Economic News Release

American Time Use Survey News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, June 22, 2010                USDL-10-0855

Technical information:  (202) 691-6339  *  atusinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/tus
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov

(NOTE: This release was reissued on Wednesday, June 22, 2011, to correct the earnings
sections on tables 5, 7, and 11, and the section on weekly earnings ranges appearing
in the technical note.  The analyses in this release were not affected by the
corrections.)

                    AMERICAN TIME USE SURVEY -- 2009 RESULTS


The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) has released 2009 results from
the American Time Use Survey (ATUS). These data include the average amount
of time per day in 2009 that individuals worked, did household activities,
and engaged in leisure and sports activities. Additionally, measures of the
average time per day spent providing childcare--both as a primary (or main)
activity and while doing other things--for the combined years 2005-09 are
provided. Except for childcare, activities done simultaneously with pri-
mary activities were not collected. For a further description of ATUS data
and methodology, see the Technical Note.

Working (by Employed Persons) in 2009

   --Employed persons worked an average of 7.5 hours on the days they worked.
     More hours were worked, on average, on weekdays than on weekend days--
     7.9 hours compared with 5.0 hours. (See table 4.)

   --On the days that they worked, employed men worked 56 minutes more than
     employed women. This difference partly reflects women's greater likeli-
     hood of working part time. However, even among full-time workers
     (those usually working 35 hours or more per week), men worked longer
     than women--8.3 hours compared with 7.5 hours. (See table 4.)

   --Many more people worked on weekdays than on weekend days; that is,
     they spent some time doing tasks required for a job, regardless of
     whether it was part of their usual work schedule or arrangement.
     Eighty-three percent of employed persons worked on an average week
     day, compared with 35 percent on an average weekend day. (See
     table 4.)

   --On the days that they worked, 24 percent of employed persons did
     some or all of their work at home, and 84 percent did some or all
     of their work at their workplace. Men and women were about equally
     likely to do some or all of their work at home. (See table 6.)

   --Multiple jobholders were almost twice as likely to work on an aver-
     age weekend day as were single jobholders--59 percent compared with
     32 percent.  Multiple jobholders also were more likely to work at
     home than were single jobholders--32 percent compared with 22 per-
     cent. (See tables 4 and 6.)

   --Self-employed workers were three times more likely than wage and
     salary workers to have done some work at home on days worked--60
     percent compared with 20 percent. (See table 7.)

   --On the days that they worked, 40 percent of employed people age 25
     and over with a bachelor's degree or higher did some work at home,
     compared with only 10 percent of those with less than a high school
     diploma. (See table 6.)

Household Activities in 2009

   --On an average day, 85 percent of women and 67 percent of men spent
     some time doing household activities such as housework, cooking,
     lawn care, or financial and other household management. (For a
     definition of average day, see the Technical Note.)  (See table 1.)

   --On the days that they did household activities, women spent an
     average of 2.6 hours on such activities, while men spent 2.0 hours.
     (See table 1.)

   --On an average day, 20 percent of men did housework--such as clean-
     ing or doing laundry--compared with 51 percent of women. Forty per-
     cent of men did food preparation or cleanup, compared with 68 per-
     cent of women. (See table 1.)

Leisure Activities in 2009

   --On an average day, nearly everyone age 15 and over (96 percent)
     engaged in some sort of leisure activity, such as watching TV,
     socializing, or exercising. Of those who engaged in leisure
     activities, men spent more time in these activities (5.8 hours)
     than did women (5.1 hours). (See table 1.)

   --Watching TV was the leisure activity that occupied the most time
     (2.8 hours per day), accounting for about half of leisure time,
     on average, for those age 15 and over. Socializing, such as visit-
     ing with friends or attending or hosting social events, was the
     next most common leisure activity, accounting for nearly three-
     quarters of an hour per day. (See table 1.)

   --Men were more likely than women to participate in sports, exercise,
     or recreation on any given day--21 percent compared with 16 percent.
     On the days that they participated, men also spent more time in
     these activities than did women, 2.0 hours compared with 1.4 hours.
     (See table 1.)

   --On an average day, adults age 75 and over spent 7.8 hours engaged in
     leisure activities--more than any other age group; 35- to 44-year-
     olds spent 4.3 hours engaged in leisure and sports activities--less
     than other age groups. (See table 11.)

   --Time spent reading for personal interest and playing games or using a
     computer for leisure varied greatly by age. Individuals age 75 and
     over averaged 1.0 hour of reading per weekend day and 26 minutes
     playing games or using a computer for leisure.  Conversely, individuals
     ages 15 to 19 read for an average of 5 minutes per weekend day while
     spending 1.0 hour playing games or using a computer for leisure.
     (See table 11.)

   --Employed adults living in households with no children under 18 engaged
     in leisure activities for 4.5 hours per day, an hour more than employed
     adults living with a child under age 6. (See table 8.)

Care of Household Children (by Adults in Households with Children) for
the period 2005-09

   --Adults living in households with children under 6 spent an average of
     2.0 hours per day providing primary childcare to household children.
     Adults living in households where the youngest child was between the
     ages of 6 and 17 spent less than half as much time providing primary
     childcare to household children--47 minutes per day. Primary childcare
     is childcare that is done as a main activity, such as physical care of
     children and reading to or talking with children. (See table 9.)

   --On an average day, among adults living in households with children
     under 6, women spent 1.1 hours providing physical care (such as bath-
     ing or feeding a child) to household children; by contrast, men spent
     0.5 hour providing physical care. (See table 9.)

   --Adults living in households with at least one child under 6 spent
     an average of 5.6 hours per day providing secondary childcare--that
     is, they had at least one child in their care while doing activities
     other than primary childcare.  Secondary childcare provided by adults
     living in households with children under 6 was most commonly provided
     while doing leisure activities (2.2 hours) or household activities
     (1.3 hours). (See table 10.)

   --Adults living in households with children under 6 spent more time pro-
     viding primary childcare on an average weekday (2.1 hours) than on an
     average weekend day (1.8 hours). However, they spent less time provid-
     ing secondary childcare on weekdays than on weekend days--4.7 hours
     compared with 7.7 hours. (See tables 9 and 10.)

Additional Data

ATUS 2009 data files are available for users to do their own tabulations
and analyses. In accordance with BLS and Census Bureau policies that pro-
tect survey respondents' privacy, identifying information was removed from
the data files and some responses have been edited. The 2009 data files
are available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/tus/data.htm.


Technical Note


   The estimates in this release are based on annual average data from
the American Time Use Survey (ATUS).  The ATUS, which is conducted by
the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), is a
continuous survey about how individuals age 15 and over spend their
time.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request.  Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service:  (800) 877-8339.

Survey methodology

   Data collection for the ATUS began in January 2003.  Sample cases
for the survey are selected monthly, and interviews are conducted continuously
throughout the year.  In 2009, approximately 13,100 individuals were
interviewed.  Estimates are released annually.

   ATUS sample households are chosen from the households that completed
their eighth (final) interview for the Current Population Survey (CPS),
the nation’s monthly household labor force survey.  ATUS sample households
are selected to ensure that estimates will be nationally representative.

   One individual age 15 or over is randomly chosen from each sampled
household.  This "designated person" is interviewed by telephone once
about his or her activities on the day before the interview--the "diary
day."

   All ATUS interviews are conducted using Computer Assisted Telephone
Interviewing.  Procedures are in place to collect information from the small
number of households that did not provide a telephone number during the CPS
interview.

   ATUS designated persons are preassigned a day of the week about
which to report.  Preassignment is designed to reduce variability in
response rates across the week and to allow oversampling of weekend
days so that accurate weekend day measures can be developed.  Interviews
occur on the day following the assigned day.  For example, a person assigned
to report about a Monday would be contacted on the following Tuesday.  Ten
percent of designated persons are assigned to report about each of the five
weekdays.  Twenty-five percent are assigned to report about each weekend day.
Households are called for up to 8 consecutive weeks (for example, 8 Tuesdays)
in order to secure an interview.

About the questionnaire

   In the time diary portion of the ATUS interview, survey respondents
sequentially report activities they did between 4 a.m. on the day before
the interview ("yesterday") until 4 a.m. on the day of the interview.  For
each activity, respondents are asked how long the activity lasted.  For
activities other than personal care activities (such as sleeping and grooming),
interviewers also ask respondents where they were.  And for activities other
than personal care and work, they are asked who was in the room with them (if
at home) or who accompanied them (if away from home).  If respondents report
doing more than one activity at a  time,  they  are asked to  identify  which
one was the "main" (primary) activity.  If none can be identified, then the
interviewer records the first activity mentioned.  After completing the time
diary, interviewers ask respondents additional questions to clearly identify
work, volunteering, and secondary childcare activities.  Secondary childcare
is defined as having a child under age 13 in one’s care while doing other
activities.

   In addition, the ATUS includes an update of the household composition
information from the last CPS interview (2 to 5 months prior to the ATUS
interview) and the employment status information of the respondent and his
or her spouse or unmarried partner.  For respondents who became employed
or changed jobs between the last CPS interview and the ATUS interview,
information also is collected on industry, occupation, class of worker, and
earnings.  For those who are unemployed and/or on layoff, CPS questions on
job search activities are asked.  Those who report being on layoff are asked
if or when they expect to be recalled to work.  Finally, a question about
current school enrollment status is asked of all respondents ages 15 to 49.

   After completing the interview, primary activity descriptions are assigned
a single 6-digit code using the ATUS Coding Lexicon.  The 3-tier coding system
consists of 17 major activity categories, each with multiple second- and
third-tier subcategories.  These coding lexicon categories are then combined
into composite categories for publication, such as in this news release.
Descriptions of categories shown in this release can be found in the Major
activity category definitions section of this Technical Note.  The 2009
ATUS Coding Lexicon can be accessed at www.bls.gov/tus/lexicons.htm.

Concepts and definitions

   Average day.  The average day measure reflects an average distribution
across all persons in the reference population and all days of the week.
Average day measures for the entire population provide a mechanism for
seeing the overall distribution of time allocation for society as a whole.
The ATUS collects data about daily activities from all segments of the
population age 15 and over, including persons who are employed and not
employed.  Activity profiles differ based upon age, employment status,
gender, and other characteristics.  On an average day in 2009, persons
in the U.S. age 15 and over did work and work-related activities for 3.5
hours, slept about 8.7 hours, spent 5.3 hours doing leisure and sports
activities, and spent 1.8 hours doing household activities.  The remaining
4.7 hours were spent doing a variety of other activities, including eating
and drinking, attending school, and shopping.  (See table 1.)  By comparison,
an average weekday for persons employed full time on days that they worked
included 9.2 hours doing work and work-related activities, 7.6  hours
sleeping, 2.9  hours doing leisure and sports activities, and 0.9 hour doing
household activities.  The remaining 3.4 hours were spent in other activities,
such as those described above.  (These estimates include related travel time.)

   Many activities typically are not done on a daily basis, and some
activities only are done by a subset of the population.  For example,
only 43 percent of all persons age 15 years and over worked on an
average day in 2009 because some were not employed and those who were
employed did not work every day.  (See table 1.)

   Average hours per day.  The average number of hours spent in a 24-
hour day (between 4 a.m. on the diary day and 4 a.m. on the interview
day) doing a specified activity.

   --Average hours per day, population.  The average number of hours
     per day is computed using all responses from a given population,
     including those of respondents who did not do a particular activity
     on their diary day.  These estimates reflect how many population
     members engaged in an activity and the amount of time they spent
     doing it.

   --Average hours per day, persons who did the activity.  The average
     number of hours per day is computed using only responses from those
     who engaged in a particular activity on their diary day.

   Diary day.  The diary day is the day about which the respondent reports.
For example, the diary day of a respondent interviewed on Tuesday is Monday.

   Earnings

   --Usual weekly earnings.  Data represent the earnings of full-time
      wage and salary workers with one job only, before taxes and other
      deductions.  They include any overtime pay, commissions, or tips
      usually received.  Usual weekly earnings are only updated in ATUS for
      about a third of employed respondents--if the respondent changed jobs
      or employment status between the CPS and ATUS interviews or if the CPS
      weekly earnings value was imputed.  This means that the earnings
      information could be out of date because the CPS interview was done 2
      to 5 months prior to the ATUS interview.  Respondents are asked to
      identify the easiest way for them to report earnings (hourly, weekly,
      biweekly, twice monthly, annually, or other) and how much they usually
      earn in the reported time period.  Earnings reported on a basis other
      than weekly are converted to a weekly equivalent.  The term "usual" is
      as perceived by the respondent.  If the respondent asks for a definition
      of usual, interviewers are instructed to define the term as more than
      half the weeks worked during the past 4 or 5 months.

   --Weekly earnings ranges.  The ranges used represent approximately 25 percent
     of full-time wage and salary workers who held only one job.  For example,
     25 percent of full-time wage and salary workers with one job only had weekly
     earnings of $510 or less.  These dollar values vary from year to year.

   Employment status

   --Employed.  All persons who, at any time during the 7 days prior to the
     interview:

      1) Did any work at all as paid employees; worked in their own
      business, profession, or on their own farm; or usually worked 15
      hours or more as unpaid workers in a family-operated enterprise;
      or

      2) Were not working but had jobs or businesses from which they
      were temporarily absent due to illness, bad weather, vacation,
      childcare problems, labor-management disputes, maternity or
      paternity leave, job training, or other family or personal
      reasons, whether or not they were paid for the time off or were
      seeking other jobs.

    --Employed full time.  Full-time workers are those who usually
      worked 35 hours or more per week at all jobs combined.

    --Employed part time.  Part-time workers are those who usually
      worked fewer than 35 hours per week at all jobs combined.

    --Not employed.  Persons are not employed if they do not meet the
      conditions for employment.  The not employed include those classified
      as unemployed as well as those classified as not in the labor force
      (using CPS definitions).

   The numbers of employed and not employed persons in this report do
not correspond to published totals from the CPS for several reasons.
First, the reference population for the ATUS is age 15 years and over,
whereas it is age 16 years and over for the CPS.  Second, ATUS data
are collected continuously, the employment reference period being the
7 days prior to the interview.  By contrast, CPS data are usually
collected during the week including the 19th of the month and refer to
employment during the week containing the 12th of the month.  Finally,
the CPS accepts answers from household members about other household
members whereas such proxy responses are not allowed in the ATUS.  One
consequence of the difference in proxy reporting is that a significantly
higher proportion of teenagers report employment in the ATUS than in
the CPS.  While the information on employment from the ATUS is useful
for assessing work in the context of other daily activities, the employment
data are not intended for analysis of current employment trends.
Compared with the CPS and other estimates of employment, the ATUS estimates
are based on a much smaller sample and are only available with a substantial
lag since ATUS data and estimates are published during the year following
data collection.

   Household children.  Household children are children under age 18
residing  in  the  household  of  the  ATUS respondent.  The children
may be related to the respondent (such as his or her own children,
grandchildren, nieces or nephews, or brothers or sisters) or not related
(such as foster children or children of roommates).

   Primary activity.  A primary activity is the main activity a respondent
was doing at a specified time.  With the exception of secondary childcare
in table 10, the estimates presented in this release reflect time spent in
primary activities only.

   Secondary activities.  A secondary (or simultaneous) activity is an
activity done at the same time as a primary activity.  With the exception of
the care of children under age 13, information on secondary activities is
not systematically collected in the ATUS.

   Secondary childcare.  Secondary childcare is care for children under
age 13 that is done while doing an activity other than primary childcare,
such as cooking dinner.  Secondary childcare estimates are derived by summing
the durations of activities during which respondents had a household
child or their own nonhousehold child under age 13 in their care while
doing activities other than primary childcare.  It is restricted to times
the respondent was awake. Secondary childcare time for household children
is further restricted to the time between when the first household child
under age 13 woke up and the last household child under age 13 went to bed.
If respondents report providing both primary and secondary care at the
same time, the time is attributed to primary care only.

   Weekday, weekend, and holiday estimates.  Estimates for weekdays are
an average of reports about Monday through Friday.  Estimates for weekend
days and holidays are an average of reports about Saturdays, Sundays, and
the following holidays:  New Year’s Day, Easter, Memorial Day, the Fourth
of July, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day.

Major activity category definitions

   The following definitions describe the activity categories shown in
this report.  All major time-use categories in the tables include
related travel time and waiting time.  For example, time spent "driving
to the stadium" and time spent "waiting to get into the stadium to play
ball" are included in Leisure and sports.

   Personal care activities.  Personal care activities include sleeping,
grooming (such as bathing or dressing), health-related self-care, and
personal or private activities.  Receiving unpaid personal care from
others (for example, "my sister put polish on my nails") also is captured
in this category.  In general, respondents are not asked who they were
with or where they were for personal care activities, as such information
can be sensitive.

   Eating and drinking.  All time spent eating or drinking (except
eating and drinking done as part of a work or volunteer activity),
whether alone, with others, at home, at a place of purchase, or
somewhere else, is classified here.  Time spent purchasing or talking
related to purchasing meals, snacks, or beverages is not counted as
part of this category; time spent doing these activities is counted in
Purchasing goods and services.

   Household activities.  Household activities are those done by
persons to maintain their households.  These include housework;
cooking; lawn and garden care; pet care; vehicle maintenance and
repair; home maintenance, repair, decoration, and renovation; and
household management and organizational activities (such as filling
out paperwork, balancing a checkbook, or planning a party).  Food
preparation, whether or not reported as done specifically for another
household member, is always classified as a household activity unless
it was done as a volunteer, work, or income-generating activity.  For
example, "making breakfast for my son" is coded as a household activity,
not as childcare.

   Purchasing goods and services.  This category includes purchases
of consumer goods, professional and personal care services, household
services, and government services.  Consumer purchases include most
purchases and rentals of consumer goods, regardless of the mode or
place of purchase or rental (in person, via telephone, over the Internet,
at home, or in a store).  Gasoline, grocery, other food purchases, and
all other shopping are further broken out in subcategories.

   Time spent obtaining, receiving, and purchasing professional and
personal care services provided by someone else also is classified in
this category.  Professional services include childcare, financial
services and banking, legal services, medical and adult care services,
real estate services, and veterinary services.  Personal care services
include day spas, hair salons and barbershops, nail salons, and tanning
salons.  Activities classified here include time spent paying, meeting
with, or talking to service providers, as well as time spent receiving
the service or waiting to receive the service.

   Time spent arranging for and purchasing household services provided
by someone else also is classified here.  Household services include
housecleaning; cooking; lawn care and landscaping; pet care; tailoring,
laundering, and dry cleaning; vehicle maintenance and repairs; and home
repairs, maintenance, and construction.

   This category also captures the time spent obtaining government
services--such as applying for food stamps--and purchasing government-
required licenses or paying fines or fees.

   Caring for and helping household members.  Time spent doing activities
to care for or help any child (under age 18) or adult in the household,
regardless of relationship to the respondent or the physical or mental
health status of the person being helped, is classified here.  Caring for
and helping activities for household children and adults are coded
separately in subcategories.

   Primary childcare activities include time spent providing physical
care; playing with children; reading to children; assistance with
homework; attending children’s events; taking care of children's
health needs; and dropping off, picking up, and waiting for children.
Passive childcare done as a primary activity (such as "keeping an eye
on my son while he swam in the pool") also is included.  A child’s
presence during the activity is not enough in itself to classify the
activity as childcare.  For example, "watching television with my
child" is coded as a leisure activity, not as childcare.

   Secondary childcare occurs when persons have a child under age 13
"in their care" while doing activities other than primary childcare.
For a complete definition, see the Concepts and definitions section
of this Technical Note.

   Caring for and helping household members also includes a range of
activities done to benefit adult members of households, such as providing
physical and medical care or obtaining medical services.  Doing something
as a favor for or helping another household adult does not automatically
result in classification as a helping activity.  For example, a report of
"helping my spouse cook dinner" is considered a household activity (food
preparation), not a helping activity, because cooking dinner benefits the
household as a whole.  By contrast, doing paperwork for another person
usually benefits the individual, so a report of "filling out an insurance
application for my spouse" is considered a helping activity.

   Caring for and helping nonhousehold members.  Caring for and
helping nonhousehold members includes activities persons do to care
for or help those--either children (under age 18) or adults--who do not
live with them.  When done for or through an organization, time spent
helping nonhousehold members is classified as volunteering, rather
than as helping nonhousehold members.  Care of nonhousehold children,
even when done as a favor or helping activity for another adult, is
always classified as caring for and helping nonhousehold children, not
as helping another adult.

   Working and work-related activities.  This category includes time
spent working, doing activities as part of one’s job, engaging in
income-generating activities (not as part of one’s job), and job
search activities.  "Working" includes hours spent doing the specific
tasks required of one’s main or other job, regardless of location or
time of day.  "Work-related activities" include activities that are
not obviously work but are done as part of one’s job, such as having a
business lunch or playing golf with clients.  "Other income-generating
activities" are those done "on the side" or under informal arrangement
and are not part of a regular job.  Such activities might include
selling homemade crafts, babysitting, maintaining a rental property,
or having a yard sale.  These activities are those that persons "are
paid for or will be paid for."

   Travel time related to working and work-related activities includes
time spent traveling to and from work, as well as time spent traveling
for work-related, income-generating, and job search activities.

   Educational activities.  Educational activities include taking
classes (including Internet and other distance-learning courses) for a
degree as well as for personal interest; doing research and homework;
and taking care of administrative tasks related to education, such as
registering for classes or obtaining a school ID.  For high school
students, before- and after-school extracurricular activities (except
sports) also are classified as educational activities.  Educational
activities do not include time spent for classes or training received
as part of a job.  Time spent helping others with their education-
related activities is classified in the Caring for and helping
categories.

   Organizational, civic, and religious activities.  This category
captures time spent volunteering for or through an organization,
performing civic obligations, and participating in religious and
spiritual activities.  Civic obligations include government-required
duties, such as serving jury duty or appearing in court, and activities
that assist or influence government processes, such as voting or
attending town hall meetings.  Religious activities include those
normally associated with membership in or identification with specific
religions or denominations, such as attending religious services; participating
in choirs, youth groups, orchestras, or unpaid teaching (unless identified
as volunteer activities); and engaging in personal religious practices,
such as praying.

   Leisure and sports.  The leisure and sports category includes sports,
exercise, and recreation; socializing and communicating; and other leisure
activities.  Sports, exercise, and recreation activities include participating
in--as well as attending or watching--sports, exercise, and recreational
activities.  Recreational activities are leisure activities that are active
in nature, such as yard games like croquet or horseshoes.  Socializing and
communicating includes face-to-face social communication and hosting or
attending social functions.  Leisure activities include watching television;
reading; relaxing or thinking; playing computer, board, or card games; using
a computer or the Internet for personal interest; playing or listening to
music; and other activities, such as attending arts, cultural, and entertainment
events.

   Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail.  This category captures telephone
communication and handling household or personal mail or e-mail.  Telephone
and Internet purchases are classified in Purchasing goods and services.
Telephone calls, mail, or e-mail identified as related to work or volunteering
are classified as work or volunteering.

   Other activities, not elsewhere classified.  This residual category includes
security procedures related to traveling, traveling not associated with a specific
activity category, ambiguous activities that could not be coded, and missing
activities.  Missing activities result when respondents did not remember what
they did for a period of time, or when they considered an activity too private
or personal to report

Processing and estimation

   After ATUS data are collected, they go through an editing and imputation
procedure.  Responses to CPS questions that are re-asked in the ATUS go through
the regular CPS edit and imputation procedures.  Some item nonresponses for
questions unique to the ATUS (such as where an activity took place or how
much time was spent doing secondary childcare) also are imputed.  Missing
activities and missing values for who was present during an activity are never imputed.

   ATUS records are weighted quarterly to reduce bias in the estimates
due to differences in sampling and response rates across subpopulations
and days of the week.  Specifically, the data are weighted to ensure the
following:

   --Weekdays represent about 5/7 of the weighted data, and weekend days
     each represent about 1/7 of the weighted data for the population
     as a whole.  The actual proportions depend on the number of weekdays
     and weekend days in a given quarter.

   --The sum of the weights is equal to the number of person-days in the
     quarter for the population as a whole and for selected subpopulations.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the ATUS are subject to both sampling and nonsampling
error.  When a sample, rather than the entire population, is surveyed, there
is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true" population
values they represent.  The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending
on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured by the
standard error of the estimate.  There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of
confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling error.
BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   The ATUS data also are affected by nonsampling error.  Nonsampling error can
occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the population,
inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample, inability or
unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information, and errors made in
the collection or processing of the data.  Errors also could occur if nonresponse
is correlated with time use.





 Table 1.  Time spent in primary activities (1) and percent of the civilian population engaging in each activity,
 averages per day by sex, 2009 annual averages


                                           Average hours per day, Average percent engaged  Average hours per day
                                            civilian population   in the activity per day for persons who engaged
                 Activity                                                                     in the activity


                                            Total    Men    Women   Total    Men    Women   Total    Men    Women


 Total, all activities (2)...............   24.00   24.00   24.00    ---     ---     ---     ---     ---     ---

   Personal care activities..............    9.45    9.25    9.63  100.0   100.0   100.0     9.45    9.26    9.63
      Sleeping...........................    8.67    8.62    8.73   99.9    99.8   100.0     8.68    8.63    8.73
   Eating and drinking...................    1.22    1.26    1.19   96.4    96.1    96.8     1.27    1.31    1.23
   Household activities..................    1.80    1.33    2.24   76.1    66.6    85.0     2.36    2.00    2.63
      Housework..........................     .60     .26     .92   36.3    20.2    51.3     1.65    1.27    1.79
      Food preparation and cleanup.......     .54     .29     .77   54.6    39.9    68.3      .99     .73    1.13
      Lawn and garden care...............     .20     .28     .12    9.4    11.5     7.4     2.11    2.42    1.67
      Household management...............     .13     .11     .16   19.1    16.4    21.6      .70     .67     .72
   Purchasing goods and services.........     .76     .64     .88   44.4    39.2    49.2     1.71    1.62    1.78
      Consumer goods purchases...........     .38     .30     .46   40.2    35.8    44.4      .94     .83    1.03
      Professional and personal care
       services..........................     .09     .06     .11    8.6     6.4    10.7      .99     .98    1.00
   Caring for and helping household
    members..............................     .54     .37     .70   25.2    20.2    29.9     2.13    1.81    2.34
      Caring for and helping household
       children..........................     .43     .28     .57   21.6    16.4    26.5     1.98    1.71    2.14
   Caring for and helping nonhousehold
    members..............................     .21     .19     .22   13.4    11.4    15.2     1.55    1.69    1.46
      Caring for and helping nonhousehold
       adults............................     .07     .08     .06    8.7     7.8     9.6      .82    1.02     .67
   Working and work-related activities...    3.53    4.26    2.85   45.4    51.9    39.2     7.78    8.20    7.26
      Working............................    3.18    3.81    2.58   42.7    48.4    37.3     7.44    7.86    6.93
   Educational activities................     .46     .43     .50    8.2     7.4     8.9     5.68    5.84    5.56
      Attending class....................     .26     .26     .27    5.2     5.1     5.3     5.03    5.01    5.05
      Homework and research..............     .16     .14     .18    5.6     4.9     6.3     2.82    2.84    2.81
   Organizational, civic, and religious
    activities...........................     .34     .32     .36   14.5    12.6    16.4     2.32    2.53    2.17
      Religious and spiritual activities.     .15     .12     .17    9.0     7.0    10.8     1.62    1.78    1.53
      Volunteering (organizational and
       civic activities).................     .15     .15     .15    7.2     7.1     7.2     2.11    2.17    2.07
   Leisure and sports....................    5.25    5.59    4.93   96.1    95.9    96.2     5.46    5.83    5.13
      Socializing and communicating......     .70     .63     .76   39.2    34.6    43.4     1.78    1.81    1.76
      Watching television................    2.82    3.10    2.56   81.8    82.7    81.0     3.45    3.75    3.17
      Participating in sports, exercise,
       and recreation....................     .31     .41     .21   18.2    20.9    15.7     1.69    1.96    1.36
   Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail.....     .20     .14     .25   25.7    19.6    31.4      .77     .71     .80
   Other activities, not elsewhere
    classified...........................     .24     .23     .26   15.7    13.6    17.8     1.55    1.69    1.44


    1 A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity.  Other activities done simultaneously are not
 included.
    2 All major activity categories include related travel time.  See Technical Note for activity category
 definitions.
    --- Not applicable.
    NOTE:  Data refer to persons 15 years and over.



 Table 2.  Time spent in primary activities (1) and percent of the civilian population engaging in each
 activity, averages per day on weekdays and weekends, 2009 annual averages


                                                Average hours per    Average percent    Average hours per
                                                  day, civilian       engaged in the   day for persons who
                                                    population       activity per day     engaged in the
                                                                                             activity
                   Activity

                                                          Weekends            Weekends            Weekends
                                                Weekdays    and     Weekdays    and     Weekdays    and
                                                         holidays-           holidays-           holidays-
                                                            (2)                 (2)                 (2)


 Total, all activities (3)....................    24.00     24.00     ---       ---       ---       ---

   Personal care activities...................     9.20     10.04    100.0     100.0       9.20     10.04
      Sleeping................................     8.39      9.33     99.9      99.9       8.40      9.34
   Eating and drinking........................     1.18      1.33     96.7      95.9       1.22      1.39
   Household activities.......................     1.70      2.04     76.0      76.4       2.23      2.67
      Housework...............................      .55       .71     35.5      38.1       1.55      1.87
      Food preparation and cleanup............      .52       .59     55.8      51.6        .93      1.15
      Lawn and garden care....................      .18       .24      9.0      10.3       2.02      2.30
      Household management....................      .13       .14     19.4      18.3        .68       .76
   Purchasing goods and services..............      .72       .87     43.7      46.0       1.64      1.88
      Consumer goods purchases................      .33       .50     38.7      43.9        .84      1.15
      Professional and personal care services.      .11       .04     10.4       4.4       1.01       .90
   Caring for and helping household members...      .57       .46     26.6      21.9       2.15      2.10
      Caring for and helping household
       children...............................      .44       .39     22.8      18.8       1.94      2.10
   Caring for and helping nonhousehold members      .19       .26     12.7      15.0       1.48      1.70
      Caring for and helping nonhousehold
       adults.................................      .06       .10      8.1      10.1        .71      1.04
   Working and work-related activities........     4.50      1.24     54.5      23.9       8.27      5.19
      Working.................................     4.06      1.09     51.5      21.9       7.88      5.00
   Educational activities.....................      .58       .21      9.4       5.3       6.12      3.85
      Attending class.........................      .36       .03      7.1        .9       5.08     (4)
      Homework and research...................      .16       .15      6.2       4.4       2.66      3.35
   Organizational, civic, and religious
    activities................................      .23       .58     11.9      20.8       1.96      2.81
      Religious and spiritual activities......      .07       .32      5.8      16.5       1.24      1.94
      Volunteering (organizational and civic
       activities)............................      .13       .19      7.1       7.5       1.91      2.57
   Leisure and sports.........................     4.71      6.53     95.6      97.2       4.93      6.71
      Socializing and communicating...........      .52      1.10     36.4      45.6       1.44      2.42
      Watching television.....................     2.61      3.32     81.3      83.1       3.21      4.00
      Participating in sports, exercise, and
       recreation.............................      .29       .34     18.8      16.8       1.56      2.03
   Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail..........      .20       .19     27.0      22.6        .74       .84
   Other activities, not elsewhere classified.      .23       .27     15.5      16.3       1.51      1.63


    1 A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity.  Other activities done simultaneously are
 not included.
    2 Holidays are New Year's Day, Easter, Memorial Day, the Fourth of July, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day,
 and Christmas Day.
    3 All major activity categories include related travel time.  See Technical Note for activity category
 definitions.
    4 Data not shown where base is less than 1.2 million.
    --- Not applicable.
    NOTE:  Data refer to persons 15 years and over.



 Table 3.  Time spent in primary activities (1) for the civilian population by age, sex, race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,
 marital status, and educational attainment, 2009 annual averages


                                                     Average hours per day spent in primary activities (2)


                                                                                               Organi-                  Other
                                                       Purcha-  Caring  Caring Working           za-            Tele-  activi-
        Characteristic         Person-  Eating House-    sing  for and for and   and   Educa-  tional,          phone   ties,
                               al care   and    hold    goods  helping helping  work-  tional   civic, Leisure  calls,   not
                               activi-  drink- activi-   and   house-    non-  related activi-   and     and    mail,   else-
                                 ties    ing     ties  servi-    hold  house-  activi-   ties   reli-   sports   and    where
                                                         ces   members   hold    ties           gious           e-mail classi-
                                                                       members                 activi-                   fied
                                                                                                 ties


 Total, 15 years and over.....    9.45    1.22    1.80    0.76    0.54    0.21    3.53    0.46    0.34    5.25    0.20    0.24
   15 to 19 years.............   10.29    1.06     .70     .54     .19     .26    1.04    3.27     .31    5.75     .32     .27
   20 to 24 years.............   10.25    1.04    1.13     .68     .41     .17    3.83    1.01     .15    4.94     .15     .24
   25 to 34 years.............    9.20    1.18    1.46     .70    1.16     .16    4.70     .30     .21    4.57     .13     .23
   35 to 44 years.............    9.12    1.18    1.84     .78    1.12     .18    4.67     .12     .33    4.27     .15     .23
   45 to 54 years.............    9.09    1.20    2.01     .81     .39     .22    4.65     .06     .37    4.83     .18     .19
   55 to 64 years.............    9.25    1.29    2.16     .88     .12     .28    3.72     .03     .38    5.44     .21     .23
   65 to 74 years.............    9.55    1.45    2.58     .86     .07     .30    1.26     .03     .55    6.77     .25     .34
   75 years and over..........   10.01    1.49    2.42     .72     .06     .11     .30     .01     .48    7.76     .32     .33

  Men, 15 years and over......    9.25    1.26    1.33     .64     .37     .19    4.26     .43     .32    5.59     .14     .23
   15 to 19 years.............   10.38    1.00     .55     .38     .18     .26    1.10    3.06     .37    6.24     .27     .21
   20 to 24 years.............   10.07    1.04     .83     .58     .18     .19    4.50     .84     .15    5.21     .11     .29
   25 to 34 years.............    9.01    1.17    1.04     .61     .65     .16    5.55     .25     .19    5.06     .11     .21
   35 to 44 years.............    8.91    1.24    1.27     .65     .77     .19    5.60     .11     .31    4.65     .12     .19
   45 to 54 years.............    8.85    1.26    1.52     .66     .34     .18    5.44     .03     .35    5.07     .09     .21
   55 to 64 years.............    9.02    1.36    1.67     .74     .09     .20    4.49     .02     .33    5.74     .12     .21
   65 to 74 years.............    9.30    1.54    2.07     .72     .07     .28    1.57     .03     .52    7.35     .20     .35
   75 years and over..........    9.82    1.61    1.84     .71     .08     .11     .48     .00     .48    8.34     .24     .29

  Women, 15 years and over....    9.63    1.19    2.24     .88     .70     .22    2.85     .50     .36    4.93     .25     .26
   15 to 19 years.............   10.21    1.12     .86     .71     .19     .26     .98    3.49     .25    5.25     .37     .33
   20 to 24 years.............   10.43    1.03    1.43     .79     .64     .14    3.15    1.17     .16    4.67     .19     .19
   25 to 34 years.............    9.40    1.19    1.88     .78    1.68     .16    3.85     .35     .24    4.08     .16     .24
   35 to 44 years.............    9.33    1.12    2.39     .91    1.46     .17    3.75     .14     .36    3.91     .18     .28
   45 to 54 years.............    9.32    1.15    2.47     .96     .43     .25    3.90     .10     .39    4.60     .26     .17
   55 to 64 years.............    9.46    1.23    2.62    1.01     .15     .35    2.99     .04     .42    5.17     .29     .25
   65 to 74 years.............    9.76    1.38    3.01     .97     .08     .31     .99     .02     .57    6.28     .29     .33
   75 years and over..........   10.14    1.41    2.79     .73     .05     .12     .19     .01     .48    7.38     .37     .35

  White, 15 years and over....    9.38    1.26    1.88     .77     .53     .21    3.58     .44     .32    5.17     .19     .25
   Men........................    9.17    1.29    1.39     .64     .37     .20    4.39     .42     .30    5.46     .13     .24
   Women......................    9.59    1.23    2.36     .89     .69     .23    2.80     .47     .33    4.89     .25     .27

  Black or African American,
   15 years and over..........    9.91     .92    1.25     .71     .47     .19    3.19     .46     .47    5.99     .24     .19
   Men........................    9.87     .91    1.03     .61     .30     .19    3.28     .38     .44    6.58     .20     .20
   Women......................    9.95     .94    1.44     .79     .61     .19    3.12     .53     .49    5.50     .27     .18

  Hispanic or Latino
   ethnicity, 15 years
    and over..................    9.72    1.16    1.80     .74     .73     .21    3.58     .63     .29    4.70     .12     .32
   Men........................    9.58    1.15    1.20     .64     .48     .21    4.33     .61     .24    5.16     .09     .30
   Women......................    9.87    1.18    2.43     .84     .99     .21    2.79     .65     .34    4.21     .16     .34

 Marital status and sex:

  Married, spouse present.....    9.15    1.32    2.15     .80     .76     .20    3.89     .09     .39    4.83     .16     .25
   Men........................    8.95    1.36    1.55     .66     .53     .18    4.75     .08     .39    5.20     .11     .25
   Women......................    9.36    1.27    2.75     .95     .99     .22    3.03     .11     .39    4.46     .21     .26
  Other marital statuses......    9.78    1.12    1.39     .71     .28     .22    3.12     .89     .28    5.73     .24     .24
   Men........................    9.62    1.13    1.05     .61     .17     .21    3.65     .86     .23    6.06     .18     .21
   Women......................    9.92    1.11    1.69     .80     .38     .22    2.66     .91     .32    5.43     .29     .26

 Educational attainment, 25
    years and over:

  Less than a high school
    diploma...................    9.82    1.05    2.10     .66     .55     .17    2.38     .04     .37    6.53     .11     .22
  High school graduates, no
    college (3)...............    9.35    1.21    2.09     .74     .46     .25    3.37     .04     .33    5.79     .16     .21
  Some college or associate
    degree....................    9.22    1.22    2.00     .81     .59     .20    4.04     .19     .32    4.95     .20     .25
  Bachelor's degree and
    higher (4)................    9.04    1.42    1.82     .88     .73     .18    4.46     .15     .41    4.41     .24     .27

   1 A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity. Other activities done simultaneously are not included.
   2 All major activity categories include related travel time. See Technical Note for activity category definitions.
   3 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   4 Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
   NOTE:  Unless otherwise specified, data refer to persons 15 years and over. Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be
of any race.



 Table 4.  Employed persons working and time spent working on days worked by full- and part-time status and sex,
 jobholding status, educational attainment, and day of week, 2009 annual averages

 (Numbers in thousands)


                                                    Employed persons who    Employed persons who    Employed persons who
                                                    worked on an average    worked on an average    worked on an average
                                                            day                   weekday          Saturday, Sunday, and
                                           Total                                                         holiday(1)
              Characteristic              employ-
                                             ed
                                                          Percent Average         Percent Average         Percent Average
                                                   Number    of    hours  Number-    of    hours  Number-    of    hours
                                                          employ-    of     (3)   employ-    of     (4)   employ-    of
                                                             ed   work(2)            ed   work(2)            ed   work(2)


    Full- and part-time status and sex
 Total, 15 years and over (5)............ 148,720 101,379   68.2     7.48 122,636   82.5     7.92  51,652   34.7     5.03
    Full-time workers.................... 114,618  82,511   72.0     7.97 100,923   88.1     8.44  39,044   34.1     5.13
    Part-time workers....................  34,102  18,868   55.3     5.34  21,636   63.4     5.50  12,587   36.9     4.72
  Men (5)................................  78,264  55,676   71.1     7.90  67,121   85.8     8.34  28,417   36.3     5.46
    Full-time workers....................  65,641  48,043   73.2     8.29  58,529   89.2     8.75  23,473   35.8     5.59
    Part-time workers....................  12,623   7,633   60.5     5.47   8,657   68.6     5.63   4,971   39.4     4.77
  Women (5)..............................  70,456  45,703   64.9     6.97  55,485   78.8     7.42  23,267   33.0     4.52
    Full-time workers....................  48,977  34,468   70.4     7.53  42,398   86.6     8.01  15,557   31.8     4.42
    Part-time workers....................  21,479  11,235   52.3     5.25  12,936   60.2     5.40   7,659   35.7     4.69

            Jobholding status
 Single jobholders....................... 132,834  88,563   66.7     7.48 108,470   81.7     7.90  42,513   32.0     4.97
 Multiple jobholders.....................  15,886  12,816   80.7     7.51  14,134   89.0     8.08   9,424   59.3     5.31

   Educational attainment, 25 years and
                  over
 Less than a high school diploma.........   9,087   5,968   65.7     7.75   7,348   80.9     7.92   2,886   31.8     6.80
 High school graduates, no college (6)...  36,852  24,251   65.8     8.03  30,571   83.0     8.22   9,625   26.1     6.60
 Some college or associate degree........  33,136  23,045   69.5     7.76  28,092   84.8     8.19  11,139   33.6     5.22
 Bachelor's degree and higher (7)........  47,722  34,855   73.0     7.20  41,919   87.8     7.90  18,251   38.2     3.44

    1 Holidays are New Year's Day, Easter, Memorial Day, the Fourth of July, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas
 Day.
    2 Includes work at main and other job(s), and excludes travel related to work.
    3 Number was derived by multiplying the "Total employed" by the percent of employed persons who worked on an average
 weekday.
    4 Number was derived by multiplying the "Total employed" by the percent of employed persons who worked on an average
 Saturday, Sunday, and holiday.
    5 Includes workers whose hours vary.
    6 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
    7 Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
    NOTE:  Unless otherwise specified, data refer to persons 15 years and over.



       Table 5.  Employed persons working on main job and time spent working on days worked by class of worker, occupation, earnings, and day of
       week, 2009 annual averages

       (Numbers in thousands)


                                                             Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked
                                                                  on an average day           on an average weekday        on an average Saturday,
                                                                                                                            Sunday, and holiday(1)
                     Characteristic                 Total
                                                   employed
                                                                       Percent   Average             Percent   Average             Percent   Average
                                                              Number      of     hours of Number(3)     of     hours of Number(4)     of     hours of
                                                                       employed  work(2)             employed  work(2)             employed  work(2)



            Class of worker (main job only)
       Wage and salary workers...................  137,890    92,192     66.9       7.48   113,051     82.0       7.89    43,575     31.6       4.98
       Self-employed workers(5)..................   10,753     7,198     66.9       6.46     8,081     75.1       7.02     5,035     46.8       4.24

               Occupation (main job only)
       Management, business, and financial
          operations.............................   22,801    16,656     73.1       7.69    20,614     90.4       8.25     7,502     32.9       4.13
       Professional and related..................   34,308    23,634     68.9       7.14    28,866     84.1       7.82    11,908     34.7       3.47
       Services..................................   25,460    15,240     59.9       6.94    17,832     70.0       7.10     9,249     36.3       6.20
       Sales and related.........................   15,716    11,245     71.6       7.18    12,144     77.3       7.68     8,863     56.4       5.38
       Office and administrative support.........   19,196    12,117     63.1       7.18    15,514     80.8       7.44     3,971     20.7       4.75
       Farming, fishing, and forestry............    1,346       763     56.7      (7)         993     73.7      (7)         411     30.5      (7)
       Construction and extraction...............    6,863     4,526     65.9       7.80     5,791     84.4       8.25     1,707     24.9      (7)
       Installation, maintenance, and repair.....    5,454     3,552     65.1       8.26     4,669     85.6       8.59     1,214     22.2      (7)
       Production................................    8,981     5,864     65.3       8.37     7,594     84.6       8.48     1,370     15.3      (7)
       Transportation and material moving........    8,595     5,827     67.8       7.90     7,146     83.1       8.11     2,623     30.5      (7)

         Earnings of full-time wage and salary
          workers (single jobholders only)(6)
       0 - $510(c)............................... (c)23,227 (c)15,040 (c)64.8   (c)7.82   (c)18,803 (c)81.0   (c)8.06   (c)6,782  (c)29.2   (c)6.37
       $511 - $780(c)............................ (c)22,789 (c)16,514 (c)72.5      8.16   (c)20,697 (c)90.8   (c)8.42   (c)5,561  (c)24.4   (c)5.67
       $781 - $1,190(c).......................... (c)23,080 (c)15,619 (c)67.7   (c)7.98   (c)19,757 (c)85.6   (c)8.37   (c)6,315  (c)27.4   (c)5.24
       $1,191 and higher(c)...................... (c)23,274 (c)17,272    74.2      8.05   (c)21,449 (c)92.2      8.70   (c)7,439  (c)32.0   (c)3.65

       (1) Holidays are New Year's Day, Easter, Memorial Day, the Fourth of July, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day.
       (2) Includes work at main job only and excludes travel related to work.
       (3) Number was derived by multiplying the "Total employed" by the percent of employed persons who worked on an average weekday.
       (4) Number was derived by multiplying the "Total employed" by the percent of employed persons who worked on an average Saturday, Sunday, and
       holiday.
       (5) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are unincorporated.  Self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated are
       classified as wage and salary workers.
       (6) These values are based on usual weekly earnings.  Each earnings range represents approximately 25 percent of full-time wage and salary
       workers who held only one job.
       (7) Data not shown where base is less than 1.2 million.
       (c) corrected
         NOTE:  Data refer to persons 15 years and over.

 Table 6.  Employed persons working (1) at home and at their workplace and time spent working at each location by full-
 and part-time status and sex, jobholding status, and educational attainment, 2009 annual averages

 (Numbers in thousands)


                                                    Employed persons who    Employed persons who    Employed persons who
                                                    worked on an average      worked at their       worked at home on an
                                                            day            workplace on an average    average day(2)(3)
                                                                                   day(2)
                                           Total
              Characteristic              employed
                                                                                   Percent Average         Percent Average
                                                           Percent Average            of    hours             of    hours
                                                    Number    of    hours   Number  those  of work  Number  those  of work
                                                           employ- of work           who      at             who   at home
                                                              ed                    worked  work-           worked
                                                                                            place


    Full- and part-time status and sex
 Total, 15 years and over (4)............ 148,720  101,379   68.2   7.48    85,267   84.1   7.82    23,925   23.6   2.98
    Full-time workers.................... 114,618   82,511   72.0   7.97    70,365   85.3   8.24    19,353   23.5   3.13
    Part-time workers....................  34,102   18,868   55.3   5.34    14,902   79.0   5.81     4,572   24.2   2.35
  Men (4)................................  78,264   55,676   71.1   7.90    47,411   85.2   8.17    13,033   23.4   3.12
    Full-time workers....................  65,641   48,043   73.2   8.29    41,289   85.9   8.51    11,081   23.1   3.24
    Part-time workers....................  12,623    7,633   60.5   5.47     6,121   80.2   5.93     1,952   25.6   2.49
  Women (4)..............................  70,456   45,703   64.9   6.97    37,856   82.8   7.38    10,892   23.8   2.81
    Full-time workers....................  48,977   34,468   70.4   7.53    29,076   84.4   7.87     8,272   24.0   2.99
    Part-time workers....................  21,479   11,235   52.3   5.25     8,780   78.2   5.74     2,620   23.3   2.24

            Jobholding status
 Single jobholders....................... 132,834   88,563   66.7   7.48    74,876   84.5   7.81    19,828   22.4   3.13
 Multiple jobholders.....................  15,886   12,816   80.7   7.51    10,391   81.1   7.88     4,097   32.0   2.24

   Educational attainment, 25 years and
                  over
 Less than a high school diploma.........   9,087    5,968   65.7   7.75     5,538   92.8   7.92       609   10.2  (7)
 High school graduates, no college (5)...  36,852   24,251   65.8   8.03    21,559   88.9   8.14     3,154   13.0   4.97
 Some college or associate degree........  33,136   23,045   69.5   7.76    19,748   85.7   8.07     4,759   20.7   3.02
 Bachelor's degree and higher (6)........  47,722   34,855   73.0   7.20    26,371   75.7   7.82    14,049   40.3   2.64

    1 Includes work at main and other job(s) and at locations other than home or workplace.  Excludes travel related to
 work.
    2 Individuals may have worked at more than one location.
    3 "Working at home" includes any time persons did work at home and is not restricted to persons whose usual workplace
 is their home.
    4 Includes workers whose hours vary.
    5 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
    6 Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
    7 Data not shown where base is less than 1.2 million.
    NOTE:  Unless otherwise specified, data refer to persons 15 years and over.



       Table 7.  Employed persons working on main job(1) at home and at their workplace and time spent working at each location by class of worker,
       occupation, and earnings, 2009 annual averages

       (Numbers in thousands)


                                                             Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked
                                                                  on an average day          at their workplace on an       at home on an average
                                                                                                  average day(2)                  day(2)(3)
                                                    Total
                     Characteristic                employed
                                                                       Percent   Average             Percent   Average             Percent   Average
                                                              Number      of     hours of   Number   of those  hours of   Number   of those  hours of
                                                                       employed    work                who     work at               who     work at
                                                                                                      worked  workplace             worked     home



            Class of worker (main job only)
       Wage and salary workers...................  137,890    92,192     66.9       7.48    80,442     87.3       7.79    18,022     19.5       2.62
       Self-employed workers(4)..................   10,753     7,198     66.9       6.46     3,533     49.1       6.72     4,324     60.1       4.66

               Occupation (main job only)
       Management, business, and financial
          operations.............................   22,801    16,656     73.1       7.69    12,925     77.6       8.23     5,918     35.5       3.14
       Professional and related..................   34,308    23,634     68.9       7.14    18,214     77.1       7.63     9,054     38.3       2.80
       Services..................................   25,460    15,240     59.9       6.94    13,293     87.2       7.11     2,082     13.7       3.96
       Sales and related.........................   15,716    11,245     71.6       7.18     9,389     83.5       7.42     2,436     21.7       3.12
       Office and administrative support.........   19,196    12,117     63.1       7.18    11,057     91.2       7.47     1,091      9.0       2.83
       Farming, fishing, and forestry............    1,346       763     56.7      (6)         600     78.7      (6)         153     20.0      (6)
       Construction and extraction...............    6,863     4,526     65.9       7.80     4,078     90.1       8.35       518     11.4      (6)
       Installation, maintenance, and repair.....    5,454     3,552     65.1       8.26     3,252     91.5       8.42       425     12.0      (6)
       Production................................    8,981     5,864     65.3       8.37     5,611     95.7       8.49       302      5.2      (6)
       Transportation and material moving........    8,595     5,827     67.8       7.90     5,575     95.7       7.91       382      6.6      (6)

         Earnings of full-time wage and salary
                        workers
              (single jobholders only)(5)
       0 - $510(c)............................... (c)23,227 (c)15,040 (c)64.8   (c)7.82   (c)14,348    95.4   (c)7.85      1,209   (c)8.0      (6)
       $511 - $780(c)............................ (c)22,789 (c)16,514 (c)72.5      8.16   (c)15,281 (c)92.5   (c)8.38      1,658  (c)10.0   (c)2.52
       $781 - $1,190(c).......................... (c)23,080 (c)15,619 (c)67.7   (c)7.98   (c)13,897    89.0   (c)8.37   (c)2,989  (c)19.1   (c)2.24
       $1,191 and higher(c)...................... (c)23,274 (c)17,272    74.2      8.05   (c)13,825 (c)80.0   (c)8.50   (c)6,031  (c)34.9   (c)3.03

       (1) Includes work at main job only and at locations other than home or workplace.  Excludes travel related to work.
       (2) Individuals may have worked at more than one location.
       (3) "Working at home" includes any time persons did work at home and is not restricted to persons whose usual workplace is their home.
       (4) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are unincorporated.  Self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated are
       classified as wage and salary workers.
       (5) These values are based on usual weekly earnings.  Each earnings range represents approximately 25 percent of full-time wage and salary
       workers who held only one job.
       (6) Data not shown where base is less than 1.2 million.
       (c) corrected
          NOTE:  Data refer to persons 15 years and over.

 Table 8.  Time spent in primary activities (1) for the civilian population 18 years and over by
 employment status, presence and age of youngest household child, and sex, 2009 annual averages

 Total


                                                 Average hours per day spent in primary activities


                 Activity                  Youngest household   Youngest household      No household
                                              child under 6         child 6-17        children under 18


                                           Total   Men   Women  Total   Men   Women  Total   Men   Women


 Total, all activities (2)...............  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00

   Personal care activities..............   9.19   9.02   9.33   9.30   9.09   9.48   9.48   9.25   9.71
      Sleeping...........................   8.51   8.41   8.59   8.56   8.45   8.66   8.68   8.61   8.74
   Eating and drinking...................   1.16   1.21   1.12   1.15   1.20   1.11   1.28   1.31   1.26
   Household activities..................   1.80   1.18   2.28   1.83   1.23   2.39   1.91   1.49   2.33
      Housework..........................    .65    .28    .94    .69    .26   1.09    .60    .26    .92
      Food preparation and cleanup.......    .70    .33    .99    .61    .32    .88    .52    .29    .73
      Lawn and garden care...............    .12    .17    .09    .16    .23    .09    .24    .34    .16
      Household management...............    .12    .11    .14    .10    .08    .12    .16    .13    .18
   Purchasing goods and services.........    .73    .62    .81    .73    .57    .88    .80    .69    .92
      Consumer goods purchases...........    .36    .31    .41    .38    .28    .47    .39    .31    .47
      Professional and personal care
       services..........................    .10    .06    .13    .05    .04    .06    .10    .07    .12
   Caring for and helping household
    members..............................   2.13   1.50   2.63    .85    .59   1.09    .05    .05    .05
      Caring for and helping household
       children..........................   1.92   1.36   2.35    .63    .41    .83     --     --     --
   Caring for and helping nonhousehold
    members..............................    .12    .13    .12    .17    .16    .19    .24    .22    .26
      Caring for and helping nonhousehold
       adults............................    .06    .07    .06    .07    .08    .07    .08    .09    .06
   Working and work-related activities...   4.03   5.42   2.94   4.33   5.14   3.59   3.43   4.06   2.81
      Working............................   3.64   4.90   2.66   3.92   4.61   3.27   3.08   3.63   2.54
   Educational activities................    .17    .14    .20    .38    .35    .40    .24    .21    .27
      Attending class....................    .05    .04    .06    .18    .16    .20    .09    .08    .10
      Homework and research..............    .10    .08    .12    .16    .17    .15    .12    .11    .13
   Organizational, civic, and religious
    activities...........................    .25    .23    .27    .38    .41    .35    .35    .30    .39
      Religious and spiritual activities     .12    .11    .14    .16    .16    .16    .15    .11    .18
      Volunteering (organizational and
       civic activities).................    .09    .09    .10    .17    .20    .14    .16    .15    .17
   Leisure and sports....................   4.02   4.23   3.86   4.48   4.89   4.10   5.77   6.06   5.48
      Socializing and communicating......    .70    .59    .78    .70    .64    .75    .68    .61    .75
      Watching television................   2.26   2.47   2.09   2.36   2.65   2.09   3.18   3.48   2.88
      Participating in sports, exercise,
       and recreation....................    .21    .28    .15    .30    .42    .19    .29    .38    .21
   Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail.....    .13    .09    .16    .15    .11    .19    .22    .15    .28
   Other activities, not elsewhere
    classified...........................    .27    .23    .29    .25    .26    .24    .23    .22    .24


 Employed


 Total, all activities (2)...............  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00

   Personal care activities..............   8.95   8.80   9.11   9.09   8.89   9.30   9.19   8.94   9.48
      Sleeping...........................   8.27   8.20   8.35   8.34   8.22   8.46   8.38   8.30   8.48
   Eating and drinking...................   1.17   1.22   1.11   1.17   1.22   1.11   1.25   1.28   1.22
   Household activities..................   1.43   1.09   1.82   1.63   1.18   2.10   1.51   1.22   1.84
      Housework..........................    .45    .23    .70    .57    .26    .92    .46    .22    .75
      Food preparation and cleanup.......    .55    .30    .82    .54    .31    .79    .38    .24    .54
      Lawn and garden care...............    .13    .16    .08    .16    .22    .09    .18    .26    .10
      Household management...............    .11    .11    .11    .10    .08    .12    .13    .10    .16
   Purchasing goods and services.........    .69    .64    .75    .70    .56    .84    .73    .63    .84
      Consumer goods purchases...........    .33    .30    .36    .36    .27    .45    .36    .29    .44
      Professional and personal care
       services..........................    .09    .07    .11    .05    .04    .06    .07    .05    .09
   Caring for and helping household
    members..............................   1.86   1.44   2.33    .75    .56    .96    .03    .04    .03
      Caring for and helping household
       children..........................   1.66   1.31   2.07    .56    .41    .71     --     --     --
   Caring for and helping nonhousehold
    members..............................    .11    .12    .11    .16    .14    .17    .22    .20    .24
      Caring for and helping nonhousehold
       adults............................    .06    .06    .05    .07    .07    .07    .07    .07    .06
   Working and work-related activities...   5.58   6.23   4.84   5.66   6.26   5.02   5.67   6.25   5.02
      Working............................   5.11   5.66   4.48   5.17   5.66   4.64   5.19   5.70   4.61
   Educational activities................    .11    .08    .14    .24    .21    .27    .26    .19    .33
      Attending class....................    .03    .02    .03    .10    .07    .13    .10    .07    .13
      Homework and research..............    .07    .05    .09    .12    .13    .11    .13    .10    .15
   Organizational, civic, and religious
    activities...........................    .23    .24    .23    .33    .36    .29    .27    .26    .28
      Religious and spiritual activities     .11    .11    .11    .13    .12    .15    .11    .09    .13
      Volunteering (organizational and
       civic activities).................    .09    .10    .08    .15    .19    .11    .12    .13    .11
   Leisure and sports....................   3.54   3.84   3.19   3.97   4.31   3.60   4.54   4.73   4.32
      Socializing and communicating......    .59    .56    .62    .58    .52    .65    .62    .56    .69
      Watching television................   1.96   2.17   1.72   2.08   2.34   1.80   2.38   2.56   2.18
      Participating in sports, exercise,
       and recreation....................    .19    .25    .12    .30    .40    .20    .29    .35    .21
   Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail.....    .10    .08    .12    .12    .10    .14    .16    .11    .22
   Other activities, not elsewhere
    classified...........................    .23    .22    .24    .20    .20    .20    .17    .16    .17


 Not employed


 Total, all activities (2)...............  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00

   Personal care activities..............   9.81  10.43   9.65   9.93   9.96   9.91   9.90   9.79   9.99
      Sleeping...........................   9.11   9.74   8.94   9.24   9.43   9.13   9.10   9.16   9.05
   Eating and drinking...................   1.13   1.17   1.13   1.11   1.09   1.11   1.33   1.37   1.30
   Household activities..................   2.69   1.71   2.94   2.46   1.42   3.07   2.49   1.95   2.93
      Housework..........................   1.15    .61   1.29   1.06    .30   1.51    .79    .34   1.14
      Food preparation and cleanup.......   1.07    .49   1.22    .83    .40   1.09    .71    .38    .97
      Lawn and garden care...............    .12    .21    .09    .16    .28    .09    .33    .47    .22
      Household management...............    .16    .07    .18    .11    .11    .12    .19    .18    .21
   Purchasing goods and services.........    .82    .55    .90    .83    .62    .96    .91    .78   1.02
      Consumer goods purchases...........    .44    .34    .47    .45    .34    .52    .43    .33    .51
      Professional and personal care
       services..........................    .13    .01    .16    .07    .05    .08    .14    .12    .16
   Caring for and helping household
    members..............................   2.82   1.88   3.06   1.14    .71   1.39    .07    .07    .07
      Caring for and helping household
       children..........................   2.54   1.71   2.76    .86    .44   1.10     --     --     --
   Caring for and helping nonhousehold
    members..............................    .14    .18    .13    .23    .23    .23    .26    .24    .28
      Caring for and helping nonhousehold
       adults............................    .08    .12    .07    .08    .10    .08    .09    .11    .07
   Working and work-related activities(3)    .20    .22    .19    .26    .33    .22    .20    .31    .10
      Working (3)........................    .03    .01    .03    .07    .09    .06    .04    .07    .02
   Educational activities................    .33    .52    .28    .80    .95    .71    .21    .23    .20
      Attending class....................    .11    .21    .09    .41    .52    .35    .08    .10    .06
      Homework and research..............    .19    .26    .17    .30    .38    .25    .11    .12    .10
   Organizational, civic, and religious
    activities...........................    .29    .16    .32    .54    .64    .47    .46    .38    .53
      Religious and spiritual activities     .15    .08    .17    .25    .34    .20    .20    .15    .24
      Volunteering (organizational and
       civic activities).................    .10    .07    .11    .24    .25    .23    .21    .18    .24
   Leisure and sports....................   5.22   6.75   4.82   6.04   7.36   5.27   7.54   8.34   6.90
      Socializing and communicating......    .98    .80   1.02   1.05   1.18    .98    .77    .70    .83
      Watching television................   2.99   4.34   2.63   3.22   3.97   2.78   4.32   5.06   3.74
      Participating in sports, exercise,
       and recreation....................    .25    .51    .18    .30    .49    .19    .30    .42    .21
   Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail.....    .19    .11    .20    .26    .16    .32    .30    .22    .37
   Other activities, not elsewhere
    classified...........................    .36    .31    .37    .41    .51    .34    .33    .33    .32

    1 A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity. Other activities done simultaneously
 are not included.
    2 All major activity categories include related travel time. See Technical Note for activity
 category definitions.
    3 Estimates include a small amount of work time done by persons who do not meet the ATUS definition
 for employed.
    --- Not applicable.



 Table 9.  Time spent caring for household children under 18 by sex of adult (1) and age of youngest child by day of week, average for the combined years 2005-09


                                                                                    Average hours per day spent caring for household children


                    Childcare activities                                Total                             Weekdays                    Weekends and holidays(2)


                                                             Total       Men        Women       Total        Men        Women       Total        Men        Women


 Persons in households with children under 18, total:
  Caring for household children as a primary activity......  1.33        0.86        1.73        1.42        0.84        1.91        1.13        0.90        1.31
   Physical care...........................................   .45         .24         .63         .48         .25         .67         .39         .24         .52
   Education-related activities............................   .10         .06         .13         .13         .07         .17         .03         .02         .04
   Reading to/with children................................   .04         .02         .05         .04         .02         .05         .03         .02         .04
   Talking to/with children................................   .05         .03         .07         .06         .03         .08         .04         .02         .05
   Playing/doing hobbies with children.....................   .27         .25         .30         .26         .22         .29         .31         .31         .31
   Looking after children..................................   .08         .06         .09         .07         .05         .09         .09         .08         .10
   Attending children's events.............................   .06         .05         .07         .05         .04         .06         .08         .07         .08
   Travel related to care of household children............   .17         .11         .23         .21         .12         .28         .09         .08         .10
   Other childcare activities..............................   .11         .05         .17         .14         .06         .20         .06         .05         .08

   Persons in households with youngest child 6 to 17 years:
    Caring for household children as a primary activity....   .79         .51        1.03         .87         .52        1.18         .58         .48         .67
     Physical care.........................................   .15         .08         .21         .17         .09         .25         .09         .06         .13
     Education-related activities..........................   .12         .07         .16         .15         .09         .20         .04         .03         .05
     Reading to/with children..............................   .02         .01         .02         .02         .01         .03         .01         .01         .02
     Talking to/with children..............................   .07         .03         .09         .07         .04         .11         .05         .03         .06
     Playing/doing hobbies with children...................   .06         .08         .05         .06         .07         .04         .08         .08         .08
     Looking after children................................   .04         .03         .06         .04         .02         .05         .06         .05         .06
     Attending children's events...........................   .08         .06         .09         .06         .04         .08         .11         .10         .12
     Travel related to care of household children..........   .16         .10         .21         .19         .11         .26         .09         .08         .10
     Other childcare activities............................   .09         .05         .13         .11         .05         .16         .05         .04         .06

   Persons in households with youngest child under 6:
    Caring for household children as a primary activity....  1.98        1.30        2.54        2.08        1.25        2.75        1.76        1.42        2.03
     Physical care.........................................   .81         .45        1.10         .84         .44        1.16         .74         .47         .96
     Education-related activities..........................   .08         .05         .10         .10         .06         .13         .02         .01         .03
     Reading to/with children..............................   .06         .04         .08         .07         .04         .08         .05         .04         .07
     Talking to/with children..............................   .03         .02         .05         .04         .02         .05         .02         .01         .03
     Playing/doing hobbies with children...................   .52         .45         .58         .50         .39         .58         .58         .59         .57
     Looking after children................................   .11         .09         .13         .11         .07         .13         .13         .13         .14
     Attending children's events...........................   .04         .03         .05         .04         .02         .05         .05         .05         .04
     Travel related to care of household children..........   .19         .11         .25         .23         .13         .31         .09         .07         .10
     Other childcare activities............................   .14         .06         .20         .17         .07         .25         .08         .05         .10

    1 Persons 18 years and over living in households with children under 18, whether or not they provided childcare.
    2 Holidays are New Year's Day, Easter, Memorial Day, the Fourth of July, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day. Data were not collected about
 Thanksgiving Day in 2005; New Year's Day in 2007; and Christmas Day in 2008.



 Table 10.  Time spent providing secondary childcare for household children under 13 by sex of adult (1) and age of youngest child by day of week, average for the combined years 2005-09


                                                                                                      Average hours per day spent caring for household children(3)


                      Childcare activities(2)                                          Total                                   Weekdays                          Weekends and holidays(4)


                                                                         Total          Men          Women         Total          Men          Women         Total          Men          Women


 Persons in households with children under 13, total..............        5.31          4.17          6.26          4.33          3.01          5.42          7.58          6.84          8.21
  Caring for household children as a secondary activity in
     conjunction with:
    Personal care activities......................................         .27           .18           .35           .24           .15           .31           .34           .23           .43
    Household activities..........................................        1.25           .71          1.70          1.06           .49          1.54          1.68          1.21          2.08
    Purchasing goods and services.................................         .38           .26           .49           .29           .16           .40           .59           .49           .68
    Working and work-related activities...........................         .20           .17           .22           .22           .17           .26           .14           .17           .12
    Eating and drinking...........................................         .66           .58           .72           .54           .44           .62           .93           .89           .96
    Leisure and sports............................................        2.12          1.98          2.24          1.64          1.40          1.84          3.24          3.31          3.19
    Other activities..............................................         .43           .29           .54           .32           .18           .44           .66           .53           .76

    Persons in households with youngest child 6 to 12, total......        4.83          3.97          5.58          3.74          2.78          4.55          7.40          6.69          8.02
     Caring for household children as a secondary activity in
        conjunction with:
      Personal care activities....................................         .25           .16           .32           .21           .14           .27           .33           .22           .42
      Household activities........................................        1.12           .70          1.48           .86           .43          1.23          1.72          1.32          2.08
      Purchasing goods and services...............................         .29           .20           .37           .20           .11           .29           .50           .40           .59
      Working and work-related activities.........................         .20           .19           .21           .21           .19           .24           .16           .19           .13
      Eating and drinking.........................................         .57           .51           .62           .45           .37           .52           .84           .82           .86
      Leisure and sports..........................................        2.00          1.91          2.08          1.51          1.36          1.65          3.14          3.17          3.12
      Other activities............................................         .41           .30           .50           .28           .19           .36           .70           .57           .82

    Persons in households with youngest child under 6, total......        5.64          4.31          6.72          4.74          3.17          6.02          7.72          6.95          8.34
     Caring for household children as a secondary activity in
        conjunction with:
      Personal care activities....................................         .29           .19           .37           .26           .17           .34           .34           .24           .43
      Household activities........................................        1.34           .71          1.85          1.21           .53          1.76          1.66          1.14          2.08
      Purchasing goods and services...............................         .45           .30           .56           .35           .20           .48           .66           .55           .75
      Working and work-related activities.........................         .20           .17           .23           .23           .17           .28           .13           .16           .11
      Eating and drinking.........................................         .72           .63           .79           .61           .49           .70           .99           .95          1.02
      Leisure and sports..........................................        2.21          2.03          2.35          1.73          1.44          1.97          3.31          3.40          3.24
      Other activities............................................         .44           .28           .56           .35           .18           .49           .63           .51           .73

    1 Persons 18 years and over living in households with children under 13, whether or not they provided childcare.
    2 All major activity categories include related travel time. See Technical Note for activity category definitions.
    3 Secondary childcare time is defined as time one has a child under 13 "in his or her care" while doing something else as a main activity; information on secondary childcare is not
collected for children over 12 years.  Estimates include a small amount of care provided to own, nonhousehold children.
    4 Holidays are New Year's Day, Easter, Memorial Day, the Fourth of July, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day. Data were not collected about Thanksgiving Day in 2005;
New Year's Day in 2007; and Christmas Day in 2008.



 Table 11.  Time spent in leisure and sports activities for the civilian population by selected characteristics, 2009 annual averages


                                                                                                        Average hours per day spent in leisure and sports activities


                                                                                 Participating in                                                                                   Playing games and   Other leisure and
                                                 Total, all leisure and sports  sports, exercise,    Socializing and       Watching TV           Reading            Relaxing/        computer use for   sports activities,
                                                           activities             and recreation      communicating                                                  thinking            leisure            including
                     Characteristic                                                                                                                                                                         travel(1)


                                                                       Week-               Week-               Week-               Week-               Week-               Week-               Week-               Week-
                                                   Total,    Week-      ends     Week-      ends     Week-      ends     Week-      ends     Week-      ends     Week-      ends     Week-      ends     Week-      ends
                                                  all days    days      and       days      and       days      and       days      and       days      and       days      and       days      and       days      and
                                                                       holi-               holi-               holi-               holi-               holi-               holi-               holi-               holi-
                                                                      days(2)             days(2)             days(2)             days(2)             days(2)             days(2)             days(2)             days(2)


                          Sex
        Men.....................................     5.59      4.95      7.09      0.39      0.45      0.47      0.98      2.80      3.81      0.26      0.28      0.24      0.28      0.41      0.58      0.39      0.71
        Women...................................     4.93      4.48      5.99       .20       .24       .57      1.22      2.43      2.87       .41       .45       .24       .27       .32       .33       .31       .62

                          Age
        Total, 15 years and over................     5.25      4.71      6.53       .29       .34       .52      1.10      2.61      3.32       .33       .37       .24       .28       .36       .45       .35       .66
           15 to 19 years.......................     5.75      5.36      6.67       .68       .64       .73      1.26      2.19      2.62       .17       .09       .13       .11       .84      1.02       .63       .91
           20 to 24 years.......................     4.94      4.32      6.43       .32       .48       .57      1.29      2.28      2.86       .19       .15       .19       .22       .40       .52       .38       .92
           25 to 34 years.......................     4.57      3.83      6.37       .25       .40       .50      1.27      2.06      3.16       .17       .15       .18       .17       .35       .51       .32       .70
           35 to 44 years.......................     4.27      3.64      5.77       .24       .30       .46      1.03      2.13      2.91       .16       .24       .14       .22       .23       .45       .28       .62
           45 to 54 years.......................     4.83      4.21      6.21       .24       .35       .50      1.10      2.43      3.24       .26       .35       .21       .26       .25       .28       .32       .63
           55 to 64 years.......................     5.44      4.91      6.71       .23       .23       .45       .99      3.03      3.69       .43       .57       .24       .35       .29       .31       .24       .58
           65 to 74 years.......................     6.77      6.53      7.35       .35       .21       .59      1.01      3.58      4.17       .71       .68       .44       .45       .41       .31       .45       .54
           75 years and over....................     7.76      7.62      8.08       .24       .17       .56       .81      4.38      4.52      1.03      1.03       .64       .63       .42       .44       .35       .48

         Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
        White...................................     5.17      4.61      6.52       .29       .36       .52      1.13      2.51      3.23       .37       .41       .22       .26       .34       .45       .35       .68
        Black or African American...............     5.99      5.61      6.92       .29       .18       .62      1.04      3.48      4.13       .14       .14       .38       .43       .39       .39       .31       .62
        Hispanic or Latino ethnicity............     4.70      4.14      6.03       .24       .28       .53      1.38      2.52      3.18       .13       .10       .22       .24       .19       .25       .32       .61

                   Employment status
        Employed................................     4.24      3.50      5.98       .25       .37       .41      1.08      1.92      2.93       .22       .30       .19       .22       .22       .40       .30       .68
           Full-time workers....................     4.08      3.26      6.00       .22       .37       .37      1.08      1.85      2.98       .20       .28       .18       .21       .18       .40       .26       .67
           Part-time workers....................     4.80      4.31      5.91       .34       .37       .54      1.08      2.18      2.77       .28       .34       .20       .24       .35       .41       .42       .70
        Not employed............................     6.89      6.67      7.43       .37       .29       .71      1.14      3.73      3.97       .52       .49       .33       .37       .59       .53       .43       .64

          Earnings of full-time wage and salary
                         workers
               (single jobholders only)(3)
         0 - $510(c).............................  (c)4.45   (c)3.74   (c)5.99      0.16   (c)0.31   (c)0.36      1.14      2.28   (c)3.27      0.14      0.18      0.28      0.22   (c)0.20      0.39      0.34   (c)0.47
         $511 - $780(c)..........................     4.22   (c)3.41   (c)6.36    (c).19    (c).28    (c).36      1.06   (c)1.97   (c)3.36       .22    (c).23    (c).22    (c).24       .21    (c).46       .24    (c).74
         $781 - $1,190(c)........................  (c)4.22   (c)3.32   (c)6.27       .25       .34    (c).43      1.12   (c)1.95   (c)3.11       .20    (c).27    (c).11    (c).25       .18    (c).42    (c).19    (c).76
         $1,191 and higher(c)....................  (c)3.94   (c)3.03      6.09       .27    (c).46    (c).36    (c).98      1.54   (c)2.77       .25       .46       .16    (c).15       .15    (c).51       .30    (c).76

               Presence and age of children
         No household children under 18..........     5.78      5.26      7.01       .31       .32       .54      1.04      2.91      3.69       .42       .48       .29       .33       .42       .49       .38       .66
         Household children under 18.............     4.40      3.82      5.77       .27       .37       .50      1.20      2.13      2.74       .19       .19       .16       .20       .26       .39       .29       .67
            Children 13 to 17 years, none younger     4.92      4.26      6.31       .35       .41       .57      1.26      2.23      2.89       .26       .30       .18       .24       .31       .48       .37       .74
            Children 6 to 12 years, none younger      4.41      3.84      5.77       .34       .43       .47      1.11      2.10      2.67       .19       .20       .14       .19       .30       .45       .31       .72
            Youngest child under 6 years.........     4.11      3.56      5.44       .18       .30       .50      1.24      2.10      2.71       .15       .13       .18       .19       .21       .29       .24       .58

                  Marital status and sex
         Married, spouse present.................     4.83      4.24      6.20       .26       .30       .47      1.08      2.41      3.18       .35       .41       .23       .27       .25       .37       .28       .59
            Men..................................     5.20      4.49      6.81       .33       .39       .41       .95      2.68      3.77       .30       .34       .25       .31       .25       .41       .28       .65
            Women................................     4.46      4.00      5.56       .20       .21       .54      1.21      2.14      2.58       .39       .48       .20       .23       .25       .32       .27       .53
         Other marital statuses..................     5.73      5.23      6.91       .33       .39       .58      1.13      2.84      3.48       .32       .32       .25       .28       .49       .55       .42       .74
            Men..................................     6.06      5.50      7.45       .47       .54       .55      1.03      2.94      3.85       .21       .22       .23       .24       .60       .80       .51       .77
            Women................................     5.43      5.00      6.45       .21       .27       .61      1.23      2.75      3.16       .42       .41       .28       .32       .39       .34       .35       .72

             Educational attainment, 25 years
                         and over
         Less than a high school diploma.........     6.53      6.20      7.23       .21       .16       .58      1.19      4.16      4.40       .23       .21       .54       .66       .23       .21       .25       .41
         High school graduates, no college(4)....     5.79      5.32      6.91       .24       .24       .49      1.10      3.25      3.94       .39       .32       .31       .37       .32       .34       .31       .60
         Some college or associate degree........     4.95      4.33      6.38       .23       .30       .51       .99      2.37      3.32       .34       .47       .22       .20       .35       .49       .31       .61
         Bachelor's degree and higher(5).........     4.41      3.76      5.95       .30       .41       .47      1.05      1.85      2.67       .41       .56       .12       .17       .28       .41       .34       .69

         (1) Includes other leisure and sports activities, not elsewhere classified, and travel related to leisure and sports activities.
         (2) Holidays are New Year's Day, Easter, Memorial Day, the Fourth of July, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day.
         (3) These values are based on usual weekly earnings.  Each earnings range represents approximately 25 percent of full-time wage and salary workers who held one job only.
         (4) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
         (5) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
         (c) corrected
         NOTE:  Unless otherwise specified, data refer to persons 15 years and over.  Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race.


 Table 12.  Average hours per day spent in primary activities (1) for the civilian population, 2009 quarterly and
 annual averages

 (Not seasonally adjusted)


                                                                                2009


                   Activity                                       Quarterly averages
                                                                                                            Annual
                                                                                                           average
                                                      I             II           III            IV


 Total, all activities (2) ...................      24.00         24.00         24.00         24.00         24.00

   Personal care activities...................       9.37          9.49          9.55          9.38          9.45
      Sleeping................................       8.61          8.68          8.78          8.61          8.67
   Eating and drinking........................       1.21          1.21          1.25          1.22          1.22
   Household activities.......................       1.75          1.81          1.85          1.79          1.80
      Housework...............................        .66           .55           .59           .60           .60
      Food preparation and cleanup............        .51           .50           .57           .58           .54
      Lawn and garden care....................        .09           .33           .25           .13           .20
      Household management....................        .16           .13           .12           .12           .13
   Purchasing goods and services..............        .69           .77           .76           .82           .76
      Consumer purchases......................        .35           .36           .38           .42           .38
      Professional and personal care services         .08           .09           .09           .08           .09
   Caring for and helping household members...        .57           .54           .52           .53           .54
      Caring for and helping household
       children...............................        .44           .43           .42           .42           .43
   Caring for and helping nonhousehold members        .20           .21           .23           .20           .21
      Caring for and helping nonhousehold
       adults.................................        .06           .07           .08           .07           .07
   Working and work-related activities........       3.69          3.59          3.42          3.44          3.53
      Working.................................       3.33          3.22          3.07          3.09          3.18
   Educational activities.....................        .58           .37           .29           .62           .46
      Attending class.........................        .35           .21           .15           .34           .26
      Homework and research...................        .18           .13           .11           .22           .16
   Organizational, civic, and religious
    activities................................        .34           .34           .30           .37           .34
      Religious and spiritual activities......        .16           .16           .12           .14           .15
      Volunteering (organizational and civic
       activities)............................        .14           .14           .14           .18           .15
   Leisure and sports.........................       5.22          5.23          5.37          5.18          5.25
      Socializing and communicating...........        .64           .72           .71           .72           .70
      Watching television.....................       2.97          2.75          2.75          2.82          2.82
      Participating in sports, exercise, and
       recreation.............................        .25           .32           .39           .27           .31
   Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail..........        .20           .22           .17           .20           .20
   Other activities, not elsewhere classified         .19           .23           .28           .27           .24


    1 A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity.  Other activities done simultaneously are not
 included.
    2 All major activity categories include related travel time.  See Technical Note for activity category
 definitions.
    NOTE:  Data refer to persons 15 years and over.






Last Modified Date: June 22, 2011
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