Economic News Release

Consumer Price Index News Release


 FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION:
 Stephen B. Reed        (202) 691-7000      USDL-08-1713
 CPI QUICKLINE:         (202) 691-6994      TRANSMISSION OF
 FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL                 MATERIAL IN THIS
 INFORMATION:           (202) 691-5200      RELEASE IS EMBARGOED
 MEDIA CONTACT:         (202) 691-5902      UNTIL 8:30 A.M. (EST)
 INTERNET ADDRESS: http://www.bls.gov/cpi/  Wednesday, November 19, 2008
 
                    CONSUMER PRICE INDEX:  OCTOBER 2008
 
      The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) decreased
 1.0 percent in October, before seasonal adjustment, the Bureau of Labor
 Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor reported today.  The October
 level of 216.573 (1982-84=100) was 3.7 percent higher than in October
 2007.
      
      The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers
 (CPI-W) decreased 1.3 percent in October, prior to seasonal adjustment.
 The October level of 212.182 (1982-84=100) was 3.8 percent higher than in
 October 2007.
      
      The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U)
 decreased 0.8 percent in October on a not seasonally adjusted basis.  The
 October level of 124.784 (December 1999=100) was 3.3 percent higher than
 in October 2007.  Please note that the indexes for the post-2006 period
 are subject to revision.
      
 CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
      
      On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI-U decreased 1.0 percent in
 October following very little change in September and August.  The large
 October decline was the largest one month decrease since publication of
 seasonally adjusted changes began in February 1947.  Compared to a year
 ago, the October index was up 3.7 percent.  The energy index fell 8.6
 percent in October following declines of 1.9 percent in September and 3.1
 percent in August.  Motor fuel prices continued to decline in October,
 with the gasoline index falling 14.2 percent.   Despite the decline,
 gasoline prices remain 12.0 percent above their October 2007 level.   The
 index for household energy items declined 0.9 percent following a 3.4
 percent decrease in September.  Petroleum based household fuel prices
 continued to decline, but the October decreases were moderated by an
 increase in the electricity index.  The food index increased 0.3 percent
 in October, a smaller advance than the average monthly increase of 0.7
 percent during the June through September period.  Compared with a year
 earlier, the food index was up 6.3 percent.  The index for all items less
 food and energy turned down in October, (cont.)

 Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
                                                                           
                                                                           
                                  Seasonally adjusted                      
                                                                           
                                                                           
     Expenditure                                         Compound          
      Category          Changes from preceding month      annual     Un-   
                                                           rate    adjusted
                                                          3-mos.   12-mos. 
                     Apr.  May June July Aug. Sep. Oct.   ended     ended  
                     2008 2008 2008 2008 2008 2008 2008 Oct. 2008 Oct. 2008
                                                                                                                              
 All items..........   .2   .6  1.1   .8  -.1   .0 -1.0      -4.4       3.7
  Food and beverages   .9   .3   .7   .9   .6   .6   .3       5.7       6.1
  Housing...........   .3   .5   .5   .6  -.1  -.1   .0       -.9       3.2
  Apparel...........   .5  -.3   .1  1.2   .5  -.1 -1.0      -2.4        .3
  Transportation....  -.7  2.0  3.8  1.7 -1.5  -.6 -5.4     -26.2       4.2
  Medical care......   .2   .2   .2   .1   .2   .3   .2       2.9       2.8
  Recreation........  -.1   .1   .1   .4   .5   .2   .1       3.4       2.2
  Education and                                                            
     communication..   .4   .4   .5   .5   .2   .1   .2       2.1       3.4
  Other goods and                                                          
     services.......   .5   .4   .4   .4   .2   .2   .3       2.9       4.1
 Special indexes:                                                          
  Energy............   .0  4.4  6.6  4.0 -3.1 -1.9 -8.6     -43.1      11.5
  Food..............   .9   .3   .8   .9   .6   .6   .3       5.8       6.3
  All items less                                                           
     food and energy   .1   .2   .3   .3   .2   .1  -.1       1.1       2.2

 declining 0.1 percent to a level 2.2 percent above October 2007.
 Contributing to the decrease in October were declines of 1.0 percent in
 the apparel index, 4.8 percent in the airline fare index, 1.6 percent in
 the index for lodging away from home, and 0.7 percent in the index for new
 and used motor vehicles.
 
      The food and beverages index rose 0.3 percent in October after a 0.6
 percent increase in September.   The index for food at home increased
 0.1 percent in October after increasing at least 0.6 percent in each of
 the preceding four months.  Five of the six grocery store food groups
 decelerated in October.  The fruits and vegetables index declined 2.2
 percent in October after a 0.5 percent decrease in September.  The index
 for dairy and related products also registered a larger decline, falling
 1.0 percent in October after a 0.6 percent decline in September.  The
 indexes for cereals and bakery products, for meats, poultry, fish and
 eggs, and for other food at home all rose more slowly in October than
 September.  All three indexes rose 0.6 percent in October after increases
 in September of 1.1, 1.0, and 1.1 percent, respectively.  Nonalcoholic
 beverages and beverage materials was the only major grocery store food
 group to increase more rapidly in October, increasing 1.2 percent after a
 0.7 percent increase in September.  The other indexes in the food and
 beverages group, food away from home and alcoholic beverages, rose 0.5
 percent and 0.4 percent in October, respectively.
      
      The housing index was virtually unchanged in October after declining
 0.1 percent in September.  The shelter index, which rose 0.3 percent in
 September, was virtually unchanged in October.  Within shelter, the index
 for rent of primary residence rose 0.4 percent in October after a 0.3
 percent increase in September.  The index for owners' equivalent rent,
 which increased 0.2 percent in September, rose 0.1 percent in October.
 The lodging away from home index turned down sharply in October, falling
 1.6 percent after a 0.9 percent increase in September.  (On a not
 seasonally adjusted basis, the index for lodging away from home fell 1.7
 percent in October and was 1.4 percent below its October 2007 level).  The
 household energy index declined 0.9 percent in October as declines in the
 fuel oil and natural gas indexes more than offset an increase in the
 electricity index.  The index for household furnishings and operation was
 virtually unchanged in October after rising 0.5 percent in September.
      
      The transportation index declined sharply in October, falling 5.4
 percent as several major components of the index declined significantly.
 The motor fuels index fell 13.9 percent in October after declining 0.8
 percent in September.  (Prior to seasonal adjustment, motor fuel prices
 fell 14.8 percent in October but were 12.3 percent higher than in October
 2007).  The index for new and used motor vehicles declined for the third
 straight month, falling 0.7 percent in October.  The new vehicles index
 declined 0.5 percent in October.  (Prior to seasonal adjustment, new
 vehicle prices fell 0.1 percent and have declined 2.3 percent since
 October 2007.)  The index for used cars and trucks declined 2.4 percent in
 October after a 1.8 percent decrease in September.  The index for public
 transportation declined 3.3 percent in October as the airline fare index
 fell 4.8 percent.  (Prior to seasonal adjustment, airline fares fell 4.4
 percent but are 10.4 percent higher than in October 2007.)
      
      The index for apparel fell 1.0 percent in October following a 0.1
 percent decline in September.   (Prior to seasonal adjustment, apparel
 prices rose 0.9 percent in October and were 0.3 percent higher than in
 October 2007.)
      
      The medical care index rose 0.2 percent in October after rising 0.3
 percent in September, and was 2.8 percent higher than a year ago.  The
 index for medical care commodities--prescription drugs, nonprescription
 drugs, and medical supplies-and the index for medical care services each
 increased 0.2 percent in October.  Within the latter group, the index for
 physicians' services rose 0.1 percent and the index for hospital and
 related services increased 0.4 percent.
      
      The index for recreation advanced 0.1 percent in October, following a
 0.2 percent increase in September.  The index for video and audio declined
 0.6 percent in October, while the index for photography declined 0.8
 percent and the index for toys fell 0.5 percent.  The indexes for pets and
 pet products and services and for sporting goods increased substantially
 in October, rising 0.9 percent and 1.5 percent, respectively.
      
      The index for education and communication rose 0.2 percent in October
 after a 0.1 percent increase in September.  The index for education rose
 0.4 percent in October, the same increase as in September.  The index for
 communication was virtually unchanged in October after declining 0.2
 percent in September.  Within communication, the index for telephone
 services rose 0.1 percent while the index for information technology,
 hardware and services declined 0.3 percent.
      
      The index for other goods and services rose 0.3 percent in October
 following a 0.2 percent increase in September.  The index for tobacco and
 smoking products rose 0.4 percent in October after being virtually
 unchanged in September, while the index for personal care, which rose 0.3
 percent in September, advanced 0.2 percent in October.
 
 
 CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
 
      On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and
 Clerical Workers decreased 1.2 percent in October.

 Table B. Percent changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and
          Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
                                                                           
                                                                           
                                  Seasonally adjusted                      
                                                                           
                                                                           
     Expenditure                                         Compound          
      Category          Changes from preceding month      annual     Un-   
                                                           rate    adjusted
                                                          3-mos.   12-mos. 
                     Apr.  May June July Aug. Sep. Oct.   ended     ended  
                     2008 2008 2008 2008 2008 2008 2008 Oct. 2008 Oct. 2008
                                                                                                                                                      
 All items..........   .2   .7  1.2   .9  -.2  -.1 -1.2      -5.7       3.8
  Food and beverages   .9   .3   .8   .9   .6   .6   .3       5.9       6.2
  Housing...........   .4   .5   .5   .7   .0  -.2   .0       -.7       3.5
  Apparel...........   .2  -.2   .0   .8  1.0   .0 -1.2       -.9        .3
  Transportation....  -.7  2.1  4.0  1.8 -1.7  -.7 -6.0     -28.9       4.1
  Medical care......   .2   .1   .2   .1   .3   .3   .1       3.1       2.9
  Recreation........  -.2   .0   .2   .4   .5   .2   .0       3.1       2.0
  Education and                                                            
     communication..   .4   .3   .5   .5   .2   .0   .2       1.9       3.1
  Other goods and                                                          
     services.......   .4   .5   .6   .5   .2   .2   .3       2.7       4.5
 Special indexes:                                                          
  Energy............  -.2  4.5  6.8  4.0 -3.2 -1.7 -9.0     -43.7      11.7
  Food..............  1.0   .3   .8   .9   .6   .6   .3       6.0       6.4
  All items less                                                           
     food and energy   .1   .2   .3   .3   .2   .1  -.1       1.0       2.1
 
	Consumer Price Index data for November are scheduled for release on
 Tuesday, December 16, 2008, at 8:30 A.M. (EST).
     
     























 Facilities for Sensory Impaired
 
      Information from this release will be made available to sensory
 impaired individuals upon request.  Voice phone:  202-691-5200, Federal
 Relay Services:  1-800-877-8339.
 
 Brief Explanation of the CPI
      
      The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in
 prices over time of goods and services purchased by households.  The
 Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups:  (1)
 the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W), which covers
 households of wage earners and clerical workers that comprise
 approximately 32 percent of the total population and (2) the CPI for All
 Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained CPI for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-
 U), which cover approximately 87 percent of the total population and
 include in addition to wage earners and clerical worker households, groups
 such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-
 employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not
 in the labor force.
      
      The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels,
 transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs,
 and other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living.
 Prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about
 50,000 housing units and approximately 23,000 retail establishments-
 department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other
 types of stores and service establishments.  All taxes directly associated
 with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.  Prices of
 fuels and a few other items are obtained every month in all 87 locations.
 Prices of most other commodities and services are collected every month in
 the three largest geographic areas and every other month in other areas.
 Prices of most goods and services are obtained by personal visits or
 telephone calls of the Bureau's trained representatives.
      
      In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each
 location are averaged together with weights, which represent their
 importance in the spending of the appropriate population group.  Local
 data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average.  For the CPI-U and
 CPI-W separate indexes are also published by size of city, by region of
 the country, for cross-classifications of regions and population-size
 classes, and for 27 local areas.  Area indexes do not measure differences
 in the level of prices among cities; they only measure the average change
 in prices for each area since the base period.  For the C-CPI-U data are
 issued only at the national level.  It is important to note that the CPI-U
 and CPI-W are considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in
 preliminary form and subject to two annual revisions.
      
      The index measures price change from a designed reference date.  For
 the CPI-U and the CPI-W the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100.0. The
 reference base for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals 100.
 An increase of 16.5 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown
 as 116.5.  This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows:  the
 price of a base period market basket of goods and services in the CPI has
 risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65.
      
      For further details visit the CPI home page on the Internet at
 http://www.bls.gov/cpi/ or contact our CPI Information and Analysis
 Section on (202) 691-7000.
      
 
 
 
 
 Note on Sampling Error in the Consumer Price Index
                                     
      The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error
 because it is based upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete
 universe of all prices.  BLS calculates and publishes estimates of the 1-
 month, 2-month, 6-month and 12-month percent change standard errors
 annually, for the CPI-U.  These standard error estimates can be used to
 construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing.  For example, the
 estimated standard error of the 1 month percent change is 0.06 percent for
 the U.S. All Items Consumer Price Index.  This means that if we repeatedly
 sample from the universe of all retail prices using the same methodology,
 and estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95% of these
 estimates would be within 0.12 percent of the 1 month percentage change
 based on all retail prices.  For a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the
 All Items CPI for All Urban Consumers, we are 95 percent confident that
 the actual percent change based on all retail prices would fall between
 0.08 and 0.32 percent.  For the latest data, including information on how
 to use the estimates of standard error, see "Variance Estimates for
 Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2005- December 2005" in the
 CPI Detailed Report, February 2006.  These data are available on the CPI
 home page (http://www.bls.gov/cpi), using the following link
 http://www.bls.gov/cpi/cpivar2006.pdf
      
 
 Calculating Index Changes
 
       Movements of the indexes from one month to another are usually
 expressed as percent changes rather than changes in index points, because
 index point changes are affected by the level of the index in relation to
 its
 base period while percent changes are not.  The example below illustrates
 the computation of index point and percent changes.
      
       Percent changes for 3-month and 6-month periods are expressed as
 annual rates and are computed according to the standard formula for
 compound growth rates.  These data indicate what the percent change would
 be if the current rate were maintained for a 12-month period.
 
 Index Point Change
 
 CPI
 202.416
 Less previous index
 201.800
 Equals index point change
 .616
 
 Percent Change
 
 Index point difference
 .616
 Divided by the previous index
 201.800
 Equals
 0.003
 Results multiplied by one hundred
 0.003x100
 Equals percent change
 0.3
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Regions Defined
 
 The states in the four regions shown in Tables 3 and 6 are listed below.
 
 The Northeast--Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York,
 New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.
 The Midwest--Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota,
 Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
 The South--Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky,
 Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South
 Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia, and the District of
 Columbia.
 The West--Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana,
 Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
 
 
 
 
 A Note on Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data
 
 
      Because price data are used for different purposes by different
 groups, the Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes seasonally adjusted as
 well as unadjusted changes each month.
      
      For analyzing general price trends in the economy, seasonally
 adjusted changes are usually preferred since they eliminate the effect of
 changes that normally occur at the same time and in about the same
 magnitude every year--such as price movements resulting from changing
 climatic conditions, production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and
 sales.
      
      The unadjusted data are of primary interest to consumers concerned
 about the prices they actually pay.  Unadjusted data also are used
 extensively for escalation purposes.  Many collective bargaining contract
 agreements and pension plans, for example, tie compensation changes to the
 Consumer Price Index before adjustment for seasonal variation.
      
      Seasonal factors used in computing the seasonally adjusted indexes
 are derived by the X-12-ARIMA Seasonal Adjustment Method.  Seasonally
 adjusted indexes and seasonal factors are computed annually.  Each year,
 the last 5 years of seasonally adjusted data are revised.  Data from
 January 2003 through December 2007 were replaced in January 2008.
 Exceptions to the usual revision schedule were: the updated seasonal data
 at the end of 1977 replaced data from 1967 through 1977; and, in January
 2002, dependently seasonally adjusted series were revised for January 1987-
 December 2001 as a result of a change in the aggregation weights for
 dependently adjusted series. For further information, please see
 "Aggregation of Dependently Adjusted Seasonally Adjusted Series," in the
 October 2001 issue of the CPI Detailed Report.
      
      The seasonal movement of All items and 54 other aggregations is
 derived by combining the seasonal movement of 73 selected components.
 Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon
 certain statistical criteria.  If any of the 73 components change their
 seasonal adjustment status from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally
 adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used in the aggregation of
 the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted
 indexes will be used before that period.  Note: 48 of the 73 components
 are seasonally adjusted for 2008.      
      
      Seasonally adjusted data, including the All items index levels, are
 subject to revision for up to five years after their original release.
 For this reason, BLS advises against the use of these data in escalation
 agreements.
      
      Effective with the calculation of the seasonal factors for 1990, the
 Bureau of Labor Statistics has used an enhanced seasonal adjustment
 procedure called Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment for some CPI
 series.  Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment allows for better
 estimates of seasonally adjusted data.  Extreme values and/or sharp
 movements which might distort the seasonal pattern are estimated and
 removed from the data prior to calculation of seasonal factors.  Beginning
 with the calculation of seasonal factors for 1996, X-12-ARIMA software was
 used for Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment.
      
      For the seasonal factors introduced in January 2008, BLS adjusted 20
 series using Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment, including selected
 food and beverage items, motor fuels, electricity and vehicles.  For
 example, this procedure was used for the Motor fuel series to offset the
 effects of events such as damage to oil refineries from Hurricane Katrina.
      
      For a complete list of Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment
 series and explanations, please refer to the article "Intervention
 Analysis Seasonal Adjustment," located on our website at
 http://www.bls.gov/cpi/cpisapage.htm.
      
      For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI, please
 write to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Division of Consumer Prices and
 Price Indexes, Washington, DC 20212 or contact Jeff Wilson at (202) 691-
 6968, or by e-mail at Wilson.Jeff@bls.gov.  If you have general questions
 about the CPI, please call our information staff at (202) 691-7000.
     
  
  









       
       
       




 Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity
 and service group

 (1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                        
                                                                                    Unadjusted                          
                                                             Unadjusted indexes   percent change   Seasonally adjusted  
                                                 Relative                          to Oct. 2008    percent change from- 
                     CPI-U                     importance,                            from-                             
                                                 December                                                               
                                                   2007       Sep.       Oct.                      July    Aug.    Sep. 
                                                              2008       2008      Oct.    Sep.     to      to      to  
                                                                                   2007    2008    Aug.    Sep.    Oct. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                        
             Expenditure category                                                                                       
                                                                                                                        
 All items....................................    100.000    218.783    216.573     3.7    -1.0    -0.1     0.0    -1.0 
 All items (1967=100).........................          -    655.376    648.758       -       -       -       -       - 
                                                                                                                        
  Food and beverages..........................     14.914    217.672    218.705     6.1     0.5     0.6     0.6     0.3 
   Food.......................................     13.833    217.696    218.738     6.3     0.5     0.6     0.6     0.3 
    Food at home..............................      7.660    218.629    219.660     7.5     0.5     0.8     0.6     0.1 
     Cereals and bakery products..............      1.030    250.924    252.832    12.5     0.8    -0.1     1.1     0.6 
     Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs...........      1.807    209.937    210.706     6.2     0.4     1.0     1.0     0.6 
     Dairy and related products...............       .887    213.533    212.733     3.6    -0.4     0.4    -0.6    -1.0 
     Fruits and vegetables....................      1.156    285.986    285.484     8.3    -0.2     2.1    -0.5    -2.2 
     Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage                                                                                
         materials............................       .928    161.499    163.727     5.3     1.4     0.4     0.7     1.2 
     Other food at home.......................      1.852    187.944    189.348     8.4     0.7     0.7     1.1     0.6 
      Sugar and sweets........................       .277    189.929    190.515     7.5     0.3     0.6     1.7     0.7 
      Fats and oils...........................       .205    206.274    208.300    18.3     1.0     1.1     1.7     0.5 
      Other foods.............................      1.369    201.388    202.993     7.0     0.8     0.6     0.8     0.6 
       Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......       .404    121.144    122.699     6.8     1.3     0.4     0.1     1.3 
    Food away from home (1)...................      6.173    218.225    219.290     4.8     0.5     0.3     0.5     0.5 
     Other food away from home (1) (2)........       .297    152.040    153.544     5.1     1.0     0.0     0.6     1.0 
   Alcoholic beverages........................      1.080    216.055    216.972     3.8     0.4     0.4     0.5     0.4 
                                                                                                                        
  Housing.....................................     42.427    218.184    217.383     3.2    -0.4    -0.1    -0.1     0.0 
   Shelter....................................     32.596    247.737    247.844     2.2     0.0     0.1     0.3     0.0 
    Rent of primary residence (3).............      5.765    244.926    245.855     3.7     0.4     0.3     0.3     0.4 
    Lodging away from home (2)................      2.564    143.597    141.140    -1.4    -1.7    -1.1     0.9    -1.6 
    Owners' equivalent rent of primary                                                                                  
        residence (3) (4).....................     23.942    253.493    253.902     2.3     0.2     0.1     0.2     0.1 
    Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..       .325    119.944    119.916     2.8     0.0    -0.2     1.2     0.0 
   Fuels and utilities........................      5.128    228.450    221.199    10.1    -3.2    -1.1    -2.8    -0.6 
    Household energy..........................      4.215    209.501    201.176    10.8    -4.0    -1.6    -3.4    -0.9 
     Fuel oil and other fuels.................       .351    349.164    318.667    21.7    -8.7    -6.5    -5.8    -8.8 
     Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........      3.864    210.950    203.503     9.8    -3.5    -1.1    -3.2    -0.1 
    Water and sewer and trash collection                                                                                
        services (2)..........................       .913    154.264    155.557     6.9     0.8     1.3     0.3     1.0 
   Household furnishings and operations.......      4.702    128.584    128.789     2.0     0.2     0.2     0.5     0.0 
    Household operations (1) (2)..............       .737    150.193    150.052     6.4    -0.1     0.6     0.7    -0.1 
                                                                                                                        
  Apparel.....................................      3.731    121.168    122.243     0.3     0.9     0.5    -0.1    -1.0 
   Men's and boys' apparel....................       .935    112.720    115.067     0.1     2.1     0.3    -0.3    -0.5 
   Women's and girls' apparel.................      1.600    111.774    111.833    -1.4     0.1     2.0    -0.3    -2.2 
   Infants' and toddlers' apparel.............       .185    113.494    116.158    -0.8     2.3    -0.8     1.3     0.6 
   Footwear...................................       .679    124.907    126.442     1.4     1.2    -1.6    -0.4     0.3 
                                                                                                                        
  Transportation..............................     17.688    203.861    192.709     4.2    -5.5    -1.5    -0.6    -5.4 
   Private transportation.....................     16.583    199.153    187.976     3.9    -5.6    -1.6    -0.6    -5.5 
    New and used motor vehicles (2)...........      7.191     92.480     92.071    -2.3    -0.4    -0.4    -0.9    -0.7 
     New vehicles.............................      4.632    132.399    132.264    -2.3    -0.1    -0.6    -0.7    -0.5 
     Used cars and trucks (1).................      1.773    132.916    129.733    -5.3    -2.4    -0.3    -1.8    -2.4 
    Motor fuel................................      5.482    315.078    268.537    12.3   -14.8    -4.2    -0.8   -13.9 
     Gasoline (all types).....................      5.215    313.535    266.382    12.0   -15.0    -4.2    -0.6   -14.2 
    Motor vehicle parts and equipment (1).....       .356    131.048    131.917     7.2     0.7     0.9     0.6     0.7 
    Motor vehicle maintenance and repair......      1.123    237.121    238.227     5.9     0.5     0.6     0.4     0.3 
   Public transportation......................      1.106    261.318    252.323     8.4    -3.4     1.1    -1.0    -3.3 
                                                                                                                        
  Medical care................................      6.231    365.036    365.746     2.8     0.2     0.2     0.3     0.2 
   Medical care commodities...................      1.601    295.461    295.791     1.2     0.1     0.1     0.2     0.2 
   Medical care services......................      4.630    386.579    387.440     3.4     0.2     0.3     0.4     0.2 
    Professional services.....................      2.626    312.527    312.914     3.1     0.1     0.3     0.2     0.1 
    Hospital and related services (3).........      1.467    537.728    540.853     6.0     0.6     0.6     0.6     0.4 
                                                                                                                        
  Recreation (2)..............................      5.647    114.032    114.169     2.2     0.1     0.5     0.2     0.1 
   Video and audio (2)........................      1.843    102.706    102.193    -0.9    -0.5     0.5     0.1    -0.6 
                                                                                                                        
  Education and communication (2).............      6.086    125.505    125.686     3.4     0.1     0.2     0.1     0.2 
   Education (2)..............................      2.944    186.148    186.669     5.9     0.3     0.6     0.4     0.4 
    Educational books and supplies............       .207    462.787    463.825     7.5     0.2     2.6     0.4     0.2 
    Tuition, other school fees, and childcare       2.736    536.082    537.606     5.7     0.3     0.5     0.4     0.5 
   Communication (2)..........................      3.142     84.524     84.535     1.0     0.0    -0.2    -0.2     0.0 
    Information and information processing (1)                                                                          
        (2)...................................      2.975     81.635     81.652     0.9     0.0    -0.2    -0.2     0.0 
     Telephone services (1) (2)...............      2.342    101.311    101.407     2.4     0.1     0.0     0.0     0.1 
     Information technology, hardware and                                                                               
         services (1) (5).....................       .634      9.901      9.874    -4.9    -0.3    -0.7    -1.1    -0.3 
      Personal computers and peripheral                                                                                 
          equipment (1) (6)...................       .242     90.797     89.945   -13.8    -0.9    -1.9    -2.3    -0.9 
                                                                                                                        
  Other goods and services....................      3.277    348.166    349.276     4.1     0.3     0.2     0.2     0.3 
   Tobacco and smoking products (1)...........       .731    597.581    599.744     7.0     0.4     0.1     0.0     0.4 
   Personal care..............................      2.546    202.486    203.107     3.2     0.3     0.3     0.3     0.2 
    Personal care products (1)................       .639    159.643    159.826     0.9     0.1     0.2     0.2     0.1 
    Personal care services (1)................       .629    224.614    225.564     3.5     0.4     0.2     0.2     0.4 
    Miscellaneous personal services...........      1.044    343.431    343.131     4.6    -0.1     0.4     0.5     0.0 
                                                                                                                        
          Commodity and service group                                                                                   
                                                                                                                        
 Commodities..................................     41.269    179.117    175.257     3.9    -2.2    -0.5    -0.1    -2.3 
  Food and beverages..........................     14.914    217.672    218.705     6.1     0.5     0.6     0.6     0.3 
  Commodities less food and beverages.........     26.356    157.621    151.874     2.7    -3.6    -1.1    -0.5    -3.8 
   Nondurables less food and beverages........     15.519    206.919    195.127     6.0    -5.7    -1.8    -0.9    -5.5 
    Apparel...................................      3.731    121.168    122.243     0.3     0.9     0.5    -0.1    -1.0 
    Nondurables less food, beverages, and                                                                               
        apparel...............................     11.787    265.100    244.935     7.9    -7.6    -2.0    -1.4    -7.9 
   Durables...................................     10.837    110.077    109.677    -2.0    -0.4    -0.3    -0.6    -0.6 
 Services.....................................     58.731    258.059    257.559     3.5    -0.2     0.1     0.0     0.0 
  Rent of shelter (4).........................     32.271    258.255    258.368     2.2     0.0     0.1     0.3     0.0 
  Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)....       .325    119.944    119.916     2.8     0.0    -0.2     1.2     0.0 
  Gas (piped) and electricity (3).............      3.864    210.950    203.503     9.8    -3.5    -1.1    -3.2    -0.1 
  Water and sewer and trash collection                                                                                  
      services (2)............................       .913    154.264    155.557     6.9     0.8     1.3     0.3     1.0 
  Household operations (1) (2)................       .737    150.193    150.052     6.4    -0.1     0.6     0.7    -0.1 
  Transportation services.....................      5.350    248.047    247.762     5.2    -0.1     0.8     0.1    -0.4 
  Medical care services.......................      4.630    386.579    387.440     3.4     0.2     0.3     0.4     0.2 
  Other services..............................     10.641    299.598    299.923     3.7     0.1     0.4     0.2     0.2 
                                                                                                                        
                Special indexes                                                                                         
                                                                                                                        
 All items less food..........................     86.167    218.991    216.250     3.2    -1.3    -0.3    -0.1    -1.2 
 All items less shelter.......................     67.404    209.936    206.776     4.3    -1.5    -0.2    -0.2    -1.4 
 All items less medical care..................     93.769    211.321    209.021     3.7    -1.1    -0.2    -0.1    -1.0 
 Commodities less food........................     27.436    159.825    154.250     2.7    -3.5    -1.1    -0.4    -3.6 
 Nondurables less food........................     16.599    207.483    196.442     5.8    -5.3    -2.0    -0.9    -5.3 
 Nondurables less food and apparel............     12.868    259.278    241.183     7.5    -7.0    -2.2    -1.4    -7.0 
 Nondurables..................................     30.432    213.274    207.435     6.0    -2.7    -0.9    -0.3    -2.6 
 Services less rent of shelter (4)............     26.460    277.615    276.297     5.0    -0.5     0.2    -0.3    -0.1 
 Services less medical care services..........     54.101    247.563    246.997     3.5    -0.2     0.2    -0.1     0.0 
 Energy.......................................      9.698    258.020    231.561    11.5   -10.3    -3.1    -1.9    -8.6 
 All items less energy........................     90.302    216.397    216.695     2.8     0.1     0.3     0.2     0.0 
  All items less food and energy..............     76.469    216.862    217.023     2.2     0.1     0.2     0.1    -0.1 
   Commodities less food and energy                                                                                     
       commodities............................     21.602    140.528    140.659     0.1     0.1     0.1    -0.2    -0.4 
    Energy commodities........................      5.834    318.918    272.921    12.9   -14.4    -4.4    -1.1   -13.6 
   Services less energy services..............     54.867    262.980    263.156     3.0     0.1     0.2     0.3     0.0 
 Purchasing power of the consumer dollar                                                                                
     (1982-84=$1.00)..........................          -     $ .457     $ .462       -       -       -       -       - 
 Purchasing power of the consumer dollar                                                                                
     (1967=$1.00).............................          -     $ .153     $ .154       -       -       -       -       - 

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.
   2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
   3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator.  All other item stratum index series were calculated
 using a geometric means estimator.
   4 Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
   5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
   6 Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
   - Data not available.
 NOTE:  Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.



 Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
 commodity and service group

 (1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                   
                                                  Seasonally adjusted indexes        Seasonally adjusted annual rate percent change
                                                                                                          for                      
                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                   
                   CPI-U                                                                    3 months ended--            6 months   
                                                                                                                        ended--    
                                               July      Aug.      Sep.      Oct.                                                  
                                               2008      2008      2008      2008                                                  
                                                                                      Jan.    Apr.    July    Oct.    Apr.    Oct. 
                                                                                      2008    2008    2008    2008    2008    2008 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                   
            Expenditure category                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                   
 All items.................................  219.181   218.880   218.813   216.710     6.8     2.3    10.6    -4.4     4.5     2.8 
                                                                                                                                   
  Food and beverages.......................  215.539   216.778   217.996   218.569     4.6     6.1     8.0     5.7     5.4     6.9 
   Food....................................  215.545   216.807   218.029   218.582     4.7     6.3     8.4     5.8     5.5     7.1 
    Food at home...........................  216.227   217.949   219.225   219.380     5.7     8.3    10.1     6.0     7.0     8.0 
     Cereals and bakery products...........  249.210   249.024   251.760   253.199     7.6    19.5    17.0     6.6    13.4    11.7 
     Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs........  205.361   207.479   209.534   210.721     2.7     3.4     8.1    10.9     3.0     9.5 
     Dairy and related products............  214.537   215.356   214.066   211.930     2.3     4.5    13.2    -4.8     3.4     3.8 
     Fruits and vegetables.................  285.411   291.493   290.047   283.770    16.3     3.0    17.5    -2.3     9.5     7.2 
     Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage                                                                                           
         materials.........................  159.796   160.411   161.609   163.526     4.1     7.7    -0.2     9.7     5.9     4.6 
     Other food at home....................  184.951   186.154   188.124   189.320     3.5    12.7     7.8     9.8     8.0     8.8 
      Sugar and sweets.....................  185.865   186.956   190.197   191.438     3.8    10.7     3.2    12.5     7.2     7.8 
      Fats and oils........................  200.870   202.996   206.381   207.508    12.8    26.2    20.9    13.9    19.3    17.3 
      Other foods..........................  198.743   199.930   201.577   202.881     1.8    11.1     6.8     8.6     6.3     7.7 
       Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)...  120.510   121.033   121.144   122.699     1.1    12.1     7.0     7.5     6.5     7.2 
    Food away from home (1)................  216.376   217.063   218.225   219.290     3.5     3.9     6.3     5.5     3.7     5.9 
     Other food away from home (1) (2).....  151.120   151.133   152.040   153.544     1.6     5.6     6.8     6.6     3.6     6.7 
   Alcoholic beverages.....................  214.173   215.105   216.276   217.103     3.3     3.7     2.4     5.6     3.5     4.0 
                                                                                                                                   
  Housing..................................  218.267   218.101   217.891   217.793     3.5     3.7     6.5    -0.9     3.6     2.8 
   Shelter.................................  247.090   247.258   247.971   248.058     3.5     1.0     2.9     1.6     2.2     2.2 
    Rent of primary residence (3)..........  243.535   244.296   244.977   245.840     4.5     2.9     3.4     3.8     3.7     3.6 
    Lodging away from home (2).............  145.394   143.846   145.173   142.808     5.1   -13.5    11.6    -6.9    -4.7     1.9 
    Owners' equivalent rent of primary                                                                                             
        residence (3) (4)..................  252.610   252.970   253.493   253.871     3.3     2.3     1.8     2.0     2.8     1.9 
    Tenants' and household insurance (1)                                                                                           
        (2)................................  118.764   118.562   119.944   119.916     2.8     3.4     1.2     3.9     3.1     2.5 
   Fuels and utilities.....................  233.540   230.876   224.377   223.111     6.0    24.0    34.4   -16.7    14.6     5.8 
    Household energy.......................  215.751   212.286   205.021   203.206     5.9    28.7    40.7   -21.3    16.7     5.2 
     Fuel oil and other fuels..............  401.283   375.211   353.309   322.208    79.3    48.8    98.2   -58.4    63.3    -9.2 
     Gas (piped) and electricity (3).......  214.896   212.549   205.785   205.538     0.6    27.0    35.9   -16.3    13.0     6.7 
    Water and sewer and trash collection                                                                                           
        services (2).......................  151.857   153.832   154.269   155.827     6.7     3.8     6.4    10.9     5.3     8.6 
   Household furnishings and operations....  127.919   128.222   128.917   128.936     0.4     1.9     2.7     3.2     1.1     2.9 
    Household operations (1) (2)...........  148.290   149.169   150.193   150.052     5.2     8.5     7.1     4.8     6.9     5.9 
                                                                                                                                   
  Apparel..................................  119.574   120.157   120.005   118.843     4.6    -4.6     4.2    -2.4    -0.1     0.8 
   Men's and boys' apparel.................  113.090   113.420   113.108   112.533     1.9     2.9    -2.3    -2.0     2.4    -2.2 
   Women's and girls' apparel..............  107.860   110.057   109.678   107.255     7.3   -17.2     9.0    -2.2    -5.8     3.3 
   Infants' and toddlers' apparel..........  112.638   111.741   113.172   113.815     4.5    -5.6    -6.0     4.2    -0.7    -1.0 
   Footwear................................  126.047   124.023   123.572   123.896     3.6     3.5     5.7    -6.7     3.5    -0.7 
                                                                                                                                   
  Transportation...........................  209.358   206.303   205.036   194.031    22.3    -2.5    34.3   -26.2     9.2    -0.5 
   Private transportation..................  204.899   201.552   200.367   189.326    23.0    -3.2    34.5   -27.1     9.1    -1.0 
    New and used motor vehicles (2)........   94.052    93.702    92.900    92.229    -0.3    -1.9     0.8    -7.5    -1.1    -3.4 
     New vehicles..........................  135.300   134.548   133.567   132.889    -1.1    -2.4     1.6    -6.9    -1.8    -2.8 
     Used cars and trucks (1)..............  135.840   135.405   132.916   129.733     0.7    -1.2    -2.7   -16.8    -0.2   -10.0 
    Motor fuel.............................  334.732   320.647   317.962   273.671    82.1    -8.8   114.6   -55.3    28.9    -2.1 
     Gasoline (all types)..................  332.237   318.255   316.443   271.580    82.7   -10.4   115.4   -55.4    27.9    -1.9 
    Motor vehicle parts and equipment (1)..  129.118   130.327   131.048   131.917     4.2     5.8    10.1     9.0     5.0     9.5 
    Motor vehicle maintenance and repair...  234.818   236.340   237.284   238.108     5.3     5.2     7.4     5.7     5.3     6.6 
   Public transportation...................  261.275   264.183   261.556   252.920    10.9     8.1    31.2   -12.2     9.5     7.3 
                                                                                                                                   
  Medical care.............................  363.852   364.710   365.836   366.470     5.1     1.6     1.8     2.9     3.3     2.3 
   Medical care commodities................  294.438   294.694   295.231   295.741     5.1     1.5    -3.2     1.8     3.3    -0.8 
   Medical care services...................  385.353   386.458   387.816   388.489     5.1     1.6     3.6     3.3     3.3     3.4 
    Professional services..................  311.739   312.575   313.273   313.601     3.8     1.5     4.8     2.4     2.6     3.6 
    Hospital and related services (3)......  534.172   537.549   540.539   542.655     9.0     4.3     4.4     6.5     6.7     5.4 
                                                                                                                                   
  Recreation (2)...........................  113.264   113.876   114.120   114.214     1.6     1.2     2.4     3.4     1.4     2.9 
   Video and audio (2).....................  102.195   102.658   102.801   102.168     0.8    -1.5    -2.9    -0.1    -0.4    -1.5 
                                                                                                                                   
  Education and communication (2)..........  124.226   124.505   124.615   124.888     2.8     3.3     5.5     2.1     3.0     3.8 
   Education (2)...........................  181.582   182.734   183.462   184.260     6.7     5.4     5.3     6.0     6.0     5.7 
    Educational books and supplies.........  447.821   459.494   461.555   462.451     6.2     4.8     5.6    13.7     5.5     9.6 
    Tuition, other school fees, and                                                                                                
        childcare..........................  523.254   525.789   527.863   530.257     6.7     5.4     5.3     5.5     6.1     5.4 
   Communication (2).......................   84.840    84.702    84.526    84.538    -1.3     1.3     5.7    -1.4     0.0     2.1 
    Information and information processing                                                                                         
        (1) (2)............................   81.965    81.815    81.635    81.652    -1.5     1.4     5.3    -1.5    -0.1     1.8 
     Telephone services (1) (2)............  101.339   101.301   101.311   101.407    -0.5     2.4     7.6     0.3     0.9     3.9 
     Information technology, hardware and                                                                                          
         services (1) (5)..................   10.087    10.012     9.901     9.874    -5.9    -2.3    -3.2    -8.2    -4.1    -5.7 
      Personal computers and peripheral                                                                                            
          equipment (1) (6)................   94.711    92.921    90.797    89.945   -12.2    -8.2   -15.7   -18.7   -10.2   -17.2 
                                                                                                                                   
  Other goods and services.................  346.962   347.715   348.540   349.441     3.9     4.8     4.6     2.9     4.4     3.7 
   Tobacco and smoking products (1)........  596.782   597.361   597.581   599.744     8.9     2.6    14.9     2.0     5.7     8.3 
   Personal care...........................  201.660   202.169   202.768   203.231     2.5     5.5     1.8     3.2     4.0     2.5 
    Personal care products (1).............  158.989   159.252   159.643   159.826    -0.5     3.1    -1.0     2.1     1.3     0.5 
    Personal care services (1).............  223.719   224.151   224.614   225.564     3.8     5.3     1.7     3.3     4.6     2.5 
    Miscellaneous personal services........  340.264   341.606   343.441   343.499     4.8     6.1     3.6     3.9     5.4     3.8 
                                                                                                                                   
        Commodity and service group                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                   
 Commodities...............................  180.657   179.687   179.530   175.334    11.5     0.8    17.0   -11.3     6.0     1.9 
  Food and beverages.......................  215.539   216.778   217.996   218.569     4.6     6.1     8.0     5.7     5.4     6.9 
  Commodities less food and beverages......  160.622   158.775   158.058   152.036    15.6    -2.0    22.3   -19.7     6.4    -0.9 
   Nondurables less food and beverages.....  211.267   207.465   205.585   194.214    29.9     0.5    35.4   -28.6    14.3    -1.7 
    Apparel................................  119.574   120.157   120.005   118.843     4.6    -4.6     4.2    -2.4    -0.1     0.8 
    Nondurables less food, beverages, and                                                                                          
        apparel............................  275.611   270.166   266.376   245.230    38.4     2.4    52.4   -37.3    19.1    -2.3 
   Durables................................  111.425   111.140   110.513   109.868    -0.2    -2.1     0.0    -5.5    -1.2    -2.8 
 Services..................................  257.269   257.642   257.662   257.742     3.7     3.4     6.2     0.7     3.6     3.4 
  Rent of shelter (4)......................  257.575   257.717   258.498   258.583     3.7     0.8     2.9     1.6     2.2     2.2 
  Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)   118.764   118.562   119.944   119.916     2.8     3.4     1.2     3.9     3.1     2.5 
  Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........  214.896   212.549   205.785   205.538     0.6    27.0    35.9   -16.3    13.0     6.7 
  Water and sewer and trash collection                                                                                             
      services (2).........................  151.857   153.832   154.269   155.827     6.7     3.8     6.4    10.9     5.3     8.6 
  Household operations (1) (2).............  148.290   149.169   150.193   150.052     5.2     8.5     7.1     4.8     6.9     5.9 
  Transportation services..................  246.409   248.277   248.422   247.447     5.2     3.8    10.4     1.7     4.5     5.9 
  Medical care services....................  385.353   386.458   387.816   388.489     5.1     1.6     3.6     3.3     3.3     3.4 
  Other services...........................  296.752   297.887   298.481   298.953     3.5     3.4     4.8     3.0     3.5     3.9 
                                                                                                                                   
              Special indexes                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                   
 All items less food.......................  219.806   219.250   218.972   216.434     7.1     1.7    10.9    -6.0     4.4     2.1 
 All items less shelter....................  210.755   210.264   209.885   206.884     8.4     3.0    14.4    -7.1     5.7     3.1 
 All items less medical care...............  211.774   211.433   211.322   209.135     6.9     2.4    11.2    -4.9     4.6     2.8 
 Commodities less food.....................  162.695   160.922   160.257   154.412    15.1    -1.8    21.5   -18.9     6.3    -0.7 
 Nondurables less food.....................  212.335   208.004   206.042   195.181    28.0     2.1    34.4   -28.6    14.3    -2.0 
 Nondurables less food and apparel.........  269.125   263.228   259.597   241.328    34.9     3.7    47.7   -35.3    18.3    -2.3 
 Nondurables...............................  215.067   213.122   212.583   207.029    15.6     4.5    21.8   -14.1     9.9     2.3 
 Services less rent of shelter (4).........  276.996   277.598   276.660   276.380     3.6     6.7    11.1    -0.9     5.1     4.9 
 Services less medical care services.......  246.945   247.327   247.172   247.197     3.2     3.7     6.8     0.4     3.4     3.5 
 Energy....................................  270.602   262.107   257.086   235.053    43.6     5.6    79.4   -43.1    23.1     1.1 
 All items less energy.....................  215.529   216.080   216.528   216.484     3.4     2.0     4.2     1.8     2.7     3.0 
  All items less food and energy...........  216.230   216.650   216.956   216.801     3.1     1.2     3.5     1.1     2.2     2.3 
   Commodities less food and energy                                                                                                
       commodities.........................  140.792   140.885   140.655   140.136     1.2    -0.7     1.7    -1.9     0.3    -0.1 
    Energy commodities.....................  340.411   325.603   321.888   278.005    82.5    -6.1   113.5   -55.5    30.9    -2.5 
   Services less energy services...........  261.729   262.367   263.046   263.159     3.9     1.9     4.1     2.2     2.9     3.2 

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.
   2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
   3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator.  All other item stratum index series were calculated using a
 geometric means estimator.
   4 Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
   5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
   6 Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
 NOTE:  Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.



 Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index 

 (1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                   All items                                      
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                       Indexes                 Percent change to Percent change to
                    CPI-U                      Pricing                                          Oct. 2008 from--   Sep. 2008 from-- 
                                              schedule                                                                            
                                                 (1)      July      Aug.      Sep.      Oct.                                      
                                                          2008      2008      2008      2008    Oct.  Aug.  Sep.  Sep.  July  Aug.
                                                                                                2007  2008  2008  2007  2008  2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                  
 U.S. city average...........................    M      219.964   219.086   218.783   216.573   3.7  -1.1  -1.0   4.9  -0.5  -0.1 
                                                                                                                                  
           Region and area size(2)                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
 Northeast urban.............................    M      234.545   233.788   232.841   230.837   4.0  -1.3  -0.9   5.2  -0.7  -0.4 
   Size A - More than 1,500,000..............    M      236.460   236.107   235.314   233.165   3.8  -1.2  -0.9   4.9  -0.5  -0.3 
   Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........    M      139.623   138.537   137.723   136.730   4.6  -1.3  -0.7   5.8  -1.4  -0.6 
                                                                                                                                  
 Midwest urban...............................    M      210.071   209.351   209.252   206.019   3.3  -1.6  -1.5   4.8  -0.4   0.0 
   Size A - More than 1,500,000..............    M      211.003   210.341   210.283   207.049   3.0  -1.6  -1.5   4.5  -0.3   0.0 
   Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........    M      134.595   133.969   133.982   131.946   3.6  -1.5  -1.5   5.1  -0.5   0.0 
   Size D -  Nonmetropolitan  (less than                                                                                          
       50,000)...............................    M      206.435   206.251   205.522   202.086   3.6  -2.0  -1.7   5.1  -0.4  -0.4 
                                                                                                                                  
 South urban.................................    M      213.304   212.387   212.650   210.108   3.9  -1.1  -1.2   5.4  -0.3   0.1 
   Size A - More than 1,500,000..............    M      215.373   214.496   214.854   212.617   3.8  -0.9  -1.0   5.2  -0.2   0.2 
   Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........    M      135.643   135.004   135.093   133.285   3.6  -1.3  -1.3   5.3  -0.4   0.1 
   Size D -  Nonmetropolitan  (less than                                                                                          
       50,000)...............................    M      215.274   214.655   215.258   213.103   6.2  -0.7  -1.0   7.1   0.0   0.3 
                                                                                                                                  
 West urban..................................    M      223.867   222.823   222.132   221.034   3.3  -0.8  -0.5   4.3  -0.8  -0.3 
   Size A - More than 1,500,000..............    M      227.562   226.541   225.910   224.967   3.5  -0.7  -0.4   4.4  -0.7  -0.3 
   Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........    M      136.021   135.207   134.834   133.795   3.0  -1.0  -0.8   4.5  -0.9  -0.3 
                                                                                                                                  
                 Size classes                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                  
   A (4).....................................    M      200.941   200.278   199.982   198.148   3.6  -1.1  -0.9   4.7  -0.5  -0.1 
   B/C (3)...................................    M      136.055   135.315   135.160   133.587   3.7  -1.3  -1.2   5.2  -0.7  -0.1 
   D.........................................    M      212.555   212.138   211.740   209.755   4.4  -1.1  -0.9   5.4  -0.4  -0.2 
                                                                                                                                  
           Selected local areas(5)                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
 Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI..............    M      217.459   215.971   215.465   213.363   3.2  -1.2  -1.0   4.4  -0.9  -0.2 
 Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA.....    M      229.886   228.484   227.449   226.159   3.4  -1.0  -0.6   4.5  -1.1  -0.5 
 New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island,                                                                                              
     NY-NJ-CT-PA.............................    M      240.273   240.550   240.089   238.403   4.3  -0.9  -0.7   5.2  -0.1  -0.2 
                                                                                                                                  
 Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT.........    1      241.258         -   238.519         -     -     -     -   4.7  -1.1     - 
 Cleveland-Akron, OH.........................    1      206.941         -   206.219         -     -     -     -   4.7  -0.3     - 
 Dallas-Fort Worth, TX.......................    1      206.413         -   205.883         -     -     -     -   5.7  -0.3     - 
 Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV (6).......    1      142.065         -   142.036         -     -     -     -   5.5   0.0     - 
                                                                                                                                  
 Atlanta, GA.................................    2            -   211.404         -   206.388   2.2  -2.4     -     -     -     - 
 Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI.................    2            -   209.484         -   205.238   1.7  -2.0     -     -     -     - 
 Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX..............    2            -   192.723         -   191.140   3.4  -0.8     -     -     -     - 
 Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL...................    2            -   225.473         -   223.699   4.0  -0.8     -     -     -     - 
 Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City,                                                                                           
     PA-NJ-DE-MD.............................    2            -   228.337         -   225.113   2.8  -1.4     -     -     -     - 
 San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA..........    2            -   225.411         -   225.824   3.6   0.2     -     -     -     - 
 Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA................    2            -   227.745         -   225.915   3.4  -0.8     -     -     -     - 

   1 Areas on pricing schedule 2 (see Table 10) will appear next month. 
   2 Regions defined as the four Census regions.  See technical notes.
   3 Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
   4 Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
   5 In addition, the following metropolitan areas are published semiannually and appear in Tables 34 and 39 of the January and
 July issues of the CPI Detailed Report: Anchorage, AK; Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN; Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO; Honolulu, HI;
 Kansas City, MO-KS; Milwaukee-Racine, WI; Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI; Phoenix-Mesa, AZ; Pittsburgh, PA; Portland-Salem, OR-WA;
 St. Louis, MO-IL; San Diego, CA; Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL.
   6 Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.
   - Data not available.
 NOTE:  Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.



 Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure
 category and commodity and service group

 (1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                        
                                                                                    Unadjusted                          
                                                             Unadjusted indexes   percent change   Seasonally adjusted  
                                                 Relative                          to Oct. 2008    percent change from- 
                     CPI-W                     importance,                            from-                             
                                                 December                                                               
                                                   2007       Sep.       Oct.                      July    Aug.    Sep. 
                                                              2008       2008      Oct.    Sep.     to      to      to  
                                                                                   2007    2008    Aug.    Sep.    Oct. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                        
             Expenditure category                                                                                       
                                                                                                                        
 All items....................................    100.000    214.935    212.182     3.8    -1.3    -0.2    -0.1    -1.2 
 All items (1967=100).........................          -    640.226    632.025       -       -       -       -       - 
                                                                                                                        
  Food and beverages..........................     15.926    217.098    218.141     6.2     0.5     0.6     0.6     0.3 
   Food.......................................     14.901    217.090    218.120     6.4     0.5     0.6     0.6     0.3 
    Food at home..............................      8.595    217.594    218.600     7.5     0.5     0.8     0.6     0.1 
     Cereals and bakery products..............      1.110    251.448    253.561    12.7     0.8     0.0     0.9     0.7 
     Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs...........      2.192    209.515    210.314     6.1     0.4     1.2     0.9     0.6 
     Dairy and related products...............       .965    212.841    211.808     3.3    -0.5     0.3    -0.7    -1.1 
     Fruits and vegetables....................      1.218    284.612    283.549     8.3    -0.4     1.9    -0.4    -2.3 
     Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage                                                                                
         materials............................      1.094    160.850    163.265     5.4     1.5     0.2     1.0     1.3 
     Other food at home.......................      2.016    187.467    188.806     8.4     0.7     0.7     1.1     0.6 
      Sugar and sweets........................       .279    188.914    189.574     7.6     0.3     0.7     1.6     0.6 
      Fats and oils...........................       .232    207.069    208.973    18.3     0.9     1.1     1.7     0.6 
      Other foods.............................      1.504    201.632    203.138     6.9     0.7     0.6     0.9     0.6 
       Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......       .438    121.589    123.026     6.6     1.2     0.4     0.1     1.2 
    Food away from home (1)...................      6.305    218.147    219.219     4.9     0.5     0.4     0.5     0.5 
     Other food away from home (1) (2)........       .218    151.321    152.910     5.6     1.1     0.0     0.7     1.1 
   Alcoholic beverages........................      1.025    215.728    216.953     3.7     0.6     0.4     0.5     0.4 
                                                                                                                        
  Housing.....................................     39.994    213.954    213.156     3.5    -0.4     0.0    -0.2     0.0 
   Shelter....................................     30.397    240.163    240.517     2.4     0.1     0.1     0.2     0.1 
    Rent of primary residence (3).............      7.979    243.741    244.624     3.5     0.4     0.3     0.3     0.3 
    Lodging away from home (2)................      1.233    142.591    140.763    -1.3    -1.3    -1.0     0.8    -1.2 
    Owners' equivalent rent of primary                                                                                  
        residence (3) (4).....................     20.888    229.670    230.028     2.3     0.2     0.1     0.2     0.1 
    Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..       .297    120.279    120.258     2.8     0.0    -0.1     1.2     0.0 
   Fuels and utilities........................      5.637    226.709    219.325    10.3    -3.3    -1.0    -2.6    -0.5 
    Household energy..........................      4.670    206.544    198.191    11.0    -4.0    -1.4    -3.2    -0.8 
     Fuel oil and other fuels.................       .323    345.907    317.012    21.0    -8.4    -5.6    -5.8    -8.5 
     Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........      4.347    209.442    201.651    10.1    -3.7    -1.1    -2.9    -0.2 
    Water and sewer and trash collection                                                                                
        services (2)..........................       .966    154.628    156.005     7.0     0.9     1.4     0.3     1.1 
   Household furnishings and operations.......      3.960    124.500    124.719     2.2     0.2     0.2     0.6     0.0 
    Household operations (1) (2)..............       .339    152.850    152.612     6.1    -0.2     0.5     0.5    -0.2 
                                                                                                                        
  Apparel.....................................      3.998    120.990    121.957     0.3     0.8     1.0     0.0    -1.2 
   Men's and boys' apparel....................      1.031    112.973    115.495     0.7     2.2     1.0    -0.3    -0.4 
   Women's and girls' apparel.................      1.619    112.304    111.880    -1.5    -0.4     2.9     0.4    -3.1 
   Infants' and toddlers' apparel.............       .251    115.764    118.496    -1.0     2.4    -1.3     1.5     0.3 
   Footwear...................................       .821    124.873    126.352     1.6     1.2    -1.6    -0.4     0.4 
                                                                                                                        
  Transportation..............................     20.054    204.785    192.198     4.1    -6.1    -1.7    -0.7    -6.0 
   Private transportation.....................     19.287    201.476    188.871     3.9    -6.3    -1.8    -0.7    -6.1 
    New and used motor vehicles (2)...........      7.952     91.305     90.530    -2.9    -0.8    -0.4    -1.1    -1.1 
     New vehicles.............................      4.172    133.504    133.351    -2.3    -0.1    -0.5    -0.8    -0.5 
     Used cars and trucks (1).................      3.103    133.669    130.444    -5.3    -2.4    -0.3    -1.8    -2.4 
    Motor fuel................................      6.940    316.717    269.639    12.3   -14.9    -4.2    -0.8   -13.9 
     Gasoline (all types).....................      6.597    315.324    267.580    12.0   -15.1    -4.2    -0.6   -14.2 
    Motor vehicle parts and equipment (1).....       .446    131.072    132.088     7.5     0.8     1.0     0.6     0.8 
    Motor vehicle maintenance and repair......      1.169    239.571    240.688     5.8     0.5     0.6     0.4     0.3 
   Public transportation......................       .767    258.142    249.168     7.8    -3.5     0.8    -1.1    -3.3 
                                                                                                                        
  Medical care................................      5.192    365.250    366.000     2.9     0.2     0.3     0.3     0.1 
   Medical care commodities...................      1.295    287.397    287.725     1.1     0.1     0.2     0.2     0.1 
   Medical care services......................      3.897    388.036    388.947     3.5     0.2     0.4     0.4     0.1 
    Professional services.....................      2.159    314.977    315.458     3.1     0.2     0.3     0.2     0.1 
    Hospital and related services (3).........      1.260    534.394    537.382     6.4     0.6     0.7     0.6     0.3 
                                                                                                                        
  Recreation (2)..............................      5.341    110.904    110.947     2.0     0.0     0.5     0.2     0.0 
   Video and audio (2)........................      1.987    102.819    102.267    -0.6    -0.5     0.4     0.2    -0.6 
                                                                                                                        
  Education and communication (2).............      5.987    121.439    121.569     3.1     0.1     0.2     0.0     0.2 
   Education (2)..............................      2.377    183.613    184.091     6.0     0.3     0.8     0.3     0.5 
    Educational books and supplies............       .204    465.570    466.885     7.4     0.3     2.4     0.7     0.3 
    Tuition, other school fees, and childcare       2.174    517.389    518.726     5.8     0.3     0.7     0.2     0.5 
   Communication (2)..........................      3.609     87.224     87.226     1.2     0.0    -0.1    -0.2     0.0 
    Information and information processing (1)                                                                          
        (2)...................................      3.488     85.208     85.214     1.1     0.0    -0.2    -0.2     0.0 
     Telephone services (1) (2)...............      2.869    101.350    101.436     2.3     0.1     0.0     0.0     0.1 
     Information technology, hardware and                                                                               
         services (1) (5).....................       .619     10.414     10.375    -4.6    -0.4    -0.7    -1.1    -0.4 
      Personal computers and peripheral                                                                                 
          equipment (1) (6)...................       .228     90.722     89.690   -14.1    -1.1    -1.9    -2.4    -1.1 
                                                                                                                        
  Other goods and services....................      3.508    361.125    362.354     4.5     0.3     0.2     0.2     0.3 
   Tobacco and smoking products (1)...........      1.183    600.293    602.533     7.2     0.4     0.1     0.1     0.4 
   Personal care..............................      2.325    200.284    200.930     3.2     0.3     0.2     0.3     0.2 
    Personal care products (1)................       .647    159.730    159.914     1.0     0.1     0.1     0.2     0.1 
    Personal care services (1)................       .560    224.910    225.800     3.5     0.4     0.2     0.2     0.4 
    Miscellaneous personal services...........       .910    345.175    344.622     4.5    -0.2     0.4     0.5    -0.1 
                                                                                                                        
          Commodity and service group                                                                                   
                                                                                                                        
 Commodities..................................     44.745    182.647    177.906     4.1    -2.6    -0.6    -0.1    -2.7 
  Food and beverages..........................     15.926    217.098    218.141     6.2     0.5     0.6     0.6     0.3 
  Commodities less food and beverages.........     28.819    162.971    155.982     3.0    -4.3    -1.2    -0.5    -4.4 
   Nondurables less food and beverages........     17.315    217.828    203.762     6.6    -6.5    -1.9    -0.9    -6.2 
    Apparel...................................      3.998    120.990    121.957     0.3     0.8     1.0     0.0    -1.2 
    Nondurables less food, beverages, and                                                                               
        apparel...............................     13.318    283.056    259.204     8.5    -8.4    -2.6    -1.6    -8.4 
   Durables...................................     11.504    110.451    109.782    -2.2    -0.6    -0.3    -0.7    -0.8 
 Services.....................................     55.255    252.861    252.369     3.6    -0.2     0.2    -0.1     0.1 
  Rent of shelter (4).........................     30.100    231.541    231.885     2.4     0.1     0.1     0.3     0.1 
  Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)....       .297    120.279    120.258     2.8     0.0    -0.1     1.2     0.0 
  Gas (piped) and electricity (3).............      4.347    209.442    201.651    10.1    -3.7    -1.1    -2.9    -0.2 
  Water and sewer and trash collection                                                                                  
      services (2)............................       .966    154.628    156.005     7.0     0.9     1.4     0.3     1.1 
  Household operations (1) (2)................       .339    152.850    152.612     6.1    -0.2     0.5     0.5    -0.2 
  Transportation services.....................      5.266    245.722    246.003     4.7     0.1     0.7     0.1    -0.2 
  Medical care services.......................      3.897    388.036    388.947     3.5     0.2     0.4     0.4     0.1 
  Other services..............................     10.042    287.792    287.898     3.4     0.0     0.4     0.2     0.1 
                                                                                                                        
                Special indexes                                                                                         
                                                                                                                        
 All items less food..........................     85.099    214.361    210.949     3.4    -1.6    -0.3    -0.2    -1.5 
 All items less shelter.......................     69.603    208.068    204.149     4.5    -1.9    -0.3    -0.2    -1.8 
 All items less medical care..................     94.808    208.563    205.726     3.9    -1.4    -0.2    -0.1    -1.3 
 Commodities less food........................     29.844    164.937    158.132     3.0    -4.1    -1.2    -0.5    -4.2 
 Nondurables less food........................     18.341    218.010    204.734     6.4    -6.1    -1.8    -0.8    -5.9 
 Nondurables less food and apparel............     14.343    276.112    254.473     8.2    -7.8    -2.4    -1.4    -7.9 
 Nondurables..................................     33.241    218.725    211.680     6.3    -3.2    -0.8    -0.2    -3.0 
 Services less rent of shelter (4)............     25.155    245.787    244.331     5.0    -0.6     0.2    -0.4    -0.2 
 Services less medical care services..........     51.358    242.868    242.316     3.6    -0.2     0.2    -0.1     0.0 
 Energy.......................................     11.610    259.864    232.106    11.7   -10.7    -3.2    -1.7    -9.0 
 All items less energy........................     88.390    210.325    210.649     2.9     0.2     0.3     0.2     0.0 
  All items less food and energy..............     73.489    209.329    209.511     2.1     0.1     0.2     0.1    -0.1 
   Commodities less food and energy                                                                                     
       commodities............................     22.581    141.428    141.375     0.1     0.0     0.1    -0.2    -0.5 
    Energy commodities........................      7.264    319.507    272.894    12.8   -14.6    -4.3    -1.1   -13.7 
   Services less energy services..............     50.908    257.411    257.774     3.1     0.1     0.3     0.2     0.1 
 Purchasing power of the consumer dollar                                                                                
     (1982-84=$1.00)..........................          -     $ .465     $ .471       -       -       -       -       - 
 Purchasing power of the consumer dollar                                                                                
     (1967=$1.00).............................          -     $ .156     $ .158       -       -       -       -       - 

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.
   2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
   3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator.  All other item stratum index series were calculated
 using a geometric means estimator.
   4 Indexes on a December 1984=100 base
   5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
   6 Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
   - Data not available.
 NOTE:  Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.



 Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by
 expenditure category and commodity and service group

 (1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                   
                                                  Seasonally adjusted indexes        Seasonally adjusted annual rate percent change
                                                                                                          for                      
                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                   
                   CPI-W                                                                    3 months ended--            6 months   
                                                                                                                        ended--    
                                               July      Aug.      Sep.      Oct.                                                  
                                               2008      2008      2008      2008                                                  
                                                                                      Jan.    Apr.    July    Oct.    Apr.    Oct. 
                                                                                      2008    2008    2008    2008    2008    2008 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                   
            Expenditure category                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                   
 All items.................................  215.507   215.130   214.946   212.361     7.7     2.4    11.9    -5.7     5.0     2.7 
                                                                                                                                   
  Food and beverages.......................  214.883   216.195   217.401   218.005     4.5     6.1     8.2     5.9     5.3     7.1 
   Food....................................  214.813   216.160   217.375   217.962     4.6     6.3     8.6     6.0     5.4     7.3 
    Food at home...........................  215.085   216.812   218.085   218.328     5.5     8.1    10.2     6.2     6.8     8.1 
     Cereals and bakery products...........  249.875   249.930   252.230   254.031     7.6    20.2    16.9     6.8    13.7    11.8 
     Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs........  204.852   207.265   209.114   210.380     2.4     3.1     8.1    11.2     2.8     9.7 
     Dairy and related products............  214.042   214.768   213.317   211.048     2.0     4.3    13.1    -5.5     3.2     3.4 
     Fruits and vegetables.................  283.919   289.447   288.190   281.464    16.3     2.8    19.3    -3.4     9.4     7.3 
     Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage                                                                                           
         materials.........................  158.971   159.322   160.916   163.076     3.7     7.7    -0.2    10.7     5.7     5.1 
     Other food at home....................  184.409   185.692   187.670   188.794     3.4    12.5     7.9     9.9     7.9     8.9 
      Sugar and sweets.....................  184.838   186.049   189.095   190.215     3.8    11.5     3.2    12.2     7.6     7.6 
      Fats and oils........................  201.406   203.666   207.065   208.358    12.2    27.2    19.8    14.5    19.4    17.1 
      Other foods..........................  198.916   200.172   201.892   203.095     1.7    10.5     6.9     8.7     6.0     7.8 
       Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)...  121.015   121.443   121.589   123.026     1.0    11.1     7.8     6.8     5.9     7.3 
    Food away from home (1)................  216.177   217.002   218.147   219.219     3.4     3.9     6.5     5.7     3.6     6.1 
     Other food away from home (1) (2).....  150.232   150.301   151.321   152.910     2.4     4.8     8.1     7.3     3.6     7.7 
   Alcoholic beverages.....................  214.434   215.219   216.292   217.149     3.2     3.6     2.9     5.2     3.4     4.0 
                                                                                                                                   
  Housing..................................  213.943   213.851   213.496   213.543     3.5     4.6     6.9    -0.7     4.0     3.0 
   Shelter.................................  239.431   239.715   240.297   240.616     3.5     1.7     2.5     2.0     2.6     2.3 
    Rent of primary residence (3)..........  242.535   243.215   243.875   244.675     4.2     2.9     3.5     3.6     3.5     3.5 
    Lodging away from home (2).............  144.351   142.928   144.035   142.329     6.2   -13.7     8.8    -5.5    -4.2     1.4 
    Owners' equivalent rent of primary                                                                                             
        residence (3) (4)..................  228.943   229.239   229.663   229.991     3.4     2.3     1.8     1.8     2.8     1.8 
    Tenants' and household insurance (1)                                                                                           
        (2)................................  119.006   118.894   120.279   120.258     2.6     3.2     1.1     4.3     2.9     2.7 
   Fuels and utilities.....................  230.774   228.472   222.522   221.400     5.7    23.3    34.1   -15.3    14.2     6.6 
    Household energy.......................  211.612   208.571   202.000   200.368     5.6    27.7    40.1   -19.6    16.1     6.1 
     Fuel oil and other fuels..............  393.808   371.762   350.353   320.577    76.4    43.8    92.5   -56.1    59.3    -8.1 
     Gas (piped) and electricity (3).......  212.785   210.473   204.284   203.862     0.9    26.5    36.5   -15.7    13.0     7.3 
    Water and sewer and trash collection                                                                                           
        services (2).......................  152.020   154.174   154.652   156.289     6.6     3.7     6.2    11.7     5.2     8.9 
   Household furnishings and operations....  123.832   124.141   124.860   124.842     0.8     1.7     3.1     3.3     1.2     3.2 
    Household operations (1) (2)...........  151.290   152.083   152.850   152.612     4.4     8.4     8.0     3.5     6.4     5.8 
                                                                                                                                   
  Apparel..................................  118.892   120.050   120.102   118.614     5.6    -5.4     2.7    -0.9     0.0     0.9 
   Men's and boys' apparel.................  112.842   113.971   113.679   113.184     5.0     1.0    -4.3     1.2     3.0    -1.6 
   Women's and girls' apparel..............  107.177   110.267   110.689   107.308     6.7   -18.0     7.0     0.5    -6.5     3.7 
   Infants' and toddlers' apparel..........  115.245   113.771   115.496   115.890     4.8    -3.6    -7.0     2.3     0.5    -2.5 
   Footwear................................  126.005   124.021   123.558   124.008     2.9     4.7     5.4    -6.2     3.8    -0.6 
                                                                                                                                   
  Transportation...........................  210.841   207.328   205.872   193.620    24.6    -2.8    36.7   -28.9    10.0    -1.4 
   Private transportation..................  207.657   203.988   202.585   190.310    25.2    -3.3    36.9   -29.5    10.0    -1.7 
    New and used motor vehicles (2)........   93.007    92.659    91.646    90.675     0.0    -1.7    -0.2    -9.7    -0.9    -5.0 
     New vehicles..........................  136.460   135.721   134.684   133.947    -1.0    -2.1     1.2    -7.2    -1.6    -3.1 
     Used cars and trucks (1)..............  136.639   136.186   133.669   130.444     0.7    -1.3    -2.8   -16.9    -0.3   -10.2 
    Motor fuel.............................  336.117   321.941   319.245   274.761    82.2    -8.5   113.9   -55.3    29.1    -2.3 
     Gasoline (all types)..................  333.854   319.790   317.912   272.741    82.6   -10.1   115.2   -55.5    28.1    -2.1 
    Motor vehicle parts and equipment (1)..  128.997   130.228   131.072   132.088     5.3     5.3     9.7     9.9     5.3     9.8 
    Motor vehicle maintenance and repair...  237.365   238.826   239.756   240.510     5.3     5.1     7.5     5.4     5.2     6.4 
   Public transportation...................  258.873   261.046   258.294   249.715     9.7     8.2    31.3   -13.4     8.9     6.6 
                                                                                                                                   
  Medical care.............................  363.864   364.964   366.132   366.635     5.4     1.4     1.7     3.1     3.4     2.4 
   Medical care commodities................  286.207   286.645   287.227   287.613     5.5     0.6    -3.4     2.0     3.0    -0.7 
   Medical care services...................  386.607   387.963   389.352   389.891     5.4     1.7     3.4     3.4     3.5     3.4 
    Professional services..................  314.053   315.066   315.757   316.135     3.8     1.4     4.4     2.7     2.6     3.5 
    Hospital and related services (3)......  530.663   534.373   537.382   539.145     9.5     5.1     4.6     6.5     7.2     5.6 
                                                                                                                                   
  Recreation (2)...........................  110.173   110.748   110.998   111.021     1.3     1.2     2.4     3.1     1.2     2.8 
   Video and audio (2).....................  102.269   102.685   102.922   102.257     1.5    -0.9    -2.7     0.0     0.3    -1.4 
                                                                                                                                   
  Education and communication (2)..........  120.439   120.740   120.747   121.001     2.2     2.9     5.6     1.9     2.6     3.7 
   Education (2)...........................  179.067   180.563   181.030   181.968     6.9     5.3     5.2     6.6     6.1     5.9 
    Educational books and supplies.........  450.380   461.173   464.432   465.921     5.6     3.8     5.9    14.5     4.7    10.1 
    Tuition, other school fees, and                                                                                                
        childcare..........................  504.965   508.443   509.542   512.277     7.0     5.4     5.1     5.9     6.2     5.5 
   Communication (2).......................   87.490    87.369    87.225    87.228    -1.2     1.5     5.9    -1.2     0.1     2.3 
    Information and information processing                                                                                         
        (1) (2)............................   85.484    85.355    85.208    85.214    -1.3     1.5     5.6    -1.3     0.1     2.1 
     Telephone services (1) (2)............  101.375   101.339   101.350   101.436    -0.6     2.4     7.5     0.2     0.8     3.8 
     Information technology, hardware and                                                                                          
         services (1) (5)..................   10.600    10.525    10.414    10.375    -5.0    -2.4    -2.6    -8.2    -3.8    -5.5 
      Personal computers and peripheral                                                                                            
          equipment (1) (6)................   94.691    92.931    90.722    89.690   -12.1    -8.6   -15.7   -19.5   -10.3   -17.6 
                                                                                                                                   
  Other goods and services.................  360.084   360.634   361.459   362.487     4.5     4.5     6.4     2.7     4.5     4.5 
   Tobacco and smoking products (1)........  599.180   599.823   600.293   602.533     9.3     2.5    15.2     2.3     5.8     8.6 
   Personal care...........................  199.599   199.951   200.567   201.043     2.2     5.6     2.0     2.9     3.9     2.5 
    Personal care products (1).............  159.237   159.345   159.730   159.914    -0.6     3.6    -0.9     1.7     1.5     0.4 
    Personal care services (1).............  223.994   224.464   224.910   225.800     4.0     5.1     1.6     3.3     4.6     2.4 
    Miscellaneous personal services........  341.783   343.214   345.068   344.743     4.6     6.0     4.0     3.5     5.3     3.8 
                                                                                                                                   
        Commodity and service group                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                   
 Commodities...............................  184.380   183.312   183.072   178.054    13.1     0.5    19.0   -13.0     6.6     1.7 
  Food and beverages.......................  214.883   216.195   217.401   218.005     4.5     6.1     8.2     5.9     5.3     7.1 
  Commodities less food and beverages......  166.283   164.264   163.433   156.243    18.2    -2.4    25.4   -22.1     7.4    -1.1 
   Nondurables less food and beverages.....  222.730   218.408   216.425   202.998    33.5     0.3    39.6   -31.0    15.7    -1.9 
    Apparel................................  118.892   120.050   120.102   118.614     5.6    -5.4     2.7    -0.9     0.0     0.9 
    Nondurables less food, beverages, and                                                                                          
        apparel............................  295.649   287.973   283.308   259.494    42.9     2.6    59.5   -40.7    21.1    -2.7 
   Durables................................  111.904   111.513   110.738   109.905     0.6    -1.8    -0.4    -7.0    -0.6    -3.7 
 Services..................................  252.098   252.502   252.363   252.575     3.4     4.0     6.3     0.8     3.7     3.5 
  Rent of shelter (4)......................  230.750   231.020   231.740   232.006     3.5     1.5     2.5     2.2     2.5     2.4 
  Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)   119.006   118.894   120.279   120.258     2.6     3.2     1.1     4.3     2.9     2.7 
  Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........  212.785   210.473   204.284   203.862     0.9    26.5    36.5   -15.7    13.0     7.3 
  Water and sewer and trash collection                                                                                             
      services (2).........................  152.020   154.174   154.652   156.289     6.6     3.7     6.2    11.7     5.2     8.9 
  Household operations (1) (2).............  151.290   152.083   152.850   152.612     4.4     8.4     8.0     3.5     6.4     5.8 
  Transportation services..................  244.333   246.033   246.228   245.773     4.5     3.5     8.8     2.4     4.0     5.5 
  Medical care services....................  386.607   387.963   389.352   389.891     5.4     1.7     3.4     3.4     3.5     3.4 
  Other services...........................  285.261   286.423   286.893   287.198     3.0     3.2     4.8     2.7     3.1     3.8 
                                                                                                                                   
              Special indexes                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                   
 All items less food.......................  215.430   214.752   214.323   211.186     8.2     1.7    12.5    -7.7     4.9     1.9 
 All items less shelter....................  209.123   208.500   208.034   204.359     9.5     2.7    16.1    -8.8     6.1     2.9 
 All items less medical care...............  209.190   208.771   208.547   205.889     7.8     2.5    12.5    -6.2     5.1     2.7 
 Commodities less food.....................  168.143   166.189   165.404   158.393    17.6    -2.2    24.5   -21.3     7.2    -1.0 
 Nondurables less food.....................  222.640   218.543   216.742   204.058    31.3     0.6    37.5   -29.4    14.9    -1.5 
 Nondurables less food and apparel.........  287.558   280.555   276.627   254.725    39.3     2.9    55.1   -38.4    19.8    -2.3 
 Nondurables...............................  220.363   218.559   218.036   211.430    17.4     3.9    23.7   -15.3    10.4     2.4 
 Services less rent of shelter (4).........  245.434   245.949   244.940   244.551     3.2     7.0    11.8    -1.4     5.1     5.0 
 Services less medical care services.......  242.231   242.706   242.484   242.544     3.1     4.1     6.9     0.5     3.6     3.7 
 Energy....................................  272.093   263.479   258.926   235.743    45.9     4.3    81.3   -43.7    23.4     1.1 
 All items less energy.....................  209.458   210.097   210.452   210.401     3.4     2.1     4.1     1.8     2.8     2.9 
  All items less food and energy...........  208.747   209.244   209.425   209.245     3.1     1.3     3.2     1.0     2.2     2.1 
   Commodities less food and energy                                                                                                
       commodities.........................  141.700   141.896   141.581   140.817     1.9    -0.7     1.7    -2.5     0.6    -0.4 
    Energy commodities.....................  340.121   325.564   322.124   277.981    82.6    -6.7   112.9   -55.4    30.5    -2.5 
   Services less energy services...........  256.168   256.890   257.459   257.744     3.7     2.2     3.8     2.5     3.0     3.1 

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.
   2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
   3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator.  All other item stratum index series were calculated using a
 geometric means estimator.
   4 Indexes on a December 1984=100 base
   5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
   6 Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
 NOTE:  Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.



 Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Selected areas, all items index 

 (1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                   All items                                      
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                       Indexes                 Percent change to Percent change to
                    CPI-W                      Pricing                                          Oct. 2008 from--   Sep. 2008 from-- 
                                              schedule                                                                            
                                                 (1)      July      Aug.      Sep.      Oct.                                      
                                                          2008      2008      2008      2008    Oct.  Aug.  Sep.  Sep.  July  Aug.
                                                                                                2007  2008  2008  2007  2008  2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                  
 U.S. city average...........................    M      216.304   215.247   214.935   212.182   3.8  -1.4  -1.3   5.4  -0.6  -0.1 
                                                                                                                                  
           Region and area size(2)                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
 Northeast urban.............................    M      231.488   230.790   229.949   227.762   4.4  -1.3  -1.0   5.7  -0.7  -0.4 
   Size A - More than 1,500,000..............    M      231.808   231.465   230.579   228.437   4.2  -1.3  -0.9   5.4  -0.5  -0.4 
   Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........    M      140.253   139.329   138.881   137.489   4.9  -1.3  -1.0   6.5  -1.0  -0.3 
                                                                                                                                  
 Midwest urban...............................    M      206.038   205.121   205.023   201.236   3.5  -1.9  -1.8   5.2  -0.5   0.0 
   Size A - More than 1,500,000..............    M      205.761   204.989   205.002   201.323   3.3  -1.8  -1.8   5.0  -0.4   0.0 
   Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........    M      135.037   134.236   134.215   131.699   3.8  -1.9  -1.9   5.6  -0.6   0.0 
   Size D -  Nonmetropolitan  (less than                                                                                          
       50,000)...............................    M      205.452   204.812   204.064   200.017   3.6  -2.3  -2.0   5.4  -0.7  -0.4 
                                                                                                                                  
 South urban.................................    M      211.438   210.362   210.572   207.312   4.0  -1.4  -1.5   5.9  -0.4   0.1 
   Size A - More than 1,500,000..............    M      214.379   213.439   213.579   210.663   3.8  -1.3  -1.4   5.5  -0.4   0.1 
   Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........    M      134.952   134.179   134.285   132.017   3.7  -1.6  -1.7   5.8  -0.5   0.1 
   Size D -  Nonmetropolitan  (less than                                                                                          
       50,000)...............................    M      216.901   216.031   216.762   213.696   6.3  -1.1  -1.4   7.7  -0.1   0.3 
                                                                                                                                  
 West urban..................................    M      219.248   217.854   217.028   215.499   3.5  -1.1  -0.7   4.8  -1.0  -0.4 
   Size A - More than 1,500,000..............    M      221.232   219.827   219.169   217.714   3.7  -1.0  -0.7   4.9  -0.9  -0.3 
   Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........    M      136.478   135.464   134.873   133.694   3.3  -1.3  -0.9   4.8  -1.2  -0.4 
                                                                                                                                  
                 Size classes                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                  
   A (4).....................................    M      200.009   199.187   198.842   196.590   3.8  -1.3  -1.1   5.2  -0.6  -0.2 
   B/C (3)...................................    M      135.986   135.138   135.003   133.026   3.8  -1.6  -1.5   5.7  -0.7  -0.1 
   D.........................................    M      211.929   211.233   210.844   208.028   4.4  -1.5  -1.3   5.8  -0.5  -0.2 
                                                                                                                                  
           Selected local areas(5)                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
 Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI..............    M      211.020   209.435   209.084   206.772   3.6  -1.3  -1.1   4.8  -0.9  -0.2 
 Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA.....    M      223.245   221.230   220.285   218.726   3.5  -1.1  -0.7   5.0  -1.3  -0.4 
 New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island,                                                                                              
     NY-NJ-CT-PA.............................    M      235.446   235.510   234.703   232.778   4.6  -1.2  -0.8   5.6  -0.3  -0.3 
                                                                                                                                  
 Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT.........    1      240.511         -   238.133         -     -     -     -   4.7  -1.0     - 
 Cleveland-Akron, OH.........................    1      198.063         -   197.260         -     -     -     -   5.0  -0.4     - 
 Dallas-Fort Worth, TX.......................    1      210.830         -   209.666         -     -     -     -   6.4  -0.6     - 
 Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV (6).......    1      141.622         -   141.679         -     -     -     -   5.5   0.0     - 
                                                                                                                                  
 Atlanta, GA.................................    2            -   211.113         -   205.236   2.3  -2.8     -     -     -     - 
 Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI.................    2            -   205.492         -   200.570   2.2  -2.4     -     -     -     - 
 Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX..............    2            -   193.206         -   190.600   3.9  -1.3     -     -     -     - 
 Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL...................    2            -   224.597         -   222.038   4.0  -1.1     -     -     -     - 
 Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City,                                                                                           
     PA-NJ-DE-MD.............................    2            -   228.212         -   225.069   3.2  -1.4     -     -     -     - 
 San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA..........    2            -   221.385         -   221.192   3.8  -0.1     -     -     -     - 
 Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA................    2            -   223.273         -   220.687   3.6  -1.2     -     -     -     - 

   1 Areas on pricing schedule 2 (see Table 10) will appear next month. 
   2 Regions defined as the four Census regions.  See technical notes.
   3 Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
   4 Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
   5 In addition, the following metropolitan areas are published semiannually and appear in Tables 34 and 39 of the January and
 July issues of the CPI Detailed Report: Anchorage, AK; Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN; Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO; Honolulu, HI;
 Kansas City, MO-KS; Milwaukee-Racine, WI; Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI; Phoenix-Mesa, AZ; Pittsburgh, PA; Portland-Salem, OR-WA;
 St. Louis, MO-IL; San Diego, CA; Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL.
   6 Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.
   - Data not available.
 NOTE:  Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.



 Table 7. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U): U.S. city average, by
 expenditure category and commodity and service group

 (December 1999=100, unless otherwise noted)
                                                                                                  
                                                                                                  
                                                                                    Unadjusted    
                                                 Relative       Unadjusted      percent change to 
                                               importance,       indexes         Oct. 2008 from-  
                    C-CPI-U                     December                                          
                                                2005-2006                                         
                                                              Sep.      Oct.      Oct.      Sep.  
                                                              2008      2008      2007      2008  
                                                                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                  
             Expenditure category                                                                 
                                                                                                  
 All items....................................    100.000   125.774   124.784       3.3      -0.8 
                                                                                                  
  Food and beverages..........................     14.726   127.824   128.468       5.9       0.5 
   Food.......................................     13.648   128.041   128.694       6.1       0.5 
    Food at home..............................      7.557   126.023   126.691       7.2       0.5 
    Food away from home.......................      6.091   130.741   131.377       4.7       0.5 
   Alcoholic beverages........................      1.077   125.484   126.005       3.7       0.4 
                                                                                                  
  Housing.....................................     42.421   129.521   129.104       3.0      -0.3 
   Shelter....................................     32.409   130.655   130.711       2.2       0.0 
   Fuels and utilities........................      5.004   168.047   162.945       9.8      -3.0 
   Household furnishings and operations.......      5.008    96.455    96.520       1.2       0.1 
                                                                                                  
  Apparel.....................................      3.988    89.952    90.870       0.1       1.0 
                                                                                                  
  Transportation..............................     17.393   133.713   127.716       3.6      -4.5 
   Private transportation.....................     16.285   134.260   128.137       3.3      -4.6 
   Public transportation......................      1.108   128.320   123.975       8.4      -3.4 
                                                                                                  
  Medical care................................      6.085   142.011   142.298       2.7       0.2 
   Medical care commodities...................      1.615   125.116   125.280       1.2       0.1 
   Medical care services......................      4.470   148.349   148.686       3.2       0.2 
                                                                                                  
  Recreation..................................      5.935   106.174   106.180       1.1       0.0 
                                                                                                  
  Education and communication.................      6.196   109.058   109.190       2.7       0.1 
   Education..................................      2.771   172.330   172.818       5.8       0.3 
   Communication..............................      3.425    74.072    74.066       0.3       0.0 
                                                                                                  
  Other goods and services....................      3.257   129.384   129.805       3.9       0.3 
                                                                                                  
          Commodity and service group                                                             
                                                                                                  
 Services.....................................     58.427   133.734   133.507       3.4      -0.2 
 Commodities..................................     41.573   115.828   113.919       3.1      -1.6 
  Durables....................................     11.817    82.250    81.889      -2.7      -0.4 
 Nondurables..................................     29.756   133.796   130.954       5.5      -2.1 
  All items less food and energy..............     77.561   117.985   118.058       1.9       0.1 
 Energy.......................................      8.790   218.818   197.346      11.4      -9.8 

 Indexes for 2008 are initial estimates.  Indexes for 2007 are interim adjustments.
 NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Last Modified Date: November 19, 2008
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