Economic News Release

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation News Release



FOR RELEASE 10:00 A.M. (EST) WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 8, 2010                                     USDL-10-1687

Technical information:
     (202) 691-6199  NCSinfo@bls.gov  HTTP://www.bls.gov/ect
Media contact:
     (202) 691-5902  PressOffice@bls.gov


                          EMPLOYER COSTS FOR EMPLOYEE COMPENSATION - SEPTEMBER 2010

     State and local government employers spent an average of $26.25 per hour worked for employee wages
and salaries in September 2010, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.  Wages and salaries
accounted for 65.5 percent of compensation costs while benefits averaged $13.85 per hour worked and
accounted for the remaining 34.5 percent.  (See chart 1.) Wages and salaries for management,
professional, and related occupations, which represent approximately half of all state and local
government employment, averaged $33.17 per hour worked.

     Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC), a product of the National Compensation Survey,
measures employer costs for wages, salaries, and employee benefits for nonfarm private and state and
local government workers.

     Health benefit employer costs in September 2010 were $4.65 per hour worked for state and local
government and $2.10 in private industry.  Defined benefit retirement plan costs for state and local
government employers were $2.94 per hour worked, significantly higher than 44 cents for private
industry employers.  (See chart 2.)  Defined contribution retirement costs were 32 cents per hour
worked for state and local government and 55 cents for private industry.

Civilian

     Civilian employer costs averaged $2.63 per hour worked for insurance benefits (life, health, and
disability insurance) or 8.8 percent of total compensation.  In addition to insurance, the other
benefit categories were: paid leave (vacation, holiday, sick leave, and personal leave), which averaged
$2.05 (6.9 percent of total compensation); supplemental pay (overtime and premium, shift differentials,
and nonproduction bonuses), which averaged 71 cents per hour worked (2.4 percent); retirement and
savings (defined benefit and defined contribution), which averaged $1.34 per hour (4.5 percent of total
compensation); and legally required benefits (Social Security, Medicare, unemployment insurance, and
workers’ compensation), which averaged $2.32 per hour worked (7.8 percent).  (See table A and table 1.)

Private industry

     Private industry employer compensation costs averaged $27.88 per hour worked.  Private industry
employer wages and salaries averaged $19.68 per hour (70.6 percent of total compensation), while
benefits averaged $8.20 (29.4 percent).  Employer costs for paid leave averaged $1.88 per hour worked
(6.7 percent), supplemental pay averaged 78 cents (2.8 percent), insurance benefits averaged $2.24 (8.0
percent), retirement and savings averaged 99 cents (3.6 percent), and legally required benefits
averaged $2.31 (8.3 percent) per hour worked.  (See table 5.)

Compensation costs in state and local government

     State and local government compensation costs averaged $40.10 per hour worked.  Wages and salaries
averaged $26.25 per hour (65.5 percent of total compensation), while benefits averaged $13.85 (34.5
percent).  Among state and local government employees, average hourly compensation costs were higher
for management, professional, and related occupations ($48.73) than for service occupations ($30.17)
and sales and office occupations ($27.87).  (See table 3.)

     For state and local government employees, employer costs for insurance benefits were $4.80 per
hour, or 12.0 percent of total compensation.  The largest component of insurance costs was health
insurance, which averaged $4.65, or 11.6 percent of total compensation.

     In September 2010, the average cost for retirement and savings benefits was $3.26 per hour worked
in state and local government (8.1 percent of total compensation).  Included in this amount were
employer costs for defined benefit plans, which averaged $2.94 per hour (7.3 percent), and defined
contribution plans, which averaged 32 cents (0.8 percent).  Defined benefit plans specify a formula for
determining future benefits, while defined contribution plans specify employer contributions but do not
guarantee the amount of future benefits.

     Two major components of benefit costs are paid leave and legally required benefits.  Paid leave
benefit costs include vacation, holiday, sick leave, and personal leave.  The average cost for paid
leave was $3.03 per hour worked for state and local government employees.  Costs for legally required
benefits, including Social Security, Medicare, unemployment insurance (both state and federal), and
workers’ compensation, averaged $2.42 per hour worked.

     The National Compensation Survey produces data on the percentage of state and local government
workers with access to and participation in employee benefit plans, including health and retirement and
savings plans.  Detailed data on health and retirement plan provisions are available at
http://www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/.


Table A.  Relative importance of employer costs for employee compensation, September 2010 

     Compensation                 Civilian          Private          State and local
       component                  workers           industry            government

Wages and salaries                 69.5%              70.6%               65.5%
Benefits                           30.5               29.4                34.5
   Paid leave                       6.9                6.7                 7.6
   Supplemental pay                 2.4                2.8                 0.8
   Insurance                        8.8                8.0                12.0
     Health                         8.4                7.5                11.6
   Retirement and savings           4.5                3.6                 8.1
     Defined benefit                2.8                1.6                 7.3
     Defined contribution           1.7                2.0                 0.8
   Legally required                 7.8                8.3                 6.0


_______________________________________________________________________________________________________

     Employer Costs for Employee Compensation data for December 2010 is scheduled to be released on
Wednesday, March 9, 2011, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).

     Employer Costs for Employee Compensation data on total compensation, wages and salaries, and
benefits in private industry are produced annually for 15 metropolitan areas.  Metropolitan area data
will be included in the March 2011 news release to be published in June 2011.  For further information
about metropolitan area ECEC estimates see: "BLS Introduces New Employer Costs for Employee
Compensation Data for Private Industry Workers in 15 Metropolitan Areas," at
http://www.bls.gov/opub/cwc/cm20090921ar01p1.htm.

     Supplemental tables with occupational, establishment size, and bargaining status series for
detailed industries are available at http://www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/sp/ecsuphst.pdf and
http://www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/sp/ecsuptc16.pdf.

     Relative standard errors for all cost estimates in the most recent news release and supplementary
tables are available at ftp://ftp.bls.gov/pub/special.requests/ocwc/ect/ececrse.pdf and
http://www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/sp/ecsuprse.pdf.

     Historical ECEC data are available in three listings, all available
http://www.bls.gov/ect/#tables.  The first historical listing covers data for the March reference
periods from 1986 to 2001.  These data use the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) and Census of
Population occupational classification systems.  The second listing contains data for the March,
June, September, and December reference periods from March 2002 to December 2003.  These data are
also based on the SIC and Census of Population occupational classification systems.  The final listing
includes data from March 2004 to the current reference period.  These are based on the North American
Industry Classification System (NAICS) and the Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system.
Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request--
Telephone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service:  (800) 877-8339.

     BLS news releases, including the ECEC, are available through an e-mail subscription service at:
www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm.




                                        TECHNICAL NOTE

     Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC) measures the average cost to employers for wages
and salaries and benefits per employee hour worked.

     ECEC covers the civilian economy, which includes data from both private industry and state and
local government.  Excluded from private industry are the self-employed and farm and private household
workers.  Federal government workers are excluded from the public sector.  The private industry
series and the state and local government series provide data for the two sectors separately.

     The cost levels for this quarter were collected from a probability sample of approximately
62,400 occupations selected from a sample of about 13,100 establishments in private industry and
approximately 11,600 occupations from a sample of about 1,800 establishments in state and local
governments.  The private industry sample is rotated over approximately 5 years, which makes the
sample more representative of the economy and reduces respondent burden.  The state and local
government sample, which is replaced less frequently than the private industry sample, was replaced
in its entirety in September 2007.  The sample is replaced on a cross-area, cross-industry basis.
Data are collected for the pay period including the 12th day of the survey months of March, June,
September, and December.

Comparing private and public sector data

     Compensation cost levels in state and local government should not be directly compared with
levels in private industry.  Differences between these sectors stem from factors such as variation in
work activities and occupational structures.  Manufacturing and sales, for example, make up a large
part of private industry work activities but are rare in state and local government.  Management,
professional, and administrative support occupations (including teachers) account for two-thirds of
the state and local government workforce, compared with two-fifths of private industry.

ECEC quarterly publication focus

     ECEC news releases are published quarterly, providing civilian, private industry, and state and
local government cost per hour estimates as well as additional detail on a specific compensation cost
topic of interest.  This quarter focuses on compensation costs in state and local government. Topics
of news releases for the upcoming reference periods are as follows:

     * December 2010--Legally required and paid leave benefit costs in private industry
     * March 2011--Health benefit costs in private industry
     * June 2011--Retirement and savings benefit costs in private industry

ECEC detailed information and measures

     For detailed information on the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation series, see National
Compensation Measures, Chapter 8, of the BLS Handbook of Methods at:
www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch8.pdf.




Table 1.   Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: Civilian workers, by major occupational and industry group, September 2010
                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                             Occupational group                                                        Industry group          
                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                     Management,                                             Natural         Production,                                       
                 Compensation                          All          professional,         Sales                             resources,     transportation,        Goods-           Service-    
                   component                        workers(1)           and               and             Service        construction,          and           producing(2)      providing(3)  
                                                                       related            office                               and             material                                        
                                                                                                                           maintenance          moving                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                  Cost    Percent   Cost    Percent   Cost    Percent   Cost    Percent   Cost    Percent   Cost    Percent   Cost    Percent   Cost    Percent
                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                               
Total compensation.............................  $29.75    100.0   $49.14    100.0   $22.51    100.0   $16.28    100.0   $31.54    100.0   $24.30    100.0   $32.86    100.0   $29.19    100.0 
                                                                                                                                                                                               
  Wages and salaries...........................   20.69     69.5    34.40     70.0    15.88     70.5    11.57     71.0    21.20     67.2    16.12     66.4    21.87     66.5    20.48     70.1 
                                                                                                                                                                                               
  Total benefits...............................    9.06     30.5    14.74     30.0     6.63     29.5     4.72     29.0    10.35     32.8     8.17     33.6    10.99     33.5     8.72     29.9 
                                                                                                                                                                                               
    Paid leave.................................    2.05      6.9     3.90      7.9     1.48      6.6      .89      5.5     1.69      5.4     1.47      6.0     2.11      6.4     2.04      7.0 
      Vacation.................................     .99      3.3     1.84      3.7      .72      3.2      .42      2.6      .89      2.8      .74      3.1     1.12      3.4      .97      3.3 
      Holiday..................................     .64      2.2     1.18      2.4      .48      2.1      .28      1.7      .55      1.7      .51      2.1      .75      2.3      .62      2.1 
      Sick.....................................     .32      1.1      .67      1.4      .21       .9      .14       .9      .18       .6      .16       .7      .18       .6      .34      1.2 
      Personal.................................     .11       .4      .22       .5      .07       .3      .04       .3      .08       .3      .06       .2      .06       .2      .11       .4 
                                                                                                                                                                                               
    Supplemental pay...........................     .71      2.4     1.19      2.4      .44      2.0      .28      1.7      .94      3.0      .79      3.2     1.18      3.6      .63      2.2 
      Overtime and premium(4)..................     .25       .8      .15       .3      .14       .6      .17      1.0      .65      2.1      .52      2.1      .58      1.8      .19       .7 
      Shift differentials......................     .06       .2      .11       .2      .02       .1      .05       .3      .05       .1      .09       .4      .08       .3      .06       .2 
      Nonproduction bonuses....................     .40      1.3      .94      1.9      .28      1.2      .07       .4      .24       .8      .18       .7      .52      1.6      .38      1.3 
                                                                                                                                                                                               
    Insurance..................................    2.63      8.8     3.91      8.0     2.18      9.7     1.41      8.7     2.84      9.0     2.64     10.9     3.13      9.5     2.54      8.7 
      Life.....................................     .05       .2      .09       .2      .03       .2      .02       .1      .06       .2      .05       .2      .07       .2      .05       .2 
      Health...................................    2.49      8.4     3.66      7.4     2.09      9.3     1.37      8.4     2.68      8.5     2.49     10.3     2.93      8.9     2.41      8.3 
      Short-term disability....................     .05       .2      .07       .1      .03       .2      .02       .1      .08       .3      .06       .3      .09       .3      .04       .1 
      Long-term disability.....................     .04       .1      .08       .2      .03       .1     (5)      (6)       .03       .1      .04       .2      .04       .1      .04       .1 
                                                                                                                                                                                               
    Retirement and savings.....................    1.34      4.5     2.50      5.1      .76      3.4      .63      3.8     1.73      5.5      .97      4.0     1.60      4.9     1.30      4.4 
      Defined benefit..........................     .83      2.8     1.50      3.1      .36      1.6      .49      3.0     1.24      3.9      .61      2.5      .98      3.0      .80      2.7 
      Defined contribution.....................     .51      1.7     1.00      2.0      .40      1.8      .14       .8      .49      1.6      .36      1.5      .63      1.9      .50      1.7 
                                                                                                                                                                                               
    Legally required benefits..................    2.32      7.8     3.24      6.6     1.76      7.8     1.50      9.2     3.14     10.0     2.30      9.5     2.97      9.0     2.21      7.6 
      Social Security and Medicare.............    1.68      5.7     2.69      5.5     1.33      5.9      .97      6.0     1.78      5.6     1.37      5.7     1.86      5.7     1.65      5.6 
        Social Security(7).....................    1.34      4.5     2.12      4.3     1.07      4.7      .78      4.8     1.44      4.6     1.11      4.6     1.50      4.6     1.31      4.5 
        Medicare...............................     .34      1.1      .57      1.2      .26      1.1      .19      1.2      .34      1.1      .27      1.1      .36      1.1      .34      1.1 
      Federal unemployment insurance...........     .03       .1      .02     (6)       .03       .1      .03       .2      .03       .1      .03       .1      .03       .1      .03       .1 
      State unemployment insurance.............     .17       .6      .16       .3      .16       .7      .14       .9      .22       .7      .21       .9      .25       .8      .15       .5 
      Workers' compensation....................     .44      1.5      .37       .7      .24      1.1      .36      2.2     1.11      3.5      .69      2.8      .82      2.5      .38      1.3 

  1 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy excluding households and the public sector excluding the Federal government.
  2 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
  3 Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical
services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services;  health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation;
accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.
  4 Includes premium pay for work in addition to the regular work schedule (such as overtime, weekends, and holidays).
  5 Cost per hour worked is $0.01 or less.
  6 Less than .05 percent.
  7 Comprises the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.




Table 2.   Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation:
Civilian workers, by occupational and industry group, September 2010
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                      Benefit costs                    
                                                                                                                       
                                                  Total    Wages                                                       
                    Series                       compen-    and                      Supple-           Retire-  Legally
                                                 sation  salaries   Total    Paid    mental  Insurance  ment   required
                                                                             leave     pay               and   benefits
                                                                                                       savings         
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                
                                                                         Cost per hour worked
                                                
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
Civilian workers(1)............................  $29.75   $20.69    $9.06    $2.05    $0.71    $2.63    $1.34    $2.32 
                                                                                                                       
              Occupational group                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
      Management, professional, and related....   49.14    34.40    14.74     3.90     1.19     3.91     2.50     3.24 
        Management, business, and financial....   55.46    38.34    17.12     5.06     1.85     3.96     2.63     3.61 
        Professional and related...............   46.82    32.95    13.87     3.47      .95     3.89     2.46     3.10 
          Teachers(2)..........................   52.98    37.97    15.01     2.72      .13     5.20     3.88     3.07 
            Primary, secondary, and special                                                                            
             education school teachers.........   52.55    37.31    15.23     2.50      .15     5.84     3.89     2.85 
          Registered nurses....................   48.24    33.74    14.50     4.01     1.53     3.51     1.90     3.55 
      Sales and office.........................   22.51    15.88     6.63     1.48      .44     2.18      .76     1.76 
        Sales and related......................   20.98    15.65     5.34     1.15      .49     1.42      .52     1.76 
        Office and administrative support......   23.41    16.02     7.39     1.67      .41     2.63      .90     1.77 
      Service..................................   16.28    11.57     4.72      .89      .28     1.41      .63     1.50 
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                             
       maintenance.............................   31.54    21.20    10.35     1.69      .94     2.84     1.73     3.14 
        Construction, extraction, farming,                                                                             
         fishing, and forestry(3)..............   31.59    21.03    10.55     1.27     1.01     2.72     2.04     3.51 
        Installation, maintenance, and repair..   31.50    21.38    10.13     2.15      .86     2.98     1.39     2.75 
      Production, transportation, and material                                                                         
       moving..................................   24.30    16.12     8.17     1.47      .79     2.64      .97     2.30 
        Production.............................   24.63    16.27     8.36     1.59      .92     2.74      .83     2.27 
        Transportation and material moving.....   23.98    15.99     8.00     1.35      .66     2.56     1.11     2.33 
                                                                                                                       
                Industry group                                                                                         
                                                                                                                       
      Education and health services............   34.50    24.13    10.36     2.42      .43     3.37     1.80     2.34 
        Educational services...................   42.50    29.48    13.02     2.66      .14     4.68     3.05     2.50 
          Elementary and secondary schools.....   42.41    29.27    13.14     2.27      .15     5.09     3.25     2.38 
          Junior colleges, colleges, and                                                                               
            universities.......................   45.38    31.41    13.97     3.76      .14     4.29     2.97     2.81 
        Health care and social assistance......   29.12    20.54     8.58     2.27      .63     2.49      .96     2.23 
          Hospitals............................   36.71    24.66    12.05     3.17     1.08     3.67     1.50     2.62 
                                                
                                                                     Percent of total compensation
                                                
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
Civilian workers(1)............................   100.0     69.5     30.5      6.9      2.4      8.8      4.5      7.8 
                                                                                                                       
              Occupational group                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
      Management, professional, and related....   100.0     70.0     30.0      7.9      2.4      8.0      5.1      6.6 
        Management, business, and financial....   100.0     69.1     30.9      9.1      3.3      7.1      4.7      6.5 
        Professional and related...............   100.0     70.4     29.6      7.4      2.0      8.3      5.2      6.6 
          Teachers(2)..........................   100.0     71.7     28.3      5.1       .3      9.8      7.3      5.8 
            Primary, secondary, and special                                                                            
             education school teachers.........   100.0     71.0     29.0      4.8       .3     11.1      7.4      5.4 
          Registered nurses....................   100.0     69.9     30.1      8.3      3.2      7.3      3.9      7.4 
      Sales and office.........................   100.0     70.5     29.5      6.6      2.0      9.7      3.4      7.8 
        Sales and related......................   100.0     74.6     25.4      5.5      2.3      6.8      2.5      8.4 
        Office and administrative support......   100.0     68.4     31.6      7.1      1.8     11.3      3.9      7.6 
      Service..................................   100.0     71.0     29.0      5.5      1.7      8.7      3.8      9.2 
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                             
       maintenance.............................   100.0     67.2     32.8      5.4      3.0      9.0      5.5     10.0 
        Construction, extraction, farming,                                                                             
         fishing, and forestry(3)..............   100.0     66.6     33.4      4.0      3.2      8.6      6.5     11.1 
        Installation, maintenance, and repair..   100.0     67.9     32.1      6.8      2.7      9.5      4.4      8.7 
      Production, transportation, and material                                                                         
       moving..................................   100.0     66.4     33.6      6.0      3.2     10.9      4.0      9.5 
        Production.............................   100.0     66.1     33.9      6.5      3.7     11.1      3.4      9.2 
        Transportation and material moving.....   100.0     66.7     33.3      5.6      2.7     10.7      4.6      9.7 
                                                                                                                       
                Industry group                                                                                         
                                                                                                                       
      Education and health services............   100.0     70.0     30.0      7.0      1.3      9.8      5.2      6.8 
        Educational services...................   100.0     69.4     30.6      6.2       .3     11.0      7.2      5.9 
          Elementary and secondary schools.....   100.0     69.0     31.0      5.4       .3     12.0      7.7      5.6 
          Junior colleges, colleges, and                                                                               
            universities.......................   100.0     69.2     30.8      8.3       .3      9.4      6.5      6.2 
        Health care and social assistance......   100.0     70.5     29.5      7.8      2.2      8.6      3.3      7.7 
          Hospitals............................   100.0     67.2     32.8      8.6      2.9     10.0      4.1      7.1 

  1 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy excluding households and the public sector excluding the Federal
government.
  2 Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and
instructors.
  3 Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations were combined with construction and extraction occupational group as of
December 2006.




Table 3.   Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: State and local
government workers, by major occupational and industry group, September 2010
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                         Occupational group(1)                            Industry group 
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                     Management,          Sales                                          
                 Compensation                          All          professional,          and             Service      Service-providing
                   component                         workers             and              office                                (2)      
                                                                       related                                                           
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                  Cost    Percent   Cost    Percent   Cost    Percent   Cost    Percent   Cost    Percent
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
Total compensation.............................  $40.10    100.0   $48.73    100.0   $27.87    100.0   $30.17    100.0   $40.15    100.0 
                                                                                                                                         
  Wages and salaries...........................   26.25     65.5    33.17     68.1    16.98     60.9    18.06     59.9    26.30     65.5 
                                                                                                                                         
  Total benefits...............................   13.85     34.5    15.56     31.9    10.89     39.1    12.11     40.1    13.85     34.5 
                                                                                                                                         
    Paid leave.................................    3.03      7.6     3.38      6.9     2.49      8.9     2.66      8.8     3.03      7.6 
      Vacation.................................    1.15      2.9     1.15      2.4     1.12      4.0     1.16      3.8     1.14      2.9 
      Holiday..................................     .90      2.2      .95      1.9      .79      2.8      .86      2.8      .89      2.2 
      Sick.....................................     .77      1.9      .99      2.0      .48      1.7      .53      1.7      .78      1.9 
      Personal.................................     .22       .5      .30       .6      .11       .4      .13       .4      .22       .5 
                                                                                                                                         
    Supplemental pay...........................     .33       .8      .24       .5      .20       .7      .56      1.9      .33       .8 
      Overtime and premium(3)..................     .17       .4      .07       .1      .11       .4      .37      1.2      .17       .4 
      Shift differentials......................     .05       .1      .03       .1      .02       .1      .09       .3      .05       .1 
      Nonproduction bonuses....................     .11       .3      .13       .3      .07       .2      .11       .4      .11       .3 
                                                                                                                                         
    Insurance..................................    4.80     12.0     5.34     11.0     4.36     15.6     3.89     12.9     4.80     12.0 
      Life.....................................     .09       .2      .12       .3      .05       .2      .04       .1      .09       .2 
      Health...................................    4.65     11.6     5.13     10.5     4.26     15.3     3.80     12.6     4.65     11.6 
      Short-term disability....................     .02       .1      .03       .1      .02       .1      .02       .1      .02       .1 
      Long-term disability.....................     .04       .1      .06       .1      .03       .1      .02       .1      .04       .1 
                                                                                                                                         
    Retirement and savings.....................    3.26      8.1     3.83      7.9     2.08      7.5     2.96      9.8     3.26      8.1 
      Defined benefit..........................    2.94      7.3     3.42      7.0     1.85      6.6     2.75      9.1     2.94      7.3 
      Defined contribution.....................     .32       .8      .41       .8      .23       .8      .21       .7      .32       .8 
                                                                                                                                         
    Legally required benefits..................    2.42      6.0     2.77      5.7     1.76      6.3     2.03      6.7     2.42      6.0 
      Social Security and Medicare.............    1.87      4.7     2.28      4.7     1.35      4.8     1.33      4.4     1.87      4.6 
        Social Security(4).....................    1.45      3.6     1.76      3.6     1.06      3.8     1.03      3.4     1.45      3.6 
        Medicare...............................     .42      1.0      .52      1.1      .28      1.0      .30      1.0      .42      1.0 
      Federal unemployment insurance...........    (5)      (6)      (5)      (6)      (5)      (6)      (5)      (6)      (5)      (6)  
      State unemployment insurance.............     .09       .2      .09       .2      .08       .3      .09       .3      .09       .2 
      Workers' compensation....................     .46      1.2      .40       .8      .33      1.2      .61      2.0      .46      1.1 

  1 This table presents data for the three major occupational groups in State and local government: management, professional, and related
occupations, including teachers; sales and office occupations, including clerical workers; and service occupations, including police and
firefighters.
  2 Service-providing industries, which include health and educational services, employ a large part of the State and local government
workforce.
  3 Includes premium pay for work in addition to the regular work schedule (such as overtime, weekends, and holidays).
  4 Comprises the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.
  5 Cost per hour worked is $0.01 or less.
  6 Less than .05 percent.




Table 4.   Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: State
and local government workers, by occupational and industry group, September 2010
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                      Benefit costs                    
                                                                                                                       
                                                  Total    Wages                                                       
                    Series                       compen-    and                      Supple-           Retire-  Legally
                                                 sation  salaries   Total    Paid    mental  Insurance  ment   required
                                                                             leave     pay               and   benefits
                                                                                                       savings         
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                
                                                                         Cost per hour worked
                                                
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
State and local government workers.............  $40.10   $26.25   $13.85    $3.03    $0.33    $4.80    $3.26    $2.42 
                                                                                                                       
              Occupational group                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
      Management, professional, and related....   48.73    33.17    15.56     3.38      .24     5.34     3.83     2.77 
        Professional and related...............   47.90    32.76    15.13     3.06      .23     5.35     3.79     2.70 
          Teachers(1)..........................   55.54    39.22    16.32     2.85      .14     5.87     4.44     3.02 
            Primary, secondary, and special                                                                            
             education school teachers.........   55.38    39.05    16.33     2.62      .15     6.37     4.32     2.87 
      Sales and office.........................   27.87    16.98    10.89     2.49      .20     4.36     2.08     1.76 
        Office and administrative support......   28.06    17.05    11.01     2.52      .20     4.43     2.11     1.76 
      Service..................................   30.17    18.06    12.11     2.66      .56     3.89     2.96     2.03 
                                                                                                                       
                Industry group                                                                                         
                                                                                                                       
      Education and health services............   42.24    28.63    13.61     2.74      .21     5.04     3.22     2.40 
        Educational services...................   43.38    29.64    13.74     2.66      .15     5.14     3.38     2.41 
          Elementary and secondary schools.....   43.06    29.50    13.56     2.31      .15     5.31     3.44     2.35 
          Junior colleges, colleges, and                                                                               
            universities.......................   44.71    30.29    14.43     3.80      .12     4.63     3.24     2.63 
        Health care and social assistance......   34.98    22.24    12.74     3.23      .60     4.40     2.22     2.29 
          Hospitals............................   37.10    23.63    13.47     3.46      .73     4.67     2.24     2.38 
      Public administration....................   38.13    23.31    14.82     3.64      .54     4.59     3.58     2.46 
                                                
                                                                     Percent of total compensation
                                                
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
State and local government workers.............   100.0     65.5     34.5      7.6      0.8     12.0      8.1      6.0 
                                                                                                                       
              Occupational group                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
      Management, professional, and related....   100.0     68.1     31.9      6.9       .5     11.0      7.9      5.7 
        Professional and related...............   100.0     68.4     31.6      6.4       .5     11.2      7.9      5.6 
          Teachers(1)..........................   100.0     70.6     29.4      5.1       .2     10.6      8.0      5.4 
            Primary, secondary, and special                                                                            
             education school teachers.........   100.0     70.5     29.5      4.7       .3     11.5      7.8      5.2 
      Sales and office.........................   100.0     60.9     39.1      8.9       .7     15.6      7.5      6.3 
        Office and administrative support......   100.0     60.7     39.3      9.0       .7     15.8      7.5      6.3 
      Service..................................   100.0     59.9     40.1      8.8      1.9     12.9      9.8      6.7 
                                                                                                                       
                Industry group                                                                                         
                                                                                                                       
      Education and health services............   100.0     67.8     32.2      6.5       .5     11.9      7.6      5.7 
        Educational services...................   100.0     68.3     31.7      6.1       .3     11.9      7.8      5.6 
          Elementary and secondary schools.....   100.0     68.5     31.5      5.4       .4     12.3      8.0      5.5 
          Junior colleges, colleges, and                                                                               
            universities.......................   100.0     67.7     32.3      8.5       .3     10.3      7.3      5.9 
        Health care and social assistance......   100.0     63.6     36.4      9.2      1.7     12.6      6.4      6.5 
          Hospitals............................   100.0     63.7     36.3      9.3      2.0     12.6      6.0      6.4 
      Public administration....................   100.0     61.1     38.9      9.5      1.4     12.0      9.4      6.5 

  1 Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and
instructors.




Table 5.   Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: Private industry workers, by major occupational group and bargaining unit status, September
2010
                                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                   Occupational group                                                            Bargaining unit status        
                                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                        Management,                                                   Natural           Production,                                            
                 Compensation                           All            professional,           Sales                                 resources,       transportation,                                          
                   component                          workers               and                 and               Service          construction,            and                Union              Nonunion     
                                                                          related              office                                   and               material                                             
                                                                                                                                    maintenance            moving                                              
                                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                   Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent 
                                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Total compensation.............................   $27.88    100.0     $49.31    100.0     $22.00    100.0     $13.80    100.0     $31.29    100.0     $24.04    100.0     $37.85    100.0     $26.74    100.0  
                                                                                                                                                                                                               
  Wages and salaries...........................    19.68     70.6      34.91     70.8      15.77     71.7      10.41     75.4      21.23     67.9      16.03     66.7      23.19     61.3      19.28     72.1  
                                                                                                                                                                                                               
  Total benefits...............................     8.20     29.4      14.41     29.2       6.23     28.3       3.40     24.6      10.06     32.1       8.01     33.3      14.66     38.7       7.46     27.9  
                                                                                                                                                                                                               
    Paid leave.................................     1.88      6.7       4.12      8.3       1.38      6.3        .57      4.2       1.55      5.0       1.43      6.0       2.77      7.3       1.78      6.6  
      Vacation.................................      .96      3.4       2.12      4.3        .68      3.1        .29      2.1        .83      2.7        .73      3.1       1.43      3.8        .91      3.4  
      Holiday..................................      .60      2.1       1.27      2.6        .45      2.0        .18      1.3        .50      1.6        .50      2.1        .81      2.1        .57      2.1  
      Sick.....................................      .23       .8        .53      1.1        .18       .8        .08       .6        .14       .4        .15       .6        .38      1.0        .22       .8  
      Personal.................................      .09       .3        .19       .4        .07       .3        .03       .2        .08       .3        .05       .2        .15       .4        .08       .3  
                                                                                                                                                                                                               
    Supplemental pay...........................      .78      2.8       1.59      3.2        .46      2.1        .24      1.7        .98      3.1        .80      3.3       1.09      2.9        .75      2.8  
      Overtime and premium(1)..................      .26       .9        .18       .4        .14       .7        .13      1.0        .68      2.2        .52      2.2        .74      2.0        .21       .8  
      Shift differentials......................      .07       .2        .14       .3        .02       .1        .04       .3        .04       .1        .09       .4        .17       .4        .05       .2  
      Nonproduction bonuses....................      .45      1.6       1.27      2.6        .30      1.4        .06       .4        .26       .8        .18       .8        .18       .5        .48      1.8  
                                                                                                                                                                                                               
    Insurance..................................     2.24      8.0       3.32      6.7       1.98      9.0        .97      7.0       2.68      8.6       2.56     10.6       4.84     12.8       1.94      7.3  
      Life.....................................      .04       .2        .08       .2        .03       .2      (2)       (3)         .05       .2        .05       .2        .08       .2        .04       .2  
      Health...................................     2.10      7.5       3.05      6.2       1.88      8.6        .93      6.8       2.51      8.0       2.40     10.0       4.54     12.0       1.82      6.8  
      Short-term disability....................      .05       .2        .09       .2        .04       .2        .02       .1        .09       .3        .06       .3        .15       .4        .04       .2  
      Long-term disability.....................      .04       .1        .09       .2        .03       .1      (2)       (3)         .03       .1        .04       .2        .07       .2        .04       .1  
                                                                                                                                                                                                               
    Retirement and savings.....................      .99      3.6       1.96      4.0        .64      2.9        .21      1.5       1.63      5.2        .92      3.8       2.75      7.3        .79      3.0  
      Defined benefit..........................      .44      1.6        .71      1.4        .22      1.0        .09       .6       1.11      3.5        .54      2.3       2.03      5.4        .26      1.0  
      Defined contribution.....................      .55      2.0       1.24      2.5        .42      1.9        .12       .9        .52      1.7        .37      1.6        .72      1.9        .53      2.0  
                                                                                                                                                                                                               
    Legally required benefits..................     2.31      8.3       3.43      7.0       1.76      8.0       1.41     10.2       3.22     10.3       2.31      9.6       3.21      8.5       2.20      8.2  
      Social Security and Medicare.............     1.65      5.9       2.86      5.8       1.32      6.0        .91      6.6       1.80      5.7       1.37      5.7       2.02      5.3       1.60      6.0  
        Social Security(4).....................     1.32      4.7       2.27      4.6       1.07      4.9        .74      5.3       1.46      4.7       1.11      4.6       1.63      4.3       1.29      4.8  
        Medicare...............................      .32      1.2        .59      1.2        .25      1.2        .17      1.2        .34      1.1        .26      1.1        .39      1.0        .32      1.2  
      Federal unemployment insurance...........      .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .2        .04       .3        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1  
      State unemployment insurance.............      .18       .7        .19       .4        .17       .8        .15      1.1        .24       .8        .21       .9        .25       .7        .18       .7  
      Workers' compensation....................      .44      1.6        .35       .7        .24      1.1        .31      2.3       1.15      3.7        .69      2.9        .91      2.4        .39      1.4  

  1 Includes premium pay for work in addition to the regular work schedule (such as overtime, weekends, and holidays).
  2 Cost per hour worked is $0.01 or less.
  3 Less than .05 percent.
  4 Comprises the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.




Table 6.   Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: Private industry workers, by major industry group, September 2010
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                     Goods-producing(1)                                                                                           Service-providing(2)                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                    All                Trade,                                                   Professional         Education            Leisure                          
                 Compensation                        All goods-         Construction       Manufacturing          service-        transportation,       Information          Financial              and                 and                 and            Other services  
                   component                        producing(1)                                                providing(3)            and                                  activities           business             health           hospitality                        
                                                                                                                                     utilities                                                    services            services                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                   Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
Total compensation.............................   $32.83    100.0     $31.58    100.0     $32.68    100.0     $26.81    100.0     $23.87    100.0     $42.06    100.0     $36.88    100.0     $33.38    100.0     $29.94    100.0     $12.14    100.0     $24.76    100.0  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
  Wages and salaries...........................    21.87     66.6      21.81     69.1      21.49     65.8      19.21     71.6      16.82     70.5      28.82     68.5      25.03     67.9      24.26     72.7      21.49     71.8       9.58     78.9      18.26     73.7  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
  Total benefits...............................    10.96     33.4       9.77     30.9      11.19     34.2       7.60     28.4       7.05     29.5      13.25     31.5      11.86     32.1       9.12     27.3       8.46     28.2       2.56     21.1       6.50     26.3  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
    Paid leave.................................     2.10      6.4       1.13      3.6       2.48      7.6       1.83      6.8       1.45      6.1       3.91      9.3       3.04      8.2       2.32      7.0       2.24      7.5        .38      3.1       1.56      6.3  
      Vacation.................................     1.12      3.4        .64      2.0       1.30      4.0        .93      3.5        .74      3.1       2.03      4.8       1.54      4.2       1.20      3.6       1.09      3.7        .22      1.8        .73      2.9  
      Holiday..................................      .75      2.3        .39      1.2        .89      2.7        .57      2.1        .45      1.9       1.03      2.5        .93      2.5        .77      2.3        .67      2.2        .11       .9        .58      2.3  
      Sick.....................................      .18       .5        .08       .2        .22       .7        .24       .9        .20       .8        .47      1.1        .43      1.2        .27       .8        .35      1.2        .03       .3        .20       .8  
      Personal.................................      .06       .2        .03       .1        .07       .2        .09       .3        .06       .3        .38       .9        .15       .4        .09       .3        .13       .4        .02       .2        .05       .2  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
    Supplemental pay...........................     1.19      3.6       1.05      3.3       1.19      3.6        .70      2.6        .53      2.2        .99      2.4       1.66      4.5       1.13      3.4        .57      1.9        .12      1.0        .57      2.3  
      Overtime and premium(4)..................      .58      1.8        .63      2.0        .54      1.6        .20       .7        .26      1.1        .36       .9        .15       .4        .20       .6        .21       .7        .07       .5        .15       .6  
      Shift differentials......................      .09       .3      (5)       (6)         .12       .4        .06       .2        .02       .1        .06       .1      (5)       (6)         .03       .1        .20       .7      (5)       (6)       (5)       (6)   
      Nonproduction bonuses....................      .52      1.6        .41      1.3        .53      1.6        .44      1.6        .25      1.0        .57      1.4       1.50      4.1        .90      2.7        .15       .5        .05       .4        .41      1.7  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
    Insurance..................................     3.11      9.5       2.34      7.4       3.40     10.4       2.05      7.6       2.09      8.7       3.79      9.0       3.06      8.3       2.12      6.4       2.39      8.0        .67      5.5       1.57      6.3  
      Life.....................................      .07       .2        .05       .2        .07       .2        .04       .1        .04       .1        .05       .1        .06       .2        .06       .2        .03       .1      (5)       (6)         .06       .2  
      Health...................................     2.91      8.9       2.22      7.0       3.18      9.7       1.92      7.2       1.98      8.3       3.50      8.3       2.84      7.7       1.96      5.9       2.26      7.6        .64      5.3       1.45      5.8  
      Short-term disability....................      .09       .3        .05       .2        .10       .3        .05       .2        .04       .2        .17       .4        .09       .3        .06       .2        .04       .1      (5)       (6)         .03       .1  
      Long-term disability.....................      .04       .1        .02       .1        .05       .2        .04       .2        .04       .1        .07       .2        .06       .2        .05       .2        .06       .2      (5)       (6)         .03       .1  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
    Retirement and savings.....................     1.59      4.8       1.70      5.4       1.42      4.4        .87      3.2        .89      3.7       1.64      3.9       1.62      4.4        .95      2.9        .96      3.2        .11       .9        .67      2.7  
      Defined benefit..........................      .95      2.9       1.13      3.6        .80      2.4        .33      1.2        .43      1.8        .70      1.7        .65      1.8        .31       .9        .30      1.0        .03       .2        .27      1.1  
      Defined contribution.....................      .63      1.9        .57      1.8        .63      1.9        .53      2.0        .46      1.9        .94      2.2        .98      2.6        .65      1.9        .66      2.2        .08       .7        .40      1.6  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
    Legally required benefits..................     2.97      9.1       3.55     11.2       2.70      8.3       2.16      8.1       2.09      8.8       2.91      6.9       2.47      6.7       2.59      7.7       2.31      7.7       1.29     10.6       2.13      8.6  
      Social Security and Medicare.............     1.86      5.7       1.81      5.7       1.86      5.7       1.60      6.0       1.40      5.9       2.43      5.8       2.07      5.6       1.98      5.9       1.78      6.0        .86      7.1       1.53      6.2  
        Social Security(7).....................     1.50      4.6       1.46      4.6       1.50      4.6       1.28      4.8       1.13      4.7       1.95      4.6       1.65      4.5       1.58      4.7       1.43      4.8        .69      5.7       1.23      5.0  
        Medicare...............................      .36      1.1        .35      1.1        .36      1.1        .32      1.2        .27      1.1        .49      1.2        .43      1.2        .40      1.2        .35      1.2        .16      1.3        .30      1.2  
      Federal unemployment insurance...........      .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1        .04       .2        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1        .04       .3        .03       .1  
      State unemployment insurance.............      .26       .8        .31      1.0        .24       .7        .17       .6        .17       .7        .19       .4        .17       .5        .21       .6        .15       .5        .14      1.2        .16       .7  
      Workers' compensation....................      .82      2.5       1.40      4.4        .58      1.8        .36      1.3        .49      2.0        .26       .6        .19       .5        .36      1.1        .34      1.1        .24      2.0        .41      1.7  

  1 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
  2 Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste
services; educational services;  health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.
  3 Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste
services; educational services;  health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
  4 Includes premium pay for work in addition to the regular work schedule (such as overtime, weekends, and holidays).
  5 Cost per hour worked is $0.01 or less.
  6 Less than .05 percent.
  7 Comprises the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.




Table 7.   Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: Private industry workers, by census region and division, September 2010
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                   Census region and division(1)                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                     Northeast                Northeast divisions                  South                              South divisions                             Midwest                  Midwest divisions                    West                     West divisions            
                 Compensation                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
                   component                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                        New England       Middle Atlantic                          South Atlantic    East South Central  West South Central                      East North Central  West North Central                           Mountain            Pacific      
                                                   Cost    Percent                                             Cost    Percent                                                                 Cost    Percent                                             Cost    Percent                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                       Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent                         Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent                         Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent                         Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
Total compensation.............................   $32.26    100.0     $34.18    100.0     $31.51    100.0     $24.87    100.0     $25.68    100.0     $21.63    100.0     $25.08    100.0      26.89    100.0      27.30    100.0      26.08    100.0      29.66    100.0      26.86    100.0      30.86    100.0  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
  Wages and salaries...........................    22.27     69.0      23.53     68.8      21.78     69.1      17.88     71.9      18.50     72.0      15.31     70.8      18.09     72.1      18.80     69.9      18.92     69.3      18.57     71.2      21.10     71.1      19.49     72.5      21.79     70.6  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
  Total benefits...............................     9.99     31.0      10.65     31.2       9.73     30.9       6.99     28.1       7.19     28.0       6.32     29.2       6.99     27.9       8.09     30.1       8.38     30.7       7.51     28.8       8.56     28.9       7.38     27.5       9.07     29.4  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
    Paid leave.................................     2.35      7.3       2.50      7.3       2.30      7.3       1.61      6.5       1.70      6.6       1.33      6.1       1.60      6.4       1.76      6.6       1.83      6.7       1.64      6.3       1.98      6.7       1.72      6.4       2.09      6.8  
      Vacation.................................     1.17      3.6       1.26      3.7       1.13      3.6        .82      3.3        .85      3.3        .70      3.2        .81      3.2        .93      3.5        .94      3.5        .90      3.5       1.02      3.5        .88      3.3       1.08      3.5  
      Holiday..................................      .74      2.3        .80      2.4        .72      2.3        .52      2.1        .55      2.1        .42      2.0        .52      2.1        .56      2.1        .59      2.2        .50      1.9        .62      2.1        .55      2.1        .65      2.1  
      Sick.....................................      .31      1.0        .30       .9        .31      1.0        .20       .8        .21       .8        .14       .7        .20       .8        .19       .7        .19       .7        .19       .7        .27       .9        .22       .8        .29       .9  
      Personal.................................      .13       .4        .13       .4        .13       .4        .08       .3        .09       .3        .06       .3        .07       .3        .08       .3        .09       .3        .05       .2        .07       .2        .07       .3        .07       .2  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
    Supplemental pay...........................     1.21      3.8       1.67      4.9       1.04      3.3        .64      2.6        .60      2.4        .51      2.4        .76      3.0        .69      2.6        .72      2.7        .61      2.4        .72      2.4        .64      2.4        .75      2.4  
      Overtime and premium(2)..................      .27       .8        .26       .8        .27       .9        .25      1.0        .24       .9        .24      1.1        .28      1.1        .28      1.0        .29      1.1        .25       .9        .27       .9        .22       .8        .29       .9  
      Shift differentials......................      .07       .2        .06       .2        .07       .2        .06       .3        .07       .3        .07       .3        .05       .2        .08       .3        .08       .3        .06       .2        .06       .2        .05       .2        .06       .2  
      Nonproduction bonuses....................      .88      2.7       1.34      3.9        .70      2.2        .32      1.3        .30      1.2        .20       .9        .43      1.7        .33      1.2        .35      1.3        .30      1.2        .40      1.3        .38      1.4        .41      1.3  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
    Insurance..................................     2.59      8.0       2.59      7.6       2.59      8.2       1.92      7.7       1.96      7.6       1.98      9.2       1.82      7.3       2.38      8.9       2.50      9.2       2.14      8.2       2.24      7.5       1.98      7.4       2.35      7.6  
      Life.....................................      .05       .2        .06       .2        .04       .1        .05       .2        .04       .2        .05       .2        .05       .2        .05       .2        .05       .2        .04       .2        .04       .1        .05       .2        .04       .1  
      Health...................................     2.41      7.5       2.41      7.0       2.41      7.7       1.79      7.2       1.83      7.1       1.86      8.6       1.70      6.8       2.24      8.3       2.35      8.6       2.01      7.7       2.12      7.2       1.87      7.0       2.23      7.2  
      Short-term disability....................      .08       .3        .07       .2        .09       .3        .04       .2        .05       .2        .04       .2        .04       .2        .06       .2        .07       .2        .04       .1        .04       .1        .03       .1        .04       .1  
      Long-term disability.....................      .05       .1        .06       .2        .04       .1        .04       .2        .04       .2        .03       .2        .03       .1        .04       .2        .04       .1        .05       .2        .04       .1        .04       .1        .04       .1  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
    Retirement and savings.....................     1.21      3.7       1.20      3.5       1.21      3.8        .82      3.3        .85      3.3        .66      3.1        .85      3.4       1.03      3.8       1.05      3.9        .98      3.8       1.03      3.5        .83      3.1       1.12      3.6  
      Defined benefit..........................      .52      1.6        .48      1.4        .54      1.7        .32      1.3        .31      1.2        .29      1.3        .35      1.4        .50      1.9        .55      2.0        .41      1.6        .50      1.7        .31      1.2        .58      1.9  
      Defined contribution.....................      .69      2.1        .72      2.1        .67      2.1        .50      2.0        .53      2.1        .38      1.7        .49      2.0        .53      2.0        .51      1.9        .58      2.2        .53      1.8        .51      1.9        .54      1.7  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
    Legally required benefits..................     2.63      8.1       2.70      7.9       2.60      8.2       2.00      8.0       2.08      8.1       1.83      8.5       1.95      7.8       2.22      8.3       2.27      8.3       2.13      8.2       2.59      8.7       2.20      8.2       2.75      8.9  
      Social Security and Medicare.............     1.87      5.8       1.99      5.8       1.82      5.8       1.50      6.0       1.55      6.0       1.34      6.2       1.50      6.0       1.58      5.9       1.61      5.9       1.52      5.8       1.75      5.9       1.59      5.9       1.82      5.9  
        Social Security(3).....................     1.50      4.6       1.59      4.6       1.46      4.6       1.21      4.8       1.24      4.8       1.09      5.0       1.20      4.8       1.27      4.7       1.29      4.7       1.22      4.7       1.41      4.7       1.28      4.8       1.46      4.7  
        Medicare...............................      .37      1.2        .40      1.2        .36      1.2        .29      1.2        .30      1.2        .26      1.2        .30      1.2        .31      1.1        .31      1.1        .30      1.2        .35      1.2        .32      1.2        .36      1.2  
      Federal unemployment insurance...........      .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .2        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1  
      State unemployment insurance.............      .27       .8        .28       .8        .26       .8        .12       .5        .12       .5        .12       .5        .12       .5        .19       .7        .20       .7        .18       .7        .20       .7        .14       .5        .23       .7  
      Workers' compensation....................      .46      1.4        .40      1.2        .48      1.5        .35      1.4        .37      1.5        .34      1.6        .31      1.2        .42      1.6        .43      1.6        .39      1.5        .60      2.0        .43      1.6        .67      2.2  

  1 The States that comprise the census divisions are: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South
Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska,
North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.
  2 Includes premium pay for work in addition to the regular work schedule (such as overtime, weekends, and holidays).
  3 Comprises the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.




Table 8.   Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: Private industry workers, by establishment employment
size, September 2010
                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                        1-99 workers                                            100 workers or more                    
                                                                                                                                                                       
                 Compensation                                                                                                                                          
                   component                        1-99 workers        1-49 workers       50-99 workers    100 workers or more   100-499 workers   500 workers or more
                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                   Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent     Cost    Percent 
                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                       
Total compensation.............................   $22.96    100.0     $22.20    100.0     $25.35    100.0     $33.47    100.0     $28.71    100.0     $39.96    100.0  
                                                                                                                                                                       
  Wages and salaries...........................    16.89     73.6      16.47     74.2      18.20     71.8      22.85     68.3      20.14     70.2      26.55     66.4  
                                                                                                                                                                       
  Total benefits...............................     6.07     26.4       5.72     25.8       7.16     28.2      10.62     31.7       8.57     29.8      13.41     33.6  
                                                                                                                                                                       
    Paid leave.................................     1.26      5.5       1.19      5.3       1.50      5.9       2.58      7.7       1.95      6.8       3.43      8.6  
      Vacation.................................      .63      2.7        .59      2.7        .74      2.9       1.34      4.0       1.00      3.5       1.80      4.5  
      Holiday..................................      .43      1.9        .41      1.8        .50      2.0        .79      2.4        .63      2.2       1.01      2.5  
      Sick.....................................      .15       .7        .14       .6        .19       .7        .33      1.0        .24       .8        .45      1.1  
      Personal.................................      .06       .2        .05       .2        .07       .3        .12       .4        .09       .3        .17       .4  
                                                                                                                                                                       
    Supplemental pay...........................      .60      2.6        .58      2.6        .67      2.6        .99      3.0        .74      2.6       1.33      3.3  
      Overtime and premium(1)..................      .20       .8        .17       .8        .26      1.0        .34      1.0        .31      1.1        .39      1.0  
      Shift differentials......................      .02       .1      (2)       (3)         .03       .1        .12       .4        .07       .2        .20       .5  
      Nonproduction bonuses....................      .39      1.7        .40      1.8        .38      1.5        .52      1.6        .36      1.2        .75      1.9  
                                                                                                                                                                       
    Insurance..................................     1.55      6.7       1.41      6.4       1.97      7.8       3.02      9.0       2.52      8.8       3.71      9.3  
      Life.....................................      .03       .1        .03       .1        .04       .2        .06       .2        .05       .2        .07       .2  
      Health...................................     1.46      6.4       1.33      6.0       1.85      7.3       2.82      8.4       2.36      8.2       3.45      8.6  
      Short-term disability....................      .03       .1        .03       .1        .04       .2        .08       .2        .06       .2        .10       .3  
      Long-term disability.....................      .02       .1        .02       .1        .03       .1        .06       .2        .04       .1        .09       .2  
                                                                                                                                                                       
    Retirement and savings.....................      .59      2.6        .53      2.4        .77      3.0       1.46      4.4       1.01      3.5       2.07      5.2  
      Defined benefit..........................      .23      1.0        .20       .9        .33      1.3        .69      2.1        .43      1.5       1.04      2.6  
      Defined contribution.....................      .36      1.6        .33      1.5        .45      1.8        .77      2.3        .58      2.0       1.03      2.6  
                                                                                                                                                                       
    Legally required benefits..................     2.07      9.0       2.02      9.1       2.25      8.9       2.57      7.7       2.36      8.2       2.87      7.2  
      Social Security and Medicare.............     1.40      6.1       1.37      6.2       1.52      6.0       1.92      5.7       1.66      5.8       2.28      5.7  
        Social Security(4).....................     1.13      4.9       1.10      5.0       1.23      4.8       1.54      4.6       1.33      4.6       1.82      4.6  
        Medicare...............................      .27      1.2        .27      1.2        .30      1.2        .38      1.1        .33      1.2        .46      1.1  
      Federal unemployment insurance...........      .04       .2        .04       .2        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1        .03       .1  
      State unemployment insurance.............      .19       .8        .18       .8        .19       .8        .18       .5        .20       .7        .17       .4  
      Workers' compensation....................      .45      1.9        .43      1.9        .50      2.0        .44      1.3        .46      1.6        .40      1.0  

  1 Includes premium pay for work in addition to the regular work schedule (such as overtime, weekends, and holidays).
  2 Cost per hour worked is $0.01 or less.
  3 Less than .05 percent.
  4 Comprises the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.




Table 9.   Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: Private
industry workers, goods-producing and service-providing industries, by occupational group, September 2010
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                            Benefit costs                    
                                                                                                                             
                                                        Total    Wages                                                       
                       Series                          compen-    and                      Supple-           Retire-  Legally
                                                       sation  salaries   Total    Paid    mental  Insurance  ment   required
                                                                                   leave     pay               and   benefits
                                                                                                             savings         
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                                                      
                                                                               Cost per hour worked
                                                      
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
All workers in private industry......................  $27.88   $19.68    $8.20    $1.88    $0.78    $2.24    $0.99    $2.31 
                                                                                                                             
      Management, professional, and related..........   49.31    34.91    14.41     4.12     1.59     3.32     1.96     3.43 
        Management, business, and financial..........   55.91    38.95    16.96     5.05     2.17     3.68     2.34     3.71 
        Professional and related.....................   46.27    33.04    13.23     3.68     1.32     3.15     1.78     3.30 
      Sales and office...............................   22.00    15.77     6.23     1.38      .46     1.98      .64     1.76 
        Sales and related............................   20.94    15.64     5.29     1.14      .49     1.40      .51     1.76 
        Office and administrative support............   22.72    15.86     6.85     1.54      .45     2.37      .72     1.77 
      Service........................................   13.80    10.41     3.40      .57      .24      .97      .21     1.41 
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                                   
       maintenance...................................   31.29    21.23    10.06     1.55      .98     2.68     1.63     3.22 
        Construction, extraction, farming, fishing,                                                                          
         and forestry(1).............................   31.44    21.14    10.30     1.10     1.06     2.55     1.96     3.62 
        Installation, maintenance, and repair........   31.13    21.33     9.80     2.04      .88     2.82     1.27     2.79 
      Production, transportation, and material moving   24.04    16.03     8.01     1.43      .80     2.56      .92     2.31 
        Production...................................   24.44    16.18     8.26     1.56      .92     2.70      .80     2.27 
        Transportation and material moving...........   23.64    15.88     7.76     1.30      .67     2.42     1.03     2.34 
                                                                                                                             
    All workers, goods-producing industries(2).......   32.83    21.87    10.96     2.10     1.19     3.11     1.59     2.97 
                                                                                                                             
      Management, professional, and related..........   57.81    39.23    18.58     5.15     2.07     4.27     3.14     3.95 
      Sales and office...............................   28.00    19.56     8.44     1.90      .70     2.65      .93     2.26 
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                                   
       maintenance...................................   32.03    21.46    10.57     1.24     1.10     2.71     1.94     3.57 
      Production, transportation, and material moving   26.00    16.78     9.22     1.68     1.05     3.11      .96     2.41 
                                                                                                                             
    All workers, service-providing industries(3).....   26.81    19.21     7.60     1.83      .70     2.05      .87     2.16 
                                                                                                                             
      Management, professional, and related..........   48.22    34.35    13.87     3.98     1.53     3.19     1.80     3.36 
      Sales and office...............................   21.59    15.52     6.08     1.35      .45     1.93      .62     1.73 
      Service........................................   13.71    10.36     3.35      .57      .23      .95      .20     1.40 
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                                   
       maintenance...................................   30.31    20.93     9.38     1.96      .81     2.65     1.21     2.75 
      Production, transportation, and material moving   22.40    15.41     6.99     1.22      .58     2.10      .88     2.22 
                                                      
                                                                           Percent of total compensation
                                                      
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
All workers in private industry......................   100.0     70.6     29.4      6.7      2.8      8.0      3.6      8.3 
                                                                                                                             
      Management, professional, and related..........   100.0     70.8     29.2      8.3      3.2      6.7      4.0      7.0 
        Management, business, and financial..........   100.0     69.7     30.3      9.0      3.9      6.6      4.2      6.6 
        Professional and related.....................   100.0     71.4     28.6      8.0      2.8      6.8      3.8      7.1 
      Sales and office...............................   100.0     71.7     28.3      6.3      2.1      9.0      2.9      8.0 
        Sales and related............................   100.0     74.7     25.3      5.4      2.3      6.7      2.4      8.4 
        Office and administrative support............   100.0     69.8     30.2      6.8      2.0     10.4      3.2      7.8 
      Service........................................   100.0     75.4     24.6      4.2      1.7      7.0      1.5     10.2 
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                                   
       maintenance...................................   100.0     67.9     32.1      5.0      3.1      8.6      5.2     10.3 
        Construction, extraction, farming, fishing,                                                                          
         and forestry(1).............................   100.0     67.2     32.8      3.5      3.4      8.1      6.2     11.5 
        Installation, maintenance, and repair........   100.0     68.5     31.5      6.5      2.8      9.1      4.1      9.0 
      Production, transportation, and material moving   100.0     66.7     33.3      6.0      3.3     10.6      3.8      9.6 
        Production...................................   100.0     66.2     33.8      6.4      3.8     11.0      3.3      9.3 
        Transportation and material moving...........   100.0     67.2     32.8      5.5      2.8     10.2      4.3      9.9 
                                                                                                                             
    All workers, goods-producing industries(2).......   100.0     66.6     33.4      6.4      3.6      9.5      4.8      9.1 
                                                                                                                             
      Management, professional, and related..........   100.0     67.9     32.1      8.9      3.6      7.4      5.4      6.8 
      Sales and office...............................   100.0     69.8     30.2      6.8      2.5      9.5      3.3      8.1 
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                                   
       maintenance...................................   100.0     67.0     33.0      3.9      3.4      8.4      6.1     11.2 
      Production, transportation, and material moving   100.0     64.5     35.5      6.5      4.1     12.0      3.7      9.3 
                                                                                                                             
    All workers, service-providing industries(3).....   100.0     71.6     28.4      6.8      2.6      7.6      3.2      8.1 
                                                                                                                             
      Management, professional, and related..........   100.0     71.2     28.8      8.3      3.2      6.6      3.7      7.0 
      Sales and office...............................   100.0     71.9     28.1      6.2      2.1      8.9      2.9      8.0 
      Service........................................   100.0     75.6     24.4      4.1      1.7      7.0      1.5     10.2 
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                                   
       maintenance...................................   100.0     69.0     31.0      6.5      2.7      8.7      4.0      9.1 
      Production, transportation, and material moving   100.0     68.8     31.2      5.5      2.6      9.4      3.9      9.9 

  1 Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations were combined with construction and extraction occupational group as of
December 2006.
  2 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
  3 Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance;
real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises;
administrative and waste services; educational services;  health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and
recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.




Table 10.   Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: Private
industry workers, by industry group, September 2010
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                            Benefit costs                    
                                                                                                                             
                                                        Total    Wages                                                       
                       Series                          compen-    and                      Supple-           Retire-  Legally
                                                       sation  salaries   Total    Paid    mental  Insurance  ment   required
                                                                                   leave     pay               and   benefits
                                                                                                             savings         
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                                                      
                                                                               Cost per hour worked
                                                      
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
    All workers, goods-producing industries(1).......  $32.83   $21.87   $10.96    $2.10    $1.19    $3.11    $1.59    $2.97 
                                                                                                                             
      Construction...................................   31.58    21.81     9.77     1.13     1.05     2.34     1.70     3.55 
      Manufacturing..................................   32.68    21.49    11.19     2.48     1.19     3.40     1.42     2.70 
        Aircraft manufacturing(2)....................   63.02    38.70    24.32     5.86     2.37     5.88     6.16     4.05 
                                                                                                                             
    All workers, service-providing industries(3).....   26.81    19.21     7.60     1.83      .70     2.05      .87     2.16 
                                                                                                                             
      Trade, transportation, and utilities...........   23.87    16.82     7.05     1.45      .53     2.09      .89     2.09 
        Wholesale trade..............................   30.16    20.96     9.20     2.02      .92     2.66     1.08     2.52 
        Retail trade.................................   17.43    13.11     4.32      .81      .28     1.25      .36     1.61 
        Transportation and warehousing...............   33.95    22.19    11.76     2.42      .74     3.87     1.74     2.99 
        Utilities....................................   55.51    33.84    21.67     4.98     1.91     5.08     5.87     3.84 
      Information....................................   42.06    28.82    13.25     3.91      .99     3.79     1.64     2.91 
      Financial activities...........................   36.88    25.03    11.86     3.04     1.66     3.06     1.62     2.47 
        Finance and insurance........................   39.69    26.59    13.10     3.37     1.94     3.35     1.91     2.53 
          Credit intermediation and related                                                                                  
           activities................................   34.36    23.15    11.21     2.94     1.30     3.04     1.70     2.23 
          Insurance carriers and related activities..   38.34    26.12    12.22     3.22     1.02     3.48     1.92     2.58 
        Real estate and rental and leasing...........   26.36    19.17     7.19     1.81      .61     2.00      .56     2.21 
      Professional and business services.............   33.38    24.26     9.12     2.32     1.13     2.12      .95     2.59 
        Professional and technical services..........   44.00    31.60    12.40     3.40     1.87     2.78     1.29     3.05 
        Administrative and waste services............   21.59    16.35     5.24     1.01      .47     1.24      .47     2.06 
      Education and health services..................   29.94    21.49     8.46     2.24      .57     2.39      .96     2.31 
        Educational services.........................   39.07    28.88    10.19     2.65      .12     2.87     1.73     2.83 
          Junior colleges, colleges, and universities   46.60    33.48    13.12     3.68      .17     3.66     2.46     3.15 
        Health care and social assistance............   28.58    20.38     8.20     2.18      .63     2.32      .84     2.23 
      Leisure and hospitality........................   12.14     9.58     2.56      .38      .12      .67      .11     1.29 
        Accommodation and food services..............   11.32     8.96     2.35      .32      .10      .61      .09     1.23 
      Other services.................................   24.76    18.26     6.50     1.56      .57     1.57      .67     2.13 
                                                      
                                                                           Percent of total compensation
                                                      
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
    All workers, goods-producing industries(1).......   100.0     66.6     33.4      6.4      3.6      9.5      4.8      9.1 
                                                                                                                             
      Construction...................................   100.0     69.1     30.9      3.6      3.3      7.4      5.4     11.2 
      Manufacturing..................................   100.0     65.8     34.2      7.6      3.6     10.4      4.4      8.3 
        Aircraft manufacturing(2)....................   100.0     61.4     38.6      9.3      3.8      9.3      9.8      6.4 
                                                                                                                             
    All workers, service-providing industries(3).....   100.0     71.6     28.4      6.8      2.6      7.6      3.2      8.1 
                                                                                                                             
      Trade, transportation, and utilities...........   100.0     70.5     29.5      6.1      2.2      8.7      3.7      8.8 
        Wholesale trade..............................   100.0     69.5     30.5      6.7      3.0      8.8      3.6      8.4 
        Retail trade.................................   100.0     75.2     24.8      4.7      1.6      7.2      2.1      9.3 
        Transportation and warehousing...............   100.0     65.4     34.6      7.1      2.2     11.4      5.1      8.8 
        Utilities....................................   100.0     61.0     39.0      9.0      3.4      9.1     10.6      6.9 
      Information....................................   100.0     68.5     31.5      9.3      2.4      9.0      3.9      6.9 
      Financial activities...........................   100.0     67.9     32.1      8.2      4.5      8.3      4.4      6.7 
        Finance and insurance........................   100.0     67.0     33.0      8.5      4.9      8.4      4.8      6.4 
          Credit intermediation and related                                                                                  
           activities................................   100.0     67.4     32.6      8.6      3.8      8.8      4.9      6.5 
          Insurance carriers and related activities..   100.0     68.1     31.9      8.4      2.7      9.1      5.0      6.7 
        Real estate and rental and leasing...........   100.0     72.7     27.3      6.9      2.3      7.6      2.1      8.4 
      Professional and business services.............   100.0     72.7     27.3      7.0      3.4      6.4      2.9      7.7 
        Professional and technical services..........   100.0     71.8     28.2      7.7      4.2      6.3      2.9      6.9 
        Administrative and waste services............   100.0     75.7     24.3      4.7      2.2      5.7      2.2      9.5 
      Education and health services..................   100.0     71.8     28.2      7.5      1.9      8.0      3.2      7.7 
        Educational services.........................   100.0     73.9     26.1      6.8       .3      7.3      4.4      7.2 
          Junior colleges, colleges, and universities   100.0     71.8     28.2      7.9       .4      7.9      5.3      6.8 
        Health care and social assistance............   100.0     71.3     28.7      7.6      2.2      8.1      2.9      7.8 
      Leisure and hospitality........................   100.0     78.9     21.1      3.1      1.0      5.5       .9     10.6 
        Accommodation and food services..............   100.0     79.2     20.8      2.9       .9      5.4       .8     10.8 
      Other services.................................   100.0     73.7     26.3      6.3      2.3      6.3      2.7      8.6 

  1 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
  2 Data are available beginning with December 2006.
  3 Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance;
real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises;
administrative and waste services; educational services;  health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and
recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.




Table 11.   Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: Private
industry workers, by occupational group and full-time and part-time status, September 2010
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                            Benefit costs                    
                                                                                                                             
                                                        Total    Wages                                                       
                       Series                          compen-    and                      Supple-           Retire-  Legally
                                                       sation  salaries   Total    Paid    mental  Insurance  ment   required
                                                                                   leave     pay               and   benefits
                                                                                                             savings         
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                                                      
                                                                               Cost per hour worked
                                                      
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
  All full-time workers in private industry..........  $31.93   $22.14    $9.79    $2.34    $0.96    $2.72    $1.24    $2.53 
                                                                                                                             
      Management, professional, and related..........   50.92    35.68    15.24     4.44     1.67     3.55     2.12     3.46 
        Management, business, and financial..........   56.49    39.25    17.24     5.15     2.22     3.76     2.39     3.73 
        Professional and related.....................   47.89    33.74    14.15     4.05     1.38     3.43     1.97     3.32 
      Sales and office...............................   25.34    17.81     7.53     1.78      .60     2.44      .80     1.92 
        Sales and related............................   27.39    20.03     7.36     1.77      .76     1.98      .75     2.10 
        Office and administrative support............   24.34    16.72     7.61     1.78      .52     2.66      .82     1.84 
      Service........................................   16.57    11.85     4.72      .94      .37     1.55      .33     1.54 
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                                   
       maintenance...................................   31.73    21.41    10.31     1.62     1.00     2.77     1.70     3.21 
        Construction, extraction, farming, fishing,                                                                          
         and forestry(1).............................   31.74    21.26    10.48     1.14     1.07     2.62     2.05     3.59 
        Installation, maintenance, and repair........   31.71    21.58    10.13     2.15      .93     2.94     1.31     2.79 
      Production, transportation, and material moving   25.80    17.05     8.75     1.64      .89     2.79     1.03     2.40 
        Production...................................   25.32    16.62     8.70     1.66      .98     2.88      .86     2.32 
        Transportation and material moving...........   26.40    17.60     8.81     1.61      .78     2.67     1.23     2.51 
                                                                                                                             
  All part-time workers in private industry..........   15.67    12.28     3.39      .47      .24      .79      .25     1.63 
                                                                                                                             
      Management, professional, and related..........   38.03    29.49     8.54     1.84     1.00     1.69      .82     3.19 
        Professional and related.....................   38.34    29.64     8.70     1.87     1.03     1.75      .83     3.21 
      Sales and office...............................   13.51    10.59     2.91      .38      .12      .81      .24     1.36 
        Sales and related............................   11.75     9.40     2.35      .24      .10      .57      .16     1.27 
        Office and administrative support............   16.00    12.29     3.71      .59      .14     1.16      .35     1.48 
      Service........................................   10.90     8.90     2.00      .19      .09      .36      .09     1.27 
      Production, transportation, and material moving   15.19    10.90     4.29      .39      .34     1.41      .34     1.81 
        Transportation and material moving...........   15.67    10.94     4.73      .40      .36     1.69      .43     1.86 
                                                      
                                                                           Percent of total compensation
                                                      
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
  All full-time workers in private industry..........   100.0     69.3     30.7      7.3      3.0      8.5      3.9      7.9 
                                                                                                                             
      Management, professional, and related..........   100.0     70.1     29.9      8.7      3.3      7.0      4.2      6.8 
        Management, business, and financial..........   100.0     69.5     30.5      9.1      3.9      6.7      4.2      6.6 
        Professional and related.....................   100.0     70.5     29.5      8.5      2.9      7.2      4.1      6.9 
      Sales and office...............................   100.0     70.3     29.7      7.0      2.4      9.6      3.1      7.6 
        Sales and related............................   100.0     73.1     26.9      6.5      2.8      7.2      2.8      7.7 
        Office and administrative support............   100.0     68.7     31.3      7.3      2.1     10.9      3.4      7.6 
      Service........................................   100.0     71.5     28.5      5.7      2.2      9.4      2.0      9.3 
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                                   
       maintenance...................................   100.0     67.5     32.5      5.1      3.2      8.7      5.4     10.1 
        Construction, extraction, farming, fishing,                                                                          
         and forestry(1).............................   100.0     67.0     33.0      3.6      3.4      8.3      6.5     11.3 
        Installation, maintenance, and repair........   100.0     68.0     32.0      6.8      2.9      9.3      4.1      8.8 
      Production, transportation, and material moving   100.0     66.1     33.9      6.4      3.4     10.8      4.0      9.3 
        Production...................................   100.0     65.6     34.4      6.6      3.9     11.4      3.4      9.1 
        Transportation and material moving...........   100.0     66.6     33.4      6.1      2.9     10.1      4.7      9.5 
                                                                                                                             
  All part-time workers in private industry..........   100.0     78.4     21.6      3.0      1.6      5.1      1.6     10.4 
                                                                                                                             
      Management, professional, and related..........   100.0     77.5     22.5      4.8      2.6      4.5      2.1      8.4 
        Professional and related.....................   100.0     77.3     22.7      4.9      2.7      4.6      2.2      8.4 
      Sales and office...............................   100.0     78.4     21.6      2.8       .9      6.0      1.8     10.1 
        Sales and related............................   100.0     80.0     20.0      2.0       .9      4.8      1.4     10.9 
        Office and administrative support............   100.0     76.8     23.2      3.7       .9      7.3      2.2      9.3 
      Service........................................   100.0     81.6     18.4      1.8       .9      3.3       .8     11.7 
      Production, transportation, and material moving   100.0     71.7     28.3      2.6      2.2      9.3      2.3     11.9 
        Transportation and material moving...........   100.0     69.8     30.2      2.5      2.3     10.8      2.7     11.8 

  1 Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations were combined with construction and extraction occupational group as of
December 2006.
Note: The sum of individual items may not equal totals due to rounding.




Table 12.   Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation:
Private industry workers, by industry group and full-time and part-time status, September 2010
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                      Benefit costs                    
                                                                                                                       
                                                  Total    Wages                                                       
                    Series                       compen-    and                      Supple-           Retire-  Legally
                                                 sation  salaries   Total    Paid    mental  Insurance  ment   required
                                                                             leave     pay               and   benefits
                                                                                                       savings         
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                
                                                                         Cost per hour worked
                                                
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
  All full-time workers in private industry....  $31.93   $22.14    $9.79    $2.34    $0.96    $2.72    $1.24    $2.53 
                                                                                                                       
    Goods-producing(1).........................   33.21    22.04    11.17     2.15     1.22     3.19     1.63     2.98 
      Construction.............................   31.90    21.89    10.01     1.18     1.09     2.44     1.77     3.54 
      Manufacturing............................   33.07    21.69    11.38     2.53     1.21     3.47     1.45     2.72 
                                                                                                                       
    Service-providing(2).......................   31.55    22.16     9.39     2.40      .89     2.57     1.12     2.40 
      Trade, transportation, and utilities.....   28.61    19.89     8.73     1.95      .69     2.54     1.17     2.37 
      Information..............................   44.84    30.55    14.30     4.24     1.08     4.12     1.78     3.06 
      Financial activities.....................   39.54    26.65    12.89     3.35     1.84     3.31     1.79     2.59 
      Professional and business services.......   37.11    26.65    10.46     2.80     1.27     2.49     1.15     2.76 
      Education and health services............   31.39    22.11     9.29     2.57      .61     2.71     1.07     2.32 
      Leisure and hospitality..................   15.51    11.56     3.94      .77      .23     1.30      .20     1.46 
      Other services...........................   28.56    20.30     8.26     2.05      .78     2.16      .93     2.34 
                                                                                                                       
  All part-time workers in private industry....   15.67    12.28     3.39      .47      .24      .79      .25     1.63 
                                                                                                                       
    Service-providing(2).......................   15.56    12.19     3.37      .47      .24      .80      .26     1.60 
      Trade, transportation, and utilities.....   13.80    10.32     3.49      .36      .20     1.12      .30     1.51 
      Professional and business services.......   18.12    14.48     3.64      .35      .59      .63      .17     1.89 
      Education and health services............   25.69    19.66     6.03     1.28      .43     1.44      .62     2.26 
      Leisure and hospitality..................    9.50     8.03     1.47      .08      .03      .17      .03     1.15 
                                                
                                                                     Percent of total compensation
                                                
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
  All full-time workers in private industry....   100.0     69.3     30.7      7.3      3.0      8.5      3.9      7.9 
                                                                                                                       
    Goods-producing(1).........................   100.0     66.4     33.6      6.5      3.7      9.6      4.9      9.0 
      Construction.............................   100.0     68.6     31.4      3.7      3.4      7.6      5.6     11.1 
      Manufacturing............................   100.0     65.6     34.4      7.7      3.7     10.5      4.4      8.2 
                                                                                                                       
    Service-providing(2).......................   100.0     70.3     29.7      7.6      2.8      8.2      3.6      7.6 
      Trade, transportation, and utilities.....   100.0     69.5     30.5      6.8      2.4      8.9      4.1      8.3 
      Information..............................   100.0     68.1     31.9      9.5      2.4      9.2      4.0      6.8 
      Financial activities.....................   100.0     67.4     32.6      8.5      4.7      8.4      4.5      6.5 
      Professional and business services.......   100.0     71.8     28.2      7.6      3.4      6.7      3.1      7.4 
      Education and health services............   100.0     70.4     29.6      8.2      2.0      8.6      3.4      7.4 
      Leisure and hospitality..................   100.0     74.6     25.4      4.9      1.5      8.4      1.3      9.4 
      Other services...........................   100.0     71.1     28.9      7.2      2.7      7.6      3.3      8.2 
                                                                                                                       
  All part-time workers in private industry....   100.0     78.4     21.6      3.0      1.6      5.1      1.6     10.4 
                                                                                                                       
    Service-providing(2).......................   100.0     78.3     21.7      3.0      1.6      5.1      1.6     10.3 
      Trade, transportation, and utilities.....   100.0     74.7     25.3      2.6      1.5      8.1      2.1     10.9 
      Professional and business services.......   100.0     79.9     20.1      2.0      3.3      3.5       .9     10.5 
      Education and health services............   100.0     76.5     23.5      5.0      1.7      5.6      2.4      8.8 
      Leisure and hospitality..................   100.0     84.5     15.5       .9       .4      1.8       .4     12.1 

  1 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is
excluded.
  2 Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and
insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and
enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services;  health care and social assistance; arts,
entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.




Table 13.   Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation:
Private industry workers, by major industry group and establishment employment size and bargaining unit status,
September 2010
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                      Benefit costs                    
                                                                                                                       
                                                  Total    Wages                                                       
                    Series                       compen-    and                      Supple-           Retire-  Legally
                                                 sation  salaries   Total    Paid    mental  Insurance  ment   required
                                                                             leave     pay               and   benefits
                                                                                                       savings         
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                
                                                                         Cost per hour worked
                                                
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
    All workers, goods-producing industries(1)   $32.83   $21.87   $10.96    $2.10    $1.19    $3.11    $1.59    $2.97 
                                                                                                                       
    1-99 workers...............................   27.54    19.41     8.13     1.26      .81     2.17      .98     2.90 
      1-49 workers.............................   26.72    19.05     7.67     1.17      .76     1.95      .89     2.90 
      50-99 workers............................   29.49    20.27     9.22     1.49      .92     2.70     1.21     2.89 
    100 workers or more........................   37.48    24.03    13.45     2.84     1.52     3.94     2.12     3.04 
      100-499 workers..........................   32.33    21.11    11.22     2.10     1.20     3.52     1.55     2.85 
      500 workers or more......................   44.97    28.28    16.70     3.91     1.98     4.55     2.94     3.32 
                                                                                                                       
    Union......................................   40.33    23.56    16.77     2.41     1.49     5.33     3.78     3.77 
    Nonunion...................................   31.01    21.46     9.55     2.03     1.12     2.58     1.06     2.78 
                                                                                                                       
    All workers, service-providing                                                                                     
     industries(2).............................   26.81    19.21     7.60     1.83      .70     2.05      .87     2.16 
                                                                                                                       
    1-99 workers...............................   22.12    16.43     5.69     1.26      .56     1.43      .51     1.92 
      1-49 workers.............................   21.43    16.04     5.40     1.19      .55     1.32      .47     1.87 
      50-99 workers............................   24.39    17.71     6.68     1.51      .61     1.79      .67     2.10 
    100 workers or more........................   32.46    22.56     9.90     2.51      .86     2.79     1.29     2.46 
      100-499 workers..........................   27.76    19.89     7.87     1.91      .62     2.25      .86     2.23 
      500 workers or more......................   38.76    26.14    12.62     3.31     1.18     3.51     1.87     2.76 
                                                                                                                       
    Union......................................   36.60    23.01    13.59     2.96      .89     4.59     2.23     2.93 
    Nonunion...................................   25.93    18.87     7.07     1.73      .68     1.82      .74     2.09 
                                                
                                                                     Percent of total compensation
                                                
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
    All workers, goods-producing industries(1)    100.0     66.6     33.4      6.4      3.6      9.5      4.8      9.1 
                                                                                                                       
    1-99 workers...............................   100.0     70.5     29.5      4.6      2.9      7.9      3.6     10.5 
      1-49 workers.............................   100.0     71.3     28.7      4.4      2.9      7.3      3.3     10.9 
      50-99 workers............................   100.0     68.7     31.3      5.0      3.1      9.2      4.1      9.8 
    100 workers or more........................   100.0     64.1     35.9      7.6      4.1     10.5      5.6      8.1 
      100-499 workers..........................   100.0     65.3     34.7      6.5      3.7     10.9      4.8      8.8 
      500 workers or more......................   100.0     62.9     37.1      8.7      4.4     10.1      6.5      7.4 
                                                                                                                       
    Union......................................   100.0     58.4     41.6      6.0      3.7     13.2      9.4      9.3 
    Nonunion...................................   100.0     69.2     30.8      6.5      3.6      8.3      3.4      9.0 
                                                                                                                       
    All workers, service-providing                                                                                     
     industries(2).............................   100.0     71.6     28.4      6.8      2.6      7.6      3.2      8.1 
                                                                                                                       
    1-99 workers...............................   100.0     74.3     25.7      5.7      2.6      6.5      2.3      8.7 
      1-49 workers.............................   100.0     74.8     25.2      5.6      2.6      6.2      2.2      8.7 
      50-99 workers............................   100.0     72.6     27.4      6.2      2.5      7.4      2.7      8.6 
    100 workers or more........................   100.0     69.5     30.5      7.7      2.6      8.6      4.0      7.6 
      100-499 workers..........................   100.0     71.6     28.4      6.9      2.2      8.1      3.1      8.0 
      500 workers or more......................   100.0     67.4     32.6      8.5      3.0      9.0      4.8      7.1 
                                                                                                                       
    Union......................................   100.0     62.9     37.1      8.1      2.4     12.5      6.1      8.0 
    Nonunion...................................   100.0     72.8     27.2      6.7      2.6      7.0      2.9      8.1 

  1 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is
excluded.
  2 Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and
insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and
enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services;  health care and social assistance; arts,
entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.




Table 14.   Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation:
Private industry health care and social assistance workers, by industry and occupational group, September 2010
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                      Benefit costs                    
                                                                                                                       
                                                  Total    Wages                                                       
                    Series                       compen-    and                      Supple-           Retire-  Legally
                                                 sation  salaries   Total    Paid    mental  Insurance  ment   required
                                                                             leave     pay               and   benefits
                                                                                                       savings         
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                
                                                                         Cost per hour worked
                                                
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
  Health care and social assistance............  $28.58   $20.38    $8.20    $2.18    $0.63    $2.32    $0.84    $2.23 
                                                                                                                       
      Management, professional, and related....   41.18    29.53    11.65     3.39      .96     2.94     1.32     3.03 
        Registered nurses......................   48.34    33.89    14.46     4.13     1.63     3.33     1.76     3.60 
      Sales and office.........................   22.23    15.51     6.72     1.59      .38     2.35      .69     1.71 
      Service..................................   16.20    11.52     4.68      .97      .37     1.54      .32     1.48 
                                                                                                                       
    Hospitals..................................   36.63    24.87    11.76     3.11     1.15     3.47     1.35     2.67 
                                                                                                                       
      Management, professional, and related....   44.97    31.01    13.96     3.96     1.46     3.65     1.65     3.24 
        Registered nurses......................   48.68    33.33    15.35     4.28     1.93     3.75     1.84     3.56 
      Service..................................   20.65    13.16     7.49     1.43      .71     2.98      .75     1.62 
                                                                                                                       
    Nursing and residential care facilities....   20.10    14.69     5.41     1.33      .43     1.52      .28     1.85 
                                                                                                                       
      Management, professional, and related....   31.19    23.09     8.10     2.25      .67     2.02      .50     2.65 
      Service..................................   15.04    10.87     4.17      .88      .35     1.27      .18     1.49 
                                                                                                                       
      Nursing care facilities(1)...............   21.80    15.97     5.83     1.48      .52     1.57      .29     1.97 
                                                                                                                       
      Management, professional, and related....   34.11    25.56     8.55     2.44      .82     1.94      .48     2.87 
      Service..................................   15.96    11.41     4.55     1.00      .43     1.38      .19     1.55 
                                                
                                                                     Percent of total compensation
                                                
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
  Health care and social assistance............   100.0     71.3     28.7      7.6      2.2      8.1      2.9      7.8 
                                                                                                                       
      Management, professional, and related....   100.0     71.7     28.3      8.2      2.3      7.1      3.2      7.3 
        Registered nurses......................   100.0     70.1     29.9      8.5      3.4      6.9      3.6      7.5 
      Sales and office.........................   100.0     69.8     30.2      7.1      1.7     10.6      3.1      7.7 
      Service..................................   100.0     71.1     28.9      6.0      2.3      9.5      2.0      9.1 
                                                                                                                       
    Hospitals..................................   100.0     67.9     32.1      8.5      3.1      9.5      3.7      7.3 
                                                                                                                       
      Management, professional, and related....   100.0     69.0     31.0      8.8      3.2      8.1      3.7      7.2 
        Registered nurses......................   100.0     68.5     31.5      8.8      4.0      7.7      3.8      7.3 
      Service..................................   100.0     63.7     36.3      6.9      3.4     14.4      3.6      7.8 
                                                                                                                       
    Nursing and residential care facilities....   100.0     73.1     26.9      6.6      2.1      7.6      1.4      9.2 
                                                                                                                       
      Management, professional, and related....   100.0     74.0     26.0      7.2      2.2      6.5      1.6      8.5 
      Service..................................   100.0     72.3     27.7      5.9      2.3      8.4      1.2      9.9 
                                                                                                                       
      Nursing care facilities(1)...............   100.0     73.2     26.8      6.8      2.4      7.2      1.3      9.0 
                                                                                                                       
      Management, professional, and related....   100.0     74.9     25.1      7.2      2.4      5.7      1.4      8.4 
      Service..................................   100.0     71.5     28.5      6.2      2.7      8.7      1.2      9.7 

  1 Data are available beginning with December 2006.

Note: The sum of individual items may not equal totals due to rounding.


Last Modified Date: December 08, 2010
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