Economic News Release

Consumer Price Index News Release


 FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION:
 Patrick C. Jackman     (202) 691-7000      USDL-08-0505
 CPI QUICKLINE:         (202) 691-6994      TRANSMISSION OF
 FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL                 MATERIAL IN THIS
 INFORMATION:           (202) 691-5200      RELEASE IS EMBARGOED
 MEDIA CONTACT:         (202) 691-5902      UNTIL 8:30 A.M. (EDT)
 INTERNET ADDRESS:    http://www.bls.gov/cpi/      Wednesday, April 16,
 2008
 
                     CONSUMER PRICE INDEX:  MARCH 2008
 
      The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased
 0.9 percent in March, before seasonal adjustment, the Bureau of Labor
 Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor reported today.  The March
 level of 213.528 (1982-84=100) was 4.0 percent higher than in March 2007.
      
      The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers
 (CPI-W) increased 0.9 percent in March, prior to seasonal adjustment.  The
 March level of 209.147 (1982-84=100) was 4.3 percent higher than in March
 2007.
      
      The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U)
 increased 0.8 percent in March on a not seasonally adjusted basis.  The
 March level of 123.204 (December 1999=100) was 3.6 percent higher than in
 March 2007.  Please note that the indexes for the post-2006 period are
 subject to revision.
 
 CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
      
      On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI-U advanced 0.3 percent in
 March, following virtually no change in February.  The energy index
 increased 1.9 percent in March after declining 0.5 percent in February.
 Within energy, the index for petroleum based energy increased 2.0 percent
 and the index for energy services rose 1.9 percent.  The food index, which
 rose 0.4 percent in February, increased 0.2 percent in March.  The index
 for food at home also rose 0.2 percent.  The index for all items less food
 and energy rose 0.2 percent in March, following virtually no change in
 February.  A larger increase in the index for household furnishings and
 operations and an upturn in the index for airline fares more than offset a
 larger decline in the apparel index.     
      
   Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
                                                                           
                                                                           
                                  Seasonally adjusted                      
                                                                           
                                                                           
     Expenditure                                         Compound          
      Category          Changes from preceding month      annual     Un-   
                                                           rate    adjusted
                                                          3-mos.   12-mos. 
                     Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar.   ended     ended  
                     2007 2007 2007 2007 2008 2008 2008 Mar. 2008 Mar. 2008
                                                                                                                                                      
 All items..........   .4   .3   .9   .4   .4   .0   .3       3.1       4.0
  Food and beverages   .5   .2   .4   .1   .7   .4   .2       5.1       4.4
  Housing...........   .3   .2   .4   .3   .2   .2   .4       3.4       3.0
  Apparel...........   .2   .1   .6   .1   .4  -.3 -1.3      -4.7      -1.4
  Transportation....   .7   .3  3.5  1.0   .5  -.7   .7       2.4       8.2
  Medical care......   .4   .5   .4   .3   .5   .1   .1       3.2       4.6
  Recreation........   .2   .3   .2   .0   .2   .1   .3       2.3       1.3
  Education and                                                            
     communication..   .2   .3   .0   .3   .4   .1   .3       3.2       3.0
  Other goods and                                                          
     services.......   .3   .2   .2   .3   .4   .2   .4       4.5       3.2
 Special indexes:                                                          
  Energy............  1.4  1.0  6.9  1.7   .7  -.5  1.9       8.6      17.0
  Food..............   .5   .2   .4   .1   .7   .4   .2       5.3       4.5
  All items less                                                           
     food and energy   .2   .2   .2   .2   .3   .0   .2       2.0       2.4
   
      For the first three months of 2008, consumer prices increased at a
 seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR) of 3.1 percent.  This compares with
 an increase of 4.1 percent for all of 2007.  The index for energy, which
 rose 17.4 percent in 2007, advanced at a 8.6 percent SAAR in the first
 quarter of 2008.  Petroleum-based energy costs increased at a 5.6 percent
 annual rate and charges for energy services rose at a 12.8 percent annual
 rate.  The food index rose at a 5.3 percent SAAR in the first quarter of
 2008, following a 4.9 percent increase in all of 2007.  The index for
 grocery store food prices increased at a 5.9 percent annual rate,
 reflecting increases in each of the six major groups ranging from annual
 rates of 0.7 percent in the index for dairy products to 15.7 percent in
 the index for cereal and bakery products.
      
       Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U advanced at a 2.0 percent SAAR
 in the first quarter, following a 2.4 percent rise in all of 2007.  The
 moderation thus far in 2008 largely reflects smaller increases in the
 indexes for shelter--up at a 2.0 percent rate after advancing 3.1 percent
 in all of 2007--and medical care, coupled with a larger decline in the
 index for apparel.  The annual rates for selected groups for the last
 seven and one-quarter years are shown below. 
     
                                 Percentage change 12 months           SAAR 3
                                      ended in December                mos.  
                                                                       ended 
                                                                       Mar.  
                       2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007  2008  
                                                                                                                                                       
 All items...........   1.6    2.4    1.9    3.3    3.4    2.5    4.1    3.1 
  Food and beverages    2.8    1.5    3.5    2.6    2.3    2.2    4.8    5.1 
  Housing............   2.9    2.4    2.2    3.0    4.0    3.3    3.0    3.4 
  Apparel............  -3.2   -1.8   -2.1    -.2   -1.1     .9    -.3   -4.7 
  Transportation.....  -3.8    3.8     .3    6.5    4.8    1.6    8.3    2.4 
  Medical care.......   4.7    5.0    3.7    4.2    4.3    3.6    5.2    3.2 
  Recreation.........   1.5    1.1    1.1     .7    1.1    1.0     .8    2.3 
  Education and                                                              
   communication.....   3.2    2.2    1.6    1.5    2.4    2.3    3.0    3.2 
  Other goods and                                                            
   services..........   4.5    3.3    1.5    2.5    3.1    3.0    3.3    4.5 
 Special indexes:                                                            
  Energy............. -13.0   10.7    6.9   16.6   17.1    2.9   17.4    8.6 
   Energy commodities -24.5   23.7    6.9   26.7   16.7    6.1   29.4    5.6 
   Energy services...  -1.5     .4    6.9    6.8   17.6    -.6    3.4   12.8 
  All items less                                                             
   energy............   2.8    1.8    1.5    2.2    2.2    2.5    2.8    2.5 
   Food..............   2.8    1.5    3.6    2.7    2.3    2.1    4.9    5.3 
  All items less food                                                        
   and energy........   2.7    1.9    1.1    2.2    2.2    2.6    2.4    2.0      
      
      The food and beverages index rose 0.2 percent in March.  The index
 for grocery store food also increased 0.2 percent.  Another large increase
 in the index for cereal and bakery products was partially offset by a
 downturn in the index for dairy products; the other four major grocery
 store food groups registered small increases.  The index for cereal and
 bakery products, which increased 1.8 percent in February, rose 1.3 percent
 in March.  Prices for bread increased 2.1 percent in March and were 14.7
 percent higher than a year earlier.  The index for dairy products declined
 0.8 percent in March, as milk prices fell 2.2 percent.  Despite the drop
 in March, milk prices were still 13.3 percent higher than in March 2007.
 The index for fruits and vegetables rose 0.1 percent.  A 2.0 percent
 increase in the index for fresh vegetables more than offset declines in
 the indexes for fresh fruits and for processed fruits and vegetables--down
 1.1 and 0.9 percent, respectively.  The index for meats, poultry, fish,
 and eggs was virtually unchanged in March.  Increases in prices for beef,
 for poultry, and for other meats were offset by declines in prices for
 pork and for fish and seafood.  The indexes for nonalcoholic beverages and
 for other food at home increased 0.3 and 0.1 percent, respectively.  The
 other two components of the food and beverages index--food away from home
 and alcoholic beverages--increased 0.3 and declined 0.1 percent,
 respectively.
      
      The index for housing, which rose 0.2 percent in February, increased
 0.4 percent in March.  Each of the three major groups contributed to the
 larger advance.  The index for shelter increased 0.1 percent in March
 after registering virtually no change in February.  Within shelter, the
 indexes for rent and owners' equivalent rent each increased 0.2 percent,
 while the index for lodging away from home fell 0.6 percent.  (Prior to
 seasonal adjustment, the index for lodging away from home increased 3.7
 percent.)  The index for fuels and utilities increased 2.0 percent,
 following a 1.3 percent rise in February.  Upturns in the indexes for
 electricity and for fuel oil more than offset a smaller increase in
 charges for natural gas.  The index for natural gas, which rose 7.2
 percent in February, increased 4.6 percent in March.  The index for fuel
 oil increased 10.1 percent in March and is 48.4 percent higher than in
 March 2007.  The index for electricity rose 0.8 percent.  The index for
 household furnishings and operations, which was virtually unchanged in
 February, increased 0.5 percent in March.  About two-thirds of the advance
 reflects a 1.7 percent increase in prices for furniture and bedding.
      
      The transportation index increased 0.7 percent in March after
 declining 0.7 percent in February, reflecting the upturn in gasoline
 prices.  The index for motor fuels, which declined 2.0 percent in
 February, advanced 1.6 percent in March and accounted for almost three-
 fourths of the transportation increase in March.  As of March, the price
 of gasoline was 4.4 percent higher than its previous peak level recorded
 in May 2007.  The index for new vehicles declined 0.1 percent in March and
 was 1.1 percent lower than in March 2007.  The index for used cars and
 trucks was virtually unchanged in March.  The index for public
 transportation advanced 2.5 percent in March, reflecting increases in
 airline fares and intercity train fares.  Airline fares increased 3.0
 percent in March and have risen 10.2 percent in the last 12 months.
      
      The index for apparel fell 1.3 percent in March, following a 0.3
 percent decrease in February.  (Prior to seasonal adjustment, apparel
 prices rose 2.6 percent, reflecting the continued introduction of spring-
 summer wear.  Prices for women's and girls' apparel registered the largest
 advance--up 4.0 percent.)
      
      Medical care costs rose 0.1 percent in March and are 4.6 percent
 higher than a year ago.  The index for medical care commodities--
 prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and medical supplies--increased
 0.4 percent.   The index for medical care services rose 0.1 percent in
 March.  The indexes for professional services and for hospital and related
 services increased 0.1 and 0.2 percent, respectively.
      .
      The index for recreation, which rose 0.1 percent in February,
 advanced 0.3 percent in March.  Increases in the indexes for pets, pet
 products and services and for admissions to sporting events--each up 1.1--
 and for cable and satellite television and radio service--up 0.6 percent--
 largely accounted for the March advance.
      
      The index for education and communication rose 0.3 percent in March.
 Educational costs increased 0.4 percent and communication costs rose 0.1
 percent.  Within the latter category, increases in charges for telephone
 services more than offset a decline in the index for information
 technology, hardware and services.  Local-and long distance-land-line
 telephone charges rose 0.5 and 0.2 percent, respectively, while charges
 for wireless telephone services were unchanged.  The index for information
 technology, hardware and services declined 0.1 percent, reflecting
 decreases in the indexes for personal computers and peripheral equipment,
 for computer software and accessories, and for internet services.
      
      The index for other goods and services rose 0.4 percent in March.
 The index for personal care rose 0.6 percent, reflecting increases in the
 indexes for haircuts, tax return preparation, and miscellaneous personal
 goods.  These increases were partially offset by a 0.1 percent decline in
 the index for tobacco and smoking products.
      
 
 
 CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
 
      On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and
 Clerical Workers rose 0.4 percent in March. 
 
 Table B. Percent changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and
          Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
                                                                           
                                                                           
                                  Seasonally adjusted                      
                                                                           
                                                                           
     Expenditure                                         Compound          
      Category          Changes from preceding month      annual     Un-   
                                                           rate    adjusted
                                                          3-mos.   12-mos. 
                     Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar.   ended     ended  
                     2007 2007 2007 2007 2008 2008 2008 Mar. 2008 Mar. 2008
                                                                                                                                                     
 All items..........   .4   .3  1.0   .4   .4   .0   .4       3.3       4.3
  Food and beverages   .5   .2   .3   .1   .7   .3   .2       5.1       4.4
  Housing...........   .2   .3   .4   .2   .2   .2   .5       3.6       3.0
  Apparel...........   .0   .1   .4   .2   .8  -.3 -1.2      -3.1      -1.0
  Transportation....   .7   .3  3.8  1.1   .7  -.7   .7       2.8       9.0
  Medical care......   .4   .5   .4   .3   .6   .1   .1       3.2       4.6
  Recreation........   .3   .2   .1   .1   .2   .1   .3       2.5       1.2
  Education and                                                            
     communication..   .1   .3   .0   .2   .3   .1   .2       2.6       2.6
  Other goods and                                                          
     services.......   .4   .2   .2   .4   .5   .3   .4       4.8       3.4
 Special indexes:                                                          
  Energy............  1.4  1.1  7.2  1.8   .8  -.7  1.9       8.3      17.6
  Food..............   .5   .2   .3   .1   .7   .3   .2       5.2       4.5
  All items less                                                           
     food and energy   .2   .2   .2   .2   .3   .0   .1       2.1       2.3
 
     Consumer Price Index data for April are scheduled for release on
 Wednesday, May 14, 2008, at 8:30 A.M. (EDT).
     
     
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Facilities for Sensory Impaired
 
      Information from this release will be made available to sensory
 impaired individuals upon request.  Voice phone:  202-691-5200, Federal
 Relay Services:  1-800-877-8339.  For a recorded message of Summary CPI
 data, call (202) 691-5200.
 
 Brief Explanation of the CPI
      
      The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in
 prices over time of goods and services purchased by households.  The
 Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups:  (1)
 the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W), which covers
 households of wage earners and clerical workers that comprise
 approximately 32 percent of the total population and (2) the CPI for All
 Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained CPI for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-
 U), which cover approximately 87 percent of the total population and
 include in addition to wage earners and clerical worker households, groups
 such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-
 employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not
 in the labor force.
      
      The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels,
 transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs,
 and other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living.
 Prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about
 50,000 housing units and approximately 23,000 retail establishments-
 department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other
 types of stores and service establishments.  All taxes directly associated
 with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.  Prices of
 fuels and a few other items are obtained every month in all 87 locations.
 Prices of most other commodities and services are collected every month in
 the three largest geographic areas and every other month in other areas.
 Prices of most goods and services are obtained by personal visits or
 telephone calls of the Bureau's trained representatives.
      
      In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each
 location are averaged together with weights, which represent their
 importance in the spending of the appropriate population group.  Local
 data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average.  For the CPI-U and
 CPI-W separate indexes are also published by size of city, by region of
 the country, for cross-classifications of regions and population-size
 classes, and for 27 local areas.  Area indexes do not measure differences
 in the level of prices among cities; they only measure the average change
 in prices for each area since the base period.  For the C-CPI-U data are
 issued only at the national level.  It is important to note that the CPI-U
 and CPI-W are considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in
 preliminary form and subject to two annual revisions.
      
      The index measures price change from a designed reference date.  For
 the CPI-U and the CPI-W the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100.0. The
 reference base for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals 100.
 An increase of 16.5 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown
 as 116.5.  This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows:  the
 price of a base period market basket of goods and services in the CPI has
 risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65.
      
      For further details visit the CPI home page on the Internet at
 http://www.bls.gov/cpi/ or contact our CPI Information and Analysis
 Section on (202) 691-7000.
      
 
 
 
 Note on Sampling Error in the Consumer Price Index
                                     
      The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error
 because it is based upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete
 universe of all prices.  BLS calculates and publishes estimates of the 1-
 month, 2-month, 6-month and 12-month percent change standard errors
 annually, for the CPI-U.  These standard error estimates can be used to
 construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing.  For example, the
 estimated standard error of the 1 month percent change is 0.06 percent for
 the U.S. All Items Consumer Price Index.  This means that if we repeatedly
 sample from the universe of all retail prices using the same methodology,
 and estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95% of these
 estimates would be within 0.12 percent of the 1 month percentage change
 based on all retail prices.  For a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the
 All Items CPI for All Urban Consumers, we are 95 percent confident that
 the actual percent change based on all retail prices would fall between
 0.08 and 0.32 percent.  For the latest data, including information on how
 to use the estimates of standard error, see "Variance Estimates for
 Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2005- December 2005 in the
 CPI Detailed Report, February 2006.  These data are available on the CPI
 home page (http://www.bls.gov/cpi), using the following link
 http://www.bls.gov/cpi/cpivar2006.pdf
      
 
 Calculating Index Changes
 
       Movements of the indexes from one month to another are usually
 expressed as percent changes rather than changes in index points, because
 index point changes are affected by the level of the index in relation to
 its
 base period while percent changes are not.  The example below illustrates
 the computation of index point and percent changes.
      
       Percent changes for 3-month and 6-month periods are expressed as
 annual rates and are computed according to the standard formula for
 compound growth rates.  These data indicate what the percent change would
 be if the current rate were maintained for a 12-month period.
 
 Index Point Change
 
 CPI
 202.416
 Less previous index
 201.800
 Equals index point change
 .616
 
 Percent Change
 
 Index point difference
 .616
 Divided by the previous index
 201.800
 Equals
 0.003
 Results multiplied by one hundred
 0.003x100
 Equals percent change
 0.3
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Regions Defined
 
 The states in the four regions shown in Tables 3 and 6 are listed below.
 
 The Northeast--Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York,
 New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.
 The Midwest--Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota,
 Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
 The South--Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky,
 Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South
 Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia, and the District of
 Columbia.
 The West--Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana,
 Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
 
 
 
 
 A Note on Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data
 
 
      Because price data are used for different purposes by different
 groups, the Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes seasonally adjusted as
 well as unadjusted changes each month.
      
      For analyzing general price trends in the economy, seasonally
 adjusted changes are usually preferred since they eliminate the effect of
 changes that normally occur at the same time and in about the same
 magnitude every year--such as price movements resulting from changing
 climatic conditions, production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and
 sales.
      
      The unadjusted data are of primary interest to consumers concerned
 about the prices they actually pay.  Unadjusted data also are used
 extensively for escalation purposes.  Many collective bargaining contract
 agreements and pension plans, for example, tie compensation changes to the
 Consumer Price Index before adjustment for seasonal variation.
      
      Seasonal factors used in computing the seasonally adjusted indexes
 are derived by the X-12-ARIMA Seasonal Adjustment Method.  Seasonally
 adjusted indexes and seasonal factors are computed annually.  Each year,
 the last 5 years of seasonally adjusted data are revised.  Data from
 January 2003 through December 2007 were replaced in January 2008.
 Exceptions to the usual revision schedule were: the updated seasonal data
 at the end of 1977 replaced data from 1967 through 1977; and, in January
 2002, dependently seasonally adjusted series were revised for January 1987-
 December 2001 as a result of a change in the aggregation weights for
 dependently adjusted series. For further information, please see
 "Aggregation of Dependently Adjusted Seasonally Adjusted Series," in the
 October 2001 issue of the CPI Detailed Report.
      
      The seasonal movement of All items and 54 other aggregations is
 derived by combining the seasonal movement of 73 selected components.
 Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon
 certain statistical criteria.  If any of the 73 components change their
 seasonal adjustment status from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally
 adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used in the aggregation of
 the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted
 indexes will be used before that period.  Note: 48 of the 73 components
 are seasonally adjusted for 2008.
      
      Seasonally adjusted data, including the All items index levels, are
 subject to revision for up to five years after their original release.
 For this reason, BLS advises against the use of these data in escalation
 agreements.
      Effective with the calculation of the seasonal factors for 1990, the
 Bureau of Labor Statistics has used an enhanced seasonal adjustment
 procedure called Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment for some CPI
 series.  Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment allows for better
 estimates of seasonally adjusted data.  Extreme values and/or sharp
 movements which might distort the seasonal pattern are estimated and
 removed from the data prior to calculation of seasonal factors.  Beginning
 with the calculation of seasonal factors for 1996, X-12-ARIMA software was
 used for Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment.
      
      For the seasonal factors introduced in January 2008, BLS adjusted 20
 series using Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment, including selected
 food and beverage items, motor fuels, electricity and vehicles.  For
 example, this procedure was used for the Motor fuel series to offset the
 effects of events such as damage to oil refineries from Hurricane Katrina.
      
      For a complete list of Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment
 series and explanations, please refer to the article "Intervention
 Analysis Seasonal Adjustment", located on our website at
 http://www.bls.gov/cpi/cpisapage.htm.
      
      For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI, please
 write to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Division of Consumer Prices and
 Price Indexes, Washington, DC 20212 or contact Jeff Wilson at (202) 691-
 6968, or by e-mail at Wilson.Jeff@bls.gov.  If you have general questions
 about the CPI, please call our information staff at (202) 691-7000.
 
 
 
 
 .
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 







 Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity
 and service group

 (1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                        
                                                                                    Unadjusted                          
                                                             Unadjusted indexes   percent change   Seasonally adjusted  
                                                 Relative                          to Mar. 2008    percent change from- 
                     CPI-U                     importance,                            from-                             
                                                 December                                                               
                                                   2007       Feb.       Mar.                      Dec.    Jan.    Feb. 
                                                              2008       2008      Mar.    Feb.     to      to      to  
                                                                                   2007    2008    Jan.    Feb.    Mar. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                        
             Expenditure category                                                                                       
                                                                                                                        
 All items....................................    100.000    211.693    213.528     4.0     0.9     0.4     0.0     0.3 
 All items (1967=100).........................          -    634.139    639.636       -       -       -       -       - 
                                                                                                                        
  Food and beverages..........................     14.914    209.462    209.692     4.4     0.1     0.7     0.4     0.2 
   Food.......................................     13.833    209.166    209.385     4.5     0.1     0.7     0.4     0.2 
    Food at home..............................      7.660    208.329    208.203     4.7    -0.1     0.9     0.3     0.2 
     Cereals and bakery products..............      1.030    233.389    236.261     8.1     1.2     0.6     1.8     1.3 
     Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs...........      1.807    199.688    199.775     3.8     0.0     0.8    -0.1     0.0 
     Dairy and related products...............       .887    208.166    206.171    11.0    -1.0     0.2     0.8    -0.8 
     Fruits and vegetables....................      1.156    272.129    268.446     1.7    -1.4     2.2    -1.3     0.1 
     Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage                                                                                
         materials............................       .928    157.805    158.089     2.7     0.2     1.6    -0.1     0.3 
     Other food at home.......................      1.852    177.863    178.238     3.7     0.2     0.4     1.0     0.1 
      Sugar and sweets........................       .277    180.588    182.214     4.3     0.9    -0.1     0.4     1.0 
      Fats and oils...........................       .205    184.878    182.808     7.0    -1.1     1.3     1.5    -0.7 
      Other foods.............................      1.369    192.064    192.597     3.0     0.3     0.4     1.1     0.0 
       Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......       .404    118.182    117.321     2.6    -0.7    -0.1     2.6    -0.7 
    Food away from home (1)...................      6.173    211.878    212.537     4.1     0.3     0.4     0.4     0.3 
     Other food away from home (1) (2)........       .297    148.385    148.564     5.1     0.1     0.6     1.2     0.1 
   Alcoholic beverages........................      1.080    212.044    212.407     3.3     0.2     0.4     0.4    -0.1 
                                                                                                                        
  Housing.....................................     42.427    213.026    214.389     3.0     0.6     0.2     0.2     0.4 
   Shelter....................................     32.596    244.786    245.995     2.9     0.5     0.3     0.0     0.1 
    Rent of primary residence (3).............      5.765    240.325    240.874     3.6     0.2     0.3     0.2     0.2 
    Lodging away from home (2)................      2.564    144.092    149.434     5.1     3.7     1.1    -1.2    -0.6 
    Owners' equivalent rent of primary                                                                                  
        residence (3) (4).....................     23.942    250.481    250.966     2.6     0.2     0.3     0.1     0.2 
    Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..       .325    117.622    117.701     0.3     0.1     0.4     0.2     0.1 
   Fuels and utilities........................      5.128    205.795    209.221     6.5     1.7     0.0     1.3     2.0 
    Household energy..........................      4.215    185.994    189.693     6.8     2.0    -0.1     1.5     2.3 
     Fuel oil and other fuels.................       .351    308.269    332.139    40.2     7.7     3.7    -1.2     7.9 
     Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........      3.864    187.376    190.105     4.1     1.5    -0.5     1.7     1.9 
    Water and sewer and trash collection                                                                                
        services (2)..........................       .913    149.057    149.315     5.3     0.2     0.6     0.3     0.3 
   Household furnishings and operations.......      4.702    126.753    127.423    -0.2     0.5     0.1     0.0     0.5 
    Household operations (1) (2)..............       .737    143.500    145.034     3.7     1.1     0.5     0.5     1.1 
                                                                                                                        
  Apparel.....................................      3.731    117.839    120.881    -1.4     2.6     0.4    -0.3    -1.3 
   Men's and boys' apparel....................       .935    112.917    114.994     1.2     1.8     0.7     1.1    -0.8 
   Women's and girls' apparel.................      1.600    106.340    110.645    -5.4     4.0     0.2    -2.0    -2.6 
   Infants' and toddlers' apparel.............       .185    115.750    116.037    -1.7     0.2     1.2    -0.4    -1.7 
   Footwear...................................       .679    122.377    124.407     0.7     1.7     0.6     0.0    -0.1 
                                                                                                                        
  Transportation..............................     17.688    190.520    195.189     8.2     2.5     0.5    -0.7     0.7 
   Private transportation.....................     16.583    186.571    191.067     8.3     2.4     0.6    -0.7     0.6 
    New and used motor vehicles (2)...........      7.191     94.581     94.318    -0.2    -0.3    -0.1    -0.2    -0.1 
     New vehicles.............................      4.632    136.279    135.727    -1.1    -0.4    -0.3    -0.3    -0.1 
     Used cars and trucks (1).................      1.773    137.248    137.225     2.1     0.0     0.2     0.0     0.0 
    Motor fuel................................      5.482    259.242    278.739    26.4     7.5     1.1    -2.0     1.6 
     Gasoline (all types).....................      5.215    257.845    276.497    26.0     7.2     1.2    -2.0     1.3 
    Motor vehicle parts and equipment (1).....       .356    125.225    126.325     4.8     0.9     0.3     0.8     0.9 
    Motor vehicle maintenance and repair......      1.123    228.731    229.765     3.9     0.5     0.7     0.3     0.5 
   Public transportation......................      1.106    235.724    242.929     7.5     3.1     0.4    -0.1     2.5 
                                                                                                                        
  Medical care................................      6.231    362.155    363.000     4.6     0.2     0.5     0.1     0.1 
   Medical care commodities...................      1.601    296.130    297.308     3.6     0.4     0.5     0.1     0.4 
   Medical care services......................      4.630    382.196    382.872     4.8     0.2     0.6     0.1     0.1 
    Professional services.....................      2.626    307.928    308.726     3.3     0.3     0.4     0.0     0.1 
    Hospital and related services (3).........      1.467    527.971    528.968     7.9     0.2     1.0     0.3     0.2 
                                                                                                                        
  Recreation (2)..............................      5.647    112.365    112.731     1.3     0.3     0.2     0.1     0.3 
   Video and audio (2)........................      1.843    103.171    103.548     0.6     0.4     0.0    -0.2     0.2 
                                                                                                                        
  Education and communication (2).............      6.086    121.766    121.832     3.0     0.1     0.4     0.1     0.3 
   Education (2)..............................      2.944    177.460    177.407     5.5     0.0     0.6     0.3     0.4 
    Educational books and supplies............       .207    439.052    439.906     6.3     0.2     0.1    -0.1     0.3 
    Tuition, other school fees, and childcare       2.736    511.253    511.013     5.5     0.0     0.6     0.3     0.4 
   Communication (2)..........................      3.142     83.391     83.502     0.5     0.1     0.1     0.0     0.1 
    Information and information processing (1)                                                                          
        (2)...................................      2.975     80.638     80.752     0.2     0.1     0.1     0.0     0.1 
     Telephone services (1) (2)...............      2.342     98.837     99.031     1.6     0.2     0.1    -0.1     0.2 
     Information technology, hardware and                                                                               
         services (1) (5).....................       .634     10.253     10.246    -5.7    -0.1     0.1     0.2    -0.1 
      Personal computers and peripheral                                                                                 
          equipment (1) (6)...................       .242    100.545    100.359   -12.0    -0.2     1.0    -0.4    -0.2 
                                                                                                                        
  Other goods and services....................      3.277    340.191    341.827     3.2     0.5     0.4     0.2     0.4 
   Tobacco and smoking products (1)...........       .731    575.227    574.890     4.5    -0.1     1.1     0.4    -0.1 
   Personal care..............................      2.546    198.716    199.982     2.9     0.6     0.2     0.2     0.6 
    Personal care products (1)................       .639    157.677    158.440    -0.1     0.5     0.0    -0.3     0.5 
    Personal care services (1)................       .629    220.848    222.752     3.6     0.9     0.1     0.4     0.9 
    Miscellaneous personal services...........      1.044    333.826    335.427     4.4     0.5     0.6     0.4     0.3 
                                                                                                                        
          Commodity and service group                                                                                   
                                                                                                                        
 Commodities..................................     41.269    171.530    173.884     4.9     1.4     0.5    -0.2     0.3 
  Food and beverages..........................     14.914    209.462    209.692     4.4     0.1     0.7     0.4     0.2 
  Commodities less food and beverages.........     26.356    150.530    153.682     5.2     2.1     0.4    -0.5     0.4 
   Nondurables less food and beverages........     15.519    189.420    196.185     9.9     3.6     1.4    -0.1     0.8 
    Apparel...................................      3.731    117.839    120.881    -1.4     2.6     0.4    -0.3    -1.3 
    Nondurables less food, beverages, and                                                                               
        apparel...............................     11.787    238.297    247.546    13.8     3.9     1.6     0.0     1.5 
   Durables...................................     10.837    112.094    112.059    -1.0     0.0    -0.1    -0.2     0.0 
 Services.....................................     58.731    251.527    252.817     3.3     0.5     0.3     0.2     0.4 
  Rent of shelter (4).........................     32.271    255.199    256.470     3.0     0.5     0.4     0.0     0.2 
  Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)....       .325    117.622    117.701     0.3     0.1     0.4     0.2     0.1 
  Gas (piped) and electricity (3).............      3.864    187.376    190.105     4.1     1.5    -0.5     1.7     1.9 
  Water and sewer and trash collection                                                                                  
      services (2)............................       .913    149.057    149.315     5.3     0.2     0.6     0.3     0.3 
  Household operations (1) (2)................       .737    143.500    145.034     3.7     1.1     0.5     0.5     1.1 
  Transportation services.....................      5.350    237.929    239.556     3.2     0.7     0.5     0.1     0.7 
  Medical care services.......................      4.630    382.196    382.872     4.8     0.2     0.6     0.1     0.1 
  Other services..............................     10.641    291.406    292.218     3.5     0.3     0.3     0.2     0.4 
                                                                                                                        
                Special indexes                                                                                         
                                                                                                                        
 All items less food..........................     86.167    212.136    214.236     3.9     1.0     0.3     0.0     0.4 
 All items less shelter.......................     67.404    201.110    203.217     4.5     1.0     0.4     0.0     0.4 
 All items less medical care..................     93.769    204.136    205.992     3.9     0.9     0.4     0.0     0.4 
 Commodities less food........................     27.436    152.799    155.881     5.2     2.0     0.4    -0.5     0.4 
 Nondurables less food........................     16.599    190.781    197.167     9.4     3.3     1.0    -0.4     0.9 
 Nondurables less food and apparel............     12.868    234.736    243.109    12.9     3.6     1.2    -0.3     1.6 
 Nondurables..................................     30.432    200.030    203.767     7.1     1.9     0.8     0.0     0.7 
 Services less rent of shelter (4)............     26.460    266.154    267.567     3.8     0.5     0.2     0.3     0.7 
 Services less medical care services..........     54.101    241.004    242.310     3.2     0.5     0.3     0.2     0.4 
 Energy.......................................      9.698    219.311    230.505    17.0     5.1     0.7    -0.5     1.9 
 All items less energy........................     90.302    212.545    213.420     2.7     0.4     0.4     0.1     0.2 
  All items less food and energy..............     76.469    213.866    214.866     2.4     0.5     0.3     0.0     0.2 
   Commodities less food and energy                                                                                     
       commodities............................     21.602    140.324    141.056     0.0     0.5     0.2    -0.1    -0.1 
    Energy commodities........................      5.834    263.508    283.362    27.3     7.5     1.3    -1.9     2.0 
   Services less energy services..............     54.867    258.098    259.249     3.3     0.4     0.4     0.1     0.2 
 Purchasing power of the consumer dollar                                                                                
     (1982-84=$1.00)..........................          -     $ .472     $ .468       -       -       -       -       - 
 Purchasing power of the consumer dollar                                                                                
     (1967=$1.00).............................          -     $ .158     $ .156       -       -       -       -       - 

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.
   2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
   3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator.  All other item stratum index series were calculated
 using a geometric means estimator.
   4 Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
   5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
   6 Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
   - Data not available.
 NOTE:  Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.



 Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
 commodity and service group

 (1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                   
                                                  Seasonally adjusted indexes        Seasonally adjusted annual rate percent change
                                                                                                          for                      
                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                   
                   CPI-U                                                                    3 months ended--            6 months   
                                                                                                                        ended--    
                                               Dec.      Jan.      Feb.      Mar.                                                  
                                               2007      2008      2008      2008                                                  
                                                                                      June    Sep.    Dec.    Mar.    Sep.    Mar. 
                                                                                      2007    2007    2007    2008    2007    2008 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                   
            Expenditure category                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                   
 All items.................................  211.680   212.516   212.571   213.301     4.3     2.5     6.2     3.1     3.4     4.6 
                                                                                                                                   
  Food and beverages.......................  206.929   208.326   209.087   209.517     4.8     5.0     2.6     5.1     4.9     3.9 
   Food....................................  206.584   208.026   208.778   209.255     4.9     5.1     2.6     5.3     5.0     3.9 
    Food at home...........................  205.001   206.921   207.633   207.971     5.9     4.6     2.5     5.9     5.2     4.2 
     Cereals and bakery products...........  227.852   229.175   233.287   236.325     6.1     4.3     6.8    15.7     5.2    11.2 
     Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs........  198.250   199.747   199.499   199.527    10.7     1.0     0.7     2.6     5.8     1.6 
     Dairy and related products............  205.278   205.698   207.341   205.624    18.4    24.3     2.4     0.7    21.3     1.5 
     Fruits and vegetables.................  266.288   272.105   268.642   268.864    -3.2     1.2     5.2     3.9    -1.0     4.6 
     Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage                                                                                           
         materials.........................  154.480   156.941   156.743   157.218     1.2     4.3    -1.6     7.3     2.7     2.7 
     Other food at home....................  175.436   176.178   177.957   178.157     3.4     2.8     2.5     6.3     3.1     4.4 
      Sugar and sweets.....................  179.933   179.774   180.431   182.273     3.8     4.8     3.4     5.3     4.3     4.4 
      Fats and oils........................  178.470   180.743   183.396   182.190     3.2     6.1    10.2     8.6     4.7     9.4 
      Other foods..........................  189.640   190.435   192.472   192.565     3.4     1.6     0.8     6.3     2.5     3.5 
       Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)...  115.267   115.162   118.182   117.321     6.3    -5.0     2.2     7.3     0.5     4.8 
    Food away from home (1)................  210.233   211.070   211.878   212.537     3.7     5.7     2.8     4.5     4.7     3.6 
     Other food away from home (1) (2).....  145.814   146.649   148.385   148.564     5.2    10.4    -2.5     7.8     7.8     2.5 
   Alcoholic beverages.....................  210.143   210.953   211.841   211.645     3.6     3.7     3.0     2.9     3.6     2.9 
                                                                                                                                   
  Housing..................................  212.409   212.920   213.313   214.204     3.4     1.9     3.5     3.4     2.6     3.4 
   Shelter.................................  243.974   244.744   244.837   245.200     3.9     3.0     2.9     2.0     3.4     2.5 
    Rent of primary residence (3)..........  238.925   239.745   240.191   240.763     3.3     3.2     4.9     3.1     3.2     4.0 
    Lodging away from home (2).............  145.050   146.695   144.953   144.128    22.8     4.7    -2.8    -2.5    13.4    -2.6 
    Owners' equivalent rent of primary                                                                                             
        residence (3) (4)..................  249.425   250.051   250.413   250.941     2.0     2.7     3.2     2.5     2.4     2.8 
    Tenants' and household insurance (1)                                                                                           
        (2)................................  117.003   117.435   117.622   117.701    -0.8    -1.1     0.8     2.4    -0.9     1.6 
   Fuels and utilities.....................  205.615   205.567   208.175   212.311     4.0    -1.4    10.4    13.7     1.3    12.0 
    Household energy.......................  186.261   185.991   188.722   193.154     3.9    -2.9    11.4    15.6     0.5    13.5 
     Fuel oil and other fuels..............  295.293   306.227   302.465   326.372    24.1    17.1    78.2    49.2    20.6    63.1 
     Gas (piped) and electricity (3).......  188.470   187.489   190.706   194.239     2.4    -4.4     6.5    12.8    -1.1     9.6 
    Water and sewer and trash collection                                                                                           
        services (2).......................  147.262   148.142   148.647   149.080     4.3     6.2     5.7     5.0     5.3     5.3 
   Household furnishings and operations....  126.414   126.493   126.510   127.205    -1.0    -1.8    -0.3     2.5    -1.4     1.1 
    Household operations (1) (2)...........  142.100   142.828   143.500   145.034     1.9     0.5     4.0     8.5     1.2     6.3 
                                                                                                                                   
  Apparel..................................  119.240   119.759   119.352   117.819    -3.8     0.2     3.1    -4.7    -1.8    -0.9 
   Men's and boys' apparel.................  112.167   112.941   114.213   113.256     0.1     2.8    -2.1     3.9     1.4     0.9 
   Women's and girls' apparel..............  110.443   110.658   108.393   105.548    -8.2    -1.3     6.0   -16.6    -4.8    -5.9 
   Infants' and toddlers' apparel..........  114.632   116.049   115.627   113.658    -8.9     1.3     4.8    -3.4    -3.9     0.7 
   Footwear................................  122.469   123.246   123.304   123.193    -2.6     1.2     2.0     2.4    -0.7     2.2 
                                                                                                                                   
  Transportation...........................  194.653   195.722   194.390   195.797     9.3     1.6    21.1     2.4     5.4    11.3 
   Private transportation..................  190.738   191.811   190.437   191.585    10.0     1.4    21.6     1.8     5.6    11.2 
    New and used motor vehicles (2)........   94.405    94.318    94.156    94.068    -0.3     1.2    -0.1    -1.4     0.4    -0.8 
     New vehicles..........................  135.953   135.597   135.195   135.024    -0.6    -0.5    -0.5    -2.7    -0.6    -1.6 
     Used cars and trucks (1)..............  136.943   137.203   137.248   137.225     2.1     6.3    -0.6     0.8     4.1     0.1 
    Motor fuel.............................  279.928   283.011   277.448   281.996    36.9     0.0    81.1     3.0    17.0    36.6 
     Gasoline (all types)..................  278.588   281.880   276.131   279.818    36.8     0.0    80.9     1.8    17.0    35.7 
    Motor vehicle parts and equipment (1)..  123.928   124.282   125.225   126.325     1.3     4.7     5.5     8.0     3.0     6.7 
    Motor vehicle maintenance and repair...  226.137   227.730   228.425   229.641     3.0     3.2     3.0     6.3     3.1     4.7 
   Public transportation...................  238.571   239.414   239.080   245.136    -0.1     5.4    14.0    11.5     2.6    12.7 
                                                                                                                                   
  Medical care.............................  358.861   360.815   361.168   361.697     4.3     5.9     5.0     3.2     5.1     4.1 
   Medical care commodities................  294.241   295.763   296.151   297.377     2.0     3.8     4.4     4.3     2.9     4.3 
   Medical care services...................  378.338   380.459   380.787   380.994     5.0     6.5     5.1     2.8     5.7     4.0 
    Professional services..................  305.907   307.011   307.160   307.527     2.7     4.5     3.7     2.1     3.6     2.9 
    Hospital and related services (3)......  517.505   522.889   524.634   525.672     7.4     9.2     8.7     6.5     8.3     7.6 
                                                                                                                                   
  Recreation (2)...........................  112.008   112.242   112.373   112.656     0.8     0.3     1.9     2.3     0.6     2.1 
   Video and audio (2).....................  103.291   103.337   103.147   103.370     2.3    -1.7     1.7     0.3     0.3     1.0 
                                                                                                                                   
  Education and communication (2)..........  121.127   121.578   121.745   122.075     3.6     2.8     2.6     3.2     3.2     2.9 
   Education (2)...........................  175.861   176.895   177.406   178.144     4.9     5.0     6.9     5.3     5.0     6.1 
    Educational books and supplies.........  436.329   436.635   436.364   437.600     5.2    12.3     7.0     1.2     8.7     4.1 
    Tuition, other school fees, and                                                                                                
        childcare..........................  506.547   509.715   511.324   513.503     4.9     4.5     6.9     5.6     4.7     6.3 
   Communication (2).......................   83.287    83.392    83.388    83.500     2.3     0.5    -1.9     1.0     1.4    -0.5 
    Information and information processing                                                                                         
        (1) (2)............................   80.546    80.642    80.638    80.752     1.4     0.5    -2.1     1.0     0.9    -0.6 
     Telephone services (1) (2)............   98.792    98.906    98.837    99.031     4.0     1.6    -0.4     1.0     2.8     0.3 
     Information technology, hardware and                                                                                          
         services (1) (5)..................   10.215    10.229    10.253    10.246    -9.3    -4.5    -9.6     1.2    -6.9    -4.4 
      Personal computers and peripheral                                                                                            
          equipment (1) (6)................  100.000   100.998   100.545   100.359   -17.9    -9.7   -20.2     1.4   -13.9   -10.0 
                                                                                                                                   
  Other goods and services.................  337.641   339.063   339.869   341.374     3.0     2.4     3.0     4.5     2.7     3.7 
   Tobacco and smoking products (1)........  566.696   572.684   575.227   574.890     1.7     5.4     5.1     5.9     3.5     5.5 
   Personal care...........................  197.648   198.120   198.473   199.641     3.4     1.6     2.4     4.1     2.5     3.2 
    Personal care products (1).............  158.236   158.201   157.677   158.440     0.5    -2.8     1.5     0.5    -1.2     1.0 
    Personal care services (1).............  219.656   219.932   220.848   222.752     1.4     3.2     3.9     5.8     2.3     4.8 
    Miscellaneous personal services........  330.466   332.309   333.716   334.878     5.1     3.7     3.3     5.4     4.4     4.4 
                                                                                                                                   
        Commodity and service group                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                   
 Commodities...............................  172.460   173.359   173.011   173.575     5.3     2.0    10.3     2.6     3.6     6.4 
  Food and beverages.......................  206.929   208.326   209.087   209.517     4.8     5.0     2.6     5.1     4.9     3.9 
  Commodities less food and beverages......  152.893   153.519   152.726   153.327     5.6     0.2    15.0     1.1     2.8     7.8 
   Nondurables less food and beverages.....  192.968   195.609   195.406   196.898     8.8    -2.8    27.1     8.4     2.8    17.4 
    Apparel................................  119.240   119.759   119.352   117.819    -3.8     0.2     3.1    -4.7    -1.8    -0.9 
    Nondurables less food, beverages, and                                                                                          
        apparel............................  242.577   246.553   246.666   250.287    14.9    -0.1    29.0    13.3     7.2    20.9 
   Durables................................  112.098   112.020   111.756   111.800    -1.8    -0.8    -0.3    -1.1    -1.3    -0.7 
 Services..................................  250.537   251.317   251.804   252.703     3.5     2.7     3.6     3.5     3.1     3.5 
  Rent of shelter (4)......................  254.282   255.206   255.267   255.657     3.9     3.0     2.8     2.2     3.4     2.5 
  Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)   117.003   117.435   117.622   117.701    -0.8    -1.1     0.8     2.4    -0.9     1.6 
  Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........  188.470   187.489   190.706   194.239     2.4    -4.4     6.5    12.8    -1.1     9.6 
  Water and sewer and trash collection                                                                                             
      services (2).........................  147.262   148.142   148.647   149.080     4.3     6.2     5.7     5.0     5.3     5.3 
  Household operations (1) (2).............  142.100   142.828   143.500   145.034     1.9     0.5     4.0     8.5     1.2     6.3 
  Transportation services..................  236.887   238.174   238.389   240.053     0.2     3.5     3.7     5.5     1.8     4.6 
  Medical care services....................  378.338   380.459   380.787   380.994     5.0     6.5     5.1     2.8     5.7     4.0 
  Other services...........................  289.835   290.834   291.364   292.410     4.1     2.6     3.5     3.6     3.4     3.6 
                                                                                                                                   
              Special indexes                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                   
 All items less food.......................  212.548   213.281   213.221   213.992     4.1     2.0     6.8     2.7     3.1     4.8 
 All items less shelter....................  201.415   202.288   202.328   203.213     4.4     2.2     7.9     3.6     3.3     5.7 
 All items less medical care...............  204.248   205.033   205.076   205.807     4.3     2.2     6.3     3.1     3.2     4.7 
 Commodities less food.....................  155.044   155.681   154.934   155.514     5.5     0.3    14.4     1.2     2.9     7.6 
 Nondurables less food.....................  194.184   196.169   195.304   197.043    11.6    -4.1    26.3     6.0     3.5    15.7 
 Nondurables less food and apparel.........  239.022   241.905   241.207   245.015    15.3    -1.6    29.5    10.4     6.5    19.6 
 Nondurables...............................  200.818   202.477   202.376   203.730     8.0     0.2    14.9     5.9     4.0    10.3 
 Services less rent of shelter (4).........  264.852   265.500   266.373   268.136     3.8     2.3     3.9     5.1     3.1     4.5 
 Services less medical care services.......  240.112   240.726   241.233   242.188     3.8     2.3     3.2     3.5     3.0     3.4 
 Energy....................................  229.076   230.633   229.390   233.839    20.1    -1.4    45.6     8.6     8.9    25.8 
 All items less energy.....................  211.498   212.281   212.471   212.819     2.7     2.9     2.6     2.5     2.8     2.6 
  All items less food and energy...........  213.103   213.765   213.851   214.176     2.3     2.5     2.6     2.0     2.4     2.3 
   Commodities less food and energy                                                                                                
       commodities.........................  140.200   140.422   140.316   140.180    -0.9     0.4     0.7    -0.1    -0.3     0.3 
    Energy commodities.....................  282.263   286.070   280.566   286.164    36.0     1.0    80.9     5.6    17.2    38.3 
   Services less energy services...........  256.897   257.857   258.078   258.722     3.6     3.3     3.4     2.9     3.4     3.1 

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.
   2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
   3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator.  All other item stratum index series were calculated using a
 geometric means estimator.
   4 Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
   5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
   6 Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
 NOTE:  Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.



 Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index 

 (1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                   All items                                      
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                       Indexes                 Percent change to Percent change to
                    CPI-U                      Pricing                                          Mar. 2008 from--   Feb. 2008 from-- 
                                              schedule                                                                            
                                                 (1)      Dec.      Jan.      Feb.      Mar.                                      
                                                          2007      2008      2008      2008    Mar.  Jan.  Feb.  Feb.  Dec.  Jan.
                                                                                                2007  2008  2008  2007  2007  2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                  
 U.S. city average...........................    M      210.036   211.080   211.693   213.528   4.0   1.2   0.9   4.0   0.8   0.3 
                                                                                                                                  
           Region and area size(2)                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
 Northeast urban.............................    M      223.425   224.325   225.213   226.926   3.9   1.2   0.8   4.0   0.8   0.4 
   Size A - More than 1,500,000..............    M      225.688   226.310   227.411   229.087   3.7   1.2   0.7   3.7   0.8   0.5 
   Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........    M      132.323   133.301   133.511   134.611   4.6   1.0   0.8   4.7   0.9   0.2 
                                                                                                                                  
 Midwest urban...............................    M      200.227   201.427   201.896   203.723   3.7   1.1   0.9   3.8   0.8   0.2 
   Size A - More than 1,500,000..............    M      201.519   202.830   203.347   205.141   3.4   1.1   0.9   3.5   0.9   0.3 
   Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........    M      128.040   128.753   128.922   130.121   4.0   1.1   0.9   4.1   0.7   0.1 
   Size D -  Nonmetropolitan  (less than                                                                                          
       50,000)...............................    M      195.819   196.708   197.596   199.472   4.8   1.4   0.9   5.0   0.9   0.5 
                                                                                                                                  
 South urban.................................    M      203.457   204.510   205.060   206.676   4.4   1.1   0.8   4.6   0.8   0.3 
   Size A - More than 1,500,000..............    M      206.078   207.221   207.605   209.065   4.3   0.9   0.7   4.6   0.7   0.2 
   Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........    M      129.368   129.937   130.351   131.442   4.5   1.2   0.8   4.7   0.8   0.3 
   Size D -  Nonmetropolitan  (less than                                                                                          
       50,000)...............................    M      202.878   204.524   205.189   206.933   4.4   1.2   0.8   4.7   1.1   0.3 
                                                                                                                                  
 West urban..................................    M      214.733   215.739   216.339   218.533   3.7   1.3   1.0   3.5   0.7   0.3 
   Size A - More than 1,500,000..............    M      218.020   219.036   219.799   221.997   3.5   1.4   1.0   3.4   0.8   0.3 
   Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........    M      130.481   131.328   131.538   132.896   3.9   1.2   1.0   3.7   0.8   0.2 
                                                                                                                                  
                 Size classes                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                  
   A (4).....................................    M      192.140   193.045   193.685   195.314   3.7   1.2   0.8   3.8   0.8   0.3 
   B/C (3)...................................    M      129.718   130.431   130.728   131.892   4.3   1.1   0.9   4.4   0.8   0.2 
   D.........................................    M      202.333   203.200   203.803   205.730   4.4   1.2   0.9   4.5   0.7   0.3 
                                                                                                                                  
           Selected local areas(5)                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
 Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI..............    M      207.155   208.757   209.526   211.542   4.5   1.3   1.0   4.4   1.1   0.4 
 Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA.....    M      219.373   220.918   221.431   223.606   3.3   1.2   1.0   3.1   0.9   0.2 
 New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island,                                                                                              
     NY-NJ-CT-PA.............................    M      229.395   229.869   231.020   233.122   3.8   1.4   0.9   3.6   0.7   0.5 
                                                                                                                                  
 Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT.........    1            -   231.980         -   233.084   2.9   0.5     -     -     -     - 
 Cleveland-Akron, OH.........................    1            -   199.686         -   202.500   4.3   1.4     -     -     -     - 
 Dallas-Fort Worth, TX.......................    1            -   197.079         -   198.596   4.4   0.8     -     -     -     - 
 Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV (6).......    1            -   136.293         -   138.090   4.7   1.3     -     -     -     - 
                                                                                                                                  
 Atlanta, GA.................................    2      202.751         -   204.166         -     -     -     -   4.8   0.7     - 
 Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI.................    2      200.201         -   202.378         -     -     -     -   2.2   1.1     - 
 Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX..............    2      186.246         -   187.585         -     -     -     -   3.5   0.7     - 
 Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL...................    2      217.319         -   219.082         -     -     -     -   5.3   0.8     - 
 Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City,                                                                                           
     PA-NJ-DE-MD.............................    2      219.025         -   220.935         -     -     -     -   3.7   0.9     - 
 San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA..........    2      218.485         -   219.612         -     -     -     -   2.8   0.5     - 
 Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA................    2      218.966         -   221.728         -     -     -     -   4.7   1.3     - 

   1 Areas on pricing schedule 2 (see Table 10) will appear next month. 
   2 Regions defined as the four Census regions.  See technical notes.
   3 Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
   4 Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
   5 In addition, the following metropolitan areas are published semiannually and appear in Tables 34 and 39 of the January and
 July issues of the CPI Detailed Report: Anchorage, AK; Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN; Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO; Honolulu, HI;
 Kansas City, MO-KS; Milwaukee-Racine, WI; Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI; Phoenix-Mesa, AZ; Pittsburgh, PA; Portland-Salem, OR-WA;
 St. Louis, MO-IL; San Diego, CA; Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL.
   6 Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.
   - Data not available.
 NOTE:  Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.



 Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure
 category and commodity and service group

 (1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                        
                                                                                    Unadjusted                          
                                                             Unadjusted indexes   percent change   Seasonally adjusted  
                                                 Relative                          to Mar. 2008    percent change from- 
                     CPI-W                     importance,                            from-                             
                                                 December                                                               
                                                   2007       Feb.       Mar.                      Dec.    Jan.    Feb. 
                                                              2008       2008      Mar.    Feb.     to      to      to  
                                                                                   2007    2008    Jan.    Feb.    Mar. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                        
             Expenditure category                                                                                       
                                                                                                                        
 All items....................................    100.000    207.254    209.147     4.3     0.9     0.4     0.0     0.4 
 All items (1967=100).........................          -    617.345    622.985       -       -       -       -       - 
                                                                                                                        
  Food and beverages..........................     15.926    208.674    208.927     4.4     0.1     0.7     0.3     0.2 
   Food.......................................     14.901    208.317    208.571     4.5     0.1     0.7     0.3     0.2 
    Food at home..............................      8.595    207.242    207.196     4.8     0.0     0.9     0.3     0.2 
     Cereals and bakery products..............      1.110    233.915    236.764     8.2     1.2     0.6     1.8     1.3 
     Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs...........      2.192    199.141    199.484     3.9     0.2     0.7    -0.2     0.1 
     Dairy and related products...............       .965    207.750    205.660    11.1    -1.0     0.1     0.7    -0.9 
     Fruits and vegetables....................      1.218    268.954    266.030     1.7    -1.1     2.2    -1.7     0.5 
     Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage                                                                                
         materials............................      1.094    157.456    157.488     2.7     0.0     1.5     0.2     0.1 
     Other food at home.......................      2.016    177.442    177.713     3.8     0.2     0.5     1.0     0.0 
      Sugar and sweets........................       .279    179.740    181.033     4.5     0.7     0.1     0.6     0.9 
      Fats and oils...........................       .232    185.292    183.706     6.8    -0.9     1.2     1.5    -0.8 
      Other foods.............................      1.504    192.430    192.832     3.1     0.2     0.5     1.1     0.0 
       Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......       .438    118.828    117.754     2.9    -0.9     0.0     2.7    -0.9 
    Food away from home (1)...................      6.305    211.517    212.193     4.1     0.3     0.4     0.4     0.3 
     Other food away from home (1) (2)........       .218    146.924    147.188     4.3     0.2     0.8     0.9     0.2 
   Alcoholic beverages........................      1.025    212.507    212.748     3.4     0.1     0.4     0.5    -0.2 
                                                                                                                        
  Housing.....................................     39.994    208.268    209.388     3.0     0.5     0.2     0.2     0.5 
   Shelter....................................     30.397    237.158    237.965     2.9     0.3     0.3     0.1     0.2 
    Rent of primary residence (3).............      7.979    239.419    239.932     3.6     0.2     0.3     0.2     0.2 
    Lodging away from home (2)................      1.233    143.046    148.110     4.8     3.5     1.3    -1.9    -0.7 
    Owners' equivalent rent of primary                                                                                  
        residence (3) (4).....................     20.888    227.057    227.488     2.6     0.2     0.3     0.1     0.2 
    Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..       .297    117.921    117.999     0.3     0.1     0.3     0.2     0.1 
   Fuels and utilities........................      5.637    203.584    206.861     6.1     1.6     0.0     1.2     1.9 
    Household energy..........................      4.670    182.823    186.315     6.3     1.9    -0.1     1.4     2.3 
     Fuel oil and other fuels.................       .323    307.599    329.271    39.5     7.0     3.7    -1.1     7.0 
     Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........      4.347    185.324    188.143     3.9     1.5    -0.4     1.5     1.9 
    Water and sewer and trash collection                                                                                
        services (2)..........................       .966    149.317    149.555     5.3     0.2     0.5     0.3     0.3 
   Household furnishings and operations.......      3.960    122.547    123.184     0.0     0.5     0.2     0.0     0.5 
    Household operations (1) (2)..............       .339    145.825    147.316     3.7     1.0     0.5     0.3     1.0 
                                                                                                                        
  Apparel.....................................      3.998    117.883    120.809    -1.0     2.5     0.8    -0.3    -1.2 
   Men's and boys' apparel....................      1.031    113.592    115.808     1.7     2.0     1.0     0.8    -0.7 
   Women's and girls' apparel.................      1.619    106.512    110.712    -4.8     3.9     0.5    -2.0    -2.5 
   Infants' and toddlers' apparel.............       .251    118.442    118.990    -1.0     0.5     1.7     0.1    -1.6 
   Footwear...................................       .821    122.408    124.343     1.2     1.6     0.6     0.3     0.1 
                                                                                                                        
  Transportation..............................     20.054    190.639    195.710     9.0     2.7     0.7    -0.7     0.7 
   Private transportation.....................     19.287    187.762    192.740     9.1     2.7     0.7    -0.8     0.7 
    New and used motor vehicles (2)...........      7.952     93.664     93.455     0.1    -0.2     0.0    -0.2    -0.1 
     New vehicles.............................      4.172    137.445    136.910    -1.0    -0.4    -0.2    -0.3    -0.1 
     Used cars and trucks (1).................      3.103    138.094    138.070     2.1     0.0     0.2     0.0     0.0 
    Motor fuel................................      6.940    260.402    279.975    26.7     7.5     1.2    -1.9     1.7 
     Gasoline (all types).....................      6.597    259.112    277.842    26.3     7.2     1.2    -2.0     1.4 
    Motor vehicle parts and equipment (1).....       .446    125.238    126.330     5.1     0.9     0.5     0.7     0.9 
    Motor vehicle maintenance and repair......      1.169    231.349    232.344     3.9     0.4     0.7     0.3     0.5 
   Public transportation......................       .767    233.979    240.729     7.0     2.9     0.5    -0.1     2.4 
                                                                                                                        
  Medical care................................      5.192    362.329    363.069     4.6     0.2     0.6     0.1     0.1 
   Medical care commodities...................      1.295    288.335    289.254     3.4     0.3     0.5     0.0     0.3 
   Medical care services......................      3.897    383.510    384.149     5.0     0.2     0.6     0.1     0.0 
    Professional services.....................      2.159    310.426    311.259     3.3     0.3     0.4     0.0     0.1 
    Hospital and related services (3).........      1.260    523.654    524.534     8.1     0.2     1.2     0.4     0.2 
                                                                                                                        
  Recreation (2)..............................      5.341    109.315    109.742     1.2     0.4     0.2     0.1     0.3 
   Video and audio (2)........................      1.987    103.028    103.525     1.1     0.5     0.1    -0.1     0.2 
                                                                                                                        
  Education and communication (2).............      5.987    118.079    118.155     2.6     0.1     0.3     0.1     0.2 
   Education (2)..............................      2.377    175.118    175.101     5.3     0.0     0.6     0.2     0.4 
    Educational books and supplies............       .204    441.927    442.639     6.1     0.2     0.1    -0.1     0.1 
    Tuition, other school fees, and childcare       2.174    493.672    493.546     5.2     0.0     0.7     0.3     0.4 
   Communication (2)..........................      3.609     85.919     86.016     0.7     0.1     0.1     0.0     0.1 
    Information and information processing (1)                                                                          
        (2)...................................      3.488     83.992     84.091     0.5     0.1     0.1     0.0     0.1 
     Telephone services (1) (2)...............      2.869     98.931     99.090     1.5     0.2     0.1    -0.1     0.2 
     Information technology, hardware and                                                                               
         services (1) (5).....................       .619     10.754     10.745    -4.8    -0.1     0.1     0.2    -0.1 
      Personal computers and peripheral                                                                                 
          equipment (1) (6)...................       .228    100.582    100.265   -11.7    -0.3     1.1    -0.5    -0.3 
                                                                                                                        
  Other goods and services....................      3.508    351.979    353.351     3.4     0.4     0.5     0.3     0.4 
   Tobacco and smoking products (1)...........      1.183    577.359    576.910     4.7    -0.1     1.1     0.5    -0.1 
   Personal care..............................      2.325    196.564    197.803     2.8     0.6     0.2     0.2     0.6 
    Personal care products (1)................       .647    157.877    158.730     0.1     0.5    -0.2    -0.2     0.5 
    Personal care services (1)................       .560    221.338    223.043     3.6     0.8     0.2     0.5     0.8 
    Miscellaneous personal services...........       .910    334.868    336.476     4.5     0.5     0.5     0.4     0.3 
                                                                                                                        
          Commodity and service group                                                                                   
                                                                                                                        
 Commodities..................................     44.745    174.083    176.727     5.6     1.5     0.6    -0.2     0.4 
  Food and beverages..........................     15.926    208.674    208.927     4.4     0.1     0.7     0.3     0.2 
  Commodities less food and beverages.........     28.819    154.603    158.156     6.3     2.3     0.6    -0.6     0.4 
   Nondurables less food and beverages........     17.315    197.606    205.166    11.1     3.8     1.6    -0.1     0.8 
    Apparel...................................      3.998    117.883    120.809    -1.0     2.5     0.8    -0.3    -1.2 
    Nondurables less food, beverages, and                                                                               
        apparel...............................     13.318    251.621    262.252    15.2     4.2     1.4    -0.4     1.8 
   Durables...................................     11.504    112.560    112.549    -0.5     0.0     0.0    -0.2     0.0 
 Services.....................................     55.255    246.154    247.197     3.2     0.4     0.3     0.2     0.4 
  Rent of shelter (4).........................     30.100    228.660    229.443     2.9     0.3     0.3     0.1     0.2 
  Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)....       .297    117.921    117.999     0.3     0.1     0.3     0.2     0.1 
  Gas (piped) and electricity (3).............      4.347    185.324    188.143     3.9     1.5    -0.4     1.5     1.9 
  Water and sewer and trash collection                                                                                  
      services (2)............................       .966    149.317    149.555     5.3     0.2     0.5     0.3     0.3 
  Household operations (1) (2)................       .339    145.825    147.316     3.7     1.0     0.5     0.3     1.0 
  Transportation services.....................      5.266    237.426    238.496     2.7     0.5     0.5     0.1     0.5 
  Medical care services.......................      3.897    383.510    384.149     5.0     0.2     0.6     0.1     0.0 
  Other services..............................     10.042    280.199    281.017     3.1     0.3     0.3     0.1     0.4 
                                                                                                                        
                Special indexes                                                                                         
                                                                                                                        
 All items less food..........................     85.099    206.877    209.055     4.2     1.1     0.4    -0.1     0.4 
 All items less shelter.......................     69.603    198.592    200.904     4.9     1.2     0.5     0.0     0.4 
 All items less medical care..................     94.808    200.800    202.713     4.2     1.0     0.4     0.0     0.4 
 Commodities less food........................     29.844    156.670    160.152     6.2     2.2     0.6    -0.5     0.4 
 Nondurables less food........................     18.341    198.660    205.843    10.7     3.6     1.5    -0.1     0.8 
 Nondurables less food and apparel............     14.343    247.188    256.899    14.3     3.9     1.3    -0.3     1.7 
 Nondurables..................................     33.241    203.933    208.101     7.8     2.0     1.1     0.1     0.7 
 Services less rent of shelter (4)............     25.155    235.258    236.483     3.5     0.5     0.2     0.3     0.7 
 Services less medical care services..........     51.358    236.154    237.201     3.0     0.4     0.3     0.2     0.4 
 Energy.......................................     11.610    219.983    231.533    17.6     5.3     0.8    -0.7     1.9 
 All items less energy........................     88.390    206.588    207.296     2.6     0.3     0.4     0.1     0.2 
  All items less food and energy..............     73.489    206.605    207.406     2.3     0.4     0.3     0.0     0.1 
   Commodities less food and energy                                                                                     
       commodities............................     22.581    141.238    141.973     0.3     0.5     0.3    -0.1    -0.1 
    Energy commodities........................      7.264    263.601    283.359    27.3     7.5     1.4    -1.9     1.9 
   Services less energy services..............     50.908    252.756    253.589     3.1     0.3     0.3     0.1     0.2 
 Purchasing power of the consumer dollar                                                                                
     (1982-84=$1.00)..........................          -     $ .483     $ .478       -       -       -       -       - 
 Purchasing power of the consumer dollar                                                                                
     (1967=$1.00).............................          -     $ .162     $ .161       -       -       -       -       - 

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.
   2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
   3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator.  All other item stratum index series were calculated
 using a geometric means estimator.
   4 Indexes on a December 1984=100 base
   5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
   6 Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
   - Data not available.
 NOTE:  Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.



 Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by
 expenditure category and commodity and service group

 (1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                   
                                                  Seasonally adjusted indexes        Seasonally adjusted annual rate percent change
                                                                                                          for                      
                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                   
                   CPI-W                                                                    3 months ended--            6 months   
                                                                                                                        ended--    
                                               Dec.      Jan.      Feb.      Mar.                                                  
                                               2007      2008      2008      2008                                                  
                                                                                      June    Sep.    Dec.    Mar.    Sep.    Mar. 
                                                                                      2007    2007    2007    2008    2007    2008 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                   
            Expenditure category                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                   
 All items.................................  207.386   208.301   208.298   209.064     4.5     2.5     7.0     3.3     3.5     5.1 
                                                                                                                                   
  Food and beverages.......................  206.145   207.555   208.257   208.709     5.2     4.9     2.5     5.1     5.1     3.8 
   Food....................................  205.780   207.222   207.901   208.406     5.2     5.0     2.5     5.2     5.1     3.9 
    Food at home...........................  204.017   205.887   206.527   206.912     6.2     4.6     2.4     5.8     5.4     4.1 
     Cereals and bakery products...........  228.116   229.488   233.733   236.729     6.3     4.5     6.4    16.0     5.4    11.1 
     Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs........  197.974   199.343   198.931   199.175    10.9     1.4     0.8     2.4     6.0     1.6 
     Dairy and related products............  205.206   205.370   206.877   205.091    19.6    24.6     2.5    -0.2    22.0     1.2 
     Fruits and vegetables.................  263.920   269.770   265.318   266.563    -2.8     0.5     5.2     4.1    -1.2     4.6 
     Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage                                                                                           
         materials.........................  153.768   156.112   156.437   156.572     1.0     4.6    -2.0     7.5     2.8     2.6 
     Other food at home....................  174.809   175.682   177.521   177.582     3.5     2.7     2.7     6.5     3.1     4.6 
      Sugar and sweets.....................  178.326   178.505   179.535   181.198     3.3     4.2     3.9     6.6     3.7     5.2 
      Fats and oils........................  179.208   181.290   184.099   182.605     3.2     6.4     9.9     7.8     4.8     8.8 
      Other foods..........................  189.809   190.770   192.783   192.789     3.5     1.6     1.0     6.4     2.5     3.7 
       Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)...  115.658   115.658   118.828   117.754     7.0    -6.0     3.8     7.4     0.3     5.6 
    Food away from home (1)................  209.931   210.776   211.517   212.193     3.7     5.7     2.6     4.4     4.7     3.5 
     Other food away from home (1) (2).....  144.454   145.625   146.924   147.188     5.5     8.0    -3.6     7.8     6.7     1.9 
   Alcoholic beverages.....................  210.180   211.034   212.072   211.736     4.7     3.4     2.6     3.0     4.0     2.8 
                                                                                                                                   
  Housing..................................  207.639   208.096   208.533   209.497     3.0     1.7     3.9     3.6     2.4     3.8 
   Shelter.................................  236.320   236.955   237.099   237.537     3.5     2.8     3.2     2.1     3.2     2.7 
    Rent of primary residence (3)..........  237.988   238.767   239.179   239.762     3.4     3.3     4.6     3.0     3.3     3.8 
    Lodging away from home (2).............  144.750   146.621   143.829   142.831    28.3     1.5    -1.6    -5.2    14.1    -3.4 
    Owners' equivalent rent of primary                                                                                             
        residence (3) (4)..................  226.048   226.656   226.982   227.481     1.9     2.8     3.1     2.6     2.4     2.8 
    Tenants' and household insurance (1)                                                                                           
        (2)................................  117.396   117.740   117.921   117.999    -0.5    -1.2     0.9     2.1    -0.9     1.5 
   Fuels and utilities.....................  203.522   203.514   205.930   209.904     3.5    -1.6    10.1    13.1     0.9    11.6 
    Household energy.......................  183.168   182.988   185.477   189.679     3.3    -3.0    10.9    15.0     0.1    13.0 
     Fuel oil and other fuels..............  294.530   305.305   301.932   323.185    25.4    18.6    75.4    45.0    22.0    59.5 
     Gas (piped) and electricity (3).......  186.409   185.607   188.475   192.089     1.8    -4.6     6.6    12.8    -1.4     9.6 
    Water and sewer and trash collection                                                                                           
        services (2).......................  147.594   148.371   148.883   149.296     4.4     6.3     5.8     4.7     5.3     5.2 
   Household furnishings and operations....  122.123   122.389   122.330   122.902    -0.8    -1.4    -0.2     2.6    -1.1     1.2 
    Household operations (1) (2)...........  144.659   145.431   145.825   147.316     2.5     0.9     4.0     7.6     1.7     5.8 
                                                                                                                                   
  Apparel..................................  118.809   119.760   119.341   117.864    -4.5     1.5     2.6    -3.1    -1.5    -0.3 
   Men's and boys' apparel.................  112.718   113.796   114.759   113.914    -0.9     3.1     0.1     4.3     1.1     2.2 
   Women's and girls' apparel..............  110.224   110.735   108.555   105.815    -7.8     1.0     3.8   -15.1    -3.5    -6.1 
   Infants' and toddlers' apparel..........  116.423   118.421   118.510   116.638    -8.7     1.7     2.8     0.7    -3.6     1.8 
   Footwear................................  122.170   122.938   123.294   123.441    -2.4     1.1     2.0     4.2    -0.7     3.1 
                                                                                                                                   
  Transportation...........................  195.050   196.402   194.963   196.398    10.7     1.6    22.6     2.8     6.1    12.3 
   Private transportation..................  192.213   193.565   192.100   193.389    11.1     1.5    23.1     2.5     6.2    12.3 
    New and used motor vehicles (2)........   93.445    93.452    93.308    93.239     0.2     1.7    -0.4    -0.9     0.9    -0.6 
     New vehicles..........................  137.046   136.764   136.345   136.214    -0.4    -0.4    -0.8    -2.4    -0.4    -1.6 
     Used cars and trucks (1)..............  137.791   138.052   138.094   138.070     2.1     6.3    -0.6     0.8     4.2     0.1 
    Motor fuel.............................  280.926   284.180   278.651   283.321    37.6    -0.1    81.0     3.5    17.3    36.9 
     Gasoline (all types)..................  279.754   283.087   277.354   281.140    38.0    -0.2    80.9     2.0    17.4    35.8 
    Motor vehicle parts and equipment (1)..  123.786   124.416   125.238   126.330     1.7     5.0     5.5     8.5     3.3     7.0 
    Motor vehicle maintenance and repair...  228.691   230.251   231.051   232.244     3.1     3.1     2.9     6.4     3.1     4.6 
   Public transportation...................  236.012   237.118   236.848   242.477     0.2     4.6    12.3    11.4     2.4    11.8 
                                                                                                                                   
  Medical care.............................  358.906   361.100   361.337   361.766     4.1     6.2     5.1     3.2     5.2     4.2 
   Medical care commodities................  286.734   288.251   288.297   289.297     1.1     4.3     4.6     3.6     2.7     4.1 
   Medical care services...................  379.384   381.817   382.130   382.294     5.0     6.7     5.2     3.1     5.9     4.2 
    Professional services..................  308.431   309.634   309.636   310.053     2.6     4.7     3.8     2.1     3.6     2.9 
    Hospital and related services (3)......  512.146   518.313   520.557   521.401     7.0     9.2     8.9     7.4     8.1     8.2 
                                                                                                                                   
  Recreation (2)...........................  108.995   109.201   109.351   109.680     0.4     0.3     1.5     2.5     0.4     2.0 
   Video and audio (2).....................  103.054   103.205   103.080   103.333     2.7    -1.3     2.1     1.1     0.7     1.6 
                                                                                                                                   
  Education and communication (2)..........  117.559   117.947   118.044   118.311     3.4     2.5     1.9     2.6     3.0     2.2 
   Education (2)...........................  173.490   174.582   174.995   175.690     4.3     4.8     6.9     5.2     4.5     6.0 
    Educational books and supplies.........  439.590   439.883   439.326   439.977     5.3    12.7     6.6     0.4     8.9     3.4 
    Tuition, other school fees, and                                                                                                
        childcare..........................  488.861   492.237   493.569   495.643     4.2     4.0     6.9     5.7     4.1     6.3 
   Communication (2).......................   85.837    85.933    85.917    86.014     2.8     0.9    -1.6     0.8     1.8    -0.4 
    Information and information processing                                                                                         
        (1) (2)............................   83.917    84.008    83.992    84.091     2.2     0.9    -1.7     0.8     1.5    -0.5 
     Telephone services (1) (2)............   98.887    98.988    98.931    99.090     4.1     1.7    -0.6     0.8     2.9     0.1 
     Information technology, hardware and                                                                                          
         services (1) (5)..................   10.722    10.737    10.754    10.745    -7.9    -3.7    -8.3     0.9    -5.8    -3.8 
      Personal computers and peripheral                                                                                            
          equipment (1) (6)................  100.000   101.067   100.582   100.265   -17.0    -9.4   -19.9     1.1   -13.3   -10.0 
                                                                                                                                   
  Other goods and services.................  348.898   350.676   351.684   353.001     2.9     2.7     3.2     4.8     2.8     4.0 
   Tobacco and smoking products (1)........  568.410   574.724   577.359   576.910     1.7     5.6     5.3     6.1     3.6     5.7 
   Personal care...........................  195.524   195.924   196.315   197.507     3.4     1.4     2.3     4.1     2.4     3.2 
    Personal care products (1).............  158.407   158.167   157.877   158.730     0.5    -2.7     1.9     0.8    -1.1     1.4 
    Personal care services (1).............  219.945   220.324   221.338   223.043     1.6     3.1     4.0     5.8     2.3     4.9 
    Miscellaneous personal services........  331.721   333.520   334.915   335.975     5.7     3.9     3.1     5.2     4.8     4.1 
                                                                                                                                   
        Commodity and service group                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                   
 Commodities...............................  175.167   176.292   175.865   176.501     6.1     2.3    11.4     3.1     4.2     7.1 
  Food and beverages.......................  206.145   207.555   208.257   208.709     5.2     4.9     2.5     5.1     5.1     3.8 
  Commodities less food and beverages......  157.215   158.122   157.241   157.935     6.7     0.8    16.9     1.8     3.7     9.1 
   Nondurables less food and beverages.....  201.649   204.777   204.470   206.199    10.3    -2.9    30.2     9.3     3.5    19.3 
    Apparel................................  118.809   119.760   119.341   117.864    -4.5     1.5     2.6    -3.1    -1.5    -0.3 
    Nondurables less food, beverages, and                                                                                          
        apparel............................  257.755   261.377   260.305   264.997    18.7    -2.4    36.3    11.7     7.6    23.4 
   Durables................................  112.476   112.528   112.347   112.390    -1.6    -0.3     0.3    -0.3    -1.0     0.0 
 Services..................................  245.199   245.868   246.368   247.311     3.2     2.5     3.6     3.5     2.8     3.6 
  Rent of shelter (4)......................  227.878   228.476   228.609   228.985     3.4     3.0     3.3     2.0     3.2     2.6 
  Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)   117.396   117.740   117.921   117.999    -0.5    -1.2     0.9     2.1    -0.9     1.5 
  Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........  186.409   185.607   188.475   192.089     1.8    -4.6     6.6    12.8    -1.4     9.6 
  Water and sewer and trash collection                                                                                             
      services (2).........................  147.594   148.371   148.883   149.296     4.4     6.3     5.8     4.7     5.3     5.2 
  Household operations (1) (2).............  144.659   145.431   145.825   147.316     2.5     0.9     4.0     7.6     1.7     5.8 
  Transportation services..................  235.963   237.214   237.465   238.681     0.2     3.1     2.7     4.7     1.6     3.7 
  Medical care services....................  379.384   381.817   382.130   382.294     5.0     6.7     5.2     3.1     5.9     4.2 
  Other services...........................  278.909   279.758   280.128   281.126     3.9     2.4     3.0     3.2     3.1     3.1 
                                                                                                                                   
              Special indexes                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                   
 All items less food.......................  207.491   208.298   208.176   208.987     4.4     2.0     7.8     2.9     3.2     5.3 
 All items less shelter....................  199.078   200.108   200.052   200.946     5.0     2.3     8.6     3.8     3.6     6.2 
 All items less medical care...............  201.041   201.908   201.898   202.668     4.5     2.3     7.1     3.3     3.4     5.2 
 Commodities less food.....................  159.164   160.074   159.239   159.909     6.6     0.9    16.3     1.9     3.7     8.9 
 Nondurables less food.....................  202.296   205.318   205.143   206.776     9.9    -2.5    28.2     9.2     3.5    18.3 
 Nondurables less food and apparel.........  252.459   255.821   254.991   259.253    17.8    -1.8    32.8    11.2     7.6    21.5 
 Nondurables...............................  204.783   206.961   207.202   208.560     7.5     0.9    15.8     7.6     4.1    11.6 
 Services less rent of shelter (4).........  234.129   234.673   235.467   237.009     3.6     2.0     3.4     5.0     2.8     4.2 
 Services less medical care services.......  235.252   235.849   236.298   237.254     3.5     2.1     3.1     3.4     2.8     3.3 
 Energy....................................  230.224   232.031   230.458   234.853    21.2    -1.4    47.5     8.3     9.3    26.4 
 All items less energy.....................  205.468   206.280   206.471   206.792     2.6     3.0     2.5     2.6     2.8     2.6 
  All items less food and energy...........  205.774   206.456   206.548   206.833     2.0     2.5     2.5     2.1     2.3     2.3 
   Commodities less food and energy                                                                                                
       commodities.........................  140.900   141.352   141.277   141.117    -0.8     1.2     0.6     0.6     0.2     0.6 
    Energy commodities.....................  282.540   286.486   281.012   286.354    37.0     0.8    80.7     5.5    17.5    38.1 
   Services less energy services...........  251.555   252.403   252.625   253.254     3.3     3.1     3.4     2.7     3.2     3.0 

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.
   2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
   3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator.  All other item stratum index series were calculated using a
 geometric means estimator.
   4 Indexes on a December 1984=100 base
   5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
   6 Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
 NOTE:  Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.



 Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Selected areas, all items index 

 (1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                   All items                                      
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                       Indexes                 Percent change to Percent change to
                    CPI-W                      Pricing                                          Mar. 2008 from--   Feb. 2008 from-- 
                                              schedule                                                                            
                                                 (1)      Dec.      Jan.      Feb.      Mar.                                      
                                                          2007      2008      2008      2008    Mar.  Jan.  Feb.  Feb.  Dec.  Jan.
                                                                                                2007  2008  2008  2007  2007  2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
 U.S. city average...........................    M      205.777   206.744   207.254   209.147   4.3   1.2   0.9   4.4   0.7   0.2 
                                                                                                                                  
           Region and area size(2)                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
 Northeast urban.............................    M      220.146   221.065   221.702   223.209   4.1   1.0   0.7   4.3   0.7   0.3 
   Size A - More than 1,500,000..............    M      220.824   221.492   222.315   223.795   3.8   1.0   0.7   3.9   0.7   0.4 
   Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........    M      132.856   133.766   133.893   134.846   4.6   0.8   0.7   4.9   0.8   0.1 
                                                                                                                                  
 Midwest urban...............................    M      195.493   196.617   197.110   198.989   4.1   1.2   1.0   4.2   0.8   0.3 
   Size A - More than 1,500,000..............    M      195.839   196.963   197.549   199.378   3.8   1.2   0.9   3.9   0.9   0.3 
   Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........    M      127.740   128.561   128.695   129.922   4.3   1.1   1.0   4.5   0.7   0.1 
   Size D -  Nonmetropolitan  (less than                                                                                          
       50,000)...............................    M      194.099   194.850   195.774   197.864   5.0   1.5   1.1   5.0   0.9   0.5 
                                                                                                                                  
 South urban.................................    M      200.850   201.814   202.291   204.044   4.8   1.1   0.9   5.0   0.7   0.2 
   Size A - More than 1,500,000..............    M      204.370   205.304   205.588   207.336   4.6   1.0   0.9   4.9   0.6   0.1 
   Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........    M      128.206   128.767   129.144   130.243   4.9   1.1   0.9   5.1   0.7   0.3 
   Size D -  Nonmetropolitan  (less than                                                                                          
       50,000)...............................    M      203.333   204.954   205.523   207.600   4.9   1.3   1.0   5.2   1.1   0.3 
                                                                                                                                  
 West urban..................................    M      209.488   210.342   210.816   213.159   3.9   1.3   1.1   3.8   0.6   0.2 
   Size A - More than 1,500,000..............    M      211.095   212.040   212.614   214.954   3.8   1.4   1.1   3.8   0.7   0.3 
   Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........    M      130.309   130.935   131.148   132.640   4.2   1.3   1.1   4.0   0.6   0.2 
                                                                                                                                  
                 Size classes                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                  
   A (4).....................................    M      190.622   191.461   191.982   193.702   4.0   1.2   0.9   4.1   0.7   0.3 
   B/C (3)...................................    M      129.156   129.830   130.092   131.273   4.6   1.1   0.9   4.7   0.7   0.2 
   D.........................................    M      200.867   201.685   202.292   204.422   4.7   1.4   1.1   4.8   0.7   0.3 
                                                                                                                                  
           Selected local areas(5)                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
 Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI..............    M      200.217   201.525   202.497   204.742   4.7   1.6   1.1   4.7   1.1   0.5 
 Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA.....    M      212.282   213.825   214.231   216.493   3.6   1.2   1.1   3.7   0.9   0.2 
 New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island,                                                                                              
     NY-NJ-CT-PA.............................    M      223.873   224.557   225.281   226.951   3.9   1.1   0.7   3.9   0.6   0.3 
                                                                                                                                  
 Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT.........    1            -   231.291         -   232.656   3.0   0.6     -     -     -     - 
 Cleveland-Akron, OH.........................    1            -   190.115         -   192.995   4.9   1.5     -     -     -     - 
 Dallas-Fort Worth, TX.......................    1            -   199.407         -   201.892   5.3   1.2     -     -     -     - 
 Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV (6).......    1            -   135.826         -   137.544   4.8   1.3     -     -     -     - 
                                                                                                                                  
 Atlanta, GA.................................    2      202.034         -   203.473         -     -     -     -   5.2   0.7     - 
 Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI.................    2      195.866         -   197.670         -     -     -     -   2.6   0.9     - 
 Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX..............    2      184.975         -   185.904         -     -     -     -   3.7   0.5     - 
 Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL...................    2      215.561         -   216.971         -     -     -     -   5.5   0.7     - 
 Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City,                                                                                           
     PA-NJ-DE-MD.............................    2      218.791         -   220.718         -     -     -     -   3.6   0.9     - 
 San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA..........    2      214.204         -   214.913         -     -     -     -   2.9   0.3     - 
 Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA................    2      214.024         -   216.332         -     -     -     -   5.1   1.1     - 

   1 Areas on pricing schedule 2 (see Table 10) will appear next month. 
   2 Regions defined as the four Census regions.  See technical notes.
   3 Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
   4 Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
   5 In addition, the following metropolitan areas are published semiannually and appear in Tables 34 and 39 of the January and
 July issues of the CPI Detailed Report: Anchorage, AK; Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN; Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO; Honolulu, HI;
 Kansas City, MO-KS; Milwaukee-Racine, WI; Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI; Phoenix-Mesa, AZ; Pittsburgh, PA; Portland-Salem, OR-WA;
 St. Louis, MO-IL; San Diego, CA; Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL.
   6 Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.
   - Data not available.
 NOTE:  Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.



 Table 7. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U): U.S. city average, by
 expenditure category and commodity and service group

 (December 1999=100, unless otherwise noted)
                                                                                                  
                                                                                                  
                                                                                    Unadjusted    
                                                 Relative       Unadjusted      percent change to 
                                               importance,       indexes         Mar. 2008 from-  
                    C-CPI-U                     December                                          
                                                2005-2006                                         
                                                              Feb.      Mar.      Mar.      Feb.  
                                                              2008      2008      2007      2008  
                                                                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                  
             Expenditure category                                                                 
                                                                                                  
 All items....................................    100.000   122.251   123.204       3.6       0.8 
                                                                                                  
  Food and beverages..........................     14.726   123.139   123.256       4.2       0.1 
   Food.......................................     13.648   123.160   123.270       4.3       0.1 
    Food at home..............................      7.557   120.290   120.183       4.4      -0.1 
    Food away from home.......................      6.091   126.964   127.358       4.1       0.3 
   Alcoholic beverages........................      1.077   123.233   123.446       3.7       0.2 
                                                                                                  
  Housing.....................................     42.421   126.688   127.457       2.8       0.6 
   Shelter....................................     32.409   129.138   129.764       2.9       0.5 
   Fuels and utilities........................      5.004   151.681   154.075       5.8       1.6 
   Household furnishings and operations.......      5.008    95.553    95.972      -0.6       0.4 
                                                                                                  
  Apparel.....................................      3.988    87.846    90.179      -1.7       2.7 
                                                                                                  
  Transportation..............................     17.393   126.754   129.370       7.6       2.1 
   Private transportation.....................     16.285   127.677   130.233       7.6       2.0 
   Public transportation......................      1.108   116.081   119.552       7.9       3.0 
                                                                                                  
  Medical care................................      6.085   141.042   141.366       4.3       0.2 
   Medical care commodities...................      1.615   125.545   126.044       3.6       0.4 
   Medical care services......................      4.470   146.791   147.039       4.6       0.2 
                                                                                                  
  Recreation..................................      5.935   105.181   105.420       0.3       0.2 
                                                                                                  
  Education and communication.................      6.196   106.297   106.344       2.1       0.0 
   Education..................................      2.771   164.408   164.357       5.4       0.0 
   Communication..............................      3.425    73.460    73.537      -0.5       0.1 
                                                                                                  
  Other goods and services....................      3.257   126.540   127.144       3.0       0.5 
                                                                                                  
          Commodity and service group                                                             
                                                                                                  
 Services.....................................     58.427   130.502   131.158       3.2       0.5 
 Commodities..................................     41.573   111.962   113.271       4.1       1.2 
  Durables....................................     11.817    84.059    83.997      -1.6      -0.1 
 Nondurables..................................     29.756   126.500   128.610       6.4       1.7 
  All items less food and energy..............     77.561   116.594   117.121       2.1       0.5 
 Energy.......................................      8.790   186.798   195.823      16.5       4.8 

 Indexes for 2008 are initial estimates.  Indexes for 2007 are interim adjustments.
 NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Last Modified Date: April 16, 2008
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