The Employment Cost Index (ECI) component of the National Compensation Survey (NCS) is a Principal Federal Economic Indicator that measures changes in labor costs. Average hourly costs for employee compensation is presented in the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC) series.
The NCS also provides benefits incidence data on the percentage of workers with access to and participating in employer provided benefit plans. The survey covers a broad range of benefits including holidays and vacations, sick leave, health and life insurance, and retirement plans. Details of employer-provided health and retirement plan provisions are also provided.
Retirement benefit access for private workers ranged from 31 percent for the lowest 10 percent of wage
earners to 88 percent for the highest 10 percent. Nonunion workers paid 22 percent of single coverage
medical premiums and union workers paid 13 percent.
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Compensation costs increased 0.6 percent for civilian workers, seasonally adjusted, from
September 2015 to December 2015. Over the year, compensation rose 2.0 percent, wages
and salaries are up 2.1 percent, and benefits rose 1.7 percent.
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Employer costs for state and local government workers averaged $28.45 per hour worked for wages and salaries
and $16.21 for benefits in September 2015. State and local government health benefit costs averaged $5.20 per
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National Compensation Survey
|Pay & Cost of Benefits|
Employment Cost Index
Employer Cost for Employee Compensation
|Benefit Incidence & Provisions|
Employee Benefits Survey
(1985 to 2006)
National Compensation Survey - Benefits
*2007 to 2009 benefits data are not available in the National Compensation Survey data base.
Links to Other NCS Products:
The Office of Compensation Levels and Trends, Branch of Survey Information and Publications, will be glad to assist you with questions about any of the components of the National Compensation Survey.
Ways to Contact BLS Directly
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