Economic News Release

Employment Situation News Release


 Transmission of material in this release is embargoed                  USDL-11-0129
 until 8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, February 4, 2011
 
 Technical information:
  Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
  Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces
 
 Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov
 
 
                    THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JANUARY 2011


The unemployment rate fell by 0.4 percentage point to 9.0 percent in
January, while nonfarm payroll employment changed little (+36,000),
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Employment rose in
manufacturing and in retail trade but was down in construction and in
transportation and warehousing. Employment in most other major
industries changed little over the month.


    ________________________________________________________________
   |                                                                |
   |  Changes to The Employment Situation Tables and Data           |
   |                                                                |
   |Changes to The Employment Situation news release tables are     |
   |being introduced with this release. In addition, establishment  |
   |survey data have been revised as a result of the annual bench-  |
   |marking process and the updating of seasonal adjustment factors.|
   |Also, household survey data for January 2011 reflect updated    |
   |population estimates. See the notes at the end of the news      |
   |release for more information about these changes.               |
   |________________________________________________________________|   
   
   
Household Survey Data

The unemployment rate (9.0 percent) declined by 0.4 percentage point
for the second month in a row. (See table A-1.) The number of
unemployed persons decreased by about 600,000 in January to 13.9
million, while the labor force was unchanged. (Based on data adjusted
for updated population controls. See table C.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men
(8.8 percent), whites (8.0 percent), and Hispanics (11.9 percent)
declined in January. The unemployment rates for adult women (7.9
percent), teenagers (25.7 percent), and blacks (15.7 percent) were
little changed. The jobless rate for Asians was 6.9 percent, not
seasonally adjusted. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs fell
from 8.9 to 8.5 million in January. The number of long-term unemployed
(those jobless for 27 weeks or more) edged down to 6.2 million and
accounted for 43.8 percent of the unemployed. (See tables A-11 and A-
12.)

After accounting for the annual adjustment to the population controls,
the employment-population ratio (58.4 percent) rose in January, and
the labor force participation rate (64.2 percent) was unchanged. (See
tables A-1 and C.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons
(sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) declined
from 8.9 to 8.4 million in January. These individuals were working
part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were
unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In January, 2.8 million persons were marginally attached to the labor
force, up from 2.5 million a year earlier. (These data are not
seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force,
wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime
in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because
they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.
(See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 1.0 million discouraged
workers in January, about the same as a year earlier. (These data are
not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not
currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available
for them. The remaining 1.8 million persons marginally attached to the
labor force had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the
survey for reasons such as school attendance or family
responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment changed little in January (+36,000).
Manufacturing and retail trade added jobs over the month, while
employment declined in construction and in transportation and
warehousing. Since a recent low in February 2010, total payroll
employment has increased by an average of 93,000 per month. (See table
B-1.)

Manufacturing added 49,000 jobs in January. Over the month, job gains
occurred in durable goods, including motor vehicles and parts
(+20,000), fabricated metal products (+13,000), machinery (+10,000),
and computer and electronic products (+5,000). Employment in
nondurable goods manufacturing declined by 13,000 over the month.

Employment in retail trade rose by 28,000 in January, after changing
little in December. Retail trade has added 123,000 jobs since its
recent low point in December 2009. In January, employment in clothing
stores increased by 15,000.

Health care employment continued to trend up over the month (+11,000).
Over the prior 12 months, health care had added an average of 22,000
jobs per month.

In January, construction employment declined by 32,000. Within
construction, there were job losses among nonresidential specialty
trade contractors (-22,000) and in construction of buildings 
(-10,000). Employment in construction may have been impacted by severe
winter weather affecting parts of the country during the survey
reference period. (See the Frequently Asked Questions.)

Transportation and warehousing employment fell by 38,000 in January,
reflecting a sharp decline among couriers and messengers (-45,000).
Couriers and messengers had an unusually large job gain in December,
followed by layoffs of a similar magnitude in January.

Within professional and business services, employment in temporary
help services was little changed in January (-11,000).  Temporary help
had added an average of 25,000 jobs per month over the prior 12
months.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls
fell by 0.1 hour to 34.2 hours in January. The manufacturing workweek
for all employees rose by 0.1 hour to 40.5 hours, while factory
overtime remained at 3.1 hours. The average workweek for production
and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls declined by
0.1 hour to 33.4 hours; the workweek fell by 1.0 hour in construction,
likely reflecting severe winter weather. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In January, average hourly earnings for all employees on private
nonfarm payrolls increased by 8 cents, or 0.4 percent, to $22.86. Over
the past 12 months, average hourly earnings have increased by
1.9 percent. In January, average hourly earnings of private-sector
production and nonsupervisory employees rose by 10 cents, or 0.5
percent, to $19.34. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for November was
revised from +71,000 to +93,000, and the change for December was
revised from +103,000 to +121,000. Monthly revisions result from
additional sample reports and the monthly recalculation of seasonal
factors. The annual benchmark process also contributed to these
revisions.

_____________
The Employment Situation for February is scheduled to be released on
Friday, March 4, 2011, at 8:30 a.m. (EST). 


    ___________________________________________________________________________
   |                                                                           |
   |                  Changes to Household Survey Data                         |
   |                                                                           |
   |Effective with this release, two additional data series--"Self-employed    |
   |workers, unincorporated" and "Self-employed workers, incorporated"--have   |
   |been added to table A-9.                                                   |
   |                                                                           |
   |Also, in table A-8, the data series currently labeled "Self-employed work- |
   |ers" (one for Agriculture and related industries and one for Nonagricul-   |
   |tural industries) have been renamed "Self-employed workers, unincorpor-    |
   |ated." This is strictly a change in title and not in definition; the data  |
   |shown were not be affected. This change was made to clarify that these data|
   |only include persons operating unincorporated businesses. A similar title  |
   |change was made to one data series in table A-14.                          |
   |                                                                           |
   |In addition, a change affecting data collected on unemployment duration    |
   |was introduced in the household survey in January 2011. Previously, the    |
   |Current Population Survey could record unemployment durations of up to 2   |
   |years. Starting with data collected for January 2011, the survey can record|
   |unemployment durations of up to 5 years. This change affects one data      |
   |series in this news release: the average (mean) duration of unemployment,  |
   |which is found in table A-12. The change does not affect the estimate of   |
   |total unemployment or other data series on duration of unemployment. Add-  |
   |itional information is available at www.bls.gov/cps/duration.htm.          |
   |                                                                           |
   |Beginning with data for January 2011, occupation estimates in table A-13   |
   |reflect the introduction of the 2010 Census occupation classification      |
   |system into the household survey. This occupation classification system is |
   |derived from the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification system. Histor- |
   |ical data have not been revised.                                           |
   |___________________________________________________________________________|
 

                                                                               
                        Revisions to Establishment Survey Data                 
                                                                               
                                                                               
  In accordance with annual practice, the establishment survey data have       
  been revised to reflect comprehensive universe counts of payroll jobs, or    
  benchmarks.  These counts are derived principally from unemployment insur-   
  ance tax records for March 2010.  As a result of the benchmark process, all  
  not seasonally adjusted data series were subject to revision from April 2009 
  forward, the time period since the last benchmark was established.  In       
  addition, with this release, the seasonally adjusted establishment survey    
  data from January 2006 forward were subject to revision due to the           
  introduction of updated seasonal adjustment factors.                         
                                                                               
  Table A presents revised total nonfarm employment data on a seasonally ad-   
  justed basis for January through December 2010.  The revised data for April  
  2010 forward incorporate the effect of applying the rate of change measured  
  by the sample to the new benchmark level, as well as updated net business    
  birth/death model adjustments and new seasonal adjustment factors.  The      
  November and December 2010 revisions also reflect the routine incorporation  
  of additional sample receipts into the November final and December second    
  preliminary estimates.  The total nonfarm employment level for March 2010 was
  revised downward by 378,000 (411,000 on a seasonally adjusted basis).  The   
  previously published level for December 2010 was revised downward by 452,000 
  (483,000 on a seasonally adjusted basis).                                    
                                                                               
  An article that discusses the benchmark and post-benchmark revisions, as     
  well as all revised historical Current Employment Statistics (CES) data,     
  can be accessed through the CES homepage at www.bls.gov/ces/. Information on 
  the revisions released today also may be obtained by calling (202) 691-6555. 
                                                                               
  
  Table A.  Revisions in total nonfarm employment, January-December 2010,      
  seasonally adjusted                                                          
                                                                               
  (In thousands)                                                               
  _______________________________________________________________________      
                 |                     |                                       
                 |       Level         |      Over-the-month change            
                 |---------------------|---------------------------------      
   Year and month|    As    |          |    As    |          |                 
                 |previously|    As    |previously|    As    | Difference      
                 |published |  revised |published |  revised |                 
  _______________|__________|__________|__________|__________|___________      
                 |          |          |          |          |                 
       2010      |          |          |          |          |                 
  January........| 129,602  |  129,281 |     14   |   -39    |   -53           
  February.......| 129,641  |  129,246 |     39   |   -35    |   -74           
  March..........| 129,849  |  129,438 |    208   |   192    |   -16           
  April..........| 130,162  |  129,715 |    313   |   277    |   -36           
  May............| 130,594  |  130,173 |    432   |   458    |    26           
  June...........| 130,419  |  129,981 |   -175   |  -192    |   -17           
  July...........| 130,353  |  129,932 |    -66   |   -49    |    17           
  August.........| 130,352  |  129,873 |     -1   |   -59    |   -58           
  September......| 130,328  |  129,844 |    -24   |   -29    |    -5           
  October........| 130,538  |  130,015 |    210   |   171    |   -39           
  November.......| 130,609  |  130,108 |     71   |    93    |    22           
  December (p)...| 130,712  |  130,229 |    103   |   121    |    18           
  -----------------------------------------------------------------------      
      p = preliminary.                                                         
 
 
 
            Adjustments to Population Estimates for the Household Survey
 
 
 Effective with data for January 2011, updated population estimates have been used
 in the household survey. Population estimates for the household survey are devel-
 oped by the U.S. Census Bureau. Each year, the Census Bureau updates the estimates
 to reflect new information and assumptions about the growth of the population
 during the decade. The change in population reflected in the new estimates results
 from adjustments for net international migration, updated vital statistics and
 other information, and some methodological changes in the estimation process.
 
 The population control adjustments introduced with household survey data for 
 January 2011 were applied to the population base determined by Census 2000. The
 results from Census 2010 will not be incorporated into the household survey pop-
 ulation controls until the release of data for January 2012.
 
 In accordance with usual practice, BLS will not revise the official household
 survey estimates for December 2010 and earlier months. To show the impact of the
 population adjustment, however, differences in selected December 2010 labor force
 series based on the old and new population estimates are shown in table B. The
 adjustment decreased the estimated size of the civilian noninstitutional population
 in December by 347,000, the civilian labor force by 504,000, and employment by
 472,000; the new population estimates had a negligible impact on unemployment rates
 and most other percentage estimates. Data users are cautioned that these annual pop-
 ulation adjustments affect the comparability of household data series over time.
 Estimates of large levels, such as total labor force and employment, are impacted
 most. Table C shows the effect of the introduction of new population estimates on
 the changes in selected labor force measures between December 2010 and January 2011.
 Additional information on the population adjustments and their effect on national
 labor force estimates are available at www.bls.gov/cps/cps11adj.pdf. 
 
 
 
 Table B.  Effect of the updated population controls on December 2010 estimates by sex, race,
 and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, not seasonally adjusted                                   
                                                                             
 (Numbers in thousands)                                                      
                                                                             
 ____________________________________________________________________________________________
                                      |     |     |      |      |        |       |           
                                      |     |     |      |      |  Black |       |           
                                      |     |     |      |      |    or  |       |  Hispanic 
                                      |Total| Men | Women| White| African| Asian | or Latino 
               Category               |     |     |      |      |American|       | ethnicity 
                                      |     |     |      |      |        |       |           
 _____________________________________|_____|_____|______|______|________|_______|___________
                                      |     |     |      |      |        |       |           
 Civilian noninstitutional population.|-347 |  10 | -357 | -328 |   19   |  -24  |   -269    
   Civilian labor force...............|-504 |-302 | -203 | -482 |    7   |  -24  |   -236    
     Participation rate...............| -.1 | -.3 |   .0 |  -.1 |   .0   |  -.1  |    -.2    
    Employed..........................|-472 |-285 | -187 | -450 |    6   |  -23  |   -220    
     Employment-population ratio......| -.1 | -.3 |   .0 |  -.1 |   .0   |  -.1  |    -.2    
    Unemployed........................|- 32 | -17 |  -15 |  -32 |    2   |   -2  |    -16    
     Unemployment rate. ..............|  .0 |  .0 |   .0 |   .0 |   .0   |   .0  |     .1    
   Not in the labor force             | 157 | 312 | -155 |  153 |   11   |    1  |    -33    
 _____________________________________|_____|_____|______|______|________|_______|___________
 
    NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Estimates for the above race groups
 (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented
 for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.
 
 
 
 Table C.  December 2010-January 2011 changes in selected labor force        
 measures, with adjustments for population control effects                   
                                                                             
 (Numbers in thousands)                                                      
                                                                             
 ____________________________________________________________________________
                                      |           |            |             
                                      |           |            |  Dec.-Jan.  
                                      | Dec.-Jan. |    2011    |   change,   
                                      |  change   | population |  after re-  
               Category               |    as     |   control  |  moving the 
                                      | published |   effect   |  population 
                                      |           |            |   control   
                                      |           |            |  effect (1) 
 _____________________________________|___________|____________|_____________
                                      |           |            |             
                                      |           |            |             
 Civilian noninstitutional population.|    -185   |    -347    |     162     
   Civilian labor force...............|    -504   |    -504    |       0     
     Participation rate...............|     -.1   |     -.1    |      .0     
    Employed..........................|     117   |    -472    |     589     
     Employment-population ratio......|      .1   |     -.1    |      .2     
    Unemployed........................|    -622   |     -32    |    -590     
      Unemployment rate...............|     -.4   |      .0    |     -.4     
   Not in the labor force             |     319   |     157    |     162     
 _____________________________________|___________|____________|_____________
                                                                             
    1 This Dec.-Jan. change is calculated by subtracting the population 
 control effect from the published over-the-month change.
 
 
 

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Jan.
2010
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010
Jan.
2011
Change from:
Dec.
2010-
Jan.
2011

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

236,832 238,715 238,889 238,704 -

Civilian labor force

153,353 153,950 153,690 153,186 -

Participation rate

64.8 64.5 64.3 64.2 -

Employed

138,511 138,909 139,206 139,323 -

Employment-population ratio

58.5 58.2 58.3 58.4 -

Unemployed

14,842 15,041 14,485 13,863 -

Unemployment rate

9.7 9.8 9.4 9.0 -

Not in labor force

83,479 84,765 85,199 85,518 -

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

9.7 9.8 9.4 9.0 -

Adult men (20 years and over)

10.0 9.9 9.4 8.8 -

Adult women (20 years and over)

7.8 8.3 8.1 7.9 -

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

26.2 24.5 25.4 25.7 -

White

8.7 8.9 8.5 8.0 -

Black or African American

16.4 16.0 15.8 15.7 -

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

8.4 7.6 7.2 6.9 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

12.5 13.2 13.0 11.9 -

Total, 25 years and over

8.2 8.4 8.1 7.6 -

Less than a high school diploma

15.1 15.7 15.3 14.2 -

High school graduates, no college

10.1 10.0 9.8 9.4 -

Some college or associate degree

8.5 8.7 8.1 8.0 -

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.8 5.1 4.8 4.2 -

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

9,287 9,471 8,923 8,519 -

Job leavers

908 864 914 910 -

Reentrants

3,603 3,427 3,408 3,357 -

New entrants

1,210 1,269 1,311 1,351 -

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,915 2,824 2,725 2,678 -

5 to 14 weeks

3,346 3,336 3,184 3,016 -

15 to 26 weeks

2,614 2,515 2,205 2,285 -

27 weeks and over

6,302 6,328 6,441 6,210 -

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

8,367 8,960 8,931 8,407 -

Slack work or business conditions

5,831 6,025 6,011 5,771 -

Could only find part-time work

2,271 2,557 2,568 2,510 -

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,521 18,326 18,184 17,929 -

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,539 2,531 2,609 2,800 -

Discouraged workers

1,065 1,282 1,318 993 -

- December - January changes in household data are not shown due to the introduction of updated population controls.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Jan.
2010
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010(p)
Jan.
2011(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

-39 93 121 36

Total private

-42 128 139 50

Goods-producing

-48 8 -7 18

Mining and logging

5 1 -4 1

Construction

-62 -8 -17 -32

Manufacturing

9 15 14 49

Durable goods(1)

15 16 14 62

Motor vehicles and parts

24.3 -1.9 -2.3 20.4

Nondurable goods

-6 -1 0 -13

Private service-providing(1)

6 120 146 32

Wholesale trade

-21.3 8.3 4.6 9.2

Retail trade

35.1 -15.6 2.8 27.5

Transportation and warehousing

-39.5 22.1 48.6 -38.0

Information

-5 2 0 -1

Financial activities

-16 -1 0 -10

Professional and business services(1)

31 85 54 31

Temporary help services

56.6 26.8 38.1 -11.4

Education and health services(1)

19 37 23 13

Health care and social assistance

12.4 30.9 27.9 12.9

Leisure and hospitality

-1 -15 8 -3

Other services

3 -2 3 5

Government

3 -35 -18 -14

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

50.0 49.7 49.6 49.6

Total private women employees

48.5 48.2 48.2 48.2

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.4 82.4 82.4 82.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.0 34.2 34.3 34.2

Average hourly earnings

$22.44 $22.76 $22.78 $22.86

Average weekly earnings

$762.96 $778.39 $781.35 $781.81

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

91.0 92.4 92.8 92.6

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 -0.2 0.4 -0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

97.4 100.3 100.8 100.9

Over-the-month percent change

0.5 -0.2 0.5 0.1

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.3 33.5 33.5 33.4

Average hourly earnings

$18.91 $19.24 $19.24 $19.34

Average weekly earnings

$629.70 $644.54 $644.54 $645.96

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

97.9 99.5 99.6 99.3

Over-the-month percent change

0.3 0.1 0.1 -0.3

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

123.7 127.9 128.0 128.3

Over-the-month percent change

0.6 0.2 0.1 0.2

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private

46.1 57.7 59.4 59.4

Manufacturing

38.9 58.0 61.7 69.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2010 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.



    Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates


Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based
estimates of employment and both have strengths and limitations. The
establishment survey employment series has a smaller margin of error on
the measurement of month-to-month change than the household survey because
of its much larger sample size. An over-the-month employment change of
about 100,000 is statistically significant in the establishment survey,
while the threshold for a statistically significant change in the household
survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more expansive
scope than the establishment survey because it includes the self-employed,
unpaid family workers, agricultural workers, and private household workers,
who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household survey also
provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.

Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants.
However, neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to
identify the legal status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to de-
termine how many are counted in either survey. The establishment survey does
not collect data on the legal status of workers. The household survey does
include questions which identify the foreign and native born, but it does not
include questions about the legal status of the foreign born.

Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data
series by incorporating additional information that was not available at
the time of the initial publication of the estimates. The establishment
survey revises its initial monthly estimates twice, in the immediately suc-
ceeding 2 months, to incorporate additional sample receipts from respondents
in the survey and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. For more informa-
tion on the monthly revisions, please visit www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revi-
sion that re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available
from unemployment insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for
sampling and modeling errors in the estimates. For more information on the
annual benchmark revision, please visit www.bls.gov/web/cesbmart.htm.

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of busi-
ness establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sam-
ple is designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment
estimate; firms from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled
to achieve that goal.
  
Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account 
for the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The
adjustment comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net 
jobs impact of business births and deaths based on the actual past values of
the net impact that can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of
Employment and Wages. The establishment survey uses modeling rather than sam-
pling for this purpose because the survey is not immediately able to bring new
businesses into the sample. There is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a
new firm and its appearance on the sampling frame and availability for selection.
BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a year.

Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of house-
holds. All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available
to work are included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are in-
cluded even if they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or ques-
tion relating to unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped looking for
work?

Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs
are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in The Employment
Situation news release.

How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates? 

In the establishment survey, severe weather is likely to have more of an impact on
hours than employment. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the esti-
mate of payroll employment, employees have to be off work for the entire pay 
period that includes the 12th of the month and not be paid. About half of all
employees in the payroll survey have a 2-week, semi-monthly, or monthly pay period.
Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are counted
in the payroll employment figures. While some persons may be off payrolls during
the pay period due to severe weather, others, such as those dealing with cleanup
and repair activities, may be added to payrolls. Hours are impacted to the extent
that time away from work is unpaid.

In the household survey, the reference period is the calendar week (generally) in-
cluding the 12th of the month. People who miss the entire week’s work for weather-
related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time off.
The household survey collects data on the number of people who usually work full time
but had reduced hours, or had a job but were not at work due to bad weather. Current
and historical data are available on the household survey’s most requested statistics
page at http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.





Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the
Current Population Survey (household survey) and the Current Employ-
ment Statistics survey (establishment survey). The household survey 
provides information on the labor force, employment, and unemploy-
ment that appears in the "A" tables, marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a 
sample survey of about 60,000 households conducted by the U.S. Cen-
sus Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). 

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, 
and earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the 
"B" tables, marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each 
month from the payroll records of a sample of nonagricultural busi-
ness establishments. The sample includes about 140,000 businesses and 
government agencies representing approximately 410,000 worksites and is 
drawn from a sampling frame of roughly 8.9 million unemployment  in-
surance tax accounts. The active sample includes approximately one-
third of all nonfarm payroll employees. 

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular 
week or pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is 
generally the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. 
In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period 
including the 12th, which may or may not correspond directly to the 
calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire
civilian noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series
of questions on work and job search activities, each person 16 years
and over in a sample household is classified as employed, unemployed,
or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as
paid employees during the reference week; worked in their own business, 
profession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 
hours in a family business or farm. People are also counted as employ-
ed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, 
bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the follow-
ing criteria: they had no employment during the reference week; they 
were available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts 
to find employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the 
reference week. Persons laid off from a job and expecting recall need 
not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The unemployment 
data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eli-
gibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed per-
sons. Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the
labor force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a per-
cent of the labor force. The labor force participation rate is the
labor force as a percent of the population, and the employment-popula-
tion ratio is the employed as a percent of the population. Additional 
information about the household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/
cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from pri-
vate nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as
well as from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees
on nonfarm payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the
reference pay period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are
counted in each job they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced
for the private sector for all employees and for production and nonsu-
pervisory employees. Production and nonsupervisory employees are defin-
ed as production and related employees in manufacturing and mining and 
logging, construction workers in construction, and nonsupervisory em-
ployees in private service-providing industries. 

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s princi-
pal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American 
Industry Classification System. Additional information about the estab-
lishment survey can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/#technical.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and
methodological differences between the household and establishment
surveys result in important distinctions in the employment estimates
derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-
     employed, unpaid family workers, and private household workers
     among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.
  
   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the
     employed. The establishment survey does not.
  
   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and
     older. The establishment survey is not limited by age.
  
   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than
     one job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted
     separately for each appearance.
  
Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and
the levels of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring
fluctuations. These events may result from seasonal changes in weather, 
major holidays, and the opening and closing of schools. The effect of 
such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern
each year, their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by
adjusting for regular seasonal variation. These adjustments make non-
seasonal developments, such as declines in employment or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot. For
example, in the household survey, the large number of youth entering
the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes that
have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if
the level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in
the establishment survey, payroll employment in education declines by
about 20 percent at the end of the spring term and later rises with
the start of the fall term, obscuring the underlying employment trends
in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes at the end and
beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The
seasonally adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to
analyze changes in month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both
the household and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series
for many major estimates, such as total payroll employment, employment
in most major sectors, total employment, and unemployment are computed
by aggregating independently adjusted component series. For example,
total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate
that would be obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors
are calculated each month using all relevant data, up to and including
the data for the current month. In the household survey, new seasonal
factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the es-
tablishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month 
to adjust the three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months 
are routinely revised to incorporate additional sample reports and re-
calculated seasonal adjustment factors. In both surveys, 5-year revi-
sions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are
subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample rather
than the entire population is surveyed, there is a chance that the
sample estimates may differ from the "true" population values they
represent. The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending
on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured by
the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent chance, 
or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ 
by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population value 
because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 
90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in
total nonfarm employment from the establishment survey is on the order
of plus or minus 100,0001. Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment
increases by 50,000 from one month to the next. The 90-percent confi-
dence interval on the monthly change would range from -50,000 to 
+150,000 (50,000 +/- 100,0002). These figures do not mean that the
sample results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is
about a 90-percent chance that the "true" over-the-month change lies
within this interval. Since this range includes values of less than
zero, we could not say with confidence that nonfarm employment had, in
fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported nonfarm employ-
ment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90-percent 
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is 
likely (at least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in 
fact, risen that month. At an unemployment rate of around 5.5 percent, 
the 90-percent confidence interval for the monthly change in unemploy-
ment as measured by the household survey is about +/- 280,000, and for 
the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about +/-0.19 per-
centage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments
have lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than
estimates which are based on a small number of observations. The pre-
cision of estimates also is improved when the data are cumulated over 
time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by
nonsampling error, which can occur for many reasons, including the
failure to sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain
information for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwill-
ingness of respondents to provide correct information on a timely 
basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collec-
tion or processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most
recent 2 months are based on incomplete returns; for this reason,
these estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables. It is only
after two successive revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly 
all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is consi-
dered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment
survey is the inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment
generated by new firms. To correct for this systematic underestima-
tion of employment growth, an estimation procedure with two compo-
nents is used to account for business births. The first component 
excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based 
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from 
business births. This is incorporated into the sample-based esti-
mation procedure by simply not reflecting sample units going out 
of business, but imputing to them the same employment trend as the 
other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for most of the 
net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to
estimate the residual net birth/death employment not accounted for 
by the imputation. The historical time series used to create and 
test the ARIMA model was derived from the unemployment insurance 
universe micro-level database, and reflects the actual residual net 
of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are ad-
justed once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll
employment obtained from administrative records of the unemployment
insurance program. The difference between the March sample-based em-
ployment estimates and the March universe counts is known as a bench-
mark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey error. 
The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of 
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions  for 
total nonfarm employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from 
-0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory im-
paired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal 
Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2010
Dec.
2010
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2010
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010
Jan.
2011

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

236,832 238,889 238,704 236,832 238,322 238,530 238,715 238,889 238,704

Civilian labor force

152,957 153,156 152,536 153,353 154,124 153,960 153,950 153,690 153,186

Participation rate

64.6 64.1 63.9 64.8 64.7 64.5 64.5 64.3 64.2

Employed

136,809 139,159 137,599 138,511 139,378 139,084 138,909 139,206 139,323

Employment-population ratio

57.8 58.3 57.6 58.5 58.5 58.3 58.2 58.3 58.4

Unemployed

16,147 13,997 14,937 14,842 14,746 14,876 15,041 14,485 13,863

Unemployment rate

10.6 9.1 9.8 9.7 9.6 9.7 9.8 9.4 9.0

Not in labor force

83,876 85,733 86,168 83,479 84,198 84,570 84,765 85,199 85,518

Persons who currently want a job

6,108 6,212 6,643 5,912 6,236 6,279 6,248 6,471 6,410

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

114,648 115,731 115,828 114,648 115,433 115,542 115,640 115,731 115,828

Civilian labor force

81,238 81,504 81,103 81,456 82,165 82,000 81,986 81,845 81,544

Participation rate

70.9 70.4 70.0 71.0 71.2 71.0 70.9 70.7 70.4

Employed

71,216 73,226 72,307 72,667 73,594 73,470 73,337 73,600 73,800

Employment-population ratio

62.1 63.3 62.4 63.4 63.8 63.6 63.4 63.6 63.7

Unemployed

10,021 8,278 8,796 8,789 8,571 8,530 8,649 8,245 7,744

Unemployment rate

12.3 10.2 10.8 10.8 10.4 10.4 10.5 10.1 9.5

Not in labor force

33,410 34,228 34,725 33,191 33,268 33,542 33,653 33,886 34,284

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

105,998 107,216 107,203 105,998 106,887 107,007 107,114 107,216 107,203

Civilian labor force

78,451 78,780 78,346 78,386 79,289 79,016 78,980 78,906 78,506

Participation rate

74.0 73.5 73.1 74.0 74.2 73.8 73.7 73.6 73.2

Employed

69,337 71,235 70,360 70,525 71,559 71,365 71,130 71,480 71,589

Employment-population ratio

65.4 66.4 65.6 66.5 66.9 66.7 66.4 66.7 66.8

Unemployed

9,113 7,545 7,986 7,861 7,729 7,651 7,849 7,426 6,917

Unemployment rate

11.6 9.6 10.2 10.0 9.7 9.7 9.9 9.4 8.8

Not in labor force

27,548 28,436 28,857 27,612 27,599 27,991 28,134 28,310 28,698

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

122,185 123,158 122,876 122,185 122,889 122,988 123,075 123,158 122,876

Civilian labor force

71,719 71,653 71,433 71,897 71,959 71,960 71,964 71,845 71,642

Participation rate

58.7 58.2 58.1 58.8 58.6 58.5 58.5 58.3 58.3

Employed

65,593 65,933 65,292 65,844 65,784 65,613 65,572 65,605 65,523

Employment-population ratio

53.7 53.5 53.1 53.9 53.5 53.3 53.3 53.3 53.3

Unemployed

6,126 5,719 6,141 6,053 6,175 6,346 6,392 6,240 6,119

Unemployment rate

8.5 8.0 8.6 8.4 8.6 8.8 8.9 8.7 8.5

Not in labor force

50,466 51,505 51,443 50,288 50,930 51,028 51,112 51,313 51,234

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

113,796 114,894 114,637 113,796 114,596 114,704 114,801 114,894 114,637

Civilian labor force

68,991 68,999 68,842 68,958 69,082 69,018 69,151 69,027 68,839

Participation rate

60.6 60.1 60.1 60.6 60.3 60.2 60.2 60.1 60.0

Employed

63,437 63,809 63,300 63,549 63,562 63,400 63,385 63,428 63,392

Employment-population ratio

55.7 55.5 55.2 55.8 55.5 55.3 55.2 55.2 55.3

Unemployed

5,553 5,190 5,542 5,409 5,520 5,618 5,766 5,599 5,447

Unemployment rate

8.0 7.5 8.1 7.8 8.0 8.1 8.3 8.1 7.9

Not in labor force

44,806 45,895 45,795 44,838 45,514 45,687 45,651 45,867 45,798

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

17,038 16,780 16,863 17,038 16,839 16,819 16,800 16,780 16,863

Civilian labor force

5,515 5,378 5,348 6,009 5,754 5,927 5,820 5,757 5,841

Participation rate

32.4 32.0 31.7 35.3 34.2 35.2 34.6 34.3 34.6

Employed

4,034 4,116 3,939 4,438 4,256 4,319 4,393 4,298 4,341

Employment-population ratio

23.7 24.5 23.4 26.0 25.3 25.7 26.2 25.6 25.7

Unemployed

1,481 1,262 1,409 1,572 1,497 1,607 1,426 1,460 1,500

Unemployment rate

26.9 23.5 26.3 26.2 26.0 27.1 24.5 25.4 25.7

Not in labor force

11,522 11,402 11,516 11,028 11,085 10,893 10,980 11,022 11,022

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2010
Dec.
2010
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2010
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010
Jan.
2011

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

191,454 192,749 192,516 191,454 192,391 192,527 192,641 192,749 192,516

Civilian labor force

124,498 124,309 123,696 124,735 125,333 124,914 124,824 124,700 124,192

Participation rate

65.0 64.5 64.3 65.2 65.1 64.9 64.8 64.7 64.5

Employed

112,546 114,035 112,754 113,940 114,433 113,975 113,728 114,079 114,197

Employment-population ratio

58.8 59.2 58.6 59.5 59.5 59.2 59.0 59.2 59.3

Unemployed

11,952 10,274 10,942 10,795 10,899 10,940 11,096 10,620 9,995

Unemployment rate

9.6 8.3 8.8 8.7 8.7 8.8 8.9 8.5 8.0

Not in labor force

66,956 68,439 68,820 66,719 67,058 67,612 67,817 68,049 68,325

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,877 64,978 64,551 64,814 65,579 65,215 65,088 65,041 64,673

Participation rate

74.5 73.9 73.5 74.4 74.8 74.3 74.1 74.0 73.6

Employed

57,937 59,280 58,584 58,917 59,759 59,425 59,137 59,484 59,586

Employment-population ratio

66.5 67.4 66.7 67.6 68.1 67.7 67.3 67.7 67.8

Unemployed

6,940 5,698 5,968 5,897 5,820 5,790 5,951 5,557 5,086

Unemployment rate

10.7 8.8 9.2 9.1 8.9 8.9 9.1 8.5 7.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,135 54,927 54,728 55,017 54,961 54,846 54,953 54,914 54,686

Participation rate

60.4 59.7 59.6 60.2 59.8 59.7 59.7 59.7 59.6

Employed

51,202 51,261 50,791 51,265 51,000 50,835 50,817 50,920 50,878

Employment-population ratio

56.1 55.7 55.3 56.1 55.5 55.3 55.2 55.3 55.4

Unemployed

3,933 3,667 3,937 3,752 3,961 4,012 4,136 3,994 3,808

Unemployment rate

7.1 6.7 7.2 6.8 7.2 7.3 7.5 7.3 7.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,486 4,404 4,417 4,904 4,793 4,853 4,783 4,746 4,833

Participation rate

34.5 34.4 34.3 37.7 37.3 37.8 37.3 37.1 37.5

Employed

3,406 3,494 3,380 3,758 3,674 3,715 3,775 3,676 3,732

Employment-population ratio

26.2 27.3 26.2 28.9 28.6 29.0 29.5 28.7 29.0

Unemployed

1,080 910 1,037 1,146 1,119 1,138 1,008 1,070 1,100

Unemployment rate

24.1 20.7 23.5 23.4 23.3 23.4 21.1 22.5 22.8

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,526 28,896 28,947 28,526 28,794 28,831 28,865 28,896 28,947

Civilian labor force

17,702 17,835 17,757 17,765 17,777 17,946 18,020 17,958 17,857

Participation rate

62.1 61.7 61.3 62.3 61.7 62.2 62.4 62.1 61.7

Employed

14,643 15,120 14,819 14,843 14,920 15,127 15,142 15,119 15,048

Employment-population ratio

51.3 52.3 51.2 52.0 51.8 52.5 52.5 52.3 52.0

Unemployed

3,059 2,715 2,938 2,922 2,857 2,818 2,878 2,839 2,809

Unemployment rate

17.3 15.2 16.5 16.4 16.1 15.7 16.0 15.8 15.7

Not in labor force

10,824 11,061 11,190 10,761 11,017 10,885 10,845 10,939 11,090

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,017 8,079 8,070 7,978 8,066 8,072 8,099 8,106 8,054

Participation rate

69.6 68.8 68.5 69.3 69.1 69.0 69.1 69.1 68.3

Employed

6,451 6,758 6,589 6,569 6,661 6,763 6,753 6,764 6,723

Employment-population ratio

56.0 57.6 55.9 57.0 57.1 57.8 57.6 57.6 57.1

Unemployed

1,565 1,321 1,481 1,409 1,405 1,309 1,346 1,341 1,331

Unemployment rate

19.5 16.4 18.4 17.7 17.4 16.2 16.6 16.5 16.5

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,998 9,141 9,086 9,036 9,101 9,173 9,228 9,204 9,146

Participation rate

62.8 62.9 62.5 63.1 62.9 63.3 63.6 63.3 62.9

Employed

7,803 7,998 7,911 7,846 7,948 7,998 8,017 7,993 7,966

Employment-population ratio

54.5 55.0 54.4 54.8 54.9 55.2 55.2 55.0 54.8

Unemployed

1,194 1,143 1,175 1,190 1,152 1,176 1,211 1,211 1,179

Unemployment rate

13.3 12.5 12.9 13.2 12.7 12.8 13.1 13.2 12.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

687 615 601 751 611 700 693 648 658

Participation rate

25.6 23.4 22.9 28.0 23.1 26.5 26.3 24.6 25.1

Employed

388 365 319 428 310 366 372 361 359

Employment-population ratio

14.5 13.9 12.2 15.9 11.7 13.9 14.1 13.7 13.7

Unemployed

299 250 282 323 300 334 321 287 299

Unemployment rate

43.5 40.7 46.9 43.0 49.2 47.7 46.3 44.2 45.4

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

10,950 11,387 11,351 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

7,020 7,355 7,354 - - - - - -

Participation rate

64.1 64.6 64.8 - - - - - -

Employed

6,431 6,829 6,846 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

58.7 60.0 60.3 - - - - - -

Unemployed

589 526 509 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

8.4 7.2 6.9 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

3,930 4,032 3,997 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2010
Dec.
2010
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2010
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010
Jan.
2011

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

33,251 34,188 34,001 33,251 33,927 34,014 34,102 34,188 34,001

Civilian labor force

22,505 22,929 22,714 22,595 22,896 22,814 22,915 22,868 22,823

Participation rate

67.7 67.1 66.8 68.0 67.5 67.1 67.2 66.9 67.1

Employed

19,373 19,957 19,711 19,764 20,042 19,936 19,899 19,906 20,099

Employment-population ratio

58.3 58.4 58.0 59.4 59.1 58.6 58.4 58.2 59.1

Unemployed

3,132 2,972 3,003 2,831 2,854 2,878 3,016 2,962 2,724

Unemployment rate

13.9 13.0 13.2 12.5 12.5 12.6 13.2 13.0 11.9

Not in labor force

10,746 11,259 11,287 10,656 11,031 11,201 11,188 11,320 11,178

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

12,769 13,115 12,865 - - - - - -

Participation rate

82.6 82.3 81.8 - - - - - -

Employed

11,003 11,431 11,196 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

71.2 71.7 71.2 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,766 1,684 1,669 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

13.8 12.8 13.0 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,776 8,880 8,892 - - - - - -

Participation rate

60.2 59.2 59.7 - - - - - -

Employed

7,767 7,892 7,873 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

53.3 52.7 52.9 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,009 988 1,019 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

11.5 11.1 11.5 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

960 934 957 - - - - - -

Participation rate

29.8 28.6 28.3 - - - - - -

Employed

602 633 642 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

18.7 19.4 19.0 - - - - - -

Unemployed

357 300 315 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

37.2 32.2 32.9 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2010
Dec.
2010
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2010
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010
Jan.
2011

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

12,014 11,773 11,437 11,858 11,828 11,800 11,803 11,758 11,383

Participation rate

46.1 46.1 45.3 45.5 46.7 47.0 46.6 46.0 45.1

Employed

9,898 9,924 9,545 10,068 10,003 9,995 9,955 9,963 9,770

Employment-population ratio

38.0 38.9 37.8 38.7 39.5 39.8 39.3 39.0 38.7

Unemployed

2,116 1,850 1,892 1,790 1,824 1,805 1,848 1,795 1,613

Unemployment rate

17.6 15.7 16.5 15.1 15.4 15.3 15.7 15.3 14.2

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

38,285 38,231 37,747 37,818 38,151 38,051 37,824 38,203 37,513

Participation rate

62.0 60.9 60.7 61.2 61.9 61.6 61.1 60.9 60.3

Employed

33,879 34,470 33,724 34,001 34,331 34,225 34,035 34,465 33,972

Employment-population ratio

54.8 54.9 54.2 55.0 55.7 55.4 55.0 54.9 54.6

Unemployed

4,406 3,761 4,023 3,817 3,820 3,826 3,789 3,738 3,541

Unemployment rate

11.5 9.8 10.7 10.1 10.0 10.1 10.0 9.8 9.4

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

36,584 36,763 36,701 36,751 37,115 37,120 37,037 36,809 36,841

Participation rate

71.1 70.1 70.0 71.4 70.5 70.0 69.8 70.2 70.2

Employed

33,292 33,869 33,591 33,630 33,746 33,972 33,832 33,821 33,878

Employment-population ratio

64.7 64.6 64.0 65.4 64.1 64.0 63.8 64.5 64.6

Unemployed

3,292 2,894 3,109 3,121 3,369 3,148 3,205 2,988 2,963

Unemployment rate

9.0 7.9 8.5 8.5 9.1 8.5 8.7 8.1 8.0

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

45,925 46,310 46,288 45,908 46,488 46,132 46,322 46,312 46,263

Participation rate

77.0 76.9 76.4 77.0 76.5 76.1 76.6 76.9 76.4

Employed

43,574 44,170 44,226 43,705 44,405 43,971 43,952 44,095 44,322

Employment-population ratio

73.1 73.4 73.0 73.3 73.0 72.6 72.7 73.2 73.2

Unemployed

2,351 2,140 2,062 2,203 2,083 2,161 2,370 2,217 1,941

Unemployment rate

5.1 4.6 4.5 4.8 4.5 4.7 5.1 4.8 4.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2011

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

22,186 21,797 20,410 20,003 1,776 1,794

Civilian labor force

11,860 11,429 10,755 10,228 1,104 1,201

Participation rate

53.5 52.4 52.7 51.1 62.2 66.9

Employed

10,724 10,294 9,743 9,206 981 1,088

Employment-population ratio

48.3 47.2 47.7 46.0 55.2 60.7

Unemployed

1,136 1,135 1,012 1,022 124 112

Unemployment rate

9.6 9.9 9.4 10.0 11.2 9.4

Not in labor force

10,326 10,368 9,655 9,775 672 593

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,091 2,285 1,764 1,896 327 389

Civilian labor force

1,690 1,835 1,456 1,550 234 286

Participation rate

80.8 80.3 82.5 81.7 71.6 73.4

Employed

1,477 1,557 1,276 1,310 201 247

Employment-population ratio

70.6 68.1 72.3 69.1 61.5 63.5

Unemployed

213 278 180 240 33 39

Unemployment rate

12.6 15.2 12.4 15.5 14.2 13.5

Not in labor force

401 450 308 346 93 103

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,861 2,915 2,375 2,447 485 468

Civilian labor force

2,491 2,479 2,105 2,095 386 384

Participation rate

87.1 85.0 88.6 85.6 79.6 82.0

Employed

2,257 2,287 1,902 1,924 354 363

Employment-population ratio

78.9 78.4 80.1 78.6 73.0 77.6

Unemployed

235 192 203 171 32 21

Unemployment rate

9.4 7.7 9.6 8.2 8.3 5.4

Not in labor force

369 437 270 352 99 84

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,233 10,726 10,852 10,380 381 346

Civilian labor force

4,149 3,796 4,030 3,664 119 132

Participation rate

36.9 35.4 37.1 35.3 31.1 38.2

Employed

3,765 3,433 3,660 3,314 105 119

Employment-population ratio

33.5 32.0 33.7 31.9 27.6 34.4

Unemployed

384 364 371 351 13 13

Unemployment rate

9.3 9.6 9.2 9.6 11.2 9.8

Not in labor force

7,084 6,930 6,822 6,716 262 214

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

6,001 5,870 5,418 5,280 583 590

Civilian labor force

3,529 3,318 3,164 2,919 365 399

Participation rate

58.8 56.5 58.4 55.3 62.7 67.6

Employed

3,225 3,017 2,905 2,658 320 359

Employment-population ratio

53.7 51.4 53.6 50.3 55.0 60.8

Unemployed

304 301 259 261 45 40

Unemployment rate

8.6 9.1 8.2 8.9 12.3 10.1

Not in labor force

2,472 2,552 2,255 2,361 218 191

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

205,694 207,979 89,718 91,225 115,976 116,755

Civilian labor force

139,297 139,440 69,629 70,029 69,668 69,411

Participation rate

67.7 67.0 77.6 76.8 60.1 59.5

Employed

124,767 126,079 60,879 62,493 63,888 63,586

Employment-population ratio

60.7 60.6 67.9 68.5 55.1 54.5

Unemployed

14,530 13,361 8,750 7,536 5,780 5,825

Unemployment rate

10.4 9.6 12.6 10.8 8.3 8.4

Not in labor force

66,397 68,539 20,089 21,196 46,308 47,344

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2011

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

26,952 26,885 209,880 211,819

Civilian labor force

5,877 5,406 147,079 147,130

Participation rate

21.8 20.1 70.1 69.5

Employed

4,987 4,669 131,823 132,930

Employment-population ratio

18.5 17.4 62.8 62.8

Unemployed

891 737 15,257 14,201

Unemployment rate

15.2 13.6 10.4 9.7

Not in labor force

21,075 21,479 62,801 64,689

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,666 2,457 74,910 74,840

Participation rate

36.5 33.8 82.6 82.0

Employed

2,208 2,106 65,649 66,669

Employment-population ratio

30.2 29.0 72.4 73.0

Unemployed

458 351 9,261 8,171

Unemployment rate

17.2 14.3 12.4 10.9

Not in labor force

4,642 4,805 15,816 16,448

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,366 2,178 66,326 66,162

Participation rate

31.7 29.4 71.4 70.9

Employed

2,029 1,839 60,731 60,565

Employment-population ratio

27.2 24.8 65.4 64.9

Unemployed

337 339 5,594 5,597

Unemployment rate

14.3 15.6 8.4 8.5

Not in labor force

5,102 5,233 26,604 27,198

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

846 771 5,844 6,128

Participation rate

6.9 6.3 22.3 22.6

Employed

750 724 5,442 5,696

Employment-population ratio

6.2 5.9 20.8 21.0

Unemployed

95 47 402 432

Unemployment rate

11.3 6.1 6.9 7.1

Not in labor force

11,330 11,441 20,381 21,042

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2011

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

35,440 36,294 17,718 17,884 17,722 18,410

Civilian labor force

23,924 24,517 14,073 14,256 9,851 10,261

Participation rate

67.5 67.6 79.4 79.7 55.6 55.7

Employed

21,090 21,928 12,282 12,677 8,808 9,251

Employment-population ratio

59.5 60.4 69.3 70.9 49.7 50.3

Unemployed

2,834 2,589 1,791 1,579 1,043 1,010

Unemployment rate

11.8 10.6 12.7 11.1 10.6 9.8

Not in labor force

11,515 11,777 3,645 3,628 7,870 8,148

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

201,393 202,410 96,930 97,944 104,463 104,466

Civilian labor force

129,032 128,019 67,165 66,847 61,868 61,172

Participation rate

64.1 63.2 69.3 68.3 59.2 58.6

Employed

115,719 115,671 58,935 59,630 56,784 56,041

Employment-population ratio

57.5 57.1 60.8 60.9 54.4 53.6

Unemployed

13,313 12,348 8,230 7,217 5,083 5,131

Unemployment rate

10.3 9.6 12.3 10.8 8.2 8.4

Not in labor force

72,360 74,391 29,765 31,097 42,596 43,294

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2010
Dec.
2010
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2010
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010
Jan.
2011

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

1,974 2,037 2,100 2,134 2,172 2,348 2,185 2,176 2,256

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,218 1,295 1,263 1,343 1,310 1,446 1,385 1,384 1,390

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

743 720 819 785 798 823 771 775 861

Unpaid family workers

13 22 18 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

134,836 137,123 135,499 136,391 137,266 136,797 136,752 137,001 137,088

Wage and salary workers(1)

126,126 128,436 126,882 127,385 128,438 127,852 127,728 128,043 128,151

Government

21,144 20,745 20,626 21,265 20,855 20,717 20,600 20,759 20,740

Private industries

104,982 107,691 106,255 106,129 107,451 107,100 107,146 107,303 107,409

Private households

688 635 610 - - - - - -

Other industries

104,295 107,056 105,645 105,410 106,859 106,470 106,516 106,665 106,774

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,643 8,589 8,526 8,991 8,752 8,862 8,832 8,783 8,864

Unpaid family workers

66 97 91 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

9,290 9,205 9,187 8,367 9,506 9,100 8,960 8,931 8,407

Slack work or business conditions

6,825 6,347 6,513 5,831 6,732 6,174 6,025 6,011 5,771

Could only find part-time work

2,159 2,499 2,373 2,271 2,478 2,564 2,557 2,568 2,510

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,782 18,872 18,048 18,521 18,256 18,230 18,326 18,184 17,929

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

9,161 9,029 9,027 8,239 9,380 8,991 8,822 8,789 8,242

Slack work or business conditions

6,739 6,230 6,415 5,761 6,649 6,108 5,941 5,911 5,661

Could only find part-time work

2,149 2,470 2,358 2,286 2,454 2,534 2,555 2,542 2,513

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,444 18,525 17,675 18,141 17,911 17,848 17,929 17,829 17,552

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2010
Dec.
2010
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2010
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010
Jan.
2011

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

136,809 139,159 137,599 138,511 139,378 139,084 138,909 139,206 139,323

16 to 19 years

4,034 4,116 3,939 4,438 4,256 4,319 4,393 4,298 4,341

16 to 17 years

1,318 1,363 1,225 1,488 1,405 1,434 1,440 1,434 1,406

18 to 19 years

2,716 2,753 2,713 2,946 2,857 2,894 2,961 2,869 2,939

20 years and over

132,775 135,044 133,660 134,074 135,121 134,764 134,515 134,908 134,982

20 to 24 years

12,132 12,611 12,573 12,488 12,825 12,774 12,774 12,713 12,941

25 years and over

120,643 122,433 121,087 121,530 122,254 121,910 121,744 122,196 122,026

25 to 54 years

93,348 94,156 92,980 94,080 94,076 94,011 93,723 93,962 93,758

25 to 34 years

29,680 30,384 30,065 30,057 30,321 30,323 30,214 30,345 30,438

35 to 44 years

30,473 30,528 30,107 30,721 30,538 30,650 30,527 30,447 30,373

45 to 54 years

33,194 33,244 32,807 33,302 33,217 33,037 32,982 33,170 32,946

55 years and over

27,295 28,276 28,106 27,450 28,178 27,899 28,021 28,234 28,268

Men, 16 years and over

71,216 73,226 72,307 72,667 73,594 73,470 73,337 73,600 73,800

16 to 19 years

1,879 1,991 1,947 2,143 2,035 2,106 2,206 2,121 2,211

16 to 17 years

594 635 608 706 662 660 688 695 717

18 to 19 years

1,285 1,356 1,339 1,415 1,371 1,443 1,524 1,420 1,471

20 years and over

69,337 71,235 70,360 70,525 71,559 71,365 71,130 71,480 71,589

20 to 24 years

5,963 6,438 6,484 6,256 6,533 6,542 6,502 6,568 6,784

25 years and over

63,375 64,798 63,876 64,231 65,005 64,803 64,617 64,904 64,789

25 to 54 years

49,205 50,049 49,251 49,912 50,306 50,209 49,970 50,117 50,005

25 to 34 years

15,886 16,443 16,254 16,184 16,436 16,434 16,331 16,428 16,542

35 to 44 years

16,302 16,511 16,148 16,511 16,547 16,573 16,543 16,522 16,394

45 to 54 years

17,017 17,095 16,849 17,218 17,324 17,202 17,096 17,168 17,070

55 years and over

14,169 14,749 14,625 14,319 14,699 14,594 14,648 14,787 14,784

Women, 16 years and over

65,593 65,933 65,292 65,844 65,784 65,613 65,572 65,605 65,523

16 to 19 years

2,155 2,125 1,992 2,295 2,221 2,214 2,187 2,177 2,130

16 to 17 years

724 728 617 783 743 774 752 739 689

18 to 19 years

1,431 1,397 1,374 1,531 1,486 1,452 1,437 1,449 1,468

20 years and over

63,437 63,809 63,300 63,549 63,562 63,400 63,385 63,428 63,392

20 to 24 years

6,169 6,174 6,090 6,231 6,292 6,232 6,272 6,145 6,157

25 years and over

57,269 57,635 57,210 57,299 57,249 57,106 57,127 57,292 57,237

25 to 54 years

44,143 44,108 43,729 44,168 43,770 43,801 43,753 43,845 43,752

25 to 34 years

13,794 13,941 13,811 13,874 13,885 13,889 13,883 13,917 13,897

35 to 44 years

14,171 14,017 13,959 14,210 13,992 14,077 13,983 13,925 13,979

45 to 54 years

16,177 16,150 15,959 16,084 15,894 15,836 15,887 16,003 15,877

55 years and over

13,126 13,527 13,481 13,131 13,479 13,305 13,374 13,447 13,485

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

42,807 43,119 42,492 43,174 43,701 43,301 43,130 43,081 42,915

Married women, spouse present

35,038 34,850 34,615 34,999 34,469 34,553 34,543 34,612 34,571

Women who maintain families

8,401 8,878 8,686 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

108,777 111,207 110,373 110,721 111,710 111,585 111,187 111,744 112,356

Part-time workers(2)

28,033 27,953 27,226 27,617 27,649 27,433 27,594 27,394 26,901

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,751 6,884 6,621 6,962 6,687 6,679 6,734 6,950 6,840

Percent of total employed

4.9 4.9 4.8 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.8 5.0 4.9

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,483 5,263 5,208 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,386 9,309 9,345 9,776 9,550 9,684 9,603 9,559 9,724

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Jan.
2010
Dec.
2010
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2010
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010
Jan.
2011

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

14,842 14,485 13,863 9.7 9.6 9.7 9.8 9.4 9.0

16 to 19 years

1,572 1,460 1,500 26.2 26.0 27.1 24.5 25.4 25.7

16 to 17 years

581 533 541 28.1 30.0 30.3 24.9 27.1 27.8

18 to 19 years

989 933 960 25.1 23.3 24.7 24.2 24.5 24.6

20 years and over

13,270 13,025 12,363 9.0 8.9 9.0 9.2 8.8 8.4

20 to 24 years

2,334 2,296 2,315 15.7 14.9 15.3 15.9 15.3 15.2

25 years and over

10,889 10,716 10,028 8.2 8.3 8.2 8.4 8.1 7.6

25 to 54 years

8,894 8,674 8,036 8.6 8.7 8.5 8.7 8.5 7.9

25 to 34 years

3,310 3,418 3,112 9.9 10.0 9.9 10.4 10.1 9.3

35 to 44 years

2,840 2,566 2,416 8.5 8.3 7.9 7.7 7.8 7.4

45 to 54 years

2,743 2,690 2,507 7.6 7.7 7.8 8.1 7.5 7.1

55 years and over

1,992 2,088 2,022 6.8 7.2 7.2 7.2 6.9 6.7

Men, 16 years and over

8,789 8,245 7,744 10.8 10.4 10.4 10.5 10.1 9.5

16 to 19 years

928 818 827 30.2 29.3 29.4 26.6 27.8 27.2

16 to 17 years

318 284 295 31.1 33.3 33.8 28.5 29.0 29.1

18 to 19 years

604 536 533 29.9 26.2 26.8 25.5 27.4 26.6

20 years and over

7,861 7,426 6,917 10.0 9.7 9.7 9.9 9.4 8.8

20 to 24 years

1,461 1,340 1,281 18.9 17.1 16.5 18.1 16.9 15.9

25 years and over

6,362 6,079 5,648 9.0 9.0 8.9 9.0 8.6 8.0

25 to 54 years

5,192 4,926 4,511 9.4 9.3 9.1 9.3 8.9 8.3

25 to 34 years

1,984 1,950 1,790 10.9 10.8 10.4 10.9 10.6 9.8

35 to 44 years

1,624 1,418 1,344 9.0 8.6 8.2 7.9 7.9 7.6

45 to 54 years

1,584 1,558 1,377 8.4 8.6 8.6 9.2 8.3 7.5

55 years and over

1,171 1,152 1,137 7.6 7.9 8.3 8.0 7.2 7.1

Women, 16 years and over

6,053 6,240 6,119 8.4 8.6 8.8 8.9 8.7 8.5

16 to 19 years

644 641 673 21.9 22.8 24.8 22.3 22.8 24.0

16 to 17 years

263 248 247 25.1 26.8 27.0 21.2 25.2 26.4

18 to 19 years

384 397 427 20.1 20.4 22.6 22.8 21.5 22.5

20 years and over

5,409 5,599 5,447 7.8 8.0 8.1 8.3 8.1 7.9

20 to 24 years

873 956 1,033 12.3 12.4 13.9 13.5 13.5 14.4

25 years and over

4,527 4,638 4,380 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.5 7.1

25 to 54 years

3,702 3,747 3,525 7.7 7.9 7.9 8.1 7.9 7.5

25 to 34 years

1,326 1,468 1,323 8.7 9.0 9.4 9.8 9.5 8.7

35 to 44 years

1,216 1,147 1,072 7.9 8.1 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.1

45 to 54 years

1,159 1,132 1,130 6.7 6.7 6.9 6.9 6.6 6.6

55 years and over(1)

851 830 906 6.1 6.4 5.9 6.2 5.8 6.3

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

3,062 3,047 2,666 6.6 6.8 6.9 6.9 6.6 5.8

Married women, spouse present

2,192 2,046 2,036 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.6 5.6

Women who maintain families(1)

1,181 1,207 1,268 12.3 12.9 12.4 13.0 12.0 12.7

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

12,935 12,650 12,063 10.5 10.4 10.5 10.7 10.2 9.7

Part-time workers(3)

1,904 1,764 1,793 6.5 6.1 6.3 5.8 6.0 6.2

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2010
Dec.
2010
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2010
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010
Jan.
2011

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

10,574 8,995 9,520 9,287 9,286 9,070 9,471 8,923 8,519

On temporary layoff

2,192 1,547 1,825 1,452 1,340 1,293 1,430 1,402 1,249

Not on temporary layoff

8,382 7,448 7,695 7,835 7,947 7,777 8,042 7,521 7,270

Permanent job losers

6,732 5,917 6,097 6,423 6,467 6,254 6,425 5,995 5,879

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,650 1,530 1,599 1,412 1,479 1,523 1,617 1,526 1,391

Job leavers

926 861 935 908 809 854 864 914 910

Reentrants

3,625 3,031 3,332 3,603 3,441 3,498 3,427 3,408 3,357

New entrants

1,022 1,110 1,150 1,210 1,193 1,278 1,269 1,311 1,351

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

65.5 64.3 63.7 61.9 63.0 61.7 63.0 61.3 60.3

On temporary layoff

13.6 11.1 12.2 9.7 9.1 8.8 9.5 9.6 8.8

Not on temporary layoff

51.9 53.2 51.5 52.2 54.0 52.9 53.5 51.7 51.4

Job leavers

5.7 6.2 6.3 6.1 5.5 5.8 5.8 6.3 6.4

Reentrants

22.4 21.7 22.3 24.0 23.4 23.8 22.8 23.4 23.7

New entrants

6.3 7.9 7.7 8.1 8.1 8.7 8.4 9.0 9.6

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

6.9 5.9 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 6.2 5.8 5.6

Job leavers

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

2.4 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2

New entrants

0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2010
Dec.
2010
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2010
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010
Jan.
2011

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

3,464 2,681 3,181 2,915 2,872 2,659 2,824 2,725 2,678

5 to 14 weeks

3,698 3,043 3,267 3,346 3,329 3,427 3,336 3,184 3,016

15 weeks and over

8,986 8,273 8,489 8,916 8,517 8,734 8,843 8,647 8,495

15 to 26 weeks

2,563 2,073 2,182 2,614 2,364 2,500 2,515 2,205 2,285

27 weeks and over

6,423 6,200 6,307 6,302 6,153 6,234 6,328 6,441 6,210

Average (mean) duration, in weeks(1)

28.9 34.0 35.5 30.5 33.4 33.9 33.9 34.2 36.9

Median duration, in weeks

18.6 22.3 19.9 20.0 20.5 21.3 21.7 22.4 21.8

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

21.5 19.2 21.3 19.2 19.5 17.9 18.8 18.7 18.9

5 to 14 weeks

22.9 21.7 21.9 22.0 22.6 23.1 22.2 21.9 21.3

15 weeks and over

55.6 59.1 56.8 58.7 57.9 58.9 58.9 59.4 59.9

15 to 26 weeks

15.9 14.8 14.6 17.2 16.1 16.9 16.8 15.2 16.1

27 weeks and over

39.8 44.3 42.2 41.5 41.8 42.1 42.2 44.3 43.8

Footnotes
(1) Beginning in January 2011, this series reflects a change to the collection of data on unemployment duration. For more information, see www.bls.gov/cps/duration.htm.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2011

Total, 16 years and over(1)

136,809 137,599 16,147 14,937 10.6 9.8

Management, professional, and related occupations

52,159 51,866 2,762 2,557 5.0 4.7

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

21,101 21,139 1,168 1,177 5.2 5.3

Professional and related occupations

31,058 30,727 1,593 1,380 4.9 4.3

Service occupations

23,763 23,819 3,045 2,773 11.4 10.4

Sales and office occupations

33,117 33,497 3,476 3,364 9.5 9.1

Sales and related occupations

15,150 15,268 1,709 1,574 10.1 9.3

Office and administrative support occupations

17,966 18,229 1,767 1,790 9.0 8.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

12,405 12,205 3,082 2,623 19.9 17.7

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

782 893 273 233 25.9 20.7

Construction and extraction occupations

6,975 6,587 2,276 1,960 24.6 22.9

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,648 4,725 532 430 10.3 8.3

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

15,365 16,211 2,748 2,411 15.2 12.9

Production occupations

7,396 8,032 1,343 1,122 15.4 12.3

Transportation and material moving occupations

7,970 8,180 1,405 1,289 15.0 13.6

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2011 data, occupations reflect the introduction of the 2010 Census occupational classification system into the Current Population Survey, or household survey. This classification system is derived from the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC). No historical data have been revised. Data for 2011 are not strictly comparable with earlier years.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2011

Total, 16 years and over(1)

16,147 14,937 10.6 9.8

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

13,129 11,778 11.1 10.0

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

68 66 9.1 8.5

Construction

2,194 1,879 24.7 22.5

Manufacturing

1,918 1,519 13.0 9.9

Durable goods

1,318 955 14.1 9.9

Nondurable goods

600 564 11.1 9.9

Wholesale and retail trade

2,154 1,866 10.5 9.1

Transportation and utilities

657 498 11.3 8.8

Information

313 228 10.0 7.3

Financial activities

623 647 6.6 7.2

Professional and business services

1,614 1,511 11.1 10.2

Education and health services

1,175 1,264 5.5 5.8

Leisure and hospitality

1,804 1,788 14.2 13.8

Other services

609 513 10.0 8.8

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

318 236 21.3 16.0

Government workers

948 1,088 4.3 5.0

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

730 685 7.2 6.8

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2010
Dec.
2010
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2010
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010
Jan.
2011

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.9 5.4 5.6 5.8 5.5 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.5

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

6.9 5.9 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 6.2 5.8 5.6

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

10.6 9.1 9.8 9.7 9.6 9.7 9.8 9.4 9.0

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

11.2 9.9 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.2 9.6

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

12.0 10.7 11.4 11.1 11.0 11.2 11.2 10.9 10.7

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

18.0 16.6 17.3 16.5 17.1 17.0 17.0 16.7 16.1

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2011

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

83,876 86,168 33,410 34,725 50,466 51,443

Persons who currently want a job

6,108 6,643 2,926 3,237 3,182 3,406

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,539 2,800 1,367 1,454 1,172 1,346

Discouraged workers(2)

1,065 993 663 588 401 406

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,474 1,807 703 866 771 941

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,751 6,621 3,223 3,178 3,527 3,443

Percent of total employed

4.9 4.8 4.5 4.4 5.4 5.3

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,558 3,510 1,866 1,869 1,691 1,641

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,727 1,728 527 603 1,199 1,125

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

241 182 144 107 97 76

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,186 1,167 666 585 520 581

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2010
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010(p)
Jan.
2011(p)
Jan.
2010
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010(p)
Jan.
2011(p)
Change from:
Dec.2010 - Jan.2011(p)

Total nonfarm

127,309 131,371 131,062 128,164 129,281 130,108 130,229 130,265 36

Total private

104,933 108,623 108,475 106,071 106,793 107,841 107,980 108,030 50

Goods-producing

17,206 17,992 17,723 17,296 17,717 17,793 17,786 17,804 18

Mining and logging

652 743 731 719 667 735 731 732 1

Logging

47.9 49.1 47.0 46.7 48.7 47.8 47.3 47.9 0.6

Mining

604.4 694.0 684.4 672.5 617.8 686.8 683.5 684.5 1.0

Oil and gas extraction

156.5 161.5 160.5 160.7 156.1 161.2 160.6 161.5 0.9

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

188.8 209.7 201.9 194.7 198.6 206.1 204.8 203.8 -1.0

Coal mining

77.5 83.0 83.9 83.0 77.8 82.6 83.1 82.9 -0.2

Support activities for mining

259.1 322.8 322.0 317.1 263.1 319.5 318.1 319.2 1.1

Construction

5,197 5,645 5,391 5,065 5,585 5,504 5,487 5,455 -32

Construction of buildings

1,187.3 1,242.0 1,215.5 1,147.1 1,250.0 1,219.0 1,218.8 1,208.9 -9.9

Residential building

556.5 570.6 558.2 524.3 590.2 560.2 561.1 557.9 -3.2

Nonresidential building

630.8 671.4 657.3 622.8 659.8 658.8 657.7 651.0 -6.7

Heavy and civil engineering construction

711.0 883.6 792.6 717.7 810.4 845.7 830.3 823.3 -7.0

Specialty trade contractors

3,298.2 3,519.0 3,382.7 3,199.7 3,524.8 3,439.7 3,437.7 3,422.8 -14.9

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,400.4 1,469.4 1,412.8 1,343.9 1,509.8 1,442.2 1,443.6 1,450.3 6.7

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

1,897.8 2,049.6 1,969.9 1,855.8 2,015.0 1,997.5 1,994.1 1,972.5 -21.6

Manufacturing

11,357 11,604 11,601 11,512 11,465 11,554 11,568 11,617 49

Durable goods

6,943 7,143 7,147 7,134 6,999 7,113 7,127 7,189 62

Wood products

332.6 338.8 337.6 334.1 343.6 337.7 338.9 342.3 3.4

Nonmetallic mineral products

356.5 376.4 362.3 352.9 373.6 370.6 367.1 370.5 3.4

Primary metals

347.2 367.5 369.3 369.4 346.9 366.6 368.0 369.5 1.5

Fabricated metal products

1,250.8 1,311.9 1,315.9 1,318.0 1,253.7 1,305.7 1,313.8 1,326.6 12.8

Machinery

971.7 1,010.6 1,011.7 1,016.5 974.7 1,007.3 1,008.3 1,018.5 10.2

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,093.1 1,108.3 1,113.8 1,113.8 1,093.3 1,106.7 1,110.9 1,115.5 4.6

Computer and peripheral equipment

159.9 166.0 166.4 166.3 159.1 164.9 165.1 165.8 0.7

Communication equipment

116.7 119.2 119.5 120.5 115.8 119.6 120.1 120.9 0.8

Semiconductors and electronic components

362.1 373.2 376.3 376.6 363.5 372.9 375.2 377.4 2.2

Electronic instruments

408.5 405.4 406.7 406.4 408.8 405.5 406.5 407.5 1.0

Electrical equipment and appliances

353.8 365.8 368.3 368.4 354.2 365.2 367.9 369.3 1.4

Transportation equipment(1)

1,316.8 1,338.9 1,342.4 1,344.0 1,329.6 1,332.7 1,331.4 1,351.1 19.7

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

660.4 681.8 683.6 687.5 672.6 676.3 674.0 694.4 20.4

Furniture and related products

356.3 350.2 349.7 347.3 361.1 351.4 350.6 353.1 2.5

Miscellaneous manufacturing

564.5 574.6 576.1 570.0 567.9 569.5 570.5 572.7 2.2

Nondurable goods

4,414 4,461 4,454 4,378 4,466 4,441 4,441 4,428 -13

Food manufacturing

1,416.8 1,454.0 1,454.4 1,418.4 1,444.8 1,442.1 1,443.8 1,441.8 -2.0

Beverages and tobacco products

176.4 184.5 184.1 176.0 181.2 183.8 185.0 181.0 -4.0

Textile mills

117.8 119.5 119.7 118.4 117.3 119.0 119.6 119.2 -0.4

Textile product mills

118.7 116.8 116.7 114.6 119.7 115.8 116.0 115.1 -0.9

Apparel

159.2 155.7 157.6 156.0 162.2 157.1 158.7 159.4 0.7

Leather and allied products

27.4 28.9 28.5 27.7 27.4 28.7 28.2 27.8 -0.4

Paper and paper products

395.7 396.9 397.9 395.8 396.7 396.2 396.5 395.6 -0.9

Printing and related support activities

492.4 484.5 479.4 469.4 494.6 480.9 476.0 473.2 -2.8

Petroleum and coal products

107.8 114.9 109.2 102.7 113.6 113.2 110.7 107.6 -3.1

Chemicals

790.6 778.4 780.9 773.2 792.6 777.8 778.0 775.3 -2.7

Plastics and rubber products

611.0 626.4 625.7 625.4 616.2 626.4 628.2 632.0 3.8

Private service-providing

87,727 90,631 90,752 88,775 89,076 90,048 90,194 90,226 32

Trade, transportation, and utilities

24,347 25,112 25,318 24,531 24,536 24,684 24,742 24,739 -3

Wholesale trade

5,403.5 5,499.1 5,498.7 5,442.9 5,450.9 5,475.7 5,480.3 5,489.5 9.2

Durable goods

2,700.1 2,742.0 2,744.1 2,725.0 2,715.5 2,733.7 2,736.1 2,741.9 5.8

Nondurable goods

1,909.7 1,945.0 1,942.6 1,913.9 1,936.8 1,932.7 1,935.9 1,939.1 3.2

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

793.7 812.1 812.0 804.0 798.6 809.3 808.3 808.5 0.2

Retail trade

14,285.2 14,788.5 14,930.6 14,356.6 14,383.1 14,441.0 14,443.8 14,471.3 27.5

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,582.9 1,641.8 1,635.4 1,620.5 1,614.0 1,643.1 1,645.2 1,648.8 3.6

Automobile dealers

989.5 1,018.8 1,016.8 1,009.4 1,002.6 1,018.7 1,019.4 1,021.6 2.2

Furniture and home furnishings stores

441.8 450.7 456.8 438.9 437.5 435.8 436.0 435.2 -0.8

Electronics and appliance stores

498.4 529.5 528.3 503.6 492.0 508.6 503.3 500.8 -2.5

Building material and garden supply stores

1,080.6 1,088.1 1,082.3 1,063.7 1,133.7 1,112.0 1,114.5 1,118.9 4.4

Food and beverage stores

2,804.1 2,834.3 2,837.0 2,797.5 2,816.1 2,810.9 2,811.7 2,813.0 1.3

Health and personal care stores

986.7 985.4 988.2 971.6 985.3 976.4 970.4 972.4 2.0

Gasoline stations

807.7 814.2 812.1 803.5 816.2 815.3 816.9 814.9 -2.0

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,355.8 1,487.3 1,530.9 1,416.9 1,356.0 1,404.4 1,407.7 1,422.3 14.6

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

615.1 635.1 658.7 616.1 602.1 600.4 600.8 599.6 -1.2

General merchandise stores(1)

2,945.4 3,112.9 3,184.1 2,973.5 2,951.5 2,968.2 2,972.5 2,978.4 5.9

Department stores

1,487.4 1,591.2 1,653.8 1,509.7 1,475.1 1,484.3 1,488.2 1,493.4 5.2

Miscellaneous store retailers

752.9 771.3 773.1 739.4 766.2 754.9 752.4 753.3 0.9

Nonstore retailers

413.8 437.9 443.7 411.4 412.5 411.0 412.4 413.7 1.3

Transportation and warehousing

4,103.6 4,275.3 4,339.0 4,184.0 4,146.0 4,218.3 4,266.9 4,228.9 -38.0

Air transportation

459.6 465.4 466.0 464.7 462.8 466.9 466.8 467.4 0.6

Rail transportation

209.6 219.8 218.8 218.0 210.5 219.0 218.9 219.8 0.9

Water transportation

60.7 63.6 65.0 63.1 62.4 64.2 64.8 65.0 0.2

Truck transportation

1,207.8 1,270.4 1,255.6 1,233.2 1,237.8 1,256.0 1,256.1 1,259.3 3.2

Transit and ground passenger transportation

430.9 462.9 462.3 454.1 421.2 444.3 445.5 444.3 -1.2

Pipeline transportation

43.4 42.2 42.3 42.6 43.3 41.9 42.2 42.3 0.1

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

19.9 23.7 22.1 19.6 26.9 27.1 26.7 26.9 0.2

Support activities for transportation

532.4 542.0 542.6 539.3 537.4 540.6 539.9 543.4 3.5

Couriers and messengers

519.7 542.5 623.5 522.1 520.5 527.3 573.4 528.6 -44.8

Warehousing and storage

619.6 642.8 640.8 627.3 623.2 631.0 632.6 631.9 -0.7

Utilities

554.9 548.7 549.6 547.8 555.7 549.3 551.2 549.1 -2.1

Information

2,710 2,709 2,708 2,679 2,737 2,699 2,699 2,698 -1

Publishing industries, except Internet

766.4 760.5 759.9 753.2 771.2 757.2 756.3 755.1 -1.2

Motion picture and sound recording industries

343.3 374.0 373.7 365.4 362.4 373.4 377.0 381.1 4.1

Broadcasting, except Internet

292.6 298.8 296.8 295.5 293.6 296.3 295.4 295.7 0.3

Telecommunications

929.1 889.8 888.6 878.9 926.3 886.0 882.3 878.7 -3.6

Data processing, hosting and related services

241.9 240.8 242.5 237.6 245.4 240.4 241.3 239.4 -1.9

Other information services

137.0 145.4 146.7 147.9 137.7 145.3 146.3 147.5 1.2

Financial activities

7,621 7,610 7,626 7,562 7,666 7,616 7,616 7,606 -10

Finance and insurance

5,702.2 5,687.4 5,694.9 5,672.9 5,711.8 5,685.3 5,685.2 5,683.8 -1.4

Monetary authorities - central bank

20.6 21.0 21.2 21.0 20.7 21.1 21.2 21.1 -0.1

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,545.7 2,551.0 2,555.1 2,547.4 2,547.2 2,552.1 2,550.4 2,547.8 -2.6

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,732.2 1,740.0 1,744.6 1,744.1 1,730.9 1,740.9 1,741.3 1,742.5 1.2

Commercial banking

1,306.8 1,312.9 1,317.3 1,316.3 1,304.3 1,314.4 1,316.4 1,316.2 -0.2

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

797.0 801.8 803.6 802.8 798.3 801.2 802.9 804.9 2.0

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,251.3 2,226.7 2,228.5 2,214.9 2,258.4 2,224.0 2,224.1 2,222.8 -1.3

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

87.6 86.9 86.5 86.8 87.2 86.9 86.6 87.2 0.6

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,918.4 1,922.6 1,931.1 1,889.2 1,954.3 1,930.6 1,931.0 1,922.5 -8.5

Real estate

1,385.5 1,385.9 1,395.7 1,365.0 1,407.6 1,388.0 1,392.2 1,385.5 -6.7

Rental and leasing services

507.4 511.5 510.0 498.9 520.9 517.3 513.5 511.5 -2.0

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

25.5 25.2 25.4 25.3 25.8 25.3 25.3 25.5 0.2

Professional and business services

16,218 17,012 17,032 16,594 16,513 16,844 16,898 16,929 31

Professional and technical services(1)

7,456.5 7,457.0 7,518.0 7,506.7 7,419.7 7,455.1 7,465.6 7,473.5 7.9

Legal services

1,102.5 1,116.4 1,118.5 1,106.2 1,110.8 1,116.1 1,114.5 1,114.9 0.4

Accounting and bookkeeping services

1,008.3 850.3 893.8 971.6 904.9 893.3 879.9 872.8 -7.1

Architectural and engineering services

1,266.4 1,281.4 1,279.4 1,256.7 1,284.8 1,273.9 1,275.8 1,274.2 -1.6

Computer systems design and related services

1,421.6 1,469.6 1,471.0 1,468.9 1,424.3 1,459.6 1,465.4 1,474.0 8.6

Management and technical consulting services

979.2 1,012.8 1,021.7 999.8 990.1 1,000.3 1,007.4 1,011.0 3.6

Management of companies and enterprises

1,842.3 1,871.1 1,877.4 1,864.4 1,848.8 1,870.8 1,873.1 1,873.0 -0.1

Administrative and waste services

6,919.2 7,684.0 7,636.9 7,222.9 7,244.5 7,517.9 7,559.0 7,582.6 23.6

Administrative and support services(1)

6,575.0 7,323.3 7,279.2 6,871.7 6,894.6 7,159.1 7,199.7 7,223.8 24.1

Employment services(1)

2,435.2 2,939.6 2,975.8 2,688.3 2,581.7 2,808.0 2,840.3 2,853.5 13.2

Temporary help services

1,834.7 2,278.2 2,312.7 2,059.1 1,953.5 2,164.1 2,202.2 2,190.8 -11.4

Business support services

811.0 824.9 825.1 809.2 810.4 808.8 806.1 808.0 1.9

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,571.2 1,764.3 1,689.0 1,601.3 1,727.7 1,754.5 1,765.1 1,769.4 4.3

Waste management and remediation services

344.2 360.7 357.7 351.2 349.9 358.8 359.3 358.8 -0.5

Education and health services

19,266 19,974 19,923 19,646 19,371 19,732 19,755 19,768 13

Educational services

3,038.3 3,364.8 3,290.9 3,088.8 3,111.1 3,176.9 3,171.5 3,171.4 -0.1

Health care and social assistance

16,227.7 16,609.2 16,631.8 16,557.5 16,259.8 16,555.3 16,583.2 16,596.1 12.9

Health care(3)

13,637.9 13,926.1 13,949.7 13,896.4 13,671.3 13,894.8 13,921.5 13,932.1 10.6

Ambulatory health care services(1)

5,880.2 6,056.0 6,063.8 6,037.7 5,897.2 6,039.7 6,051.2 6,059.2 8.0

Offices of physicians

2,305.1 2,330.7 2,341.6 2,328.6 2,306.0 2,324.5 2,330.3 2,332.4 2.1

Outpatient care centers

582.4 608.1 613.6 613.0 583.8 607.2 612.1 614.6 2.5

Home health care services

1,054.1 1,104.8 1,103.2 1,100.7 1,060.3 1,099.6 1,101.4 1,105.7 4.3

Hospitals

4,670.6 4,709.2 4,715.8 4,705.1 4,675.6 4,701.5 4,708.5 4,709.2 0.7

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,087.1 3,160.9 3,170.1 3,153.6 3,098.5 3,153.6 3,161.8 3,163.7 1.9

Nursing care facilities

1,641.3 1,679.9 1,682.4 1,674.5 1,647.5 1,674.1 1,677.0 1,679.3 2.3

Social assistance(1)

2,589.8 2,683.1 2,682.1 2,661.1 2,588.5 2,660.5 2,661.7 2,664.0 2.3

Child day care services

856.0 875.0 868.7 865.3 847.5 858.4 856.4 858.9 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

12,315 12,811 12,747 12,410 12,931 13,057 13,065 13,062 -3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,674.8 1,748.5 1,738.1 1,670.2 1,885.5 1,895.0 1,900.4 1,900.0 -0.4

Performing arts and spectator sports

349.7 395.6 395.5 365.0 388.6 410.6 413.2 411.3 -1.9

Museums, historical sites, zoos, and parks

115.4 122.0 119.6 116.1 127.0 126.6 127.0 127.4 0.4

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,209.7 1,230.9 1,223.0 1,189.1 1,369.9 1,357.8 1,360.2 1,361.3 1.1

Accommodation and food services

10,640.3 11,062.0 11,008.6 10,739.9 11,045.0 11,162.0 11,164.4 11,162.2 -2.2

Accommodation

1,652.4 1,709.9 1,697.5 1,670.1 1,740.1 1,759.3 1,758.4 1,760.6 2.2

Food services and drinking places

8,987.9 9,352.1 9,311.1 9,069.8 9,304.9 9,402.7 9,406.0 9,401.6 -4.4

Other services

5,250 5,403 5,398 5,353 5,322 5,416 5,419 5,424 5

Repair and maintenance

1,113.7 1,139.7 1,134.9 1,134.1 1,129.0 1,144.7 1,142.7 1,151.1 8.4

Personal and laundry services

1,242.5 1,268.4 1,268.5 1,248.1 1,262.8 1,269.9 1,270.7 1,266.5 -4.2

Membership associations and organizations

2,893.3 2,995.2 2,994.3 2,970.5 2,930.2 3,001.4 3,005.5 3,006.8 1.3

Government

22,376 22,748 22,587 22,093 22,488 22,267 22,249 22,235 -14

Federal

2,845.0 2,839.0 2,846.0 2,833.0 2,866.0 2,844.0 2,852.0 2,850.0 -2.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,160.0 2,195.3 2,200.1 2,187.5 2,190.4 2,200.4 2,207.6 2,205.5 -2.1

U.S. Postal Service

685.2 643.4 646.2 645.3 676.0 643.1 644.6 644.4 -0.2

State government

5,053.0 5,322.0 5,250.0 5,041.0 5,140.0 5,144.0 5,142.0 5,140.0 -2.0

State government education

2,282.0 2,581.5 2,513.3 2,308.7 2,355.8 2,392.9 2,391.8 2,393.5 1.7

State government, excluding education

2,770.7 2,740.7 2,736.2 2,731.9 2,784.2 2,751.4 2,749.7 2,746.3 -3.4

Local government

14,478.0 14,587.0 14,491.0 14,219.0 14,482.0 14,279.0 14,255.0 14,245.0 -10.0

Local government education

8,178.6 8,307.5 8,266.6 8,042.4 8,068.6 7,961.9 7,951.1 7,949.3 -1.8

Local government, excluding education

6,299.6 6,279.6 6,224.6 6,176.8 6,413.6 6,316.6 6,304.0 6,296.0 -8.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2010 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Jan.
2010
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010(p)
Jan.
2011(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.0 34.2 34.3 34.2

Goods-producing

39.4 39.8 39.8 39.6

Mining and logging

43.4 43.3 43.4 43.8

Construction

37.6 38.1 38.1 37.3

Manufacturing

40.0 40.4 40.4 40.5

Durable goods

40.1 40.7 40.6 40.7

Nondurable goods

39.8 39.9 40.0 40.1

Private service-providing

33.0 33.1 33.2 33.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.1 34.3 34.5 34.4

Wholesale trade

37.8 38.3 38.4 38.5

Retail trade

31.3 31.2 31.5 31.3

Transportation and warehousing

38.1 38.5 38.6 38.6

Utilities

40.5 41.5 41.3 41.8

Information

36.6 36.6 36.4 36.4

Financial activities

36.7 37.1 37.0 37.1

Professional and business services

35.2 35.5 35.7 35.7

Education and health services

32.9 32.8 32.8 32.8

Leisure and hospitality

25.6 25.9 25.8 25.8

Other services

31.5 31.6 31.6 31.5

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

2.9 3.1 3.1 3.1

Durable goods

2.7 3.0 3.0 3.0

Nondurable goods

3.1 3.2 3.3 3.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2010 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Jan.
2010
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010(p)
Jan.
2011(p)
Jan.
2010
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010(p)
Jan.
2011(p)

Total private

$22.44 $22.76 $22.78 $22.86 $762.96 $778.39 $781.35 $781.81

Goods-producing

23.92 24.18 24.22 24.41 942.45 962.36 963.96 966.64

Mining and logging

26.89 27.62 27.73 28.26 1,167.03 1,195.95 1,203.48 1,237.79

Construction

25.14 25.32 25.37 25.46 945.26 964.69 966.60 949.66

Manufacturing

23.17 23.43 23.47 23.69 926.80 946.57 948.19 959.45

Durable goods

24.73 24.94 25.01 25.24 991.67 1,015.06 1,015.41 1,027.27

Nondurable goods

20.70 20.97 20.97 21.14 823.86 836.70 838.80 847.71

Private service-providing

22.09 22.43 22.44 22.50 728.97 742.43 745.01 747.00

Trade, transportation, and utilities

19.56 19.77 19.76 19.82 667.00 678.11 681.72 681.81

Wholesale trade

26.04 26.20 26.18 26.24 984.31 1,003.46 1,005.31 1,010.24

Retail trade

15.50 15.61 15.61 15.64 485.15 487.03 491.72 489.53

Transportation and warehousing

20.81 21.23 21.23 21.24 792.86 817.36 819.48 819.86

Utilities

32.59 32.50 32.83 33.11 1,319.90 1,348.75 1,355.88 1,384.00

Information

29.95 31.05 31.03 31.08 1,096.17 1,136.43 1,129.49 1,131.31

Financial activities

26.97 27.37 27.44 27.54 989.80 1,015.43 1,015.28 1,021.73

Professional and business services

27.11 27.40 27.32 27.32 954.27 972.70 975.32 975.32

Education and health services

22.66 23.21 23.32 23.39 745.51 761.29 764.90 767.19

Leisure and hospitality

13.11 13.11 13.13 13.22 335.62 339.55 338.75 341.08

Other services

20.07 20.48 20.47 20.43 632.21 647.17 646.85 643.55

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2010 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Jan.
2010
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010(p)
Jan.
2011(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2010 - Jan.
2011(p)
Jan.
2010
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010(p)
Jan.
2011(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2010 - Jan.
2011(p)

Total private

91.0 92.4 92.8 92.6 -0.2 97.4 100.3 100.8 100.9 0.1

Goods-producing

79.5 80.7 80.6 80.3 -0.4 86.0 88.2 88.3 88.6 0.3

Mining and logging

91.0 100.0 99.7 100.7 1.0 98.2 110.9 111.0 114.3 3.0

Construction

72.4 72.3 72.0 70.1 -2.6 79.1 79.5 79.4 77.6 -2.3

Manufacturing

82.5 84.0 84.1 84.6 0.6 88.9 91.5 91.8 93.2 1.5

Durable goods

79.0 81.5 81.5 82.4 1.1 86.8 90.3 90.5 92.3 2.0

Nondurable goods

88.7 88.4 88.7 88.6 -0.1 93.2 94.1 94.3 95.1 0.8

Private service-providing

94.4 95.7 96.2 96.2 0.0 101.0 104.0 104.6 104.9 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

90.9 92.0 92.8 92.5 -0.3 95.7 97.9 98.7 98.7 0.0

Wholesale trade

89.9 91.5 91.8 92.2 0.4 97.7 100.1 100.3 101.0 0.7

Retail trade

91.4 91.5 92.4 92.0 -0.4 93.7 94.4 95.4 95.1 -0.3

Transportation and warehousing

90.4 92.9 94.3 93.4 -1.0 95.5 100.1 101.6 100.7 -0.9

Utilities

97.4 98.6 98.5 99.3 0.8 104.8 105.9 106.8 108.6 1.7

Information

91.5 90.2 89.7 89.7 0.0 97.6 99.7 99.1 99.2 0.1

Financial activities

92.7 93.1 92.9 93.0 0.1 97.6 99.5 99.5 100.0 0.5

Professional and business services

91.4 94.0 94.9 95.1 0.2 100.4 104.4 105.0 105.2 0.2

Education and health services

103.7 105.3 105.5 105.5 0.0 110.1 114.5 115.2 115.6 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

94.5 96.5 96.2 96.2 0.0 99.9 102.1 101.9 102.6 0.7

Other services

92.9 94.8 94.9 94.7 -0.2 105.8 110.2 110.2 109.8 -0.4

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2010 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Jan.
2010
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010(p)
Jan.
2011(p)
Jan.
2010
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010(p)
Jan.
2011(p)

Total nonfarm

64,613 64,615 64,656 64,660 50.0 49.7 49.6 49.6

Total private

51,784 51,967 52,019 52,033 48.5 48.2 48.2 48.2

Goods-producing

4,115 4,062 4,064 4,063 23.2 22.8 22.8 22.8

Mining and logging

95 100 99 102 14.2 13.6 13.5 13.9

Construction

744 712 713 711 13.3 12.9 13.0 13.0

Manufacturing

3,276 3,250 3,252 3,250 28.6 28.1 28.1 28.0

Durable goods

1,731 1,718 1,719 1,722 24.7 24.2 24.1 24.0

Nondurable goods

1,545 1,532 1,533 1,528 34.6 34.5 34.5 34.5

Private service-providing

47,669 47,905 47,955 47,970 53.5 53.2 53.2 53.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,038 9,970 9,970 9,980 40.9 40.4 40.3 40.3

Wholesale trade

1,645.7 1,643.9 1,643.2 1,647.0 30.2 30.0 30.0 30.0

Retail trade

7,250.9 7,187.2 7,176.9 7,192.4 50.4 49.8 49.7 49.7

Transportation and warehousing

1,000.5 1,003.2 1,013.7 1,005.4 24.1 23.8 23.8 23.8

Utilities

140.6 135.6 135.8 134.8 25.3 24.7 24.6 24.5

Information

1,124 1,102 1,098 1,100 41.1 40.8 40.7 40.8

Financial activities

4,535 4,463 4,464 4,461 59.2 58.6 58.6 58.7

Professional and business services

7,412 7,492 7,509 7,489 44.9 44.5 44.4 44.2

Education and health services

14,970 15,201 15,217 15,226 77.3 77.0 77.0 77.0

Leisure and hospitality

6,779 6,810 6,825 6,839 52.4 52.2 52.2 52.4

Other services

2,811 2,867 2,872 2,875 52.8 52.9 53.0 53.0

Government

12,829 12,648 12,637 12,627 57.0 56.8 56.8 56.8

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2010 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Jan.
2010
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010(p)
Jan.
2011(p)

Total private

88,024 88,870 88,952 88,989

Goods-producing

12,772 12,804 12,799 12,825

Mining and logging

490 550 551 549

Construction

4,237 4,174 4,154 4,144

Manufacturing

8,045 8,080 8,094 8,132

Durable goods

4,782 4,854 4,864 4,910

Nondurable goods

3,263 3,226 3,230 3,222

Private service-providing

75,252 76,066 76,153 76,164

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20,796 20,878 20,910 20,908

Wholesale trade

4,390.2 4,377.9 4,380.6 4,385.3

Retail trade

12,353.8 12,426.6 12,432.5 12,450.9

Transportation and warehousing

3,604.7 3,634.6 3,657.1 3,633.6

Utilities

447.3 438.7 439.6 438.1

Information

2,183 2,170 2,170 2,171

Financial activities

5,936 5,845 5,838 5,817

Professional and business services

13,499 13,813 13,861 13,896

Education and health services

16,985 17,320 17,336 17,352

Leisure and hospitality

11,406 11,507 11,502 11,476

Other services

4,447 4,533 4,536 4,544

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2010 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Jan.
2010
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010(p)
Jan.
2011(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.3 33.5 33.5 33.4

Goods-producing

40.0 40.5 40.5 40.1

Mining and logging

44.3 44.7 45.2 46.2

Construction

37.8 38.7 38.6 37.6

Manufacturing

40.8 41.2 41.2 41.0

Durable goods

40.9 41.6 41.6 41.3

Nondurable goods

40.8 40.6 40.7 40.4

Private service-providing

32.2 32.3 32.3 32.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.0 33.5 33.6 33.5

Wholesale trade

37.7 38.1 38.2 38.4

Retail trade

30.0 30.3 30.5 30.4

Transportation and warehousing

36.5 37.6 37.5 37.3

Utilities

41.3 42.3 42.2 42.5

Information

36.6 36.4 36.1 36.2

Financial activities

36.2 36.2 36.3 36.4

Professional and business services

35.0 35.2 35.3 35.1

Education and health services

32.3 32.1 32.1 32.1

Leisure and hospitality

24.8 24.9 24.7 24.6

Other services

30.7 30.6 30.8 30.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.6 4.0 3.9 4.0

Durable goods

3.5 4.0 4.0 4.1

Nondurable goods

3.7 3.9 3.8 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2010 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Jan.
2010
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010(p)
Jan.
2011(p)
Jan.
2010
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010(p)
Jan.
2011(p)

Total private

$18.91 $19.24 $19.24 $19.34 $629.70 $644.54 $644.54 $645.96

Goods-producing

20.09 20.45 20.50 20.56 803.60 828.23 830.25 824.46

Mining and logging

23.30 24.02 24.07 24.25 1,032.19 1,073.69 1,087.96 1,120.35

Construction

23.05 23.42 23.47 23.52 871.29 906.35 905.94 884.35

Manufacturing

18.44 18.75 18.80 18.89 752.35 772.50 774.56 774.49

Durable goods

19.65 19.94 20.03 20.11 803.69 829.50 833.25 830.54

Nondurable goods

16.67 16.91 16.91 17.00 680.14 686.55 688.24 686.80

Private service-providing

18.67 18.98 18.98 19.09 601.17 613.05 613.05 616.61

Trade, transportation, and utilities

16.74 16.96 16.95 17.03 552.42 568.16 569.52 570.51

Wholesale trade

21.43 21.73 21.79 21.88 807.91 827.91 832.38 840.19

Retail trade

13.15 13.37 13.36 13.37 394.50 405.11 407.48 406.45

Transportation and warehousing

19.15 19.22 19.21 19.42 698.98 722.67 720.38 724.37

Utilities

29.58 30.26 30.15 30.23 1,221.65 1,280.00 1,272.33 1,284.78

Information

25.60 26.13 26.07 26.22 936.96 951.13 941.13 949.16

Financial activities

21.44 21.69 21.66 21.78 776.13 785.18 786.26 792.79

Professional and business services

22.64 22.96 22.83 23.08 792.40 808.19 805.90 810.11

Education and health services

19.79 20.37 20.46 20.52 639.22 653.88 656.77 658.69

Leisure and hospitality

11.30 11.30 11.31 11.34 280.24 281.37 279.36 278.96

Other services

16.91 17.26 17.29 17.33 519.14 528.16 532.53 532.03

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2010 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Jan.
2010
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010(p)
Jan.
2011(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2010 - Jan.
2011(p)
Jan.
2010
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010(p)
Jan.
2011(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2010 - Jan.
2011(p)

Total private

97.9 99.5 99.6 99.3 -0.3 123.7 127.9 128.0 128.3 0.2

Goods-producing

78.1 79.2 79.2 78.6 -0.8 96.0 99.2 99.4 98.9 -0.5

Mining and logging

115.4 130.6 132.3 134.8 1.9 156.3 182.5 185.3 190.1 2.6

Construction

80.2 80.9 80.3 78.0 -2.9 99.8 102.3 101.7 99.1 -2.6

Manufacturing

75.3 76.4 76.5 76.5 0.0 90.8 93.7 94.1 94.5 0.4

Durable goods

73.5 75.9 76.0 76.2 0.3 90.1 94.4 95.1 95.6 0.5

Nondurable goods

78.4 77.2 77.5 76.7 -1.0 92.4 92.2 92.6 92.1 -0.5

Private service-providing

103.6 105.1 105.2 105.2 0.0 132.6 136.7 136.9 137.7 0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

95.7 97.5 97.9 97.6 -0.3 114.2 118.0 118.4 118.6 0.2

Wholesale trade

97.5 98.2 98.5 99.2 0.7 123.0 125.7 126.5 127.8 1.0

Retail trade

93.8 95.3 96.0 95.8 -0.2 105.7 109.2 109.9 109.8 -0.1

Transportation and warehousing

99.0 102.9 103.2 102.0 -1.2 120.3 125.4 125.8 125.7 -0.1

Utilities

94.5 94.9 94.9 95.2 0.3 116.7 119.9 119.4 120.2 0.7

Information

91.2 90.2 89.4 89.7 0.3 115.6 116.6 115.4 116.5 1.0

Financial activities

102.8 101.3 101.4 101.3 -0.1 136.3 135.8 135.8 136.4 0.4

Professional and business services

105.9 109.0 109.7 109.3 -0.4 142.6 148.9 149.0 150.1 0.7

Education and health services

118.3 119.9 120.0 120.2 0.2 154.0 160.6 161.5 162.1 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

103.7 105.0 104.1 103.5 -0.6 133.0 134.8 133.7 133.3 -0.3

Other services

95.8 97.3 98.0 97.9 -0.1 118.0 122.4 123.5 123.6 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2010 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Last Modified Date: February 04, 2011
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