Economic News Release

Consumer Price Index News Release




 Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until
 8:30 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, May 15, 2012       USDL-12-0953
 
 Technical information: (202) 691-7000  Reed.Steve@bls.gov www.bls.gov/cpi
 Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902  PressOffice@bls.gov
 
                   Consumer Price Index - April 2012
 
 The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) was
 unchanged in April on a seasonally adjusted basis, the U.S. Bureau of
 Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all
 items index increased 2.3 percent before seasonal adjustment.
 
 The energy index, which had risen in each of the three previous
 months, declined in April on a seasonally adjusted basis and offset
 increases in the other major indexes. The gasoline index fell 2.6
 percent in April and accounted for most of the decline in energy,
 though the indexes for natural gas and fuel oil decreased as well.
 The food index rose in April as five of the six major grocery store
 food group indexes increased.
 
 The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.2 percent in
 April, the same increase as in March. Increases in the indexes for
 shelter, used cars and trucks, medical care, airline fares, new
 vehicles, and apparel all contributed significantly to the April
 increase.
 
 The 12-month change in the index for all items was 2.3 percent in
 April, the lowest figure since February 2011. The index for all items
 less food and energy also increased 2.3 percent over the last 12
 months. This is the first time since October 2009 that the 12-month
 all items change has not exceeded the 12-month change for all items
 less food and energy. The food index has risen 3.1 percent over the
 last 12 months, and the energy index has risen 0.9 percent.
 

 Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city
 average
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from             
                                          preceding month                      
                                                                          Un-  
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.   ended 
                              2011  2011  2011  2012  2012  2012  2012   Apr.  
                                                                         2012  
                                                                                                                                                              
 All items..................    .0    .1    .0    .2    .4    .3    .0      2.3
  Food......................    .2    .1    .2    .2    .0    .2    .2      3.1
   Food at home.............    .2    .0    .2    .0    .0    .1    .2      3.3
   Food away from home (1)..    .2    .3    .2    .4    .1    .2    .3      2.9
  Energy....................  -1.8   -.5  -1.3    .2   3.2    .9  -1.7       .9
   Energy commodities.......  -2.6   -.6  -2.0    .9   5.7   1.7  -2.6      3.1
    Gasoline (all types)....  -2.8   -.9  -2.1    .9   6.0   1.7  -2.6      3.2
    Fuel oil (1)............   -.5   2.7  -1.0   1.4   2.8   2.7  -1.1       .9
   Energy services..........   -.4   -.4   -.2   -.8   -.8   -.4   -.2     -2.4
    Electricity.............    .2    .2   -.1    .0    .0   -.8    .2       .6
    Utility (piped) gas                                                        
       service..............  -2.6  -2.6   -.6  -2.9  -3.4    .9  -1.8    -11.6
  All items less food and                                                      
     energy.................    .2    .2    .1    .2    .1    .2    .2      2.3
   Commodities less food and                                                   
      energy commodities....    .0    .1   -.1    .2    .1    .2    .2      2.0
    New vehicles............   -.2   -.2   -.2    .0    .6    .2    .4      2.2
    Used cars and trucks....   -.4   -.4   -.7  -1.0   -.2   1.3   1.5      3.5
    Apparel.................    .4    .5   -.1    .9   -.9    .5    .4      5.1
    Medical care commodities                                                   
       (1)..................    .3    .2    .2    .6    .8    .4    .0      2.7
   Services less energy                                                        
      services..............    .2    .2    .2    .2    .1    .2    .3      2.4
    Shelter.................    .2    .2    .2    .2    .2    .2    .2      2.2
    Transportation services     .2    .0    .1    .0   -.2    .3    .5      1.7
    Medical care services...    .5    .4    .4    .2    .0    .3    .4      3.7

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.



 Consumer Price Index Data for April 2012
 
 Food
 
 The food index rose 0.2 percent in April, the same increase as in
 March. The index for food at home, up 0.1 percent in March, increased
 0.2 percent in April. Five of the six major grocery store food group
 indexes rose in April. The index for fruits and vegetables posted the
 largest increase, rising 1.0 percent in April after a series of
 declines. The index for cereals and bakery products rose 0.4 percent
 in April after declining in March. The index for nonalcoholic
 beverages rose 0.2 percent, and the indexes for meats, poultry, fish,
 and eggs and for other food at home both rose 0.1 percent. In
 contrast, the index for dairy and related products fell 1.0 percent
 in April, its third consecutive decline. Over the last 12 months, the
 food at home index has increased 3.3 percent. Five of the six food
 groups have risen over that time; despite the April increase the
 fruits and vegetables group is the only one to decline over the last
 12 months, falling 1.7 percent. The index for food away from home
 rose 0.3 percent in April and has increased 2.9 percent over the last
 12 months.
 
 Energy
 
 The energy index, which rose 0.9 percent in March, declined 1.7
 percent in April. The gasoline index fell 2.6 percent in April after
 rising sharply over the first three months of the year. (Before
 seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices increased 1.8 percent in April.)
 The fuel oil index also declined in April, falling 1.1 percent. The
 energy services index declined slightly in April, falling 0.2
 percent. The index for electricity rose 0.2 percent after falling in
 March, but the index for natural gas declined 1.8 percent, its sixth
 decline in seven months. Over the last 12 months, the gasoline index
 has risen 3.2 percent, the fuel oil index has increased 0.9 percent
 and the index for electricity has advanced 0.6 percent. In contrast,
 the index for natural gas has declined 11.6 percent.


 All items less food and energy
 
 The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2 percent in
 April after a 0.1 percent increase in February and a 0.2 percent
 increase in March. The index for shelter increased 0.2 percent for
 the seventh month in a row, with rent and owners' equivalent rent
 both rising 0.2 percent. The index for medical care increased 0.3
 percent, with the index for hospital services rising 0.6 percent. The
 index for used cars and trucks increased sharply for the second
 straight month, rising 1.5 percent in April after a 1.3 percent
 increase in March. The index for airline fares also rose
 significantly in April, advancing 2.1 percent. The new vehicles index
 rose 0.4 percent, as did the index for apparel. The indexes for
 tobacco, alcoholic beverages, and personal care each increased
 slightly. The index for household furnishings and operations was
 unchanged in April, while the index for recreation fell 0.1 percent
 as the indexes for video and audio products and for toys both
 declined notably.
 
 The index for all items less food and energy has risen 2.3 percent
 over the last 12 months, the same figure as last month and the sixth
 month in a row it has been either 2.2 or 2.3 percent. The index for
 shelter has risen 2.2 percent over the period, as has the index for
 new vehicles. The apparel index has risen 5.1 percent, the largest 12-
 month increase since January 1991, while the index for medical care
 has risen 3.4 percent.



 Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures
 
 The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased
 2.3 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 230.085
 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index increased 0.3 percent prior
 to seasonal adjustment.
 
 The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers
 (CPI-W) increased 2.4 percent over the last 12 months to an index
 level of 227.012  (1982-84=100). For the month, the index increased
 0.3 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.
 
 The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U)
 increased 2.1 percent over the last 12 months. For the month, the
 index increased 0.3 percent on a not seasonally adjusted basis.
 Please note that the indexes for the post-2010 period are subject to
 revision.
 
 
 The Consumer Price Index for May 2012 is scheduled to be released on
 Thursday, June 14, 2012, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




 Redesigning the Consumer Price Index (CPI) Press Release Tables

 The format of the tables contained in the CPI news release changed
 beginning with the CPI news release for March, 2012. News release
 tables are part of the news release pdf and html files, and are
 available independently in html format. The new tables are also
 available in XLS format.  In addition, the BLS has begun issuing
 monthly companion XLS files, which will contain additional index level
 and CPI-W information.

 These tables were made available for public comment during October
 2011. In response to the public comments, the BLS will issue XLS files
 each month, as companions to the news release. There will be CPI-U and
 CPI-W files, and in addition to the data contained in the news release
 tables, the Excel files will contain index values.
 
 In August 2009, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) restructured the
 text of the CPI news release to focus on the price movements of three
 broad expenditure categories, namely Food, Energy, and All items less
 food and energy. Table A within the CPI news release text was also
 updated in August 2009 to reflect this new structure.  Before August
 2009, the text of the CPI news release had focused on eight CPI `major
 groups' (Food and beverages; Housing; Apparel; Transportation; Medical
 care; Recreation; Education and communication; and Other goods and
 services).

 While the text of the CPI news release was restructured in 2009, seven
 additional CPI news release tables continued to be published using the
 eight major groups. BLS has redesigned these news release tables, to
 reflect the focus on Food, Energy, and All items less food and energy.
 Within these three broad categories, CPI item series are further
 divided into commodities and services.

 Beyond the redesign in the structure of the CPI news release tables,
 several other improvements to these tables have been made.

 The new Table 1 gives a summary of the index series which typically
 contribute to changes in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban
 Consumers (CPI-U).

 The new Table 2 shows the full publication stub using the new
 structure for the CPI-U, including 11 new items series that were
 created to augment the redesign in the publication structure. Table 3
 shows aggregate item series (e.g., Transportation) that do not fall
 under the Food, Energy, and All items less food and energy structure.

 Table 4 shows the All items indexes at the local, regional, and city-
 size class levels.

 Table 5 shows the Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers
 (C-CPI-U), and presents a history of annual percentage changes in the
 C-CPI-U compared to the CPI-U.

 Table 6 focuses on 1-month seasonally adjusted changes in the CPI-U,
 while table 7 focuses on 12-month not seasonally adjusted changes.
 Tables 6 and 7 present three additional pieces of data to help users
 better interpret index changes. First, these tables show the `effect'
 each item has on the price change for All items. For example, if the
 effect of food is 0.4, and the index for All items increased 1.2
 percent, it can be said that increases in food prices accounted for
 0.4 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, of the increase in overall prices for that
 period. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged, the All
 items index only would have increased 0.8 percent (or 1.2 percent for
 All items, minus the 0.4 effect for Food).  Effects can be negative as
 well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the
 All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would
 have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been
 unchanged.

 Second, standard errors for percent changes are shown on tables 6 and
 7.  Confidence intervals for statistics can be created using standard
 errors; e.g., roughly 95 percent confidence intervals can be
 constructed using two standard errors. For example, if an item
 increased 3.7 percent, and its standard error was 0.6 percent, the 95
 percent confidence interval for that price change can be said to be
 3.7 percent plus or minus two standard errors, or 3.7 percent plus or
 minus 1.2 percent.

 Finally, each item series in tables 6 and 7 show the last time that
 item had a price change as large (or as small) as the percent change
 published that period. For example, if bananas rose 3.7 percent, and
 that was its largest increase since November 2007, that would be noted
 in the new tables.

 In addition, most of the previous tables showed the `relative
 importance', or weight, of each item category as of the previous
 December. The relative importance columns in the new tables are
 improved in that they are updated monthly to reflect the change in
 relative prices over time.

 Finally, there are no longer any news release tables that focus on the
 Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-
 W). That said, the CPI-W All items index level and percent changes
 will still be noted in the text of the news release, and a companion
 XLS file with CPI-W information will be available.


 Facilities for Sensory Impaired

 Information from this release will be made available to sensory
 impaired individuals upon request.  Voice phone:  202-691-5200,
 Federal Relay Services:  1-800-877-8339.



 Brief Explanation of the CPI
     
 The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in
 prices over time of goods and services purchased by households.  The
 Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups:
 (1) the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W), which
 covers households of wage earners and clerical workers that comprise
 approximately 29 percent of the total population and (2) the CPI for
 All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained CPI for All Urban
 Consumers (C-CPI-U), which cover approximately 88 percent of the total
 population and include in addition to wage earners and clerical worker
 households, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical
 workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and
 retirees and others not in the labor force.
     
 The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels,
 transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services,
 drugs, and other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day
 living.  Prices are collected each month in 87 urban areas across the
 country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail
 establishments-department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling
 stations, and other types of stores and service establishments.  All
 taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are
 included in the index.  Prices of fuels and a few other items are
 obtained every month in all 87 locations.  Prices of most other
 commodities and services are collected every month in the three
 largest geographic areas and every other month in other areas.  Prices
 of most goods and services are obtained by personal visits or
 telephone calls of the Bureau's trained representatives.
     
 In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each
 location are averaged together with weights, which represent their
 importance in the spending of the appropriate population group.  Local
 data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average.  For the CPI-U
 and CPI-W separate indexes are also published by size of city, by
 region of the country, for cross-classifications of regions and
 population-size classes, and for 27 local areas.  Area indexes do not
 measure differences in the level of prices among cities; they only
 measure the average change in prices for each area since the base
 period.  For the C-CPI-U data are issued only at the national level.
 It is important to note that the CPI-U and CPI-W are considered final
 when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and
 subject to two annual revisions.
     
 The index measures price change from a designed reference date.  For
 the CPI-U and the CPI-W the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100.  The
 reference base for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals 100.  An
 increase of 16.5 percent from the reference base, for example, is
 shown as 116.500.  This change can also be expressed in dollars as
 follows:  the price of a base period market basket of goods and
 services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65.
     
 For further details visit the CPI home page on the Internet at
 http://www.bls.gov/cpi/ or contact our CPI Information and Analysis
 Section on (202) 691-7000.

 Note on Sampling Error in the Consumer Price Index
                                   
 The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error
 because it is based upon a sample of retail prices and not the
 complete universe of all prices.  BLS calculates and publishes
 estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month and 12-month percent change
 standard errors annually, for the CPI-U.  These standard error
 estimates can be used to construct confidence intervals for hypothesis
 testing.  For example, the estimated standard error of the 1 month
 percent change is 0.03 percent for the U.S. All Items Consumer Price
 Index.  This means that if we repeatedly sample from the universe of
 all retail prices using the same methodology, and estimate a
 percentage change for each sample, then 95% of these estimates would
 be within 0.06 percent of the 1 month percentage change based on all
 retail prices.  For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in
 the All Items CPI for All Urban Consumers, we are 95 percent confident
 that the actual percent change based on all retail prices would fall
 between 0.14 and 0.26 percent.  For the latest data, including
 information on how to use the estimates of standard error, see
 "Variance Estimates for Price Changes in the Consumer Price Index,
 January-December 2011".  These data are available on the CPI home page
 (http://www.bls.gov/cpi), or by using the following link
 http://www.bls.gov/cpi/cpivar2011.pdf

 Calculating Index Changes

 Movements of the indexes from one month to another are usually
 expressed as percent changes rather than changes in index points,
 because index point changes are affected by the level of the index in
 relation to its base period while percent changes are not.  The
 example below illustrates the computation of index point and percent
 changes.
     
 Percent changes for 3-month and 6-month periods are expressed as
 annual rates and are computed according to the standard formula for
 compound growth rates.  These data indicate what the percent change
 would be if the current rate were maintained for a 12-month period.

 Index Point Change

 CPI
 202.416
 Less previous index
 201.800
 Equals index point change
 .616



 Percent Change

 Index point difference
 .616
 Divided by the previous index
 201.800
 Equals
 0.003
 Results multiplied by one hundred
 0.003x100
 Equals percent change
 0.3




 Regions Defined

 The states in the four regions are listed below.

 The Northeast--Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New
 York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.
 The Midwest--Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota,
 Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
 The South--Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky,
 Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South
 Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia, and the District
 of Columbia.
 The West--Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho,
 Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.


 A Note on Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

 Because price data are used for different purposes by different
 groups, the Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes seasonally adjusted
 as well as unadjusted changes each month.

 For analyzing general price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted
 changes are usually preferred since they eliminate the effect of
 changes that normally occur at the same time and in about the same
 magnitude every year--such as price movements resulting from changing
 climatic conditions, production cycles, model changeovers, holidays,
 and sales.

 The unadjusted data are of primary interest to consumers concerned
 about the prices they actually pay.  Unadjusted data also are used
 extensively for escalation purposes.  Many collective bargaining
 contract agreements and pension plans, for example, tie compensation
 changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for seasonal
 variation.

 Seasonal factors used in computing the seasonally adjusted indexes are
 derived by the X-12-ARIMA Seasonal Adjustment Method.  Seasonally
 adjusted indexes and seasonal factors are computed annually.  Each
 year, the last 5 years of seasonally adjusted data are revised.  Data
 from January 2007 through December 2011 were replaced in January 2012.
 Exceptions to the usual revision schedule were: the updated seasonal
 data at the end of 1977 replaced data from 1967 through 1977; and, in
 January 2002, dependently seasonally adjusted series were revised for
 January 1987-December 2001 as a result of a change in the aggregation
 weights for dependently adjusted series. For further information,
 please see "Aggregation of Dependently Adjusted Seasonally Adjusted
 Series," in the October 2001 issue of the CPI Detailed Report.

 Effective with the publication of data from January 2006 through
 December 2010 in January 2011, the Video and audio series and the
 Information technology, hardware and services series were changed from
 independently adjusted to dependently adjusted.  This resulted in an
 increase in the number of seasonal components used in deriving
 seasonal movement of the All items and 54 other lower level
 aggregations, from 73 for the publication of January 1998 through
 December 2005 data to 82 for the publication of seasonally adjusted
 data for January 2006 and later.  Each year the seasonal status of
 every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical criteria.
 If any of the 82 components change their seasonal adjustment status
 from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally
 adjusted data will be used in the aggregation of the dependent series
 for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes before that
 period will not be changed.  Note: 38 of the 82 components are not
 seasonally adjusted for 2012.

 Seasonally adjusted data, including the all items index levels, are
 subject to revision for up to five years after their original release.
 For this reason, BLS advises against the use of these data in
 escalation agreements.

 Effective with the calculation of the seasonal factors for 1990, the
 Bureau of Labor Statistics has used an enhanced seasonal adjustment
 procedure called Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment for some
 CPI series.  Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment allows for
 better estimates of seasonally adjusted data.  Extreme values and/or
 sharp movements which might distort the seasonal pattern are estimated
 and removed from the data prior to calculation of seasonal factors.
 Beginning with the calculation of seasonal factors for 1996, X-12-
 ARIMA software was used for Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment.

 For the seasonal factors introduced in January 2012, BLS adjusted 31
 series using Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment, including
 selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, electricity and
 vehicles.  For example, this procedure was used for the Motor fuel
 series to offset the effects of events such as damage to oil
 refineries from Hurricane Katrina.

 For a complete list of Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment
 series and explanations, please refer to the article "Intervention
 Analysis Seasonal Adjustment", located on our website at
 http://www.bls.gov/cpi/cpisapage.htm.

 For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI, please
 write to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Division of Consumer Prices
 and Price Indexes, Washington, DC 20212 or contact David Levin at
 (202) 691-6968, or by e-mail at Levin.David@bls.gov.  If you have
 general questions about the CPI, please call our information staff at
 (202) 691-7000.
















Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, April 2012
[1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Mar.
2012
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Apr.
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
Apr.
2011-
Apr.
2012
Mar.
2012-
Apr.
2012
Jan.
2012-
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2012-
Mar.
2012
Mar.
2012-
Apr.
2012

All items

100.000 224.906 229.392 230.085 2.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.0

Food

14.167 226.150 232.792 233.234 3.1 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.2

Food at home

8.550 224.233 231.383 231.711 3.3 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2

Cereals and bakery products

1.227 255.956 267.101 268.014 4.7 0.3 0.2 -0.2 0.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.942 220.747 230.485 230.967 4.6 0.2 -0.2 0.8 0.1

Dairy and related products(1)

0.904 209.707 219.131 216.918 3.4 -1.0 -0.5 -0.1 -1.0

Fruits and vegetables

1.246 286.501 279.057 281.648 -1.7 0.9 -0.5 -0.4 1.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.951 166.086 169.513 169.191 1.9 -0.2 0.0 -0.2 0.2

Other food at home

2.280 195.239 204.574 204.864 4.9 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.1

Food away from home(1)

5.616 230.082 236.073 236.695 2.9 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.3

Energy

10.395 253.495 253.599 255.736 0.9 0.8 3.2 0.9 -1.7

Energy commodities

6.647 329.419 334.427 339.793 3.1 1.6 5.7 1.7 -2.6

Fuel oil(1)

0.241 386.950 395.016 390.483 0.9 -1.1 2.8 2.7 -1.1

Motor fuel

6.293 326.024 330.834 336.673 3.3 1.8 6.0 1.7 -2.6

Gasoline (all types)

6.095 325.282 329.780 335.742 3.2 1.8 6.0 1.7 -2.6

Energy services(2)

3.748 190.459 186.784 185.834 -2.4 -0.5 -0.8 -0.4 -0.2

Electricity(2)

2.857 191.323 192.148 192.472 0.6 0.2 0.0 -0.8 0.2

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

0.892 185.197 168.196 163.692 -11.6 -2.7 -3.4 0.9 -1.8

All items less food and energy

75.438 224.118 228.735 229.303 2.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.760 145.214 147.644 148.070 2.0 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.2

Apparel

3.612 122.226 127.258 128.485 5.1 1.0 -0.9 0.5 0.4

New vehicles

3.173 141.462 144.350 144.522 2.2 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.4

Used cars and trucks

1.889 145.968 148.677 151.087 3.5 1.6 -0.2 1.3 1.5

Medical care commodities(1)

1.719 324.241 333.188 333.060 2.7 0.0 0.8 0.4 0.0

Alcoholic beverages

0.944 226.053 230.193 230.092 1.8 0.0 0.3 -0.2 0.1

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.790 827.287 845.760 847.032 2.4 0.2 -0.4 -0.3 0.2

Services less energy services

55.679 271.775 277.780 278.431 2.4 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3

Shelter

31.259 250.447 255.609 256.031 2.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Rent of primary residence(2)

6.414 252.221 258.569 258.922 2.7 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)(3)

23.688 258.400 263.317 263.765 2.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Medical care services

5.328 421.716 435.721 437.151 3.7 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.4

Physicians' services(2)

1.590 339.427 343.867 344.151 1.4 0.1 -0.5 0.2 0.3

Hospital services(2)(4)

1.511 239.453 250.638 251.819 5.2 0.5 -0.1 0.2 0.6

Transportation services

5.719 267.587 270.604 272.146 1.7 0.6 -0.2 0.3 0.5

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.141 251.458 256.616 256.544 2.0 0.0 0.2 -0.1 0.0

Motor vehicle insurance

2.388 386.317 396.393 397.507 2.9 0.3 -0.2 0.5 0.4

Airline fare

0.767 309.087 303.843 312.845 1.2 3.0 -0.1 0.4 2.1

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, April 2012
[1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Mar.
2012
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Apr.
2011-
Apr.
2012
Mar.
2012-
Apr.
2012
Jan.
2012-
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2012-
Mar.
2012
Mar.
2012-
Apr.
2012

All items

100.000 2.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.0

Food

14.167 3.1 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.2

Food at home

8.550 3.3 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2

Cereals and bakery products

1.227 4.7 0.3 0.2 -0.2 0.4

Cereals and cereal products

0.473 5.0 0.4 -0.4 -0.3 0.7

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.052 9.4 0.0 -0.7 1.6 0.5

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.290 3.9 0.4 -0.3 0.0 0.4

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(1)

0.130 5.5 0.7 -0.3 -1.3 0.7

Rice(1)(2)(3)

5.6 0.9 -0.7 -1.4 0.9

Bakery products

0.755 4.7 0.3 0.8 -0.2 0.3

Bread(2)

0.222 4.1 0.3 1.1 -0.4 0.3

White bread(1)(3)

4.4 0.2 1.8 -0.6 0.2

Bread other than white(1)(3)

3.1 0.5 1.8 -0.2 0.5

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(1)(2)

0.113 2.9 -1.3 0.0 0.1 -0.8

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.183 6.3 1.2 0.6 0.3 1.2

Cookies(1)(3)

6.0 1.7 0.4 -0.6 2.0

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

6.8 0.5 1.6 0.6 0.5

Other bakery products

0.237 4.6 0.3 0.6 -0.6 0.6

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

4.4 -2.4 0.7 -0.1 -2.4

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

6.3 2.5 1.6 -1.7 2.6

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

5.1 -0.2 -0.5 0.3 0.0

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.942 4.6 0.2 -0.2 0.8 0.1

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.834 4.6 0.1 0.2 0.7 0.0

Meats

1.194 4.2 -0.3 0.4 0.5 -0.1

Beef and veal(1)

0.551 5.9 0.3 0.2 0.8 0.3

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.216 6.2 0.1 1.0 0.4 0.1

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.081 5.6 -0.6 1.1 0.0 -0.6

Uncooked beef steaks(1)(2)

0.203 6.2 1.3 -0.9 1.4 1.3

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.052 3.4 -1.5 -0.4 1.2 -1.5

Pork

0.374 3.0 -0.6 0.3 -0.2 0.0

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.141 2.0 -1.1 0.8 0.2 -1.3

Bacon and related products(3)

3.3 -2.0 0.1 0.5 -2.0

Breakfast sausage and related products(1)(2)(3)

1.6 -0.5 2.2 -0.9 -0.5

Ham

0.080 4.4 -1.5 -0.5 2.4 1.0

Ham, excluding canned(3)

4.0 -1.6 -0.9 2.5 1.1

Pork chops

0.061 3.6 0.3 -2.2 -0.4 1.8

Other pork including roasts and picnics(2)

0.092 2.9 0.3 0.3 -1.2 -0.7

Other meats

0.268 2.4 -0.9 1.0 0.7 -1.2

Frankfurters(3)

2.0 -0.6 2.3 0.7 0.4

Lunchmeats(1)(2)(3)

2.3 -1.1 0.4 0.2 -1.1

Lamb and organ meats(1)(3)

4.7 -1.9 1.0 0.2 -1.9

Lamb and mutton(1)(2)(3)

10.0 -1.7 3.4 0.5 -1.7

Poultry

0.339 6.1 0.5 0.3 1.4 -0.1

Chicken(2)

0.263 5.3 0.8 0.1 1.3 0.2

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

8.8 1.6 0.6 1.5 1.6

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

4.0 0.3 0.4 1.4 0.3

Other poultry including turkey(2)

0.076 9.2 -0.8 1.7 1.5 -1.1

Fish and seafood(1)

0.302 4.5 1.4 -0.7 1.0 0.6

Fresh fish and seafood(1)(2)

0.157 1.7 0.5 -1.5 0.9 0.5

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.145 7.9 2.3 -0.9 1.7 1.0

Shelf stable fish and seafood(1)(3)

10.4 3.4 -0.3 -0.2 3.4

Frozen fish and seafood(1)(3)

8.1 2.4 -1.5 0.2 2.4

Eggs

0.107 5.6 1.2 -6.4 2.3 3.2

Dairy and related products(1)

0.904 3.4 -1.0 -0.5 -0.1 -1.0

Milk(1)(2)

0.292 0.9 -0.8 -1.3 -0.4 -0.8

Fresh whole milk(1)(3)

0.5 -0.5 -1.1 -0.2 -0.5

Fresh milk other than whole(1)(2)(3)

1.2 -1.0 -1.5 -0.5 -1.0

Cheese and related products(1)

0.290 4.4 -1.9 -0.4 -0.6 -1.6

Ice cream and related products

0.136 5.5 0.6 -1.4 1.8 -0.2

Other dairy and related products(2)

0.187 4.6 -1.2 0.5 0.3 -0.8

Fruits and vegetables

1.246 -1.7 0.9 -0.5 -0.4 1.0

Fresh fruits and vegetables

0.942 -4.1 1.1 -1.0 -0.4 1.0

Fresh fruits

0.489 1.9 2.6 1.3 0.7 1.9

Apples

0.083 3.5 1.3 -0.7 -1.5 1.2

Bananas

0.082 -0.3 -0.2 -2.1 0.6 0.1

Citrus fruits(2)

0.102 0.4 3.9 -1.4 1.4 2.0

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

3.0 3.0 -3.5 2.0 1.4

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.222 2.5 3.5 4.8 1.5 2.9

Fresh vegetables

0.453 -9.7 -0.4 -3.5 -1.6 0.0

Potatoes

0.083 0.2 -0.4 1.3 -0.3 0.9

Lettuce

0.060 -11.2 -4.2 -4.5 -0.4 -2.6

Tomatoes(1)

0.077 -31.7 -2.9 -5.7 0.1 -2.9

Other fresh vegetables

0.233 -3.0 1.3 -4.4 -0.2 2.4

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.304 6.5 0.3 1.2 -0.2 0.8

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.151 6.5 0.9 1.5 -0.5 1.5

Canned fruits(2)(3)

4.3 0.6 1.4 -1.0 1.1

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

8.2 1.3 1.0 0.2 2.0

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.096 6.2 -0.3 1.1 -0.4 0.0

Frozen vegetables(3)

5.6 0.1 1.0 -0.8 0.4

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.057 7.0 -0.2 1.2 0.8 -0.3

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

15.6 0.1 1.8 -0.6 0.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.951 1.9 -0.2 0.0 -0.2 0.2

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.711 1.3 -0.4 0.2 -0.1 0.0

Carbonated drinks

0.291 2.3 -0.6 -0.1 -0.8 0.1

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.014 9.3 -0.3 0.4 0.4 -0.3

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.406 0.3 -0.2 -0.5 0.4 -0.2

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.241 3.5 0.3 -0.8 -0.4 0.8

Coffee

0.148 5.8 -0.3 -0.9 -0.5 -0.1

Roasted coffee(3)

5.9 -1.0 -1.3 -0.2 -1.7

Instant and freeze dried coffee(1)(3)

3.8 3.3 -1.1 -2.6 3.3

Other beverage materials including tea(2)

0.093 1.2 1.3 -0.5 -1.1 2.4

Other food at home

2.280 4.9 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.1

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.308 5.9 0.3 0.1 0.5 0.3

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.060 4.8 0.4 -0.6 -1.0 1.2

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.185 6.8 0.3 0.2 1.6 0.3

Other sweets(2)

0.063 4.1 0.5 1.2 -1.2 0.8

Fats and oils

0.265 8.4 -0.7 -0.7 0.8 -0.2

Butter and margarine(2)

0.076 0.7 -1.9 -0.3 0.1 -1.6

Butter(3)

-8.6 -2.2 -2.3 -3.5 -2.2

Margarine(3)

11.9 -0.7 0.1 1.7 0.1

Salad dressing(1)(2)

0.067 3.5 -0.7 -1.3 0.5 -0.7

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.123 16.6 0.0 -0.7 1.1 0.6

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

40.9 2.3 2.8 0.8 2.3

Other foods

1.707 4.2 0.2 0.6 0.1 0.1

Soups

0.099 5.8 0.8 1.1 1.5 0.2

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(1)

0.304 2.7 -0.2 -0.4 1.0 -0.2

Snacks(1)

0.324 5.6 -0.6 1.1 0.3 -0.6

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.289 4.4 -0.1 0.6 0.0 1.0

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

9.5 0.4 -0.1 -1.0 0.6

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

3.1 0.1 -0.9 0.5 0.1

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

1.2 -0.3 1.2 0.5 -0.4

Other condiments(1)(3)

6.4 -0.4 0.2 -0.9 -0.4

Baby food(1)(2)

0.072 5.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.2

Other miscellaneous foods(1)(2)

0.619 3.5 1.0 1.3 -0.3 1.0

Prepared salads(1)(3)(4)

2.0 -0.5 0.0 0.3 -0.5

Food away from home(1)

5.616 2.9 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.3

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.667 2.6 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.255 3.1 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.4

Food at employee sites and schools(2)

0.256 3.8 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

3.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.081 3.7 0.1 0.0 -0.3 0.1

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.358 2.0 0.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.1

Energy

10.395 0.9 0.8 3.2 0.9 -1.7

Energy commodities

6.647 3.1 1.6 5.7 1.7 -2.6

Fuel oil and other fuels(1)

0.354 1.0 -1.3 1.7 1.8 -1.3

Fuel oil(1)

0.241 0.9 -1.1 2.8 2.7 -1.1

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(1)(6)

0.112 1.7 -1.5 0.0 -0.1 0.8

Motor fuel

6.293 3.3 1.8 6.0 1.7 -2.6

Gasoline (all types)

6.095 3.2 1.8 6.0 1.7 -2.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

3.3 1.9 6.1 1.6 -2.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

3.2 1.6 5.7 2.0 -2.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

3.1 1.6 5.8 1.7 -2.6

Other motor fuels(2)

0.199 1.6 0.4 1.5 3.7 -5.7

Energy services(8)

3.748 -2.4 -0.5 -0.8 -0.4 -0.2

Electricity(8)

2.857 0.6 0.2 0.0 -0.8 0.2

Utility (piped) gas service(8)

0.892 -11.6 -2.7 -3.4 0.9 -1.8

All items less food and energy

75.438 2.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.760 2.0 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.2

Household furnishings and supplies(9)

3.350 0.7 -0.1 0.5 -0.1 -0.1

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.277 -2.4 -0.6 0.0 0.3 -0.6

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.039 0.6 0.3 -0.1 -0.4 0.3

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.075 0.1 0.6 0.5 -0.9 0.6

Other linens(1)(2)

0.163 -4.4 -1.4 -0.2 1.0 -1.4

Furniture and bedding(1)

0.718 1.8 0.0 -0.2 0.8 0.0

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.235 0.2 -0.5 -1.2 0.9 -0.5

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.341 3.6 0.5 0.0 0.6 0.5

Other furniture(2)

0.135 -0.1 -0.6 0.1 -1.0 -0.3

Infants' furniture(1)(3)(5)

Appliances(2)

0.290 3.7 -0.1 0.9 0.2 -0.6

Major appliances(2)

0.168 7.3 -0.1 1.6 0.7 -0.4

Laundry equipment(3)

9.5 0.1 2.0 1.1 -0.3

Other appliances(1)(2)

0.119 -1.3 -0.2 0.7 -1.1 -0.2

Other household equipment and furnishings(1)(2)

0.493 -4.9 -0.1 0.8 -1.4 -0.1

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.259 -7.1 -0.2 0.7 -1.9 -0.2

Indoor plants and flowers(10)

0.102 -1.7 -0.8 0.5 -0.9 -0.1

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.048 -7.9 -0.1 0.3 -2.2 -0.1

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.083 0.4 1.1 -1.2 -0.4 1.5

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.680 0.2 0.4 0.4 -0.7 0.3

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.172 2.6 0.1 0.8 -0.2 0.1

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.362 -0.8 0.5 0.5 -0.9 0.9

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.891 3.7 -0.3 0.5 -0.2 -0.3

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.363 3.0 -1.0 0.2 0.0 -1.0

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.241 4.3 -0.1 0.7 0.2 -0.1

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.287 4.1 0.4 0.8 -0.7 0.4

Apparel

3.612 5.1 1.0 -0.9 0.5 0.4

Men's and boys' apparel

0.865 6.8 1.6 -1.7 0.8 0.5

Men's apparel

0.682 5.6 1.5 -1.7 -0.2 0.4

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.125 2.5 0.4 -3.0 -0.4 -1.3

Men's furnishings

0.179 5.5 1.0 -1.7 -0.5 0.3

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.209 7.6 4.2 -1.9 -0.8 2.4

Men's pants and shorts

0.162 6.5 -0.6 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Boys' apparel

0.183 11.3 1.9 -0.5 6.2 2.6

Women's and girls' apparel

1.544 6.1 1.2 -0.8 0.3 1.0

Women's apparel

1.286 6.0 1.8 -0.5 0.3 1.2

Women's outerwear

0.087 8.3 2.7 1.8 -3.4 4.2

Women's dresses

0.192 10.3 -4.2 10.7 8.8 -4.3

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.598 4.0 4.2 -1.5 -1.5 3.0

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(2)

0.393 5.9 0.9 -3.4 -1.1 1.2

Girls' apparel

0.259 7.1 -2.1 -2.6 0.5 -0.1

Footwear

0.676 2.5 1.4 0.1 0.6 0.6

Men's footwear(1)

0.207 3.8 1.5 0.9 0.1 1.5

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.149 1.4 0.9 -1.4 1.0 0.7

Women's footwear

0.320 2.1 1.5 -0.1 1.0 0.4

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.200 6.1 -0.6 -0.9 0.2 -1.1

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.327 0.9 -1.5 -1.0 0.5 -2.8

Watches(1)(6)

0.089 1.1 -0.4 0.8 1.6 -0.4

Jewelry(6)

0.237 0.5 -1.9 -1.6 0.2 -3.5

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(9)

5.565 2.8 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.8

New vehicles

3.173 2.2 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.4

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

2.2 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.4

New cars(3)

2.3 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.5

New trucks(3)(11)

2.0 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.4

Used cars and trucks

1.889 3.5 1.6 -0.2 1.3 1.5

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.433 4.8 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Tires(1)

0.295 5.3 0.1 0.1 -0.3 0.1

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.139 3.6 -0.2 0.0 0.7 -0.2

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

1.7 -0.3 0.2 0.4 -0.3

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

12.8 0.4 -0.4 1.8 0.4

Medical care commodities(1)

1.719 2.7 0.0 0.8 0.4 0.0

Medicinal drugs(1)(9)

1.640 2.8 0.0 0.8 0.4 0.0

Prescription drugs

1.329 3.7 0.0 0.6 0.3 0.0

Nonprescription drugs(1)(9)

0.312 -0.7 -0.3 -0.5 1.0 -0.3

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(9)

0.078 0.8 0.1 0.7 -0.3 0.1

Recreation commodities(9)

2.320 -1.6 -0.3 0.3 -0.2 -0.4

Video and audio products(9)

0.426 -10.1 -1.2 -0.6 -1.2 -1.8

Televisions

0.168 -19.6 -1.9 -1.9 -2.6 -3.7

Other video equipment(1)(2)

0.027 -12.4 -1.2 1.5 -2.3 -1.2

Audio equipment(1)

0.073 -7.6 -1.5 -0.8 -0.5 -1.5

Audio discs, tapes and other media(1)(2)

0.044 -4.2 -0.7 0.2 -0.2 -0.7

Pets and pet products(1)

0.689 2.5 -0.1 0.4 0.5 -0.1

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

3.2 0.0 0.2 0.6 0.0

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

0.4 -0.5 0.8 0.6 -0.5

Sporting goods(1)

0.459 0.3 0.5 0.6 -0.3 0.5

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.241 1.2 -0.6 0.5 -0.4 -0.6

Sports equipment(1)

0.208 -1.0 1.8 0.7 -0.1 1.8

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.053 -3.5 1.5 0.9 -1.0 0.9

Film and photographic supplies(1)(2)(3)

9.8 1.8 1.0 0.4 1.8

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

-5.8 1.9 0.9 -0.7 0.9

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.222 1.7 0.2 -0.5 0.7 0.2

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.120 4.5 0.3 -0.7 1.1 0.3

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.098 -1.7 0.0 -0.2 0.3 0.0

Other recreational goods(2)

0.470 -3.5 -1.1 0.7 -0.7 -1.0

Toys(1)

0.351 -5.1 -1.5 1.1 -0.9 -1.5

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(1)(2)(3)

-1.5 -1.1 2.2 -1.0 -1.1

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(2)

0.061 3.1 0.0 -0.6 0.6 1.2

Music instruments and accessories(2)

0.039 -1.0 0.2 -0.3 -0.2 0.2

Education and communication commodities(9)

0.601 -4.1 -0.7 0.1 -0.5 -0.7

Educational books and supplies

0.201 5.4 0.0 0.1 0.6 0.5

College textbooks(1)(3)(12)

5.8 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.3

Information technology commodities(9)

0.400 -9.6 -1.0 0.0 -1.0 -1.3

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(4)

0.264 -12.0 -1.1 0.2 -1.3 -1.6

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.048 -3.5 -0.5 -1.7 -0.8 -0.5

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(1)(2)

0.088 -5.3 -1.1 0.5 -0.2 -1.1

Alcoholic beverages

0.944 1.8 0.0 0.3 -0.2 0.1

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.571 0.4 -0.4 -0.1 0.0 -0.2

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.273 1.5 -0.5 0.5 0.1 -0.5

Distilled spirits at home(1)

0.071 0.1 0.0 -0.4 -0.3 -0.1

Whiskey at home(3)

1.3 0.4 -1.7 -1.2 0.5

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

0.2 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.3

Wine at home

0.227 -0.8 -0.3 -0.4 -0.1 0.2

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.373 3.7 0.4 0.5 -0.4 0.4

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

1.4 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.3

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

3.1 0.4 0.5 0.1 0.4

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

4.6 0.9 0.7 -0.8 0.9

Other goods(9)

1.650 1.5 0.2 -0.4 0.3 0.1

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.790 2.4 0.2 -0.4 -0.3 0.2

Cigarettes(1)(2)

0.730 2.3 0.1 -0.4 -0.3 0.1

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.053 4.1 0.3 -0.1 0.2 0.3

Personal care products(1)

0.652 1.1 0.3 -0.4 1.2 0.3

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.342 0.7 0.1 0.0 1.5 0.1

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.303 1.4 0.6 -0.9 1.0 0.6

Miscellaneous personal goods(2)

0.208 -0.9 -0.4 -0.2 -0.5 -0.6

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

0.0 -0.1 -0.5 -0.4 0.0

Infants' equipment(1)(3)(5)

-3.7 -0.1 -0.1 0.2 -0.1

Services less energy services

55.679 2.4 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3

Shelter

31.259 2.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Rent of shelter(13)

30.915 2.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Rent of primary residence(8)

6.414 2.7 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2

Lodging away from home(2)

0.813 3.5 0.0 1.9 0.3 -0.2

Housing at school, excluding board(8)(13)

0.153 3.8 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.4

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.660 3.3 0.0 2.2 0.2 -0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(8)(13)

23.688 2.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(8)(13)

22.290 2.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.344 3.4 0.7 -0.6 0.6 0.7

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.159 5.3 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.8

Water and sewerage maintenance(8)

0.872 6.4 0.9 0.8 0.7 1.1

Garbage and trash collection(1)(11)

0.287 2.1 -0.2 0.4 0.3 -0.2

Household operations(1)(2)

0.723 2.4 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.4

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.248 1.8 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.6

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

0.236 2.1 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.5

Moving, storage, freight expense(1)(2)

0.091 3.3 -0.7 2.6 0.5 -0.7

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.076 1.2 -0.1 0.3 1.2

Medical care services

5.328 3.7 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.4

Professional services

2.969 1.4 0.1 -0.2 0.2 0.1

Physicians' services(8)

1.590 1.4 0.1 -0.5 0.2 0.3

Dental services(8)

0.755 2.0 0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.1

Eyeglasses and eye care(6)

0.249 0.9 0.6 -0.2 0.2 0.4

Services by other medical professionals(1)(8)(6)

0.375 1.0 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.0

Hospital and related services

1.732 4.8 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.5

Hospital services(8)(14)

1.511 5.2 0.5 -0.1 0.2 0.6

Inpatient hospital services(8)(14)(3)

5.3 0.6 -0.5 0.1 0.5

Outpatient hospital services(8)(3)(6)

4.8 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.6

Nursing homes and adult day services(8)(14)

0.136 3.5 0.2 0.6 0.3 0.1

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.085 1.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2

Health insurance(1)(5)

0.627 12.4 1.0 1.6 1.3 1.0

Transportation services

5.719 1.7 0.6 -0.2 0.3 0.5

Leased cars and trucks(12)

0.389 -4.6 0.0 -1.0 0.0 -0.2

Car and truck rental(2)

0.068 0.2 2.3 -2.6 2.0 4.4

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.141 2.0 0.0 0.2 -0.1 0.0

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.057 1.8 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.455 2.5 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.593 1.7 -0.1 0.3 -0.4 -0.1

Motor vehicle insurance

2.388 2.9 0.3 -0.2 0.5 0.4

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.559 2.9 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(8)(2)

0.326 0.7 -0.2 -0.3 0.0 -0.2

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.211 6.5 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.2

Parking fees and tolls(1)(2)(3)

8.7 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.0

Automobile service clubs(1)(2)(3)

1.5 0.4 -0.1 0.1 0.4

Public transportation

1.173 1.1 2.1 -0.2 0.5 1.6

Airline fare

0.767 1.2 3.0 -0.1 0.4 2.1

Other intercity transportation

0.146 -1.2 1.3 -0.2 0.1 0.8

Intercity bus fare(1)(3)(4)

4.6 1.7 -2.7 1.0 1.7

Intercity train fare(1)(3)(4)

-3.1 2.8 -0.6 4.5 2.8

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

-2.0 0.0 0.0 -0.3 0.0

Intracity transportation(1)

0.258 2.7 0.1 0.5 0.7 0.1

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(9)

1.8 0.1 0.6 0.0 0.1

Recreation services(9)

3.688 3.0 0.2 -0.3 0.4 0.1

Video and audio services(9)

1.498 4.4 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.2

Cable and satellite television and radio service(11)

1.387 4.3 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.2

Video discs and other media, including rental of video and audio(1)(2)

0.112 4.7 1.0 -1.4 0.3 1.0

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

-4.3 1.8 -1.7 0.4 1.8

Rental of video or audio discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

12.6 0.1 -0.3 0.6 0.1

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.405 3.1 0.4 -0.3 0.3 0.2

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

2.4 -0.1 -0.1 0.4 -0.1

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

3.0 0.5 -0.1 0.1 0.4

Photographers and film processing(1)(2)

0.058 2.6 0.0 -0.2 0.3 0.0

Photographer fees(1)(2)(3)

1.8 0.2 -0.5 0.1 0.2

Film processing(1)(2)(3)

2.5 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.0

Other recreation services(2)

1.726 1.7 -0.1 -0.8 0.4 -0.1

Club dues and fees for participant sports and group exercises(2)

0.568 3.0 -0.3 -0.8 0.9 -0.3

Admissions(1)

0.625 1.2 0.1 -0.9 0.1 0.1

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

0.9 0.1 -1.0 -0.1 0.1

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

1.9 0.3 -1.0 0.7 0.3

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.228 0.5 0.2 0.2 -0.1 0.2

Education and communication services(9)

6.111 2.6 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.968 4.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.3

College tuition and fees

1.665 5.4 -0.1 0.3 0.5 0.3

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.376 3.6 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.3

Child care and nursery school(10)

0.767 2.4 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.058 5.1 0.1 1.0 0.6 -0.1

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.148 4.0 0.1 2.8 0.2 0.0

Postage(1)

0.138 3.8 0.0 3.1 0.2 -0.1

Delivery services(1)(2)

0.010 7.2 1.2 -0.8 -0.1 1.2

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.399 0.7 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.460 -0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Land-line telephone services(1)(9)

0.939 2.4 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2

Internet services and electronic information providers(1)(2)

0.581 1.1 0.8 0.2 0.3 0.8

Other personal services(9)

1.692 2.2 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.3

Personal care services(1)

0.626 1.5 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.2

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.626 1.5 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.2

Miscellaneous personal services

1.066 2.6 0.4 -0.1 0.2 0.2

Legal services(6)

0.293 1.9 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.1

Funeral expenses(6)

0.157 2.0 0.3 0.2 -0.5 0.1

Laundry and dry cleaning services(2)

0.237 1.5 0.1 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.030 4.5 -0.2 0.1 0.3 -0.2

Financial services(1)(6)

0.209 5.2 1.4 -0.9 1.0 1.4

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

5.0 -1.1 2.0 0.1 -1.1

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(2)(3)

7.3 1.9 0.5 1.4 1.9

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(9) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, April 2012
[1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Mar.
2012
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Apr.
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
Apr.
2011-
Apr.
2012
Mar.
2012-
Apr.
2012
Jan.
2012-
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2012-
Mar.
2012
Mar.
2012-
Apr.
2012

All items less food

85.833 224.731 228.887 229.621 2.2 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.0

All items less shelter

68.741 217.475 221.744 222.552 2.3 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.0

All items less food and shelter

54.575 214.889 218.608 219.503 2.1 0.4 0.7 0.4 -0.1

All items less food, shelter, and energy

44.179 209.790 214.112 214.770 2.4 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.3

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

42.290 213.616 218.033 218.575 2.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

All items less medical care

92.953 216.346 220.483 221.159 2.2 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.0

All items less energy

89.605 223.798 228.705 229.252 2.4 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Commodities

40.573 185.311 189.201 190.089 2.6 0.5 0.9 0.4 -0.2

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.871 145.858 148.264 148.483 1.8 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Commodities less food

26.407 164.964 167.858 168.899 2.4 0.6 1.4 0.6 -0.5

Commodities less food and beverages

25.462 162.578 165.413 166.479 2.4 0.6 1.4 0.6 -0.5

Services

59.427 264.256 269.396 269.901 2.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Services less rent of shelter(1)

28.512 288.612 293.886 294.527 2.0 0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.3

Services less medical care services

54.098 252.100 256.675 257.121 2.0 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2

Durables

8.874 112.242 112.926 113.306 0.9 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3

Nondurables

31.699 221.504 227.039 228.190 3.0 0.5 1.0 0.6 -0.3

Nondurables less food

17.533 215.090 219.940 221.619 3.0 0.8 1.9 0.8 -0.8

Nondurables less food and beverages

16.589 214.256 219.086 220.859 3.1 0.8 1.9 0.9 -0.9

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

12.976 276.504 281.225 283.379 2.5 0.8 2.8 1.1 -1.4

Nondurables less food and apparel

13.921 270.729 275.483 277.443 2.5 0.7 2.7 1.0 -1.2

Housing

40.592 217.901 221.487 221.682 1.7 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Education and communication(2)

6.712 130.643 133.235 133.284 2.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2

Education(2)

3.169 204.316 213.132 213.130 4.3 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.3

Communication(2)

3.543 83.655 83.456 83.515 -0.2 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0

Information and information processing(2)

3.394 80.281 79.939 79.995 -0.4 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

0.995 9.176 8.862 8.865 -3.4 0.0 0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Recreation(2)

6.008 113.368 114.675 114.656 1.1 0.0 -0.1 0.2 -0.1

Video and audio(2)

1.924 98.918 99.856 99.893 1.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 -0.2

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.094 157.866 161.992 162.159 2.7 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.0

Photography(2)

0.113 79.580 79.173 79.769 0.2 0.8 0.3 -0.3 0.5

Food and beverages

15.111 226.248 232.708 233.116 3.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2

Domestically produced farm food(4)

7.215 230.356 238.154 238.478 3.5 0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.1

Other services

11.491 312.593 320.315 320.824 2.6 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2

Apparel less footwear

2.936 116.348 121.954 123.018 5.7 0.9 -1.1 0.5 0.3

Fuels and utilities

5.260 217.254 216.667 216.006 -0.6 -0.3 -0.3 -0.1 -0.1

Household energy

4.102 190.622 187.591 186.517 -2.2 -0.6 -0.6 -0.2 -0.3

Medical care

7.047 398.813 411.498 412.480 3.4 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3

Transportation

17.577 216.867 220.842 223.083 2.9 1.0 2.1 0.9 -0.5

Private transportation

16.403 212.210 216.536 218.563 3.0 0.9 2.2 0.9 -0.7

New and used motor vehicles(2)

5.589 98.972 100.325 100.977 2.0 0.6 0.2 0.6 0.8

Utilities and public transportation

9.867 204.976 205.637 206.050 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.4

Household furnishings and operations

4.073 124.893 126.107 126.114 1.0 0.0 0.3 -0.2 0.0

Other goods and services

3.341 386.226 392.364 393.320 1.8 0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.1

Personal care

2.552 208.485 211.289 211.865 1.6 0.3 -0.1 0.4 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, April 2012
[1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Apr. 2012 from: Percent change to Mar. 2012 from:
Apr.
2011
Feb.
2012
Mar.
2012
Mar.
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012

U.S. city average

M

2.3 1.1 0.3 2.7 1.2 0.8

Region and area size(2)

Northeast urban

M

2.3 0.8 0.3 2.5 0.9 0.5

Size A - More than 1,500,000

M

2.3 0.8 0.3 2.4 0.9 0.5

Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000(3)

M

2.4 0.9 0.3 2.8 1.0 0.5

Midwest urban

M

2.3 1.2 0.2 2.8 1.2 1.0

Size A - More than 1,500,000

M

2.2 1.0 0.1 2.7 1.1 0.9

Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000(3)

M

2.4 1.5 0.3 3.0 1.5 1.2

Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than 50,000)

M

2.5 1.0 0.4 2.9 1.0 0.6

South urban

M

2.5 1.1 0.4 2.8 1.3 0.7

Size A - More than 1,500,000

M

2.4 1.1 0.4 2.7 1.4 0.7

Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000(3)

M

2.5 1.1 0.5 2.8 1.2 0.7

Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than 50,000)

M

2.7 1.1 0.3 3.5 1.3 0.8

West urban

M

2.1 1.1 0.2 2.4 1.3 0.9

Size A - More than 1,500,000

M

2.1 1.0 0.2 2.4 1.4 0.9

Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000(3)

M

1.8 1.2 0.3 2.2 1.3 0.9

Size classes

A(4)

M

2.2 1.0 0.2 2.5 1.2 0.7

B/C(3)

M

2.3 1.2 0.4 2.7 1.2 0.8

D

M

2.8 1.2 0.4 3.2 1.2 0.8

Selected local areas(5)

Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI

M

1.7 1.3 0.0 2.1 1.3 1.2

Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA

M

1.5 1.0 0.0 2.0 1.5 1.0

New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA

M

2.4 0.8 0.2 2.6 1.0 0.6

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT

1

1.8 0.5

Cleveland-Akron, OH

1

2.6 1.3

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX

1

2.7 1.6

Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV(6)

1

2.8 1.3

Atlanta, GA

2

1.8 1.1

Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI

2

2.1 0.6

Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX

2

2.2 0.9

Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL

2

2.0 0.9

Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

2.0 0.8

San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA

2

2.1 0.9

Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA

2

2.9 0.9

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(5) In addition, the following metropolitan areas are published semiannually and appear in Tables 34 and 39 of the January and July issues of the CPI Detailed Report: Anchorage, AK; Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN; Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO; Honolulu, HI; Kansas City, MO-KS; Milwaukee-Racine, WI; Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI; Phoenix-Mesa, AZ; Pittsburgh, PA; Portland-Salem, OR-WA; St. Louis, MO-IL; San Diego, CA; Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL.
(6) Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, April 2012
[Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2000

2.6 3.4

December 2001

1.3 1.6

December 2002

2.0 2.4

December 2003

1.7 1.9

December 2004

3.2 3.3

December 2005

2.9 3.4

December 2006

2.3 2.5

December 2007

3.7 4.1

December 2008

0.2 0.1

December 2009

2.5 2.7

January 2010

0.4 0.3 2.4 2.6

February 2010

0.0 0.0 1.9 2.1

March 2010

0.4 0.4 2.1 2.3

April 2010

0.1 0.2 2.1 2.2

May 2010

0.0 0.1 1.8 2.0

June 2010

-0.1 -0.1 0.8 1.1

July 2010

0.0 0.0 1.0 1.2

August 2010

0.2 0.1 0.9 1.1

September 2010

0.1 0.1 0.9 1.1

October 2010

0.1 0.1 0.9 1.2

November 2010

0.0 0.0 0.9 1.1

December 2010

0.2 0.2 1.3 1.5

January 2011

0.4 0.5 1.4 1.6

February 2011

0.5 0.5 1.9 2.1

March 2011

0.8 1.0 2.3 2.7

April 2011

0.6 0.6 2.7 3.2

May 2011

0.4 0.5 3.1 3.6

June 2011

0.0 -0.1 3.2 3.6

July 2011

0.1 0.1 3.3 3.6

August 2011

0.3 0.3 3.4 3.8

September 2011

0.2 0.2 3.5 3.9

October 2011

-0.2 -0.2 3.2 3.5

November 2011

-0.1 -0.1 3.1 3.4

December 2011

-0.2 -0.2 2.7 3.0

January 2012

0.4 0.4 2.7 2.9

February 2012

0.4 0.4 2.6 2.9

March 2012

0.6 0.8 2.4 2.7

April 2012

0.3 0.3 2.1 2.3

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is being issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to two revisions.

NOTE: Indexes for 2012 are intial estimates. Indexes for 2011 are interim adjustments. Data prior to 2011 are final.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, April 2012, 1-month analysis table
[1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Mar.
2012
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Mar. 2012-
Apr. 2012
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Mar. 2012-
Apr. 2012(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.0 0.03 S-Dec. 2011 0.0

Food

14.167 0.2 0.030 0.08 - -

Food at home

8.550 0.2 0.016 0.14 L-Dec. 2011 0.2

Cereals and bakery products

1.227 0.4 0.005 0.35 L-Oct. 2011 0.4

Cereals and cereal products

0.473 0.7 0.003 0.50 L-Nov. 2011 1.0

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.052 0.5 0.000 0.88 S-Feb. 2012 -0.7

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.290 0.4 0.001 0.69 L-Dec. 2011 0.7

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(4)

0.130 0.7 0.001 0.72 L-Nov. 2011 1.0

Rice(4)(5)(6)

0.9 0.81 L-Jan. 2012 1.6

Bakery products

0.755 0.3 0.003 0.43 L-Feb. 2012 0.8

Bread(5)

0.222 0.3 0.001 0.89 L-Feb. 2012 1.1

White bread(4)(6)

0.2 1.19 L-Feb. 2012 1.8

Bread other than white(4)(6)

0.5 1.30 L-Feb. 2012 1.8

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)(5)

0.113 -0.8 -0.001 0.61 S-Aug. 2009 -2.0

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.183 1.2 0.002 0.88 L-Aug. 2011 1.6

Cookies(4)(6)

2.0 0.95 L-Sep. 2011 2.1

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

0.5 0.97 S-Jan. 2012 -1.2

Other bakery products

0.237 0.6 0.001 0.78 L-Feb. 2012 0.6

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

-2.4 0.92 S-May 1999 -3.5

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

2.6 1.17 L-May 2011 3.1

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

0.0 1.11 S-Feb. 2012 -0.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.942 0.1 0.003 0.23 S-Feb. 2012 -0.2

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.834 0.0 0.000 0.24 S-Jun. 2011 -0.3

Meats

1.194 -0.1 -0.002 0.28 S-Jan. 2012 -0.1

Beef and veal(4)

0.551 0.3 0.002 0.41 S-Feb. 2012 0.2

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.216 0.1 0.000 0.60 S-Nov. 2011 0.1

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.081 -0.6 -0.001 1.10 S-Aug. 2011 -0.7

Uncooked beef steaks(4)(5)

0.203 1.3 0.003 0.79 S-Feb. 2012 -0.9

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.052 -1.5 -0.001 0.73 S-Jul. 2011 -1.5

Pork

0.374 0.0 0.000 0.48 L-Feb. 2012 0.3

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.141 -1.3 -0.002 0.84 S-Dec. 2010 -3.1

Bacon and related products(6)

-2.0 1.07 S-Dec. 2010 -5.2

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)(6)

-0.5 1.23 L-Feb. 2012 2.2

Ham

0.080 1.0 0.001 0.98 S-Feb. 2012 -0.5

Ham, excluding canned(6)

1.1 1.04 S-Feb. 2012 -0.9

Pork chops

0.061 1.8 0.001 1.02 L-Aug. 2011 1.9

Other pork including roasts and picnics(5)

0.092 -0.7 -0.001 1.09 L-Feb. 2012 0.3

Other meats

0.268 -1.2 -0.003 0.63 S-Feb. 2010 -1.5

Frankfurters(6)

0.4 2.08 S-Jan. 2012 -3.5

Lunchmeats(4)(5)(6)

-1.1 0.64 S-Feb. 2010 -1.6

Lamb and organ meats(4)(6)

-1.9 1.06 S-Oct. 2009 -2.0

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)(6)

-1.7 1.19 S-Jan. 2012 -3.1

Poultry

0.339 -0.1 0.000 0.62 S-Nov. 2011 -0.3

Chicken(5)

0.263 0.2 0.001 0.80 S-Feb. 2012 0.1

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

1.6 1.91 L-Dec. 2011 2.3

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

0.3 0.85 S-Jan. 2012 -0.1

Other poultry including turkey(5)

0.076 -1.1 -0.001 0.80 S-Dec. 2010 -1.2

Fish and seafood(4)

0.302 0.6 0.002 0.52 S-Feb. 2012 -0.7

Fresh fish and seafood(4)(5)

0.157 0.5 0.001 0.75 S-Feb. 2012 -1.5

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.145 1.0 0.001 0.70 S-Feb. 2012 -0.9

Shelf stable fish and seafood(4)(6)

3.4 1.17 L-EVER -

Frozen fish and seafood(4)(6)

2.4 1.03 L-May 2011 4.4

Eggs

0.107 3.2 0.003 0.77 L-May 2011 5.4

Dairy and related products(4)

0.904 -1.0 -0.009 0.31 S-Apr. 2009 -1.3

Milk(4)(5)

0.292 -0.8 -0.002 0.33 S-Feb. 2012 -1.3

Fresh whole milk(4)(6)

-0.5 0.44 S-Feb. 2012 -1.1

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)(6)

-1.0 0.48 S-Feb. 2012 -1.5

Cheese and related products(4)

0.290 -1.6 -0.005 0.59 S-Jan. 2011 -2.1

Ice cream and related products

0.136 -0.2 0.000 0.83 S-Feb. 2012 -1.4

Other dairy and related products(5)

0.187 -0.8 -0.001 0.61 S-Aug. 2010 -1.2

Fruits and vegetables

1.246 1.0 0.012 0.37 L-Jul. 2011 1.4

Fresh fruits and vegetables

0.942 1.0 0.010 0.47 L-Jul. 2011 1.5

Fresh fruits

0.489 1.9 0.010 0.63 L-Jul. 2011 3.5

Apples

0.083 1.2 0.001 1.15 L-Sep. 2011 4.2

Bananas

0.082 0.1 0.000 0.82 S-Feb. 2012 -2.1

Citrus fruits(5)

0.102 2.0 0.002 1.48 L-Aug. 2011 2.3

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

1.4 1.73 S-Feb. 2012 -3.5

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.222 2.9 0.006 1.07 L-Feb. 2012 4.8

Fresh vegetables

0.453 0.0 0.000 0.63 L-Sep. 2011 0.8

Potatoes

0.083 0.9 0.001 1.06 L-Feb. 2012 1.3

Lettuce

0.060 -2.6 -0.002 1.57 S-Feb. 2012 -4.5

Tomatoes(4)

0.077 -2.9 -0.002 1.80 S-Feb. 2012 -5.7

Other fresh vegetables

0.233 2.4 0.005 0.91 L-Apr. 2010 3.1

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.304 0.8 0.002 0.47 L-Feb. 2012 1.2

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.151 1.5 0.002 0.69 L-Feb. 2012 1.5

Canned fruits(5)(6)

1.1 0.81 L-Feb. 2012 1.4

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

2.0 0.98 L-Nov. 2011 2.3

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.096 0.0 0.000 0.87 L-Feb. 2012 1.1

Frozen vegetables(6)

0.4 1.04 L-Feb. 2012 1.0

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.057 -0.3 0.000 0.79 S-Nov. 2011 -0.4

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

0.1 1.19 L-Feb. 2012 1.8

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.951 0.2 0.002 0.42 L-Dec. 2011 0.2

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.711 0.0 0.000 0.50 L-Feb. 2012 0.2

Carbonated drinks

0.291 0.1 0.000 0.72 L-Jan. 2012 0.4

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.014 -0.3 0.000 1.09 S-Jun. 2011 -1.0

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.406 -0.2 -0.001 0.65 S-Feb. 2012 -0.5

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.241 0.8 0.002 0.59 L-Nov. 2011 0.9

Coffee

0.148 -0.1 0.000 0.81 L-Dec. 2011 0.2

Roasted coffee(6)

-1.7 0.77 S-Feb. 2008 -1.7

Instant and freeze dried coffee(4)(6)

3.3 1.18 L-Dec. 2011 4.7

Other beverage materials including tea(5)

0.093 2.4 0.002 0.77 L-EVER -

Other food at home

2.280 0.1 0.003 0.26 S-Nov. 2011 0.0

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.308 0.3 0.001 0.59 S-Feb. 2012 0.1

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.060 1.2 0.001 0.49 L-Jul. 2011 1.2

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.185 0.3 0.000 0.92 S-Feb. 2012 0.2

Other sweets(5)

0.063 0.8 0.000 0.71 L-Feb. 2012 1.2

Fats and oils

0.265 -0.2 0.000 0.51 S-Feb. 2012 -0.7

Butter and margarine(5)

0.076 -1.6 -0.001 0.79 S-Dec. 2010 -1.7

Butter(6)

-2.2 1.21 L-Jan. 2012 3.7

Margarine(6)

0.1 1.06 S-Feb. 2012 0.1

Salad dressing(4)(5)

0.067 -0.7 0.000 0.80 S-Feb. 2012 -1.3

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.123 0.6 0.001 0.91 S-Feb. 2012 -0.7

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

2.3 1.09 L-Feb. 2012 2.8

Other foods

1.707 0.1 0.002 0.31 - -

Soups

0.099 0.2 0.000 1.05 S-Dec. 2011 -1.1

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(4)

0.304 -0.2 -0.001 0.76 S-Feb. 2012 -0.4

Snacks(4)

0.324 -0.6 -0.002 0.75 S-Jun. 2011 -0.6

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.289 1.0 0.003 0.75 L-Oct. 2011 2.1

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

0.6 0.81 L-Jan. 2012 2.8

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

0.1 1.36 S-Feb. 2012 -0.9

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

-0.4 1.40 S-Jan. 2012 -0.4

Other condiments(4)(6)

-0.4 0.74 L-Feb. 2012 0.2

Baby food(4)(5)

0.072 -0.2 0.000 0.51 S-May 2011 -0.3

Other miscellaneous foods(4)(5)

0.619 1.0 0.006 0.57 L-Feb. 2012 1.3

Prepared salads(4)(7)(6)

-0.5 0.89 S-Nov. 2011 -1.1

Food away from home(4)

5.616 0.3 0.015 0.06 L-Jan. 2012 0.4

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.667 0.2 0.005 0.07 - -

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.255 0.4 0.009 0.10 L-Nov. 2011 0.5

Food at employee sites and schools(5)

0.256 0.3 0.001 0.14 - -

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

0.0 0.12 - -

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.081 0.1 0.000 0.23 L-Jan. 2012 0.8

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.358 0.1 0.000 0.12 L-Jan. 2012 1.1

Energy

10.395 -1.7 -0.178 0.11 S-Oct. 2011 -1.8

Energy commodities

6.647 -2.6 -0.169 0.11 S-Oct. 2011 -2.6

Fuel oil and other fuels(4)

0.354 -1.3 -0.004 0.42 S-Jun. 2011 -1.8

Fuel oil(4)

0.241 -1.1 -0.003 0.54 S-Jul. 2011 -1.7

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(4)(9)

0.112 0.8 0.001 0.44 L-Jul. 2011 1.4

Motor fuel

6.293 -2.6 -0.164 0.11 S-Oct. 2011 -2.7

Gasoline (all types)

6.095 -2.6 -0.157 0.12 S-Oct. 2011 -2.8

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

-2.6 0.28 S-Oct. 2011 -2.8

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

-2.6 0.27 S-Oct. 2011 -2.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

-2.6 0.27 S-May 2010 -2.7

Other motor fuels(5)

0.199 -5.7 -0.012 0.16 S-Mar. 2009 -9.1

Energy services(11)

3.748 -0.2 -0.009 0.16 L-Dec. 2011 -0.2

Electricity(11)

2.857 0.2 0.006 0.18 L-Nov. 2011 0.2

Utility (piped) gas service(11)

0.892 -1.8 -0.016 0.18 S-Feb. 2012 -3.4

All items less food and energy

75.438 0.2 0.182 0.04 - -

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.760 0.2 0.041 0.09 - -

Household furnishings and supplies(12)

3.350 -0.1 -0.003 0.15 - -

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.277 -0.6 -0.002 0.62 S-Dec. 2011 -0.9

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.039 0.3 0.000 0.55 L-Jul. 2011 0.7

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.075 0.6 0.000 0.68 L-Aug. 2011 0.6

Other linens(4)(5)

0.163 -1.4 -0.002 0.92 S-Aug. 2011 -1.4

Furniture and bedding(4)

0.718 0.0 0.000 0.34 S-Feb. 2012 -0.2

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.235 -0.5 -0.001 0.65 S-Feb. 2012 -1.2

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.341 0.5 0.002 0.42 S-Feb. 2012 0.0

Other furniture(5)

0.135 -0.3 0.000 0.73 L-Feb. 2012 0.1

Infants' furniture(4)(8)(6)

Appliances(5)

0.290 -0.6 -0.002 0.38 S-Nov. 2011 -1.0

Major appliances(5)

0.168 -0.4 -0.001 0.48 S-Nov. 2011 -1.5

Laundry equipment(6)

-0.3 0.58 S-Nov. 2011 -1.4

Other appliances(4)(5)

0.119 -0.2 0.000 0.59 L-Feb. 2012 0.7

Other household equipment and furnishings(4)(5)

0.493 -0.1 0.000 0.41 L-Feb. 2012 0.8

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.259 -0.2 -0.001 0.51 L-Feb. 2012 0.7

Indoor plants and flowers(13)

0.102 -0.1 0.000 0.69 L-Feb. 2012 0.5

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.048 -0.1 0.000 1.02 L-Feb. 2012 0.3

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.083 1.5 0.001 0.51 L-May 2007 1.6

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.680 0.3 0.002 0.28 L-Feb. 2012 0.4

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.172 0.1 0.000 0.35 L-Feb. 2012 0.8

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.362 0.9 0.003 0.32 L-Mar. 2011 1.4

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.891 -0.3 -0.003 0.27 S-Apr. 2011 -0.3

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.363 -1.0 -0.004 0.40 S-Apr. 2011 -1.1

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.241 -0.1 0.000 0.38 S-Jun. 2011 -0.1

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.287 0.4 0.001 0.47 L-Feb. 2012 0.8

Apparel

3.612 0.4 0.013 0.39 S-Feb. 2012 -0.9

Men's and boys' apparel

0.865 0.5 0.005 0.61 S-Feb. 2012 -1.7

Men's apparel

0.682 0.4 0.003 0.65 L-Jan. 2012 1.7

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.125 -1.3 -0.002 1.77 S-Feb. 2012 -3.0

Men's furnishings

0.179 0.3 0.001 0.98 L-Nov. 2011 0.8

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.209 2.4 0.005 1.49 L-Jul. 2011 2.7

Men's pants and shorts

0.162 -0.1 0.000 1.32 - -

Boys' apparel

0.183 2.6 0.005 1.48 S-Feb. 2012 -0.5

Women's and girls' apparel

1.544 1.0 0.015 0.75 L-Jan. 2012 1.3

Women's apparel

1.286 1.2 0.015 0.82 L-Jan. 2012 1.2

Women's outerwear

0.087 4.2 0.004 3.37 L-Aug. 2011 4.9

Women's dresses

0.192 -4.3 -0.008 2.67 S-Mar. 2009 -6.8

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.598 3.0 0.017 1.10 L-Feb. 2007 3.1

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(5)

0.393 1.2 0.005 1.16 L-Dec. 2011 1.4

Girls' apparel

0.259 -0.1 0.000 2.09 S-Feb. 2012 -2.6

Footwear

0.676 0.6 0.004 0.56 - -

Men's footwear(4)

0.207 1.5 0.003 0.85 L-Oct. 2010 1.9

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.149 0.7 0.001 1.22 S-Feb. 2012 -1.4

Women's footwear

0.320 0.4 0.001 0.86 S-Feb. 2012 -0.1

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.200 -1.1 -0.002 1.00 S-Jan. 2011 -1.1

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.327 -2.8 -0.009 1.36 S-Feb. 2002 -3.2

Watches(4)(9)

0.089 -0.4 0.000 0.78 S-Dec. 2011 -1.2

Jewelry(9)

0.237 -3.5 -0.008 1.56 S-Feb. 2002 -3.5

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(12)

5.565 0.8 0.043 0.07 L-Jun. 2011 0.8

New vehicles

3.173 0.4 0.014 0.11 L-Feb. 2012 0.6

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

0.4 0.10 L-Feb. 2012 0.6

New cars(6)

0.5 0.15 L-Feb. 2012 0.5

New trucks(14)(6)

0.4 0.11 L-Feb. 2012 0.6

Used cars and trucks

1.889 1.5 0.029 0.02 L-Dec. 2009 2.3

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.433 0.0 0.000 0.20 - -

Tires(4)

0.295 0.1 0.000 0.25 L-Feb. 2012 0.1

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.139 -0.2 0.000 0.25 S-Oct. 2011 -0.2

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

-0.3 0.25 S-Jul. 2011 -0.3

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

0.4 0.64 S-Feb. 2012 -0.4

Medical care commodities(4)

1.719 0.0 -0.001 0.14 S-Jul. 2011 0.0

Medicinal drugs(4)(12)

1.640 0.0 -0.001 0.15 S-Jun. 2011 -0.2

Prescription drugs

1.329 0.0 0.000 0.14 S-Jul. 2010 0.0

Nonprescription drugs(4)(12)

0.312 -0.3 -0.001 0.49 S-Feb. 2012 -0.5

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(12)

0.078 0.1 0.000 0.47 L-Feb. 2012 0.7

Recreation commodities(12)

2.320 -0.4 -0.010 0.18 S-Sep. 2011 -0.4

Video and audio products(12)

0.426 -1.8 -0.008 0.28 S-EVER -

Televisions

0.168 -3.7 -0.006 0.64 S-Feb. 2010 -4.3

Other video equipment(4)(5)

0.027 -1.2 0.000 0.61 L-Feb. 2012 1.5

Audio equipment(4)

0.073 -1.5 -0.001 0.45 S-Dec. 2011 -1.6

Audio discs, tapes and other media(4)(5)

0.044 -0.7 0.000 0.47 S-Oct. 2011 -1.6

Pets and pet products(4)

0.689 -0.1 0.000 0.39 S-Dec. 2011 -0.2

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

0.0 0.41 S-Dec. 2011 -0.1

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

-0.5 0.76 S-Jan. 2012 -0.9

Sporting goods(4)

0.459 0.5 0.002 0.31 L-Feb. 2012 0.6

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.241 -0.6 -0.002 0.33 S-May 2010 -0.7

Sports equipment(4)

0.208 1.8 0.004 0.53 L-Oct. 2008 1.9

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.053 0.9 0.000 0.62 L-Feb. 2012 0.9

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)(6)

1.8 0.73 L-Nov. 2011 2.7

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

0.9 0.82 L-Feb. 2012 0.9

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.222 0.2 0.000 0.34 S-Feb. 2012 -0.5

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.120 0.3 0.000 0.48 S-Feb. 2012 -0.7

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.098 0.0 0.000 0.47 S-Feb. 2012 -0.2

Other recreational goods(5)

0.470 -1.0 -0.005 0.44 S-Nov. 2011 -1.2

Toys(4)

0.351 -1.5 -0.005 0.53 S-Nov. 2011 -1.6

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(4)(5)(6)

-1.1 0.51 S-Nov. 2011 -1.5

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(5)

0.061 1.2 0.001 0.91 L-Oct. 2011 1.8

Music instruments and accessories(5)

0.039 0.2 0.000 0.42 L-Sep. 2011 1.2

Education and communication commodities(12)

0.601 -0.7 -0.004 0.34 S-Dec. 2011 -0.8

Educational books and supplies

0.201 0.5 0.001 0.29 S-Feb. 2012 0.1

College textbooks(4)(15)(6)

0.3 0.24 S-Feb. 2012 0.2

Information technology commodities(12)

0.400 -1.3 -0.005 0.43 S-Dec. 2011 -1.4

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(7)

0.264 -1.6 -0.004 0.51 S-Dec. 2011 -2.1

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.048 -0.5 0.000 0.75 L-Jan. 2012 -0.2

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)(5)

0.088 -1.1 -0.001 0.77 S-Nov. 2011 -1.2

Alcoholic beverages

0.944 0.1 0.001 0.13 L-Feb. 2012 0.3

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.571 -0.2 -0.001 0.21 S-Jul. 2011 -0.2

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.273 -0.5 -0.001 0.27 S-Sep. 2009 -0.8

Distilled spirits at home(4)

0.071 -0.1 0.000 0.33 L-Jan. 2012 0.6

Whiskey at home(6)

0.5 0.49 L-Jan. 2012 0.9

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

0.3 0.59 L-Feb. 2012 0.3

Wine at home

0.227 0.2 0.000 0.37 L-Jan. 2012 0.6

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.373 0.4 0.002 0.16 L-Feb. 2012 0.5

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

0.3 0.13 L-May 2011 0.3

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

0.4 0.20 L-Feb. 2012 0.5

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

0.9 0.20 L-May 2011 2.1

Other goods(12)

1.650 0.1 0.002 0.19 S-Feb. 2012 -0.4

Tobacco and smoking products(4)

0.790 0.2 0.001 0.16 L-Jan. 2012 0.5

Cigarettes(4)(5)

0.730 0.1 0.001 0.17 L-Jan. 2012 0.5

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.053 0.3 0.000 0.46 L-Jan. 2012 0.5

Personal care products(4)

0.652 0.3 0.002 0.37 S-Feb. 2012 -0.4

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.342 0.1 0.000 0.54 S-Feb. 2012 0.0

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.303 0.6 0.002 0.56 S-Feb. 2012 -0.9

Miscellaneous personal goods(5)

0.208 -0.6 -0.001 0.44 S-Oct. 2010 -0.7

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

0.0 0.46 L-Jan. 2012 0.5

Infants' equipment(4)(8)(6)

-0.1 0.51 S-Feb. 2012 -0.1

Services less energy services

55.679 0.3 0.141 0.03 L-Aug. 2008 0.3

Shelter

31.259 0.2 0.054 0.05 - -

Rent of shelter(16)

30.915 0.2 0.064 0.05 - -

Rent of primary residence(11)

6.414 0.2 0.014 0.07 - -

Lodging away from home(5)

0.813 -0.2 -0.002 0.86 S-Dec. 2011 -0.3

Housing at school, excluding board(11)(16)

0.153 0.4 0.001 0.05 L-Feb. 2012 0.4

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.660 -0.4 -0.002 1.07 S-Dec. 2011 -0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(11)(16)

23.688 0.2 0.040 0.04 - -

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(11)(16)

22.290 0.2 0.038 0.04 - -

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.344 0.7 0.002 0.21 L-Dec. 2009 1.3

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.159 0.8 0.009 0.13 L-Oct. 2009 0.8

Water and sewerage maintenance(11)

0.872 1.1 0.010 0.17 L-Oct. 2008 1.1

Garbage and trash collection(4)(14)

0.287 -0.2 -0.001 0.15 S-Oct. 2000 -0.2

Household operations(4)(5)

0.723 0.4 0.003 0.10 L-Feb. 2012 0.4

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.248 0.6 0.001 0.07 L-Dec. 2010 0.7

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

0.236 0.5 0.001 0.11 L-Jan. 2012 1.0

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)(5)

0.091 -0.7 -0.001 0.43 S-Jul. 2011 -1.0

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.076 1.2 0.001 0.14 L-Mar. 2010 1.3

Medical care services

5.328 0.4 0.023 0.06 L-Dec. 2011 0.4

Professional services

2.969 0.1 0.004 0.08 S-Feb. 2012 -0.2

Physicians' services(11)

1.590 0.3 0.004 0.12 L-Oct. 2011 0.5

Dental services(11)

0.755 0.1 0.001 0.08 S-Feb. 2012 -0.1

Eyeglasses and eye care(9)

0.249 0.4 0.001 0.23 L-Jul. 2011 0.9

Services by other medical professionals(4)(11)(9)

0.375 0.0 0.000 0.12 S-Sep. 2011 -0.1

Hospital and related services

1.732 0.5 0.009 0.11 L-Nov. 2011 0.5

Hospital services(11)(17)

1.511 0.6 0.008 0.12 L-Oct. 2011 0.6

Inpatient hospital services(11)(17)(6)

0.5 0.18 L-Nov. 2011 0.8

Outpatient hospital services(11)(9)(6)

0.6 0.22 L-May 2011 0.6

Nursing homes and adult day services(11)(17)

0.136 0.1 0.000 0.12 S-Jun. 2011 0.1

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.085 0.2 0.000 0.15 L-Jan. 2012 0.3

Health insurance(4)(8)

0.627 1.0 0.006 0.07 S-Sep. 2011 0.9

Transportation services

5.719 0.5 0.029 0.11 L-Jan. 2011 0.5

Leased cars and trucks(15)

0.389 -0.2 -0.001 0.44 S-Feb. 2012 -1.0

Car and truck rental(5)

0.068 4.4 0.003 1.34 L-EVER -

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.141 0.0 0.000 0.12 L-Feb. 2012 0.2

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.057 0.1 0.000 0.14 S-Dec. 2011 0.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.455 0.1 0.000 0.15 S-Nov. 2011 0.0

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.593 -0.1 -0.001 0.19 L-Feb. 2012 0.3

Motor vehicle insurance

2.388 0.4 0.009 0.16 S-Feb. 2012 -0.2

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.559 -0.1 0.000 0.12 S-Feb. 2012 -0.1

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(11)(5)

0.326 -0.2 -0.001 0.12 S-Feb. 2012 -0.3

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.211 0.2 0.000 0.16 L-Feb. 2012 0.2

Parking fees and tolls(4)(5)(6)

0.0 0.13 S-May 2011 0.0

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)(6)

0.4 0.26 L-Jan. 2012 0.8

Public transportation

1.173 1.6 0.019 0.29 L-Nov. 2010 1.8

Airline fare

0.767 2.1 0.016 0.40 L-Dec. 2010 2.6

Other intercity transportation

0.146 0.8 0.001 0.66 L-Feb. 2011 0.8

Intercity bus fare(4)(7)(6)

1.7 0.52 L-Dec. 2011 4.0

Intercity train fare(4)(7)(6)

2.8 1.24 S-Feb. 2012 -0.6

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

0.0 0.82 L-Feb. 2012 0.0

Intracity transportation(4)

0.258 0.1 0.000 0.07 S-Jan. 2012 0.0

Intracity mass transit(4)(12)(6)

0.1 0.09 L-Feb. 2012 0.6

Recreation services(12)

3.688 0.1 0.003 0.19 S-Feb. 2012 -0.3

Video and audio services(12)

1.498 0.2 0.004 0.23 S-Aug. 2011 0.0

Cable and satellite television and radio service(14)

1.387 0.2 0.002 0.23 S-Aug. 2011 0.0

Video discs and other media, including rental of video and audio(4)(5)

0.112 1.0 0.001 0.84 L-Oct. 2011 2.6

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

1.8 1.22 L-Oct. 2011 2.4

Rental of video or audio discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

0.1 0.75 S-Feb. 2012 -0.3

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.405 0.2 0.001 0.19 S-Feb. 2012 -0.3

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

-0.1 0.22 S-Feb. 2012 -0.1

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

0.4 0.19 L-Dec. 2011 0.9

Photographers and film processing(4)(5)

0.058 0.0 0.000 0.36 S-Feb. 2012 -0.2

Photographer fees(4)(5)(6)

0.2 0.36 L-Dec. 2011 0.5

Film processing(4)(5)(6)

0.0 0.44 S-Jan. 2012 -0.3

Other recreation services(5)

1.726 -0.1 -0.001 0.35 S-Feb. 2012 -0.8

Club dues and fees for participant sports and group exercises(5)

0.568 -0.3 -0.002 0.71 S-Feb. 2012 -0.8

Admissions(4)

0.625 0.1 0.001 0.50 - -

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

0.1 0.42 L-Jan. 2012 1.9

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

0.3 0.52 S-Feb. 2012 -1.0

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.228 0.2 0.000 0.23 L-Feb. 2012 0.2

Education and communication services(12)

6.111 0.2 0.015 0.07 - -

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.968 0.3 0.008 0.12 - -

College tuition and fees

1.665 0.3 0.006 0.21 S-Feb. 2012 0.3

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.376 0.3 0.001 0.03 L-Feb. 2012 0.4

Child care and nursery school(13)

0.767 0.2 0.002 0.11 - -

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.058 -0.1 0.000 0.18 S-May 2011 -0.2

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.148 0.0 0.000 0.01 S-Jan. 2012 -0.2

Postage(4)

0.138 -0.1 0.000 0.00 S-Jan. 2012 -0.6

Delivery services(4)(5)

0.010 1.2 0.000 0.12 L-Jan. 2012 4.6

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.399 0.1 0.002 0.05 - -

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.460 0.0 0.000 0.06 - -

Land-line telephone services(4)(12)

0.939 0.2 0.002 0.09 L-Jan. 2012 0.8

Internet services and electronic information providers(4)(5)

0.581 0.8 0.004 0.29 L-Feb. 2010 1.9

Other personal services(12)

1.692 0.3 0.006 0.10 L-Nov. 2011 0.4

Personal care services(4)

0.626 0.2 0.001 0.11 - -

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.626 0.2 0.001 0.11 - -

Miscellaneous personal services

1.066 0.2 0.002 0.13 - -

Legal services(9)

0.293 0.1 0.000 0.12 S-Feb. 2012 0.0

Funeral expenses(9)

0.157 0.1 0.000 0.09 L-Feb. 2012 0.2

Laundry and dry cleaning services(5)

0.237 -0.1 0.000 0.09 S-Sep. 2009 -0.2

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.030 -0.2 0.000 0.19 S-Oct. 2010 -0.2

Financial services(4)(9)

0.209 1.4 0.003 0.62 L-Apr. 2011 1.9

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

-1.1 0.51 S-Dec. 2010 -2.6

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(5)(6)

1.9 0.73 L-May 2010 2.1

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

85.833 0.0 0.004 0.03 S-Dec. 2011 0.0

All items less shelter

68.741 0.0 -0.020 0.04 S-Dec. 2011 -0.1

All items less food and shelter

54.575 -0.1 -0.050 0.05 S-Dec. 2011 -0.1

All items less food, shelter, and energy

44.179 0.3 0.128 0.05 - -

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

42.290 0.2 0.099 0.05 - -

All items less medical care

92.953 0.0 0.012 0.03 S-Dec. 2011 0.0

All items less energy

89.605 0.2 0.213 0.03 - -

Commodities

40.573 -0.2 -0.099 0.06 S-Dec. 2011 -0.3

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.871 0.1 0.013 0.09 - -

Commodities less food

26.407 -0.5 -0.130 0.07 S-Dec. 2011 -0.5

Commodities less food and beverages

25.462 -0.5 -0.131 0.07 S-Dec. 2011 -0.6

Services

59.427 0.2 0.132 0.04 - -

Services less rent of shelter(16)

28.512 0.3 0.077 0.05 L-Dec. 2011 0.3

Services less medical care services

54.098 0.2 0.114 0.04 L-Dec. 2011 0.2

Durables

8.874 0.3 0.025 0.07 L-Aug. 2011 0.4

Nondurables

31.699 -0.3 -0.102 0.07 S-Dec. 2011 -0.3

Nondurables less food

17.533 -0.8 -0.148 0.10 S-Oct. 2011 -0.8

Nondurables less food and beverages

16.589 -0.9 -0.151 0.11 S-May 2010 -0.9

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

12.976 -1.4 -0.175 0.07 S-Mar. 2009 -1.7

Nondurables less food and apparel

13.921 -1.2 -0.172 0.07 S-Mar. 2009 -1.6

Housing

40.592 0.1 0.052 0.05 - -

Education and communication(5)

6.712 0.2 0.010 0.08 - -

Education(5)

3.169 0.3 0.009 0.12 - -

Communication(5)

3.543 0.0 0.001 0.07 - -

Information and information processing(5)

3.394 0.0 0.001 0.08 - -

Information technology, hardware and services(18)

0.995 -0.1 -0.001 0.26 L-Feb. 2012 0.1

Recreation(5)

6.008 -0.1 -0.006 0.15 S-Feb. 2012 -0.1

Video and audio(5)

1.924 -0.2 -0.004 0.19 S-Aug. 2011 -0.2

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.094 0.0 0.000 0.26 S-Oct. 2011 0.0

Photography(5)

0.113 0.5 0.001 0.36 L-Aug. 2011 0.5

Food and beverages

15.111 0.2 0.031 0.08 L-Jan. 2012 0.2

Domestically produced farm food(4)

7.215 0.1 0.010 0.14 - -

Other services

11.491 0.2 0.022 0.08 S-Feb. 2012 0.1

Apparel less footwear

2.936 0.3 0.008 0.47 S-Feb. 2012 -1.1

Fuels and utilities

5.260 -0.1 -0.004 0.13 - -

Household energy

4.102 -0.3 -0.014 0.15 S-Feb. 2012 -0.6

Medical care

7.047 0.3 0.022 0.06 - -

Transportation

17.577 -0.5 -0.092 0.06 S-Dec. 2011 -0.7

Private transportation

16.403 -0.7 -0.111 0.06 S-Dec. 2011 -0.8

New and used motor vehicles(5)

5.589 0.8 0.045 0.08 L-Jun. 2011 0.8

Utilities and public transportation

9.867 0.4 0.036 0.09 L-Sep. 2011 0.4

Household furnishings and operations

4.073 0.0 0.002 0.12 L-Feb. 2012 0.3

Other goods and services

3.341 0.1 0.005 0.11 S-Feb. 2012 -0.1

Personal care

2.552 0.1 0.003 0.13 S-Feb. 2012 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(12) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(18) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, April 2012, 12-month analysis table
[1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Mar.
2012
Twelve Month
Percent change
Apr. 2011-
Apr. 2012
Effect on All Items
Apr. 2011-
Apr. 2012(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 2.3 0.07 S-Feb. 2011 2.1

Food

14.167 3.1 0.432 0.14 S-Mar. 2011 2.9

Food at home

8.550 3.3 0.267 0.20 S-Feb. 2011 2.8

Cereals and bakery products

1.227 4.7 0.052 0.43 L-Feb. 2012 5.3

Cereals and cereal products

0.473 5.0 0.018 0.72 L-Feb. 2012 5.2

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.052 9.4 0.004 1.33 L-Jan. 2012 9.8

Breakfast cereal

0.290 3.9 0.007 0.94 L-Feb. 2012 4.5

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.130 5.5 0.006 1.08 L-Feb. 2012 5.6

Rice(4)(5)

5.6 1.67 L-Dec. 2011 5.6

Bakery products

0.755 4.7 0.034 0.59 S-Jan. 2012 4.7

Bread(4)

0.222 4.1 0.009 1.22 S-Mar. 2011 2.7

White bread(5)

4.4 1.78 S-Jan. 2012 4.0

Bread other than white(5)

3.1 1.73 S-Jan. 2011 2.1

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.113 2.9 0.003 1.05 S-Dec. 2010 2.0

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.183 6.3 0.012 1.06 L-Apr. 2009 6.8

Cookies(5)

6.0 1.51 L-Apr. 2009 6.3

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

6.8 1.15 - -

Other bakery products

0.237 4.6 0.011 1.00 L-Feb. 2012 5.6

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

4.4 1.61 S-May 2011 2.7

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

6.3 1.88 L-Feb. 2012 7.3

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

5.1 1.52 L-Jan. 2012 5.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.942 4.6 0.086 0.39 S-Aug. 2010 2.9

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.834 4.6 0.081 0.41 S-Sep. 2010 4.4

Meats

1.194 4.2 0.047 0.52 S-Jun. 2010 3.7

Beef and veal

0.551 5.9 0.031 0.74 S-Sep. 2010 5.7

Uncooked ground beef

0.216 6.2 0.013 1.14 S-Dec. 2010 6.2

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.081 5.6 0.005 1.80 S-Dec. 2010 4.9

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.203 6.2 0.012 1.12 S-Jul. 2011 6.1

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.052 3.4 0.002 1.47 S-Mar. 2010 1.8

Pork

0.374 3.0 0.011 0.87 S-May 2010 2.4

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.141 2.0 0.003 1.49 S-Jun. 2010 0.8

Bacon and related products(5)

3.3 2.54 S-Jun. 2010 3.1

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

1.6 1.68 L-Feb. 2012 4.9

Ham

0.080 4.4 0.003 1.75 L-Dec. 2011 5.7

Ham, excluding canned(5)

4.0 2.43 L-Dec. 2011 5.9

Pork chops

0.061 3.6 0.003 1.66 L-Jan. 2012 7.3

Other pork including roasts and picnics(4)

0.092 2.9 0.002 1.96 S-Apr. 2010 -0.1

Other meats

0.268 2.4 0.005 1.30 S-Oct. 2010 1.2

Frankfurters(5)

2.0 3.30 S-Oct. 2010 -0.3

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

2.3 0.93 S-Dec. 2010 1.6

Lamb and organ meats(5)

4.7 3.30 S-Feb. 2010 1.3

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)

10.0 5.73 S-Sep. 2010 9.4

Poultry

0.339 6.1 0.020 0.93 S-Feb. 2012 5.1

Chicken(4)

0.263 5.3 0.014 0.99 - -

Fresh whole chicken(5)

8.8 2.17 L-Mar. 2009 8.9

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

4.0 1.25 S-Feb. 2012 3.4

Other poultry including turkey(4)

0.076 9.2 0.006 2.24 S-Jan. 2012 9.2

Fish and seafood

0.302 4.5 0.013 1.03 L-Jan. 2012 6.2

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.157 1.7 0.003 1.47 S-May 2010 1.4

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.145 7.9 0.011 1.17 L-Dec. 2011 7.9

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

10.4 2.12 L-Aug. 2009 11.3

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

8.1 2.12 L-Dec. 2011 8.3

Eggs

0.107 5.6 0.005 1.18 L-Jan. 2012 9.5

Dairy and related products

0.904 3.4 0.029 0.51 S-Feb. 2011 2.4

Milk(4)

0.292 0.9 0.003 0.79 S-Feb. 2010 -1.3

Fresh whole milk(5)

0.5 1.28 S-Feb. 2010 -2.5

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

1.2 1.16 S-Feb. 2010 0.1

Cheese and related products

0.290 4.4 0.012 0.88 S-Mar. 2011 1.9

Ice cream and related products

0.136 5.5 0.007 1.31 S-Feb. 2012 4.3

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.187 4.6 0.007 0.93 S-Jul. 2011 3.5

Fruits and vegetables

1.246 -1.7 -0.021 0.55 L-Jan. 2012 -0.1

Fresh fruits and vegetables

0.942 -4.1 -0.038 0.69 L-Jan. 2012 -1.7

Fresh fruits

0.489 1.9 0.008 1.01 L-Nov. 2011 2.6

Apples

0.083 3.5 0.003 1.75 L-Feb. 2012 4.8

Bananas

0.082 -0.3 0.000 1.44 L-Jan. 2012 2.5

Citrus fruits(4)

0.102 0.4 0.001 2.25 L-Nov. 2011 1.7

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

3.0 2.47 L-Nov. 2011 4.2

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.222 2.5 0.005 1.56 L-Oct. 2011 3.1

Fresh vegetables

0.453 -9.7 -0.047 1.01 L-Feb. 2012 -7.9

Potatoes

0.083 0.2 0.001 1.86 S-Sep. 2010 -0.5

Lettuce

0.060 -11.2 -0.007 2.27 L-Jan. 2012 -1.4

Tomatoes

0.077 -31.7 -0.033 2.40 S-May 1994 -35.3

Other fresh vegetables

0.233 -3.0 -0.007 1.33 L-Jan. 2012 -1.3

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.304 6.5 0.018 0.70 L-Feb. 2012 6.5

Canned fruits and vegetables(4)

0.151 6.5 0.009 1.02 L-Nov. 2011 7.2

Canned fruits(4)(5)

4.3 1.19 L-Feb. 2012 4.4

Canned vegetables(4)(5)

8.2 1.43 L-Nov. 2011 8.7

Frozen fruits and vegetables(4)

0.096 6.2 0.005 1.23 S-Sep. 2011 5.1

Frozen vegetables(5)

5.6 1.25 S-Sep. 2011 3.8

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(4)

0.057 7.0 0.004 1.36 L-Nov. 2011 7.2

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)

15.6 2.74 L-Feb. 2012 16.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.951 1.9 0.018 0.68 S-Mar. 2011 1.5

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(4)

0.711 1.3 0.009 0.84 S-May 2011 1.3

Carbonated drinks

0.291 2.3 0.007 1.14 - -

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.014 9.3 0.001 2.34 S-Jul. 2011 8.7

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.406 0.3 0.001 1.05 S-Mar. 2011 0.0

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(4)

0.241 3.5 0.008 0.99 S-Feb. 2011 2.5

Coffee

0.148 5.8 0.007 1.45 S-Feb. 2011 5.2

Roasted coffee(5)

5.9 1.78 S-Jan. 2011 5.6

Instant and freeze dried coffee(5)

3.8 2.00 L-Feb. 2012 5.9

Other beverage materials including tea(4)

0.093 1.2 0.001 1.25 L-Dec. 2011 2.2

Other food at home

2.280 4.9 0.103 0.41 S-Sep. 2011 4.7

Sugar and sweets

0.308 5.9 0.017 0.99 L-Jun. 2009 6.2

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.060 4.8 0.003 0.92 L-Feb. 2012 5.5

Candy and chewing gum(4)

0.185 6.8 0.012 1.53 L-Mar. 2009 7.6

Other sweets(4)

0.063 4.1 0.002 1.05 L-Feb. 2012 5.3

Fats and oils

0.265 8.4 0.020 0.82 S-Apr. 2011 8.1

Butter and margarine(4)

0.076 0.7 0.000 1.41 S-Jun. 2010 0.2

Butter(5)

-8.6 2.47 S-Dec. 2009 -11.5

Margarine(5)

11.9 1.86 L-Feb. 2012 13.5

Salad dressing(4)

0.067 3.5 0.002 1.32 S-Feb. 2011 2.7

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(4)

0.123 16.6 0.018 1.22 S-Nov. 2011 13.5

Peanut butter(4)(5)

40.9 1.63 L-EVER -

Other foods

1.707 4.2 0.066 0.49 S-Sep. 2011 3.6

Soups

0.099 5.8 0.006 1.59 S-Feb. 2012 3.5

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.304 2.7 0.008 1.11 S-Aug. 2011 1.4

Snacks

0.324 5.6 0.018 0.93 S-Nov. 2011 5.4

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.289 4.4 0.012 1.04 L-Feb. 2012 4.8

Salt and other seasonings and spices(4)(5)

9.5 1.99 L-Dec. 2011 9.6

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)

3.1 1.64 L-Feb. 2012 3.7

Sauces and gravies(4)(5)

1.2 1.83 S-Nov. 2011 0.3

Other condiments(5)

6.4 1.66 L-Dec. 2011 10.2

Baby food(4)

0.072 5.1 0.004 0.94 S-Sep. 2011 3.4

Other miscellaneous foods(4)

0.619 3.5 0.018 0.80 L-Feb. 2012 4.7

Prepared salads(6)(5)

2.0 1.42 S-Jul. 2011 0.6

Food away from home

5.616 2.9 0.165 0.17 S-Dec. 2011 2.9

Full service meals and snacks(4)

2.667 2.6 0.073 0.21 S-Sep. 2011 2.6

Limited service meals and snacks(4)

2.255 3.1 0.072 0.30 S-Jan. 2012 3.1

Food at employee sites and schools(4)

0.256 3.8 0.010 0.54 - -

Food at elementary and secondary schools(7)(5)

3.4 0.73 S-Dec. 2011 3.4

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)

0.081 3.7 0.004 0.88 S-Dec. 2011 2.7

Other food away from home(4)

0.358 2.0 0.007 0.45 S-Sep. 2011 2.0

Energy

10.395 0.9 0.119 0.19 S-Oct. 2009 -14.0

Energy commodities

6.647 3.1 0.213 0.18 S-Oct. 2009 -18.7

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.354 1.0 0.004 0.92 S-Nov. 2009 -7.7

Fuel oil

0.241 0.9 0.002 1.14 S-Nov. 2009 -6.9

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(8)

0.112 1.7 0.002 1.24 S-Dec. 2009 -4.2

Motor fuel

6.293 3.3 0.210 0.19 S-Oct. 2009 -18.4

Gasoline (all types)

6.095 3.2 0.210 0.19 S-Oct. 2009 -17.9

Gasoline, unleaded regular(5)

3.3 0.48 S-Oct. 2009 -18.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(9)(5)

3.2 0.45 S-Oct. 2009 -17.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium(5)

3.1 0.45 S-Oct. 2009 -16.8

Other motor fuels(4)

0.199 1.6 0.000 0.33 S-Nov. 2009 -6.0

Energy services(10)

3.748 -2.4 -0.094 0.32 S-Feb. 2010 -4.2

Electricity(10)

2.857 0.6 0.017 0.37 - -

Utility (piped) gas service(10)

0.892 -11.6 -0.110 0.62 S-Jan. 2010 -12.2

All items less food and energy

75.438 2.3 1.751 0.09 - -

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.760 2.0 0.394 0.20 S-Feb. 2012 2.0

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.350 0.7 0.023 0.35 S-Nov. 2011 0.6

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)

0.277 -2.4 -0.007 1.43 S-Jun. 2011 -3.0

Floor coverings(4)

0.039 0.6 0.000 1.43 L-Jan. 2012 0.7

Window coverings(4)

0.075 0.1 0.000 2.32 L-Dec. 2011 0.8

Other linens(4)

0.163 -4.4 -0.007 1.74 S-Mar. 2011 -6.6

Furniture and bedding

0.718 1.8 0.014 0.91 S-Nov. 2011 1.1

Bedroom furniture

0.235 0.2 0.001 1.64 S-Sep. 2011 -0.1

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)

0.341 3.6 0.013 1.20 L-EVER -

Other furniture(4)

0.135 -0.1 0.000 2.17 S-Oct. 2011 -3.1

Infants' furniture(7)(5)

Appliances(4)

0.290 3.7 0.010 0.76 S-Jan. 2012 3.2

Major appliances(4)

0.168 7.3 0.012 1.10 S-Jan. 2012 5.9

Laundry equipment(5)

9.5 1.75 S-Jan. 2012 8.2

Other appliances(4)

0.119 -1.3 -0.001 1.22 L-Feb. 2012 -0.7

Other household equipment and furnishings(4)

0.493 -4.9 -0.027 1.21 - -

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items

0.259 -7.1 -0.020 1.82 - -

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.102 -1.7 -0.002 1.49 S-Jan. 2010 -2.4

Dishes and flatware(4)

0.048 -7.9 -0.005 2.54 S-Oct. 2011 -8.9

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(4)

0.083 0.4 0.000 1.31 L-Dec. 2011 0.6

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(4)

0.680 0.2 0.000 0.60 L-Feb. 2012 1.4

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)

0.172 2.6 0.005 1.02 - -

Outdoor equipment and supplies(4)

0.362 -0.8 -0.004 0.77 L-Feb. 2012 0.8

Housekeeping supplies

0.891 3.7 0.032 0.51 - -

Household cleaning products(4)

0.363 3.0 0.010 0.81 L-Dec. 2011 3.2

Household paper products(4)

0.241 4.3 0.010 0.92 S-Jan. 2012 3.3

Miscellaneous household products(4)

0.287 4.1 0.012 1.02 L-Feb. 2012 5.0

Apparel

3.612 5.1 0.182 0.95 L-Jan. 1991 6.1

Men's and boys' apparel

0.865 6.8 0.058 1.06 L-Mar. 1975 7.1

Men's apparel

0.682 5.6 0.039 1.19 L-Jan. 2012 6.3

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.125 2.5 0.003 3.03 S-Dec. 2011 0.0

Men's furnishings

0.179 5.5 0.010 2.44 - -

Men's shirts and sweaters(4)

0.209 7.6 0.016 2.52 L-EVER -

Men's pants and shorts

0.162 6.5 0.009 2.41 L-Jan. 2012 6.6

Boys' apparel

0.183 11.3 0.019 2.92 L-EVER -

Women's and girls' apparel

1.544 6.1 0.092 1.86 L-Feb. 1991 6.5

Women's apparel

1.286 6.0 0.075 2.10 L-Feb. 1991 6.7

Women's outerwear

0.087 8.3 0.012 9.10 L-Aug. 2011 10.3

Women's dresses

0.192 10.3 0.020 6.62 S-Feb. 2012 10.3

Women's suits and separates(4)

0.598 4.0 0.021 2.06 L-Mar. 2007 4.5

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(4)

0.393 5.9 0.021 3.96 L-Jan. 2012 9.2

Girls' apparel

0.259 7.1 0.017 4.48 S-Jul. 2011 3.3

Footwear

0.676 2.5 0.017 1.07 L-Feb. 2010 2.8

Men's footwear

0.207 3.8 0.008 1.63 L-Sep. 2009 3.8

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.149 1.4 0.002 2.62 L-Dec. 2011 1.6

Women's footwear

0.320 2.1 0.007 1.73 L-Aug. 2010 3.0

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.200 6.1 0.011 2.01 S-Dec. 2011 4.9

Jewelry and watches(8)

0.327 0.9 0.003 2.42 S-Jul. 2010 0.3

Watches(8)

0.089 1.1 0.002 1.57 S-Feb. 2012 0.5

Jewelry(8)

0.237 0.5 0.001 2.79 S-Jul. 2010 0.4

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

5.565 2.8 0.162 0.19 S-Apr. 2011 2.8

New vehicles

3.173 2.2 0.072 0.30 S-Mar. 2011 1.6

New cars and trucks(4)(5)

2.2 0.30 S-Mar. 2011 1.7

New cars(5)

2.3 0.40 S-Apr. 2011 2.2

New trucks(13)(5)

2.0 0.30 S-Feb. 2011 1.9

Used cars and trucks

1.889 3.5 0.069 0.22 L-Dec. 2011 4.0

Motor vehicle parts and equipment

0.433 4.8 0.019 0.44 S-Apr. 2011 4.3

Tires

0.295 5.3 0.014 0.63 S-Oct. 2011 5.2

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)

0.139 3.6 0.005 0.68 S-Jun. 2011 3.6

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(5)

1.7 0.63 S-Apr. 2011 1.5

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(5)

12.8 1.76 S-Nov. 2011 12.6

Medical care commodities

1.719 2.7 0.046 0.40 S-Feb. 2011 2.7

Medicinal drugs(11)

1.640 2.8 0.045 0.41 S-Feb. 2011 2.8

Prescription drugs

1.329 3.7 0.047 0.44 S-Jul. 2009 3.6

Nonprescription drugs(11)

0.312 -0.7 -0.002 0.88 S-Oct. 2011 -0.9

Medical equipment and supplies(11)

0.078 0.8 0.001 0.82 L-Feb. 2012 0.8

Recreation commodities(11)

2.320 -1.6 -0.040 0.39 S-Oct. 2011 -1.6

Video and audio products(11)

0.426 -10.1 -0.044 0.60 S-Dec. 2010 -10.5

Televisions

0.168 -19.6 -0.033 1.34 S-Sep. 2010 -21.8

Other video equipment(4)

0.027 -12.4 -0.003 1.56 S-Jan. 2012 -12.4

Audio equipment

0.073 -7.6 -0.006 1.07 S-Oct. 2009 -7.8

Audio discs, tapes and other media(4)

0.044 -4.2 -0.002 1.35 S-Nov. 2010 -5.3

Pets and pet products

0.689 2.5 0.017 0.79 S-Feb. 2012 2.2

Pet food(4)(5)

3.2 0.92 - -

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)

0.4 1.71 S-Feb. 2012 -0.5

Sporting goods

0.459 0.3 0.001 0.84 L-Sep. 2009 1.1

Sports vehicles including bicycles

0.241 1.2 0.004 0.89 S-Oct. 2010 0.8

Sports equipment

0.208 -1.0 -0.004 1.45 L-Oct. 2009 0.3

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.053 -3.5 -0.002 1.54 S-Jul. 2011 -3.7

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)

9.8 2.11 L-EVER -

Photographic equipment(4)(5)

-5.8 2.64 S-Jun. 2011 -6.3

Recreational reading materials

0.222 1.7 0.004 1.14 L-Apr. 2010 1.7

Newspapers and magazines(4)

0.120 4.5 0.006 0.90 S-Feb. 2012 3.5

Recreational books(4)

0.098 -1.7 -0.002 2.06 L-Mar. 2011 -1.4

Other recreational goods(4)

0.470 -3.5 -0.016 1.11 S-Oct. 2011 -3.6

Toys

0.351 -5.1 -0.017 1.36 S-Apr. 2011 -5.5

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(4)(5)

-1.5 1.11 S-Jan. 2012 -2.0

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)

0.061 3.1 0.002 1.76 L-Dec. 2011 4.1

Music instruments and accessories(4)

0.039 -1.0 0.000 1.08 L-Feb. 2012 -0.8

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.601 -4.1 -0.022 0.84 S-Dec. 2011 -4.2

Educational books and supplies

0.201 5.4 0.011 1.03 L-Nov. 2011 6.2

College textbooks(14)(5)

5.8 1.03 L-Nov. 2011 6.6

Information technology commodities(11)

0.400 -9.6 -0.032 1.09 S-Dec. 2011 -9.9

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(6)

0.264 -12.0 -0.027 1.28 S-Dec. 2011 -12.5

Computer software and accessories(4)

0.048 -3.5 -0.002 2.07 S-Feb. 2012 -3.7

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)

0.088 -5.3 -0.003 2.89 S-Dec. 2011 -5.9

Alcoholic beverages

0.944 1.8 0.017 0.45 S-Dec. 2011 1.4

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.571 0.4 0.002 0.43 S-Dec. 2011 0.3

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.273 1.5 0.004 0.60 S-Dec. 2011 1.4

Distilled spirits at home

0.071 0.1 0.000 0.67 S-Feb. 2012 0.1

Whiskey at home(5)

1.3 0.93 L-Feb. 2012 2.0

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(5)

0.2 1.00 S-Feb. 2012 -1.1

Wine at home

0.227 -0.8 -0.002 0.79 L-Jan. 2012 -0.7

Alcoholic beverages away from home

0.373 3.7 0.015 1.04 L-Feb. 2012 4.3

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)

1.4 0.68 S-EVER -

Wine away from home(4)(5)

3.1 0.98 L-Oct. 2009 3.2

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)

4.6 1.83 L-Feb. 2012 5.4

Other goods(11)

1.650 1.5 0.026 0.47 L-Jan. 2012 1.5

Tobacco and smoking products

0.790 2.4 0.021 0.67 L-Jan. 2012 2.8

Cigarettes(4)

0.730 2.3 0.018 0.71 L-Jan. 2012 2.7

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)

0.053 4.1 0.002 1.05 L-Dec. 2011 4.2

Personal care products

0.652 1.1 0.007 0.71 L-Oct. 2009 1.5

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)

0.342 0.7 0.003 1.12 S-Feb. 2012 -1.4

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements

0.303 1.4 0.004 0.90 L-Jan. 2012 2.2

Miscellaneous personal goods(4)

0.208 -0.9 -0.002 1.02 S-Dec. 2011 -1.0

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(5)

0.0 1.16 S-Aug. 2011 -0.6

Infants' equipment(7)(5)

-3.7 1.18 S-EVER -

Services less energy services

55.679 2.4 1.357 0.10 L-Feb. 2009 2.5

Shelter

31.259 2.2 0.698 0.13 L-Nov. 2008 2.2

Rent of shelter(15)

30.915 2.2 0.686 0.14 L-Nov. 2008 2.2

Rent of primary residence(10)

6.414 2.7 0.158 0.18 L-Jun. 2009 2.7

Lodging away from home(4)

0.813 3.5 0.026 1.03 - -

Housing at school, excluding board(10)(15)

0.153 3.8 0.006 0.32 - -

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.660 3.3 0.020 1.27 S-Jan. 2012 1.9

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(10)(15)

23.688 2.1 0.501 0.15 L-May 2009 2.1

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(10)(15)

22.290 2.1 0.469 0.15 L-May 2009 2.1

Tenants' and household insurance(4)

0.344 3.4 0.012 0.94 L-Nov. 2010 4.3

Water and sewer and trash collection services(4)

1.159 5.3 0.059 0.48 L-Apr. 2011 5.3

Water and sewerage maintenance(10)

0.872 6.4 0.053 0.63 L-Mar. 2011 6.5

Garbage and trash collection(13)

0.287 2.1 0.006 0.48 S-Nov. 2010 2.1

Household operations(4)

0.723 2.4 0.018 0.42 S-Feb. 2012 1.9

Domestic services(4)

0.248 1.8 0.005 0.53 L-Jan. 2009 2.8

Gardening and lawncare services(4)

0.236 2.1 0.005 0.42 - -

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)

0.091 3.3 0.003 2.54 S-Feb. 2012 3.0

Repair of household items(4)

0.076 0.004 1.03 - -

Medical care services

5.328 3.7 0.186 0.23 L-Jan. 2012 3.7

Professional services

2.969 1.4 0.042 0.24 - -

Physicians' services(10)

1.590 1.4 0.021 0.39 L-Jan. 2012 2.4

Dental services(10)

0.755 2.0 0.015 0.38 S-Mar. 1962 1.9

Eyeglasses and eye care(8)

0.249 0.9 0.002 0.69 L-Oct. 2011 1.3

Services by other medical professionals(10)(8)

0.375 1.0 0.004 0.34 S-Feb. 2012 0.7

Hospital and related services

1.732 4.8 0.081 0.43 - -

Hospital services(10)(16)

1.511 5.2 0.075 0.50 - -

Inpatient hospital services(10)(16)(5)

5.3 1.10 - -

Outpatient hospital services(10)(8)(5)

4.8 0.81 S-Oct. 2011 4.5

Nursing homes and adult day services(10)(16)

0.136 3.5 0.005 0.34 L-Mar. 2011 3.7

Care of invalids and elderly at home(7)

0.085 1.3 0.001 0.62 L-Feb. 2012 1.5

Health insurance(7)

0.627 12.4 0.063 0.24 L-EVER -

Transportation services

5.719 1.7 0.101 0.34 L-Jan. 2012 2.1

Leased cars and trucks(14)

0.389 -4.6 -0.023 1.06 S-Feb. 2011 -5.3

Car and truck rental(4)

0.068 0.2 0.000 2.53 L-Jul. 2011 1.7

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair

1.141 2.0 0.023 0.32 S-Aug. 2011 2.0

Motor vehicle body work

0.057 1.8 0.001 0.61 S-Feb. 2012 1.6

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing

0.455 2.5 0.011 0.46 L-Oct. 2009 3.0

Motor vehicle repair(4)

0.593 1.7 0.010 0.47 S-EVER -

Motor vehicle insurance

2.388 2.9 0.072 0.69 L-Jan. 2012 3.1

Motor vehicle fees(4)

0.559 2.9 0.016 0.40 S-Dec. 2011 1.9

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(10)(4)

0.326 0.7 0.002 0.59 S-Sep. 2011 0.6

Parking and other fees(4)

0.211 6.5 0.013 0.37 L-Feb. 2012 6.5

Parking fees and tolls(4)(5)

8.7 0.65 S-Feb. 2012 8.6

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)

1.5 0.62 L-Dec. 2011 1.7

Public transportation

1.173 1.1 0.013 0.74 L-Jan. 2012 1.7

Airline fare

0.767 1.2 0.008 1.04 L-Jan. 2012 1.8

Other intercity transportation

0.146 -1.2 -0.002 1.41 L-Dec. 2011 -0.5

Intercity bus fare(6)(5)

4.6 0.72 - -

Intercity train fare(6)(5)

-3.1 2.70 L-Jul. 2011 -0.8

Ship fare(4)(5)

-2.0 1.72 L-Jan. 2012 -1.5

Intracity transportation

0.258 2.7 0.007 0.48 S-Feb. 2012 2.4

Intracity mass transit(11)(5)

1.8 1.48 S-Jan. 2012 1.7

Recreation services(11)

3.688 3.0 0.109 0.50 L-Jan. 2012 3.1

Video and audio services(11)

1.498 4.4 0.064 0.78 - -

Cable and satellite television and radio service(13)

1.387 4.3 0.058 0.83 S-Feb. 2012 4.0

Video discs and other media, including rental of video and audio(4)

0.112 4.7 0.006 3.13 L-Feb. 2012 4.9

Video discs and other media(4)(5)

-4.3 3.14 L-Feb. 2012 -4.3

Rental of video or audio discs and other media(4)(5)

12.6 4.48 S-Sep. 2011 12.5

Pet services including veterinary(4)

0.405 3.1 0.013 1.14 S-Jun. 2010 3.1

Pet services(4)(5)

2.4 1.05 S-Jan. 2011 2.4

Veterinarian services(4)(5)

3.0 1.50 L-Feb. 2012 3.2

Photographers and film processing(4)

0.058 2.6 0.002 1.20 - -

Photographer fees(4)(5)

1.8 1.73 S-Aug. 2011 1.5

Film processing(4)(5)

2.5 1.08 S-Feb. 2012 2.2

Other recreation services(4)

1.726 1.7 0.030 0.79 L-Jan. 2012 1.7

Club dues and fees for participant sports and group exercises(4)

0.568 3.0 0.017 1.56 S-Feb. 2012 2.2

Admissions

0.625 1.2 0.007 1.05 L-Jan. 2012 1.3

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)

0.9 1.24 L-Jan. 2012 1.5

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)

1.9 1.31 L-Jan. 2011 2.3

Fees for lessons or instructions(8)

0.228 0.5 0.001 0.94 S-Jan. 2012 0.3

Education and communication services(11)

6.111 2.6 0.150 0.26 L-EVER -

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.968 4.2 0.121 0.44 S-Jul. 2011 4.0

College tuition and fees

1.665 5.4 0.080 0.77 - -

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.376 3.6 0.015 0.51 - -

Child care and nursery school(12)

0.767 2.4 0.019 0.35 - -

Technical and business school tuition and fees(4)

0.058 5.1 0.002 0.81 S-Jun. 2011 4.5

Postage and delivery services(4)

0.148 4.0 0.006 0.29 S-Jan. 2012 1.3

Postage

0.138 3.8 0.005 0.30 S-Jan. 2012 0.8

Delivery services(4)

0.010 7.2 0.001 0.43 L-Feb. 2012 7.7

Telephone services(4)

2.399 0.7 0.016 0.33 L-Jan. 2010 0.8

Wireless telephone services(4)

1.460 -0.7 -0.008 0.50 - -

Land-line telephone services(11)

0.939 2.4 0.024 0.36 L-EVER -

Internet services and electronic information providers(4)

0.581 1.1 0.008 0.77 L-Nov. 2010 1.1

Other personal services(11)

1.692 2.2 0.036 0.40 - -

Personal care services

0.626 1.5 0.009 0.47 L-Sep. 2009 1.6

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)

0.626 1.5 0.009 0.47 L-Sep. 2009 1.6

Miscellaneous personal services

1.066 2.6 0.027 0.46 S-Feb. 2012 2.6

Legal services(8)

0.293 1.9 0.006 1.07 S-Feb. 2012 1.7

Funeral expenses(8)

0.157 2.0 0.003 0.45 L-Feb. 2012 2.4

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)

0.237 1.5 0.004 0.51 S-Feb. 2012 1.5

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)

0.030 4.5 0.001 0.95 S-Aug. 2011 4.1

Financial services(8)

0.209 5.2 0.010 1.11 S-Nov. 2011 4.6

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)

5.0 1.54 S-Nov. 2011 1.7

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)

7.3 1.27 L-Jun. 2006 7.7

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

85.833 2.2 1.871 0.08 S-Feb. 2011 2.1

All items less shelter

68.741 2.3 1.605 0.08 S-Jan. 2011 2.1

All items less food and shelter

54.575 2.1 1.173 0.10 S-Dec. 2010 2.1

All items less food, shelter, and energy

44.179 2.4 1.054 0.11 - -

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

42.290 2.3 0.985 0.12 - -

All items less medical care

92.953 2.2 2.071 0.08 S-Feb. 2011 2.1

All items less energy

89.605 2.4 2.183 0.08 - -

Commodities

40.573 2.6 1.040 0.12 S-Jan. 2011 2.2

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.871 1.8 0.325 0.22 S-Oct. 2011 1.8

Commodities less food

26.407 2.4 0.607 0.17 S-Jan. 2011 2.4

Commodities less food and beverages

25.462 2.4 0.590 0.18 S-Dec. 2010 2.3

Services

59.427 2.1 1.263 0.10 - -

Services less rent of shelter(15)

28.512 2.0 0.577 0.13 - -

Services less medical care services

54.098 2.0 1.077 0.10 L-Jan. 2012 2.1

Durables

8.874 0.9 0.085 0.18 S-Apr. 2011 0.7

Nondurables

31.699 3.0 0.954 0.15 S-Dec. 2010 3.0

Nondurables less food

17.533 3.0 0.522 0.26 S-Nov. 2010 2.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

16.589 3.1 0.504 0.27 S-Nov. 2010 2.4

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

12.976 2.5 0.322 0.16 S-Oct. 2009 -6.8

Nondurables less food and apparel

13.921 2.5 0.340 0.15 S-Aug. 2010 2.5

Housing

40.592 1.7 0.707 0.11 - -

Education and communication(4)

6.712 2.0 0.129 0.25 - -

Education(4)

3.169 4.3 0.131 0.41 - -

Communication(4)

3.543 -0.2 -0.003 0.27 L-Apr. 2010 0.0

Information and information processing(4)

3.394 -0.4 -0.009 0.28 L-Aug. 2010 -0.4

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

0.995 -3.4 -0.025 0.59 L-Jan. 2011 -2.9

Recreation(4)

6.008 1.1 0.069 0.35 S-Feb. 2012 1.0

Video and audio(4)

1.924 1.0 0.020 0.65 S-Nov. 2011 0.1

Pets, pet products and services(4)

1.094 2.7 0.030 0.62 S-Feb. 2012 2.7

Photography(4)

0.113 0.2 0.000 0.94 S-Jul. 2011 -0.3

Food and beverages

15.111 3.0 0.450 0.14 S-Mar. 2011 2.8

Domestically produced farm food

7.215 3.5 0.236 0.21 S-Feb. 2011 3.0

Other services

11.491 2.6 0.296 0.22 - -

Apparel less footwear

2.936 5.7 0.165 1.12 S-Feb. 2012 5.0

Fuels and utilities

5.260 -0.6 -0.031 0.27 S-Feb. 2010 -1.3

Household energy

4.102 -2.2 -0.090 0.31 S-Feb. 2010 -3.0

Medical care

7.047 3.4 0.232 0.18 S-Feb. 2012 3.4

Transportation

17.577 2.9 0.472 0.15 S-Oct. 2009 -3.8

Private transportation

16.403 3.0 0.460 0.15 S-Oct. 2009 -3.8

New and used motor vehicles(4)

5.589 2.0 0.119 0.21 S-Mar. 2011 1.3

Utilities and public transportation

9.867 0.5 0.052 0.23 - -

Household furnishings and operations

4.073 1.0 0.041 0.29 S-Jan. 2012 1.0

Other goods and services

3.341 1.8 0.062 0.33 L-Nov. 2011 1.9

Personal care

2.552 1.6 0.041 0.35 S-Feb. 2012 1.3

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that year the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 2.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.25 percent, the margin of error on this item's 12-month percent change would be 2.6 percent, plus or minus 0.5 percent.
(3) If the current 12-month percent change is greater than the previous 12-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 12-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 12-month change. If the current 12-month percent change is smaller than the previous 12-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous 12-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparison is used. For example, 2.0% is greater than 0.6%, -4.4% is less than -2.0%, and -2.0% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(5) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(6) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(10) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Last Modified Date: May 15, 2012
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