Economic News Release

Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed                      USDL-12-0402
until 8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, March 9, 2012

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                       THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- FEBRUARY 2012


       (NOTE: Data published in this release for women employees in the
       Government and Total nonfarm industries are erroneous. Errors are
       found in Summary table B and table B-5. Additional information is
       available at www.bls.gov/bls/ceswomen_usps.htm.)


Nonfarm payroll employment rose by 227,000 in February, and the unemployment rate
was unchanged at 8.3 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.
Employment rose in professional and businesses services, health care and social
assistance, leisure and hospitality, manufacturing, and mining.

Household Survey Data

The number of unemployed persons, at 12.8 million, was essentially unchanged in
February. The unemployment rate held at 8.3 percent, 0.8 percentage point below
the August 2011 rate. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (7.7 percent),
adult women (7.7 percent), teenagers (23.8 percent), whites (7.3 percent), blacks
(14.1 percent), and Hispanics (10.7 percent) showed little or no change in February.
The jobless rate for Asians was 6.3 percent, not seasonally adjusted. (See tables 
A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks and over) was little
changed at 5.4 million in February. These individuals accounted for 42.6 percent of
the unemployed. (See table A-12.)

Both the labor force and employment rose in February. The civilian labor force
participation rate, at 63.9 percent, and the employment-population ratio, at 58.6
percent, edged up over the month. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred
to as involuntary part-time workers) was essentially unchanged at 8.1 million in
February. These individuals were working part time because their hours had been cut
back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In February, 2.6 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force,
essentially unchanged from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.)
These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work,
and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as
unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the
survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 1.0 million discouraged workers in
February, about the same as a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.)
Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe
no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.6 million persons marginally attached
to the labor force in February had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding
the survey for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. (See
table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 227,000 in February. Private-sector employment
grew by 233,000, with job gains in professional and business services, health care and
social assistance, leisure and hospitality, manufacturing, and mining. (See table B-1.)

Professional and business services added 82,000 jobs in February. Just over half of 
the increase occurred in temporary help services (+45,000). Job gains also occurred in
computer systems design (+10,000) and in management and technical consulting services
(+7,000). Employment in professional and business services has grown by 1.4 million
since a recent low point in September 2009.

Health care and social assistance employment rose by 61,000 over the month. Within
health care, ambulatory care services added 28,000 jobs, and hospital employment
increased by 15,000. Over the past 12 months, health care employment has risen by
360,000. In February, social assistance employment edged up (+12,000).

In February, employment in leisure and hospitality increased by 44,000, with nearly all
of the increase in food services and drinking places (+41,000). Since a recent low in
February 2010, food services has added 531,000 jobs.

Manufacturing employment rose by 31,000 in February. All of the increase occurred in
durable goods manufacturing, with job gains in fabricated metal products (+11,000),
transportation equipment (+8,000), machinery (+5,000), and furniture and related
products (+3,000). Durable goods manufacturing has added 444,000 jobs since a recent
trough in January 2010.

In February, mining added 7,000 jobs, with most of the gain in support activities for
mining (+5,000). Since a recent low in October 2009, mining employment has increased
by 180,000.

Construction employment changed little in February, after 2 consecutive months of job
gains. Over the month, employment fell by 14,000 in nonresidential specialty trade
contractors.

Overall, employment in retail trade changed little in February. A large job loss in
general merchandise stores (-35,000) more than offset an increase in January (+23,000).
Employment in motor vehicle and parts dealers continued to trend up in February.

Government employment was essentially unchanged in January and February. In 2011,
government lost an average of 22,000 jobs per month.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at
34.5 hours in February. The manufacturing workweek edged up by 0.1 hour to 41.0 hours,
and factory overtime was unchanged at 3.4 hours. The average workweek for production
and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged up by 0.1 hour to 33.8
hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In February, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose
by 3 cents, or 0.1 percent, to $23.31. Over the past 12 months, average hourly earnings
have increased by 1.9 percent. In February, average hourly earnings of private-sector
production and nonsupervisory employees rose by 3 cents, or 0.2 percent, to $19.64.
(See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for December was revised from +203,000
to +223,000, and the change for January was revised from +243,000 to +284,000.

______________
The Employment Situation for March is scheduled to be released on Friday, April 6, 2012,
at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Feb.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012
Change from:
Jan.
2012-
Feb.
2012

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

238,851 240,584 242,269 242,435 166

Civilian labor force

153,302 153,887 154,395 154,871 476

Participation rate

64.2 64.0 63.7 63.9 0.2

Employed

139,551 140,790 141,637 142,065 428

Employment-population ratio

58.4 58.5 58.5 58.6 0.1

Unemployed

13,751 13,097 12,758 12,806 48

Unemployment rate

9.0 8.5 8.3 8.3 0.0

Not in labor force

85,550 86,697 87,874 87,564 -310

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

9.0 8.5 8.3 8.3 0.0

Adult men (20 years and over)

8.8 8.0 7.7 7.7 0.0

Adult women (20 years and over)

7.9 7.9 7.7 7.7 0.0

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

23.9 23.1 23.2 23.8 0.6

White

8.0 7.5 7.4 7.3 -0.1

Black or African American

15.4 15.8 13.6 14.1 0.5

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

6.8 6.8 6.7 6.3 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

11.6 11.0 10.5 10.7 0.2

Total, 25 years and over

7.6 7.2 7.0 7.0 0.0

Less than a high school diploma

13.7 13.8 13.1 12.9 -0.2

High school graduates, no college

9.5 8.7 8.4 8.3 -0.1

Some college or associate degree

7.8 7.7 7.2 7.3 0.1

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.3 4.1 4.2 4.2 0.0

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

8,337 7,602 7,321 7,209 -112

Job leavers

904 953 939 1,031 92

Reentrants

3,354 3,399 3,325 3,361 36

New entrants

1,315 1,280 1,253 1,392 139

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,408 2,669 2,486 2,541 55

5 to 14 weeks

3,080 2,858 2,884 2,807 -77

15 to 26 weeks

2,195 2,039 1,980 1,971 -9

27 weeks and over

6,014 5,588 5,518 5,426 -92

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

8,383 8,098 8,230 8,119 -111

Slack work or business conditions

5,661 5,305 5,372 5,446 74

Could only find part-time work

2,410 2,419 2,551 2,404 -147

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,280 18,372 18,636 18,827 191

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,730 2,540 2,809 2,608 -

Discouraged workers

1,020 945 1,059 1,006 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Feb.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012(p)
Feb.
2012(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

220 223 284 227

Total private

257 234 285 233

Goods-producing

73 62 83 24

Mining and logging

3 8 10 6

Construction

33 26 21 -13

Manufacturing

37 28 52 31

Durable goods(1)

29 30 42 31

Motor vehicles and parts

2.6 7.4 7.7 5.6

Nondurable goods

8 -2 10 0

Private service-providing(1)

184 172 202 209

Wholesale trade

12.8 14.7 14.5 8.4

Retail trade

5.4 6.8 26.1 -7.4

Transportation and warehousing

25.1 5.1 16.1 10.6

Information

-4 1 -20 -1

Financial activities

3 5 -1 6

Professional and business services(1)

49 72 76 82

Temporary help services

13.8 18.7 32.1 45.2

Education and health services(1)

29 33 37 71

Health care and social assistance

16.1 29.5 43.0 61.1

Leisure and hospitality

57 28 46 44

Other services

5 6 7 -6

Government

-37 -11 -1 -6

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.5 49.3 49.3 49.3

Total private women employees

48.1 47.8 47.8 47.8

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.4 82.5 82.6 82.7

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.3 34.5 34.5 34.5

Average hourly earnings

$22.88 $23.25 $23.28 $23.31

Average weekly earnings

$784.78 $802.13 $803.16 $804.20

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

93.2 95.3 95.5 95.7

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.5 0.2 0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

101.7 105.6 106.0 106.4

Over-the-month percent change

0.3 0.6 0.4 0.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.6 33.7 33.7 33.8

Average hourly earnings

$19.33 $19.59 $19.61 $19.64

Average weekly earnings

$649.49 $660.18 $660.86 $663.83

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

100.4 102.4 102.7 103.3

Over-the-month percent change

0.9 0.2 0.3 0.6

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

129.6 134.1 134.6 135.6

Over-the-month percent change

0.9 0.3 0.4 0.7

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private (266 industries)

68.8 63.7 70.3 57.9

Manufacturing (81 industries)

67.9 64.8 73.5 56.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
of employment and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant
change in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has
a more expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes the self-
employed, unpaid family workers, agricultural workers, and private household workers,
who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household survey also provides
estimates of employment for demographic groups.

Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
born.

Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
www.bls.gov/web/cesbmart.htm.

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment estimate; firms
from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled to achieve that goal.

Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because the
survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There is an
unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the sampling
frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a
year.

Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work
are included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped
looking for work?

Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs
are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in The Employment
Situation news release.

How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact
on average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for
paid time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other
time off. The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always,
results in a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be
off work for part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while
some workers, such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.

In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment,
employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. About half of
all employees in the payroll survey have a 2-week, semi-monthly, or monthly pay
period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the effect
of extreme weather on estimates of employment from the establishment survey.


In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week’s work for weather-
related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time off.
The household survey collects data on the number of persons who usually work full
time but had reduced hours, or had a job but were not at work due to bad weather.
Current and historical data are available on the household survey’s most requested
statistics page at http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the
Current Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment
Statistics survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides
information on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears
in the "A" tables, marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about
60,000 eligible households conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). 

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, 
and earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the 
"B" tables, marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each 
month from the payroll records of a sample of nonagricultural business
establishments. Each month the CES program surveys about 141,000 businesses
and government agencies, representing approximately 486,000 individual worksites,
in order to provide detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of
workers on nonfarm payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third
of all nonfarm payroll employees. 

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week
or pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally
the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which 
may or may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire
civilian noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series
of questions on work and job search activities, each person 16 years
and over in a sample household is classified as employed, unemployed,
or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid
employees during the reference week; worked in their own business, 
profession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 
hours in a family business or farm. People are also counted as employed
if they were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, bad
weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following
criteria: they had no employment during the reference week; they were
available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts to find
employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the reference
week. Persons laid off from a job and expecting recall need not be 
looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The unemployment data
derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eligibility
for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of
the labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force
as a percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is
the employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about
the household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as 
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay 
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector
for all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. 
Production and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and 
related employees in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction
workers in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in private service-
providing industries. 

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/#technical.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and
methodological differences between the household and establishment
surveys result in important distinctions in the employment estimates
derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-
     employed, unpaid family workers, and private household workers
     among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.
  
   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the
     employed. The establishment survey does not.
  
   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and
     older. The establishment survey is not limited by age.
  
   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than
     one job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted
     separately for each appearance.
  
Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and
the levels of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring
fluctuations. These events may result from seasonal changes in weather, 
major holidays, and the opening and closing of schools. The effect of 
such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern
each year, their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by
adjusting for regular seasonal variation. These adjustments make 
nonseasonal developments, such as declines in employment or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot. For
example, in the household survey, the large number of youth entering
the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes that
have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if
the level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in
the establishment survey, payroll employment in education declines by
about 20 percent at the end of the spring term and later rises with
the start of the fall term, obscuring the underlying employment trends
in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes at the end and
beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The
seasonally adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to
analyze changes in month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both
the household and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series
for many major estimates, such as total payroll employment, employment
in most major sectors, total employment, and unemployment are computed
by aggregating independently adjusted component series. For example,
total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate
that would be obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors
are calculated each month using all relevant data, up to and including
the data for the current month. In the household survey, new seasonal
factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the 
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month 
to adjust the three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months 
are routinely revised to incorporate additional sample reports and 
recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. In both surveys, 5-year revisions
to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are
subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample rather
than the entire population is surveyed, there is a chance that the
sample estimates may differ from the "true" population values they
represent. The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending
on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured by
the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent chance, 
or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ 
by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population value 
because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 
90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in
total nonfarm employment from the establishment survey is on the order
of plus or minus 100,000. Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment
increases by 50,000 from one month to the next. The 90-percent confidence
interval on the monthly change would range from -50,000 to +150,000 
(50,000 +/- 100,000). These figures do not mean that the sample results
are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the "true" over-the-month change lies within this interval.
Since this range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with
confidence that nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month.
If, however, the reported nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all
of the values within the 90-percent confidence interval would be greater
than zero. In this case, it is likely (at least a 90-percent chance) that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month. At an unemployment rate
of around 5.5 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval for the monthly
change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is about 
+/- 280,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is
about +/-0.19 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments
have lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than
estimates which are based on a small number of observations. The precision
of estimates also is improved when the data are cumulated over time, such
as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by
nonsampling error, which can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain information
for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness of 
respondents to provide correct information on a timely basis, mistakes
made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or processing of
the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most
recent 2 months are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these
estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables. It is only after two
successive revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly all sample
reports have been received, that the estimate is considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey
is the inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by
new firms. To correct for this systematic underestimation of employment
growth, an estimation procedure with two components is used to account
for business births. The first component excludes employment losses from
business deaths from sample-based estimation in order to offset the 
missing employment gains from business births. This is incorporated into
the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not reflecting sample
units going out of business, but imputing to them the same employment
trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for most
of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate
the residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the 
imputation. The historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA
model was derived from the unemployment insurance universe micro-level
database, and reflects the actual residual net of births and deaths over
the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted
once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment
obtained from administrative records of the unemployment insurance program.
The difference between the March sample-based employment estimates and
the March universe counts is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as
a rough proxy for total survey error. The new benchmarks also incorporate
changes in the classification of industries. Over the past decade, absolute
benchmark revisions  for total nonfarm employment have averaged 0.3 percent,
with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Feb.
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

238,851 242,269 242,435 238,851 240,269 240,441 240,584 242,269 242,435

Civilian labor force

152,635 153,485 154,114 153,302 154,057 153,937 153,887 154,395 154,871

Participation rate

63.9 63.4 63.6 64.2 64.1 64.0 64.0 63.7 63.9

Employed

138,093 139,944 140,684 139,551 140,297 140,614 140,790 141,637 142,065

Employment-population ratio

57.8 57.8 58.0 58.4 58.4 58.5 58.5 58.5 58.6

Unemployed

14,542 13,541 13,430 13,751 13,759 13,323 13,097 12,758 12,806

Unemployment rate

9.5 8.8 8.7 9.0 8.9 8.7 8.5 8.3 8.3

Not in labor force

86,216 88,784 88,322 85,550 86,213 86,503 86,697 87,874 87,564

Persons who currently want a job

6,405 6,495 6,376 6,416 6,407 6,595 6,385 6,319 6,378

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

115,907 116,808 116,896 115,907 116,664 116,755 116,832 116,808 116,896

Civilian labor force

81,360 81,298 81,609 81,737 82,199 82,341 82,373 82,070 82,165

Participation rate

70.2 69.6 69.8 70.5 70.5 70.5 70.5 70.3 70.3

Employed

72,796 73,772 74,035 74,053 74,492 74,975 75,235 75,288 75,318

Employment-population ratio

62.8 63.2 63.3 63.9 63.9 64.2 64.4 64.5 64.4

Unemployed

8,564 7,526 7,573 7,683 7,707 7,366 7,138 6,781 6,846

Unemployment rate

10.5 9.3 9.3 9.4 9.4 8.9 8.7 8.3 8.3

Not in labor force

34,548 35,510 35,288 34,171 34,465 34,414 34,459 34,739 34,732

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

107,292 108,087 108,188 107,292 108,104 108,203 108,290 108,087 108,188

Civilian labor force

78,672 78,710 78,986 78,832 79,291 79,440 79,436 79,234 79,317

Participation rate

73.3 72.8 73.0 73.5 73.3 73.4 73.4 73.3 73.3

Employed

70,842 71,892 72,152 71,901 72,379 72,846 73,080 73,170 73,240

Employment-population ratio

66.0 66.5 66.7 67.0 67.0 67.3 67.5 67.7 67.7

Unemployed

7,829 6,818 6,834 6,931 6,912 6,594 6,356 6,064 6,077

Unemployment rate

10.0 8.7 8.7 8.8 8.7 8.3 8.0 7.7 7.7

Not in labor force

28,620 29,377 29,201 28,460 28,813 28,763 28,854 28,853 28,870

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

122,944 125,461 125,539 122,944 123,605 123,686 123,753 125,461 125,539

Civilian labor force

71,275 72,187 72,505 71,565 71,858 71,596 71,514 72,326 72,706

Participation rate

58.0 57.5 57.8 58.2 58.1 57.9 57.8 57.6 57.9

Employed

65,297 66,172 66,648 65,498 65,805 65,639 65,555 66,349 66,747

Employment-population ratio

53.1 52.7 53.1 53.3 53.2 53.1 53.0 52.9 53.2

Unemployed

5,978 6,015 5,857 6,067 6,052 5,957 5,959 5,977 5,960

Unemployment rate

8.4 8.3 8.1 8.5 8.4 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.2

Not in labor force

51,668 53,274 53,034 51,379 51,748 52,090 52,238 53,135 52,833

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

114,714 117,082 117,170 114,714 115,437 115,526 115,602 117,082 117,170

Civilian labor force

68,728 69,513 69,823 68,818 68,981 68,711 68,748 69,449 69,815

Participation rate

59.9 59.4 59.6 60.0 59.8 59.5 59.5 59.3 59.6

Employed

63,277 64,062 64,486 63,351 63,520 63,352 63,323 64,078 64,454

Employment-population ratio

55.2 54.7 55.0 55.2 55.0 54.8 54.8 54.7 55.0

Unemployed

5,451 5,451 5,337 5,467 5,461 5,359 5,425 5,370 5,361

Unemployment rate

7.9 7.8 7.6 7.9 7.9 7.8 7.9 7.7 7.7

Not in labor force

45,986 47,569 47,348 45,896 46,457 46,815 46,854 47,634 47,355

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,845 17,100 17,078 16,845 16,728 16,711 16,693 17,100 17,078

Civilian labor force

5,235 5,262 5,305 5,651 5,785 5,786 5,704 5,713 5,739

Participation rate

31.1 30.8 31.1 33.5 34.6 34.6 34.2 33.4 33.6

Employed

3,974 3,990 4,046 4,299 4,398 4,416 4,387 4,389 4,371

Employment-population ratio

23.6 23.3 23.7 25.5 26.3 26.4 26.3 25.7 25.6

Unemployed

1,262 1,272 1,259 1,352 1,386 1,370 1,316 1,324 1,367

Unemployment rate

24.1 24.2 23.7 23.9 24.0 23.7 23.1 23.2 23.8

Not in labor force

11,610 11,837 11,773 11,194 10,943 10,925 10,989 11,387 11,339

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Feb.
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

192,601 192,600 192,691 192,601 193,493 193,598 193,682 192,600 192,691

Civilian labor force

123,848 122,750 123,223 124,273 124,804 124,652 124,543 123,579 123,848

Participation rate

64.3 63.7 63.9 64.5 64.5 64.4 64.3 64.2 64.3

Employed

113,066 112,876 113,467 114,294 114,837 115,130 115,254 114,458 114,754

Employment-population ratio

58.7 58.6 58.9 59.3 59.3 59.5 59.5 59.4 59.6

Unemployed

10,782 9,874 9,755 9,979 9,967 9,522 9,288 9,121 9,094

Unemployment rate

8.7 8.0 7.9 8.0 8.0 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.3

Not in labor force

68,752 69,850 69,469 68,328 68,689 68,945 69,139 69,021 68,843

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,866 64,081 64,327 64,976 65,318 65,366 65,373 64,495 64,642

Participation rate

73.8 73.3 73.5 73.9 73.9 73.9 73.8 73.8 73.9

Employed

58,939 58,966 59,266 59,849 60,195 60,605 60,751 60,059 60,245

Employment-population ratio

67.1 67.5 67.8 68.1 68.1 68.5 68.6 68.7 68.9

Unemployed

5,926 5,115 5,061 5,127 5,123 4,761 4,623 4,436 4,397

Unemployment rate

9.1 8.0 7.9 7.9 7.8 7.3 7.1 6.9 6.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,685 54,422 54,660 54,661 54,685 54,520 54,481 54,434 54,609

Participation rate

59.6 58.9 59.1 59.5 59.3 59.1 59.0 58.9 59.0

Employed

50,772 50,602 50,889 50,800 50,880 50,774 50,768 50,729 50,890

Employment-population ratio

55.3 54.7 55.0 55.3 55.1 55.0 55.0 54.9 55.0

Unemployed

3,913 3,820 3,772 3,860 3,805 3,746 3,713 3,705 3,719

Unemployment rate

7.2 7.0 6.9 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,297 4,247 4,235 4,636 4,801 4,766 4,688 4,650 4,596

Participation rate

33.4 33.3 33.3 36.0 37.6 37.3 36.8 36.5 36.1

Employed

3,354 3,308 3,312 3,644 3,761 3,751 3,736 3,670 3,619

Employment-population ratio

26.1 26.0 26.0 28.3 29.4 29.4 29.3 28.8 28.4

Unemployed

943 938 923 992 1,040 1,015 952 980 977

Unemployment rate

21.9 22.1 21.8 21.4 21.7 21.3 20.3 21.1 21.3

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,976 29,727 29,760 28,976 29,228 29,259 29,286 29,727 29,760

Civilian labor force

17,680 18,074 18,219 17,823 18,067 17,934 18,110 18,206 18,363

Participation rate

61.0 60.8 61.2 61.5 61.8 61.3 61.8 61.2 61.7

Employed

14,922 15,512 15,651 15,078 15,351 15,151 15,248 15,725 15,769

Employment-population ratio

51.5 52.2 52.6 52.0 52.5 51.8 52.1 52.9 53.0

Unemployed

2,758 2,561 2,568 2,745 2,716 2,783 2,862 2,482 2,593

Unemployment rate

15.6 14.2 14.1 15.4 15.0 15.5 15.8 13.6 14.1

Not in labor force

11,296 11,653 11,541 11,153 11,161 11,325 11,176 11,521 11,398

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,014 8,238 8,187 8,050 8,180 8,195 8,272 8,256 8,239

Participation rate

67.9 68.2 67.7 68.2 68.5 68.5 69.0 68.4 68.1

Employed

6,608 7,083 6,942 6,734 6,867 6,851 6,969 7,205 7,064

Employment-population ratio

56.0 58.7 57.4 57.1 57.5 57.3 58.2 59.7 58.4

Unemployed

1,406 1,155 1,245 1,316 1,313 1,344 1,302 1,052 1,175

Unemployment rate

17.5 14.0 15.2 16.4 16.0 16.4 15.7 12.7 14.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,095 9,230 9,380 9,146 9,262 9,095 9,160 9,287 9,410

Participation rate

62.5 61.7 62.6 62.8 63.0 61.8 62.2 62.0 62.8

Employed

7,956 8,068 8,272 7,958 8,093 7,911 7,885 8,113 8,240

Employment-population ratio

54.6 53.9 55.2 54.7 55.0 53.7 53.5 54.2 55.0

Unemployed

1,140 1,162 1,108 1,188 1,169 1,184 1,275 1,174 1,171

Unemployment rate

12.5 12.6 11.8 13.0 12.6 13.0 13.9 12.6 12.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

571 605 651 627 625 643 679 663 713

Participation rate

21.8 22.5 24.3 24.0 24.3 25.0 26.5 24.7 26.6

Employed

358 361 436 386 390 388 393 407 466

Employment-population ratio

13.7 13.4 16.3 14.8 15.2 15.1 15.3 15.2 17.4

Unemployed

212 244 215 241 234 255 286 255 247

Unemployment rate

37.2 40.3 33.1 38.4 37.5 39.6 42.1 38.5 34.7

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,345 12,735 12,713 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

7,351 8,158 8,016 - - - - - -

Participation rate

64.8 64.1 63.1 - - - - - -

Employed

6,850 7,608 7,508 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

60.4 59.7 59.1 - - - - - -

Unemployed

502 549 508 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

6.8 6.7 6.3 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

3,994 4,577 4,696 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Feb.
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

34,079 36,301 36,384 34,079 34,724 34,808 34,885 36,301 36,384

Civilian labor force

22,373 23,949 24,167 22,487 23,253 23,222 23,270 24,045 24,206

Participation rate

65.7 66.0 66.4 66.0 67.0 66.7 66.7 66.2 66.5

Employed

19,580 21,187 21,407 19,877 20,601 20,574 20,699 21,513 21,628

Employment-population ratio

57.5 58.4 58.8 58.3 59.3 59.1 59.3 59.3 59.4

Unemployed

2,793 2,762 2,760 2,611 2,652 2,648 2,571 2,532 2,579

Unemployment rate

12.5 11.5 11.4 11.6 11.4 11.4 11.0 10.5 10.7

Not in labor force

11,706 12,352 12,218 11,592 11,471 11,586 11,615 12,256 12,178

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

12,844 13,252 13,262 - - - - - -

Participation rate

81.5 81.2 81.1 - - - - - -

Employed

11,282 11,832 11,881 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

71.6 72.5 72.6 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,562 1,421 1,381 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

12.2 10.7 10.4 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,645 9,703 9,836 - - - - - -

Participation rate

57.9 59.4 60.1 - - - - - -

Employed

7,685 8,609 8,752 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

51.5 52.7 53.4 - - - - - -

Unemployed

960 1,094 1,085 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

11.1 11.3 11.0 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

884 994 1,068 - - - - - -

Participation rate

26.1 27.2 29.2 - - - - - -

Employed

613 746 774 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

18.1 20.4 21.2 - - - - - -

Unemployed

271 248 294 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

30.6 24.9 27.5 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,045 11,374 11,119 11,334 11,760 11,713 11,688 11,469 11,488

Participation rate

44.4 45.3 45.1 45.6 47.4 47.0 46.7 45.6 46.6

Employed

9,293 9,669 9,469 9,782 10,141 10,161 10,080 9,968 10,006

Employment-population ratio

37.4 38.5 38.4 39.4 40.8 40.8 40.3 39.7 40.6

Unemployed

1,752 1,705 1,650 1,552 1,619 1,552 1,608 1,501 1,483

Unemployment rate

15.9 15.0 14.8 13.7 13.8 13.3 13.8 13.1 12.9

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

37,806 37,002 37,011 37,549 37,368 37,089 36,902 36,850 36,799

Participation rate

60.7 59.8 59.3 60.3 60.5 60.3 59.8 59.6 59.0

Employed

33,750 33,494 33,589 33,971 33,828 33,807 33,684 33,737 33,761

Employment-population ratio

54.2 54.2 53.9 54.6 54.8 54.9 54.5 54.6 54.1

Unemployed

4,056 3,508 3,422 3,578 3,540 3,282 3,218 3,113 3,039

Unemployment rate

10.7 9.5 9.2 9.5 9.5 8.8 8.7 8.4 8.3

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

36,928 37,240 37,485 36,691 36,984 36,816 37,024 37,214 37,282

Participation rate

69.7 69.3 69.5 69.3 69.2 68.5 69.1 69.2 69.1

Employed

33,916 34,435 34,669 33,847 33,941 34,009 34,167 34,525 34,571

Employment-population ratio

64.0 64.0 64.3 63.9 63.5 63.3 63.7 64.2 64.1

Unemployed

3,012 2,804 2,817 2,844 3,043 2,807 2,857 2,689 2,711

Unemployment rate

8.2 7.5 7.5 7.8 8.2 7.6 7.7 7.2 7.3

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

46,520 47,510 47,841 46,624 47,006 47,117 47,131 47,481 47,890

Participation rate

76.8 75.7 76.3 76.9 75.8 75.9 76.0 75.6 76.4

Employed

44,495 45,402 45,808 44,613 44,960 45,058 45,201 45,492 45,875

Employment-population ratio

73.4 72.3 73.0 73.6 72.5 72.6 72.9 72.4 73.1

Unemployed

2,025 2,108 2,034 2,012 2,046 2,059 1,930 1,989 2,015

Unemployment rate

4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.1 4.2 4.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Feb.
2011
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2011
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2011
Feb.
2012

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,763 21,315 19,967 19,506 1,796 1,809

Civilian labor force

11,427 11,101 10,250 9,961 1,177 1,140

Participation rate

52.5 52.1 51.3 51.1 65.5 63.0

Employed

10,376 10,324 9,301 9,246 1,075 1,078

Employment-population ratio

47.7 48.4 46.6 47.4 59.8 59.6

Unemployed

1,051 777 949 715 102 61

Unemployment rate

9.2 7.0 9.3 7.2 8.7 5.4

Not in labor force

10,336 10,214 9,717 9,545 619 669

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,337 2,524 1,920 2,092 417 432

Civilian labor force

1,906 2,025 1,607 1,726 300 299

Participation rate

81.6 80.2 83.7 82.5 71.9 69.2

Employed

1,667 1,870 1,394 1,594 274 277

Employment-population ratio

71.3 74.1 72.6 76.2 65.6 64.0

Unemployed

239 154 213 132 26 22

Unemployment rate

12.5 7.6 13.3 7.6 8.7 7.4

Not in labor force

431 499 313 366 117 133

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,939 3,077 2,485 2,572 454 505

Civilian labor force

2,477 2,581 2,126 2,198 351 383

Participation rate

84.3 83.9 85.6 85.5 77.2 75.9

Employed

2,280 2,432 1,954 2,072 326 360

Employment-population ratio

77.6 79.0 78.6 80.6 71.6 71.2

Unemployed

197 149 172 126 25 23

Unemployment rate

8.0 5.8 8.1 5.7 7.2 6.1

Not in labor force

462 496 359 374 103 122

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

10,626 10,010 10,295 9,687 331 323

Civilian labor force

3,701 3,242 3,578 3,122 123 120

Participation rate

34.8 32.4 34.8 32.2 37.0 37.1

Employed

3,385 3,027 3,273 2,908 112 119

Employment-population ratio

31.9 30.2 31.8 30.0 33.8 37.0

Unemployed

316 215 305 214 11 0

Unemployment rate

8.5 6.6 8.5 6.9 8.7 0.4

Not in labor force

6,925 6,768 6,717 6,565 209 203

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,861 5,704 5,267 5,156 594 549

Civilian labor force

3,344 3,253 2,940 2,916 404 338

Participation rate

57.0 57.0 55.8 56.5 68.0 61.5

Employed

3,044 2,995 2,680 2,673 364 322

Employment-population ratio

51.9 52.5 50.9 51.8 61.3 58.8

Unemployed

299 258 259 243 40 15

Unemployment rate

9.0 7.9 8.8 8.3 9.9 4.5

Not in labor force

2,517 2,451 2,328 2,240 190 211

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

208,204 212,182 91,410 92,771 116,794 119,411

Civilian labor force

139,606 141,354 70,315 70,803 69,292 70,551

Participation rate

67.1 66.6 76.9 76.3 59.3 59.1

Employed

126,562 129,189 62,932 64,235 63,630 64,953

Employment-population ratio

60.8 60.9 68.8 69.2 54.5 54.4

Unemployed

13,044 12,165 7,382 6,568 5,662 5,597

Unemployment rate

9.3 8.6 10.5 9.3 8.2 7.9

Not in labor force

68,598 70,828 21,096 21,968 47,502 48,860

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Feb.
2011
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2011
Feb.
2012

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

27,179 27,822 211,672 214,613

Civilian labor force

5,592 5,542 147,043 148,572

Participation rate

20.6 19.9 69.5 69.2

Employed

4,730 4,665 133,363 136,019

Employment-population ratio

17.4 16.8 63.0 63.4

Unemployed

862 878 13,680 12,552

Unemployment rate

15.4 15.8 9.3 8.4

Not in labor force

21,587 22,280 64,629 66,042

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,510 2,458 74,988 74,926

Participation rate

34.2 32.9 82.2 82.1

Employed

2,085 2,006 67,091 68,058

Employment-population ratio

28.4 26.8 73.5 74.5

Unemployed

425 452 7,897 6,868

Unemployment rate

16.9 18.4 10.5 9.2

Not in labor force

4,839 5,013 16,280 16,378

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,203 2,194 65,944 66,900

Participation rate

29.3 28.1 70.7 70.7

Employed

1,834 1,843 60,526 61,625

Employment-population ratio

24.3 23.6 64.9 65.1

Unemployed

370 352 5,418 5,276

Unemployment rate

16.8 16.0 8.2 7.9

Not in labor force

5,328 5,617 27,357 27,719

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

879 890 6,110 6,746

Participation rate

7.1 7.1 22.5 23.5

Employed

811 816 5,746 6,337

Employment-population ratio

6.6 6.5 21.2 22.1

Unemployed

67 74 365 409

Unemployment rate

7.7 8.3 6.0 6.1

Not in labor force

11,421 11,650 20,992 21,945

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Feb.
2011
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2011
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2011
Feb.
2012

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

36,026 37,463 17,781 18,237 18,245 19,226

Civilian labor force

23,958 24,826 14,061 14,310 9,897 10,516

Participation rate

66.5 66.3 79.1 78.5 54.2 54.7

Employed

21,614 22,470 12,673 13,001 8,942 9,469

Employment-population ratio

60.0 60.0 71.3 71.3 49.0 49.3

Unemployed

2,344 2,356 1,388 1,309 956 1,047

Unemployment rate

9.8 9.5 9.9 9.1 9.7 10.0

Not in labor force

12,068 12,636 3,720 3,927 8,348 8,710

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

202,825 204,973 98,126 98,660 104,698 106,313

Civilian labor force

128,676 129,288 67,299 67,299 61,378 61,989

Participation rate

63.4 63.1 68.6 68.2 58.6 58.3

Employed

116,478 118,214 60,123 61,035 56,355 57,179

Employment-population ratio

57.4 57.7 61.3 61.9 53.8 53.8

Unemployed

12,198 11,074 7,176 6,264 5,023 4,810

Unemployment rate

9.5 8.6 10.7 9.3 8.2 7.8

Not in labor force

74,148 75,685 30,828 31,361 43,321 44,324

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,097 2,042 2,030 2,247 2,257 2,262 2,349 2,208 2,185

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,233 1,259 1,238 1,337 1,317 1,359 1,429 1,376 1,353

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

849 765 767 901 864 849 874 800 814

Unpaid family workers

15 18 26 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

135,996 137,902 138,654 137,388 138,167 138,304 138,411 139,491 139,945

Wage and salary workers(1)

127,336 129,299 130,204 128,610 129,531 129,604 129,662 130,569 131,365

Government

20,985 20,519 20,772 20,874 20,516 20,434 20,616 20,583 20,617

Private industries

106,351 108,780 109,432 107,731 108,977 109,159 109,064 109,966 110,778

Private households

688 569 621 - - - - - -

Other industries

105,663 108,211 108,811 107,003 108,177 108,485 108,407 109,353 110,138

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,573 8,491 8,343 8,666 8,553 8,628 8,587 8,769 8,477

Unpaid family workers

87 112 106 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,749 8,918 8,455 8,383 8,790 8,469 8,098 8,230 8,119

Slack work or business conditions

6,051 6,025 5,790 5,661 5,839 5,578 5,305 5,372 5,446

Could only find part-time work

2,402 2,479 2,338 2,410 2,538 2,496 2,419 2,551 2,404

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,669 18,958 19,358 18,280 18,401 18,363 18,372 18,636 18,827

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,633 8,747 8,302 8,293 8,664 8,358 7,952 8,083 7,988

Slack work or business conditions

5,974 5,922 5,694 5,595 5,762 5,502 5,199 5,278 5,356

Could only find part-time work

2,388 2,464 2,313 2,376 2,566 2,518 2,423 2,563 2,365

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,321 18,596 18,980 17,930 18,003 17,941 17,969 18,298 18,399

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

138,093 139,944 140,684 139,551 140,297 140,614 140,790 141,637 142,065

16 to 19 years

3,974 3,990 4,046 4,299 4,398 4,416 4,387 4,389 4,371

16 to 17 years

1,155 1,160 1,171 1,312 1,436 1,413 1,304 1,333 1,337

18 to 19 years

2,819 2,830 2,875 2,990 2,970 2,995 3,060 3,064 3,050

20 years and over

134,119 135,954 136,638 135,252 135,899 136,198 136,403 137,248 137,694

20 to 24 years

12,664 12,953 13,104 12,949 13,346 13,200 13,195 13,335 13,395

25 years and over

121,455 123,000 123,534 122,228 122,521 122,973 123,234 123,901 124,243

25 to 54 years

93,017 93,271 93,346 93,734 93,356 93,708 93,882 93,991 94,056

25 to 34 years

30,110 29,995 30,190 30,398 30,562 30,743 30,771 30,367 30,483

35 to 44 years

30,156 30,394 30,421 30,402 30,094 30,222 30,271 30,614 30,638

45 to 54 years

32,751 32,883 32,734 32,935 32,700 32,743 32,841 33,009 32,935

55 years and over

28,437 29,729 30,188 28,494 29,165 29,264 29,352 29,910 30,187

Men, 16 years and over

72,796 73,772 74,035 74,053 74,492 74,975 75,235 75,288 75,318

16 to 19 years

1,953 1,880 1,883 2,153 2,113 2,129 2,155 2,118 2,079

16 to 17 years

562 524 554 664 662 654 635 620 650

18 to 19 years

1,391 1,357 1,329 1,485 1,449 1,465 1,501 1,487 1,424

20 years and over

70,842 71,892 72,152 71,901 72,379 72,846 73,080 73,170 73,240

20 to 24 years

6,513 6,685 6,622 6,712 7,081 6,980 6,998 7,003 6,851

25 years and over

64,329 65,207 65,530 65,162 65,331 65,853 66,084 66,169 66,376

25 to 54 years

49,491 49,592 49,622 50,218 49,901 50,368 50,528 50,358 50,382

25 to 34 years

16,347 16,120 16,195 16,620 16,668 16,895 16,885 16,440 16,498

35 to 44 years

16,240 16,357 16,342 16,465 16,240 16,370 16,422 16,573 16,564

45 to 54 years

16,904 17,116 17,084 17,132 16,992 17,102 17,221 17,346 17,319

55 years and over

14,839 15,615 15,909 14,944 15,430 15,485 15,556 15,811 15,994

Women, 16 years and over

65,297 66,172 66,648 65,498 65,805 65,639 65,555 66,349 66,747

16 to 19 years

2,021 2,110 2,163 2,147 2,286 2,287 2,232 2,270 2,293

16 to 17 years

593 636 616 647 773 759 669 713 687

18 to 19 years

1,428 1,474 1,546 1,505 1,521 1,530 1,559 1,577 1,625

20 years and over

63,277 64,062 64,486 63,351 63,520 63,352 63,323 64,078 64,454

20 to 24 years

6,151 6,268 6,482 6,237 6,265 6,220 6,198 6,332 6,544

25 years and over

57,125 57,794 58,003 57,066 57,190 57,119 57,150 57,732 57,867

25 to 54 years

43,527 43,679 43,724 43,517 43,455 43,340 43,354 43,633 43,674

25 to 34 years

13,764 13,875 13,995 13,777 13,894 13,848 13,886 13,928 13,985

35 to 44 years

13,916 14,037 14,079 13,936 13,854 13,852 13,849 14,041 14,074

45 to 54 years

15,847 15,767 15,650 15,803 15,708 15,641 15,620 15,664 15,615

55 years and over

13,598 14,115 14,279 13,549 13,735 13,779 13,796 14,099 14,193

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

42,658 43,191 43,201 42,959 43,661 43,933 43,709 43,658 43,556

Married women, spouse present

34,579 34,672 34,603 34,384 34,225 34,442 34,177 34,445 34,341

Women who maintain families

8,499 9,075 9,181 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

110,731 111,879 112,587 112,538 112,841 113,212 113,765 113,845 114,408

Part-time workers(2)

27,361 28,065 28,096 26,881 27,463 27,378 27,040 27,739 27,576

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,882 6,830 7,116 6,770 6,903 7,004 7,013 7,038 6,999

Percent of total employed

5.0 4.9 5.1 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.9

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,221 5,191 5,226 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,421 9,256 9,110 9,567 9,417 9,478 9,461 9,569 9,291

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Feb.
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

13,751 12,758 12,806 9.0 8.9 8.7 8.5 8.3 8.3

16 to 19 years

1,352 1,324 1,367 23.9 24.0 23.7 23.1 23.2 23.8

16 to 17 years

532 539 570 28.8 25.2 23.3 27.8 28.8 29.9

18 to 19 years

826 788 800 21.6 23.2 23.4 21.3 20.5 20.8

20 years and over

12,398 11,434 11,439 8.4 8.3 8.1 8.0 7.7 7.7

20 to 24 years

2,333 2,050 2,140 15.3 13.9 14.2 14.4 13.3 13.8

25 years and over

10,033 9,353 9,293 7.6 7.7 7.3 7.2 7.0 7.0

25 to 54 years

8,055 7,492 7,391 7.9 8.0 7.6 7.6 7.4 7.3

25 to 34 years

3,156 3,001 2,899 9.4 9.7 9.2 9.4 9.0 8.7

35 to 44 years

2,428 2,250 2,236 7.4 7.2 7.0 6.8 6.8 6.8

45 to 54 years

2,471 2,241 2,256 7.0 7.1 6.7 6.5 6.4 6.4

55 years and over

1,970 1,867 1,888 6.5 7.0 6.4 6.2 5.9 5.9

Men, 16 years and over

7,683 6,781 6,846 9.4 9.4 8.9 8.7 8.3 8.3

16 to 19 years

752 717 769 25.9 27.3 26.6 26.6 25.3 27.0

16 to 17 years

265 291 327 28.6 27.4 26.7 30.5 32.0 33.5

18 to 19 years

492 427 448 24.9 27.4 26.7 25.1 22.3 23.9

20 years and over

6,931 6,064 6,077 8.8 8.7 8.3 8.0 7.7 7.7

20 to 24 years

1,309 1,159 1,270 16.3 14.6 15.6 15.3 14.2 15.6

25 years and over

5,584 4,886 4,796 7.9 8.1 7.4 7.2 6.9 6.7

25 to 54 years

4,442 3,887 3,822 8.1 8.4 7.7 7.5 7.2 7.1

25 to 34 years

1,759 1,617 1,546 9.6 10.1 9.2 9.5 9.0 8.6

35 to 44 years

1,319 1,129 1,125 7.4 7.4 7.0 6.7 6.4 6.4

45 to 54 years

1,364 1,141 1,151 7.4 7.5 6.8 6.3 6.2 6.2

55 years and over

1,142 999 974 7.1 7.2 6.7 6.1 5.9 5.7

Women, 16 years and over

6,067 5,977 5,960 8.5 8.4 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.2

16 to 19 years

600 607 598 21.8 20.6 20.7 19.3 21.1 20.7

16 to 17 years

266 249 243 29.2 23.2 20.0 25.0 25.8 26.1

18 to 19 years

333 361 352 18.1 18.6 20.1 17.1 18.6 17.8

20 years and over

5,467 5,370 5,361 7.9 7.9 7.8 7.9 7.7 7.7

20 to 24 years

1,025 891 870 14.1 13.1 12.6 13.4 12.3 11.7

25 years and over

4,448 4,467 4,497 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.2

25 to 54 years

3,613 3,604 3,569 7.7 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6

25 to 34 years

1,397 1,383 1,354 9.2 9.2 9.2 9.3 9.0 8.8

35 to 44 years

1,109 1,121 1,110 7.4 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.4 7.3

45 to 54 years

1,107 1,100 1,105 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.7 6.6 6.6

55 years and over(1)

825 890 920 5.7 6.5 5.8 5.7 5.9 6.1

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

2,665 2,347 2,292 5.8 5.8 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.0

Married women, spouse present

1,972 2,033 2,012 5.4 5.7 5.3 5.4 5.6 5.5

Women who maintain families(1)

1,273 1,236 1,222 13.0 12.3 12.4 12.9 12.0 11.7

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

11,870 10,982 10,992 9.5 9.5 9.2 9.0 8.8 8.8

Part-time workers(3)

1,867 1,746 1,768 6.5 6.4 6.0 6.3 5.9 6.0

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

9,212 8,234 7,866 8,337 7,924 7,599 7,602 7,321 7,209

On temporary layoff

1,718 1,892 1,526 1,261 1,226 1,181 1,216 1,284 1,135

Not on temporary layoff

7,495 6,342 6,340 7,076 6,699 6,418 6,386 6,037 6,075

Permanent job losers

6,005 4,948 4,923 5,687 5,308 5,033 5,089 4,807 4,755

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,489 1,395 1,416 1,389 1,391 1,385 1,296 1,230 1,320

Job leavers

888 957 1,032 904 1,068 1,005 953 939 1,031

Reentrants

3,338 3,276 3,337 3,354 3,387 3,355 3,399 3,325 3,361

New entrants

1,103 1,074 1,196 1,315 1,291 1,276 1,280 1,253 1,392

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

63.4 60.8 58.6 59.9 58.0 57.4 57.4 57.0 55.5

On temporary layoff

11.8 14.0 11.4 9.1 9.0 8.9 9.2 10.0 8.7

Not on temporary layoff

51.5 46.8 47.2 50.9 49.0 48.5 48.3 47.0 46.7

Job leavers

6.1 7.1 7.7 6.5 7.8 7.6 7.2 7.3 7.9

Reentrants

23.0 24.2 24.8 24.1 24.8 25.3 25.7 25.9 25.9

New entrants

7.6 7.9 8.9 9.5 9.4 9.6 9.7 9.8 10.7

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

6.0 5.4 5.1 5.4 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.7

Job leavers

0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7

Reentrants

2.2 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2

New entrants

0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,263 2,923 2,366 2,408 2,676 2,510 2,669 2,486 2,541

5 to 14 weeks

3,801 3,106 3,454 3,080 3,285 2,896 2,858 2,884 2,807

15 weeks and over

8,478 7,512 7,609 8,208 7,869 7,766 7,628 7,498 7,397

15 to 26 weeks

2,420 1,915 2,199 2,195 2,029 2,087 2,039 1,980 1,971

27 weeks and over

6,058 5,597 5,411 6,014 5,839 5,680 5,588 5,518 5,426

Average (mean) duration, in weeks(1)

36.7 38.2 39.1 37.4 39.2 40.9 40.8 40.1 40.0

Median duration, in weeks

20.6 19.2 19.3 21.1 20.8 21.5 21.0 21.1 20.3

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

15.6 21.6 17.6 17.6 19.4 19.1 20.3 19.3 19.9

5 to 14 weeks

26.1 22.9 25.7 22.5 23.8 22.0 21.7 22.4 22.0

15 weeks and over

58.3 55.5 56.7 59.9 56.9 59.0 58.0 58.3 58.0

15 to 26 weeks

16.6 14.1 16.4 16.0 14.7 15.8 15.5 15.4 15.5

27 weeks and over

41.7 41.3 40.3 43.9 42.2 43.1 42.5 42.9 42.6

Footnotes
(1) Beginning in January 2011, this series reflects a change to the collection of data on unemployment duration. For more information, see www.bls.gov/cps/duration.htm.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Feb.
2011
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2011
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2011
Feb.
2012

Total, 16 years and over(1)

138,093 140,684 14,542 13,430 9.5 8.7

Management, professional, and related occupations

52,557 53,208 2,435 2,336 4.4 4.2

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

21,256 22,151 1,089 1,015 4.9 4.4

Professional and related occupations

31,301 31,058 1,346 1,320 4.1 4.1

Service occupations

23,758 24,751 2,846 2,810 10.7 10.2

Sales and office occupations

33,220 33,766 3,180 2,907 8.7 7.9

Sales and related occupations

15,367 15,553 1,523 1,331 9.0 7.9

Office and administrative support occupations

17,853 18,212 1,657 1,576 8.5 8.0

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

12,676 12,461 2,568 2,033 16.8 14.0

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

911 890 255 221 21.9 19.9

Construction and extraction occupations

6,868 6,878 1,938 1,495 22.0 17.9

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,897 4,693 374 317 7.1 6.3

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

15,882 16,498 2,356 2,096 12.9 11.3

Production occupations

7,908 8,272 1,105 971 12.3 10.5

Transportation and material moving occupations

7,973 8,226 1,251 1,125 13.6 12.0

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Feb.
2011
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2011
Feb.
2012

Total, 16 years and over(1)

14,542 13,430 9.5 8.7

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

11,641 10,517 9.9 8.8

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

41 66 5.6 7.2

Construction

1,883 1,404 21.8 17.1

Manufacturing

1,492 1,294 9.9 8.4

Durable goods

989 787 10.5 8.1

Nondurable goods

503 506 8.9 9.0

Wholesale and retail trade

1,889 1,824 9.2 8.9

Transportation and utilities

499 440 9.0 7.6

Information

205 247 6.7 8.4

Financial activities

636 498 6.9 5.3

Professional and business services

1,469 1,590 10.1 10.3

Education and health services

1,198 1,197 5.6 5.4

Leisure and hospitality

1,783 1,496 13.8 11.6

Other services

546 461 8.9 7.1

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

270 290 18.4 19.5

Government workers

927 848 4.2 3.9

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

601 579 5.9 5.9

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.6 4.9 4.9 5.4 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

6.0 5.4 5.1 5.4 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.7

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

9.5 8.8 8.7 9.0 8.9 8.7 8.5 8.3 8.3

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

10.1 9.4 9.3 9.6 9.5 9.3 9.1 8.9 8.9

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

11.1 10.5 10.2 10.6 10.4 10.2 10.0 9.9 9.8

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

16.7 16.2 15.6 15.9 16.0 15.6 15.2 15.1 14.9

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Feb.
2011
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2011
Feb.
2012
Feb.
2011
Feb.
2012

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

86,216 88,322 34,548 35,288 51,668 53,034

Persons who currently want a job

6,405 6,376 3,036 2,944 3,369 3,432

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,730 2,608 1,447 1,358 1,283 1,250

Discouraged workers(2)

1,020 1,006 592 612 427 394

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,710 1,603 854 746 855 856

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,882 7,116 3,364 3,422 3,518 3,695

Percent of total employed

5.0 5.1 4.6 4.6 5.4 5.5

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,573 3,624 1,964 1,953 1,609 1,671

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,855 1,934 618 600 1,236 1,334

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

222 264 142 152 80 112

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,197 1,254 628 696 569 558

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012(p)
Feb.
2012(p)
Feb.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012(p)
Feb.
2012(p)
Change from:
Jan.2012 - Feb.2012(p)

Total nonfarm

129,148 132,965 130,313 131,164 130,676 132,186 132,470 132,697 227

Total private

106,643 110,632 108,436 108,854 108,464 110,193 110,478 110,711 233

Goods-producing

17,314 18,076 17,728 17,713 17,894 18,176 18,259 18,283 24

Mining and logging

723 818 813 817 741 822 832 838 6

Logging

48.1 48.5 48.3 47.4 49.2 48.7 49.0 48.3 -0.7

Mining

675.3 769.9 764.2 770.0 692.1 773.3 782.9 789.9 7.0

Oil and gas extraction

163.1 186.3 186.7 187.4 164.4 186.3 187.9 189.2 1.3

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

200.0 216.4 209.2 209.8 211.1 220.5 220.8 221.6 0.8

Coal mining

83.2 86.9 86.6 86.6 83.5 86.6 86.9 87.2 0.3

Support activities for mining

312.2 367.2 368.3 372.8 316.6 366.5 374.2 379.1 4.9

Construction

5,049 5,441 5,160 5,119 5,489 5,546 5,567 5,554 -13

Construction of buildings

1,141.1 1,222.6 1,172.2 1,163.4 1,214.3 1,226.7 1,232.5 1,236.3 3.8

Residential building

528.0 570.6 538.7 536.1 565.8 571.4 571.4 573.1 1.7

Nonresidential building

613.1 652.0 633.5 627.3 648.5 655.3 661.1 663.2 2.1

Heavy and civil engineering construction

714.7 798.8 730.5 730.1 823.4 840.0 837.8 836.5 -1.3

Specialty trade contractors

3,192.8 3,419.3 3,256.8 3,225.8 3,451.7 3,479.6 3,496.2 3,480.8 -15.4

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,328.3 1,425.1 1,354.6 1,343.8 1,435.0 1,455.0 1,459.4 1,457.6 -1.8

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

1,864.5 1,994.2 1,902.2 1,882.0 2,016.7 2,024.6 2,036.8 2,023.2 -13.6

Manufacturing

11,542 11,817 11,755 11,777 11,664 11,808 11,860 11,891 31

Durable goods

7,141 7,366 7,352 7,378 7,203 7,361 7,403 7,434 31

Wood products

333.0 329.4 327.0 325.2 342.6 332.0 334.6 335.7 1.1

Nonmetallic mineral products

348.7 361.2 352.2 353.0 368.1 367.0 370.2 372.1 1.9

Primary metals

377.0 400.8 402.2 402.9 378.8 400.7 403.0 404.2 1.2

Fabricated metal products

1,309.3 1,366.6 1,371.1 1,379.4 1,322.6 1,367.8 1,379.4 1,390.8 11.4

Machinery

1,032.8 1,086.0 1,085.7 1,089.8 1,034.9 1,082.0 1,087.7 1,092.2 4.5

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,098.3 1,110.2 1,104.3 1,104.4 1,101.4 1,107.4 1,105.7 1,105.1 -0.6

Computer and peripheral equipment

157.8 162.7 162.2 162.8 158.0 162.2 162.3 162.6 0.3

Communications equipment

115.4 112.5 111.1 110.6 115.5 112.2 111.0 110.9 -0.1

Semiconductors and electronic components

377.8 387.0 385.9 386.7 378.9 386.5 386.9 387.7 0.8

Electronic instruments

404.8 402.6 399.9 399.7 406.1 401.4 400.3 399.0 -1.3

Electrical equipment and appliances

364.1 369.2 370.0 370.9 365.3 369.1 370.7 372.7 2.0

Transportation equipment(1)

1,358.5 1,421.1 1,421.7 1,430.3 1,361.2 1,414.2 1,423.6 1,431.9 8.3

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

704.9 742.8 743.6 751.6 705.0 737.6 745.3 750.9 5.6

Furniture and related products

347.8 346.1 343.7 347.3 353.4 348.6 350.4 353.5 3.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

571.9 575.4 573.8 574.3 574.5 572.6 577.7 576.1 -1.6

Nondurable goods

4,401 4,451 4,403 4,399 4,461 4,447 4,457 4,457 0

Food manufacturing

1,430.0 1,448.0 1,423.0 1,419.2 1,461.6 1,442.2 1,446.9 1,448.1 1.2

Beverages and tobacco products

176.8 189.1 187.2 189.2 184.0 191.9 193.8 196.1 2.3

Textile mills

119.3 119.1 119.5 119.7 120.2 119.6 120.6 120.5 -0.1

Textile product mills

116.2 114.4 111.4 111.7 118.0 114.3 112.7 113.2 0.5

Apparel

152.3 148.7 146.7 149.2 152.6 150.1 150.2 149.9 -0.3

Leather and allied products

28.6 30.4 30.5 30.5 29.0 30.3 30.7 30.6 -0.1

Paper and paper products

389.1 393.6 391.7 388.5 390.9 392.2 391.7 390.4 -1.3

Printing and related support activities

472.7 460.9 456.4 453.4 475.9 459.6 460.3 457.8 -2.5

Petroleum and coal products

106.7 111.8 109.5 109.2 112.2 113.9 115.0 114.4 -0.6

Chemicals

780.2 796.6 794.1 793.3 782.3 793.8 796.5 795.6 -0.9

Plastics and rubber products

628.8 638.2 632.8 635.3 634.6 639.5 638.6 640.3 1.7

Private service-providing

89,329 92,556 90,708 91,141 90,570 92,017 92,219 92,428 209

Trade, transportation, and utilities

24,473 25,803 25,043 24,840 24,866 25,181 25,238 25,251 13

Wholesale trade

5,443.0 5,580.1 5,530.5 5,537.4 5,496.2 5,568.8 5,583.3 5,591.7 8.4

Durable goods

2,718.6 2,773.8 2,758.0 2,758.6 2,738.2 2,770.5 2,777.1 2,779.9 2.8

Nondurable goods

1,903.8 1,957.8 1,930.3 1,933.9 1,931.5 1,952.8 1,957.7 1,960.8 3.1

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

820.6 848.5 842.2 844.9 826.5 845.5 848.5 851.0 2.5

Retail trade

14,276.6 15,231.1 14,660.1 14,450.7 14,555.5 14,731.5 14,757.6 14,750.2 -7.4

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,643.2 1,699.0 1,682.7 1,692.0 1,669.5 1,709.3 1,713.9 1,718.4 4.5

Automobile dealers

1,030.8 1,067.9 1,065.2 1,070.7 1,041.2 1,071.4 1,077.8 1,081.2 3.4

Furniture and home furnishings stores

432.7 467.4 453.1 442.5 439.0 446.5 448.3 449.2 0.9

Electronics and appliance stores

524.5 541.8 516.2 509.5 530.6 514.8 513.4 513.9 0.5

Building material and garden supply stores

1,084.3 1,108.2 1,086.7 1,099.2 1,131.6 1,141.8 1,143.0 1,143.4 0.4

Food and beverage stores

2,781.0 2,874.5 2,838.4 2,822.7 2,811.2 2,848.5 2,854.1 2,856.8 2.7

Health and personal care stores

970.6 999.9 988.9 988.1 975.9 984.2 989.5 993.8 4.3

Gasoline stations

808.8 827.2 817.1 815.0 822.2 830.5 828.4 828.0 -0.4

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,295.5 1,527.9 1,366.0 1,309.5 1,345.0 1,384.5 1,369.3 1,367.7 -1.6

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

568.0 603.2 560.5 561.1 579.2 558.2 553.6 566.0 12.4

General merchandise stores(1)

2,997.2 3,337.1 3,158.8 3,023.1 3,061.2 3,116.0 3,138.8 3,103.4 -35.4

Department stores

1,505.0 1,734.6 1,626.9 1,523.0 1,538.0 1,567.1 1,593.0 1,568.0 -25.0

Miscellaneous store retailers

751.9 778.0 750.0 757.6 762.1 761.5 766.1 770.1 4.0

Nonstore retailers

418.9 466.9 441.7 430.4 428.0 435.7 439.2 439.5 0.3

Transportation and warehousing

4,202.5 4,435.0 4,294.6 4,293.8 4,261.4 4,321.8 4,337.9 4,348.5 10.6

Air transportation

452.2 455.1 455.8 454.7 454.0 456.1 457.8 456.0 -1.8

Rail transportation

223.4 231.4 230.8 231.0 225.0 231.7 232.2 232.3 0.1

Water transportation

61.2 63.0 64.1 64.6 64.3 63.3 65.6 66.3 0.7

Truck transportation

1,248.3 1,315.6 1,292.2 1,295.5 1,284.2 1,318.1 1,321.3 1,331.5 10.2

Transit and ground passenger transportation

446.2 449.3 447.1 445.5 435.3 433.5 436.5 435.1 -1.4

Pipeline transportation

42.2 43.5 43.8 43.7 42.3 43.4 43.5 43.7 0.2

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

20.3 24.4 22.1 23.0 27.3 29.6 30.3 31.0 0.7

Support activities for transportation

554.8 575.7 573.4 572.1 557.6 574.1 577.2 575.4 -1.8

Couriers and messengers

517.6 618.2 521.0 517.7 526.8 521.9 522.6 524.3 1.7

Warehousing and storage

636.3 658.8 644.3 646.0 644.6 650.1 650.9 652.9 2.0

Utilities

551.2 557.1 558.0 558.1 552.9 559.1 559.6 560.4 0.8

Information

2,663 2,660 2,600 2,617 2,674 2,645 2,625 2,624 -1

Publishing industries, except Internet

749.2 749.9 739.1 740.3 751.6 746.1 742.0 740.9 -1.1

Motion picture and sound recording industries

352.1 367.2 330.8 349.0 359.7 363.8 350.3 356.0 5.7

Broadcasting, except Internet

283.7 281.0 279.5 278.7 284.5 279.6 279.8 278.4 -1.4

Telecommunications

888.2 851.9 846.9 842.5 885.6 846.9 846.6 840.2 -6.4

Data processing, hosting and related services

241.2 243.7 237.9 241.7 242.7 242.5 240.3 242.2 1.9

Other information services

148.7 166.5 165.3 165.1 149.5 166.5 166.2 166.5 0.3

Financial activities

7,624 7,707 7,647 7,656 7,669 7,696 7,695 7,701 6

Finance and insurance

5,741.6 5,771.2 5,744.7 5,751.0 5,749.1 5,756.8 5,754.7 5,755.6 0.9

Monetary authorities - central bank

18.5 18.8 18.8 18.8 18.7 18.9 18.9 18.8 -0.1

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,554.9 2,578.3 2,568.8 2,573.0 2,556.2 2,570.1 2,569.7 2,570.6 0.9

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,728.6 1,748.1 1,743.7 1,746.2 1,731.6 1,745.9 1,746.0 1,748.9 2.9

Commercial banking

1,307.7 1,321.1 1,318.2 1,320.3 1,309.1 1,319.7 1,319.5 1,322.3 2.8

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

804.3 804.5 798.9 800.3 805.7 803.7 801.7 801.8 0.1

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,277.2 2,285.0 2,273.9 2,274.8 2,282.0 2,279.6 2,280.1 2,280.2 0.1

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

86.7 84.6 84.3 84.1 86.5 84.5 84.3 84.2 -0.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,881.9 1,935.6 1,902.7 1,904.9 1,920.0 1,939.0 1,939.8 1,945.2 5.4

Real estate

1,373.5 1,409.1 1,386.9 1,388.5 1,395.1 1,408.5 1,410.4 1,413.2 2.8

Rental and leasing services

484.6 502.1 492.0 492.7 500.9 506.3 505.5 508.1 2.6

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

23.8 24.4 23.8 23.7 24.0 24.2 23.9 23.9 0.0

Professional and business services

16,842 17,698 17,313 17,461 17,104 17,593 17,669 17,751 82

Professional and technical services(1)

7,635.0 7,859.3 7,857.9 7,951.1 7,558.2 7,815.5 7,837.9 7,872.1 34.2

Legal services

1,107.6 1,118.8 1,111.4 1,113.0 1,114.7 1,115.6 1,118.8 1,119.6 0.8

Accounting and bookkeeping services

1,014.1 966.3 1,055.6 1,105.8 876.2 957.8 961.1 968.4 7.3

Architectural and engineering services

1,265.7 1,303.1 1,288.7 1,293.1 1,284.2 1,303.1 1,309.3 1,313.6 4.3

Computer systems design and related services

1,495.2 1,564.3 1,549.5 1,563.5 1,500.0 1,557.8 1,556.3 1,566.5 10.2

Management and technical consulting services

1,033.7 1,112.9 1,092.0 1,104.6 1,043.3 1,099.6 1,106.1 1,113.5 7.4

Management of companies and enterprises

1,887.0 1,939.2 1,930.8 1,925.0 1,898.7 1,932.5 1,936.1 1,934.7 -1.4

Administrative and waste services

7,320.4 7,899.2 7,524.3 7,584.6 7,647.2 7,844.9 7,894.5 7,944.4 49.9

Administrative and support services(1)

6,966.6 7,533.7 7,159.7 7,220.3 7,284.4 7,477.0 7,523.1 7,571.5 48.4

Employment services(1)

2,762.8 3,163.4 2,910.7 2,981.2 2,897.9 3,047.9 3,089.5 3,150.6 61.1

Temporary help services

2,147.1 2,505.8 2,280.5 2,334.8 2,259.3 2,396.3 2,428.4 2,473.6 45.2

Business support services

814.6 838.8 823.4 822.1 811.5 819.9 822.2 818.7 -3.5

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,606.0 1,702.1 1,621.7 1,617.9 1,770.9 1,780.5 1,784.4 1,781.6 -2.8

Waste management and remediation services

353.8 365.5 364.6 364.3 362.8 367.9 371.4 372.9 1.5

Education and health services

19,829 20,236 19,985 20,304 19,725 20,079 20,116 20,187 71

Educational services

3,365.0 3,396.8 3,189.6 3,436.8 3,219.9 3,278.9 3,273.1 3,282.2 9.1

Health care and social assistance

16,463.7 16,839.2 16,795.2 16,867.3 16,505.0 16,800.3 16,843.3 16,904.4 61.1

Health care(3)

13,872.5 14,204.4 14,183.2 14,235.1 13,917.9 14,185.4 14,228.7 14,277.7 49.0

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,048.7 6,249.3 6,227.6 6,264.3 6,066.5 6,237.0 6,255.5 6,283.7 28.2

Offices of physicians

2,320.0 2,402.3 2,388.6 2,398.4 2,324.8 2,389.9 2,394.2 2,403.7 9.5

Outpatient care centers

614.7 639.8 640.9 647.0 615.2 637.9 642.3 646.6 4.3

Home health care services

1,119.2 1,160.0 1,159.7 1,168.8 1,124.1 1,160.0 1,166.7 1,171.7 5.0

Hospitals

4,686.1 4,775.7 4,784.3 4,797.6 4,697.0 4,774.3 4,791.2 4,806.6 15.4

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,137.7 3,179.4 3,171.3 3,173.2 3,154.4 3,174.1 3,182.0 3,187.4 5.4

Nursing care facilities

1,656.9 1,664.7 1,661.1 1,654.0 1,666.8 1,661.4 1,664.9 1,662.5 -2.4

Social assistance(1)

2,591.2 2,634.8 2,612.0 2,632.2 2,587.1 2,614.9 2,614.6 2,626.7 12.1

Child day care services

859.0 854.6 843.7 852.4 846.4 841.5 837.2 841.0 3.8

Leisure and hospitality

12,614 13,116 12,826 12,954 13,195 13,464 13,510 13,554 44

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,704.8 1,746.7 1,698.7 1,719.9 1,903.7 1,911.0 1,926.1 1,925.9 -0.2

Performing arts and spectator sports

369.3 373.3 357.3 364.1 399.9 392.9 400.2 395.4 -4.8

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

118.7 128.1 122.3 122.5 130.6 135.4 135.0 134.7 -0.3

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,216.8 1,245.3 1,219.1 1,233.3 1,373.2 1,382.7 1,390.9 1,395.8 4.9

Accommodation and food services

10,909.5 11,369.2 11,127.3 11,233.7 11,291.1 11,552.5 11,583.5 11,628.0 44.5

Accommodation

1,690.9 1,734.9 1,706.4 1,716.8 1,774.5 1,802.0 1,802.5 1,806.2 3.7

Food services and drinking places

9,218.6 9,634.3 9,420.9 9,516.9 9,516.6 9,750.5 9,781.0 9,821.8 40.8

Other services

5,284 5,336 5,294 5,309 5,337 5,359 5,366 5,360 -6

Repair and maintenance

1,145.1 1,156.9 1,149.6 1,150.9 1,156.1 1,165.3 1,166.8 1,161.5 -5.3

Personal and laundry services

1,262.5 1,289.9 1,271.3 1,275.7 1,277.8 1,292.3 1,291.5 1,291.4 -0.1

Membership associations and organizations

2,876.2 2,889.0 2,872.6 2,882.6 2,903.4 2,901.1 2,907.5 2,907.5 0.0

Government

22,505 22,333 21,877 22,310 22,212 21,993 21,992 21,986 -6

Federal

2,853.0 2,834.0 2,807.0 2,798.0 2,877.0 2,836.0 2,828.0 2,821.0 -7.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,214.5 2,211.6 2,188.7 2,182.9 2,233.5 2,216.2 2,208.4 2,202.0 -6.4

U.S. Postal Service

638.5 622.1 618.6 614.9 643.2 619.5 619.2 619.1 -0.1

State government

5,222.0 5,156.0 4,975.0 5,180.0 5,107.0 5,048.0 5,059.0 5,058.0 -1.0

State government education

2,505.9 2,491.8 2,323.0 2,527.5 2,379.2 2,377.9 2,395.9 2,397.4 1.5

State government, excluding education

2,715.9 2,663.7 2,652.1 2,652.5 2,728.2 2,670.3 2,662.8 2,660.1 -2.7

Local government

14,430.0 14,343.0 14,095.0 14,332.0 14,228.0 14,109.0 14,105.0 14,107.0 2.0

Local government education

8,243.6 8,173.3 7,961.9 8,196.5 7,931.2 7,859.5 7,856.4 7,861.6 5.2

Local government, excluding education

6,186.2 6,170.1 6,132.8 6,135.0 6,297.0 6,249.5 6,249.0 6,245.1 -3.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Feb.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012(p)
Feb.
2012(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.3 34.5 34.5 34.5

Goods-producing

39.8 40.2 40.4 40.5

Mining and logging

44.1 44.7 45.3 45.1

Construction

37.7 38.4 38.6 38.9

Manufacturing

40.5 40.7 40.9 41.0

Durable goods

40.8 41.1 41.3 41.4

Nondurable goods

39.9 40.0 40.3 40.3

Private service-providing

33.2 33.3 33.3 33.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.5 34.7 34.7 34.8

Wholesale trade

38.5 38.8 38.8 38.8

Retail trade

31.5 31.9 31.9 32.0

Transportation and warehousing

38.8 38.3 38.3 38.1

Utilities

41.3 41.1 41.5 41.3

Information

36.6 36.6 36.7 36.7

Financial activities

37.1 37.3 37.4 37.3

Professional and business services

35.7 35.8 35.8 35.8

Education and health services

32.7 32.8 32.8 32.8

Leisure and hospitality

25.9 26.1 26.1 26.1

Other services

31.7 31.6 31.6 31.6

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.2 3.3 3.4 3.4

Durable goods

3.2 3.3 3.4 3.4

Nondurable goods

3.3 3.2 3.4 3.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Feb.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012(p)
Feb.
2012(p)
Feb.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012(p)
Feb.
2012(p)

Total private

$22.88 $23.25 $23.28 $23.31 $784.78 $802.13 $803.16 $804.20

Goods-producing

24.23 24.55 24.56 24.59 964.35 986.91 992.22 995.90

Mining and logging

28.04 28.39 28.14 28.49 1,236.56 1,269.03 1,274.74 1,284.90

Construction

25.38 25.44 25.44 25.46 956.83 976.90 981.98 990.39

Manufacturing

23.47 23.86 23.90 23.90 950.54 971.10 977.51 979.90

Durable goods

24.95 25.33 25.36 25.32 1,017.96 1,041.06 1,047.37 1,048.25

Nondurable goods

21.02 21.37 21.41 21.48 838.70 854.80 862.82 865.64

Private service-providing

22.56 22.94 22.97 23.00 748.99 763.90 764.90 765.90

Trade, transportation, and utilities

19.87 20.21 20.19 20.19 685.52 701.29 700.59 702.61

Wholesale trade

26.25 26.49 26.46 26.47 1,010.63 1,027.81 1,026.65 1,027.04

Retail trade

15.74 16.03 16.03 16.07 495.81 511.36 511.36 514.24

Transportation and warehousing

21.31 22.00 21.93 21.87 826.83 842.60 839.92 833.25

Utilities

33.16 33.68 33.68 33.41 1,369.51 1,384.25 1,397.72 1,379.83

Information

31.52 31.73 31.60 31.67 1,153.63 1,161.32 1,159.72 1,162.29

Financial activities

27.63 28.30 28.49 28.60 1,025.07 1,055.59 1,065.53 1,066.78

Professional and business services

27.52 27.90 27.83 27.83 982.46 998.82 996.31 996.31

Education and health services

23.38 23.90 24.09 24.20 764.53 783.92 790.15 793.76

Leisure and hospitality

13.17 13.33 13.30 13.28 341.10 347.91 347.13 346.61

Other services

20.37 20.67 20.66 20.69 645.73 653.17 652.86 653.80

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Feb.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012(p)
Feb.
2012(p)
Percent change from:
Jan.
2012 - Feb.
2012(p)
Feb.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012(p)
Feb.
2012(p)
Percent change from:
Jan.
2012 - Feb.
2012(p)

Total private

93.2 95.3 95.5 95.7 0.2 101.7 105.6 106.0 106.4 0.4

Goods-producing

81.1 83.2 84.0 84.4 0.5 88.9 92.4 93.3 93.8 0.5

Mining and logging

102.7 115.5 118.4 118.8 0.3 115.6 131.6 133.8 135.8 1.5

Construction

71.3 73.4 74.1 74.5 0.5 78.7 81.1 81.9 82.4 0.6

Manufacturing

85.0 86.5 87.3 87.7 0.5 92.8 95.9 97.0 97.5 0.5

Durable goods

82.7 85.2 86.1 86.7 0.7 91.7 95.8 97.0 97.4 0.4

Nondurable goods

88.8 88.8 89.7 89.7 0.0 94.8 96.3 97.4 97.7 0.3

Private service-providing

96.6 98.4 98.6 98.9 0.3 105.6 109.4 109.8 110.2 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

93.3 95.0 95.2 95.6 0.4 99.8 103.4 103.5 103.9 0.4

Wholesale trade

92.3 94.3 94.5 94.7 0.2 101.1 104.2 104.4 104.6 0.2

Retail trade

93.1 95.5 95.6 95.9 0.3 96.9 101.2 101.3 101.9 0.6

Transportation and warehousing

94.6 94.7 95.1 94.8 -0.3 102.3 105.8 105.8 105.2 -0.6

Utilities

98.8 99.4 100.5 100.1 -0.4 108.2 110.6 111.8 110.5 -1.2

Information

89.4 88.4 88.0 87.9 -0.1 100.3 99.9 99.0 99.2 0.2

Financial activities

93.8 94.6 94.8 94.7 -0.1 101.1 104.5 105.5 105.7 0.2

Professional and business services

96.0 99.1 99.5 99.9 0.4 107.1 112.0 112.2 112.7 0.4

Education and health services

105.0 107.2 107.4 107.8 0.4 115.0 120.0 121.2 122.2 0.8

Leisure and hospitality

97.5 100.3 100.6 100.9 0.3 103.6 107.8 108.0 108.1 0.1

Other services

93.7 93.8 93.9 93.8 -0.1 108.4 110.1 110.2 110.2 0.0

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Feb.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012(p)
Feb.
2012(p)
Feb.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012(p)
Feb.
2012(p)

Total nonfarm

64,734 65,211 65,322 65,408 49.5 49.3 49.3 49.3

Total private

52,121 52,705 52,812 52,898 48.1 47.8 47.8 47.8

Goods-producing

4,067 4,044 4,058 4,058 22.7 22.2 22.2 22.2

Mining and logging

102 109 110 110 13.8 13.3 13.2 13.1

Construction

711 709 708 706 13.0 12.8 12.7 12.7

Manufacturing

3,254 3,226 3,240 3,242 27.9 27.3 27.3 27.3

Durable goods

1,721 1,714 1,721 1,723 23.9 23.3 23.2 23.2

Nondurable goods

1,533 1,512 1,519 1,519 34.4 34.0 34.1 34.1

Private service-providing

48,054 48,661 48,754 48,840 53.1 52.9 52.9 52.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,019 10,041 10,067 10,059 40.3 39.9 39.9 39.8

Wholesale trade

1,652.1 1,678.0 1,681.0 1,682.8 30.1 30.1 30.1 30.1

Retail trade

7,227.4 7,219.8 7,237.9 7,225.9 49.7 49.0 49.0 49.0

Transportation and warehousing

1,004.0 1,006.0 1,009.5 1,010.6 23.6 23.3 23.3 23.2

Utilities

135.1 137.3 138.6 139.6 24.4 24.6 24.8 24.9

Information

1,086 1,069 1,063 1,064 40.6 40.4 40.5 40.5

Financial activities

4,482 4,480 4,477 4,478 58.4 58.2 58.2 58.1

Professional and business services

7,590 7,805 7,824 7,841 44.4 44.4 44.3 44.2

Education and health services

15,178 15,417 15,440 15,496 76.9 76.8 76.8 76.8

Leisure and hospitality

6,884 7,025 7,056 7,075 52.2 52.2 52.2 52.2

Other services

2,815 2,824 2,827 2,827 52.7 52.7 52.7 52.7

Government

12,613 12,506 12,510 12,510 56.8 56.9 56.9 56.9

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Feb.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012(p)
Feb.
2012(p)

Total private

89,401 90,960 91,248 91,508

Goods-producing

12,881 13,111 13,181 13,209

Mining and logging

554 621 631 640

Construction

4,157 4,193 4,216 4,199

Manufacturing

8,170 8,297 8,334 8,370

Durable goods

4,927 5,059 5,091 5,122

Nondurable goods

3,243 3,238 3,243 3,248

Private service-providing

76,520 77,849 78,067 78,299

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,047 21,365 21,410 21,437

Wholesale trade

4,401.2 4,473.6 4,490.0 4,501.3

Retail trade

12,538.4 12,721.0 12,734.4 12,738.4

Transportation and warehousing

3,666.3 3,724.7 3,740.3 3,750.0

Utilities

440.7 445.4 445.7 446.9

Information

2,151 2,128 2,114 2,111

Financial activities

5,885 5,900 5,907 5,915

Professional and business services

14,051 14,480 14,557 14,645

Education and health services

17,285 17,607 17,643 17,725

Leisure and hospitality

11,629 11,878 11,933 11,978

Other services

4,472 4,491 4,503 4,488

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Feb.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012(p)
Feb.
2012(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.6 33.7 33.7 33.8

Goods-producing

40.7 41.1 41.3 41.3

Mining and logging

45.7 47.6 48.0 47.6

Construction

38.7 39.2 39.1 39.3

Manufacturing

41.4 41.6 41.8 41.9

Durable goods

41.8 42.1 42.3 42.4

Nondurable goods

40.8 40.9 41.1 41.1

Private service-providing

32.4 32.5 32.5 32.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.6 33.8 33.9 33.9

Wholesale trade

38.4 38.7 38.6 38.7

Retail trade

30.4 30.7 30.8 30.8

Transportation and warehousing

38.0 37.7 37.7 37.8

Utilities

42.3 40.5 41.3 41.1

Information

36.4 36.0 36.2 36.0

Financial activities

36.4 36.6 36.6 36.6

Professional and business services

35.2 35.2 35.2 35.2

Education and health services

32.2 32.3 32.3 32.4

Leisure and hospitality

24.8 24.9 24.9 24.9

Other services

30.8 30.8 30.7 30.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.2 4.1 4.2 4.3

Durable goods

4.3 4.3 4.4 4.5

Nondurable goods

4.0 3.9 4.0 4.0

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Feb.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012(p)
Feb.
2012(p)
Feb.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012(p)
Feb.
2012(p)

Total private

$19.33 $19.59 $19.61 $19.64 $649.49 $660.18 $660.86 $663.83

Goods-producing

20.56 20.78 20.78 20.83 836.79 854.06 858.21 860.28

Mining and logging

24.22 24.89 24.80 25.45 1,106.85 1,184.76 1,190.40 1,211.42

Construction

23.52 23.75 23.72 23.79 910.22 931.00 927.45 934.95

Manufacturing

18.88 19.02 19.04 19.04 781.63 791.23 795.87 797.78

Durable goods

20.09 20.15 20.17 20.17 839.76 848.32 853.19 855.21

Nondurable goods

17.00 17.19 17.21 17.20 693.60 703.07 707.33 706.92

Private service-providing

19.07 19.34 19.36 19.38 617.87 628.55 629.20 629.85

Trade, transportation, and utilities

17.06 17.25 17.28 17.29 573.22 583.05 585.79 586.13

Wholesale trade

21.90 21.97 22.05 22.03 840.96 850.24 851.13 852.56

Retail trade

13.41 13.67 13.67 13.70 407.66 419.67 421.04 421.96

Transportation and warehousing

19.43 19.60 19.64 19.63 738.34 738.92 740.43 742.01

Utilities

30.19 30.99 31.06 30.96 1,277.04 1,255.10 1,282.78 1,272.46

Information

26.40 26.80 26.76 26.74 960.96 964.80 968.71 962.64

Financial activities

21.69 22.26 22.28 22.30 789.52 814.72 815.45 816.18

Professional and business services

23.02 23.12 23.13 23.11 810.30 813.82 814.18 813.47

Education and health services

20.53 21.01 21.07 21.13 661.07 678.62 680.56 684.61

Leisure and hospitality

11.37 11.53 11.54 11.59 281.98 287.10 287.35 288.59

Other services

17.22 17.42 17.42 17.45 530.38 536.54 534.79 535.72

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Feb.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012(p)
Feb.
2012(p)
Percent change from:
Jan.
2012 - Feb.
2012(p)
Feb.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012(p)
Feb.
2012(p)
Percent change from:
Jan.
2012 - Feb.
2012(p)

Total private

100.4 102.4 102.7 103.3 0.6 129.6 134.1 134.6 135.6 0.7

Goods-producing

80.1 82.3 83.2 83.4 0.2 100.9 104.8 105.9 106.3 0.4

Mining and logging

134.5 157.1 161.0 161.9 0.6 189.5 227.4 232.1 239.6 3.2

Construction

80.6 82.3 82.5 82.6 0.1 102.3 105.5 105.7 106.1 0.4

Manufacturing

77.6 79.2 80.0 80.5 0.6 95.9 98.6 99.6 100.2 0.6

Durable goods

77.4 80.0 80.9 81.6 0.9 97.1 100.7 101.9 102.8 0.9

Nondurable goods

78.0 78.0 78.5 78.7 0.3 93.6 94.8 95.5 95.6 0.1

Private service-providing

106.0 108.2 108.5 108.8 0.3 138.6 143.5 144.0 144.6 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

98.6 100.7 101.2 101.3 0.1 120.0 123.9 124.7 125.0 0.2

Wholesale trade

99.5 102.0 102.1 102.6 0.5 128.4 132.0 132.6 133.1 0.4

Retail trade

96.5 98.9 99.3 99.3 0.0 110.9 115.8 116.3 116.6 0.3

Transportation and warehousing

104.9 105.7 106.1 106.7 0.6 129.3 131.4 132.2 132.9 0.5

Utilities

95.3 92.3 94.1 93.9 -0.2 120.1 119.3 122.0 121.4 -0.5

Information

89.4 87.4 87.3 86.7 -0.7 116.8 116.0 115.7 114.8 -0.8

Financial activities

102.5 103.3 103.5 103.6 0.1 137.5 142.2 142.5 142.8 0.2

Professional and business services

110.8 114.2 114.8 115.5 0.6 151.8 157.2 158.1 158.9 0.5

Education and health services

120.1 122.7 122.9 123.9 0.8 162.0 169.4 170.3 172.1 1.1

Leisure and hospitality

105.6 108.3 108.8 109.2 0.4 136.4 141.9 142.6 143.8 0.8

Other services

96.6 97.0 97.0 96.6 -0.4 121.2 123.1 123.1 122.9 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: May 14, 2012
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