Economic News Release

American Time Use Survey News Release


Technical information:  (202) 691-6339     USDL 07-0930
               http://www.bls.gov/tus/
                                           For release: 10:00 A.M. EDT
Media contact:                691-5902     Thursday, June 28, 2007



      (NOTE:  This release was reissued on Thursday, July 19, 2007, 
      to correct the phrase in the first paragraph of "The Average 
      Day" section that originally read "remaining 5.1 hours" to 
      read "remaining 4.7 hours."  This correction did not affect
      any tables in the release.  On June 3, 2008, the following
      tables of the HTML version of this release were corrected:  
      tables 4, 7, 9, 10, and 12; in this case, the PDF version was
      not affected.)


                 AMERICAN TIME USE SURVEY--2006 RESULTS 

   
   The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) of the U.S. Department of Labor
reported today that in 2006:
   
     --Employed persons worked 7.6 hours on average on the days that they
       worked.  They worked more hours on weekdays than on weekend days--
       8.0 versus 5.4 hours.
     
     --On the days that they worked, employed men worked about an hour more
       than employed women--8.0 versus 7.1 hours.

     --On the days that they worked, 21 percent of employed persons did some
       or all of their work at home and 86 percent did some or all of their 
       work at their workplace.
     
     --On an average day (which includes weekends), persons ages 15 to 19 
       spent 3.3 hours engaged in educational activities, more than quadruple 
       the amount of time spent by individuals in any other age group.

   BLS has long produced statistics about the labor market, such as employ-
ment, hours of work, and earnings.  To provide a more complete picture of the 
context of employment, BLS also conducts the American Time Use Survey (ATUS).  
The ATUS collects data on what activities people do during the day and how
much time they spend doing them.
   
   This fourth annual release of ATUS data focuses on the time that Americans 
worked, did household activities, cared for household children, participated
in educational activities, and engaged in leisure and sports activities in
2006.  This report includes new measures of time use for younger and older
Americans.  It also includes measures of the average time per day spent pro-
viding childcare--both as a primary activity and while doing other things--
for the combined years 2003-06.
   
   Data collection for the ATUS began in January 2003.  The survey is spon-
sored by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and conducted by the U.S. Census
Bureau.  ATUS estimates for 2006 are based on interviews of about 13,000 in-
dividuals.  Respondents were interviewed only once and reported their activ-
ities for the 24-hour period from 4 a.m. on the day before the interview
until 4 a.m. on the day of the interview.  If respondents reported doing
more than one activity at a time, they were asked to identify which activity
was primary.  Except for secondary childcare, activities done simultaneously
with primary activities were not collected.  Activities were then grouped
into categories for analysis.  For a further description of the survey, see
the Technical Note.
   
                                  - 2 -
      
The "Average Day"
   
   "Average day" measures for the entire population provide a mechanism for
seeing the overall distribution of time allocation for society as a whole.
The ATUS collects data about daily activities from all segments of the pop-
ulation age 15 and over, including persons who are employed, unemployed,
or not in the labor force (such as students or retirees).  Data are collected
for weekdays, Saturdays, and Sundays.  Thus, "average day" measures reflect
the average distribution of time across all persons and days.  Activity pro-
files differ based upon age, employment status, gender, and other character-
istics.  On an "average day" in 2006, persons in the U.S. age 15 and over
slept about 8.6 hours, spent 5.1 hours doing leisure and sports activities,
worked for 3.8 hours, and spent 1.8 hours doing household activities.  The
remaining 4.7 hours were spent doing a variety of other activities, including
eating and drinking, attending school, and shopping.  (See table 1.)  By
comparison, an average weekday for persons employed full time and who worked
on that day included 9.3 hours working, 7.6 hours sleeping, 3.0 hours doing
leisure and sports activities, and 0.9 hour doing household activities.  The
remaining 3.2 hours were spent in other activities, such as those described
above.  (These estimates include related travel time.)
   
   Many activities typically are not done on a daily basis, and some activi-
ties only are done by a subset of the population.  For example, only 45 per-
cent of all persons age 15 years and over worked on an average day in 2006
because most employed persons did not work every day and some were not em-
ployed.  (See table 1.)  For this reason, much of the analysis that follows
uses time-use estimates that are restricted to specific population groups,
such as employed persons, or adults in households with children.
   
Working (by Employed Persons) in 2006
   
     --Employed persons worked 7.6 hours on average on the days that they
       worked.  They worked longer on weekdays than on weekend days--8.0
       versus 5.4 hours.  (See table 4.)

     --On the days that they worked, employed men worked about an hour more
       than employed women.  This difference partly reflects women's greater
       likelihood of working part time.  However, even among full-time workers
       (those usually working 35 hours or more per week) men worked slightly
       longer than women--8.4 versus 7.7 hours.  (See table 4.)
     
     --Many more people worked on weekdays than on weekend days:  84 percent
       of employed persons worked on an average weekday, compared with 35 per-
       cent on an average weekend day.  (See table 4.)

     --On the days that they worked, 21 percent of employed persons did
       some or all of their work at home and 86 percent did some or all of
       their work at their workplace.  Hours worked at home averaged 2.6
       hours per day while hours worked at a workplace averaged 7.9 hours
       per day.  Men and women were about equally likely to do some or all
       of their work at home.  (See table 6.)

     --Multiple jobholders were about twice as likely to work on an average
       weekend day as were single jobholders--59 versus 32 percent.
       Multiple jobholders also were much more likely to work at home than
       were single jobholders--39 versus 19 percent.  (See tables 4
       and 6.)

     --Self-employed workers were more likely to work on an average weekend
       day (49 percent) than were wage and salary workers (31 percent).  Self-
       employed workers also were more likely than wage and salary workers to
       have done some work at home--56 versus 17 percent.  (See tables
       5 and 7.)

                                       - 3 -

Household Activities in 2006
   
     --On an average day, 84 percent of women and 64 percent of men spent
       some time doing household activities, such as housework, cooking,
       lawn care, or financial and other household management.  (See
       table 1.)
   
     --On the days that they did household activities, women spent an
       average of 2.7 hours on such activities while men spent 2.1 hours. 
       (See table 1.)
   
     --On an average day, 20 percent of men did housework--such as cleaning
       or doing laundry--compared with 52 percent of women.  Thirty-seven
       percent of men did food preparation or cleanup, compared with 65 per-
       cent of women.  (See table 1.)
       
Educational Activities in 2006

     --About 9 percent of the population engaged in educational activities on 
       an average day.  Those who attended class spent an average of 4.5 hours 
       doing so, and those who did homework and research spent
       2.4 hours in such activities.  (See table 1.)
     
     
     --More people did homework on weekdays than on weekend days--6.9 per-
       cent versus 4.0 percent.  However, persons who did homework spent
       about the same amount of time doing it on weekdays (2.4 hours) and
       weekend days (2.5 hours).  (See table 2.)
     
     --On an average day, persons ages 15 to 19 spent 3.3 hours engaged in
       educational activities, more than four times as long as individuals
       in any other age group.  (See table 3.)
                                  
Leisure Activities in 2006
   
     --On an average day, nearly everyone age 15 and over (96 percent)
       engaged in some sort of leisure activity, such as watching TV,
       socializing, or exercising.  Of those who engaged in leisure
       activities, men spent more time in these activities (5.7 hours) 
       than did women (4.9 hours).  (See table 1.)
     
     --Watching TV was the leisure activity that occupied the most time,
       accounting for about half of leisure time, on average, for both men
       and women.  Socializing, such as visiting with friends or attending
       or hosting social events, was the next most common leisure activity,
       accounting for about three-quarters of an hour per day for both sexes.
       (See table 1.)
   
     --Men were more likely than women to participate in sports, exercise,
       or recreation on any given day, 20 versus 15 percent.  On the days
       that they participated, men also spent more time in these activities
       than women, 2.0 versus 1.2 hours, respectively.  (See table 1.)

     --Time spent reading for personal interest and playing games or using
       a computer for leisure varied greatly by age.  Individuals age 75 and
       over averaged 1.4 hours of reading per weekend day and 0.2 hour (12
       minutes) playing games or using a computer for leisure.  Conversely,
       individuals ages 15 to 19 read for an average of 0.1 hour (7 minutes)
       per weekend day and spent 1.0 hour playing games or using a computer
       for leisure.  (See table 11.)

                                  - 4 -

Care of Household Children (by Adults in Households with Children) for the
period 2003-06

     --Adults living in households with children under 6 spent 2.0 hours pro-
       viding primary childcare (such as providing physical care or reading to 
       children) to household children.  Adults living in households where the 
       youngest child was between the ages of 6 and 17 spent less than half as 
       much time providing primary childcare to household children--0.8 hour 
       (47 minutes).  (See table 9.)
     
     --On weekdays, among adults living in households with children under
       6, women spent 1.2 hours providing physical childcare (such as bathing
       or feeding a child) to household children; by contrast, men spent 0.4
       hours (25 minutes).  On weekends, women provided about an hour per day
       of physical childcare, while men provided about 30 minutes.  (See
       table 9.)

     --Adults living in households with children under 6 spent an average
       of 5.6 hours per day providing secondary childcare--that is, they had
       at least one child under age 13 in their care while doing other
       things.  Secondary childcare was most commonly performed while doing
       leisure activities (2.2 hours) or household activities (1.4 hours).
       (See table 10.)

     --Adults living in households with children under 6 spent more time
       providing primary childcare on weekdays (2.1 hours) than on weekend
       days (1.7 hours).  However, they spent less time providing secondary
       childcare on weekdays than weekend days--4.8 hours versus 7.5 hours.  
       (See tables 9 and 10.)
                                 
Microdata Release

   Today, BLS also released ten 2006 ATUS microdata files for users who wish
to do their own tabulations and analyses:  the Respondent file, the Roster
file, the Activity file, the Who file, the ATUS-CPS file, the Activity
summary file, the Case history file, the Call history file, the Trips file,
and the Replicate weights file.  In accordance with BLS and Census Bureau
policies that protect respondents' privacy, identifying information was
removed from the microdata files and some responses have been edited.  The
2006 microdata files are available on the BLS Web site at http://www.bls.
gov/tus/datafiles_2006.htm.  A brief description of the files follows:

      --The Respondent file contains information about ATUS respondents,
        including their labor force status and earnings.

      --The Roster file contains information about household members and
        nonhousehold children (under age 18) of ATUS respondents.  It
        includes information such as age and sex.

      --The Activity file contains information about how ATUS respondents
        spent one day.  It includes information such as activity codes,
        activity start and stop times, and locations.

      --The Who file contains codes that indicate who was present during
        each activity.

      --The ATUS-CPS file contains information collected in the CPS about
        all individuals selected to participate in ATUS and those living
        with them.  The information on the ATUS-CPS file was collected 2
        to 5 months before the ATUS interview.

      --The Activity summary file contains information about the total
        time each ATUS respondent spent doing each activity on the diary
        day (calculated from the Activity file), and selected variables
        from the Respondent file and the ATUS-CPS file.

      --The Case history file contains information about the interview
        process, such as interviewer identifiers and interview outcome
        codes.

      --The Call history file contains information about each interview
        attempt, including the call date and outcome.

      --The Trips file contains information about times the respondent
        was away from home for 2 nights or more in a specific reference
        month.

      --The Replicate weights file contains ATUS replicate weights and
        replicate base weights.
 
                                   - 5 -
 
   For More Information
   
      For additional information, please see the Technical Note or the ATUS
   Web site at http://www.bls.gov/tus/home/htm.  Additional information about 
   the ATUS also may be obtained by e-mailing ATUSinfo@bls.gov or by calling 
   202-691-6339.  Information in this release will be made available to sensory 
   impaired individuals upon request.  Voice phone:  202-691-5200; TDD message 
   referral phone:  1-800-877-8339.
   
   





                                  - 6 -

Technical Note


Survey methodology

   Data collection for the American Time Use Survey (ATUS) began in January
2003.  Sample cases for the survey are selected monthly and interviews are
conducted continuously throughout the year.  In 2005, approximately 13,000
individuals were interviewed.  Estimates are released annually.

   ATUS sample households are chosen from the households that completed
their eighth (final) interview for the Current Population Survey (CPS),
the nation's monthly household labor force survey.  ATUS sample households 
are selected to ensure that estimates will be nationally representative.

   One individual age 15 or older is randomly chosen from each sampled
household.  This "designated person" is interviewed by telephone once about
his or her activities on the day before the interview--the "diary day."

   All ATUS interviews are conducted using Computer Assisted Telephone
Interviewing.  Procedures are in place to collect information from the
small number of households that did not provide a telephone number during
the CPS interview.

   ATUS designated persons are preassigned a day of the week about which to
report.  Preassignment is designed to reduce variability in response rates
across the week and to allow oversampling of weekend days, so that accurate 
weekend day measures can be developed.  Interviews occur on the day following 
the assigned day.  For example, a person assigned to report about a Monday
would be contacted on the following Tuesday.  Ten percent of designated
persons are assigned to report about each of the five weekdays.  Twenty-five
percent are assigned to report about each weekend day.  Households are called
for up to 8 consecutive weeks (for example, 8 Tuesdays) in order to secure
an interview.

About the questionnaire

   In the time diary portion of the ATUS interview, respondents se-
quentially report activities they did between 4 a.m. on the day before 
the interview ("yesterday") until 4 a.m. on the day of the interview.  
For each activity, respondents are asked how long the activity lasted.  
For activities other than personal care activities (such as sleeping and 
grooming), interviewers also ask respondents where they were and who was 
in the room with them (if at home) or who accompanied them (if away from 
home).  If respondents report doing more than one activity at a time, they 
are asked to identify which one was the "main" (primary) activity.  If none 
can be identified, it is assumed to be the first one mentioned.  After com-
pleting the time diary, interviewers ask respondents additional questions 
to collect more information to assist coders in clearly identifying work, 
volunteering, and secondary childcare activities.  Secondary childcare is 
defined as having a child under age 13 in one's care while doing other 
things.

   In addition, the ATUS includes an update of the household roster
information from the last CPS interview (2-5 months prior to the ATUS
interview) and the employment status information of the designated person
and his or her spouse or unmarried partner.  For designated persons who
became employed or changed jobs between the last CPS interview and the
ATUS interview, information also is collected on industry, occupation, class 
of worker, and earnings.  For those who are unemployed or on layoff, CPS ques-
tions on job search activities and layoff are asked.  Finally, a question
about current school enrollment status is asked of all respondents ages 15
to 49.

                                  - 7 -

   After completing the interview, primary activity descriptions are as-
signed a single 6-digit code using the ATUS Coding Lexicon.  The 3-tier
coding system consists of 17 major activity categories, each with multiple
second- and third-tier subcategories.  These coding lexicon categories are
then combined into composite categories for publication, such as in this
news release.  Descriptions of categories shown in this release can be
found in the Major activity category definitions section of this Technical 
Note.  The 2005 ATUS Coding Lexicon can be accessed at http://www.bls.gov/tus/.

Concepts and definitions

   Average hours per day.  The average number of hours spent in a 24-hour
day (between 4 a.m. on the diary day and 4 a.m. on the interview day)
doing a specified activity.

     --Average hours per day, population.  The average number of hours per
       day is computed using all responses from a given population, including
       respondents who did not do a particular activity on their diary day.
       These estimates reflect how many population members engaged in an
       activity and the amount of time they spent doing it.

     --Average hours per day, persons reporting the activity on the diary
       day.  The average number of hours per day is computed using only re-
       sponses from those who engaged in a particular activity on their
       diary day.

   Diary day.  The diary day is the day about which the designated person
reports.  For example, the diary day of a designated person interviewed on
Tuesday is Monday.

Earnings

     --Usual weekly earnings. Data represent the earnings of full-time wage
       and salary workers before taxes and other deductions and include any
       overtime pay, commissions, or tips usually received (at the main job
       in the case of multiple jobholders).  Respondents are asked to identify
       the easiest way for them to report earnings (hourly, weekly, biweekly,
       twice monthly, monthly, annually, other) and how much they usually earn
       in the reported time period.  Earnings reported on a basis other than
       weekly are converted to a weekly equivalent.  The term "usual" is as
       perceived by the respondent.  If the respondent asks for a definition
       of usual, interviewers are instructed to define the term as more than
       half the weeks worked during the past 4 or 5 months.

     --Weekly earnings ranges.  The ranges used represent approximately 25 per-
       cent of full-time wage and salary workers.  For example, 25 percent of
       full-time wage and salary workers had weekly earnings of $450 or less.
       These dollar values may vary from year to year.

   Employment status

     --Employed.  All persons who, at any time during the 7 days prior to the
       interview:

       1) Did any work at all as paid employees; worked in their own busi-
          ness, profession, or on their own farm; or usually worked 15 hours
          or more as unpaid workers in a family-operated enterprise; and

       2) All those who were not working but had jobs or businesses from which
          they were temporarily absent due to illness, bad weather, vacation,
          childcare problems, labor-management dispute, maternity or paternity
          leave, job training, or other family or personal reasons, whether or
          not they were paid for the time off or were seeking other jobs.

     --Employed full time.  Full-time workers are those who usually worked 35
       hours or more per week at all jobs combined.

     --Employed part time.  Part-time workers are those who usually worked
       fewer than 35 hours per week at all jobs combined.

     --Not employed.  Persons are not employed if they do not meet the condi-
       tions for employment.  The not employed include those classified as
       unemployed as well as those classified as not in the labor force
       (using CPS definitions).

                                  - 8 -

   The numbers of employed and not employed persons in this report do not
correspond to published totals from the CPS for several reasons.  First,
the reference population for the ATUS is 15 years and older, whereas it is
16 years and older for the CPS.  Second, ATUS data are collected continuously,
the employment reference period being the 7 days prior to the interview.  By
contrast, CPS data are always collected during the week including the 19th
of the month and refer to employment during the week containing the 12th
of the month.  Third, ATUS response rates in 2005 were slightly higher for
employed than for non-employed designated persons, and this difference is
not accounted for by weighting.  Finally, the CPS accepts answers from
household members about other household members, whereas such proxy
responses are not allowed in the ATUS.  One consequence of the difference
in proxy reporting is that a significantly higher proportion of teenagers
report employment in the ATUS than in the CPS.  While the information on
employment from the ATUS is useful for assessing work in the context of
other daily activities, the employment data are not intended for analysis
of current employment trends.  Compared with the CPS and other estimates
of employment, the ATUS estimates are based on a much smaller sample and are
only available with a substantial lag.  Moreover, because the ATUS has only
been in operation since the beginning of 2003, there is insufficient data
for time series analysis.

   Household children.  Household children are children under age 18
 residing in the household of the ATUS respondent.  The children may be
 related to the respondent (such as their own children, grandchildren,
 nieces or nephews, or brothers or sisters) or not related (such as foster
 children or children of roommates).  For secondary childcare calculations,
 respondents are asked about care for own and non-own household children
 under age 13.

   Primary activity.  A primary activity is the main activity a respondent
 was doing at a specified time.  With the exception of secondary childcare
 in table 10, the estimates presented in this release reflect time spent in
 primary activities only.

   Secondary/simultaneous activities.  A secondary activity is an activity
 done at the same time as a primary activity.  With the exception of the
 care of children under age 13, information on secondary activities is not
 systematically collected in the ATUS.

   Secondary childcare.  Secondary childcare is care for children under age
13 that is done while doing something else, such as cooking dinner.  Second-
ary childcare estimates are derived by summing the durations of activities
during which respondents had a household child or their own non-household
child under age 13 in their care while doing other things.  It is restricted
to times the respondent was awake.  Secondary childcare time for household
children is further restricted to the time between when the first household
child under age 13 woke up and the last household child under age 13 went to
bed.  If respondents report providing both primary and secondary care at the
same time, the time is attributed to primary care only.

   Weekday, weekend, and holiday estimates.  Estimates for weekdays are an
average of reports about Monday through Friday.  Estimates for weekend days
and holidays are an average of reports about Saturdays, Sundays, and the
following holidays:  New Year's Day, Easter, Memorial Day, the Fourth of
July, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day.

   In 2005, the telephone call center was closed the Friday after Thanks-
giving, so data were not collected about Thanksgiving Day.

                                  - 9 -

Major activity category definitions

   The following definitions describe the activity categories shown in this
report.  All major time-use categories in the tables include related travel 
time and waiting time.  For example, time spent "driving to the stadium"
and time spent "waiting to get into the stadium to play ball" are included
in Participating in sports under Leisure and sports.

   Personal care activities.  Personal care activities include sleeping,
bathing, dressing, health-related self-care, and personal or private
activities.  Receiving unpaid personal care from others (for example,
"my sister put polish on my nails") also is captured in this category.
Respondents are not asked who they were with or where they were for
personal care activities, as such information can be sensitive.

   Eating and drinking.  All time spent eating or drinking (except when
identified by the respondent as part of a work or volunteer activity),
whether alone, with others, at home, at a place of purchase, in transit,
or somewhere else, is classified here.  Time spent purchasing or talking
related to purchasing meals, snacks, or beverages is not counted as part
of this category; time spent doing these activities is counted in Purchas-
ing goods and services.

   Household activities.  Household activities are those done by re-
spondents to maintain their households.  These include housework; cooking; 
yard care; pet care; vehicle maintenance and repair; and home maintenance, 
repair, decoration, and renovation.  Food preparation, whether or not re-
ported as done specifically for another household member, is always classi-
fied as a household activity, unless the respondent identified it as a vol-
unteer, work, or income-generating activity.  For example, "making breakfast 
for my son" is coded as a household activity, not as childcare.  Household 
management and organizational activities--such as filling out paperwork, bal- 
ancing a checkbook, or planning a party--also are included in this category.

   Purchasing goods and services.  This category includes the purchase of
consumer goods as well as the purchase or use of professional and personal
care services, household services, and government services.  Most purchases
and rentals of consumer goods, regardless of the mode or place of purchase
or rental (in person, via telephone, over the Internet, at home, or in a
store) are classified in this category.  Gasoline, grocery, other food pur-
chases, and all other shopping are further broken out in subcategories.

   Time spent obtaining, receiving, and purchasing professional and personal
care services provided by someone else also is classified in this category.
Professional services include childcare, financial services and banking,
legal services, medical and adult care services, real estate services, and
veterinary services.  Personal care services include day spas, hair salons
and barbershops, nail salons, and tanning salons.  Activities classified
here include time respondents spent paying, meeting with, or talking to 
service providers, as well as time spent receiving the service or waiting 
to receive the service.

   Time spent arranging for and purchasing household services provided
by someone else also is classified here.  Household services include
housecleaning; cooking; lawn care and landscaping; pet care; tailoring,
laundering, and dry cleaning; vehicle maintenance and repairs; and home
repairs, maintenance, and construction.

   This category also captures the time spent obtaining government
services--such as applying for food stamps--and purchasing government-
required licenses or paying fines or fees.

                                  - 10 -

   Caring for and helping household members.  Time spent doing activities
to care for or help any child or adult in the respondent's household,
regardless of relationship to the respondent or the physical or mental
health status of the person being helped, are classified here.  Caring
for and helping activities for household children and adults are coded
separately in subcategories.  Household members are considered children
if they are under age 18.

   Primary childcare activities include physical care; playing with
children; reading to children; assistance with homework; attending
children's events; taking care of children's health care needs; and
dropping off, picking up, and waiting for children.  Passive childcare
done as a primary activity (such as "keeping an eye on my son while he
swam in the pool") also is included.  A child's presence during the
respondent's activity is not enough in itself to classify the activity
as childcare.  For example, "watching television with my child" is coded
as a leisure activity, not as childcare.

   Secondary childcare is care for children that is done while doing
something else.  For a complete definition, see the Concepts and
definitions section of this Technical Note.

   Caring for and helping household members also includes a range of
activities done to benefit adult members of households, such as providing
physical and medical care or obtaining medical services.  Doing something
as a favor for or helping another household adult does not automatically
result in classification as a helping activity.  For example, a report of
"helping my wife cook dinner" is considered a household activity (food
preparation), not a helping activity, because cooking dinner benefits the
household as a whole.  By contrast, doing paperwork for another person
usually benefits the individual, so a report of "filling out an insurance
application for my husband" is considered a helping activity.

   Caring for and helping non-household members.  Activities done to care
for and help any child or adult who is not part of the respondent's house-
hold, regardless of the relationship to the respondent or the physical or
mental health status of the person being helped, are classified here.
Caring for and helping activities for non-household children and adults are 
coded separately in subcategories.  Non-household members are considered
children if they are under age 18.  When done for or through an organization, 
time spent helping non-household individuals is classified as volunteering,
rather than as helping non-household members.  Non-household childcare, even 
when done as a favor or helping activity for another adult, is always classi-
fied as non-household childcare, not as helping another adult.

   Working and work-related activities.  This category includes time spent
working, doing activities as part of one's job, engaging in income-generating
activities (not as part of one's job), and job search activities.  "Working" 
includes hours spent doing the specific tasks required of one's main or other
job, regardless of location or time of day.  Activities done outside of regular
work hours are classified as work if identified by respondents as part of their
jobs.  "Work-related activities" include activities that are not obviously work
but are identified by the respondent as being done as part of one's job, such
as having a business lunch or playing golf with clients.  "Other income-gener-
ating activities" are those done "on the side" or under informal arrangement
and are not part of the respondent's regular job.  Such activities might in-
clude selling homemade crafts, babysitting, maintaining a rental property, or
having a yard sale.  Respondents identify these activities as ones they "are
paid for or will be paid for."

   Travel time related to working and work-related activities includes time
spent commuting to and from one's job, as well as time spent traveling for
work-related, income-generating, and job search activities.

                                  - 11 -

   Educational activities.  Educational activities include taking classes
(including Internet and other distance-learning courses); doing research
and homework; and taking care of administrative tasks, such as registering
for classes or obtaining a school ID.  For high school students, before-
and after-school extracurricular activities (except sports) also are clas-
sified as educational activities.  Activities are classified separately
by whether the educational activity was for a degree or for personal in-
terest.  Educational activities do not include time spent for classes or
training that respondents identified as part of their jobs.  Time spent
helping others with their education-related activities is classified in
the Caring for and helping categories.

   Organizational, civic, and religious activities.  This category captures
time spent volunteering for or through an organization, performing civic
obligations, and participating in religious and spiritual activities.  Civic 
obligations include government-required duties, such as serving jury duty
or appearing in court, and activities that assist or influence government pro-
cesses, such as voting or attending town hall meetings.  Religious activities
include those normally associated with membership in or identification with
specific religions or denominations, such as attending religious services;
participating in choirs, youth groups, orchestras, or unpaid teaching (unless
identified as volunteer activities); and engaging in personal religious prac-
tices, such as praying.

   Leisure and sports.  The leisure and sports category includes sports,
exercise, and recreation; socializing and communicating; and other leisure
activities.  Socializing and communicating includes face-to-face social
communication and hosting or attending social functions.  Leisure activities
include watching television; reading; relaxing or thinking; playing computer,
board, or card games; using a computer or the Internet for personal interest;
playing or listening to music; and other activities, such as attending arts,
cultural, and entertainment events.

   Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail.  This category captures telephone
communication and handling household or personal mail or e-mail.  Telephone
and Internet purchases are classified in Purchasing goods and services.
Telephone calls, mail, or e-mail identified as related to work or volunteer-
ing are classified as work or volunteering.

   Other activities, not elsewhere classified.  This residual category
includes security procedures related to traveling, traveling not associated
with a specific activity category, ambiguous activities that could not be
coded, and missing activities.  Missing activities result when respondents
did not remember what they did for a period of time, or when they considered
an activity too private or personal to report.

Processing and estimation

   After ATUS data are collected, they go through an editing and imputation
procedure.  Responses to CPS questions that are reasked in the ATUS go through
the regular CPS edit and imputation procedures.  Some item nonresponses for
questions unique to the ATUS (such as where an activity took place or how much
time was spent doing secondary childcare) also are imputed.  Missing activ-
ities and missing values for who was present during an activity are never
imputed.

   ATUS records are weighted to reduce bias in estimates due to differences in
sampling and response rates across subpopulations and days of the week.  Specif-
ically, the data are weighted to ensure the following:

   --Weekdays represent about 5/7 of the weighted data, and weekend days each
   represent about 1/7 for the population as a whole.  The actual proportions
   depend on the number of weekdays, Saturdays, and Sundays in a given month
   (in 2003 and 2004) and the number of weekdays and weekend days in a given
   quarter (in 2005).
     
   --The sum of the weights is equal to the number of person-days in the month
   (in 2003 and 2004) or the quarter (in 2005), for the population as a whole
   and, in 2004 and 2005, for selected subpopulations, too.

   Different methods were used to produce weights for the 2003, 2004, and
2005 data. In 2003, the ATUS weights add up to the number of person-days in
the month (or the number of days in the month times the total population)
only for the population as a whole. In 2004 and 2005, the ATUS weights add
up to the number of person-days for selected subpopulations as well as for
the general population. The 2004 and 2005 weighting methods differ slightly
from one another. In 2004, ATUS weights add up to the number of person-days
in the month for the selected subpopulations and for the population as a
whole. Weighted totals also correspond to the number of weekdays, Saturdays, 
and Sundays in each month. In 2005, ATUS weights add up to the number of per-
son-days in the quarter rather than the month for these groups, and weighted 
totals for the quarter correspond to the number of weekdays and weekend days 
rather than Saturdays and Sundays separately.

   Although there are differences in the 2004 and 2005 weighting methods,
the 2004 and 2005 weights are comparable and do not result in substantially
different estimates.  The 2004 weighting methodology, when applied to the
2003 data, had little or no effect on the estimates presented in table 12.


                                  - 12 -

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the ATUS are subject to both sampling and nonsampling
error.  When a sample, rather than the entire population, is surveyed, there
is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true" population
values they represent.  The exact difference, or sampling error, varies de-
pending on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured
by the standard error of the estimate.  There is about a 90-percent chance,
or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population value because 
of sampling error.  BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent
level of confidence.

   The ATUS data also are affected by nonsampling error.  Nonsampling error
can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of
the population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the
sample, inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct infor-
mation, and errors made in the collection or processing of the data.  Errors 
also could occur if nonresponse is correlated with time use.







       Table 1.  Time spent in primary activities (1) and percent of the civilian population engaging in each activity,
       averages per day by sex, 2006 annual averages
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                 Average hours per day, Average percent engaged  Average hours per day 
                                                  civilian population   in the activity per day for persons who engaged
                       Activity                                                                     in the activity    
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                 Total    Men    Women   Total    Men    Women   Total    Men    Women 
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
       Total, all activities (2)...............   24.00   24.00   24.00     -       -       -       -       -       -  
                                                                                                                       
         Personal care activities..............    9.41    9.21    9.59  100.0   100.0   100.0     9.41    9.22    9.59
            Sleeping...........................    8.63    8.56    8.69   99.9    99.9   100.0     8.63    8.57    8.69
         Eating and drinking...................    1.23    1.25    1.22   96.0    96.0    96.1     1.29    1.31    1.27
         Household activities..................    1.79    1.33    2.23   74.0    63.7    83.6     2.42    2.09    2.66
            Housework..........................     .61     .25     .95   36.1    19.5    51.8     1.69    1.27    1.83
            Food preparation and cleanup.......     .53     .29     .75   51.6    37.1    65.2     1.02     .79    1.15
            Lawn and garden care...............     .20     .26     .14   10.3    11.8     8.9     1.92    2.22    1.55
            Household management...............     .13     .11     .14   18.5    15.4    21.4      .68     .70     .67
         Purchasing goods and services.........     .81     .64     .96   45.5    40.3    50.3     1.78    1.60    1.91
            Consumer goods purchases...........     .40     .29     .51   41.1    36.3    45.6      .98     .80    1.12
            Professional and personal care                                                                             
             services..........................     .09     .06     .11    8.8     6.4    11.0      .98     .98     .99
         Caring for and helping household                                                                              
          members..............................     .53     .33     .71   25.2    19.9    30.2     2.09    1.64    2.37
            Caring for and helping household                                                                           
             children..........................     .41     .24     .57   21.6    16.5    26.4     1.90    1.48    2.15
         Caring for and helping nonhousehold                                                                           
          members..............................     .21     .18     .24   13.1    11.3    14.8     1.63    1.63    1.62
            Caring for and helping nonhousehold                                                                        
             adults............................     .07     .07     .08    8.1     7.5     8.7      .92     .93     .91
         Working and work-related activities...    3.75    4.53    3.02   46.5    52.6    40.8     8.06    8.60    7.40
            Working............................    3.40    4.10    2.74   44.8    51.0    39.0     7.59    8.04    7.04
         Educational activities................     .49     .45     .53    9.4     8.6    10.1     5.20    5.19    5.21
            Attending class....................     .30     .29     .32    6.8     6.4     7.1     4.51    4.55    4.47
            Homework and research..............     .15     .12     .17    6.0     5.2     6.8     2.42    2.35    2.46
         Organizational, civic, and religious                                                                          
          activities...........................     .30     .29     .31   13.3    12.0    14.5     2.26    2.39    2.16
            Religious and spiritual activities      .12     .11     .13    7.7     6.5     8.8     1.57    1.62    1.54
            Volunteering (organizational and                                                                           
             civic activities).................     .13     .13     .13    6.7     6.2     7.1     2.00    2.14    1.88
         Leisure and sports....................    5.09    5.47    4.72   96.4    96.4    96.4     5.28    5.68    4.90
            Socializing and communicating......     .76     .71     .80   40.4    37.4    43.2     1.87    1.90    1.84
            Watching television................    2.58    2.80    2.36   79.5    80.8    78.2     3.24    3.46    3.02
            Participating in sports, exercise,                                                                         
             and recreation....................     .28     .38     .18   17.1    19.5    14.8     1.64    1.96    1.24
         Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail.....     .19     .12     .26   25.9    19.2    32.3      .73     .63     .79
         Other activities, not elsewhere                                                                               
          classified...........................     .21     .20     .22   13.9    12.2    15.5     1.50    1.64    1.39
       
          1 A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity.  Other activities done simultaneously are not
       included. 
          2 All major activity categories include related travel time.  See Technical Note for activity category
       definitions.
          - Not applicable.
          NOTE:  Data refer to persons 15 years and over.
       
       
       
       
       
       


       Table 2.  Time spent in primary activities (1) and percent of the civilian population engaging in each
       activity, averages per day on weekdays and weekends, 2006 annual averages
                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                
                                                      Average hours per    Average percent    Average hours per 
                                                        day, civilian       engaged in the   day for persons who
                                                          population       activity per day     engaged in the  
                                                                                                   activity     
                         Activity                                                                               
                                                                                                                
                                                                Weekends            Weekends            Weekends
                                                      Weekdays    and     Weekdays    and     Weekdays    and   
                                                               holidays            holidays            holidays 
                                                                  (2)                 (2)                 (2)   
                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                
       Total, all activities (3)....................    24.00     24.00       -         -          -         -  
                                                                                                                
         Personal care activities...................     9.12     10.08    100.0     100.0       9.12     10.08 
            Sleeping................................     8.33      9.32    100.0      99.9       8.33      9.33 
         Eating and drinking........................     1.18      1.37     96.1      95.7       1.22      1.43 
         Household activities.......................     1.66      2.11     73.3      75.5       2.26      2.79 
            Housework...............................      .57       .70     35.1      38.5       1.62      1.82 
            Food preparation and cleanup............      .51       .57     52.1      50.5        .98      1.13 
            Lawn and garden care....................      .16       .27      9.6      11.9       1.72      2.30 
            Household management....................      .12       .15     18.7      18.0        .62       .83 
         Purchasing goods and services..............      .76       .93     44.8      46.9       1.69      1.98 
            Consumer goods purchases................      .34       .55     39.3      45.2        .87      1.22 
            Professional and personal care services       .10       .04     10.7       4.2        .98      1.02 
         Caring for and helping household members...      .56       .45     26.6      21.8       2.10      2.04 
            Caring for and helping household                                                                    
             children...............................      .43       .37     22.8      18.8       1.87      1.99 
         Caring for and helping nonhousehold members      .19       .26     12.5      14.5       1.53      1.81 
            Caring for and helping nonhousehold                                                                 
             adults.................................      .06       .11      7.6       9.5        .80      1.14 
         Working and work-related activities........     4.77      1.36     56.2      23.9       8.48      5.70 
            Working.................................     4.33      1.23     54.2      22.8       7.98      5.42 
         Educational activities.....................      .63       .16     10.7       6.4       5.90      2.49 
            Attending class.........................      .42       .04      8.5       2.7       4.90      1.63 
            Homework and research...................      .16       .10      6.9       4.0       2.38      2.54 
         Organizational, civic, and religious                                                                   
          activities................................      .20       .53     10.4      20.0       1.95      2.63 
            Religious and spiritual activities......      .04       .30      4.1      16.0       1.06      1.88 
            Volunteering (organizational and civic                                                              
             activities)............................      .13       .15      6.7       6.7       1.89      2.25 
         Leisure and sports.........................     4.54      6.37     95.9      97.6       4.73      6.52 
            Socializing and communicating...........      .60      1.11     37.9      46.1       1.59      2.41 
            Watching television.....................     2.35      3.10     78.6      81.6       2.99      3.80 
            Participating in sports, exercise, and                                                              
             recreation.............................      .26       .33     17.5      16.3       1.48      2.03 
         Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail..........      .20       .17     27.9      21.3        .71       .81 
         Other activities, not elsewhere classified       .20       .22     13.9      13.8       1.45      1.62 
       
          1 A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity.  Other activities done simultaneously
       are not included.
          2 Holidays are New Year's Day, Easter, Memorial Day, the Fourth of July, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day,
       and Christmas Day.
          3 All major activity categories include related travel time.  See Technical Note for activity category
       definitions.
          - Not applicable.
          NOTE:  Data refer to persons 15 years and over.
       
       
       
       
       
       


       Table 3.  Time spent in primary activities (1) for the civilian population by age, sex, race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,   
       marital status, and educational attainment, 2006 annual averages
                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                     
                                                            Average hours per day spent in primary activities (2)                    
                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                       Orga-                  Other  
                                                               Pur-    Caring  Caring  Working         niza-            Tele- activi-
               Characteristic         Person-  Eating House-   chas-  for and for and   and    Educa-  tional,          phone  ties, 
                                      al care   and   hold      ing   helping helping   work-  tional   civic, Leisure  calls,  not  
                                      activi-  drink- activi-  goods   house-   non-   related activi-   and    and     mail,  else- 
                                       ties     ing   ties      and     hold   house-  activi- ties     reli-  sports    and   where 
                                                               ser-   members   hold    ties            gious           e-mail classi-
                                                               vices          members                  activi-                 fied  
                                                                                                        ties                         
                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                     
       Total, 15 years and over.....    9.41    1.23    1.79    0.81     0.53    0.21    3.75    0.49    0.30    5.09    0.19    0.21
         15 to 19 years.............   10.30    1.07     .76     .56      .15     .21    1.39    3.29     .34    5.40     .33     .22
         20 to 24 years.............    9.64    1.21    1.05     .67      .51     .20    4.23     .80     .21    5.03     .19     .24
         25 to 34 years.............    9.31    1.19    1.55     .81     1.07     .12    4.77     .39     .16    4.30     .14     .17
         35 to 44 years.............    9.12    1.18    1.87     .87      .98     .19    4.96     .15     .30    4.09     .13     .16
         45 to 54 years.............    9.10    1.17    1.97     .82      .36     .24    5.06     .09     .29    4.52     .17     .20
         55 to 64 years.............    9.19    1.31    2.11     .91      .16     .28    3.80     .04     .39    5.41     .18     .20
         65 to 74 years.............    9.68    1.44    2.64     .93      .13     .30     .94     .05     .38    6.97     .24     .29
         75 years and over..........    9.83    1.50    2.32     .80      .12     .21     .34     .06     .43    7.82     .30     .27
                                                                                                                                     
        Men, 15 years and over......    9.21    1.25    1.33     .64      .33     .18    4.53     .45     .29    5.47     .12     .20
         15 to 19 years.............   10.26    1.02     .61     .38      .10     .20    1.53    3.08     .34    6.02     .24     .23
         20 to 24 years.............    9.36    1.23     .84     .46      .12     .22    4.62     .65     .23    5.80     .17     .27
         25 to 34 years.............    9.10    1.20    1.03     .62      .50     .11    6.00     .38     .15    4.66     .10     .16
         35 to 44 years.............    8.93    1.22    1.28     .66      .66     .14    6.13     .06     .28    4.42     .07     .15
         45 to 54 years.............    8.85    1.21    1.50     .64      .32     .21    5.85     .06     .29    4.81     .09     .18
         55 to 64 years.............    8.97    1.34    1.70     .79      .13     .21    4.26     .03     .37    5.90     .11     .20
         65 to 74 years.............    9.74    1.51    2.20     .87      .12     .30    1.07     .02     .34    7.36     .13     .33
         75 years and over..........    9.60    1.52    1.77     .75      .17     .19     .61     .04     .44    8.49     .18     .23
                                                                                                                                     
        Women, 15 years and over....    9.59    1.22    2.23     .96      .71     .24    3.02     .53     .31    4.72     .26     .22
         15 to 19 years.............   10.34    1.11     .92     .74      .19     .23    1.24    3.51     .33    4.75     .42     .21
         20 to 24 years.............    9.93    1.20    1.26     .87      .91     .17    3.83     .96     .19    4.24     .21     .22
         25 to 34 years.............    9.53    1.18    2.08     .99     1.64     .14    3.54     .40     .18    3.95     .19     .18
         35 to 44 years.............    9.31    1.15    2.45    1.07     1.30     .24    3.81     .23     .32    3.77     .18     .18
         45 to 54 years.............    9.35    1.12    2.42    1.00      .40     .27    4.31     .12     .29    4.25     .24     .23
         55 to 64 years.............    9.40    1.28    2.49    1.01      .19     .35    3.37     .05     .42    4.96     .25     .21
         65 to 74 years.............    9.63    1.39    3.01     .97      .14     .30     .83     .07     .41    6.65     .34     .26
         75 years and over..........    9.98    1.48    2.68     .83      .09     .22     .17     .07     .43    7.38     .37     .30
                                                                                                                                     
        White, 15 years and over....    9.30    1.28    1.85     .81      .53     .21    3.76     .47     .29    5.09     .18     .21
         Men........................    9.11    1.31    1.37     .64      .33     .19    4.61     .42     .28    5.42     .11     .21
         Women......................    9.49    1.25    2.31     .98      .71     .24    2.96     .52     .30    4.76     .25     .22
                                                                                                                                     
        Black or African American,                                                                                                   
         15 years and over...........  10.08     .87    1.38     .75      .46     .20    3.54     .43     .37    5.49     .25     .18
         Men.........................   9.93     .81     .98     .64      .22     .18    3.97     .50     .36    6.10     .17     .14
         Women.......................  10.19     .92    1.72     .83      .67     .21    3.19     .38     .38    4.99     .32     .20
                                                                                                                                     
        Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,                                                                                                
         15 years and over...........   9.67    1.18    1.85     .77      .60     .15    3.92     .69     .23    4.63     .13     .18
         Men........................    9.60    1.20    1.17     .56      .31     .14    4.95     .71     .19    4.92     .11     .15
         Women......................    9.75    1.16    2.58     .99      .92     .16    2.81     .67     .28    4.31     .15     .21
                                                                                                                                     
       Marital status and sex:                                                                                                       
        Married, spouse present.....    9.12    1.28    2.09     .88      .75     .21    4.08     .11     .33    4.79     .14     .21
         Men........................    8.90    1.31    1.49     .73      .51     .18    5.04     .07     .33    5.16     .08     .21
         Women......................    9.35    1.25    2.69    1.04     1.00     .24    3.12     .15     .32    4.41     .20     .22
        Other marital statuses......    9.75    1.18    1.43     .72      .25     .22    3.34     .94     .27    5.45     .25     .20
         Men........................    9.63    1.18    1.13     .53      .09     .19    3.86     .93     .23    5.87     .17     .19
         Women......................    9.86    1.17    1.70     .88      .39     .24    2.89     .95     .30    5.08     .32     .21
                                                                                                                                     
       Educational attainment,                                                                                                       
          25 years and over:                                                                                                         
        Less than a high school                                                                                                      
         diploma....................    9.86    1.10    2.38     .80      .50     .20    2.57     .04     .25    6.01     .10     .17
        High school graduates, no                                                                                                    
         college (3)................    9.42    1.19    2.05     .76      .46     .25    3.58     .07     .28    5.57     .15     .21
        Some college or associate                                                                                                    
         degree.....................    9.21    1.24    1.94     .92      .58     .23    4.25     .22     .29    4.76     .19     .18
        Bachelor's degree and                                                                                                        
         higher (4).................    8.94    1.41    1.77     .91      .71     .18    4.72     .22     .37    4.33     .22     .23
      
         1 A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity.  Other activities done simultaneously are not included. 
         2 All major activity categories include related travel time.  See Technical Note for activity category definitions.
         3 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
         4 Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
         NOTE:  Unless otherwise specified, data refer to persons 15 years and over.  Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be
      of any race.
      
      
      
      
      
      


       Table 4.  Employed persons working and time spent working on days worked by full- and part-time status and sex,
       jobholding status, educational attainment, and day of week, 2006 annual averages
       
       (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                               
                                                          Employed persons who    Employed persons who    Employed persons who 
                                                          worked on an average    worked on an average    worked on an average 
                                                                  day                   weekday          Saturday, Sunday, and 
                                                 Total                                                         holiday (1)     
                    Characteristic              employ-                                                                        
                                                   ed                                                                          
                                                                Percent Average         Percent Average         Percent Average
                                                         Number    of    hours  Number-    of    hours  Number-    of    hours 
                                                                employ-    of     (3)   employ-    of     (4)   employ-    of  
                                                                   ed   work(2)            ed   work(2)            ed   work(2)
                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                               
          Full- and part-time status and sex                                                                                   
       Total, 15 years and over (5)............ 151,175 104,048   68.8     7.60 126,176   83.5     7.99  52,673   34.8     5.43
          Full-time workers.................... 117,880  85,035   72.1     8.12 104,111   88.3     8.54  40,760   34.6     5.59
          Part-time workers....................  33,295  19,012   57.1     5.30  22,067   66.3     5.40  11,914   35.8     4.87
        Men(5).................................  80,637  57,426   71.2     8.04  69,041   85.6     8.47  30,198   37.4     5.75
          Full-time workers....................  68,954  50,722   73.6     8.44  61,214   88.8     8.89  25,697   37.3     5.82
          Part-time workers....................  11,684   6,704   57.4     5.08   7,747   66.3     5.01   4,491   38.4     5.34
        Women (5)..............................  70,538  46,622   66.1     7.06  57,124   81.0     7.41  22,506   31.9     5.00
          Full-time workers....................  48,926  34,314   70.1     7.65  42,891   87.7     8.03  15,146   31.0     5.21
          Part-time workers....................  21,611  12,308   57.0     5.42  14,320   66.3     5.60   7,390   34.2     4.55
                                                                                                                               
                  Jobholding status                                                                                            
       Single jobholders....................... 135,379  91,292   67.4     7.53 112,022   82.7     7.90  43,576   32.2     5.40
       Multiple jobholders.....................  15,795  12,756   80.8     8.08  14,130   89.5     8.75   9,317   59.0     5.55
                                                                                                                               
         Educational attainment, 25 years                                                                                  
          and over                                                                                                   
       Less than a high school diploma.........  11,035   7,301   66.2     7.87   9,279   84.1     7.96   2,713   24.6     7.12
       High school graduates, no college (6)...  36,699  24,815   67.6     8.05  30,589   83.4     8.28  11,539   31.4     6.67
       Some college or associate degree........  34,941  24,388   69.8     7.74  29,668   84.9     8.13  11,780   33.7     5.38
       Bachelor's degree and higher (7)........  44,584  32,735   73.4     7.38  39,511   88.6     8.06  17,335   38.9     3.87
       
          1 Holidays are New Year's Day, Easter, Memorial Day, the Fourth of July, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas
       Day.
          2 Includes work at main and other job(s), and excludes travel related to work.
          3 Number was derived by multiplying the "Total employed" by the percent of employed persons who worked on an average
       weekday.
          4 Number was derived by multiplying the "Total employed" by the percent of employed persons who worked on an average
       Saturday, Sunday, and holiday.
          5 Includes workers whose hours vary.
          6 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
          7 Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
          NOTE:  Unless otherwise specified, data refer to persons 15 years and over.
       
       
       
       
       
       


       Table 5.  Employed persons working on main job and time spent working on days worked by class of worker, occupation, earnings, and day of
       week, 2006 annual averages
       
       (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                             Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked 
                                                                  on an average day           on an average weekday        on an average Saturday,   
                                                                                                                            Sunday, and holiday (1)  
                     Characteristic                 Total                                                                                            
                                                   employed                                                                                          
                                                                       Percent   Average             Percent   Average              Percent   Average
                                                              Number      of     hours of Number (3)     of     hours of Number (4)     of    hours of
                                                                       employed  work (2)            employed  work (2)             employed  work (2)
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                     
            Class of worker (main job only)                                                                                                          
       Wage and salary workers...................  139,901    94,208     67.3       7.61   115,885     82.8       7.95    43,855     31.3       5.51 
       Self-employed workers.....................   11,115     7,964     71.6       6.40     9,031     81.3       6.92     5,458     49.1       4.40 
                                                                                                                                                     
               Occupation (main job only)                                                                                                            
       Management, business, and financial                                                                                                           
        operations...............................   21,568    16,135     74.8       7.69    19,626     91.0       8.33     8,103     37.6       4.17 
       Professional and related..................   32,540    22,872     70.3       7.21    28,124     86.4       7.79    10,336     31.8       3.48 
       Services..................................   25,897    15,804     61.0       7.07    18,051     69.7       7.19    10,355     40.0       6.56 
       Sales and related.........................   17,208    11,879     69.0       7.28    13,530     78.6       7.60     8,234     47.9       6.11 
       Office and administrative support.........   20,337    12,669     62.3       7.32    16,287     80.1       7.54     4,075     20.0       5.21 
       Farming, fishing, and forestry............     (6)       (6)       (6)        (6)      (6)       (6)        (6)      (6)       (6)        (6) 
       Construction and extraction...............    8,202     5,338     65.1       8.08     7,274     88.7       8.34     1,331     16.2        (6) 
       Installation, maintenance, and repair.....    5,510     3,880     70.4       8.16     4,871     88.4       8.37     1,441     26.1        (6) 
       Production................................    9,745     6,627     68.0       8.13     8,560     87.8       8.39     2,590     26.6        (6) 
       Transportation and material moving........    9,055     6,300     69.6       8.32     7,824     86.4       8.32     2,705     29.9        (6) 
                                                                                                                                                     
         Earnings of full-time wage and salary                                                                                                       
              workers (main job only) (5)                                                                                                            
       0 - $460..................................   26,950    18,575     68.9       7.73    22,950     85.2       7.86     8,662     32.1       6.92 
       $461 - $710...............................   26,514    17,650     66.6       8.05    22,026     83.1       8.34     6,772     25.5       5.76 
       $711 - $1,100.............................   27,002    19,427     71.9       8.24    24,633     91.2       8.58     7,462     27.6       5.66 
       $1,101 and higher.........................   26,546    19,256     72.5       8.08    23,784     89.6       8.72     9,022     34.0       4.26 
      
         1 Holidays are New Year's Day, Easter, Memorial Day, the Fourth of July, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day.
         2 Includes work at main job only and excludes travel related to work.
         3 Number was derived by multiplying the "Total employed" by the percent of employed persons who worked on an average weekday.
         4 Number was derived by multiplying the "Total employed" by the percent of employed persons who worked on an average Saturday, Sunday, and
      holiday.
         5 These values are based on usual weekly earnings.  Each earnings range represents approximately 25 percent of full-time wage and salary
      workers.
         6 Data not shown where base is less than 1.2 million.
         NOTE:  Data refer to persons 15 years and over.
      
      
      
      
      
      


       Table 6.  Employed persons working (1) at home and at their workplace and time spent working at each location by full-
       and part-time status and sex, jobholding status, and educational attainment, 2006 annual averages
       
       (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                               
                                                          Employed persons who    Employed persons who    Employed persons who 
                                                          worked on an average      worked at their       worked at home on an 
                                                                  day           workplace on an average    average day (2) (3) 
                                                                                         day (2)                               
                                                 Total                                                                         
                    Characteristic              employ-                                                                        
                                                   ed                                   Percent Average         Percent        
                                                                Percent Average            of    hours             of   Average
                                                         Number    of    hours   Number  those  of work  Number  those   hours 
                                                                employ- of work           who      at             who   of work
                                                                   ed                    worked  work-          worked  at home
                                                                                                 place                         
                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                               
          Full- and part-time status and sex                                                                                   
       Total, 15 years and over (4)............ 151,175 104,048   68.8     7.60  89,664   86.2     7.87  21,980   21.1     2.64
          Full-time workers.................... 117,880  85,035   72.1     8.12  74,487   87.6     8.31  17,729   20.8     2.76
          Part-time workers....................  33,295  19,012   57.1     5.30  15,177   79.8     5.74   4,251   22.4     2.17
        Men (4)................................  80,637  57,426   71.2     8.04  49,741   86.6     8.28  12,386   21.6     2.60
          Full-time workers....................  68,954  50,722   73.6     8.44  44,428   87.6     8.61  10,828   21.3     2.69
          Part-time workers....................  11,684   6,704   57.4     5.08   5,313   79.2     5.59   1,558   23.2     2.01
        Women (4)..............................  70,538  46,622   66.1     7.06  39,923   85.6     7.36   9,594   20.6     2.70
          Full-time workers....................  48,926  34,314   70.1     7.65  30,059   87.6     7.87   6,901   20.1     2.87
          Part-time workers....................  21,611  12,308   57.0     5.42   9,865   80.1     5.82   2,693   21.9     2.27
                                                                                                                               
                  Jobholding status                                                                                            
       Single jobholders....................... 135,379  91,292   67.4     7.53  79,351   86.9     7.85  17,054   18.7     2.47
       Multiple jobholders.....................  15,795  12,756   80.8     8.08  10,313   80.8     8.05   4,926   38.6     3.24
                                                                                                                               
         Educational attainment, 25 years                                                                                      
          and over                                                                                                   
       Less than a high school diploma.........  11,035   7,301   66.2     7.87   6,869   94.1     7.92     402    5.5      (7)
       High school graduates, no college (5)...  36,699  24,815   67.6     8.05  22,402   90.3     8.15   3,227   13.0     2.94
       Some college or associate degree........  34,941  24,388   69.8     7.74  21,212   87.0     8.04   4,983   20.4     2.39
       Bachelor's degree and higher (6)........  44,584  32,735   73.4     7.38  25,496   77.9     7.88  12,104   37.0     2.71
       
          1 Includes work at main and other job(s) and at locations other than home or workplace.  Excludes travel related to
       work.
          2 Individuals may have worked at more than one location.
          3 "Working at home" includes any time persons did work at home and it is not restricted to persons whose usual
       workplace is their home.
          4 Includes workers whose hours vary.
          5 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
          6 Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
          7 Data not shown where base is less than 1.2 million.
          NOTE:  Data refer to persons 15 years and over.
       
       
       
       
       
      


       Table 7.  Employed persons working on main job (1) at home and at their workplace and time spent working at each location by class of worker,
       occupation, and earnings, 2006 annual averages
       
       (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                             Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked 
                                                                  on an average day          at their workplace on an       at home on an average    
                                                                                                  average day (2)                  day(2) (3)        
                                                    Total                                                                                            
                     Characteristic                employed                                                                                          
                                                                       Percent   Average             Percent   Average             Percent   Average 
                                                              Number      of     hours of   Number   of those  hours of   Number   of those  hours of
                                                                       employed    work                who     work at               who     work at 
                                                                                                      worked  workplace             worked     home  
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                     
            Class of worker (main job only)                                                                                                          
       Wage and salary workers...................  139,901    94,208     67.3       7.61    84,013     89.2       7.85    15,557     16.5       2.27 
       Self-employed workers.....................   11,115     7,964     71.6       6.40     4,565     57.3       7.10     4,447     55.8       3.51 
                                                                                                                                                     
               Occupation (main job only)                                                                                                            
       Management, business, and financial                                                                                                           
        operations...............................   21,568    16,135     74.8       7.69    12,757     79.1       8.13     5,206     32.3       2.91 
       Professional and related..................   32,540    22,872     70.3       7.21    18,739     81.9       7.69     7,592     33.2       2.03 
       Services..................................   25,897    15,804     61.0       7.07    13,981     88.5       7.21     1,918     12.1       4.28 
       Sales and related.........................   17,208    11,879     69.0       7.28    10,164     85.6       7.68     2,415     20.3       2.44 
       Office and administrative support.........   20,337    12,669     62.3       7.32    11,725     92.5       7.65     1,039      8.2        (5) 
       Farming, fishing, and forestry............     (5)       (5)       (5)        (5)      (5)       (5)        (5)      (5)       (5)        (5) 
       Construction and extraction...............    8,202     5,338     65.1       8.08     4,861     91.1       8.13       776     14.5        (5) 
       Installation, maintenance, and repair.....    5,510     3,880     70.4       8.16     3,618     93.2       8.19       423     10.9        (5) 
       Production................................    9,745     6,627     68.0       8.13     6,395     96.5       8.23       249      3.8        (5) 
       Transportation and material moving........    9,055     6,300     69.6       8.32     5,670     90.0       8.35       384      6.1        (5) 
                                                                                                                                                     
         Earnings of full-time wage and salary                                                                                                       
          workers (main job only) (4)                                                                                                                
       0 - $460..................................   26,950    18,575     68.9       7.73    17,561     94.5       7.81     1,431      7.7        (5) 
       $461 - $710...............................   26,514    17,650     66.6       8.05    16,328     92.5       8.23     1,954     11.1       1.70 
       $711 - $1,100.............................   27,002    19,427     71.9       8.24    17,613     90.7       8.46     3,155     16.2       1.77 
       $1,101 and higher.........................   26,546    19,256     72.5       8.08    16,212     84.2       8.49     5,576     29.0       2.25 
       
          1 Includes work at main job only and at locations other than home or workplace.  Excludes travel related to work.
          2 Individuals may have worked at more than one location.
          3 "Working at home" includes any time persons did work at home and it is not restricted to persons whose usual workplace is their home.
          4 These values are based on usual weekly earnings.  Each earnings range represents approximately 25 percent of full-time wage and salary
       workers.
          5 Data not shown where base is less than 1.2 million.
          NOTE:  Data refer to persons 15 years and over.
       
       
       
       
       
      


       Table 8.  Time spent in primary activities (1) for the civilian population 18 years and over by
       employment status, presence and age of youngest household child, and sex, 2006 annual averages
       
       Total
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                         Average hours per day spent in primary activities       
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                         Activity                  Youngest household   Youngest household      No household     
                                                      child under 6         child 6-17        children under 18  
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                    Total   Men   Women  Total   Men   Women  Total   Men   Women
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
       Total, all activities (2)..................  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00
                                                                                                                 
         Personal care activities.................   9.22   8.90   9.48   9.29   9.08   9.48   9.42   9.22   9.61
            Sleeping..............................   8.60   8.35   8.80   8.51   8.42   8.60   8.59   8.55   8.64
         Eating and drinking......................   1.16   1.23   1.10   1.14   1.15   1.13   1.31   1.32   1.30
         Household activities.....................   1.94   1.25   2.49   1.93   1.36   2.43   1.82   1.43   2.21
            Housework.............................    .73    .26   1.12    .70    .26   1.09    .58    .25    .90
            Food preparation and cleanup..........    .69    .33    .99    .61    .33    .87    .50    .30    .70
            Lawn and garden care..................    .15    .23    .09    .17    .25    .11    .23    .29    .18
            Household management..................    .11    .09    .13    .12    .09    .14    .14    .12    .16
         Purchasing goods and services............    .83    .63    .99    .90    .71   1.06    .81    .67    .94
            Consumer goods purchases..............    .45    .33    .55    .46    .30    .60    .39    .29    .48
            Professional and personal care                                                                       
             services.............................    .07    .04    .09    .07    .04    .10    .10    .08    .12
         Caring for and helping household                                                                        
          members.................................   1.98   1.24   2.57    .81    .55   1.03    .07    .05    .08
            Caring for and helping household                                                                     
             children.............................   1.76   1.09   2.30    .61    .40    .80     -      -      - 
         Caring for and helping nonhousehold                                                                     
          members.................................    .12    .10    .14    .16    .16    .16    .26    .22    .31
            Caring for and helping nonhousehold                                                                  
             adults...............................    .06    .04    .08    .06    .07    .04    .09    .08    .10
         Working and work-related activities......   4.21   6.06   2.71   4.44   5.44   3.57   3.68   4.24   3.13
            Working...............................   3.82   5.46   2.49   4.03   4.90   3.26   3.35   3.87   2.84
         Educational activities...................    .16    .13    .18    .27    .20    .32    .29    .23    .34
            Attending class.......................    .07    .05    .09    .12    .11    .12    .14    .11    .17
            Homework and research.................    .08    .07    .08    .12    .08    .16    .12    .11    .14
         Organizational, civic, and religious                                                                    
          activities..............................    .24    .22    .25    .32    .29    .34    .30    .29    .31
            Religious and spiritual activities ...    .10    .09    .11    .12    .10    .14    .12    .10    .14
            Volunteering (organizational and                                                                     
             civic activities)....................    .10    .10    .10    .15    .14    .15    .13    .13    .13
         Leisure and sports.......................   3.86   4.04   3.71   4.38   4.71   4.08   5.63   5.99   5.26
            Socializing and communicating.........    .75    .72    .78    .75    .72    .77    .74    .70    .79
            Watching television...................   1.97   2.02   1.92   2.20   2.39   2.03   2.92   3.18   2.66
            Participating in sports, exercise,                                                                   
             and recreation.......................    .21    .29    .15    .27    .39    .17    .26    .33    .18
         Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail........    .12    .05    .18    .14    .10    .18    .21    .13    .29
         Other activities, not elsewhere                                                                         
          classified..............................    .17    .14    .19    .23    .24    .23    .21    .20    .22
       
       Employed
                                                                                                                 
         Personal care activities.................   8.98   8.73   9.31   9.08   8.79   9.37   9.12   8.89   9.38
            Sleeping..............................   8.34   8.19   8.54   8.31   8.17   8.46   8.31   8.19   8.44
         Eating and drinking......................   1.18   1.24   1.10   1.14   1.16   1.13   1.28   1.31   1.24
         Household activities.....................   1.49   1.16   1.92   1.68   1.30   2.07   1.39   1.15   1.66
            Housework.............................    .51    .24    .86    .55    .22    .89    .39    .21    .61
            Food preparation and cleanup..........    .48    .29    .73    .52    .31    .74    .36    .23    .51
            Lawn and garden care..................    .15    .21    .07    .18    .24    .11    .17    .20    .14
            Household management..................    .11    .10    .13    .11    .09    .13    .12    .11    .13
         Purchasing goods and services............    .78    .63    .98    .82    .69    .95    .75    .59    .94
            Consumer goods purchases..............    .41    .33    .52    .42    .31    .54    .37    .27    .49
            Professional and personal care                                                                       
             services.............................    .06    .03    .10    .06    .04    .09    .08    .06    .10
         Caring for and helping household                                                                        
          members.................................   1.60   1.20   2.13    .72    .53    .91    .04    .03    .05
            Caring for and helping household                                                                     
             children.............................   1.40   1.05   1.86    .54    .39    .70     -      -      - 
         Caring for and helping nonhousehold                                                                     
          members.................................    .09    .09    .09    .15    .17    .14    .23    .20    .27
            Caring for and helping nonhousehold                                                                  
             adults...............................    .03    .04    .03    .06    .07    .04    .09    .08    .10
         Working and work-related activities......   5.78   6.61   4.70   5.66   6.44   4.86   5.88   6.26   5.45
            Working...............................   5.29   5.98   4.38   5.18   5.84   4.50   5.40   5.75   4.99
         Educational activities...................    .14    .12    .16    .21    .16    .26    .26    .20    .33
            Attending class.......................    .06    .05    .09    .08    .08    .08    .12    .09    .16
            Homework and research.................    .06    .06    .06    .12    .07    .16    .12    .10    .14
         Organizational, civic, and religious                                                                    
          activities..............................    .23    .21    .25    .31    .30    .31    .24    .26    .22
            Religious and spiritual activities ...    .10    .10    .11    .11    .10    .13    .09    .09    .09
            Volunteering (organizational and                                                                     
             civic activities)....................    .09    .08    .10    .15    .16    .14    .10    .11    .09
         Leisure and sports.......................   3.51   3.85   3.06   3.90   4.17   3.63   4.49   4.84   4.08
            Socializing and communicating.........    .73    .71    .75    .67    .63    .71    .66    .63    .70
            Watching television...................   1.71   1.90   1.46   1.93   2.12   1.74   2.26   2.46   2.02
            Participating in sports, exercise,                                                                   
             and recreation.......................    .22    .29    .12    .24    .33    .15    .26    .33    .19
         Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail........    .10    .05    .16    .11    .08    .14    .17    .11    .23
         Other activities, not elsewhere                                                                         
          classified..............................    .14    .12    .16    .21    .20    .22    .16    .16    .15
       
       Not employed
                                                                                                                 
         Personal care activities.................   9.84  10.62   9.71  10.04  10.61   9.75   9.90   9.90   9.90
            Sleeping..............................   9.26   9.97   9.14   9.21   9.72   8.95   9.06   9.27   8.90
         Eating and drinking......................   1.12   1.22   1.10   1.12   1.09   1.13   1.36   1.35   1.38
         Household activities.....................   3.08   2.13   3.24   2.80   1.72   3.35   2.53   1.98   2.94
            Housework.............................   1.32    .43   1.47   1.21    .44   1.60    .89    .35   1.30
            Food preparation and cleanup..........   1.24    .69   1.33    .94    .42   1.21    .72    .42    .95
            Lawn and garden care..................    .15    .43    .10    .16    .26    .11    .34    .49    .22
            Household management..................    .11    .03    .13    .15    .13    .16    .18    .14    .20
         Purchasing goods and services............    .95    .63   1.00   1.17    .85   1.33    .90    .82    .96
            Consumer goods purchases..............    .56    .39    .59    .59    .25    .77    .41    .34    .46
            Professional and personal care                                                                       
             services.............................    .08    .07    .09    .10    .04    .13    .14    .12    .15
         Caring for and helping household                                                                        
          members.................................   2.94   1.68   3.15   1.11    .63   1.36    .12    .10    .13
            Caring for and helping household                                                                     
             children.............................   2.67   1.53   2.86    .86    .47   1.06     -      -      - 
         Caring for and helping nonhousehold                                                                     
          members.................................    .21    .18    .21    .18    .13    .20    .32    .27    .36
            Caring for and helping nonhousehold                                                                  
             adults...............................    .12    .06    .13    .06    .07    .05    .09    .09    .10
         Working and work-related activities (3) .    .18    .56    .12    .20    .23    .19    .10    .15    .07
            Working (3)...........................    .04    .10    .03    .03    .00    .04    .02    .05    .00
         Educational activities...................    .22    .25    .22    .44    .41    .46    .33    .30    .35
            Attending class.......................    .09    .03    .10    .25    .26    .24    .17    .15    .18
            Homework and research.................    .12    .19    .10    .15    .12    .17    .13    .12    .14
         Organizational, civic, and religious                                                                    
          activities..............................    .26    .31    .25    .35    .22    .41    .39    .34    .43
            Religious and spiritual activities        .11    .07    .12    .16    .11    .18    .16    .13    .19
            Volunteering (organizational and                                                                     
             civic activities)....................    .12    .22    .10    .14    .06    .18    .17    .17    .18
         Leisure and sports.......................   4.76   5.97   4.56   6.02   7.55   5.25   7.48   8.33   6.83
            Socializing and communicating.........    .81    .75    .82   1.03   1.23    .93    .87    .84    .89
            Watching television...................   2.63   3.22   2.53   3.14   3.79   2.80   4.00   4.64   3.51
            Participating in sports, exercise,                                                                   
             and recreation.......................    .20    .31    .18    .38    .71    .21    .24    .35    .16
         Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail........    .18    .04    .20    .26    .15    .31    .27    .16    .36
         Other activities, not elsewhere                                                                         
          classified..............................    .25    .40    .22    .31    .44    .24    .30    .29    .30
       
          1 A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity.  Other activities done simultaneously
       are not included. 
          2 All major activity categories include related travel time.  See Technical Note for activity
       category definitions.
          3 Estimates include a small amount of work time done by persons who do not meet the ATUS definition
       for employed.
          - Not applicable.
       
       
       
       
       
       


       Table 9.  Time spent caring for household children under 18 by sex of adult (1) and age of youngest child by day of week, average for the combined
       years 2003-06
                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                         Average hours per day spent caring for household children       
                                                                                                                                                         
                          Childcare activities                                  Total                    Weekdays              Weekends and holidays (2) 
                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                        Total     Men    Women     Total      Men    Women     Total     Men    Women    
                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                         
       Persons in households with children under 18, total:                                                                                              
        Caring for household children as a primary activity......        1.31    0.82     1.73      1.40     0.79     1.92      1.10    0.87     1.30    
         Physical care...........................................         .45     .22      .64       .48      .21      .70       .38     .23      .51    
         Education-related activities............................         .10     .06      .13       .13      .08      .17       .04     .03      .05    
         Reading to/with children................................         .04     .02      .05       .04      .02      .05       .03     .02      .04    
         Talking to/with children................................         .05     .03      .07       .06      .03      .08       .04     .02      .05    
         Playing/doing hobbies with children.....................         .25     .22      .28       .24      .19      .28       .29     .29      .29    
         Looking after children..................................         .07     .06      .09       .07      .05      .08       .08     .07      .09    
         Attending children's events.............................         .06     .05      .06       .05      .04      .05       .08     .07      .09    
         Travel related to care of household children............         .17     .11      .23       .21      .12      .28       .09     .07      .10    
         Other childcare activities..............................         .12     .06      .17       .14      .06      .21       .07     .05      .08    
                                                                                                                                                         
         Persons in households with youngest child 6 to 17 years:                                                                                        
          Caring for household children as a primary activity....         .78     .49     1.02       .86      .51     1.16       .58     .45      .69    
           Physical care.........................................         .15     .07      .23       .17      .07      .26       .10     .05      .14    
           Education-related activities..........................         .12     .07      .16       .15      .09      .20       .05     .03      .06    
           Reading to/with children..............................         .02     .01      .02       .02      .01      .02       .02     .01      .03    
           Talking to/with children..............................         .07     .03      .10       .08      .04      .11       .05     .03      .07    
           Playing/doing hobbies with children...................         .05     .07      .05       .05      .06      .04       .07     .09      .07    
           Looking after children................................         .04     .03      .05       .04      .03      .05       .04     .03      .05    
           Attending children's events...........................         .07     .06      .08       .06      .05      .07       .11     .09      .12    
           Travel related to care of household children..........         .16     .10      .21       .19      .12      .25       .09     .07      .11    
           Other childcare activities............................         .10     .05      .13       .11      .05      .17       .05     .04      .06    
                                                                                                                                                         
         Persons in households with youngest child under 6:                                                                                              
          Caring for household children as a primary activity....        1.96    1.22     2.58      2.06     1.15     2.83      1.72    1.38     2.00    
           Physical care.........................................         .81     .41     1.15       .85      .39     1.23       .72     .45      .95    
           Education-related activities..........................         .08     .05      .10       .10      .06      .14       .02     .02      .03    
           Reading to/with children..............................         .06     .03      .08       .06      .03      .09       .05     .04      .06    
           Talking to/with children..............................         .03     .02      .04       .04      .02      .05       .02     .02      .03    
           Playing/doing hobbies with children...................         .49     .41      .56       .47      .35      .57       .54     .54      .54    
           Looking after children................................         .12     .10      .13       .11      .08      .13       .14     .13      .15    
           Attending children's events...........................         .04     .03      .04       .03      .02      .04       .05     .05      .05    
           Travel related to care of household children..........         .18     .11      .25       .23      .12      .32       .08     .07      .09    
           Other childcare activities............................         .15     .07      .22       .18      .07      .27       .09     .07      .10    
         
            1 Persons 18 years and over living in households with children under 18, whether or not they provided childcare.
            2 Holidays are New Year's Day, Easter, Memorial Day, the Fourth of July, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day.  Data were not
         collected about Christmas Day in 2003 and Thanksgiving Day in 2003-05.
         
         
         
         
         
         


       Table 10.  Time spent providing secondary childcare for household children under 13 by sex of adult (1) and age of youngest child by day of week, average
       for the combined years 2003-06
                                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                               Average hours per day spent caring for household children (3)    
                                                                                                                                                                
                            Childcare activities (2)                                 Total                     Weekdays               Weekends and holidays (4) 
                                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                
                                                                              Total     Men    Women    Total     Men      Women      Total     Men    Women    
                                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                
       Persons in households with children under 13, total..............        5.31   4.11     6.30     4.37     3.00      5.50       7.49    6.68     8.18    
        Caring for household children as a secondary activity in                                                                                                
         conjunction with:                                                                                                                                      
          Personal care activities......................................         .28    .20      .35      .25      .18       .31        .34     .22      .43    
          Household activities..........................................        1.27    .70     1.74     1.08      .49      1.57       1.70    1.19     2.12    
          Purchasing goods and services.................................         .41    .26      .53      .31      .15       .45        .63     .51      .73    
          Working and work-related activities...........................         .20    .16      .23      .22      .16       .27        .15     .17      .13    
          Eating and drinking...........................................         .64    .56      .71      .53      .44       .61        .90     .85      .94    
          Leisure and sports............................................        2.10   1.94     2.23     1.66     1.40      1.86       3.14    3.18     3.10    
          Other activities..............................................         .41    .29      .51      .31      .17       .42        .65     .55      .73    
                                                                                                                                                                
          Persons in households with youngest child 6 to 12, total......        4.88   3.94     5.65     3.79     2.75      4.63       7.43    6.66     8.06    
           Caring for household children as a secondary activity in                                                                                             
              conjunction with:                                                                                                                                 
            Personal care activities....................................         .27    .19      .33      .24      .17       .29        .34     .23      .43    
            Household activities........................................        1.13    .70     1.48      .88      .45      1.22       1.73    1.28     2.10    
            Purchasing goods and services...............................         .32    .20      .42      .23      .11       .33        .54     .42      .64    
            Working and work-related activities.........................         .22    .18      .24      .23      .17       .29        .17     .21      .15    
            Eating and drinking.........................................         .55    .50      .60      .44      .38       .49        .81     .76      .85    
            Leisure and sports..........................................        1.99   1.86     2.10     1.49     1.28      1.66       3.15    3.18     3.12    
            Other activities............................................         .39    .30      .47      .27      .18       .35        .68     .58      .76    
                                                                                                                                                                
          Persons in households with youngest child under 6, total......        5.62   4.24     6.78     4.79     3.18      6.13       7.54    6.68     8.26    
           Caring for household children as a secondary activity in                                                                                             
              conjunction with:                                                                                                                                 
            Personal care activities....................................         .28    .20      .35      .26      .19       .32        .33     .22      .42    
            Household activities........................................        1.37    .70     1.92     1.23      .52      1.83       1.67    1.13     2.13    
            Purchasing goods and services...............................         .47    .30      .61      .37      .18       .53        .70     .58      .79    
            Working and work-related activities.........................         .19    .15      .22      .21      .15       .27        .13     .14      .12    
            Eating and drinking.........................................         .71    .61      .78      .59      .48       .69        .96     .91     1.01    
            Leisure and sports..........................................        2.18   2.00     2.34     1.77     1.49      2.01       3.13    3.18     3.08    
            Other activities............................................         .42    .28      .54      .34      .17       .47        .62     .52      .71    
       
          1 Persons 18 years and over living in households with children under 13, whether or not they provided childcare.
          2 All major activity categories include related travel time.  See Technical Note for activity category definitions.
          3 Secondary childcare time is defined as time one has a child under 13 "in his or her care" while doing something else as a main activity; information
       on secondary childcare is not collected for children over 12 years.  Estimates include a small amount of care provided to own, nonhousehold children.
          4 Holidays are New Year's Day, Easter, Memorial Day, the Fourth of July, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day.  Data were not collected
       about Christmas Day in 2003 and Thanksgiving Day in 2003-05.
       
       
       
       
       
       


       Table 11.  Time spent in leisure and sports activities for the civilian population by selected characteristics, 2006 annual
       averages
                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                    
                                                            Average hours per day spent in leisure and sports activities            
                                                                                                                                    
                                                               Partici-                                                      Other  
                                                               pating in                                          Playing   leisure 
                                                  Total, all    sports,  Socializ-                               games and    and   
                                                  leisure and  exercise,  ing and   Watching  Reading  Relaxing/  computer   sports 
                                                    sports        and    communi-      TV               thinking  use for  activi-  
                                                  activities    recre-    cating                                  leisure    ties,  
                                                                ation                                                      including
                    Characteristic                                                                                         travel (1)
                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                    
                                                         Week-     Week-     Week      Week-     Week-     Week-     Week-     Week-
                                               To-  Week-ends Week-ends Week-ends Week-ends Week-ends Week-ends Week ends Week-ends 
                                               tal, days  and days  and  days and days  and days  and days  and days- and days and  
                                               all       holi-     holi-     holi-     holi-     holi-     holi-     holi-     holi-
                                               days      days      days      days      days      days      days      days      days 
                                                          (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2) 
                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                    
                         Sex                                                                                                        
       Men..................................... 5.47 4.83 6.98 0.35 0.47 0.57 1.05 2.49 3.53 0.28 0.38 0.31 0.34 0.40 0.48 0.43 0.73
       Women................................... 4.72 4.26 5.80  .18  .20  .64 1.17 2.22 2.69  .38  .51  .28  .33  .21  .27  .36  .63
                                                                                                                                    
                         Age                                                                                                        
       Total, 15 years and over................ 5.09 4.54 6.37  .26  .33  .60 1.11 2.35 3.10  .33  .44  .29  .33  .30  .37  .40  .68
          15 to 19 years....................... 5.40 4.85 6.68  .58  .69  .76 1.32 1.96 2.45  .11  .11  .15  .13  .69 1.00  .61  .98
          20 to 24 years....................... 5.03 4.45 6.42  .38  .54  .77 1.26 1.95 2.66  .14  .24  .18  .22  .40  .61  .64  .89
          25 to 34 years....................... 4.30 3.64 5.86  .20  .30  .57 1.22 1.92 2.85  .15  .19  .17  .20  .30  .37  .33  .72
          35 to 44 years....................... 4.09 3.56 5.34  .21  .28  .48 1.04 1.88 2.65  .20  .26  .26  .26  .18  .26  .34  .58
          45 to 54 years....................... 4.52 3.90 5.98  .20  .34  .57 1.05 2.11 3.03  .29  .40  .25  .27  .20  .25  .28  .64
          55 to 64 years....................... 5.41 4.78 6.90  .21  .25  .57 1.05 2.59 3.59  .50  .65  .32  .46  .25  .29  .35  .60
          65 to 74 years....................... 6.97 6.64 7.75  .29  .16  .64 1.08 3.75 4.07  .70  .90  .49  .59  .28  .28  .50  .66
          75 years and over.................... 7.82 7.66 8.18  .18  .16  .69  .90 4.15 4.28  .97 1.35  .86  .83  .41  .20  .40  .45
                                                                                                                                    
        Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                                       
       White................................... 5.09 4.51 6.43  .27  .35  .62 1.12 2.31 3.12  .35  .48  .26  .31  .30  .38  .40  .68
       Black or African American............... 5.49 5.10 6.39  .19  .22  .59 1.02 2.85 3.44  .24  .23  .50  .54  .36  .26  .36  .69
       Hispanic or Latino ethnicity............ 4.63 4.09 5.90  .26  .31  .58 1.32 2.38 2.98  .12  .12  .21  .23  .22  .32  .31  .63
                                                                                                                                    
                  Employment status                                                                                                 
       Employed................................ 4.18 3.51 5.74  .22  .33  .52 1.07 1.77 2.75  .24  .31  .19  .25  .23  .32  .34  .70
          Full-time workers.................... 4.09 3.36 5.78  .21  .33  .48 1.08 1.72 2.79  .20  .31  .19  .26  .22  .30  .33  .72
          Part-time workers.................... 4.52 4.06 5.58  .26  .36  .67 1.04 1.96 2.60  .35  .32  .19  .21  .26  .42  .37  .63
       Not employed............................ 6.75 6.42 7.55  .32  .32  .76 1.19 3.41 3.76  .50  .68  .49  .48  .44  .47  .50  .64
                                                                                                                                    
        Earnings of full-time wage and salary                                                                                       
             workers (main job only) (3)                                                                                            
       0 - $460................................ 4.25 3.56 5.81  .17  .21  .44 1.14 1.88 2.92  .20  .21  .23  .32  .26  .31  .37  .71
       $461 - $710............................. 4.22 3.56 5.85  .18  .26  .51  .99 1.78 3.02  .15  .27  .23  .30  .28  .35  .43  .67
       $711 - $1,100........................... 4.15 3.37 5.96  .20  .32  .50 1.15 1.79 2.91  .20  .29  .20  .27  .15  .33  .33  .69
       $1,101 and higher....................... 3.88 3.12 5.61  .30  .48  .49 1.03 1.48 2.38  .26  .49  .11  .18  .20  .26  .27  .80
                                                                                                                                    
             Presence and age of children                                                                                           
       No household children under 18.......... 5.63 5.09 6.90  .25  .31  .61 1.06 2.66 3.47  .44  .60  .35  .41  .34  .38  .45  .68
       Household children under 18............. 4.27 3.71 5.57  .27  .36  .59 1.19 1.88 2.55  .17  .21  .22  .22  .25  .37  .32  .67
          Children 13 to 17 years, none younger 4.92 4.40 6.24  .41  .45  .73 1.14 1.97 2.87  .24  .28  .25  .19  .34  .47  .46  .83
          Children 6 to 12 years, none younger  4.24 3.63 5.65  .27  .37  .54 1.18 1.97 2.50  .17  .24  .20  .24  .24  .43  .25  .69
          Youngest child under 6 years......... 3.92 3.36 5.17  .20  .32  .55 1.21 1.77 2.42  .13  .16  .21  .21  .20  .27  .30  .58
                                                                                                                                    
                Marital status and sex                                                                                              
       Married, spouse present................. 4.79 4.23 6.10  .21  .27  .57 1.14 2.24 3.01  .34  .47  .30  .33  .24  .26  .34  .61
          Men.................................. 5.16 4.52 6.71  .25  .35  .53 1.06 2.45 3.55  .32  .45  .34  .35  .27  .29  .35  .66
          Women................................ 4.41 3.95 5.50  .18  .19  .62 1.22 2.02 2.48  .36  .50  .25  .31  .20  .24  .32  .57
       Other marital statuses.................. 5.45 4.91 6.68  .31  .40  .64 1.07 2.49 3.20  .32  .41  .29  .33  .38  .50  .47  .76
          Men.................................. 5.87 5.24 7.31  .47  .62  .62 1.03 2.54 3.50  .23  .29  .27  .32  .57  .72  .54  .83
          Women................................ 5.08 4.62 6.12  .18  .22  .66 1.11 2.45 2.93  .40  .51  .31  .34  .22  .31  .41  .69
                                                                                                                                    
           Educational attainment, 25 years                                                                                         
                       and over                                                                                                     
       Less than a high school diploma......... 6.01 5.54 7.13  .13  .18  .56 1.14 3.51 4.13  .26  .21  .64  .79  .16  .14  .29  .54
       High school graduates, no college (4)... 5.57 5.06 6.76  .17  .22  .58 1.03 2.97 3.78  .32  .49  .39  .42  .28  .28  .36  .54
       Some college or associate degree........ 4.76 4.23 6.02  .23  .22  .55 1.08 2.15 2.99  .44  .47  .26  .28  .27  .33  .32  .64
       Bachelor's degree and higher (5)........ 4.33 3.69 5.78  .28  .41  .57 1.09 1.62 2.40  .44  .66  .17  .19  .24  .32  .38  .73
       
          1 Includes other leisure and sports activities, not elsewhere classified, and travel related to leisure and sports
       activities.
          2 Holidays are New Year's Day, Easter, Memorial Day, the Fourth of July, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day.
          3 These values are based on usual weekly earnings.  Each earnings range represents approximately 25 percent of full-time
       wage and salary workers.
          4 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
          5 Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
          NOTE:  Unless otherwise specified, data refer to persons 15 years and over.  Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may
       be of any race.
       
       
       
       
       
       


Table 12.  Average hours per day spent in primary activities (1) for the civilian population, 2003-06 quarterly and annual averages

(Not seasonally adjusted)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                          Quarterly averages                                                                        Annual averages        
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                   Activity                                     I                                II                                 III                           IV                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                          2003(r)   2004(r)  2005(r)   2006
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                2003(r)  2004(r)  2005(r)   2006  2003(r)  2004(r)  2005(r)   2006  2003(r)  2004(r)  2005(r)   2006  2003(r)  2004(r)  2005(r)   2006                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
Total, all activities (2)....................     24.00    24.00    24.00  24.00    24.00    24.00    24.00  24.00    24.00    24.00    24.00  24.00    24.00    24.00    24.00  24.00     24.00     24.00    24.00   24.00
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
  Personal care activities...................      9.38     9.44     9.52   9.42     9.28     9.33     9.35   9.27     9.33     9.32     9.42   9.38     9.36     9.25     9.43   9.56      9.34      9.33     9.43    9.41
     Sleeping................................      8.64     8.66     8.68   8.62     8.50     8.57     8.52   8.50     8.52     8.51     8.64   8.61     8.61     8.45     8.66   8.78      8.57      8.55     8.62    8.63
  Eating and drinking........................      1.14     1.24     1.25   1.25     1.26     1.31     1.27   1.25     1.20     1.24     1.24   1.24     1.22     1.19     1.22   1.19      1.21      1.24     1.24    1.23
  Household activities.......................      1.72     1.76     1.67   1.74     1.93     1.91     1.96   1.90     1.85     1.87     1.91   1.77     1.83     1.70     1.77   1.75      1.83      1.81     1.83    1.79
     Housework...............................       .63      .60      .60    .60      .60      .60      .59    .60      .59      .61      .63    .58      .63      .55      .62    .65       .61       .59      .61     .61
     Food preparation and cleanup............       .56      .57      .52    .54      .52      .50      .48    .54      .51      .50      .50    .51      .54      .50      .55    .52       .53       .52      .51     .53
     Lawn and garden care....................       .08      .08      .07    .07      .33      .32      .36    .33      .26      .25      .24    .25      .12      .13      .13    .14       .20       .20      .20     .20
     Household management....................       .12      .13      .15    .14      .12      .14      .14    .12      .13      .13      .14    .11      .15      .15      .16    .13       .13       .14      .15     .13
  Purchasing goods and services..............       .76      .78      .73    .79      .83      .78      .81    .77      .82      .82      .80    .77      .84      .88      .86    .91       .81       .82      .80     .81
     Consumer purchases......................       .37      .39      .37    .39      .40      .36      .40    .37      .38      .40      .40    .38      .46      .47      .46    .48       .40       .41      .41     .40
     Professional and personal care services        .10      .09      .08    .08      .10      .09      .09    .08      .10      .09      .07    .08      .08      .09      .09    .10       .09       .09      .08     .09
  Caring for and helping household members...       .57      .57      .56    .58      .53      .54      .56    .52      .52      .57      .50    .48      .62      .58      .55    .53       .56       .56      .54     .53
     Caring for and helping household                                                                                                                                                                                      
      children...............................       .45      .43      .45    .43      .40      .41      .43    .41      .38      .45      .39    .38      .48      .42      .42    .42       .42       .43      .42     .41
  Caring for and helping nonhousehold members       .24      .23      .22    .20      .30      .31      .24    .22      .30      .29      .22    .20      .28      .26      .26    .23       .28       .27      .24     .21
     Caring for and helping nonhousehold                                                                                                                                                                                   
      adults.................................       .09      .08      .07    .06      .11      .11      .09    .09      .11      .14      .07    .08      .10      .09      .09    .07       .10       .11      .08     .07
  Working and work-related activities........      3.64     3.43     3.71   3.67     3.81     3.74     3.73   3.85     3.77     3.68     3.81   3.84     3.56     3.80     3.54   3.62      3.69      3.66     3.70    3.75
     Working.................................      3.28     3.09     3.36   3.32     3.43     3.41     3.39   3.46     3.40     3.32     3.46   3.52     3.21     3.49     3.22   3.30      3.33      3.33     3.36    3.40
  Educational activities.....................       .54      .65      .51    .55      .43      .43      .42    .47      .36      .26      .27    .38      .56      .57      .54    .56       .47       .48      .43     .49
     Attending class.........................       .33      .40      .30    .35      .26      .26      .26    .29      .20      .15      .16    .24      .35      .36      .31    .34       .29       .29      .26     .30
     Homework and research...................       .14      .19      .16    .16      .13      .13      .12    .13      .11      .08      .08    .11      .16      .16      .20    .18       .13       .14      .14     .15
  Organizational, civic, and religious                                                                                                                                                                                     
   activities................................       .31      .32      .33    .27      .31      .32      .31    .33      .33      .30      .29    .26      .33      .30      .32    .34       .32       .31      .31     .30
     Religious and spiritual activities......       .15      .12      .13    .11      .13      .12      .11    .11      .15      .13      .13    .12      .13      .11      .13    .14       .14       .12      .13     .12
     Volunteering (organizational and civic                                                                                                                                                                                
      activities)............................       .12      .16      .15    .12      .14      .16      .17    .17      .14      .14      .12    .09      .15      .14      .14    .15       .14       .15      .15     .13
  Leisure and sports.........................      5.24     5.22     5.21   5.14     4.98     5.02     5.02   5.03     5.15     5.35     5.19   5.23     5.07     5.15     5.11   4.94      5.11      5.19     5.13    5.09
     Socializing and communicating...........       .70      .65      .72    .69      .83      .78      .69    .76      .86      .87      .82    .82      .73      .72      .76    .75       .78       .76      .75     .76
     Watching television.....................      2.85     2.83     2.77   2.78     2.40     2.44     2.44   2.43     2.43     2.53     2.44   2.50     2.64     2.78     2.66   2.60      2.58      2.65     2.58    2.58
     Participating in sports, exercise, and                                                                                                                                                                                
      recreation.............................       .26      .25      .22    .24      .29      .33      .34    .33      .36      .31      .32    .33      .25      .28      .27    .23       .29       .29      .29     .28
  Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail..........       .20      .19      .18    .20      .18      .18      .16    .16      .19      .16      .18    .20      .19      .19      .20    .19       .19       .18      .18     .19
  Other activities, not elsewhere classified        .26      .17      .13    .18      .18      .14      .16    .22      .18      .14      .18    .25      .13      .13      .21    .18       .19       .14      .17     .21

   1 A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity.  Other activities done simultaneously are not included.
   2 All major activity categories include related travel time.  See Technical Note for activity category definitions.
   r = revised.  Estimates for 2003, 2004, and 2005 have been revised to reflect the use of new weights.  See the Technical Note for additional information.
   NOTE:  Data refer to persons 15 years and over.






Last Modified Date: June 03, 2008
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