Economic News Release

Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed                   USDL-13-0001
until 8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, January 4, 2013

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                         THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- DECEMBER 2012


Nonfarm payroll employment rose by 155,000 in December, and the unemployment 
rate was unchanged at 7.8 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported 
today. Employment increased in health care, food services and drinking places, 
construction, and manufacturing.


    -----------------------------------------------------------------
   |                                                                 |
   |      Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Household Survey Data      |
   |                                                                 |
   | Seasonally adjusted household survey data have been revised     |
   | using updated seasonal adjustment factors, a procedure done at  |
   | the end of each calendar year. Seasonally adjusted estimates    |
   | back to January 2008 were subject to revision. The unemployment |
   | rates for January 2012 through November 2012 (as originally     |
   | published and as revised) appear in table A, along with         |
   | additional information about the revisions.                     |
   |                                                                 |
    -----------------------------------------------------------------

Household Survey Data

The number of unemployed persons, at 12.2 million, was little changed
in December. The unemployment rate held at 7.8 percent and has been at
or near that level since September. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult women
(7.3 percent) and blacks (14.0 percent) edged up in December, while
the rates for adult men (7.2 percent), teenagers (23.5 percent),
whites (6.9 percent), and Hispanics (9.6 percent) showed little or no
change. The jobless rate for Asians was 6.6 percent (not seasonally
adjusted), little changed from a year earlier. (See tables A-1, A-2,
and A-3.)

In December, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27
weeks or more) was essentially unchanged at 4.8 million and accounted
for 39.1 percent of the unemployed. (See table A-12.)

The civilian labor force participation rate held at 63.6 percent in
December. The employment-population ratio, at 58.6 percent, was 
essentially unchanged over the month. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons
(sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers), at 7.9
million, changed little in December. These individuals were working
part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were
unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In December, 2.6 million persons were marginally attached to the labor
force, essentially unchanged from a year earlier. (These data are not
seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force,
wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime
in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because
they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.
(See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 1.1 million discouraged
workers in December, little changed from a year earlier. (These data
are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not
currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available
for them. The remaining 1.5 million persons marginally attached to the
labor force in December had not searched for work in the 4 weeks
preceding the survey for reasons such as school attendance or family
responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 155,000 in December. In
2012, employment growth averaged 153,000 per month, the same as the
average monthly gain for 2011. In December, employment increased in
health care, food services and drinking places, construction, and
manufacturing. (See table B-1.)

Health care employment continued to expand in December (+45,000). Job
gains occurred in ambulatory health care services (+23,000), in
hospitals (+12,000), and in nursing and residential care facilities
(+10,000). In 2012, health care employment rose by 338,000.

In December, employment in food services and drinking places rose by
38,000. In 2012, the industry added an average of 24,000 jobs a month,
essentially the same as in 2011.

Construction added 30,000 jobs in December, led by employment
increases in construction of buildings (+13,000) and in residential
specialty trade contractors (+12,000).

In December, manufacturing employment rose by 25,000, with small gains
in a number of component industries. In 2012, factory employment
increased by 180,000; most of the growth occurred during the first
quarter.

Employment in retail trade changed little in December, after
increasing by 143,000 over the prior 3 months. Within the industry,
employment in clothing and accessories stores fell by 19,000,
following gains that totaled 55,000 over the prior 3 months. Elsewhere
in retail trade, employment in automobile dealers and in food and
beverage stores continued to trend up in December.

Employment in other major industries, including mining and logging,
transportation and warehousing, financial activities, professional and
businesses services, and government, showed little change over the
month.

In December, the average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm
payrolls edged up by 0.1 hour to 34.5 hours. The manufacturing
workweek edged up by 0.1 hour to 40.7 hours, and factory overtime was
unchanged at 3.3 hours. The average workweek for production and
nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged up by 0.1
hour to 33.8 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

Average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls
rose by 7 cents to $23.73. Over the year, average hourly earnings have
risen by 2.1 percent. In December, average hourly earnings of private-
sector production and nonsupervisory employees increased by 6 cents to
$19.92. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for October was revised
from +138,000 to +137,000, and the change for November was revised
from +146,000 to +161,000.

____________
The Employment Situation for January is scheduled to be released on
Friday, February 1, 2013, at 8:30 a.m. (EST).


  ------------------------------------------------------------------ 
 |                                                                  |
 |            Revisions in the Establishment Survey Data            |
 |                                                                  |
 | With the release of January 2013 data on February 1, 2013, the   |
 | Current Employment Statistics (CES) survey will introduce        |
 | revisions to nonfarm payroll employment, hours, and earnings     |
 | data to reflect the annual benchmark adjustment for March 2012   |
 | and updated seasonal adjustment factors. Not seasonally adjusted |
 | data beginning with April 2011 and seasonally adjusted data      |
 | beginning with January 2008 are subject to revision.             |
 |                                                                  |
  ------------------------------------------------------------------ 


  ------------------------------------------------------------------ 
 |                                                                  |
 |             Upcoming Changes to the Household Survey             |
 |                                                                  |
 | Effective with the release of The Employment Situation for       |
 | January 2013, scheduled for February 1, 2013, new population     |
 | controls will be used in the monthly household survey estima-    |
 | tion process. These new controls reflect the annual updating of  |
 | intercensal population estimates by the U.S. Census Bureau.      |
 | Historical data will not be revised to incorporate the new       |
 | controls; consequently, household survey data for January 2013   |
 | will not be directly comparable with that for December 2012 or   |
 | earlier periods. A table showing the effects of the new controls |
 | on the major labor force series will be included in the January  |
 | 2013 release.                                                    |
 |                                                                  |
  ------------------------------------------------------------------ 


         Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Household Survey Data

At the end of each calendar year, BLS routinely updates the seasonal
adjustment factors for the labor force series derived from the Current
Population Survey (CPS), or household survey. As a result of this
process, seasonally adjusted data for January 2008 through November
2012 were subject to revision.

Table A shows the unemployment rates for January 2012 through November
2012, as first published and as revised. The rates changed by one-
tenth of a percentage point in 2 of the 11 months and were unchanged
in the remaining 9 months. Revised seasonally adjusted data for other
major labor force series beginning in December 2011 appear in table B.

An article describing the seasonal adjustment methodology for the
household survey data and revised data for January 2012 through
November 2012 is available at www.bls.gov/cps/cpsrs2013.pdf.

Historical data for the household series contained in the A tables of
this release can be accessed at www.bls.gov/cps/cpsatabs.htm. Revised
historical seasonally adjusted monthly and quarterly data for
additional series are available on the Internet at
ftp://ftp.bls.gov/pub/special.requests/lf/.


Table A.  Seasonally adjusted unemployment rates in 2012 and changes
due to revision, January - November 2012

         Month            As first           As          Change
                          computed         revised

January ...............      8.3             8.3          0.0
February ..............      8.3             8.3           .0
March .................      8.2             8.2           .0
April .................      8.1             8.1           .0
May ...................      8.2             8.2           .0
June ..................      8.2             8.2           .0
July ..................      8.3             8.2          -.1
August ................      8.1             8.1           .0
September .............      7.8             7.8           .0
October ...............      7.9             7.9           .0
November ..............      7.7             7.8           .1




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table B. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age 2011 2012
Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

240,584 242,269 242,435 242,604 242,784 242,966 243,155 243,354 243,566 243,772 243,983 244,174 244,350

Civilian labor force

153,945 154,356 154,825 154,707 154,451 154,998 155,149 154,995 154,647 155,056 155,576 155,319 155,511

Participation rate

64.0 63.7 63.9 63.8 63.6 63.8 63.8 63.7 63.5 63.6 63.8 63.6 63.6

Employed

140,896 141,608 142,019 142,020 141,934 142,302 142,448 142,250 142,164 142,974 143,328 143,277 143,305

Employment-population ratio

58.6 58.5 58.6 58.5 58.5 58.6 58.6 58.5 58.4 58.7 58.7 58.7 58.6

Unemployed

13,049 12,748 12,806 12,686 12,518 12,695 12,701 12,745 12,483 12,082 12,248 12,042 12,206

Unemployment rate

8.5 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.1 7.8 7.9 7.8 7.8

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

108,290 108,087 108,188 108,289 108,396 108,503 108,613 108,727 108,851 108,973 109,096 109,206 109,308

Civilian labor force

79,420 79,203 79,301 79,313 79,103 79,373 79,432 79,376 79,085 79,436 79,679 79,568 79,695

Participation rate

73.3 73.3 73.3 73.2 73.0 73.2 73.1 73.0 72.7 72.9 73.0 72.9 72.9

Employed

73,050 73,138 73,179 73,238 73,145 73,230 73,299 73,288 73,097 73,612 73,845 73,821 73,949

Employment-population ratio

67.5 67.7 67.6 67.6 67.5 67.5 67.5 67.4 67.2 67.6 67.7 67.6 67.7

Unemployed

6,370 6,065 6,123 6,075 5,958 6,143 6,133 6,089 5,988 5,825 5,834 5,747 5,746

Unemployment rate

8.0 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.5 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.6 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

115,602 117,082 117,170 117,260 117,353 117,448 117,546 117,648 117,760 117,869 117,980 118,079 118,170

Civilian labor force

68,815 69,420 69,775 69,580 69,580 69,777 69,777 69,673 69,800 69,813 70,041 69,907 70,059

Participation rate

59.5 59.3 59.5 59.3 59.3 59.4 59.4 59.2 59.3 59.2 59.4 59.2 59.3

Employed

63,446 64,080 64,457 64,422 64,454 64,653 64,616 64,437 64,716 64,934 65,014 64,988 64,954

Employment-population ratio

54.9 54.7 55.0 54.9 54.9 55.0 55.0 54.8 55.0 55.1 55.1 55.0 55.0

Unemployed

5,369 5,341 5,318 5,158 5,126 5,124 5,161 5,236 5,083 4,879 5,027 4,918 5,105

Unemployment rate

7.8 7.7 7.6 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.3 7.0 7.2 7.0 7.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

16,693 17,100 17,078 17,056 17,034 17,015 16,997 16,979 16,955 16,931 16,907 16,890 16,871

Civilian labor force

5,709 5,733 5,748 5,814 5,768 5,847 5,940 5,945 5,763 5,807 5,856 5,845 5,756

Participation rate

34.2 33.5 33.7 34.1 33.9 34.4 34.9 35.0 34.0 34.3 34.6 34.6 34.1

Employed

4,400 4,391 4,383 4,360 4,334 4,419 4,533 4,525 4,351 4,429 4,469 4,468 4,402

Employment-population ratio

26.4 25.7 25.7 25.6 25.4 26.0 26.7 26.7 25.7 26.2 26.4 26.5 26.1

Unemployed

1,310 1,342 1,365 1,453 1,434 1,428 1,406 1,420 1,412 1,378 1,387 1,376 1,355

Unemployment rate

22.9 23.4 23.7 25.0 24.9 24.4 23.7 23.9 24.5 23.7 23.7 23.6 23.5

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Seasonally adjusted data have been revised to reflect updated seasonal adjustment factors.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Dec.
2011
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Change from:
Nov.
2012-
Dec.
2012

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

240,584 243,983 244,174 244,350 176

Civilian labor force

153,945 155,576 155,319 155,511 192

Participation rate

64.0 63.8 63.6 63.6 0.0

Employed

140,896 143,328 143,277 143,305 28

Employment-population ratio

58.6 58.7 58.7 58.6 -0.1

Unemployed

13,049 12,248 12,042 12,206 164

Unemployment rate

8.5 7.9 7.8 7.8 0.0

Not in labor force

86,640 88,407 88,855 88,839 -16

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

8.5 7.9 7.8 7.8 0.0

Adult men (20 years and over)

8.0 7.3 7.2 7.2 0.0

Adult women (20 years and over)

7.8 7.2 7.0 7.3 0.3

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

22.9 23.7 23.6 23.5 -0.1

White

7.5 6.9 6.8 6.9 0.1

Black or African American

15.6 14.5 13.2 14.0 0.8

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

6.8 4.9 6.4 6.6 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

11.0 10.0 9.9 9.6 -0.3

Total, 25 years and over

7.2 6.6 6.5 6.5 0.0

Less than a high school diploma

13.7 12.2 12.1 11.7 -0.4

High school graduates, no college

8.7 8.3 8.1 8.0 -0.1

Some college or associate degree

7.6 7.0 6.6 6.9 0.3

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.0 3.7 3.9 3.9 0.0

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

7,487 6,536 6,429 6,408 -21

Job leavers

943 1,009 926 983 57

Reentrants

3,359 3,319 3,325 3,587 262

New entrants

1,286 1,302 1,326 1,291 -35

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,640 2,633 2,596 2,676 80

5 to 14 weeks

2,840 2,847 2,757 2,838 81

15 to 26 weeks

1,987 1,813 1,820 1,895 75

27 weeks and over

5,596 5,017 4,784 4,766 -18

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

8,168 8,286 8,138 7,918 -220

Slack work or business conditions

5,377 5,177 5,084 4,928 -156

Could only find part-time work

2,406 2,618 2,648 2,616 -32

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,489 18,896 18,594 18,763 169

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,540 2,433 2,505 2,614 -

Discouraged workers

945 813 979 1,068 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Dec.
2011
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012(p)
Dec.
2012(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

223 137 161 155

Total private

234 203 171 168

Goods-producing

62 26 -1 59

Mining and logging

8 -6 4 4

Construction

26 25 -10 30

Manufacturing

28 7 5 25

Durable goods(1)

30 2 18 11

Motor vehicles and parts

7.4 -4.8 11.4 4.8

Nondurable goods

-2 5 -13 14

Private service-providing(1)

172 177 172 109

Wholesale trade

14.7 3.6 10.5 -0.1

Retail trade

6.8 43.8 62.8 -11.3

Transportation and warehousing

5.1 7.4 5.8 -0.6

Information

1 -5 13 -9

Financial activities

5 8 0 9

Professional and business services(1)

72 58 32 19

Temporary help services

18.7 14.0 7.8 -0.6

Education and health services(1)

33 32 24 65

Health care and social assistance

29.5 43.8 25.9 55.0

Leisure and hospitality

28 26 29 31

Other services

6 4 -4 5

Government

-11 -66 -10 -13

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

- - - -

Total private women employees

- - - -

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.5 82.6 82.6 82.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.4 34.3 34.4 34.5

Average hourly earnings

$23.25 $23.59 $23.66 $23.73

Average weekly earnings

$799.80 $809.14 $813.90 $818.69

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

95.0 96.1 96.5 96.9

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 -0.3 0.4 0.4

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

105.3 108.1 108.9 109.7

Over-the-month percent change

0.3 -0.4 0.7 0.7

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.7 33.6 33.7 33.8

Average hourly earnings

$19.59 $19.82 $19.86 $19.92

Average weekly earnings

$660.18 $665.95 $669.28 $673.30

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

102.4 103.7 104.1 104.6

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 -0.1 0.4 0.5

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

134.1 137.3 138.2 139.2

Over-the-month percent change

0.3 0.0 0.7 0.7

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private (266 industries)

63.7 65.6 56.6 63.2

Manufacturing (81 industries)

64.8 58.6 51.2 59.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data for women employees (-) in this table have been temporarily suspended. For more information see http://www.bls.gov/bls/ceswomen_retail_correction.htm.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of   employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a   smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change   than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.

   In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment,
   employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. Slightly more
   than 20 percent of all employees in the payroll survey sample have a weekly pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the effect
   of extreme weather on estimates of over-the-month change in employment.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours. Current and historical
   data are available on the  household survey's most requested statistics page at
   http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 141,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 486,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/#technical.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 100,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to 
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-50,000 to +150,000 (50,000 +/- 100,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that 
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is about
+/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about +/- 0.2
percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Dec.
2011
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Dec.
2011
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

240,584 244,174 244,350 240,584 243,566 243,772 243,983 244,174 244,350

Civilian labor force

153,373 154,953 154,904 153,945 154,647 155,056 155,576 155,319 155,511

Participation rate

63.8 63.5 63.4 64.0 63.5 63.6 63.8 63.6 63.6

Employed

140,681 143,549 143,060 140,896 142,164 142,974 143,328 143,277 143,305

Employment-population ratio

58.5 58.8 58.5 58.6 58.4 58.7 58.7 58.7 58.6

Unemployed

12,692 11,404 11,844 13,049 12,483 12,082 12,248 12,042 12,206

Unemployment rate

8.3 7.4 7.6 8.5 8.1 7.8 7.9 7.8 7.8

Not in labor force

87,212 89,221 89,445 86,640 88,919 88,716 88,407 88,855 88,839

Persons who currently want a job

6,135 6,495 6,532 6,343 6,956 6,718 6,584 6,827 6,750

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

116,832 117,810 117,902 116,832 117,492 117,600 117,710 117,810 117,902

Civilian labor force

82,019 82,310 82,190 82,369 81,991 82,396 82,661 82,514 82,545

Participation rate

70.2 69.9 69.7 70.5 69.8 70.1 70.2 70.0 70.0

Employed

74,837 76,142 75,686 75,217 75,174 75,769 76,027 75,983 76,060

Employment-population ratio

64.1 64.6 64.2 64.4 64.0 64.4 64.6 64.5 64.5

Unemployed

7,181 6,167 6,503 7,152 6,817 6,627 6,634 6,530 6,486

Unemployment rate

8.8 7.5 7.9 8.7 8.3 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.9

Not in labor force

34,813 35,501 35,712 34,463 35,501 35,205 35,049 35,297 35,357

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

108,290 109,206 109,308 108,290 108,851 108,973 109,096 109,206 109,308

Civilian labor force

79,288 79,554 79,552 79,420 79,085 79,436 79,679 79,568 79,695

Participation rate

73.2 72.8 72.8 73.3 72.7 72.9 73.0 72.9 72.9

Employed

72,812 74,121 73,716 73,050 73,097 73,612 73,845 73,821 73,949

Employment-population ratio

67.2 67.9 67.4 67.5 67.2 67.6 67.7 67.6 67.7

Unemployed

6,477 5,433 5,836 6,370 5,988 5,825 5,834 5,747 5,746

Unemployment rate

8.2 6.8 7.3 8.0 7.6 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2

Not in labor force

29,001 29,652 29,756 28,869 29,766 29,536 29,416 29,638 29,613

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

123,753 126,364 126,447 123,753 126,073 126,172 126,273 126,364 126,447

Civilian labor force

71,354 72,644 72,715 71,575 72,656 72,661 72,915 72,806 72,965

Participation rate

57.7 57.5 57.5 57.8 57.6 57.6 57.7 57.6 57.7

Employed

65,843 67,407 67,373 65,679 66,990 67,206 67,301 67,294 67,245

Employment-population ratio

53.2 53.3 53.3 53.1 53.1 53.3 53.3 53.3 53.2

Unemployed

5,511 5,237 5,341 5,897 5,666 5,455 5,614 5,512 5,721

Unemployment rate

7.7 7.2 7.3 8.2 7.8 7.5 7.7 7.6 7.8

Not in labor force

52,398 53,720 53,733 52,177 53,418 53,511 53,358 53,558 53,482

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

115,602 118,079 118,170 115,602 117,760 117,869 117,980 118,079 118,170

Civilian labor force

68,746 69,873 69,980 68,815 69,800 69,813 70,041 69,907 70,059

Participation rate

59.5 59.2 59.2 59.5 59.3 59.2 59.4 59.2 59.3

Employed

63,676 65,175 65,152 63,446 64,716 64,934 65,014 64,988 64,954

Employment-population ratio

55.1 55.2 55.1 54.9 55.0 55.1 55.1 55.0 55.0

Unemployed

5,070 4,698 4,828 5,369 5,083 4,879 5,027 4,918 5,105

Unemployment rate

7.4 6.7 6.9 7.8 7.3 7.0 7.2 7.0 7.3

Not in labor force

46,856 48,206 48,190 46,787 47,960 48,056 47,939 48,172 48,111

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,693 16,890 16,871 16,693 16,955 16,931 16,907 16,890 16,871

Civilian labor force

5,339 5,526 5,372 5,709 5,763 5,807 5,856 5,845 5,756

Participation rate

32.0 32.7 31.8 34.2 34.0 34.3 34.6 34.6 34.1

Employed

4,193 4,252 4,192 4,400 4,351 4,429 4,469 4,468 4,402

Employment-population ratio

25.1 25.2 24.8 26.4 25.7 26.2 26.4 26.5 26.1

Unemployed

1,146 1,273 1,180 1,310 1,412 1,378 1,387 1,376 1,355

Unemployment rate

21.5 23.0 22.0 22.9 24.5 23.7 23.7 23.6 23.5

Not in labor force

11,354 11,364 11,499 10,983 11,192 11,124 11,051 11,045 11,115

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Dec.
2011
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Dec.
2011
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

193,682 193,748 193,849 193,682 193,376 193,503 193,633 193,748 193,849

Civilian labor force

124,114 123,503 123,404 124,482 123,292 123,637 123,794 123,540 123,774

Participation rate

64.1 63.7 63.7 64.3 63.8 63.9 63.9 63.8 63.9

Employed

115,117 115,571 115,213 115,203 114,395 115,002 115,205 115,124 115,289

Employment-population ratio

59.4 59.7 59.4 59.5 59.2 59.4 59.5 59.4 59.5

Unemployed

8,998 7,932 8,191 9,279 8,897 8,635 8,588 8,416 8,485

Unemployment rate

7.2 6.4 6.6 7.5 7.2 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.9

Not in labor force

69,567 70,244 70,445 69,199 70,084 69,866 69,839 70,207 70,076

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,248 64,607 64,562 65,331 64,246 64,540 64,718 64,509 64,646

Participation rate

73.7 73.3 73.2 73.8 73.1 73.4 73.5 73.2 73.3

Employed

60,484 60,713 60,415 60,693 59,910 60,292 60,493 60,397 60,609

Employment-population ratio

68.3 68.9 68.5 68.5 68.2 68.5 68.7 68.5 68.7

Unemployed

4,764 3,894 4,148 4,638 4,336 4,248 4,225 4,112 4,037

Unemployment rate

7.3 6.0 6.4 7.1 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,516 54,471 54,494 54,482 54,408 54,500 54,423 54,366 54,452

Participation rate

59.0 58.5 58.5 59.0 58.6 58.7 58.5 58.4 58.5

Employed

51,080 51,292 51,303 50,783 50,915 51,085 51,020 51,008 51,015

Employment-population ratio

55.3 55.1 55.1 55.0 54.8 55.0 54.9 54.8 54.8

Unemployed

3,435 3,180 3,191 3,700 3,493 3,415 3,403 3,358 3,437

Unemployment rate

6.3 5.8 5.9 6.8 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,350 4,425 4,348 4,669 4,638 4,598 4,653 4,665 4,676

Participation rate

34.1 35.1 34.6 36.6 36.7 36.4 36.9 37.0 37.2

Employed

3,552 3,567 3,495 3,727 3,569 3,625 3,692 3,718 3,665

Employment-population ratio

27.8 28.3 27.8 29.2 28.2 28.7 29.3 29.5 29.1

Unemployed

798 858 853 942 1,069 972 961 946 1,011

Unemployment rate

18.3 19.4 19.6 20.2 23.0 21.1 20.7 20.3 21.6

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,286 30,061 30,093 29,286 29,954 29,991 30,027 30,061 30,093

Civilian labor force

18,024 18,407 18,350 18,097 18,389 18,346 18,716 18,374 18,403

Participation rate

61.5 61.2 61.0 61.8 61.4 61.2 62.3 61.1 61.2

Employed

15,285 16,065 15,832 15,282 15,811 15,891 16,011 15,952 15,827

Employment-population ratio

52.2 53.4 52.6 52.2 52.8 53.0 53.3 53.1 52.6

Unemployed

2,739 2,342 2,518 2,815 2,578 2,456 2,705 2,422 2,577

Unemployment rate

15.2 12.7 13.7 15.6 14.0 13.4 14.5 13.2 14.0

Not in labor force

11,262 11,654 11,743 11,190 11,566 11,645 11,311 11,687 11,690

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,264 8,275 8,313 8,254 8,231 8,214 8,296 8,225 8,298

Participation rate

69.0 67.4 67.5 68.9 67.4 67.1 67.6 66.9 67.4

Employed

7,006 7,259 7,162 6,980 7,059 7,052 7,127 7,165 7,134

Employment-population ratio

58.5 59.1 58.2 58.2 57.8 57.6 58.1 58.3 58.0

Unemployed

1,258 1,016 1,150 1,273 1,172 1,162 1,169 1,060 1,164

Unemployment rate

15.2 12.3 13.8 15.4 14.2 14.1 14.1 12.9 14.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,113 9,464 9,438 9,141 9,463 9,377 9,668 9,444 9,454

Participation rate

61.8 62.4 62.1 62.0 62.7 62.0 63.8 62.3 62.2

Employed

7,886 8,404 8,298 7,896 8,323 8,363 8,440 8,360 8,305

Employment-population ratio

53.5 55.4 54.6 53.6 55.1 55.3 55.7 55.1 54.7

Unemployed

1,227 1,060 1,140 1,245 1,140 1,014 1,228 1,085 1,149

Unemployment rate

13.5 11.2 12.1 13.6 12.0 10.8 12.7 11.5 12.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

647 668 600 702 695 756 752 704 651

Participation rate

25.3 25.6 23.1 27.4 26.4 28.8 28.7 27.0 25.1

Employed

394 402 371 405 429 475 444 427 387

Employment-population ratio

15.4 15.4 14.3 15.8 16.3 18.1 17.0 16.4 14.9

Unemployed

254 266 228 296 265 280 307 277 264

Unemployment rate

39.2 39.8 38.0 42.2 38.2 37.1 40.9 39.3 40.5

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,580 12,934 12,935 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

7,505 8,344 8,501 - - - - - -

Participation rate

64.8 64.5 65.7 - - - - - -

Employed

6,991 7,814 7,940 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

60.4 60.4 61.4 - - - - - -

Unemployed

514 530 561 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

6.8 6.4 6.6 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

4,075 4,590 4,434 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Dec.
2011
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Dec.
2011
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

34,885 37,147 37,231 34,885 36,881 36,969 37,058 37,147 37,231

Civilian labor force

23,309 24,479 24,487 23,343 24,351 24,465 24,572 24,544 24,539

Participation rate

66.8 65.9 65.8 66.9 66.0 66.2 66.3 66.1 65.9

Employed

20,731 22,086 22,137 20,776 21,874 22,042 22,112 22,109 22,195

Employment-population ratio

59.4 59.5 59.5 59.6 59.3 59.6 59.7 59.5 59.6

Unemployed

2,579 2,394 2,350 2,567 2,477 2,422 2,460 2,435 2,344

Unemployment rate

11.1 9.8 9.6 11.0 10.2 9.9 10.0 9.9 9.6

Not in labor force

11,575 12,667 12,744 11,542 12,529 12,505 12,486 12,602 12,692

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,256 13,463 13,500 - - - - - -

Participation rate

82.0 80.3 80.3 - - - - - -

Employed

11,868 12,414 12,366 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

73.4 74.1 73.6 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,387 1,050 1,134 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

10.5 7.8 8.4 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,082 9,965 9,941 - - - - - -

Participation rate

59.4 59.6 59.3 - - - - - -

Employed

8,146 8,938 9,004 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

53.3 53.4 53.7 - - - - - -

Unemployed

936 1,027 938 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

10.3 10.3 9.4 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

972 1,051 1,046 - - - - - -

Participation rate

28.3 28.7 28.6 - - - - - -

Employed

716 734 767 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

20.9 20.1 21.0 - - - - - -

Unemployed

256 317 278 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

26.3 30.1 26.6 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Dec.
2011
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Dec.
2011
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,723 11,072 11,156 11,669 11,196 11,183 11,251 11,097 11,120

Participation rate

46.8 45.2 45.2 46.6 45.5 45.0 45.8 45.3 45.1

Employed

10,043 9,762 9,785 10,073 9,852 9,930 9,880 9,753 9,821

Employment-population ratio

40.1 39.8 39.7 40.3 40.0 40.0 40.2 39.8 39.8

Unemployed

1,680 1,310 1,371 1,595 1,344 1,253 1,371 1,344 1,298

Unemployment rate

14.3 11.8 12.3 13.7 12.0 11.2 12.2 12.1 11.7

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

37,114 36,692 36,892 36,863 36,751 36,642 36,735 36,652 36,663

Participation rate

60.1 59.5 59.4 59.7 59.9 59.6 60.0 59.4 59.1

Employed

33,876 33,863 33,921 33,653 33,560 33,504 33,681 33,677 33,713

Employment-population ratio

54.9 54.9 54.6 54.5 54.7 54.5 55.0 54.6 54.3

Unemployed

3,237 2,830 2,971 3,211 3,191 3,138 3,054 2,975 2,950

Unemployment rate

8.7 7.7 8.1 8.7 8.7 8.6 8.3 8.1 8.0

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,040 37,356 37,341 37,102 37,433 37,512 37,662 37,274 37,397

Participation rate

69.1 68.6 68.6 69.2 68.4 68.6 68.8 68.4 68.7

Employed

34,299 35,009 34,857 34,269 34,958 35,076 35,043 34,832 34,831

Employment-population ratio

64.0 64.3 64.1 63.9 63.9 64.1 64.0 63.9 64.0

Unemployed

2,740 2,348 2,484 2,834 2,476 2,436 2,619 2,442 2,566

Unemployment rate

7.4 6.3 6.7 7.6 6.6 6.5 7.0 6.6 6.9

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

47,102 48,853 48,758 47,183 48,429 48,508 48,670 48,858 48,859

Participation rate

76.0 75.5 75.7 76.1 75.5 75.9 75.3 75.5 75.9

Employed

45,228 47,039 46,892 45,273 46,433 46,549 46,851 46,968 46,954

Employment-population ratio

73.0 72.7 72.8 73.0 72.4 72.8 72.5 72.6 72.9

Unemployed

1,873 1,815 1,866 1,909 1,996 1,959 1,818 1,891 1,905

Unemployment rate

4.0 3.7 3.8 4.0 4.1 4.0 3.7 3.9 3.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Dec.
2011
Dec.
2012
Dec.
2011
Dec.
2012
Dec.
2011
Dec.
2012

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,429 21,062 19,622 19,235 1,807 1,827

Civilian labor force

11,072 10,806 10,010 9,699 1,062 1,107

Participation rate

51.7 51.3 51.0 50.4 58.8 60.6

Employed

10,215 10,050 9,244 9,043 972 1,007

Employment-population ratio

47.7 47.7 47.1 47.0 53.8 55.1

Unemployed

857 757 766 656 90 100

Unemployment rate

7.7 7.0 7.7 6.8 8.5 9.1

Not in labor force

10,357 10,256 9,612 9,536 745 720

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,341 2,544 1,984 2,128 356 416

Civilian labor force

1,899 2,099 1,668 1,805 230 294

Participation rate

81.1 82.5 84.1 84.8 64.6 70.8

Employed

1,650 1,874 1,469 1,625 181 248

Employment-population ratio

70.5 73.7 74.1 76.4 50.7 59.7

Unemployed

248 226 199 180 50 46

Unemployment rate

13.1 10.8 11.9 9.9 21.6 15.7

Not in labor force

442 445 316 323 126 122

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,986 3,044 2,489 2,529 497 515

Civilian labor force

2,512 2,534 2,158 2,154 354 380

Participation rate

84.1 83.2 86.7 85.2 71.3 73.7

Employed

2,371 2,395 2,029 2,043 342 352

Employment-population ratio

79.4 78.7 81.5 80.8 68.8 68.3

Unemployed

141 139 128 111 13 28

Unemployment rate

5.6 5.5 6.0 5.2 3.6 7.3

Not in labor force

474 510 332 375 142 135

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

10,207 9,726 9,886 9,403 321 322

Civilian labor force

3,309 2,960 3,215 2,868 94 93

Participation rate

32.4 30.4 32.5 30.5 29.3 28.7

Employed

3,097 2,776 3,003 2,685 94 91

Employment-population ratio

30.3 28.5 30.4 28.6 29.3 28.2

Unemployed

212 184 212 183 0 1

Unemployment rate

6.4 6.2 6.6 6.4 0.0 1.6

Not in labor force

6,898 6,765 6,671 6,535 227 230

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,895 5,748 5,262 5,175 633 574

Civilian labor force

3,352 3,213 2,969 2,872 383 341

Participation rate

56.9 55.9 56.4 55.5 60.5 59.4

Employed

3,097 3,005 2,742 2,689 355 316

Employment-population ratio

52.5 52.3 52.1 52.0 56.1 55.0

Unemployed

255 208 227 183 28 25

Unemployment rate

7.6 6.5 7.6 6.4 7.3 7.3

Not in labor force

2,543 2,536 2,293 2,303 250 233

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

210,477 214,280 92,807 94,027 117,670 120,253

Civilian labor force

140,627 142,344 71,182 71,654 69,446 70,690

Participation rate

66.8 66.4 76.7 76.2 59.0 58.8

Employed

129,218 131,668 65,018 66,012 64,200 65,656

Employment-population ratio

61.4 61.4 70.1 70.2 54.6 54.6

Unemployed

11,409 10,676 6,163 5,642 5,246 5,034

Unemployment rate

8.1 7.5 8.7 7.9 7.6 7.1

Not in labor force

69,850 71,936 21,625 22,374 48,225 49,562

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Dec.
2011
Dec.
2012
Dec.
2011
Dec.
2012

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

27,339 28,705 213,246 215,645

Civilian labor force

5,652 5,893 147,721 149,011

Participation rate

20.7 20.5 69.3 69.1

Employed

4,889 5,202 135,791 137,858

Employment-population ratio

17.9 18.1 63.7 63.9

Unemployed

763 691 11,929 11,154

Unemployment rate

13.5 11.7 8.1 7.5

Not in labor force

21,687 22,812 65,525 66,634

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,587 2,683 75,294 75,081

Participation rate

34.4 34.2 82.3 82.3

Employed

2,165 2,308 68,793 69,228

Employment-population ratio

28.8 29.4 75.2 75.9

Unemployed

422 375 6,501 5,853

Unemployment rate

16.3 14.0 8.6 7.8

Not in labor force

4,938 5,164 16,228 16,135

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,216 2,190 65,916 67,072

Participation rate

29.8 28.6 70.3 70.6

Employed

1,938 1,935 60,891 62,176

Employment-population ratio

26.1 25.3 65.0 65.5

Unemployed

278 254 5,025 4,896

Unemployment rate

12.5 11.6 7.6 7.3

Not in labor force

5,220 5,463 27,821 27,866

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

849 1,020 6,511 6,858

Participation rate

6.9 7.7 23.3 23.3

Employed

786 959 6,107 6,454

Employment-population ratio

6.4 7.3 21.8 21.9

Unemployed

63 61 403 404

Unemployment rate

7.4 6.0 6.2 5.9

Not in labor force

11,529 12,185 21,475 22,632

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Dec.
2011
Dec.
2012
Dec.
2011
Dec.
2012
Dec.
2011
Dec.
2012

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

36,851 37,999 18,201 18,386 18,650 19,613

Civilian labor force

24,836 25,248 14,479 14,468 10,357 10,780

Participation rate

67.4 66.4 79.5 78.7 55.5 55.0

Employed

22,647 23,216 13,271 13,386 9,376 9,830

Employment-population ratio

61.5 61.1 72.9 72.8 50.3 50.1

Unemployed

2,189 2,032 1,208 1,082 981 951

Unemployment rate

8.8 8.0 8.3 7.5 9.5 8.8

Not in labor force

12,015 12,751 3,723 3,918 8,292 8,833

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

203,733 206,351 98,630 99,516 105,103 106,835

Civilian labor force

128,536 129,656 67,540 67,722 60,997 61,934

Participation rate

63.1 62.8 68.5 68.1 58.0 58.0

Employed

118,033 119,844 61,566 62,300 56,467 57,544

Employment-population ratio

57.9 58.1 62.4 62.6 53.7 53.9

Unemployed

10,503 9,812 5,973 5,422 4,530 4,391

Unemployment rate

8.2 7.6 8.8 8.0 7.4 7.1

Not in labor force

75,197 76,695 31,091 31,795 44,106 44,900

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Dec.
2011
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Dec.
2011
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,196 2,045 1,922 2,380 2,146 2,198 2,195 2,121 2,088

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,358 1,274 1,205 1,458 1,388 1,402 1,394 1,320 1,295

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

823 761 683 898 734 759 751 776 747

Unpaid family workers

15 11 33 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

138,485 141,504 141,138 138,508 139,918 140,767 141,245 141,149 141,190

Wage and salary workers(1)

129,966 132,458 132,234 129,811 131,215 131,743 132,326 132,038 132,113

Government

20,652 20,702 20,839 20,523 20,411 20,647 20,555 20,598 20,686

Private industries

109,314 111,757 111,395 109,281 110,749 111,080 111,784 111,429 111,406

Private households

640 754 732 - - - - - -

Other industries

108,674 111,002 110,663 108,599 109,987 110,289 111,058 110,659 110,632

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,428 8,977 8,819 8,550 8,754 8,863 8,819 8,959 8,935

Unpaid family workers

91 69 85 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,428 7,994 8,166 8,168 8,043 8,607 8,286 8,138 7,918

Slack work or business conditions

5,650 5,032 5,154 5,377 5,195 5,567 5,177 5,084 4,928

Could only find part-time work

2,408 2,706 2,593 2,406 2,524 2,587 2,618 2,648 2,616

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,048 19,392 19,308 18,489 18,954 18,728 18,896 18,594 18,763

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,259 7,898 8,038 8,024 7,910 8,552 8,162 8,029 7,812

Slack work or business conditions

5,534 4,975 5,087 5,288 5,118 5,468 5,105 5,025 4,887

Could only find part-time work

2,381 2,685 2,568 2,394 2,527 2,604 2,631 2,650 2,583

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,641 19,043 18,993 18,123 18,596 18,399 18,527 18,310 18,469

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Dec.
2011
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Dec.
2011
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

140,681 143,549 143,060 140,896 142,164 142,974 143,328 143,277 143,305

16 to 19 years

4,193 4,252 4,192 4,400 4,351 4,429 4,469 4,468 4,402

16 to 17 years

1,247 1,290 1,342 1,304 1,382 1,428 1,448 1,351 1,405

18 to 19 years

2,946 2,963 2,849 3,085 2,988 2,986 3,032 3,126 2,985

20 years and over

136,488 139,297 138,868 136,496 137,813 138,545 138,858 138,809 138,903

20 to 24 years

13,041 13,624 13,412 13,193 13,100 13,503 13,549 13,595 13,570

25 years and over

123,447 125,672 125,456 123,378 124,676 125,027 125,285 125,200 125,406

25 to 54 years

94,069 94,523 94,305 94,002 94,048 94,340 94,328 94,079 94,253

25 to 34 years

30,800 31,183 31,162 30,761 30,577 30,805 30,918 30,971 31,115

35 to 44 years

30,350 30,652 30,523 30,339 30,597 30,658 30,668 30,490 30,524

45 to 54 years

32,919 32,688 32,620 32,902 32,874 32,877 32,742 32,618 32,614

55 years and over

29,378 31,149 31,151 29,376 30,628 30,688 30,957 31,121 31,153

Men, 16 years and over

74,837 76,142 75,686 75,217 75,174 75,769 76,027 75,983 76,060

16 to 19 years

2,026 2,021 1,971 2,167 2,077 2,157 2,182 2,163 2,111

16 to 17 years

576 593 632 628 604 651 719 656 690

18 to 19 years

1,450 1,428 1,339 1,536 1,504 1,497 1,467 1,492 1,422

20 years and over

72,812 74,121 73,716 73,050 73,097 73,612 73,845 73,821 73,949

20 to 24 years

6,836 7,147 6,969 6,973 6,764 6,989 7,096 7,125 7,104

25 years and over

65,976 66,975 66,747 66,130 66,407 66,636 66,790 66,720 66,902

25 to 54 years

50,461 50,429 50,286 50,548 50,168 50,352 50,342 50,194 50,370

25 to 34 years

16,877 16,903 16,801 16,880 16,502 16,608 16,715 16,734 16,799

35 to 44 years

16,432 16,488 16,437 16,438 16,519 16,552 16,527 16,380 16,443

45 to 54 years

17,152 17,037 17,048 17,231 17,147 17,193 17,100 17,080 17,127

55 years and over

15,515 16,546 16,460 15,582 16,239 16,284 16,447 16,526 16,532

Women, 16 years and over

65,843 67,407 67,373 65,679 66,990 67,206 67,301 67,294 67,245

16 to 19 years

2,167 2,232 2,221 2,233 2,273 2,272 2,287 2,305 2,291

16 to 17 years

672 697 710 676 779 777 729 695 715

18 to 19 years

1,495 1,535 1,511 1,548 1,484 1,490 1,565 1,634 1,563

20 years and over

63,676 65,175 65,152 63,446 64,716 64,934 65,014 64,988 64,954

20 to 24 years

6,205 6,478 6,443 6,220 6,336 6,514 6,453 6,470 6,467

25 years and over

57,471 58,698 58,709 57,248 58,269 58,391 58,496 58,480 58,504

25 to 54 years

43,608 44,094 44,019 43,454 43,880 43,987 43,986 43,885 43,883

25 to 34 years

13,923 14,280 14,361 13,881 14,075 14,197 14,203 14,237 14,315

35 to 44 years

13,918 14,164 14,086 13,902 14,078 14,106 14,141 14,109 14,080

45 to 54 years

15,767 15,651 15,572 15,671 15,727 15,684 15,643 15,538 15,487

55 years and over

13,863 14,603 14,690 13,794 14,389 14,404 14,510 14,595 14,621

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

43,786 44,293 44,014 43,701 43,913 43,980 44,134 44,016 43,924

Married women, spouse present

34,516 34,839 34,942 34,194 34,788 34,804 34,561 34,576 34,611

Women who maintain families

8,807 9,226 9,125 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

113,050 115,515 115,079 113,820 114,492 115,259 115,469 115,665 115,868

Part-time workers(2)

27,630 28,034 27,980 27,126 27,711 27,692 27,869 27,517 27,502

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,030 7,235 7,081 6,982 6,931 6,882 6,927 7,109 7,017

Percent of total employed

5.0 5.0 4.9 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8 5.0 4.9

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,199 5,160 5,175 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,252 9,738 9,502 9,448 9,488 9,622 9,570 9,735 9,682

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Dec.
2011
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Dec.
2011
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

13,049 12,042 12,206 8.5 8.1 7.8 7.9 7.8 7.8

16 to 19 years

1,310 1,376 1,355 22.9 24.5 23.7 23.7 23.6 23.5

16 to 17 years

502 536 490 27.8 29.3 25.5 25.3 28.4 25.8

18 to 19 years

816 799 872 20.9 22.7 22.7 22.7 20.4 22.6

20 years and over

11,739 10,666 10,852 7.9 7.4 7.2 7.3 7.1 7.2

20 to 24 years

2,183 1,968 2,151 14.2 13.8 12.4 13.2 12.6 13.7

25 years and over

9,560 8,661 8,725 7.2 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5

25 to 54 years

7,640 6,742 6,777 7.5 7.0 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.7

25 to 34 years

3,149 2,642 2,611 9.3 8.3 8.1 8.2 7.9 7.7

35 to 44 years

2,210 2,028 2,158 6.8 6.6 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.6

45 to 54 years

2,281 2,071 2,008 6.5 6.3 6.0 6.1 6.0 5.8

55 years and over

1,929 1,911 1,957 6.2 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.9

Men, 16 years and over

7,152 6,530 6,486 8.7 8.3 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.9

16 to 19 years

782 783 739 26.5 28.5 27.1 26.8 26.6 25.9

16 to 17 years

283 300 231 31.1 36.5 30.0 28.3 31.4 25.1

18 to 19 years

499 466 508 24.5 25.6 25.7 26.4 23.8 26.3

20 years and over

6,370 5,747 5,746 8.0 7.6 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2

20 to 24 years

1,244 1,031 1,108 15.1 15.1 13.7 13.8 12.6 13.5

25 years and over

5,098 4,698 4,620 7.2 6.8 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.5

25 to 54 years

4,072 3,601 3,525 7.5 7.0 6.7 6.8 6.7 6.5

25 to 34 years

1,725 1,427 1,411 9.3 8.3 8.0 8.1 7.9 7.7

35 to 44 years

1,179 1,069 1,087 6.7 6.3 6.1 6.0 6.1 6.2

45 to 54 years

1,168 1,105 1,027 6.3 6.4 6.1 6.3 6.1 5.7

55 years and over

1,026 1,097 1,095 6.2 6.1 6.4 6.1 6.2 6.2

Women, 16 years and over

5,897 5,512 5,721 8.2 7.8 7.5 7.7 7.6 7.8

16 to 19 years

528 594 615 19.1 20.4 20.2 20.4 20.5 21.2

16 to 17 years

219 236 259 24.5 22.5 21.4 22.0 25.3 26.6

18 to 19 years

317 334 364 17.0 19.5 19.5 18.8 17.0 18.9

20 years and over

5,369 4,918 5,105 7.8 7.3 7.0 7.2 7.0 7.3

20 to 24 years

939 937 1,042 13.1 12.5 10.9 12.5 12.6 13.9

25 years and over

4,462 3,963 4,105 7.2 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.3 6.6

25 to 54 years

3,568 3,141 3,252 7.6 7.1 6.8 6.9 6.7 6.9

25 to 34 years

1,424 1,215 1,200 9.3 8.3 8.2 8.3 7.9 7.7

35 to 44 years

1,031 959 1,071 6.9 6.9 6.4 6.6 6.4 7.1

45 to 54 years

1,113 967 981 6.6 6.2 6.0 5.9 5.9 6.0

55 years and over(1)

832 773 794 5.7 6.2 5.6 5.5 5.0 5.1

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

2,386 2,184 2,173 5.2 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.7

Married women, spouse present

1,941 1,842 1,916 5.4 5.1 5.0 5.1 5.1 5.2

Women who maintain families(1)

1,308 1,103 1,166 12.9 12.3 11.3 11.5 10.7 11.3

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

11,247 10,155 10,422 9.0 8.6 8.3 8.3 8.1 8.3

Part-time workers(3)

1,823 1,810 1,819 6.3 6.1 5.7 6.2 6.2 6.2

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Dec.
2011
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Dec.
2011
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

7,691 6,069 6,592 7,487 6,935 6,489 6,536 6,429 6,408

On temporary layoff

1,385 877 1,244 1,208 1,211 1,153 1,077 1,080 1,085

Not on temporary layoff

6,306 5,193 5,348 6,280 5,724 5,335 5,460 5,349 5,323

Permanent job losers

5,000 4,003 4,070 5,003 4,463 4,279 4,261 4,151 4,075

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,306 1,190 1,278 1,276 1,261 1,056 1,199 1,198 1,248

Job leavers

894 913 933 943 946 962 1,009 926 983

Reentrants

3,018 3,199 3,228 3,359 3,316 3,313 3,319 3,325 3,587

New entrants

1,090 1,223 1,092 1,286 1,268 1,253 1,302 1,326 1,291

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

60.6 53.2 55.7 57.3 55.6 54.0 53.7 53.5 52.2

On temporary layoff

10.9 7.7 10.5 9.2 9.7 9.6 8.8 9.0 8.8

Not on temporary layoff

49.7 45.5 45.2 48.0 45.9 44.4 44.9 44.6 43.4

Job leavers

7.0 8.0 7.9 7.2 7.6 8.0 8.3 7.7 8.0

Reentrants

23.8 28.1 27.3 25.7 26.6 27.6 27.3 27.7 29.2

New entrants

8.6 10.7 9.2 9.8 10.2 10.4 10.7 11.0 10.5

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5.0 3.9 4.3 4.9 4.5 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1

Job leavers

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

2.0 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.3

New entrants

0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Dec.
2011
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Dec.
2011
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,640 2,340 2,678 2,640 2,865 2,535 2,633 2,596 2,676

5 to 14 weeks

2,735 2,634 2,732 2,840 2,848 2,825 2,847 2,757 2,838

15 weeks and over

7,317 6,431 6,435 7,583 6,846 6,736 6,829 6,604 6,661

15 to 26 weeks

1,906 1,724 1,817 1,987 1,823 1,866 1,813 1,820 1,895

27 weeks and over

5,411 4,707 4,618 5,596 5,023 4,871 5,017 4,784 4,766

Average (mean) duration, in weeks(1)

39.7 40.1 37.0 40.7 39.3 39.6 39.9 39.7 38.1

Median duration, in weeks

21.0 19.5 18.1 20.8 18.2 18.7 19.6 18.9 18.0

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

20.8 20.5 22.6 20.2 22.8 21.0 21.4 21.7 22.0

5 to 14 weeks

21.5 23.1 23.1 21.7 22.7 23.4 23.1 23.1 23.3

15 weeks and over

57.7 56.4 54.3 58.0 54.5 55.7 55.5 55.2 54.7

15 to 26 weeks

15.0 15.1 15.3 15.2 14.5 15.4 14.7 15.2 15.6

27 weeks and over

42.6 41.3 39.0 42.8 40.0 40.3 40.8 40.0 39.1

Footnotes
(1) Beginning in January 2011, this series reflects a change to the collection of data on unemployment duration. For more information, see www.bls.gov/cps/duration.htm.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Dec.
2011
Dec.
2012
Dec.
2011
Dec.
2012
Dec.
2011
Dec.
2012

Total, 16 years and over(1)

140,681 143,060 12,692 11,844 8.3 7.6

Management, professional, and related occupations

52,808 54,635 2,303 2,221 4.2 3.9

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

22,039 22,757 1,019 963 4.4 4.1

Professional and related occupations

30,769 31,877 1,284 1,258 4.0 3.8

Service occupations

24,678 25,075 2,542 2,465 9.3 9.0

Sales and office occupations

33,310 33,497 2,844 2,515 7.9 7.0

Sales and related occupations

15,826 15,396 1,325 1,161 7.7 7.0

Office and administrative support occupations

17,484 18,101 1,518 1,354 8.0 7.0

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,104 12,811 1,924 1,722 12.8 11.8

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

915 863 203 194 18.2 18.3

Construction and extraction occupations

7,220 7,069 1,417 1,194 16.4 14.4

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,970 4,879 304 334 5.8 6.4

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

16,781 17,042 1,942 1,788 10.4 9.5

Production occupations

8,441 8,357 1,008 846 10.7 9.2

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,340 8,685 933 943 10.1 9.8

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Dec.
2011
Dec.
2012
Dec.
2011
Dec.
2012

Total, 16 years and over(1)

12,692 11,844 8.3 7.6

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

9,956 9,104 8.3 7.6

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

59 58 6.9 6.3

Construction

1,327 1,105 16.0 13.5

Manufacturing

1,217 1,145 7.9 7.5

Durable goods

783 706 8.0 7.3

Nondurable goods

434 439 7.6 7.7

Wholesale and retail trade

1,701 1,430 8.2 7.0

Transportation and utilities

399 369 7.0 6.1

Information

235 229 7.7 8.0

Financial activities

514 386 5.6 4.1

Professional and business services

1,403 1,307 9.3 8.7

Education and health services

1,201 1,177 5.5 5.2

Leisure and hospitality

1,395 1,426 10.8 10.8

Other services

505 472 8.0 7.1

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

215 209 14.3 15.1

Government workers

892 874 4.1 4.0

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

539 566 5.5 5.6

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Dec.
2011
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Dec.
2011
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.8 4.2 4.2 4.9 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.3

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.0 3.9 4.3 4.9 4.5 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

8.3 7.4 7.6 8.5 8.1 7.8 7.9 7.8 7.8

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

8.8 7.9 8.3 9.0 8.6 8.3 8.4 8.3 8.5

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

9.8 8.8 9.2 10.0 9.6 9.3 9.3 9.2 9.4

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

15.2 13.9 14.4 15.2 14.7 14.7 14.5 14.4 14.4

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Dec.
2011
Dec.
2012
Dec.
2011
Dec.
2012
Dec.
2011
Dec.
2012

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

87,212 89,445 34,813 35,712 52,398 53,733

Persons who currently want a job

6,135 6,532 2,911 3,064 3,224 3,467

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,540 2,614 1,304 1,303 1,237 1,311

Discouraged workers(2)

945 1,068 565 636 380 433

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,595 1,545 738 667 857 878

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,030 7,081 3,523 3,485 3,506 3,597

Percent of total employed

5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6 5.3 5.3

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,504 3,591 1,981 1,976 1,523 1,615

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,990 2,118 689 729 1,301 1,390

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

239 228 125 137 114 91

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,248 1,088 711 608 537 481

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Dec.
2011
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012(p)
Dec.
2012(p)
Dec.
2011
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012(p)
Dec.
2012(p)
Change from:
Nov.2012 - Dec.2012(p)

Total nonfarm

132,965 134,708 135,065 134,822 132,186 133,705 133,866 134,021 155

Total private

110,632 112,398 112,651 112,548 110,193 111,757 111,928 112,096 168

Goods-producing

18,076 18,615 18,448 18,297 18,176 18,331 18,330 18,389 59

Mining and logging

818 839 835 831 822 829 833 837 4

Logging

48.5 52.0 50.9 51.1 48.7 50.0 50.0 50.7 0.7

Mining

769.9 787.2 784.1 780.1 773.3 779.3 783.4 786.1 2.7

Oil and gas extraction

186.3 195.4 196.0 197.3 186.3 196.1 196.9 198.4 1.5

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

216.4 219.1 215.1 209.5 220.5 214.5 214.0 213.9 -0.1

Coal mining

86.9 79.4 78.6 78.5 86.6 79.7 79.2 78.6 -0.6

Support activities for mining

367.2 372.7 373.0 373.3 366.5 368.7 372.5 373.8 1.3

Construction

5,441 5,772 5,644 5,482 5,546 5,544 5,534 5,564 30

Construction of buildings

1,222.6 1,262.4 1,241.6 1,229.2 1,226.7 1,225.0 1,219.5 1,232.3 12.8

Residential building

570.6 578.6 574.3 564.2 571.4 562.5 559.0 564.8 5.8

Nonresidential building

652.0 683.8 667.3 665.0 655.3 662.5 660.5 667.5 7.0

Heavy and civil engineering construction

798.8 910.5 872.0 806.2 840.0 844.5 841.1 840.4 -0.7

Specialty trade contractors

3,419.3 3,598.7 3,530.3 3,446.8 3,479.6 3,474.0 3,473.1 3,491.0 17.9

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,425.1 1,528.0 1,500.4 1,464.1 1,455.0 1,473.7 1,479.1 1,491.4 12.3

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

1,994.2 2,070.7 2,029.9 1,982.7 2,024.6 2,000.3 1,994.0 1,999.6 5.6

Manufacturing

11,817 12,004 11,969 11,984 11,808 11,958 11,963 11,988 25

Durable goods

7,366 7,486 7,489 7,504 7,361 7,474 7,492 7,503 11

Wood products

329.4 333.9 335.3 335.8 332.0 332.6 335.6 337.5 1.9

Nonmetallic mineral products

361.2 367.5 365.4 361.4 367.0 361.2 363.1 366.6 3.5

Primary metals

400.8 406.6 404.7 404.1 400.7 405.9 404.7 404.9 0.2

Fabricated metal products

1,366.6 1,410.1 1,410.2 1,407.9 1,367.8 1,406.1 1,409.0 1,408.3 -0.7

Machinery

1,086.0 1,100.2 1,100.3 1,105.5 1,082.0 1,101.7 1,104.1 1,106.1 2.0

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,110.2 1,099.3 1,095.4 1,099.9 1,107.4 1,100.3 1,097.3 1,097.3 0.0

Computer and peripheral equipment

162.7 164.0 164.5 165.4 162.2 164.6 164.3 164.3 0.0

Communications equipment

112.5 107.0 106.6 107.0 112.2 107.1 106.8 106.7 -0.1

Semiconductors and electronic components

387.0 384.9 382.0 383.3 386.5 384.7 383.2 382.8 -0.4

Electronic instruments

402.6 398.2 397.6 399.5 401.4 398.9 398.9 399.3 0.4

Electrical equipment and appliances

369.2 372.0 370.6 369.9 369.1 371.9 371.7 369.6 -2.1

Transportation equipment(1)

1,421.1 1,466.3 1,478.1 1,488.5 1,414.2 1,466.2 1,477.8 1,483.8 6.0

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

742.8 773.2 784.8 792.9 737.6 773.6 785.0 789.8 4.8

Furniture and related products

346.1 349.1 346.5 347.5 348.6 348.5 348.6 348.2 -0.4

Miscellaneous manufacturing

575.4 580.5 582.9 583.2 572.6 579.8 579.6 580.7 1.1

Nondurable goods

4,451 4,518 4,480 4,480 4,447 4,484 4,471 4,485 14

Food manufacturing

1,448.0 1,493.1 1,466.9 1,457.3 1,442.2 1,466.5 1,455.3 1,459.8 4.5

Beverages and tobacco products

189.1 205.8 201.8 200.9 191.9 201.3 202.3 203.7 1.4

Textile mills

119.1 117.8 119.4 119.5 119.6 118.3 119.5 119.9 0.4

Textile product mills

114.4 114.2 114.0 115.1 114.3 114.0 114.2 115.0 0.8

Apparel

148.7 147.2 146.8 145.3 150.1 146.5 146.2 145.8 -0.4

Leather and allied products

30.4 29.0 29.3 29.5 30.3 28.9 29.0 29.5 0.5

Paper and paper products

393.6 390.1 388.5 388.7 392.2 390.0 388.6 388.1 -0.5

Printing and related support activities

460.9 452.5 453.9 454.1 459.6 451.4 452.2 452.6 0.4

Petroleum and coal products

111.8 118.9 117.3 115.8 113.9 115.7 116.4 117.3 0.9

Chemicals

796.6 800.1 790.7 801.0 793.8 801.5 795.3 799.6 4.3

Plastics and rubber products

638.2 649.6 651.1 652.6 639.5 649.6 651.8 653.9 2.1

Private service-providing

92,556 93,783 94,203 94,251 92,017 93,426 93,598 93,707 109

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,803 25,532 26,051 26,137 25,181 25,465 25,543 25,532 -11

Wholesale trade

5,580.1 5,666.7 5,674.9 5,669.4 5,568.8 5,649.2 5,659.7 5,659.6 -0.1

Durable goods

2,773.8 2,801.3 2,802.8 2,806.2 2,770.5 2,795.8 2,800.2 2,803.0 2.8

Nondurable goods

1,957.8 1,996.1 2,001.5 1,990.8 1,952.8 1,986.2 1,990.2 1,986.9 -3.3

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

848.5 869.3 870.6 872.4 845.5 867.2 869.3 869.7 0.4

Retail trade

15,231.1 14,855.1 15,345.5 15,433.8 14,731.5 14,848.7 14,911.5 14,900.2 -11.3

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,699.0 1,737.8 1,734.7 1,728.9 1,709.3 1,731.1 1,735.7 1,739.6 3.9

Automobile dealers

1,067.9 1,098.3 1,096.1 1,095.5 1,071.4 1,094.7 1,096.3 1,100.3 4.0

Furniture and home furnishings stores

467.4 460.5 470.1 477.4 446.5 452.8 452.1 452.6 0.5

Electronics and appliance stores

541.8 496.3 532.8 535.1 514.8 497.5 508.0 508.8 0.8

Building material and garden supply stores

1,108.2 1,132.5 1,130.2 1,123.2 1,141.8 1,155.2 1,158.8 1,160.1 1.3

Food and beverage stores

2,874.5 2,893.8 2,925.0 2,927.0 2,848.5 2,890.9 2,897.6 2,901.4 3.8

Health and personal care stores

999.9 1,015.4 1,027.6 1,035.3 984.2 1,016.3 1,017.1 1,017.8 0.7

Gasoline stations

827.2 833.5 836.9 836.1 830.5 832.6 835.6 837.0 1.4

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,527.9 1,416.9 1,580.4 1,580.3 1,384.5 1,408.9 1,439.2 1,420.5 -18.7

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

603.2 568.4 604.6 604.0 558.2 567.4 565.9 563.5 -2.4

General merchandise stores(1)

3,337.1 3,049.9 3,244.8 3,321.9 3,116.0 3,070.6 3,084.7 3,085.0 0.3

Department stores

1,734.6 1,491.6 1,627.7 1,681.8 1,567.1 1,511.7 1,514.1 1,509.3 -4.8

Miscellaneous store retailers

778.0 802.8 792.7 789.7 761.5 789.0 780.3 774.9 -5.4

Nonstore retailers

466.9 447.3 465.7 474.9 435.7 436.4 436.5 439.0 2.5

Transportation and warehousing

4,435.0 4,445.2 4,469.1 4,468.6 4,321.8 4,401.7 4,407.5 4,406.9 -0.6

Air transportation

455.1 451.9 447.7 446.4 456.1 452.4 449.1 448.1 -1.0

Rail transportation

231.4 232.2 232.5 231.8 231.7 231.6 231.2 231.4 0.2

Water transportation

63.0 68.1 67.5 67.2 63.3 67.6 68.4 67.7 -0.7

Truck transportation

1,315.6 1,373.4 1,368.8 1,362.4 1,318.1 1,355.4 1,358.3 1,362.5 4.2

Transit and ground passenger transportation

449.3 463.5 463.5 464.9 433.5 444.8 445.5 447.6 2.1

Pipeline transportation

43.5 44.2 44.4 44.6 43.4 44.2 44.4 44.4 0.0

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

24.4 31.4 27.7 26.1 29.6 30.6 30.8 31.4 0.6

Support activities for transportation

575.7 591.1 586.7 590.8 574.1 587.4 584.8 587.4 2.6

Couriers and messengers

618.2 515.0 547.6 550.4 521.9 520.5 524.5 513.7 -10.8

Warehousing and storage

658.8 674.4 682.7 684.0 650.1 667.2 670.5 672.7 2.2

Utilities

557.1 564.7 561.6 565.0 559.1 565.3 563.8 565.6 1.8

Information

2,660 2,616 2,650 2,641 2,645 2,621 2,634 2,625 -9

Publishing industries, except Internet

749.9 738.6 736.2 735.4 746.1 736.2 733.0 730.3 -2.7

Motion picture and sound recording industries

367.2 357.1 387.3 381.7 363.8 365.3 381.5 378.8 -2.7

Broadcasting, except Internet

281.0 279.3 280.6 279.5 279.6 278.4 278.4 278.2 -0.2

Telecommunications

851.9 827.8 832.5 830.8 846.9 828.5 828.2 826.4 -1.8

Data processing, hosting and related services

243.7 241.4 241.6 242.2 242.5 241.6 240.7 240.9 0.2

Other information services

166.5 171.6 172.2 171.1 166.5 171.2 171.9 170.6 -1.3

Financial activities

7,707 7,771 7,764 7,793 7,696 7,767 7,767 7,776 9

Finance and insurance

5,771.2 5,804.0 5,816.2 5,837.2 5,756.8 5,806.0 5,811.2 5,818.8 7.6

Monetary authorities - central bank

18.8 19.4 19.5 19.7 18.9 19.4 19.5 19.7 0.2

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,578.3 2,604.1 2,613.7 2,621.0 2,570.1 2,607.1 2,609.7 2,611.3 1.6

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,748.1 1,746.4 1,747.8 1,754.7 1,745.9 1,749.8 1,750.5 1,750.0 -0.5

Commercial banking

1,321.1 1,315.7 1,314.7 1,317.2 1,319.7 1,317.3 1,316.9 1,314.3 -2.6

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

804.5 806.3 805.2 808.5 803.7 805.1 803.2 806.8 3.6

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,285.0 2,289.9 2,294.1 2,303.7 2,279.6 2,290.2 2,295.1 2,297.5 2.4

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

84.6 84.3 83.7 84.3 84.5 84.2 83.7 83.5 -0.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,935.6 1,967.3 1,947.8 1,955.3 1,939.0 1,961.1 1,955.7 1,957.0 1.3

Real estate

1,409.1 1,424.2 1,413.0 1,424.4 1,408.5 1,420.0 1,416.5 1,419.2 2.7

Rental and leasing services

502.1 520.0 511.6 507.7 506.3 518.1 516.3 515.0 -1.3

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

24.4 23.1 23.2 23.2 24.2 23.0 22.9 22.8 -0.1

Professional and business services

17,698 18,181 18,177 18,147 17,593 18,014 18,046 18,065 19

Professional and technical services(1)

7,859.3 7,968.9 7,995.4 8,076.2 7,815.5 8,004.4 8,020.9 8,037.8 16.9

Legal services

1,118.8 1,123.3 1,123.4 1,125.7 1,115.6 1,122.6 1,122.4 1,123.4 1.0

Accounting and bookkeeping services

966.3 883.1 900.1 961.6 957.8 956.2 956.1 952.1 -4.0

Architectural and engineering services

1,303.1 1,336.9 1,335.4 1,336.6 1,303.1 1,330.2 1,333.2 1,337.0 3.8

Computer systems design and related services

1,564.3 1,630.3 1,639.0 1,642.9 1,557.8 1,623.8 1,632.7 1,638.3 5.6

Management and technical consulting services

1,112.9 1,162.6 1,161.0 1,171.6 1,099.6 1,152.4 1,152.0 1,157.8 5.8

Management of companies and enterprises

1,939.2 1,958.3 1,968.1 1,974.1 1,932.5 1,959.4 1,965.2 1,967.1 1.9

Administrative and waste services

7,899.2 8,254.0 8,213.7 8,097.1 7,844.9 8,050.1 8,059.8 8,060.1 0.3

Administrative and support services(1)

7,533.7 7,879.4 7,841.8 7,727.8 7,477.0 7,678.5 7,687.7 7,688.2 0.5

Employment services(1)

3,163.4 3,336.1 3,322.7 3,284.2 3,047.9 3,208.0 3,204.4 3,196.1 -8.3

Temporary help services

2,505.8 2,655.0 2,654.4 2,620.9 2,396.3 2,542.5 2,550.3 2,549.7 -0.6

Business support services

838.8 840.3 851.0 854.4 819.9 829.6 831.6 829.5 -2.1

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,702.1 1,840.6 1,807.9 1,727.5 1,780.5 1,792.3 1,798.3 1,798.5 0.2

Waste management and remediation services

365.5 374.6 371.9 369.3 367.9 371.6 372.1 371.9 -0.2

Education and health services

20,236 20,609 20,684 20,703 20,079 20,442 20,466 20,531 65

Educational services

3,396.8 3,472.0 3,504.3 3,453.7 3,278.9 3,331.6 3,328.8 3,339.1 10.3

Health care and social assistance

16,839.2 17,136.9 17,179.9 17,249.0 16,800.3 17,110.8 17,136.7 17,191.7 55.0

Health care(3)

14,204.4 14,475.0 14,501.0 14,558.4 14,185.4 14,458.9 14,478.6 14,523.1 44.5

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,249.3 6,432.2 6,432.5 6,462.4 6,237.0 6,414.0 6,418.4 6,441.4 23.0

Offices of physicians

2,402.3 2,456.2 2,458.9 2,472.4 2,389.9 2,449.2 2,450.5 2,457.3 6.8

Outpatient care centers

639.8 674.6 673.0 678.1 637.9 673.3 674.1 677.0 2.9

Home health care services

1,160.0 1,219.6 1,217.5 1,221.5 1,160.0 1,214.7 1,214.4 1,219.8 5.4

Hospitals

4,775.7 4,839.3 4,852.4 4,868.7 4,774.3 4,841.0 4,850.4 4,862.1 11.7

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,179.4 3,203.5 3,216.1 3,227.3 3,174.1 3,203.9 3,209.8 3,219.6 9.8

Nursing care facilities

1,664.7 1,659.9 1,667.3 1,666.9 1,661.4 1,660.2 1,662.5 1,663.4 0.9

Social assistance(1)

2,634.8 2,661.9 2,678.9 2,690.6 2,614.9 2,651.9 2,658.1 2,668.6 10.5

Child day care services

854.6 855.7 856.7 852.4 841.5 842.8 839.4 839.4 0.0

Leisure and hospitality

13,116 13,680 13,497 13,456 13,464 13,724 13,753 13,784 31

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,746.7 1,891.7 1,803.6 1,794.4 1,911.0 1,932.7 1,946.8 1,944.8 -2.0

Performing arts and spectator sports

373.3 411.5 394.2 392.3 392.9 407.5 406.4 409.3 2.9

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

128.1 135.0 130.3 129.2 135.4 135.3 135.8 135.9 0.1

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,245.3 1,345.2 1,279.1 1,272.9 1,382.7 1,389.9 1,404.6 1,399.6 -5.0

Accommodation and food services

11,369.2 11,788.0 11,693.1 11,662.0 11,552.5 11,791.1 11,806.4 11,839.6 33.2

Accommodation

1,734.9 1,799.2 1,756.0 1,738.9 1,802.0 1,807.8 1,808.3 1,803.5 -4.8

Food services and drinking places

9,634.3 9,988.8 9,937.1 9,923.1 9,750.5 9,983.3 9,998.1 10,036.1 38.0

Other services

5,336 5,394 5,380 5,374 5,359 5,393 5,389 5,394 5

Repair and maintenance

1,156.9 1,168.9 1,161.2 1,160.6 1,165.3 1,166.4 1,164.1 1,168.5 4.4

Personal and laundry services

1,289.9 1,304.1 1,304.3 1,302.3 1,292.3 1,305.8 1,305.4 1,303.5 -1.9

Membership associations and organizations

2,889.0 2,920.5 2,914.6 2,910.7 2,901.1 2,920.8 2,919.9 2,922.2 2.3

Government

22,333 22,310 22,414 22,274 21,993 21,948 21,938 21,925 -13

Federal

2,834.0 2,805.0 2,785.0 2,793.0 2,836.0 2,803.0 2,797.0 2,794.0 -3.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,211.6 2,193.4 2,184.4 2,184.8 2,216.2 2,196.3 2,194.4 2,192.0 -2.4

U.S. Postal Service

622.1 611.7 600.1 608.5 619.5 606.5 602.3 602.1 -0.2

State government

5,156.0 5,216.0 5,236.0 5,176.0 5,048.0 5,067.0 5,068.0 5,072.0 4.0

State government education

2,491.8 2,586.1 2,608.4 2,543.5 2,377.9 2,425.7 2,428.3 2,430.8 2.5

State government, excluding education

2,663.7 2,630.2 2,627.6 2,632.0 2,670.3 2,640.8 2,640.0 2,641.0 1.0

Local government

14,343.0 14,289.0 14,393.0 14,305.0 14,109.0 14,078.0 14,073.0 14,059.0 -14.0

Local government education

8,173.3 8,071.1 8,166.8 8,129.5 7,859.5 7,824.0 7,817.1 7,805.6 -11.5

Local government, excluding education

6,170.1 6,218.2 6,225.7 6,175.1 6,249.5 6,254.3 6,256.0 6,253.8 -2.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Dec.
2011
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012(p)
Dec.
2012(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.4 34.3 34.4 34.5

Goods-producing

40.2 40.1 40.2 40.4

Mining and logging

44.7 43.5 43.5 44.0

Construction

38.4 38.8 38.9 39.3

Manufacturing

40.7 40.5 40.6 40.7

Durable goods

41.1 40.7 40.9 40.9

Nondurable goods

40.0 40.0 40.1 40.3

Private service-providing

33.3 33.2 33.3 33.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.7 34.4 34.6 34.5

Wholesale trade

38.8 38.6 38.7 38.7

Retail trade

31.8 31.4 31.6 31.5

Transportation and warehousing

38.3 38.3 38.5 38.5

Utilities

41.1 41.5 42.6 42.0

Information

36.6 36.2 36.5 36.6

Financial activities

37.3 37.2 37.3 37.3

Professional and business services

35.8 35.8 36.0 35.9

Education and health services

32.8 32.8 32.8 32.7

Leisure and hospitality

26.1 26.0 26.0 26.2

Other services

31.6 31.5 31.5 31.6

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.3 3.2 3.3 3.3

Durable goods

3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2

Nondurable goods

3.2 3.3 3.4 3.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Dec.
2011
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012(p)
Dec.
2012(p)
Dec.
2011
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012(p)
Dec.
2012(p)

Total private

$23.25 $23.59 $23.66 $23.73 $799.80 $809.14 $813.90 $818.69

Goods-producing

24.55 24.77 24.87 24.95 986.91 993.28 999.77 1,007.98

Mining and logging

28.39 28.72 28.94 29.09 1,269.03 1,249.32 1,258.89 1,279.96

Construction

25.44 25.85 25.96 25.98 976.90 1,002.98 1,009.84 1,021.01

Manufacturing

23.86 24.00 24.08 24.18 971.10 972.00 977.65 984.13

Durable goods

25.33 25.40 25.48 25.59 1,041.06 1,033.78 1,042.13 1,046.63

Nondurable goods

21.37 21.63 21.70 21.78 854.80 865.20 870.17 877.73

Private service-providing

22.94 23.31 23.37 23.44 763.90 773.89 778.22 780.55

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20.22 20.59 20.63 20.71 701.63 708.30 713.80 714.50

Wholesale trade

26.49 27.04 27.12 27.27 1,027.81 1,043.74 1,049.54 1,055.35

Retail trade

16.03 16.41 16.40 16.49 509.75 515.27 518.24 519.44

Transportation and warehousing

22.00 21.91 21.92 21.94 842.60 839.15 843.92 844.69

Utilities

33.68 34.24 35.32 34.99 1,384.25 1,420.96 1,504.63 1,469.58

Information

31.73 31.73 31.80 32.03 1,161.32 1,148.63 1,160.70 1,172.30

Financial activities

28.30 29.45 29.51 29.58 1,055.59 1,095.54 1,100.72 1,103.33

Professional and business services

27.90 28.14 28.21 28.29 998.82 1,007.41 1,015.56 1,015.61

Education and health services

23.90 24.30 24.40 24.47 783.92 797.04 800.32 800.17

Leisure and hospitality

13.33 13.38 13.40 13.41 347.91 347.88 348.40 351.34

Other services

20.67 20.86 20.87 20.96 653.17 657.09 657.41 662.34

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Dec.
2011
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012(p)
Dec.
2012(p)
Percent change from:
Nov.
2012 - Dec.
2012(p)
Dec.
2011
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012(p)
Dec.
2012(p)
Percent change from:
Nov.
2012 - Dec.
2012(p)

Total private

95.0 96.1 96.5 96.9 0.4 105.3 108.1 108.9 109.7 0.7

Goods-producing

83.2 83.7 84.0 84.6 0.7 92.4 93.8 94.4 95.4 1.1

Mining and logging

115.5 113.3 113.9 115.7 1.6 131.6 130.7 132.3 135.2 2.2

Construction

73.4 74.2 74.2 75.4 1.6 81.1 83.3 83.7 85.1 1.7

Manufacturing

86.5 87.1 87.4 87.8 0.5 95.9 97.2 97.9 98.7 0.8

Durable goods

85.2 85.6 86.3 86.4 0.1 95.8 96.6 97.6 98.2 0.6

Nondurable goods

88.8 89.5 89.5 90.2 0.8 96.3 98.3 98.5 99.7 1.2

Private service-providing

98.4 99.6 100.1 100.2 0.1 109.4 112.5 113.3 113.8 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

95.0 95.3 96.1 95.8 -0.3 103.4 105.6 106.7 106.8 0.1

Wholesale trade

94.3 95.1 95.6 95.6 0.0 104.2 107.4 108.2 108.8 0.6

Retail trade

95.2 94.7 95.7 95.3 -0.4 100.8 102.7 103.8 103.9 0.1

Transportation and warehousing

94.7 96.5 97.1 97.1 0.0 105.8 107.3 108.0 108.1 0.1

Utilities

99.4 101.5 103.9 102.8 -1.1 110.6 114.8 121.3 118.8 -2.1

Information

88.4 86.7 87.8 87.7 -0.1 99.9 97.9 99.4 100.1 0.7

Financial activities

94.6 95.2 95.5 95.6 0.1 104.5 109.4 110.0 110.4 0.4

Professional and business services

99.1 101.4 102.2 102.0 -0.2 112.0 115.6 116.8 116.9 0.1

Education and health services

107.2 109.2 109.3 109.3 0.0 120.0 124.3 124.9 125.3 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

100.3 101.8 102.0 103.0 1.0 107.8 109.9 110.3 111.5 1.1

Other services

93.8 94.1 94.1 94.4 0.3 110.1 111.4 111.4 112.3 0.8

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Dec.
2011
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012(p)
Dec.
2012(p)
Dec.
2011
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012(p)
Dec.
2012(p)

Total nonfarm

- - - - - - - -

Total private

- - - - - - - -

Goods-producing

4,044 4,093 4,098 4,096 22.2 22.3 22.4 22.3

Mining and logging

109 113 113 112 13.3 13.6 13.6 13.4

Construction

709 716 717 716 12.8 12.9 13.0 12.9

Manufacturing

3,226 3,264 3,268 3,268 27.3 27.3 27.3 27.3

Durable goods

1,714 1,729 1,731 1,733 23.3 23.1 23.1 23.1

Nondurable goods

1,512 1,535 1,537 1,535 34.0 34.2 34.4 34.2

Private service-providing

- - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities

- - - - - - - -

Wholesale trade

1,678.0 1,695.6 1,693.8 1,686.6 30.1 30.0 29.9 29.8

Retail trade

- - - - - - - -

Transportation and warehousing

1,006.0 1,024.9 1,026.2 1,032.6 23.3 23.3 23.3 23.4

Utilities

137.3 141.1 141.4 142.0 24.6 25.0 25.1 25.1

Information

1,069 1,056 1,058 1,060 40.4 40.3 40.2 40.4

Financial activities

4,480 4,506 4,511 4,515 58.2 58.0 58.1 58.1

Professional and business services

7,805 7,963 7,973 7,977 44.4 44.2 44.2 44.2

Education and health services

15,417 15,692 15,717 15,768 76.8 76.8 76.8 76.8

Leisure and hospitality

7,025 7,155 7,179 7,195 52.2 52.1 52.2 52.2

Other services

2,824 2,849 2,844 2,845 52.7 52.8 52.8 52.7

Government

12,574 12,513 12,509 12,498 57.2 57.0 57.0 57.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Some data in this table have been temporarily suspended. For more information see http://www.bls.gov/bls/ceswomen_retail_correction.htm.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Dec.
2011
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012(p)
Dec.
2012(p)

Total private

90,956 92,367 92,489 92,634

Goods-producing

13,111 13,186 13,176 13,227

Mining and logging

621 624 625 627

Construction

4,193 4,151 4,148 4,175

Manufacturing

8,297 8,411 8,403 8,425

Durable goods

5,059 5,149 5,159 5,167

Nondurable goods

3,238 3,262 3,244 3,258

Private service-providing

77,845 79,181 79,313 79,407

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,361 21,617 21,670 21,651

Wholesale trade

4,473.6 4,554.2 4,558.6 4,559.8

Retail trade

12,717.6 12,793.8 12,838.1 12,816.4

Transportation and warehousing

3,724.7 3,817.6 3,821.8 3,822.6

Utilities

445.4 451.7 451.4 452.0

Information

2,128 2,122 2,134 2,125

Financial activities

5,900 5,979 5,978 5,990

Professional and business services

14,480 14,927 14,948 14,977

Education and health services

17,607 17,910 17,934 17,981

Leisure and hospitality

11,878 12,121 12,145 12,177

Other services

4,491 4,505 4,504 4,506

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Dec.
2011
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012(p)
Dec.
2012(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.7 33.6 33.7 33.8

Goods-producing

41.1 41.0 41.1 41.2

Mining and logging

47.6 45.8 46.1 46.4

Construction

39.2 39.4 39.4 39.6

Manufacturing

41.6 41.5 41.6 41.6

Durable goods

42.1 41.8 41.9 41.8

Nondurable goods

40.9 41.0 41.1 41.1

Private service-providing

32.5 32.4 32.5 32.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.8 33.6 33.9 33.9

Wholesale trade

38.7 38.6 38.7 38.7

Retail trade

30.7 30.3 30.6 30.6

Transportation and warehousing

37.7 38.0 38.2 38.3

Utilities

40.5 40.8 42.0 41.6

Information

36.0 35.6 35.9 35.8

Financial activities

36.6 36.8 36.8 36.7

Professional and business services

35.2 35.1 35.2 35.4

Education and health services

32.3 32.3 32.3 32.3

Leisure and hospitality

24.9 24.9 24.9 25.1

Other services

30.8 30.5 30.5 30.5

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.1 4.1 4.1 4.2

Durable goods

4.3 4.1 4.1 4.1

Nondurable goods

3.9 4.2 4.2 4.3

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Dec.
2011
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012(p)
Dec.
2012(p)
Dec.
2011
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012(p)
Dec.
2012(p)

Total private

$19.59 $19.82 $19.86 $19.92 $660.18 $665.95 $669.28 $673.30

Goods-producing

20.78 21.02 21.07 21.12 854.06 861.82 865.98 870.14

Mining and logging

24.89 25.96 26.13 26.10 1,184.76 1,188.97 1,204.59 1,211.04

Construction

23.75 24.06 24.12 24.17 931.00 947.96 950.33 957.13

Manufacturing

19.02 19.18 19.23 19.26 791.23 795.97 799.97 801.22

Durable goods

20.15 20.25 20.29 20.34 848.32 846.45 850.15 850.21

Nondurable goods

17.19 17.47 17.50 17.51 703.07 716.27 719.25 719.66

Private service-providing

19.34 19.56 19.60 19.66 628.55 633.74 637.00 638.95

Trade, transportation, and utilities

17.25 17.46 17.48 17.51 583.05 586.66 592.57 593.59

Wholesale trade

21.97 22.24 22.30 22.39 850.24 858.46 863.01 866.49

Retail trade

13.68 13.85 13.84 13.86 419.98 419.66 423.50 424.12

Transportation and warehousing

19.60 19.48 19.48 19.53 738.92 740.24 744.14 748.00

Utilities

30.99 31.87 32.60 32.07 1,255.10 1,300.30 1,369.20 1,334.11

Information

26.80 27.05 26.98 27.20 964.80 962.98 968.58 973.76

Financial activities

22.26 23.04 23.19 23.43 814.72 847.87 853.39 859.88

Professional and business services

23.12 23.32 23.38 23.44 813.82 818.53 822.98 829.78

Education and health services

21.01 21.12 21.16 21.21 678.62 682.18 683.47 685.08

Leisure and hospitality

11.53 11.65 11.65 11.69 287.10 290.09 290.09 293.42

Other services

17.42 17.54 17.56 17.59 536.54 534.97 535.58 536.50

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Dec.
2011
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012(p)
Dec.
2012(p)
Percent change from:
Nov.
2012 - Dec.
2012(p)
Dec.
2011
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012(p)
Dec.
2012(p)
Percent change from:
Nov.
2012 - Dec.
2012(p)

Total private

102.4 103.7 104.1 104.6 0.5 134.1 137.3 138.2 139.2 0.7

Goods-producing

82.3 82.6 82.8 83.3 0.6 104.8 106.4 106.8 107.7 0.8

Mining and logging

157.1 151.9 153.1 154.6 1.0 227.4 229.3 232.7 234.7 0.9

Construction

82.3 81.9 81.8 82.8 1.2 105.5 106.4 106.6 108.0 1.3

Manufacturing

79.2 80.1 80.2 80.5 0.4 98.6 100.5 100.9 101.3 0.4

Durable goods

80.0 80.9 81.2 81.2 0.0 100.7 102.3 102.9 103.1 0.2

Nondurable goods

78.0 78.8 78.6 78.9 0.4 94.8 97.3 97.1 97.6 0.5

Private service-providing

108.2 109.7 110.2 110.3 0.1 143.4 147.1 148.1 148.7 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

100.7 101.3 102.4 102.3 -0.1 123.9 126.1 127.7 127.8 0.1

Wholesale trade

102.0 103.5 103.9 103.9 0.0 132.0 135.6 136.5 137.1 0.4

Retail trade

98.8 98.1 99.4 99.3 -0.1 115.9 116.5 118.0 117.9 -0.1

Transportation and warehousing

105.7 109.2 109.9 110.2 0.3 131.4 134.9 135.8 136.5 0.5

Utilities

92.3 94.2 97.0 96.2 -0.8 119.3 125.4 131.9 128.7 -2.4

Information

87.4 86.2 87.4 86.8 -0.7 116.0 115.5 116.8 116.9 0.1

Financial activities

103.3 105.3 105.3 105.2 -0.1 142.2 150.0 150.9 152.4 1.0

Professional and business services

114.2 117.4 117.9 118.8 0.8 157.2 163.0 164.1 165.7 1.0

Education and health services

122.7 124.8 125.0 125.3 0.2 169.4 173.3 173.8 174.7 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

108.3 110.6 110.8 112.0 1.1 141.9 146.3 146.6 148.6 1.4

Other services

97.0 96.4 96.3 96.4 0.1 123.1 123.2 123.3 123.5 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: January 04, 2013
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