Economic News Release

Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed                       USDL-12-1070
until 8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, June 1, 2012

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                       THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- MAY 2012


Nonfarm payroll employment changed little in May (+69,000), and the unemployment rate
was essentially unchanged at 8.2 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported
today. Employment increased in health care, transportation and warehousing, and wholesale
trade but declined in construction. Employment was little changed in most other major
industries.

Household Survey Data

Both the number of unemployed persons (12.7 million) and the unemployment rate (8.2
percent) changed little in May. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (7.8 percent) and
Hispanics (11.0 percent) edged up in May, while the rates for adult women (7.4 percent),
teenagers (24.6 percent), whites (7.4 percent), and blacks (13.6 percent) showed little
or no change. The jobless rate for Asians was 5.2 percent in May (not seasonally
adjusted), down from 7.0 percent a year earlier. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks and over) rose from 5.1
to 5.4 million in May. These individuals accounted for 42.8 percent of the unemployed.
(See table A-12.)

The civilian labor force participation rate increased in May by 0.2 percentage point
to 63.8 percent, offsetting a decline of the same amount in April. The employment-
population ratio edged up to 58.6 percent in May. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to
as involuntary part-time workers) edged up to 8.1 million over the month. These
individuals were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because
they were unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In May, 2.4 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, up from 2.2
million a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were
not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job
sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had
not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 830,000 discouraged workers in May, about the
same as a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.)  Discouraged workers are
persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for
them. The remaining 1.6 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in May
had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey for reasons such as school
attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment changed little in May (+69,000), following a similar
change in April (+77,000). In comparison, the average monthly gain was 226,000 in the
first quarter of the year. In May, employment rose in health care, transportation and
warehousing, and wholesale trade, while construction lost jobs. (See table B-1.)

Health care employment continued to increase in May (+33,000). Within the industry,
employment in ambulatory health care services, which includes offices of physicians
and outpatient care centers, rose by 23,000 over the month. Over the year, health care
employment has risen by 340,000.

Transportation and warehousing added 36,000 jobs over the month. Employment gains in
transit and ground passenger transportation (+20,000) and in couriers and messengers
(+5,000) followed job losses in those industries in April. Employment in both industries
has shown little net change over the year. In May, truck transportation added 7,000 jobs.

Employment in wholesale trade rose by 16,000 over the month. Since reaching an employment
low in May 2010, this industry has added 184,000 jobs.

Manufacturing employment continued to trend up in May (+12,000) following a similar
change in April (+9,000). Job gains averaged 41,000 per month in the first quarter of
this year. In May, employment rose in fabricated metal products (+6,000) and in primary
metals (+4,000). Since its most recent low in January 2010, manufacturing employment has
increased by 495,000.

Construction employment declined by 28,000 in May, with job losses occurring in specialty
trade contractors (-18,000) and in heavy and civil engineering construction (-11,000).
Since reaching a low in January 2011, employment in construction has shown little change
on net.

Employment in professional and business services was essentially unchanged in May. Since
the most recent low point in September 2009, employment in this industry has grown by
1.4 million. In May, job losses in accounting and bookkeeping services (-14,000) and in
services to buildings and dwellings (-14,000) were offset by small gains elsewhere in
the industry.

Employment in other major industries, including mining and logging, retail trade,
information, financial activities, leisure and hospitality, and government, changed 
little in May.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged down by 0.1 hour
to 34.4 hours in May. The manufacturing workweek declined by 0.3 hour to 40.5 hours, and
factory overtime declined by 0.1 hour to 3.2 hours. The average workweek for production
and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at 33.7 hours.
(See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In May, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged up
by 2 cents to $23.41. Over the past 12 months, average hourly earnings have increased
by 1.7 percent. In May, average hourly earnings of private-sector production and
nonsupervisory employees edged down by 1 cent to $19.70. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for March was revised from +154,000 to
+143,000, and the change for April was revised from +115,000 to +77,000.

_____________
The Employment Situation for June is scheduled to be released on Friday, July 6, 2012,
at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).


    _______________________________________________________________________________
   |                                                                               |
   |       Corrections to Women Employee Data from the Establishment Survey        |
   |                                                                               |
   |On May 25, 2012, BLS corrected estimates of women employees in the U.S. Postal |
   |Service from the establishment survey. BLS staff had discovered data-processing|
   |errors that occurred during the November 2009--April 2012 period that resulted |
   |in an incorrect ratio of women employees to all employees in the U.S. Postal   |
   |Service. The following women employee data series that incorporate the U.S.    |
   |Postal Service employment were also corrected: women employees in the federal  |
   |government, government, service-providing sector, and total nonfarm. These     |
   |data series on women employees were affected only to the extent of the error   |
   |occurring in the estimate of women employees in the U.S. Postal Service. Not   |
   |seasonally adjusted data were revised from November 2009 through February 2012.|
   |Seasonally adjusted data were revised back to January 2002. Some of the        |
   |corrected women employee data series appear in Summary table B and table B-5 of|
   |this news release. Total employment (jobs held by men and women combined) for  |
   |all data series including the U.S. Postal Service are correct as originally    |
   |published.                                                                     |
   |                                                                               |
   |For more information, see www.bls.gov/bls/ceswomen_usps_correction.htm.        |
   |_______________________________________________________________________________|




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category May
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012
Change from:
Apr.
2012-
May
2012

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

239,313 242,604 242,784 242,966 182

Civilian labor force

153,700 154,707 154,365 155,007 642

Participation rate

64.2 63.8 63.6 63.8 0.2

Employed

139,808 142,034 141,865 142,287 422

Employment-population ratio

58.4 58.5 58.4 58.6 0.2

Unemployed

13,892 12,673 12,500 12,720 220

Unemployment rate

9.0 8.2 8.1 8.2 0.1

Not in labor force

85,613 87,897 88,419 87,958 -461

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

9.0 8.2 8.1 8.2 0.1

Adult men (20 years and over)

8.9 7.6 7.5 7.8 0.3

Adult women (20 years and over)

8.0 7.4 7.4 7.4 0.0

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

24.1 25.0 24.9 24.6 -0.3

White

8.0 7.3 7.4 7.4 0.0

Black or African American

16.2 14.0 13.0 13.6 0.6

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

7.0 6.2 5.2 5.2 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

11.8 10.3 10.3 11.0 0.7

Total, 25 years and over

7.8 6.8 6.8 6.9 0.1

Less than a high school diploma

14.6 12.6 12.5 13.0 0.5

High school graduates, no college

9.5 8.0 7.9 8.1 0.2

Some college or associate degree

8.0 7.5 7.6 7.9 0.3

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.5 4.2 4.0 3.9 -0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

8,250 7,020 6,852 6,989 137

Job leavers

919 1,117 997 891 -106

Reentrants

3,436 3,269 3,341 3,439 98

New entrants

1,229 1,433 1,384 1,367 -17

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,687 2,572 2,543 2,580 37

5 to 14 weeks

2,912 2,754 2,814 3,002 188

15 to 26 weeks

1,994 1,867 1,884 1,662 -222

27 weeks and over

6,204 5,308 5,101 5,411 310

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

8,541 7,672 7,853 8,098 245

Slack work or business conditions

5,836 5,081 5,187 5,147 -40

Could only find part-time work

2,475 2,341 2,367 2,649 282

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,481 18,523 18,832 19,393 561

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,206 2,352 2,363 2,423 -

Discouraged workers

822 865 968 830 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category May
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012(p)
May
2012(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

54 143 77 69

Total private

108 147 87 82

Goods-producing

20 28 4 -15

Mining and logging

9 0 0 1

Construction

3 -14 -5 -28

Manufacturing

8 42 9 12

Durable goods(1)

19 27 11 13

Motor vehicles and parts

-1.7 11.3 1.9 5.8

Nondurable goods

-11 15 -2 -1

Private service-providing(1)

88 119 83 97

Wholesale trade

7.6 5.2 11.1 15.9

Retail trade

-4.6 -14.9 27.0 2.3

Transportation and warehousing

7.5 6.1 -16.5 35.6

Information

0 -5 -1 -2

Financial activities

14 13 4 3

Professional and business services(1)

56 18 37 -1

Temporary help services

1.7 -13.2 12.6 9.2

Education and health services(1)

19 51 29 46

Health care and social assistance

25.7 33.4 20.9 34.0

Leisure and hospitality

-15 43 -6 -9

Other services

3 2 -1 6

Government

-54 -4 -10 -13

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.5 49.3 49.4 49.4

Total private women employees

48.0 47.8 47.8 47.9

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.4 82.6 82.6 82.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.4 34.5 34.5 34.4

Average hourly earnings

$23.02 $23.37 $23.39 $23.41

Average weekly earnings

$791.89 $806.27 $806.96 $805.30

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

94.0 95.9 95.9 95.7

Over-the-month percent change

0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

103.2 106.8 107.0 106.9

Over-the-month percent change

0.3 0.0 0.2 -0.1

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.6 33.7 33.7 33.7

Average hourly earnings

$19.43 $19.67 $19.71 $19.70

Average weekly earnings

$652.85 $662.88 $664.23 $663.89

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

101.0 103.1 103.2 103.3

Over-the-month percent change

-0.2 -0.2 0.1 0.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

131.1 135.5 136.0 136.0

Over-the-month percent change

0.0 -0.1 0.4 0.0

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private (266 industries)

54.5 63.5 55.6 59.4

Manufacturing (81 industries)

54.3 69.8 53.7 54.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data in this table have been corrected. For more information see http://www.bls.gov/bls/ceswomen_usps_correction.htm.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
of employment and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant
change in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has
a more expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes the self-
employed, unpaid family workers, agricultural workers, and private household workers,
who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household survey also provides
estimates of employment for demographic groups.

Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
born.

Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
www.bls.gov/web/cesbmart.htm.

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment estimate; firms
from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled to achieve that goal.

Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because the
survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There is an
unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the sampling
frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a
year.

Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work
are included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped
looking for work?

Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs
are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in The Employment
Situation news release.

How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact
on average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for
paid time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other
time off. The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always,
results in a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be
off work for part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while
some workers, such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.

In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment,
employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. About half of
all employees in the payroll survey have a 2-week, semi-monthly, or monthly pay
period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the effect
of extreme weather on estimates of employment from the establishment survey.


In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week’s work for weather-
related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time off.
The household survey collects data on the number of persons who usually work full
time but had reduced hours, or had a job but were not at work due to bad weather.
Current and historical data are available on the household survey’s most requested
statistics page at http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the
Current Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment
Statistics survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides
information on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears
in the "A" tables, marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about
60,000 eligible households conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). 

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, 
and earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the 
"B" tables, marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each 
month from the payroll records of a sample of nonagricultural business
establishments. Each month the CES program surveys about 141,000 businesses
and government agencies, representing approximately 486,000 individual worksites,
in order to provide detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of
workers on nonfarm payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third
of all nonfarm payroll employees. 

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week
or pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally
the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which 
may or may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire
civilian noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series
of questions on work and job search activities, each person 16 years
and over in a sample household is classified as employed, unemployed,
or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid
employees during the reference week; worked in their own business, 
profession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 
hours in a family business or farm. People are also counted as employed
if they were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, bad
weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following
criteria: they had no employment during the reference week; they were
available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts to find
employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the reference
week. Persons laid off from a job and expecting recall need not be 
looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The unemployment data
derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eligibility
for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of
the labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force
as a percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is
the employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about
the household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as 
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay 
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector
for all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. 
Production and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and 
related employees in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction
workers in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in private service-
providing industries. 

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/#technical.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and
methodological differences between the household and establishment
surveys result in important distinctions in the employment estimates
derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-
     employed, unpaid family workers, and private household workers
     among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.
  
   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the
     employed. The establishment survey does not.
  
   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and
     older. The establishment survey is not limited by age.
  
   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than
     one job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted
     separately for each appearance.
  
Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and
the levels of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring
fluctuations. These events may result from seasonal changes in weather, 
major holidays, and the opening and closing of schools. The effect of 
such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern
each year, their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by
adjusting for regular seasonal variation. These adjustments make 
nonseasonal developments, such as declines in employment or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot. For
example, in the household survey, the large number of youth entering
the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes that
have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if
the level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in
the establishment survey, payroll employment in education declines by
about 20 percent at the end of the spring term and later rises with
the start of the fall term, obscuring the underlying employment trends
in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes at the end and
beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The
seasonally adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to
analyze changes in month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both
the household and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series
for many major estimates, such as total payroll employment, employment
in most major sectors, total employment, and unemployment are computed
by aggregating independently adjusted component series. For example,
total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate
that would be obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors
are calculated each month using all relevant data, up to and including
the data for the current month. In the household survey, new seasonal
factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the 
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month 
to adjust the three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months 
are routinely revised to incorporate additional sample reports and 
recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. In both surveys, 5-year revisions
to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are
subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample rather
than the entire population is surveyed, there is a chance that the
sample estimates may differ from the "true" population values they
represent. The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending
on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured by
the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent chance, 
or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ 
by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population value 
because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 
90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in
total nonfarm employment from the establishment survey is on the order
of plus or minus 100,000. Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment
increases by 50,000 from one month to the next. The 90-percent confidence
interval on the monthly change would range from -50,000 to +150,000 
(50,000 +/- 100,000). These figures do not mean that the sample results
are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the "true" over-the-month change lies within this interval.
Since this range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with
confidence that nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month.
If, however, the reported nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all
of the values within the 90-percent confidence interval would be greater
than zero. In this case, it is likely (at least a 90-percent chance) that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month. At an unemployment rate
of around 5.5 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval for the monthly
change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is about 
+/- 280,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is
about +/-0.19 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments
have lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than
estimates which are based on a small number of observations. The precision
of estimates also is improved when the data are cumulated over time, such
as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by
nonsampling error, which can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain information
for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness of 
respondents to provide correct information on a timely basis, mistakes
made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or processing of
the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most
recent 2 months are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these
estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables. It is only after two
successive revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly all sample
reports have been received, that the estimate is considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey
is the inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by
new firms. To correct for this systematic underestimation of employment
growth, an estimation procedure with two components is used to account
for business births. The first component excludes employment losses from
business deaths from sample-based estimation in order to offset the 
missing employment gains from business births. This is incorporated into
the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not reflecting sample
units going out of business, but imputing to them the same employment
trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for most
of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate
the residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the 
imputation. The historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA
model was derived from the unemployment insurance universe micro-level
database, and reflects the actual residual net of births and deaths over
the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted
once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment
obtained from administrative records of the unemployment insurance program.
The difference between the March sample-based employment estimates and
the March universe counts is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as
a rough proxy for total survey error. The new benchmarks also incorporate
changes in the classification of industries. Over the past decade, absolute
benchmark revisions  for total nonfarm employment have averaged 0.3 percent,
with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
May
2011
Apr.
2012
May
2012
May
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

239,313 242,784 242,966 239,313 242,269 242,435 242,604 242,784 242,966

Civilian labor force

153,449 153,905 154,998 153,700 154,395 154,871 154,707 154,365 155,007

Participation rate

64.1 63.4 63.8 64.2 63.7 63.9 63.8 63.6 63.8

Employed

140,028 141,995 142,727 139,808 141,637 142,065 142,034 141,865 142,287

Employment-population ratio

58.5 58.5 58.7 58.4 58.5 58.6 58.5 58.4 58.6

Unemployed

13,421 11,910 12,271 13,892 12,758 12,806 12,673 12,500 12,720

Unemployment rate

8.7 7.7 7.9 9.0 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.1 8.2

Not in labor force

85,864 88,879 87,968 85,613 87,874 87,564 87,897 88,419 87,958

Persons who currently want a job

6,821 6,328 6,835 6,216 6,319 6,378 6,299 6,366 6,291

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

116,156 117,081 117,177 116,156 116,808 116,896 116,986 117,081 117,177

Civilian labor force

81,956 81,629 82,409 82,019 82,070 82,165 82,179 81,983 82,350

Participation rate

70.6 69.7 70.3 70.6 70.3 70.3 70.2 70.0 70.3

Employed

74,441 75,074 75,712 74,217 75,288 75,318 75,369 75,256 75,401

Employment-population ratio

64.1 64.1 64.6 63.9 64.5 64.4 64.4 64.3 64.3

Unemployed

7,515 6,555 6,697 7,802 6,781 6,846 6,810 6,727 6,949

Unemployment rate

9.2 8.0 8.1 9.5 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.4

Not in labor force

34,200 35,452 34,768 34,137 34,739 34,732 34,807 35,098 34,827

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

107,566 108,396 108,503 107,566 108,087 108,188 108,289 108,396 108,503

Civilian labor force

79,223 78,839 79,511 79,204 79,234 79,317 79,337 79,050 79,382

Participation rate

73.7 72.7 73.3 73.6 73.3 73.3 73.3 72.9 73.2

Employed

72,427 73,010 73,567 72,161 73,170 73,240 73,286 73,119 73,229

Employment-population ratio

67.3 67.4 67.8 67.1 67.7 67.7 67.7 67.5 67.5

Unemployed

6,796 5,829 5,945 7,043 6,064 6,077 6,051 5,930 6,153

Unemployment rate

8.6 7.4 7.5 8.9 7.7 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.8

Not in labor force

28,344 29,557 28,991 28,362 28,853 28,870 28,952 29,346 29,121

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

123,157 125,703 125,788 123,157 125,461 125,539 125,619 125,703 125,788

Civilian labor force

71,492 72,276 72,589 71,681 72,326 72,706 72,529 72,382 72,657

Participation rate

58.0 57.5 57.7 58.2 57.6 57.9 57.7 57.6 57.8

Employed

65,587 66,921 67,015 65,591 66,349 66,747 66,665 66,609 66,886

Employment-population ratio

53.3 53.2 53.3 53.3 52.9 53.2 53.1 53.0 53.2

Unemployed

5,905 5,355 5,574 6,090 5,977 5,960 5,863 5,773 5,771

Unemployment rate

8.3 7.4 7.7 8.5 8.3 8.2 8.1 8.0 7.9

Not in labor force

51,664 53,427 53,200 51,476 53,135 52,833 53,090 53,321 53,131

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

114,954 117,353 117,448 114,954 117,082 117,170 117,260 117,353 117,448

Civilian labor force

68,728 69,643 69,775 68,878 69,449 69,815 69,589 69,562 69,807

Participation rate

59.8 59.3 59.4 59.9 59.3 59.6 59.3 59.3 59.4

Employed

63,423 64,822 64,840 63,385 64,078 64,454 64,413 64,425 64,671

Employment-population ratio

55.2 55.2 55.2 55.1 54.7 55.0 54.9 54.9 55.1

Unemployed

5,305 4,820 4,936 5,493 5,370 5,361 5,176 5,137 5,136

Unemployment rate

7.7 6.9 7.1 8.0 7.7 7.7 7.4 7.4 7.4

Not in labor force

46,226 47,711 47,672 46,077 47,634 47,355 47,671 47,791 47,641

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,792 17,034 17,015 16,792 17,100 17,078 17,056 17,034 17,015

Civilian labor force

5,498 5,423 5,711 5,618 5,713 5,739 5,781 5,753 5,819

Participation rate

32.7 31.8 33.6 33.5 33.4 33.6 33.9 33.8 34.2

Employed

4,177 4,163 4,320 4,262 4,389 4,371 4,335 4,321 4,388

Employment-population ratio

24.9 24.4 25.4 25.4 25.7 25.6 25.4 25.4 25.8

Unemployed

1,320 1,260 1,391 1,356 1,324 1,367 1,447 1,432 1,431

Unemployment rate

24.0 23.2 24.4 24.1 23.2 23.8 25.0 24.9 24.6

Not in labor force

11,295 11,611 11,304 11,174 11,387 11,339 11,274 11,282 11,197

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
May
2011
Apr.
2012
May
2012
May
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

192,877 192,893 193,004 192,877 192,600 192,691 192,788 192,893 193,004

Civilian labor force

124,608 122,997 123,897 124,812 123,579 123,848 123,713 123,499 123,989

Participation rate

64.6 63.8 64.2 64.7 64.2 64.3 64.2 64.0 64.2

Employed

114,989 114,313 115,015 114,827 114,458 114,754 114,697 114,355 114,767

Employment-population ratio

59.6 59.3 59.6 59.5 59.4 59.6 59.5 59.3 59.5

Unemployed

9,618 8,684 8,882 9,985 9,121 9,094 9,016 9,144 9,222

Unemployment rate

7.7 7.1 7.2 8.0 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4

Not in labor force

68,269 69,896 69,107 68,065 69,021 68,843 69,076 69,394 69,015

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,416 64,212 64,680 65,372 64,495 64,642 64,552 64,410 64,591

Participation rate

74.3 73.3 73.8 74.2 73.8 73.9 73.8 73.5 73.7

Employed

60,472 59,975 60,349 60,212 60,059 60,245 60,192 60,046 60,072

Employment-population ratio

68.7 68.5 68.8 68.4 68.7 68.9 68.8 68.6 68.5

Unemployed

4,943 4,237 4,331 5,160 4,436 4,397 4,360 4,364 4,519

Unemployment rate

7.6 6.6 6.7 7.9 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8 7.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,709 54,421 54,620 54,872 54,434 54,609 54,473 54,435 54,717

Participation rate

59.5 58.8 58.9 59.7 58.9 59.0 58.9 58.8 59.0

Employed

50,956 50,919 51,087 50,976 50,729 50,890 50,873 50,719 51,045

Employment-population ratio

55.4 55.0 55.1 55.4 54.9 55.0 55.0 54.8 55.1

Unemployed

3,753 3,502 3,533 3,895 3,705 3,719 3,600 3,716 3,672

Unemployment rate

6.9 6.4 6.5 7.1 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.8 6.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,483 4,365 4,597 4,568 4,650 4,596 4,688 4,654 4,681

Participation rate

34.9 34.4 36.3 35.6 36.5 36.1 36.9 36.7 36.9

Employed

3,561 3,419 3,579 3,638 3,670 3,619 3,632 3,591 3,649

Employment-population ratio

27.8 26.9 28.2 28.4 28.8 28.4 28.6 28.3 28.8

Unemployed

922 946 1,018 929 980 977 1,056 1,063 1,031

Unemployment rate

20.6 21.7 22.1 20.3 21.1 21.3 22.5 22.8 22.0

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,063 29,824 29,854 29,063 29,727 29,760 29,792 29,824 29,854

Civilian labor force

17,705 18,227 18,275 17,730 18,206 18,363 18,427 18,274 18,290

Participation rate

60.9 61.1 61.2 61.0 61.2 61.7 61.9 61.3 61.3

Employed

14,867 15,940 15,837 14,862 15,725 15,769 15,843 15,891 15,807

Employment-population ratio

51.2 53.4 53.0 51.1 52.9 53.0 53.2 53.3 52.9

Unemployed

2,838 2,286 2,438 2,868 2,482 2,593 2,584 2,383 2,484

Unemployment rate

16.0 12.5 13.3 16.2 13.6 14.1 14.0 13.0 13.6

Not in labor force

11,358 11,597 11,579 11,333 11,521 11,398 11,365 11,550 11,564

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,024 8,133 8,270 8,038 8,256 8,239 8,283 8,162 8,281

Participation rate

67.7 67.0 68.0 67.8 68.4 68.1 68.4 67.3 68.1

Employed

6,618 7,018 7,082 6,639 7,205 7,064 7,137 7,054 7,102

Employment-population ratio

55.8 57.8 58.3 56.0 59.7 58.4 58.9 58.1 58.4

Unemployed

1,406 1,114 1,188 1,399 1,052 1,175 1,147 1,108 1,179

Unemployment rate

17.5 13.7 14.4 17.4 12.7 14.3 13.8 13.6 14.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,041 9,459 9,327 9,058 9,287 9,410 9,473 9,443 9,346

Participation rate

61.9 62.9 62.0 62.0 62.0 62.8 63.1 62.8 62.1

Employed

7,868 8,503 8,317 7,848 8,113 8,240 8,307 8,423 8,284

Employment-population ratio

53.9 56.6 55.3 53.7 54.2 55.0 55.4 56.1 55.1

Unemployed

1,172 956 1,011 1,210 1,174 1,171 1,166 1,019 1,062

Unemployment rate

13.0 10.1 10.8 13.4 12.6 12.4 12.3 10.8 11.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

640 635 678 635 663 713 671 669 664

Participation rate

24.6 23.9 25.5 24.4 24.7 26.6 25.1 25.1 25.0

Employed

380 419 439 375 407 466 399 413 421

Employment-population ratio

14.6 15.7 16.5 14.4 15.2 17.4 14.9 15.5 15.9

Unemployed

260 216 239 259 255 247 272 256 242

Unemployment rate

40.6 34.1 35.2 40.8 38.5 34.7 40.5 38.2 36.5

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,350 12,774 12,749 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

7,377 7,965 8,080 - - - - - -

Participation rate

65.0 62.4 63.4 - - - - - -

Employed

6,863 7,553 7,656 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

60.5 59.1 60.0 - - - - - -

Unemployed

514 412 424 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

7.0 5.2 5.2 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

3,973 4,809 4,669 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
May
2011
Apr.
2012
May
2012
May
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

34,311 36,546 36,626 34,311 36,301 36,384 36,463 36,546 36,626

Civilian labor force

22,642 24,201 24,534 22,754 24,045 24,206 24,128 24,253 24,567

Participation rate

66.0 66.2 67.0 66.3 66.2 66.5 66.2 66.4 67.1

Employed

20,124 21,839 21,984 20,060 21,513 21,628 21,638 21,755 21,867

Employment-population ratio

58.7 59.8 60.0 58.5 59.3 59.4 59.3 59.5 59.7

Unemployed

2,518 2,362 2,550 2,695 2,532 2,579 2,491 2,498 2,700

Unemployment rate

11.1 9.8 10.4 11.8 10.5 10.7 10.3 10.3 11.0

Not in labor force

11,668 12,345 12,092 11,557 12,256 12,178 12,335 12,293 12,059

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

12,940 13,284 13,486 - - - - - -

Participation rate

81.5 80.8 81.8 - - - - - -

Employed

11,636 12,146 12,195 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

73.3 73.9 74.0 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,304 1,138 1,291 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

10.1 8.6 9.6 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,799 9,826 9,904 - - - - - -

Participation rate

58.5 59.7 60.1 - - - - - -

Employed

7,820 8,886 8,993 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

52.0 54.0 54.5 - - - - - -

Unemployed

979 939 911 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

11.1 9.6 9.2 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

904 1,092 1,144 - - - - - -

Participation rate

26.6 29.9 31.3 - - - - - -

Employed

668 807 796 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

19.7 22.1 21.8 - - - - - -

Unemployed

236 285 348 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

26.1 26.1 30.4 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2011
Apr.
2012
May
2012
May
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,669 11,490 11,670 11,468 11,469 11,488 11,493 11,366 11,451

Participation rate

46.0 45.7 45.8 45.2 45.6 46.6 46.3 45.2 44.9

Employed

10,072 10,069 10,242 9,789 9,968 10,006 10,044 9,947 9,960

Employment-population ratio

39.7 40.1 40.2 38.6 39.7 40.6 40.4 39.6 39.1

Unemployed

1,597 1,421 1,428 1,678 1,501 1,483 1,449 1,419 1,491

Unemployment rate

13.7 12.4 12.2 14.6 13.1 12.9 12.6 12.5 13.0

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

37,670 36,812 37,119 37,591 36,850 36,799 36,475 36,718 36,924

Participation rate

60.4 59.3 59.8 60.3 59.6 59.0 59.0 59.2 59.5

Employed

34,247 33,959 34,239 34,018 33,737 33,761 33,573 33,834 33,928

Employment-population ratio

54.9 54.7 55.2 54.5 54.6 54.1 54.3 54.5 54.7

Unemployed

3,423 2,852 2,880 3,573 3,113 3,039 2,902 2,884 2,996

Unemployment rate

9.1 7.7 7.8 9.5 8.4 8.3 8.0 7.9 8.1

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

36,659 36,966 36,899 36,784 37,214 37,282 37,405 37,168 37,079

Participation rate

69.4 68.6 68.5 69.7 69.2 69.1 69.3 69.0 68.8

Employed

33,898 34,270 34,157 33,828 34,525 34,571 34,613 34,344 34,155

Employment-population ratio

64.2 63.6 63.4 64.1 64.2 64.1 64.2 63.7 63.4

Unemployed

2,761 2,696 2,741 2,956 2,689 2,711 2,793 2,824 2,924

Unemployment rate

7.5 7.3 7.4 8.0 7.2 7.3 7.5 7.6 7.9

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

46,778 48,075 48,191 46,898 47,481 47,890 48,191 47,977 48,232

Participation rate

77.2 76.4 76.7 77.4 75.6 76.4 76.2 76.2 76.8

Employed

44,766 46,310 46,408 44,803 45,492 45,875 46,189 46,062 46,355

Employment-population ratio

73.9 73.6 73.9 74.0 72.4 73.1 73.1 73.2 73.8

Unemployed

2,012 1,765 1,783 2,095 1,989 2,015 2,002 1,915 1,877

Unemployment rate

4.3 3.7 3.7 4.5 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.0 3.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
May
2011
May
2012
May
2011
May
2012
May
2011
May
2012

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,664 21,224 19,864 19,412 1,800 1,812

Civilian labor force

11,421 11,228 10,316 10,077 1,105 1,152

Participation rate

52.7 52.9 51.9 51.9 61.4 63.6

Employed

10,477 10,348 9,457 9,263 1,020 1,085

Employment-population ratio

48.4 48.8 47.6 47.7 56.7 59.9

Unemployed

944 880 859 814 85 67

Unemployment rate

8.3 7.8 8.3 8.1 7.7 5.8

Not in labor force

10,243 9,996 9,548 9,335 695 660

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,394 2,620 1,984 2,178 409 442

Civilian labor force

1,923 2,074 1,647 1,781 276 293

Participation rate

80.3 79.2 83.0 81.8 67.3 66.2

Employed

1,691 1,812 1,435 1,556 256 256

Employment-population ratio

70.6 69.1 72.3 71.4 62.4 57.8

Unemployed

232 263 212 226 20 37

Unemployment rate

12.1 12.7 12.9 12.7 7.3 12.7

Not in labor force

471 546 337 397 134 149

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,850 3,032 2,420 2,545 430 487

Civilian labor force

2,374 2,571 2,073 2,185 301 386

Participation rate

83.3 84.8 85.7 85.8 70.1 79.2

Employed

2,207 2,410 1,929 2,039 278 370

Employment-population ratio

77.5 79.5 79.7 80.1 64.8 76.0

Unemployed

167 161 144 145 23 16

Unemployment rate

7.0 6.3 6.9 6.6 7.5 4.1

Not in labor force

476 462 347 360 129 101

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

10,470 9,936 10,139 9,615 331 321

Civilian labor force

3,605 3,369 3,480 3,250 124 118

Participation rate

34.4 33.9 34.3 33.8 37.6 36.9

Employed

3,337 3,135 3,223 3,023 114 112

Employment-population ratio

31.9 31.6 31.8 31.4 34.5 35.0

Unemployed

267 234 257 228 10 6

Unemployment rate

7.4 6.9 7.4 7.0 8.1 5.2

Not in labor force

6,866 6,567 6,659 6,365 207 202

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,950 5,636 5,320 5,074 630 562

Civilian labor force

3,519 3,215 3,115 2,860 404 354

Participation rate

59.1 57.0 58.6 56.4 64.1 63.1

Employed

3,242 2,992 2,870 2,645 372 347

Employment-population ratio

54.5 53.1 53.9 52.1 59.0 61.8

Unemployed

278 223 245 215 32 7

Unemployment rate

7.9 6.9 7.9 7.5 8.0 2.1

Not in labor force

2,431 2,421 2,205 2,214 226 207

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

209,119 212,936 91,916 93,271 117,203 119,665

Civilian labor force

140,321 141,926 70,803 71,452 69,517 70,474

Participation rate

67.1 66.7 77.0 76.6 59.3 58.9

Employed

128,348 131,032 64,405 65,822 63,943 65,211

Employment-population ratio

61.4 61.5 70.1 70.6 54.6 54.5

Unemployed

11,973 10,894 6,398 5,631 5,574 5,263

Unemployment rate

8.5 7.7 9.0 7.9 8.0 7.5

Not in labor force

68,799 71,010 21,113 21,819 47,686 49,191

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
May
2011
May
2012
May
2011
May
2012

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

27,669 28,059 211,644 214,907

Civilian labor force

5,828 5,821 147,621 149,177

Participation rate

21.1 20.7 69.7 69.4

Employed

4,917 5,068 135,111 137,658

Employment-population ratio

17.8 18.1 63.8 64.1

Unemployed

911 752 12,510 11,519

Unemployment rate

15.6 12.9 8.5 7.7

Not in labor force

21,841 22,238 64,024 65,730

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,682 2,586 75,258 75,401

Participation rate

35.3 34.9 82.5 82.4

Employed

2,218 2,225 68,474 69,344

Employment-population ratio

29.2 30.0 75.1 75.8

Unemployed

464 362 6,784 6,056

Unemployment rate

17.3 14.0 9.0 8.0

Not in labor force

4,911 4,819 15,948 16,078

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,280 2,282 66,109 66,922

Participation rate

29.2 29.1 70.9 70.7

Employed

1,919 1,964 60,748 61,894

Employment-population ratio

24.6 25.0 65.2 65.4

Unemployed

360 318 5,361 5,028

Unemployment rate

15.8 13.9 8.1 7.5

Not in labor force

5,531 5,564 27,107 27,712

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

867 953 6,254 6,854

Participation rate

7.1 7.4 23.0 23.8

Employed

780 880 5,889 6,420

Employment-population ratio

6.4 6.9 21.6 22.3

Unemployed

87 73 365 435

Unemployment rate

10.0 7.6 5.8 6.3

Not in labor force

11,399 11,855 20,969 21,939

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
May
2011
May
2012
May
2011
May
2012
May
2011
May
2012

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

36,348 37,504 18,200 18,291 18,149 19,213

Civilian labor force

24,253 24,878 14,511 14,405 9,741 10,473

Participation rate

66.7 66.3 79.7 78.8 53.7 54.5

Employed

22,216 23,038 13,333 13,409 8,883 9,629

Employment-population ratio

61.1 61.4 73.3 73.3 48.9 50.1

Unemployed

2,037 1,840 1,178 996 859 844

Unemployment rate

8.4 7.4 8.1 6.9 8.8 8.1

Not in labor force

12,095 12,625 3,688 3,886 8,407 8,740

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

202,965 205,462 97,957 98,887 105,008 106,575

Civilian labor force

129,196 130,120 67,445 68,004 61,751 62,115

Participation rate

63.7 63.3 68.9 68.8 58.8 58.3

Employed

117,812 119,689 61,108 62,303 56,704 57,386

Employment-population ratio

58.0 58.3 62.4 63.0 54.0 53.8

Unemployed

11,384 10,431 6,337 5,701 5,047 4,729

Unemployment rate

8.8 8.0 9.4 8.4 8.2 7.6

Not in labor force

73,769 75,342 30,512 30,882 43,257 44,460

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2011
Apr.
2012
May
2012
May
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,315 2,107 2,371 2,244 2,208 2,185 2,218 2,150 2,274

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,435 1,282 1,482 1,389 1,376 1,353 1,394 1,342 1,423

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

850 798 843 827 800 814 811 793 815

Unpaid family workers

31 26 46 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

137,713 139,888 140,356 137,508 139,491 139,945 139,984 139,749 140,037

Wage and salary workers(1)

128,822 131,257 131,493 128,773 130,569 131,365 131,370 131,136 131,322

Government

20,690 20,356 20,322 20,348 20,583 20,617 20,338 19,896 20,059

Private industries

108,132 110,901 111,172 108,531 109,966 110,778 111,114 111,249 111,421

Private households

799 724 834 - - - - - -

Other industries

107,333 110,176 110,337 107,722 109,353 110,138 110,469 110,527 110,613

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,812 8,558 8,784 8,648 8,769 8,477 8,514 8,512 8,598

Unpaid family workers

79 72 78 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,270 7,694 7,837 8,541 8,230 8,119 7,672 7,853 8,098

Slack work or business conditions

5,646 4,997 4,961 5,836 5,372 5,446 5,081 5,187 5,147

Could only find part-time work

2,396 2,467 2,620 2,475 2,551 2,404 2,341 2,367 2,649

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,656 19,443 19,694 18,481 18,636 18,827 18,523 18,832 19,393

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,144 7,581 7,736 8,396 8,083 7,988 7,584 7,737 7,982

Slack work or business conditions

5,547 4,909 4,901 5,729 5,278 5,356 5,000 5,086 5,078

Could only find part-time work

2,382 2,456 2,588 2,452 2,563 2,365 2,295 2,324 2,616

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,313 19,097 19,319 18,113 18,298 18,399 18,100 18,418 18,930

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2011
Apr.
2012
May
2012
May
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

140,028 141,995 142,727 139,808 141,637 142,065 142,034 141,865 142,287

16 to 19 years

4,177 4,163 4,320 4,262 4,389 4,371 4,335 4,321 4,388

16 to 17 years

1,203 1,304 1,347 1,266 1,333 1,337 1,395 1,421 1,418

18 to 19 years

2,974 2,859 2,974 2,979 3,064 3,050 2,955 2,875 2,968

20 years and over

135,850 137,832 138,407 135,546 137,248 137,694 137,699 137,544 137,899

20 to 24 years

12,868 13,224 13,360 12,966 13,335 13,395 13,371 13,329 13,429

25 years and over

122,983 124,608 125,046 122,600 123,901 124,243 124,407 124,166 124,472

25 to 54 years

94,088 94,307 94,520 93,892 93,991 94,056 94,267 94,128 94,205

25 to 34 years

30,617 30,750 30,748 30,634 30,367 30,483 30,568 30,724 30,714

35 to 44 years

30,402 30,640 30,656 30,288 30,614 30,638 30,672 30,539 30,519

45 to 54 years

33,069 32,917 33,116 32,970 33,009 32,935 33,027 32,866 32,971

55 years and over

28,895 30,300 30,527 28,708 29,910 30,187 30,140 30,038 30,268

Men, 16 years and over

74,441 75,074 75,712 74,217 75,288 75,318 75,369 75,256 75,401

16 to 19 years

2,013 2,064 2,145 2,055 2,118 2,079 2,083 2,136 2,173

16 to 17 years

579 633 628 597 620 650 656 685 655

18 to 19 years

1,435 1,431 1,518 1,447 1,487 1,424 1,424 1,461 1,513

20 years and over

72,427 73,010 73,567 72,161 73,170 73,240 73,286 73,119 73,229

20 to 24 years

6,764 6,778 6,909 6,759 7,003 6,851 6,927 6,863 6,898

25 years and over

65,663 66,232 66,658 65,423 66,169 66,376 66,327 66,156 66,308

25 to 54 years

50,480 50,290 50,525 50,327 50,358 50,382 50,393 50,329 50,304

25 to 34 years

16,698 16,566 16,648 16,745 16,440 16,498 16,538 16,624 16,654

35 to 44 years

16,475 16,417 16,500 16,406 16,573 16,564 16,470 16,425 16,421

45 to 54 years

17,308 17,308 17,377 17,176 17,346 17,319 17,385 17,280 17,229

55 years and over

15,183 15,942 16,133 15,096 15,811 15,994 15,934 15,827 16,004

Women, 16 years and over

65,587 66,921 67,015 65,591 66,349 66,747 66,665 66,609 66,886

16 to 19 years

2,164 2,099 2,175 2,207 2,270 2,293 2,252 2,184 2,215

16 to 17 years

625 671 719 669 713 687 739 736 762

18 to 19 years

1,540 1,427 1,456 1,532 1,577 1,625 1,531 1,414 1,454

20 years and over

63,423 64,822 64,840 63,385 64,078 64,454 64,413 64,425 64,671

20 to 24 years

6,104 6,446 6,451 6,207 6,332 6,544 6,444 6,467 6,531

25 years and over

57,320 58,376 58,389 57,177 57,732 57,867 58,079 58,010 58,165

25 to 54 years

43,608 44,017 43,995 43,565 43,633 43,674 43,873 43,800 43,901

25 to 34 years

13,920 14,185 14,101 13,889 13,928 13,985 14,030 14,099 14,060

35 to 44 years

13,927 14,223 14,156 13,882 14,041 14,074 14,202 14,114 14,098

45 to 54 years

15,761 15,609 15,738 15,794 15,664 15,615 15,642 15,586 15,742

55 years and over

13,712 14,359 14,394 13,612 14,099 14,193 14,206 14,211 14,264

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

43,124 43,530 43,903 43,043 43,658 43,556 43,635 43,582 43,798

Married women, spouse present

33,894 34,369 34,673 33,847 34,445 34,341 34,325 34,207 34,620

Women who maintain families

8,930 9,530 9,516 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

112,618 113,999 114,634 112,294 113,845 114,408 115,290 114,478 114,212

Part-time workers(2)

27,410 27,996 28,092 27,460 27,739 27,576 26,912 27,420 28,038

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,084 6,947 7,174 6,924 7,038 6,999 6,985 6,870 6,959

Percent of total employed

5.1 4.9 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.9

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,232 5,258 5,419 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,661 9,357 9,627 9,475 9,569 9,291 9,325 9,305 9,413

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
May
2011
Apr.
2012
May
2012
May
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

13,892 12,500 12,720 9.0 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.1 8.2

16 to 19 years

1,356 1,432 1,431 24.1 23.2 23.8 25.0 24.9 24.6

16 to 17 years

515 509 512 28.9 28.8 29.9 28.8 26.4 26.5

18 to 19 years

841 935 914 22.0 20.5 20.8 22.9 24.5 23.5

20 years and over

12,536 11,068 11,289 8.5 7.7 7.7 7.5 7.4 7.6

20 to 24 years

2,225 2,029 1,989 14.6 13.3 13.8 13.2 13.2 12.9

25 years and over

10,310 9,034 9,297 7.8 7.0 7.0 6.8 6.8 6.9

25 to 54 years

8,231 7,017 7,196 8.1 7.4 7.3 7.1 6.9 7.1

25 to 34 years

3,150 2,711 2,727 9.3 9.0 8.7 8.6 8.1 8.2

35 to 44 years

2,506 2,139 2,231 7.6 6.8 6.8 6.4 6.5 6.8

45 to 54 years

2,575 2,167 2,238 7.2 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.2 6.4

55 years and over

2,077 2,026 2,096 6.7 5.9 5.9 6.2 6.3 6.5

Men, 16 years and over

7,802 6,727 6,949 9.5 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.4

16 to 19 years

759 797 796 27.0 25.3 27.0 26.7 27.2 26.8

16 to 17 years

268 279 267 31.0 32.0 33.5 30.1 28.9 28.9

18 to 19 years

489 521 523 25.3 22.3 23.9 25.1 26.3 25.7

20 years and over

7,043 5,930 6,153 8.9 7.7 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.8

20 to 24 years

1,258 1,124 1,130 15.7 14.2 15.6 14.1 14.1 14.1

25 years and over

5,757 4,781 5,006 8.1 6.9 6.7 6.8 6.7 7.0

25 to 54 years

4,621 3,720 3,808 8.4 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.9 7.0

25 to 34 years

1,807 1,459 1,435 9.7 9.0 8.6 8.6 8.1 7.9

35 to 44 years

1,340 1,129 1,166 7.6 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.4 6.6

45 to 54 years

1,473 1,132 1,207 7.9 6.2 6.2 6.0 6.1 6.5

55 years and over

1,136 1,062 1,197 7.0 5.9 5.7 6.3 6.3 7.0

Women, 16 years and over

6,090 5,773 5,771 8.5 8.3 8.2 8.1 8.0 7.9

16 to 19 years

597 635 635 21.3 21.1 20.7 23.4 22.5 22.3

16 to 17 years

247 230 246 27.0 25.8 26.1 27.6 23.8 24.4

18 to 19 years

352 414 390 18.7 18.6 17.8 20.7 22.7 21.2

20 years and over

5,493 5,137 5,136 8.0 7.7 7.7 7.4 7.4 7.4

20 to 24 years

967 905 859 13.5 12.3 11.7 12.2 12.3 11.6

25 years and over

4,553 4,253 4,291 7.4 7.2 7.2 6.8 6.8 6.9

25 to 54 years

3,610 3,297 3,388 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.2 7.0 7.2

25 to 34 years

1,343 1,252 1,292 8.8 9.0 8.8 8.6 8.2 8.4

35 to 44 years

1,165 1,010 1,065 7.7 7.4 7.3 6.4 6.7 7.0

45 to 54 years

1,102 1,035 1,031 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.2 6.1

55 years and over(1)

876 878 847 6.0 5.9 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.6

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

2,726 2,370 2,440 6.0 5.1 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3

Married women, spouse present

2,067 1,919 1,799 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.3 4.9

Women who maintain families(1)

1,303 1,078 1,168 12.7 12.0 11.7 10.8 10.2 10.9

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

12,059 10,691 10,858 9.7 8.8 8.8 8.6 8.5 8.7

Part-time workers(3)

1,830 1,846 1,826 6.2 5.9 6.0 6.2 6.3 6.1

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2011
Apr.
2012
May
2012
May
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

7,885 6,555 6,607 8,250 7,321 7,209 7,020 6,852 6,989

On temporary layoff

1,004 1,009 909 1,218 1,284 1,135 1,120 1,083 1,106

Not on temporary layoff

6,881 5,546 5,699 7,031 6,037 6,075 5,900 5,768 5,883

Permanent job losers

5,566 4,397 4,458 5,621 4,807 4,755 4,632 4,529 4,553

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,315 1,149 1,240 1,410 1,230 1,320 1,268 1,239 1,330

Job leavers

869 962 849 919 939 1,031 1,117 997 891

Reentrants

3,477 3,184 3,513 3,436 3,325 3,361 3,269 3,341 3,439

New entrants

1,190 1,210 1,302 1,229 1,253 1,392 1,433 1,384 1,367

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

58.8 55.0 53.8 59.6 57.0 55.5 54.7 54.5 55.1

On temporary layoff

7.5 8.5 7.4 8.8 10.0 8.7 8.7 8.6 8.7

Not on temporary layoff

51.3 46.6 46.4 50.8 47.0 46.7 46.0 45.9 46.4

Job leavers

6.5 8.1 6.9 6.6 7.3 7.9 8.7 7.9 7.0

Reentrants

25.9 26.7 28.6 24.8 25.9 25.9 25.5 26.6 27.1

New entrants

8.9 10.2 10.6 8.9 9.8 10.7 11.2 11.0 10.8

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5.1 4.3 4.3 5.4 4.7 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.5

Job leavers

0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

2.3 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.2

New entrants

0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2011
Apr.
2012
May
2012
May
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,664 2,165 2,572 2,687 2,486 2,541 2,572 2,543 2,580

5 to 14 weeks

2,356 2,368 2,442 2,912 2,884 2,807 2,754 2,814 3,002

15 weeks and over

8,401 7,377 7,257 8,197 7,498 7,397 7,175 6,984 7,073

15 to 26 weeks

2,235 2,109 1,852 1,994 1,980 1,971 1,867 1,884 1,662

27 weeks and over

6,166 5,268 5,405 6,204 5,518 5,426 5,308 5,101 5,411

Average (mean) duration, in weeks(1)

41.2 42.0 41.4 39.6 40.1 40.0 39.4 39.1 39.7

Median duration, in weeks

23.8 22.3 22.0 21.9 21.1 20.3 19.9 19.4 20.1

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

19.8 18.2 21.0 19.5 19.3 19.9 20.6 20.6 20.4

5 to 14 weeks

17.6 19.9 19.9 21.1 22.4 22.0 22.0 22.8 23.7

15 weeks and over

62.6 61.9 59.1 59.4 58.3 58.0 57.4 56.6 55.9

15 to 26 weeks

16.7 17.7 15.1 14.5 15.4 15.5 14.9 15.3 13.1

27 weeks and over

45.9 44.2 44.0 45.0 42.9 42.6 42.5 41.3 42.8

Footnotes
(1) Beginning in January 2011, this series reflects a change to the collection of data on unemployment duration. For more information, see www.bls.gov/cps/duration.htm.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
May
2011
May
2012
May
2011
May
2012
May
2011
May
2012

Total, 16 years and over(1)

140,028 142,727 13,421 12,271 8.7 7.9

Management, professional, and related occupations

52,778 54,156 2,419 2,275 4.4 4.0

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

21,355 22,691 1,094 966 4.9 4.1

Professional and related occupations

31,423 31,465 1,325 1,309 4.0 4.0

Service occupations

24,959 25,870 2,607 2,482 9.5 8.8

Sales and office occupations

32,804 32,684 3,172 2,782 8.8 7.8

Sales and related occupations

15,376 15,179 1,596 1,308 9.4 7.9

Office and administrative support occupations

17,428 17,504 1,576 1,474 8.3 7.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

12,942 12,908 1,900 1,609 12.8 11.1

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,033 1,114 117 133 10.2 10.7

Construction and extraction occupations

7,071 6,971 1,375 1,153 16.3 14.2

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,838 4,823 408 323 7.8 6.3

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

16,546 17,109 2,100 1,784 11.3 9.4

Production occupations

8,113 8,433 1,094 814 11.9 8.8

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,433 8,676 1,006 970 10.7 10.1

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
May
2011
May
2012
May
2011
May
2012

Total, 16 years and over(1)

13,421 12,271 8.7 7.9

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

10,628 9,419 8.9 7.8

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

32 47 3.8 4.5

Construction

1,367 1,150 16.3 14.2

Manufacturing

1,453 1,099 9.6 7.1

Durable goods

920 683 9.6 7.2

Nondurable goods

533 416 9.6 7.1

Wholesale and retail trade

1,845 1,654 9.0 8.1

Transportation and utilities

483 480 8.0 7.8

Information

227 230 7.3 7.8

Financial activities

612 462 6.8 5.1

Professional and business services

1,429 1,296 9.8 8.5

Education and health services

1,242 1,172 5.7 5.3

Leisure and hospitality

1,402 1,326 10.6 9.7

Other services

536 501 8.4 7.8

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

131 148 8.7 9.5

Government workers

836 899 3.9 4.2

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

636 503 6.1 4.9

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2011
Apr.
2012
May
2012
May
2011
Jan.
2012
Feb.
2012
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.5 4.8 4.7 5.3 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.6

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.1 4.3 4.3 5.4 4.7 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.5

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

8.7 7.7 7.9 9.0 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.1 8.2

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

9.2 8.3 8.4 9.5 8.9 8.9 8.7 8.7 8.7

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

10.0 9.1 9.3 10.3 9.9 9.8 9.6 9.5 9.6

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

15.4 14.1 14.3 15.8 15.1 14.9 14.5 14.5 14.8

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
May
2011
May
2012
May
2011
May
2012
May
2011
May
2012

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

85,864 87,968 34,200 34,768 51,664 53,200

Persons who currently want a job

6,821 6,835 3,337 3,214 3,484 3,622

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,206 2,423 1,158 1,239 1,047 1,183

Discouraged workers(2)

822 830 469 469 353 360

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,384 1,593 689 770 695 823

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,084 7,174 3,491 3,605 3,593 3,569

Percent of total employed

5.1 5.0 4.7 4.8 5.5 5.3

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,731 3,655 1,987 2,111 1,744 1,544

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,883 1,979 670 639 1,214 1,340

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

295 250 185 170 111 80

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,130 1,245 629 656 501 589

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012(p)
May
2012(p)
May
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012(p)
May
2012(p)
Change from:
Apr.2012 - May2012(p)

Total nonfarm

131,889 132,081 132,938 133,727 131,227 132,863 132,940 133,009 69

Total private

109,354 109,676 110,537 111,337 109,097 110,871 110,958 111,040 82

Goods-producing

18,007 17,890 18,090 18,327 18,001 18,318 18,322 18,307 -15

Mining and logging

774 823 827 835 777 837 837 838 1

Logging

46.4 46.2 44.4 46.6 48.2 48.3 47.8 48.3 0.5

Mining

727.4 776.3 782.6 788.7 728.3 788.8 789.1 789.8 0.7

Oil and gas extraction

171.3 191.1 191.7 193.1 171.4 192.3 193.1 193.0 -0.1

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

220.3 211.9 216.4 223.5 217.8 220.5 220.2 221.1 0.9

Coal mining

87.1 85.6 84.9 85.4 87.2 85.9 85.3 85.6 0.3

Support activities for mining

335.8 373.3 374.5 372.1 339.1 376.0 375.8 375.7 -0.1

Construction

5,540 5,220 5,391 5,560 5,498 5,549 5,544 5,516 -28

Construction of buildings

1,206.7 1,172.0 1,188.3 1,223.6 1,211.4 1,228.4 1,226.3 1,226.8 0.5

Residential building

558.1 538.5 545.8 563.4 559.8 568.0 566.3 565.3 -1.0

Nonresidential building

648.6 633.5 642.5 660.2 651.6 660.4 660.0 661.5 1.5

Heavy and civil engineering construction

854.9 760.8 817.3 854.2 831.6 839.2 841.8 830.6 -11.2

Specialty trade contractors

3,478.8 3,286.9 3,385.8 3,482.3 3,455.4 3,481.8 3,475.9 3,458.2 -17.7

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,472.5 1,372.2 1,424.2 1,470.6 1,454.3 1,460.1 1,462.5 1,452.5 -10.0

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,006.3 1,914.7 1,961.6 2,011.7 2,001.1 2,021.7 2,013.4 2,005.7 -7.7

Manufacturing

11,693 11,847 11,872 11,932 11,726 11,932 11,941 11,953 12

Durable goods

7,253 7,420 7,439 7,475 7,264 7,455 7,466 7,479 13

Wood products

338.8 326.3 329.2 332.0 337.3 333.4 331.8 330.4 -1.4

Nonmetallic mineral products

371.3 358.3 364.3 369.4 367.8 370.1 368.7 365.7 -3.0

Primary metals

388.4 404.0 405.8 409.5 389.1 405.6 406.4 410.2 3.8

Fabricated metal products

1,339.4 1,383.7 1,389.4 1,398.8 1,345.2 1,390.5 1,396.1 1,401.8 5.7

Machinery

1,048.1 1,096.7 1,098.9 1,102.3 1,051.8 1,098.1 1,101.8 1,104.3 2.5

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,102.9 1,108.3 1,105.4 1,108.1 1,106.3 1,110.3 1,109.0 1,110.7 1.7

Computer and peripheral equipment

157.1 163.3 164.0 164.1 157.6 163.4 164.3 164.3 0.0

Communications equipment

115.8 110.2 109.1 109.2 116.1 110.7 109.7 109.5 -0.2

Semiconductors and electronic components

381.4 387.3 386.2 387.4 383.2 387.6 387.0 389.0 2.0

Electronic instruments

403.7 402.4 401.4 402.5 404.3 403.2 402.9 402.9 0.0

Electrical equipment and appliances

365.2 372.6 370.6 373.4 366.5 374.7 373.0 374.2 1.2

Transportation equipment(1)

1,371.2 1,447.7 1,448.5 1,450.9 1,372.6 1,443.6 1,448.0 1,452.1 4.1

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

711.8 767.1 766.2 771.0 710.7 762.3 764.2 770.0 5.8

Furniture and related products

355.8 347.9 351.2 352.6 354.4 351.4 352.7 350.6 -2.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

571.4 574.6 575.7 577.7 573.4 577.4 578.3 579.1 0.8

Nondurable goods

4,440 4,427 4,433 4,457 4,462 4,477 4,475 4,474 -1

Food manufacturing

1,441.1 1,425.8 1,428.0 1,441.2 1,460.7 1,454.8 1,457.3 1,458.5 1.2

Beverages and tobacco products

185.7 189.8 191.9 199.0 186.9 196.8 197.0 199.7 2.7

Textile mills

121.9 120.0 119.9 119.7 121.1 120.1 119.7 119.0 -0.7

Textile product mills

118.2 113.1 114.2 114.8 118.0 114.0 114.1 114.0 -0.1

Apparel

152.7 149.7 150.6 150.3 152.7 150.4 150.3 149.8 -0.5

Leather and allied products

28.8 30.1 30.2 29.7 28.9 30.1 30.2 29.8 -0.4

Paper and paper products

388.2 392.0 390.2 390.7 389.5 394.3 392.6 391.8 -0.8

Printing and related support activities

471.0 454.4 455.6 456.9 471.5 456.3 457.5 457.1 -0.4

Petroleum and coal products

113.5 111.0 113.9 115.2 112.3 114.5 114.6 114.1 -0.5

Chemicals

783.4 798.4 795.4 794.7 785.0 799.9 797.3 796.1 -1.2

Plastics and rubber products

635.3 642.7 642.8 645.0 635.2 645.5 644.7 643.9 -0.8

Private service-providing

91,347 91,786 92,447 93,010 91,096 92,553 92,636 92,733 97

Trade, transportation, and utilities

24,941 24,937 25,054 25,270 24,993 25,243 25,264 25,318 54

Wholesale trade

5,533.3 5,562.7 5,588.7 5,632.6 5,525.2 5,595.6 5,606.7 5,622.6 15.9

Durable goods

2,753.8 2,767.2 2,770.4 2,789.0 2,754.0 2,780.8 2,781.4 2,788.8 7.4

Nondurable goods

1,945.1 1,947.0 1,965.4 1,984.2 1,937.3 1,962.7 1,969.7 1,975.5 5.8

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

834.4 848.5 852.9 859.4 833.9 852.1 855.6 858.3 2.7

Retail trade

14,569.4 14,495.5 14,590.4 14,696.5 14,626.1 14,726.3 14,753.3 14,755.6 2.3

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,691.7 1,704.6 1,718.2 1,722.4 1,684.0 1,719.1 1,717.2 1,715.8 -1.4

Automobile dealers

1,053.7 1,074.9 1,080.1 1,083.7 1,053.0 1,080.1 1,081.1 1,083.5 2.4

Furniture and home furnishings stores

433.7 442.7 441.3 444.1 441.0 449.7 449.1 451.8 2.7

Electronics and appliance stores

523.1 504.1 503.1 495.8 531.7 509.1 509.3 504.6 -4.7

Building material and garden supply stores

1,210.7 1,150.7 1,205.1 1,220.6 1,145.3 1,154.7 1,158.1 1,149.8 -8.3

Food and beverage stores

2,823.8 2,834.0 2,835.8 2,867.6 2,824.6 2,863.0 2,861.7 2,867.8 6.1

Health and personal care stores

976.6 987.8 988.3 992.0 978.1 994.7 996.3 993.5 -2.8

Gasoline stations

831.9 817.6 824.8 833.7 829.2 829.9 830.6 830.4 -0.2

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,308.3 1,314.8 1,321.3 1,328.9 1,348.3 1,365.7 1,365.1 1,371.8 6.7

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

559.3 548.6 551.0 558.6 577.5 566.9 570.3 573.9 3.6

General merchandise stores(1)

3,020.8 3,015.4 3,021.4 3,028.2 3,067.3 3,067.8 3,087.5 3,083.4 -4.1

Department stores

1,497.0 1,503.3 1,498.0 1,494.2 1,538.7 1,541.5 1,546.7 1,542.5 -4.2

Miscellaneous store retailers

769.2 749.0 757.9 779.5 767.2 768.9 771.5 775.8 4.3

Nonstore retailers

420.3 426.2 422.2 425.1 431.9 436.8 436.6 437.0 0.4

Transportation and warehousing

4,283.4 4,318.3 4,314.3 4,378.7 4,287.0 4,359.3 4,342.8 4,378.4 35.6

Air transportation

456.4 456.5 456.9 458.1 456.2 457.5 458.6 457.7 -0.9

Rail transportation

228.1 232.5 233.7 234.1 228.9 233.5 233.9 234.4 0.5

Water transportation

62.5 65.7 65.2 66.3 62.5 67.5 66.3 66.1 -0.2

Truck transportation

1,293.4 1,307.9 1,317.7 1,339.3 1,298.7 1,333.3 1,336.0 1,343.3 7.3

Transit and ground passenger transportation

454.8 444.3 430.4 455.4 436.8 431.6 417.3 437.4 20.1

Pipeline transportation

42.8 43.7 43.6 43.8 42.9 43.8 43.9 43.9 0.0

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

31.5 26.2 29.2 33.8 29.3 32.8 32.5 31.6 -0.9

Support activities for transportation

560.2 578.3 580.9 583.6 561.7 582.1 581.7 584.9 3.2

Couriers and messengers

515.3 519.2 510.7 516.7 525.5 528.3 520.9 526.0 5.1

Warehousing and storage

638.4 644.0 646.0 647.6 644.5 648.9 651.7 653.1 1.4

Utilities

555.1 560.8 560.9 561.9 554.7 561.8 561.2 561.2 0.0

Information

2,676 2,625 2,627 2,634 2,671 2,631 2,630 2,628 -2

Publishing industries, except Internet

745.8 739.0 738.0 736.0 749.1 740.9 740.3 739.7 -0.6

Motion picture and sound recording industries

371.8 356.3 365.4 375.7 361.7 360.2 364.9 364.9 0.0

Broadcasting, except Internet

279.7 281.8 281.7 280.8 281.9 282.2 282.0 282.2 0.2

Telecommunications

876.2 838.9 833.5 832.2 878.2 838.6 835.5 833.5 -2.0

Data processing, hosting and related services

246.3 242.5 242.6 242.3 244.2 241.7 240.9 240.6 -0.3

Other information services

156.3 166.6 165.6 166.5 156.2 167.6 166.4 166.6 0.2

Financial activities

7,684 7,681 7,695 7,721 7,693 7,717 7,721 7,724 3

Finance and insurance

5,749.2 5,762.4 5,757.1 5,755.6 5,758.4 5,763.6 5,765.4 5,761.6 -3.8

Monetary authorities - central bank

18.7 18.8 18.9 17.8 18.7 18.7 18.7 17.9 -0.8

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,558.7 2,585.3 2,578.0 2,575.4 2,564.2 2,582.9 2,579.7 2,577.6 -2.1

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,738.4 1,752.0 1,747.5 1,743.5 1,741.7 1,752.6 1,748.7 1,745.2 -3.5

Commercial banking

1,316.3 1,325.4 1,320.2 1,316.2 1,319.8 1,325.5 1,321.8 1,319.5 -2.3

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

804.5 800.2 797.5 796.7 806.8 800.6 799.5 799.0 -0.5

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,282.0 2,273.5 2,278.4 2,281.1 2,283.0 2,276.7 2,282.6 2,282.3 -0.3

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

85.3 84.6 84.3 84.6 85.7 84.7 84.9 84.8 -0.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,934.7 1,918.4 1,938.3 1,964.9 1,934.8 1,953.5 1,955.9 1,962.5 6.6

Real estate

1,408.9 1,394.9 1,410.0 1,422.1 1,409.7 1,417.1 1,418.5 1,421.2 2.7

Rental and leasing services

501.8 500.0 504.9 519.4 501.0 512.7 513.9 517.8 3.9

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

24.0 23.5 23.4 23.4 24.1 23.7 23.5 23.5 0.0

Professional and business services

17,291 17,599 17,793 17,808 17,298 17,779 17,816 17,815 -1

Professional and technical services(1)

7,612.4 7,964.0 7,987.9 7,834.6 7,684.6 7,892.9 7,911.7 7,907.7 -4.0

Legal services

1,111.5 1,110.6 1,114.4 1,116.5 1,115.1 1,115.8 1,119.3 1,119.9 0.6

Accounting and bookkeeping services

876.5 1,091.6 1,071.6 894.0 931.5 969.5 965.1 951.1 -14.0

Architectural and engineering services

1,288.4 1,299.4 1,312.5 1,321.1 1,291.6 1,317.1 1,323.4 1,323.7 0.3

Computer systems design and related services

1,519.4 1,569.1 1,579.5 1,582.1 1,523.9 1,576.5 1,581.1 1,586.4 5.3

Management and technical consulting services

1,061.3 1,109.9 1,118.9 1,122.0 1,066.0 1,119.3 1,124.4 1,126.6 2.2

Management of companies and enterprises

1,911.9 1,933.6 1,932.6 1,940.8 1,914.9 1,939.6 1,941.7 1,943.7 2.0

Administrative and waste services

7,766.2 7,701.3 7,872.5 8,032.3 7,698.4 7,946.8 7,962.9 7,963.7 0.8

Administrative and support services(1)

7,402.2 7,338.1 7,504.6 7,661.7 7,334.2 7,575.5 7,591.3 7,592.8 1.5

Employment services(1)

2,932.8 3,031.2 3,070.5 3,151.6 2,930.5 3,129.3 3,142.7 3,148.8 6.1

Temporary help services

2,300.2 2,383.8 2,420.5 2,493.5 2,295.9 2,469.1 2,481.7 2,490.9 9.2

Business support services

802.9 816.0 809.1 807.3 811.0 813.5 813.3 815.8 2.5

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,849.7 1,673.6 1,797.0 1,858.2 1,775.8 1,799.8 1,799.1 1,784.8 -14.3

Waste management and remediation services

364.0 363.2 367.9 370.6 364.2 371.3 371.6 370.9 -0.7

Education and health services

19,880 20,379 20,418 20,372 19,823 20,232 20,261 20,307 46

Educational services

3,267.1 3,475.6 3,483.5 3,384.2 3,226.1 3,318.7 3,327.1 3,339.0 11.9

Health care and social assistance

16,612.8 16,903.4 16,934.7 16,987.9 16,596.7 16,913.4 16,934.3 16,968.3 34.0

Health care(3)

13,984.3 14,259.8 14,287.4 14,328.4 14,003.6 14,289.0 14,310.9 14,343.7 32.8

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,109.3 6,274.5 6,303.6 6,332.1 6,115.2 6,290.2 6,311.9 6,334.7 22.8

Offices of physicians

2,336.1 2,405.8 2,407.9 2,421.0 2,342.6 2,410.7 2,416.7 2,426.6 9.9

Outpatient care centers

620.7 649.9 652.2 656.3 620.9 649.7 651.2 655.8 4.6

Home health care services

1,130.4 1,169.5 1,185.2 1,194.1 1,130.2 1,172.8 1,184.0 1,190.9 6.9

Hospitals

4,711.5 4,802.7 4,798.5 4,804.5 4,721.3 4,808.1 4,809.7 4,814.2 4.5

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,163.5 3,182.6 3,185.3 3,191.8 3,167.1 3,190.7 3,189.3 3,194.8 5.5

Nursing care facilities

1,667.5 1,660.2 1,658.0 1,658.6 1,668.9 1,664.8 1,660.9 1,660.5 -0.4

Social assistance(1)

2,628.5 2,643.6 2,647.3 2,659.5 2,593.1 2,624.4 2,623.4 2,624.6 1.2

Child day care services

872.4 856.4 859.4 866.0 847.5 838.3 837.8 839.9 2.1

Leisure and hospitality

13,517 13,230 13,507 13,819 13,280 13,591 13,585 13,576 -9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,972.5 1,797.9 1,879.6 1,975.5 1,899.3 1,942.6 1,924.0 1,905.3 -18.7

Performing arts and spectator sports

406.6 388.3 413.4 428.7 386.6 409.6 407.8 407.7 -0.1

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

136.1 127.6 131.5 136.3 130.7 135.4 133.6 131.6 -2.0

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,429.8 1,282.0 1,334.7 1,410.5 1,382.0 1,397.6 1,382.6 1,366.0 -16.6

Accommodation and food services

11,544.5 11,431.6 11,627.1 11,843.4 11,380.2 11,648.0 11,661.3 11,670.2 8.9

Accommodation

1,786.5 1,740.7 1,761.5 1,814.4 1,790.6 1,809.0 1,813.7 1,815.5 1.8

Food services and drinking places

9,758.0 9,690.9 9,865.6 10,029.0 9,589.6 9,839.0 9,847.6 9,854.7 7.1

Other services

5,358 5,335 5,353 5,386 5,338 5,360 5,359 5,365 6

Repair and maintenance

1,168.3 1,156.1 1,160.3 1,166.7 1,158.9 1,158.8 1,157.3 1,157.8 0.5

Personal and laundry services

1,297.3 1,287.2 1,296.2 1,308.1 1,282.8 1,293.4 1,292.6 1,293.3 0.7

Membership associations and organizations

2,892.4 2,891.4 2,896.7 2,911.4 2,896.1 2,908.1 2,908.7 2,913.4 4.7

Government

22,535 22,405 22,401 22,390 22,130 21,992 21,982 21,969 -13

Federal

2,871.0 2,811.0 2,823.0 2,823.0 2,869.0 2,826.0 2,824.0 2,819.0 -5.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,237.5 2,197.5 2,201.2 2,210.7 2,232.5 2,208.6 2,206.1 2,204.1 -2.0

U.S. Postal Service

633.2 613.8 622.1 612.2 636.8 617.7 618.2 615.3 -2.9

State government

5,120.0 5,212.0 5,222.0 5,111.0 5,087.0 5,073.0 5,078.0 5,073.0 -5.0

State government education

2,404.7 2,563.4 2,568.4 2,447.6 2,376.6 2,414.3 2,420.5 2,416.8 -3.7

State government, excluding education

2,715.3 2,648.9 2,654.0 2,662.9 2,710.2 2,658.3 2,657.3 2,656.2 -1.1

Local government

14,544.0 14,382.0 14,356.0 14,456.0 14,174.0 14,093.0 14,080.0 14,077.0 -3.0

Local government education

8,278.9 8,230.7 8,185.6 8,217.1 7,899.2 7,845.8 7,833.9 7,830.6 -3.3

Local government, excluding education

6,265.0 6,151.0 6,170.4 6,238.8 6,274.3 6,246.7 6,245.6 6,246.0 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry May
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012(p)
May
2012(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.4 34.5 34.5 34.4

Goods-producing

40.0 40.2 40.3 40.1

Mining and logging

44.7 44.1 44.0 43.7

Construction

38.4 38.5 38.7 38.5

Manufacturing

40.5 40.7 40.8 40.5

Durable goods

40.8 41.1 41.1 40.9

Nondurable goods

39.9 40.0 40.1 39.9

Private service-providing

33.3 33.4 33.3 33.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.5 34.7 34.6 34.5

Wholesale trade

38.6 38.7 38.6 38.6

Retail trade

31.5 31.9 31.8 31.5

Transportation and warehousing

38.7 38.2 38.3 38.2

Utilities

42.0 41.4 41.7 41.5

Information

36.6 36.6 36.5 36.3

Financial activities

37.2 37.2 37.2 37.1

Professional and business services

35.7 35.9 35.9 35.8

Education and health services

33.0 32.9 32.9 32.9

Leisure and hospitality

25.8 26.1 26.1 26.0

Other services

31.8 31.7 31.6 31.6

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.1 3.3 3.3 3.2

Durable goods

3.1 3.3 3.3 3.2

Nondurable goods

3.2 3.3 3.3 3.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
May
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012(p)
May
2012(p)
May
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012(p)
May
2012(p)

Total private

$23.02 $23.37 $23.39 $23.41 $791.89 $806.27 $806.96 $805.30

Goods-producing

24.39 24.67 24.70 24.69 975.60 991.73 995.41 990.07

Mining and logging

28.23 28.82 28.77 28.74 1,261.88 1,270.96 1,265.88 1,255.94

Construction

25.38 25.65 25.68 25.75 974.59 987.53 993.82 991.38

Manufacturing

23.67 23.92 23.96 23.92 958.64 973.54 977.57 968.76

Durable goods

25.19 25.31 25.35 25.29 1,027.75 1,040.24 1,041.89 1,034.36

Nondurable goods

21.15 21.54 21.58 21.57 843.89 861.60 865.36 860.64

Private service-providing

22.70 23.07 23.07 23.11 755.91 770.54 768.23 767.25

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20.00 20.29 20.32 20.36 690.00 704.06 703.07 702.42

Wholesale trade

26.30 26.66 26.65 26.70 1,015.18 1,031.74 1,028.69 1,030.62

Retail trade

15.84 16.10 16.13 16.14 498.96 513.59 512.93 508.41

Transportation and warehousing

21.52 21.94 22.02 22.02 832.82 838.11 843.37 841.16

Utilities

33.66 33.68 33.72 33.54 1,413.72 1,394.35 1,406.12 1,391.91

Information

31.59 31.65 31.74 31.76 1,156.19 1,158.39 1,158.51 1,152.89

Financial activities

27.73 28.83 28.85 29.01 1,031.56 1,072.48 1,073.22 1,076.27

Professional and business services

27.65 28.03 27.98 28.04 987.11 1,006.28 1,004.48 1,003.83

Education and health services

23.61 24.07 24.05 24.06 779.13 791.90 791.25 791.57

Leisure and hospitality

13.24 13.32 13.35 13.29 341.59 347.65 348.44 345.54

Other services

20.41 20.55 20.54 20.59 649.04 651.44 649.06 650.64

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
May
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012(p)
May
2012(p)
Percent change from:
Apr.
2012 - May
2012(p)
May
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012(p)
May
2012(p)
Percent change from:
Apr.
2012 - May
2012(p)

Total private

94.0 95.9 95.9 95.7 -0.2 103.2 106.8 107.0 106.9 -0.1

Goods-producing

82.0 83.9 84.1 83.6 -0.6 90.4 93.5 93.9 93.3 -0.6

Mining and logging

109.1 116.0 115.7 115.1 -0.5 123.7 134.2 133.7 132.8 -0.7

Construction

72.8 73.6 74.0 73.2 -1.1 80.3 82.1 82.5 81.9 -0.7

Manufacturing

85.4 87.4 87.6 87.1 -0.6 94.0 97.2 97.7 96.9 -0.8

Durable goods

83.4 86.3 86.4 86.1 -0.3 93.4 97.0 97.3 96.7 -0.6

Nondurable goods

88.9 89.4 89.6 89.1 -0.6 95.4 97.7 98.1 97.5 -0.6

Private service-providing

97.4 99.3 99.1 98.9 -0.2 107.1 111.0 110.7 110.7 0.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

93.8 95.3 95.1 95.0 -0.1 100.9 104.0 104.0 104.1 0.1

Wholesale trade

93.1 94.5 94.4 94.7 0.3 102.1 105.1 105.0 105.5 0.5

Retail trade

93.6 95.4 95.3 94.4 -0.9 98.0 101.6 101.6 100.7 -0.9

Transportation and warehousing

95.0 95.3 95.2 95.7 0.5 103.7 106.1 106.4 107.0 0.6

Utilities

100.8 100.6 101.3 100.8 -0.5 112.1 112.0 112.8 111.7 -1.0

Information

89.3 87.9 87.7 87.1 -0.7 100.4 99.1 99.1 98.5 -0.6

Financial activities

94.3 94.6 94.6 94.4 -0.2 102.1 106.5 106.6 106.9 0.3

Professional and business services

97.1 100.4 100.6 100.3 -0.3 108.8 114.0 114.0 114.0 0.0

Education and health services

106.5 108.4 108.5 108.8 0.3 117.8 122.2 122.3 122.6 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

97.8 101.2 101.2 100.7 -0.5 104.4 108.8 109.0 108.0 -0.9

Other services

94.1 94.1 93.8 93.9 0.1 108.9 109.8 109.4 109.8 0.4

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
May
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012(p)
May
2012(p)
May
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012(p)
May
2012(p)

Total nonfarm

64,968 65,540 65,624 65,719 49.5 49.3 49.4 49.4

Total private

52,324 52,974 53,060 53,158 48.0 47.8 47.8 47.9

Goods-producing

4,057 4,076 4,087 4,086 22.5 22.3 22.3 22.3

Mining and logging

104 112 112 112 13.4 13.4 13.4 13.4

Construction

704 707 709 705 12.8 12.7 12.8 12.8

Manufacturing

3,249 3,257 3,266 3,269 27.7 27.3 27.4 27.3

Durable goods

1,717 1,729 1,734 1,735 23.6 23.2 23.2 23.2

Nondurable goods

1,532 1,528 1,532 1,534 34.3 34.1 34.2 34.3

Private service-providing

48,267 48,898 48,973 49,072 53.0 52.8 52.9 52.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,037 10,037 10,055 10,091 40.2 39.8 39.8 39.9

Wholesale trade

1,659.3 1,682.5 1,686.1 1,689.2 30.0 30.1 30.1 30.0

Retail trade

7,232.4 7,204.2 7,223.0 7,248.2 49.4 48.9 49.0 49.1

Transportation and warehousing

1,009.7 1,010.8 1,006.1 1,013.0 23.6 23.2 23.2 23.1

Utilities

135.4 139.3 140.0 140.1 24.4 24.8 24.9 25.0

Information

1,084 1,063 1,064 1,062 40.6 40.4 40.5 40.4

Financial activities

4,496 4,485 4,477 4,474 58.4 58.1 58.0 57.9

Professional and business services

7,682 7,880 7,901 7,906 44.4 44.3 44.3 44.4

Education and health services

15,229 15,520 15,545 15,594 76.8 76.7 76.7 76.8

Leisure and hospitality

6,927 7,094 7,103 7,107 52.2 52.2 52.3 52.3

Other services

2,812 2,819 2,828 2,838 52.7 52.6 52.8 52.9

Government

12,644 12,566 12,564 12,561 57.1 57.1 57.2 57.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data in this table have been corrected. For more information see http://www.bls.gov/bls/ceswomen_usps_correction.htm.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry May
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012(p)
May
2012(p)

Total private

89,929 91,595 91,688 91,741

Goods-producing

12,967 13,241 13,239 13,213

Mining and logging

584 633 635 633

Construction

4,155 4,199 4,184 4,146

Manufacturing

8,228 8,409 8,420 8,434

Durable goods

4,977 5,143 5,157 5,171

Nondurable goods

3,251 3,266 3,263 3,263

Private service-providing

76,962 78,354 78,449 78,528

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,164 21,422 21,454 21,500

Wholesale trade

4,428.0 4,503.6 4,515.3 4,532.9

Retail trade

12,601.5 12,708.9 12,733.8 12,732.0

Transportation and warehousing

3,690.9 3,761.8 3,757.7 3,791.3

Utilities

443.6 447.5 446.7 443.4

Information

2,146 2,119 2,120 2,118

Financial activities

5,895 5,924 5,932 5,942

Professional and business services

14,213 14,658 14,695 14,702

Education and health services

17,362 17,741 17,768 17,803

Leisure and hospitality

11,713 12,003 11,998 11,984

Other services

4,469 4,487 4,482 4,479

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry May
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012(p)
May
2012(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.6 33.7 33.7 33.7

Goods-producing

40.9 41.2 41.2 41.0

Mining and logging

46.5 47.2 47.6 46.9

Construction

39.1 39.3 39.3 39.0

Manufacturing

41.5 41.6 41.7 41.5

Durable goods

41.8 42.1 42.1 41.9

Nondurable goods

40.9 40.9 41.0 40.8

Private service-providing

32.4 32.5 32.4 32.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.7 33.8 33.8 33.8

Wholesale trade

38.6 38.6 38.6 38.5

Retail trade

30.4 30.7 30.6 30.6

Transportation and warehousing

37.9 37.7 37.8 38.1

Utilities

42.4 40.4 41.1 41.2

Information

36.4 36.0 35.9 35.7

Financial activities

36.4 36.7 36.6 36.5

Professional and business services

35.2 35.2 35.2 35.3

Education and health services

32.3 32.4 32.3 32.3

Leisure and hospitality

24.8 25.0 24.9 24.9

Other services

30.8 30.7 30.6 30.5

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.1 4.2 4.2 4.1

Durable goods

4.2 4.4 4.4 4.3

Nondurable goods

4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
May
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012(p)
May
2012(p)
May
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012(p)
May
2012(p)

Total private

$19.43 $19.67 $19.71 $19.70 $652.85 $662.88 $664.23 $663.89

Goods-producing

20.63 20.89 20.93 20.91 843.77 860.67 862.32 857.31

Mining and logging

24.46 25.62 25.77 25.66 1,137.39 1,209.26 1,226.65 1,203.45

Construction

23.57 23.93 23.91 23.98 921.59 940.45 939.66 935.22

Manufacturing

18.92 19.06 19.12 19.09 785.18 792.90 797.30 792.24

Durable goods

20.11 20.16 20.21 20.19 840.60 848.74 850.84 845.96

Nondurable goods

17.05 17.28 17.36 17.29 697.35 706.75 711.76 705.43

Private service-providing

19.18 19.41 19.45 19.44 621.43 630.83 630.18 631.80

Trade, transportation, and utilities

17.12 17.36 17.39 17.39 576.94 586.77 587.78 587.78

Wholesale trade

21.98 22.14 22.17 22.20 848.43 854.60 855.76 854.70

Retail trade

13.43 13.78 13.77 13.83 408.27 423.05 421.36 423.20

Transportation and warehousing

19.45 19.58 19.63 19.44 737.16 738.17 742.01 740.66

Utilities

30.84 31.11 31.58 31.29 1,307.62 1,256.84 1,297.94 1,289.15

Information

26.61 26.79 26.93 26.63 968.60 964.44 966.79 950.69

Financial activities

21.80 22.45 22.53 22.58 793.52 823.92 824.60 824.17

Professional and business services

23.10 23.24 23.25 23.27 813.12 818.05 818.40 821.43

Education and health services

20.71 21.01 21.04 21.00 668.93 680.72 679.59 678.30

Leisure and hospitality

11.49 11.58 11.64 11.58 284.95 289.50 289.84 288.34

Other services

17.28 17.37 17.38 17.41 532.22 533.26 531.83 531.01

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
May
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012(p)
May
2012(p)
Percent change from:
Apr.
2012 - May
2012(p)
May
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012(p)
May
2012(p)
Percent change from:
Apr.
2012 - May
2012(p)

Total private

101.0 103.1 103.2 103.3 0.1 131.1 135.5 136.0 136.0 0.0

Goods-producing

81.0 83.4 83.4 82.8 -0.7 102.4 106.7 106.8 106.0 -0.7

Mining and logging

144.3 158.8 160.6 157.8 -1.7 205.3 236.6 240.7 235.4 -2.2

Construction

81.3 82.6 82.3 81.0 -1.6 103.5 106.8 106.3 104.8 -1.4

Manufacturing

78.4 80.3 80.6 80.3 -0.4 97.0 100.1 100.8 100.3 -0.5

Durable goods

78.2 81.4 81.6 81.4 -0.2 98.2 102.4 103.0 102.6 -0.4

Nondurable goods

78.3 78.7 78.8 78.4 -0.5 94.4 96.1 96.7 95.8 -0.9

Private service-providing

106.6 108.9 108.7 109.1 0.4 140.2 144.9 144.9 145.5 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

99.4 100.9 101.1 101.3 0.2 121.4 125.0 125.4 125.7 0.2

Wholesale trade

100.7 102.4 102.6 102.8 0.2 130.3 133.5 134.0 134.4 0.3

Retail trade

97.0 98.8 98.6 98.6 0.0 111.6 116.6 116.4 116.9 0.4

Transportation and warehousing

105.3 106.8 106.9 108.7 1.7 129.9 132.6 133.1 134.1 0.8

Utilities

96.2 92.5 93.9 93.4 -0.5 123.8 120.1 123.8 122.0 -1.5

Information

89.2 87.1 86.9 86.3 -0.7 117.4 115.5 115.8 113.8 -1.7

Financial activities

102.7 104.0 103.9 103.8 -0.1 138.4 144.4 144.7 144.9 0.1

Professional and business services

112.1 115.6 115.9 116.3 0.3 154.1 159.9 160.4 161.1 0.4

Education and health services

121.0 124.0 123.8 124.0 0.2 164.7 171.3 171.2 171.2 0.0

Leisure and hospitality

106.4 109.9 109.4 109.3 -0.1 138.8 144.5 144.7 143.7 -0.7

Other services

96.5 96.6 96.2 95.8 -0.4 121.5 122.3 121.8 121.5 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: June 01, 2012
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