Economic News Release

Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed                                             USDL-13-0144
until 8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, February 1, 2013

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                         THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JANUARY 2013


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 157,000 in January, and the unemployment
rate was essentially unchanged at 7.9 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 
reported today. Retail trade, construction, health care, and wholesale trade added jobs
over the month.

Household Survey Data

The number of unemployed persons, at 12.3 million, was little changed in January. The
unemployment rate was 7.9 percent and has been at or near that level since September 2012.
(See table A-1.) (See the note and tables B and C for information about annual population
adjustments to the household survey estimates.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (7.3 percent), adult
women (7.3 percent), teenagers (23.4 percent), whites (7.0 percent), blacks (13.8 percent),
and Hispanics (9.7 percent) showed little or no change in January. The jobless rate for
Asians was 6.5 percent (not seasonally adjusted), little changed from a year earlier.
(See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

In January, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was
about unchanged at 4.7 million and accounted for 38.1 percent of the unemployed. (See
table A-12.)

Both the employment-population ratio (58.6 percent) and the civilian labor force
participation rate (63.6 percent) were unchanged in January. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons, at 8.0 million, changed
little in January. These individuals were working part time because their hours had been
cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In January, 2.4 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down by
366,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals
were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a
job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had
not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 804,000 discouraged workers in January, a decline
of 255,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers
are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for
them. The remaining 1.6 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in January
had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey for reasons such as school
attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)


    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   |                                                                             |
   |                  Changes to The Employment Situation Data                   |
   |                                                                             |
   |Establishment survey data have been revised as a result of the annual        |
   |benchmarking process and the updating of seasonal adjustment factors. Also,  |
   |household survey data for January 2013 reflect updated population estimates. |
   |See the notes at the end of this release for more information about these    |
   |changes.                                                                     |
   |                                                                             |
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------


Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 157,000 in January. In 2012, employment growth
averaged 181,000 per month. In January, job gains occurred in retail trade, construction,
health care, and wholesale trade, while employment edged down in transportation and
warehousing. (See table B-1.)

Employment in retail trade rose by 33,000 in January, compared with an average monthly
gain of 20,000 in 2012. Within the industry, job growth continued in January in motor
vehicle and parts dealers (+7,000), electronics and appliance stores (+5,000), and
clothing stores (+10,000).

In January, employment in construction increased by 28,000. Nearly all of the job growth
occurred in specialty trade contractors (+26,000), with the gain about equally split
between residential and nonresidential specialty trade contractors. Since reaching a low
in January 2011, construction employment has grown by 296,000, with one-third of the gain
occurring in the last 4 months. However, the January 2013 level of construction employment
remained about 2 million below its previous peak level in April 2006.

Health care continued to add jobs in January (+23,000). Within health care, job growth
occurred in ambulatory health care services (+28,000), which includes doctors' offices
and outpatient care centers. This gain was partially offset by a loss of 8,000 jobs in
nursing and residential care facilities. Over the year, health care employment has
increased by 320,000.

Employment increased in wholesale trade (+15,000) in January, with most of the increase
occurring in its nondurable goods component (+11,000). Since the recent low point in 
May 2010, wholesale trade has added 291,000 jobs.

Mining employment increased (+6,000) over the month; employment in this industry has risen
by 23,000 over the past 3 months.

Employment edged down in transportation and warehousing in January (-14,000). Couriers and
messengers lost 19,000 jobs over the month, following strong seasonal hiring in
November and December. Air transportation employment decreased by 5,000 in January.

Manufacturing employment was essentially unchanged in January and has changed little, on 
net, since July 2012.

Employment in other major industries, including financial activities, professional and
businesses services, leisure and hospitality, and government, showed little change over
the month.

In January, the average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged
at 34.4 hours. The manufacturing workweek edged down by 0.1 hour to 40.6 hours, and factory
overtime was unchanged at 3.3 hours. The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory
employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged down by 0.1 hour to 33.6 hours. (See tables B-2
and B-7.)

Average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 4 cents to
$23.78. Over the year, average hourly earnings have risen by 2.1 percent. In January,
average hourly earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees increased
by 5 cents to $19.97. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for November was revised from +161,000 to
+247,000, and the change for December was revised from +155,000 to +196,000. Monthly
revisions result from additional reports received from businesses since the last published
estimates and the monthly recalculation of seasonal factors. The annual benchmark process
also contributed to these revisions.

_____________
The Employment Situation for February is scheduled to be released on Friday, March 8, 2013,
at 8:30 a.m. (EST).



                      Revisions to Establishment Survey Data


In accordance with annual practice, the establishment survey data released today have been
benchmarked to reflect comprehensive counts of payroll jobs. These counts are derived
principally from unemployment insurance tax records for March 2012. The benchmark process
results in revisions to not seasonally adjusted data from April 2011 forward.  Seasonally
adjusted data from January 2008 forward are subject to revision. In addition, data for some
series prior to 2008, both seasonally adjusted and unadjusted, incorporate minor revisions.

The total nonfarm employment level for March 2012 was revised upward by 422,000 (424,000
on a not seasonally adjusted basis). Table A presents revised total nonfarm employment data
on a seasonally adjusted basis for January through December 2012.

All revised historical Current Employment Statistics (CES) data, as well as an article that
discusses the benchmark and post-benchmark revisions and other technical issues can be
accessed through the CES homepage at www.bls.gov/ces/. Information on the data released
today also may be obtained by calling (202) 691-6555.



Table A. Revisions in total nonfarm employment, January-December 2012, seasonally adjusted
(Numbers in thousands)

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    |                                    |                                
                    |                Level               |      Over-the-month change     
                    |---------------------------------------------------------------------
    Year and month  |    As     |           |            |    As    |         |           
                    |previously |    As     | Difference |previously|   As    | Difference
                    |published  |  revised  |            |published | revised |           
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    |           |           |            |          |         |           
          2012      |           |           |            |          |         |           
                    |           |           |            |          |         |           
 January............|  132,461  |  132,809  |     348    |    275   |    311  |      36   
 February...........|  132,720  |  133,080  |     360    |    259   |    271  |      12   
 March..............|  132,863  |  133,285  |     422    |    143   |    205  |      62   
 April..............|  132,931  |  133,397  |     466    |     68   |    112  |      44   
 May................|  133,018  |  133,522  |     504    |     87   |    125  |      38   
 June...............|  133,063  |  133,609  |     546    |     45   |     87  |      42   
 July...............|  133,244  |  133,762  |     518    |    181   |    153  |     -28   
 August.............|  133,436  |  133,927  |     491    |    192   |    165  |     -27   
 September..........|  133,568  |  134,065  |     497    |    132   |    138  |       6   
 October............|  133,705  |  134,225  |     520    |    137   |    160  |      23   
 November...........|  133,866  |  134,472  |     606    |    161   |    247  |      86   
 December (p).......|  134,021  |  134,668  |     647    |    155   |    196  |      41   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   p = preliminary.



                  Adjustments to Population Estimates for the Household Survey

Effective with data for January 2013, updated population estimates have been used in the household
survey. Population estimates for the household survey are developed by the U.S. Census Bureau. Each
year, the Census Bureau updates the estimates to reflect new information and assumptions about the
growth of the population since the previous decennial census. The change in population reflected
in the new estimates results from adjustments for net international migration, updated vital
statistics and other information, and some methodological changes in the estimation process.

In accordance with usual practice, BLS will not revise the official household survey estimates
for December 2012 and earlier months. To show the impact of the population adjustment, however,
differences in selected December 2012 labor force series based on the old and new population
estimates are shown in table B.

The adjustment increased the estimated size of the civilian noninstitutional population in December
by 138,000, the civilian labor force by 136,000, employment by 127,000, unemployment by 9,000, and
persons not in the labor force by 2,000. The total unemployment rate, employment-population ratio,
and labor force participation rate were unaffected.

Data users are cautioned that these annual population adjustments affect the comparability of
household data series over time. Table C shows the effect of the introduction of new population
estimates on the comparison of selected labor force measures between December 2012 and January
2013. Additional information on the population adjustments and their effect on national labor
force estimates are available at www.bls.gov/cps/cps13adj.pdf.



Table B. Effect of the updated population controls on December 2012 estimates by sex, race, and
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, not seasonally adjusted
(Numbers in thousands)

__________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                        |      |     |      |       |        |       |            
                                        |      |     |      |       |  Black |       |            
                                        |      |     |      |       |    or  |       |  Hispanic  
                  Category              |Total | Men | Women| White | African| Asian | or Latino  
                                        |      |     |      |       |American|       | ethnicity  
                                        |      |     |      |       |        |       |            
________________________________________|______|_____|______|_______|________|_______|____________
                                        |      |     |      |       |        |       |            
  Civilian noninstitutional population..|  138 |  41 |   98 |  -164 |     63 |   246 |    -218    
    Civilian labor force................|  136 |  49 |   87 |   -74 |     52 |   161 |    -156    
      Participation rate................|   .0 |  .0 |   .0 |    .0 |     .0 |    .0 |      .0    
     Employed...........................|  127 |  47 |   80 |   -64 |     44 |   150 |    -139    
      Employment-population ratio.......|   .0 |  .0 |   .0 |    .0 |     .0 |    .0 |      .0    
     Unemployed.........................|    9 |   3 |    6 |   -11 |      8 |    12 |     -17    
      Unemployment rate.................|   .0 |  .0 |   .0 |    .0 |     .0 |    .0 |      .0    
    Not in labor force..................|    2 |  -9 |   11 |   -90 |     11 |    85 |     -62    
________________________________________|______|_____|______|_______|________|_______|____________
                                                                                                  
   NOTE:  Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Estimates for the above race groups
(white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented
for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.



Table C. December 2012-January 2013 changes in selected labor force measures,
with adjustments for population control effects
(Numbers in thousands)

______________________________________________________________________________
                                       |           |            |             
                                       |           |            |  Dec.-Jan.  
                                       | Dec.-Jan. |    2013    |   change,   
                                       |  change,  | population |  after re-  
                Category               |    as     |   control  |  moving the 
                                       | published |   effect   |  population 
                                       |           |            |   control   
                                       |           |            |  effect (1) 
_______________________________________|___________|____________|_____________
                                       |           |            |             
  Civilian noninstitutional population.|    313    |     138    |     175     
    Civilian labor force...............|    143    |     136    |       7     
      Participation rate...............|     .0    |      .0    |      .0     
     Employed..........................|     17    |     127    |    -110     
      Employment-population ratio......|     .0    |      .0    |      .0     
     Unemployed........................|    126    |       9    |     117     
      Unemployment rate................|     .1    |      .0    |      .1     
    Not in labor force.................|    169    |       2    |     167     
_______________________________________|___________|____________|_____________
                                                                              
   (1) This Dec.-Jan. change is calculated by subtracting the population 
control effect from the over-the-month change in the published seasonally
adjusted estimates.
   NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.



    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   |                                                                                  |
   |      Adjustments to Veteran Population Estimates for the Household Survey        |
   |                                                                                  |
   |Effective with data for January 2013, estimates for veterans in table 5 of this   |
   |release incorporate population controls derived from an updated Department of     |
   |Veterans Affairs' population model. Other tables in this release are not affected.|
   |In accordance with usual practice, BLS will not revise estimates in table 5 for   |
   |December 2012 and earlier months.                                                 |
   |                                                                                  |
    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Jan.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Change from:
Dec.
2012-
Jan.
2013

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

242,269 244,174 244,350 244,663 -

Civilian labor force

154,356 155,319 155,511 155,654 -

Participation rate

63.7 63.6 63.6 63.6 -

Employed

141,608 143,277 143,305 143,322 -

Employment-population ratio

58.5 58.7 58.6 58.6 -

Unemployed

12,748 12,042 12,206 12,332 -

Unemployment rate

8.3 7.8 7.8 7.9 -

Not in labor force

87,913 88,855 88,839 89,008 -

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

8.3 7.8 7.8 7.9 -

Adult men (20 years and over)

7.7 7.2 7.2 7.3 -

Adult women (20 years and over)

7.7 7.0 7.3 7.3 -

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

23.4 23.6 23.5 23.4 -

White

7.4 6.8 6.9 7.0 -

Black or African American

13.6 13.2 14.0 13.8 -

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

6.7 6.4 6.6 6.5 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

10.5 9.9 9.6 9.7 -

Total, 25 years and over

7.0 6.5 6.5 6.5 -

Less than a high school diploma

13.1 12.1 11.7 12.0 -

High school graduates, no college

8.5 8.1 8.0 8.1 -

Some college or associate degree

7.3 6.6 6.9 7.0 -

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.2 3.9 3.9 3.7 -

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

7,292 6,429 6,408 6,637 -

Job leavers

932 926 983 981 -

Reentrants

3,301 3,325 3,587 3,515 -

New entrants

1,258 1,326 1,291 1,287 -

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,495 2,596 2,676 2,766 -

5 to 14 weeks

2,874 2,757 2,838 3,028 -

15 to 26 weeks

1,944 1,820 1,895 1,858 -

27 weeks and over

5,522 4,784 4,766 4,708 -

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

8,220 8,138 7,918 7,973 -

Slack work or business conditions

5,413 5,084 4,928 5,126 -

Could only find part-time work

2,558 2,648 2,616 2,630 -

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,700 18,594 18,763 18,464 -

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,809 2,505 2,614 2,443 -

Discouraged workers

1,059 979 1,068 804 -

- December - January changes in household data are not shown due to the introduction of updated population controls.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Jan.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012(p)
Jan.
2013(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

311 247 196 157

Total private

323 256 202 166

Goods-producing

72 43 44 36

Mining and logging

11 12 6 4

Construction

17 24 30 28

Manufacturing

44 7 8 4

Durable goods(1)

38 17 8 3

Motor vehicles and parts

7.5 9.7 1.9 2.5

Nondurable goods

6 -10 0 1

Private service-providing(1)

251 213 158 130

Wholesale trade

18.4 9.8 6.3 14.8

Retail trade

54.5 69.6 11.2 32.6

Transportation and warehousing

13.6 20.2 42.5 -14.2

Information

-12 14 -3 9

Financial activities

2 5 9 6

Professional and business services(1)

89 55 2 25

Temporary help services

30.0 26.5 9.1 -8.1

Education and health services(1)

26 14 50 25

Health care and social assistance

32.5 30.2 48.1 27.6

Leisure and hospitality

44 21 33 23

Other services

15 7 6 8

Government

-12 -9 -6 -9

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.4 49.4 49.3 49.4

Total private women employees

47.8 47.9 47.9 47.9

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.6 82.6 82.6 82.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.5 34.4 34.4 34.4

Average hourly earnings

$23.28 $23.67 $23.74 $23.78

Average weekly earnings

$803.16 $814.25 $816.66 $818.03

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

95.8 97.0 97.2 97.3

Over-the-month percent change

0.3 0.5 0.2 0.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

106.4 109.5 110.0 110.4

Over-the-month percent change

0.4 0.9 0.5 0.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.8 33.7 33.7 33.6

Average hourly earnings

$19.61 $19.88 $19.92 $19.97

Average weekly earnings

$662.82 $669.96 $671.30 $670.99

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

103.3 104.7 104.8 104.6

Over-the-month percent change

0.7 0.5 0.1 -0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

135.3 138.9 139.5 139.5

Over-the-month percent change

0.8 0.7 0.4 0.0

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private (266 industries)

72.2 63.9 64.5 59.6

Manufacturing (81 industries)

71.6 52.5 54.9 48.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2012 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of   employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a   smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change   than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.

   In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment,
   employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. Slightly more
   than 20 percent of all employees in the payroll survey sample have a weekly pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the effect
   of extreme weather on estimates of over-the-month change in employment.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours. Current and historical
   data are available on the  household survey's most requested statistics page at
   http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 145,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 557,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 90,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-60,000 to +140,000 (50,000 +/- 90,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

242,269 244,350 244,663 242,269 243,772 243,983 244,174 244,350 244,663

Civilian labor force

153,485 154,904 154,794 154,356 155,056 155,576 155,319 155,511 155,654

Participation rate

63.4 63.4 63.3 63.7 63.6 63.8 63.6 63.6 63.6

Employed

139,944 143,060 141,614 141,608 142,974 143,328 143,277 143,305 143,322

Employment-population ratio

57.8 58.5 57.9 58.5 58.7 58.7 58.7 58.6 58.6

Unemployed

13,541 11,844 13,181 12,748 12,082 12,248 12,042 12,206 12,332

Unemployment rate

8.8 7.6 8.5 8.3 7.8 7.9 7.8 7.8 7.9

Not in labor force

88,784 89,445 89,868 87,913 88,716 88,407 88,855 88,839 89,008

Persons who currently want a job

6,495 6,532 6,781 6,313 6,718 6,584 6,827 6,750 6,631

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

116,808 117,902 118,033 116,808 117,600 117,710 117,810 117,902 118,033

Civilian labor force

81,298 82,190 82,249 82,052 82,396 82,661 82,514 82,545 82,940

Participation rate

69.6 69.7 69.7 70.2 70.1 70.2 70.0 70.0 70.3

Employed

73,772 75,686 74,823 75,257 75,769 76,027 75,983 76,060 76,290

Employment-population ratio

63.2 64.2 63.4 64.4 64.4 64.6 64.5 64.5 64.6

Unemployed

7,526 6,503 7,426 6,794 6,627 6,634 6,530 6,486 6,650

Unemployment rate

9.3 7.9 9.0 8.3 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.9 8.0

Not in labor force

35,510 35,712 35,783 34,756 35,205 35,049 35,297 35,357 35,093

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

108,087 109,308 109,448 108,087 108,973 109,096 109,206 109,308 109,448

Civilian labor force

78,710 79,552 79,583 79,203 79,436 79,679 79,568 79,695 80,016

Participation rate

72.8 72.8 72.7 73.3 72.9 73.0 72.9 72.9 73.1

Employed

71,892 73,716 72,905 73,138 73,612 73,845 73,821 73,949 74,139

Employment-population ratio

66.5 67.4 66.6 67.7 67.6 67.7 67.6 67.7 67.7

Unemployed

6,818 5,836 6,678 6,065 5,825 5,834 5,747 5,746 5,877

Unemployment rate

8.7 7.3 8.4 7.7 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.3

Not in labor force

29,377 29,756 29,865 28,885 29,536 29,416 29,638 29,613 29,432

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

125,461 126,447 126,630 125,461 126,172 126,273 126,364 126,447 126,630

Civilian labor force

72,187 72,715 72,545 72,304 72,661 72,915 72,806 72,965 72,715

Participation rate

57.5 57.5 57.3 57.6 57.6 57.7 57.6 57.7 57.4

Employed

66,172 67,373 66,790 66,351 67,206 67,301 67,294 67,245 67,032

Employment-population ratio

52.7 53.3 52.7 52.9 53.3 53.3 53.3 53.2 52.9

Unemployed

6,015 5,341 5,755 5,953 5,455 5,614 5,512 5,721 5,682

Unemployment rate

8.3 7.3 7.9 8.2 7.5 7.7 7.6 7.8 7.8

Not in labor force

53,274 53,733 54,085 53,157 53,511 53,358 53,558 53,482 53,916

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

117,082 118,170 118,348 117,082 117,869 117,980 118,079 118,170 118,348

Civilian labor force

69,513 69,980 69,778 69,420 69,813 70,041 69,907 70,059 69,749

Participation rate

59.4 59.2 59.0 59.3 59.2 59.4 59.2 59.3 58.9

Employed

64,062 65,152 64,589 64,080 64,934 65,014 64,988 64,954 64,675

Employment-population ratio

54.7 55.1 54.6 54.7 55.1 55.1 55.0 55.0 54.6

Unemployed

5,451 4,828 5,189 5,341 4,879 5,027 4,918 5,105 5,074

Unemployment rate

7.8 6.9 7.4 7.7 7.0 7.2 7.0 7.3 7.3

Not in labor force

47,569 48,190 48,570 47,662 48,056 47,939 48,172 48,111 48,599

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

17,100 16,871 16,867 17,100 16,931 16,907 16,890 16,871 16,867

Civilian labor force

5,262 5,372 5,434 5,733 5,807 5,856 5,845 5,756 5,889

Participation rate

30.8 31.8 32.2 33.5 34.3 34.6 34.6 34.1 34.9

Employed

3,990 4,192 4,120 4,391 4,429 4,469 4,468 4,402 4,508

Employment-population ratio

23.3 24.8 24.4 25.7 26.2 26.4 26.5 26.1 26.7

Unemployed

1,272 1,180 1,314 1,342 1,378 1,387 1,376 1,355 1,381

Unemployment rate

24.2 22.0 24.2 23.4 23.7 23.7 23.6 23.5 23.4

Not in labor force

11,837 11,499 11,434 11,367 11,124 11,051 11,045 11,115 10,978

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

192,600 193,849 193,776 192,600 193,503 193,633 193,748 193,849 193,776

Civilian labor force

122,750 123,404 123,090 123,615 123,637 123,794 123,540 123,774 123,971

Participation rate

63.7 63.7 63.5 64.2 63.9 63.9 63.8 63.9 64.0

Employed

112,876 115,213 113,675 114,442 115,002 115,205 115,124 115,289 115,266

Employment-population ratio

58.6 59.4 58.7 59.4 59.4 59.5 59.4 59.5 59.5

Unemployed

9,874 8,191 9,415 9,174 8,635 8,588 8,416 8,485 8,705

Unemployment rate

8.0 6.6 7.6 7.4 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.9 7.0

Not in labor force

69,850 70,445 70,686 68,984 69,866 69,839 70,207 70,076 69,805

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,081 64,562 64,506 64,501 64,540 64,718 64,509 64,646 64,924

Participation rate

73.3 73.2 73.2 73.8 73.4 73.5 73.2 73.3 73.7

Employed

58,966 60,415 59,587 60,022 60,292 60,493 60,397 60,609 60,652

Employment-population ratio

67.5 68.5 67.6 68.7 68.5 68.7 68.5 68.7 68.8

Unemployed

5,115 4,148 4,919 4,479 4,248 4,225 4,112 4,037 4,272

Unemployment rate

8.0 6.4 7.6 6.9 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.6

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,422 54,494 54,250 54,459 54,500 54,423 54,366 54,452 54,318

Participation rate

58.9 58.5 58.3 58.9 58.7 58.5 58.4 58.5 58.4

Employed

50,602 51,303 50,688 50,755 51,085 51,020 51,008 51,015 50,869

Employment-population ratio

54.7 55.1 54.5 54.9 55.0 54.9 54.8 54.8 54.7

Unemployed

3,820 3,191 3,562 3,704 3,415 3,403 3,358 3,437 3,450

Unemployment rate

7.0 5.9 6.6 6.8 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,247 4,348 4,334 4,656 4,598 4,653 4,665 4,676 4,729

Participation rate

33.3 34.6 34.5 36.6 36.4 36.9 37.0 37.2 37.7

Employed

3,308 3,495 3,400 3,664 3,625 3,692 3,718 3,665 3,746

Employment-population ratio

26.0 27.8 27.1 28.8 28.7 29.3 29.5 29.1 29.8

Unemployed

938 853 934 991 972 961 946 1,011 983

Unemployment rate

22.1 19.6 21.5 21.3 21.1 20.7 20.3 21.6 20.8

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,727 30,093 30,190 29,727 29,991 30,027 30,061 30,093 30,190

Civilian labor force

18,074 18,350 18,554 18,206 18,346 18,716 18,374 18,403 18,641

Participation rate

60.8 61.0 61.5 61.2 61.2 62.3 61.1 61.2 61.7

Employed

15,512 15,832 15,897 15,733 15,891 16,011 15,952 15,827 16,073

Employment-population ratio

52.2 52.6 52.7 52.9 53.0 53.3 53.1 52.6 53.2

Unemployed

2,561 2,518 2,656 2,472 2,456 2,705 2,422 2,577 2,568

Unemployment rate

14.2 13.7 14.3 13.6 13.4 14.5 13.2 14.0 13.8

Not in labor force

11,653 11,743 11,636 11,522 11,645 11,311 11,687 11,690 11,549

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,238 8,313 8,391 8,254 8,214 8,296 8,225 8,298 8,382

Participation rate

68.2 67.5 67.9 68.4 67.1 67.6 66.9 67.4 67.8

Employed

7,083 7,162 7,181 7,197 7,052 7,127 7,165 7,134 7,262

Employment-population ratio

58.7 58.2 58.1 59.6 57.6 58.1 58.3 58.0 58.8

Unemployed

1,155 1,150 1,210 1,058 1,162 1,169 1,060 1,164 1,120

Unemployment rate

14.0 13.8 14.4 12.8 14.1 14.1 12.9 14.0 13.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,230 9,438 9,512 9,278 9,377 9,668 9,444 9,454 9,545

Participation rate

61.7 62.1 62.4 62.0 62.0 63.8 62.3 62.2 62.7

Employed

8,068 8,298 8,323 8,119 8,363 8,440 8,360 8,305 8,367

Employment-population ratio

53.9 54.6 54.6 54.2 55.3 55.7 55.1 54.7 54.9

Unemployed

1,162 1,140 1,189 1,160 1,014 1,228 1,085 1,149 1,178

Unemployment rate

12.6 12.1 12.5 12.5 10.8 12.7 11.5 12.2 12.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

605 600 651 673 756 752 704 651 714

Participation rate

22.5 23.1 25.0 25.1 28.8 28.7 27.0 25.1 27.5

Employed

361 371 393 418 475 444 427 387 444

Employment-population ratio

13.4 14.3 15.1 15.6 18.1 17.0 16.4 14.9 17.1

Unemployed

244 228 258 255 280 307 277 264 270

Unemployment rate

40.3 38.0 39.6 37.9 37.1 40.9 39.3 40.5 37.8

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

12,735 12,935 13,068 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

8,158 8,501 8,465 - - - - - -

Participation rate

64.1 65.7 64.8 - - - - - -

Employed

7,608 7,940 7,917 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

59.7 61.4 60.6 - - - - - -

Unemployed

549 561 548 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

6.7 6.6 6.5 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

4,577 4,434 4,603 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

36,301 37,231 37,094 36,301 36,969 37,058 37,147 37,231 37,094

Civilian labor force

23,949 24,487 24,454 24,040 24,465 24,572 24,544 24,539 24,572

Participation rate

66.0 65.8 65.9 66.2 66.2 66.3 66.1 65.9 66.2

Employed

21,187 22,137 21,875 21,505 22,042 22,112 22,109 22,195 22,199

Employment-population ratio

58.4 59.5 59.0 59.2 59.6 59.7 59.5 59.6 59.8

Unemployed

2,762 2,350 2,578 2,535 2,422 2,460 2,435 2,344 2,373

Unemployment rate

11.5 9.6 10.5 10.5 9.9 10.0 9.9 9.6 9.7

Not in labor force

12,352 12,744 12,640 12,261 12,505 12,486 12,602 12,692 12,522

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,252 13,500 13,465 - - - - - -

Participation rate

81.2 80.3 80.6 - - - - - -

Employed

11,832 12,366 12,155 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

72.5 73.6 72.7 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,421 1,134 1,309 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

10.7 8.4 9.7 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,703 9,941 9,903 - - - - - -

Participation rate

59.4 59.3 59.2 - - - - - -

Employed

8,609 9,004 8,922 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

52.7 53.7 53.3 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,094 938 981 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

11.3 9.4 9.9 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

994 1,046 1,086 - - - - - -

Participation rate

27.2 28.6 29.8 - - - - - -

Employed

746 767 798 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

20.4 21.0 21.9 - - - - - -

Unemployed

248 278 288 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

24.9 26.6 26.5 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,374 11,156 11,035 11,403 11,183 11,251 11,097 11,120 11,125

Participation rate

45.3 45.2 45.1 45.4 45.0 45.8 45.3 45.1 45.5

Employed

9,669 9,785 9,502 9,912 9,930 9,880 9,753 9,821 9,784

Employment-population ratio

38.5 39.7 38.8 39.4 40.0 40.2 39.8 39.8 40.0

Unemployed

1,705 1,371 1,533 1,491 1,253 1,371 1,344 1,298 1,341

Unemployment rate

15.0 12.3 13.9 13.1 11.2 12.2 12.1 11.7 12.0

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

37,002 36,892 36,709 36,839 36,642 36,735 36,652 36,663 36,557

Participation rate

59.8 59.4 59.0 59.6 59.6 60.0 59.4 59.1 58.7

Employed

33,494 33,921 33,371 33,723 33,504 33,681 33,677 33,713 33,585

Employment-population ratio

54.2 54.6 53.6 54.5 54.5 55.0 54.6 54.3 54.0

Unemployed

3,508 2,971 3,338 3,116 3,138 3,054 2,975 2,950 2,972

Unemployment rate

9.5 8.1 9.1 8.5 8.6 8.3 8.1 8.0 8.1

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,240 37,341 37,225 37,203 37,512 37,662 37,274 37,397 37,201

Participation rate

69.3 68.6 68.4 69.2 68.6 68.8 68.4 68.7 68.3

Employed

34,435 34,857 34,496 34,501 35,076 35,043 34,832 34,831 34,587

Employment-population ratio

64.0 64.1 63.4 64.2 64.1 64.0 63.9 64.0 63.5

Unemployed

2,804 2,484 2,729 2,702 2,436 2,619 2,442 2,566 2,614

Unemployment rate

7.5 6.7 7.3 7.3 6.5 7.0 6.6 6.9 7.0

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

47,510 48,758 48,968 47,516 48,508 48,670 48,858 48,859 48,991

Participation rate

75.7 75.7 75.7 75.7 75.9 75.3 75.5 75.9 75.8

Employed

45,402 46,892 47,061 45,529 46,549 46,851 46,968 46,954 47,172

Employment-population ratio

72.3 72.8 72.8 72.5 72.8 72.5 72.6 72.9 72.9

Unemployed

2,108 1,866 1,907 1,987 1,959 1,818 1,891 1,905 1,819

Unemployment rate

4.4 3.8 3.9 4.2 4.0 3.7 3.9 3.9 3.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2013

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,347 21,534 19,538 19,320 1,809 2,214

Civilian labor force

10,914 11,032 9,784 9,638 1,131 1,394

Participation rate

51.1 51.2 50.1 49.9 62.5 63.0

Employed

10,100 10,188 9,076 8,918 1,024 1,271

Employment-population ratio

47.3 47.3 46.5 46.2 56.6 57.4

Unemployed

815 844 708 721 107 123

Unemployment rate

7.5 7.6 7.2 7.5 9.4 8.8

Not in labor force

10,433 10,502 9,754 9,682 678 820

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,436 2,659 2,033 2,113 403 546

Civilian labor force

1,955 2,153 1,665 1,768 290 385

Participation rate

80.2 81.0 81.9 83.7 72.0 70.4

Employed

1,777 1,900 1,537 1,582 240 319

Employment-population ratio

72.9 71.5 75.6 74.9 59.6 58.4

Unemployed

178 252 128 186 50 66

Unemployment rate

9.1 11.7 7.7 10.5 17.3 17.1

Not in labor force

481 506 369 345 113 161

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,048 3,195 2,540 2,609 509 586

Civilian labor force

2,550 2,664 2,158 2,222 391 443

Participation rate

83.6 83.4 85.0 85.1 76.9 75.5

Employed

2,386 2,513 2,031 2,096 355 417

Employment-population ratio

78.3 78.6 80.0 80.3 69.8 71.2

Unemployed

164 152 128 126 36 26

Unemployment rate

6.4 5.7 5.9 5.7 9.2 5.8

Not in labor force

498 531 381 388 117 143

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

10,079 10,039 9,759 9,662 319 377

Civilian labor force

3,156 3,076 3,053 2,956 103 120

Participation rate

31.3 30.6 31.3 30.6 32.3 31.9

Employed

2,928 2,834 2,828 2,722 100 111

Employment-population ratio

29.0 28.2 29.0 28.2 31.2 29.6

Unemployed

229 242 225 233 4 9

Unemployment rate

7.2 7.9 7.4 7.9 3.4 7.4

Not in labor force

6,922 6,963 6,706 6,706 216 257

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,784 5,641 5,206 4,936 578 705

Civilian labor force

3,253 3,139 2,907 2,693 346 446

Participation rate

56.2 55.7 55.9 54.6 59.8 63.3

Employed

3,009 2,942 2,680 2,518 329 424

Employment-population ratio

52.0 52.1 51.5 51.0 56.9 60.1

Unemployed

244 198 227 175 17 23

Unemployment rate

7.5 6.3 7.8 6.5 4.8 5.1

Not in labor force

2,531 2,502 2,298 2,243 233 259

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

212,092 214,154 92,726 94,148 119,365 120,006

Civilian labor force

140,958 141,994 70,742 71,776 70,217 70,218

Participation rate

66.5 66.3 76.3 76.2 58.8 58.5

Employed

128,685 130,156 64,173 65,340 64,512 64,817

Employment-population ratio

60.7 60.8 69.2 69.4 54.0 54.0

Unemployed

12,274 11,837 6,569 6,436 5,705 5,401

Unemployment rate

8.7 8.3 9.3 9.0 8.1 7.7

Not in labor force

71,133 72,160 21,985 22,372 49,149 49,788

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Beginning with data for January 2013, estimates for veterans incorporate population controls derived from the updated Department of Veterans Affairs' population model.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2013

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

27,482 28,573 214,788 216,090

Civilian labor force

5,502 5,950 147,983 148,844

Participation rate

20.0 20.8 68.9 68.9

Employed

4,792 5,134 135,152 136,480

Employment-population ratio

17.4 18.0 62.9 63.2

Unemployed

710 816 12,831 12,364

Unemployment rate

12.9 13.7 8.7 8.3

Not in labor force

21,979 22,623 66,805 67,245

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,479 2,760 74,694 75,040

Participation rate

33.7 34.9 81.7 82.2

Employed

2,103 2,322 67,803 68,374

Employment-population ratio

28.6 29.4 74.2 74.9

Unemployed

376 438 6,891 6,665

Unemployment rate

15.2 15.9 9.2 8.9

Not in labor force

4,875 5,148 16,729 16,226

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,189 2,147 66,727 66,883

Participation rate

28.6 28.4 70.4 70.3

Employed

1,903 1,851 61,198 61,643

Employment-population ratio

24.9 24.5 64.6 64.8

Unemployed

285 296 5,529 5,240

Unemployment rate

13.0 13.8 8.3 7.8

Not in labor force

5,468 5,421 28,023 28,314

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

834 1,044 6,562 6,921

Participation rate

6.7 8.0 22.9 23.4

Employed

785 961 6,151 6,463

Employment-population ratio

6.3 7.3 21.5 21.8

Unemployed

49 82 411 459

Unemployment rate

5.8 7.9 6.3 6.6

Not in labor force

11,636 12,054 22,052 22,705

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2013

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

37,593 37,952 18,289 18,492 19,305 19,461

Civilian labor force

25,156 25,240 14,418 14,447 10,738 10,792

Participation rate

66.9 66.5 78.8 78.1 55.6 55.5

Employed

22,803 23,089 13,069 13,287 9,734 9,802

Employment-population ratio

60.7 60.8 71.5 71.9 50.4 50.4

Unemployed

2,353 2,150 1,350 1,160 1,003 990

Unemployment rate

9.4 8.5 9.4 8.0 9.3 9.2

Not in labor force

12,437 12,712 3,871 4,044 8,567 8,668

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

204,676 206,711 98,519 99,541 106,157 107,170

Civilian labor force

128,329 129,555 66,880 67,802 61,450 61,753

Participation rate

62.7 62.7 67.9 68.1 57.9 57.6

Employed

117,141 118,524 60,703 61,536 56,438 56,988

Employment-population ratio

57.2 57.3 61.6 61.8 53.2 53.2

Unemployed

11,188 11,030 6,176 6,266 5,012 4,764

Unemployment rate

8.7 8.5 9.2 9.2 8.2 7.7

Not in labor force

76,347 77,156 31,640 31,739 44,707 45,417

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,042 1,922 1,895 2,205 2,198 2,195 2,121 2,088 2,057

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,259 1,205 1,123 1,382 1,402 1,394 1,320 1,295 1,245

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

765 683 736 809 759 751 776 747 775

Unpaid family workers

18 33 36 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

137,902 141,138 139,718 139,446 140,767 141,245 141,149 141,190 141,255

Wage and salary workers(1)

129,299 132,234 131,177 130,589 131,743 132,326 132,038 132,113 132,445

Government

20,519 20,839 20,759 20,506 20,647 20,555 20,598 20,686 20,696

Private industries

108,780 111,395 110,418 110,093 111,080 111,784 111,429 111,406 111,746

Private households

569 732 799 - - - - - -

Other industries

108,211 110,663 109,619 109,449 110,289 111,058 110,659 110,632 110,873

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,491 8,819 8,463 8,756 8,863 8,819 8,959 8,935 8,746

Unpaid family workers

112 85 78 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,918 8,166 8,628 8,220 8,607 8,286 8,138 7,918 7,973

Slack work or business conditions

6,025 5,154 5,732 5,413 5,567 5,177 5,084 4,928 5,126

Could only find part-time work

2,479 2,593 2,540 2,558 2,587 2,618 2,648 2,616 2,630

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,958 19,308 18,596 18,700 18,728 18,896 18,594 18,763 18,464

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,747 8,038 8,506 8,072 8,552 8,162 8,029 7,812 7,867

Slack work or business conditions

5,922 5,087 5,649 5,312 5,468 5,105 5,025 4,887 5,047

Could only find part-time work

2,464 2,568 2,530 2,556 2,604 2,631 2,650 2,583 2,610

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,596 18,993 18,259 18,330 18,399 18,527 18,310 18,469 18,182

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

139,944 143,060 141,614 141,608 142,974 143,328 143,277 143,305 143,322

16 to 19 years

3,990 4,192 4,120 4,391 4,429 4,469 4,468 4,402 4,508

16 to 17 years

1,160 1,342 1,269 1,336 1,428 1,448 1,351 1,405 1,453

18 to 19 years

2,830 2,849 2,850 3,049 2,986 3,032 3,126 2,985 3,048

20 years and over

135,954 138,868 137,494 137,218 138,545 138,858 138,809 138,903 138,814

20 to 24 years

12,953 13,412 13,064 13,339 13,503 13,549 13,595 13,570 13,471

25 years and over

123,000 125,456 124,430 123,859 125,027 125,285 125,200 125,406 125,311

25 to 54 years

93,271 94,305 93,418 93,989 94,340 94,328 94,079 94,253 94,147

25 to 34 years

29,995 31,162 30,775 30,370 30,805 30,918 30,971 31,115 31,137

35 to 44 years

30,394 30,523 30,270 30,612 30,658 30,668 30,490 30,524 30,480

45 to 54 years

32,883 32,620 32,373 33,007 32,877 32,742 32,618 32,614 32,531

55 years and over

29,729 31,151 31,012 29,871 30,688 30,957 31,121 31,153 31,164

Men, 16 years and over

73,772 75,686 74,823 75,257 75,769 76,027 75,983 76,060 76,290

16 to 19 years

1,880 1,971 1,918 2,119 2,157 2,182 2,163 2,111 2,151

16 to 17 years

524 632 566 619 651 719 656 690 673

18 to 19 years

1,357 1,339 1,352 1,489 1,497 1,467 1,492 1,422 1,472

20 years and over

71,892 73,716 72,905 73,138 73,612 73,845 73,821 73,949 74,139

20 to 24 years

6,685 6,969 6,779 6,973 6,989 7,096 7,125 7,104 7,070

25 years and over

65,207 66,747 66,126 66,110 66,636 66,790 66,720 66,902 67,002

25 to 54 years

49,592 50,286 49,778 50,325 50,352 50,342 50,194 50,370 50,474

25 to 34 years

16,120 16,801 16,589 16,440 16,608 16,715 16,734 16,799 16,889

35 to 44 years

16,357 16,437 16,345 16,557 16,552 16,527 16,380 16,443 16,519

45 to 54 years

17,116 17,048 16,844 17,327 17,193 17,100 17,080 17,127 17,066

55 years and over

15,615 16,460 16,348 15,785 16,284 16,447 16,526 16,532 16,528

Women, 16 years and over

66,172 67,373 66,790 66,351 67,206 67,301 67,294 67,245 67,032

16 to 19 years

2,110 2,221 2,201 2,272 2,272 2,287 2,305 2,291 2,357

16 to 17 years

636 710 703 717 777 729 695 715 780

18 to 19 years

1,474 1,511 1,498 1,560 1,490 1,565 1,634 1,563 1,576

20 years and over

64,062 65,152 64,589 64,080 64,934 65,014 64,988 64,954 64,675

20 to 24 years

6,268 6,443 6,284 6,365 6,514 6,453 6,470 6,467 6,402

25 years and over

57,794 58,709 58,305 57,749 58,391 58,496 58,480 58,504 58,309

25 to 54 years

43,679 44,019 43,640 43,664 43,987 43,986 43,885 43,883 43,674

25 to 34 years

13,875 14,361 14,186 13,929 14,197 14,203 14,237 14,315 14,248

35 to 44 years

14,037 14,086 13,925 14,055 14,106 14,141 14,109 14,080 13,961

45 to 54 years

15,767 15,572 15,529 15,680 15,684 15,643 15,538 15,487 15,465

55 years and over

14,115 14,690 14,664 14,085 14,404 14,510 14,595 14,621 14,636

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

43,191 44,014 43,660 43,662 43,980 44,134 44,016 43,924 44,117

Married women, spouse present

34,672 34,942 34,488 34,422 34,804 34,561 34,576 34,611 34,271

Women who maintain families

9,075 9,125 9,092 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

111,879 115,079 113,868 113,833 115,259 115,469 115,665 115,868 115,918

Part-time workers(2)

28,065 27,980 27,746 27,753 27,692 27,869 27,517 27,502 27,467

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,830 7,081 6,738 7,011 6,882 6,927 7,109 7,017 6,919

Percent of total employed

4.9 4.9 4.8 5.0 4.8 4.8 5.0 4.9 4.8

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,191 5,175 5,244 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,256 9,502 9,200 9,565 9,622 9,570 9,735 9,682 9,521

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Jan.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

12,748 12,206 12,332 8.3 7.8 7.9 7.8 7.8 7.9

16 to 19 years

1,342 1,355 1,381 23.4 23.7 23.7 23.6 23.5 23.4

16 to 17 years

549 490 576 29.1 25.5 25.3 28.4 25.8 28.4

18 to 19 years

798 872 801 20.7 22.7 22.7 20.4 22.6 20.8

20 years and over

11,406 10,852 10,951 7.7 7.2 7.3 7.1 7.2 7.3

20 to 24 years

2,038 2,151 2,238 13.3 12.4 13.2 12.6 13.7 14.2

25 years and over

9,330 8,725 8,762 7.0 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.5

25 to 54 years

7,459 6,777 6,783 7.4 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.7

25 to 34 years

2,959 2,611 2,594 8.9 8.1 8.2 7.9 7.7 7.7

35 to 44 years

2,251 2,158 2,116 6.8 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.6 6.5

45 to 54 years

2,249 2,008 2,073 6.4 6.0 6.1 6.0 5.8 6.0

55 years and over

1,857 1,957 1,972 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.9 6.0

Men, 16 years and over

6,794 6,486 6,650 8.3 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.9 8.0

16 to 19 years

730 739 772 25.6 27.1 26.8 26.6 25.9 26.4

16 to 17 years

299 231 306 32.6 30.0 28.3 31.4 25.1 31.3

18 to 19 years

430 508 456 22.4 25.7 26.4 23.8 26.3 23.7

20 years and over

6,065 5,746 5,877 7.7 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.3

20 to 24 years

1,163 1,108 1,276 14.3 13.7 13.8 12.6 13.5 15.3

25 years and over

4,886 4,620 4,668 6.9 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5

25 to 54 years

3,883 3,525 3,575 7.2 6.7 6.8 6.7 6.5 6.6

25 to 34 years

1,602 1,411 1,411 8.9 8.0 8.1 7.9 7.7 7.7

35 to 44 years

1,129 1,087 1,084 6.4 6.1 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.2

45 to 54 years

1,152 1,027 1,079 6.2 6.1 6.3 6.1 5.7 5.9

55 years and over

1,003 1,095 1,093 6.0 6.4 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.2

Women, 16 years and over

5,953 5,721 5,682 8.2 7.5 7.7 7.6 7.8 7.8

16 to 19 years

612 615 608 21.2 20.2 20.4 20.5 21.2 20.5

16 to 17 years

250 259 269 25.8 21.4 22.0 25.3 26.6 25.7

18 to 19 years

368 364 344 19.1 19.5 18.8 17.0 18.9 17.9

20 years and over

5,341 5,105 5,074 7.7 7.0 7.2 7.0 7.3 7.3

20 to 24 years

875 1,042 962 12.1 10.9 12.5 12.6 13.9 13.1

25 years and over

4,443 4,105 4,094 7.1 6.5 6.6 6.3 6.6 6.6

25 to 54 years

3,576 3,252 3,208 7.6 6.8 6.9 6.7 6.9 6.8

25 to 34 years

1,358 1,200 1,183 8.9 8.2 8.3 7.9 7.7 7.7

35 to 44 years

1,122 1,071 1,031 7.4 6.4 6.6 6.4 7.1 6.9

45 to 54 years

1,097 981 994 6.5 6.0 5.9 5.9 6.0 6.0

55 years and over(1)

890 794 915 5.9 5.6 5.5 5.0 5.1 5.9

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

2,350 2,173 2,120 5.1 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.7 4.6

Married women, spouse present

2,017 1,916 1,890 5.5 5.0 5.1 5.1 5.2 5.2

Women who maintain families(1)

1,236 1,166 1,156 12.0 11.3 11.5 10.7 11.3 11.3

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

11,009 10,422 10,555 8.8 8.3 8.3 8.1 8.3 8.3

Part-time workers(3)

1,742 1,819 1,802 5.9 5.7 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

8,234 6,592 7,575 7,292 6,489 6,536 6,429 6,408 6,637

On temporary layoff

1,892 1,244 1,772 1,266 1,153 1,077 1,080 1,085 1,155

Not on temporary layoff

6,342 5,348 5,803 6,026 5,335 5,460 5,349 5,323 5,483

Permanent job losers

4,948 4,070 4,334 4,809 4,279 4,261 4,151 4,075 4,208

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,395 1,278 1,469 1,217 1,056 1,199 1,198 1,248 1,275

Job leavers

957 933 1,014 932 962 1,009 926 983 981

Reentrants

3,276 3,228 3,497 3,301 3,313 3,319 3,325 3,587 3,515

New entrants

1,074 1,092 1,095 1,258 1,253 1,302 1,326 1,291 1,287

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

60.8 55.7 57.5 57.0 54.0 53.7 53.5 52.2 53.4

On temporary layoff

14.0 10.5 13.4 9.9 9.6 8.8 9.0 8.8 9.3

Not on temporary layoff

46.8 45.2 44.0 47.1 44.4 44.9 44.6 43.4 44.1

Job leavers

7.1 7.9 7.7 7.3 8.0 8.3 7.7 8.0 7.9

Reentrants

24.2 27.3 26.5 25.8 27.6 27.3 27.7 29.2 28.3

New entrants

7.9 9.2 8.3 9.8 10.4 10.7 11.0 10.5 10.4

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5.4 4.3 4.9 4.7 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.3

Job leavers

0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

2.1 2.1 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.3

New entrants

0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,923 2,678 3,246 2,495 2,535 2,633 2,596 2,676 2,766

5 to 14 weeks

3,106 2,732 3,316 2,874 2,825 2,847 2,757 2,838 3,028

15 weeks and over

7,512 6,435 6,618 7,466 6,736 6,829 6,604 6,661 6,566

15 to 26 weeks

1,915 1,817 1,854 1,944 1,866 1,813 1,820 1,895 1,858

27 weeks and over

5,597 4,618 4,764 5,522 4,871 5,017 4,784 4,766 4,708

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

38.2 37.0 33.6 40.2 39.6 39.9 39.7 38.1 35.3

Median duration, in weeks

19.2 18.1 14.7 20.8 18.7 19.6 18.9 18.0 16.0

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

21.6 22.6 24.6 19.4 21.0 21.4 21.7 22.0 22.4

5 to 14 weeks

22.9 23.1 25.2 22.4 23.4 23.1 23.1 23.3 24.5

15 weeks and over

55.5 54.3 50.2 58.2 55.7 55.5 55.2 54.7 53.1

15 to 26 weeks

14.1 15.3 14.1 15.1 15.4 14.7 15.2 15.6 15.0

27 weeks and over

41.3 39.0 36.1 43.0 40.3 40.8 40.0 39.1 38.1

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2013

Total, 16 years and over(1)

139,944 141,614 13,541 13,181 8.8 8.5

Management, professional, and related occupations

53,152 54,214 2,410 2,211 4.3 3.9

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

22,255 22,580 1,044 950 4.5 4.0

Professional and related occupations

30,897 31,634 1,366 1,261 4.2 3.8

Service occupations

24,334 25,038 2,876 2,778 10.6 10.0

Sales and office occupations

33,305 33,181 2,972 3,070 8.2 8.5

Sales and related occupations

15,585 15,254 1,398 1,423 8.2 8.5

Office and administrative support occupations

17,721 17,927 1,574 1,647 8.2 8.4

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

12,561 12,472 2,152 1,916 14.6 13.3

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

845 792 243 180 22.3 18.5

Construction and extraction occupations

6,887 6,861 1,557 1,387 18.4 16.8

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,828 4,819 353 349 6.8 6.8

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

16,592 16,708 2,016 2,083 10.8 11.1

Production occupations

8,274 8,251 959 962 10.4 10.4

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,318 8,457 1,057 1,121 11.3 11.7

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2013

Total, 16 years and over(1)

13,541 13,181 8.8 8.5

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

10,736 10,435 9.0 8.6

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

78 97 9.4 9.6

Construction

1,479 1,322 17.7 16.1

Manufacturing

1,283 1,206 8.4 7.9

Durable goods

796 683 8.3 7.1

Nondurable goods

487 523 8.6 9.1

Wholesale and retail trade

1,906 1,679 9.3 8.2

Transportation and utilities

400 474 7.0 7.7

Information

227 236 7.9 8.2

Financial activities

462 507 4.9 5.5

Professional and business services

1,441 1,575 9.5 10.4

Education and health services

1,214 1,205 5.5 5.4

Leisure and hospitality

1,647 1,612 12.6 12.0

Other services

601 521 9.3 7.9

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

259 166 17.6 13.1

Government workers

890 912 4.2 4.2

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

582 573 5.8 5.8

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.9 4.2 4.3 4.8 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.2

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.4 4.3 4.9 4.7 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.3

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

8.8 7.6 8.5 8.3 7.8 7.9 7.8 7.8 7.9

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

9.4 8.3 9.0 8.9 8.3 8.4 8.3 8.5 8.4

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

10.5 9.2 9.9 9.9 9.3 9.3 9.2 9.4 9.3

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

16.2 14.4 15.4 15.1 14.7 14.5 14.4 14.4 14.4

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2013

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

88,784 89,868 35,510 35,783 53,274 54,085

Persons who currently want a job

6,495 6,781 3,073 3,221 3,422 3,559

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,809 2,443 1,452 1,323 1,356 1,120

Discouraged workers(2)

1,059 804 638 516 421 288

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,749 1,639 814 806 936 832

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,830 6,738 3,372 3,285 3,459 3,453

Percent of total employed

4.9 4.8 4.6 4.4 5.2 5.2

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,441 3,524 1,985 1,924 1,456 1,600

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,878 1,786 603 544 1,275 1,242

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

259 211 124 111 135 100

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,216 1,171 650 680 566 491

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012(p)
Jan.
2013(p)
Jan.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012(p)
Jan.
2013(p)
Change from:
Dec.2012 - Jan.2013(p)

Total nonfarm

130,657 135,636 135,545 132,705 132,809 134,472 134,668 134,825 157

Total private

108,847 113,284 113,310 110,965 110,871 112,593 112,795 112,961 166

Goods-producing

17,796 18,571 18,407 18,036 18,314 18,464 18,508 18,544 36

Mining and logging

824 853 854 845 844 853 859 863 4

Logging

49.0 51.7 51.6 48.2 50.0 50.7 51.1 49.4 -1.7

Mining

775.1 800.8 802.5 797.1 793.6 802.0 808.0 813.9 5.9

Oil and gas extraction

180.5 188.8 191.1 192.4 181.9 190.0 192.2 193.7 1.5

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

213.3 221.7 218.0 213.4 224.7 221.6 222.4 223.9 1.5

Coal mining

89.3 82.5 81.6 81.7 89.7 83.0 82.0 82.0 0.0

Support activities for mining

381.3 390.3 393.4 391.3 387.0 390.4 393.4 396.3 2.9

Construction

5,237 5,779 5,617 5,345 5,629 5,673 5,703 5,731 28

Construction of buildings

1,180.4 1,263.0 1,243.7 1,189.6 1,232.0 1,241.4 1,243.4 1,241.4 -2.0

Residential building

545.3 584.2 575.7 547.0 572.6 574.2 574.4 575.1 0.7

Nonresidential building

635.1 678.8 668.0 642.6 659.4 667.2 669.0 666.3 -2.7

Heavy and civil engineering construction

752.3 908.7 847.7 779.5 860.5 880.2 883.0 887.0 4.0

Specialty trade contractors

3,304.3 3,606.9 3,526.0 3,375.5 3,536.5 3,551.4 3,576.5 3,602.7 26.2

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,361.7 1,512.5 1,471.9 1,413.5 1,465.0 1,489.8 1,501.9 1,515.7 13.8

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

1,942.6 2,094.4 2,054.1 1,962.0 2,071.5 2,061.6 2,074.6 2,087.0 12.4

Manufacturing

11,735 11,939 11,936 11,846 11,841 11,938 11,946 11,950 4

Durable goods

7,348 7,479 7,489 7,445 7,400 7,483 7,491 7,494 3

Wood products

330.7 342.5 342.1 337.9 337.4 343.5 343.5 344.4 0.9

Nonmetallic mineral products

352.7 364.7 359.5 347.9 367.6 362.1 363.7 361.8 -1.9

Primary metals

399.0 398.9 397.3 397.1 400.0 399.3 398.5 398.4 -0.1

Fabricated metal products

1,378.9 1,423.7 1,422.8 1,417.8 1,387.2 1,423.2 1,424.0 1,425.0 1.0

Machinery

1,083.5 1,096.6 1,102.4 1,095.5 1,086.9 1,098.2 1,099.9 1,098.6 -1.3

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,096.1 1,083.2 1,088.2 1,084.9 1,098.5 1,085.3 1,086.8 1,087.6 0.8

Computer and peripheral equipment

157.3 158.2 158.9 159.3 157.8 158.5 158.5 159.7 1.2

Communications equipment

111.3 108.3 108.7 107.6 111.3 108.1 108.2 107.6 -0.6

Semiconductors and electronic components

384.5 380.0 383.0 382.6 385.2 381.1 383.1 383.6 0.5

Electronic instruments

401.2 395.8 397.0 395.2 402.3 397.2 396.8 396.4 -0.4

Electrical equipment and appliances

367.9 368.9 369.4 365.9 368.6 369.9 368.5 366.8 -1.7

Transportation equipment(1)

1,420.9 1,473.2 1,477.4 1,473.9 1,425.4 1,472.9 1,474.9 1,477.7 2.8

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

746.0 784.5 788.2 786.5 749.0 784.6 786.5 789.0 2.5

Furniture and related products

344.4 346.9 347.5 345.3 349.6 349.6 349.8 350.7 0.9

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

574.0 580.6 582.0 578.8 578.7 578.7 581.6 583.2 1.6

Nondurable goods

4,387 4,460 4,447 4,401 4,441 4,455 4,455 4,456 1

Food manufacturing

1,428.5 1,474.2 1,460.9 1,434.4 1,454.6 1,466.8 1,463.4 1,462.6 -0.8

Textile mills

118.6 117.3 116.1 115.4 119.4 117.1 116.8 116.5 -0.3

Textile product mills

113.6 117.2 117.9 116.7 115.3 117.3 117.8 118.0 0.2

Apparel

146.4 147.5 148.1 146.6 149.8 147.8 148.7 149.3 0.6

Paper and paper products

381.7 376.7 376.6 374.9 382.0 376.8 376.0 375.4 -0.6

Printing and related support activities

463.2 457.7 457.7 453.5 467.1 457.2 456.9 457.1 0.2

Petroleum and coal products

108.6 115.1 112.9 112.5 113.2 114.7 115.2 116.7 1.5

Chemicals

781.4 782.7 786.9 786.5 783.4 785.7 786.7 788.1 1.4

Plastics and rubber products

631.8 648.1 648.9 644.2 637.5 648.9 649.4 650.2 0.8

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

212.8 223.2 221.0 216.2 218.4 222.7 223.6 222.3 -1.3

Private service-providing

91,051 94,713 94,903 92,929 92,557 94,129 94,287 94,417 130

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,169 26,208 26,435 25,626 25,372 25,720 25,781 25,815 34

Wholesale trade

5,569.6 5,719.8 5,724.3 5,678.0 5,623.0 5,708.8 5,715.1 5,729.9 14.8

Durable goods

2,790.7 2,839.2 2,850.8 2,829.4 2,810.1 2,839.5 2,847.3 2,848.6 1.3

Nondurable goods

1,926.8 1,996.7 1,994.6 1,975.7 1,954.6 1,988.9 1,991.5 2,002.4 10.9

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

852.1 883.9 878.9 872.9 858.3 880.4 876.3 878.9 2.6

Retail trade

14,728.9 15,430.3 15,543.1 14,951.1 14,829.0 14,997.9 15,009.1 15,041.7 32.6

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,691.2 1,745.3 1,736.9 1,725.5 1,721.5 1,748.1 1,749.1 1,755.7 6.6

Automobile dealers

1,069.2 1,101.8 1,098.8 1,096.8 1,080.9 1,102.3 1,104.5 1,108.8 4.3

Furniture and home furnishings stores

444.3 465.1 471.2 455.5 439.4 445.7 446.9 449.6 2.7

Electronics and appliance stores

521.6 541.3 538.0 525.4 518.2 513.8 514.6 519.7 5.1

Building material and garden supply stores

1,100.6 1,143.8 1,138.6 1,115.5 1,160.3 1,174.0 1,176.2 1,176.3 0.1

Food and beverage stores

2,826.0 2,904.3 2,914.7 2,882.3 2,841.0 2,879.6 2,889.1 2,895.8 6.7

Health and personal care stores

990.6 1,030.5 1,036.9 1,022.2 990.8 1,017.3 1,018.1 1,021.4 3.3

Gasoline stations

825.2 846.4 844.5 832.2 837.2 844.3 845.6 844.6 -1.0

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,375.8 1,598.3 1,626.8 1,476.8 1,377.4 1,460.1 1,461.4 1,471.4 10.0

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

569.1 617.2 617.4 582.3 562.2 578.3 576.3 577.3 1.0

General merchandise stores(1)

3,172.9 3,243.5 3,314.3 3,101.5 3,156.7 3,090.3 3,084.6 3,083.2 -1.4

Department stores

1,605.4 1,587.2 1,640.6 1,499.9 1,577.1 1,479.3 1,473.6 1,471.3 -2.3

Miscellaneous store retailers

764.9 823.2 822.3 786.1 780.6 807.8 805.1 803.8 -1.3

Nonstore retailers

446.7 471.4 481.5 445.8 443.7 438.6 442.1 442.9 0.8

Transportation and warehousing

4,319.5 4,505.7 4,613.4 4,442.6 4,366.5 4,459.0 4,501.5 4,487.3 -14.2

Air transportation

457.9 451.2 449.7 442.8 460.3 454.8 450.2 445.3 -4.9

Rail transportation

228.9 230.2 230.0 229.2 231.1 230.0 230.7 231.3 0.6

Water transportation

60.9 62.6 62.4 60.8 62.3 63.6 62.9 62.4 -0.5

Truck transportation

1,299.5 1,376.7 1,368.2 1,347.1 1,327.7 1,366.7 1,370.1 1,375.1 5.0

Transit and ground passenger transportation

457.7 474.9 478.5 477.5 446.5 458.0 461.8 464.8 3.0

Pipeline transportation

43.7 43.7 44.6 44.5 43.5 44.0 44.4 44.3 -0.1

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

19.3 24.2 22.9 18.7 27.1 26.6 27.3 26.6 -0.7

Support activities for transportation

568.6 585.0 592.7 588.3 573.3 583.1 589.5 592.0 2.5

Couriers and messengers

522.7 550.9 648.8 538.8 527.5 536.8 562.4 543.9 -18.5

Warehousing and storage

660.3 706.3 715.6 694.9 667.2 695.4 702.2 701.6 -0.6

Utilities

551.1 552.6 553.9 554.1 553.1 554.7 555.0 556.2 1.2

Information

2,639 2,693 2,696 2,661 2,670 2,685 2,682 2,691 9

Publishing industries, except Internet

737.7 735.5 734.0 727.9 741.0 732.7 730.2 731.6 1.4

Motion picture and sound recording industries

333.3 389.1 393.3 364.4 356.6 386.0 388.3 388.0 -0.3

Broadcasting, except Internet

283.8 285.5 286.8 284.8 284.8 284.3 285.4 285.6 0.2

Telecommunications

869.2 854.9 852.5 856.5 869.2 854.1 850.1 855.0 4.9

Data processing, hosting and related services

245.9 250.7 252.8 250.3 248.3 249.9 251.5 252.6 1.1

Other information services

168.7 177.7 176.5 177.0 169.7 177.8 176.0 177.9 1.9

Financial activities

7,683 7,821 7,847 7,789 7,730 7,822 7,831 7,837 6

Finance and insurance

5,784.0 5,871.5 5,891.4 5,865.7 5,794.9 5,865.2 5,873.4 5,876.3 2.9

Monetary authorities - central bank

17.2 17.3 17.5 17.4 17.3 17.3 17.4 17.5 0.1

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,556.5 2,601.6 2,610.6 2,602.9 2,558.4 2,599.2 2,602.6 2,604.4 1.8

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,735.1 1,738.7 1,742.6 1,740.7 1,736.5 1,741.2 1,739.5 1,741.6 2.1

Commercial banking

1,317.9 1,315.7 1,316.4 1,315.5 1,319.3 1,318.6 1,314.8 1,317.4 2.6

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

808.7 817.2 819.9 818.1 811.4 814.4 818.5 821.0 2.5

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,315.6 2,348.2 2,356.2 2,340.5 2,321.6 2,347.2 2,348.4 2,346.4 -2.0

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

86.0 87.2 87.2 86.8 86.2 87.1 86.5 87.0 0.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,899.0 1,949.0 1,955.7 1,923.4 1,935.2 1,956.9 1,957.5 1,960.2 2.7

Real estate

1,384.7 1,415.7 1,424.9 1,402.1 1,408.6 1,419.6 1,420.6 1,425.6 5.0

Rental and leasing services

489.8 509.3 506.8 498.0 502.0 513.6 513.3 511.1 -2.2

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

24.5 24.0 24.0 23.3 24.6 23.7 23.6 23.5 -0.1

Professional and business services

17,337 18,266 18,209 17,799 17,677 18,117 18,119 18,144 25

Professional and technical services(1)

7,798.8 7,966.3 8,012.6 7,999.7 7,779.4 7,977.4 7,971.4 7,986.2 14.8

Legal services

1,112.1 1,127.9 1,131.7 1,118.6 1,119.1 1,126.1 1,128.0 1,125.6 -2.4

Accounting and bookkeeping services

1,001.7 866.1 894.8 983.1 906.2 911.7 888.9 892.1 3.2

Architectural and engineering services

1,289.1 1,335.2 1,335.3 1,314.0 1,309.2 1,332.1 1,334.6 1,334.3 -0.3

Computer systems design and related services

1,567.4 1,662.1 1,665.7 1,654.9 1,575.8 1,655.2 1,659.6 1,664.2 4.6

Management and technical consulting services

1,079.6 1,152.9 1,157.1 1,140.8 1,094.1 1,141.8 1,144.0 1,155.5 11.5

Management of companies and enterprises

1,980.9 2,023.6 2,028.9 2,012.1 1,987.5 2,020.6 2,020.8 2,020.3 -0.5

Administrative and waste services

7,557.3 8,276.0 8,167.9 7,787.1 7,910.5 8,119.3 8,126.5 8,137.0 10.5

Administrative and support services(1)

7,193.1 7,901.6 7,794.8 7,414.6 7,539.6 7,744.7 7,750.4 7,758.7 8.3

Employment services(1)

2,899.5 3,324.4 3,304.8 3,047.2 3,057.9 3,201.6 3,206.6 3,204.2 -2.4

Temporary help services

2,292.3 2,667.9 2,652.0 2,424.3 2,425.5 2,556.9 2,566.0 2,557.9 -8.1

Business support services

829.1 850.8 856.6 837.2 825.7 834.1 833.5 834.3 0.8

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,652.1 1,850.4 1,766.7 1,680.0 1,817.0 1,841.6 1,839.7 1,844.8 5.1

Waste management and remediation services

364.2 374.4 373.1 372.5 370.9 374.6 376.1 378.3 2.2

Education and health services

19,976 20,675 20,679 20,394 20,106 20,460 20,510 20,535 25

Educational services

3,216.3 3,529.2 3,464.5 3,250.9 3,301.8 3,351.6 3,353.4 3,351.4 -2.0

Health care and social assistance

16,759.8 17,145.4 17,214.8 17,142.6 16,803.9 17,108.0 17,156.1 17,183.7 27.6

Health care(3)

14,121.2 14,439.1 14,500.1 14,443.3 14,163.9 14,419.7 14,460.7 14,483.5 22.8

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,197.6 6,410.1 6,444.2 6,426.4 6,225.3 6,399.4 6,422.2 6,449.8 27.6

Offices of physicians

2,356.9 2,417.0 2,434.8 2,426.0 2,362.4 2,411.7 2,420.5 2,429.7 9.2

Outpatient care centers

633.0 666.0 670.9 673.7 634.6 667.0 670.0 674.7 4.7

Home health care services

1,160.8 1,229.9 1,240.4 1,229.9 1,167.8 1,226.1 1,235.1 1,236.4 1.3

Hospitals

4,756.2 4,824.0 4,838.2 4,829.6 4,760.5 4,820.7 4,829.9 4,833.5 3.6

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,167.4 3,205.0 3,217.7 3,187.3 3,178.1 3,199.6 3,208.6 3,200.2 -8.4

Nursing care facilities

1,662.9 1,664.4 1,667.0 1,654.6 1,666.7 1,660.9 1,662.5 1,659.3 -3.2

Social assistance(1)

2,638.6 2,706.3 2,714.7 2,699.3 2,640.0 2,688.3 2,695.4 2,700.2 4.8

Child day care services

857.9 872.1 867.9 861.5 849.9 856.0 855.4 854.8 -0.6

Leisure and hospitality

12,904 13,598 13,588 13,254 13,585 13,861 13,894 13,917 23

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,723.1 1,829.7 1,827.0 1,761.1 1,952.5 1,979.6 1,983.8 1,989.5 5.7

Performing arts and spectator sports

356.4 394.2 396.4 370.7 400.7 407.9 413.8 415.2 1.4

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

123.7 131.7 130.2 124.4 136.0 137.0 137.1 136.7 -0.4

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,243.0 1,303.8 1,300.4 1,266.0 1,415.8 1,434.7 1,432.9 1,437.6 4.7

Accommodation and food services

11,180.9 11,768.3 11,761.4 11,492.8 11,632.4 11,881.7 11,910.2 11,927.2 17.0

Accommodation

1,713.5 1,762.1 1,751.4 1,715.9 1,810.2 1,815.3 1,813.3 1,813.2 -0.1

Food services and drinking places

9,467.4 10,006.2 10,010.0 9,776.9 9,822.2 10,066.4 10,096.9 10,114.0 17.1

Other services

5,343 5,452 5,449 5,406 5,417 5,464 5,470 5,478 8

Repair and maintenance

1,172.6 1,193.4 1,191.8 1,183.9 1,189.9 1,197.3 1,199.5 1,200.8 1.3

Personal and laundry services

1,280.8 1,326.2 1,329.0 1,313.6 1,301.3 1,327.0 1,329.4 1,333.5 4.1

Membership associations and organizations

2,889.5 2,932.7 2,928.2 2,908.1 2,925.6 2,939.4 2,940.7 2,943.5 2.8

Government

21,810 22,352 22,235 21,740 21,938 21,879 21,873 21,864 -9

Federal

2,810.0 2,788.0 2,797.0 2,766.0 2,834.0 2,798.0 2,796.0 2,791.0 -5.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,191.8 2,188.4 2,188.9 2,165.6 2,214.9 2,196.7 2,193.7 2,189.3 -4.4

U.S. Postal Service

618.4 599.9 608.3 600.7 619.4 601.1 602.1 601.3 -0.8

State government

4,944.0 5,222.0 5,143.0 4,947.0 5,042.0 5,047.0 5,044.0 5,046.0 2.0

State government education

2,278.4 2,576.4 2,498.7 2,303.9 2,364.3 2,390.5 2,389.4 2,392.1 2.7

State government, excluding education

2,665.7 2,645.7 2,644.1 2,642.9 2,677.6 2,656.3 2,655.0 2,654.3 -0.7

Local government

14,056.0 14,342.0 14,295.0 14,027.0 14,062.0 14,034.0 14,033.0 14,027.0 -6.0

Local government education

7,908.2 8,103.0 8,104.1 7,878.6 7,796.3 7,762.7 7,764.7 7,760.0 -4.7

Local government, excluding education

6,148.1 6,239.3 6,190.4 6,148.2 6,265.6 6,271.1 6,268.2 6,266.8 -1.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2012 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Jan.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012(p)
Jan.
2013(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.5 34.4 34.4 34.4

Goods-producing

40.4 40.3 40.4 40.1

Mining and logging

45.4 43.2 43.7 43.0

Construction

38.6 39.0 39.3 38.8

Manufacturing

40.9 40.7 40.7 40.6

Durable goods

41.2 40.9 41.0 40.8

Nondurable goods

40.3 40.2 40.4 40.2

Private service-providing

33.4 33.3 33.3 33.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.7 34.6 34.4 34.3

Wholesale trade

38.8 38.5 38.5 38.3

Retail trade

31.8 31.6 31.4 31.3

Transportation and warehousing

38.5 38.5 38.4 38.6

Utilities

41.3 42.6 41.9 41.7

Information

36.7 36.4 36.5 36.2

Financial activities

37.3 37.2 37.2 37.1

Professional and business services

35.8 35.9 36.0 36.0

Education and health services

32.8 32.8 32.8 32.9

Leisure and hospitality

26.2 26.0 26.1 26.0

Other services

31.7 31.5 31.4 31.4

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3

Durable goods

3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2

Nondurable goods

3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2012 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Jan.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012(p)
Jan.
2013(p)
Jan.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012(p)
Jan.
2013(p)

Total private

$23.28 $23.67 $23.74 $23.78 $803.16 $814.25 $816.66 $818.03

Goods-producing

24.57 24.84 24.91 24.92 992.63 1,001.05 1,006.36 999.29

Mining and logging

28.07 28.93 29.22 29.34 1,274.38 1,249.78 1,276.91 1,261.62

Construction

25.51 25.93 25.98 26.05 984.69 1,011.27 1,021.01 1,010.74

Manufacturing

23.87 24.03 24.08 24.06 976.28 978.02 980.06 976.84

Durable goods

25.32 25.41 25.48 25.49 1,043.18 1,039.27 1,044.68 1,039.99

Nondurable goods

21.40 21.66 21.70 21.60 862.42 870.73 876.68 868.32

Private service-providing

22.97 23.39 23.46 23.51 767.20 778.89 781.22 780.53

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20.21 20.63 20.72 20.75 701.29 713.80 712.77 711.73

Wholesale trade

26.50 27.20 27.38 27.31 1,028.20 1,047.20 1,054.13 1,045.97

Retail trade

16.03 16.37 16.46 16.49 509.75 517.29 516.84 516.14

Transportation and warehousing

21.93 21.98 21.94 22.10 844.31 846.23 842.50 853.06

Utilities

33.65 35.14 35.00 35.10 1,389.75 1,496.96 1,466.50 1,463.67

Information

31.63 31.85 32.09 32.09 1,160.82 1,159.34 1,171.29 1,161.66

Financial activities

28.60 29.66 29.73 29.82 1,066.78 1,103.35 1,105.96 1,106.32

Professional and business services

27.87 28.22 28.31 28.40 997.75 1,013.10 1,019.16 1,022.40

Education and health services

24.05 24.40 24.46 24.48 788.84 800.32 802.29 805.39

Leisure and hospitality

13.32 13.39 13.38 13.37 348.98 348.14 349.22 347.62

Other services

20.63 21.01 21.08 21.14 653.97 661.82 661.91 663.80

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2012 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Jan.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012(p)
Jan.
2013(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2012 - Jan.
2013(p)
Jan.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012(p)
Jan.
2013(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2012 - Jan.
2013(p)

Total private

95.8 97.0 97.2 97.3 0.1 106.4 109.5 110.0 110.4 0.4

Goods-producing

84.3 84.8 85.2 84.7 -0.6 93.6 95.2 95.9 95.4 -0.5

Mining and logging

120.4 115.8 118.0 116.6 -1.2 135.7 134.5 138.4 137.4 -0.7

Construction

74.9 76.3 77.3 76.7 -0.8 83.0 85.9 87.2 86.8 -0.5

Manufacturing

87.1 87.4 87.5 87.3 -0.2 96.7 97.7 98.0 97.7 -0.3

Durable goods

85.8 86.2 86.5 86.1 -0.5 96.5 97.2 97.9 97.5 -0.4

Nondurable goods

89.3 89.4 89.8 89.4 -0.4 97.0 98.2 98.9 98.0 -0.9

Private service-providing

99.2 100.6 100.8 100.6 -0.2 110.4 114.0 114.5 114.6 0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

95.8 96.8 96.5 96.3 -0.2 104.2 107.5 107.6 107.6 0.0

Wholesale trade

95.2 95.9 96.0 95.8 -0.2 105.3 108.9 109.7 109.1 -0.5

Retail trade

95.8 96.3 95.7 95.6 -0.1 101.5 104.2 104.2 104.3 0.1

Transportation and warehousing

96.2 98.3 98.9 99.1 0.2 107.1 109.6 110.2 111.2 0.9

Utilities

98.8 102.2 100.6 100.4 -0.2 109.9 118.7 116.4 116.4 0.0

Information

89.5 89.3 89.4 89.0 -0.4 100.8 101.2 102.2 101.7 -0.5

Financial activities

94.4 95.3 95.4 95.2 -0.2 105.3 110.2 110.6 110.8 0.2

Professional and business services

99.5 102.3 102.6 102.7 0.1 112.4 117.0 117.7 118.2 0.4

Education and health services

107.4 109.3 109.5 110.0 0.5 121.0 124.9 125.5 126.1 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

101.6 102.8 103.5 103.2 -0.3 109.1 111.1 111.7 111.4 -0.3

Other services

95.1 95.4 95.2 95.3 0.1 111.4 113.7 113.8 114.3 0.4

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2012 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Jan.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012(p)
Jan.
2013(p)
Jan.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012(p)
Jan.
2013(p)

Total nonfarm

65,572 66,398 66,446 66,548 49.4 49.4 49.3 49.4

Total private

53,049 53,922 53,978 54,088 47.8 47.9 47.9 47.9

Goods-producing

4,066 4,100 4,095 4,102 22.2 22.2 22.1 22.1

Mining and logging

111 115 115 116 13.2 13.5 13.4 13.4

Construction

716 730 729 734 12.7 12.9 12.8 12.8

Manufacturing

3,239 3,255 3,251 3,252 27.4 27.3 27.2 27.2

Durable goods

1,720 1,731 1,733 1,735 23.2 23.1 23.1 23.2

Nondurable goods

1,519 1,524 1,518 1,517 34.2 34.2 34.1 34.0

Private service-providing

48,983 49,822 49,883 49,986 52.9 52.9 52.9 52.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,204 10,389 10,405 10,426 40.2 40.4 40.4 40.4

Wholesale trade

1,691.4 1,708.0 1,705.8 1,710.4 30.1 29.9 29.8 29.9

Retail trade

7,359.0 7,502.1 7,514.1 7,531.1 49.6 50.0 50.1 50.1

Transportation and warehousing

1,017.2 1,040.6 1,047.2 1,045.8 23.3 23.3 23.3 23.3

Utilities

136.5 138.2 137.9 138.9 24.7 24.9 24.8 25.0

Information

1,079 1,074 1,075 1,085 40.4 40.0 40.1 40.3

Financial activities

4,497 4,536 4,530 4,535 58.2 58.0 57.8 57.9

Professional and business services

7,826 8,010 8,008 8,031 44.3 44.2 44.2 44.3

Education and health services

15,428 15,703 15,739 15,771 76.7 76.7 76.7 76.8

Leisure and hospitality

7,102 7,234 7,249 7,255 52.3 52.2 52.2 52.1

Other services

2,847 2,876 2,877 2,883 52.6 52.6 52.6 52.6

Government

12,523 12,476 12,468 12,460 57.1 57.0 57.0 57.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2012 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Jan.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012(p)
Jan.
2013(p)

Total private

91,555 93,041 93,212 93,300

Goods-producing

13,240 13,306 13,337 13,378

Mining and logging

640 638 640 639

Construction

4,272 4,265 4,297 4,338

Manufacturing

8,328 8,403 8,400 8,401

Durable goods

5,092 5,161 5,163 5,165

Nondurable goods

3,236 3,242 3,237 3,236

Private service-providing

78,315 79,735 79,875 79,922

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,506 21,825 21,879 21,868

Wholesale trade

4,520.9 4,603.7 4,613.3 4,623.5

Retail trade

12,780.2 12,913.0 12,917.7 12,916.8

Transportation and warehousing

3,764.0 3,863.3 3,902.7 3,881.5

Utilities

440.5 444.7 445.0 446.3

Information

2,148 2,172 2,173 2,176

Financial activities

5,935 6,021 6,029 6,031

Professional and business services

14,556 14,972 14,974 14,974

Education and health services

17,637 17,941 17,978 18,007

Leisure and hospitality

11,989 12,234 12,273 12,287

Other services

4,544 4,570 4,569 4,579

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2012 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Jan.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012(p)
Jan.
2013(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.8 33.7 33.7 33.6

Goods-producing

41.3 41.1 41.2 41.0

Mining and logging

47.9 45.4 45.9 44.1

Construction

39.2 39.5 39.6 39.3

Manufacturing

41.8 41.6 41.7 41.6

Durable goods

42.2 41.9 42.0 41.9

Nondurable goods

41.1 41.1 41.3 41.1

Private service-providing

32.5 32.5 32.5 32.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.9 33.8 33.7 33.6

Wholesale trade

38.6 38.6 38.6 38.6

Retail trade

30.8 30.5 30.4 30.1

Transportation and warehousing

37.8 38.2 38.1 38.3

Utilities

40.9 42.2 40.9 40.8

Information

36.2 35.8 35.7 35.5

Financial activities

36.6 36.9 36.9 36.6

Professional and business services

35.3 35.2 35.3 35.3

Education and health services

32.3 32.3 32.3 32.3

Leisure and hospitality

25.0 24.9 24.9 24.9

Other services

30.8 30.5 30.5 30.5

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.2 4.1 4.2 4.2

Durable goods

4.4 4.1 4.2 4.2

Nondurable goods

4.0 4.2 4.3 4.2

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2012 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Jan.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012(p)
Jan.
2013(p)
Jan.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012(p)
Jan.
2013(p)

Total private

$19.61 $19.88 $19.92 $19.97 $662.82 $669.96 $671.30 $670.99

Goods-producing

20.79 21.05 21.10 21.13 858.63 865.16 869.32 866.33

Mining and logging

24.85 26.13 26.20 26.27 1,190.32 1,186.30 1,202.58 1,158.51

Construction

23.73 24.08 24.14 24.18 930.22 951.16 955.94 950.27

Manufacturing

19.03 19.17 19.19 19.23 795.45 797.47 800.22 799.97

Durable goods

20.16 20.25 20.31 20.33 850.75 848.48 853.02 851.83

Nondurable goods

17.20 17.40 17.38 17.44 706.92 715.14 717.79 716.78

Private service-providing

19.35 19.63 19.67 19.72 628.88 637.98 639.28 638.93

Trade, transportation, and utilities

17.28 17.49 17.50 17.56 585.79 591.16 589.75 590.02

Wholesale trade

22.09 22.40 22.48 22.45 852.67 864.64 867.73 866.57

Retail trade

13.68 13.84 13.84 13.91 421.34 422.12 420.74 418.69

Transportation and warehousing

19.61 19.44 19.43 19.48 741.26 742.61 740.28 746.08

Utilities

31.07 32.18 31.83 31.97 1,270.76 1,358.00 1,301.85 1,304.38

Information

26.78 27.24 27.47 27.78 969.44 975.19 980.68 986.19

Financial activities

22.39 23.21 23.34 23.37 819.47 856.45 861.25 855.34

Professional and business services

23.12 23.40 23.45 23.51 816.14 823.68 827.79 829.90

Education and health services

21.00 21.19 21.24 21.26 678.30 684.44 686.05 686.70

Leisure and hospitality

11.56 11.65 11.66 11.64 289.00 290.09 290.33 289.84

Other services

17.43 17.71 17.75 17.79 536.84 540.16 541.38 542.60

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2012 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Jan.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012(p)
Jan.
2013(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2012 - Jan.
2013(p)
Jan.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012(p)
Jan.
2013(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2012 - Jan.
2013(p)

Total private

103.3 104.7 104.8 104.6 -0.2 135.3 138.9 139.5 139.5 0.0

Goods-producing

83.6 83.6 84.0 83.8 -0.2 106.4 107.7 108.5 108.5 0.0

Mining and logging

162.9 153.9 156.1 149.8 -4.0 235.4 233.9 237.9 228.8 -3.8

Construction

83.8 84.4 85.2 85.4 0.2 107.4 109.7 111.1 111.5 0.4

Manufacturing

79.9 80.2 80.4 80.2 -0.2 99.5 100.6 100.9 100.9 0.0

Durable goods

80.7 81.3 81.5 81.3 -0.2 101.6 102.7 103.3 103.2 -0.1

Nondurable goods

78.4 78.5 78.8 78.4 -0.5 95.2 96.5 96.7 96.6 -0.1

Private service-providing

108.6 110.6 110.8 110.5 -0.3 144.0 148.8 149.3 149.4 0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

101.6 102.8 102.8 102.4 -0.4 125.3 128.3 128.3 128.3 0.0

Wholesale trade

102.8 104.7 104.9 105.1 0.2 133.7 138.1 138.9 139.0 0.1

Retail trade

99.6 99.7 99.4 98.4 -1.0 116.8 118.3 117.9 117.3 -0.5

Transportation and warehousing

107.1 111.1 111.9 111.9 0.0 133.2 137.0 138.0 138.3 0.2

Utilities

92.1 96.0 93.1 93.1 0.0 119.5 128.9 123.7 124.3 0.5

Information

88.7 88.7 88.5 88.2 -0.3 117.7 119.7 120.4 121.3 0.7

Financial activities

102.3 104.6 104.7 103.9 -0.8 140.9 149.4 150.4 149.4 -0.7

Professional and business services

115.2 118.1 118.5 118.5 0.0 158.4 164.5 165.3 165.7 0.2

Education and health services

122.9 125.0 125.3 125.5 0.2 169.7 174.1 174.9 175.4 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

109.8 111.6 111.9 112.1 0.2 144.1 147.6 148.2 148.1 -0.1

Other services

98.2 97.8 97.7 97.9 0.2 124.7 126.1 126.4 127.0 0.5

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2012 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Last Modified Date: February 01, 2013
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