Economic News Release

Consumer Price Index News Release


 FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION:
 Patrick C. Jackman     (202) 691-7000      USDL-08-0664
 CPI QUICKLINE:         (202) 691-6994      TRANSMISSION OF
 FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL                 MATERIAL IN THIS
 INFORMATION:           (202) 691-5200      RELEASE IS EMBARGOED
 MEDIA CONTACT:         (202) 691-5902      UNTIL 8:30 A.M. (EDT)
 INTERNET ADDRESS:    http://www.bls.gov/cpi/      Wednesday, May 14, 2008
 
                     CONSUMER PRICE INDEX:  APRIL 2008
 
      The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased
 0.6 percent in April, before seasonal adjustment, the Bureau of Labor
 Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor reported today.  The April
 level of 214.823 (1982-84=100) was 3.9 percent higher than in April 2007.
      
      The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers
 (CPI-W) increased 0.7 percent in April, prior to seasonal adjustment.  The
 April level of 210.698 (1982-84=100) was 4.2 percent higher than in April
 2007.
      
      The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U)
 increased 0.5 percent in April on a not seasonally adjusted basis.  The
 April level of 123.845 (December 1999=100) was 3.5 percent higher than in
 April 2007.  Please note that the indexes for the post-2006 period are
 subject to revision.
 
 CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
      
      On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI-U advanced 0.2 percent in
 April, following a 0.3 percent increase in March.   The index for energy
 was virtually unchanged after advancing 1.9 percent in March.  In April,
 the index for petroleum-based energy fell 1.6 percent, offsetting a 2.5
 percent increase in the index for energy services.  The food index rose
 0.9 percent in April.  The index for food at home increased 1.5 percent,
 reflecting substantial increases in all six major grocery store food
 groups.  The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.1 percent
 in April, following a 0.2 percent rise in March.  Downturns in the indexes
 for public transportation, for household furnishings and operations, and
 for recreation, coupled with a larger decline in the index for lodging
 away from home, more than offset an upturn in the index for apparel.

Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
                                                                           
                                                                           
                                  Seasonally adjusted                      
                                                                           
                                                                           
     Expenditure                                         Compound          
      Category          Changes from preceding month      annual     Un-   
                                                           rate    adjusted
                                                          3-mos.   12-mos. 
                     Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr.   ended     ended  
                     2007 2007 2007 2008 2008 2008 2008 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2008
                                                                                                                                                   
 All items..........   .3   .9   .4   .4   .0   .3   .2       2.3       3.9
  Food and beverages   .2   .4   .1   .7   .4   .2   .9       6.1       5.0
  Housing...........   .2   .4   .3   .2   .2   .4   .3       3.7       3.0
  Apparel...........   .1   .6   .1   .4  -.3 -1.3   .5      -4.6       -.7
  Transportation....   .3  3.5  1.0   .5  -.7   .7  -.7      -2.5       7.2
  Medical care......   .5   .4   .3   .5   .1   .1   .2       1.6       4.3
  Recreation........   .3   .2   .0   .2   .1   .3  -.1       1.2       1.2
  Education and                                                            
     communication..   .3   .0   .3   .4   .1   .3   .4       3.3       3.2
  Other goods and                                                          
     services.......   .2   .2   .3   .4   .2   .4   .5       4.8       3.5
 Special indexes:                                                          
  Energy............  1.0  6.9  1.7   .7  -.5  1.9   .0       5.6      15.9
  Food..............   .2   .4   .1   .7   .4   .2   .9       6.3       5.1
  All items less                                                           
     food and energy   .2   .2   .2   .3   .0   .2   .1       1.2       2.3     
     
      During the first four months of 2008, the CPI-U rose at a 3.0 percent
 seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR).  This compares with an increase of
 4.1 percent for all of 2007.  The deceleration thus far this year reflects
 smaller increases in the indexes for energy and for all items less food
 and energy.  The index for energy advanced at a 6.3 percent SAAR in the
 first four months of 2008 compared with 17.4 percent in 2007.  Petroleum-
 based energy costs decreased at a 0.7 percent annual rate while charges
 for energy services rose at a 17.7 percent annual rate.  The food index
 has increased at a 6.9 percent SAAR thus far this year, following a 4.9
 percent rise for all of 2007.  Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U
 advanced at a 1.8 percent SAAR in the first four months, following a 2.4
 percent rise for all of 2007.
      
      The food and beverages index rose 0.9 percent in April.  The index
 for food at home increased 1.5 percent, following a 0.2 percent rise in
 March.  Each of the six major grocery store food groups contributed to the
 larger advance in April.  The index for fruits and vegetables, which rose
 0.1 percent in March, increased 2.0 percent in April.  The indexes for
 fresh fruits and for processed fruits and vegetables increased 3.2 and 3.4
 percent, respectively, while the index for fresh vegetables declined 0.2
 percent.  The index for cereal and bakery products, which increased 1.3
 percent in March, rose 1.4 percent in April.  Prices for bread increased
 1.5 percent and were 14.1 percent higher than a year earlier.  The index
 for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs, which was virtually unchanged in
 March, advanced 0.9 percent in April.  A 1.1 percent decline in beef
 prices was more than offset by increases in the indexes for pork, for fish
 and seafood, and for poultry--up 3.4, 2.6, and 0.7 percent, respectively.
 The index for dairy products turned up in April, increasing 1.2 percent.
 Milk prices rose 0.9 percent and were 13.5 percent higher than in April
 2007.  The index for nonalcoholic beverages increased 1.7 percent,
 reflecting large price increases for coffee and for carbonated drinks--up
 4.0 and 2.2 percent, respectively.   The index for other food at home rose
 1.9 percent in April, reflecting large increases in most categories.  In
 particular, the indexes for butter and for margarine increased 7.8 and 6.5
 percent, respectively.  The other two components of the food and beverages
 index--food away from home and alcoholic beverages--increased 0.3 and 0.6
 percent, respectively.
      
      The index for housing rose 0.3 percent in April.  The index for
 shelter increased 0.1 percent in April, the same as in March.  Within
 shelter, the indexes for rent and owners' equivalent rent increased 0.3
 and 0.2 percent, respectively.  The index for lodging away from home
 declined for the third consecutive month--down 1.9 percent in April.  The
 index for household energy registered its third consecutive large increase-
 -up 2.6 percent in April.  The index for fuel oil rose 4.4 percent and was
 52.6 percent higher than in April 2007.  The indexes for natural gas and
 for electricity rose 4.8 and 1.5 percent, respectively.  During the last
 12 months charges for natural gas and for electricity increased 10.9 and
 5.0 percent, respectively.  The index for household furnishings and
 operations, which increased 0.5 percent in March, declined 0.1 percent in
 April.
      
      The transportation index declined 0.7 percent in April, reflecting a
 2.0 percent decrease in the index for gasoline.   The index for new
 vehicles declined 0.2 percent and was 1.3 percent lower than in April
 2007.  The index for used cars and trucks declined 0.3 percent in April,
 but was 1.8 percent higher than a year ago.  The index for public
 transportation declined 0.4 percent in April, reflecting a 0.5 percent
 decrease in the index for airline fares.  (Prior to seasonal adjustment,
 airline fares rose 0.9 percent and were 10.1 percent higher than a year
 ago.)

 ___________________________________________________________________________
 Gasoline prices rose 5.6 percent in April.  Compared to a year ago, these
 prices were up 20.9 percent.  Gasoline prices increase seasonally during
 the first five months of the year, with the largest increases occurring in
 March and April and decline seasonally for the remainder of the year.
 ___________________________________________________________________________ 
      
      The index for apparel rose 0.5 percent in April, following a 1.3
 percent decrease in March.  (Prior to seasonal adjustment, apparel prices
 rose 1.0 percent.  Prices for men's and boys' apparel rose 1.4 percent and
 women's and girls apparel increased 0.5 percent.  During the last 12
 months, prices for men's and boys' apparel increased 1.3 percent, while
 prices for women's and girls' clothing fell 5.0 percent.)
      
      Medical care costs rose 0.2 percent in April and are 4.3 percent
 higher than a year ago.  The index for medical care commodities--
 prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and medical supplies--decreased
 0.2 percent.  The index for medical care services increased 0.3 percent.
 Within the latter group, the indexes for professional services and for
 hospital and related services increased 0.2 and 0.5 percent, respectively.
      
      The index for recreation, which rose 0.3 percent in March, declined
 0.1 percent in April.  A 0.4 percent decrease in the index for video and
 audio was largely responsible for the April decrease.  Declines in the
 indexes for photography, for toys, and for admissions to movies, theaters,
 and concerts also contributed to the April decrease.
      
      The index for education and communication increased 0.4 percent in
 April.  Educational costs rose 0.6 percent and the index for communication
 costs rose 0.2 percent.  Within the latter category, increases in charges
 for telephone services more than offset a decline in the index for
 information technology, hardware and services.  Local land-line telephone
 charges rose 0.8 and long distance land-line telephone charges and
 wireless telephone services each rose 0.3 percent.  The index for
 information technology, hardware and services declined 0.7 percent,
 reflecting decreases in the indexes for personal computers and peripheral
 equipment and for internet services.
      
      The index for other goods and services increased 0.5 percent in
 April.  The index for personal care products rose 0.6 percent, reflecting
 a 1.2 percent increase in the index for hair, dental, shaving and
 miscellaneous personal care products. The index for tobacco and smoking
 products rose 0.3 percent.
      
      
 CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
 
      On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and
 Clerical Workers increased 0.2 percent in April.
 
Table B. Percent changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and
          Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
                                                                           
                                                                           
                                  Seasonally adjusted                      
                                                                           
                                                                           
     Expenditure                                         Compound          
      Category          Changes from preceding month      annual     Un-   
                                                           rate    adjusted
                                                          3-mos.   12-mos. 
                     Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr.   ended     ended  
                     2007 2007 2007 2008 2008 2008 2008 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2008
                                                                                                                                                      
 All items..........   .3  1.0   .4   .4   .0   .4   .2       2.4       4.2
  Food and beverages   .2   .3   .1   .7   .3   .2   .9       6.1       5.0
  Housing...........   .3   .4   .2   .2   .2   .5   .4       4.6       3.2
  Apparel...........   .1   .4   .2   .8  -.3 -1.2   .2      -5.4       -.5
  Transportation....   .3  3.8  1.1   .7  -.7   .7  -.7      -2.8       7.9
  Medical care......   .5   .4   .3   .6   .1   .1   .2       1.4       4.4
  Recreation........   .2   .1   .1   .2   .1   .3  -.2       1.2       1.0
  Education and                                                            
     communication..   .3   .0   .2   .3   .1   .2   .4       2.9       2.8
  Other goods and                                                          
     services.......   .2   .2   .4   .5   .3   .4   .4       4.5       3.8
 Special indexes:                                                          
  Energy............  1.1  7.2  1.8   .8  -.7  1.9  -.2       4.3      16.2
  Food..............   .2   .3   .1   .7   .3   .2  1.0       6.3       5.1
  All items less                                                           
     food and energy   .2   .2   .2   .3   .0   .1   .1       1.3       2.2

     Consumer Price Index data for May are scheduled for release on Friday,
 June 13, 2008, at 8:30 A.M. (EDT).
     
     
 
 Facilities for Sensory Impaired
 
      Information from this release will be made available to sensory
 impaired individuals upon request.  Voice phone:  202-691-5200, Federal
 Relay Services:  1-800-877-8339.
 
 Brief Explanation of the CPI
      
      The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in
 prices over time of goods and services purchased by households.  The
 Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups:  (1)
 the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W), which covers
 households of wage earners and clerical workers that comprise
 approximately 32 percent of the total population and (2) the CPI for All
 Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained CPI for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-
 U), which cover approximately 87 percent of the total population and
 include in addition to wage earners and clerical worker households, groups
 such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-
 employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not
 in the labor force.
      
      The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels,
 transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs,
 and other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living.
 Prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about
 50,000 housing units and approximately 23,000 retail establishments-
 department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other
 types of stores and service establishments.  All taxes directly associated
 with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.  Prices of
 fuels and a few other items are obtained every month in all 87 locations.
 Prices of most other commodities and services are collected every month in
 the three largest geographic areas and every other month in other areas.
 Prices of most goods and services are obtained by personal visits or
 telephone calls of the Bureau's trained representatives.
      
      In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each
 location are averaged together with weights, which represent their
 importance in the spending of the appropriate population group.  Local
 data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average.  For the CPI-U and
 CPI-W separate indexes are also published by size of city, by region of
 the country, for cross-classifications of regions and population-size
 classes, and for 27 local areas.  Area indexes do not measure differences
 in the level of prices among cities; they only measure the average change
 in prices for each area since the base period.  For the C-CPI-U data are
 issued only at the national level.  It is important to note that the CPI-U
 and CPI-W are considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in
 preliminary form and subject to two annual revisions.
      
      The index measures price change from a designed reference date.  For
 the CPI-U and the CPI-W the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100.0. The
 reference base for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals 100.
 An increase of 16.5 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown
 as 116.5.  This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows:  the
 price of a base period market basket of goods and services in the CPI has
 risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65.
      
      For further details visit the CPI home page on the Internet at
 http://www.bls.gov/cpi/ or contact our CPI Information and Analysis
 Section on (202) 691-7000.
      
 
 
 Note on Sampling Error in the Consumer Price Index
                                     
      The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error
 because it is based upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete
 universe of all prices.  BLS calculates and publishes estimates of the 1-
 month, 2-month, 6-month and 12-month percent change standard errors
 annually, for the CPI-U.  These standard error estimates can be used to
 construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing.  For example, the
 estimated standard error of the 1 month percent change is 0.06 percent for
 the U.S. All Items Consumer Price Index.  This means that if we repeatedly
 sample from the universe of all retail prices using the same methodology,
 and estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95% of these
 estimates would be within 0.12 percent of the 1 month percentage change
 based on all retail prices.  For a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the
 All Items CPI for All Urban Consumers, we are 95 percent confident that
 the actual percent change based on all retail prices would fall between
 0.08 and 0.32 percent.  For the latest data, including information on how
 to use the estimates of standard error, see "Variance Estimates for
 Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2005- December 2005" in the
 CPI Detailed Report, February 2006.  These data are available on the CPI
 home page (http://www.bls.gov/cpi), using the following link
 http://www.bls.gov/cpi/cpivar2006.pdf
      
 
 Calculating Index Changes
 
       Movements of the indexes from one month to another are usually
 expressed as percent changes rather than changes in index points, because
 index point changes are affected by the level of the index in relation to
 its
 base period while percent changes are not.  The example below illustrates
 the computation of index point and percent changes.
      
       Percent changes for 3-month and 6-month periods are expressed as
 annual rates and are computed according to the standard formula for
 compound growth rates.  These data indicate what the percent change would
 be if the current rate were maintained for a 12-month period.
 
 Index Point Change
 
 CPI
 202.416
 Less previous index
 201.800
 Equals index point change
 .616
 
 Percent Change
 
 Index point difference
 .616
 Divided by the previous index
 201.800
 Equals
 0.003
 Results multiplied by one hundred
 0.003x100
 Equals percent change
 0.3
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Regions Defined
 
 The states in the four regions shown in Tables 3 and 6 are listed below.
 
 The Northeast--Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York,
 New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.
 The Midwest--Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota,
 Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
 The South--Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky,
 Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South
 Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia, and the District of
 Columbia.
 The West--Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana,
 Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
 
 
 
 
 A Note on Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data
 
 
      Because price data are used for different purposes by different
 groups, the Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes seasonally adjusted as
 well as unadjusted changes each month.
      
      For analyzing general price trends in the economy, seasonally
 adjusted changes are usually preferred since they eliminate the effect of
 changes that normally occur at the same time and in about the same
 magnitude every year--such as price movements resulting from changing
 climatic conditions, production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and
 sales.
      
      The unadjusted data are of primary interest to consumers concerned
 about the prices they actually pay.  Unadjusted data also are used
 extensively for escalation purposes.  Many collective bargaining contract
 agreements and pension plans, for example, tie compensation changes to the
 Consumer Price Index before adjustment for seasonal variation.
      
      Seasonal factors used in computing the seasonally adjusted indexes
 are derived by the X-12-ARIMA Seasonal Adjustment Method.  Seasonally
 adjusted indexes and seasonal factors are computed annually.  Each year,
 the last 5 years of seasonally adjusted data are revised.  Data from
 January 2003 through December 2007 were replaced in January 2008.
 Exceptions to the usual revision schedule were: the updated seasonal data
 at the end of 1977 replaced data from 1967 through 1977; and, in January
 2002, dependently seasonally adjusted series were revised for January 1987-
 December 2001 as a result of a change in the aggregation weights for
 dependently adjusted series. For further information, please see
 "Aggregation of Dependently Adjusted Seasonally Adjusted Series," in the
 October 2001 issue of the CPI Detailed Report.
      
      The seasonal movement of All items and 54 other aggregations is
 derived by combining the seasonal movement of 73 selected components.
 Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon
 certain statistical criteria.  If any of the 73 components change their
 seasonal adjustment status from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally
 adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used in the aggregation of
 the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted
 indexes will be used before that period.  Note: 48 of the 73 components
 are seasonally adjusted for 2008.
      Seasonally adjusted data, including the All items index levels, are
 subject to revision for up to five years after their original release.
 For this reason, BLS advises against the use of these data in escalation
 agreements.
      Effective with the calculation of the seasonal factors for 1990, the
 Bureau of Labor Statistics has used an enhanced seasonal adjustment
 procedure called Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment for some CPI
 series.  Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment allows for better
 estimates of seasonally adjusted data.  Extreme values and/or sharp
 movements which might distort the seasonal pattern are estimated and
 removed from the data prior to calculation of seasonal factors.  Beginning
 with the calculation of seasonal factors for 1996, X-12-ARIMA software was
 used for Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment.
      
      For the seasonal factors introduced in January 2008, BLS adjusted 20
 series using Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment, including selected
 food and beverage items, motor fuels, electricity and vehicles.  For
 example, this procedure was used for the Motor fuel series to offset the
 effects of events such as damage to oil refineries from Hurricane Katrina.
      
      For a complete list of Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment
 series and explanations, please refer to the article "Intervention
 Analysis Seasonal Adjustment," located on our website at
 http://www.bls.gov/cpi/cpisapage.htm.
      
      For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI, please
 write to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Division of Consumer Prices and
 Price Indexes, Washington, DC 20212 or contact Jeff Wilson at (202) 691-
 6968, or by e-mail at Wilson.Jeff@bls.gov.  If you have general questions
 about the CPI, please call our information staff at (202) 691-7000.
     
  
  






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 Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity
 and service group

 (1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                        
                                                                                    Unadjusted                          
                                                             Unadjusted indexes   percent change   Seasonally adjusted  
                                                 Relative                          to Apr. 2008    percent change from- 
                     CPI-U                     importance,                            from-                             
                                                 December                                                               
                                                   2007       Mar.       Apr.                      Jan.    Feb.    Mar. 
                                                              2008       2008      Apr.    Mar.     to      to      to  
                                                                                   2007    2008    Feb.    Mar.    Apr. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                        
             Expenditure category                                                                                       
                                                                                                                        
 All items....................................    100.000    213.528    214.823     3.9     0.6     0.0     0.3     0.2 
 All items (1967=100).........................          -    639.636    643.515       -       -       -       -       - 
                                                                                                                        
  Food and beverages..........................     14.914    209.692    211.365     5.0     0.8     0.4     0.2     0.9 
   Food.......................................     13.833    209.385    211.102     5.1     0.8     0.4     0.2     0.9 
    Food at home..............................      7.660    208.203    210.851     5.9     1.3     0.3     0.2     1.5 
     Cereals and bakery products..............      1.030    236.261    240.034     8.9     1.6     1.8     1.3     1.4 
     Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs...........      1.807    199.775    200.770     3.7     0.5    -0.1     0.0     0.9 
     Dairy and related products...............       .887    206.171    207.680    11.8     0.7     0.8    -0.8     1.2 
     Fruits and vegetables....................      1.156    268.446    272.746     4.1     1.6    -1.3     0.1     2.0 
     Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage                                                                                
         materials............................       .928    158.089    159.730     5.2     1.0    -0.1     0.3     1.7 
     Other food at home.......................      1.852    178.238    181.806     5.3     2.0     1.0     0.1     1.9 
      Sugar and sweets........................       .277    182.214    184.878     5.1     1.5     0.4     1.0     1.2 
      Fats and oils...........................       .205    182.808    190.640    12.3     4.3     1.5    -0.7     5.1 
      Other foods.............................      1.369    192.597    195.993     4.2     1.8     1.1     0.0     1.5 
       Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......       .404    117.321    118.500     2.8     1.0     2.6    -0.7     1.0 
    Food away from home (1)...................      6.173    212.537    213.083     4.1     0.3     0.4     0.3     0.3 
     Other food away from home (1) (2)........       .297    148.564    148.667     3.9     0.1     1.2     0.1     0.1 
   Alcoholic beverages........................      1.080    212.407    213.503     3.6     0.5     0.4    -0.1     0.6 
                                                                                                                        
  Housing.....................................     42.427    214.389    214.890     3.0     0.2     0.2     0.4     0.3 
   Shelter....................................     32.596    245.995    246.004     2.6     0.0     0.0     0.1     0.1 
    Rent of primary residence (3).............      5.765    240.874    241.474     3.6     0.2     0.2     0.2     0.3 
    Lodging away from home (2)................      2.564    149.434    146.378     1.1    -2.0    -1.2    -0.6    -1.9 
    Owners' equivalent rent of primary                                                                                  
        residence (3) (4).....................     23.942    250.966    251.418     2.6     0.2     0.1     0.2     0.2 
    Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..       .325    117.701    118.422     0.7     0.6     0.2     0.1     0.6 
   Fuels and utilities........................      5.128    209.221    213.302     8.6     2.0     1.3     2.0     2.2 
    Household energy..........................      4.215    189.693    194.121     9.4     2.3     1.5     2.3     2.6 
     Fuel oil and other fuels.................       .351    332.139    342.811    42.8     3.2    -1.2     7.9     3.6 
     Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........      3.864    190.105    194.379     6.6     2.2     1.7     1.9     2.5 
    Water and sewer and trash collection                                                                                
        services (2)..........................       .913    149.315    149.536     5.2     0.1     0.3     0.3     0.3 
   Household furnishings and operations.......      4.702    127.423    127.332    -0.1    -0.1     0.0     0.5    -0.1 
    Household operations (1) (2)..............       .737    145.034    145.784     3.9     0.5     0.5     1.1     0.5 
                                                                                                                        
  Apparel.....................................      3.731    120.881    122.113    -0.7     1.0    -0.3    -1.3     0.5 
   Men's and boys' apparel....................       .935    114.994    116.653     1.3     1.4     1.1    -0.8     0.4 
   Women's and girls' apparel.................      1.600    110.645    111.221    -5.0     0.5    -2.0    -2.6     0.0 
   Infants' and toddlers' apparel.............       .185    116.037    116.358     0.8     0.3    -0.4    -1.7     0.6 
   Footwear...................................       .679    124.407    126.212     2.1     1.5     0.0    -0.1     0.9 
                                                                                                                        
  Transportation..............................     17.688    195.189    198.608     7.2     1.8    -0.7     0.7    -0.7 
   Private transportation.....................     16.583    191.067    194.574     7.2     1.8    -0.7     0.6    -0.7 
    New and used motor vehicles (2)...........      7.191     94.318     93.973    -0.4    -0.4    -0.2    -0.1    -0.2 
     New vehicles.............................      4.632    135.727    135.175    -1.3    -0.4    -0.3    -0.1    -0.2 
     Used cars and trucks (1).................      1.773    137.225    136.787     1.8    -0.3     0.0     0.0    -0.3 
    Motor fuel................................      5.482    278.739    294.291    21.1     5.6    -2.0     1.6    -1.9 
     Gasoline (all types).....................      5.215    276.497    291.910    20.7     5.6    -2.0     1.3    -2.0 
    Motor vehicle parts and equipment (1).....       .356    126.325    126.049     4.4    -0.2     0.8     0.9    -0.2 
    Motor vehicle maintenance and repair......      1.123    229.765    230.528     4.1     0.3     0.3     0.5     0.4 
   Public transportation......................      1.106    242.929    244.164     7.3     0.5    -0.1     2.5    -0.4 
                                                                                                                        
  Medical care................................      6.231    363.000    363.184     4.3     0.1     0.1     0.1     0.2 
   Medical care commodities...................      1.601    297.308    296.951     3.0    -0.1     0.1     0.4    -0.2 
   Medical care services......................      4.630    382.872    383.292     4.7     0.1     0.1     0.1     0.3 
    Professional services.....................      2.626    308.726    309.227     3.3     0.2     0.0     0.1     0.2 
    Hospital and related services (3).........      1.467    528.968    530.144     7.7     0.2     0.3     0.2     0.5 
                                                                                                                        
  Recreation (2)..............................      5.647    112.731    112.874     1.2     0.1     0.1     0.3    -0.1 
   Video and audio (2)........................      1.843    103.548    103.477     0.3    -0.1    -0.2     0.2    -0.4 
                                                                                                                        
  Education and communication (2).............      6.086    121.832    122.073     3.2     0.2     0.1     0.3     0.4 
   Education (2)..............................      2.944    177.407    177.754     5.7     0.2     0.3     0.4     0.6 
    Educational books and supplies............       .207    439.906    442.160     6.7     0.5    -0.1     0.3     0.9 
    Tuition, other school fees, and childcare       2.736    511.013    511.887     5.6     0.2     0.3     0.4     0.6 
   Communication (2)..........................      3.142     83.502     83.670     0.6     0.2     0.0     0.1     0.2 
    Information and information processing (1)                                                                          
        (2)...................................      2.975     80.752     80.921     0.3     0.2     0.0     0.1     0.2 
     Telephone services (1) (2)...............      2.342     99.031     99.494     1.9     0.5    -0.1     0.2     0.5 
     Information technology, hardware and                                                                               
         services (1) (5).....................       .634     10.246     10.170    -6.4    -0.7     0.2    -0.1    -0.7 
      Personal computers and peripheral                                                                                 
          equipment (1) (6)...................       .242    100.359     98.853   -13.2    -1.5    -0.4    -0.2    -1.5 
                                                                                                                        
  Other goods and services....................      3.277    341.827    343.410     3.5     0.5     0.2     0.4     0.5 
   Tobacco and smoking products (1)...........       .731    574.890    576.359     5.2     0.3     0.4    -0.1     0.3 
   Personal care..............................      2.546    199.982    201.028     3.1     0.5     0.2     0.6     0.6 
    Personal care products (1)................       .639    158.440    159.398     0.5     0.6    -0.3     0.5     0.6 
    Personal care services (1)................       .629    222.752    222.799     3.4     0.0     0.4     0.9     0.0 
    Miscellaneous personal services...........      1.044    335.427    337.685     4.4     0.7     0.4     0.3     0.7 
                                                                                                                        
          Commodity and service group                                                                                   
                                                                                                                        
 Commodities..................................     41.269    173.884    175.838     4.8     1.1    -0.2     0.3     0.1 
  Food and beverages..........................     14.914    209.692    211.365     5.0     0.8     0.4     0.2     0.9 
  Commodities less food and beverages.........     26.356    153.682    155.690     4.7     1.3    -0.5     0.4    -0.4 
   Nondurables less food and beverages........     15.519    196.185    200.926     8.9     2.4    -0.1     0.8    -0.5 
    Apparel...................................      3.731    120.881    122.113    -0.7     1.0    -0.3    -1.3     0.5 
    Nondurables less food, beverages, and                                                                               
        apparel...............................     11.787    247.546    254.599    12.1     2.8     0.0     1.5    -0.9 
   Durables...................................     10.837    112.059    111.671    -1.2    -0.3    -0.2     0.0    -0.3 
 Services.....................................     58.731    252.817    253.426     3.3     0.2     0.2     0.4     0.3 
  Rent of shelter (4).........................     32.271    256.470    256.463     2.6     0.0     0.0     0.2     0.0 
  Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)....       .325    117.701    118.422     0.7     0.6     0.2     0.1     0.6 
  Gas (piped) and electricity (3).............      3.864    190.105    194.379     6.6     2.2     1.7     1.9     2.5 
  Water and sewer and trash collection                                                                                  
      services (2)............................       .913    149.315    149.536     5.2     0.1     0.3     0.3     0.3 
  Household operations (1) (2)................       .737    145.034    145.784     3.9     0.5     0.5     1.1     0.5 
  Transportation services.....................      5.350    239.556    240.150     3.4     0.2     0.1     0.7     0.1 
  Medical care services.......................      4.630    382.872    383.292     4.7     0.1     0.1     0.1     0.3 
  Other services..............................     10.641    292.218    293.016     3.4     0.3     0.2     0.4     0.3 
                                                                                                                        
                Special indexes                                                                                         
                                                                                                                        
 All items less food..........................     86.167    214.236    215.462     3.7     0.6     0.0     0.4     0.1 
 All items less shelter.......................     67.404    203.217    205.040     4.6     0.9     0.0     0.4     0.3 
 All items less medical care..................     93.769    205.992    207.317     3.9     0.6     0.0     0.4     0.2 
 Commodities less food........................     27.436    155.881    157.870     4.6     1.3    -0.5     0.4    -0.3 
 Nondurables less food........................     16.599    197.167    201.693     8.5     2.3    -0.4     0.9     0.1 
 Nondurables less food and apparel............     12.868    243.109    249.571    11.4     2.7    -0.3     1.6    -0.4 
 Nondurables..................................     30.432    203.767    207.096     7.0     1.6     0.0     0.7     0.5 
 Services less rent of shelter (4)............     26.460    267.567    269.007     4.2     0.5     0.3     0.7     0.6 
 Services less medical care services..........     54.101    242.310    242.921     3.2     0.3     0.2     0.4     0.3 
 Energy.......................................      9.698    230.505    240.194    15.9     4.2    -0.5     1.9     0.0 
 All items less energy........................     90.302    213.420    213.851     2.7     0.2     0.1     0.2     0.2 
  All items less food and energy..............     76.469    214.866    215.059     2.3     0.1     0.0     0.2     0.1 
   Commodities less food and energy                                                                                     
       commodities............................     21.602    141.056    141.156     0.1     0.1    -0.1    -0.1     0.0 
    Energy commodities........................      5.834    283.362    298.757    22.5     5.4    -1.9     2.0    -1.6 
   Services less energy services..............     54.867    259.249    259.503     3.1     0.1     0.1     0.2     0.1 
 Purchasing power of the consumer dollar                                                                                
     (1982-84=$1.00)..........................          -     $ .468     $ .465       -       -       -       -       - 
 Purchasing power of the consumer dollar                                                                                
     (1967=$1.00).............................          -     $ .156     $ .155       -       -       -       -       - 

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.
   2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
   3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator.  All other item stratum index series were calculated
 using a geometric means estimator.
   4 Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
   5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
   6 Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
   - Data not available.
 NOTE:  Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.



 Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
 commodity and service group

 (1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                   
                                                  Seasonally adjusted indexes        Seasonally adjusted annual rate percent change
                                                                                                          for                      
                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                   
                   CPI-U                                                                    3 months ended--            6 months   
                                                                                                                        ended--    
                                               Jan.      Feb.      Mar.      Apr.                                                  
                                               2008      2008      2008      2008                                                  
                                                                                      July    Oct.    Jan.    Apr.    Oct.    Apr. 
                                                                                      2007    2007    2008    2008    2007    2008 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                   
            Expenditure category                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                   
 All items.................................  212.516   212.571   213.301   213.743     3.9     2.6     6.8     2.3     3.2     4.5 
                                                                                                                                   
  Food and beverages.......................  208.326   209.087   209.517   211.442     4.7     4.5     4.6     6.1     4.6     5.4 
   Food....................................  208.026   208.778   209.255   211.232     4.8     4.6     4.7     6.3     4.7     5.5 
    Food at home...........................  206.921   207.633   207.971   211.085     5.2     4.5     5.7     8.3     4.9     7.0 
     Cereals and bakery products...........  229.175   233.287   236.325   239.619     4.0     5.0     7.6    19.5     4.5    13.4 
     Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs........  199.747   199.499   199.527   201.404     5.2     3.4     2.7     3.4     4.3     3.0 
     Dairy and related products............  205.698   207.341   205.624   207.992    29.2    12.9     2.3     4.5    20.8     3.4 
     Fruits and vegetables.................  272.105   268.642   268.864   274.120    -5.5     4.0    16.3     3.0    -0.9     9.5 
     Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage                                                                                           
         materials.........................  156.941   156.743   157.218   159.868     5.1     4.1     4.1     7.7     4.6     5.9 
     Other food at home....................  176.178   177.957   178.157   181.508     3.1     2.3     3.5    12.7     2.7     8.0 
      Sugar and sweets.....................  179.774   180.431   182.273   184.421     3.7     2.3     3.8    10.7     3.0     7.2 
      Fats and oils........................  180.743   183.396   182.190   191.560     6.6     4.6    12.8    26.2     5.6    19.3 
      Other foods..........................  190.435   192.472   192.565   195.506     2.4     1.8     1.8    11.1     2.1     6.3 
       Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)...  115.162   118.182   117.321   118.500    -1.0    -0.6     1.1    12.1    -0.8     6.5 
    Food away from home (1)................  211.070   211.878   212.537   213.083     4.4     4.6     3.5     3.9     4.5     3.7 
     Other food away from home (1) (2).....  146.649   148.385   148.564   148.667     4.6     3.6     1.6     5.6     4.1     3.6 
   Alcoholic beverages.....................  210.953   211.841   211.645   212.894     3.6     3.6     3.3     3.7     3.6     3.5 
                                                                                                                                   
  Housing..................................  212.920   213.313   214.204   214.850     2.8     2.2     3.5     3.7     2.5     3.6 
   Shelter.................................  244.744   244.837   245.200   245.335     3.4     2.7     3.5     1.0     3.0     2.2 
    Rent of primary residence (3)..........  239.745   240.191   240.763   241.489     3.3     3.8     4.5     2.9     3.6     3.7 
    Lodging away from home (2).............  146.695   144.953   144.128   141.456    16.4    -1.3     5.1   -13.5     7.2    -4.7 
    Owners' equivalent rent of primary                                                                                             
        residence (3) (4)..................  250.051   250.413   250.941   251.461     2.0     2.9     3.3     2.3     2.5     2.8 
    Tenants' and household insurance (1)                                                                                           
        (2)................................  117.435   117.622   117.701   118.422    -3.3     0.2     2.8     3.4    -1.6     3.1 
   Fuels and utilities.....................  205.567   208.175   212.311   216.921     2.7     2.9     6.0    24.0     2.8    14.6 
    Household energy.......................  185.991   188.722   193.154   198.101     2.3     2.5     5.9    28.7     2.4    16.7 
     Fuel oil and other fuels..............  306.227   302.465   326.372   338.212    22.4    27.3    79.3    48.8    24.8    63.3 
     Gas (piped) and electricity (3).......  187.489   190.706   194.239   199.018     0.7     0.6     0.6    27.0     0.7    13.0 
    Water and sewer and trash collection                                                                                           
        services (2).......................  148.142   148.647   149.080   149.537     5.1     5.0     6.7     3.8     5.1     5.3 
   Household furnishings and operations....  126.493   126.510   127.205   127.076    -0.7    -1.7     0.4     1.9    -1.2     1.1 
    Household operations (1) (2)...........  142.828   143.500   145.034   145.784     1.3     0.9     5.2     8.5     1.1     6.9 
                                                                                                                                   
  Apparel..................................  119.759   119.352   117.819   118.363    -1.3    -0.9     4.6    -4.6    -1.1    -0.1 
   Men's and boys' apparel.................  112.941   114.213   113.256   113.763     2.3    -2.0     1.9     2.9     0.2     2.4 
   Women's and girls' apparel..............  110.658   108.393   105.548   105.549    -6.9    -1.6     7.3   -17.2    -4.3    -5.8 
   Infants' and toddlers' apparel..........  116.049   115.627   113.658   114.388    -4.7     9.7     4.5    -5.6     2.2    -0.7 
   Footwear................................  123.246   123.304   123.193   124.302     3.7    -2.4     3.6     3.5     0.6     3.5 
                                                                                                                                   
  Transportation...........................  195.722   194.390   195.797   194.483     7.8     1.7    22.3    -2.5     4.7     9.2 
   Private transportation..................  191.811   190.437   191.585   190.264     8.2     1.3    23.0    -3.2     4.7     9.1 
    New and used motor vehicles (2)........   94.318    94.156    94.068    93.859     0.8     0.0    -0.3    -1.9     0.4    -1.1 
     New vehicles..........................  135.597   135.195   135.024   134.772    -0.7    -1.0    -1.1    -2.4    -0.8    -1.8 
     Used cars and trucks (1)..............  137.203   137.248   137.225   136.787     5.0     2.8     0.7    -1.2     3.9    -0.2 
    Motor fuel.............................  283.011   277.448   281.996   276.571    26.3     2.6    82.1    -8.8    13.9    28.9 
     Gasoline (all types)..................  281.880   276.131   279.818   274.251    26.3     2.6    82.7   -10.4    13.8    27.9 
    Motor vehicle parts and equipment (1)..  124.282   125.225   126.325   126.049     2.7     5.0     4.2     5.8     3.9     5.0 
    Motor vehicle maintenance and repair...  227.730   228.425   229.641   230.660     3.4     2.4     5.3     5.2     2.9     5.3 
   Public transportation...................  239.414   239.080   245.136   244.145     1.1     9.3    10.9     8.1     5.1     9.5 
                                                                                                                                   
  Medical care.............................  360.815   361.168   361.697   362.243     5.0     5.6     5.1     1.6     5.3     3.3 
   Medical care commodities................  295.763   296.151   297.377   296.876     2.3     3.0     5.1     1.5     2.7     3.3 
   Medical care services...................  380.459   380.787   380.994   381.990     5.8     6.4     5.1     1.6     6.1     3.3 
    Professional services..................  307.011   307.160   307.527   308.120     3.8     4.4     3.8     1.5     4.1     2.6 
    Hospital and related services (3)......  522.889   524.634   525.672   528.453     7.9     9.7     9.0     4.3     8.8     6.7 
                                                                                                                                   
  Recreation (2)...........................  112.242   112.373   112.656   112.588     0.4     1.7     1.6     1.2     1.0     1.4 
   Video and audio (2).....................  103.337   103.147   103.370   102.948     0.5     1.4     0.8    -1.5     0.9    -0.4 
                                                                                                                                   
  Education and communication (2)..........  121.578   121.745   122.075   122.564     3.5     3.1     2.8     3.3     3.3     3.0 
   Education (2)...........................  176.895   177.406   178.144   179.234     5.2     5.6     6.7     5.4     5.4     6.0 
    Educational books and supplies.........  436.635   436.364   437.600   441.736     7.8     8.3     6.2     4.8     8.1     5.5 
    Tuition, other school fees, and                                                                                                
        childcare..........................  509.715   511.324   513.503   516.515     5.0     5.4     6.7     5.4     5.2     6.1 
   Communication (2).......................   83.392    83.388    83.500    83.669     1.7     0.5    -1.3     1.3     1.1     0.0 
    Information and information processing                                                                                         
        (1) (2)............................   80.642    80.638    80.752    80.921     0.8     0.5    -1.5     1.4     0.7    -0.1 
     Telephone services (1) (2)............   98.906    98.837    99.031    99.494     4.0     1.9    -0.5     2.4     2.9     0.9 
     Information technology, hardware and                                                                                          
         services (1) (5)..................   10.229    10.253    10.246    10.170   -12.0    -5.3    -5.9    -2.3    -8.7    -4.1 
      Personal computers and peripheral                                                                                            
          equipment (1) (6)................  100.998   100.545   100.359    98.853   -20.6   -11.1   -12.2    -8.2   -16.0   -10.2 
                                                                                                                                   
  Other goods and services.................  339.063   339.869   341.374   343.072     2.6     2.8     3.9     4.8     2.7     4.4 
   Tobacco and smoking products (1)........  572.684   575.227   574.890   576.359     4.7     4.9     8.9     2.6     4.8     5.7 
   Personal care...........................  198.120   198.473   199.641   200.773     2.1     2.2     2.5     5.5     2.1     4.0 
    Personal care products (1).............  158.201   157.677   158.440   159.398    -0.5    -0.2    -0.5     3.1    -0.3     1.3 
    Personal care services (1).............  219.932   220.848   222.752   222.799     2.5     2.2     3.8     5.3     2.3     4.6 
    Miscellaneous personal services........  332.309   333.716   334.878   337.233     2.3     4.6     4.8     6.1     3.4     5.4 
                                                                                                                                   
        Commodity and service group                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                   
 Commodities...............................  173.359   173.011   173.575   173.718     4.7     2.1    11.5     0.8     3.4     6.0 
  Food and beverages.......................  208.326   209.087   209.517   211.442     4.7     4.5     4.6     6.1     4.6     5.4 
  Commodities less food and beverages......  153.519   152.726   153.327   152.734     4.6     0.6    15.6    -2.0     2.6     6.4 
   Nondurables less food and beverages.....  195.609   195.406   196.898   195.857     5.1     2.4    29.9     0.5     3.7    14.3 
    Apparel................................  119.759   119.352   117.819   118.363    -1.3    -0.9     4.6    -4.6    -1.1    -0.1 
    Nondurables less food, beverages, and                                                                                          
        apparel............................  246.553   246.666   250.287   248.038    13.3    -1.7    38.4     2.4     5.5    19.1 
   Durables................................  112.020   111.756   111.800   111.417    -1.4    -0.9    -0.2    -2.1    -1.1    -1.2 
 Services..................................  251.317   251.804   252.703   253.456     3.2     3.0     3.7     3.4     3.1     3.6 
  Rent of shelter (4)......................  255.206   255.267   255.657   255.735     3.5     2.6     3.7     0.8     3.0     2.2 
  Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)   117.435   117.622   117.701   118.422    -3.3     0.2     2.8     3.4    -1.6     3.1 
  Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........  187.489   190.706   194.239   199.018     0.7     0.6     0.6    27.0     0.7    13.0 
  Water and sewer and trash collection                                                                                             
      services (2).........................  148.142   148.647   149.080   149.537     5.1     5.0     6.7     3.8     5.1     5.3 
  Household operations (1) (2).............  142.828   143.500   145.034   145.784     1.3     0.9     5.2     8.5     1.1     6.9 
  Transportation services..................  238.174   238.389   240.053   240.412     1.8     2.9     5.2     3.8     2.4     4.5 
  Medical care services....................  380.459   380.787   380.994   381.990     5.8     6.4     5.1     1.6     6.1     3.3 
  Other services...........................  290.834   291.364   292.410   293.296     3.4     3.4     3.5     3.4     3.4     3.5 
                                                                                                                                   
              Special indexes                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                   
 All items less food.......................  213.281   213.221   213.992   214.183     3.7     2.3     7.1     1.7     3.0     4.4 
 All items less shelter....................  202.288   202.328   203.213   203.782     4.1     2.6     8.4     3.0     3.3     5.7 
 All items less medical care...............  205.033   205.076   205.807   206.241     3.8     2.4     6.9     2.4     3.1     4.6 
 Commodities less food.....................  155.681   154.934   155.514   154.972     4.6     0.8    15.1    -1.8     2.7     6.3 
 Nondurables less food.....................  196.169   195.304   197.043   197.193     6.1     0.0    28.0     2.1     3.0    14.3 
 Nondurables less food and apparel.........  241.905   241.207   245.015   244.131    12.3    -2.2    34.9     3.7     4.8    18.3 
 Nondurables...............................  202.477   202.376   203.730   204.711     5.3     3.0    15.6     4.5     4.1     9.9 
 Services less rent of shelter (4).........  265.500   266.373   268.136   269.814     3.6     2.8     3.6     6.7     3.2     5.1 
 Services less medical care services.......  240.726   241.233   242.188   242.925     3.4     2.6     3.2     3.7     3.0     3.4 
 Energy....................................  230.633   229.390   233.839   233.804    14.4     2.6    43.6     5.6     8.3    23.1 
 All items less energy.....................  212.281   212.471   212.819   213.314     2.8     2.6     3.4     2.0     2.7     2.7 
  All items less food and energy...........  213.765   213.851   214.176   214.398     2.5     2.3     3.1     1.2     2.4     2.2 
   Commodities less food and energy                                                                                                
       commodities.........................  140.422   140.316   140.180   140.193     0.0    -0.1     1.2    -0.7     0.0     0.3 
    Energy commodities.....................  286.070   280.566   286.164   281.614    26.1     4.1    82.5    -6.1    14.5    30.9 
   Services less energy services...........  257.857   258.078   258.722   259.084     3.4     3.2     3.9     1.9     3.3     2.9 

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.
   2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
   3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator.  All other item stratum index series were calculated using a
 geometric means estimator.
   4 Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
   5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
   6 Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
 NOTE:  Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.



 Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index 

 (1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                   All items                                      
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                       Indexes                 Percent change to Percent change to
                    CPI-U                      Pricing                                          Apr. 2008 from--   Mar. 2008 from-- 
                                              schedule                                                                            
                                                 (1)      Jan.      Feb.      Mar.      Apr.                                      
                                                          2008      2008      2008      2008    Apr.  Feb.  Mar.  Mar.  Jan.  Feb.
                                                                                                2007  2008  2008  2007  2008  2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                  
 U.S. city average...........................    M      211.080   211.693   213.528   214.823   3.9   1.5   0.6   4.0   1.2   0.9 
                                                                                                                                  
           Region and area size(2)                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
 Northeast urban.............................    M      224.325   225.213   226.926   228.133   3.9   1.3   0.5   3.9   1.2   0.8 
   Size A - More than 1,500,000..............    M      226.310   227.411   229.087   230.038   3.6   1.2   0.4   3.7   1.2   0.7 
   Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........    M      133.301   133.511   134.611   135.739   4.8   1.7   0.8   4.6   1.0   0.8 
                                                                                                                                  
 Midwest urban...............................    M      201.427   201.896   203.723   205.393   4.0   1.7   0.8   3.7   1.1   0.9 
   Size A - More than 1,500,000..............    M      202.830   203.347   205.141   206.590   3.6   1.6   0.7   3.4   1.1   0.9 
   Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........    M      128.753   128.922   130.121   131.484   4.6   2.0   1.0   4.0   1.1   0.9 
   Size D -  Nonmetropolitan  (less than                                                                                          
       50,000)...............................    M      196.708   197.596   199.472   200.841   4.8   1.6   0.7   4.8   1.4   0.9 
                                                                                                                                  
 South urban.................................    M      204.510   205.060   206.676   208.085   4.2   1.5   0.7   4.4   1.1   0.8 
   Size A - More than 1,500,000..............    M      207.221   207.605   209.065   209.987   4.0   1.1   0.4   4.3   0.9   0.7 
   Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........    M      129.937   130.351   131.442   132.516   4.3   1.7   0.8   4.5   1.2   0.8 
   Size D -  Nonmetropolitan  (less than                                                                                          
       50,000)...............................    M      204.524   205.189   206.933   208.746   4.2   1.7   0.9   4.4   1.2   0.8 
                                                                                                                                  
 West urban..................................    M      215.739   216.339   218.533   219.437   3.5   1.4   0.4   3.7   1.3   1.0 
   Size A - More than 1,500,000..............    M      219.036   219.799   221.997   222.689   3.3   1.3   0.3   3.5   1.4   1.0 
   Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........    M      131.328   131.538   132.896   133.694   3.8   1.6   0.6   3.9   1.2   1.0 
                                                                                                                                  
                 Size classes                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                  
   A (4).....................................    M      193.045   193.685   195.314   196.191   3.6   1.3   0.4   3.7   1.2   0.8 
   B/C (3)...................................    M      130.431   130.728   131.892   132.974   4.3   1.7   0.8   4.3   1.1   0.9 
   D.........................................    M      203.200   203.803   205.730   207.238   4.4   1.7   0.7   4.4   1.2   0.9 
                                                                                                                                  
           Selected local areas(5)                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
 Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI..............    M      208.757   209.526   211.542   212.662   4.2   1.5   0.5   4.5   1.3   1.0 
 Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA.....    M      220.918   221.431   223.606   224.625   3.1   1.4   0.5   3.3   1.2   1.0 
 New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island,                                                                                              
     NY-NJ-CT-PA.............................    M      229.869   231.020   233.122   233.822   3.6   1.2   0.3   3.8   1.4   0.9 
                                                                                                                                  
 Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT.........    1      231.980         -   233.084         -     -     -     -   2.9   0.5     - 
 Cleveland-Akron, OH.........................    1      199.686         -   202.500         -     -     -     -   4.3   1.4     - 
 Dallas-Fort Worth, TX.......................    1      197.079         -   198.596         -     -     -     -   4.4   0.8     - 
 Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV (6).......    1      136.293         -   138.090         -     -     -     -   4.7   1.3     - 
                                                                                                                                  
 Atlanta, GA.................................    2            -   204.166         -   206.371   3.7   1.1     -     -     -     - 
 Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI.................    2            -   202.378         -   205.281   2.4   1.4     -     -     -     - 
 Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX..............    2            -   187.585         -   188.795   2.5   0.6     -     -     -     - 
 Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL...................    2            -   219.082         -   221.324   4.9   1.0     -     -     -     - 
 Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City,                                                                                           
     PA-NJ-DE-MD.............................    2            -   220.935         -   223.622   3.9   1.2     -     -     -     - 
 San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA..........    2            -   219.612         -   222.074   2.9   1.1     -     -     -     - 
 Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA................    2            -   221.728         -   223.196   3.4   0.7     -     -     -     - 

   1 Areas on pricing schedule 2 (see Table 10) will appear next month. 
   2 Regions defined as the four Census regions.  See technical notes.
   3 Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
   4 Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
   5 In addition, the following metropolitan areas are published semiannually and appear in Tables 34 and 39 of the January and
 July issues of the CPI Detailed Report: Anchorage, AK; Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN; Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO; Honolulu, HI;
 Kansas City, MO-KS; Milwaukee-Racine, WI; Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI; Phoenix-Mesa, AZ; Pittsburgh, PA; Portland-Salem, OR-WA;
 St. Louis, MO-IL; San Diego, CA; Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL.
   6 Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.
   - Data not available.
 NOTE:  Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.



 Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure
 category and commodity and service group

 (1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                        
                                                                                    Unadjusted                          
                                                             Unadjusted indexes   percent change   Seasonally adjusted  
                                                 Relative                          to Apr. 2008    percent change from- 
                     CPI-W                     importance,                            from-                             
                                                 December                                                               
                                                   2007       Mar.       Apr.                      Jan.    Feb.    Mar. 
                                                              2008       2008      Apr.    Mar.     to      to      to  
                                                                                   2007    2008    Feb.    Mar.    Apr. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                        
             Expenditure category                                                                                       
                                                                                                                        
 All items....................................    100.000    209.147    210.698     4.2     0.7     0.0     0.4     0.2 
 All items (1967=100).........................          -    622.985    627.606       -       -       -       -       - 
                                                                                                                        
  Food and beverages..........................     15.926    208.927    210.559     5.0     0.8     0.3     0.2     0.9 
   Food.......................................     14.901    208.571    210.252     5.1     0.8     0.3     0.2     1.0 
    Food at home..............................      8.595    207.196    209.657     5.9     1.2     0.3     0.2     1.5 
     Cereals and bakery products..............      1.110    236.764    240.663     8.9     1.6     1.8     1.3     1.5 
     Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs...........      2.192    199.484    200.285     3.7     0.4    -0.2     0.1     0.9 
     Dairy and related products...............       .965    205.660    207.135    11.8     0.7     0.7    -0.9     1.2 
     Fruits and vegetables....................      1.218    266.030    270.169     3.9     1.6    -1.7     0.5     1.9 
     Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage                                                                                
         materials............................      1.094    157.488    158.799     5.2     0.8     0.2     0.1     1.6 
     Other food at home.......................      2.016    177.713    181.215     5.4     2.0     1.0     0.0     1.9 
      Sugar and sweets........................       .279    181.033    183.725     5.3     1.5     0.6     0.9     1.2 
      Fats and oils...........................       .232    183.706    191.560    12.3     4.3     1.5    -0.8     5.4 
      Other foods.............................      1.504    192.832    196.106     4.2     1.7     1.1     0.0     1.5 
       Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......       .438    117.754    118.751     2.9     0.8     2.7    -0.9     0.8 
    Food away from home (1)...................      6.305    212.193    212.794     4.0     0.3     0.4     0.3     0.3 
     Other food away from home (1) (2)........       .218    147.188    147.335     3.0     0.1     0.9     0.2     0.1 
   Alcoholic beverages........................      1.025    212.748    213.633     3.5     0.4     0.5    -0.2     0.5 
                                                                                                                        
  Housing.....................................     39.994    209.388    210.161     3.2     0.4     0.2     0.5     0.4 
   Shelter....................................     30.397    237.965    238.261     2.7     0.1     0.1     0.2     0.2 
    Rent of primary residence (3).............      7.979    239.932    240.507     3.6     0.2     0.2     0.2     0.3 
    Lodging away from home (2)................      1.233    148.110    145.936     1.1    -1.5    -1.9    -0.7    -1.0 
    Owners' equivalent rent of primary                                                                                  
        residence (3) (4).....................     20.888    227.488    227.893     2.6     0.2     0.1     0.2     0.2 
    Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..       .297    117.999    118.683     0.6     0.6     0.2     0.1     0.6 
   Fuels and utilities........................      5.637    206.861    210.912     8.2     2.0     1.2     1.9     2.2 
    Household energy..........................      4.670    186.315    190.657     8.8     2.3     1.4     2.3     2.5 
     Fuel oil and other fuels.................       .323    329.271    339.009    41.5     3.0    -1.1     7.0     3.4 
     Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........      4.347    188.143    192.434     6.4     2.3     1.5     1.9     2.5 
    Water and sewer and trash collection                                                                                
        services (2)..........................       .966    149.555    149.751     5.1     0.1     0.3     0.3     0.3 
   Household furnishings and operations.......      3.960    123.184    123.108     0.2    -0.1     0.0     0.5     0.0 
    Household operations (1) (2)..............       .339    147.316    148.403     4.2     0.7     0.3     1.0     0.7 
                                                                                                                        
  Apparel.....................................      3.998    120.809    121.855    -0.5     0.9    -0.3    -1.2     0.2 
   Men's and boys' apparel....................      1.031    115.808    117.136     1.8     1.1     0.8    -0.7     0.1 
   Women's and girls' apparel.................      1.619    110.712    110.971    -5.0     0.2    -2.0    -2.5    -0.4 
   Infants' and toddlers' apparel.............       .251    118.990    119.200     1.4     0.2     0.1    -1.6     0.6 
   Footwear...................................       .821    124.343    126.150     2.3     1.5     0.3     0.1     0.7 
                                                                                                                        
  Transportation..............................     20.054    195.710    199.556     7.9     2.0    -0.7     0.7    -0.7 
   Private transportation.....................     19.287    192.740    196.641     8.0     2.0    -0.8     0.7    -0.7 
    New and used motor vehicles (2)...........      7.952     93.455     93.158    -0.1    -0.3    -0.2    -0.1    -0.2 
     New vehicles.............................      4.172    136.910    136.456    -1.2    -0.3    -0.3    -0.1    -0.1 
     Used cars and trucks (1).................      3.103    138.070    137.616     1.8    -0.3     0.0     0.0    -0.3 
    Motor fuel................................      6.940    279.975    295.618    21.4     5.6    -1.9     1.7    -1.9 
     Gasoline (all types).....................      6.597    277.842    293.349    20.9     5.6    -2.0     1.4    -2.0 
    Motor vehicle parts and equipment (1).....       .446    126.330    126.032     4.7    -0.2     0.7     0.9    -0.2 
    Motor vehicle maintenance and repair......      1.169    232.344    232.983     4.0     0.3     0.3     0.5     0.4 
   Public transportation......................       .767    240.729    241.966     6.8     0.5    -0.1     2.4    -0.3 
                                                                                                                        
  Medical care................................      5.192    363.069    363.356     4.4     0.1     0.1     0.1     0.2 
   Medical care commodities...................      1.295    289.254    288.796     2.7    -0.2     0.0     0.3    -0.2 
   Medical care services......................      3.897    384.149    384.753     4.9     0.2     0.1     0.0     0.3 
    Professional services.....................      2.159    311.259    311.757     3.4     0.2     0.0     0.1     0.2 
    Hospital and related services (3).........      1.260    524.534    526.495     8.0     0.4     0.4     0.2     0.6 
                                                                                                                        
  Recreation (2)..............................      5.341    109.742    109.775     1.0     0.0     0.1     0.3    -0.2 
   Video and audio (2)........................      1.987    103.525    103.414     0.7    -0.1    -0.1     0.2    -0.3 
                                                                                                                        
  Education and communication (2).............      5.987    118.155    118.462     2.8     0.3     0.1     0.2     0.4 
   Education (2)..............................      2.377    175.101    175.545     5.5     0.3     0.2     0.4     0.6 
    Educational books and supplies............       .204    442.639    444.594     6.5     0.4    -0.1     0.1     0.9 
    Tuition, other school fees, and childcare       2.174    493.546    494.711     5.4     0.2     0.3     0.4     0.6 
   Communication (2)..........................      3.609     86.016     86.244     0.8     0.3     0.0     0.1     0.3 
    Information and information processing (1)                                                                          
        (2)...................................      3.488     84.091     84.320     0.7     0.3     0.0     0.1     0.3 
     Telephone services (1) (2)...............      2.869     99.090     99.566     1.9     0.5    -0.1     0.2     0.5 
     Information technology, hardware and                                                                               
         services (1) (5).....................       .619     10.745     10.671    -5.7    -0.7     0.2    -0.1    -0.7 
      Personal computers and peripheral                                                                                 
          equipment (1) (6)...................       .228    100.265     98.820   -12.9    -1.4    -0.5    -0.3    -1.4 
                                                                                                                        
  Other goods and services....................      3.508    353.351    354.887     3.8     0.4     0.3     0.4     0.4 
   Tobacco and smoking products (1)...........      1.183    576.910    578.296     5.4     0.2     0.5    -0.1     0.2 
   Personal care..............................      2.325    197.803    198.859     3.0     0.5     0.2     0.6     0.6 
    Personal care products (1)................       .647    158.730    159.585     0.6     0.5    -0.2     0.5     0.5 
    Personal care services (1)................       .560    223.043    223.088     3.4     0.0     0.5     0.8     0.0 
    Miscellaneous personal services...........       .910    336.476    338.851     4.5     0.7     0.4     0.3     0.7 
                                                                                                                        
          Commodity and service group                                                                                   
                                                                                                                        
 Commodities..................................     44.745    176.727    178.900     5.4     1.2    -0.2     0.4     0.0 
  Food and beverages..........................     15.926    208.927    210.559     5.0     0.8     0.3     0.2     0.9 
  Commodities less food and beverages.........     28.819    158.156    160.488     5.6     1.5    -0.6     0.4    -0.5 
   Nondurables less food and beverages........     17.315    205.166    210.558     9.9     2.6    -0.1     0.8    -0.6 
    Apparel...................................      3.998    120.809    121.855    -0.5     0.9    -0.3    -1.2     0.2 
    Nondurables less food, beverages, and                                                                               
        apparel...............................     13.318    262.252    270.496    13.2     3.1    -0.4     1.8    -0.7 
   Durables...................................     11.504    112.549    112.171    -0.7    -0.3    -0.2     0.0    -0.3 
 Services.....................................     55.255    247.197    248.045     3.3     0.3     0.2     0.4     0.4 
  Rent of shelter (4).........................     30.100    229.443    229.719     2.7     0.1     0.1     0.2     0.1 
  Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)....       .297    117.999    118.683     0.6     0.6     0.2     0.1     0.6 
  Gas (piped) and electricity (3).............      4.347    188.143    192.434     6.4     2.3     1.5     1.9     2.5 
  Water and sewer and trash collection                                                                                  
      services (2)............................       .966    149.555    149.751     5.1     0.1     0.3     0.3     0.3 
  Household operations (1) (2)................       .339    147.316    148.403     4.2     0.7     0.3     1.0     0.7 
  Transportation services.....................      5.266    238.496    239.044     2.9     0.2     0.1     0.5     0.2 
  Medical care services.......................      3.897    384.149    384.753     4.9     0.2     0.1     0.0     0.3 
  Other services..............................     10.042    281.017    281.829     3.1     0.3     0.1     0.4     0.3 
                                                                                                                        
                Special indexes                                                                                         
                                                                                                                        
 All items less food..........................     85.099    209.055    210.583     4.1     0.7    -0.1     0.4     0.1 
 All items less shelter.......................     69.603    200.904    202.931     4.9     1.0     0.0     0.4     0.3 
 All items less medical care..................     94.808    202.713    204.290     4.2     0.8     0.0     0.4     0.2 
 Commodities less food........................     29.844    160.152    162.455     5.5     1.4    -0.5     0.4    -0.5 
 Nondurables less food........................     18.341    205.843    211.005     9.5     2.5    -0.1     0.8    -0.6 
 Nondurables less food and apparel............     14.343    256.899    264.488    12.5     3.0    -0.3     1.7    -0.6 
 Nondurables..................................     33.241    208.101    211.757     7.6     1.8     0.1     0.7     0.2 
 Services less rent of shelter (4)............     25.155    236.483    237.922     4.0     0.6     0.3     0.7     0.7 
 Services less medical care services..........     51.358    237.201    238.048     3.2     0.4     0.2     0.4     0.4 
 Energy.......................................     11.610    231.533    241.518    16.2     4.3    -0.7     1.9    -0.2 
 All items less energy........................     88.390    207.296    207.812     2.7     0.2     0.1     0.2     0.3 
  All items less food and energy..............     73.489    207.406    207.687     2.2     0.1     0.0     0.1     0.1 
   Commodities less food and energy                                                                                     
       commodities............................     22.581    141.973    142.040     0.4     0.0    -0.1    -0.1     0.0 
    Energy commodities........................      7.264    283.359    298.852    22.4     5.5    -1.9     1.9    -1.7 
   Services less energy services..............     50.908    253.589    254.031     3.0     0.2     0.1     0.2     0.2 
 Purchasing power of the consumer dollar                                                                                
     (1982-84=$1.00)..........................          -     $ .478     $ .475       -       -       -       -       - 
 Purchasing power of the consumer dollar                                                                                
     (1967=$1.00).............................          -     $ .161     $ .159       -       -       -       -       - 

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.
   2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
   3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator.  All other item stratum index series were calculated
 using a geometric means estimator.
   4 Indexes on a December 1984=100 base
   5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
   6 Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
   - Data not available.
 NOTE:  Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.



 Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by
 expenditure category and commodity and service group

 (1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                   
                                                  Seasonally adjusted indexes        Seasonally adjusted annual rate percent change
                                                                                                          for                      
                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                   
                   CPI-W                                                                    3 months ended--            6 months   
                                                                                                                        ended--    
                                               Jan.      Feb.      Mar.      Apr.                                                  
                                               2008      2008      2008      2008                                                  
                                                                                      July    Oct.    Jan.    Apr.    Oct.    Apr. 
                                                                                      2007    2007    2008    2008    2007    2008 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                   
            Expenditure category                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                   
 All items.................................  208.301   208.298   209.064   209.543     4.1     2.7     7.7     2.4     3.4     5.0 
                                                                                                                                   
  Food and beverages.......................  207.555   208.257   208.709   210.669     4.9     4.5     4.5     6.1     4.7     5.3 
   Food....................................  207.222   207.901   208.406   210.420     5.0     4.6     4.6     6.3     4.8     5.4 
    Food at home...........................  205.887   206.527   206.912   209.945     5.4     4.6     5.5     8.1     5.0     6.8 
     Cereals and bakery products...........  229.488   233.733   236.729   240.305     3.8     4.8     7.6    20.2     4.3    13.7 
     Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs........  199.343   198.931   199.175   200.888     5.8     3.5     2.4     3.1     4.7     2.8 
     Dairy and related products............  205.370   206.877   205.091   207.558    30.4    12.5     2.0     4.3    21.1     3.2 
     Fruits and vegetables.................  269.770   265.318   266.563   271.663    -6.0     3.8    16.3     2.8    -1.2     9.4 
     Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage                                                                                           
         materials.........................  156.112   156.437   156.572   159.034     5.5     3.8     3.7     7.7     4.6     5.7 
     Other food at home....................  175.682   177.521   177.582   180.938     3.1     2.8     3.4    12.5     3.0     7.9 
      Sugar and sweets.....................  178.505   179.535   181.198   183.410     3.3     2.9     3.8    11.5     3.1     7.6 
      Fats and oils........................  181.290   184.099   182.605   192.519     5.5     5.7    12.2    27.2     5.6    19.4 
      Other foods..........................  190.770   192.783   192.789   195.607     2.6     2.2     1.7    10.5     2.4     6.0 
       Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)...  115.658   118.828   117.754   118.751    -0.3     0.1     1.0    11.1    -0.1     5.9 
    Food away from home (1)................  210.776   211.517   212.193   212.794     4.2     4.7     3.4     3.9     4.5     3.6 
     Other food away from home (1) (2).....  145.625   146.924   147.188   147.335     4.1     0.9     2.4     4.8     2.5     3.6 
   Alcoholic beverages.....................  211.034   212.072   211.736   212.888     4.0     3.4     3.2     3.6     3.7     3.4 
                                                                                                                                   
  Housing..................................  208.096   208.533   209.497   210.427     2.6     2.4     3.5     4.6     2.5     4.0 
   Shelter.................................  236.955   237.099   237.537   237.943     3.0     2.9     3.5     1.7     2.9     2.6 
    Rent of primary residence (3)..........  238.767   239.179   239.762   240.466     3.5     3.8     4.2     2.9     3.7     3.5 
    Lodging away from home (2).............  146.621   143.829   142.831   141.337    15.7    -0.9     6.2   -13.7     7.0    -4.2 
    Owners' equivalent rent of primary                                                                                             
        residence (3) (4)..................  226.656   226.982   227.481   227.924     2.0     2.8     3.4     2.3     2.4     2.8 
    Tenants' and household insurance (1)                                                                                           
        (2)................................  117.740   117.921   117.999   118.683    -3.5     0.2     2.6     3.2    -1.6     2.9 
   Fuels and utilities.....................  203.514   205.930   209.904   214.459     2.2     2.8     5.7    23.3     2.5    14.2 
    Household energy.......................  182.988   185.477   189.679   194.506     1.7     2.4     5.6    27.7     2.0    16.1 
     Fuel oil and other fuels..............  305.305   301.932   323.185   334.332    23.8    27.8    76.4    43.8    25.8    59.3 
     Gas (piped) and electricity (3).......  185.607   188.475   192.089   196.843     0.2     0.6     0.9    26.5     0.4    13.0 
    Water and sewer and trash collection                                                                                           
        services (2).......................  148.371   148.883   149.296   149.736     5.2     5.0     6.6     3.7     5.1     5.2 
   Household furnishings and operations....  122.389   122.330   122.902   122.893    -0.3    -1.4     0.8     1.7    -0.8     1.2 
    Household operations (1) (2)...........  145.431   145.825   147.316   148.403     2.0     2.0     4.4     8.4     2.0     6.4 
                                                                                                                                   
  Apparel..................................  119.760   119.341   117.864   118.109    -1.3    -0.2     5.6    -5.4    -0.8     0.0 
   Men's and boys' apparel.................  113.796   114.759   113.914   114.080     1.2    -0.1     5.0     1.0     0.6     3.0 
   Women's and girls' apparel..............  110.735   108.555   105.815   105.369    -6.0    -1.0     6.7   -18.0    -3.6    -6.5 
   Infants' and toddlers' apparel..........  118.421   118.510   116.638   117.342    -3.6     8.7     4.8    -3.6     2.3     0.5 
   Footwear................................  122.938   123.294   123.441   124.364     4.1    -2.4     2.9     4.7     0.8     3.8 
                                                                                                                                   
  Transportation...........................  196.402   194.963   196.398   194.993     8.9     1.6    24.6    -2.8     5.2    10.0 
   Private transportation..................  193.565   192.100   193.389   191.970     9.2     1.3    25.2    -3.3     5.2    10.0 
    New and used motor vehicles (2)........   93.452    93.308    93.239    93.051     1.3     0.2     0.0    -1.7     0.8    -0.9 
     New vehicles..........................  136.764   136.345   136.214   136.052    -0.3    -1.3    -1.0    -2.1    -0.8    -1.6 
     Used cars and trucks (1)..............  138.052   138.094   138.070   137.616     5.1     2.7     0.7    -1.3     3.9    -0.3 
    Motor fuel.............................  284.180   278.651   283.321   277.925    26.9     2.6    82.2    -8.5    14.1    29.1 
     Gasoline (all types)..................  283.087   277.354   281.140   275.644    27.1     2.4    82.6   -10.1    14.1    28.1 
    Motor vehicle parts and equipment (1)..  124.416   125.238   126.330   126.032     3.3     5.0     5.3     5.3     4.1     5.3 
    Motor vehicle maintenance and repair...  230.251   231.051   232.244   233.139     3.4     2.1     5.3     5.1     2.8     5.2 
   Public transportation...................  237.118   236.848   242.477   241.831     0.9     8.7     9.7     8.2     4.7     8.9 
                                                                                                                                   
  Medical care.............................  361.100   361.337   361.766   362.359     4.9     5.9     5.4     1.4     5.4     3.4 
   Medical care commodities................  288.251   288.297   289.297   288.672     1.7     3.0     5.5     0.6     2.4     3.0 
   Medical care services...................  381.817   382.130   382.294   383.404     5.8     6.7     5.4     1.7     6.2     3.5 
    Professional services..................  309.634   309.636   310.053   310.676     3.7     4.6     3.8     1.4     4.2     2.6 
    Hospital and related services (3)......  518.313   520.557   521.401   524.768     7.3    10.4     9.5     5.1     8.8     7.2 
                                                                                                                                   
  Recreation (2)...........................  109.201   109.351   109.680   109.514    -0.1     1.8     1.3     1.2     0.8     1.2 
   Video and audio (2).....................  103.205   103.080   103.333   102.975     0.4     1.8     1.5    -0.9     1.1     0.3 
                                                                                                                                   
  Education and communication (2)..........  117.947   118.044   118.311   118.807     3.3     2.6     2.2     2.9     2.9     2.6 
   Education (2)...........................  174.582   174.995   175.690   176.831     4.7     5.1     6.9     5.3     4.9     6.1 
    Educational books and supplies.........  439.883   439.326   439.977   443.977     7.9     8.7     5.6     3.8     8.3     4.7 
    Tuition, other school fees, and                                                                                                
        childcare..........................  492.237   493.569   495.643   498.741     4.4     4.7     7.0     5.4     4.6     6.2 
   Communication (2).......................   85.933    85.917    86.014    86.243     2.3     0.8    -1.2     1.5     1.6     0.1 
    Information and information processing                                                                                         
        (1) (2)............................   84.008    83.992    84.091    84.320     1.7     0.8    -1.3     1.5     1.3     0.1 
     Telephone services (1) (2)............   98.988    98.931    99.090    99.566     4.1     1.7    -0.6     2.4     2.9     0.8 
     Information technology, hardware and                                                                                          
         services (1) (5)..................   10.737    10.754    10.745    10.671   -10.9    -4.4    -5.0    -2.4    -7.7    -3.8 
      Personal computers and peripheral                                                                                            
          equipment (1) (6)................  101.067   100.582   100.265    98.820   -19.9   -10.7   -12.1    -8.6   -15.4   -10.3 
                                                                                                                                   
  Other goods and services.................  350.676   351.684   353.001   354.577     3.1     3.0     4.5     4.5     3.0     4.5 
   Tobacco and smoking products (1)........  574.724   577.359   576.910   578.296     4.9     5.0     9.3     2.5     4.9     5.8 
   Personal care...........................  195.924   196.315   197.507   198.597     2.2     2.0     2.2     5.6     2.1     3.9 
    Personal care products (1).............  158.167   157.877   158.730   159.585    -0.3    -0.1    -0.6     3.6    -0.2     1.5 
    Personal care services (1).............  220.324   221.338   223.043   223.088     2.6     2.1     4.0     5.1     2.3     4.6 
    Miscellaneous personal services........  333.520   334.915   335.975   338.418     2.9     4.6     4.6     6.0     3.7     5.3 
                                                                                                                                   
        Commodity and service group                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                   
 Commodities...............................  176.292   175.865   176.501   176.517     5.5     2.3    13.1     0.5     3.9     6.6 
  Food and beverages.......................  207.555   208.257   208.709   210.669     4.9     4.5     4.5     6.1     4.7     5.3 
  Commodities less food and beverages......  158.122   157.241   157.935   157.146     5.9     1.0    18.2    -2.4     3.4     7.4 
   Nondurables less food and beverages.....  204.777   204.470   206.199   204.907     5.8     2.9    33.5     0.3     4.3    15.7 
    Apparel................................  119.760   119.341   117.864   118.109    -1.3    -0.2     5.6    -5.4    -0.8     0.0 
    Nondurables less food, beverages, and                                                                                          
        apparel............................  261.377   260.305   264.997   263.062    15.5    -3.0    42.9     2.6     5.9    21.1 
   Durables................................  112.528   112.347   112.390   112.004    -0.9    -0.5     0.6    -1.8    -0.7    -0.6 
 Services..................................  245.868   246.368   247.311   248.302     2.9     3.0     3.4     4.0     2.9     3.7 
  Rent of shelter (4)......................  228.476   228.609   228.985   229.311     3.2     2.8     3.5     1.5     3.0     2.5 
  Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)   117.740   117.921   117.999   118.683    -3.5     0.2     2.6     3.2    -1.6     2.9 
  Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........  185.607   188.475   192.089   196.843     0.2     0.6     0.9    26.5     0.4    13.0 
  Water and sewer and trash collection                                                                                             
      services (2).........................  148.371   148.883   149.296   149.736     5.2     5.0     6.6     3.7     5.1     5.2 
  Household operations (1) (2).............  145.431   145.825   147.316   148.403     2.0     2.0     4.4     8.4     2.0     6.4 
  Transportation services..................  237.214   237.465   238.681   239.245     1.5     2.3     4.5     3.5     1.9     4.0 
  Medical care services....................  381.817   382.130   382.294   383.404     5.8     6.7     5.4     1.7     6.2     3.5 
  Other services...........................  279.758   280.128   281.126   281.941     3.1     3.2     3.0     3.2     3.2     3.1 
                                                                                                                                   
              Special indexes                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                   
 All items less food.......................  208.298   208.176   208.987   209.197     3.9     2.3     8.2     1.7     3.1     4.9 
 All items less shelter....................  200.108   200.052   200.946   201.457     4.5     2.6     9.5     2.7     3.6     6.1 
 All items less medical care...............  201.908   201.898   202.668   203.139     4.0     2.5     7.8     2.5     3.3     5.1 
 Commodities less food.....................  160.074   159.239   159.909   159.167     5.8     1.1    17.6    -2.2     3.4     7.2 
 Nondurables less food.....................  205.318   205.143   206.776   205.613     5.8     2.9    31.3     0.6     4.4    14.9 
 Nondurables less food and apparel.........  255.821   254.991   259.253   257.678    14.7    -2.6    39.3     2.9     5.7    19.8 
 Nondurables...............................  206.961   207.202   208.560   208.946     5.2     4.3    17.4     3.9     4.8    10.4 
 Services less rent of shelter (4).........  234.673   235.467   237.009   238.684     3.4     2.4     3.2     7.0     2.9     5.1 
 Services less medical care services.......  235.849   236.298   237.254   238.224     3.0     2.5     3.1     4.1     2.8     3.6 
 Energy....................................  232.031   230.458   234.853   234.484    15.1     2.5    45.9     4.3     8.6    23.4 
 All items less energy.....................  206.280   206.471   206.792   207.378     2.8     2.7     3.4     2.1     2.7     2.8 
  All items less food and energy...........  206.456   206.548   206.833   207.131     2.3     2.3     3.1     1.3     2.3     2.2 
   Commodities less food and energy                                                                                                
       commodities.........................  141.352   141.277   141.117   141.088     0.5     0.2     1.9    -0.7     0.3     0.6 
    Energy commodities.....................  286.486   281.012   286.354   281.575    26.7     3.8    82.6    -6.7    14.7    30.5 
   Services less energy services...........  252.403   252.625   253.254   253.802     3.1     3.2     3.7     2.2     3.2     3.0 

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.
   2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
   3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator.  All other item stratum index series were calculated using a
 geometric means estimator.
   4 Indexes on a December 1984=100 base
   5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
   6 Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
 NOTE:  Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.



 Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Selected areas, all items index 

 (1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                   All items                                      
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                       Indexes                 Percent change to Percent change to
                    CPI-W                      Pricing                                          Apr. 2008 from--   Mar. 2008 from-- 
                                              schedule                                                                            
                                                 (1)      Jan.      Feb.      Mar.      Apr.                                      
                                                          2008      2008      2008      2008    Apr.  Feb.  Mar.  Mar.  Jan.  Feb.
                                                                                                2007  2008  2008  2007  2008  2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                  
 U.S. city average...........................    M      206.744   207.254   209.147   210.698   4.2   1.7   0.7   4.3   1.2   0.9 
                                                                                                                                  
           Region and area size(2)                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
 Northeast urban.............................    M      221.065   221.702   223.209   224.794   4.2   1.4   0.7   4.1   1.0   0.7 
   Size A - More than 1,500,000..............    M      221.492   222.315   223.795   225.144   3.9   1.3   0.6   3.8   1.0   0.7 
   Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........    M      133.766   133.893   134.846   136.141   4.8   1.7   1.0   4.6   0.8   0.7 
                                                                                                                                  
 Midwest urban...............................    M      196.617   197.110   198.989   200.788   4.4   1.9   0.9   4.1   1.2   1.0 
   Size A - More than 1,500,000..............    M      196.963   197.549   199.378   200.989   3.9   1.7   0.8   3.8   1.2   0.9 
   Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........    M      128.561   128.695   129.922   131.354   4.9   2.1   1.1   4.3   1.1   1.0 
   Size D -  Nonmetropolitan  (less than                                                                                          
       50,000)...............................    M      194.850   195.774   197.864   199.325   5.0   1.8   0.7   5.0   1.5   1.1 
                                                                                                                                  
 South urban.................................    M      201.814   202.291   204.044   205.669   4.5   1.7   0.8   4.8   1.1   0.9 
   Size A - More than 1,500,000..............    M      205.304   205.588   207.336   208.511   4.3   1.4   0.6   4.6   1.0   0.9 
   Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........    M      128.767   129.144   130.243   131.428   4.6   1.8   0.9   4.9   1.1   0.9 
   Size D -  Nonmetropolitan  (less than                                                                                          
       50,000)...............................    M      204.954   205.523   207.600   209.641   4.5   2.0   1.0   4.9   1.3   1.0 
                                                                                                                                  
 West urban..................................    M      210.342   210.816   213.159   214.355   3.8   1.7   0.6   3.9   1.3   1.1 
   Size A - More than 1,500,000..............    M      212.040   212.614   214.954   216.055   3.7   1.6   0.5   3.8   1.4   1.1 
   Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........    M      130.935   131.148   132.640   133.570   4.0   1.8   0.7   4.2   1.3   1.1 
                                                                                                                                  
                 Size classes                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                  
   A (4).....................................    M      191.461   191.982   193.702   194.886   3.9   1.5   0.6   4.0   1.2   0.9 
   B/C (3)...................................    M      129.830   130.092   131.273   132.471   4.6   1.8   0.9   4.6   1.1   0.9 
   D.........................................    M      201.685   202.292   204.422   205.951   4.5   1.8   0.7   4.7   1.4   1.1 
                                                                                                                                  
           Selected local areas(5)                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
 Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI..............    M      201.525   202.497   204.742   205.885   4.5   1.7   0.6   4.7   1.6   1.1 
 Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA.....    M      213.825   214.231   216.493   217.914   3.7   1.7   0.7   3.6   1.2   1.1 
 New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island,                                                                                              
     NY-NJ-CT-PA.............................    M      224.557   225.281   226.951   228.215   3.8   1.3   0.6   3.9   1.1   0.7 
                                                                                                                                  
 Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT.........    1      231.291         -   232.656         -     -     -     -   3.0   0.6     - 
 Cleveland-Akron, OH.........................    1      190.115         -   192.995         -     -     -     -   4.9   1.5     - 
 Dallas-Fort Worth, TX.......................    1      199.407         -   201.892         -     -     -     -   5.3   1.2     - 
 Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV (6).......    1      135.826         -   137.544         -     -     -     -   4.8   1.3     - 
                                                                                                                                  
 Atlanta, GA.................................    2            -   203.473         -   205.801   4.0   1.1     -     -     -     - 
 Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI.................    2            -   197.670         -   201.037   2.9   1.7     -     -     -     - 
 Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX..............    2            -   185.904         -   188.463   3.1   1.4     -     -     -     - 
 Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL...................    2            -   216.971         -   219.456   5.0   1.1     -     -     -     - 
 Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City,                                                                                           
     PA-NJ-DE-MD.............................    2            -   220.718         -   223.295   4.0   1.2     -     -     -     - 
 San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA..........    2            -   214.913         -   217.913   3.2   1.4     -     -     -     - 
 Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA................    2            -   216.332         -   218.483   3.8   1.0     -     -     -     - 

   1 Areas on pricing schedule 2 (see Table 10) will appear next month. 
   2 Regions defined as the four Census regions.  See technical notes.
   3 Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
   4 Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
   5 In addition, the following metropolitan areas are published semiannually and appear in Tables 34 and 39 of the January and
 July issues of the CPI Detailed Report: Anchorage, AK; Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN; Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO; Honolulu, HI;
 Kansas City, MO-KS; Milwaukee-Racine, WI; Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI; Phoenix-Mesa, AZ; Pittsburgh, PA; Portland-Salem, OR-WA;
 St. Louis, MO-IL; San Diego, CA; Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL.
   6 Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.
   - Data not available.
 NOTE:  Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.



 Table 7. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U): U.S. city average, by
 expenditure category and commodity and service group

 (December 1999=100, unless otherwise noted)
                                                                                                  
                                                                                                  
                                                                                    Unadjusted    
                                                 Relative       Unadjusted      percent change to 
                                               importance,       indexes         Apr. 2008 from-  
                    C-CPI-U                     December                                          
                                                2005-2006                                         
                                                              Mar.      Apr.      Apr.      Mar.  
                                                              2008      2008      2007      2008  
                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                  
             Expenditure category                                                                 
                                                                                                  
 All items....................................    100.000   123.204   123.845       3.5       0.5 
                                                                                                  
  Food and beverages..........................     14.726   123.256   124.243       4.9       0.8 
   Food.......................................     13.648   123.270   124.284       4.9       0.8 
    Food at home..............................      7.557   120.183   121.725       5.7       1.3 
    Food away from home.......................      6.091   127.358   127.683       4.0       0.3 
   Alcoholic beverages........................      1.077   123.446   124.083       3.8       0.5 
                                                                                                  
  Housing.....................................     42.421   127.457   127.736       2.8       0.2 
   Shelter....................................     32.409   129.764   129.773       2.6       0.0 
   Fuels and utilities........................      5.004   154.075   157.038       7.9       1.9 
   Household furnishings and operations.......      5.008    95.972    95.878      -0.5      -0.1 
                                                                                                  
  Apparel.....................................      3.988    90.179    91.046      -1.2       1.0 
                                                                                                  
  Transportation..............................     17.393   129.370   131.147       6.4       1.4 
   Private transportation.....................     16.285   130.233   132.100       6.3       1.4 
   Public transportation......................      1.108   119.552   120.125       7.5       0.5 
                                                                                                  
  Medical care................................      6.085   141.366   141.421       4.0       0.0 
   Medical care commodities...................      1.615   126.044   125.851       2.9      -0.2 
   Medical care services......................      4.470   147.039   147.198       4.4       0.1 
                                                                                                  
  Recreation..................................      5.935   105.420   105.518       0.2       0.1 
                                                                                                  
  Education and communication.................      6.196   106.344   106.515       2.2       0.2 
   Education..................................      2.771   164.357   164.672       5.5       0.2 
   Communication..............................      3.425    73.537    73.637      -0.5       0.1 
                                                                                                  
  Other goods and services....................      3.257   127.144   127.743       3.3       0.5 
                                                                                                  
          Commodity and service group                                                             
                                                                                                  
 Services.....................................     58.427   131.158   131.469       3.2       0.2 
 Commodities..................................     41.573   113.271   114.312       3.8       0.9 
  Durables....................................     11.817    83.997    83.694      -1.8      -0.4 
 Nondurables..................................     29.756   128.610   130.450       6.2       1.4 
  All items less food and energy..............     77.561   117.121   117.211       1.9       0.1 
 Energy.......................................      8.790   195.823   203.705      15.2       4.0 

 Indexes for 2008 are initial estimates.  Indexes for 2007 are interim adjustments.
 NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Last Modified Date: May 14, 2008
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