Economic News Release

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation News Release



For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, June 9, 2010                                   USDL-10-0774

Technical information:
     (202) 691-6199  NCSinfo@bls.gov  http://www.bls.gov/ect
Media contact:
     (202) 691-5902  PressOffice@bls.gov


                                EMPLOYER COSTS FOR EMPLOYEE COMPENSATION - MARCH 2010

     Employer costs for employee compensation averaged $29.71 per hour worked in March 2010, the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics reported today.  Wages and salaries averaged $20.67 per hour worked and accounted for 69.6
percent of these costs, while benefits averaged $9.04 and accounted for the remaining 30.4 percent.  Total
employer compensation costs for private industry workers averaged $27.73 per hour worked in March 2010.
Total employer compensation costs for State and local government workers averaged $39.81 per hour worked
in March 2010.

     Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC), a product of the National Compensation Survey, measures
employer costs for wages, salaries, and employee benefits for nonfarm private and State and local government
workers.

Metropolitan area costs in private industry

     Total compensation costs for 15 metropolitan areas ranged from $38.62 for the Boston-Worcester-Manchester,
MA-NH CSA and $38.52 for the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA, to $24.00 in the Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano
Beach, FL MSA.  Employer costs for wages and salaries in the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA were $27.10
per hour worked.  Employer costs for benefits in the Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MA-NH CSA were $12.36 per hour.
(See chart 1 and table 15.)


_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

                                          Metropolitan Area Data Series

     Total compensation, wages and salaries, and benefit costs in private industry are included annually for the
first time in this release (table 15) for 15 combined and metropolitan statistical areas (CSA and MSA).

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Civilian

     Civilian employer costs, which include private industry and State and local government workers, averaged
$2.62 per hour worked for insurance benefits (life, health, and disability insurance), or 8.8 percent of total
compensation.  In addition to insurance, the other benefit categories were: paid leave (vacation, holiday, sick
leave, and personal leave); which averaged $2.06 (6.9 percent of total compensation); supplemental pay (overtime
and premium, shift differentials, and nonproduction bonuses); which averaged 73 cents per hour worked (2.5 percent);
retirement and savings (defined benefit and defined contribution plans), which averaged $1.32 per hour (4.5 percent);
and legally required benefits (Social Security, Medicare, unemployment insurance, and workers’ compensation), which
averaged $2.30 per hour worked (7.7 percent).  (See table A and table 1.)

Private industry

     Private industry employer costs for paid leave averaged $1.88 per hour worked (6.8 percent of total compensation),
supplemental pay averaged 81 cents (2.9 percent), insurance benefits averaged $2.22 (8.0 percent), retirement and
savings averaged 96 cents (3.5 percent), and legally required benefits averaged $2.28 (8.2 percent) per hour worked.
(See table A and table 5.)

Health insurance costs in private industry

     The average cost for health insurance benefits was $2.08 per hour worked in private industry (7.5 percent of
total compensation) in March 2010.  In March 2000, employer costs for health benefits averaged $1.09, or 5.5 percent
of total compensation.

     Among occupational groups, employer costs for health insurance benefits ranged from 92 cents per hour and 6.7
percent of total compensation for service workers, to $3.03 and 6.2 percent of total compensation for management,
professional, and related occupations.  Among other occupational categories, employer costs for health benefits averaged
$1.87 (8.6 percent) for sales and office occupations, lower than $2.49 (8.0 percent) for natural resources, construction,
and maintenance occupations, and $2.34 (9.9 percent) for production, transportation, and material moving occupations.
(See table 5.)

     Employer costs for health insurance benefits were significantly higher for union workers, averaging $4.38 per hour
(11.8 percent), than for nonunion workers, averaging $1.82 (6.8 percent).  (See table 5.)

     In goods-producing industries, health insurance benefit costs were higher, at $2.88 per hour (8.9 percent of total
compensation), than in service-providing industries, at $1.92 per hour (7.2 percent of total compensation).
(See table 6.)

     Among the four regions, costs for health insurance benefits ranged from $1.78 per hour in the South to $2.40 in
the Northeast.  Health care costs were $2.21 in the Midwest and $2.11 in the West.  Within census divisions, hourly
health benefit costs ranged from $1.68 in the West South Central division to $2.40 in the New England and Middle Atlantic
divisions.  (See table 7.)

     Health insurance benefit costs increased, both in average hourly dollar amount and as a proportion of total
compensation, with establishment size.  Establishments with fewer than 50 workers averaged $1.34 (6.0 percent); those
with 50-99 workers averaged $1.82 (7.2 percent); those with 100-499 employees averaged $2.36 (8.3 percent); and those
with 500 or more employees averaged $3.38 (8.5 percent).  (See chart 2 and table 8.)

     For information on health insurance provisions, see National Compensation Survey: Employee Benefits in the United
States, March 2009, at http://www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/benefits/2009/benefits.htm.


   Table A.  Relative importance of employer costs for employee compensation, March 2010

Compensation component               Civilian workers            Private industry            State and local government
Wages and salaries                        69.6%                       70.6%                            65.9%
Benefits                                  30.4                        29.4                             34.1
   Paid leave                              6.9                         6.8                              7.5
   Supplemental pay                        2.5                         2.9                              0.8
   Insurance                               8.8                         8.0                             11.8
     Health                                8.3                         7.5                             11.4
   Retirement and savings                  4.5                         3.5                              7.9
     Defined benefit                       2.7                         1.5                              7.1
     Defined contribution                  1.7                         2.0                              0.8
   Legally required                        7.7                         8.2                              6.0

_____________
Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for June 2010 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, September 8, 2010,
at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

     Employer Costs for Employee Compensation data on total compensation, wages and salaries, and benefits in private
industry are produced annually in the March reference period for 15 metropolitan areas.  For further information about
metropolitan area ECEC estimates see: "BLS Introduces New Employer Costs for Employee Compensation Data for Private
Industry Workers in 15 Metropolitan Areas," at http://www.bls.gov/opub/cwc/cm20090921ar01p1.htm.

     Historical ECEC data are available in three listings, all available at http://www.bls.gov/ect/#tables.  The first
historical listing covers data for the March reference periods from 1986 to 2001.  These data use the Standard
Industrial Classification (SIC) and Census of Population occupational classification systems.  The second listing
contains data for the March, June, September, and December reference periods from March 2002 to December 2003.  These
data are also based on the SIC and Census of Population occupational classification systems.  The final listing includes
data from March 2004 to the current reference period.  These are based on the North American Industry Classification
System (NAICS) and Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) systems.

     Supplemental tables with occupational, establishment size, and bargaining status series for detailed industries
are available at http://www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/sp/ecsuphst.pdf and http://www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/sp/ecsuptc14.pdf.

     Relative standard errors for all cost estimates in the most recent news release and supplementary tables are
available at ftp://ftp.bls.gov/pub/special.requests/ocwc/ect/ececrse.pdf and http://www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/sp/ecsuprse.pdf.

     Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request--
Telephone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service:  (800) 877-8339.

     BLS news releases, including the ECEC, are available through an e-mail subscription service at:
www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm.




                                                        TECHNICAL NOTE

     Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC) measures the average cost to employers for wages and salaries and
benefits per employee hour worked.

     ECEC includes the civilian economy, which includes data from both private industry and State and local government.
Excluded from private industry are the self-employed and farm and private household workers.  Federal government workers
are excluded from the public sector.  The private industry series and the State and local government series provide data
for the two sectors separately.

     The cost levels for this quarter were collected from a probability sample of approximately 63,300 occupations
selected from a sample of about 13,300 establishments in private industry and approximately 11,600 occupations from a
sample of about 1,800 establishments in State and local government.  The private industry sample is rotated over
approximately 5 years, which makes the sample more representative of the economy and reduces respondent burden.  The
State and local government sample, which is replaced less frequently than the private industry sample, was replaced in
its entirety in September 2007.  The sample is replaced on a cross-area, cross-industry basis.  Data are collected for
the pay period including the 12th day of the survey months of March, June, September, and December.

Comparing private and public sector data

     Compensation cost levels in State and local government should not be directly compared with levels in private
industry.  Differences between these sectors stem from factors such as variation in work activities and occupational
structures.  Manufacturing and sales, for example, make up a large part of private industry work activities but are rare
in State and local government.  Professional and administrative support occupations (including teachers) account for
two-thirds of the State and local government workforce, compared with one-half of private industry.

ECEC quarterly publication focus

     ECEC news releases are published quarterly, providing civilian, private industry, and State and local government
cost per hour estimates as well as additional detail on a specific compensation cost topic of interest.  This quarter
focuses on employer compensation costs in selected metropolitan areas and health benefit costs in private industry.
Topics of news releases for the upcoming reference periods are as follows:

     - June 2010--Retirement and savings benefit costs in private industry
     - September 2010--Compensation costs in State and local government

ECEC detailed information and measures

     For detailed information on Employer Costs for Employee Compensation, see Chapter 8, "National Compensation
Measures," of the BLS Handbook of Methods at: http://www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch8.pdf and
http://www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch8_a.htm.




Table 1.   Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: Civilian workers, by major occupational and industry group, March 2010


                                                                                             Occupational group                                                        Industry group


                                                                     Management,                                             Natural         Production,
                 Compensation                          All          professional,         Sales                             resources,     transportation,        Goods-           Service-
                   component                        workers(1)           and               and             Service        construction,          and           producing(2)      providing(3)
                                                                       related            office                               and             material
                                                                                                                           maintenance          moving


                                                  Cost    Percent   Cost    Percent   Cost    Percent   Cost    Percent   Cost    Percent   Cost    Percent   Cost    Percent   Cost    Percent


Total compensation.............................  $29.71    100.0   $48.66    100.0   $22.30    100.0   $16.26    100.0   $31.34    100.0   $23.99    100.0   $32.45    100.0   $29.25    100.0

  Wages and salaries...........................   20.67     69.6    34.08     70.0    15.71     70.4    11.55     71.0    21.10     67.3    15.95     66.5    21.64     66.7    20.51     70.1

  Total benefits...............................    9.04     30.4    14.58     30.0     6.59     29.6     4.71     29.0    10.24     32.7     8.04     33.5    10.81     33.3     8.74     29.9

    Paid leave.................................    2.06      6.9     3.85      7.9     1.47      6.6      .90      5.6     1.73      5.5     1.45      6.1     2.11      6.5     2.06      7.0
      Vacation.................................     .99      3.3     1.80      3.7      .72      3.2      .43      2.6      .90      2.9      .73      3.1     1.12      3.5      .97      3.3
      Holiday..................................     .65      2.2     1.16      2.4      .48      2.1      .28      1.7      .56      1.8      .50      2.1      .75      2.3      .63      2.2
      Sick.....................................     .32      1.1      .67      1.4      .21       .9      .15       .9      .18       .6      .16       .7      .18       .6      .34      1.2
      Personal.................................     .11       .4      .22       .5      .07       .3      .04       .3      .08       .3      .05       .2      .06       .2      .11       .4

    Supplemental pay...........................     .73      2.5     1.21      2.5      .46      2.0      .29      1.8      .95      3.0      .79      3.3     1.21      3.7      .65      2.2
      Overtime and premium(4)..................     .25       .8      .16       .3      .14       .6      .17      1.0      .65      2.1      .52      2.1      .57      1.8      .19       .7
      Shift differentials......................     .06       .2      .10       .2      .02       .1      .05       .3      .05       .2      .09       .4      .09       .3      .06       .2
      Nonproduction bonuses....................     .42      1.4      .95      1.9      .30      1.3      .07       .4      .26       .8      .19       .8      .55      1.7      .40      1.4

    Insurance..................................    2.62      8.8     3.88      8.0     2.17      9.7     1.41      8.7     2.83      9.0     2.59     10.8     3.09      9.5     2.54      8.7
      Life.....................................     .05       .2      .09       .2      .03       .2      .02       .1      .06       .2      .05       .2      .07       .2      .05       .2
      Health...................................    2.48      8.3     3.63      7.5     2.08      9.3     1.37      8.4     2.66      8.5     2.43     10.1     2.89      8.9     2.41      8.2
      Short-term disability....................     .05       .2      .07       .1      .03       .2      .02       .1      .08       .3      .06       .3      .09       .3      .04       .1
      Long-term disability.....................     .04       .1      .08       .2      .03       .1     (5)      (6)       .03       .1      .04       .2      .05       .1      .04       .1

    Retirement and savings.....................    1.32      4.5     2.45      5.0      .75      3.4      .63      3.9     1.63      5.2      .94      3.9     1.48      4.6     1.30      4.4
      Defined benefit..........................     .81      2.7     1.48      3.0      .35      1.6      .49      3.0     1.14      3.6      .58      2.4      .86      2.7      .80      2.7
      Defined contribution.....................     .51      1.7      .98      2.0      .39      1.8      .14       .8      .49      1.6      .36      1.5      .62      1.9      .49      1.7

    Legally required benefits..................    2.30      7.7     3.19      6.6     1.74      7.8     1.48      9.1     3.10      9.9     2.27      9.5     2.92      9.0     2.19      7.5
      Social Security and Medicare.............    1.68      5.6     2.66      5.5     1.31      5.9      .97      5.9     1.78      5.7     1.36      5.7     1.85      5.7     1.65      5.6
        Social Security(7).....................    1.34      4.5     2.10      4.3     1.06      4.8      .77      4.8     1.43      4.6     1.10      4.6     1.49      4.6     1.31      4.5
        Medicare...............................     .34      1.1      .56      1.2      .25      1.1      .19      1.2      .34      1.1      .26      1.1      .36      1.1      .34      1.1
      Federal unemployment insurance...........     .03       .1      .02     (6)       .03       .1      .03       .2      .03       .1      .03       .1      .03       .1      .03       .1
      State unemployment insurance.............     .15       .5      .14       .3      .15       .7      .13       .8      .20       .6      .19       .8      .23       .7      .14       .5
      Workers' compensation....................     .44      1.5      .37       .8      .25      1.1      .36      2.2     1.10      3.5      .69      2.9      .81      2.5      .38      1.3

  1 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy excluding households and the public sector excluding the Federal government.
  2 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
  3 Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical
services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services;  health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation;
accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.
  4 Includes premium pay for work in addition to the regular work schedule (such as overtime, weekends, and holidays).
  5 Cost per hour worked is $0.01 or less.
  6 Less than .05 percent.
  7 Comprises the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.




Table 2.   Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation:
Civilian workers, by occupational and industry group, March 2010


                                                                                      Benefit costs

                                                  Total    Wages
                    Series                       compen-    and                      Supple-           Retire-  Legally
                                                 sation  salaries   Total    Paid    mental  Insurance  ment   required
                                                                             leave     pay               and   benefits
                                                                                                       savings



                                                                         Cost per hour worked




Civilian workers(1)............................  $29.71   $20.67    $9.04    $2.06    $0.73    $2.62    $1.32    $2.30

              Occupational group

      Management, professional, and related....   48.66    34.08    14.58     3.85     1.21     3.88     2.45     3.19
        Management, business, and financial....   55.26    38.17    17.09     5.04     1.95     3.93     2.57     3.60
        Professional and related...............   46.29    32.61    13.68     3.42      .94     3.86     2.41     3.05
          Teachers(2)..........................   52.50    37.72    14.78     2.72      .14     5.09     3.81     3.02
            Primary, secondary, and special
             education school teachers.........   51.08    36.41    14.67     2.42      .16     5.59     3.74     2.77
          Registered nurses....................   47.69    33.42    14.26     3.95     1.52     3.46     1.83     3.50
      Sales and office.........................   22.30    15.71     6.59     1.47      .46     2.17      .75     1.74
        Sales and related......................   20.65    15.38     5.27     1.12      .51     1.40      .51     1.73
        Office and administrative support......   23.27    15.91     7.36     1.68      .43     2.62      .89     1.74
      Service..................................   16.26    11.55     4.71      .90      .29     1.41      .63     1.48
      Natural resources, construction, and
       maintenance.............................   31.34    21.10    10.24     1.73      .95     2.83     1.63     3.10
        Construction, extraction, farming,
         fishing, and forestry(3)..............   31.20    20.77    10.43     1.30     1.02     2.71     1.95     3.44
        Installation, maintenance, and repair..   31.48    21.43    10.06     2.17      .89     2.94     1.31     2.75
      Production, transportation, and material
       moving..................................   23.99    15.95     8.04     1.45      .79     2.59      .94     2.27
        Production.............................   24.33    16.12     8.21     1.58      .93     2.69      .78     2.24
        Transportation and material moving.....   23.67    15.79     7.87     1.33      .66     2.49     1.10     2.29

                Industry group

      Education and health services............   34.44    24.12    10.32     2.42      .43     3.36     1.79     2.31
        Educational services...................   41.99    29.21    12.78     2.65      .15     4.56     2.97     2.46
          Elementary and secondary schools.....   41.89    28.99    12.90     2.26      .15     4.97     3.19     2.33
          Junior colleges, colleges, and
            universities.......................   44.82    31.12    13.70     3.76      .14     4.18     2.86     2.77
        Health care and social assistance......   28.83    20.35     8.49     2.25      .64     2.47      .92     2.21
          Hospitals............................   36.39    24.47    11.92     3.18     1.09     3.62     1.45     2.59

                                                                     Percent of total compensation




Civilian workers(1)............................   100.0     69.6     30.4      6.9      2.5      8.8      4.5      7.7

              Occupational group

      Management, professional, and related....   100.0     70.0     30.0      7.9      2.5      8.0      5.0      6.6
        Management, business, and financial....   100.0     69.1     30.9      9.1      3.5      7.1      4.6      6.5
        Professional and related...............   100.0     70.4     29.6      7.4      2.0      8.3      5.2      6.6
          Teachers(2)..........................   100.0     71.8     28.2      5.2       .3      9.7      7.3      5.8
            Primary, secondary, and special
             education school teachers.........   100.0     71.3     28.7      4.7       .3     10.9      7.3      5.4
          Registered nurses....................   100.0     70.1     29.9      8.3      3.2      7.3      3.8      7.3
      Sales and office.........................   100.0     70.4     29.6      6.6      2.0      9.7      3.4      7.8
        Sales and related......................   100.0     74.5     25.5      5.4      2.5      6.8      2.5      8.4
        Office and administrative support......   100.0     68.4     31.6      7.2      1.8     11.3      3.8      7.5
      Service..................................   100.0     71.0     29.0      5.6      1.8      8.7      3.9      9.1
      Natural resources, construction, and
       maintenance.............................   100.0     67.3     32.7      5.5      3.0      9.0      5.2      9.9
        Construction, extraction, farming,
         fishing, and forestry(3)..............   100.0     66.6     33.4      4.2      3.3      8.7      6.3     11.0
        Installation, maintenance, and repair..   100.0     68.1     31.9      6.9      2.8      9.3      4.2      8.7
      Production, transportation, and material
       moving..................................   100.0     66.5     33.5      6.1      3.3     10.8      3.9      9.5
        Production.............................   100.0     66.3     33.7      6.5      3.8     11.1      3.2      9.2
        Transportation and material moving.....   100.0     66.7     33.3      5.6      2.8     10.5      4.7      9.7

                Industry group

      Education and health services............   100.0     70.0     30.0      7.0      1.2      9.8      5.2      6.7
        Educational services...................   100.0     69.6     30.4      6.3       .3     10.9      7.1      5.8
          Elementary and secondary schools.....   100.0     69.2     30.8      5.4       .4     11.9      7.6      5.6
          Junior colleges, colleges, and
            universities.......................   100.0     69.4     30.6      8.4       .3      9.3      6.4      6.2
        Health care and social assistance......   100.0     70.6     29.4      7.8      2.2      8.6      3.2      7.6
          Hospitals............................   100.0     67.2     32.8      8.7      3.0      9.9      4.0      7.1

  1 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy excluding households and the public sector excluding the Federal
government.
  2 Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and
instructors.
  3 Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations were combined with construction and extraction occupational group as of
December 2006.




Table 3.   Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: State and local
government workers, by major occupational and industry group, March 2010


                                                                         Occupational group(1)                            Industry group


                                                                     Management,          Sales
                 Compensation                          All          professional,          and             Service      Service-providing
                   component                         workers             and              office                               (2)
                                                                       related


                                                  Cost    Percent   Cost    Percent   Cost    Percent   Cost    Percent   Cost    Percent


Total compensation.............................  $39.81    100.0   $48.34    100.0   $27.63    100.0   $29.51    100.0   $39.86    100.0

  Wages and salaries...........................   26.25     65.9    33.09     68.4    16.96     61.4    17.81     60.4    26.30     66.0

  Total benefits...............................   13.56     34.1    15.26     31.6    10.67     38.6    11.70     39.6    13.56     34.0

    Paid leave.................................    3.00      7.5     3.34      6.9     2.50      9.0     2.61      8.9     3.00      7.5
      Vacation.................................    1.13      2.8     1.12      2.3     1.12      4.0     1.13      3.8     1.12      2.8
      Holiday..................................     .89      2.2      .94      2.0      .79      2.8      .84      2.9      .89      2.2
      Sick.....................................     .77      1.9      .99      2.0      .49      1.8      .52      1.8      .78      1.9
      Personal.................................     .21       .5      .29       .6      .11       .4      .12       .4      .22       .5

    Supplemental pay...........................     .33       .8      .25       .5      .20       .7      .55      1.9      .33       .8
      Overtime and premium(3)..................     .17       .4      .08       .2      .11       .4      .36      1.2      .17       .4
      Shift differentials......................     .04       .1      .03       .1      .02       .1      .08       .3      .04       .1
      Nonproduction bonuses....................     .12       .3      .14       .3      .07       .2      .11       .4      .12       .3

    Insurance..................................    4.68     11.8     5.21     10.8     4.23     15.3     3.77     12.8     4.68     11.8
      Life.....................................     .09       .2      .12       .3      .05       .2      .04       .2      .09       .2
      Health...................................    4.52     11.4     5.00     10.3     4.13     15.0     3.68     12.5     4.53     11.4
      Short-term disability....................     .02       .1      .03       .1      .02       .1      .02       .1      .02       .1
      Long-term disability.....................     .05       .1      .06       .1      .03       .1      .03       .1      .05       .1

    Retirement and savings.....................    3.16      7.9     3.72      7.7     2.02      7.3     2.79      9.5     3.16      7.9
      Defined benefit..........................    2.84      7.1     3.32      6.9     1.78      6.4     2.58      8.7     2.84      7.1
      Defined contribution.....................     .32       .8      .41       .8      .23       .8      .21       .7      .32       .8

    Legally required benefits..................    2.39      6.0     2.73      5.7     1.74      6.3     1.98      6.7     2.38      6.0
      Social Security and Medicare.............    1.86      4.7     2.27      4.7     1.34      4.9     1.31      4.4     1.86      4.7
        Social Security(4).....................    1.44      3.6     1.75      3.6     1.06      3.8     1.01      3.4     1.44      3.6
        Medicare...............................     .42      1.1      .52      1.1      .28      1.0      .29      1.0      .42      1.1
      Federal unemployment insurance...........    (5)      (6)      (5)      (6)      (5)      (6)      (5)      (6)      (5)      (6)
      State unemployment insurance.............     .07       .2      .07       .1      .06       .2      .08       .3      .07       .2
      Workers' compensation....................     .45      1.1      .40       .8      .33      1.2      .59      2.0      .45      1.1

  1 This table presents data for the three major occupational groups in State and local government: management, professional, and related
occupations, including teachers; sales and office occupations, including clerical workers; and service occupations, including police and
firefighters.
  2 Service-providing industries, which include health and educational services, employ a large part of the State and local government
workforce.
  3 Includes premium pay for work in addition to the regular work schedule (such as overtime, weekends, and holidays).
  4 Comprises the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.
  5 Cost per hour worked is $0.01 or less.
  6 Less than .05 percent.




Table 4.   Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: State
and local government workers, by occupational and industry group, March 2010
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                      Benefit costs                    
                                                                                                                       
                                                  Total    Wages                                                       
                    Series                       compen-    and                      Supple-           Retire-  Legally
                                                 sation  salaries   Total    Paid    mental  Insuran-   ment   required
                                                                             leave     pay      ce       and   benefits
                                                                                                       savings         
                                                                                                                       

                                                                                                                       
                                                
                                                                         Cost per hour worked
                                                

                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
State and local government workers.............  $39.81   $26.25   $13.56    $3.00    $0.33    $4.68    $3.16    $2.39 
                                                                                                                       
              Occupational group                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
      Management, professional, and related....   48.34    33.09    15.26     3.34      .25     5.21     3.72     2.73 
        Professional and related...............   47.49    32.65    14.84     3.03      .23     5.22     3.69     2.66 
          Teachers(1)..........................   54.83    38.85    15.98     2.82      .14     5.72     4.34     2.96 
            Primary, secondary, and special                                                                            
             education school teachers.........   53.58    37.96    15.62     2.52      .15     6.05     4.13     2.78 
      Sales and office.........................   27.63    16.96    10.67     2.50      .20     4.23     2.02     1.74 
        Office and administrative support......   27.82    17.03    10.79     2.53      .19     4.29     2.04     1.73 
      Service..................................   29.51    17.81    11.70     2.61      .55     3.77     2.79     1.98 
                                                                                                                       
                Industry group                                                                                         
                                                                                                                       
      Education and health services............   41.85    28.50    13.35     2.72      .20     4.92     3.15     2.36 
        Educational services...................   42.84    29.38    13.46     2.64      .15     5.00     3.29     2.37 
          Elementary and secondary schools.....   42.49    29.22    13.27     2.29      .15     5.17     3.36     2.30 
          Junior colleges, colleges, and                                                                               
            universities.......................   44.28    30.13    14.15     3.80      .13     4.51     3.11     2.59 
        Health care and social assistance......   34.90    22.29    12.61     3.25      .61     4.31     2.16     2.28 
          Hospitals............................   37.01    23.69    13.33     3.48      .74     4.53     2.19     2.38 
      Public administration....................   37.69    23.24    14.46     3.61      .56     4.44     3.41     2.44 
                                                
                                                                     Percent of total compensation
                                                

                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
State and local government workers.............   100.0     65.9     34.1      7.5      0.8     11.8      7.9      6.0 
                                                                                                                       
              Occupational group                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
      Management, professional, and related....   100.0     68.4     31.6      6.9       .5     10.8      7.7      5.7 
        Professional and related...............   100.0     68.8     31.2      6.4       .5     11.0      7.8      5.6 
          Teachers(1)..........................   100.0     70.9     29.1      5.1       .2     10.4      7.9      5.4 
            Primary, secondary, and special                                                                            
             education school teachers.........   100.0     70.8     29.2      4.7       .3     11.3      7.7      5.2 
      Sales and office.........................   100.0     61.4     38.6      9.0       .7     15.3      7.3      6.3 
        Office and administrative support......   100.0     61.2     38.8      9.1       .7     15.4      7.3      6.2 
      Service..................................   100.0     60.4     39.6      8.9      1.9     12.8      9.5      6.7 
                                                                                                                       
                Industry group                                                                                         
                                                                                                                       
      Education and health services............   100.0     68.1     31.9      6.5       .5     11.8      7.5      5.6 
        Educational services...................   100.0     68.6     31.4      6.2       .3     11.7      7.7      5.5 
          Elementary and secondary schools.....   100.0     68.8     31.2      5.4       .4     12.2      7.9      5.4 
          Junior colleges, colleges, and                                                                               
            universities.......................   100.0     68.1     31.9      8.6       .3     10.2      7.0      5.9 
        Health care and social assistance......   100.0     63.9     36.1      9.3      1.7     12.3      6.2      6.5 
          Hospitals............................   100.0     64.0     36.0      9.4      2.0     12.2      5.9      6.4 
      Public administration....................   100.0     61.6     38.4      9.6      1.5     11.8      9.0      6.5 

  1 Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and
instructors.




Table 5.   Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: Private industry workers, by major occupational group and bargaining unit status, March 2010


                                                                                                   Occupational group                                                            Bargaining unit status


                                                                        Management,                                                   Natural           Production,
                 Compensation                           All            professional,           Sales                                 resources,       transportation,
                   component                          workers               and                 and               Service          construction,            and                Union              Nonunion
                                                                          related              office                                   and               material
                                                                                                                                    maintenance            moving


                                                   Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent


Total compensation.............................   $27.73    100.0     $48.80    100.0     $21.77    100.0     $13.71    100.0     $31.10    100.0     $23.72    100.0     $37.16    100.0     $26.67    100.0

  Wages and salaries...........................    19.58     70.6      34.52     70.7      15.59     71.6      10.34     75.4      21.15     68.0      15.85     66.8      22.90     61.6      19.21     72.0

  Total benefits...............................     8.15     29.4      14.28     29.3       6.18     28.4       3.37     24.6       9.95     32.0       7.87     33.2      14.26     38.4       7.46     28.0

    Paid leave.................................     1.88      6.8       4.07      8.3       1.37      6.3        .57      4.2       1.59      5.1       1.41      6.0       2.77      7.5       1.78      6.7
      Vacation.................................      .96      3.5       2.10      4.3        .68      3.1        .29      2.1        .85      2.7        .73      3.1       1.43      3.8        .91      3.4
      Holiday..................................      .60      2.2       1.26      2.6        .45      2.1        .18      1.3        .51      1.7        .49      2.1        .81      2.2        .58      2.2
      Sick.....................................      .23       .8        .53      1.1        .18       .8        .08       .6        .14       .5        .15       .6        .38      1.0        .22       .8
      Personal.................................      .09       .3        .19       .4        .07       .3        .03       .2        .08       .3        .05       .2        .15       .4        .08       .3

    Supplemental pay...........................      .81      2.9       1.63      3.3        .48      2.2        .24      1.7       1.00      3.2        .80      3.4       1.12      3.0        .77      2.9
      Overtime and premium(1)..................      .26       .9        .19       .4        .14       .7        .13      1.0        .67      2.2        .52      2.2        .74      2.0        .21       .8
      Shift differentials......................      .07       .2        .14       .3        .02       .1        .04       .3        .05       .1        .09       .4        .17       .5        .06       .2
      Nonproduction bonuses....................      .48      1.7       1.30      2.7        .32      1.5        .06       .5        .28       .9        .19       .8        .21       .6        .51      1.9

    Insurance..................................     2.22      8.0       3.29      6.7       1.97      9.0        .96      7.0       2.66      8.6       2.50     10.5       4.68     12.6       1.94      7.3
      Life.....................................      .04       .2        .08       .2        .03       .2      (2)       (3)         .06       .2        .05       .2        .08       .2        .04       .2
      Health...................................     2.08      7.5       3.03      6.2       1.87      8.6        .92      6.7       2.49      8.0       2.34      9.9       4.38     11.8       1.82      6.8
      Short-term disability....................      .05       .2        .09       .2        .04       .2        .02       .1        .09       .3        .06       .3        .14       .4        .04       .2
      Long-term disability.....................      .04       .2        .09       .2        .03       .1      (2)       (3)         .03       .1        .05       .2        .08       .2        .04       .1

    Retirement and savings.....................      .96      3.5       1.89      3.9        .62      2.9        .21      1.5       1.53      4.9        .89      3.7       2.53      6.8        .79      2.9
      Defined benefit..........................      .41      1.5        .66      1.4        .21      1.0        .09       .6       1.00      3.2        .52      2.2       1.81      4.9        .25      1.0
      Defined contribution.....................      .55      2.0       1.23      2.5        .41      1.9        .12       .9        .53      1.7        .37      1.6        .72      1.9        .53      2.0

    Legally required benefits..................     2.28      8.2       3.39      7.0       1.74      8.0       1.39     10.1       3.18     10.2       2.27      9.6       3.16      8.5       2.18      8.2
      Social Security and Medicare.............     1.64      5.9       2.84      5.8       1.31      6.0        .90      6.6       1.80      5.8       1.36      5.7       2.00      5.4       1.60      6.0
        Social Security(4).....................     1.32      4.8       2.26      4.6       1.06      4.9        .73      5.3       1.45      4.7       1.10      4.6       1.62      4.3       1.29      4.8
        Medicare...............................      .32      1.2        .58      1.2        .25      1.2        .17      1.2        .34      1.1        .26      1.1        .39      1.0        .32      1.2
      Federal unemployment insurance...........      .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .2        .04       .3        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1
      State unemployment insurance.............      .17       .6        .18       .4        .16       .7        .13      1.0        .21       .7        .19       .8        .23       .6        .16       .6
      Workers' compensation....................      .44      1.6        .35       .7        .24      1.1        .31      2.3       1.14      3.7        .69      2.9        .90      2.4        .39      1.4

  1 Includes premium pay for work in addition to the regular work schedule (such as overtime, weekends, and holidays).
  2 Cost per hour worked is $0.01 or less.
  3 Less than .05 percent.
  4 Comprises the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.




Table 6.   Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: Private industry workers, by major industry group, March 2010


                                                                     Goods-producing(1)                                                                                           Service-providing(2)


                                                                                                                    All                Trade,                                                   Professional         Education            Leisure
                 Compensation                        All goods-         Construction       Manufacturing          service-        transportation,       Information          Financial              and                 and                 and            Other services
                   component                        producing(1)                                                providing(3)            and                                  activities           business             health           hospitality
                                                                                                                                     utilities                                                    services            services


                                                   Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent


Total compensation.............................   $32.42    100.0     $31.33    100.0     $32.20    100.0     $26.77    100.0     $23.58    100.0     $41.25    100.0     $36.72    100.0     $33.48    100.0     $29.75    100.0     $11.98    100.0     $24.53    100.0

  Wages and salaries...........................    21.64     66.7      21.67     69.2      21.26     66.0      19.16     71.6      16.65     70.6      28.20     68.4      24.80     67.5      24.29     72.6      21.35     71.8       9.48     79.1      18.10     73.8

  Total benefits...............................    10.78     33.3       9.66     30.8      10.94     34.0       7.61     28.4       6.94     29.4      13.05     31.6      11.92     32.5       9.19     27.4       8.40     28.2       2.50     20.9       6.43     26.2

    Paid leave.................................     2.10      6.5       1.13      3.6       2.44      7.6       1.84      6.9       1.42      6.0       3.81      9.2       3.02      8.2       2.34      7.0       2.23      7.5        .37      3.1       1.54      6.3
      Vacation.................................     1.12      3.4        .64      2.0       1.28      4.0        .93      3.5        .73      3.1       1.96      4.8       1.53      4.2       1.22      3.6       1.09      3.7        .21      1.8        .71      2.9
      Holiday..................................      .75      2.3        .39      1.2        .88      2.7        .57      2.1        .44      1.9       1.01      2.5        .92      2.5        .77      2.3        .67      2.3        .11       .9        .58      2.4
      Sick.....................................      .18       .6        .08       .2        .22       .7        .24       .9        .19       .8        .46      1.1        .41      1.1        .27       .8        .34      1.1        .03       .3        .20       .8
      Personal.................................      .06       .2        .03       .1        .07       .2        .09       .3        .06       .2        .38       .9        .15       .4        .08       .2        .13       .4        .02       .2        .05       .2

    Supplemental pay...........................     1.21      3.7       1.06      3.4       1.21      3.8        .72      2.7        .54      2.3       1.09      2.7       1.83      5.0       1.16      3.5        .57      1.9        .12      1.0        .57      2.3
      Overtime and premium(4)..................      .57      1.8        .63      2.0        .54      1.7        .20       .7        .26      1.1        .36       .9        .15       .4        .20       .6        .21       .7        .06       .5        .15       .6
      Shift differentials......................      .09       .3      (5)       (6)         .13       .4        .06       .2        .02       .1        .06       .1      (5)       (6)         .03       .1        .20       .7      (5)       (6)       (5)       (6)
      Nonproduction bonuses....................      .55      1.7        .43      1.4        .55      1.7        .46      1.7        .25      1.1        .67      1.6       1.67      4.5        .92      2.8        .16       .5        .05       .4        .41      1.7

    Insurance..................................     3.08      9.5       2.30      7.3       3.34     10.4       2.04      7.6       2.04      8.7       3.74      9.1       3.04      8.3       2.13      6.4       2.37      8.0        .64      5.4       1.53      6.3
      Life.....................................      .07       .2        .06       .2        .07       .2        .04       .1        .04       .2        .05       .1        .06       .2        .06       .2        .03       .1      (5)       (6)         .06       .2
      Health...................................     2.88      8.9       2.17      6.9       3.12      9.7       1.92      7.2       1.94      8.2       3.44      8.3       2.82      7.7       1.97      5.9       2.24      7.5        .61      5.1       1.42      5.8
      Short-term disability....................      .09       .3        .05       .2        .10       .3        .05       .2        .04       .2        .18       .4        .09       .3        .06       .2        .04       .1      (5)       (6)         .03       .1
      Long-term disability.....................      .04       .1        .02       .1        .05       .2        .04       .2        .04       .2        .07       .2        .06       .2        .05       .2        .05       .2      (5)       (6)         .03       .1

    Retirement and savings.....................     1.46      4.5       1.64      5.2       1.28      4.0        .86      3.2        .87      3.7       1.50      3.6       1.59      4.3        .97      2.9        .94      3.2        .10       .9        .66      2.7
      Defined benefit..........................      .84      2.6       1.07      3.4        .66      2.1        .33      1.2        .42      1.8        .58      1.4        .63      1.7        .32      1.0        .27       .9        .02       .2        .27      1.1
      Defined contribution.....................      .62      1.9        .58      1.8        .61      1.9        .53      2.0        .45      1.9        .92      2.2        .96      2.6        .65      1.9        .66      2.2        .08       .7        .39      1.6

    Legally required benefits..................     2.92      9.0       3.52     11.2       2.66      8.3       2.15      8.0       2.07      8.8       2.90      7.0       2.44      6.7       2.58      7.7       2.28      7.7       1.26     10.5       2.12      8.7
      Social Security and Medicare.............     1.85      5.7       1.80      5.7       1.84      5.7       1.60      6.0       1.39      5.9       2.41      5.8       2.07      5.6       1.99      6.0       1.78      6.0        .84      7.0       1.51      6.2
        Social Security(7).....................     1.49      4.6       1.46      4.6       1.48      4.6       1.28      4.8       1.12      4.7       1.93      4.7       1.64      4.5       1.59      4.8       1.43      4.8        .68      5.7       1.22      5.0
        Medicare...............................      .36      1.1        .34      1.1        .36      1.1        .32      1.2        .27      1.1        .48      1.2        .43      1.2        .40      1.2        .35      1.2        .16      1.3        .29      1.2
      Federal unemployment insurance...........      .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1        .04       .2        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1        .04       .3        .03       .1
      State unemployment insurance.............      .23       .7        .29       .9        .21       .7        .15       .6        .16       .7        .18       .4        .16       .4        .19       .6        .13       .4        .13      1.1        .14       .6
      Workers' compensation....................      .81      2.5       1.40      4.5        .58      1.8        .36      1.3        .49      2.1        .28       .7        .18       .5        .36      1.1        .34      1.2        .24      2.0        .43      1.8

  1 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
  2 Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste
services; educational services;  health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.
  3 Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste
services; educational services;  health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
  4 Includes premium pay for work in addition to the regular work schedule (such as overtime, weekends, and holidays).
  5 Cost per hour worked is $0.01 or less.
  6 Less than .05 percent.
  7 Comprises the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.




Table 7.   Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: Private industry workers, by census region and division, March 2010


                                                                                                                                                                   Census region and division(1)


                                                     Northeast                Northeast divisions                  South                              South divisions                             Midwest                  Midwest divisions                    West                     West divisions
                 Compensation
                   component
                                                                        New England       Middle Atlantic                          South Atlantic    East South Central  West South Central                      East North Central  West North Central                           Mountain            Pacific
                                                   Cost    Percent                                             Cost    Percent                                                                 Cost    Percent                                             Cost    Percent

                                                                       Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent                         Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent                         Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent                         Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent


Total compensation.............................   $32.13    100.0     $34.03    100.0     $31.38    100.0     $24.72    100.0     $25.54    100.0     $21.35    100.0     $24.99    100.0      26.75    100.0      27.09    100.0      26.04    100.0      29.52    100.0      26.59    100.0      30.78    100.0

  Wages and salaries...........................    22.18     69.0      23.45     68.9      21.68     69.1      17.76     71.8      18.38     72.0      15.16     71.0      17.99     72.0      18.73     70.0      18.83     69.5      18.53     71.2      21.00     71.1      19.29     72.6      21.74     70.6

  Total benefits...............................     9.95     31.0      10.58     31.1       9.70     30.9       6.96     28.2       7.16     28.0       6.18     29.0       7.00     28.0       8.02     30.0       8.26     30.5       7.51     28.8       8.52     28.9       7.30     27.4       9.04     29.4

    Paid leave.................................     2.37      7.4       2.51      7.4       2.32      7.4       1.61      6.5       1.70      6.6       1.32      6.2       1.61      6.4       1.77      6.6       1.81      6.7       1.67      6.4       1.98      6.7       1.72      6.5       2.09      6.8
      Vacation.................................     1.18      3.7       1.27      3.7       1.15      3.6        .82      3.3        .85      3.3        .69      3.2        .82      3.3        .93      3.5        .94      3.5        .92      3.5       1.02      3.5        .88      3.3       1.09      3.5
      Holiday..................................      .75      2.3        .82      2.4        .73      2.3        .52      2.1        .55      2.1        .42      2.0        .53      2.1        .56      2.1        .59      2.2        .51      1.9        .63      2.1        .55      2.1        .66      2.1
      Sick.....................................      .31      1.0        .30       .9        .31      1.0        .20       .8        .21       .8        .14       .7        .20       .8        .19       .7        .19       .7        .19       .7        .26       .9        .22       .8        .28       .9
      Personal.................................      .13       .4        .13       .4        .13       .4        .07       .3        .08       .3        .06       .3        .06       .3        .08       .3        .09       .3        .05       .2        .07       .2        .07       .3        .07       .2

    Supplemental pay...........................     1.22      3.8       1.63      4.8       1.06      3.4        .67      2.7        .63      2.5        .53      2.5        .80      3.2        .71      2.7        .75      2.8        .64      2.4        .75      2.6        .65      2.4        .80      2.6
      Overtime and premium(2)..................      .26       .8        .26       .8        .27       .8        .25      1.0        .24       .9        .24      1.1        .28      1.1        .27      1.0        .29      1.1        .25       .9        .27       .9        .22       .8        .29       .9
      Shift differentials......................      .07       .2        .06       .2        .07       .2        .07       .3        .07       .3        .07       .4        .05       .2        .08       .3        .08       .3        .06       .2        .06       .2        .05       .2        .06       .2
      Nonproduction bonuses....................      .89      2.8       1.32      3.9        .72      2.3        .35      1.4        .32      1.2        .21      1.0        .47      1.9        .36      1.3        .37      1.4        .32      1.2        .43      1.5        .38      1.4        .45      1.5

    Insurance..................................     2.58      8.0       2.59      7.6       2.57      8.2       1.90      7.7       1.96      7.7       1.93      9.0       1.81      7.2       2.36      8.8       2.46      9.1       2.15      8.3       2.23      7.6       1.95      7.3       2.35      7.6
      Life.....................................      .05       .2        .06       .2        .05       .1        .04       .2        .04       .2        .05       .2        .05       .2        .05       .2        .05       .2        .05       .2        .04       .1        .05       .2        .04       .1
      Health...................................     2.40      7.5       2.40      7.1       2.40      7.6       1.78      7.2       1.83      7.2       1.81      8.5       1.68      6.7       2.21      8.3       2.31      8.5       2.01      7.7       2.11      7.1       1.83      6.9       2.23      7.2
      Short-term disability....................      .08       .2        .07       .2        .08       .3        .04       .2        .05       .2        .04       .2        .04       .2        .06       .2        .07       .2        .04       .2        .04       .1        .03       .1        .04       .1
      Long-term disability.....................      .05       .1        .06       .2        .04       .1        .04       .2        .04       .2        .03       .2        .04       .1        .04       .2        .04       .1        .05       .2        .04       .1        .04       .1        .04       .1

    Retirement and savings.....................     1.19      3.7       1.19      3.5       1.19      3.8        .80      3.2        .83      3.2        .61      2.9        .84      3.4        .99      3.7       1.00      3.7        .95      3.7        .99      3.4        .81      3.1       1.07      3.5
      Defined benefit..........................      .49      1.5        .45      1.3        .51      1.6        .31      1.3        .30      1.2        .28      1.3        .34      1.4        .46      1.7        .50      1.8        .37      1.4        .46      1.5        .31      1.2        .52      1.7
      Defined contribution.....................      .70      2.2        .74      2.2        .68      2.2        .49      2.0        .53      2.1        .33      1.6        .50      2.0        .53      2.0        .50      1.9        .59      2.3        .54      1.8        .50      1.9        .55      1.8

    Legally required benefits..................     2.59      8.1       2.66      7.8       2.56      8.2       1.98      8.0       2.05      8.0       1.80      8.4       1.95      7.8       2.20      8.2       2.24      8.3       2.10      8.1       2.56      8.7       2.17      8.2       2.73      8.9
      Social Security and Medicare.............     1.87      5.8       1.98      5.8       1.82      5.8       1.49      6.0       1.54      6.0       1.31      6.1       1.49      6.0       1.57      5.9       1.60      5.9       1.52      5.8       1.75      5.9       1.59      6.0       1.82      5.9
        Social Security(3).....................     1.49      4.6       1.58      4.6       1.46      4.6       1.20      4.9       1.24      4.9       1.06      5.0       1.20      4.8       1.26      4.7       1.29      4.8       1.22      4.7       1.41      4.8       1.27      4.8       1.47      4.8
        Medicare...............................      .37      1.2        .40      1.2        .36      1.2        .29      1.2        .30      1.2        .25      1.2        .30      1.2        .31      1.2        .31      1.1        .30      1.2        .35      1.2        .31      1.2        .36      1.2
      Federal unemployment insurance...........      .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .2        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1
      State unemployment insurance.............      .24       .7        .25       .7        .24       .8        .10       .4        .10       .4        .10       .5        .11       .4        .18       .7        .19       .7        .16       .6        .19       .6        .13       .5        .21       .7
      Workers' compensation....................      .45      1.4        .40      1.2        .47      1.5        .35      1.4        .38      1.5        .35      1.6        .31      1.2        .41      1.5        .43      1.6        .39      1.5        .59      2.0        .42      1.6        .66      2.1

  1 The States that comprise the census divisions are: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South
Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska,
North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.
  2 Includes premium pay for work in addition to the regular work schedule (such as overtime, weekends, and holidays).
  3 Comprises the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.




Table 8.   Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: Private industry workers, by establishment employment
size, March 2010


                                                                        1-99 workers                                            100 workers or more

                 Compensation
                   component                        1-99 workers        1-49 workers       50-99 workers    100 workers or more   100-499 workers   500 workers or more


                                                   Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent


Total compensation.............................   $22.84    100.0     $22.10    100.0     $25.10    100.0     $33.33    100.0     $28.55    100.0     $39.76    100.0

  Wages and salaries...........................    16.82     73.6      16.41     74.3      18.05     71.9      22.74     68.2      19.99     70.0      26.45     66.5

  Total benefits...............................     6.02     26.4       5.68     25.7       7.05     28.1      10.59     31.8       8.57     30.0      13.31     33.5

    Paid leave.................................     1.26      5.5       1.19      5.4       1.51      6.0       2.58      7.8       1.96      6.9       3.43      8.6
      Vacation.................................      .63      2.8        .59      2.7        .74      3.0       1.34      4.0       1.00      3.5       1.80      4.5
      Holiday..................................      .43      1.9        .41      1.8        .51      2.0        .79      2.4        .63      2.2       1.01      2.5
      Sick.....................................      .15       .7        .14       .6        .19       .7        .33      1.0        .24       .8        .45      1.1
      Personal.................................      .05       .2        .05       .2        .07       .3        .12       .4        .09       .3        .16       .4

    Supplemental pay...........................      .61      2.7        .58      2.6        .69      2.7       1.03      3.1        .77      2.7       1.39      3.5
      Overtime and premium(1)..................      .19       .8        .17       .8        .25      1.0        .34      1.0        .31      1.1        .39      1.0
      Shift differentials......................      .02       .1      (2)       (3)         .03       .1        .13       .4        .07       .2        .20       .5
      Nonproduction bonuses....................      .40      1.8        .40      1.8        .40      1.6        .56      1.7        .38      1.3        .81      2.0

    Insurance..................................     1.54      6.7       1.41      6.4       1.93      7.7       3.00      9.0       2.51      8.8       3.65      9.2
      Life.....................................      .03       .1        .03       .1        .04       .2        .06       .2        .05       .2        .07       .2
      Health...................................     1.45      6.4       1.34      6.0       1.82      7.2       2.79      8.4       2.36      8.3       3.38      8.5
      Short-term disability....................      .03       .1        .03       .1        .04       .2        .08       .2        .06       .2        .11       .3
      Long-term disability.....................      .02       .1        .02       .1        .03       .1        .06       .2        .04       .1        .09       .2

    Retirement and savings.....................      .56      2.5        .51      2.3        .72      2.9       1.42      4.3        .99      3.5       2.00      5.0
      Defined benefit..........................      .20       .9        .18       .8        .29      1.1        .65      2.0        .42      1.5        .97      2.4
      Defined contribution.....................      .36      1.6        .33      1.5        .44      1.8        .77      2.3        .58      2.0       1.03      2.6

    Legally required benefits..................     2.04      8.9       1.99      9.0       2.21      8.8       2.55      7.7       2.33      8.2       2.85      7.2
      Social Security and Medicare.............     1.40      6.1       1.36      6.2       1.52      6.1       1.92      5.8       1.66      5.8       2.27      5.7
        Social Security(4).....................     1.13      4.9       1.10      5.0       1.22      4.9       1.54      4.6       1.33      4.7       1.82      4.6
        Medicare...............................      .27      1.2        .26      1.2        .30      1.2        .38      1.1        .33      1.2        .45      1.1
      Federal unemployment insurance...........      .04       .2        .04       .2        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1
      State unemployment insurance.............      .17       .7        .17       .8        .17       .7        .17       .5        .18       .6        .15       .4
      Workers' compensation....................      .44      1.9        .43      1.9        .48      1.9        .43      1.3        .46      1.6        .39      1.0

  1 Includes premium pay for work in addition to the regular work schedule (such as overtime, weekends, and holidays).
  2 Cost per hour worked is $0.01 or less.
  3 Less than .05 percent.
  4 Comprises the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.




Table 9.   Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: Private
industry workers, goods-producing and service-providing industries, by occupational group, March 2010


                                                                                            Benefit costs

                                                        Total    Wages
                       Series                          compen-    and                      Supple-           Retire-  Legally
                                                       sation  salaries   Total    Paid    mental  Insurance  ment   required
                                                                                   leave     pay               and   benefits
                                                                                                             savings



                                                                               Cost per hour worked




All workers in private industry......................  $27.73   $19.58    $8.15    $1.88    $0.81    $2.22    $0.96    $2.28

      Management, professional, and related..........   48.80    34.52    14.28     4.07     1.63     3.29     1.89     3.39
        Management, business, and financial..........   55.73    38.75    16.98     5.03     2.31     3.67     2.28     3.69
        Professional and related.....................   45.63    32.59    13.05     3.64     1.33     3.11     1.71     3.26
      Sales and office...............................   21.77    15.59     6.18     1.37      .48     1.97      .62     1.74
        Sales and related............................   20.60    15.37     5.22     1.11      .51     1.38      .49     1.73
        Office and administrative support............   22.55    15.73     6.82     1.55      .46     2.36      .71     1.75
      Service........................................   13.71    10.34     3.37      .57      .24      .96      .21     1.39
      Natural resources, construction, and
       maintenance...................................   31.10    21.15     9.95     1.59     1.00     2.66     1.53     3.18
        Construction, extraction, farming, fishing,
         and forestry(1).............................   31.03    20.88    10.15     1.11     1.08     2.53     1.86     3.57
        Installation, maintenance, and repair........   31.17    21.42     9.75     2.06      .92     2.80     1.19     2.80
      Production, transportation, and material moving   23.72    15.85     7.87     1.41      .80     2.50      .89     2.27
        Production...................................   24.14    16.03     8.11     1.55      .93     2.65      .75     2.23
        Transportation and material moving...........   23.31    15.68     7.63     1.28      .67     2.34     1.03     2.31

    All workers, goods-producing industries(2).......   32.42    21.64    10.78     2.10     1.21     3.08     1.46     2.92

      Management, professional, and related..........   57.04    38.87    18.18     5.08     2.13     4.23     2.82     3.91
      Sales and office...............................   27.65    19.22     8.43     1.90      .77     2.63      .90     2.23
      Natural resources, construction, and
       maintenance...................................   31.74    21.27    10.46     1.26     1.13     2.69     1.85     3.53
      Production, transportation, and material moving   25.59    16.58     9.02     1.66     1.06     3.04      .88     2.37

    All workers, service-providing industries(3).....   26.77    19.16     7.61     1.84      .72     2.04      .86     2.15

      Management, professional, and related..........   47.78    33.98    13.80     3.95     1.57     3.17     1.77     3.33
      Sales and office...............................   21.38    15.34     6.03     1.34      .46     1.92      .60     1.71
      Service........................................   13.63    10.30     3.32      .57      .23      .95      .20     1.38
      Natural resources, construction, and
       maintenance...................................   30.34    21.00     9.34     1.98      .83     2.63     1.13     2.76
      Production, transportation, and material moving   22.16    15.25     6.91     1.21      .59     2.04      .89     2.19

                                                                           Percent of total compensation




All workers in private industry......................   100.0     70.6     29.4      6.8      2.9      8.0      3.5      8.2

      Management, professional, and related..........   100.0     70.7     29.3      8.3      3.3      6.7      3.9      7.0
        Management, business, and financial..........   100.0     69.5     30.5      9.0      4.1      6.6      4.1      6.6
        Professional and related.....................   100.0     71.4     28.6      8.0      2.9      6.8      3.8      7.1
      Sales and office...............................   100.0     71.6     28.4      6.3      2.2      9.0      2.9      8.0
        Sales and related............................   100.0     74.6     25.4      5.4      2.5      6.7      2.4      8.4
        Office and administrative support............   100.0     69.7     30.3      6.9      2.1     10.5      3.1      7.7
      Service........................................   100.0     75.4     24.6      4.2      1.7      7.0      1.5     10.1
      Natural resources, construction, and
       maintenance...................................   100.0     68.0     32.0      5.1      3.2      8.6      4.9     10.2
        Construction, extraction, farming, fishing,
         and forestry(1).............................   100.0     67.3     32.7      3.6      3.5      8.2      6.0     11.5
        Installation, maintenance, and repair........   100.0     68.7     31.3      6.6      2.9      9.0      3.8      9.0
      Production, transportation, and material moving   100.0     66.8     33.2      6.0      3.4     10.5      3.7      9.6
        Production...................................   100.0     66.4     33.6      6.4      3.8     11.0      3.1      9.3
        Transportation and material moving...........   100.0     67.3     32.7      5.5      2.9     10.0      4.4      9.9

    All workers, goods-producing industries(2).......   100.0     66.7     33.3      6.5      3.7      9.5      4.5      9.0

      Management, professional, and related..........   100.0     68.1     31.9      8.9      3.7      7.4      4.9      6.9
      Sales and office...............................   100.0     69.5     30.5      6.9      2.8      9.5      3.3      8.1
      Natural resources, construction, and
       maintenance...................................   100.0     67.0     33.0      4.0      3.6      8.5      5.8     11.1
      Production, transportation, and material moving   100.0     64.8     35.2      6.5      4.1     11.9      3.5      9.3

    All workers, service-providing industries(3).....   100.0     71.6     28.4      6.9      2.7      7.6      3.2      8.0

      Management, professional, and related..........   100.0     71.1     28.9      8.3      3.3      6.6      3.7      7.0
      Sales and office...............................   100.0     71.8     28.2      6.2      2.2      9.0      2.8      8.0
      Service........................................   100.0     75.6     24.4      4.2      1.7      6.9      1.5     10.1
      Natural resources, construction, and
       maintenance...................................   100.0     69.2     30.8      6.5      2.7      8.7      3.7      9.1
      Production, transportation, and material moving   100.0     68.8     31.2      5.5      2.6      9.2      4.0      9.9

  1 Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations were combined with construction and extraction occupational group as of
December 2006.
  2 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
  3 Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance;
real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises;
administrative and waste services; educational services;  health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and
recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.




Table 10.   Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: Private
industry workers, by industry group, March 2010


                                                                                            Benefit costs

                                                        Total    Wages
                       Series                          compen-    and                      Supple-           Retire-  Legally
                                                       sation  salaries   Total    Paid    mental  Insurance  ment   required
                                                                                   leave     pay               and   benefits
                                                                                                             savings



                                                                               Cost per hour worked




    All workers, goods-producing industries(1).......  $32.42   $21.64   $10.78    $2.10    $1.21    $3.08    $1.46    $2.92

      Construction...................................   31.33    21.67     9.66     1.13     1.06     2.30     1.64     3.52
      Manufacturing..................................   32.20    21.26    10.94     2.44     1.21     3.34     1.28     2.66
        Aircraft manufacturing(2)....................   59.67    38.37    21.30     5.80     2.83     5.84     2.75     4.07

    All workers, service-providing industries(3).....   26.77    19.16     7.61     1.84      .72     2.04      .86     2.15

      Trade, transportation, and utilities...........   23.58    16.65     6.94     1.42      .54     2.04      .87     2.07
        Wholesale trade..............................   30.01    20.87     9.14     2.02      .93     2.64     1.05     2.50
        Retail trade.................................   17.22    12.97     4.25      .79      .28     1.24      .35     1.59
        Transportation and warehousing...............   33.29    21.78    11.51     2.37      .74     3.68     1.77     2.95
        Utilities....................................   54.28    33.33    20.95     4.89     1.93     4.97     5.34     3.81
      Information....................................   41.25    28.20    13.05     3.81     1.09     3.74     1.50     2.90
      Financial activities...........................   36.72    24.80    11.92     3.02     1.83     3.04     1.59     2.44
        Finance and insurance........................   39.54    26.33    13.20     3.36     2.14     3.33     1.86     2.52
          Credit intermediation and related
           activities................................   34.03    22.86    11.17     2.91     1.42     3.03     1.60     2.21
          Insurance carriers and related activities..   38.30    26.02    12.28     3.21     1.13     3.45     1.91     2.57
        Real estate and rental and leasing...........   25.91    18.91     7.00     1.72      .63     1.94      .58     2.14
      Professional and business services.............   33.48    24.29     9.19     2.34     1.16     2.13      .97     2.58
        Professional and technical services..........   43.49    31.32    12.17     3.33     1.84     2.73     1.25     3.03
        Administrative and waste services............   21.23    16.02     5.22     1.00      .48     1.23      .49     2.02
      Education and health services..................   29.75    21.35     8.40     2.23      .57     2.37      .94     2.28
        Educational services.........................   38.69    28.53    10.16     2.68      .14     2.84     1.71     2.79
          Junior colleges, colleges, and universities   45.79    32.87    12.92     3.68      .16     3.59     2.40     3.09
        Health care and social assistance............   28.28    20.17     8.11     2.16      .64     2.30      .81     2.20
      Leisure and hospitality........................   11.98     9.48     2.50      .37      .12      .64      .10     1.26
        Accommodation and food services..............   11.20     8.89     2.31      .32      .10      .59      .09     1.20
      Other services.................................   24.53    18.10     6.43     1.54      .57     1.53      .66     2.12

                                                                           Percent of total compensation




    All workers, goods-producing industries(1).......   100.0     66.7     33.3      6.5      3.7      9.5      4.5      9.0

      Construction...................................   100.0     69.2     30.8      3.6      3.4      7.3      5.2     11.2
      Manufacturing..................................   100.0     66.0     34.0      7.6      3.8     10.4      4.0      8.3
        Aircraft manufacturing(2)....................   100.0     64.3     35.7      9.7      4.7      9.8      4.6      6.8

    All workers, service-providing industries(3).....   100.0     71.6     28.4      6.9      2.7      7.6      3.2      8.0

      Trade, transportation, and utilities...........   100.0     70.6     29.4      6.0      2.3      8.7      3.7      8.8
        Wholesale trade..............................   100.0     69.5     30.5      6.7      3.1      8.8      3.5      8.3
        Retail trade.................................   100.0     75.3     24.7      4.6      1.6      7.2      2.0      9.2
        Transportation and warehousing...............   100.0     65.4     34.6      7.1      2.2     11.1      5.3      8.9
        Utilities....................................   100.0     61.4     38.6      9.0      3.6      9.2      9.8      7.0
      Information....................................   100.0     68.4     31.6      9.2      2.7      9.1      3.6      7.0
      Financial activities...........................   100.0     67.5     32.5      8.2      5.0      8.3      4.3      6.7
        Finance and insurance........................   100.0     66.6     33.4      8.5      5.4      8.4      4.7      6.4
          Credit intermediation and related
           activities................................   100.0     67.2     32.8      8.5      4.2      8.9      4.7      6.5
          Insurance carriers and related activities..   100.0     67.9     32.1      8.4      3.0      9.0      5.0      6.7
        Real estate and rental and leasing...........   100.0     73.0     27.0      6.6      2.4      7.5      2.3      8.2
      Professional and business services.............   100.0     72.6     27.4      7.0      3.5      6.4      2.9      7.7
        Professional and technical services..........   100.0     72.0     28.0      7.7      4.2      6.3      2.9      7.0
        Administrative and waste services............   100.0     75.4     24.6      4.7      2.2      5.8      2.3      9.5
      Education and health services..................   100.0     71.8     28.2      7.5      1.9      8.0      3.2      7.7
        Educational services.........................   100.0     73.7     26.3      6.9       .4      7.3      4.4      7.2
          Junior colleges, colleges, and universities   100.0     71.8     28.2      8.0       .3      7.8      5.2      6.8
        Health care and social assistance............   100.0     71.3     28.7      7.6      2.3      8.1      2.9      7.8
      Leisure and hospitality........................   100.0     79.1     20.9      3.1      1.0      5.4       .9     10.5
        Accommodation and food services..............   100.0     79.4     20.6      2.8       .9      5.3       .8     10.8
      Other services.................................   100.0     73.8     26.2      6.3      2.3      6.3      2.7      8.7

  1 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
  2 Data are available beginning with December 2006.
  3 Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance;
real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises;
administrative and waste services; educational services;  health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and
recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.




Table 11.   Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: Private
industry workers, by occupational group and full-time and part-time status, March 2010


                                                                                            Benefit costs

                                                        Total    Wages
                       Series                          compen-    and                      Supple-           Retire-  Legally
                                                       sation  salaries   Total    Paid    mental  Insurance  ment   required
                                                                                   leave     pay               and   benefits
                                                                                                             savings



                                                                               Cost per hour worked




  All full-time workers in private industry..........  $31.77   $22.02    $9.75    $2.35    $0.99    $2.70    $1.20    $2.51

      Management, professional, and related..........   50.39    35.28    15.11     4.39     1.73     3.52     2.04     3.43
        Management, business, and financial..........   56.31    39.04    17.27     5.13     2.35     3.75     2.32     3.72
        Professional and related.....................   47.22    33.26    13.96     4.00     1.39     3.40     1.89     3.28
      Sales and office...............................   25.04    17.57     7.47     1.76      .62     2.42      .77     1.90
        Sales and related............................   26.81    19.57     7.24     1.73      .79     1.93      .73     2.06
        Office and administrative support............   24.18    16.60     7.59     1.78      .54     2.66      .80     1.82
      Service........................................   16.51    11.81     4.71      .94      .38     1.54      .33     1.52
      Natural resources, construction, and
       maintenance...................................   31.54    21.32    10.22     1.66     1.02     2.75     1.60     3.18
        Construction, extraction, farming, fishing,
         and forestry(1).............................   31.33    21.00    10.34     1.16     1.08     2.59     1.95     3.55
        Installation, maintenance, and repair........   31.75    21.65    10.10     2.17      .96     2.91     1.24     2.82
      Production, transportation, and material moving   25.45    16.84     8.60     1.62      .89     2.74      .99     2.37
        Production...................................   24.99    16.46     8.53     1.64      .98     2.83      .80     2.28
        Transportation and material moving...........   26.02    17.33     8.70     1.59      .77     2.63     1.23     2.48

  All part-time workers in private industry..........   15.60    12.24     3.36      .47      .25      .78      .26     1.60

      Management, professional, and related..........   37.65    29.20     8.45     1.84      .99     1.67      .83     3.13
        Professional and related.....................   37.90    29.29     8.60     1.87     1.02     1.72      .84     3.15
      Sales and office...............................   13.38    10.51     2.87      .37      .12      .81      .23     1.34
        Sales and related............................   11.71     9.37     2.34      .23      .10      .59      .15     1.26
        Office and administrative support............   15.75    12.11     3.64      .57      .15     1.12      .34     1.45
      Service........................................   10.83     8.84     1.99      .19      .10      .36      .09     1.25
      Production, transportation, and material moving   15.00    10.85     4.16      .38      .35     1.27      .37     1.79
        Transportation and material moving...........   15.52    10.95     4.57      .40      .37     1.50      .45     1.84

                                                                           Percent of total compensation




  All full-time workers in private industry..........   100.0     69.3     30.7      7.4      3.1      8.5      3.8      7.9

      Management, professional, and related..........   100.0     70.0     30.0      8.7      3.4      7.0      4.1      6.8
        Management, business, and financial..........   100.0     69.3     30.7      9.1      4.2      6.7      4.1      6.6
        Professional and related.....................   100.0     70.4     29.6      8.5      2.9      7.2      4.0      6.9
      Sales and office...............................   100.0     70.2     29.8      7.0      2.5      9.7      3.1      7.6
        Sales and related............................   100.0     73.0     27.0      6.4      3.0      7.2      2.7      7.7
        Office and administrative support............   100.0     68.6     31.4      7.4      2.2     11.0      3.3      7.5
      Service........................................   100.0     71.5     28.5      5.7      2.3      9.3      2.0      9.2
      Natural resources, construction, and
       maintenance...................................   100.0     67.6     32.4      5.3      3.2      8.7      5.1     10.1
        Construction, extraction, farming, fishing,
         and forestry(1).............................   100.0     67.0     33.0      3.7      3.5      8.3      6.2     11.3
        Installation, maintenance, and repair........   100.0     68.2     31.8      6.8      3.0      9.2      3.9      8.9
      Production, transportation, and material moving   100.0     66.2     33.8      6.4      3.5     10.8      3.9      9.3
        Production...................................   100.0     65.9     34.1      6.6      3.9     11.3      3.2      9.1
        Transportation and material moving...........   100.0     66.6     33.4      6.1      3.0     10.1      4.7      9.5

  All part-time workers in private industry..........   100.0     78.5     21.5      3.0      1.6      5.0      1.7     10.3

      Management, professional, and related..........   100.0     77.6     22.4      4.9      2.6      4.4      2.2      8.3
        Professional and related.....................   100.0     77.3     22.7      4.9      2.7      4.5      2.2      8.3
      Sales and office...............................   100.0     78.5     21.5      2.8       .9      6.1      1.7     10.0
        Sales and related............................   100.0     80.0     20.0      1.9       .9      5.0      1.3     10.8
        Office and administrative support............   100.0     76.9     23.1      3.6      1.0      7.1      2.2      9.2
      Service........................................   100.0     81.6     18.4      1.8       .9      3.3       .8     11.6
      Production, transportation, and material moving   100.0     72.3     27.7      2.5      2.3      8.5      2.4     12.0
        Transportation and material moving...........   100.0     70.6     29.4      2.6      2.4      9.7      2.9     11.9

  1 Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations were combined with construction and extraction occupational group as of
December 2006.
Note: The sum of individual items may not equal totals due to rounding.




Table 12.   Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation:
Private industry workers, by industry group and full-time and part-time status, March 2010


                                                                                      Benefit costs

                                                  Total    Wages
                    Series                       compen-    and                      Supple-           Retire-  Legally
                                                 sation  salaries   Total    Paid    mental  Insuran-   ment   required
                                                                             leave     pay      ce       and   benefits
                                                                                                       savings



                                                                         Cost per hour worked




  All full-time workers in private industry....  $31.77   $22.02    $9.75    $2.35    $0.99    $2.70    $1.20    $2.51

    Goods-producing(1).........................   32.80    21.81    10.99     2.15     1.24     3.16     1.50     2.93
      Construction.............................   31.63    21.73     9.90     1.18     1.10     2.38     1.72     3.52
      Manufacturing............................   32.59    21.47    11.12     2.49     1.24     3.41     1.30     2.68

    Service-providing(2).......................   31.48    22.08     9.39     2.40      .92     2.57     1.11     2.39
      Trade, transportation, and utilities.....   28.25    19.64     8.61     1.93      .69     2.51     1.14     2.34
      Information..............................   43.94    29.88    14.07     4.14     1.19     4.05     1.63     3.05
      Financial activities.....................   39.42    26.43    12.99     3.33     2.03     3.29     1.76     2.57
      Professional and business services.......   37.15    26.63    10.52     2.82     1.29     2.50     1.17     2.75
      Education and health services............   31.31    22.05     9.26     2.57      .62     2.71     1.05     2.31
      Leisure and hospitality..................   15.31    11.46     3.86      .75      .23     1.26      .19     1.42
      Other services...........................   28.43    20.22     8.21     2.03      .79     2.12      .92     2.35

  All part-time workers in private industry....   15.60    12.24     3.36      .47      .25      .78      .26     1.60

    Service-providing(2).......................   15.50    12.16     3.34      .47      .25      .78      .26     1.58
      Trade, transportation, and utilities.....   13.66    10.27     3.39      .34      .20     1.05      .29     1.49
      Professional and business services.......   18.04    14.45     3.60      .35      .62      .61      .16     1.86
      Education and health services............   25.28    19.36     5.92     1.26      .43     1.41      .61     2.21
      Leisure and hospitality..................    9.39     7.95     1.45      .08      .03      .16      .03     1.14

                                                                     Percent of total compensation




  All full-time workers in private industry....   100.0     69.3     30.7      7.4      3.1      8.5      3.8      7.9

    Goods-producing(1).........................   100.0     66.5     33.5      6.6      3.8      9.6      4.6      8.9
      Construction.............................   100.0     68.7     31.3      3.7      3.5      7.5      5.4     11.1
      Manufacturing............................   100.0     65.9     34.1      7.7      3.8     10.5      4.0      8.2

    Service-providing(2).......................   100.0     70.2     29.8      7.6      2.9      8.2      3.5      7.6
      Trade, transportation, and utilities.....   100.0     69.5     30.5      6.8      2.5      8.9      4.0      8.3
      Information..............................   100.0     68.0     32.0      9.4      2.7      9.2      3.7      6.9
      Financial activities.....................   100.0     67.1     32.9      8.5      5.2      8.4      4.5      6.5
      Professional and business services.......   100.0     71.7     28.3      7.6      3.5      6.7      3.1      7.4
      Education and health services............   100.0     70.4     29.6      8.2      2.0      8.6      3.4      7.4
      Leisure and hospitality..................   100.0     74.8     25.2      4.9      1.5      8.3      1.3      9.2
      Other services...........................   100.0     71.1     28.9      7.1      2.8      7.5      3.2      8.3

  All part-time workers in private industry....   100.0     78.5     21.5      3.0      1.6      5.0      1.7     10.3

    Service-providing(2).......................   100.0     78.4     21.6      3.1      1.6      5.0      1.7     10.2
      Trade, transportation, and utilities.....   100.0     75.2     24.8      2.5      1.5      7.7      2.1     10.9
      Professional and business services.......   100.0     80.1     19.9      1.9      3.4      3.4       .9     10.3
      Education and health services............   100.0     76.6     23.4      5.0      1.7      5.6      2.4      8.7
      Leisure and hospitality..................   100.0     84.6     15.4       .9       .4      1.7       .4     12.1

  1 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is
excluded.
  2 Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and
insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and
enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services;  health care and social assistance; arts,
entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.




Table 13.   Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation:
Private industry workers, by major industry group and establishment employment size and bargaining unit status, March
2010


                                                                                      Benefit costs

                                                  Total    Wages
                    Series                       compen-    and                      Supple-           Retire-  Legally
                                                 sation  salaries   Total    Paid    mental  Insurance  ment   required
                                                                             leave     pay               and   benefits
                                                                                                       savings



                                                                         Cost per hour worked




    All workers, goods-producing industries(1)   $32.42   $21.64   $10.78    $2.10    $1.21    $3.08    $1.46    $2.92

    1-99 workers...............................   27.22    19.16     8.06     1.27      .83     2.18      .94     2.83
      1-49 workers.............................   26.47    18.85     7.62     1.17      .77     1.96      .86     2.86
      50-99 workers............................   29.05    19.91     9.14     1.50      .98     2.73     1.15     2.78
    100 workers or more........................   36.91    23.78    13.13     2.82     1.54     3.85     1.91     3.00
      100-499 workers..........................   31.85    20.83    11.02     2.08     1.20     3.42     1.51     2.80
      500 workers or more......................   44.17    28.02    16.15     3.88     2.03     4.47     2.49     3.28

    Union......................................   39.24    23.15    16.09     2.39     1.52     5.17     3.34     3.67
    Nonunion...................................   30.78    21.28     9.51     2.03     1.14     2.58     1.01     2.74

    All workers, service-providing
     industries(2).............................   26.77    19.16     7.61     1.84      .72     2.04      .86     2.15

    1-99 workers...............................   22.07    16.41     5.66     1.26      .57     1.43      .50     1.91
      1-49 workers.............................   21.39    16.02     5.37     1.19      .55     1.33      .45     1.85
      50-99 workers............................   24.26    17.65     6.61     1.51      .62     1.76      .63     2.09
    100 workers or more........................   32.45    22.48     9.97     2.53      .91     2.79     1.30     2.44
      100-499 workers..........................   27.72    19.77     7.95     1.93      .66     2.28      .86     2.22
      500 workers or more......................   38.73    26.08    12.65     3.32     1.24     3.45     1.88     2.74

    Union......................................   36.16    22.78    13.38     2.95      .93     4.44     2.15     2.91
    Nonunion...................................   25.92    18.83     7.09     1.73      .70     1.83      .74     2.08

                                                                     Percent of total compensation




    All workers, goods-producing industries(1)    100.0     66.7     33.3      6.5      3.7      9.5      4.5      9.0

    1-99 workers...............................   100.0     70.4     29.6      4.7      3.1      8.0      3.5     10.4
      1-49 workers.............................   100.0     71.2     28.8      4.4      2.9      7.4      3.2     10.8
      50-99 workers............................   100.0     68.5     31.5      5.2      3.4      9.4      4.0      9.6
    100 workers or more........................   100.0     64.4     35.6      7.6      4.2     10.4      5.2      8.1
      100-499 workers..........................   100.0     65.4     34.6      6.5      3.8     10.7      4.7      8.8
      500 workers or more......................   100.0     63.4     36.6      8.8      4.6     10.1      5.6      7.4

    Union......................................   100.0     59.0     41.0      6.1      3.9     13.2      8.5      9.4
    Nonunion...................................   100.0     69.1     30.9      6.6      3.7      8.4      3.3      8.9

    All workers, service-providing
     industries(2).............................   100.0     71.6     28.4      6.9      2.7      7.6      3.2      8.0

    1-99 workers...............................   100.0     74.3     25.7      5.7      2.6      6.5      2.2      8.6
      1-49 workers.............................   100.0     74.9     25.1      5.6      2.6      6.2      2.1      8.6
      50-99 workers............................   100.0     72.8     27.2      6.2      2.6      7.2      2.6      8.6
    100 workers or more........................   100.0     69.3     30.7      7.8      2.8      8.6      4.0      7.5
      100-499 workers..........................   100.0     71.3     28.7      7.0      2.4      8.2      3.1      8.0
      500 workers or more......................   100.0     67.3     32.7      8.6      3.2      8.9      4.9      7.1

    Union......................................   100.0     63.0     37.0      8.2      2.6     12.3      5.9      8.1
    Nonunion...................................   100.0     72.7     27.3      6.7      2.7      7.0      2.9      8.0

  1 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is
excluded.
  2 Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and
insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and
enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services;  health care and social assistance; arts,
entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.




Table 14.   Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation:
Private industry health care and social assistance workers, by industry and occupational group, March 2010


                                                                                      Benefit costs

                                                  Total    Wages
                    Series                       compen-    and                      Supple-           Retire-  Legally
                                                 sation  salaries   Total    Paid    mental  Insurance  ment   required
                                                                             leave     pay               and   benefits
                                                                                                       savings



                                                                         Cost per hour worked



  Health care and social assistance............  $28.28   $20.17    $8.11    $2.16    $0.64    $2.30    $0.81    $2.20

      Management, professional, and related....   40.64    29.15    11.49     3.36      .96     2.91     1.27     2.99
        Registered nurses......................   47.78    33.59    14.19     4.05     1.62     3.29     1.69     3.55
      Sales and office.........................   22.06    15.38     6.67     1.58      .38     2.38      .66     1.68
      Service..................................   16.11    11.48     4.64      .97      .38     1.51      .32     1.46

    Hospitals..................................   36.26    24.62    11.64     3.12     1.16     3.43     1.30     2.64

      Management, professional, and related....   44.60    30.76    13.84     3.97     1.47     3.61     1.58     3.21
        Registered nurses......................   48.23    33.04    15.19     4.26     1.95     3.72     1.75     3.52
      Service..................................   20.49    13.07     7.41     1.44      .71     2.95      .72     1.59

    Nursing and residential care facilities....   20.01    14.63     5.39     1.32      .43     1.50      .28     1.85

      Management, professional, and related....   31.07    22.99     8.08     2.23      .68     2.01      .51     2.64
      Service..................................   14.98    10.82     4.16      .88      .35     1.26      .18     1.49

      Nursing care facilities(1)...............   21.68    15.87     5.81     1.46      .53     1.56      .29     1.96

      Management, professional, and related....   33.99    25.45     8.54     2.42      .83     1.95      .48     2.87
      Service..................................   15.87    11.35     4.53      .99      .43     1.37      .19     1.55

                                                                     Percent of total compensation



  Health care and social assistance............   100.0     71.3     28.7      7.6      2.3      8.1      2.9      7.8

      Management, professional, and related....   100.0     71.7     28.3      8.3      2.4      7.2      3.1      7.4
        Registered nurses......................   100.0     70.3     29.7      8.5      3.4      6.9      3.5      7.4
      Sales and office.........................   100.0     69.7     30.3      7.2      1.7     10.8      3.0      7.6
      Service..................................   100.0     71.2     28.8      6.0      2.3      9.4      2.0      9.0

    Hospitals..................................   100.0     67.9     32.1      8.6      3.2      9.5      3.6      7.3

      Management, professional, and related....   100.0     69.0     31.0      8.9      3.3      8.1      3.5      7.2
        Registered nurses......................   100.0     68.5     31.5      8.8      4.0      7.7      3.6      7.3
      Service..................................   100.0     63.8     36.2      7.0      3.4     14.4      3.5      7.8

    Nursing and residential care facilities....   100.0     73.1     26.9      6.6      2.2      7.5      1.4      9.2

      Management, professional, and related....   100.0     74.0     26.0      7.2      2.2      6.5      1.7      8.5
      Service..................................   100.0     72.3     27.7      5.9      2.3      8.4      1.2      9.9

      Nursing care facilities(1)...............   100.0     73.2     26.8      6.8      2.4      7.2      1.3      9.1

      Management, professional, and related....   100.0     74.9     25.1      7.1      2.4      5.7      1.4      8.4
      Service..................................   100.0     71.5     28.5      6.2      2.7      8.7      1.2      9.7

  1 Data are available beginning with December 2006.

Note: The sum of individual items may not equal totals due to rounding.




Table 15.  Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total
compensation: Private industry workers, by census region and selected metropolitan area, March 2010


                                                      Total           Wages and       Total benefits
                                                   compensation        salaries
      Census region and metropolitan area

                                                  Cost    Percent   Cost    Percent   Cost    Percent



Northeast

Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MA-NH CSA.........  $38.62    100.0   $26.26     68.0   $12.36     32.0

New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA....   35.18    100.0    24.18     68.7    11.00     31.3

Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA..   31.76    100.0    21.65     68.2    10.11     31.8

South

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Gainesville, GA-AL CSA...   29.86    100.0    21.24     71.1     8.62     28.9

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX CSA......................   29.47    100.0    21.01     71.3     8.46     28.7

Houston-Baytown-Huntsville, TX CSA.............   30.50    100.0    22.04     72.2     8.47     27.8

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL MSA....   24.00    100.0    17.61     73.4     6.39     26.6

Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia,
 DC-MD-VA-WV CSA...............................   33.79    100.0    24.44     72.3     9.35     27.7

Midwest

Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City, IL-IN-WI CSA    31.96    100.0    22.12     69.2     9.83     30.8

Detroit-Warren-Flint, MI CSA...................   32.08    100.0    21.53     67.1    10.55     32.9

Minneapolis-St. Paul-St. Cloud, MN-WI CSA......   30.12    100.0    21.37     70.9     8.75     29.1

West

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA CSA.......   28.70    100.0    20.67     72.0     8.04     28.0

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ MSA................   28.09    100.0    20.72     73.8     7.36     26.2

San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA.........   38.52    100.0    27.10     70.4    11.42     29.6

Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia, WA CSA.................   33.05    100.0    23.02     69.7    10.03     30.3

Note: The sum of individual items may not equal totals due to rounding.


Last Modified Date: September 22, 2010
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