us


The Office of Compensation Levels and Trends, Branch of Survey Information and Publications, will be glad to assist you with questions about any of the components of the National Compensation Survey.

Ways to Contact BLS Directly

Email: Contact us

Telephone: (202) 691-6199 (Monday - Friday, 8:30 A.M. - 4:30 P.M.)

Question-by-FAX: (202) 691-6647

Information and assistance is also available from any BLS regional office.


Information voice phone: (202) 691-5200 The Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339

Write or Personal Visit

Bureau of Labor Statistics
2 Massachusetts Ave., N.E. - Suite 4175
Washington, D.C. 20212-0001

Other Ways to Access our Data:

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