Economic News Release

Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed                   USDL-13-0389
until 8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, March 8, 2013

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                       THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- FEBRUARY 2013


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 236,000 in February, and the 
unemployment rate edged down to 7.7 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor 
Statistics reported today. Employment increased in professional and business 
services, construction, and health care.

Household Survey Data

The unemployment rate edged down to 7.7 percent in February but has shown 
little movement, on net, since September 2012. The number of unemployed 
persons, at 12.0 million, also edged lower in February. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for whites (6.8 percent) 
declined in February while the rates for adult men (7.1 percent), adult women 
(7.0 percent), teenagers (25.1 percent), blacks (13.8 percent), and Hispanics 
(9.6 percent) showed little or no change. The jobless rate for Asians was 6.1 
percent (not seasonally adjusted), little changed from a year earlier. (See 
tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

In February, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks 
or more) was about unchanged at 4.8 million. These individuals accounted for 
40.2 percent of the unemployed. (See table A-12.)

The employment-population ratio held at 58.6 percent in February. The civilian 
labor force participation rate, at 63.5 percent, changed little. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons, at 8.0 million, 
was essentially unchanged in February. These individuals were working part 
time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to 
find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In February, 2.6 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, 
the same as a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These 
individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, 
and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not 
counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks 
preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 885,000 discouraged workers in 
February, down slightly from a year earlier. (These data are not seasonally 
adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work 
because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.7 
million persons marginally attached to the labor force in February had not 
searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey for reasons such as 
school attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 236,000 in February, with 
job gains in professional and business services, construction, and health 
care. In the prior 3 months, employment had risen by an average of 195,000 
per month. (See table B-1.)

Professional and business services added 73,000 jobs in February; employment 
in the industry had changed little (+16,000) in January. In February, 
employment in administrative and support services, which includes employment 
services and services to buildings, rose by 44,000. Accounting and 
bookkeeping services added 11,000 jobs, and growth continued in computer 
systems design and in management and technical consulting services.

In February, employment in construction increased by 48,000. Since September, 
construction employment has risen by 151,000. In February, job growth 
occurred in specialty trade contractors, with this gain about equally split 
between residential (+17,000) and nonresidential specialty trade contractors 
(+15,000). Nonresidential building construction also added jobs (+6,000).

The health care industry continued to add jobs in February (+32,000). Within 
health care, there was a job gain of 14,000 in ambulatory health care services, 
which includes doctors' offices and outpatient care centers. Employment also 
increased over the month in nursing and residential care facilities (+9,000) 
and hospitals (+9,000).

Employment in the information industry increased over the month (+20,000), 
lifted by a large job gain in the motion picture and sound recording industry.

Employment continued to trend up in retail trade in February (+24,000). Retail 
trade has added 252,000 jobs over the past 12 months. Employment also 
continued to trend up over the month in food services and drinking places and 
in wholesale trade. Employment in other major industries showed little change 
over the month.

In February, the average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls 
edged up by 0.1 hour to 34.5 hours. The manufacturing workweek rose by 0.2 
hour to 40.9 hours, and factory overtime edged up by 0.1 hour to 3.4 hours. 
The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on private 
nonfarm payrolls increased by 0.2 hour to 33.8 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

Average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose 
by 4 cents to $23.82. Over the year, average hourly earnings have risen by 2.1 
percent. In February, average hourly earnings of private-sector production 
and nonsupervisory employees increased by 5 cents to $20.04. (See tables B-3 
and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for December was revised from 
+196,000 to +219,000, and the change for January was revised from +157,000 to
+119,000.

____________
The Employment Situation for March is scheduled to be released on Friday, 
April 5, 2013, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Feb.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Change from:
Jan.
2013-
Feb.
2013

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

242,435 244,350 244,663 244,828 165

Civilian labor force

154,825 155,511 155,654 155,524 -130

Participation rate

63.9 63.6 63.6 63.5 -0.1

Employed

142,019 143,305 143,322 143,492 170

Employment-population ratio

58.6 58.6 58.6 58.6 0.0

Unemployed

12,806 12,206 12,332 12,032 -300

Unemployment rate

8.3 7.8 7.9 7.7 -0.2

Not in labor force

87,611 88,839 89,008 89,304 296

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

8.3 7.8 7.9 7.7 -0.2

Adult men (20 years and over)

7.7 7.2 7.3 7.1 -0.2

Adult women (20 years and over)

7.6 7.3 7.3 7.0 -0.3

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

23.7 23.5 23.4 25.1 1.7

White

7.4 6.9 7.0 6.8 -0.2

Black or African American

14.1 14.0 13.8 13.8 0.0

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

6.3 6.6 6.5 6.1 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

10.6 9.6 9.7 9.6 -0.1

Total, 25 years and over

6.9 6.5 6.5 6.3 -0.2

Less than a high school diploma

12.9 11.7 12.0 11.2 -0.8

High school graduates, no college

8.3 8.0 8.1 7.9 -0.2

Some college or associate degree

7.3 6.9 7.0 6.7 -0.3

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.2 3.9 3.7 3.8 0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

7,187 6,408 6,637 6,522 -115

Job leavers

1,035 983 981 956 -25

Reentrants

3,341 3,587 3,515 3,340 -175

New entrants

1,382 1,291 1,287 1,279 -8

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,563 2,676 2,766 2,667 -99

5 to 14 weeks

2,817 2,838 3,028 2,782 -246

15 to 26 weeks

1,974 1,895 1,858 1,695 -163

27 weeks and over

5,392 4,766 4,708 4,797 89

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

8,127 7,918 7,973 7,988 15

Slack work or business conditions

5,440 4,928 5,126 5,136 10

Could only find part-time work

2,397 2,616 2,630 2,578 -52

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,868 18,763 18,464 18,908 444

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,608 2,614 2,443 2,588 -

Discouraged workers

1,006 1,068 804 885 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Feb.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013(p)
Feb.
2013(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

271 219 119 236

Total private

265 224 140 246

Goods-producing

51 58 41 67

Mining and logging

7 7 4 5

Construction

15 38 25 48

Manufacturing

29 13 12 14

Durable goods(1)

26 11 6 6

Motor vehicles and parts

5.8 1.4 1.4 0.7

Nondurable goods

3 2 6 8

Private service-providing(1)

214 166 99 179

Wholesale trade

11.9 6.5 15.5 5.9

Retail trade

-24.3 6.2 29.0 23.7

Transportation and warehousing

17.9 34.8 -20.4 -1.3

Information

11 -9 1 20

Financial activities

10 9 6 7

Professional and business services(1)

76 35 16 73

Temporary help services

47.3 12.3 -3.0 16.0

Education and health services(1)

69 36 9 24

Health care and social assistance

46.2 42.9 19.3 39.1

Leisure and hospitality

47 40 30 24

Other services

-4 6 11 1

Government

6 -5 -21 -10

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.4 49.3 49.3 49.3

Total private women employees

47.8 47.9 47.9 47.8

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.6 82.6 82.6 82.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.6 34.5 34.4 34.5

Average hourly earnings

$23.33 $23.75 $23.78 $23.82

Average weekly earnings

$807.22 $819.38 $818.03 $821.79

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

96.3 97.5 97.3 97.8

Over-the-month percent change

0.5 0.5 -0.2 0.5

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

107.2 110.4 110.4 111.1

Over-the-month percent change

0.8 0.8 0.0 0.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.8 33.7 33.6 33.8

Average hourly earnings

$19.64 $19.93 $19.99 $20.04

Average weekly earnings

$663.83 $671.64 $671.66 $677.35

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

103.6 104.9 104.6 105.5

Over-the-month percent change

0.3 0.2 -0.3 0.9

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

135.9 139.6 139.7 141.2

Over-the-month percent change

0.4 0.5 0.1 1.1

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private (266 industries)

62.2 65.2 64.7 63.3

Manufacturing (81 industries)

57.4 58.0 57.4 60.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of   employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a   smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change   than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.

   In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment,
   employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. Slightly more
   than 20 percent of all employees in the payroll survey sample have a weekly pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the effect
   of extreme weather on estimates of over-the-month change in employment.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours. Current and historical
   data are available on the  household survey's most requested statistics page at
   http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 145,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 557,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 90,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-60,000 to +140,000 (50,000 +/- 90,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Feb.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

242,435 244,663 244,828 242,435 243,983 244,174 244,350 244,663 244,828

Civilian labor force

154,114 154,794 154,727 154,825 155,576 155,319 155,511 155,654 155,524

Participation rate

63.6 63.3 63.2 63.9 63.8 63.6 63.6 63.6 63.5

Employed

140,684 141,614 142,228 142,019 143,328 143,277 143,305 143,322 143,492

Employment-population ratio

58.0 57.9 58.1 58.6 58.7 58.7 58.6 58.6 58.6

Unemployed

13,430 13,181 12,500 12,806 12,248 12,042 12,206 12,332 12,032

Unemployment rate

8.7 8.5 8.1 8.3 7.9 7.8 7.8 7.9 7.7

Not in labor force

88,322 89,868 90,100 87,611 88,407 88,855 88,839 89,008 89,304

Persons who currently want a job

6,376 6,781 6,842 6,376 6,584 6,827 6,750 6,631 6,821

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

116,896 118,033 118,117 116,896 117,710 117,810 117,902 118,033 118,117

Civilian labor force

81,609 82,249 82,180 82,156 82,661 82,514 82,545 82,940 82,823

Participation rate

69.8 69.7 69.6 70.3 70.2 70.0 70.0 70.3 70.1

Employed

74,035 74,823 75,160 75,271 76,027 75,983 76,060 76,290 76,375

Employment-population ratio

63.3 63.4 63.6 64.4 64.6 64.5 64.5 64.6 64.7

Unemployed

7,573 7,426 7,020 6,885 6,634 6,530 6,486 6,650 6,447

Unemployment rate

9.3 9.0 8.5 8.4 8.0 7.9 7.9 8.0 7.8

Not in labor force

35,288 35,783 35,937 34,740 35,049 35,297 35,357 35,093 35,295

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

108,188 109,448 109,541 108,188 109,096 109,206 109,308 109,448 109,541

Civilian labor force

78,986 79,583 79,511 79,301 79,679 79,568 79,695 80,016 79,910

Participation rate

73.0 72.7 72.6 73.3 73.0 72.9 72.9 73.1 72.9

Employed

72,152 72,905 73,248 73,179 73,845 73,821 73,949 74,139 74,249

Employment-population ratio

66.7 66.6 66.9 67.6 67.7 67.6 67.7 67.7 67.8

Unemployed

6,834 6,678 6,262 6,123 5,834 5,747 5,746 5,877 5,661

Unemployment rate

8.7 8.4 7.9 7.7 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.1

Not in labor force

29,201 29,865 30,030 28,886 29,416 29,638 29,613 29,432 29,631

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

125,539 126,630 126,710 125,539 126,273 126,364 126,447 126,630 126,710

Civilian labor force

72,505 72,545 72,547 72,669 72,915 72,806 72,965 72,715 72,701

Participation rate

57.8 57.3 57.3 57.9 57.7 57.6 57.7 57.4 57.4

Employed

66,648 66,790 67,068 66,748 67,301 67,294 67,245 67,032 67,116

Employment-population ratio

53.1 52.7 52.9 53.2 53.3 53.3 53.2 52.9 53.0

Unemployed

5,857 5,755 5,479 5,921 5,614 5,512 5,721 5,682 5,585

Unemployment rate

8.1 7.9 7.6 8.1 7.7 7.6 7.8 7.8 7.7

Not in labor force

53,034 54,085 54,163 52,870 53,358 53,558 53,482 53,916 54,009

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

117,170 118,348 118,433 117,170 117,980 118,079 118,170 118,348 118,433

Civilian labor force

69,823 69,778 69,865 69,775 70,041 69,907 70,059 69,749 69,772

Participation rate

59.6 59.0 59.0 59.5 59.4 59.2 59.3 58.9 58.9

Employed

64,486 64,589 64,973 64,457 65,014 64,988 64,954 64,675 64,867

Employment-population ratio

55.0 54.6 54.9 55.0 55.1 55.0 55.0 54.6 54.8

Unemployed

5,337 5,189 4,891 5,318 5,027 4,918 5,105 5,074 4,905

Unemployment rate

7.6 7.4 7.0 7.6 7.2 7.0 7.3 7.3 7.0

Not in labor force

47,348 48,570 48,568 47,396 47,939 48,172 48,111 48,599 48,661

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

17,078 16,867 16,854 17,078 16,907 16,890 16,871 16,867 16,854

Civilian labor force

5,305 5,434 5,352 5,748 5,856 5,845 5,756 5,889 5,842

Participation rate

31.1 32.2 31.8 33.7 34.6 34.6 34.1 34.9 34.7

Employed

4,046 4,120 4,006 4,383 4,469 4,468 4,402 4,508 4,376

Employment-population ratio

23.7 24.4 23.8 25.7 26.4 26.5 26.1 26.7 26.0

Unemployed

1,259 1,314 1,346 1,365 1,387 1,376 1,355 1,381 1,466

Unemployment rate

23.7 24.2 25.1 23.7 23.7 23.6 23.5 23.4 25.1

Not in labor force

11,773 11,434 11,502 11,329 11,051 11,045 11,115 10,978 11,012

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Feb.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

192,691 193,776 193,859 192,691 193,633 193,748 193,849 193,776 193,859

Civilian labor force

123,223 123,090 122,922 123,818 123,794 123,540 123,774 123,971 123,626

Participation rate

63.9 63.5 63.4 64.3 63.9 63.8 63.9 64.0 63.8

Employed

113,467 113,675 114,036 114,687 115,205 115,124 115,289 115,266 115,250

Employment-population ratio

58.9 58.7 58.8 59.5 59.5 59.4 59.5 59.5 59.5

Unemployed

9,755 9,415 8,887 9,131 8,588 8,416 8,485 8,705 8,376

Unemployment rate

7.9 7.6 7.2 7.4 6.9 6.8 6.9 7.0 6.8

Not in labor force

69,469 70,686 70,937 68,873 69,839 70,207 70,076 69,805 70,233

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,327 64,506 64,336 64,633 64,718 64,509 64,646 64,924 64,720

Participation rate

73.5 73.2 72.9 73.9 73.5 73.2 73.3 73.7 73.4

Employed

59,266 59,587 59,741 60,187 60,493 60,397 60,609 60,652 60,659

Employment-population ratio

67.8 67.6 67.7 68.8 68.7 68.5 68.7 68.8 68.8

Unemployed

5,061 4,919 4,595 4,445 4,225 4,112 4,037 4,272 4,061

Unemployment rate

7.9 7.6 7.1 6.9 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.6 6.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,660 54,250 54,291 54,578 54,423 54,366 54,452 54,318 54,224

Participation rate

59.1 58.3 58.3 59.0 58.5 58.4 58.5 58.4 58.2

Employed

50,889 50,688 50,980 50,873 51,020 51,008 51,015 50,869 50,946

Employment-population ratio

55.0 54.5 54.7 55.0 54.9 54.8 54.8 54.7 54.7

Unemployed

3,772 3,562 3,311 3,705 3,403 3,358 3,437 3,450 3,278

Unemployment rate

6.9 6.6 6.1 6.8 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,235 4,334 4,295 4,607 4,653 4,665 4,676 4,729 4,682

Participation rate

33.3 34.5 34.2 36.2 36.9 37.0 37.2 37.7 37.3

Employed

3,312 3,400 3,315 3,626 3,692 3,718 3,665 3,746 3,645

Employment-population ratio

26.0 27.1 26.4 28.5 29.3 29.5 29.1 29.8 29.1

Unemployed

923 934 981 981 961 946 1,011 983 1,037

Unemployment rate

21.8 21.5 22.8 21.3 20.7 20.3 21.6 20.8 22.1

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,760 30,190 30,223 29,760 30,027 30,061 30,093 30,190 30,223

Civilian labor force

18,219 18,554 18,531 18,344 18,716 18,374 18,403 18,641 18,639

Participation rate

61.2 61.5 61.3 61.6 62.3 61.1 61.2 61.7 61.7

Employed

15,651 15,897 15,969 15,761 16,011 15,952 15,827 16,073 16,059

Employment-population ratio

52.6 52.7 52.8 53.0 53.3 53.1 52.6 53.2 53.1

Unemployed

2,568 2,656 2,562 2,582 2,705 2,422 2,577 2,568 2,580

Unemployment rate

14.1 14.3 13.8 14.1 14.5 13.2 14.0 13.8 13.8

Not in labor force

11,541 11,636 11,691 11,416 11,311 11,687 11,690 11,549 11,583

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,187 8,391 8,386 8,245 8,296 8,225 8,298 8,382 8,437

Participation rate

67.7 67.9 67.7 68.2 67.6 66.9 67.4 67.8 68.2

Employed

6,942 7,181 7,258 7,060 7,127 7,165 7,134 7,262 7,352

Employment-population ratio

57.4 58.1 58.6 58.4 58.1 58.3 58.0 58.8 59.4

Unemployed

1,245 1,210 1,128 1,185 1,169 1,060 1,164 1,120 1,085

Unemployment rate

15.2 14.4 13.4 14.4 14.1 12.9 14.0 13.4 12.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,380 9,512 9,490 9,387 9,668 9,444 9,454 9,545 9,491

Participation rate

62.6 62.4 62.2 62.6 63.8 62.3 62.2 62.7 62.2

Employed

8,272 8,323 8,339 8,234 8,440 8,360 8,305 8,367 8,302

Employment-population ratio

55.2 54.6 54.7 54.9 55.7 55.1 54.7 54.9 54.4

Unemployed

1,108 1,189 1,151 1,153 1,228 1,085 1,149 1,178 1,189

Unemployment rate

11.8 12.5 12.1 12.3 12.7 11.5 12.2 12.3 12.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

651 651 656 712 752 704 651 714 711

Participation rate

24.3 25.0 25.3 26.6 28.7 27.0 25.1 27.5 27.4

Employed

436 393 373 468 444 427 387 444 404

Employment-population ratio

16.3 15.1 14.4 17.5 17.0 16.4 14.9 17.1 15.6

Unemployed

215 258 284 244 307 277 264 270 307

Unemployment rate

33.1 39.6 43.2 34.3 40.9 39.3 40.5 37.8 43.1

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

12,713 13,068 13,185 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

8,016 8,465 8,566 - - - - - -

Participation rate

63.1 64.8 65.0 - - - - - -

Employed

7,508 7,917 8,040 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

59.1 60.6 61.0 - - - - - -

Unemployed

508 548 526 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

6.3 6.5 6.1 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

4,696 4,603 4,619 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Feb.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

36,384 37,094 37,169 36,384 37,058 37,147 37,231 37,094 37,169

Civilian labor force

24,167 24,454 24,519 24,201 24,572 24,544 24,539 24,572 24,563

Participation rate

66.4 65.9 66.0 66.5 66.3 66.1 65.9 66.2 66.1

Employed

21,407 21,875 21,999 21,638 22,112 22,109 22,195 22,199 22,215

Employment-population ratio

58.8 59.0 59.2 59.5 59.7 59.5 59.6 59.8 59.8

Unemployed

2,760 2,578 2,519 2,562 2,460 2,435 2,344 2,373 2,348

Unemployment rate

11.4 10.5 10.3 10.6 10.0 9.9 9.6 9.7 9.6

Not in labor force

12,218 12,640 12,650 12,184 12,486 12,602 12,692 12,522 12,606

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,262 13,465 13,534 - - - - - -

Participation rate

81.1 80.6 80.8 - - - - - -

Employed

11,881 12,155 12,304 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

72.6 72.7 73.4 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,381 1,309 1,230 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

10.4 9.7 9.1 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,836 9,903 9,975 - - - - - -

Participation rate

60.1 59.2 59.5 - - - - - -

Employed

8,752 8,922 8,980 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

53.4 53.3 53.5 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,085 981 995 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

11.0 9.9 10.0 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,068 1,086 1,010 - - - - - -

Participation rate

29.2 29.8 27.7 - - - - - -

Employed

774 798 716 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

21.2 21.9 19.6 - - - - - -

Unemployed

294 288 294 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

27.5 26.5 29.1 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,119 11,035 10,842 11,495 11,251 11,097 11,120 11,125 11,256

Participation rate

45.1 45.1 45.4 46.6 45.8 45.3 45.1 45.5 47.2

Employed

9,469 9,502 9,463 10,018 9,880 9,753 9,821 9,784 9,999

Employment-population ratio

38.4 38.8 39.7 40.6 40.2 39.8 39.8 40.0 41.9

Unemployed

1,650 1,533 1,378 1,477 1,371 1,344 1,298 1,341 1,257

Unemployment rate

14.8 13.9 12.7 12.9 12.2 12.1 11.7 12.0 11.2

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

37,011 36,709 36,212 36,803 36,735 36,652 36,663 36,557 36,143

Participation rate

59.3 59.0 58.3 59.0 60.0 59.4 59.1 58.7 58.1

Employed

33,589 33,371 33,026 33,755 33,681 33,677 33,713 33,585 33,289

Employment-population ratio

53.9 53.6 53.1 54.1 55.0 54.6 54.3 54.0 53.6

Unemployed

3,422 3,338 3,186 3,048 3,054 2,975 2,950 2,972 2,854

Unemployment rate

9.2 9.1 8.8 8.3 8.3 8.1 8.0 8.1 7.9

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,485 37,225 37,478 37,257 37,662 37,274 37,397 37,201 37,291

Participation rate

69.5 68.4 68.4 69.1 68.8 68.4 68.7 68.3 68.0

Employed

34,669 34,496 34,914 34,523 35,043 34,832 34,831 34,587 34,776

Employment-population ratio

64.3 63.4 63.7 64.0 64.0 63.9 64.0 63.5 63.5

Unemployed

2,817 2,729 2,564 2,734 2,619 2,442 2,566 2,614 2,515

Unemployment rate

7.5 7.3 6.8 7.3 7.0 6.6 6.9 7.0 6.7

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

47,841 48,968 49,489 47,840 48,670 48,858 48,859 48,991 49,436

Participation rate

76.3 75.7 76.0 76.3 75.3 75.5 75.9 75.8 75.9

Employed

45,808 47,061 47,567 45,851 46,851 46,968 46,954 47,172 47,555

Employment-population ratio

73.0 72.8 73.0 73.1 72.5 72.6 72.9 72.9 73.0

Unemployed

2,034 1,907 1,922 1,989 1,818 1,891 1,905 1,819 1,881

Unemployment rate

4.3 3.9 3.9 4.2 3.7 3.9 3.9 3.7 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2013

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,315 21,520 19,506 19,304 1,809 2,216

Civilian labor force

11,101 11,114 9,961 9,728 1,140 1,387

Participation rate

52.1 51.6 51.1 50.4 63.0 62.6

Employed

10,324 10,342 9,246 9,058 1,078 1,284

Employment-population ratio

48.4 48.1 47.4 46.9 59.6 57.9

Unemployed

777 772 715 669 61 103

Unemployment rate

7.0 6.9 7.2 6.9 5.4 7.4

Not in labor force

10,214 10,406 9,545 9,576 669 829

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,524 2,694 2,092 2,147 432 547

Civilian labor force

2,025 2,161 1,726 1,807 299 353

Participation rate

80.2 80.2 82.5 84.2 69.2 64.6

Employed

1,870 1,958 1,594 1,645 277 313

Employment-population ratio

74.1 72.7 76.2 76.6 64.0 57.1

Unemployed

154 203 132 162 22 41

Unemployment rate

7.6 9.4 7.6 9.0 7.4 11.6

Not in labor force

499 533 366 339 133 194

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,077 3,324 2,572 2,674 505 650

Civilian labor force

2,581 2,806 2,198 2,331 383 475

Participation rate

83.9 84.4 85.5 87.2 75.9 73.0

Employed

2,432 2,637 2,072 2,184 360 452

Employment-population ratio

79.0 79.3 80.6 81.7 71.2 69.6

Unemployed

149 169 126 147 23 22

Unemployment rate

5.8 6.0 5.7 6.3 6.1 4.7

Not in labor force

496 519 374 343 122 175

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

10,010 10,008 9,687 9,630 323 378

Civilian labor force

3,242 3,080 3,122 2,956 120 124

Participation rate

32.4 30.8 32.2 30.7 37.1 32.8

Employed

3,027 2,852 2,908 2,736 119 116

Employment-population ratio

30.2 28.5 30.0 28.4 37.0 30.7

Unemployed

215 228 214 220 0 8

Unemployment rate

6.6 7.4 6.9 7.4 0.4 6.4

Not in labor force

6,768 6,928 6,565 6,674 203 254

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,704 5,494 5,156 4,853 549 640

Civilian labor force

3,253 3,068 2,916 2,633 338 434

Participation rate

57.0 55.8 56.5 54.3 61.5 67.8

Employed

2,995 2,895 2,673 2,493 322 403

Employment-population ratio

52.5 52.7 51.8 51.4 58.8 62.9

Unemployed

258 172 243 140 15 32

Unemployment rate

7.9 5.6 8.3 5.3 4.5 7.3

Not in labor force

2,451 2,426 2,240 2,220 211 206

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

212,182 214,160 92,771 94,137 119,411 120,024

Civilian labor force

141,354 141,754 70,803 71,520 70,551 70,234

Participation rate

66.6 66.2 76.3 76.0 59.1 58.5

Employed

129,189 130,558 64,235 65,485 64,953 65,073

Employment-population ratio

60.9 61.0 69.2 69.6 54.4 54.2

Unemployed

12,165 11,196 6,568 6,035 5,597 5,161

Unemployment rate

8.6 7.9 9.3 8.4 7.9 7.3

Not in labor force

70,828 72,407 21,968 22,617 48,860 49,790

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Beginning with data for January 2013, estimates for veterans incorporate population controls derived from the updated Department of Veterans Affairs' population model.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2013

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

27,822 28,655 214,613 216,173

Civilian labor force

5,542 5,929 148,572 148,798

Participation rate

19.9 20.7 69.2 68.8

Employed

4,665 5,198 136,019 137,030

Employment-population ratio

16.8 18.1 63.4 63.4

Unemployed

878 732 12,552 11,768

Unemployment rate

15.8 12.3 8.4 7.9

Not in labor force

22,280 22,726 66,042 67,374

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,458 2,746 74,926 74,959

Participation rate

32.9 35.1 82.1 82.0

Employed

2,006 2,365 68,058 68,591

Employment-population ratio

26.8 30.2 74.5 75.1

Unemployed

452 382 6,868 6,368

Unemployment rate

18.4 13.9 9.2 8.5

Not in labor force

5,013 5,077 16,378 16,400

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,194 2,190 66,900 66,795

Participation rate

28.1 28.5 70.7 70.2

Employed

1,843 1,910 61,625 61,793

Employment-population ratio

23.6 24.8 65.1 65.0

Unemployed

352 280 5,276 5,002

Unemployment rate

16.0 12.8 7.9 7.5

Not in labor force

5,617 5,504 27,719 28,305

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

890 993 6,746 7,044

Participation rate

7.1 7.6 23.5 23.7

Employed

816 923 6,337 6,646

Employment-population ratio

6.5 7.0 22.1 22.4

Unemployed

74 70 409 398

Unemployment rate

8.3 7.1 6.1 5.7

Not in labor force

11,650 12,145 21,945 22,669

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2013

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

37,463 37,858 18,237 18,408 19,226 19,451

Civilian labor force

24,826 25,242 14,310 14,478 10,516 10,764

Participation rate

66.3 66.7 78.5 78.7 54.7 55.3

Employed

22,470 23,163 13,001 13,347 9,469 9,816

Employment-population ratio

60.0 61.2 71.3 72.5 49.3 50.5

Unemployed

2,356 2,079 1,309 1,131 1,047 947

Unemployment rate

9.5 8.2 9.1 7.8 10.0 8.8

Not in labor force

12,636 12,617 3,927 3,930 8,710 8,687

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

204,973 206,969 98,660 99,710 106,313 107,260

Civilian labor force

129,288 129,486 67,299 67,702 61,989 61,784

Participation rate

63.1 62.6 68.2 67.9 58.3 57.6

Employed

118,214 119,065 61,035 61,813 57,179 57,252

Employment-population ratio

57.7 57.5 61.9 62.0 53.8 53.4

Unemployed

11,074 10,421 6,264 5,889 4,810 4,532

Unemployment rate

8.6 8.0 9.3 8.7 7.8 7.3

Not in labor force

75,685 77,483 31,361 32,007 44,324 45,476

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,030 1,895 1,914 2,188 2,195 2,121 2,088 2,057 2,065

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,238 1,123 1,132 1,363 1,394 1,320 1,295 1,245 1,258

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

767 736 754 813 751 776 747 775 792

Unpaid family workers

26 36 27 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

138,654 139,718 140,314 139,856 141,245 141,149 141,190 141,255 141,415

Wage and salary workers(1)

130,204 131,177 131,742 131,312 132,326 132,038 132,113 132,445 132,694

Government

20,772 20,759 20,802 20,557 20,555 20,598 20,686 20,696 20,571

Private industries

109,432 110,418 110,941 110,730 111,784 111,429 111,406 111,746 112,141

Private households

621 799 676 - - - - - -

Other industries

108,811 109,619 110,265 110,064 111,058 110,659 110,632 110,873 111,411

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,343 8,463 8,496 8,483 8,819 8,959 8,935 8,746 8,686

Unpaid family workers

106 78 76 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,455 8,628 8,298 8,127 8,286 8,138 7,918 7,973 7,988

Slack work or business conditions

5,790 5,732 5,457 5,440 5,177 5,084 4,928 5,126 5,136

Could only find part-time work

2,338 2,540 2,474 2,397 2,618 2,648 2,616 2,630 2,578

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,358 18,596 19,500 18,868 18,896 18,594 18,763 18,464 18,908

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,302 8,506 8,163 7,989 8,162 8,029 7,812 7,867 7,865

Slack work or business conditions

5,694 5,649 5,354 5,353 5,105 5,025 4,887 5,047 5,045

Could only find part-time work

2,313 2,530 2,468 2,351 2,631 2,650 2,583 2,610 2,542

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,980 18,259 19,201 18,456 18,527 18,310 18,469 18,182 18,549

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

140,684 141,614 142,228 142,019 143,328 143,277 143,305 143,322 143,492

16 to 19 years

4,046 4,120 4,006 4,383 4,469 4,468 4,402 4,508 4,376

16 to 17 years

1,171 1,269 1,327 1,353 1,448 1,351 1,405 1,453 1,520

18 to 19 years

2,875 2,850 2,679 3,042 3,032 3,126 2,985 3,048 2,866

20 years and over

136,638 137,494 138,222 137,636 138,858 138,809 138,903 138,814 139,116

20 to 24 years

13,104 13,064 13,251 13,381 13,549 13,595 13,570 13,471 13,527

25 years and over

123,534 124,430 124,970 124,237 125,285 125,200 125,406 125,311 125,604

25 to 54 years

93,346 93,418 93,736 94,051 94,328 94,079 94,253 94,147 94,387

25 to 34 years

30,190 30,775 30,885 30,477 30,918 30,971 31,115 31,137 31,152

35 to 44 years

30,421 30,270 30,327 30,627 30,668 30,490 30,524 30,480 30,521

45 to 54 years

32,734 32,373 32,524 32,947 32,742 32,618 32,614 32,531 32,714

55 years and over

30,188 31,012 31,234 30,186 30,957 31,121 31,153 31,164 31,217

Men, 16 years and over

74,035 74,823 75,160 75,271 76,027 75,983 76,060 76,290 76,375

16 to 19 years

1,883 1,918 1,912 2,092 2,182 2,163 2,111 2,151 2,126

16 to 17 years

554 566 616 652 719 656 690 673 713

18 to 19 years

1,329 1,352 1,296 1,433 1,467 1,492 1,422 1,472 1,408

20 years and over

72,152 72,905 73,248 73,179 73,845 73,821 73,949 74,139 74,249

20 to 24 years

6,622 6,779 6,844 6,840 7,096 7,125 7,104 7,070 7,073

25 years and over

65,530 66,126 66,404 66,331 66,790 66,720 66,902 67,002 67,149

25 to 54 years

49,622 49,778 49,945 50,339 50,342 50,194 50,370 50,474 50,603

25 to 34 years

16,195 16,589 16,676 16,490 16,715 16,734 16,799 16,889 16,940

35 to 44 years

16,342 16,345 16,419 16,547 16,527 16,380 16,443 16,519 16,597

45 to 54 years

17,084 16,844 16,851 17,303 17,100 17,080 17,127 17,066 17,066

55 years and over

15,909 16,348 16,459 15,993 16,447 16,526 16,532 16,528 16,546

Women, 16 years and over

66,648 66,790 67,068 66,748 67,301 67,294 67,245 67,032 67,116

16 to 19 years

2,163 2,201 2,094 2,291 2,287 2,305 2,291 2,357 2,250

16 to 17 years

616 703 711 701 729 695 715 780 807

18 to 19 years

1,546 1,498 1,383 1,610 1,565 1,634 1,563 1,576 1,458

20 years and over

64,486 64,589 64,973 64,457 65,014 64,988 64,954 64,675 64,867

20 to 24 years

6,482 6,284 6,408 6,541 6,453 6,470 6,467 6,402 6,455

25 years and over

58,003 58,305 58,566 57,905 58,496 58,480 58,504 58,309 58,455

25 to 54 years

43,724 43,640 43,791 43,712 43,986 43,885 43,883 43,674 43,784

25 to 34 years

13,995 14,186 14,208 13,987 14,203 14,237 14,315 14,248 14,212

35 to 44 years

14,079 13,925 13,909 14,081 14,141 14,109 14,080 13,961 13,925

45 to 54 years

15,650 15,529 15,674 15,644 15,643 15,538 15,487 15,465 15,648

55 years and over

14,279 14,664 14,775 14,193 14,510 14,595 14,621 14,636 14,671

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

43,201 43,660 43,521 43,550 44,134 44,016 43,924 44,117 43,934

Married women, spouse present

34,603 34,488 34,656 34,357 34,561 34,576 34,611 34,271 34,400

Women who maintain families

9,181 9,092 9,082 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

112,587 113,868 114,191 114,263 115,469 115,665 115,868 115,918 115,841

Part-time workers(2)

28,096 27,746 28,037 27,608 27,869 27,517 27,502 27,467 27,569

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,116 6,738 7,435 6,979 6,927 7,109 7,017 6,919 7,259

Percent of total employed

5.1 4.8 5.2 4.9 4.8 5.0 4.9 4.8 5.1

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,226 5,244 5,246 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,110 9,200 9,250 9,296 9,570 9,735 9,682 9,521 9,478

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Feb.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

12,806 12,332 12,032 8.3 7.9 7.8 7.8 7.9 7.7

16 to 19 years

1,365 1,381 1,466 23.7 23.7 23.6 23.5 23.4 25.1

16 to 17 years

575 576 581 29.8 25.3 28.4 25.8 28.4 27.6

18 to 19 years

808 801 857 21.0 22.7 20.4 22.6 20.8 23.0

20 years and over

11,441 10,951 10,566 7.7 7.3 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.1

20 to 24 years

2,149 2,238 2,033 13.8 13.2 12.6 13.7 14.2 13.1

25 years and over

9,265 8,762 8,513 6.9 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.3

25 to 54 years

7,372 6,783 6,565 7.3 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.5

25 to 34 years

2,890 2,594 2,627 8.7 8.2 7.9 7.7 7.7 7.8

35 to 44 years

2,225 2,116 2,029 6.8 6.3 6.2 6.6 6.5 6.2

45 to 54 years

2,257 2,073 1,908 6.4 6.1 6.0 5.8 6.0 5.5

55 years and over

1,893 1,972 1,939 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.9 6.0 5.8

Men, 16 years and over

6,885 6,650 6,447 8.4 8.0 7.9 7.9 8.0 7.8

16 to 19 years

763 772 787 26.7 26.8 26.6 25.9 26.4 27.0

16 to 17 years

332 306 322 33.8 28.3 31.4 25.1 31.3 31.1

18 to 19 years

449 456 452 23.9 26.4 23.8 26.3 23.7 24.3

20 years and over

6,123 5,877 5,661 7.7 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.1

20 to 24 years

1,283 1,276 1,096 15.8 13.8 12.6 13.5 15.3 13.4

25 years and over

4,796 4,668 4,526 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.3

25 to 54 years

3,825 3,575 3,474 7.1 6.8 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.4

25 to 34 years

1,542 1,411 1,411 8.6 8.1 7.9 7.7 7.7 7.7

35 to 44 years

1,124 1,084 1,037 6.4 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.2 5.9

45 to 54 years

1,159 1,079 1,026 6.3 6.3 6.1 5.7 5.9 5.7

55 years and over

971 1,093 1,052 5.7 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.0

Women, 16 years and over

5,921 5,682 5,585 8.1 7.7 7.6 7.8 7.8 7.7

16 to 19 years

603 608 680 20.8 20.4 20.5 21.2 20.5 23.2

16 to 17 years

243 269 259 25.7 22.0 25.3 26.6 25.7 24.3

18 to 19 years

359 344 404 18.2 18.8 17.0 18.9 17.9 21.7

20 years and over

5,318 5,074 4,905 7.6 7.2 7.0 7.3 7.3 7.0

20 to 24 years

867 962 937 11.7 12.5 12.6 13.9 13.1 12.7

25 years and over

4,469 4,094 3,987 7.2 6.6 6.3 6.6 6.6 6.4

25 to 54 years

3,547 3,208 3,091 7.5 6.9 6.7 6.9 6.8 6.6

25 to 34 years

1,347 1,183 1,217 8.8 8.3 7.9 7.7 7.7 7.9

35 to 44 years

1,101 1,031 992 7.3 6.6 6.4 7.1 6.9 6.7

45 to 54 years

1,098 994 882 6.6 5.9 5.9 6.0 6.0 5.3

55 years and over(1)

920 915 874 6.1 5.5 5.0 5.1 5.9 5.6

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

2,306 2,120 2,071 5.0 4.6 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.5

Married women, spouse present

1,974 1,890 1,779 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.2 5.2 4.9

Women who maintain families(1)

1,222 1,156 1,126 11.7 11.5 10.7 11.3 11.3 11.0

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

11,057 10,555 10,227 8.8 8.3 8.1 8.3 8.3 8.1

Part-time workers(3)

1,770 1,802 1,832 6.0 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

7,866 7,575 7,130 7,187 6,536 6,429 6,408 6,637 6,522

On temporary layoff

1,526 1,772 1,425 1,135 1,077 1,080 1,085 1,155 1,078

Not on temporary layoff

6,340 5,803 5,705 6,052 5,460 5,349 5,323 5,483 5,443

Permanent job losers

4,923 4,334 4,276 4,726 4,261 4,151 4,075 4,208 4,128

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,416 1,469 1,429 1,326 1,199 1,198 1,248 1,275 1,315

Job leavers

1,032 1,014 950 1,035 1,009 926 983 981 956

Reentrants

3,337 3,497 3,308 3,341 3,319 3,325 3,587 3,515 3,340

New entrants

1,196 1,095 1,111 1,382 1,302 1,326 1,291 1,287 1,279

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

58.6 57.5 57.0 55.5 53.7 53.5 52.2 53.4 53.9

On temporary layoff

11.4 13.4 11.4 8.8 8.8 9.0 8.8 9.3 8.9

Not on temporary layoff

47.2 44.0 45.6 46.8 44.9 44.6 43.4 44.1 45.0

Job leavers

7.7 7.7 7.6 8.0 8.3 7.7 8.0 7.9 7.9

Reentrants

24.8 26.5 26.5 25.8 27.3 27.7 29.2 28.3 27.6

New entrants

8.9 8.3 8.9 10.7 10.7 11.0 10.5 10.4 10.6

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5.1 4.9 4.6 4.6 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.3 4.2

Job leavers

0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

2.2 2.3 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.3 2.1

New entrants

0.8 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,366 3,246 2,440 2,563 2,633 2,596 2,676 2,766 2,667

5 to 14 weeks

3,454 3,316 3,366 2,817 2,847 2,757 2,838 3,028 2,782

15 weeks and over

7,609 6,618 6,694 7,366 6,829 6,604 6,661 6,566 6,493

15 to 26 weeks

2,199 1,854 1,903 1,974 1,813 1,820 1,895 1,858 1,695

27 weeks and over

5,411 4,764 4,791 5,392 5,017 4,784 4,766 4,708 4,797

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

39.1 33.6 36.0 39.9 39.9 39.7 38.1 35.3 36.9

Median duration, in weeks

19.3 14.7 17.1 20.1 19.6 18.9 18.0 16.0 17.8

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

17.6 24.6 19.5 20.1 21.4 21.7 22.0 22.4 22.3

5 to 14 weeks

25.7 25.2 26.9 22.1 23.1 23.1 23.3 24.5 23.3

15 weeks and over

56.7 50.2 53.6 57.8 55.5 55.2 54.7 53.1 54.4

15 to 26 weeks

16.4 14.1 15.2 15.5 14.7 15.2 15.6 15.0 14.2

27 weeks and over

40.3 36.1 38.3 42.3 40.8 40.0 39.1 38.1 40.2

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2013

Total, 16 years and over(1)

140,684 142,228 13,430 12,500 8.7 8.1

Management, professional, and related occupations

53,208 54,563 2,336 2,164 4.2 3.8

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

22,151 22,758 1,015 916 4.4 3.9

Professional and related occupations

31,058 31,805 1,320 1,248 4.1 3.8

Service occupations

24,751 25,136 2,810 2,740 10.2 9.8

Sales and office occupations

33,766 33,456 2,907 2,876 7.9 7.9

Sales and related occupations

15,553 14,990 1,331 1,348 7.9 8.2

Office and administrative support occupations

18,212 18,466 1,576 1,528 8.0 7.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

12,461 12,602 2,033 1,750 14.0 12.2

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

890 839 221 160 19.9 16.1

Construction and extraction occupations

6,878 6,825 1,495 1,276 17.9 15.8

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,693 4,938 317 314 6.3 6.0

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

16,498 16,472 2,096 1,826 11.3 10.0

Production occupations

8,272 8,095 971 806 10.5 9.1

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,226 8,377 1,125 1,020 12.0 10.9

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2013

Total, 16 years and over(1)

13,430 12,500 8.7 8.1

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

10,517 9,826 8.8 8.1

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

66 53 7.2 4.8

Construction

1,404 1,291 17.1 15.7

Manufacturing

1,294 1,108 8.4 7.2

Durable goods

787 693 8.1 7.2

Nondurable goods

506 415 9.0 7.3

Wholesale and retail trade

1,824 1,680 8.9 8.3

Transportation and utilities

440 468 7.6 7.5

Information

247 143 8.4 5.2

Financial activities

498 428 5.3 4.5

Professional and business services

1,590 1,480 10.3 9.6

Education and health services

1,197 1,176 5.4 5.3

Leisure and hospitality

1,496 1,506 11.6 11.2

Other services

461 494 7.1 7.8

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

290 175 19.5 13.6

Government workers

848 828 3.9 3.8

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

579 559 5.9 5.6

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.9 4.3 4.3 4.8 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.2

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.1 4.9 4.6 4.6 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.3 4.2

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

8.7 8.5 8.1 8.3 7.9 7.8 7.8 7.9 7.7

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

9.3 9.0 8.6 8.9 8.4 8.3 8.5 8.4 8.3

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

10.2 9.9 9.6 9.8 9.3 9.2 9.4 9.3 9.2

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

15.6 15.4 14.9 15.0 14.5 14.4 14.4 14.4 14.3

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2013

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

88,322 90,100 35,288 35,937 53,034 54,163

Persons who currently want a job

6,376 6,842 2,944 3,131 3,432 3,712

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,608 2,588 1,358 1,344 1,250 1,244

Discouraged workers(2)

1,006 885 612 527 394 358

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,603 1,704 746 817 856 886

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,116 7,435 3,422 3,680 3,695 3,755

Percent of total employed

5.1 5.2 4.6 4.9 5.5 5.6

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,624 3,988 1,953 2,185 1,671 1,802

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,934 2,043 600 671 1,334 1,371

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

264 236 152 142 112 94

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,254 1,123 696 665 558 458

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013(p)
Feb.
2013(p)
Feb.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013(p)
Feb.
2013(p)
Change from:
Jan.2013 - Feb.2013(p)

Total nonfarm

131,604 135,560 132,644 133,603 133,080 134,691 134,810 135,046 236

Total private

109,333 113,321 110,920 111,432 111,136 112,817 112,957 113,203 246

Goods-producing

17,802 18,416 18,040 18,087 18,365 18,522 18,563 18,630 67

Mining and logging

832 855 845 852 851 860 864 869 5

Logging

48.2 50.8 47.8 49.3 49.7 50.6 49.0 50.7 1.7

Mining

783.6 804.0 797.6 802.5 800.9 809.2 814.6 817.8 3.2

Oil and gas extraction

180.6 190.9 190.6 190.9 183.1 191.7 192.2 193.3 1.1

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

214.0 219.8 215.4 217.1 225.1 224.3 226.1 227.3 1.2

Coal mining

89.2 83.4 83.3 84.3 89.7 83.8 83.8 84.5 0.7

Support activities for mining

389.0 393.3 391.6 394.5 392.7 393.2 396.3 397.2 0.9

Construction

5,219 5,622 5,341 5,369 5,644 5,711 5,736 5,784 48

Construction of buildings

1,177.1 1,248.3 1,197.1 1,199.6 1,239.2 1,249.6 1,251.7 1,260.2 8.5

Residential building

545.5 575.5 546.4 546.7 577.1 574.4 575.2 577.5 2.3

Nonresidential building

631.6 672.8 650.7 652.9 662.1 675.2 676.5 682.7 6.2

Heavy and civil engineering construction

754.4 847.2 781.3 789.2 866.5 884.6 890.4 898.6 8.2

Specialty trade contractors

3,287.7 3,526.2 3,362.7 3,380.4 3,538.6 3,576.5 3,593.7 3,625.4 31.7

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,354.5 1,472.4 1,410.1 1,418.7 1,467.4 1,502.6 1,514.1 1,531.2 17.1

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

1,933.2 2,053.8 1,952.6 1,961.7 2,071.2 2,073.9 2,079.6 2,094.2 14.6

Manufacturing

11,751 11,939 11,854 11,866 11,870 11,951 11,963 11,977 14

Durable goods

7,369 7,490 7,449 7,454 7,426 7,494 7,500 7,506 6

Wood products

329.7 342.0 337.4 339.0 339.5 343.9 345.1 349.1 4.0

Nonmetallic mineral products

353.5 360.5 350.6 351.8 369.8 365.6 365.4 366.3 0.9

Primary metals

398.9 397.3 397.4 394.5 400.3 398.3 398.0 396.0 -2.0

Fabricated metal products

1,384.7 1,421.9 1,417.0 1,422.6 1,396.4 1,424.0 1,426.7 1,433.1 6.4

Machinery

1,088.0 1,103.0 1,100.1 1,097.7 1,091.4 1,100.9 1,101.9 1,100.1 -1.8

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,095.6 1,088.3 1,084.5 1,084.2 1,097.5 1,086.7 1,086.9 1,085.7 -1.2

Computer and peripheral equipment

157.4 158.8 159.2 158.6 157.6 158.4 159.4 158.9 -0.5

Communications equipment

110.7 108.8 107.8 107.6 110.8 108.3 107.8 107.8 0.0

Semiconductors and electronic components

385.4 382.9 381.0 380.5 385.9 382.5 381.9 381.2 -0.7

Electronic instruments

401.4 397.4 396.6 398.1 401.9 397.4 397.7 398.0 0.3

Electrical equipment and appliances

368.7 369.5 365.6 362.9 370.2 368.3 366.1 364.3 -1.8

Transportation equipment(1)

1,428.0 1,478.4 1,473.0 1,474.6 1,432.2 1,474.9 1,476.6 1,478.9 2.3

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

753.2 788.6 785.1 786.7 754.8 786.0 787.4 788.1 0.7

Furniture and related products

346.7 348.3 346.2 349.1 351.1 350.8 352.1 353.4 1.3

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

574.7 581.1 577.1 577.4 577.4 580.1 580.7 579.5 -1.2

Nondurable goods

4,382 4,449 4,405 4,412 4,444 4,457 4,463 4,471 8

Food manufacturing

1,426.1 1,463.1 1,438.6 1,438.9 1,458.3 1,465.6 1,467.6 1,471.0 3.4

Textile mills

118.3 115.3 113.7 113.7 119.1 115.7 114.9 114.5 -0.4

Textile product mills

114.5 117.8 116.1 115.6 116.4 117.5 117.3 116.9 -0.4

Apparel

148.3 147.3 145.5 148.5 149.3 148.1 148.7 149.0 0.3

Paper and paper products

377.6 377.5 376.9 376.8 379.7 377.2 377.6 378.6 1.0

Printing and related support activities

461.2 458.2 453.7 452.5 466.1 457.3 457.3 456.9 -0.4

Petroleum and coal products

109.3 113.1 112.8 111.3 113.4 115.0 116.6 115.1 -1.5

Chemicals

778.4 787.1 788.0 789.5 782.5 787.1 790.0 792.6 2.6

Plastics and rubber products

635.7 648.6 644.1 648.3 640.0 649.6 650.8 652.7 1.9

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

212.6 220.6 216.0 216.5 219.5 223.4 222.3 223.3 1.0

Private service-providing

91,531 94,905 92,880 93,345 92,771 94,295 94,394 94,573 179

Trade, transportation, and utilities

24,971 26,425 25,608 25,423 25,377 25,769 25,795 25,825 30

Wholesale trade

5,581.1 5,723.6 5,678.4 5,683.6 5,634.9 5,715.3 5,730.8 5,736.7 5.9

Durable goods

2,795.7 2,849.3 2,835.1 2,836.1 2,816.8 2,847.7 2,853.7 2,856.0 2.3

Nondurable goods

1,931.0 1,994.7 1,972.2 1,972.5 1,957.4 1,990.4 1,998.8 1,999.1 0.3

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

854.4 879.6 871.1 875.0 860.7 877.2 878.3 881.6 3.3

Retail trade

14,514.2 15,538.3 14,938.7 14,771.3 14,804.7 15,004.1 15,033.1 15,056.8 23.7

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,701.0 1,736.2 1,722.2 1,728.2 1,726.1 1,747.4 1,751.9 1,753.3 1.4

Automobile dealers

1,074.4 1,098.5 1,094.4 1,096.1 1,083.9 1,103.2 1,105.6 1,105.8 0.2

Furniture and home furnishings stores

433.9 470.8 453.3 446.6 439.2 446.5 448.5 451.4 2.9

Electronics and appliance stores

515.4 538.4 526.9 510.1 518.7 513.3 519.7 511.6 -8.1

Building material and garden supply stores

1,113.8 1,138.6 1,115.0 1,131.1 1,164.3 1,177.1 1,177.4 1,181.6 4.2

Food and beverage stores

2,810.1 2,913.0 2,878.2 2,866.0 2,841.9 2,887.1 2,892.2 2,897.8 5.6

Health and personal care stores

987.2 1,036.1 1,020.1 1,018.0 994.4 1,017.7 1,020.0 1,024.3 4.3

Gasoline stations

823.0 844.8 832.3 835.5 836.8 846.3 845.3 848.3 3.0

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,319.2 1,620.1 1,467.1 1,405.0 1,375.4 1,454.1 1,461.5 1,463.5 2.0

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

562.1 619.7 582.4 566.1 573.4 576.4 576.7 578.0 1.3

General merchandise stores(1)

3,036.9 3,314.8 3,106.4 3,033.7 3,101.8 3,088.5 3,090.4 3,094.4 4.0

Department stores

1,497.6 1,638.8 1,501.8 1,450.4 1,528.7 1,475.4 1,475.8 1,476.8 1.0

Miscellaneous store retailers

774.4 826.4 788.3 793.0 787.4 807.4 806.0 808.0 2.0

Nonstore retailers

437.2 479.4 446.5 438.0 445.3 442.3 443.5 444.6 1.1

Transportation and warehousing

4,325.3 4,609.2 4,435.6 4,411.4 4,384.4 4,493.8 4,473.4 4,472.1 -1.3

Air transportation

457.2 449.6 443.7 442.1 459.5 450.8 446.3 445.0 -1.3

Rail transportation

228.5 230.0 228.4 228.4 230.5 230.4 230.5 230.5 0.0

Water transportation

62.0 62.1 60.3 60.4 63.6 62.7 62.1 62.5 0.4

Truck transportation

1,304.5 1,368.4 1,349.4 1,348.3 1,340.4 1,370.8 1,377.3 1,382.9 5.6

Transit and ground passenger transportation

457.6 478.6 478.2 474.8 446.5 462.1 465.6 462.2 -3.4

Pipeline transportation

43.6 44.4 44.2 44.4 43.7 44.2 44.1 44.4 0.3

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

20.9 22.8 18.7 19.2 28.1 27.2 26.6 26.4 -0.2

Support activities for transportation

567.9 592.8 587.2 588.7 572.0 589.1 590.8 592.0 1.2

Couriers and messengers

519.7 648.7 543.4 526.0 529.2 560.3 540.6 538.3 -2.3

Warehousing and storage

663.4 711.8 682.1 679.1 670.9 696.2 689.5 687.9 -1.6

Utilities

550.2 554.1 555.3 556.2 552.9 555.3 557.5 558.9 1.4

Information

2,679 2,685 2,639 2,704 2,681 2,676 2,677 2,697 20

Publishing industries, except Internet

738.4 733.9 727.2 726.1 740.3 729.9 730.2 728.2 -2.0

Motion picture and sound recording industries

370.0 377.3 342.7 403.5 370.8 379.3 374.8 395.6 20.8

Broadcasting, except Internet

283.3 287.1 285.2 287.3 283.9 285.8 286.3 287.1 0.8

Telecommunications

868.9 854.2 856.1 859.0 865.9 851.1 854.8 855.2 0.4

Data processing, hosting and related services

248.7 252.9 250.6 251.0 249.6 251.6 252.9 252.1 -0.8

Other information services

169.3 179.8 177.4 177.2 170.6 178.5 178.2 178.5 0.3

Financial activities

7,694 7,846 7,789 7,798 7,740 7,831 7,837 7,844 7

Finance and insurance

5,793.6 5,888.5 5,863.3 5,863.3 5,799.6 5,869.9 5,871.7 5,869.5 -2.2

Monetary authorities - central bank

17.1 17.4 16.6 16.5 17.1 17.3 16.8 16.7 -0.1

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,559.7 2,610.5 2,602.7 2,602.3 2,558.4 2,601.9 2,602.7 2,601.0 -1.7

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,735.6 1,742.6 1,740.5 1,737.8 1,737.2 1,739.1 1,740.4 1,739.2 -1.2

Commercial banking

1,319.0 1,316.5 1,315.8 1,313.6 1,320.2 1,314.7 1,317.1 1,315.3 -1.8

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

810.9 819.9 816.9 820.4 812.6 818.0 819.9 821.7 1.8

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,320.0 2,353.3 2,340.4 2,338.2 2,325.1 2,346.1 2,345.4 2,343.6 -1.8

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

85.9 87.4 86.7 85.9 86.4 86.6 86.9 86.5 -0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,900.7 1,957.4 1,925.2 1,934.9 1,940.8 1,961.2 1,965.2 1,974.1 8.9

Real estate

1,385.6 1,426.5 1,404.0 1,409.5 1,411.1 1,423.0 1,428.3 1,433.0 4.7

Rental and leasing services

490.7 506.9 497.9 502.1 505.1 514.6 513.4 517.6 4.2

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

24.4 24.0 23.3 23.3 24.6 23.6 23.5 23.5 0.0

Professional and business services

17,486 18,237 17,809 17,984 17,753 18,152 18,168 18,241 73

Professional and technical services(1)

7,885.8 8,040.5 8,012.0 8,105.9 7,804.2 7,995.8 7,997.4 8,024.2 26.8

Legal services

1,113.5 1,131.9 1,117.1 1,118.5 1,119.7 1,128.0 1,124.5 1,124.7 0.2

Accounting and bookkeeping services

1,046.3 924.1 998.7 1,058.5 905.3 914.5 906.5 917.4 10.9

Architectural and engineering services

1,294.2 1,336.3 1,315.2 1,319.9 1,313.1 1,336.0 1,336.3 1,339.4 3.1

Computer systems design and related services

1,585.2 1,664.1 1,655.1 1,665.9 1,588.8 1,658.5 1,663.6 1,669.4 5.8

Management and technical consulting services

1,090.7 1,158.9 1,140.4 1,149.7 1,100.7 1,145.4 1,154.8 1,159.2 4.4

Management of companies and enterprises

1,980.2 2,028.9 2,011.7 2,009.2 1,991.9 2,020.9 2,020.3 2,022.2 1.9

Administrative and waste services

7,620.0 8,167.5 7,785.5 7,869.1 7,957.3 8,135.2 8,150.0 8,194.1 44.1

Administrative and support services(1)

7,256.3 7,794.3 7,413.7 7,499.6 7,585.0 7,759.3 7,772.2 7,816.5 44.3

Employment services(1)

2,969.3 3,304.9 3,054.4 3,101.6 3,113.9 3,213.6 3,217.7 3,238.8 21.1

Temporary help services

2,347.8 2,651.2 2,428.8 2,457.9 2,472.8 2,569.2 2,566.2 2,582.2 16.0

Business support services

826.6 856.7 834.2 843.2 822.5 834.5 833.8 839.3 5.5

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,650.3 1,766.9 1,679.3 1,694.9 1,814.3 1,840.8 1,846.5 1,856.4 9.9

Waste management and remediation services

363.7 373.2 371.8 369.5 372.3 375.9 377.8 377.6 -0.2

Education and health services

20,302 20,673 20,370 20,647 20,175 20,496 20,505 20,529 24

Educational services

3,481.8 3,463.0 3,242.1 3,463.5 3,325.2 3,344.7 3,334.8 3,320.1 -14.7

Health care and social assistance

16,820.0 17,209.5 17,128.2 17,183.3 16,850.1 17,150.9 17,170.2 17,209.3 39.1

Health care(3)

14,157.5 14,492.7 14,424.9 14,459.7 14,197.7 14,453.7 14,466.7 14,498.7 32.0

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,227.4 6,441.9 6,422.5 6,443.0 6,246.1 6,419.3 6,446.0 6,459.7 13.7

Offices of physicians

2,362.1 2,433.0 2,418.0 2,421.3 2,367.8 2,417.9 2,423.2 2,427.5 4.3

Outpatient care centers

638.2 670.6 672.0 677.4 638.0 669.7 673.5 676.8 3.3

Home health care services

1,167.9 1,244.4 1,240.2 1,249.1 1,172.0 1,239.5 1,245.2 1,251.3 6.1

Hospitals

4,764.7 4,831.0 4,814.8 4,822.9 4,771.0 4,823.4 4,820.3 4,829.2 8.9

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,165.4 3,219.8 3,187.6 3,193.8 3,180.6 3,211.0 3,200.4 3,209.8 9.4

Nursing care facilities

1,654.7 1,669.9 1,656.1 1,654.8 1,664.0 1,665.5 1,660.4 1,664.0 3.6

Social assistance(1)

2,662.5 2,716.8 2,703.3 2,723.6 2,652.4 2,697.2 2,703.5 2,710.6 7.1

Child day care services

868.2 869.7 865.5 874.3 853.8 857.3 857.6 859.2 1.6

Leisure and hospitality

13,038 13,591 13,257 13,359 13,632 13,901 13,931 13,955 24

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,749.1 1,825.6 1,757.3 1,782.1 1,956.9 1,982.0 1,986.2 1,988.9 2.7

Performing arts and spectator sports

368.2 396.9 369.9 385.8 400.1 414.0 414.7 417.2 2.5

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

123.8 130.1 125.4 126.4 135.9 137.4 137.7 138.4 0.7

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,257.1 1,298.6 1,262.0 1,269.9 1,420.9 1,430.6 1,433.8 1,433.3 -0.5

Accommodation and food services

11,289.1 11,765.8 11,499.5 11,577.2 11,675.5 11,919.2 11,945.2 11,965.8 20.6

Accommodation

1,724.7 1,755.2 1,724.2 1,733.1 1,815.6 1,818.3 1,821.2 1,823.0 1.8

Food services and drinking places

9,564.4 10,010.6 9,775.3 9,844.1 9,859.9 10,100.9 10,124.0 10,142.8 18.8

Other services

5,361 5,448 5,408 5,430 5,413 5,470 5,481 5,482 1

Repair and maintenance

1,175.5 1,191.3 1,185.3 1,192.9 1,186.2 1,199.7 1,202.5 1,203.5 1.0

Personal and laundry services

1,287.0 1,328.2 1,313.4 1,313.9 1,302.6 1,328.3 1,332.9 1,330.4 -2.5

Membership associations and organizations

2,898.1 2,928.7 2,909.6 2,922.7 2,924.5 2,941.5 2,945.2 2,947.9 2.7

Government

22,271 22,239 21,724 22,171 21,944 21,874 21,853 21,843 -10

Federal

2,806.0 2,798.0 2,771.0 2,771.0 2,832.0 2,799.0 2,795.0 2,795.0 0.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,191.7 2,189.9 2,170.2 2,165.6 2,212.9 2,194.8 2,191.7 2,187.5 -4.2

U.S. Postal Service

614.7 608.3 600.7 605.3 618.9 603.7 603.1 607.6 4.5

State government

5,179.0 5,150.0 4,921.0 5,140.0 5,051.0 5,040.0 5,027.0 5,019.0 -8.0

State government education

2,515.6 2,502.1 2,270.9 2,492.9 2,376.4 2,381.3 2,367.2 2,361.8 -5.4

State government, excluding education

2,663.4 2,648.1 2,649.9 2,646.8 2,674.9 2,658.6 2,659.8 2,657.5 -2.3

Local government

14,286.0 14,291.0 14,032.0 14,260.0 14,061.0 14,035.0 14,031.0 14,029.0 -2.0

Local government education

8,134.6 8,097.0 7,880.7 8,105.1 7,795.5 7,763.2 7,761.2 7,758.7 -2.5

Local government, excluding education

6,150.9 6,194.0 6,150.8 6,154.9 6,265.4 6,271.3 6,269.9 6,270.2 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Feb.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013(p)
Feb.
2013(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.6 34.5 34.4 34.5

Goods-producing

40.4 40.4 40.2 40.5

Mining and logging

44.6 43.5 42.9 43.4

Construction

38.8 39.3 38.8 39.1

Manufacturing

40.9 40.8 40.7 40.9

Durable goods

41.3 41.0 41.0 41.3

Nondurable goods

40.2 40.4 40.2 40.3

Private service-providing

33.4 33.3 33.2 33.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.7 34.5 34.3 34.6

Wholesale trade

38.8 38.6 38.5 38.6

Retail trade

31.9 31.4 31.2 31.6

Transportation and warehousing

38.3 38.4 38.4 38.5

Utilities

41.3 42.2 42.2 42.7

Information

36.8 36.5 36.3 36.3

Financial activities

37.3 37.2 37.0 37.2

Professional and business services

35.9 36.0 36.0 36.1

Education and health services

32.9 32.8 32.9 32.9

Leisure and hospitality

26.1 26.1 26.0 26.1

Other services

31.7 31.5 31.4 31.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.3 3.3 3.3 3.4

Durable goods

3.3 3.2 3.2 3.3

Nondurable goods

3.3 3.4 3.5 3.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Feb.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013(p)
Feb.
2013(p)
Feb.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013(p)
Feb.
2013(p)

Total private

$23.33 $23.75 $23.78 $23.82 $807.22 $819.38 $818.03 $821.79

Goods-producing

24.59 24.89 24.88 24.92 993.44 1,005.56 1,000.18 1,009.26

Mining and logging

28.52 29.14 28.98 28.67 1,271.99 1,267.59 1,243.24 1,244.28

Construction

25.56 25.97 26.02 26.04 991.73 1,020.62 1,009.58 1,018.16

Manufacturing

23.85 24.07 24.04 24.11 975.47 982.06 978.43 986.10

Durable goods

25.26 25.44 25.44 25.47 1,043.24 1,043.04 1,043.04 1,051.91

Nondurable goods

21.42 21.72 21.64 21.77 861.08 877.49 869.93 877.33

Private service-providing

23.03 23.47 23.52 23.56 769.20 781.55 780.86 786.90

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20.23 20.73 20.77 20.79 701.98 715.19 712.41 719.33

Wholesale trade

26.53 27.36 27.30 27.43 1,029.36 1,056.10 1,051.05 1,058.80

Retail trade

16.08 16.48 16.51 16.53 512.95 517.47 515.11 522.35

Transportation and warehousing

21.87 21.92 22.08 22.05 837.62 841.73 847.87 848.93

Utilities

33.51 34.89 35.03 35.05 1,383.96 1,472.36 1,478.27 1,496.64

Information

31.64 32.18 32.24 32.21 1,164.35 1,174.57 1,170.31 1,169.22

Financial activities

28.74 29.80 29.93 30.03 1,072.00 1,108.56 1,107.41 1,117.12

Professional and business services

27.91 28.29 28.36 28.35 1,001.97 1,018.44 1,020.96 1,023.44

Education and health services

24.12 24.47 24.47 24.59 793.55 802.62 805.06 809.01

Leisure and hospitality

13.32 13.38 13.38 13.39 347.65 349.22 347.88 349.48

Other services

20.65 21.10 21.16 21.23 654.61 664.65 664.42 672.99

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Feb.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013(p)
Feb.
2013(p)
Percent change from:
Jan.
2013 - Feb.
2013(p)
Feb.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013(p)
Feb.
2013(p)
Percent change from:
Jan.
2013 - Feb.
2013(p)

Total private

96.3 97.5 97.3 97.8 0.5 107.2 110.4 110.4 111.1 0.6

Goods-producing

84.5 85.3 85.0 86.0 1.2 93.9 95.9 95.6 96.8 1.3

Mining and logging

119.3 117.6 116.5 118.5 1.7 136.6 137.5 135.5 136.4 0.7

Construction

75.5 77.4 76.7 78.0 1.7 83.8 87.3 86.7 88.2 1.7

Manufacturing

87.3 87.7 87.6 88.1 0.6 96.9 98.2 97.9 98.8 0.9

Durable goods

86.3 86.5 86.6 87.3 0.8 96.9 97.7 97.8 98.7 0.9

Nondurable goods

89.2 89.9 89.5 89.9 0.4 96.9 99.0 98.3 99.3 1.0

Private service-providing

99.5 100.8 100.6 101.4 0.8 111.0 114.6 114.6 115.7 1.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

95.8 96.7 96.2 97.2 1.0 104.3 107.9 107.6 108.7 1.0

Wholesale trade

95.4 96.3 96.3 96.6 0.3 105.6 109.9 109.7 110.6 0.8

Retail trade

95.9 95.7 95.3 96.6 1.4 102.0 104.3 104.0 105.6 1.5

Transportation and warehousing

96.1 98.8 98.3 98.5 0.2 106.7 109.9 110.2 110.3 0.1

Utilities

98.8 101.4 101.8 103.3 1.5 109.4 116.9 117.8 119.6 1.5

Information

90.1 89.2 88.7 89.4 0.8 101.5 102.2 101.9 102.5 0.6

Financial activities

94.6 95.4 95.0 95.6 0.6 106.0 110.9 110.9 111.9 0.9

Professional and business services

100.2 102.8 102.9 103.6 0.7 113.3 117.8 118.2 119.0 0.7

Education and health services

108.1 109.4 109.8 110.0 0.2 122.1 125.5 125.9 126.7 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

101.5 103.5 103.3 103.9 0.6 109.1 111.7 111.6 112.3 0.6

Other services

95.1 95.5 95.4 96.3 0.9 111.4 114.3 114.5 116.0 1.3

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Feb.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013(p)
Feb.
2013(p)
Feb.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013(p)
Feb.
2013(p)

Total nonfarm

65,677 66,466 66,528 66,608 49.4 49.3 49.3 49.3

Total private

53,158 53,993 54,072 54,156 47.8 47.9 47.9 47.8

Goods-producing

4,069 4,099 4,102 4,109 22.2 22.1 22.1 22.1

Mining and logging

111 115 116 116 13.0 13.4 13.4 13.3

Construction

715 730 732 732 12.7 12.8 12.8 12.7

Manufacturing

3,243 3,254 3,254 3,261 27.3 27.2 27.2 27.2

Durable goods

1,723 1,734 1,733 1,733 23.2 23.1 23.1 23.1

Nondurable goods

1,520 1,520 1,521 1,528 34.2 34.1 34.1 34.2

Private service-providing

49,089 49,894 49,970 50,047 52.9 52.9 52.9 52.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,201 10,408 10,425 10,438 40.2 40.4 40.4 40.4

Wholesale trade

1,693.3 1,706.4 1,708.6 1,708.5 30.1 29.9 29.8 29.8

Retail trade

7,352.3 7,517.7 7,532.9 7,553.5 49.7 50.1 50.1 50.2

Transportation and warehousing

1,018.7 1,046.1 1,044.6 1,036.9 23.2 23.3 23.4 23.2

Utilities

137.0 138.0 138.9 139.5 24.8 24.9 24.9 25.0

Information

1,082 1,069 1,074 1,074 40.4 39.9 40.1 39.8

Financial activities

4,502 4,530 4,535 4,534 58.2 57.8 57.9 57.8

Professional and business services

7,849 8,037 8,055 8,087 44.2 44.3 44.3 44.3

Education and health services

15,485 15,723 15,744 15,768 76.8 76.7 76.8 76.8

Leisure and hospitality

7,122 7,249 7,255 7,265 52.2 52.1 52.1 52.1

Other services

2,848 2,878 2,882 2,881 52.6 52.6 52.6 52.6

Government

12,519 12,473 12,456 12,452 57.0 57.0 57.0 57.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Feb.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013(p)
Feb.
2013(p)

Total private

91,838 93,237 93,308 93,506

Goods-producing

13,282 13,347 13,394 13,445

Mining and logging

648 639 639 647

Construction

4,266 4,300 4,338 4,373

Manufacturing

8,368 8,408 8,417 8,425

Durable goods

5,124 5,167 5,175 5,178

Nondurable goods

3,244 3,241 3,242 3,247

Private service-providing

78,556 79,890 79,914 80,061

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,532 21,877 21,852 21,872

Wholesale trade

4,532.8 4,609.2 4,617.1 4,622.2

Retail trade

12,782.3 12,918.7 12,919.6 12,940.7

Transportation and warehousing

3,775.5 3,902.6 3,866.8 3,858.9

Utilities

441.1 446.0 448.2 450.1

Information

2,161 2,170 2,167 2,181

Financial activities

5,947 6,026 6,031 6,029

Professional and business services

14,642 15,009 15,008 15,084

Education and health services

17,701 17,965 17,986 18,011

Leisure and hospitality

12,038 12,273 12,288 12,302

Other services

4,535 4,570 4,582 4,582

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Feb.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013(p)
Feb.
2013(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.8 33.7 33.6 33.8

Goods-producing

41.3 41.3 41.1 41.3

Mining and logging

47.3 45.8 44.3 45.5

Construction

39.3 39.7 39.4 39.6

Manufacturing

41.8 41.8 41.7 41.9

Durable goods

42.3 42.1 42.0 42.3

Nondurable goods

41.1 41.3 41.2 41.3

Private service-providing

32.5 32.5 32.4 32.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.9 33.8 33.5 33.7

Wholesale trade

38.8 38.7 38.7 38.9

Retail trade

30.7 30.4 30.0 30.2

Transportation and warehousing

37.9 38.2 38.2 38.3

Utilities

40.7 41.1 41.1 42.1

Information

36.1 35.8 35.7 35.8

Financial activities

36.6 36.9 36.6 36.7

Professional and business services

35.3 35.3 35.2 35.4

Education and health services

32.4 32.3 32.3 32.4

Leisure and hospitality

24.9 25.0 24.9 24.9

Other services

30.7 30.6 30.6 30.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.2 4.3 4.2 4.3

Durable goods

4.4 4.2 4.2 4.3

Nondurable goods

3.9 4.4 4.3 4.3

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Feb.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013(p)
Feb.
2013(p)
Feb.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013(p)
Feb.
2013(p)

Total private

$19.64 $19.93 $19.99 $20.04 $663.83 $671.64 $671.66 $677.35

Goods-producing

20.84 21.08 21.11 21.15 860.69 870.60 867.62 873.50

Mining and logging

25.49 26.21 26.22 26.23 1,205.68 1,200.42 1,161.55 1,193.47

Construction

23.80 24.15 24.22 24.23 935.34 958.76 954.27 959.51

Manufacturing

19.02 19.17 19.19 19.22 795.04 801.31 800.22 805.32

Durable goods

20.14 20.26 20.26 20.23 851.92 852.95 850.92 855.73

Nondurable goods

17.19 17.39 17.46 17.55 706.51 718.21 719.35 724.82

Private service-providing

19.38 19.68 19.75 19.80 629.85 639.60 639.90 643.50

Trade, transportation, and utilities

17.31 17.49 17.56 17.57 586.81 591.16 588.26 592.11

Wholesale trade

22.03 22.40 22.31 22.33 854.76 866.88 863.40 868.64

Retail trade

13.74 13.85 13.92 13.92 421.82 421.04 417.60 420.38

Transportation and warehousing

19.57 19.42 19.55 19.58 741.70 741.84 746.81 749.91

Utilities

31.05 31.80 32.19 32.12 1,263.74 1,306.98 1,323.01 1,352.25

Information

26.74 27.48 27.77 27.76 965.31 983.78 991.39 993.81

Financial activities

22.47 23.37 23.46 23.58 822.40 862.35 858.64 865.39

Professional and business services

23.11 23.48 23.58 23.63 815.78 828.84 830.02 836.50

Education and health services

21.01 21.25 21.28 21.35 680.72 686.38 687.34 691.74

Leisure and hospitality

11.57 11.67 11.66 11.69 288.09 291.75 290.33 291.08

Other services

17.47 17.77 17.81 17.88 536.33 543.76 544.99 550.70

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Feb.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013(p)
Feb.
2013(p)
Percent change from:
Jan.
2013 - Feb.
2013(p)
Feb.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013(p)
Feb.
2013(p)
Percent change from:
Jan.
2013 - Feb.
2013(p)

Total private

103.6 104.9 104.6 105.5 0.9 135.9 139.6 139.7 141.2 1.1

Goods-producing

83.8 84.2 84.1 84.9 1.0 107.0 108.7 108.7 109.9 1.1

Mining and logging

162.9 155.5 150.4 156.4 4.0 241.5 237.1 229.4 238.7 4.1

Construction

83.9 85.5 85.6 86.7 1.3 107.9 111.5 111.9 113.4 1.3

Manufacturing

80.3 80.7 80.6 81.0 0.5 99.9 101.1 101.1 101.9 0.8

Durable goods

81.4 81.7 81.7 82.3 0.7 102.4 103.4 103.3 103.9 0.6

Nondurable goods

78.6 78.9 78.7 79.0 0.4 95.4 96.9 97.1 98.0 0.9

Private service-providing

109.0 110.8 110.5 111.1 0.5 144.7 149.4 149.6 150.7 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

101.8 103.1 102.1 102.8 0.7 125.7 128.6 127.8 128.8 0.8

Wholesale trade

103.6 105.0 105.2 105.9 0.7 134.4 138.6 138.3 139.3 0.7

Retail trade

99.3 99.4 98.1 98.9 0.8 117.0 118.0 117.0 118.0 0.9

Transportation and warehousing

107.7 112.2 111.2 111.3 0.1 133.7 138.2 137.9 138.2 0.2

Utilities

91.8 93.7 94.2 96.9 2.9 119.0 124.4 126.6 129.9 2.6

Information

89.0 88.7 88.3 89.1 0.9 117.9 120.6 121.4 122.5 0.9

Financial activities

102.5 104.7 103.9 104.2 0.3 141.7 150.5 150.0 151.1 0.7

Professional and business services

115.8 118.7 118.4 119.7 1.1 159.3 165.9 166.1 168.3 1.3

Education and health services

123.7 125.2 125.3 125.9 0.5 170.9 174.9 175.3 176.7 0.8

Leisure and hospitality

109.8 112.4 112.1 112.2 0.1 144.3 148.9 148.4 149.0 0.4

Other services

97.6 98.1 98.3 99.0 0.7 124.3 127.0 127.6 128.9 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: March 08, 2013
Recommend this page using: