Economic News Release

American Time Use Survey News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, June 22, 2011              USDL-11-0919

Technical information: (202) 691-6339  *  atusinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/tus
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                American Time Use Survey -- 2010 Results


In 2010, 82 percent of employed persons worked on an average weekday,
compared with 35 percent on an average weekend day, the U.S. Bureau of
Labor Statistics reported today. The American Time Use Survey (ATUS)
data include the average amount of time per day in 2010 that
individuals worked, did household activities, and engaged in leisure
and sports activities. Additionally, measures of the average time per
day spent providing childcare--both as a main activity and while doing
other things--for the combined years 2006-10 are provided. Except for
childcare, activities done simultaneously with primary activities were
not collected. For a further description of ATUS data and methodology,
see the Technical Note.

Working (by Employed Persons) in 2010

   --Employed persons worked an average of 7.5 hours on the days they
     worked. More hours were worked, on average, on weekdays than on
     weekend days--7.9 hours compared with 5.5 hours. (See table 4.)
  
   --On the days that they worked, employed men worked 41 minutes more than
     employed women. This difference partly reflects women's greater
     likelihood of working part time. However, even among full-time 
     workers (those usually working 35 hours or more per week), men 
     worked longer than women--8.2 hours compared with 7.8 hours. (See 
     table 4.)
  
   --Many more people worked on weekdays than on weekend days: 82
     percent of employed persons worked on an average weekday, compared
     with 35 percent on an average weekend day. These estimates include
     individuals who worked on the day, regardless of whether they usually
     work on those days. For example, the 35 percent of workers who worked
     on a weekend day includes those whose jobs are typically performed on
     weekends, as well as those who usually work on weekdays but spent time
     working on the weekend.  (See table 4.)
  
   --On the days that they worked, 24 percent of employed persons did
     some or all of their work at home, and 83 percent did some or all of
     their work at their workplace. Men and women were about equally likely
     to do some or all of their work at home. (See table 6.)
  
   --Multiple jobholders were more likely to work on an average weekend day 
     than were single jobholders--51 percent compared with 34 percent. 
     Multiple jobholders were nearly twice as likely to work at home as 
     were single jobholders--39 percent compared with 22 percent.(See 
     tables 4 and 6.)
  
   --Self-employed workers were three times more likely than wage and
     salary workers to have done some work at home on days worked--64
     percent compared with 19 percent. (See table 7.)
  
   --On the days that they worked, 36 percent of employed people age
     25 and over with a bachelor's degree or higher did some work at home,
     compared with only 10 percent of those with less than a high school
     diploma. (See table 6.)

Household Activities in 2010

   --On an average day, 84 percent of women and 67 percent of men spent 
     some time doing household activities such as housework, cooking,
     lawn care, or financial and other household management. (For a
     definition of average day, see the Technical Note.) (See table 1.)
  
   --On the days that they did household activities, women spent an
     average of 2.6 hours on such activities, while men spent 2.1 hours.
     (See table 1.)
  
   --On an average day, 20 percent of men did housework--such as cleaning 
     or doing laundry--compared with 49 percent of women. Forty-one
     percent of men did food preparation or cleanup, compared with 68
     percent of women. (See table 1.)

Leisure Activities in 2010

   --On an average day, nearly everyone age 15 and over engaged in some 
     sort of leisure activity, such as watching TV, socializing, or
     exercising. Of those who engaged in leisure activities, men spent more
     time in these activities (5.8 hours) than did women (5.1 hours). (See
     table 1.)

   --Watching TV was the leisure activity that occupied the most time
     (2.7 hours per day), accounting for about half of leisure time, on
     average, for those age 15 and over. Socializing, such as visiting with
     friends or attending or hosting social events, was the next most
     common leisure activity, accounting for nearly three-quarters of an
     hour per day. (See table 1.)

   --Men were more likely than women to participate in sports, exercise, or 
     recreation on any given day--22 percent compared with 16 percent. On 
     the days that they participated, men also spent more time in these 
     activities than did women--1.9 hours compared with 1.3 hours. (See 
     table 1.)
  
   --On an average day, adults age 75 and over spent 7.7 hours engaged
     in leisure activities--more than any other age group; 35- to 44-year-
     olds spent 4.2 hours engaged in leisure and sports activities--less
     than other age groups. (See table 11.)
  
   --Time spent reading for personal interest and playing games or using a 
     computer for leisure varied greatly by age. Individuals age 75 and over 
     averaged 1.1 hours of reading per weekend day and 18 minutes playing 
     games or using a computer for leisure. Conversely, individuals ages 15 
     to 19 read for an average of 6 minutes per weekend day while spending 
     1.1 hours playing games or using a computer for leisure. (See table 11.)
     
   --Employed adults living in households with no children under 18 engaged 
     in leisure activities for 4.5 hours per day, nearly an hour more than 
     employed adults living with a child under age 6. (See table 8.)

Care of Household Children (by Adults in Households with Children) for
the period 2006-10

   --Adults living in households with children under 6 spent an average of 
     2.0 hours per day providing primary childcare to household children. 
     Adults living in households where the youngest child was between the 
     ages of 6 and 17 spent less than half as much time providing primary 
     childcare to household children--47 minutes per day. Primary childcare 
     is childcare that is done as a main activity, such as physical care of 
     children and reading to or talking with children. (See table 9.)
  
   --On an average day, among adults living in households with children 
     under 6, women spent 1.1 hours providing physical care (such as 
     bathing or feeding a child) to household children; by contrast, men
     spent 26 minutes providing physical care. (See table 9.)
  
   --Adults living in households with at least one child under 6 spent an
     average of 5.6 hours per day providing secondary childcare--that is,
     they had at least one child in their care while doing activities other
     than primary childcare. Secondary childcare provided by adults living
     in households with children under 6 was most commonly provided while
     doing leisure activities (2.2 hours) or household activities (1.3
     hours). (See table 10.)

   --Adults living in households with children under 6 spent more time
     providing primary childcare on an average weekday (2.1 hours) than on
     an average weekend day (1.8 hours). However, they spent less time
     providing secondary childcare on weekdays than on weekend days--4.6
     hours compared with 7.7 hours. (See tables 9 and 10.)

Additional Data

ATUS 2010 data files are available for users to do their own
tabulations and analyses. In accordance with BLS and Census Bureau
policies that protect survey respondents' privacy, identifying
information was removed from the data files and some responses have
been edited. The 2010 data files are available on the BLS Web site at
www.bls.gov/tus/data.htm.




Technical Note

   The  estimates in this release are based  on  annual
average  data from the American Time Use Survey (ATUS).
The  ATUS, which is conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau
for  the  Bureau  of  Labor  Statistics  (BLS),  is   a
continuous survey about how individuals age 15 and over
spend their time.
   Information  in this release will be made  available
to  sensory  impaired individuals upon request.   Voice
phone:   (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service:   (800)
877-8339.

Survey methodology
   Data  collection for the ATUS began in January 2003.
Sample  cases for the survey are selected monthly,  and
interviews  are  conducted continuously throughout  the
year.   In 2010, approximately 13,200 individuals  were
interviewed.  Estimates are released annually.
   ATUS   sample   households  are  chosen   from   the
households   that   completed  their   eighth   (final)
interview for the Current Population Survey (CPS),  the
nation’s  monthly household labor force  survey.   ATUS
sample households are selected to ensure that estimates
will be nationally representative.
   One  individual  age 15 or over is  randomly  chosen
from  each sampled household.  This "designated person"
is  interviewed  by telephone once  about  his  or  her
activities  on the day before the interview--the  "diary
day."
   All  ATUS  interviews are conducted  using  Computer
Assisted  Telephone Interviewing.   Procedures  are  in
place  to collect information from the small number  of
households  that  did not provide  a  telephone  number
during the CPS interview.
   ATUS designated persons are preassigned a day of the
week  about which to report.  Preassignment is designed
to reduce variability in response rates across the week
and  to  allow  oversampling of weekend  days  so  that
accurate   weekend  day  measures  can  be   developed.
Interviews occur on the day following the assigned day.
For example, a person assigned to report about a Monday
would  be  contacted  on  the following  Tuesday.   Ten
percent  of designated persons are assigned  to  report
about  each of the five weekdays.  Twenty-five  percent
are   assigned  to  report  about  each  weekend   day.
Households  are  called for up to 8  consecutive  weeks
(for  example,  8  Tuesdays)  in  order  to  secure  an
interview.

About the questionnaire
   In  the  time  diary portion of the ATUS  interview,
survey respondents sequentially report activities  they
did  between  4  a.m. on the day before  the  interview
("yesterday") until 4 a.m. on the day of the interview.
For  each activity, respondents are asked how long  the
activity  lasted.  For activities other  than  personal
care   activities  (such  as  sleeping  and  grooming),
interviewers also ask respondents where they  were  and
who  was  in  the room with them (if at  home)  or  who
accompanied  them (if away from home).  If  respondents
report doing more than one activity at a time, they are
asked  to  identify which one was the "main"  (primary)
activity.   If  none  can  be  identified,   then   the
interviewer  records  the  first  activity   mentioned.
After  completing  the  time  diary,  interviewers  ask
respondents  additional questions to  clearly  identify
work, volunteering, and secondary childcare activities.
Secondary childcare is defined as having a child  under
age 13 in one’s care while doing other activities.
   In  addition,  the ATUS includes an  update  of  the
household  composition information from  the  last  CPS
interview  (2 to 5 months prior to the ATUS  interview)
and the employment status information of the respondent
and  his  or  her  spouse  or unmarried  partner.   For
respondents who became employed or changed jobs between
the   last   CPS  interview  and  the  ATUS  interview,
information  also is collected on industry, occupation,
class  of  worker,  and earnings.  For  those  who  are
unemployed  and/or  on  layoff, CPS  questions  on  job
search activities are asked.  Those who report being on
layoff  are asked if or when they expect to be recalled
to  work.   Finally,  a question about  current  school
enrollment status is asked of all respondents  ages  15
to 49.
   After  completing  the interview,  primary  activity
descriptions are assigned a single 6-digit  code  using
the  ATUS  Coding  Lexicon.  The 3-tier  coding  system
consists  of  17 major activity categories,  each  with
multiple  second- and third-tier subcategories.   These
coding  lexicon  categories  are  then  combined   into
composite categories for publication, such as  in  this
news release.  Descriptions of categories shown in this
release  can  be  found in the Major activity  category
definitions section of this Technical Note.   The  2010
ATUS    Coding    Lexicon   can    be    accessed    at
www.bls.gov/tus/lexicons.htm.

Concepts and definitions
   Average  day.  The average day measure  reflects  an
average   distribution  across  all  persons   in   the
reference population and all days of the week.  Average
day  measures  for  the  entire  population  provide  a
mechanism for seeing the overall distribution  of  time
allocation  for society as a whole.  The ATUS  collects
data  about daily activities from all segments  of  the
population age 15 and over, including persons  who  are
employed  and  not employed.  Activity profiles  differ
based  upon age, employment status, gender,  and  other
characteristics.  On an average day in 2010, persons in
the  U.S.  age  15  and over did work and  work-related
activities  for 3.5 hours, slept 8.7 hours,  spent  5.2
hours  doing leisure and sports activities,  and  spent
1.8  hours  doing household activities.  The  remaining
4.8 hours
were   spent  doing  a  variety  of  other  activities,
including  eating and drinking, attending  school,  and
shopping.   (See table 1.)  By comparison,  an  average
weekday  for  persons employed full time on  days  that
they  worked  included 9.1 hours doing work  and  work-
related activities, 7.5 hours sleeping, 2.9 hours doing
leisure  and  sports  activities, and  0.9  hour  doing
household  activities.  The remaining  3.6  hours  were
spent  in  other  activities, such as  those  described
above.  (These estimates include related travel time.)
   Many  activities typically are not done on  a  daily
basis, and some activities only are done by a subset of
the  population.  For example, only 42 percent  of  all
persons age 15 years and over worked on an average  day
in  2010  because some were not employed and those  who
were employed did not work every day.  (See table 1.)
   
   Average hours per day.  The average number of  hours
spent in a 24-hour day (between 4 a.m. on the diary day
and  4  a.m.  on the interview day) doing  a  specified
activity.

   --    Average hours per day, population.  The average
      number of hours per day is computed using all responses
      from a given population, including those of respondents
      who did not do a particular activity on their diary
      day.  These estimates reflect how many population
      members engaged in an activity and the amount of time
      they spent doing it.

   --    Average  hours per day, persons  who  did  the
      activity.  The average number of hours per day is
      computed using only responses from those who engaged in
      a particular activity on their diary day.

   Diary day.  The diary day is the day about which the
respondent reports.  For example, the diary  day  of  a
respondent interviewed on Tuesday is Monday.

   Earnings

   --    Usual  weekly  earnings.  Data  represent  the
      earnings of full-time wage and salary workers with one
      job only, before taxes and other deductions.  They
      include any overtime pay, commissions, or tips usually
      received.  Usual weekly earnings are only updated in
      ATUS for about a third of employed respondents—if the
      respondent changed jobs or employment status between
      the  CPS and ATUS interviews or if the CPS weekly
      earnings value was imputed.  This means that  the
      earnings information could be out of date because the
      CPS interview was done 2 to 5 months prior to the ATUS
      interview.  Respondents are asked to identify the
      easiest  way for them to report earnings (hourly,
      weekly, biweekly, twice monthly, annually, or other)
      and how much they usually earn in the reported time
      period.  Earnings reported on a basis other than weekly
      are converted to a weekly equivalent.  The term "usual"
      is as perceived by the respondent.  If the respondent
      asks for a definition of usual, interviewers  are
      instructed to define the term as more than half the
      weeks worked during the past 4 or 5 months.
 
   --   Weekly earnings ranges.  The ranges used represent
      approximately 25 percent of full-time wage and salary
      workers who held only one job.  For example, 25 percent
      of full-time wage and salary workers with one job only
      had weekly earnings of $540 or less.  These dollar
      values vary from year to year.
   
   Employment status

   --    Employed.  All persons who, at any time during the
      7 days prior to the interview:

      1)  Did any work at all as paid employees; worked
      in  their  own business, profession, or on  their
      own  farm; or usually worked 15 hours or more  as
      unpaid  workers in a family-operated  enterprise;
      or

      2)  Were  not working but had jobs or  businesses
      from  which they were temporarily absent  due  to
      illness,   bad   weather,   vacation,   childcare
      problems, labor-management disputes, maternity or
      paternity leave, job training, or other family or
      personal  reasons, whether or not they were  paid
      for the time off or were seeking other jobs.

   --   Employed full time.  Full-time workers are those
      who usually worked 35 hours or more per week at all
      jobs combined.

   --   Employed part time.  Part-time workers are those
      who usually worked fewer than 35 hours per week at all
      jobs combined.

   --   Not employed.  Persons are not employed if they do
      not  meet the conditions for employment.  The not
      employed include those classified as unemployed as well
      as those classified as not in the labor force (using
      CPS definitions).

   The numbers of employed and not employed persons  in
this  report do not correspond to published totals from
the  CPS  for  several reasons.  First,  the  reference
population  for  the  ATUS is age 15  years  and  over,
whereas  it  is  age  16 years and over  for  the  CPS.
Second,  ATUS  data  are  collected  continuously,  the
employment reference period being the 7 days  prior  to
the  interview.   By  contrast, CPS  data  are  usually
collected  during the week including the  19th  of  the
month   and  refer  to  employment  during   the   week
containing  the  12th of the month.  Finally,  the  CPS
accepts  answers  from household  members  about  other
household members whereas such proxy responses are  not
allowed in the ATUS.  One consequence of the difference
in  proxy  reporting  is  that a  significantly  higher
proportion of teenagers report employment in  the  ATUS
than  in  the CPS.  While the information on employment
from  the  ATUS  is useful for assessing  work  in  the
context of other daily activities, the employment  data
are  not  intended  for analysis of current  employment
trends.   Compared with the CPS and other estimates  of
employment,  the  ATUS estimates are based  on  a  much
smaller   sample   and  are  only  available   with   a
substantial  lag  since  ATUS data  and  estimates  are
published during the year following data collection.
   Household children.  Household children are children
under  age  18 residing in the household  of  the  ATUS
respondent.   The  children  may  be  related  to   the
respondent   (such   as  his  or  her   own   children,
grandchildren,  nieces  or  nephews,  or  brothers   or
sisters)  or  not related (such as foster  children  or
children of roommates).
   Primary  activity.  A primary activity is  the  main
activity  a  respondent was doing at a specified  time.
With the exception of secondary childcare in table  10,
the  estimates presented in this release  reflect  time
spent in primary activities only.
   Secondary activities.  A secondary (or simultaneous)
activity  is  an activity done at the same  time  as  a
primary  activity.  With the exception of the  care  of
children   under  age  13,  information  on   secondary
activities is not systematically collected in the ATUS.
   Secondary  childcare.  Secondary childcare  is  care
for  children under age 13 that is done while doing  an
activity other than primary childcare, such as  cooking
dinner.   Secondary childcare estimates are derived  by
summing  the  durations  of  activities  during   which
respondents  had  a  household  child  or   their   own
nonhousehold  child under age 13 in  their  care  while
doing  activities other than primary childcare.  It  is
restricted   to   times  the  respondent   was   awake.
Secondary  childcare  time for  household  children  is
further  restricted to the time between when the  first
household  child  under age 13 woke  up  and  the  last
household  child  under  age  13  went  to   bed.    If
respondents report providing both primary and secondary
care  at  the  same  time, the time  is  attributed  to
primary care only.
   Weekday,  weekend, and holiday estimates.  Estimates
for  weekdays  are an average of reports  about  Monday
through   Friday.   Estimates  for  weekend  days   and
holidays  are  an  average of reports about  Saturdays,
Sundays,  and the following holidays:  New Year’s  Day,
Easter,  Memorial Day, the Fourth of July,  Labor  Day,
Thanksgiving  Day,  and Christmas Day.   In  2010,  the
telephone  call  center was closed the  day  after  the
Fourth  of July, so data were not collected about  this
holiday.

Major activity category definitions
   The  following  definitions  describe  the  activity
categories  shown in this report.  All  major  time-use
categories  in the tables include related  travel  time
and waiting time.  For example, time spent "driving  to
the  stadium" and time spent "waiting to get  into  the
stadium  to  play  ball" are included  in  Leisure  and
sports.
   Personal  care activities.  Personal care activities
include   sleeping,  grooming  (such  as   bathing   or
dressing),  health-related self-care, and  personal  or
private  activities.   Receiving unpaid  personal  care
from  others (for example, "my sister put polish on  my
nails") also is captured in this category.  In general,
respondents are not asked who they were with  or  where
they   were  for  personal  care  activities,  as  such
information can be sensitive.
   Eating  and  drinking.   All time  spent  eating  or
drinking (except eating and drinking done as part of  a
work   or  volunteer  activity),  whether  alone,  with
others,  at home, at a place of purchase, or  somewhere
else,  is  classified here.  Time spent  purchasing  or
talking   related  to  purchasing  meals,  snacks,   or
beverages is not counted as part of this category; time
spent  doing these activities is counted in  Purchasing
goods and services.
   Household  activities.   Household  activities   are
those  done  by  persons to maintain their  households.
These include housework; cooking; lawn and garden care;
pet   care;   vehicle  maintenance  and  repair;   home
maintenance,  repair, decoration, and  renovation;  and
household   management  and  organizational  activities
(such  as filling out paperwork, balancing a checkbook,
or planning a party).  Food preparation, whether or not
reported  as  done  specifically for another  household
member,  is  always classified as a household  activity
unless  it  was done as a volunteer, work,  or  income-
generating  activity.  For example,  "making  breakfast
for  my  son" is coded as a household activity, not  as
childcare.
   Purchasing   goods  and  services.   This   category
includes purchases of consumer goods, professional  and
personal   care   services,  household  services,   and
government  services.  Consumer purchases include  most
purchases and rentals of consumer goods, regardless  of
the mode or place of purchase or rental (in person, via
telephone, over the Internet, at home, or in a  store).
Gasoline, grocery, other food purchases, and all  other
shopping are further broken out in subcategories.
   Time  spent  obtaining,  receiving,  and  purchasing
professional  and  personal care services  provided  by
someone  else  also  is classified  in  this  category.
Professional  services  include  childcare,   financial
services and banking, legal services, medical and adult
care  services,  real estate services,  and  veterinary
services.   Personal care services  include  day  spas,
hair  salons and barbershops, nail salons, and  tanning
salons.  Activities classified here include time  spent
paying,  meeting with, or talking to service providers,
as  well as time spent receiving the service or waiting
to receive the service.
   Time  spent  arranging for and purchasing  household
services  provided by someone else also  is  classified
here.    Household   services  include   housecleaning;
cooking;   lawn   care  and  landscaping;   pet   care;
tailoring,   laundering,  and  dry  cleaning;   vehicle
maintenance and repairs; and home repairs, maintenance,
and construction.
   This category also captures the time spent obtaining
government   services--such   as   applying   for   food
stamps--and  purchasing government-required licenses  or
paying fines or fees.
   Caring  for  and  helping household  members.   Time
spent  doing activities to care for or help  any  child
(under age 18) or adult in the household, regardless of
relationship  to  the respondent  or  the  physical  or
mental  health  status of the person being  helped,  is
classified here.  Caring for and helping activities for
household  children and adults are coded separately  in
subcategories.
   Primary  childcare  activities  include  time  spent
providing physical care; playing with children; reading
to   children;  assistance  with  homework;   attending
children’s  events;  taking care of  children’s  health
needs;  and  dropping off, picking up, and waiting  for
children.  Passive childcare done as a primary activity
(such as "keeping an eye on my son while he swam in the
pool") also is included.  A child’s presence during the
activity  is  not  enough  in itself  to  classify  the
activity   as   childcare.   For   example,   "watching
television  with  my  child"  is  coded  as  a  leisure
activity, not as childcare.
   Secondary childcare occurs when persons have a child
under  age  13  "in their care" while doing  activities
other   than   primary  childcare.   For   a   complete
definition, see the Concepts and definitions section of
this Technical Note.
   Caring  for  and  helping  household  members   also
includes  a  range of activities done to benefit  adult
members  of households, such as providing physical  and
medical  care  or  obtaining medical  services.   Doing
something  as a favor for or helping another  household
adult  does  not automatically result in classification
as  a  helping  activity.  For  example,  a  report  of
"helping  my  spouse  cook  dinner"  is  considered   a
household  activity (food preparation), not  a  helping
activity, because cooking dinner benefits the household
as  a  whole.  By contrast, doing paperwork for another
person usually benefits the individual, so a report  of
"filling out an insurance application for my spouse" is
considered a helping activity.
   Caring for and helping nonhousehold members.  Caring
for   and   helping   nonhousehold   members   includes
activities  persons do to care for or help those--either
children (under age 18) or adults--who do not live  with
them.   When done for or through an organization,  time
spent  helping  nonhousehold members is  classified  as
volunteering,  rather  than  as  helping   nonhousehold
members.  Care of nonhousehold children, even when done
as  a  favor or helping activity for another adult,  is
always   classified   as   caring   for   and   helping
nonhousehold children, not as helping another adult.
   Working  and work-related activities.  This category
includes time spent working, doing activities  as  part
of  one’s job, engaging in income-generating activities
(not  as part of one’s job), and job search activities.
"Working" includes hours spent doing the specific tasks
required  of  one’s  main or other job,  regardless  of
location  or  time  of day.  "Work-related  activities"
include activities that are not obviously work but  are
done  as  part of one’s job, such as having a  business
lunch  or  playing golf with clients.   "Other  income-
generating activities" are those done "on the side"  or
under  informal  arrangement and  are  not  part  of  a
regular  job.   Such activities might  include  selling
homemade  crafts,  babysitting,  maintaining  a  rental
property, or having a yard sale.  These activities  are
those that persons "are paid for or will be paid for."
   Travel  time  related  to working  and  work-related
activities  includes time spent traveling to  and  from
work, as well as time spent traveling for work-related,
income-generating, and job search activities.
   Educational   activities.   Educational   activities
include  taking classes (including Internet  and  other
distance-learning courses) for a degree as well as  for
personal  interest; doing research  and  homework;  and
taking   care  of  administrative  tasks   related   to
education, such as registering for classes or obtaining
a  school  ID.  For high school students,  before-  and
after-school extracurricular activities (except sports)
also   are   classified   as  educational   activities.
Educational  activities do not include time  spent  for
classes  or training received as part of a  job.   Time
spent   helping  others  with  their  education-related
activities is classified in the Caring for and  helping
categories.
   Organizational,  civic,  and  religious  activities.
This  category captures time spent volunteering for  or
through  an organization, performing civic obligations,
and   participating   in   religious   and   spiritual
activities.    Civic  obligations  include  government-
required duties, such as serving jury duty or appearing
in  court,  and  activities that assist  or  influence
government processes, such as voting or attending  town
hall  meetings.   Religious  activities  include  those
normally    associated   with    membership    in    or
identification    with    specific     religions     or
denominations,  such as attending religious  services;
participating  in choirs, youth groups, orchestras,  or
unpaid   teaching  (unless  identified   as   volunteer
activities);   and   engaging  in  personal   religious
practices, such as praying.
   Leisure and sports.  The leisure and sports category
includes  sports, exercise, and recreation; socializing
and   communicating;  and  other  leisure   activities.
Sports,  exercise,  and recreation  activities  include
participating    in--as    well    as    attending    or
watching--sports,     exercise,    and     recreational
activities.    Recreational  activities   are   leisure
activities  that  are active in nature,  such  as  yard
games  like  croquet  or horseshoes.   Socializing  and
communicating     includes     face-to-face      social
communication   and   hosting  or   attending   social
functions.   Leisure activities include watching  tele-
vision;   reading;   relaxing  or   thinking;   playing
computer, board, or card games; using a computer or the
Internet for personal interest; playing or listening to
music;  and  other activities, such as attending  arts,
cultural, and entertainment events.
   Telephone  calls, mail, and e-mail.   This  category
captures telephone communication and handling household
or  personal  mail or e-mail.  Telephone  and  Internet
purchases  are  classified  in  Purchasing  goods   and
services.   Telephone calls, mail, or e-mail identified
as  related  to work or volunteering are classified  as
work or volunteering.
   Other  activities, not elsewhere  classified.   This
residual category includes security procedures  related
to  traveling, traveling not associated with a specific
activity category, ambiguous activities that could  not
be  coded,  and missing activities.  Missing activities
result when respondents did not remember what they  did
for  a  period  of  time, or when  they  considered  an
activity too private or personal to report.


Processing and estimation
   After  ATUS  data are collected, they go through  an
editing  and  imputation procedure.  Responses  to  CPS
questions that are re-asked in the ATUS go through  the
regular CPS edit and imputation procedures.  Some  item
nonresponses for questions unique to the ATUS (such  as
where an activity took place or how much time was spent
doing  secondary childcare) also are imputed.   Missing
activities  and  missing values  for  who  was  present
during an activity are never imputed.
   ATUS  records are weighted quarterly to reduce  bias
in  the  estimates due to differences in  sampling  and
response  rates across subpopulations and days  of  the
week.   Specifically, the data are weighted  to  ensure
the following:

   --   Weekdays represent about 5/7 of the weighted data,
      and  weekend days each represent about 1/7 of the
      weighted data for the population as a whole.  The
      actual proportions depend on the number of weekdays
      and weekend days in a given quarter.

   --   The sum of the weights is equal to the number of
      person-days in the quarter for the population as a
      whole and for selected subpopulations.

Reliability of the estimates
   Statistics  based on the ATUS are  subject  to  both
sampling and nonsampling error.  When a sample,  rather
than  the  entire  population, is  surveyed,  estimates
differ  from the true population values they represent.
The  component  of this difference that occurs  because
samples  differ  by chance is known as sampling  error,
and  its variability is measured by the standard  error
of  the  estimate. Sample estimates from a given survey
design  are  unbiased when an average of the  estimates
from  all possible samples would yield, hypothetically,
the  true  population value. In this case,  the  sample
estimate  and  its  standard  error  can  be  used   to
construct  approximate confidence intervals, or  ranges
of  values that include the true population value  with
known  probabilities.  If the process  of  selecting  a
sample from the population were repeated many times, an
estimate made from each sample, and a suitable estimate
of  its standard error calculated for each sample, then
approximately  90 percent of the intervals  from  1.645
standard  errors below the estimate to  1.645  standard
errors  above  the  estimate  would  include  the  true
population value.  BLS analyses are generally conducted
at the 90-percent level of confidence.
   The ATUS data also are affected by nonsampling error,
which   is  the  average  difference  between population
and sample values for samples generated by a given  
process.  Nonsampling error can occur  for  many
reasons,  including the failure to sample a segment  of
the population, inability to obtain information for all
respondents  in the sample, inability or  unwillingness
of  respondents  to  provide correct  information,  and
errors  made  in  the collection or processing  of  the
data.   Errors  also  could occur  if  non-response  is
correlated with time use.
   Estimates of average hours per day and participation
rates are not published unless there are a minimum
number of respondents representing the given
population. Additional publication criteria are applied
that include the number of respondents who reported
doing a specified activity and the standard error or
coefficient of variation for the estimate. Estimates
that are considered "close to zero" or that round to
0.00, are published as approximately zero or "~0."  For
a detailed description of the statistical reliability
criteria necessary for publication, please contact ATUS
staff at ATUSinfo@bls.gov.



    Table 1.  Time spent in primary activities(1) and percent of the civilian population engaging in each activity, averages per
    day by sex, 2010 annual averages
                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                   
                                                             Average hours per day, Average percent engaged  Average hours per day 
                                                              civilian population   in the activity per day for persons who engaged
                           Activity                                                                             in the activity    
                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                   
                                                             Total    Men    Women   Total    Men    Women   Total    Men    Women 
                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                   
    Total, all activities(2)...............................   24.00   24.00   24.00    ---     ---     ---     ---     ---     --- 
                                                                                                                                   
      Personal care activities.............................    9.47    9.25    9.67   99.9    99.9   100.0     9.48    9.26    9.68
         Sleeping..........................................    8.67    8.56    8.76   99.9    99.9    99.9     8.68    8.58    8.77
      Eating and drinking..................................    1.25    1.29    1.21   95.9    96.1    95.7     1.30    1.34    1.26
      Household activities.................................    1.79    1.42    2.14   75.5    66.8    83.7     2.38    2.13    2.56
         Housework.........................................     .57     .26     .87   34.7    20.0    48.5     1.65    1.30    1.79
         Food preparation and cleanup......................     .56     .32     .79   54.8    41.3    67.5     1.02     .77    1.16
         Lawn and garden care..............................     .21     .31     .12    9.9    12.3     7.6     2.14    2.51    1.57
         Household management..............................     .12     .10     .15   17.7    14.0    21.3      .70     .71     .69
      Purchasing goods and services........................     .75     .62     .86   43.9    40.2    47.4     1.70    1.55    1.81
         Consumer goods purchases..........................     .37     .30     .44   39.8    36.6    42.9      .94     .83    1.03
         Professional and personal care services...........     .08     .06     .10    8.1     6.2     9.8      .99     .97    1.00
      Caring for and helping household members.............     .51     .33     .67   25.0    19.6    30.1     2.03    1.70    2.24
         Caring for and helping household children.........     .40     .26     .54   21.3    16.3    26.0     1.90    1.57    2.09
      Caring for and helping nonhousehold members..........     .21     .19     .23   12.3    11.3    13.3     1.72    1.73    1.72
         Caring for and helping nonhousehold adults........     .08     .08     .08    8.0     7.7     8.3     1.01    1.08     .95
      Working and work-related activities..................    3.50    4.09    2.94   44.7    50.1    39.6     7.82    8.15    7.44
         Working...........................................    3.14    3.65    2.66   42.0    46.8    37.4     7.48    7.79    7.11
      Educational activities...............................     .47     .47     .48    8.4     7.8     9.0     5.61    5.96    5.32
         Attending class...................................     .28     .30     .26    5.6     5.8     5.5     4.92    5.20    4.65
         Homework and research.............................     .16     .13     .18    5.9     5.3     6.5     2.68    2.53    2.80
      Organizational, civic, and religious activities......     .35     .30     .40   14.8    11.9    17.6     2.34    2.49    2.25
         Religious and spiritual activities................     .16     .13     .18    9.2     7.3    11.0     1.69    1.84    1.59
         Volunteering (organizational and civic activities)     .15     .13     .18    7.0     5.7     8.2     2.19    2.23    2.16
      Leisure and sports...................................    5.18    5.57    4.82   95.8    96.1    95.4     5.41    5.79    5.05
         Socializing and communicating.....................     .70     .68     .73   37.0    34.4    39.5     1.90    1.97    1.85
         Watching television...............................    2.73    2.94    2.53   79.4    80.4    78.4     3.44    3.66    3.22
         Participating in sports, exercise, and recreation      .31     .42     .20   18.5    21.5    15.6     1.66    1.93    1.30
      Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail....................     .18     .13     .21   23.0    18.0    27.8      .76     .75     .77
      Other activities, not elsewhere classified...........     .35     .33     .36   18.8    18.1    19.6     1.84    1.84    1.85

    (1) A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity.  Other activities done simultaneously are not included.
    (2) All major activity categories include related travel time.  See Technical Note for activity category definitions.
    --- Not applicable.
    NOTE:  Data refer to persons 15 years and over.




    Table 2.  Time spent in primary activities(1) and percent of the civilian population engaging in each
    activity, averages per day on weekdays and weekends, 2010 annual averages
                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                  
                                                        Average hours per    Average percent    Average hours per 
                                                          day, civilian       engaged in the   day for persons who
                                                            population       activity per day     engaged in the  
                                                                                                     activity     
                         Activity                                                                                 
                                                                                                                  
                                                                  Weekends            Weekends            Weekends
                                                        Weekdays    and     Weekdays    and     Weekdays    and   
                                                                  holidays            holidays            holidays
                                                                    (2)                 (2)                 (2)   
                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                  
    Total, all activities(3)..........................    24.00     24.00     ---       ---       ---       ---   
                                                                                                                  
      Personal care activities........................     9.20     10.11     99.9      99.9       9.21     10.12 
         Sleeping.....................................     8.38      9.34     99.9      99.9       8.39      9.35 
      Eating and drinking.............................     1.20      1.36     96.3      94.9       1.24      1.43 
      Household activities............................     1.68      2.06     75.5      75.5       2.23      2.73 
         Housework....................................      .53       .67     34.0      36.3       1.57      1.84 
         Food preparation and cleanup.................      .54       .60     55.4      53.4        .98      1.13 
         Lawn and garden care.........................      .18       .28      9.2      11.5       2.00      2.40 
         Household management.........................      .12       .14     18.0      17.1        .64       .84 
      Purchasing goods and services...................      .71       .82     43.7      44.4       1.63      1.85 
         Consumer goods purchases.....................      .32       .49     38.7      42.4        .84      1.15 
         Professional and personal care services......      .10       .03      9.9       3.8       1.00       .92 
      Caring for and helping household members........      .54       .43     26.5      21.5       2.04      2.01 
         Caring for and helping household children....      .42       .36     22.6      18.2       1.86      2.00 
      Caring for and helping nonhousehold members.....      .20       .23     11.9      13.5       1.72      1.72 
         Caring for and helping nonhousehold adults...      .08       .09      7.5       9.2       1.05       .94 
      Working and work-related activities.............     4.40      1.33     53.5      23.6       8.23      5.64 
         Working......................................     3.96      1.18     50.5      21.6       7.84      5.45 
      Educational activities..........................      .60       .18      9.8       5.2       6.10      3.43 
         Attending class..............................      .39       .02      7.8        .5       4.97      3.28 
         Homework and research........................      .16       .15      6.4       4.7       2.50      3.28 
      Organizational, civic, and religious activities       .26       .56     12.7      19.9       2.03      2.83 
         Religious and spiritual activities...........      .09       .31      6.7      15.3       1.36      2.02 
         Volunteering (organizational and civic                                                                   
       activities)....................................      .14       .18      6.9       7.2       2.04      2.52 
      Leisure and sports..............................     4.67      6.40     95.2      97.1       4.91      6.59 
         Socializing and communicating................      .55      1.07     34.3      43.4       1.61      2.46 
         Watching television..........................     2.52      3.23     78.7      81.0       3.20      3.99 
         Participating in sports, exercise, and                                                                   
       recreation.....................................      .29       .35     19.1      17.0       1.50      2.07 
      Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail...............      .18       .16     24.3      20.0        .75       .80 
      Other activities, not elsewhere classified......      .35       .34     19.4      17.5       1.80      1.96 

    (1) A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity.  Other activities done simultaneously are not included.
    (2) Holidays are New Year's Day, Easter, Memorial Day, the Fourth of July, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and
    Christmas Day.  In 2010, data were not collected for the Fourth of July.
    (3) All major activity categories include related travel time.  See Technical Note for activity category definitions.
    --- Not applicable.
    NOTE:  Data refer to persons 15 years and over.
    
    
    

    Table 3.  Time spent in primary activities(1) for the civilian population by age, sex, race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, marital status, and
    educational attainment, 2010 annual averages
                                                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                            
                                                                       Average hours per day spent in primary activities(2)                                 
                                                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                            
                                                                                         Caring                      Organiza-                       Other  
             Characteristic           Personal                     Purchasi-   Caring   for and   Working  Educatio-  tional,            Telephone activiti-
                                        care     Eating  Household  ng goods  for and   helping  and work-    nal      civic,   Leisure    calls,   es, not 
                                     activiti-    and    activiti-    and     helping     non-    related  activiti-    and       and    mail, and elsewhere
                                         es     drinking     es     services household household activiti-     es    religious   sports    e-mail  classifi-
                                                                              members   members      es              activiti-                         ed   
                                                                                                                         es                                 
                                                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                            
    Total, 15 years and over........     9.47      1.25      1.79      0.75      0.51      0.21      3.50      0.47      0.35      5.18      0.18      0.35 
      15 to 19 years................    10.34      1.00       .77       .51       .14       .18      1.00      3.40       .27      5.69       .28       .42 
      20 to 24 years................     9.79      1.16      1.26       .65       .56       .20      3.38       .95       .21      5.34       .13       .37 
      25 to 34 years................     9.38      1.24      1.44       .70      1.01       .17      4.70       .26       .27      4.40       .13       .30 
      35 to 44 years................     9.13      1.19      1.93       .79      1.07       .15      4.67       .14       .31      4.17       .12       .33 
      45 to 54 years................     9.02      1.22      2.02       .74       .38       .27      4.71       .10       .37      4.66       .16       .36 
      55 to 64 years................     9.37      1.30      2.07       .84       .12       .27      3.84       .06       .38      5.24       .20       .29 
      65 to 74 years................     9.67      1.42      2.41       .94       .11       .31      1.15       ~0        .52      6.85       .23       .37 
      75 years and over.............    10.11      1.52      2.29       .74       .04       .12       .23       ~0        .56      7.69       .27       .41 
                                                                                                                                                            
     Men, 15 years and over.........     9.25      1.29      1.42       .62       .33       .19      4.09       .47       .30      5.57       .13       .33 
      15 to 19 years................    10.25       .93       .69       .45       .07       .17      1.00      3.13       .28      6.29       .28       .46 
      20 to 24 years................     9.64      1.22      1.01       .56       .13       .20      3.47      1.21       .15      5.99       .11       .32 
      25 to 34 years................     8.98      1.29      1.08       .61       .58       .18      5.56       .26       .24      4.80       .12       .29 
      35 to 44 years................     8.92      1.25      1.47       .70       .79       .18      5.50       .07       .29      4.51       .08       .24 
      45 to 54 years................     8.80      1.27      1.64       .55       .29       .21      5.38       .03       .35      4.97       .09       .41 
      55 to 64 years................     9.21      1.38      1.68       .68       .11       .22      4.35       .06       .30      5.58       .15       .28 
      65 to 74 years................     9.63      1.45      2.04       .74       .10       .26      1.48     (5)         .43      7.37       .11       .35 
      75 years and over.............     9.87      1.59      1.85       .72       .03       .14       .33       ~0        .38      8.41       .26       .43 
                                                                                                                                                            
     Women, 15 years and over.......     9.67      1.21      2.14       .86       .67       .23      2.94       .48       .40      4.82       .21       .36 
      15 to 19 years................    10.43      1.08       .86       .57       .22       .18      1.00      3.67       .26      5.08       .27       .39 
      20 to 24 years................     9.95      1.11      1.51       .74       .98       .20      3.28       .70       .27      4.69       .15       .43 
      25 to 34 years................     9.78      1.19      1.80       .80      1.43       .16      3.83       .27       .29      3.99       .14       .32 
      35 to 44 years................     9.33      1.12      2.38       .87      1.35       .13      3.85       .21       .34      3.85       .15       .42 
      45 to 54 years................     9.23      1.17      2.40       .92       .46       .34      4.06       .16       .38      4.35       .22       .32 
      55 to 64 years................     9.52      1.22      2.43      1.00       .13       .31      3.38       .05       .46      4.93       .25       .31 
      65 to 74 years................     9.71      1.39      2.72      1.10       .12       .35       .87       ~0        .60      6.41       .33       .38 
      75 years and over.............    10.28      1.48      2.59       .75       .05       .11       .17       ~0        .68      7.20       .28       .40 
                                                                                                                                                            
     White, 15 years and over.......     9.39      1.29      1.86       .76       .51       .21      3.55       .45       .33      5.14       .16       .35 
      Men...........................     9.20      1.32      1.47       .62       .33       .19      4.15       .46       .27      5.53       .12       .33 
      Women.........................     9.59      1.25      2.24       .89       .67       .23      2.97       .44       .39      4.77       .21       .36 

                                                                                                                                                            
     Black or African American, 15                                                                                                                          
      years and over................     9.95      0.93      1.38      0.72      0.46      0.23      3.05      0.56      0.51      5.61      0.25      0.33 
      Men...........................     9.58       .98      1.12       .64       .26       .19      3.65       .40       .55      6.09       .22       .32 
      Women.........................    10.26       .88      1.60       .79       .63       .27      2.57       .69       .49      5.21       .28       .34 
                                                                                                                                                            
     Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,                                                                                                                          
      15 years and over.............     9.74      1.23      1.77       .73       .71       .21      3.36       .59       .27      4.89       .12       .37 
      Men...........................     9.54      1.29      1.12       .65       .44       .21      4.03       .55       .24      5.47       .10       .36 
      Women.........................     9.96      1.17      2.46       .81       .99       .20      2.66       .64       .31      4.28       .14       .38 
                                                                                                                                                            
    Marital status and sex:                                                                                                                                 
     Married, spouse present........     9.23      1.34      2.12       .81       .72       .21      3.83       .08       .40      4.76       .14       .36 
      Men...........................     9.06      1.38      1.63       .66       .52       .18      4.57       .05       .35      5.16       .10       .34 
      Women.........................     9.40      1.30      2.61       .96       .93       .24      3.09       .11       .45      4.36       .19       .37 
     Other marital statuses.........     9.73      1.15      1.44       .68       .27       .21      3.13       .90       .30      5.64       .21       .34 
      Men...........................     9.49      1.18      1.18       .58       .11       .21      3.51       .96       .24      6.04       .18       .32 
      Women.........................     9.95      1.12      1.67       .76       .41       .22      2.80       .85       .34      5.28       .24       .35 
                                                                                                                                                            
     Educational attainment, 25                                                                                                                             
       years and over:                                                                                                                                      
     Less than a high school diploma     9.92      1.13      2.15       .63       .50       .26      2.40       .04       .38      6.08       .10       .41 
     High school graduates, no                                                                                                                              
        college(3)..................     9.49      1.22      2.12       .77       .41       .24      3.40       .05       .32      5.53       .14       .30 
     Some college or associate                                                                                                                              
        degree......................     9.30      1.24      1.90       .83       .56       .21      3.79       .21       .39      5.02       .21       .34 
     Bachelor's degree and higher(4)     9.03      1.42      1.77       .80       .67       .19      4.63       .13       .40      4.41       .19       .35 

    (1) A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity.  Other activities done simultaneously are not included. 
    (2) All major activity categories include related travel time.  See Technical Note for activity category definitions.
    (3) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
    (4) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
    (5) Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey standard for quality and reliability.
    ~0  Estimate is approximately zero.
    NOTE:  Unless otherwise specified, data refer to persons 15 years and over.  Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race.




    Table 4.  Employed persons working and time spent working on days worked by full- and part-time status and sex, jobholding status, educational
    attainment, and day of week, 2010 annual averages

    (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                  
                                                          Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked 
                                                               on an average day           on an average weekday        on an average Saturday,   
                                                                                                                         Sunday, and holiday(1)   
                  Characteristic                 Total                                                                                            
                                                employed                                                                                          
                                                                    Percent   Average             Percent   Average             Percent   Average 
                                                           Number      of     hours of Number(3)     of     hours of Number(4)     of     hours of
                                                                    employed  work(2)             employed  work(2)             employed  work(2) 
                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                  
        Full- and part-time status and sex                                                                                                        
    Total, 15 years and over(5)...............  147,746   100,837     68.2       7.50   120,718     81.7       7.86    52,356     35.4       5.48 
       Full-time workers......................  113,036    81,985     72.5       8.00    99,587     88.1       8.39    39,318     34.8       5.59 
       Part-time workers......................   34,701    18,851     54.3       5.37    21,178     61.0       5.43    13,060     37.6       5.16 
     Men(5)...................................   77,569    54,551     70.3       7.82    64,585     83.3       8.19    29,583     38.1       5.80 
       Full-time workers......................   64,043    47,201     73.7       8.17    57,004     89.0       8.56    23,156     36.2       5.86 
       Part-time workers......................   13,526     7,351     54.3       5.53     7,667     56.7       5.51     6,506     48.1       5.59 
     Women(5).................................   70,178    46,285     66.0       7.14    56,118     80.0       7.49    22,835     32.5       5.08 
       Full-time workers......................   48,993    34,785     71.0       7.75    42,579     86.9       8.16    16,178     33.0       5.21 
       Part-time workers......................   21,175    11,501     54.3       5.27    13,530     63.9       5.38     6,664     31.5       4.76 
                                                                                                                                                  
                Jobholding status                                                                                                                 
    Single jobholders.........................  134,253    90,351     67.3       7.51   108,641     80.9       7.85    45,357     33.8       5.47 
    Multiple jobholders.......................   13,484    10,486     77.8       7.48    12,099     89.7       7.97     6,867     50.9       5.58 
                                                                                                                                                  
    Educational attainment, 25 years and over                                                                                                     
    Less than a high school diploma...........   10,054     6,639     66.0       7.74     8,120     80.8       7.82     3,211     31.9       7.29 
    High school graduates, no college(6)......   36,218    24,311     67.1       7.75    29,059     80.2       8.01    12,805     35.4       6.33 
    Some college or associate degree..........   31,814    21,792     68.5       7.64    26,646     83.8       7.88    10,157     31.9       6.15 
    Bachelor's degree and higher(7)...........   49,407    36,323     73.5       7.40    43,699     88.4       8.01    18,304     37.0       3.86 

    (1) Holidays are New Year's Day, Easter, Memorial Day, the Fourth of July, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day.  In 2010, data were
    not collected for the Fourth of July.
    (2) Includes work at main and other job(s), and excludes travel related to work.
    (3) Number was derived by multiplying the "Total employed" by the percent of employed persons who worked on an average weekday.
    (4) Number was derived by multiplying the "Total employed" by the percent of employed persons who worked on an average Saturday, Sunday, and holiday.
    (5) Includes workers whose hours vary.
    (6) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
    (7) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
    NOTE:  Unless otherwise specified, data refer to persons 15 years and over.




    Table 5.  Employed persons working on main job and time spent working on days worked by class of worker, occupation, earnings, and day of
    week, 2010 annual averages

    (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                  
                                                          Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked 
                                                               on an average day           on an average weekday        on an average Saturday,   
                                                                                                                         Sunday, and holiday(1)   
                  Characteristic                 Total                                                                                            
                                                employed                                                                                          
                                                                    Percent   Average             Percent   Average             Percent   Average 
                                                           Number      of     hours of Number(3)     of     hours of Number(4)     of     hours of
                                                                    employed  work(2)             employed  work(2)             employed  work(2) 
                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                  
         Class of worker (main job only)                                                                                                          
    Wage and salary workers...................  135,964    92,042     67.7       7.50   111,068     81.7       7.84    45,820     33.7       5.50 
    Self-employed workers(5)..................   11,654     7,483     64.2       6.63     8,628     74.0       7.00     4,572     39.2       4.86 
                                                                                                                                                  
            Occupation (main job only)                                                                                                            
    Management, business, and financial                                                                                                           
       operations.............................   23,670    17,817     75.3       7.70    21,814     92.2       8.41     8,563     36.2       3.52 
    Professional and related..................   35,408    24,365     68.8       7.13    29,445     83.2       7.58    11,357     32.1       4.17 
    Services..................................   24,517    15,059     61.4       7.03    16,727     68.2       7.10    11,062     45.1       6.75 
    Sales and related.........................   14,964    10,732     71.7       7.16    11,624     77.7       7.44     8,313     55.6       6.07 
    Office and administrative support.........   17,835    11,145     62.5       7.23    14,174     79.5       7.44     3,577     20.1       5.25 
    Farming, fishing, and forestry............    (7)       (7)       (7)        5.83     (7)       (7)        6.10     (7)       (7)       (7)   
    Construction and extraction...............    7,256     4,502     62.0       8.14     5,814     80.1       8.16     1,063     14.6       7.93 
    Installation, maintenance, and repair.....    5,380     3,930     73.1       7.93     4,963     92.3       8.13     1,678     31.2       6.70 
    Production................................    9,060     6,313     69.7       8.25     7,952     87.8       8.44     2,230     24.6       6.59 
    Transportation and material moving........    8,651     5,185     59.9       8.34     6,638     76.7       8.51     2,335     27.0       7.42 
                                                                                                                                                  
      Earnings of full-time wage and salary                                                                                                       
       workers (single jobholders only)(6)                                                                                                        
    0 - $540..................................   23,302    16,138     69.3       7.84    19,115     82.0       7.96     8,878     38.1       7.21 
    $541 - $810...............................   22,864    15,793     69.1       8.09    19,895     87.0       8.34     6,274     27.4       6.24 
    $811 - $1,230.............................   22,405    16,294     72.7       8.01    19,927     88.9       8.45     6,973     31.1       4.75 
    $1,231 and higher.........................   22,905    16,887     73.7       8.11    20,980     91.6       8.69     6,978     30.5       3.85 

    (1) Holidays are New Year's Day, Easter, Memorial Day, the Fourth of July, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day.  In 2010, data were
    not collected for the Fourth of July.
    (2) Includes work at main job only and excludes travel related to work.
    (3) Number was derived by multiplying the "Total employed" by the percent of employed persons who worked on an average weekday.
    (4) Number was derived by multiplying the "Total employed" by the percent of employed persons who worked on an average Saturday, Sunday, and holiday.
    (5) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are unincorporated.  Self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated are
    classified as wage and salary workers.
    (6) These values are based on usual weekly earnings.  Each earnings range represents approximately 25 percent of full-time wage and salary
    workers who held only one job.
    (7) Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey standard for quality and reliability.
    NOTE:  Data refer to persons 15 years and over.




    Table 6.  Employed persons working(1) at home and at their workplace and time spent working at each location by full- and part-time status and
    sex, jobholding status, and educational attainment, 2010 annual averages

    (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                  
                                                          Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked 
                                                               on an average day          at their workplace on an       at home on an average    
                                                                                               average day(2)                  day(2)(3)          
                                                 Total                                                                                            
                  Characteristic                employed                                                                                          
                                                                    Percent   Average             Percent   Average             Percent   Average 
                                                           Number      of     hours of   Number   of those  hours of   Number   of those  hours of
                                                                    employed    work                who     work at               who     work at 
                                                                                                   worked  workplace             worked     home  
                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                  
        Full- and part-time status and sex                                                                                                        
    Total, 15 years and over(4)...............  147,746   100,837     68.2       7.50    83,512     82.8       7.76    23,805     23.6       2.96 
       Full-time workers......................  113,036    81,985     72.5       8.00    69,147     84.3       8.17    18,943     23.1       3.10 
       Part-time workers......................   34,701    18,851     54.3       5.37    14,365     76.2       5.80     4,862     25.8       2.41 
     Men(4)...................................   77,569    54,551     70.3       7.82    46,072     84.5       7.96    12,476     22.9       2.91 
       Full-time workers......................   64,043    47,201     73.7       8.17    40,324     85.4       8.28    10,647     22.6       2.98 
       Part-time workers......................   13,526     7,351     54.3       5.53     5,748     78.2       5.74     1,829     24.9       2.47 
     Women(4).................................   70,178    46,285     66.0       7.14    37,439     80.9       7.52    11,329     24.5       3.02 
       Full-time workers......................   48,993    34,785     71.0       7.75    28,823     82.9       8.02     8,296     23.8       3.25 
       Part-time workers......................   21,175    11,501     54.3       5.27     8,617     74.9       5.84     3,033     26.4       2.37 
                                                                                                                                                  
                Jobholding status                                                                                                                 
    Single jobholders.........................  134,253    90,351     67.3       7.51    75,312     83.4       7.78    19,725     21.8       2.97 
    Multiple jobholders.......................   13,484    10,486     77.8       7.48     8,200     78.2       7.60     4,081     38.9       2.93 
                                                                                                                                                  
    Educational attainment, 25 years and over                                                                                                     
    Less than a high school diploma...........   10,054     6,639     66.0       7.74     6,090     91.7       7.84       688     10.4       2.64 
    High school graduates, no college(5)......   36,218    24,311     67.1       7.75    20,892     85.9       7.89     4,039     16.6       3.82 
    Some college or associate degree..........   31,814    21,792     68.5       7.64    18,299     84.0       7.93     4,965     22.8       2.99 
    Bachelor's degree and higher(6)...........   49,407    36,323     73.5       7.40    27,412     75.5       7.84    13,118     36.1       2.67 

    (1) Includes work at main and other job(s) and at locations other than home or workplace.  Excludes travel related to work.
    (2) Individuals may have worked at more than one location.
    (3) "Working at home" includes any time persons did work at home and is not restricted to persons whose usual workplace is their home.
    (4) Includes workers whose hours vary.
    (5) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
    (6) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
    NOTE:  Unless otherwise specified, data refer to persons 15 years and over.




    Table 7.  Employed persons working on main job(1) at home and at their workplace and time spent working at each location by class of worker,
    occupation, and earnings, 2010 annual averages

    (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                  
                                                          Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked 
                                                               on an average day          at their workplace on an       at home on an average    
                                                                                               average day(2)                  day(2)(3)          
                                                 Total                                                                                            
                  Characteristic                employed                                                                                          
                                                                    Percent   Average             Percent   Average             Percent   Average 
                                                           Number      of     hours of   Number   of those  hours of   Number   of those  hours of
                                                                    employed    work                who     work at               who     work at 
                                                                                                   worked  workplace             worked     home  
                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                  
         Class of worker (main job only)                                                                                                          
    Wage and salary workers...................  135,964    92,042     67.7       7.50    78,978     85.8       7.75    17,449     19.0       2.68 
    Self-employed workers(4)..................   11,654     7,483     64.2       6.63     3,609     48.2       7.24     4,807     64.2       3.91 
                                                                                                                                                  
            Occupation (main job only)                                                                                                            
    Management, business, and financial                                                                                                           
       operations.............................   23,670    17,817     75.3       7.70    13,721     77.0       8.15     5,870     32.9       3.32 
    Professional and related..................   35,408    24,365     68.8       7.13    18,378     75.4       7.77     8,028     32.9       2.58 
    Services..................................   24,517    15,059     61.4       7.03    12,997     86.3       7.18     2,255     15.0       3.09 
    Sales and related.........................   14,964    10,732     71.7       7.16     8,560     79.8       7.34     2,857     26.6       3.22 
    Office and administrative support.........   17,835    11,145     62.5       7.23    10,196     91.5       7.41     1,177     10.6       3.04 
    Farming, fishing, and forestry............    (6)       (6)       (6)        5.83     (6)       (6)        6.16     (6)       (6)       (6)   
    Construction and extraction...............    7,256     4,502     62.0       8.14     4,098     91.0       8.13       520     11.6      (6)   
    Installation, maintenance, and repair.....    5,380     3,930     73.1       7.93     3,586     91.2       8.01       498     12.7       2.09 
    Production................................    9,060     6,313     69.7       8.25     6,058     96.0       8.27       401      6.3       3.24 
    Transportation and material moving........    8,651     5,185     59.9       8.34     4,602     88.7       8.11       535     10.3       3.48 
                                                                                                                                                  
      Earnings of full-time wage and salary                                                                                                       
                     workers                                                                                                                      
           (single jobholders only)(5)                                                                                                            
    0 - $540..................................   23,302    16,138     69.3       7.84    15,118     93.7       7.96     1,081      6.7       3.09 
    $541 - $810...............................   22,864    15,793     69.1       8.09    14,572     92.3       8.14     1,860     11.8       2.45 
    $811 - $1,230.............................   22,405    16,294     72.7       8.01    13,926     85.5       8.25     2,684     16.5       2.38 
    $1,231 and higher.........................   22,905    16,887     73.7       8.11    13,640     80.8       8.50     5,289     31.3       2.62 

    (1) Includes work at main job only and at locations other than home or workplace.  Excludes travel related to work.
    (2) Individuals may have worked at more than one location.
    (3) "Working at home" includes any time persons did work at home and is not restricted to persons whose usual workplace is their home.
    (4) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are unincorporated.  Self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated are
    classified as wage and salary workers.
    (5) These values are based on usual weekly earnings.  Each earnings range represents approximately 25 percent of full-time wage and salary
    workers who held only one job.
    (6) Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey standard for quality and reliability.
    NOTE:  Data refer to persons 15 years and over.




    Table 8.  Time spent in primary activities(1) for the civilian population 18 years and over by employment status, presence
    and age of youngest household child, and sex, 2010 annual averages

    
    Total
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                       Average hours per day spent in primary activities      
                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                              
                               Activity                          Youngest household   Youngest household      No household    
                                                                    child under 6         child 6-17        children under 18 
                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                              
                                                                 Total   Men   Women  Total   Men   Women  Total   Men   Women
                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                              
        Total, all activities(2)...............................  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00
                                                                                                                              
          Personal care activities.............................   9.22   8.89   9.49   9.29   9.05   9.50   9.53   9.32   9.73
             Sleeping..........................................   8.56   8.32   8.76   8.52   8.37   8.64   8.68   8.61   8.75
          Eating and drinking..................................   1.14   1.20   1.08   1.20   1.27   1.14   1.31   1.34   1.28
          Household activities.................................   1.83   1.30   2.28   1.94   1.43   2.40   1.85   1.54   2.15
             Housework.........................................    .67    .31    .97    .67    .26   1.04    .55    .26    .84
             Food preparation and cleanup......................    .71    .35   1.02    .63    .35    .88    .53    .32    .74
             Lawn and garden care..............................    .11    .19    .05    .18    .29    .09    .26    .37    .16
             Household management..............................    .10    .11    .10    .12    .09    .15    .13    .11    .16
          Purchasing goods and services........................    .79    .66    .89    .73    .55    .89    .76    .65    .87
             Consumer goods purchases..........................    .41    .32    .48    .39    .27    .49    .37    .31    .42
             Professional and personal care services...........    .07    .05    .08    .06    .05    .07    .09    .07    .12
          Caring for and helping household members.............   1.97   1.35   2.50    .80    .55   1.03    .05    .04    .06
             Caring for and helping household children.........   1.74   1.17   2.22    .61    .41    .79    ---    ---    ---
          Caring for and helping nonhousehold members..........    .13    .12    .14    .17    .15    .19    .25    .23    .28
             Caring for and helping nonhousehold adults........    .06    .04    .07    .09    .09    .08    .09    .10    .08
          Working and work-related activities..................   4.01   5.35   2.89   4.11   4.98   3.33   3.44   3.83   3.06
             Working...........................................   3.60   4.78   2.62   3.71   4.48   3.02   3.08   3.41   2.76
          Educational activities...............................    .15    .12    .17    .32    .26    .37    .26    .29    .23
             Attending class...................................    .06   (4)     .06    .16    .15    .17    .11    .15    .08
             Homework and research.............................    .07    .05    .09    .13    .09    .16    .13    .13    .13
          Organizational, civic, and religious activities......    .27    .28    .27    .39    .39    .40    .36    .27    .45
             Religious and spiritual activities................    .13    .14    .13    .16    .16    .16    .16    .13    .20
             Volunteering (organizational and civic activities)    .10    .10    .10    .18    .17    .19    .16    .11    .20
          Leisure and sports...................................   4.04   4.38   3.75   4.49   4.87   4.15   5.68   6.02   5.34
             Socializing and communicating.....................    .75    .70    .79    .67    .67    .67    .70    .68    .72
             Watching television...............................   2.14   2.39   1.94   2.33   2.52   2.15   3.07   3.27   2.87
             Participating in sports, exercise, and recreation     .24    .34    .14    .29    .41    .18    .29    .38    .20
          Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail....................    .09    .06    .12    .14    .11    .16    .20    .14    .25
          Other activities, not elsewhere classified...........    .36    .29    .42    .41    .38    .44    .32    .32    .31



    Employed
                                                                                                                              
                                                                       Average hours per day spent in primary activities      
                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                              
                               Activity                          Youngest household   Youngest household      No household    
                                                                    child under 6         child 6-17        children under 18 
                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                              
                                                                 Total   Men   Women  Total   Men   Women  Total   Men   Women
                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                              
        Total, all activities(2)...............................  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00
                                                                                                                              
          Personal care activities.............................   9.01   8.83   9.23   9.00   8.76   9.24   9.15   8.97   9.34
             Sleeping..........................................   8.32   8.25   8.41   8.21   8.06   8.36   8.30   8.25   8.36
          Eating and drinking..................................   1.15   1.22   1.08   1.22   1.30   1.15   1.32   1.36   1.26
          Household activities.................................   1.42   1.12   1.77   1.71   1.29   2.14   1.46   1.26   1.68
             Housework.........................................    .47    .24    .75    .52    .19    .87    .41    .22    .62
             Food preparation and cleanup......................    .52    .31    .78    .55    .31    .80    .40    .27    .54
             Lawn and garden care..............................    .10    .16    .03    .17    .26    .08    .20    .27    .12
             Household management..............................    .11    .12    .09    .11    .10    .13    .12    .10    .14
          Purchasing goods and services........................    .70    .60    .81    .71    .58    .86    .70    .60    .82
             Consumer goods purchases..........................    .36    .28    .45    .38    .28    .48    .35    .30    .41
             Professional and personal care services...........    .06    .05    .06    .05    .05    .05    .06    .05    .07
          Caring for and helping household members.............   1.64   1.26   2.08    .72    .56    .89    .04    .03    .05
             Caring for and helping household children.........   1.43   1.12   1.79    .53    .41    .66    ---    ---    ---
          Caring for and helping nonhousehold members..........    .10    .08    .11    .14    .12    .16    .21    .18    .24
             Caring for and helping nonhousehold adults........    .03    .03    .04    .06    .06    .06    .08    .07    .09
          Working and work-related activities..................   5.65   6.37   4.80   5.67   6.35   4.96   5.70   5.98   5.39
             Working...........................................   5.16   5.77   4.45   5.19   5.78   4.57   5.21   5.45   4.95
          Educational activities...............................    .09    .05    .13    .19    .16    .22    .20    .20    .20
             Attending class...................................    .02     ~0    .04    .09    .11    .08    .09    .12    .07
             Homework and research.............................    .05    .03    .08    .08    .04    .12    .09    .07    .12
          Organizational, civic, and religious activities......    .21    .24    .18    .36    .37    .35    .27    .23    .33
             Religious and spiritual activities................    .10    .11    .09    .16    .18    .14    .13    .11    .15
             Volunteering (organizational and civic activities)    .08    .10    .06    .16    .14    .17    .12    .09    .14
          Leisure and sports...................................   3.65   3.91   3.34   3.80   4.07   3.52   4.54   4.81   4.24
             Socializing and communicating.....................    .67    .62    .72    .58    .57    .58    .65    .61    .70
             Watching television...............................   1.91   2.13   1.66   1.97   2.11   1.83   2.32   2.50   2.12
             Participating in sports, exercise, and recreation     .22    .28    .15    .26    .36    .16    .27    .33    .21
          Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail....................    .08    .05    .11    .11    .10    .13    .15    .11    .19
          Other activities, not elsewhere classified...........    .31    .27    .35    .37    .35    .38    .27    .28    .25



    Not employed
                                                                                                                         
                                                                       Average hours per day spent in primary activities      
                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                              
                               Activity                          Youngest household   Youngest household      No household    
                                                                    child under 6         child 6-17        children under 18 
                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                              
                                                                 Total   Men   Women  Total   Men   Women  Total   Men   Women
                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                              
        Total, all activities(2)...............................  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00
                                                                                                                              
          Personal care activities.............................   9.69   9.16   9.87  10.02  10.04  10.00  10.07   9.91  10.21
             Sleeping..........................................   9.11   8.65   9.27   9.28   9.44   9.18   9.22   9.21   9.23
          Eating and drinking..................................   1.10   1.13   1.09   1.16   1.19   1.14   1.31   1.31   1.31
          Household activities.................................   2.79   2.17   3.00   2.52   1.87   2.91   2.41   2.01   2.74
             Housework.........................................   1.12    .61   1.29   1.04    .48   1.37    .75    .32   1.11
             Food preparation and cleanup......................   1.16    .54   1.37    .82    .48   1.03    .72    .42    .98
             Lawn and garden care..............................    .13    .34    .06    .20    .37    .11    .36    .53    .21
             Household management..............................    .10    .06    .11    .14    .06    .18    .16    .12    .19
          Purchasing goods and services........................   1.00   1.00   1.00    .79    .49    .97    .84    .74    .93
             Consumer goods purchases..........................    .52    .50    .53    .43    .27    .52    .38    .33    .43
             Professional and personal care services...........    .11    .08    .12    .07   (4)     .09    .14    .10    .17
          Caring for and helping household members.............   2.75   1.75   3.10   1.01    .53   1.30    .06    .05    .07
             Caring for and helping household children.........   2.48   1.43   2.84    .81    .40   1.05    ---    ---    ---
          Caring for and helping nonhousehold members..........    .21   (4)     .18    .25   (4)     .24    .32    .31    .32
             Caring for and helping nonhousehold adults........    .10    .08    .11    .14   (4)     .12    .11    .14    .08
          Working and work-related activities(3)...............    .22   (4)     .16    .27    .38    .21    .19    .26    .14
             Working(3)........................................     ~0   (4)    (4)     .07   (4)    (4)     .02     ~0    .01
          Educational activities...............................    .29   (4)     .22    .64    .61    .66    .35    .45    .26
             Attending class...................................    .13   (4)     .08    .32   (4)     .34    .14    .20    .09
             Homework and research.............................    .12   (4)     .11    .24    .26    .23    .18    .23    .15
          Organizational, civic, and religious activities......    .40    .43    .39    .46   (4)     .47    .48    .34    .60
             Religious and spiritual activities................    .21   (4)     .18    .17    .11    .20    .22    .16    .26
             Volunteering (organizational and civic activities)    .14   (4)     .16    .24   (4)     .23    .22    .14    .28
          Leisure and sports...................................   4.92   6.63   4.33   6.17   7.58   5.34   7.31   8.03   6.71
             Socializing and communicating.....................    .93   1.08    .88    .90    .99    .84    .76    .79    .73
             Watching television...............................   2.67   3.66   2.34   3.20   3.91   2.78   4.15   4.56   3.80
             Participating in sports, exercise, and recreation     .27   (4)     .14    .35    .58    .21    .31    .45    .18
          Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail....................    .13    .10    .14    .19    .13    .22    .26    .20    .32
          Other activities, not elsewhere classified...........    .50    .42    .52    .52    .47    .54    .39    .40    .39

        (1) A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity.  Other activities done simultaneously are not
        included. 
        (2) All major activity categories include related travel time.  See Technical Note for activity category definitions.
        (3) Estimates include a small amount of work time done by persons who do not meet the ATUS definition for employed.
        (4) Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey standard for quality and reliability.
        ~0  Estimate is approximately zero.
        --- Not applicable.




    Table 9.  Time spent caring for household children under 18 by sex of adult(1) and age of youngest child by day of week, average
    for the combined years 2006-10
                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                      
                                                                      Average hours per day spent caring for household children       
                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                      
                       Childcare activities                             Total                  Weekdays              Weekends and     
                                                                                                                     holidays(2)      
                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                      
                                                                Total    Men    Women   Total    Men    Women   Total    Men    Women 
                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                      
    Persons in households with children under 18, total:                                                                              
     Caring for household children as a primary activity......    1.33    0.87    1.72    1.41    0.85    1.89    1.13    0.91    1.32
      Physical care...........................................     .45     .24     .62     .47     .24     .67     .39     .23     .52
      Education-related activities............................     .10     .06     .13     .12     .07     .17     .03     .02     .04
      Reading to/with children................................     .04     .02     .05     .04     .02     .05     .03     .02     .04
      Talking to/with children................................     .05     .03     .07     .06     .03     .08     .03     .02     .04
      Playing/doing hobbies with children.....................     .28     .25     .31     .27     .22     .30     .33     .33     .32
      Looking after children..................................     .07     .06     .09     .07     .04     .09     .09     .09     .10
      Attending children's events.............................     .06     .05     .07     .05     .03     .06     .08     .07     .08
      Travel related to care of household children............     .17     .11     .22     .20     .12     .27     .09     .07     .10
      Other childcare activities..............................     .11     .06     .16     .13     .06     .19     .06     .04     .08
                                                                                                                                      
      Persons in households with youngest child 6 to 17 years:                                                                        
       Caring for household children as a primary activity....     .78     .52    1.01     .86     .53    1.15     .58     .48     .67
        Physical care.........................................     .15     .08     .21     .18     .09     .25     .10     .06     .13
        Education-related activities..........................     .11     .07     .15     .14     .08     .20     .04     .03     .05
        Reading to/with children..............................     .02     .01     .02     .02     .01     .02     .01     .01     .02
        Talking to/with children..............................     .06     .03     .09     .07     .04     .10     .04     .03     .06
        Playing/doing hobbies with children...................     .07     .08     .06     .06     .07     .05     .09     .10     .07
        Looking after children................................     .04     .03     .06     .04     .02     .05     .06     .05     .07
        Attending children's events...........................     .07     .06     .09     .06     .05     .08     .10     .09     .12
        Travel related to care of household children..........     .16     .10     .20     .18     .12     .25     .09     .08     .10
        Other childcare activities............................     .09     .05     .13     .11     .05     .15     .05     .04     .07
                                                                                                                                      
      Persons in households with youngest child under 6:                                                                              
       Caring for household children as a primary activity....    1.98    1.30    2.53    2.07    1.25    2.74    1.77    1.42    2.06
        Physical care.........................................     .79     .43    1.09     .82     .43    1.15     .73     .44     .96
        Education-related activities..........................     .08     .05     .10     .10     .06     .14     .02     .01     .03
        Reading to/with children..............................     .06     .04     .08     .06     .04     .08     .05     .04     .07
        Talking to/with children..............................     .03     .02     .04     .04     .02     .05     .02     .01     .02
        Playing/doing hobbies with children...................     .54     .47     .60     .51     .41     .60     .61     .62     .60
        Looking after children................................     .11     .09     .13     .10     .07     .13     .13     .13     .14
        Attending children's events...........................     .04     .03     .05     .03     .02     .05     .05     .05     .05
        Travel related to care of household children..........     .19     .12     .24     .23     .14     .31     .09     .07     .10
        Other childcare activities............................     .14     .06     .19     .16     .07     .24     .07     .05     .09

    (1) Persons 18 years and over living in households with children under 18, whether or not they provided childcare.
    (2) Holidays are New Year's Day, Easter, Memorial Day, the Fourth of July, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day. Data
    were not collected about New Year's Day in 2007, Christmas Day in 2008, and the Fourth of July in 2010.




    Table 10.  Time spent providing secondary childcare for household children under 13 by sex of adult(1) and age of youngest child by day
    of week, average for the combined years 2006-10
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                            Average hours per day spent caring for household children(3)     
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
                         Childcare activities(2)                               Total                  Weekdays              Weekends and     
                                                                                                                            holidays(4)      
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                       Total    Men    Women   Total    Men    Women   Total    Men    Women 
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
    Persons in households with children under 13, total..............    5.26    4.17    6.18    4.28    3.02    5.34    7.53    6.83    8.12
     Caring for household children as a secondary activity in                                                                                
        conjunction with:                                                                                                                    
       Personal care activities......................................     .26     .17     .34     .23     .15     .31     .33     .23     .42
       Household activities..........................................    1.22     .70    1.66    1.04     .49    1.51    1.64    1.20    2.02
       Purchasing goods and services.................................     .37     .26     .47     .28     .16     .39     .58     .49     .65
       Working and work-related activities...........................     .20     .18     .22     .23     .18     .27     .15     .17     .12
       Eating and drinking...........................................     .65     .58     .72     .53     .44     .62     .93     .90     .96
       Leisure and sports............................................    2.10    1.97    2.22    1.62    1.40    1.80    3.23    3.29    3.17
       Other activities..............................................     .44     .31     .55     .34     .21     .45     .67     .56     .77
                                                                                                                                             
       Persons in households with youngest child 6 to 12, total......    4.83    4.02    5.54    3.77    2.91    4.51    7.33    6.63    7.94
        Caring for household children as a secondary activity in                                                                             
           conjunction with:                                                                                                                 
         Personal care activities....................................     .24     .17     .31     .21     .14     .27     .32     .22     .41
         Household activities........................................    1.10     .69    1.45     .85     .44    1.21    1.67    1.27    2.02
         Purchasing goods and services...............................     .29     .21     .37     .21     .12     .28     .50     .41     .58
         Working and work-related activities.........................     .20     .19     .21     .22     .19     .24     .17     .19     .14
         Eating and drinking.........................................     .57     .52     .62     .46     .39     .52     .85     .82     .87
         Leisure and sports..........................................    1.99    1.93    2.05    1.52    1.41    1.62    3.09    3.14    3.05
         Other activities............................................     .43     .33     .52     .30     .22     .38     .73     .58     .86
                                                                                                                                             
       Persons in households with youngest child under 6, total......    5.56    4.28    6.61    4.64    3.10    5.91    7.67    6.98    8.24
        Caring for household children as a secondary activity in                                                                             
           conjunction with:                                                                                                                 
         Personal care activities....................................     .28     .18     .36     .25     .15     .33     .34     .24     .43
         Household activities........................................    1.31     .71    1.81    1.18     .53    1.72    1.62    1.14    2.01
         Purchasing goods and services...............................     .43     .29     .53     .34     .19     .46     .63     .54     .70
         Working and work-related activities.........................     .20     .17     .23     .23     .18     .28     .13     .16     .11
         Eating and drinking.........................................     .71     .62     .79     .59     .47     .69     .99     .96    1.02
         Leisure and sports..........................................    2.18    2.00    2.33    1.68    1.39    1.93    3.32    3.40    3.25
         Other activities............................................     .45     .31     .57     .37     .20     .50     .63     .54     .71

    (1) Persons 18 years and over living in households with children under 13, whether or not they provided childcare.
    (2) All major activity categories include related travel time.  See Technical Note for activity category definitions.
    (3) Secondary childcare time is defined as time one has a child under 13 "in his or her care" while doing something else as a main
    activity; information on secondary childcare is not collected for children over 12 years.  Estimates include a small amount of care
    provided to own, nonhousehold children.
    (4) Holidays are New Year's Day, Easter, Memorial Day, the Fourth of July, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day. Data were not
    collected about New Year's Day in 2007, Christmas Day in 2008, and the Fourth of July in 2010.




Table 11.  Time spent in leisure and sports activities for the civilian population by selected characteristics, 2010 annual averages
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                              Average hours per day spent in leisure and sports activities                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                             Participating in sports,                                                                                                       Relaxing/             Playing games and computer     Other leisure and sports  
                                               Total, all leisure and sports activities      exercise, and recreation   Socializing and communicating          Watching TV                     Reading                       thinking                  use for leisure            activities, including    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        travel(1)          
                 Characteristic                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                Week-                         Week-                         Week-                         Week-                         Week-                         Week-                         Week-                         Week-    
                                               Total, all        Week-          ends           Week-          ends           Week-          ends           Week-          ends           Week-          ends           Week-          ends           Week-          ends           Week-          ends     
                                                  days           days            and           days            and           days            and           days            and           days            and           days            and           days            and           days            and     
                                                                                holi-                         holi-                         holi-                         holi-                         holi-                         holi-                         holi-                         holi-    
                                                                               days(2)                       days(2)                       days(2)                       days(2)                       days(2)                       days(2)                       days(2)                       days(2)   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                      Sex                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
    Men.....................................       5.57           4.99           6.96           0.39           0.49           0.54           1.02           2.68           3.56           0.24           0.29           0.27           0.33           0.45           0.54           0.43           0.74    
    Women...................................       4.82           4.37           5.88            .19            .22            .56           1.12           2.36           2.91            .33            .38            .29            .28            .33            .38            .29            .57    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                      Age                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
    Total, 15 years and over................       5.18           4.67           6.40            .29            .35            .55           1.07           2.52           3.23            .29            .34            .28            .31            .39            .46            .36            .65    
       15 to 19 years.......................       5.69           5.27           6.67            .67            .77            .74           1.09           2.23           2.49            .12            .10            .11            .21            .85           1.10            .55            .92    
       20 to 24 years.......................       5.34           4.66           6.97            .25            .37            .71           1.46           2.09           2.85           (6)             .16            .28            .26            .65            .88            .50            .99    
       25 to 34 years.......................       4.40           3.74           5.98            .26            .37            .59           1.28           1.91           2.84            .13            .15            .18            .21            .37            .41            .30            .71    
       35 to 44 years.......................       4.17           3.61           5.55            .26            .33            .45            .99           1.96           2.87            .16            .19            .24            .17            .29            .36            .26            .64    
       45 to 54 years.......................       4.66           4.10           5.97            .21            .30            .54            .97           2.37           3.26            .24            .27            .25            .32            .19            .29            .30            .55    
       55 to 64 years.......................       5.24           4.69           6.58            .23            .31            .45            .92           2.75           3.71            .35            .43            .26            .31            .29            .35            .36            .54    
       65 to 74 years.......................       6.85           6.66           7.34            .31            .27            .59            .98           3.77           4.00            .62            .72            .55            .49            .38            .31            .44            .56    
       75 years and over....................       7.69           7.59           7.90            .27            .14            .47            .94           4.50           4.26            .85           1.14            .64            .70            .49            .30            .36            .41    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
     Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
    White...................................       5.14           4.62           6.39            .30            .36            .53           1.09           2.45           3.19            .31            .37            .27            .28            .41            .45            .36            .66    
    Black or African American...............       5.61           5.19           6.61            .21            .21            .63           1.01           3.18           3.71            .17            .18            .40            .47            .27            .46            .32            .58    
    Hispanic or Latino ethnicity............       4.89           4.40           6.05            .23            .27            .56           1.29           2.50           3.12            .15            .11            .33            .30            .29            .33            .33            .65    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
               Employment status                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
    Employed................................       4.22           3.59           5.78            .24            .35            .48           1.05           1.88           2.86            .20            .25            .19            .24            .29            .38            .32            .66    
       Full-time workers....................       3.99           3.26           5.77            .23            .36            .41           1.05           1.74           2.86            .17            .23            .19            .25            .24            .37            .28            .65    
       Part-time workers....................       4.97           4.63           5.81            .27            .32            .70           1.07           2.32           2.82            .27            .31            .20            .21            .42            .40            .44            .68    
    Not employed............................       6.68           6.40           7.35            .36            .36            .67           1.09           3.54           3.79            .43            .47            .43            .41            .55            .58            .41            .65    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
     Earnings of full-time wage and salary                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                    workers                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
          (single jobholders only)(3)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
    0 - $540................................       4.24           3.70           5.57           0.19           0.25           0.43           1.06           2.02           2.80           0.16           0.14           0.23           0.29           0.40           0.43           0.27           0.60    
    $541 - $810.............................       4.21           3.47           5.92            .19            .32            .46           1.06           1.94           3.15            .11            .23            .22            .23            .21            .41            .33            .52    
    $811 - $1,230...........................       4.03           3.24           6.08            .26            .40            .44           1.07           1.70           2.99            .18            .21            .16            .31            .22            .42            .29            .68    
    $1,231 and higher.......................       3.81           3.00           5.78            .28            .43            .33            .98           1.56           2.68            .23            .36            .14            .17            .19            .32            .27            .84    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
          Presence and age of children                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
    No household children under 18..........       5.67           5.17           6.88            .29            .35            .56           1.02           2.82           3.56            .37            .45            .30            .36            .44            .49            .39            .65    
    Household children under 18.............       4.40           3.87           5.65            .29            .35            .54           1.14           2.03           2.71            .15            .16            .26            .21            .30            .41            .30            .65    
       Children 13 to 17 years, none younger       4.83           4.39           5.99            .43            .36            .61            .99           2.16           3.09            .17            .21            .29            .18            .39            .52            .34            .64    
       Children 6 to 12 years, none younger        4.49           4.02           5.58            .27            .40            .52           1.02           2.03           2.61            .18            .19            .29            .28            .37            .42            .36            .67    
       Youngest child under 6 years.........       4.08           3.46           5.51            .22            .31            .51           1.32           1.97           2.59            .12            .12            .22            .19            .20            .35            .23            .64    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
             Marital status and sex                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
    Married, spouse present.................       4.76           4.24           6.00            .25            .33            .50           1.05           2.35           3.12            .30            .35            .28            .28            .26            .29            .29            .57    
       Men..................................       5.16           4.62           6.49            .32            .43            .47            .97           2.68           3.56            .27            .33            .28            .33            .25            .27            .35            .61    
       Women................................       4.36           3.85           5.52            .18            .23            .53           1.14           2.01           2.69            .33            .38            .28            .24            .27            .31            .24            .53    
    Other marital statuses..................       5.64           5.14           6.85            .33            .38            .61           1.09           2.70           3.35            .27            .32            .29            .33            .52            .64            .42            .74    
       Men..................................       6.04           5.43           7.52            .47            .56            .62           1.07           2.68           3.57            .19            .25            .27            .33            .68            .85            .52            .89    
       Women................................       5.28           4.88           6.26            .21            .22            .60           1.10           2.71           3.15            .34            .39            .31            .33            .38            .46            .34            .62    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
        Educational attainment, 25 years                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                    and over                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
    Less than a high school diploma.........       6.08           5.77           6.83            .19            .20            .55           1.13           3.82           4.12            .17            .16            .64            .66            .18            .13            .23            .43    
    High school graduates, no college(4)....       5.53           5.07           6.63            .20            .28            .53            .98           3.01           3.76            .30            .34            .33            .37            .34            .38            .37            .53    
    Some college or associate degree........       5.02           4.49           6.28            .26            .29            .50            .98           2.48           3.43            .31            .38            .26            .25            .35            .35            .32            .60    
    Bachelor's degree and higher(5).........       4.41           3.81           5.84            .32            .38            .50           1.06           1.82           2.60            .39            .52            .17            .20            .31            .38            .31            .70    

    (1) Includes other leisure and sports activities, not elsewhere classified, and travel related to leisure and sports activities.
    (2) Holidays are New Year's Day, Easter, Memorial Day, the Fourth of July, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day.  In 2010, data were not collected for the Fourth of July.
    (3) These values are based on usual weekly earnings.  Each earnings range represents approximately 25 percent of full-time wage and salary workers who held one job only.
    (4) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
    (5) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
    (6) Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey standard for quality and reliability.
    NOTE:  Unless otherwise specified, data refer to persons 15 years and over.  Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race.




    Table 12.  Average hours per day spent in primary activities(1) for the civilian population, 2010 quarterly and annual
    averages

    (Not seasonally adjusted)
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                             2010                                
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
                           Activity                                            Quarterly averages                                
                                                                                                                        Annual   
                                                                                                                       average   
                                                                  I             II           III            IV                   
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
    Total, all activities(2)...............................      24.00         24.00         24.00         24.00         24.00   
                                                                                                                                 
      Personal care activities.............................       9.52          9.46          9.43          9.48          9.47   
         Sleeping..........................................       8.72          8.67          8.61          8.66          8.67   
      Eating and drinking..................................       1.20          1.23          1.31          1.25          1.25   
      Household activities.................................       1.67          1.88          1.82          1.81          1.79   
         Housework.........................................        .58           .56           .59           .57           .57   
         Food preparation and cleanup......................        .57           .54           .55           .58           .56   
         Lawn and garden care..............................        .09           .35           .27           .14           .21   
         Household management..............................        .13           .12           .12           .13           .12   
      Purchasing goods and services........................        .71           .77           .73           .77           .75   
         Consumer purchases................................        .35           .36           .36           .41           .37   
         Professional and personal care services...........        .09           .08           .08           .07           .08   
      Caring for and helping household members.............        .52           .54           .47           .51           .51   
         Caring for and helping household children.........        .43           .42           .37           .40           .40   
      Caring for and helping nonhousehold members..........        .20           .25           .19           .21           .21   
         Caring for and helping nonhousehold adults........        .07           .10           .07           .08           .08   
      Working and work-related activities..................       3.49          3.44          3.61          3.44          3.50   
         Working...........................................       3.13          3.06          3.28          3.07          3.14   
      Educational activities...............................        .52           .43           .34           .60           .47   
         Attending class...................................        .32           .25           .19           .35           .28   
         Homework and research.............................        .17           .15           .12           .20           .16   
      Organizational, civic, and religious activities......        .32           .34           .34           .38           .35   
         Religious and spiritual activities................        .17           .16           .15           .15           .16   
         Volunteering (organizational and civic activities)        .13           .15           .15           .19           .15   
      Leisure and sports...................................       5.20          5.09          5.36          5.07          5.18   
         Socializing and communicating.....................        .61           .75           .78           .68           .70   
         Watching television...............................       2.99          2.56          2.60          2.77          2.73   
         Participating in sports, exercise, and recreation         .24           .34           .41           .23           .31   
      Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail....................        .19           .18           .16           .17           .18   
      Other activities, not elsewhere classified...........        .45           .38           .24           .32           .35   

    (1) A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity.  Other activities done simultaneously are not included.
    (2) All major activity categories include related travel time.  See Technical Note for activity category definitions.
    NOTE:  Data refer to persons 15 years and over.




Last Modified Date: June 22, 2011
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