Economic News Release

Employment Cost Index News Release


TREANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED UNTIL                          USDL-11-0586
8:30 A.M. (EDT) FRIDAY, APRIL 29, 2011

Technical information:
     (202) 691-6199  NCSinfo@bls.gov  http://www.bls.gov/ect
Media contact:
     (202) 691-5902  PressOffice@bls.gov


                                  EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX - MARCH 2011

     Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 0.6 percent, seasonally adjusted, for the
3-month period ending March 2011, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wages
and salaries (which make up about 70 percent of compensation costs) increased 0.4 percent, and
benefits (which make up the remaining 30 percent of compensation) increased 1.1 percent.

Civilian Workers

     Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 2.0 percent for the 12-month period ending
March 2011. A year earlier--in March 2010--the increase was 1.7 percent. Wages and salaries
increased 1.6 percent for the current 12-month period; in March 2010 the increase was 1.5 percent.
Benefit costs accelerated to 3.0 percent, up from a 2.2-percent increase for the 12-month period
ending March 2010.

Private Industry Workers

     Compensation costs for private industry workers increased 2.0 percent over the year, compared
to the 1.6-percent increase for the previous 12-month period. The wage and salary series increased
1.6 percent for the current 12-month period.  The change for the 12-month period ending March 2010
was 1.5 percent. The cost of benefits increased 3.0 percent for the 12-month period ending March
2011, higher than the March 2010 increase of 2.0 percent. While the rate of increase in the
overall cost of benefits to employers accelerated over the year, their costs for health benefits
decelerated to a 3.4 percent increase for the 12-month period ending March 2011. In March 2010,
the 12-month percent change was 4.5 percent.

     Among occupational groups, compensation cost increases for private industry workers for the
12-month period ending March 2011 were 1.4 percent for natural resources, construction, and
maintenance occupations; 1.9 percent for service occupations; and 2.1 percent for the remaining
three groups--management, professional, and related; sales and office; and production, transportation,
and material moving occupations.

     Among industry supersectors, compensation cost increases for private industry workers for the
current 12-month period ranged from 0.6 percent for construction to 2.8 percent for both
manufacturing and financial activities.

State and Local Government Workers

     Compensation costs for State and local government workers increased 1.8 percent for the
12-month period ending March 2011, compared to the 2.0 percent for the 12-month period ending March
2010. Prior to this quarter, values for this series--which began in June 1982--ranged from 1.7 percent
in June 2010 to 9.6 percent in June 1982. Wages and salaries increased 1.2 percent for the 12-month
period ending March 2011. A year earlier the increase was 1.6 percent. Prior values for this series,
which also began in June 1982, ranged from 1.2 percent in September and December 2010 to 8.5 percent
in June 1982. Benefit costs increased 3.3 percent, up from 2.5 percent in March 2010. Prior values
for this series, which began in June 1990, ranged from 1.2 percent in December 1997 to 8.3 percent
in June 1990.


______________________________________________________________________________________________________

     The Employment Cost Index for June 2011 is scheduled to be released on
Friday, July 29, 2011, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).

______________________________________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________________________________

     Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request--
Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service:  (800) 877-8339.

     This release incorporates annual revisions in seasonally adjusted Employment Cost Index (ECI)
data for total compensation, wages and salaries, and benefit costs. Seasonally adjusted data for
2006-2010 were revised to reflect updated seasonal factors.

     BLS news releases, including the ECI, are available through an e-mail subscription service at:
http://www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm.

     Some Employment Cost Index estimates from June 2009 through September 2010 were corrected on
January 18, 2011.  (In some of the seasonally adjusted series, corrections were made to estimates
back to June 2005.) For further information, see:  www.bls.gov/bls/eci_corrections_111910.htm

______________________________________________________________________________________________________


Table A.  Major series of the Employment Cost Index
(Percent change)

                            3-month,                         12-month,
Category              seasonally adjusted             not seasonally adjusted
                          Dec.     Mar.         Mar.     June     Sep.     Dec.     Mar.
                          2010     2011         2010     2010     2010     2010     2011
CIVILIAN WORKERS(1)


Compensation(2)           0.4      0.6          1.7      1.9      1.9      2.0      2.0
Wages and salaries        0.4      0.4          1.5      1.6      1.5      1.6      1.6
Benefits                  0.5      1.1          2.2      2.5      2.8      2.9      3.0


PRIVATE INDUSTRY

Compensation(2)           0.5      0.5          1.6      1.9      2.0      2.1      2.0
Wages and salaries        0.4      0.4          1.5      1.6      1.6      1.8      1.6
Benefits                  0.5      1.2          2.0      2.4      2.8      2.9      3.0

STATE AND LOCAL
  GOVERNMENT

Compensation(2)           0.5      0.5          2.0      1.7      1.8      1.8      1.8
Wages and salaries        0.4      0.4          1.6      1.3      1.2      1.2      1.2
Benefits                  0.7      0.9          2.5      2.5      2.8      2.9      3.3

  (1) Includes private industry and State and local government.
  (2) Includes wages and salaries and benefits.



                                        TECHNICAL NOTE

     The Employment Cost Index (ECI) measures the change in the cost of labor, free from the
influence of employment shifts among occupations and industries. Detailed information on survey
concepts, coverage, and methods can be found in BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 8, "National
Compensation Measures," Bureau of Labor Statistics, on the Internet at
http://www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch8.pdf.

Sample size

     Data for the March 2011 reference period were collected from a probability sample of
approximately 62,500 occupational observations selected from a sample of about 12,800 establishments
in private industry and approximately 11,500 occupations from a sample of about 1,800 establishments
in State and local governments.

Health insurance data

     Data from the ECI that provide 12-month percent changes in employer costs for health insurance
in private industry are available at www.bls.gov/ect/sp/echealth.pdf.

Historical listings

     Historical listings that provide all ECI data are available at www.bls.gov/ect/#tables. Included
among these listings is one that provides continuous occupational and industry series. This listing
uses the Standard Industrial Classification Manual and Census of Population series through 2005 and
the North American Industry Classification System and Standard Occupational Classification from 2006
to the present. It provides the official series from the beginning of the ECI in 1975 through the
current quarter. For more information on the criteria used in defining continuous series, see the
article published in the Monthly Labor Review at http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2006/04/art2full.pdf.

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation data

     The costs per hour worked of compensation components, based on data from the ECI, are published
in a separate news release titled "Employer Costs for Employee Compensation" (ECEC). The next ECEC
release is scheduled for 10:00 a.m. (EDT), Wednesday, June 8, 2011. Historical ECEC data are
available in summary documents. Since the ECEC is calculated with current employment weights rather
than the fixed weights used in computing the ECI, year-to-year changes in the cost levels usually
differ from those in the ECI.



Table 1.  Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), by occupational group and industry
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                            Indexes (Dec.           Percent changes for 3-months ended-          
                                             2005 = 100)                                                         
      Occupational group and industry                                                                            
                                                                                                                 
                                             Dec.   Mar.   June   Sep.   Dec.   Mar.   June   Sep.   Dec.   Mar. 
                                             2010   2011   2009   2009   2009   2010   2010   2010   2010   2011 
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
             Civilian workers                                                                                    
                                                                                                                 
All workers(2).............................  113.3  114.0    0.4    0.3    0.5    0.6    0.4    0.4    0.4    0.6
                                                                                                                 
                 Industry                                                                                        
                                                                                                                 
  Goods-producing industries(3)............  111.4  111.9     .2     .3     .5     .7     .5     .7     .4     .4
    Manufacturing..........................  110.4  111.1     .3     .2     .6     .7     .7     .8     .5     .6
                                                                                                                 
  Service-providing industries(4)..........  113.8  114.5     .4     .4     .4     .5     .5     .3     .5     .6
    Education and health services..........  115.1  115.6     .6     .3     .4     .4     .4     .3     .5     .4
      Education services...................  115.1  115.7     .6     .2     .4     .4     .4     .1     .5     .5
        Elementary and secondary schools...  115.3  115.9     .6     .3     .5     .4     .5    -.1     .4     .5
        Junior colleges, colleges,                                                                               
         universities, and professional                                                                          
         schools...........................  114.5  115.0     .8    -.5     .6     .3     .4     .2     .8     .4
      Health care and social assistance(5)   115.1  115.5     .4     .5     .4     .4     .4     .4     .4     .3
        Hospitals..........................  115.9  116.5     .6     .4     .5     .5     .6     .4     .6     .5
        Nursing and residential care                                                                             
         facilities........................  112.8  113.4     .4     .5     .3     .4     .2     .5     .1     .5
    Public administration..................  116.8  117.4     .7     .3     .5     .4     .5     .6     .3     .5
                                                                                                                 
         Private industry workers                                                                                
                                                                                                                 
All workers................................  112.7  113.3     .2     .4     .5     .6     .5     .4     .5     .5
                                                                                                                 
            Occupational group                                                                                   
                                                                                                                 
  Management, professional, and related....  113.3  113.9     .2     .2     .4     .5     .5     .4     .5     .5
    Management, business, and financial....  112.6  113.3     .1     .2     .5     .6     .5     .4     .5     .6
    Professional and related...............  113.7  114.4     .2     .2     .3     .4     .4     .5     .4     .6
                                                                                                                 
  Sales and office.........................  111.6  112.2     .1     .6     .5     .5     .6     .5     .5     .5
    Sales and related......................  108.0  108.4    -.4     .9     .4     .7     .8     .1     .7     .4
    Office and administrative support......  114.2  114.9     .5     .4     .4     .5     .5     .6     .4     .6
                                                                                                                 
  Natural resources, construction, and                                                                           
   maintenance.............................  113.4  113.8     .3     .5     .5     .7     .4     .4     .4     .4
    Construction, extraction, farming,                                                                           
     fishing, and forestry.................  114.5  115.0     .2     .5     .5     .7     .2     .6     .3     .4
    Installation, maintenance, and repair..  112.2  112.4     .3     .6     .5     .9     .3     .3     .5     .2
                                                                                                                 
  Production, transportation, and material                                                                       
   moving..................................  111.8  112.2     .5     .4     .6     .6     .5     .7     .5     .4
    Production.............................  111.2  111.5     .5     .4     .6     .7     .5     .6     .5     .3
    Transportation and material moving.....  112.7  113.1     .4     .5     .4     .6     .5     .8     .6     .4
                                                                                                                 
  Service occupations......................  113.7  114.5     .4     .5     .4     .3     .4     .4     .5     .7
                                                                                                                 
                 Industry                                                                                        
                                                                                                                 
  Goods-producing industries(3)............  111.3  111.9     .3     .2     .5     .7     .5     .6     .4     .5
    Construction...........................  112.8  112.9     .2     .2     .4     .3     .2     .4     .1     .1
    Manufacturing..........................  110.4  111.1     .3     .2     .6     .7     .7     .8     .5     .6
      Aircraft manufacturing...............   99.7  101.9     .5    -.2     .3     .3     .2    6.5     .3    2.2
                                                                                                                 
  Service-providing industries(6)..........  113.1  113.8     .2     .5     .4     .5     .5     .4     .5     .6
    Trade, transportation, and utilities...  111.5  112.1     .1     .5     .4    1.0     .7     .2     .5     .5
      Retail trade.........................  112.1  112.5     .2     .7     .5     .9     .6     .1     .2     .4
      Transportation and warehousing.......  111.6  112.5     .3     .4     .3     .6     .6     .9     .7     .8
      Utilities............................  118.2  119.4     .6     .6    1.4    2.5     .9    1.1     .4    1.0
    Information............................  110.2  111.6    -.3     .5     .6     .4     .7     .4     .1    1.3
    Financial activities...................  111.6  112.9     .8     .6     .6     .8     .5     .3     .9    1.2
      Finance and insurance................  112.1  113.4     .8     .7     .5     .8     .6     .3    1.0    1.2
        Credit intermediation and related                                                                        
         activities........................  111.4  113.1     .7     .3     .7     .7     .5     .6    1.0    1.5
        Insurance carriers and related                                                                           
         activities........................  112.7  113.6     .3     .6     .3     .7     .6     .2     .5     .8
      Real estate and rental and leasing...  109.6  110.6     .5     .5     .5     .8    -.4     .4     .7     .9
    Professional and business services.....  114.7  115.4     .1     .2     .4     .4     .4     .5     .6     .6
      Professional, scientific, and                                                                              
       technical services..................  117.3  118.1     .0     .3     .2     .3     .6     .7     .7     .7
      Administrative and support and waste                                                                       
       management and remediation services   112.0  112.3     .3    -.2     .7     .3    -.2     .5     .4     .3
    Education and health services..........  114.7  115.1     .4     .4     .4     .4     .4     .4     .4     .3
      Education services...................  115.0  115.3     .4     .3     .3     .3     .3     .5     .6     .3
        Junior colleges, colleges,                                                                               
         universities, and professional                                                                          
         schools...........................  114.9  115.4     .4    -.1     .2     .3     .4     .4     .6     .4
      Health care and social assistance(5)   114.7  115.0     .4     .5     .3     .4     .4     .4     .4     .3
        Hospitals..........................  115.7  116.1     .5     .5     .5     .5     .6     .4     .6     .3
        Nursing and residential care                                                                             
         facilities........................  112.2  112.7     .3     .5     .2     .5     .2     .4     .2     .4
    Leisure and hospitality................  114.1  114.4     .0     .4     .2     .4     .3     .2     .3     .3
      Accommodation and food services......  114.8  115.3    -.1     .5     .2     .2     .4     .2     .3     .4
    Other services, except public                                                                                
     administration........................  113.5  114.3    -.1     .9     .2     .3     .4     .4     .4     .7
                                                                                                                 
    State and local government workers                                                                           
                                                                                                                 
All workers................................  116.1  116.7     .7     .2     .5     .4     .6     .3     .5     .5
                                                                                                                 
                 Industry                                                                                        
                                                                                                                 
    Education and health services..........  115.4  116.1     .8     .1     .5     .4     .4     .1     .5     .6
      Education services...................  115.1  115.8     .6     .2     .5     .4     .4     .0     .5     .6
        Schools............................  115.1  115.8     .6     .2     .5     .4     .4     .0     .5     .6
          Elementary and secondary schools   115.4  116.0     .6     .4     .5     .4     .4     .0     .4     .5
      Health care and social assistance(5)   117.8  119.1    1.2     .1     .4     .4     .4     .5     .7    1.1
        Hospitals..........................  117.1  118.1    1.1     .4     .4     .4     .6     .5     .8     .9
    Public administration..................  116.8  117.4     .7     .3     .5     .4     .5     .6     .3     .5

  1 Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
  2 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public
sector, except the federal government.
  3 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
  4 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities;
information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services;
management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and
social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except
public administration; and public administration.
  5 Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.
  6 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities;
information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services;
management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; education services; health care and
social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services,
except public administration.



Table 2.  Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, by occupational group and industry
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                            Indexes (Dec.           Percent changes for 3-months ended-          
                                             2005 = 100)                                                         
      Occupational group and industry                                                                            
                                                                                                                 
                                             Dec.   Mar.   June   Sep.   Dec.   Mar.   June   Sep.   Dec.   Mar. 
                                             2010   2011   2009   2009   2009   2010   2010   2010   2010   2011 
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
             Civilian workers                                                                                    
                                                                                                                 
All workers(1).............................  113.0  113.4    0.4    0.4    0.4    0.4    0.4    0.3    0.4    0.4
                                                                                                                 
                 Industry                                                                                        
                                                                                                                 
  Goods-producing industries(2)............  111.7  112.1     .3     .2     .5     .3     .4     .5     .3     .4
    Manufacturing..........................  110.9  111.4     .3     .3     .5     .3     .5     .5     .4     .5
                                                                                                                 
  Service-providing industries(3)..........  113.3  113.7     .4     .4     .5     .4     .5     .2     .5     .4
    Education and health services..........  113.9  114.3     .5     .3     .4     .4     .4     .1     .4     .4
      Education services...................  113.3  113.7     .5     .0     .5     .4     .4    -.1     .5     .4
        Elementary and secondary schools...  113.3  113.8     .5     .3     .4     .5     .5    -.3     .4     .4
        Junior colleges, colleges,                                                                               
         universities, and professional                                                                          
         schools...........................  112.8  113.2     .8    -.8     .6     .2     .4     .1     .5     .4
      Health care and social assistance(4)   114.7  115.0     .5     .4     .3     .4     .4     .3     .3     .3
        Hospitals..........................  115.4  115.9     .5     .4     .4     .4     .5     .3     .4     .4
    Public administration..................  114.0  114.3     .7     .4     .4     .3     .4     .2     .3     .3
                                                                                                                 
         Private industry workers                                                                                
                                                                                                                 
All workers................................  112.8  113.2     .3     .4     .4     .5     .4     .4     .4     .4
                                                                                                                 
            Occupational group                                                                                   
                                                                                                                 
  Management, professional, and related....  113.9  114.3     .2     .2     .4     .5     .5     .4     .4     .4
    Management, business, and financial....  113.5  113.7     .0     .4     .5     .6     .5     .4     .5     .2
    Professional and related...............  114.2  114.7     .3     .2     .2     .4     .4     .5     .4     .5
                                                                                                                 
  Sales and office.........................  111.5  111.8     .1     .6     .5     .5     .5     .3     .6     .3
    Sales and related......................  108.5  108.5    -.5    1.1     .5     .8     .8    -.1     .8     .0
    Office and administrative support......  113.7  114.3     .5     .4     .4     .2     .4     .6     .4     .6
                                                                                                                 
  Natural resources, construction, and                                                                           
   maintenance.............................  113.3  113.7     .3     .5     .5     .4     .2     .3     .2     .4
    Construction, extraction, farming,                                                                           
     fishing, and forestry.................  114.0  114.6     .2     .4     .4     .3     .3     .4     .2     .5
    Installation, maintenance, and repair..  112.6  112.7     .5     .5     .5     .7     .0     .0     .4     .1
                                                                                                                 
  Production, transportation, and material                                                                       
   moving..................................  111.3  111.7     .4     .4     .5     .2     .4     .5     .4     .4
    Production.............................  110.6  111.1     .4     .4     .5     .2     .4     .4     .2     .4
    Transportation and material moving.....  112.1  112.5     .5     .5     .4     .3     .4     .6     .5     .3
                                                                                                                 
  Service occupations(5)...................  113.6  114.2     .3     .6     .4     .2     .2     .3     .4     .5
                                                                                                                 
                 Industry                                                                                        
                                                                                                                 
  Goods-producing industries(2)............  111.7  112.1     .2     .3     .5     .2     .5     .5     .3     .4
    Construction...........................  112.7  112.7     .1     .2     .3     .2     .2     .4     .0     .0
    Manufacturing..........................  110.9  111.4     .3     .3     .5     .3     .5     .5     .4     .5
      Aircraft manufacturing...............  115.2  115.5     .8     .9     .5     .6     .5     .9     .5     .2
                                                                                                                 
  Service-providing industries(6)..........  113.2  113.5     .3     .4     .5     .4     .4     .4     .5     .3
    Trade, transportation, and utilities...  111.0  111.1     .2     .4     .5     .6     .6     .1     .5     .1
      Retail trade(7)......................  112.1  112.4     .3     .9     .6     .6     .6    -.1     .3     .3
      Transportation and warehousing.......  111.1  111.4     .4     .3     .3     .5     .6     .8     .6     .2
      Utilities............................  115.9  116.9     .6     .4    1.2     .3     .4     .9     .4     .9
    Information............................  110.7  112.0     .2     .6     .6     .3     .5     .5     .0    1.2
    Financial activities...................  112.3  113.0     .8     .6     .7     .6     .7     .3    1.2     .6
      Finance and insurance................  113.4  114.0     .9     .7     .7     .5    1.1     .4    1.3     .5
        Credit intermediation and related                                                                        
         activities........................  110.4  111.9     .4     .5     .8    -.4     .7     .6    1.3    1.4
        Insurance carriers and related                                                                           
         activities........................  112.8  113.2     .2     .6     .2     .6     .5     .2     .6     .3
    Professional and business services.....  115.0  115.5     .1     .1     .4     .3     .5     .6     .5     .4
      Professional, scientific, and                                                                              
       technical services..................  117.3  117.9    -.1     .3     .2     .4     .6     .7     .7     .5
      Administrative and support and waste                                                                       
       management and remediation services   112.3  112.3     .5    -.3    1.0    -.2     .0     .4     .4     .0
    Education and health services..........  114.4  114.7     .4     .4     .4     .4     .4     .4     .4     .3
      Education services...................  114.4  114.8     .4     .2     .6     .1     .4     .6     .6     .3
        Junior colleges, colleges,                                                                               
         universities, and professional                                                                          
         schools...........................  114.0  114.5     .4    -.4     .7     .2     .6     .3     .5     .5
      Health care and social assistance(4)   114.4  114.6     .4     .5     .3     .5     .3     .4     .3     .2
        Hospitals..........................  115.1  115.7     .5     .4     .5     .4     .5     .2     .4     .5
    Leisure and hospitality................  115.0  115.0     .0     .6     .1     .4     .3     .1     .3     .0
      Accommodation and food services......  115.3  115.5     .0     .5     .2     .2     .3     .1     .3     .2
    Other services, except public                                                                                
     administration........................  113.5  114.2     .0     .7     .2    -.1     .4     .4     .4     .6
                                                                                                                 
    State and local government workers                                                                           
                                                                                                                 
All workers................................  113.7  114.1     .7     .1     .4     .4     .4    -.1     .4     .4
                                                                                                                 
                 Industry                                                                                        
                                                                                                                 
    Education and health services..........  113.4  113.9     .7    -.1     .5     .4     .4    -.2     .4     .4
      Education services...................  113.1  113.5     .5     .0     .4     .5     .4    -.2     .5     .4
        Schools............................  113.0  113.5     .5     .0     .4     .5     .4    -.2     .4     .4
          Elementary and secondary schools   113.3  113.8     .5     .3     .4     .5     .5    -.3     .4     .4
      Health care and social assistance(4)   116.8  117.4    1.4     .0     .3     .3     .4     .1     .6     .5
        Hospitals..........................  116.3  116.8    1.2     .2     .4     .3     .3     .3     .4     .5
    Public administration..................  114.0  114.3     .7     .4     .4     .3     .4     .2     .3     .3

  1 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public
sector, except the federal government.
  2 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
  3 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities;
information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services;
management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and
social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except
public administration; and public administration.
  4 Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.
  5 Seasonally adjusted indexes and 3-month percent changes for this series are being published for the first
time with the 2011 seasonal adjustment revisions. Historical data for this series are published beginning with
March 2006.
  6 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities;
information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services;
management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; education services; health care and
social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services,
except public administration.
  7 The retail trade wages series is seasonal as of the 2011 revision.  Seasonality was first found in the 2006
revision and the series continued to be seasonally adjusted until the 2010 revision when it was discontinued for
one year.  Historical data for this series is published beginning with March 2001.



Table 3.  Employment Cost Index for benefits, by occupational group and industry
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                            Indexes (Dec.           Percent changes for 3-months ended-          
                                             2005 = 100)                                                         
      Occupational group and industry                                                                            
                                                                                                                 
                                             Dec.   Mar.   June   Sep.   Dec.   Mar.   June   Sep.   Dec.   Mar. 
                                             2010   2011   2009   2009   2009   2010   2010   2010   2010   2011 
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
             Civilian workers                                                                                    
                                                                                                                 
All workers(1).............................  114.1  115.4    0.4    0.4    0.5    1.0    0.6    0.7    0.5    1.1
                                                                                                                 
         Private industry workers                                                                                
                                                                                                                 
All workers................................  112.2  113.5     .3     .3     .4    1.2     .5     .6     .5    1.2
                                                                                                                 
            Occupational group                                                                                   
                                                                                                                 
  Management, professional, and related....  111.6  113.1     .3     .1     .3     .6     .5     .5     .6    1.3
                                                                                                                 
  Sales and office.........................  112.0  113.3     .2     .5     .3    1.1     .8     .6     .3    1.2
                                                                                                                 
  Natural resources, construction, and                                                                           
   maintenance.............................  113.7  114.0     .3     .6     .6    1.5     .5     .7     .7     .3
                                                                                                                 
  Production, transportation, and material                                                                       
   moving..................................  112.7  113.1     .5     .6     .7    1.5    1.0    1.1     .8     .4
                                                                                                                 
  Service occupations......................  113.8  115.3     .4     .5     .4     .6     .8     .7     .5    1.4
                                                                                                                 
                 Industry                                                                                        
                                                                                                                 
  Goods-producing industries(2)............  110.7  111.4     .3     .1     .7    1.6     .7    1.1     .6     .6
    Manufacturing..........................  109.6  110.6     .4     .0     .7    1.8    1.1    1.3     .8     .9
                                                                                                                 
  Service-providing industries(3)..........  112.8  114.4     .2     .5     .2    1.0     .5     .4     .4    1.4
                                                                                                                 
    State and local government workers                                                                           
                                                                                                                 
All workers................................  121.0  122.1     .9     .4     .7     .5     .8     .8     .7     .9

  1 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public
sector, except the federal government.
  2 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
  3 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities;
information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services;
management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; education services; health care and
social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services,
except public administration.



Table 4.  Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for civilian workers, by occupational group and
industry
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                              Indexes (Dec. 2005 =             Percent changes for-          
                                                      100)                                                   
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
      Occupational group and industry                                  3-months ended-     12-months ended-  
                                              Mar.    Dec.    Mar.                                           
                                              2010    2010    2011                                           
                                                                     Mar.   Dec.   Mar.   Mar.   Dec.   Mar. 
                                                                     2010   2010   2011   2010   2010   2011 
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
             Civilian workers                                                                                
                                                                                                             
All workers(2).............................  111.8   113.2   114.0     0.7    0.3    0.7    1.7    2.0    2.0
    Excluding incentive paid occupations(3)  112.3   113.7   114.6      .7     .3     .8    1.6    2.0    2.0
                                                                                                             
            Occupational group                                                                               
                                                                                                             
  Management, professional, and related....  112.4   113.7   114.7      .7     .3     .9    1.4    1.9    2.0
    Management, business, and financial....  111.6   112.7   113.9     1.1     .4    1.1    1.5    2.1    2.1
    Professional and related...............  112.9   114.3   115.1      .5     .2     .7    1.4    1.8    1.9
                                                                                                             
  Sales and office.........................  110.3   112.1   112.6      .5     .4     .4    1.8    2.2    2.1
    Sales and related......................  105.9   108.1   107.9      .1     .7    -.2    1.5    2.2    1.9
    Office and administrative support......  113.0   114.4   115.4      .8     .3     .9    2.0    2.1    2.1
                                                                                                             
  Natural resources, construction, and                                                                       
   maintenance.............................  112.5   113.6   114.2      .9     .2     .5    2.2    1.9    1.5
    Construction, extraction, farming,                                                                       
     fishing, and forestry.................  113.1   114.5   114.9      .5     .1     .3    1.9    1.8    1.6
    Installation, maintenance, and repair..  111.6   112.6   113.3     1.1     .4     .6    2.3    2.0    1.5
                                                                                                             
  Production, transportation, and material                                                                   
   moving..................................  110.2   111.9   112.7      .9     .2     .7    2.0    2.5    2.3
    Production.............................  109.6   110.9   111.8     1.2     .1     .8    2.2    2.4    2.0
    Transportation and material moving.....  111.1   113.3   113.8      .6     .4     .4    2.0    2.6    2.4
                                                                                                             
  Service occupations......................  113.4   114.9   115.7      .4     .3     .7    1.7    1.8    2.0
                                                                                                             
                 Industry                                                                                    
                                                                                                             
  Goods-producing industries(4)............  109.8   111.1   112.1     1.1     .1     .9    1.7    2.3    2.1
    Manufacturing..........................  108.4   110.0   111.4     1.3     .1    1.3    1.8    2.8    2.8
                                                                                                             
  Service-providing industries(5)..........  112.1   113.6   114.3      .5     .3     .6    1.6    1.9    2.0
    Education and health services..........  113.7   115.2   115.5      .3     .3     .3    1.8    1.6    1.6
      Education services...................  113.7   115.3   115.5      .1     .2     .2    1.7    1.5    1.6
        Elementary and secondary schools...  114.1   115.5   115.7      .0     .0     .2    2.0    1.2    1.4
        Junior colleges, colleges,                                                                           
         universities, and professional                                                                      
         schools...........................  112.8   114.6   115.0      .1     .5     .3    1.2    1.7    2.0
      Health care and social assistance(6)   113.7   115.0   115.5      .5     .3     .4    1.8    1.7    1.6
        Hospitals..........................  114.1   115.9   116.5      .6     .6     .5    2.1    2.2    2.1
        Nursing and residential care                                                                         
         facilities........................  111.9   112.7   113.4      .4     .0     .6    1.5    1.2    1.3
    Public administration(7)...............  115.1   116.8   117.5      .4     .2     .6    1.9    1.9    2.1

  1 Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
  2 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the
public sector, except the federal government.
  3 The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
  4 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
  5 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing;
utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical
services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services;
health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other
services, except public administration; and public administration.
  6 Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.
  7 Some estimates from June 2009 through September 2010 for this series were corrected on January 18, 2011. 
For further information, see:  www.bls.gov/bls/eci_corrections_111910.htm.



Table 5.    Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for private industry workers, by occupational
group and industry
                                                                                                               
                                                                                                               
                                                Indexes (Dec. 2005 =             Percent changes for-          
                                                        100)                                                   
                                                                                                               
                                                                                                               
       Occupational group and industry                                   3-months ended-     12-months ended-  
                                                Mar.    Dec.    Mar.                                           
                                                2010    2010    2011                                           
                                                                       Mar.   Dec.   Mar.   Mar.   Dec.   Mar. 
                                                                       2010   2010   2011   2010   2010   2011 
                                                                                                               
                                                                                                               
          Private industry workers                                                                             
                                                                                                               
All workers..................................  111.1   112.5   113.3     0.8    0.3    0.7    1.6    2.1    2.0
    Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)..  111.8   113.1   114.0      .9     .3     .8    1.6    2.1    2.0
                                                                                                               
             Occupational group                                                                                
                                                                                                               
  Management, professional, and related......  111.8   113.0   114.1     1.0     .3    1.0    1.3    2.1    2.1
        Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
         occupations(2)......................  111.8   113.1   114.3      .9     .3    1.1    1.2    2.1    2.2
    Management, business, and financial......  111.3   112.3   113.6     1.3     .3    1.2    1.6    2.2    2.1
        Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
         occupations(2)......................  111.6   112.7   114.1     1.2     .3    1.2    1.3    2.2    2.2
    Professional and related.................  112.2   113.5   114.6      .7     .2    1.0    1.1    1.9    2.1
                                                                                                               
  Sales and office...........................  109.8   111.6   112.1      .5     .5     .4    1.8    2.2    2.1
        Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
         occupations(2)......................  112.2   113.3   114.3      .7     .3     .9    1.7    1.7    1.9
    Sales and related........................  105.8   108.1   107.8      .0     .7    -.3    1.4    2.2    1.9
        Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
         occupations(2)......................  111.5   111.8   112.7      .5     .1     .8    1.5     .7    1.1
    Office and administrative support........  112.6   114.0   115.1      .9     .3    1.0    1.9    2.2    2.2
                                                                                                               
  Natural resources, construction, and                                                                         
   maintenance...............................  112.2   113.3   113.8      .9     .2     .4    2.1    1.9    1.4
    Construction, extraction, farming,                                                                         
     fishing, and forestry...................  113.1   114.4   114.8      .6     .1     .3    2.0    1.8    1.5
    Installation, maintenance, and repair....  111.1   111.9   112.6     1.2     .3     .6    2.3    1.9    1.4
                                                                                                               
  Production, transportation, and material                                                                     
   moving....................................  109.9   111.5   112.2      .9     .2     .6    2.0    2.4    2.1
        Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
         occupations(2)......................  110.2   111.7   112.6     1.0     .2     .8    2.1    2.4    2.2
    Production...............................  109.5   110.8   111.7     1.2     .1     .8    2.2    2.4    2.0
        Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
         occupations(2)......................  109.6   111.0   111.9     1.1     .2     .8    2.2    2.4    2.1
    Transportation and material moving.......  110.4   112.5   113.0      .6     .3     .4    1.8    2.6    2.4
                                                                                                               
  Service occupations........................  112.4   113.5   114.5      .5     .2     .9    1.5    1.5    1.9
                                                                                                               
       Industry and occupational group                                                                         
                                                                                                               
  Goods-producing industries(3)..............  109.7   111.1   112.0     1.0     .1     .8    1.7    2.3    2.1
        Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
         occupations(2)......................  110.2   111.4   112.5     1.2     .1    1.0    1.8    2.3    2.1
      Management, professional, and related..  108.0   109.1   110.8     1.5    -.1    1.6    1.1    2.5    2.6
      Sales and office.......................  108.2   110.2   110.4      .4     .5     .2     .8    2.2    2.0
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                     
       maintenance...........................  112.6   113.7   114.2      .8     .1     .4    2.0    1.8    1.4
      Production, transportation, and                                                                          
       material moving.......................  109.3   110.8   111.6     1.2     .2     .7    2.1    2.6    2.1
                                                                                                               
    Construction.............................  112.1   112.7   112.8      .4    -.1     .1    1.1     .9     .6
                                                                                                               
    Manufacturing............................  108.4   110.0   111.4     1.3     .1    1.3    1.8    2.8    2.8
        Management, professional, and related  107.2   108.8   110.9     1.6     .0    1.9    1.4    3.1    3.5
        Sales and office.....................  108.1   110.8   112.2      .6     .5    1.3     .7    3.1    3.8
        Natural resources, construction, and                                                                   
         maintenance.........................  109.5   110.9   112.0     1.7     .0    1.0    2.7    3.0    2.3
        Production, transportation, and                                                                        
         material moving.....................  109.1   110.5   111.4     1.3     .2     .8    2.2    2.6    2.1
                                                                                                               
      Aircraft manufacturing.................   93.4    99.3   102.3     1.1    -.1    3.0     .9    7.5    9.5
                                                                                                               
  Service-providing industries(4)............  111.6   113.0   113.8      .7     .4     .7    1.6    2.0    2.0
        Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
         occupations(2)......................  112.4   113.6   114.6      .8     .3     .9    1.6    1.9    2.0
      Management, professional, and related..  112.5   113.7   114.8      .8     .3    1.0    1.3    1.9    2.0
      Sales and office.......................  110.0   111.8   112.3      .5     .4     .4    1.9    2.2    2.1
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                     
       maintenance...........................  111.7   112.6   113.2     1.2     .4     .5    2.5    2.0    1.3
      Production, transportation, and                                                                          
       material moving.......................  110.6   112.5   113.1      .6     .2     .5    1.9    2.4    2.3
      Service occupations....................  112.4   113.5   114.5      .4     .2     .9    1.5    1.4    1.9
                                                                                                               
    Trade, transportation, and utilities.....  109.9   111.4   112.0     1.0     .3     .5    1.9    2.4    1.9
          Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
           occupations(2)....................  111.4   112.5   113.7     1.0     .2    1.1    1.9    2.0    2.1
      Wholesale trade........................  108.0   109.5   109.9      .9     .7     .4     .8    2.3    1.8
          Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
           occupations(2)....................  111.5   111.7   113.1      .9     .4    1.3    1.7    1.1    1.4
      Retail trade...........................  110.9   112.0   112.4      .8     .0     .4    2.4    1.8    1.4
          Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
           occupations(2)....................  111.7   112.8   113.3      .8     .1     .4    1.8    1.8    1.4
      Transportation and warehousing.........  109.0   111.3   112.5      .7     .4    1.1    1.5    2.9    3.2
      Utilities..............................  115.3   117.5   119.3     2.9    -.3    1.5    5.2    4.9    3.5
                                                                                                               
    Information..............................  109.0   110.0   111.6      .6    -.2    1.5    1.2    1.6    2.4
                                                                                                               
    Financial activities.....................  109.8   111.4   112.9     1.1     .7    1.3    2.8    2.6    2.8
          Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
           occupations(2)....................  111.7   112.3   114.1     1.2     .3    1.6    2.1    1.7    2.1
      Finance and insurance..................  110.0   111.8   113.3     1.1     .7    1.3    2.9    2.8    3.0
        Credit intermediation and related                                                                      
         activities..........................  109.1   111.4   113.0      .8    1.2    1.4    2.3    3.0    3.6
          Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
           occupations(2)....................  113.1   113.9   115.5     1.6     .3    1.4    2.4    2.3    2.1
        Insurance carriers and related                                                                         
         activities..........................  111.3   112.2   113.7     1.2     .0    1.3    2.0    2.0    2.2
          Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
           occupations(2)....................  112.1   112.7   114.5     1.2     .0    1.6    2.2    1.7    2.1
      Real estate and rental and leasing.....  109.0   109.4   110.8     1.2     .6    1.3    2.3    1.6    1.7
          Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
           occupations(2)....................  111.3   112.3   113.9      .6     .4    1.4    1.3    1.5    2.3
                                                                                                               
    Professional and business services.......  113.0   114.6   115.5      .5     .5     .8    1.0    2.0    2.2
      Professional, scientific, and technical                                                                  
       services..............................  115.2   117.2   118.2      .6     .7     .9     .8    2.4    2.6
      Administrative and support and waste                                                                     
       management and remediation services...  111.1   111.9   112.3      .4     .4     .4    1.1    1.1    1.1
                                                                                                               
    Education and health services............  113.3   114.7   115.1      .4     .3     .3    1.6    1.7    1.6
      Education services.....................  113.2   115.0   115.2      .0     .3     .2    1.2    1.6    1.8
        Junior colleges, colleges,                                                                             
         universities, and professional                                                                        
         schools.............................  113.2   115.0   115.3      .1     .3     .3     .7    1.7    1.9
      Health care and social assistance(5)...  113.3   114.6   115.0      .4     .4     .3    1.6    1.6    1.5
        Hospitals............................  113.9   115.6   116.2      .6     .5     .5    2.2    2.1    2.0
        Nursing and residential care                                                                           
         facilities..........................  111.5   112.1   112.7      .5     .1     .5    1.5    1.1    1.1
          Nursing care facilities(2).........  111.9   112.6   113.2      .6     .0     .5    1.6    1.3    1.2
                                                                                                               
    Leisure and hospitality..................  113.4   114.1   114.5      .6     .2     .4    1.1    1.2    1.0
      Accommodation and food services........  114.0   114.8   115.4      .4     .2     .5     .9    1.1    1.2
                                                                                                               
    Other services, except public                                                                              
     administration..........................  112.1   113.2   114.4      .5    -.1    1.1    1.2    1.5    2.1

  1 Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
  2 The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
  3 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
  4 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing;
utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical
services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; education services;
health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and
other services, except public administration.
  5 Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.



Table 6.    Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for private industry workers, by bargaining
status and census region and division
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                              Indexes (Dec. 2005 =             Percent changes for-          
                                                      100)                                                   
                                                                                                             
  Bargaining status and census region and                                                                    
                 division                                              3-months ended-     12-months ended-  
                                              Mar.    Dec.    Mar.                                           
                                              2010    2010    2011                                           
                                                                     Mar.   Dec.   Mar.   Mar.   Dec.   Mar. 
                                                                     2010   2010   2011   2010   2010   2011 
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
             Bargaining status                                                                               
                                                                                                             
  Union....................................  112.8   114.8   115.6     1.5    0.2    0.7    3.4    3.3    2.5
    Goods-producing industries(2)..........  111.9   113.9   114.3     1.7     .1     .4    3.6    3.5    2.1
      Manufacturing........................  108.6   110.5   110.9     2.6     .0     .4    4.0    4.4    2.1
    Service-providing industries(3)........  113.4   115.5   116.8     1.3     .3    1.1    3.2    3.2    3.0
                                                                                                             
  Nonunion.................................  110.9   112.1   113.0      .7     .3     .8    1.4    1.8    1.9
    Goods-producing industries(2)..........  109.1   110.2   111.3      .8     .1    1.0    1.1    1.8    2.0
      Manufacturing........................  108.5   110.0   111.6      .9     .1    1.5    1.3    2.3    2.9
    Service-providing industries(3)........  111.3   112.7   113.5      .6     .4     .7    1.4    1.9    2.0
                                                                                                             
       Census region and division(4)                                                                         
                                                                                                             
  Northeast................................  111.8   113.6   114.4      .7     .4     .7    1.8    2.3    2.3
    New England............................  112.3   114.1   114.8      .7     .6     .6    2.2    2.3    2.2
    Middle Atlantic........................  111.6   113.4   114.3      .7     .4     .8    1.6    2.3    2.4
                                                                                                             
  South....................................  111.5   112.8   113.4      .7     .3     .5    1.5    1.9    1.7
    South Atlantic.........................  112.2   113.3   113.8      .6     .3     .4    1.7    1.6    1.4
    East South Central.....................  110.0   110.9   112.1      .6    -.1    1.1    1.4    1.5    1.9
    West South Central.....................  110.8   112.7   113.2      .8     .4     .4    1.3    2.5    2.2
                                                                                                             
  Midwest..................................  109.9   111.3   112.2     1.2     .3     .8    1.9    2.5    2.1
    East North Central.....................  109.2   110.5   111.6     1.3     .2    1.0    2.1    2.5    2.2
    West North Central.....................  111.6   113.2   113.9      .8     .4     .6    1.5    2.3    2.1
                                                                                                             
  West.....................................  111.3   112.5   113.5      .6     .2     .9    1.3    1.7    2.0
    Mountain...............................  111.3   112.8   113.4      .3    -.2     .5     .7    1.6    1.9
    Pacific................................  111.4   112.4   113.6      .8     .4    1.1    1.5    1.7    2.0

  1 Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
  2 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
  3 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing;
utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical
services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; education services;
health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and
other services, except public administration.
  4 The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New England:
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New
York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North
Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi,
and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois,
Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska,
North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and
Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.
  
  NOTE:  The indexes for these series are not strictly comparable to those for the aggregate, occupation, and
  industry series. Dashes indicate data not available.



Table 7.    Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for State and local government workers, by
occupational group and industry
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                              Indexes (Dec. 2005 =             Percent changes for-          
                                                      100)                                                   
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
      Occupational group and industry                                  3-months ended-     12-months ended-  
                                              Mar.    Dec.    Mar.                                           
                                              2010    2010    2011                                           
                                                                     Mar.   Dec.   Mar.   Mar.   Dec.   Mar. 
                                                                     2010   2010   2011   2010   2010   2011 
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
    State and local government workers                                                                       
                                                                                                             
All workers................................  114.5   116.2   116.6     0.3    0.3    0.3    2.0    1.8    1.8
                                                                                                             
            Occupational group                                                                               
                                                                                                             
  Management, professional, and related....  114.0   115.5   115.9      .2     .2     .3    1.8    1.5    1.7
    Professional and related...............  114.0   115.5   115.9      .1     .2     .3    1.9    1.4    1.7
                                                                                                             
  Sales and office(2)......................  115.0   116.6   117.1      .5     .2     .4    2.3    1.9    1.8
    Office and administrative support......  115.3   116.9   117.5      .5     .1     .5    2.2    1.9    1.9
                                                                                                             
  Service occupations......................  115.8   118.0   118.5      .4     .3     .4    2.1    2.3    2.3
                                                                                                             
                 Industry                                                                                    
                                                                                                             
  Education and health services............  114.0   115.6   115.9      .1     .2     .3    1.9    1.5    1.7
    Education services.....................  113.8   115.3   115.5      .1     .2     .2    1.8    1.4    1.5
      Schools(3)...........................  113.8   115.3   115.5      .1     .2     .2    1.8    1.4    1.5
        Elementary and secondary schools...  114.1   115.6   115.8      .0     .0     .2    1.9    1.3    1.5
    Health care and social assistance(2)(4)  115.9   117.9   119.0      .4     .6     .9    2.3    2.2    2.7
      Hospitals............................  115.1   117.0   118.2      .7     .8    1.0    2.4    2.4    2.7
  Public administration(2).................  115.1   116.8   117.5      .4     .2     .6    1.9    1.9    2.1

  1 Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
  2 Some estimates from June 2009 through September 2010 for this series were corrected on January 18, 2011. 
For further information, see:  www.bls.gov/bls/eci_corrections_111910.htm.
  3 Includes elementary and secondary schools; junior colleges; colleges, universities, and professional
schools.
  4 Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.



Table 8.  Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for civilian workers, by occupational group and
industry
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                              Indexes (Dec. 2005 =             Percent changes for-          
                                                      100)                                                   
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
      Occupational group and industry                                  3-months ended-     12-months ended-  
                                              Mar.    Dec.    Mar.                                           
                                              2010    2010    2011                                           
                                                                     Mar.   Dec.   Mar.   Mar.   Dec.   Mar. 
                                                                     2010   2010   2011   2010   2010   2011 
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
             Civilian workers                                                                                
                                                                                                             
All workers(1).............................  111.6   113.0   113.4     0.4    0.4    0.4    1.5    1.6    1.6
    Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)  112.3   113.4   114.0      .4     .2     .5    1.4    1.4    1.5
                                                                                                             
            Occupational group                                                                               
                                                                                                             
  Management, professional, and related....  112.4   113.7   114.2      .6     .3     .4    1.3    1.8    1.6
    Management, business, and financial....  112.1   113.2   113.9     1.1     .4     .6    1.5    2.1    1.6
    Professional and related...............  112.7   113.9   114.4      .4     .2     .4    1.3    1.5    1.5
                                                                                                             
  Sales and office.........................  109.9   111.7   111.7      .3     .5     .0    1.7    1.9    1.6
    Sales and related......................  106.2   108.6   107.8      .0     .8    -.7    1.8    2.3    1.5
    Office and administrative support......  112.3   113.6   114.3      .4     .3     .6    1.5    1.5    1.8
                                                                                                             
  Natural resources, construction, and                                                                       
   maintenance.............................  112.6   113.4   113.8      .4     .2     .4    1.7    1.2    1.1
    Construction, extraction, farming,                                                                       
     fishing, and forestry.................  112.8   113.9   114.4      .1     .1     .4    1.3    1.1    1.4
    Installation, maintenance, and repair..  112.3   112.8   113.1      .7     .3     .3    2.1    1.2     .7
                                                                                                             
  Production, transportation, and material                                                                   
   moving..................................  110.1   111.5   111.8      .3     .2     .3    1.5    1.5    1.5
    Production.............................  109.7   110.6   111.2      .4     .0     .5    1.4    1.2    1.4
    Transportation and material moving.....  110.6   112.5   112.6      .2     .4     .1    1.7    1.9    1.8
                                                                                                             
  Service occupations......................  112.9   113.9   114.5      .3     .2     .5    1.5    1.2    1.4
                                                                                                             
                 Industry                                                                                    
                                                                                                             
  Goods-producing industries(3)............  110.5   111.6   112.2      .4     .1     .5    1.2    1.4    1.5
    Manufacturing..........................  109.4   110.7   111.5      .5     .1     .7    1.2    1.7    1.9
                                                                                                             
  Service-providing industries(4)..........  111.9   113.2   113.6      .4     .3     .4    1.5    1.6    1.5
    Education and health services..........  112.8   114.0   114.2      .3     .3     .2    1.6    1.3    1.2
      Education services...................  112.2   113.4   113.6      .2     .2     .2    1.5    1.2    1.2
        Elementary and secondary schools...  112.3   113.4   113.6      .2     .0     .2    1.7    1.2    1.2
        Junior colleges, colleges,                                                                           
         universities, and professional                                                                      
         schools...........................  111.7   113.0   113.2      .0     .4     .2     .9    1.2    1.3
      Health care and social assistance(5)   113.6   114.7   114.9      .4     .3     .2    1.7    1.4    1.1
        Hospitals..........................  114.0   115.4   115.8      .4     .4     .3    1.8    1.6    1.6
        Nursing and residential care                                                                         
         facilities........................  111.9   112.6   113.0      .3     .0     .4    1.5     .9    1.0
    Public administration(6)...............  113.2   114.0   114.4      .4     .2     .4    1.7    1.1    1.1

  1 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the
public sector, except the federal government.
  2 The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
  3 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
  4 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing;
utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical
services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services;
health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other
services, except public administration; and public administration.
  5 Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.
  6 Some estimates from June 2009 through September 2010 for this series were corrected on January 18, 2011. 
For further information, see:  www.bls.gov/bls/eci_corrections_111910.htm.



Table 9.  Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for private industry workers, by occupational group and
industry
                                                                                                               
                                                                                                               
                                                Indexes (Dec. 2005 =             Percent changes for-          
                                                        100)                                                   
                                                                                                               
                                                                                                               
       Occupational group and industry                                   3-months ended-     12-months ended-  
                                                Mar.    Dec.    Mar.                                           
                                                2010    2010    2011                                           
                                                                       Mar.   Dec.   Mar.   Mar.   Dec.   Mar. 
                                                                       2010   2010   2011   2010   2010   2011 
                                                                                                               
                                                                                                               
          Private industry workers                                                                             
                                                                                                               
All workers..................................  111.4   112.8   113.2     0.5    0.4    0.4    1.5    1.8    1.6
    Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)..  112.2   113.4   114.0      .5     .3     .5    1.4    1.6    1.6
                                                                                                               
             Occupational group                                                                                
                                                                                                               
  Management, professional, and related......  112.5   113.7   114.4      .9     .3     .6    1.3    2.0    1.7
        Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
         occupations(1)......................  112.5   113.9   114.6      .7     .3     .6    1.2    2.0    1.9
    Management, business, and financial......  112.0   113.2   113.9     1.1     .4     .6    1.5    2.2    1.7
        Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
         occupations(1)......................  112.4   113.7   114.5     1.1     .3     .7    1.3    2.2    1.9
    Professional and related.................  112.8   114.1   114.8      .6     .2     .6    1.1    1.8    1.8
                                                                                                               
  Sales and office...........................  109.6   111.5   111.6      .2     .5     .1    1.6    1.9    1.8
        Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
         occupations(1)......................  112.4   113.3   114.0      .4     .3     .6    1.6    1.3    1.4
    Sales and related........................  106.2   108.7   107.8      .0     .8    -.8    1.8    2.4    1.5
        Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
         occupations(1)......................  112.6   112.7   113.2      .4     .2     .4    1.8     .5     .5
    Office and administrative support........  112.2   113.6   114.4      .4     .3     .7    1.4    1.6    2.0
                                                                                                               
  Natural resources, construction, and                                                                         
   maintenance...............................  112.5   113.3   113.7      .4     .2     .4    1.7    1.2    1.1
    Construction, extraction, farming,                                                                         
     fishing, and forestry...................  112.9   114.0   114.5      .2     .1     .4    1.3    1.2    1.4
    Installation, maintenance, and repair....  112.1   112.5   112.7      .8     .4     .2    2.2    1.2     .5
                                                                                                               
  Production, transportation, and material                                                                     
   moving....................................  109.8   111.3   111.6      .2     .2     .3    1.4    1.6    1.6
        Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
         occupations(1)......................  110.3   111.5   112.0      .4     .2     .4    1.6    1.5    1.5
    Production...............................  109.6   110.5   111.1      .3     .0     .5    1.4    1.1    1.4
        Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
         occupations(1)......................  109.7   110.8   111.3      .3     .1     .5    1.4    1.3    1.5
    Transportation and material moving.......  110.2   112.2   112.2      .1     .4     .0    1.6    1.9    1.8
                                                                                                               
  Service occupations........................  112.6   113.5   114.2      .3     .2     .6    1.4    1.1    1.4
                                                                                                               
       Industry and occupational group                                                                         
                                                                                                               
  Goods-producing industries(2)..............  110.5   111.6   112.2      .5     .1     .5    1.2    1.5    1.5
        Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
         occupations(1)......................  111.0   112.1   112.8      .5     .2     .6    1.2    1.4    1.6
      Management, professional, and related..  110.5   111.4   112.5     1.0    -.2    1.0    1.1    1.8    1.8
      Sales and office.......................  108.4   110.5   110.0     -.3     .5    -.5     .3    1.7    1.5
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                     
       maintenance...........................  112.6   113.5   114.0      .3     .0     .4    1.4    1.1    1.2
      Production, transportation, and                                                                          
       material moving.......................  109.4   110.5   111.1      .3     .1     .5    1.3    1.3    1.6
                                                                                                               
    Construction.............................  112.1   112.7   112.7      .2    -.1     .0     .8     .7     .5
                                                                                                               
    Manufacturing............................  109.4   110.7   111.5      .5     .1     .7    1.2    1.7    1.9
        Management, professional, and related  110.0   111.2   112.3     1.2     .0    1.0    1.5    2.3    2.1
        Sales and office.....................  108.3   111.1   111.9     -.3     .6     .7     .1    2.3    3.3
        Natural resources, construction, and                                                                   
         maintenance.........................  110.4   111.4   112.2      .5     .0     .7    1.5    1.4    1.6
        Production, transportation, and                                                                        
         material moving.....................  109.2   110.2   110.8      .3     .1     .5    1.4    1.2    1.5
                                                                                                               
      Aircraft manufacturing.................  113.7   114.4   116.2     2.0    -.1    1.6    2.9    2.6    2.2
                                                                                                               
  Service-providing industries(3)............  111.7   113.1   113.5      .5     .4     .4    1.5    1.8    1.6
        Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
         occupations(1)......................  112.5   113.8   114.4      .5     .4     .5    1.4    1.7    1.7
      Management, professional, and related..  112.8   114.1   114.8      .8     .4     .6    1.3    2.0    1.8
      Sales and office.......................  109.8   111.6   111.7      .3     .5     .1    1.8    1.9    1.7
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                     
       maintenance...........................  112.5   113.0   113.2      .8     .4     .2    2.4    1.3     .6
      Production, transportation, and                                                                          
       material moving.......................  110.4   112.2   112.2      .2     .3     .0    1.7    1.8    1.6
      Service occupations....................  112.6   113.5   114.2      .3     .2     .6    1.4    1.1    1.4
                                                                                                               
    Trade, transportation, and utilities.....  109.5   111.0   110.9      .6     .4    -.1    1.6    1.9    1.3
          Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
           occupations(1)....................  111.4   112.2   112.8      .5     .2     .5    1.7    1.3    1.3
      Wholesale trade........................  107.1   108.5   107.8      .7     .7    -.6     .3    2.0     .7
          Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
           occupations(1)....................  111.2   111.0   111.4      .5     .3     .4    1.2     .3     .2
      Retail trade...........................  111.0   112.0   112.2      .5     .0     .2    2.5    1.4    1.1
          Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
           occupations(1)....................  111.8   112.8   113.3      .5     .1     .4    1.8    1.4    1.3
      Transportation and warehousing.........  108.7   111.0   111.2      .4     .4     .2    1.4    2.5    2.3
      Utilities..............................  113.9   115.6   116.9      .5     .2    1.1    2.6    2.0    2.6
                                                                                                               
    Information..............................  109.6   110.5   112.0      .5    -.3    1.4    1.7    1.3    2.2
                                                                                                               
    Financial activities.....................  109.8   112.0   112.9      .8     .8     .8    2.8    2.8    2.8
          Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
           occupations(1)....................  112.2   113.1   114.3     1.1     .3    1.1    1.9    1.9    1.9
      Finance and insurance..................  110.2   113.0   113.9      .7     .9     .8    2.9    3.3    3.4
        Credit intermediation and related                                                                      
         activities..........................  107.4   110.4   111.8     -.4    1.5    1.3    1.2    2.4    4.1
          Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
           occupations(1)....................  112.3   113.4   114.7      .5     .2    1.1    1.1    1.5    2.1
        Insurance carriers and related                                                                         
         activities..........................  111.2   112.4   113.1      .9     .1     .6    1.6    2.0    1.7
          Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
           occupations(1)....................  111.8   112.8   113.7      .7     .1     .8    1.7    1.6    1.7
      Real estate and rental and leasing.....  108.0   108.1   109.2     1.1     .6    1.0    2.3    1.2    1.1
          Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
           occupations(1)....................  110.3   111.2   112.6      .1     .2    1.3     .8     .9    2.1
                                                                                                               
    Professional and business services.......  113.3   115.0   115.6      .5     .6     .5     .9    2.0    2.0
      Professional, scientific, and technical                                                                  
       services..............................  115.2   117.2   118.1      .7     .7     .8     .7    2.4    2.5
      Administrative and support and waste                                                                     
       management and remediation services...  111.3   112.2   112.3     -.1     .4     .1    1.0     .7     .9
                                                                                                               
    Education and health services............  113.2   114.5   114.6      .4     .4     .1    1.6    1.5    1.2
      Education services.....................  112.5   114.5   114.7     -.1     .3     .2    1.3    1.7    2.0
        Junior colleges, colleges,                                                                             
         universities, and professional                                                                        
         schools.............................  112.3   114.2   114.4     -.1     .3     .2    1.0    1.6    1.9
      Health care and social assistance(4)...  113.3   114.4   114.6      .4     .3     .2    1.6    1.4    1.1
        Hospitals............................  113.7   115.2   115.6      .3     .4     .3    1.7    1.6    1.7
        Nursing and residential care                                                                           
         facilities..........................  111.8   112.5   112.8      .3     .1     .3    1.4     .9     .9
          Nursing care facilities(1).........  112.0   112.7   113.1      .4     .0     .4    1.6    1.1    1.0
                                                                                                               
    Leisure and hospitality..................  114.5   115.0   115.2      .6     .2     .2    1.2    1.1     .6
      Accommodation and food services........  114.7   115.3   115.7      .3     .2     .3     .9     .9     .9
                                                                                                               
    Other services, except public                                                                              
     administration..........................  112.3   113.2   114.2      .2    -.2     .9     .8    1.0    1.7

  1 The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
  2 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
  3 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing;
utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical
services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; education services;
health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and
other services, except public administration.
  4 Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.



Table 10.  Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for private industry workers, by bargaining status
and census region and division
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                              Indexes (Dec. 2005 =             Percent changes for-          
                                                      100)                                                   
                                                                                                             
  Bargaining status and census region and                                                                    
                 division                                              3-months ended-     12-months ended-  
                                              Mar.    Dec.    Mar.                                           
                                              2010    2010    2011                                           
                                                                     Mar.   Dec.   Mar.   Mar.   Dec.   Mar. 
                                                                     2010   2010   2011   2010   2010   2011 
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
             Bargaining status                                                                               
                                                                                                             
  Union....................................  111.5   112.9   113.6     0.5    0.2    0.6    2.5    1.8    1.9
    Goods-producing industries(1)..........  110.2   111.2   111.7      .4     .1     .4    1.8    1.3    1.4
      Manufacturing........................  107.8   108.7   109.4      .5     .1     .6    1.7    1.3    1.5
    Service-providing industries(2)........  112.4   114.2   115.0      .7     .4     .7    2.9    2.3    2.3
                                                                                                             
  Nonunion.................................  111.4   112.7   113.2      .5     .3     .4    1.3    1.6    1.6
    Goods-producing industries(1)..........  110.6   111.7   112.3      .5     .1     .5    1.0    1.5    1.5
      Manufacturing........................  109.8   111.2   112.1      .5     .1     .8    1.1    1.7    2.1
    Service-providing industries(2)........  111.6   113.0   113.4      .5     .4     .4    1.4    1.8    1.6
                                                                                                             
       Census region and division(3)                                                                         
                                                                                                             
  Northeast................................  111.7   113.4   113.7      .5     .4     .3    1.6    2.1    1.8
    New England............................  112.6   114.3   114.5      .4     .7     .2    1.9    2.0    1.7
    Middle Atlantic........................  111.3   113.1   113.4      .5     .4     .3    1.5    2.2    1.9
                                                                                                             
  South....................................  111.9   113.4   113.7      .4     .4     .3    1.4    1.7    1.6
    South Atlantic.........................  112.5   113.7   114.0      .3     .4     .3    1.5    1.3    1.3
    East South Central.....................  110.8   111.5   112.6      .5    -.1    1.0    1.5    1.2    1.6
    West South Central.....................  111.3   113.5   113.7      .4     .6     .2    1.1    2.3    2.2
                                                                                                             
  Midwest..................................  109.9   111.2   111.8      .6     .3     .5    1.4    1.8    1.7
    East North Central.....................  109.1   110.3   110.9      .7     .2     .5    1.5    1.8    1.6
    West North Central.....................  111.9   113.5   114.0      .4     .4     .4    1.1    1.9    1.9
                                                                                                             
  West.....................................  112.0   113.0   113.6      .4     .1     .5    1.4    1.3    1.4
    Mountain...............................  112.3   113.7   113.7      .4    -.4     .0    1.1    1.6    1.2
    Pacific................................  112.0   112.8   113.6      .4     .4     .7    1.5    1.2    1.4

  1 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
  2 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing;
utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical
services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; education services;
health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and
other services, except public administration.
  3 The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New England:
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New
York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North
Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi,
and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois,
Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska,
North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and
Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.
  
  NOTE:  The indexes for these series are not strictly comparable to those for the aggregate, occupation, and
  industry series. Dashes indicate data not available.



Table 11.  Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for State and local government workers, by
occupational group and industry
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                              Indexes (Dec. 2005 =             Percent changes for-          
                                                      100)                                                   
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
      Occupational group and industry                                  3-months ended-     12-months ended-  
                                              Mar.    Dec.    Mar.                                           
                                              2010    2010    2011                                           
                                                                     Mar.   Dec.   Mar.   Mar.   Dec.   Mar. 
                                                                     2010   2010   2011   2010   2010   2011 
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
    State and local government workers                                                                       
                                                                                                             
All workers(1).............................  112.7   113.8   114.1     0.2    0.2    0.3    1.6    1.2    1.2
                                                                                                             
            Occupational group                                                                               
                                                                                                             
  Management, professional, and related....  112.4   113.5   113.8      .2     .2     .3    1.5    1.2    1.2
    Professional and related...............  112.4   113.6   113.8      .1     .3     .2    1.6    1.2    1.2
                                                                                                             
  Sales and office(1)......................  112.5   113.2   113.5      .4     .1     .3    1.8    1.0     .9
    Office and administrative support(1)...  113.0   113.6   113.9      .4     .1     .3    1.8    1.0     .8
                                                                                                             
  Service occupations(1)...................  114.0   115.1   115.4      .4     .2     .3    1.8    1.4    1.2
                                                                                                             
                 Industry                                                                                    
                                                                                                             
  Education and health services............  112.5   113.6   113.8      .2     .2     .2    1.6    1.2    1.2
    Education services.....................  112.1   113.2   113.4      .2     .2     .2    1.5    1.2    1.2
      Schools(2)...........................  112.1   113.2   113.4      .2     .2     .2    1.5    1.2    1.2
        Elementary and secondary schools...  112.3   113.5   113.6      .2     .1     .1    1.8    1.2    1.2
    Health care and social assistance(1)(3)  115.5   116.8   117.3      .3     .5     .4    2.1    1.4    1.6
      Hospitals............................  115.2   116.3   117.0      .4     .5     .6    2.1    1.4    1.6
  Public administration(1).................  113.2   114.0   114.4      .4     .2     .4    1.7    1.1    1.1

  1 Some estimates from June 2009 through September 2010 for this series were corrected on January 18, 2011. 
For further information, see:  www.bls.gov/bls/eci_corrections_111910.htm.
  2 Includes elementary and secondary schools; junior colleges; colleges, universities, and professional
schools.
  3 Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.



Table 12.  Employment Cost Index for benefits, by occupational group, industry, and bargaining status
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                              Indexes (Dec. 2005 =             Percent changes for-          
                                                      100)                                                   
                                                                                                             
     Occupational group, industry, and                                                                       
             bargaining status                                         3-months ended-     12-months ended-  
                                              Mar.    Dec.    Mar.                                           
                                              2010    2010    2011                                           
                                                                     Mar.   Dec.   Mar.   Mar.   Dec.   Mar. 
                                                                     2010   2010   2011   2010   2010   2011 
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
             Civilian workers                                                                                
                                                                                                             
All workers(1).............................  112.1   113.9   115.5     1.3    0.3    1.4    2.2    2.9    3.0
                                                                                                             
         Private industry workers                                                                            
                                                                                                             
All workers................................  110.4   111.9   113.7     1.6     .2    1.6    2.0    2.9    3.0
                                                                                                             
            Occupational group                                                                               
                                                                                                             
  Management, professional, and related....  110.2   111.2   113.4     1.3     .2    2.0    1.3    2.2    2.9
                                                                                                             
  Sales and office.........................  110.2   111.8   113.4     1.4     .2    1.4    2.0    2.9    2.9
                                                                                                             
  Natural resources, construction, and                                                                       
   maintenance.............................  111.5   113.2   114.1     1.8     .2     .8    3.0    3.4    2.3
                                                                                                             
  Production, transportation, and material                                                                   
   moving..................................  110.0   112.0   113.5     2.4     .2    1.3    3.4    4.3    3.2
                                                                                                             
  Service occupations......................  111.7   113.5   115.5     1.1     .3    1.8    1.8    2.7    3.4
                                                                                                             
                 Industry                                                                                    
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
  Goods-producing industries(2)............  108.4   110.1   111.7     2.5     .1    1.5    2.8    4.1    3.0
    Manufacturing..........................  106.6   108.8   111.1     2.9     .1    2.1    3.0    5.0    4.2
      Aircraft manufacturing...............   71.9    83.2    87.4     -.1     .0    5.0   -2.0   15.6   21.6
                                                                                                             
  Service-providing industries(3)..........  111.3   112.6   114.5     1.3     .3    1.7    1.8    2.5    2.9
                                                                                                             
             Bargaining status                                                                               
                                                                                                             
  Union....................................  114.8   117.9   119.0     3.1     .3     .9    4.8    5.8    3.7
  Nonunion.................................  109.5   110.6   112.6     1.2     .2    1.8    1.5    2.2    2.8
                                                                                                             
    State and local government workers                                                                       
                                                                                                             
All workers................................  118.1   121.1   122.0      .3     .3     .7    2.5    2.9    3.3

  1 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the
public sector, except the federal government.
  2 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
  3 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing;
utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical
services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; education services;
health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and
other services, except public administration.



Table 13. Employment Cost Index for total compensation,(1) and wages and salaries,
for private industry workers, by area
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                               Percent changes for 12-months ended-  
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
    Census region and metropolitan area      Total compensation   Wages and salaries 
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                             Mar.   Dec.   Mar.   Mar.   Dec.   Mar. 
                                             2010   2010   2011   2010   2010   2011 
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
Northeast                                                                            
                                                                                     
  Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MA-NH CSA...    2.0    2.4    2.8    1.8    2.2    2.3
                                                                                     
  New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA                                            
   CSA.....................................    1.6    2.2    2.4    1.5    2.2    1.9
                                                                                     
  Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland, PA-NJ-DE-MD                                          
   CSA.....................................    1.4    2.4    2.8     .6    1.4    1.9
                                                                                     
South                                                                                
                                                                                     
  Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Gainesville, GA-AL                                           
   CSA.....................................    1.6    1.8    1.6     .8    1.3    1.6
                                                                                     
  Dallas-Fort Worth, TX CSA................    1.4    2.9    2.3     .8    2.5    2.2
                                                                                     
  Houston-Baytown-Huntsville, TX CSA.......     .8    3.1    3.3     .8    3.4    3.7
                                                                                     
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL                                            
   MSA.....................................     .4    1.1    1.2     .2     .1     .9
                                                                                     
  Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia,                                            
   DC-MD-VA-WV CSA.........................    1.7    2.0    1.6    1.6    1.8    1.5
                                                                                     
Midwest                                                                              
                                                                                     
  Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City,                                                  
   IL-IN-WI CSA............................    2.4    3.4    2.7    1.8    2.8    1.9
                                                                                     
  Detroit-Warren-Flint, MI CSA.............    2.6    4.2    2.2    1.2    2.8    1.1
                                                                                     
  Minneapolis-St. Paul-St. Cloud, MN-WI CSA    2.0    2.8    2.7    2.2    3.2    2.9
                                                                                     
West                                                                                 
                                                                                     
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA CSA     1.5    1.0    1.7    1.8     .5    1.1
                                                                                     
  Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ MSA..........    -.8    2.3    2.5   -1.7    1.6    2.2
                                                                                     
  San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA...    1.6    1.3    2.1    1.2     .9    1.7
                                                                                     
  Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia, WA CSA...........     .8    3.2    4.0    1.3    1.6    1.7

  1 Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.


Last Modified Date: April 29, 2011
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