Economic News Release

Worker Displacement News Release


Technical information:  (202) 691-6378     USDL 08-1183
               http://www.bls.gov/cps/

                                           For release:  10:00 A.M. (EDT)
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902     Wednesday, August 20, 2008


                    WORKER DISPLACEMENT, 2005-2007

   From January 2005 through December 2007, 3.6 million workers were dis-
placed from jobs they had held for at least 3 years, the Bureau of Labor
Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor reported today.  The number of
displaced workers was about the same as the level (3.8 million) recorded
in the previous survey that covered the period from January 2003 to December
2005. (The Worker Displacement 2003-2005 news release is available online at
http://www.bls.gov/news.release/archives/disp_08172006.pdf.)

   Since 1984, the Employment and Training Administration of the U.S. Depart-
ment of Labor has sponsored surveys that collect information on workers who
were displaced from their jobs.  These surveys have been conducted biennially
as supplements to the Current Population Survey (CPS), a monthly survey of
households that is the primary source of information on the nation's labor
force.

   Displaced workers are defined as persons 20 years of age and older who
lost or left jobs because their plant or company closed or moved, there was
insufficient work for them to do, or their position or shift was abolished.
The period covered in this study was 2005-07, the 3 calendar years prior to
the January 2008 survey date.  The following analysis focuses primarily on
the 3.6 million persons who had worked for their employer for 3 or more years
at the time of displacement (referred to as long-tenured).  An additional 4.6
million persons were displaced from jobs they had held for less than 3 years
(referred to as short-tenured).  Combining the short- and long-tenured groups,
the number of displaced workers totaled 8.3 million from 2005-07, about un-
changed from the period covered by the prior survey (2003-05).

   Results from the January 2008 survey included the following
highlights:

     --Two-thirds of long-tenured displaced workers were reemployed at
       the time of the survey, down from the prior survey.

     --About 45 percent of long-tenured displaced workers cited plant or
       company closings or moves as the reason for their displacement.

     --Forty-three percent of displaced workers who had worked for their
       employer for 3 or more years had received written advance notifica-
       tion that their jobs would be terminated.

     --Nearly 1 in 4 long-tenured displaced workers lost a job in
       manufacturing.

     --Fifty-five percent of long-tenured workers who were displaced
       from full-time wage and salary jobs and who were reemployed in such
       jobs had earnings that were as much or more than those on the lost
       job.  One-quarter, however, experienced earnings losses of 20 percent
       or more.

Characteristics of the Reemployed

   Sixty-seven percent of the 3.6 million long-tenured displaced workers 
were reemployed when surveyed in January 2008, down from the proportion in
the January 2006 survey--70 percent.  The proportion unemployed at the time
of the most recent survey, 18 percent, was higher than the proportion found
in January 2006 (13 percent).  Fifteen percent of long-tenured displaced
workers were not in the labor force in January 2008.  (See table 1.)


                                   - 2 -


   Reemployment rates for workers ages 20 to 24 and 25 to 54 were 68 and 73
percent, respectively.  Reemployment rates for older workers--ages 55 to 64
and 65 years and over--were 61 and 18 percent, respectively.  Among those age
65 years and over, 69 percent were no longer in the labor force when surveyed.

   Among the displaced, men were more likely than women to have found a new
job at the time of the survey in January 2008.  The reemployment rate for men
(70 percent) declined from the prior survey and the rate for women (64 percent)
was little changed.  However, displaced men and women had a similar likelihood
of being unemployed; 19 and 17 percent, respectively.  The share of displaced
women who had left the labor force, about 20 percent, was nearly twice that for
men--11 percent.

   In January 2008, the reemployment rates for long-tenured displaced whites (68
percent) and Asians (67 percent) were little changed from the rates recorded in
the January 2006 survey, while the rate for blacks (59 percent) declined. The re-
employment rate for Hispanics edged up to 68 percent in January 2008.

Reason for Job Loss and Receipt of Advance Notice

   Of the 3.6 million long-tenured workers displaced during the January 2005
through December 2007 period, 45 percent lost or left their jobs due to plant
or company closings or moves, 31 percent reported that their position or shift
was abolished, and 24 percent cited insufficient work as the reason for being
displaced.  (See table 2.)  The proportion of displaced workers citing plant
closings or moves decreased from the prior survey and the share reporting insuf-
ficient work or an abolished shift or position was about unchanged.

   More than 4 in 10 long-tenured displaced workers in the January 2008 survey
had received written advance notice that their jobs would be terminated, similar
to the proportion in the prior survey.  Workers who lost jobs due to plant or
company closings or moves were most likely to receive written advance notice.  Of
this group, 54 percent received such notice.  In contrast, 39 percent of workers
who were displaced because their position or shift was abolished and 29 percent
of those who lost jobs due to insufficient work were notified in advance.  For
each of these groups, however, receipt of written advance notice had little impact
on the likelihood of being reemployed at the time of the survey in January 2008.
(See table 3.)

Industry and Occupation

   As was the case in prior surveys, manufacturing accounted for a disproportion-
ately large share of displaced workers.  During the 2005-07 period, 876,000 fac-
tory workers were displaced from their jobs--24 percent of all long-tenured dis-
placed workers.  Manufacturing displacements were again concentrated within the
durable goods component (566,000), particularly in transportation equipment and
in computers and electronic products.  Workers in financial activities (387,000)
made up about 11 percent of all long-tenured displaced.  (See table 4.)

   The reemployment rates for workers displaced from construction (65 percent),fi-
nancial activities (65 percent), and manufacturing (64 percent) were about the same
as the overall reemployment rate for displaced workers (67 percent).  (Workers were
not necessarily reemployed in the same industries from which they were displaced.) 
By comparison, reemployment rates for workers displaced from jobs in education and
health services (75 percent), professional and business services (74 percent), and
transportation and utilities (73 percent) were above the overall reemployment rate.

   In the January 2008 survey, workers displaced from managerial, professional, and
related occupations accounted for 32 percent of all long-tenured displaced workers.
Sales and office occupations comprised about 27 percent of the long-tenured worker
displacements.  Workers in production, transportation, and material moving jobs made
up about one-fifth of the long-tenured displaced.  (See table 5.)


                                 - 3 -


Geographic Divisions

   Compared to the prior survey period, the number of long-tenured workers displaced
during 2005-07 was lower in the East South Central and higher in the Middle Atlantic
geographic divisions of the United States.  In January 2008, those residing in the
Mountain and New England divisions had the highest reemployment rates; about three-
quarters of the displaced in each of these divisions were reemployed at the time of
the survey.  About one-quarter of displaced manufacturing workers lived in the East
North Central division.  (See table 6.)

Earnings

   Of the 2.2 million reemployed displaced workers who lost full-time wage and salary
jobs during the 2005-07 period, 1.7 million had found new full-time wage and salary
jobs by January 2008.  Of these reemployed full-time workers who reported earnings
on their lost job, 55 percent were earning as much or more than they did prior to
displacement; the proportion was 51 percent in the January 2006 survey.  In the most
recent survey, 25 percent reported earnings losses of 20 percent or more, down from
29 percent in the previous survey.  (See table 7.)

Total Displaced Workers (With No Tenure Restriction)

   The total number of workers displaced between January 2005 and December 2007 (re-
gardless of how long they had held their jobs) was 8.3 million, little different from
the total number in the previous survey period.  Of the total number of workers who
lost jobs over the 2005-07 period, 67 percent had found new jobs and 19 percent were
unemployed in January 2008.  In the January 2006 survey, 68 percent of the total dis-
placed were reemployed and 16 percent were unemployed.  (See table 8.)

   In January 2008, short-tenured displaced workers were somewhat more likely than
their long-tenured counterparts to be young and to have lost jobs in construction and
in professional and business services.





    ----------------------------------------------------------------------
   |                                                                      |
   |                     Imputed Data for Older Veterans                  |
   |                                                                      |
   |   Due to a programming error in the January 2008 survey instrument,  |
   |displacement information was not obtained from respondents who were   |
   |veterans age 65 and over.  Missing data for these individuals were    |
   |imputed using information collected from respondents who were veterans|
   |age 65 and over in the January 2006 Displaced Worker Supplement.  This|
   |imputation had minimal effect on the overall estimates because older  |
   |veterans make up a relatively small share of the displaced and because|
   |of the similar employment characteristics of veterans age 65 and over |
   |in January 2006 and January 2008.                                     |
   |                                                                      |
    ----------------------------------------------------------------------







                                   - 4 -


Technical Note


   The data presented in this release were collected through a supplement
to the January 2008 Current Population Survey (CPS), the monthly survey of
about 60,000 households that provides the basic data on employment and un-
employment for the nation.  The CPS is conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau
for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).  The purpose of this supplement
was to obtain information on the number and characteristics of persons who
had been displaced (as defined below) from their jobs over the prior 3 calen-
dar years.

   Data presented in this release are based on Census 2000 population con-
trols that are updated annually in January.  For additional information,
see "Population control adjustments to the CPS" available on the Internet at
http://www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#pop.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired in-
dividuals upon request.  Voice phone:  (202)691-5200; TDD message referral
phone number:  1-800-877-8339.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the CPS are subject to both sampling and nonsampling
error.  When a sample, rather than the entire population, is surveyed, there
is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true" population
values they represent.  The exact difference, or sampling error, varies de-
pending on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured
by the standard error of the estimate.  There is about a 90-percent chance,
or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no
more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population value because of
sampling error.  BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level
of confidence.

   The CPS data also are affected by nonsampling error.  Nonsampling error can
occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the pop-
ulation, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample, in-
ability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information, and
errors made in the collection or processing of the data.

   For a full discussion of the reliability of data from the CPS and informa-
tion on estimating standard errors, see "Reliability of estimates from the CPS"
available online at:  http://www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#reliability.

Concepts

   The first question asked of survey respondents to the CPS supplement was,
"During the last 3 calendar years, that is, January 2005 through December 2007,
did (you/name) lose a job or leave one because:  (your/his/her) plant or com-
pany closed or moved, (your/his/her) position or shift was abolished, there was
insufficient work, or another similar reason?"  If the answer to that question
was "yes," then the respondent was asked to identify which reason, among the fol-
lowing, best described the reason for the job loss:

   Plant or company closed down or moved
   Plant or company operating but lost or left job because of:
     Insufficient work
     Position or shift abolished
     Seasonal job completed
   Self-operated business failed
   Some other reason


                                   - 5 -


   Respondents who provided one of the first three reasons--plant or company closed
or moved, insufficient work, or position or shift abolished--were then asked ques-
tions about the lost job, including how many years it had been held; the year the
job was lost; its earnings, industry, and occupation; and whether health insurance
had been provided.  Other questions were asked to determine what transpired before
and after the job loss, such as:  Was the respondent notified of the upcoming dis-
missal?  How long did he/she go without work?  Did he/she receive unemployment ben-
efits?  And, if so, were the benefits used up?  Did the person move to another lo-
cation after the job loss to take or look for another job?  Information also was
collected about current health insurance coverage (other than Medicare and Medicaid)
and current earnings for those employed in January 2008.







     Table 1.  Displaced workers (1) by age, sex, race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, and employment status in
     January 2008
                                                                                                              
                                                                                                              
                                                              Percent distribution by employment status       
        Age, sex, race, and Hispanic         Total                                                            
             or Latino ethnicity          (thousands)                                                         
                                                           Total        Employed     Unemployed    Not in the 
                                                                                                  labor force 
                                                                                                              
                                                                                                              
                    TOTAL                                                                                     
                                                                                                              
         Total, 20 years and over.......      3,641        100.0          67.1          18.0          15.0    
     20 to 24 years.....................        127        100.0          67.5          22.8           9.7    
     25 to 54 years.....................      2,602        100.0          72.6          17.4          10.0    
     55 to 64 years.....................        708        100.0          60.8          20.7          18.5    
     65 years and over..................        204        100.0          18.4          12.6          69.0    
                                                                                                              
                     Men                                                                                      
                                                                                                              
         Total, 20 years and over.......      2,024        100.0          69.9          18.8          11.2    
     20 to 24 years.....................         75        100.0          66.4          22.5          11.1    
     25 to 54 years.....................      1,490        100.0          74.4          19.1           6.5    
     55 to 64 years.....................        356        100.0          68.0          17.9          14.0    
     65 years and over..................        103        100.0          14.4          15.4          70.2    
                                                                                                              
                    Women                                                                                     
                                                                                                              
         Total, 20 years and over.......      1,617        100.0          63.5          16.9          19.6    
     20 to 24 years.....................         53        100.0          (2)           (2)           (2)     
     25 to 54 years.....................      1,112        100.0          70.1          15.1          14.8    
     55 to 64 years.....................        352        100.0          53.4          23.6          23.0    
     65 years and over..................        101        100.0          22.4           9.8          67.8    
                                                                                                              
                    White                                                                                     
                                                                                                              
         Total, 20 years and over.......      3,032        100.0          67.9          16.8          15.3    
     Men................................      1,684        100.0          70.8          18.2          11.0    
     Women..............................      1,348        100.0          64.4          14.9          20.7    
                                                                                                              
          Black or African American                                                                           
                                                                                                              
         Total, 20 years and over.......        408        100.0          58.6          28.2          13.3    
     Men................................        221        100.0          60.5          25.7          13.8    
     Women..............................        187        100.0          56.3          31.1          12.6    
                                                                                                              
                    Asian                                                                                     
                                                                                                              
         Total, 20 years and over.......        122        100.0          67.3          11.7          21.0    
     Men................................         65        100.0          (2)           (2)           (2)     
     Women..............................         57        100.0          (2)           (2)           (2)     
                                                                                                              
        Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                          
                                                                                                              
         Total, 20 years and over.......        423        100.0          68.4          17.4          14.1    
     Men................................        270        100.0          70.1          23.4           6.6    
     Women..............................        153        100.0          65.5           6.9          27.6    
     
        1 Data refer to persons who had 3 or more years of tenure on a job they had lost or left between
     January 2005 and December 2007 because of plant or company closings or moves, insufficient work, or the
     abolishment of their positions or shifts.
        2 Data not shown where base is less than 75,000.
        NOTE:  Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to
     totals because data are not presented for all races.  Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic
     or Latino may be of any race.
     
     
     
     
     
     


     Table 2.  Displaced workers (1) by age, sex, race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, and reason for job loss,
     January 2008
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                       Percent distribution by reason for job loss     
                                                                                                                       
             Age, sex, race, and Hispanic             Total                                                            
                 or Latino ethnicity               (thousands)                   Plant or                  Position or 
                                                                    Total        company     Insufficient     shift    
                                                                               closed down       work       abolished  
                                                                                 or moved                              
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                        TOTAL                                                                                          
                                                                                                                       
         Total, 20 years and over................      3,641        100.0          45.3          23.9          30.8    
     20 to 24 years..............................        127        100.0          42.4          39.8          17.7    
     25 to 54 years..............................      2,602        100.0          44.8          25.2          30.0    
     55 to 64 years..............................        708        100.0          45.7          17.6          36.7    
     65 years and over...........................        204        100.0          52.2          19.2          28.5    
                                                                                                                       
                         Men                                                                                           
                                                                                                                       
         Total, 20 years and over................      2,024        100.0          43.6          27.9          28.5    
     20 to 24 years..............................         75        100.0          34.2          52.6          13.2    
     25 to 54 years..............................      1,490        100.0          42.0          29.1          28.9    
     55 to 64 years..............................        356        100.0          49.7          18.7          31.6    
     65 years and over...........................        103        100.0          52.3          24.3          23.4    
                                                                                                                       
                        Women                                                                                          
                                                                                                                       
         Total, 20 years and over................      1,617        100.0          47.4          19.0          33.6    
     20 to 24 years..............................         53        100.0          (2)           (2)           (2)     
     25 to 54 years..............................      1,112        100.0          48.5          20.1          31.4    
     55 to 64 years..............................        352        100.0          41.6          16.5          41.9    
     65 years and over...........................        101        100.0          52.2          14.1          33.8    
                                                                                                                       
                        White                                                                                          
                                                                                                                       
         Total, 20 years and over................      3,032        100.0          45.4          23.5          31.1    
     Men.........................................      1,684        100.0          43.5          27.8          28.7    
     Women.......................................      1,348        100.0          47.9          18.1          34.1    
                                                                                                                       
              Black or African American                                                                                
                                                                                                                       
         Total, 20 years and over................        408        100.0          46.6          26.9          26.4    
     Men.........................................        221        100.0          41.8          31.0          27.2    
     Women.......................................        187        100.0          52.4          22.1          25.5    
                                                                                                                       
                        Asian                                                                                          
                                                                                                                       
         Total, 20 years and over................        122        100.0          44.7          15.7          39.5    
     Men.........................................         65        100.0          (2)           (2)           (2)     
     Women.......................................         57        100.0          (2)           (2)           (2)     
                                                                                                                       
             Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                              
                                                                                                                       
         Total, 20 years and over................        423        100.0          43.5          39.5          17.0    
     Men.........................................        270        100.0          41.0          47.5          11.5    
     Women.......................................        153        100.0          47.9          25.4          26.6    
     
        1 Data refer to persons who had 3 or more years of tenure on a job they had lost or left between January 2005
     and December 2007 because of plant or company closings or moves, insufficient work, or the abolishment of their
     positions or shifts.
        2 Data not shown where base is less than 75,000.
        NOTE:  Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals
     because data are not presented for all races.  Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be
     of any race.
     
     
     
     
     
     


     Table 3.  Displaced workers (1) by whether they received written advance notice, reason for job loss, and employment
     status in January 2008
                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                          
                                                                              Percent distribution by employment status   
                                                                  Total                                                   
                          Characteristic                       (thousands)                                                
                                                                              Total      Employed   Unemployed  Not in the
                                                                                                               labor force
                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                          
                               TOTAL                                                                                      
                                                                                                                          
         Total, 20 years and over (2).........................     3,641      100.0        67.1        18.0        15.0   
     Received written advance notice..........................     1,581      100.0        68.8        17.2        14.0   
     Did not receive written advance notice...................     2,009      100.0        65.8        18.6        15.6   
                                                                                                                          
               Plant or company closed down or moved                                                                      
                                                                                                                          
         Total, 20 years and over (2).........................     1,648      100.0        70.0        13.5        16.5   
     Received written advance notice..........................       892      100.0        71.2        13.1        15.6   
     Did not receive written advance notice...................       740      100.0        68.2        14.2        17.6   
                                                                                                                          
                         Insufficient work                                                                                
                                                                                                                          
         Total, 20 years and over (2).........................       871      100.0        59.7        27.8        12.5   
     Received written advance notice..........................       252      100.0        56.0        29.1        15.0   
     Did not receive written advance notice...................       610      100.0        61.4        26.9        11.7   
                                                                                                                          
                    Position or shift abolished                                                                           
                                                                                                                          
         Total, 20 years and over (2).........................     1,121      100.0        68.6        16.9        14.5   
     Received written advance notice..........................       437      100.0        71.2        18.6        10.2   
     Did not receive written advance notice...................       658      100.0        67.0        16.0        17.0   
     
        1 Data refer to persons who had 3 or more years of tenure on a job they had lost or left between January 2005 and
     December 2007 because of plant or company closings or moves, insufficient work, or the abolishment of their positions
     or shifts.
        2 Includes a small number who did not report information on advance notice.
     
     
     
     
     
     


     Table 4.  Displaced workers (1) by industry and class of worker of lost job and employment status in January 2008
                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                          
                                                                              Percent distribution by employment status   
                                                                  Total                                                   
             Industry and class of worker of lost job          (thousands)                                                
                                                                              Total      Employed   Unemployed  Not in the
                                                                                                               labor force
                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                          
          Total, 20 years and over (2)........................     3,641      100.0        67.1        18.0        15.0   
     Agriculture and related industries wage and salary                                                                   
      workers.................................................        19      100.0        (3)         (3)         (3)    
     Nonagricultural industries wage and salary workers.......     3,595      100.0        67.2        18.0        14.9   
                                                                                                                          
       Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers........     3,484      100.0        66.9        18.1        15.0   
             Mining...........................................         9      100.0        (3)         (3)         (3)    
             Construction.....................................       284      100.0        64.8        28.6         6.5   
             Manufacturing....................................       876      100.0        64.3        18.2        17.4   
                  Durable goods manufacturing ................       566      100.0        65.5        16.6        17.8   
                      Primary metals and fabricated metal                                                                 
                       products...............................        57      100.0        (3)         (3)         (3)    
                      Machinery manufacturing.................        61      100.0        (3)         (3)         (3)    
                      Computers and electronic products.......       107      100.0        66.7        12.6        20.7   
                      Electrical equipment and appliances.....        25      100.0        (3)         (3)         (3)    
                      Transportation equipment................       134      100.0        64.9        19.0        16.1   
                      Miscellaneous manufacturing.............        77      100.0        63.3        13.5        23.2   
                      Other durable goods industries..........       104      100.0        69.9         9.9        20.2   
                  Nondurable goods manufacturing .............       310      100.0        62.2        21.1        16.7   
                      Food manufacturing......................        32      100.0        (3)         (3)         (3)    
                      Textiles, apparel, and leather..........        74      100.0        (3)         (3)         (3)    
                      Paper and printing......................        91      100.0        63.8        26.9         9.3   
                      Other nondurable goods industries.......       113      100.0        68.3        14.9        16.8   
             Wholesale and retail trade.......................       545      100.0        61.1        19.7        19.3   
                  Wholesale trade.............................       134      100.0        66.1        12.9        21.0   
                  Retail trade................................       411      100.0        59.4        21.9        18.7   
             Transportation and utilities (4).................       157      100.0        72.9        11.6        15.5   
                  Transportation and warehousing..............       131      100.0        70.9        12.9        16.2   
             Information (4)..................................       177      100.0        69.9        21.4         8.7   
                  Telecommunications..........................        72      100.0        (3)         (3)         (3)    
             Financial activities.............................       387      100.0        65.2        22.4        12.4   
                  Finance and insurance.......................       313      100.0        63.2        25.2        11.6   
                      Finance.................................       228      100.0        60.4        29.8         9.8   
                      Insurance...............................        86      100.0        70.6        13.0        16.4   
                  Real estate and rental and leasing..........        73      100.0        (3)         (3)         (3)    
             Professional and business services...............       309      100.0        73.7        14.4        11.9   
                  Professional and technical services.........       198      100.0        69.3        15.9        14.7   
                  Management, administrative, and waste                                                                   
                   services...................................       112      100.0        81.5        11.6         6.9   
             Education and health services....................       306      100.0        74.5         8.1        17.4   
                  Educational services........................        54      100.0        (3)         (3)         (3)    
                  Health care and social assistance (4).......       252      100.0        73.6         7.7        18.8   
                      Hospitals...............................        64      100.0        (3)         (3)         (3)    
                      Health services, except hospitals.......       157      100.0        77.3        10.1        12.6   
             Leisure and hospitality (4)......................       251      100.0        68.4        18.0        13.6   
                  Accommodation and food services (4).........       215      100.0        70.4        16.9        12.7   
                      Food services and drinking places.......       169      100.0        74.3        13.6        12.1   
             Other services...................................       180      100.0        72.6        11.0        16.3   
                                                                                                                          
       Government workers.....................................       111      100.0        74.9        13.3        11.7   
       
        1 Data refer to persons who had 3 or more years of tenure on a job they had lost or left between January 2005 and
     December 2007 because of plant or company closings or moves, insufficient work, or the abolishment of their positions
     or shifts.
        2 Total includes a small number of unpaid family workers and persons who did not report industry or class of
     worker.
        3 Data not shown where base is less than 75,000.
        4 Includes other industries, not shown separately.
     
     
     
     
     
     


     Table 5.  Displaced workers (1) by occupation of lost job and employment status in January 2008
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                                       Percent distribution by employment status   
                                                           Total                                                   
                   Occupation of lost job               (thousands)                                                
                                                                       Total      Employed   Unemployed  Not in the
                                                                                                        labor force
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
          Total, 20 years and over (2)..................     3,641      100.0        67.1        18.0        15.0  
                                                                                                                   
      Management, professional, and related occupations.     1,147      100.0        68.6        19.1        12.2  
        Management, business, and financial operations                                                             
         occupations....................................       605      100.0        64.2        23.1        12.7  
        Professional and related occupations............       542      100.0        73.5        14.7        11.7  
                                                                                                                   
      Service occupations...............................       319      100.0        70.1        12.6        17.3  
                                                                                                                   
      Sales and office occupations......................       987      100.0        65.0        16.1        18.8  
        Sales and related occupations...................       413      100.0        68.6        13.8        17.6  
        Office and administrative support occupations...       574      100.0        62.5        17.8        19.7  
                                                                                                                   
      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance                                                             
       occupations......................................       415      100.0        69.1        21.2         9.6  
        Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations......        21      100.0        (3)         (3)         (3)   
        Construction and extraction occupations.........       218      100.0        63.3        31.7         5.0  
        Installation, maintenance, and repair                                                                      
         occupations....................................       176      100.0        75.1        10.0        14.9  
                                                                                                                   
      Production, transportation, and material moving                                                              
       occupations......................................       746      100.0        65.1        18.8        16.1  
        Production occupations..........................       536      100.0        64.5        20.0        15.4  
        Transportation and material moving occupations..       210      100.0        66.5        15.6        17.8  
     
        1 Data refer to persons who had 3 or more years of tenure on a job they had lost or left between January
     2005 and December 2007 because of plant or company closings or moves, insufficient work, or the abolishment of
     their positions or shifts.
        2 Total includes a small number who did not report occupation.
        3 Data not shown where base is less than 75,000.
     
     
     
     
     
     


     Table 6.  Displaced workers (1) by selected characteristics and area of residence in January 2008
     
     (In thousands)
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                     New    Middle   East    West    South    East    West                  
                Characteristic              Total  England Atlantic  North   North  Atlantic  South   South Mountain Pacific
                                                                    Central Central          Central Central                
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
            Workers who lost jobs                                                                                           
                                                                                                                            
         Total, 20 years and over.........   3,641      184     519     775     301     613     168     304      213     564
     Men..................................   2,024      107     257     445     153     354     101     174      145     288
     Women................................   1,617       76     262     330     148     259      68     130       68     276
                                                                                                                            
             Reason for job loss                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
     Plant or company closed down or                                                                                        
      moved...............................   1,648       84     267     347     138     294      73     103       83     262
     Insufficient work....................     871       46     114     157      55     130      49      75       78     167
     Position or shift abolished..........   1,121       53     138     272     108     189      47     127       52     135
                                                                                                                            
     Industry and class of worker of lost                                                                                   
                   job (2)                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                            
     Agriculture and related industries                                                                                     
      wage and salary workers.............      19        2      -        4       3       2      -        6        1       3
     Nonagricultural industries wage and                                                                                    
      salary workers......................   3,595      178     519     762     296     605     168     298      212     557
                                                                                                                            
       Private nonagricultural wage and                                                                                     
        salary workers....................   3,484      175     512     735     285     587     163     285      206     536
             Mining.......................       9       -       -        6      -       -       -        3       -       - 
             Construction.................     284        7      32      45      23      41       4      28       26      78
             Manufacturing................     876       48      96     232      88     132      58      60       50     111
                  Durable goods...........     566       23      54     158      60      76      41      42       38      73
                  Nondurable goods........     310       25      41      73      28      56      18      18       12      38
             Wholesale and retail trade...     545       23      78     113      58      98      25      54       31      63
             Transportation and utilities.     157        6      22      49       5      28      11       7        4      26
             Information..................     177       11      40      28      16      43       7       7        6      19
             Financial activities.........     387       22      84      55      34      55      17      22       25      73
             Professional and business                                                                                      
              services....................     309       13      55      57      19      56       2      24       33      49
             Education and health                                                                                           
              services....................     306       14      44      59      26      58      13      36        5      52
             Leisure and hospitality......     251       23      37      50       7      49      15      20       15      34
             Other services...............     180        7      24      41      10      28      10      18       11      31
                                                                                                                            
       Government workers.................     111        3       6      27      11      17       6      14        6      21
                                                                                                                            
              Employment status                                                                                             
               in January 2008                                                                                              
                                                                                                                            
     Employed.............................   2,442      135     300     512     214     436     120     211      163     351
     Unemployed...........................     654       30     117     165      51     102      17      41       32      99
     Not in the labor force...............     545       19     101      99      36      75      31      52       18     114
     
        1 Data refer to persons who had 3 or more years of tenure on a job they had lost or left between January 2005 and
     December 2007 because of plant or company closings or moves, insufficient work, or the abolishment of their positions
     or shifts.
        2 Total includes a small number of unpaid family workers and persons who did not report industry or class of worker.
        NOTE:  Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont compose the New England Division;
     New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania compose the Middle Atlantic Division; Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and
     Wisconsin compose the East North Central Division; Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South
     Dakota compose the West North Central Division; Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North
     Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia compose the South Atlantic Division; Alabama, Kentucky,
     Mississippi, and Tennessee compose the East South Central Division; Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas compose
     the West South Central Division; Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming compose the
     Mountain Division; Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington compose the Pacific Division.  Dash represents or
     rounds to zero.
     
     
     
     
     
     


     Table 7.  Displaced workers (1) who lost full-time wage and salary jobs and were reemployed in January 2008 by
     industry of lost job and characteristics of new job
     
     (In thousands)
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                           
                                                                          Reemployed in January 2008                       
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                           
                                                                          Wage and salary workers                          
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                     Full time                             
                                                                                                                    Self-  
       Industry and class of worker of lost job                                                                    employed
                                                   Total                   Earnings relative to those of lost job    and   
                                                            Part                                                    unpaid 
                                                            time                                                    family 
                                                                   Total      20      Below,   Equal or     20     workers 
                                                                    (2)    percent     but      above,   percent           
                                                                           or more  within 20    but     or more           
                                                                            below    percent  within 20   above            
                                                                                               percent                     
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                           
         Total who lost full-time wage and salary                                                                          
          jobs (3)...............................   2,183     235   1,725      362       283       488       306       224 
     Agriculture and related industries wage and                                                                           
      salary workers.............................       9      -        5        1        -          2         3         4 
     Nonagricultural industries wage and salary                                                                            
      workers....................................   2,170     235   1,716      361       279       486       303       220 
                                                                                                                           
       Private nonagricultural wage and salary                                                                             
        workers..................................   2,106     220   1,670      351       277       474       296       216 
             Mining..............................       3      -        3       -         -         -          3        -  
             Construction........................     171      23     128       22        13        66        10        19 
             Manufacturing.......................     548      48     443      110        71       122        68        57 
                  Durable goods..................     364      29     286       71        50        76        43        48 
                  Nondurable goods...............     184      19     157       40        21        46        25         8 
             Wholesale and retail trade..........     288      26     231       42        44        65        46        31 
             Transportation and utilities........     103       3      89       33        13        22        13        12 
             Information.........................     116       3     103       23        17        26        15        10 
             Financial activities................     234      20     196       40        38        47        23        17 
             Professional and business services..     208      35     143       13        40        36        26        30 
             Education and health services.......     192      35     143       30        24        53        21        13 
             Leisure and hospitality.............     130      20      95       15         5        18        35        15 
             Other services......................     113       6      96       23        11        18        35        11 
                                                                                                                           
       Government workers........................      64      14      46       10         2        12         7         4 
     
        1 Data refer to persons who had 3 or more years of tenure on a job they had lost or left between January 2005 and
     December 2007 because of plant or company closings or moves, insufficient work, or the abolishment of their positions
     or shifts.
        2 Includes about 286,000 persons who did not report earnings on lost job.
        3 Includes a small number who did not report industry.
        NOTE:  Dash represents or rounds to zero.
     
     
     
     
     
     


     Table 8.  Total displaced workers (1) by selected characteristics and employment status in January 2008
                                                                                                              
                                                                                                              
                                                                     Percent distribution by employment status
                                                           Total                                              
                       Characteristic                   (thousands)                                           
                                                                      Total  Employed  Unemployed   Not in the
                                                                                                   labor force
                                                                                                              
                                                                                                              
                   Workers who lost jobs                                                                      
                                                                                                              
         Total, 20 years and over......................     8,250     100.0     66.6       19.2        14.2   
     20 to 24 years....................................       956     100.0     69.9       16.8        13.3   
     25 to 54 years....................................     5,893     100.0     69.7       19.3        11.0   
     55 to 64 years....................................     1,117     100.0     59.2       22.1        18.6   
     65 years and over.................................       285     100.0     18.8       14.5        66.7   
                                                                                                              
         Men...........................................     4,720     100.0     69.4       20.4        10.2   
     20 to 24 years....................................       600     100.0     72.4       20.1         7.5   
     25 to 54 years....................................     3,398     100.0     72.2       20.6         7.2   
     55 to 64 years....................................       582     100.0     62.7       20.1        17.1   
     65 years and over.................................       140     100.0     17.5       16.9        65.6   
                                                                                                              
         Women.........................................     3,531     100.0     62.7       17.6        19.7   
     20 to 24 years....................................       356     100.0     65.6       11.3        23.2   
     25 to 54 years....................................     2,495     100.0     66.4       17.4        16.2   
     55 to 64 years....................................       534     100.0     55.5       24.3        20.3   
     65 years and over.................................       145     100.0     20.1       12.2        67.8   
                                                                                                              
     White.............................................     6,510     100.0     68.0       17.6        14.3   
     Black or African American.........................     1,183     100.0     58.4       28.1        13.5   
     Asian.............................................       285     100.0     62.9       14.4        22.7   
     Hispanic or Latino ethnicity......................     1,257     100.0     67.0       19.6        13.4   
                                                                                                              
                    Reason for job loss                                                                       
                                                                                                              
     Plant or company closed down or moved.............     3,064     100.0     69.4       14.9        15.7   
     Insufficient work.................................     3,028     100.0     61.5       25.1        13.4   
     Position or shift abolished.......................     2,158     100.0     69.7       17.0        13.4   
                                                                                                              
                 Occupation of lost job (2)                                                                   
                                                                                                              
      Management, professional, and related occupations     2,156     100.0     72.1       17.6        10.4   
        Management, business, and financial operations                                                        
         occupations...................................     1,026     100.0     69.2       20.4        10.4   
        Professional and related occupations...........     1,130     100.0     74.7       15.0        10.3   
      Service occupations..............................       905     100.0     61.9       18.7        19.4   
      Sales and office occupations.....................     2,107     100.0     66.1       16.1        17.8   
        Sales and related occupations..................       885     100.0     69.8       15.1        15.2   
        Office and administrative support occupations..     1,221     100.0     63.4       16.9        19.7   
      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance                                                        
       occupations.....................................     1,291     100.0     68.7       22.6         8.8   
        Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations.....        40     100.0     (3)        (3)         (3)    
        Construction and extraction occupations........       840     100.0     65.3       26.2         8.6   
        Installation, maintenance, and repair                                                                 
         occupations...................................       412     100.0     73.9       16.8         9.3   
      Production, transportation, and material moving                                                         
       occupations.....................................     1,552     100.0     62.3       22.1        15.6   
        Production occupations.........................       950     100.0     63.3       22.5        14.2   
        Transportation and material moving occupations        603     100.0     60.7       21.5        17.8   
                                                                                                              
        Industry and class of worker of lost job (2)                                                          
                                                                                                              
     Agriculture and related industries wage and salary                                                       
      workers..........................................        37     100.0     (3)        (3)         (3)    
     Nonagricultural industries wage and salary workers     7,985     100.0     66.8       19.1        14.2   
                                                                                                              
       Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers      7,735     100.0     66.7       19.1        14.2   
             Mining....................................        28     100.0     (3)        (3)         (3)    
             Construction..............................     1,016     100.0     69.7       22.6         7.7   
             Manufacturing.............................     1,549     100.0     65.0       20.3        14.6   
                  Durable goods........................     1,004     100.0     67.3       18.7        14.0   
                  Nondurable goods.....................       546     100.0     61.0       23.3        15.7   
             Wholesale and retail trade................     1,206     100.0     61.8       20.9        17.3   
             Transportation and utilities..............       343     100.0     69.5       13.6        16.9   
             Information...............................       277     100.0     70.8       16.1        13.1   
             Financial activities......................       694     100.0     69.5       19.0        11.5   
             Professional and business services........       920     100.0     66.5       19.9        13.6   
             Education and health services.............       687     100.0     70.1       13.9        16.0   
             Leisure and hospitality...................       635     100.0     65.2       18.9        16.0   
             Other services............................       368     100.0     68.3       13.8        17.9   
                                                                                                              
       Government workers..............................       250     100.0     70.3       17.2        12.5   
     
        1 Data refer to all persons (regardless of years of tenure on lost job) who had lost or left a job
     between January 2005 and December 2007 because of plant or company closings or moves, insufficient work,
     or the abolishment of their positions or shifts.
        2 Total includes a small number of unpaid family workers and persons who did not report occupation,
     industry, or class of worker.
        3 Data not shown where base is less than 75,000.
        NOTE:  Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to
     totals because data are not presented for all races.  Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic
     or Latino may be of any race.
     
     
     
     
     
     

Last Modified Date: August 20, 2008
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