Economic News Release

Employment Situation News Release


Transmission of material in this release is embargoed            USDL-10-0394
until 8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, April 2, 2010

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                         THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- MARCH 2010


Nonfarm payroll employment increased by 162,000 in March, and the unemployment
rate held at 9.7 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.
Temporary help services and health care continued to add jobs over the month.
Employment in federal government also rose, reflecting the hiring of temporary
workers for Census 2010. Employment continued to decline in financial activi-
ties and in information.

Household Survey Data

In March, the number of unemployed persons was little changed at 15.0 million,
and the unemployment rate remained at 9.7 percent. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (10.0 per-
cent), adult women (8.0 percent), teenagers (26.1 percent), whites (8.8 per-
cent), blacks (16.5 percent), and Hispanics (12.6 percent) showed little or no
change in March. The jobless rate for Asians was 7.5 percent, not seasonally
adjusted. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks and over) in-
creased by 414,000 over the month to 6.5 million. In March, 44.1 percent of
unemployed persons were jobless for 27 weeks or more. (See table A-12.)

The civilian labor force participation rate (64.9 percent) and the employment-
population ratio (58.6 percent) continued to edge up in March. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons working part time for economic reasons (sometimes re-
ferred to as involuntary part-time workers) increased to 9.1 million in March.
These individuals were working part time because their hours had been cut back
or because they were unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

About 2.3 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force in March,
compared with 2.1 million a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.)
These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for
work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not
counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks pre-
ceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 1.0 million discouraged workers in
March, up by 309,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.)
Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they be-
lieve no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.3 million persons margin-
ally attached to the labor force had not searched for work in the 4 weeks pre-
ceding the survey for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibili-
ties. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

In March, nonfarm payroll employment rose by 162,000. Job growth continued in tem-
porary help services and in health care. Federal government employment increased
due to the hiring of temporary workers for Census 2010. Job losses continued in 
financial activities and in information. (See table B-1.)

Temporary help services added 40,000 jobs in March. Since September 2009, tempor-
ary help services employment has risen by 313,000.

Employment in health care continued to increase in March (27,000), with the larg-
est gains occurring in ambulatory health care services (16,000) and in nursing and
residential care facilities (9,000).

In March, employment in mining increased by 8,000. Monthly job gains in mining
have averaged 6,000 over the past 5 months.

Employment in federal government was up over the month, reflecting the hiring of
48,000 temporary workers for the decennial census.

Manufacturing employment continued to trend up in March (17,000); the industry has
added 45,000 jobs in the first 3 months of 2010. Over the month, job gains were 
concentrated in fabricated metal products (9,000) and in machinery (6,000).

Employment in construction held steady (15,000) in March. The industry had lost an
average of 72,000 jobs per month in the prior 12 months.

Over the month, employment changed little in transportation and warehousing,
leisure and hospitality, retail trade, and wholesale trade.

In March, financial activities shed 21,000 jobs, with the largest losses occur-
ring in insurance carriers and related activities (-9,000). Employment in the
information industry decreased by 12,000.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was up by
0.1 hour to 34.0 hours in March. The manufacturing workweek for all employees
increased by 0.2 hour to 39.9 hours, and factory overtime was up by 0.1 hour
over the month. In March, the average workweek for production and nonsuper-
visory employees on private nonfarm payrolls increased by 0.2 hour to 33.3
hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In March, average hourly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls
fell by 2 cents, or 0.1 percent, to $22.47, following a 4-cent gain in February.
Over the past 12 months, average hourly earnings have risen by 1.8 percent. In
March, average hourly earnings of private production and nonsupervisory employ-
ees fell by 2 cents, or 0.1 percent, to $18.90. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for January was revised from
-26,000 to +14,000, and the change for February was revised from -36,000 to
-14,000.

____________
The Employment Situation for April is scheduled to be released on Friday,
May 7, 2010, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
Numbers in thousands
Category Mar.
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Change from:
Feb.
2010-
Mar.
2010

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

235,086 236,832 236,998 237,159 161

Civilian labor force

154,164 153,170 153,512 153,910 398

Participation rate

65.6 64.7 64.8 64.9 0.1

Employed

140,854 138,333 138,641 138,905 264

Employment-population ratio

59.9 58.4 58.5 58.6 0.1

Unemployed

13,310 14,837 14,871 15,005 134

Unemployment rate

8.6 9.7 9.7 9.7 0.0

Not in labor force

80,922 83,663 83,487 83,249 -238

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

8.6 9.7 9.7 9.7 0.0

Adult men (20 years and over)

8.9 10.0 10.0 10.0 0.0

Adult women (20 years and over)

7.1 7.9 8.0 8.0 0.0

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

22.0 26.4 25.0 26.1 1.1

White

8.0 8.7 8.8 8.8 0.0

Black or African American

13.5 16.5 15.8 16.5 0.7

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

6.4 8.4 8.4 7.5 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

11.6 12.6 12.4 12.6 0.2

Total, 25 years and over

7.3 8.2 8.3 8.3 0.0

Less than a high school diploma

13.8 15.2 15.6 14.5 -1.1

High school graduates, no college

9.1 10.1 10.5 10.8 0.3

Some college or associate degree

7.3 8.5 8.0 8.2 0.2

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.4 4.9 5.0 4.9 -0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

8,434 9,323 9,550 9,354 -196

Job leavers

884 914 866 894 28

Reentrants

3,017 3,585 3,451 3,544 93

New entrants

881 1,235 1,238 1,197 -41

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

3,314 3,008 2,748 2,646 -102

5 to 14 weeks

4,032 3,362 3,412 3,228 -184

15 to 26 weeks

2,574 2,632 2,696 2,436 -260

27 weeks and over

3,241 6,313 6,133 6,547 414

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

9,023 8,316 8,791 9,054 263

Slack work or business conditions

6,839 5,873 6,185 6,177 -8

Could only find part-time work

1,847 2,295 2,212 2,388 176

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,829 18,563 18,360 18,379 19

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,106 2,539 2,527 2,255 -

Discouraged workers

685 1,065 1,204 994 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Mar.
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010(p)
Mar.
2010(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

-753 14 -14 162

Total private

-744 16 8 123

Goods-producing

-326 -30 -47 41

Mining and logging

-19 8 6 9

Construction

-142 -60 -59 15

Manufacturing

-165 22 6 17

Durable goods(1)

-122 26 3 21

Motor vehicles and parts

-10.8 26.6 -10.0 2.5

Nondurable goods

-43 -4 3 -4

Private service-providing(1)

-418 46 55 82

Wholesale trade

-38.4 -7.7 3.6 9.0

Retail trade

-87.4 49.1 8.3 14.9

Transportation and warehousing

-29.4 -29.3 -9.2 7.8

Information

-12 -3 -7 -12

Financial activities

-42 -22 -15 -21

Professional and business services(1)

-146 23 40 11

Temporary help services

-61.3 49.2 36.7 40.2

Education and health services(1)

10 20 27 45

Health care and social assistance

16.5 15.7 19.2 36.7

Leisure and hospitality

-46 12 16 22

Other services

-26 3 -9 6

Government

-9 -2 -22 39

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.7 49.9 49.9 49.9

Total private women employees

48.2 48.4 48.4 48.4

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.4 82.4 82.4 82.5

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.0 34.0 33.9 34.0

Average hourly earnings

$22.08 $22.45 $22.49 $22.47

Average weekly earnings

$750.72 $763.30 $762.41 $763.98

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

93.3 91.3 91.0 91.4

Over-the-month percent change

-1.0 0.7 -0.3 0.4

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

98.2 97.7 97.6 97.9

Over-the-month percent change

-0.9 0.9 -0.1 0.3

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.1 33.3 33.1 33.3

Average hourly earnings

$18.52 $18.90 $18.92 $18.90

Average weekly earnings

$613.01 $629.37 $626.25 $629.37

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

99.8 98.2 97.7 98.4

Over-the-month percent change

-1.0 0.3 -0.5 0.7

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

123.5 124.1 123.5 124.3

Over-the-month percent change

-0.7 0.6 -0.5 0.6

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private

16.5 48.9 50.0 60.0

Manufacturing

9.1 42.7 54.3 58.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.

p = preliminary.



    Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates


Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based
estimates of employment and both have strengths and limitations. The
establishment survey employment series has a smaller margin of error on
the measurement of month-to-month change than the household survey because
of its much larger sample size. An over-the-month employment change of
about 100,000 is statistically significant in the establishment survey,
while the threshold for a statistically significant change in the household
survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more expansive
scope than the establishment survey because it includes the self-employed,
unpaid family workers, agricultural workers, and private household workers,
who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household survey also
provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.

Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants.
However, neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to
identify the legal status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to de-
termine how many are counted in either survey. The establishment survey does
not collect data on the legal status of workers. The household survey does
include questions which identify the foreign and native born, but it does not
include questions about the legal status of the foreign born.

Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data
series by incorporating additional information that was not available at
the time of the initial publication of the estimates. The establishment
survey revises its initial monthly estimates twice, in the immediately suc-
ceeding 2 months, to incorporate additional sample receipts from respondents
in the survey and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. For more informa-
tion on the monthly revisions, please visit www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revi-
sion that re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available
from unemployment insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for
sampling and modeling errors in the estimates. For more information on the
annual benchmark revision, please visit www.bls.gov/web/cesbmart.htm.

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of busi-
ness establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sam-
ple is designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment
estimate; firms from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled
to achieve that goal.
  
Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account 
for the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The
adjustment comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net 
jobs impact of business births and deaths based on the actual past values of
the net impact that can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of
Employment and Wages. The establishment survey uses modeling rather than sam-
pling for this purpose because the survey is not immediately able to bring new
businesses into the sample. There is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a
new firm and its appearance on the sampling frame and availability for selection.
BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a year.

Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of house-
holds. All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available
to work are included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are in-
cluded even if they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or ques-
tion relating to unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped looking for
work?

Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs
are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
underutilization (discouraged workers and other groups not officially counted as
unemployed) are published each month in the Employment Situation news release.





Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the
Current Population Survey (household survey) and the Current Employ-
ment Statistics survey (establishment survey). The household survey 
provides information on the labor force, employment, and unemploy-
ment that appears in the "A" tables, marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a 
sample survey of about 60,000 households conducted by the U.S. Cen-
sus Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). 

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, 
and earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the 
"B" tables, marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each 
month from the payroll records of a sample of nonagricultural busi-
ness establishments. The sample includes about 140,000 businesses and 
government agencies representing approximately 410,000 worksites and is 
drawn from a sampling frame of roughly 8.9 million unemployment  in-
surance tax accounts. The active sample includes approximately one-
third of all nonfarm payroll employees. 

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular 
week or pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is 
generally the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. 
In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period 
including the 12th, which may or may not correspond directly to the 
calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire
civilian noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series
of questions on work and job search activities, each person 16 years
and over in a sample household is classified as employed, unemployed,
or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as
paid employees during the reference week; worked in their own business, 
profession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 
hours in a family business or farm. People are also counted as employ-
ed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, 
bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the follow-
ing criteria: they had no employment during the reference week; they 
were available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts 
to find employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the 
reference week. Persons laid off from a job and expecting recall need 
not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The unemployment 
data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eli-
gibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed per-
sons. Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the
labor force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a per-
cent of the labor force. The labor force participation rate is the
labor force as a percent of the population, and the employment-popula-
tion ratio is the employed as a percent of the population. Additional 
information about the household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/
cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from pri-
vate nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as
well as from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees
on nonfarm payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the
reference pay period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are
counted in each job they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced
for the private sector for all employees and for production and nonsu-
pervisory employees. Production and nonsupervisory employees are defin-
ed as production and related employees in manufacturing and mining and 
logging, construction workers in construction, and nonsupervisory em-
ployees in private service-providing industries. 

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s princi-
pal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American 
Industry Classification System. Additional information about the estab-
lishment survey can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/#technical.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and
methodological differences between the household and establishment
surveys result in important distinctions in the employment estimates
derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-
     employed, unpaid family workers, and private household workers
     among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.
  
   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the
     employed. The establishment survey does not.
  
   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and
     older. The establishment survey is not limited by age.
  
   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than
     one job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted
     separately for each appearance.
  
Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and
the levels of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring
fluctuations. These events may result from seasonal changes in weather, 
major holidays, and the opening and closing of schools. The effect of 
such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern
each year, their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by
adjusting for regular seasonal variation. These adjustments make non-
seasonal developments, such as declines in employment or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot. For
example, in the household survey, the large number of youth entering
the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes that
have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if
the level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in
the establishment survey, payroll employment in education declines by
about 20 percent at the end of the spring term and later rises with
the start of the fall term, obscuring the underlying employment trends
in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes at the end and
beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The
seasonally adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to
analyze changes in month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both
the household and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series
for many major estimates, such as total payroll employment, employment
in most major sectors, total employment, and unemployment are computed
by aggregating independently adjusted component series. For example,
total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate
that would be obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors
are calculated each month using all relevant data, up to and including
the data for the current month. In the household survey, new seasonal
factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the es-
tablishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month 
to adjust the three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months 
are routinely revised to incorporate additional sample reports and re-
calculated seasonal adjustment factors. In both surveys, 5-year revi-
sions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are
subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample rather
than the entire population is surveyed, there is a chance that the
sample estimates may differ from the "true" population values they
represent. The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending
on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured by
the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent chance, 
or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ 
by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population value 
because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 
90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in
total nonfarm employment from the establishment survey is on the order
of plus or minus 100,0001. Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment
increases by 50,000 from one month to the next. The 90-percent confi-
dence interval on the monthly change would range from -50,000 to 
+150,000 (50,000 +/- 100,0002). These figures do not mean that the
sample results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is
about a 90-percent chance that the "true" over-the-month change lies
within this interval. Since this range includes values of less than
zero, we could not say with confidence that nonfarm employment had, in
fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported nonfarm employ-
ment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90-percent 
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is 
likely (at least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in 
fact, risen that month. At an unemployment rate of around 5.5 percent, 
the 90-percent confidence interval for the monthly change in unemploy-
ment as measured by the household survey is about +/- 280,000, and for 
the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about +/-0.19 per-
centage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments
have lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than
estimates which are based on a small number of observations. The pre-
cision of estimates also is improved when the data are cumulated over 
time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by
nonsampling error, which can occur for many reasons, including the
failure to sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain
information for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwill-
ingness of respondents to provide correct information on a timely 
basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collec-
tion or processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most
recent 2 months are based on incomplete returns; for this reason,
these estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables. It is only
after two successive revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly 
all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is consi-
dered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment
survey is the inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment
generated by new firms. To correct for this systematic underestima-
tion of employment growth, an estimation procedure with two compo-
nents is used to account for business births. The first component 
excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based 
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from 
business births. This is incorporated into the sample-based esti-
mation procedure by simply not reflecting sample units going out 
of business, but imputing to them the same employment trend as the 
other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for most of the 
net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to
estimate the residual net birth/death employment not accounted for 
by the imputation. The historical time series used to create and 
test the ARIMA model was derived from the unemployment insurance 
universe micro-level database, and reflects the actual residual net 
of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are ad-
justed once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll
employment obtained from administrative records of the unemployment
insurance program. The difference between the March sample-based em-
ployment estimates and the March universe counts is known as a bench-
mark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey error. 
The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of 
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions  for 
total nonfarm employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from 
-0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory im-
paired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal 
Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
Numbers in thousands
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Mar.
2009
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Mar.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

235,086 236,998 237,159 235,086 236,743 236,924 236,832 236,998 237,159

Civilian labor force

153,728 153,194 153,660 154,164 153,720 153,059 153,170 153,512 153,910

Participation rate

65.4 64.6 64.8 65.6 64.9 64.6 64.7 64.8 64.9

Employed

139,833 137,203 137,983 140,854 138,381 137,792 138,333 138,641 138,905

Employment-population ratio

59.5 57.9 58.2 59.9 58.5 58.2 58.4 58.5 58.6

Unemployed

13,895 15,991 15,678 13,310 15,340 15,267 14,837 14,871 15,005

Unemployment rate

9.0 10.4 10.2 8.6 10.0 10.0 9.7 9.7 9.7

Not in labor force

81,358 83,804 83,499 80,922 83,022 83,865 83,663 83,487 83,249

Persons who currently want a job

5,535 6,086 5,719 5,830 6,043 6,306 5,965 6,170 6,044

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

113,758 114,735 114,821 113,758 114,632 114,728 114,648 114,735 114,821

Civilian labor force

81,839 81,488 81,949 81,924 81,964 81,454 81,290 81,496 81,895

Participation rate

71.9 71.0 71.4 72.0 71.5 71.0 70.9 71.0 71.3

Employed

73,195 71,566 72,253 74,072 72,794 72,499 72,516 72,813 73,092

Employment-population ratio

64.3 62.4 62.9 65.1 63.5 63.2 63.3 63.5 63.7

Unemployed

8,644 9,923 9,696 7,852 9,171 8,955 8,774 8,683 8,803

Unemployment rate

10.6 12.2 11.8 9.6 11.2 11.0 10.8 10.7 10.7

Not in labor force

31,919 33,247 32,872 31,834 32,667 33,274 33,358 33,239 32,926

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

105,095 106,100 106,198 105,095 106,018 106,125 105,998 106,100 106,198

Civilian labor force

78,826 78,678 79,059 78,680 78,901 78,402 78,225 78,471 78,796

Participation rate

75.0 74.2 74.4 74.9 74.4 73.9 73.8 74.0 74.2

Employed

70,984 69,606 70,238 71,667 70,662 70,391 70,390 70,623 70,913

Employment-population ratio

67.5 65.6 66.1 68.2 66.7 66.3 66.4 66.6 66.8

Unemployed

7,842 9,072 8,821 7,013 8,239 8,011 7,835 7,848 7,882

Unemployment rate

9.9 11.5 11.2 8.9 10.4 10.2 10.0 10.0 10.0

Not in labor force

26,269 27,422 27,139 26,415 27,117 27,723 27,774 27,628 27,403

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

121,328 122,263 122,339 121,328 122,111 122,197 122,185 122,263 122,339

Civilian labor force

71,889 71,706 71,712 72,240 71,756 71,605 71,880 72,015 72,015

Participation rate

59.3 58.6 58.6 59.5 58.8 58.6 58.8 58.9 58.9

Employed

66,638 65,638 65,730 66,782 65,587 65,293 65,817 65,828 65,813

Employment-population ratio

54.9 53.7 53.7 55.0 53.7 53.4 53.9 53.8 53.8

Unemployed

5,251 6,068 5,982 5,458 6,169 6,312 6,064 6,187 6,203

Unemployment rate

7.3 8.5 8.3 7.6 8.6 8.8 8.4 8.6 8.6

Not in labor force

49,438 50,557 50,627 49,088 50,355 50,591 50,305 50,247 50,323

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

112,908 113,886 113,974 112,908 113,737 113,832 113,796 113,886 113,974

Civilian labor force

68,883 68,940 68,967 68,972 68,742 68,620 68,949 69,069 69,027

Participation rate

61.0 60.5 60.5 61.1 60.4 60.3 60.6 60.6 60.6

Employed

64,123 63,459 63,537 64,110 63,269 62,998 63,527 63,538 63,495

Employment-population ratio

56.8 55.7 55.7 56.8 55.6 55.3 55.8 55.8 55.7

Unemployed

4,760 5,481 5,430 4,863 5,473 5,622 5,422 5,531 5,532

Unemployment rate

6.9 8.0 7.9 7.1 8.0 8.2 7.9 8.0 8.0

Not in labor force

44,025 44,947 45,007 43,936 44,994 45,212 44,848 44,818 44,947

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

17,083 17,012 16,987 17,083 16,988 16,967 17,038 17,012 16,987

Civilian labor force

6,019 5,577 5,635 6,512 6,077 6,037 5,996 5,972 6,087

Participation rate

35.2 32.8 33.2 38.1 35.8 35.6 35.2 35.1 35.8

Employed

4,726 4,139 4,207 5,077 4,450 4,403 4,416 4,480 4,496

Employment-population ratio

27.7 24.3 24.8 29.7 26.2 25.9 25.9 26.3 26.5

Unemployed

1,293 1,438 1,427 1,435 1,627 1,634 1,580 1,491 1,591

Unemployment rate

21.5 25.8 25.3 22.0 26.8 27.1 26.4 25.0 26.1

Not in labor force

11,064 11,436 11,352 10,571 10,911 10,930 11,041 11,041 10,899

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
Numbers in thousands
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Mar.
2009
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Mar.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

190,436 191,552 191,648 190,436 191,516 191,628 191,454 191,552 191,648

Civilian labor force

125,433 124,790 124,950 125,659 125,258 124,605 124,579 124,847 125,054

Participation rate

65.9 65.1 65.2 66.0 65.4 65.0 65.1 65.2 65.3

Employed

114,831 112,712 113,339 115,663 113,669 113,339 113,797 113,865 114,108

Employment-population ratio

60.3 58.8 59.1 60.7 59.4 59.1 59.4 59.4 59.5

Unemployed

10,602 12,079 11,611 9,996 11,589 11,266 10,782 10,982 10,945

Unemployment rate

8.5 9.7 9.3 8.0 9.3 9.0 8.7 8.8 8.8

Not in labor force

65,003 66,762 66,698 64,777 66,258 67,024 66,875 66,705 66,594

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,363 65,128 65,277 65,120 65,387 64,804 64,682 64,889 64,973

Participation rate

75.5 74.7 74.8 75.3 75.0 74.3 74.3 74.4 74.5

Employed

59,307 58,183 58,701 59,828 58,996 58,782 58,813 59,021 59,208

Employment-population ratio

68.5 66.7 67.3 69.2 67.7 67.4 67.5 67.7 67.9

Unemployed

6,056 6,945 6,576 5,292 6,390 6,022 5,869 5,868 5,765

Unemployment rate

9.3 10.7 10.1 8.1 9.8 9.3 9.1 9.0 8.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,997 55,087 55,033 55,086 54,908 54,822 55,017 55,061 55,104

Participation rate

60.5 60.3 60.2 60.6 60.1 60.0 60.2 60.2 60.3

Employed

51,462 51,032 51,079 51,489 50,852 50,753 51,248 51,048 51,103

Employment-population ratio

56.6 55.8 55.9 56.7 55.6 55.5 56.1 55.8 55.9

Unemployed

3,535 4,055 3,954 3,597 4,056 4,069 3,769 4,014 4,000

Unemployment rate

6.4 7.4 7.2 6.5 7.4 7.4 6.8 7.3 7.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

5,073 4,575 4,640 5,453 4,963 4,978 4,880 4,897 4,977

Participation rate

38.8 35.2 35.8 41.7 38.2 38.4 37.5 37.7 38.4

Employed

4,062 3,497 3,559 4,346 3,820 3,804 3,736 3,797 3,797

Employment-population ratio

31.1 26.9 27.5 33.3 29.4 29.3 28.7 29.2 29.3

Unemployed

1,010 1,078 1,081 1,107 1,142 1,174 1,145 1,100 1,180

Unemployment rate

19.9 23.6 23.3 20.3 23.0 23.6 23.5 22.5 23.7

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,118 28,559 28,591 28,118 28,404 28,437 28,526 28,559 28,591

Civilian labor force

17,429 17,599 17,795 17,543 17,660 17,600 17,749 17,748 17,871

Participation rate

62.0 61.6 62.2 62.4 62.2 61.9 62.2 62.1 62.5

Employed

15,074 14,752 14,837 15,176 14,904 14,758 14,820 14,936 14,920

Employment-population ratio

53.6 51.7 51.9 54.0 52.5 51.9 52.0 52.3 52.2

Unemployed

2,355 2,847 2,957 2,367 2,757 2,843 2,929 2,812 2,951

Unemployment rate

13.5 16.2 16.6 13.5 15.6 16.2 16.5 15.8 16.5

Not in labor force

10,689 10,960 10,796 10,575 10,744 10,837 10,777 10,811 10,720

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

7,850 7,971 8,124 7,915 7,915 7,907 7,970 7,985 8,134

Participation rate

69.4 69.1 70.3 70.0 69.0 68.8 69.2 69.2 70.4

Employed

6,566 6,448 6,479 6,683 6,584 6,591 6,566 6,561 6,592

Employment-population ratio

58.0 55.9 56.1 59.1 57.4 57.4 57.0 56.9 57.0

Unemployed

1,284 1,523 1,645 1,232 1,331 1,316 1,405 1,424 1,542

Unemployment rate

16.4 19.1 20.2 15.6 16.8 16.6 17.6 17.8 19.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,935 8,995 9,004 8,940 9,001 8,959 9,034 9,074 9,021

Participation rate

63.3 62.7 62.7 63.3 63.1 62.7 63.1 63.3 62.8

Employed

8,071 7,934 7,954 8,033 7,946 7,788 7,836 7,975 7,907

Employment-population ratio

57.2 55.3 55.4 56.9 55.7 54.5 54.7 55.6 55.1

Unemployed

864 1,062 1,050 907 1,055 1,171 1,198 1,099 1,115

Unemployment rate

9.7 11.8 11.7 10.1 11.7 13.1 13.3 12.1 12.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

644 633 666 689 743 734 745 689 716

Participation rate

23.9 23.6 24.9 25.6 27.8 27.5 27.7 25.7 26.7

Employed

437 371 404 461 373 379 418 399 421

Employment-population ratio

16.2 13.8 15.1 17.1 14.0 14.2 15.6 14.9 15.7

Unemployed

207 262 262 228 370 356 326 290 294

Unemployment rate

32.2 41.4 39.3 33.1 49.8 48.4 43.8 42.0 41.1

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

10,778 11,020 11,089 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

7,111 7,074 7,174 - - - - - -

Participation rate

66.0 64.2 64.7 - - - - - -

Employed

6,656 6,483 6,633 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

61.8 58.8 59.8 - - - - - -

Unemployed

455 592 541 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

6.4 8.4 7.5 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

3,667 3,946 3,915 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
Numbers in thousands
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Mar.
2009
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Mar.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

32,585 33,335 33,414 32,585 33,291 33,379 33,251 33,335 33,414

Civilian labor force

22,188 22,582 22,656 22,236 22,564 22,404 22,578 22,648 22,707

Participation rate

68.1 67.7 67.8 68.2 67.8 67.1 67.9 67.9 68.0

Employed

19,485 19,554 19,650 19,664 19,692 19,513 19,730 19,848 19,848

Employment-population ratio

59.8 58.7 58.8 60.3 59.2 58.5 59.3 59.5 59.4

Unemployed

2,703 3,027 3,006 2,571 2,872 2,891 2,848 2,800 2,859

Unemployment rate

12.2 13.4 13.3 11.6 12.7 12.9 12.6 12.4 12.6

Not in labor force

10,397 10,753 10,758 10,350 10,727 10,976 10,674 10,687 10,706

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

12,648 12,863 12,857 - - - - - -

Participation rate

83.4 83.0 82.7 - - - - - -

Employed

11,110 11,128 11,211 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

73.3 71.8 72.1 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,538 1,735 1,647 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

12.2 13.5 12.8 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,567 8,743 8,763 - - - - - -

Participation rate

59.8 59.9 59.9 - - - - - -

Employed

7,645 7,759 7,716 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

53.3 53.1 52.7 - - - - - -

Unemployed

922 984 1,047 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

10.8 11.3 12.0 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

974 976 1,035 - - - - - -

Participation rate

31.4 30.2 32.0 - - - - - -

Employed

731 667 724 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

23.6 20.7 22.4 - - - - - -

Unemployed

243 308 311 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

24.9 31.6 30.1 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
Numbers in thousands
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Mar.
2009
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Mar.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

12,102 11,415 11,803 12,051 12,003 11,977 11,835 11,518 11,775

Participation rate

46.1 45.8 46.2 45.9 46.3 45.6 45.4 46.2 46.1

Employed

10,220 9,369 9,889 10,390 10,202 10,144 10,033 9,722 10,067

Employment-population ratio

38.9 37.6 38.7 39.5 39.3 38.6 38.5 39.0 39.4

Unemployed

1,882 2,046 1,914 1,661 1,802 1,833 1,802 1,795 1,708

Unemployment rate

15.5 17.9 16.2 13.8 15.0 15.3 15.2 15.6 14.5

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

38,516 39,089 39,202 38,426 37,759 37,607 37,738 38,801 38,855

Participation rate

62.4 62.4 62.6 62.3 61.6 61.4 61.1 61.9 62.0

Employed

34,661 34,425 34,527 34,927 33,851 33,649 33,920 34,737 34,654

Employment-population ratio

56.2 54.9 55.1 56.6 55.2 55.0 54.9 55.4 55.3

Unemployed

3,854 4,664 4,674 3,498 3,908 3,958 3,818 4,064 4,201

Unemployment rate

10.0 11.9 11.9 9.1 10.4 10.5 10.1 10.5 10.8

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

36,872 36,793 36,579 36,893 36,946 36,892 36,761 36,575 36,582

Participation rate

71.7 70.6 70.8 71.7 70.4 70.6 71.5 70.2 70.8

Employed

34,011 33,685 33,410 34,213 33,629 33,560 33,629 33,660 33,586

Employment-population ratio

66.1 64.7 64.7 66.5 64.1 64.2 65.4 64.6 65.0

Unemployed

2,861 3,108 3,170 2,681 3,318 3,332 3,132 2,915 2,996

Unemployment rate

7.8 8.4 8.7 7.3 9.0 9.0 8.5 8.0 8.2

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

45,304 45,598 45,742 45,317 45,992 45,994 45,939 45,694 45,800

Participation rate

77.9 76.8 77.1 77.9 77.4 77.3 77.0 77.0 77.2

Employed

43,377 43,313 43,570 43,328 43,743 43,707 43,704 43,418 43,549

Employment-population ratio

74.6 73.0 73.4 74.5 73.6 73.4 73.3 73.1 73.4

Unemployed

1,927 2,285 2,172 1,989 2,249 2,288 2,235 2,276 2,251

Unemployment rate

4.3 5.0 4.7 4.4 4.9 5.0 4.9 5.0 4.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
Numbers in thousands
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Mar.
2009
Mar.
2010
Mar.
2009
Mar.
2010
Mar.
2009
Mar.
2010

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

22,293 22,124 20,542 20,342 1,751 1,782

Civilian labor force

12,255 11,819 11,124 10,727 1,132 1,092

Participation rate

55.0 53.4 54.2 52.7 64.6 61.3

Employed

11,205 10,656 10,185 9,663 1,021 993

Employment-population ratio

50.3 48.2 49.6 47.5 58.3 55.7

Unemployed

1,050 1,163 939 1,064 111 99

Unemployment rate

8.6 9.8 8.4 9.9 9.8 9.1

Not in labor force

10,038 10,305 9,418 9,615 619 690

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

1,869 2,103 1,553 1,743 317 360

Civilian labor force

1,567 1,713 1,343 1,451 223 262

Participation rate

83.8 81.4 86.5 83.3 70.5 72.7

Employed

1,399 1,461 1,210 1,236 189 225

Employment-population ratio

74.9 69.5 78.0 70.9 59.7 62.4

Unemployed

167 252 133 215 34 37

Unemployment rate

10.7 14.7 9.9 14.8 15.4 14.2

Not in labor force

302 390 209 292 93 98

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,849 2,996 2,428 2,545 421 451

Civilian labor force

2,484 2,608 2,138 2,272 347 336

Participation rate

87.2 87.0 88.0 89.3 82.3 74.4

Employed

2,255 2,360 1,939 2,037 316 323

Employment-population ratio

79.2 78.8 79.8 80.1 75.2 71.6

Unemployed

229 248 199 235 30 13

Unemployment rate

9.2 9.5 9.3 10.3 8.7 3.8

Not in labor force

365 388 290 273 74 115

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,526 11,113 11,137 10,743 388 370

Civilian labor force

4,501 4,014 4,369 3,904 131 110

Participation rate

39.1 36.1 39.2 36.3 33.8 29.9

Employed

4,178 3,705 4,051 3,599 127 106

Employment-population ratio

36.3 33.3 36.4 33.5 32.7 28.7

Unemployed

323 309 318 305 4 4

Unemployment rate

7.2 7.7 7.3 7.8 3.3 3.8

Not in labor force

7,025 7,098 6,768 6,839 257 259

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

6,049 5,912 5,424 5,311 625 601

Civilian labor force

3,703 3,484 3,273 3,100 431 384

Participation rate

61.2 58.9 60.3 58.4 68.9 63.9

Employed

3,373 3,130 2,984 2,791 388 339

Employment-population ratio

55.8 52.9 55.0 52.5 62.1 56.4

Unemployed

331 354 288 309 42 45

Unemployment rate

8.9 10.2 8.8 10.0 9.8 11.7

Not in labor force

2,346 2,428 2,151 2,211 195 217

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

203,841 206,214 88,664 89,984 115,176 116,230

Civilian labor force

139,418 140,085 69,713 70,338 69,706 69,747

Participation rate

68.4 67.9 78.6 78.2 60.5 60.0

Employed

127,058 126,083 62,301 61,987 64,757 64,096

Employment-population ratio

62.3 61.1 70.3 68.9 56.2 55.1

Unemployed

12,360 14,002 7,412 8,351 4,949 5,651

Unemployment rate

8.9 10.0 10.6 11.9 7.1 8.1

Not in labor force

64,422 66,129 18,952 19,646 45,471 46,483

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
Numbers in thousands
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Mar.
2009
Mar.
2010
Mar.
2009
Mar.
2010

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

26,842 26,945 208,244 210,214

Civilian labor force

6,114 6,054 147,614 147,607

Participation rate

22.8 22.5 70.9 70.2

Employed

5,312 5,215 134,521 132,767

Employment-population ratio

19.8 19.4 64.6 63.2

Unemployed

802 839 13,093 14,839

Unemployment rate

13.1 13.9 8.9 10.1

Not in labor force

20,728 20,891 60,630 62,608

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,769 2,835 75,523 75,455

Participation rate

37.9 38.7 83.8 83.1

Employed

2,335 2,363 67,555 66,499

Employment-population ratio

32.0 32.2 74.9 73.2

Unemployed

434 472 7,968 8,956

Unemployment rate

15.7 16.6 10.6 11.9

Not in labor force

4,531 4,495 14,640 15,359

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,535 2,413 66,445 66,307

Participation rate

33.4 31.8 72.0 71.4

Employed

2,206 2,115 61,683 60,814

Employment-population ratio

29.1 27.8 66.9 65.4

Unemployed

330 298 4,762 5,493

Unemployment rate

13.0 12.4 7.2 8.3

Not in labor force

5,050 5,183 25,811 26,614

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

810 806 5,647 5,845

Participation rate

6.8 6.7 21.9 22.1

Employed

771 737 5,284 5,455

Employment-population ratio

6.4 6.1 20.5 20.6

Unemployed

38 69 363 390

Unemployment rate

4.7 8.5 6.4 6.7

Not in labor force

11,147 11,213 20,179 20,635

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
Numbers in thousands
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Mar.
2009
Mar.
2010
Mar.
2009
Mar.
2010
Mar.
2009
Mar.
2010

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

34,675 34,991 17,176 17,428 17,499 17,564

Civilian labor force

23,529 23,855 13,811 14,093 9,718 9,762

Participation rate

67.9 68.2 80.4 80.9 55.5 55.6

Employed

21,274 21,239 12,403 12,501 8,870 8,739

Employment-population ratio

61.4 60.7 72.2 71.7 50.7 49.8

Unemployed

2,256 2,616 1,408 1,592 848 1,024

Unemployment rate

9.6 11.0 10.2 11.3 8.7 10.5

Not in labor force

11,146 11,136 3,365 3,334 7,781 7,802

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

200,411 202,168 96,582 97,393 103,829 104,775

Civilian labor force

130,198 129,805 68,027 67,856 62,171 61,949

Participation rate

65.0 64.2 70.4 69.7 59.9 59.1

Employed

118,559 116,743 60,792 59,752 57,767 56,991

Employment-population ratio

59.2 57.7 62.9 61.4 55.6 54.4

Unemployed

11,639 13,062 7,236 8,104 4,404 4,958

Unemployment rate

8.9 10.1 10.6 11.9 7.1 8.0

Not in labor force

70,212 72,363 28,555 29,537 41,657 42,825

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
In thousands
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Mar.
2009
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Mar.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

1,930 2,132 2,103 2,051 2,086 2,056 2,115 2,313 2,217

Wage and salary workers

1,061 1,261 1,242 1,179 1,331 1,308 1,342 1,362 1,374

Self-employed workers

847 849 835 874 752 755 781 908 851

Unpaid family workers

22 22 26 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

137,903 135,071 135,880 138,830 136,357 135,717 136,276 136,398 136,715

Wage and salary workers

128,782 126,091 127,009 129,544 127,160 126,539 127,269 127,261 127,712

Government

21,072 21,297 21,472 20,894 21,233 21,110 21,227 21,292 21,281

Private industries

107,711 104,794 105,537 108,710 105,856 105,428 106,031 105,942 106,447

Private households

738 666 733 - - - - - -

Other industries

106,972 104,127 104,804 107,927 105,097 104,666 105,329 105,243 105,682

Self-employed workers

9,063 8,900 8,797 9,190 9,111 9,135 9,007 9,029 8,949

Unpaid family workers

57 80 74 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(1)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(2)

9,305 9,282 9,343 9,023 9,225 9,165 8,316 8,791 9,054

Slack work or business conditions

7,103 6,708 6,443 6,839 6,684 6,453 5,873 6,185 6,177

Could only find part-time work

1,969 2,252 2,611 1,847 2,238 2,346 2,295 2,212 2,388

Part time for noneconomic reasons(3)

19,228 18,718 18,739 18,829 18,354 18,364 18,563 18,360 18,379

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(2)

9,168 9,108 9,210 8,910 9,137 9,055 8,193 8,651 8,946

Slack work or business conditions

7,005 6,584 6,343 6,761 6,616 6,378 5,792 6,079 6,099

Could only find part-time work

1,957 2,237 2,606 1,848 2,241 2,349 2,288 2,199 2,406

Part time for noneconomic reasons(3)

18,892 18,387 18,430 18,494 18,066 18,056 18,218 18,043 18,066

Footnotes
(1) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(3) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
Numbers in thousands
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Mar.
2009
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Mar.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

139,833 137,203 137,983 140,854 138,381 137,792 138,333 138,641 138,905

16 to 19 years

4,726 4,139 4,207 5,077 4,450 4,403 4,416 4,480 4,496

16 to 17 years

1,569 1,301 1,243 1,755 1,409 1,425 1,484 1,456 1,402

18 to 19 years

3,157 2,838 2,964 3,300 3,036 2,987 2,938 3,043 3,093

20 years and over

135,107 133,064 133,775 135,777 133,931 133,389 133,916 134,161 134,409

20 to 24 years

12,838 12,273 12,380 13,053 12,446 12,389 12,435 12,539 12,601

25 years and over

122,269 120,792 121,396 122,665 121,539 121,012 121,404 121,471 121,731

25 to 54 years

95,268 93,348 93,620 95,709 94,318 93,791 94,004 94,001 94,053

25 to 34 years

29,942 29,831 29,860 30,178 29,793 29,794 30,022 30,123 30,080

35 to 44 years

31,654 30,375 30,623 31,805 31,031 30,744 30,683 30,560 30,730

45 to 54 years

33,672 33,142 33,137 33,726 33,494 33,254 33,299 33,318 33,244

55 years and over

27,000 27,444 27,776 26,956 27,221 27,221 27,399 27,470 27,678

Men, 16 years and over

73,195 71,566 72,253 74,072 72,794 72,499 72,516 72,813 73,092

16 to 19 years

2,211 1,960 2,014 2,405 2,131 2,108 2,126 2,190 2,179

16 to 17 years

709 583 602 810 673 672 706 686 689

18 to 19 years

1,502 1,377 1,412 1,585 1,453 1,434 1,415 1,496 1,492

20 years and over

70,984 69,606 70,238 71,667 70,662 70,391 70,390 70,623 70,913

20 to 24 years

6,478 6,116 6,248 6,654 6,301 6,234 6,211 6,282 6,410

25 years and over

64,506 63,490 63,990 65,087 64,375 64,166 64,091 64,267 64,503

25 to 54 years

50,369 49,198 49,510 50,901 50,090 49,921 49,807 49,868 50,003

25 to 34 years

16,010 15,992 15,999 16,275 16,157 16,118 16,148 16,281 16,261

35 to 44 years

16,909 16,218 16,475 17,077 16,719 16,629 16,479 16,404 16,593

45 to 54 years

17,450 16,988 17,036 17,549 17,214 17,174 17,180 17,183 17,149

55 years and over

14,137 14,292 14,481 14,187 14,285 14,245 14,284 14,399 14,500

Women, 16 years and over

66,638 65,638 65,730 66,782 65,587 65,293 65,817 65,828 65,813

16 to 19 years

2,515 2,179 2,193 2,673 2,318 2,294 2,290 2,290 2,317

16 to 17 years

860 718 640 945 736 753 777 770 713

18 to 19 years

1,655 1,461 1,552 1,715 1,583 1,553 1,523 1,546 1,601

20 years and over

64,123 63,459 63,537 64,110 63,269 62,998 63,527 63,538 63,495

20 to 24 years

6,360 6,157 6,132 6,399 6,145 6,155 6,224 6,258 6,191

25 years and over

57,763 57,302 57,405 57,578 57,164 56,846 57,313 57,204 57,229

25 to 54 years

44,899 44,150 44,110 44,809 44,229 43,870 44,197 44,134 44,050

25 to 34 years

13,932 13,839 13,861 13,903 13,637 13,676 13,874 13,843 13,819

35 to 44 years

14,745 14,157 14,148 14,728 14,312 14,115 14,203 14,156 14,137

45 to 54 years

16,223 16,154 16,101 16,178 16,280 16,080 16,119 16,135 16,094

55 years and over

12,864 13,152 13,295 12,769 12,936 12,976 13,116 13,071 13,179

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

44,356 42,951 42,954 44,451 43,336 43,312 43,126 43,168 43,083

Married women, spouse present

35,507 35,286 34,900 35,465 34,867 35,004 35,073 35,248 34,887

Women who maintain families

8,749 8,445 8,688 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

112,215 109,100 109,877 113,656 110,901 110,254 110,497 110,840 111,256

Part-time workers(2)

27,617 28,103 28,106 27,022 27,400 27,466 27,718 27,596 27,549

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,723 7,161 7,063 7,609 7,060 6,910 6,961 7,060 6,959

Percent of total employed

5.5 5.2 5.1 5.4 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.1 5.0

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Mar.
2009
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Mar.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

13,310 14,871 15,005 8.6 10.0 10.0 9.7 9.7 9.7

16 to 19 years

1,435 1,491 1,591 22.0 26.8 27.1 26.4 25.0 26.1

16 to 17 years

551 573 589 23.9 28.8 29.9 27.9 28.2 29.6

18 to 19 years

885 947 1,000 21.1 26.1 25.8 25.4 23.7 24.4

20 years and over

11,876 13,379 13,414 8.0 9.3 9.3 9.0 9.1 9.1

20 to 24 years

2,126 2,384 2,367 14.0 15.9 15.6 15.8 16.0 15.8

25 years and over

9,729 11,004 11,043 7.3 8.5 8.5 8.2 8.3 8.3

25 to 54 years

7,956 8,885 9,029 7.7 8.9 8.9 8.6 8.6 8.8

25 to 34 years

3,044 3,276 3,338 9.2 10.3 10.2 9.9 9.8 10.0

35 to 44 years

2,484 2,946 2,886 7.2 8.6 8.8 8.5 8.8 8.6

45 to 54 years

2,428 2,663 2,805 6.7 7.8 7.9 7.6 7.4 7.8

55 years and over

1,786 2,107 2,039 6.2 7.1 7.2 6.8 7.1 6.9

Men, 16 years and over

7,852 8,683 8,803 9.6 11.2 11.0 10.8 10.7 10.7

16 to 19 years

840 835 920 25.9 30.4 30.9 30.6 27.6 29.7

16 to 17 years

318 300 308 28.2 30.5 33.1 30.8 30.4 30.9

18 to 19 years

523 563 612 24.8 30.5 30.2 30.3 27.3 29.1

20 years and over

7,013 7,848 7,882 8.9 10.4 10.2 10.0 10.0 10.0

20 to 24 years

1,314 1,440 1,442 16.5 18.3 18.4 19.2 18.7 18.4

25 years and over

5,669 6,432 6,413 8.0 9.5 9.2 9.0 9.1 9.0

25 to 54 years

4,696 5,222 5,252 8.4 10.0 9.6 9.4 9.5 9.5

25 to 34 years

1,874 1,968 2,045 10.3 11.2 11.0 10.8 10.8 11.2

35 to 44 years

1,450 1,709 1,593 7.8 9.3 8.9 9.0 9.4 8.8

45 to 54 years

1,372 1,545 1,614 7.3 9.5 9.0 8.5 8.2 8.6

55 years and over

973 1,211 1,160 6.4 7.8 7.9 7.5 7.8 7.4

Women, 16 years and over

5,458 6,187 6,203 7.6 8.6 8.8 8.4 8.6 8.6

16 to 19 years

595 656 671 18.2 23.1 23.1 21.9 22.3 22.4

16 to 17 years

232 273 281 19.7 27.1 26.8 25.0 26.2 28.3

18 to 19 years

362 384 388 17.4 21.5 21.3 20.1 19.9 19.5

20 years and over

4,863 5,531 5,532 7.1 8.0 8.2 7.9 8.0 8.0

20 to 24 years

812 944 925 11.3 13.3 12.5 12.2 13.1 13.0

25 years and over

4,059 4,572 4,631 6.6 7.3 7.6 7.3 7.4 7.5

25 to 54 years

3,260 3,663 3,777 6.8 7.5 8.1 7.7 7.7 7.9

25 to 34 years

1,170 1,308 1,293 7.8 9.3 9.2 8.8 8.6 8.6

35 to 44 years

1,034 1,238 1,293 6.6 7.7 8.6 7.9 8.0 8.4

45 to 54 years

1,055 1,118 1,192 6.1 5.9 6.6 6.7 6.5 6.9

55 years and over(1)

789 911 841 5.8 6.2 5.8 6.1 6.5 6.0

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

2,823 3,149 3,097 6.0 7.5 7.3 6.6 6.8 6.7

Married women, spouse present

2,056 2,278 2,242 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.8 6.1 6.0

Women who maintain families(1)

1,058 1,112 1,102 10.8 11.4 13.0 12.3 11.6 11.3

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

11,623 13,053 13,079 9.3 11.0 10.9 10.4 10.5 10.5

Part-time workers(3)

1,696 1,828 1,977 5.9 5.6 6.0 6.4 6.2 6.7

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
Numbers in thousands
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Mar.
2009
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Mar.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

9,315 10,664 10,311 8,434 9,965 9,701 9,323 9,550 9,354

On temporary layoff

1,990 2,100 2,015 1,581 1,548 1,558 1,454 1,558 1,595

Not on temporary layoff

7,325 8,564 8,296 6,853 8,418 8,143 7,869 7,992 7,758

Permanent job losers

5,880 7,129 6,837 5,455 6,920 6,773 6,424 6,666 6,393

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,445 1,435 1,459 1,364 1,439 1,448 1,445 1,326 1,366

Job leavers

850 874 856 884 929 932 914 866 894

Reentrants

2,984 3,449 3,521 3,017 3,221 3,334 3,585 3,451 3,544

New entrants

747 1,005 991 881 1,270 1,270 1,235 1,238 1,197

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

67.0 66.7 65.8 63.8 64.8 63.7 61.9 63.2 62.4

On temporary layoff

14.3 13.1 12.9 12.0 10.1 10.2 9.7 10.3 10.6

Not on temporary layoff

52.7 53.6 52.9 51.9 54.7 53.4 52.3 52.9 51.8

Job leavers

6.1 5.5 5.5 6.7 6.0 6.1 6.1 5.7 6.0

Reentrants

21.5 21.6 22.5 22.8 20.9 21.9 23.8 22.8 23.6

New entrants

5.4 6.3 6.3 6.7 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.2 8.0

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

6.1 7.0 6.7 5.5 6.5 6.3 6.1 6.2 6.1

Job leavers

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

1.9 2.3 2.3 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.3

New entrants

0.5 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
Numbers in thousands
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Mar.
2009
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Mar.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

3,067 2,607 2,402 3,314 2,774 2,929 3,008 2,748 2,646

5 to 14 weeks

4,523 4,139 3,599 4,032 3,517 3,486 3,362 3,412 3,228

15 weeks and over

6,305 9,245 9,676 5,815 8,976 8,969 8,945 8,829 8,983

15 to 26 weeks

2,971 2,959 2,966 2,574 3,075 2,840 2,632 2,696 2,436

27 weeks and over

3,334 6,286 6,711 3,241 5,901 6,130 6,313 6,133 6,547

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

21.2 29.3 32.1 20.8 28.6 29.1 30.2 29.7 31.2

Median duration, in weeks

13.1 19.6 21.6 11.9 20.2 20.5 19.9 19.4 20.0

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

22.1 16.3 15.3 25.2 18.2 19.0 19.6 18.3 17.8

5 to 14 weeks

32.5 25.9 23.0 30.6 23.0 22.7 22.0 22.8 21.7

15 weeks and over

45.4 57.8 61.7 44.2 58.8 58.3 58.4 58.9 60.5

15 to 26 weeks

21.4 18.5 18.9 19.6 20.1 18.5 17.2 18.0 16.4

27 weeks and over

24.0 39.3 42.8 24.6 38.7 39.8 41.2 40.9 44.1

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
Numbers in thousands
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Mar.
2009
Mar.
2010
Mar.
2009
Mar.
2010
Mar.
2009
Mar.
2010

Total, 16 years and over(1)

139,833 137,983 13,895 15,678 9.0 10.2

Management, professional, and related occupations

52,345 52,163 2,292 2,600 4.2 4.7

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

21,813 21,267 1,038 1,212 4.5 5.4

Professional and related occupations

30,533 30,896 1,254 1,387 3.9 4.3

Service occupations

24,074 24,229 2,495 2,770 9.4 10.3

Sales and office occupations

33,967 33,527 3,020 3,352 8.2 9.1

Sales and related occupations

15,531 15,366 1,511 1,655 8.9 9.7

Office and administrative support occupations

18,436 18,161 1,509 1,697 7.6 8.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,223 12,758 2,727 3,028 17.1 19.2

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

803 852 216 238 21.2 21.8

Construction and extraction occupations

7,196 6,968 2,067 2,275 22.3 24.6

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

5,224 4,938 445 515 7.8 9.4

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

16,223 15,305 2,585 2,888 13.7 15.9

Production occupations

7,647 7,544 1,343 1,449 14.9 16.1

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,575 7,761 1,242 1,440 12.7 15.6

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Mar.
2009
Mar.
2010
Mar.
2009
Mar.
2010

Total, 16 years and over(1)

13,895 15,678 9.0 10.2

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

11,685 12,901 9.8 10.9

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

105 73 12.6 10.1

Construction

1,979 2,251 21.1 24.9

Manufacturing

1,912 1,898 12.2 12.6

Durable goods

1,307 1,289 13.1 13.6

Nondurable goods

605 608 10.6 10.7

Wholesale and retail trade

1,852 2,097 9.0 10.1

Transportation and utilities

558 569 9.0 9.7

Information

252 322 7.8 10.4

Financial activities

639 717 6.8 7.7

Professional and business services

1,597 1,785 11.4 12.4

Education and health services

931 1,101 4.5 5.2

Leisure and hospitality

1,484 1,571 11.6 12.5

Other services

377 517 6.0 8.4

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

241 266 19.0 18.0

Government workers

598 881 2.8 3.9

Self-employed and unpaid family workers

625 639 5.9 6.2

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
Percent
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Mar.
2009
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Mar.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.1 6.0 6.3 3.8 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.8

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

6.1 7.0 6.7 5.5 6.5 6.3 6.1 6.2 6.1

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

9.0 10.4 10.2 8.6 10.0 10.0 9.7 9.7 9.7

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

9.4 11.1 10.8 9.0 10.5 10.5 10.3 10.4 10.3

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

10.3 11.9 11.5 9.9 11.3 11.4 11.2 11.1 11.1

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

16.2 17.9 17.5 15.6 17.2 17.3 16.5 16.8 16.9

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
Numbers in thousands
Category Total Men Women
Mar.
2009
Mar.
2010
Mar.
2009
Mar.
2010
Mar.
2009
Mar.
2010

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

81,358 83,499 31,919 32,872 49,438 50,627

Persons who currently want a job

5,535 5,719 2,674 2,795 2,861 2,924

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,106 2,255 1,136 1,263 970 992

Discouraged workers(2)

685 994 433 624 252 370

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,421 1,261 703 639 717 622

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,723 7,063 3,732 3,536 3,991 3,527

Percent of total employed

5.5 5.1 5.1 4.9 6.0 5.4

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

4,204 3,821 2,234 2,110 1,970 1,712

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,949 1,823 604 613 1,345 1,210

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

242 258 158 174 84 84

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,277 1,126 698 618 579 508

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
In thousands
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Mar.
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010(p)
Mar.
2010(p)
Mar.
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010(p)
Mar.
2010(p)
Change from:
Feb.2010 - Mar.2010(p)

Total nonfarm

131,175 127,614 128,083 128,926 132,070 129,602 129,588 129,750 162

Total private

108,215 105,252 105,337 106,046 109,510 107,123 107,131 107,254 123

Goods-producing

18,776 17,375 17,272 17,447 19,233 17,876 17,829 17,870 41

Mining and logging

714 669 676 687 728 684 690 699 9

Logging

47.7 46.1 46.4 44.8 50.3 47.0 47.0 47.2 0.2

Mining

666.2 622.4 629.7 642.0 677.9 637.2 643.2 651.3 8.1

Oil and gas extraction

161.4 161.3 160.7 161.6 162.8 160.9 161.5 162.9 1.4

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

207.9 198.1 199.4 205.0 217.3 209.3 211.0 213.1 2.1

Coal mining

85.2 79.4 80.3 80.6 85.3 79.6 80.3 80.5 0.2

Support activities for mining

296.9 263.0 269.6 275.4 297.8 267.0 270.7 275.3 4.6

Construction

5,950 5,252 5,152 5,276 6,293 5,636 5,577 5,592 15

Construction of buildings

1,363.9 1,209.9 1,187.4 1,212.5 1,422.5 1,266.3 1,251.7 1,260.3 8.6

Residential building

638.0 560.1 551.3 557.7 671.8 592.7 586.0 585.2 -0.8

Nonresidential building

725.9 649.8 636.1 654.8 750.7 673.6 665.7 675.1 9.4

Heavy and civil engineering construction

808.0 699.3 686.6 719.4 887.8 800.8 792.1 798.1 6.0

Specialty trade contractors

3,778.4 3,342.8 3,278.4 3,343.7 3,982.8 3,568.4 3,533.0 3,533.1 0.1

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,588.3 1,450.2 1,437.5 1,448.8 1,690.1 1,557.6 1,552.1 1,542.8 -9.3

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,190.1 1,892.6 1,840.9 1,894.9 2,292.7 2,010.8 1,980.9 1,990.3 9.4

Manufacturing

12,112 11,454 11,444 11,484 12,212 11,556 11,562 11,579 17

Durable goods

7,532 7,010 7,004 7,040 7,580 7,062 7,065 7,086 21

Wood products

365.4 338.0 337.2 340.0 375.4 348.3 348.5 350.0 1.5

Nonmetallic mineral products

393.9 365.4 363.5 368.2 407.1 382.2 382.3 380.6 -1.7

Primary metals

381.1 354.3 356.9 361.3 381.9 353.5 358.2 361.8 3.6

Fabricated metal products

1,359.8 1,266.6 1,263.0 1,272.3 1,367.3 1,268.4 1,272.9 1,282.0 9.1

Machinery

1,074.7 973.4 975.7 980.9 1,079.3 975.6 979.5 985.4 5.9

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,173.2 1,091.6 1,088.5 1,089.3 1,175.0 1,091.6 1,090.9 1,090.9 0.0

Computer and peripheral equipment

174.7 158.7 157.2 157.5 174.8 158.2 157.8 157.4 -0.4

Communication equipment

122.7 119.2 119.5 118.9 123.0 118.1 118.6 119.2 0.6

Semiconductors and electronic components

394.4 359.0 360.3 361.3 394.8 360.0 361.2 361.8 0.6

Electronic instruments

428.5 407.7 405.2 404.7 429.2 408.2 406.7 405.5 -1.2

Electrical equipment and appliances

385.6 362.2 363.2 364.0 387.7 362.5 364.2 365.6 1.4

Transportation equipment(1)

1,407.4 1,330.6 1,327.8 1,335.6 1,408.3 1,343.6 1,332.9 1,335.4 2.5

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

703.6 666.5 666.9 672.2 702.8 678.8 668.8 671.3 2.5

Furniture and related products

400.3 356.6 356.3 355.7 403.6 361.0 360.6 358.7 -1.9

Miscellaneous manufacturing

590.8 571.5 572.2 572.5 594.5 575.1 575.2 575.1 -0.1

Nondurable goods

4,580 4,444 4,440 4,444 4,632 4,494 4,497 4,493 -4

Food manufacturing

1,422.5 1,423.9 1,423.2 1,429.4 1,451.1 1,450.6 1,455.2 1,457.8 2.6

Beverages and tobacco products

183.8 177.3 177.0 178.1 189.6 182.3 183.4 183.9 0.5

Textile mills

127.9 120.9 122.4 121.8 128.6 121.1 122.8 121.8 -1.0

Textile product mills

127.7 121.3 121.0 121.2 128.4 121.6 122.0 121.8 -0.2

Apparel

174.0 164.9 166.6 167.1 175.5 168.9 168.2 168.0 -0.2

Leather and allied products

29.8 28.4 28.4 28.4 30.0 28.5 28.7 28.5 -0.2

Paper and paper products

412.2 396.8 396.6 392.7 415.6 397.2 398.0 395.4 -2.6

Printing and related support activities

538.7 497.6 496.3 493.3 541.0 499.6 499.3 495.2 -4.1

Petroleum and coal products

112.6 107.8 108.5 110.1 115.7 113.3 113.2 113.4 0.2

Chemicals

812.2 787.0 782.2 780.0 813.7 788.7 783.7 781.5 -2.2

Plastics and rubber products

638.2 617.7 617.6 622.0 643.2 622.4 622.2 625.9 3.7

Private service-providing

89,439 87,877 88,065 88,599 90,277 89,247 89,302 89,384 82

Trade, transportation, and utilities

24,873 24,465 24,280 24,426 25,174 24,666 24,669 24,700 31

Wholesale trade

5,638.4 5,506.9 5,506.5 5,535.4 5,671.9 5,556.3 5,559.9 5,568.9 9.0

Durable goods

2,856.4 2,745.9 2,744.4 2,750.5 2,868.1 2,761.9 2,763.8 2,763.0 -0.8

Nondurable goods

1,968.1 1,946.8 1,943.5 1,961.4 1,986.2 1,975.1 1,972.0 1,978.6 6.6

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

813.9 814.2 818.6 823.5 817.6 819.3 824.1 827.3 3.2

Retail trade

14,404.8 14,300.0 14,135.9 14,227.1 14,635.2 14,409.1 14,417.4 14,432.3 14.9

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,641.1 1,589.9 1,593.7 1,606.5 1,657.8 1,622.5 1,621.0 1,622.5 1.5

Automobile dealers

1,029.0 999.1 1,001.3 1,006.6 1,036.6 1,013.6 1,012.8 1,013.5 0.7

Furniture and home furnishings stores

451.9 444.0 435.1 433.1 461.6 439.8 441.3 441.9 0.6

Electronics and appliance stores

484.6 487.8 478.2 478.0 489.6 481.0 481.8 481.0 -0.8

Building material and garden supply stores

1,152.1 1,099.3 1,112.5 1,153.3 1,176.8 1,154.6 1,163.1 1,174.6 11.5

Food and beverage stores

2,813.5 2,801.4 2,776.4 2,779.0 2,839.6 2,813.3 2,804.9 2,804.2 -0.7

Health and personal care stores

981.6 981.9 971.7 970.8 987.4 980.9 977.0 976.5 -0.5

Gasoline stations

817.3 811.8 808.3 809.9 827.1 820.9 820.1 819.9 -0.2

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,327.2 1,369.2 1,322.5 1,334.2 1,379.6 1,371.6 1,373.0 1,378.3 5.3

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

605.1 621.7 603.5 591.2 623.7 608.8 611.9 609.2 -2.7

General merchandise stores(1)

2,945.0 2,918.3 2,863.0 2,907.7 2,976.1 2,927.8 2,934.5 2,933.9 -0.6

Department stores

1,445.8 1,482.8 1,439.3 1,448.0 1,479.1 1,471.0 1,477.1 1,476.5 -0.6

Miscellaneous store retailers

770.7 759.0 762.2 752.7 791.6 772.6 772.0 771.2 -0.8

Nonstore retailers

414.7 415.7 408.8 410.7 424.3 415.3 416.8 419.1 2.3

Transportation and warehousing

4,267.4 4,100.6 4,082.0 4,106.9 4,303.6 4,142.5 4,133.3 4,141.1 7.8

Air transportation

466.2 451.3 451.2 450.7 466.8 454.1 452.9 450.9 -2.0

Rail transportation

224.1 212.8 213.1 213.9 225.0 213.2 213.6 214.2 0.6

Water transportation

63.0 61.4 58.7 59.6 65.6 62.9 62.3 62.3 0.0

Truck transportation

1,268.4 1,201.6 1,194.6 1,204.9 1,293.4 1,232.1 1,229.1 1,229.7 0.6

Transit and ground passenger transportation

435.9 424.8 422.7 427.6 422.1 414.8 410.7 414.2 3.5

Pipeline transportation

41.7 40.9 40.6 40.6 41.9 41.0 40.9 40.9 0.0

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

20.9 20.6 20.5 21.6 27.0 27.5 27.5 27.6 0.1

Support activities for transportation

556.3 533.7 532.9 535.0 560.7 538.2 535.5 538.6 3.1

Couriers and messengers

546.7 521.8 517.7 515.9 551.2 523.8 522.8 521.6 -1.2

Warehousing and storage

644.2 631.7 630.0 637.1 649.9 634.9 638.0 641.1 3.1

Utilities

561.9 557.6 556.0 556.1 563.3 558.5 558.0 557.7 -0.3

Information

2,860 2,719 2,734 2,727 2,861 2,745 2,738 2,726 -12

Publishing industries, except Internet

819.0 766.4 761.6 760.6 820.4 770.8 763.5 761.4 -2.1

Motion picture and sound recording industries

360.2 324.1 345.0 344.8 359.3 341.9 346.1 342.6 -3.5

Broadcasting, except Internet

306.5 293.8 294.7 296.2 307.4 295.2 296.1 296.7 0.6

Telecommunications

990.1 953.3 948.3 943.3 989.4 951.9 946.8 943.0 -3.8

Data processing, hosting and related services

250.8 246.1 248.1 247.5 250.2 249.7 249.6 247.3 -2.3

Other information services

133.8 135.6 136.0 135.0 133.9 135.8 135.7 135.2 -0.5

Financial activities

7,814 7,592 7,581 7,564 7,852 7,635 7,620 7,599 -21

Finance and insurance

5,825.6 5,669.5 5,662.3 5,646.8 5,827.9 5,677.0 5,663.7 5,646.6 -17.1

Monetary authorities - central bank

21.4 21.1 21.1 21.2 21.5 21.2 21.2 21.2 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,624.3 2,564.7 2,568.2 2,562.4 2,625.0 2,565.5 2,565.4 2,560.9 -4.5

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,766.0 1,749.9 1,748.1 1,747.0 1,769.6 1,748.5 1,749.3 1,750.3 1.0

Commercial banking

1,323.9 1,311.8 1,310.4 1,309.2 1,326.0 1,310.1 1,310.9 1,311.1 0.2

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

826.2 792.7 789.9 787.1 825.7 792.6 789.5 786.4 -3.1

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,265.2 2,204.9 2,198.6 2,191.8 2,267.3 2,212.1 2,202.8 2,193.6 -9.2

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

88.5 86.1 84.5 84.3 88.4 85.6 84.8 84.5 -0.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,988.4 1,922.2 1,918.7 1,917.0 2,024.2 1,958.3 1,956.1 1,951.9 -4.2

Real estate

1,411.5 1,376.4 1,375.8 1,370.2 1,432.3 1,399.4 1,397.7 1,391.6 -6.1

Rental and leasing services

550.4 521.0 518.3 522.2 565.0 533.7 533.5 535.3 1.8

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

26.5 24.8 24.6 24.6 26.9 25.2 24.9 25.0 0.1

Professional and business services

16,554 16,220 16,284 16,350 16,774 16,511 16,551 16,562 11

Professional and technical services(1)

7,651.5 7,456.8 7,500.4 7,468.0 7,583.7 7,417.7 7,416.1 7,403.6 -12.5

Legal services

1,131.4 1,096.0 1,099.2 1,101.5 1,136.5 1,105.0 1,105.7 1,105.2 -0.5

Accounting and bookkeeping services

1,040.9 1,024.9 1,057.9 1,020.8 925.7 919.0 915.1 908.7 -6.4

Architectural and engineering services

1,338.9 1,266.3 1,262.1 1,263.7 1,358.6 1,283.7 1,281.9 1,281.7 -0.2

Computer systems design and related services

1,417.2 1,431.5 1,435.8 1,426.2 1,423.0 1,433.4 1,438.3 1,432.5 -5.8

Management and technical consulting services

983.7 972.9 973.7 974.9 991.5 986.3 984.9 986.0 1.1

Management of companies and enterprises

1,881.5 1,813.2 1,811.8 1,816.9 1,885.5 1,819.2 1,818.6 1,817.7 -0.9

Administrative and waste services

7,020.6 6,950.2 6,971.7 7,065.1 7,304.4 7,273.6 7,316.5 7,340.8 24.3

Administrative and support services(1)

6,678.3 6,608.8 6,633.2 6,723.9 6,955.7 6,927.0 6,969.3 6,992.5 23.2

Employment services(1)

2,412.1 2,479.9 2,510.1 2,578.7 2,554.5 2,629.3 2,669.8 2,712.4 42.6

Temporary help services

1,753.9 1,846.4 1,866.8 1,927.0 1,871.2 1,960.2 1,996.9 2,037.1 40.2

Business support services

833.4 802.4 798.7 795.2 826.4 801.5 795.9 790.4 -5.5

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,634.1 1,558.3 1,560.5 1,575.6 1,763.9 1,710.9 1,716.4 1,701.5 -14.9

Waste management and remediation services

342.3 341.4 338.5 341.2 348.7 346.6 347.2 348.3 1.1

Education and health services

19,230 19,260 19,496 19,579 19,095 19,370 19,397 19,442 45

Educational services

3,232.7 3,037.1 3,258.1 3,279.5 3,084.8 3,111.5 3,119.2 3,127.6 8.4

Health care and social assistance

15,997.6 16,222.8 16,237.8 16,299.3 16,010.4 16,258.2 16,277.4 16,314.1 36.7

Health care(3)

13,438.6 13,618.5 13,623.4 13,663.4 13,468.4 13,654.0 13,668.1 13,694.9 26.8

Ambulatory health care services(1)

5,717.9 5,837.3 5,843.4 5,863.9 5,731.7 5,855.0 5,862.7 5,878.2 15.5

Offices of physicians

2,260.4 2,307.0 2,305.2 2,310.2 2,266.2 2,309.7 2,311.4 2,315.4 4.0

Outpatient care centers

539.4 543.7 543.9 544.5 539.7 544.7 544.8 545.5 0.7

Home health care services

1,003.0 1,045.4 1,045.3 1,053.1 1,005.6 1,050.9 1,052.2 1,056.5 4.3

Hospitals

4,660.6 4,696.7 4,694.3 4,696.3 4,670.0 4,702.5 4,703.8 4,705.7 1.9

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,060.1 3,084.5 3,085.7 3,103.2 3,066.7 3,096.5 3,101.6 3,111.0 9.4

Nursing care facilities

1,633.4 1,638.6 1,637.8 1,646.5 1,637.4 1,644.9 1,646.8 1,651.1 4.3

Social assistance(1)

2,559.0 2,604.3 2,614.4 2,635.9 2,542.0 2,604.2 2,609.3 2,619.2 9.9

Child day care services

874.3 867.2 873.0 882.1 857.7 859.8 860.9 864.1 3.2

Leisure and hospitality

12,748 12,381 12,433 12,662 13,137 13,003 13,019 13,041 22

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,778.0 1,672.1 1,693.5 1,747.8 1,931.8 1,884.8 1,893.2 1,900.6 7.4

Performing arts and spectator sports

375.4 350.7 367.4 370.1 398.2 390.1 396.4 393.0 -3.4

Museums, historical sites, zoos, and parks

120.2 116.5 117.0 121.4 129.5 128.2 129.5 130.5 1.0

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,282.4 1,204.9 1,209.1 1,256.3 1,404.1 1,366.5 1,367.3 1,377.1 9.8

Accommodation and food services

10,969.6 10,708.6 10,739.5 10,914.2 11,205.5 11,117.7 11,125.8 11,140.3 14.5

Accommodation

1,709.2 1,643.5 1,651.2 1,667.0 1,771.4 1,726.1 1,726.6 1,726.4 -0.2

Food services and drinking places

9,260.4 9,065.1 9,088.3 9,247.2 9,434.1 9,391.6 9,399.2 9,413.9 14.7

Other services

5,360 5,240 5,257 5,291 5,384 5,317 5,308 5,314 6

Repair and maintenance

1,159.6 1,122.5 1,124.2 1,138.0 1,162.6 1,138.5 1,135.6 1,138.7 3.1

Personal and laundry services

1,281.3 1,246.9 1,256.1 1,262.2 1,290.7 1,268.4 1,271.3 1,270.7 -0.6

Membership associations and organizations

2,919.2 2,871.0 2,876.4 2,890.5 2,930.8 2,910.5 2,901.2 2,905.0 3.8

Government

22,960 22,362 22,746 22,880 22,560 22,479 22,457 22,496 39

Federal

2,779.0 2,834.0 2,834.0 2,892.0 2,797.0 2,857.0 2,863.0 2,911.0 48.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,061.3 2,149.6 2,171.9 2,231.9 2,077.0 2,181.4 2,196.3 2,247.6 51.3

U.S. Postal Service

717.5 684.6 662.0 660.5 719.5 675.9 666.9 663.4 -3.5

State government

5,320.0 5,081.0 5,287.0 5,302.0 5,183.0 5,169.0 5,171.0 5,166.0 -5.0

State government education

2,510.5 2,309.2 2,517.2 2,534.2 2,365.3 2,383.2 2,389.4 2,389.0 -0.4

State government, excluding education

2,809.0 2,771.8 2,769.9 2,768.0 2,817.6 2,785.8 2,781.4 2,777.2 -4.2

Local government

14,861.0 14,447.0 14,625.0 14,686.0 14,580.0 14,453.0 14,423.0 14,419.0 -4.0

Local government education

8,471.4 8,133.9 8,323.7 8,378.5 8,092.4 8,025.1 8,002.8 8,005.3 2.5

Local government, excluding education

6,389.6 6,312.6 6,301.0 6,307.8 6,487.3 6,427.9 6,420.5 6,414.0 -6.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.

p = preliminary.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Mar.
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010(p)
Mar.
2010(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.0 34.0 33.9 34.0

Goods-producing

38.4 39.2 38.9 39.2

Mining and logging

42.4 43.0 42.7 43.0

Construction

37.3 37.3 36.7 37.1

Manufacturing

38.7 39.9 39.7 39.9

Durable goods

38.9 40.1 39.9 40.3

Nondurable goods

38.5 39.7 39.2 39.4

Private service-providing

33.1 32.9 32.9 33.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.3 34.0 33.9 34.0

Wholesale trade

38.0 37.8 37.8 37.9

Retail trade

31.4 31.2 31.1 31.2

Transportation and warehousing

38.3 37.9 37.7 37.8

Utilities

41.1 40.5 40.7 40.8

Information

36.3 36.7 36.7 36.8

Financial activities

36.5 36.8 36.8 36.9

Professional and business services

35.1 35.3 35.2 35.2

Education and health services

33.3 32.8 32.8 32.8

Leisure and hospitality

25.7 25.6 25.6 25.7

Other services

31.9 31.5 31.5 31.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

2.1 2.8 2.8 2.9

Durable goods

1.9 2.6 2.6 2.8

Nondurable goods

2.5 3.0 3.0 3.0

p = preliminary.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Mar.
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010(p)
Mar.
2010(p)
Mar.
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010(p)
Mar.
2010(p)

Total private

$22.08 $22.45 $22.49 $22.47 $750.72 $763.30 $762.41 $763.98

Goods-producing

23.71 23.91 23.95 23.86 910.46 937.27 931.66 935.31

Mining and logging

27.51 26.90 27.09 26.95 1,166.42 1,156.70 1,156.74 1,158.85

Construction

24.76 25.21 25.28 25.27 923.55 940.33 927.78 937.52

Manufacturing

22.94 23.13 23.16 23.03 887.78 922.89 919.45 918.90

Durable goods

24.36 24.68 24.70 24.51 947.60 989.67 985.53 987.75

Nondurable goods

20.60 20.66 20.70 20.64 793.10 820.20 811.44 813.22

Private service-providing

21.67 22.10 22.15 22.14 717.28 727.09 728.74 730.62

Trade, transportation, and utilities

19.19 19.63 19.68 19.71 658.22 667.42 667.15 670.14

Wholesale trade

25.01 26.13 26.27 26.30 950.38 987.71 993.01 996.77

Retail trade

15.33 15.51 15.52 15.53 481.36 483.91 482.67 484.54

Transportation and warehousing

20.41 20.83 20.90 20.97 781.70 789.46 787.93 792.67

Utilities

32.95 32.78 32.36 32.46 1,354.25 1,327.59 1,317.05 1,324.37

Information

28.82 30.14 30.35 30.42 1,046.17 1,106.14 1,113.85 1,119.46

Financial activities

26.28 26.90 26.94 26.97 959.22 989.92 991.39 995.19

Professional and business services

26.92 27.14 27.25 27.21 944.89 958.04 959.20 957.79

Education and health services

22.31 22.62 22.64 22.62 742.92 741.94 742.59 741.94

Leisure and hospitality

12.88 13.09 13.08 13.08 331.02 335.10 334.85 336.16

Other services

19.11 20.02 20.02 20.01 609.61 630.63 630.63 634.32

p = preliminary.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
2007=100
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Mar.
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010(p)
Mar.
2010(p)
Percent change from:
Feb.
2010 - Mar.
2010(p)
Mar.
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010(p)
Mar.
2010(p)
Percent change from:
Feb.
2010 - Mar.
2010(p)

Total private

93.3 91.3 91.0 91.4 0.4 98.2 97.7 97.6 97.9 0.3

Goods-producing

84.1 79.8 79.0 79.8 1.0 90.2 86.3 85.5 86.1 0.7

Mining and logging

97.0 92.4 92.6 94.4 1.9 107.1 99.8 100.7 102.2 1.5

Construction

80.9 72.4 70.5 71.5 1.4 87.0 79.4 77.5 78.5 1.3

Manufacturing

85.0 83.0 82.6 83.1 0.6 90.7 89.2 88.9 89.0 0.1

Durable goods

83.0 79.7 79.4 80.4 1.3 89.8 87.4 87.1 87.5 0.5

Nondurable goods

89.0 89.1 88.0 88.4 0.5 93.0 93.3 92.4 92.5 0.1

Private service-providing

96.0 94.3 94.4 94.7 0.3 100.8 101.0 101.3 101.6 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

93.8 91.1 90.9 91.3 0.4 96.9 96.3 96.3 96.8 0.5

Wholesale trade

94.0 91.6 91.7 92.1 0.4 98.2 99.9 100.5 101.1 0.6

Retail trade

93.3 91.3 91.1 91.4 0.3 94.6 93.6 93.4 93.9 0.5

Transportation and warehousing

94.3 89.9 89.2 89.6 0.4 97.7 95.0 94.6 95.3 0.7

Utilities

100.1 97.8 98.2 98.4 0.2 109.0 106.0 105.0 105.6 0.6

Information

94.8 92.0 91.8 91.6 -0.2 97.3 98.7 99.2 99.2 0.0

Financial activities

94.4 92.6 92.4 92.4 0.0 96.9 97.2 97.2 97.3 0.1

Professional and business services

92.6 91.7 91.6 91.7 0.1 101.0 100.8 101.2 101.1 -0.1

Education and health services

103.5 103.4 103.6 103.8 0.2 108.2 109.6 109.8 110.0 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

96.3 95.0 95.1 95.6 0.5 100.1 100.3 100.4 100.9 0.5

Other services

95.2 92.8 92.6 93.3 0.8 103.2 105.4 105.3 106.0 0.7

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.

p = preliminary.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Mar.
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010(p)
Mar.
2010(p)
Mar.
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010(p)
Mar.
2010(p)

Total nonfarm

65,696 64,690 64,646 64,695 49.7 49.9 49.9 49.9

Total private

52,761 51,873 51,845 51,887 48.2 48.4 48.4 48.4

Goods-producing

4,420 4,146 4,146 4,153 23.0 23.2 23.3 23.2

Mining and logging

100 98 98 98 13.7 14.3 14.2 14.0

Construction

830 748 745 742 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.3

Manufacturing

3,490 3,300 3,303 3,313 28.6 28.6 28.6 28.6

Durable goods

1,877 1,744 1,744 1,750 24.8 24.7 24.7 24.7

Nondurable goods

1,613 1,556 1,559 1,563 34.8 34.6 34.7 34.8

Private service-providing

48,341 47,727 47,699 47,734 53.5 53.5 53.4 53.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,386 10,072 10,072 10,082 41.3 40.8 40.8 40.8

Wholesale trade

1,741.3 1,679.2 1,685.8 1,689.9 30.7 30.2 30.3 30.3

Retail trade

7,449.2 7,257.3 7,258.9 7,264.4 50.9 50.4 50.3 50.3

Transportation and warehousing

1,050.3 997.6 989.3 992.0 24.4 24.1 23.9 24.0

Utilities

144.7 137.5 137.5 136.0 25.7 24.6 24.6 24.4

Information

1,201 1,128 1,122 1,117 42.0 41.1 41.0 41.0

Financial activities

4,653 4,518 4,504 4,488 59.3 59.2 59.1 59.1

Professional and business services

7,572 7,414 7,397 7,389 45.1 44.9 44.7 44.6

Education and health services

14,784 14,974 14,980 15,012 77.4 77.3 77.2 77.2

Leisure and hospitality

6,914 6,819 6,821 6,846 52.6 52.4 52.4 52.5

Other services

2,831 2,802 2,803 2,800 52.6 52.7 52.8 52.7

Government

12,935 12,817 12,801 12,808 57.3 57.0 57.0 56.9

p = preliminary.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
In thousands
Industry Mar.
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010(p)
Mar.
2010(p)

Total private

90,247 88,300 88,301 88,449

Goods-producing

13,942 12,901 12,862 12,893

Mining and logging

543 501 505 513

Construction

4,806 4,287 4,241 4,250

Manufacturing

8,593 8,113 8,116 8,130

Durable goods

5,211 4,828 4,829 4,847

Nondurable goods

3,382 3,285 3,287 3,283

Private service-providing

76,305 75,399 75,439 75,556

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,392 20,887 20,903 20,961

Wholesale trade

4,587.1 4,472.7 4,478.2 4,484.1

Retail trade

12,593.8 12,372.2 12,388.6 12,429.9

Transportation and warehousing

3,757.0 3,596.6 3,590.3 3,601.1

Utilities

454.0 445.6 445.4 445.8

Information

2,292 2,188 2,190 2,177

Financial activities

6,069 5,912 5,898 5,880

Professional and business services

13,688 13,507 13,537 13,562

Education and health services

16,750 16,982 16,997 17,026

Leisure and hospitality

11,614 11,475 11,478 11,508

Other services

4,500 4,448 4,436 4,442

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.

p = preliminary.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Mar.
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010(p)
Mar.
2010(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.1 33.3 33.1 33.3

Goods-producing

38.9 40.0 39.4 40.1

Mining and logging

43.4 44.2 43.5 44.1

Construction

37.6 37.9 37.0 37.8

Manufacturing

39.4 40.9 40.5 41.0

Durable goods

39.3 40.9 40.6 41.2

Nondurable goods

39.4 40.8 40.3 40.7

Private service-providing

32.0 32.2 32.1 32.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

32.7 33.1 33.0 33.1

Wholesale trade

37.7 37.7 37.6 37.7

Retail trade

29.7 30.1 30.0 30.2

Transportation and warehousing

35.7 36.4 36.3 36.6

Utilities

42.4 41.4 41.5 41.6

Information

36.7 36.6 36.5 36.4

Financial activities

36.1 36.1 36.0 36.1

Professional and business services

34.6 34.9 34.7 34.9

Education and health services

32.3 32.3 32.2 32.1

Leisure and hospitality

24.8 24.8 24.8 25.0

Other services

30.5 30.7 30.6 30.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

2.6 3.6 3.5 3.7

Durable goods

2.4 3.5 3.4 3.7

Nondurable goods

3.0 3.7 3.6 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.

p = preliminary.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Mar.
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010(p)
Mar.
2010(p)
Mar.
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010(p)
Mar.
2010(p)

Total private

$18.52 $18.90 $18.92 $18.90 $613.01 $629.37 $626.25 $629.37

Goods-producing

19.85 20.10 20.14 20.14 772.17 804.00 793.52 807.61

Mining and logging

23.27 23.29 23.63 23.51 1,009.92 1,029.42 1,027.91 1,036.79

Construction

22.61 23.08 23.17 23.18 850.14 874.73 857.29 876.20

Manufacturing

18.14 18.42 18.46 18.45 714.72 753.38 747.63 756.45

Durable goods

19.22 19.63 19.69 19.66 755.35 802.87 799.41 809.99

Nondurable goods

16.47 16.64 16.63 16.64 648.92 678.91 670.19 677.25

Private service-providing

18.22 18.64 18.67 18.64 583.04 600.21 599.31 600.21

Trade, transportation, and utilities

16.40 16.78 16.79 16.79 536.28 555.42 554.07 555.75

Wholesale trade

20.57 21.49 21.47 21.46 775.49 810.17 807.27 809.04

Retail trade

12.95 13.18 13.21 13.21 384.62 396.72 396.30 398.94

Transportation and warehousing

18.82 19.14 19.10 19.15 671.87 696.70 693.33 700.89

Utilities

29.25 29.79 29.88 29.94 1,240.20 1,233.31 1,240.02 1,245.50

Information

25.33 25.58 25.62 25.62 929.61 936.23 935.13 932.57

Financial activities

20.66 21.37 21.25 21.37 745.83 771.46 765.00 771.46

Professional and business services

22.21 22.62 22.70 22.66 768.47 789.44 787.69 790.83

Education and health services

19.28 19.76 19.82 19.75 622.74 638.25 638.20 633.98

Leisure and hospitality

11.00 11.28 11.30 11.30 272.80 279.74 280.24 282.50

Other services

16.43 16.85 16.89 16.83 501.12 517.30 516.83 516.68

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.

p = preliminary.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
2002=100
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Mar.
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010(p)
Mar.
2010(p)
Percent change from:
Feb.
2010 - Mar.
2010(p)
Mar.
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010(p)
Mar.
2010(p)
Percent change from:
Feb.
2010 - Mar.
2010(p)

Total private

99.8 98.2 97.7 98.4 0.7 123.5 124.1 123.5 124.3 0.6

Goods-producing

82.9 78.9 77.4 79.0 2.1 100.7 97.1 95.5 97.4 2.0

Mining and logging

125.2 117.7 116.7 120.2 3.0 169.5 159.4 160.4 164.4 2.5

Construction

90.5 81.4 78.6 80.4 2.3 110.5 101.4 98.3 100.7 2.4

Manufacturing

77.7 76.2 75.4 76.5 1.5 92.2 91.7 91.1 92.3 1.3

Durable goods

76.9 74.2 73.7 75.0 1.8 92.3 90.9 90.5 92.1 1.8

Nondurable goods

78.5 79.0 78.0 78.7 0.9 91.4 92.9 91.7 92.6 1.0

Private service-providing

104.4 103.8 103.5 104.0 0.5 130.4 132.7 132.5 132.9 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

97.5 96.4 96.2 96.7 0.5 114.1 115.4 115.2 115.8 0.5

Wholesale trade

101.8 99.3 99.2 99.6 0.4 123.4 125.7 125.4 125.9 0.4

Retail trade

94.7 94.3 94.1 95.0 1.0 105.1 106.5 106.5 107.6 1.0

Transportation and warehousing

101.0 98.5 98.1 99.2 1.1 120.5 119.7 118.9 120.5 1.3

Utilities

98.5 94.4 94.5 94.9 0.4 120.2 117.3 117.9 118.5 0.5

Information

96.0 91.4 91.3 90.5 -0.9 120.4 115.8 115.7 114.7 -0.9

Financial activities

104.8 102.1 101.6 101.6 0.0 133.9 134.9 133.5 134.2 0.5

Professional and business services

106.1 105.6 105.3 106.1 0.8 140.3 142.2 142.2 143.0 0.6

Education and health services

116.7 118.3 118.1 117.9 -0.2 147.9 153.7 153.8 153.1 -0.5

Leisure and hospitality

105.6 104.3 104.3 105.5 1.2 131.9 133.6 133.9 135.3 1.0

Other services

96.3 95.8 95.2 95.7 0.5 115.3 117.6 117.2 117.3 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.

p = preliminary.


Last Modified Date: April 02, 2010
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