Economic News Release

Employment Situation News Release


Transmission of material in this release is embargoed            USDL-10-0748
until 8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, June 4, 2010

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                       THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- MAY 2010


Total nonfarm payroll employment grew by 431,000 in May, reflecting
the hiring of 411,000 temporary employees to work on Census 2010, the
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Private-sector em-
ployment changed little (+41,000). Manufacturing, temporary help ser-
vices, and mining added jobs, while construction employment declined. 
The unemployment rate edged down to 9.7 percent.

Household Survey Data

The number of unemployed persons was 15.0 million in May. The unem-
ployment rate edged down to 9.7 percent, the same rate as in the
first 3 months of 2010. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for blacks (15.5
percent) declined in May, while the rates for adult men (9.8 percent),
adult women (8.1 percent), teenagers (26.4 percent), whites (8.8 per-
cent), and Hispanics (12.4 percent) showed little change. The jobless 
rate for Asians was 7.5 percent, not seasonally adjusted. (See tables 
A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

In May, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks
and over) was about unchanged at 6.8 million. These individuals made
up 46.0 percent of unemployed persons, about the same as in April.
(See table A-12.)

The number of unemployed reentrants to the labor force fell by 286,000
in May, offsetting an increase in April. (See table A-11.)

In May, the civilian labor force participation rate edged down by 0.2
percentage point to 65.0 percent. The employment-population ratio was
about unchanged over the month at 58.7 percent. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (some-
times referred to as involuntary part-time workers) declined by
343,000 in May to 8.8 million. These individuals were working part
time because their hours had been cut back or because they were un-
able to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

About 2.2 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force
in May, unchanged from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally
adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and
were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the
prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had
not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table
A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 1.1 million discouraged
workers in May, up by 291,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not
seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently
looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them.
The remaining 1.1 million persons marginally attached to the labor
force had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey
for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. 
(See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Nonfarm payroll employment increased by 431,000 in May, reflecting 
the addition of 411,000 temporary workers for Census 2010. Total pri-
vate employment showed little change over the month (+41,000), fol-
lowing increases in March and April. In May, manufacturing, tempo-
rary help services, and mining added jobs, while employment in con-
struction declined. (See table B-1.)

Manufacturing employment increased by 29,000 over the month. Factory
employment has risen by 126,000 over the past 5 months. Within manu-
facturing, both fabricated metals and machinery added jobs in May.

Temporary help services added 31,000 jobs over the month; employment
in the industry has risen by 362,000 since September 2009.

Employment in mining continued to increase in May, with a gain of
10,000. Support activities for mining accounted for 8,000 of the over-
the-month increase. Since October 2009, mining employment has expanded
by 50,000.

Health care employment was little changed in May (+8,000). Over the
prior 12 months, health care employment had increased by an average 
of 20,000 per month.

In May, employment in construction declined by 35,000, largely off-
setting gains in the industry in the prior 2 months. May's job loss
was spread throughout the sector.

Employment in other private-sector industries, including wholesale
trade, retail trade, transportation and warehousing, information,
financial activities, and leisure and hospitality showed little or 
no change in May.

Government employment rose by 390,000 in May. The Federal government
hired 411,000 temporary workers for Census 2010, bringing total tem-
porary census staffing during the payroll survey reference period to 
564,000. Employment in state government excluding education decreased 
by 13,000.

In May, the average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm pay-
rolls increased by 0.1 hour to 34.2 hours. The manufacturing workweek 
for all employees increased by 0.3 hour to 40.5 hours. The average 
workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on private non-
farm payrolls increased by 0.1 hour to 33.5 hours over the month. (See 
tables B-2 and B-7.)

Average hourly earnings of all employees in the private nonfarm sector
increased by 7 cents, or 0.3 percent, to $22.57 in May. Over the past
12 months, average hourly earnings have increased by 1.9 percent. In
May, average hourly earnings of private-sector production and nonsuper-
visory employees increased by 4 cents, or 0.2 percent, to $18.99. (See 
tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for March was revised
from +230,000 to +208,000, while the change for April remained at
+290,000.

_____________
The Employment Situation for June is scheduled to be released on
Friday, July 2, 2010, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category May
2009
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010
Change from:
Apr.
2010-
May
2010

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

235,452 237,159 237,329 237,499 170

Civilian labor force

154,956 153,910 154,715 154,393 -322

Participation rate

65.8 64.9 65.2 65.0 -0.2

Employed

140,438 138,905 139,455 139,420 -35

Employment-population ratio

59.6 58.6 58.8 58.7 -0.1

Unemployed

14,518 15,005 15,260 14,973 -287

Unemployment rate

9.4 9.7 9.9 9.7 -0.2

Not in labor force

80,496 83,249 82,614 83,107 493

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

9.4 9.7 9.9 9.7 -0.2

Adult men (20 years and over)

9.8 10.0 10.1 9.8 -0.3

Adult women (20 years and over)

7.5 8.0 8.2 8.1 -0.1

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

23.2 26.1 25.4 26.4 1.0

White

8.6 8.8 9.0 8.8 -0.2

Black or African American

15.0 16.5 16.5 15.5 -1.0

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

6.7 7.5 6.8 7.5 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

12.7 12.6 12.5 12.4 -0.1

Total, 25 years and over

8.1 8.3 8.3 8.4 0.1

Less than a high school diploma

15.4 14.5 14.7 15.0 0.3

High school graduates, no college

10.0 10.8 10.6 10.9 0.3

Some college or associate degree

7.8 8.2 8.3 8.3 0.0

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.8 4.9 4.9 4.7 -0.2

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

9,428 9,354 9,246 9,223 -23

Job leavers

909 894 938 969 31

Reentrants

3,200 3,544 3,739 3,453 -286

New entrants

977 1,197 1,231 1,206 -25

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

3,219 2,646 2,682 2,752 70

5 to 14 weeks

4,300 3,228 2,991 3,019 28

15 to 26 weeks

2,983 2,436 2,253 2,161 -92

27 weeks and over

4,030 6,547 6,716 6,763 47

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

9,048 9,054 9,152 8,809 -343

Slack work or business conditions

6,788 6,177 6,268 6,143 -125

Could only find part-time work

1,917 2,388 2,489 2,326 -163

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,848 18,379 18,140 17,929 -211

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,210 2,255 2,432 2,223 -

Discouraged workers

792 994 1,197 1,083 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category May
2009
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010(p)
May
2010(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

-387 208 290 431

Total private

-334 158 218 41

Goods-producing

-225 57 62 4

Mining and logging

-14 11 8 10

Construction

-59 27 14 -35

Manufacturing

-152 19 40 29

Durable goods(1)

-124 24 31 34

Motor vehicles and parts

-31.0 3.5 4.2 9.3

Nondurable goods

-28 -5 9 -5

Private service-providing(1)

-109 101 156 37

Wholesale trade

-15.8 11.3 5.9 2.0

Retail trade

-22.2 22.7 18.5 -6.6

Transportation and warehousing

-15.9 12.7 -17.5 11.1

Information

-25 -11 0 0

Financial activities

-32 -19 2 -12

Professional and business services(1)

-51 1 73 22

Temporary help services

-12.9 32.3 26.6 31.0

Education and health services(1)

38 49 28 17

Health care and social assistance

36.0 39.2 23.1 13.1

Leisure and hospitality

23 23 35 2

Other services

-7 11 11 2

Government

-53 50 72 390

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.8 49.9 49.8 49.8

Total private women employees

48.3 48.4 48.3 48.3

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.4 82.4 82.4 82.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.9 34.0 34.1 34.2

Average hourly earnings

$22.14 $22.48 $22.50 $22.57

Average weekly earnings

$750.55 $764.32 $767.25 $771.89

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

92.2 91.5 91.9 92.2

Over-the-month percent change

-0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

97.3 98.0 98.6 99.3

Over-the-month percent change

-0.2 0.4 0.6 0.7

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.1 33.3 33.4 33.5

Average hourly earnings

$18.55 $18.90 $18.95 $18.99

Average weekly earnings

$614.01 $629.37 $632.93 $636.17

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

98.9 98.5 98.9 99.3

Over-the-month percent change

-0.3 0.5 0.4 0.4

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

122.5 124.3 125.3 126.0

Over-the-month percent change

-0.2 0.3 0.8 0.6

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private

27.3 60.4 66.7 54.1

Manufacturing

11.0 60.4 64.0 57.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary



    Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates


Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based
estimates of employment and both have strengths and limitations. The
establishment survey employment series has a smaller margin of error on
the measurement of month-to-month change than the household survey because
of its much larger sample size. An over-the-month employment change of
about 100,000 is statistically significant in the establishment survey,
while the threshold for a statistically significant change in the household
survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more expansive
scope than the establishment survey because it includes the self-employed,
unpaid family workers, agricultural workers, and private household workers,
who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household survey also
provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.

Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants.
However, neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to
identify the legal status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to de-
termine how many are counted in either survey. The establishment survey does
not collect data on the legal status of workers. The household survey does
include questions which identify the foreign and native born, but it does not
include questions about the legal status of the foreign born.

Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data
series by incorporating additional information that was not available at
the time of the initial publication of the estimates. The establishment
survey revises its initial monthly estimates twice, in the immediately suc-
ceeding 2 months, to incorporate additional sample receipts from respondents
in the survey and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. For more informa-
tion on the monthly revisions, please visit www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revi-
sion that re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available
from unemployment insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for
sampling and modeling errors in the estimates. For more information on the
annual benchmark revision, please visit www.bls.gov/web/cesbmart.htm.

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of busi-
ness establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sam-
ple is designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment
estimate; firms from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled
to achieve that goal.
  
Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account 
for the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The
adjustment comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net 
jobs impact of business births and deaths based on the actual past values of
the net impact that can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of
Employment and Wages. The establishment survey uses modeling rather than sam-
pling for this purpose because the survey is not immediately able to bring new
businesses into the sample. There is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a
new firm and its appearance on the sampling frame and availability for selection.
BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a year.

Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of house-
holds. All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available
to work are included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are in-
cluded even if they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or ques-
tion relating to unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped looking for
work?

Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs
are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
underutilization (discouraged workers and other groups not officially counted as
unemployed) are published each month in the Employment Situation news release.





Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the
Current Population Survey (household survey) and the Current Employ-
ment Statistics survey (establishment survey). The household survey 
provides information on the labor force, employment, and unemploy-
ment that appears in the "A" tables, marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a 
sample survey of about 60,000 households conducted by the U.S. Cen-
sus Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). 

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, 
and earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the 
"B" tables, marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each 
month from the payroll records of a sample of nonagricultural busi-
ness establishments. The sample includes about 140,000 businesses and 
government agencies representing approximately 410,000 worksites and is 
drawn from a sampling frame of roughly 8.9 million unemployment  in-
surance tax accounts. The active sample includes approximately one-
third of all nonfarm payroll employees. 

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular 
week or pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is 
generally the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. 
In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period 
including the 12th, which may or may not correspond directly to the 
calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire
civilian noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series
of questions on work and job search activities, each person 16 years
and over in a sample household is classified as employed, unemployed,
or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as
paid employees during the reference week; worked in their own business, 
profession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 
hours in a family business or farm. People are also counted as employ-
ed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, 
bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the follow-
ing criteria: they had no employment during the reference week; they 
were available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts 
to find employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the 
reference week. Persons laid off from a job and expecting recall need 
not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The unemployment 
data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eli-
gibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed per-
sons. Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the
labor force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a per-
cent of the labor force. The labor force participation rate is the
labor force as a percent of the population, and the employment-popula-
tion ratio is the employed as a percent of the population. Additional 
information about the household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/
cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from pri-
vate nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as
well as from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees
on nonfarm payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the
reference pay period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are
counted in each job they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced
for the private sector for all employees and for production and nonsu-
pervisory employees. Production and nonsupervisory employees are defin-
ed as production and related employees in manufacturing and mining and 
logging, construction workers in construction, and nonsupervisory em-
ployees in private service-providing industries. 

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s princi-
pal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American 
Industry Classification System. Additional information about the estab-
lishment survey can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/#technical.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and
methodological differences between the household and establishment
surveys result in important distinctions in the employment estimates
derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-
     employed, unpaid family workers, and private household workers
     among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.
  
   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the
     employed. The establishment survey does not.
  
   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and
     older. The establishment survey is not limited by age.
  
   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than
     one job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted
     separately for each appearance.
  
Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and
the levels of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring
fluctuations. These events may result from seasonal changes in weather, 
major holidays, and the opening and closing of schools. The effect of 
such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern
each year, their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by
adjusting for regular seasonal variation. These adjustments make non-
seasonal developments, such as declines in employment or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot. For
example, in the household survey, the large number of youth entering
the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes that
have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if
the level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in
the establishment survey, payroll employment in education declines by
about 20 percent at the end of the spring term and later rises with
the start of the fall term, obscuring the underlying employment trends
in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes at the end and
beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The
seasonally adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to
analyze changes in month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both
the household and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series
for many major estimates, such as total payroll employment, employment
in most major sectors, total employment, and unemployment are computed
by aggregating independently adjusted component series. For example,
total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate
that would be obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors
are calculated each month using all relevant data, up to and including
the data for the current month. In the household survey, new seasonal
factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the es-
tablishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month 
to adjust the three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months 
are routinely revised to incorporate additional sample reports and re-
calculated seasonal adjustment factors. In both surveys, 5-year revi-
sions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are
subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample rather
than the entire population is surveyed, there is a chance that the
sample estimates may differ from the "true" population values they
represent. The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending
on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured by
the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent chance, 
or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ 
by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population value 
because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 
90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in
total nonfarm employment from the establishment survey is on the order
of plus or minus 100,0001. Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment
increases by 50,000 from one month to the next. The 90-percent confi-
dence interval on the monthly change would range from -50,000 to 
+150,000 (50,000 +/- 100,0002). These figures do not mean that the
sample results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is
about a 90-percent chance that the "true" over-the-month change lies
within this interval. Since this range includes values of less than
zero, we could not say with confidence that nonfarm employment had, in
fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported nonfarm employ-
ment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90-percent 
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is 
likely (at least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in 
fact, risen that month. At an unemployment rate of around 5.5 percent, 
the 90-percent confidence interval for the monthly change in unemploy-
ment as measured by the household survey is about +/- 280,000, and for 
the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about +/-0.19 per-
centage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments
have lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than
estimates which are based on a small number of observations. The pre-
cision of estimates also is improved when the data are cumulated over 
time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by
nonsampling error, which can occur for many reasons, including the
failure to sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain
information for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwill-
ingness of respondents to provide correct information on a timely 
basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collec-
tion or processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most
recent 2 months are based on incomplete returns; for this reason,
these estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables. It is only
after two successive revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly 
all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is consi-
dered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment
survey is the inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment
generated by new firms. To correct for this systematic underestima-
tion of employment growth, an estimation procedure with two compo-
nents is used to account for business births. The first component 
excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based 
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from 
business births. This is incorporated into the sample-based esti-
mation procedure by simply not reflecting sample units going out 
of business, but imputing to them the same employment trend as the 
other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for most of the 
net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to
estimate the residual net birth/death employment not accounted for 
by the imputation. The historical time series used to create and 
test the ARIMA model was derived from the unemployment insurance 
universe micro-level database, and reflects the actual residual net 
of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are ad-
justed once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll
employment obtained from administrative records of the unemployment
insurance program. The difference between the March sample-based em-
ployment estimates and the March universe counts is known as a bench-
mark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey error. 
The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of 
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions  for 
total nonfarm employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from 
-0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory im-
paired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal 
Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
May
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010
May
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

235,452 237,329 237,499 235,452 236,832 236,998 237,159 237,329 237,499

Civilian labor force

154,336 153,911 153,866 154,956 153,170 153,512 153,910 154,715 154,393

Participation rate

65.5 64.9 64.8 65.8 64.7 64.8 64.9 65.2 65.0

Employed

140,363 139,302 139,497 140,438 138,333 138,641 138,905 139,455 139,420

Employment-population ratio

59.6 58.7 58.7 59.6 58.4 58.5 58.6 58.8 58.7

Unemployed

13,973 14,609 14,369 14,518 14,837 14,871 15,005 15,260 14,973

Unemployment rate

9.1 9.5 9.3 9.4 9.7 9.7 9.7 9.9 9.7

Not in labor force

81,116 83,418 83,633 80,496 83,663 83,487 83,249 82,614 83,107

Persons who currently want a job

6,612 5,865 6,381 5,859 5,965 6,170 6,044 5,951 5,734

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

113,953 114,910 115,001 113,953 114,648 114,735 114,821 114,910 115,001

Civilian labor force

82,408 82,014 82,028 82,663 81,290 81,496 81,895 82,453 82,245

Participation rate

72.3 71.4 71.3 72.5 70.9 71.0 71.3 71.8 71.5

Employed

74,009 73,315 73,776 73,974 72,516 72,813 73,092 73,548 73,639

Employment-population ratio

64.9 63.8 64.2 64.9 63.3 63.5 63.7 64.0 64.0

Unemployed

8,399 8,699 8,252 8,689 8,774 8,683 8,803 8,905 8,606

Unemployment rate

10.2 10.6 10.1 10.5 10.8 10.7 10.7 10.8 10.5

Not in labor force

31,545 32,897 32,973 31,290 33,358 33,239 32,926 32,457 32,756

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

105,299 106,301 106,407 105,299 105,998 106,100 106,198 106,301 106,407

Civilian labor force

79,156 79,122 79,088 79,339 78,225 78,471 78,796 79,356 79,237

Participation rate

75.2 74.4 74.3 75.3 73.8 74.0 74.2 74.7 74.5

Employed

71,645 71,226 71,655 71,552 70,390 70,623 70,913 71,358 71,477

Employment-population ratio

68.0 67.0 67.3 68.0 66.4 66.6 66.8 67.1 67.2

Unemployed

7,511 7,895 7,433 7,787 7,835 7,848 7,882 7,998 7,760

Unemployment rate

9.5 10.0 9.4 9.8 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.1 9.8

Not in labor force

26,144 27,179 27,319 25,961 27,774 27,628 27,403 26,945 27,170

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

121,499 122,419 122,499 121,499 122,185 122,263 122,339 122,419 122,499

Civilian labor force

71,929 71,898 71,838 72,293 71,880 72,015 72,015 72,262 72,148

Participation rate

59.2 58.7 58.6 59.5 58.8 58.9 58.9 59.0 58.9

Employed

66,354 65,988 65,721 66,463 65,817 65,828 65,813 65,907 65,781

Employment-population ratio

54.6 53.9 53.7 54.7 53.9 53.8 53.8 53.8 53.7

Unemployed

5,574 5,910 6,117 5,829 6,064 6,187 6,203 6,355 6,367

Unemployment rate

7.7 8.2 8.5 8.1 8.4 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.8

Not in labor force

49,570 50,521 50,661 49,206 50,305 50,247 50,323 50,157 50,350

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

113,089 114,066 114,160 113,089 113,796 113,886 113,974 114,066 114,160

Civilian labor force

68,751 69,101 68,859 69,060 68,949 69,069 69,027 69,265 69,128

Participation rate

60.8 60.6 60.3 61.1 60.6 60.6 60.6 60.7 60.6

Employed

63,809 63,746 63,506 63,847 63,527 63,538 63,495 63,552 63,505

Employment-population ratio

56.4 55.9 55.6 56.5 55.8 55.8 55.7 55.7 55.6

Unemployed

4,942 5,355 5,352 5,213 5,422 5,531 5,532 5,712 5,623

Unemployment rate

7.2 7.7 7.8 7.5 7.9 8.0 8.0 8.2 8.1

Not in labor force

44,338 44,965 45,302 44,029 44,848 44,818 44,947 44,801 45,032

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

17,064 16,962 16,932 17,064 17,038 17,012 16,987 16,962 16,932

Civilian labor force

6,430 5,689 5,920 6,557 5,996 5,972 6,087 6,094 6,028

Participation rate

37.7 33.5 35.0 38.4 35.2 35.1 35.8 35.9 35.6

Employed

4,910 4,330 4,336 5,039 4,416 4,480 4,496 4,544 4,438

Employment-population ratio

28.8 25.5 25.6 29.5 25.9 26.3 26.5 26.8 26.2

Unemployed

1,520 1,358 1,584 1,518 1,580 1,491 1,591 1,550 1,590

Unemployment rate

23.6 23.9 26.8 23.2 26.4 25.0 26.1 25.4 26.4

Not in labor force

10,634 11,273 11,012 10,507 11,041 11,041 10,899 10,867 10,905

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
May
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010
May
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

190,667 191,749 191,856 190,667 191,454 191,552 191,648 191,749 191,856

Civilian labor force

125,841 125,062 125,017 126,326 124,579 124,847 125,054 125,779 125,429

Participation rate

66.0 65.2 65.2 66.3 65.1 65.2 65.3 65.6 65.4

Employed

115,444 114,302 114,438 115,451 113,797 113,865 114,108 114,484 114,359

Employment-population ratio

60.5 59.6 59.6 60.6 59.4 59.4 59.5 59.7 59.6

Unemployed

10,398 10,760 10,579 10,874 10,782 10,982 10,945 11,295 11,070

Unemployment rate

8.3 8.6 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.8 9.0 8.8

Not in labor force

64,826 66,687 66,840 64,342 66,875 66,705 66,594 65,970 66,427

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,631 65,392 65,352 65,738 64,682 64,889 64,973 65,556 65,419

Participation rate

75.7 74.9 74.8 75.9 74.3 74.4 74.5 75.1 74.9

Employed

59,932 59,460 59,848 59,799 58,813 59,021 59,208 59,504 59,639

Employment-population ratio

69.2 68.1 68.5 69.0 67.5 67.7 67.9 68.2 68.3

Unemployed

5,699 5,932 5,504 5,939 5,869 5,868 5,765 6,052 5,780

Unemployment rate

8.7 9.1 8.4 9.0 9.1 9.0 8.9 9.2 8.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,875 54,971 54,786 55,145 55,017 55,061 55,104 55,184 55,062

Participation rate

60.3 60.1 59.8 60.6 60.2 60.2 60.3 60.3 60.1

Employed

51,303 51,174 50,934 51,338 51,248 51,048 51,103 51,123 50,981

Employment-population ratio

56.4 55.9 55.6 56.4 56.1 55.8 55.9 55.9 55.7

Unemployed

3,573 3,797 3,852 3,807 3,769 4,014 4,000 4,061 4,081

Unemployment rate

6.5 6.9 7.0 6.9 6.8 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

5,335 4,699 4,879 5,443 4,880 4,897 4,977 5,040 4,948

Participation rate

40.9 36.3 37.8 41.7 37.5 37.7 38.4 38.9 38.3

Employed

4,209 3,668 3,656 4,315 3,736 3,797 3,797 3,857 3,739

Employment-population ratio

32.2 28.3 28.3 33.1 28.7 29.2 29.3 29.8 28.9

Unemployed

1,126 1,031 1,223 1,127 1,145 1,100 1,180 1,183 1,209

Unemployment rate

21.1 21.9 25.1 20.7 23.5 22.5 23.7 23.5 24.4

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,184 28,624 28,653 28,184 28,526 28,559 28,591 28,624 28,653

Civilian labor force

17,649 17,868 17,926 17,716 17,749 17,748 17,871 17,951 17,983

Participation rate

62.6 62.4 62.6 62.9 62.2 62.1 62.5 62.7 62.8

Employed

15,047 15,020 15,188 15,066 14,820 14,936 14,920 14,985 15,189

Employment-population ratio

53.4 52.5 53.0 53.5 52.0 52.3 52.2 52.4 53.0

Unemployed

2,603 2,848 2,738 2,650 2,929 2,812 2,951 2,966 2,794

Unemployment rate

14.7 15.9 15.3 15.0 16.5 15.8 16.5 16.5 15.5

Not in labor force

10,534 10,756 10,727 10,467 10,777 10,811 10,720 10,673 10,670

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

7,939 8,081 8,137 7,979 7,970 7,985 8,134 8,130 8,184

Participation rate

70.0 69.8 70.2 70.3 69.2 69.2 70.4 70.2 70.6

Employed

6,621 6,635 6,758 6,643 6,566 6,561 6,592 6,668 6,782

Employment-population ratio

58.3 57.3 58.3 58.5 57.0 56.9 57.0 57.6 58.5

Unemployed

1,319 1,446 1,380 1,336 1,405 1,424 1,542 1,462 1,402

Unemployment rate

16.6 17.9 17.0 16.7 17.6 17.8 19.0 18.0 17.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,987 9,151 9,097 9,001 9,034 9,074 9,021 9,146 9,106

Participation rate

63.5 63.7 63.2 63.6 63.1 63.3 62.8 63.6 63.3

Employed

7,993 7,971 8,004 7,981 7,836 7,975 7,907 7,894 7,977

Employment-population ratio

56.5 55.4 55.6 56.4 54.7 55.6 55.1 54.9 55.4

Unemployed

995 1,181 1,093 1,021 1,198 1,099 1,115 1,252 1,128

Unemployment rate

11.1 12.9 12.0 11.3 13.3 12.1 12.4 13.7 12.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

723 635 692 736 745 689 716 675 694

Participation rate

26.9 23.8 26.0 27.4 27.7 25.7 26.7 25.3 26.0

Employed

433 414 426 442 418 399 421 423 430

Employment-population ratio

16.1 15.5 16.0 16.4 15.6 14.9 15.7 15.8 16.2

Unemployed

290 221 266 294 326 290 294 252 263

Unemployment rate

40.1 34.8 38.4 39.9 43.8 42.0 41.1 37.3 38.0

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

10,855 11,138 11,166 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

7,170 7,300 7,236 - - - - - -

Participation rate

66.1 65.5 64.8 - - - - - -

Employed

6,690 6,806 6,692 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

61.6 61.1 59.9 - - - - - -

Unemployed

480 494 544 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

6.7 6.8 7.5 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

3,685 3,838 3,930 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
May
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010
May
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

32,753 33,498 33,578 32,753 33,251 33,335 33,414 33,498 33,578

Civilian labor force

22,299 22,554 22,633 22,459 22,578 22,648 22,707 22,684 22,789

Participation rate

68.1 67.3 67.4 68.6 67.9 67.9 68.0 67.7 67.9

Employed

19,673 19,872 20,033 19,599 19,730 19,848 19,848 19,850 19,953

Employment-population ratio

60.1 59.3 59.7 59.8 59.3 59.5 59.4 59.3 59.4

Unemployed

2,626 2,682 2,600 2,860 2,848 2,800 2,859 2,834 2,836

Unemployment rate

11.8 11.9 11.5 12.7 12.6 12.4 12.6 12.5 12.4

Not in labor force

10,455 10,944 10,945 10,294 10,674 10,687 10,706 10,814 10,789

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

12,739 12,838 12,887 - - - - - -

Participation rate

83.6 82.4 82.5 - - - - - -

Employed

11,330 11,405 11,469 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

74.4 73.2 73.4 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,409 1,433 1,417 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

11.1 11.2 11.0 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,510 8,754 8,752 - - - - - -

Participation rate

59.1 59.6 59.5 - - - - - -

Employed

7,619 7,786 7,853 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

52.9 53.0 53.4 - - - - - -

Unemployed

891 969 898 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

10.5 11.1 10.3 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,050 961 995 - - - - - -

Participation rate

33.7 29.7 30.7 - - - - - -

Employed

724 681 710 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

23.3 21.0 21.9 - - - - - -

Unemployed

326 280 285 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

31.0 29.2 28.6 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010
May
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

12,402 12,225 12,338 12,239 11,835 11,518 11,775 12,122 12,133

Participation rate

46.6 46.8 46.6 46.0 45.4 46.2 46.1 46.4 45.8

Employed

10,667 10,447 10,655 10,350 10,033 9,722 10,067 10,335 10,319

Employment-population ratio

40.1 40.0 40.2 38.9 38.5 39.0 39.4 39.5 39.0

Unemployed

1,736 1,778 1,683 1,888 1,802 1,795 1,708 1,787 1,814

Unemployment rate

14.0 14.5 13.6 15.4 15.2 15.6 14.5 14.7 15.0

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

38,436 38,779 38,354 38,570 37,738 38,801 38,855 38,849 38,433

Participation rate

62.6 62.3 61.8 62.8 61.1 61.9 62.0 62.4 62.0

Employed

34,827 34,723 34,409 34,716 33,920 34,737 34,654 34,728 34,251

Employment-population ratio

56.7 55.8 55.5 56.5 54.9 55.4 55.3 55.8 55.2

Unemployed

3,609 4,056 3,945 3,855 3,818 4,064 4,201 4,120 4,182

Unemployment rate

9.4 10.5 10.3 10.0 10.1 10.5 10.8 10.6 10.9

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

36,621 36,547 36,707 36,857 36,761 36,575 36,582 36,552 36,832

Participation rate

71.2 70.8 70.8 71.7 71.5 70.2 70.8 70.8 71.0

Employed

33,914 33,590 33,833 33,991 33,629 33,660 33,586 33,535 33,780

Employment-population ratio

66.0 65.1 65.2 66.1 65.4 64.6 65.0 65.0 65.1

Unemployed

2,707 2,957 2,874 2,866 3,132 2,915 2,996 3,017 3,052

Unemployment rate

7.4 8.1 7.8 7.8 8.5 8.0 8.2 8.3 8.3

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

45,438 45,794 45,573 45,479 45,939 45,694 45,800 45,879 45,718

Participation rate

77.7 77.2 77.0 77.7 77.0 77.0 77.2 77.3 77.3

Employed

43,368 43,778 43,561 43,312 43,704 43,418 43,549 43,642 43,581

Employment-population ratio

74.1 73.8 73.6 74.0 73.3 73.1 73.4 73.5 73.6

Unemployed

2,070 2,015 2,012 2,167 2,235 2,276 2,251 2,237 2,136

Unemployment rate

4.6 4.4 4.4 4.8 4.9 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
May
2009
May
2010
May
2009
May
2010
May
2009
May
2010

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

22,227 22,060 20,473 20,275 1,754 1,785

Civilian labor force

12,279 11,862 11,192 10,754 1,087 1,108

Participation rate

55.2 53.8 54.7 53.0 62.0 62.1

Employed

11,235 10,938 10,239 9,914 996 1,023

Employment-population ratio

50.5 49.6 50.0 48.9 56.8 57.3

Unemployed

1,045 924 953 839 91 85

Unemployment rate

8.5 7.8 8.5 7.8 8.4 7.7

Not in labor force

9,948 10,198 9,281 9,521 667 677

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

1,924 2,130 1,546 1,755 379 374

Civilian labor force

1,608 1,734 1,343 1,471 264 263

Participation rate

83.5 81.4 86.9 83.8 69.9 70.2

Employed

1,425 1,550 1,188 1,327 236 223

Employment-population ratio

74.0 72.8 76.9 75.6 62.4 59.6

Unemployed

183 185 155 145 28 40

Unemployment rate

11.4 10.6 11.5 9.8 10.7 15.2

Not in labor force

317 395 202 284 114 111

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,892 2,949 2,462 2,507 430 442

Civilian labor force

2,569 2,575 2,223 2,226 346 349

Participation rate

88.9 87.3 90.3 88.8 80.5 79.0

Employed

2,341 2,400 2,021 2,068 320 331

Employment-population ratio

81.0 81.4 82.1 82.5 74.4 74.9

Unemployed

228 175 202 157 26 18

Unemployment rate

8.9 6.8 9.1 7.1 7.5 5.1

Not in labor force

322 374 238 281 84 93

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,459 11,058 11,077 10,684 382 374

Civilian labor force

4,503 4,013 4,371 3,905 132 108

Participation rate

39.3 36.3 39.5 36.5 34.6 28.9

Employed

4,160 3,732 4,035 3,625 125 106

Employment-population ratio

36.3 33.7 36.4 33.9 32.8 28.4

Unemployed

343 281 337 280 7 2

Unemployment rate

7.6 7.0 7.7 7.2 5.2 1.6

Not in labor force

6,956 7,045 6,706 6,779 250 266

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,952 5,923 5,389 5,329 563 595

Civilian labor force

3,599 3,540 3,254 3,152 345 388

Participation rate

60.5 59.8 60.4 59.1 61.2 65.3

Employed

3,309 3,257 2,995 2,894 314 363

Employment-population ratio

55.6 55.0 55.6 54.3 55.8 61.0

Unemployed

290 283 259 258 30 25

Unemployment rate

8.1 8.0 8.0 8.2 8.8 6.5

Not in labor force

2,353 2,384 2,135 2,177 219 207

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

204,255 206,485 88,978 90,168 115,276 116,317

Civilian labor force

139,810 140,032 70,101 70,298 69,709 69,734

Participation rate

68.4 67.8 78.8 78.0 60.5 60.0

Employed

127,425 127,183 62,949 63,198 64,476 63,985

Employment-population ratio

62.4 61.6 70.7 70.1 55.9 55.0

Unemployed

12,385 12,849 7,152 7,100 5,233 5,749

Unemployment rate

8.9 9.2 10.2 10.1 7.5 8.2

Not in labor force

64,445 66,453 18,877 19,870 45,568 46,583

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
May
2009
May
2010
May
2009
May
2010

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

27,078 26,547 208,374 210,952

Civilian labor force

6,189 5,930 148,147 147,936

Participation rate

22.9 22.3 71.1 70.1

Employed

5,340 5,060 135,023 134,437

Employment-population ratio

19.7 19.1 64.8 63.7

Unemployed

849 870 13,124 13,499

Unemployment rate

13.7 14.7 8.9 9.1

Not in labor force

20,888 20,617 60,227 63,016

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,834 2,729 75,966 75,601

Participation rate

39.4 37.5 84.0 83.1

Employed

2,438 2,282 68,192 68,019

Employment-population ratio

33.8 31.3 75.4 74.7

Unemployed

397 448 7,774 7,582

Unemployment rate

14.0 16.4 10.2 10.0

Not in labor force

4,368 4,555 14,417 15,399

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,545 2,381 66,460 66,472

Participation rate

33.1 30.9 72.0 71.5

Employed

2,147 2,052 61,455 60,856

Employment-population ratio

27.9 26.6 66.6 65.5

Unemployed

397 330 5,006 5,616

Unemployment rate

15.6 13.8 7.5 8.4

Not in labor force

5,142 5,321 25,814 26,452

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

810 820 5,720 5,862

Participation rate

6.6 7.1 22.2 21.7

Employed

755 727 5,377 5,561

Employment-population ratio

6.2 6.3 20.9 20.6

Unemployed

55 93 344 301

Unemployment rate

6.8 11.3 6.0 5.1

Not in labor force

11,379 10,741 19,995 21,166

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
May
2009
May
2010
May
2009
May
2010
May
2009
May
2010

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

34,761 35,647 17,403 17,901 17,357 17,746

Civilian labor force

23,638 24,210 14,150 14,339 9,488 9,871

Participation rate

68.0 67.9 81.3 80.1 54.7 55.6

Employed

21,488 22,125 12,840 13,088 8,648 9,037

Employment-population ratio

61.8 62.1 73.8 73.1 49.8 50.9

Unemployed

2,149 2,085 1,310 1,251 839 835

Unemployment rate

9.1 8.6 9.3 8.7 8.8 8.5

Not in labor force

11,123 11,437 3,253 3,562 7,870 7,875

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

200,691 201,852 96,550 97,100 104,141 104,753

Civilian labor force

130,699 129,656 68,257 67,689 62,441 61,967

Participation rate

65.1 64.2 70.7 69.7 60.0 59.2

Employed

118,875 117,372 61,169 60,688 57,706 56,684

Employment-population ratio

59.2 58.1 63.4 62.5 55.4 54.1

Unemployed

11,824 12,284 7,089 7,001 4,735 5,282

Unemployment rate

9.0 9.5 10.4 10.3 7.6 8.5

Not in labor force

69,992 72,196 28,292 29,410 41,700 42,786

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010
May
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,205 2,210 2,272 2,166 2,115 2,313 2,217 2,254 2,228

Wage and salary workers

1,278 1,343 1,384 1,255 1,342 1,362 1,374 1,397 1,363

Self-employed workers

901 837 848 877 781 908 851 823 821

Unpaid family workers

26 30 39 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

138,158 137,092 137,225 138,287 136,276 136,398 136,715 137,199 137,207

Wage and salary workers

128,997 128,031 128,053 129,240 127,269 127,261 127,712 128,183 128,197

Government

21,607 21,844 21,642 21,240 21,227 21,292 21,281 21,440 21,270

Private industries

107,389 106,187 106,412 107,993 106,031 105,942 106,447 106,706 106,906

Private households

779 711 698 - - - - - -

Other industries

106,610 105,476 105,714 107,212 105,329 105,243 105,682 105,977 106,204

Self-employed workers

9,099 8,948 9,087 8,985 9,007 9,029 8,949 8,910 8,952

Unpaid family workers

63 114 85 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(1)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(2)

8,785 8,921 8,513 9,048 8,316 8,791 9,054 9,152 8,809

Slack work or business conditions

6,647 6,113 5,957 6,788 5,873 6,185 6,177 6,268 6,143

Could only find part-time work

1,898 2,571 2,250 1,917 2,295 2,212 2,388 2,489 2,326

Part time for noneconomic reasons(3)

19,111 18,853 18,088 18,848 18,563 18,360 18,379 18,140 17,929

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(2)

8,663 8,830 8,392 8,894 8,193 8,651 8,946 9,049 8,661

Slack work or business conditions

6,552 6,063 5,864 6,670 5,792 6,079 6,099 6,213 6,041

Could only find part-time work

1,886 2,558 2,243 1,910 2,288 2,199 2,406 2,486 2,306

Part time for noneconomic reasons(3)

18,783 18,506 17,783 18,478 18,218 18,043 18,066 17,798 17,627

Footnotes
(1) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(3) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010
May
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

140,363 139,302 139,497 140,438 138,333 138,641 138,905 139,455 139,420

16 to 19 years

4,910 4,330 4,336 5,039 4,416 4,480 4,496 4,544 4,438

16 to 17 years

1,704 1,333 1,376 1,781 1,484 1,456 1,402 1,453 1,429

18 to 19 years

3,206 2,998 2,960 3,240 2,938 3,043 3,093 3,073 2,992

20 years and over

135,453 134,972 135,161 135,399 133,916 134,161 134,409 134,911 134,982

20 to 24 years

12,678 12,434 12,704 12,822 12,435 12,539 12,601 12,509 12,818

25 years and over

122,775 122,539 122,458 122,533 121,404 121,471 121,731 122,352 122,203

25 to 54 years

95,461 94,543 94,353 95,317 94,004 94,001 94,053 94,487 94,227

25 to 34 years

29,936 30,221 30,180 29,929 30,022 30,123 30,080 30,208 30,162

35 to 44 years

31,764 30,912 30,933 31,671 30,683 30,560 30,730 30,874 30,844

45 to 54 years

33,761 33,410 33,240 33,717 33,299 33,318 33,244 33,405 33,221

55 years and over

27,314 27,995 28,104 27,216 27,399 27,470 27,678 27,865 27,976

Men, 16 years and over

74,009 73,315 73,776 73,974 72,516 72,813 73,092 73,548 73,639

16 to 19 years

2,364 2,088 2,121 2,423 2,126 2,190 2,179 2,189 2,162

16 to 17 years

821 638 664 848 706 686 689 698 679

18 to 19 years

1,543 1,450 1,458 1,572 1,415 1,496 1,492 1,500 1,479

20 years and over

71,645 71,226 71,655 71,552 70,390 70,623 70,913 71,358 71,477

20 to 24 years

6,531 6,319 6,555 6,563 6,211 6,282 6,410 6,357 6,565

25 years and over

65,113 64,907 65,100 64,939 64,091 64,267 64,503 64,945 64,922

25 to 54 years

50,743 50,285 50,431 50,630 49,807 49,868 50,003 50,363 50,317

25 to 34 years

16,090 16,299 16,270 16,078 16,148 16,281 16,261 16,370 16,272

35 to 44 years

17,034 16,650 16,727 16,993 16,479 16,404 16,593 16,661 16,686

45 to 54 years

17,618 17,336 17,434 17,559 17,180 17,183 17,149 17,332 17,359

55 years and over

14,371 14,623 14,668 14,309 14,284 14,399 14,500 14,582 14,605

Women, 16 years and over

66,354 65,988 65,721 66,463 65,817 65,828 65,813 65,907 65,781

16 to 19 years

2,546 2,242 2,214 2,617 2,290 2,290 2,317 2,355 2,275

16 to 17 years

883 694 712 933 777 770 713 755 750

18 to 19 years

1,663 1,548 1,502 1,668 1,523 1,546 1,601 1,573 1,513

20 years and over

63,809 63,746 63,506 63,847 63,527 63,538 63,495 63,552 63,505

20 to 24 years

6,146 6,115 6,148 6,258 6,224 6,258 6,191 6,152 6,253

25 years and over

57,662 57,631 57,358 57,594 57,313 57,204 57,229 57,407 57,282

25 to 54 years

44,719 44,259 43,922 44,686 44,197 44,134 44,050 44,124 43,910

25 to 34 years

13,846 13,922 13,909 13,851 13,874 13,843 13,819 13,837 13,890

35 to 44 years

14,730 14,263 14,206 14,678 14,203 14,156 14,137 14,213 14,158

45 to 54 years

16,143 16,074 15,807 16,158 16,119 16,135 16,094 16,073 15,862

55 years and over

12,943 13,373 13,436 12,907 13,116 13,071 13,179 13,283 13,371

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

44,337 43,256 43,454 44,214 43,126 43,168 43,083 43,205 43,322

Married women, spouse present

35,589 34,812 34,409 35,347 35,073 35,248 34,887 34,643 34,238

Women who maintain families

8,928 8,907 9,030 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

113,083 111,391 112,809 113,229 110,497 110,840 111,256 112,091 112,716

Part-time workers(2)

27,280 27,912 26,688 27,138 27,718 27,596 27,549 27,167 26,750

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,265 7,105 7,261 7,301 6,961 7,060 6,959 7,029 7,239

Percent of total employed

5.2 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.2

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
May
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010
May
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

14,518 15,260 14,973 9.4 9.7 9.7 9.7 9.9 9.7

16 to 19 years

1,518 1,550 1,590 23.2 26.4 25.0 26.1 25.4 26.4

16 to 17 years

558 599 608 23.8 27.9 28.2 29.6 29.2 29.8

18 to 19 years

978 975 977 23.2 25.4 23.7 24.4 24.1 24.6

20 years and over

13,000 13,710 13,383 8.8 9.0 9.1 9.1 9.2 9.0

20 to 24 years

2,276 2,605 2,214 15.1 15.8 16.0 15.8 17.2 14.7

25 years and over

10,770 11,048 11,177 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.4

25 to 54 years

8,821 8,950 9,019 8.5 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.7 8.7

25 to 34 years

3,510 3,436 3,550 10.5 9.9 9.8 10.0 10.2 10.5

35 to 44 years

2,798 2,730 2,706 8.1 8.5 8.8 8.6 8.1 8.1

45 to 54 years

2,512 2,784 2,763 6.9 7.6 7.4 7.8 7.7 7.7

55 years and over

1,960 2,091 2,143 6.7 6.8 7.1 6.9 7.0 7.1

Men, 16 years and over

8,689 8,905 8,606 10.5 10.8 10.7 10.7 10.8 10.5

16 to 19 years

902 908 846 27.1 30.6 27.6 29.7 29.3 28.1

16 to 17 years

306 332 325 26.5 30.8 30.4 30.9 32.2 32.4

18 to 19 years

613 578 529 28.0 30.3 27.3 29.1 27.8 26.3

20 years and over

7,787 7,998 7,760 9.8 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.1 9.8

20 to 24 years

1,382 1,580 1,263 17.4 19.2 18.7 18.4 19.9 16.1

25 years and over

6,426 6,343 6,469 9.0 9.0 9.1 9.0 8.9 9.1

25 to 54 years

5,345 5,162 5,263 9.5 9.4 9.5 9.5 9.3 9.5

25 to 34 years

2,152 2,007 2,099 11.8 10.8 10.8 11.2 10.9 11.4

35 to 44 years

1,697 1,554 1,567 9.1 9.0 9.4 8.8 8.5 8.6

45 to 54 years

1,496 1,601 1,598 7.8 8.5 8.2 8.6 8.5 8.4

55 years and over

1,082 1,182 1,206 7.0 7.5 7.8 7.4 7.5 7.6

Women, 16 years and over

5,829 6,355 6,367 8.1 8.4 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.8

16 to 19 years

616 642 744 19.1 21.9 22.3 22.4 21.4 24.6

16 to 17 years

251 268 283 21.2 25.0 26.2 28.3 26.2 27.4

18 to 19 years

366 398 448 18.0 20.1 19.9 19.5 20.2 22.9

20 years and over

5,213 5,712 5,623 7.5 7.9 8.0 8.0 8.2 8.1

20 to 24 years

893 1,025 951 12.5 12.2 13.1 13.0 14.3 13.2

25 years and over

4,344 4,705 4,708 7.0 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.6

25 to 54 years

3,476 3,788 3,756 7.2 7.7 7.7 7.9 7.9 7.9

25 to 34 years

1,358 1,429 1,451 8.9 8.8 8.6 8.6 9.4 9.5

35 to 44 years

1,101 1,176 1,139 7.0 7.9 8.0 8.4 7.6 7.4

45 to 54 years

1,017 1,183 1,166 5.9 6.7 6.5 6.9 6.9 6.8

55 years and over(1)

791 815 850 5.8 6.1 6.5 6.0 5.7 5.9

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

3,193 3,060 3,086 6.7 6.6 6.8 6.7 6.6 6.7

Married women, spouse present

2,117 2,322 2,312 5.6 5.8 6.1 6.0 6.3 6.3

Women who maintain families(1)

1,102 1,105 1,181 11.0 12.3 11.6 11.3 11.0 11.6

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

12,844 13,354 13,138 10.2 10.4 10.5 10.5 10.6 10.4

Part-time workers(3)

1,750 1,894 1,915 6.1 6.4 6.2 6.7 6.5 6.7

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010
May
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

8,930 9,110 8,812 9,428 9,323 9,550 9,354 9,246 9,223

On temporary layoff

1,459 1,296 1,192 1,842 1,454 1,558 1,595 1,359 1,478

Not on temporary layoff

7,471 7,814 7,620 7,586 7,869 7,992 7,758 7,887 7,746

Permanent job losers

6,140 6,521 6,360 6,136 6,424 6,666 6,393 6,494 6,410

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,331 1,293 1,261 1,403 1,445 1,326 1,366 1,393 1,336

Job leavers

851 895 922 909 914 866 894 938 969

Reentrants

3,236 3,558 3,455 3,200 3,585 3,451 3,544 3,739 3,453

New entrants

956 1,047 1,180 977 1,235 1,238 1,197 1,231 1,206

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

63.9 62.4 61.3 65.0 61.9 63.2 62.4 61.0 62.1

On temporary layoff

10.4 8.9 8.3 12.7 9.7 10.3 10.6 9.0 9.9

Not on temporary layoff

53.5 53.5 53.0 52.3 52.3 52.9 51.8 52.0 52.2

Job leavers

6.1 6.1 6.4 6.3 6.1 5.7 6.0 6.2 6.5

Reentrants

23.2 24.4 24.0 22.0 23.8 22.8 23.6 24.7 23.3

New entrants

6.8 7.2 8.2 6.7 8.2 8.2 8.0 8.1 8.1

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5.8 5.9 5.7 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0

Job leavers

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

2.1 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.2

New entrants

0.6 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010
May
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

3,192 2,304 2,743 3,219 3,008 2,748 2,646 2,682 2,752

5 to 14 weeks

3,633 2,594 2,526 4,300 3,362 3,412 3,228 2,991 3,019

15 weeks and over

7,148 9,710 9,100 7,013 8,945 8,829 8,983 8,969 8,924

15 to 26 weeks

3,179 2,691 2,459 2,983 2,632 2,696 2,436 2,253 2,161

27 weeks and over

3,969 7,020 6,641 4,030 6,313 6,133 6,547 6,716 6,763

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

23.1 35.8 35.1 22.9 30.2 29.7 31.2 33.0 34.4

Median duration, in weeks

15.1 25.8 24.2 14.9 19.9 19.4 20.0 21.6 23.2

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

22.8 15.8 19.1 22.2 19.6 18.3 17.8 18.3 18.7

5 to 14 weeks

26.0 17.8 17.6 29.6 22.0 22.8 21.7 20.4 20.5

15 weeks and over

51.2 66.5 63.3 48.3 58.4 58.9 60.5 61.3 60.7

15 to 26 weeks

22.8 18.4 17.1 20.5 17.2 18.0 16.4 15.4 14.7

27 weeks and over

28.4 48.1 46.2 27.7 41.2 40.9 44.1 45.9 46.0

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
May
2009
May
2010
May
2009
May
2010
May
2009
May
2010

Total, 16 years and over(1)

140,363 139,497 13,973 14,369 9.1 9.3

Management, professional, and related occupations

52,256 51,839 2,373 2,450 4.3 4.5

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

21,368 20,856 1,032 1,074 4.6 4.9

Professional and related occupations

30,888 30,982 1,341 1,376 4.2 4.3

Service occupations

24,884 24,883 2,578 2,719 9.4 9.9

Sales and office occupations

33,854 33,433 3,115 3,209 8.4 8.8

Sales and related occupations

15,627 15,219 1,528 1,614 8.9 9.6

Office and administrative support occupations

18,227 18,214 1,587 1,595 8.0 8.1

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,445 13,362 2,398 2,429 15.1 15.4

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,004 1,029 111 157 10.0 13.3

Construction and extraction occupations

7,339 7,305 1,796 1,729 19.7 19.1

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

5,103 5,028 491 543 8.8 9.7

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

15,923 15,980 2,517 2,359 13.7 12.9

Production occupations

7,557 7,938 1,396 1,193 15.6 13.1

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,366 8,043 1,122 1,165 11.8 12.7

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
May
2009
May
2010
May
2009
May
2010

Total, 16 years and over(1)

13,973 14,369 9.1 9.3

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

11,649 11,655 9.8 9.9

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

98 46 13.3 6.2

Construction

1,768 1,755 19.2 20.1

Manufacturing

2,010 1,584 12.6 10.3

Durable goods

1,320 1,028 13.2 10.7

Nondurable goods

690 556 11.5 9.7

Wholesale and retail trade

1,835 1,998 9.0 9.8

Transportation and utilities

506 461 8.5 7.8

Information

303 319 9.5 9.8

Financial activities

536 618 5.7 6.8

Professional and business services

1,514 1,624 10.9 11.5

Education and health services

1,005 1,150 4.9 5.4

Leisure and hospitality

1,599 1,601 11.9 12.4

Other services

476 498 7.5 8.1

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

136 163 10.0 10.8

Government workers

702 771 3.1 3.4

Self-employed and unpaid family workers

530 600 5.0 5.6

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010
May
2009
Jan.
2010
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.6 6.3 5.9 4.5 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.8 5.9 5.7 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

9.1 9.5 9.3 9.4 9.7 9.7 9.7 9.9 9.7

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

9.5 10.2 10.0 9.8 10.3 10.4 10.3 10.6 10.3

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

10.3 10.9 10.6 10.6 11.2 11.1 11.1 11.3 11.0

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

15.9 16.6 16.1 16.4 16.5 16.8 16.9 17.1 16.6

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
May
2009
May
2010
May
2009
May
2010
May
2009
May
2010

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

81,116 83,633 31,545 32,973 49,570 50,661

Persons who currently want a job

6,612 6,381 3,110 3,078 3,501 3,303

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,210 2,223 1,165 1,177 1,046 1,046

Discouraged workers(2)

792 1,083 499 644 294 438

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,418 1,140 666 533 752 608

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,265 7,261 3,540 3,559 3,725 3,702

Percent of total employed

5.2 5.2 4.8 4.8 5.6 5.6

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,908 3,826 2,034 2,134 1,873 1,692

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,832 1,903 634 591 1,199 1,312

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

231 309 155 216 76 94

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,254 1,177 691 592 563 584

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2009
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010(p)
May
2010(p)
May
2009
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010(p)
May
2010(p)
Change from:
Apr.2010 - May2010(p)

Total nonfarm

131,689 128,958 130,108 131,198 131,155 129,849 130,139 130,570 431

Total private

108,659 106,062 107,117 107,828 108,527 107,343 107,561 107,602 41

Goods-producing

18,692 17,454 17,734 17,973 18,731 17,905 17,967 17,971 4

Mining and logging

695 688 699 718 700 702 710 720 10

Logging

47.3 45.6 45.3 47.9 49.5 48.3 49.4 49.5 0.1

Mining

647.6 642.0 653.6 670.1 650.7 653.4 660.6 670.4 9.8

Oil and gas extraction

161.1 161.4 162.0 165.2 162.0 163.0 164.2 165.7 1.5

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

214.4 204.5 210.4 215.9 212.2 212.8 212.7 213.0 0.3

Coal mining

82.5 81.4 81.2 81.8 83.0 81.3 81.5 82.1 0.6

Support activities for mining

272.1 276.1 281.2 289.0 276.5 277.6 283.7 291.7 8.0

Construction

6,150 5,280 5,492 5,643 6,120 5,612 5,626 5,591 -35

Construction of buildings

1,377.8 1,213.7 1,241.0 1,264.6 1,386.9 1,268.5 1,272.6 1,265.1 -7.5

Residential building

642.1 557.6 564.6 579.7 647.2 587.9 584.1 580.8 -3.3

Nonresidential building

735.7 656.1 676.4 684.9 739.7 680.6 688.5 684.3 -4.2

Heavy and civil engineering construction

878.8 721.3 791.0 829.2 856.8 800.8 811.0 803.6 -7.4

Specialty trade contractors

3,893.3 3,345.4 3,460.2 3,549.0 3,876.5 3,542.5 3,542.0 3,522.7 -19.3

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,652.8 1,447.9 1,503.7 1,551.3 1,641.6 1,545.3 1,542.3 1,539.5 -2.8

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,240.5 1,897.5 1,956.5 1,997.7 2,234.9 1,997.2 1,999.7 1,983.2 -16.5

Manufacturing

11,847 11,486 11,543 11,612 11,911 11,591 11,631 11,660 29

Durable goods

7,290 7,042 7,086 7,135 7,326 7,095 7,126 7,160 34

Wood products

360.4 339.2 348.0 352.3 361.9 350.2 352.9 353.9 1.0

Nonmetallic mineral products

400.8 369.1 381.9 388.0 399.7 382.5 383.5 385.8 2.3

Primary metals

359.6 362.0 364.1 366.9 363.4 362.8 366.6 369.4 2.8

Fabricated metal products

1,312.2 1,272.8 1,279.0 1,291.1 1,323.2 1,282.7 1,291.8 1,302.2 10.4

Machinery

1,026.7 980.3 983.7 987.8 1,038.7 984.9 991.0 996.7 5.7

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,140.4 1,091.2 1,089.8 1,094.3 1,144.0 1,093.2 1,093.4 1,096.2 2.8

Computer and peripheral equipment

164.6 157.8 157.5 159.1 164.9 158.0 158.3 159.0 0.7

Communication equipment

121.4 119.2 119.4 121.2 121.7 119.7 119.8 121.3 1.5

Semiconductors and electronic components

378.7 361.9 362.6 363.6 381.0 362.3 363.8 365.0 1.2

Electronic instruments

424.9 405.2 403.9 404.4 425.0 405.9 404.7 404.4 -0.3

Electrical equipment and appliances

374.0 363.5 366.1 368.3 376.0 365.9 368.4 369.7 1.3

Transportation equipment(1)

1,337.2 1,335.6 1,339.5 1,353.3 1,338.9 1,337.2 1,343.0 1,352.0 9.0

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

647.8 673.4 676.2 689.4 647.9 673.2 677.4 686.7 9.3

Furniture and related products

390.0 356.2 359.1 360.4 389.1 359.9 359.9 359.2 -0.7

Miscellaneous manufacturing

588.5 572.3 574.8 572.9 591.3 575.3 575.3 574.4 -0.9

Nondurable goods

4,557 4,444 4,457 4,477 4,585 4,496 4,505 4,500 -5

Food manufacturing

1,437.3 1,426.7 1,426.7 1,436.1 1,459.5 1,456.0 1,459.5 1,457.4 -2.1

Beverages and tobacco products

187.2 179.3 179.7 181.8 188.2 184.9 184.0 182.8 -1.2

Textile mills

126.4 122.7 123.7 124.3 126.3 123.1 123.9 123.4 -0.5

Textile product mills

125.1 120.9 121.3 122.1 126.0 121.8 122.1 122.4 0.3

Apparel

171.3 165.3 164.8 163.6 171.6 165.9 165.0 163.5 -1.5

Leather and allied products

30.0 28.6 27.7 28.4 29.8 28.5 27.6 28.1 0.5

Paper and paper products

405.9 393.9 396.6 398.4 407.5 397.2 399.1 399.3 0.2

Printing and related support activities

527.7 493.7 493.9 495.8 529.9 496.0 497.7 496.8 -0.9

Petroleum and coal products

117.1 109.8 114.0 114.9 116.1 113.4 114.8 113.7 -1.1

Chemicals

804.5 780.7 778.3 778.5 805.3 782.5 780.7 779.6 -1.1

Plastics and rubber products

624.6 621.9 630.2 633.3 625.2 626.5 630.3 632.9 2.6

Private service-providing

89,967 88,608 89,383 89,855 89,796 89,438 89,594 89,631 37

Trade, transportation, and utilities

24,923 24,421 24,501 24,682 24,997 24,714 24,721 24,727 6

Wholesale trade

5,628.7 5,534.9 5,556.4 5,584.9 5,625.9 5,570.8 5,576.7 5,578.7 2.0

Durable goods

2,826.9 2,749.5 2,756.4 2,772.5 2,831.8 2,765.4 2,769.9 2,774.8 4.9

Nondurable goods

1,987.2 1,962.3 1,972.4 1,978.8 1,979.5 1,978.2 1,977.3 1,970.8 -6.5

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

814.6 823.1 827.6 833.6 814.6 827.2 829.5 833.1 3.6

Retail trade

14,492.6 14,222.0 14,286.2 14,398.3 14,570.2 14,438.9 14,457.4 14,450.8 -6.6

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,643.9 1,607.7 1,629.4 1,642.1 1,637.6 1,626.4 1,632.7 1,634.3 1.6

Automobile dealers

1,020.1 1,008.5 1,014.6 1,015.6 1,019.4 1,015.3 1,017.0 1,014.4 -2.6

Furniture and home furnishings stores

441.0 435.0 433.5 433.1 449.0 442.9 441.0 440.4 -0.6

Electronics and appliance stores

477.6 478.9 474.0 472.2 486.8 482.0 480.1 480.6 0.5

Building material and garden supply stores

1,220.9 1,154.1 1,201.4 1,226.7 1,168.3 1,173.8 1,174.3 1,170.3 -4.0

Food and beverage stores

2,834.3 2,775.5 2,780.3 2,808.1 2,838.4 2,804.2 2,810.0 2,809.7 -0.3

Health and personal care stores

984.0 968.2 968.9 976.5 986.3 974.5 975.6 978.3 2.7

Gasoline stations

827.0 809.0 816.7 822.3 826.1 819.7 822.0 820.9 -1.1

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,327.9 1,334.4 1,348.2 1,355.5 1,374.0 1,383.4 1,393.9 1,392.9 -1.0

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

602.0 592.6 591.5 592.5 621.0 610.8 611.9 609.8 -2.1

General merchandise stores(1)

2,934.1 2,902.6 2,871.9 2,887.6 2,970.9 2,929.4 2,923.9 2,923.0 -0.9

Department stores

1,436.2 1,447.7 1,436.1 1,440.0 1,475.5 1,477.3 1,477.9 1,476.5 -1.4

Miscellaneous store retailers

789.7 753.8 760.5 772.7 788.8 772.6 771.8 770.2 -1.6

Nonstore retailers

410.2 410.2 409.9 409.0 423.0 419.2 420.2 420.4 0.2

Transportation and warehousing

4,241.1 4,108.1 4,102.1 4,141.7 4,239.9 4,146.2 4,128.7 4,139.8 11.1

Air transportation

460.5 451.8 452.8 456.3 459.9 454.0 453.5 456.3 2.8

Rail transportation

219.1 214.7 215.9 216.8 219.2 215.3 215.3 216.3 1.0

Water transportation

63.5 61.2 62.2 64.5 63.6 63.6 63.4 64.4 1.0

Truck transportation

1,261.3 1,200.6 1,210.1 1,225.2 1,267.9 1,227.2 1,229.1 1,231.1 2.0

Transit and ground passenger transportation

441.3 429.2 431.0 439.0 420.9 415.7 415.2 418.0 2.8

Pipeline transportation

41.5 39.4 39.5 38.5 41.6 39.7 39.5 38.9 -0.6

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

30.0 21.5 25.7 30.1 28.3 27.8 28.3 28.2 -0.1

Support activities for transportation

548.8 533.9 537.0 540.5 552.1 538.7 540.6 543.4 2.8

Couriers and messengers

539.4 516.5 490.4 491.0 542.8 520.8 500.1 497.4 -2.7

Warehousing and storage

635.7 639.3 637.5 639.8 643.6 643.4 643.7 645.8 2.1

Utilities

560.6 556.4 555.8 557.0 560.9 557.8 558.1 557.4 -0.7

Information

2,814 2,726 2,725 2,731 2,812 2,728 2,728 2,728 0

Publishing industries, except Internet

797.6 761.5 760.4 759.6 801.6 763.0 763.0 763.3 0.3

Motion picture and sound recording industries

352.8 342.4 352.6 363.0 347.3 343.8 349.0 354.6 5.6

Broadcasting, except Internet

301.2 295.1 294.7 295.2 302.7 295.9 296.5 296.5 0.0

Telecommunications

976.9 942.4 929.4 927.7 977.3 941.1 934.1 929.5 -4.6

Data processing, hosting and related services

251.5 248.6 250.4 247.9 249.3 248.0 247.6 246.3 -1.3

Other information services

133.6 135.9 137.0 137.8 133.4 136.5 137.3 137.9 0.6

Financial activities

7,757 7,572 7,580 7,586 7,773 7,609 7,611 7,599 -12

Finance and insurance

5,766.7 5,656.4 5,647.0 5,643.0 5,776.3 5,659.3 5,655.4 5,651.0 -4.4

Monetary authorities - central bank

21.0 21.2 21.2 21.2 21.0 21.2 21.2 21.2 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,596.4 2,566.6 2,561.8 2,560.3 2,600.8 2,566.9 2,564.1 2,562.9 -1.2

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,756.7 1,747.9 1,750.7 1,750.6 1,760.2 1,751.6 1,753.1 1,753.5 0.4

Commercial banking

1,316.8 1,309.7 1,312.2 1,310.5 1,319.8 1,311.9 1,313.4 1,312.9 -0.5

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

807.9 790.5 792.8 792.6 811.3 790.5 795.6 796.1 0.5

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,253.9 2,193.5 2,186.5 2,184.0 2,255.1 2,196.0 2,189.5 2,185.5 -4.0

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

87.5 84.6 84.7 84.9 88.1 84.7 85.0 85.3 0.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,989.9 1,915.3 1,932.6 1,942.8 1,996.5 1,950.1 1,955.2 1,947.9 -7.3

Real estate

1,408.4 1,368.0 1,380.1 1,381.6 1,414.0 1,388.9 1,393.9 1,387.3 -6.6

Rental and leasing services

554.8 522.7 528.2 537.0 555.7 536.4 536.8 536.1 -0.7

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

26.7 24.6 24.3 24.2 26.8 24.8 24.5 24.5 0.0

Professional and business services

16,531 16,346 16,617 16,609 16,585 16,568 16,641 16,663 22

Professional and technical services(1)

7,442.8 7,468.5 7,494.3 7,323.1 7,526.0 7,404.0 7,419.9 7,408.8 -11.1

Legal services

1,123.8 1,101.3 1,100.5 1,102.5 1,127.7 1,105.9 1,105.2 1,105.5 0.3

Accounting and bookkeeping services

865.3 1,025.2 1,013.9 835.8 924.8 909.3 910.0 899.8 -10.2

Architectural and engineering services

1,326.1 1,260.8 1,270.2 1,276.1 1,332.1 1,279.7 1,280.6 1,279.8 -0.8

Computer systems design and related services

1,414.4 1,428.6 1,441.1 1,437.1 1,419.7 1,436.1 1,443.3 1,443.0 -0.3

Management and technical consulting services

987.5 974.1 976.4 977.6 991.6 983.6 984.0 983.3 -0.7

Management of companies and enterprises

1,856.7 1,815.0 1,817.8 1,824.6 1,864.3 1,822.9 1,826.6 1,829.8 3.2

Administrative and waste services

7,231.9 7,062.2 7,304.5 7,461.3 7,194.2 7,340.8 7,394.2 7,424.5 30.3

Administrative and support services(1)

6,882.5 6,722.1 6,959.5 7,109.3 6,844.4 6,992.5 7,045.3 7,072.8 27.5

Employment services(1)

2,436.9 2,571.0 2,657.5 2,743.4 2,460.8 2,701.9 2,730.2 2,764.6 34.4

Temporary help services

1,773.5 1,922.2 1,992.3 2,069.3 1,792.4 2,028.4 2,055.0 2,086.0 31.0

Business support services

811.1 799.1 792.1 787.9 815.6 794.1 794.1 794.0 -0.1

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,833.6 1,575.9 1,725.0 1,785.9 1,766.8 1,706.6 1,725.6 1,721.5 -4.1

Waste management and remediation services

349.4 340.1 345.0 352.0 349.8 348.3 348.9 351.7 2.8

Education and health services

19,204 19,592 19,641 19,559 19,137 19,449 19,477 19,494 17

Educational services

3,124.9 3,283.4 3,294.5 3,185.0 3,081.5 3,130.5 3,135.0 3,139.5 4.5

Health care and social assistance

16,079.0 16,308.8 16,346.4 16,373.7 16,055.5 16,318.4 16,341.5 16,354.6 13.1

Health care(3)

13,487.1 13,671.5 13,694.3 13,708.6 13,499.9 13,699.4 13,717.6 13,725.6 8.0

Ambulatory health care services(1)

5,756.6 5,873.0 5,888.6 5,899.5 5,757.1 5,885.3 5,893.5 5,902.2 8.7

Offices of physicians

2,264.2 2,308.1 2,307.2 2,310.5 2,268.7 2,312.9 2,313.5 2,316.0 2.5

Outpatient care centers

540.7 548.1 549.8 549.0 541.2 548.6 550.1 549.8 -0.3

Home health care services

1,024.1 1,055.5 1,065.7 1,067.9 1,020.1 1,058.2 1,064.0 1,065.6 1.6

Hospitals

4,659.6 4,697.0 4,698.6 4,696.3 4,670.5 4,705.6 4,711.2 4,707.9 -3.3

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,070.9 3,101.5 3,107.1 3,112.8 3,072.3 3,108.5 3,112.9 3,115.5 2.6

Nursing care facilities

1,641.9 1,646.2 1,649.4 1,653.2 1,642.6 1,650.8 1,652.9 1,653.9 1.0

Social assistance(1)

2,591.9 2,637.3 2,652.1 2,665.1 2,555.6 2,619.0 2,623.9 2,629.0 5.1

Child day care services

887.3 881.8 887.4 888.7 860.6 862.8 863.9 861.8 -2.1

Leisure and hospitality

13,350 12,658 12,989 13,327 13,126 13,049 13,084 13,086 2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,992.5 1,737.3 1,858.5 1,971.5 1,910.9 1,888.2 1,898.3 1,888.3 -10.0

Performing arts and spectator sports

418.3 371.3 410.2 437.4 397.7 396.8 407.4 413.3 5.9

Museums, historical sites, zoos, and parks

136.5 120.7 128.3 135.6 130.1 129.8 129.9 129.4 -0.5

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,437.7 1,245.3 1,320.0 1,398.5 1,383.1 1,361.6 1,361.0 1,345.6 -15.4

Accommodation and food services

11,357.1 10,920.2 11,130.5 11,355.2 11,215.0 11,160.8 11,185.5 11,197.6 12.1

Accommodation

1,757.6 1,668.1 1,694.3 1,743.1 1,764.3 1,733.4 1,739.1 1,745.7 6.6

Food services and drinking places

9,599.5 9,252.1 9,436.2 9,612.1 9,450.7 9,427.4 9,446.4 9,451.9 5.5

Other services

5,388 5,293 5,330 5,361 5,366 5,321 5,332 5,334 2

Repair and maintenance

1,160.7 1,138.5 1,151.6 1,157.9 1,153.0 1,142.3 1,146.4 1,148.3 1.9

Personal and laundry services

1,291.3 1,264.6 1,275.7 1,287.7 1,277.9 1,273.0 1,272.9 1,273.8 0.9

Membership associations and organizations

2,936.2 2,890.2 2,903.1 2,915.0 2,935.3 2,905.7 2,913.1 2,911.9 -1.2

Government

23,030 22,896 22,991 23,370 22,628 22,506 22,578 22,968 390

Federal

2,863.0 2,891.0 2,981.0 3,392.0 2,865.0 2,910.0 2,983.0 3,395.0 412.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,157.8 2,230.4 2,318.1 2,737.7 2,156.0 2,246.3 2,321.9 2,737.0 415.1

U.S. Postal Service

705.0 660.5 663.1 654.6 708.8 663.9 660.6 657.7 -2.9

State government

5,234.0 5,315.0 5,322.0 5,200.0 5,189.0 5,174.0 5,172.0 5,157.0 -15.0

State government education

2,412.1 2,539.5 2,543.8 2,429.7 2,372.8 2,391.9 2,393.1 2,390.6 -2.5

State government, excluding education

2,821.6 2,775.0 2,777.8 2,770.5 2,816.6 2,782.0 2,779.0 2,766.5 -12.5

Local government

14,933.0 14,690.0 14,688.0 14,778.0 14,574.0 14,422.0 14,423.0 14,416.0 -7.0

Local government education

8,455.0 8,378.5 8,356.6 8,386.4 8,086.9 8,007.4 8,008.8 8,010.1 1.3

Local government, excluding education

6,477.5 6,311.8 6,331.8 6,391.5 6,486.9 6,414.5 6,414.4 6,405.6 -8.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry May
2009
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010(p)
May
2010(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.9 34.0 34.1 34.2

Goods-producing

38.4 39.2 39.5 39.6

Mining and logging

41.8 43.0 43.0 43.8

Construction

37.4 37.1 37.6 37.3

Manufacturing

38.7 40.0 40.2 40.5

Durable goods

38.8 40.3 40.5 40.8

Nondurable goods

38.6 39.6 39.7 40.0

Private service-providing

32.9 33.0 33.1 33.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.2 34.0 34.1 34.2

Wholesale trade

37.9 37.9 38.0 38.0

Retail trade

31.3 31.1 31.2 31.2

Transportation and warehousing

38.3 38.1 38.2 38.5

Utilities

40.8 40.7 40.9 41.2

Information

36.5 36.7 36.7 36.8

Financial activities

36.5 36.9 36.9 36.9

Professional and business services

35.0 35.2 35.3 35.3

Education and health services

33.0 32.8 32.9 32.9

Leisure and hospitality

25.6 25.8 25.9 25.9

Other services

31.6 31.7 31.9 31.9

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

2.2 2.9 3.0 3.0

Durable goods

2.0 2.8 2.9 3.0

Nondurable goods

2.6 3.1 3.1 3.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
May
2009
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010(p)
May
2010(p)
May
2009
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010(p)
May
2010(p)

Total private

$22.14 $22.48 $22.50 $22.57 $750.55 $764.32 $767.25 $771.89

Goods-producing

23.76 23.92 23.92 24.05 912.38 937.66 944.84 952.38

Mining and logging

27.70 27.13 27.20 27.64 1,157.86 1,166.59 1,169.60 1,210.63

Construction

24.76 25.22 25.15 25.20 926.02 935.66 945.64 939.96

Manufacturing

23.02 23.13 23.15 23.30 890.87 925.20 930.63 943.65

Durable goods

24.49 24.61 24.60 24.74 950.21 991.78 996.30 1,009.39

Nondurable goods

20.65 20.76 20.81 20.95 797.09 822.10 826.16 838.00

Private service-providing

21.75 22.13 22.16 22.22 715.58 730.29 733.50 735.48

Trade, transportation, and utilities

19.28 19.69 19.75 19.80 659.38 669.46 673.48 677.16

Wholesale trade

25.24 26.18 26.28 26.33 956.60 992.22 998.64 1,000.54

Retail trade

15.38 15.56 15.62 15.66 481.39 483.92 487.34 488.59

Transportation and warehousing

20.46 20.88 20.90 20.89 783.62 795.53 798.38 804.27

Utilities

33.00 32.66 32.68 33.29 1,346.40 1,329.26 1,336.61 1,371.55

Information

29.19 30.37 30.40 30.74 1,065.44 1,114.58 1,115.68 1,131.23

Financial activities

26.40 27.04 27.14 27.23 963.60 997.78 1,001.47 1,004.79

Professional and business services

26.97 27.15 27.10 27.16 943.95 955.68 956.63 958.75

Education and health services

22.35 22.68 22.76 22.82 737.55 743.90 748.80 750.78

Leisure and hospitality

12.86 13.08 13.06 13.09 329.22 337.46 338.25 339.03

Other services

19.42 19.92 19.80 19.78 613.67 631.46 631.62 630.98

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
May
2009
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010(p)
May
2010(p)
Percent change from:
Apr.
2010 - May
2010(p)
May
2009
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010(p)
May
2010(p)
Percent change from:
Apr.
2010 - May
2010(p)

Total private

92.2 91.5 91.9 92.2 0.3 97.3 98.0 98.6 99.3 0.7

Goods-producing

81.9 80.0 80.9 81.1 0.2 88.0 86.4 87.4 88.1 0.8

Mining and logging

91.9 94.9 95.9 99.1 3.3 102.2 103.3 104.8 110.0 5.0

Construction

78.9 71.8 72.9 71.9 -1.4 84.9 78.6 79.7 78.7 -1.3

Manufacturing

82.9 83.4 84.1 85.0 1.1 88.8 89.7 90.6 92.1 1.7

Durable goods

80.0 80.5 81.3 82.2 1.1 87.0 88.0 88.8 90.4 1.8

Nondurable goods

88.3 88.9 89.3 89.8 0.6 92.6 93.6 94.3 95.5 1.3

Private service-providing

94.9 94.8 95.2 95.3 0.1 100.0 101.6 102.3 102.6 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

92.9 91.3 91.6 91.9 0.3 96.4 96.8 97.4 97.9 0.5

Wholesale trade

93.0 92.1 92.5 92.5 0.0 98.0 100.6 101.4 101.6 0.2

Retail trade

92.6 91.2 91.6 91.6 0.0 94.2 93.8 94.6 94.8 0.2

Transportation and warehousing

92.9 90.4 90.3 91.2 1.0 96.5 95.8 95.7 96.7 1.0

Utilities

99.0 98.2 98.7 99.3 0.6 107.9 106.0 106.6 109.3 2.5

Information

93.7 91.4 91.4 91.7 0.3 97.4 98.9 99.0 100.3 1.3

Financial activities

93.5 92.5 92.5 92.4 -0.1 96.3 97.7 98.0 98.2 0.2

Professional and business services

91.3 91.7 92.4 92.5 0.1 99.8 100.9 101.4 101.8 0.4

Education and health services

102.8 103.8 104.3 104.4 0.1 107.6 110.3 111.2 111.6 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

95.9 96.1 96.7 96.7 0.0 99.5 101.4 101.9 102.1 0.2

Other services

93.9 93.5 94.2 94.3 0.1 103.5 105.7 105.9 105.8 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
May
2009
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010(p)
May
2010(p)
May
2009
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010(p)
May
2010(p)

Total nonfarm

65,375 64,735 64,812 65,026 49.8 49.9 49.8 49.8

Total private

52,437 51,911 51,959 51,958 48.3 48.4 48.3 48.3

Goods-producing

4,331 4,147 4,152 4,155 23.1 23.2 23.1 23.1

Mining and logging

99 99 101 100 14.1 14.1 14.2 13.9

Construction

816 743 742 737 13.3 13.2 13.2 13.2

Manufacturing

3,416 3,305 3,309 3,318 28.7 28.5 28.4 28.5

Durable goods

1,822 1,744 1,747 1,754 24.9 24.6 24.5 24.5

Nondurable goods

1,594 1,561 1,562 1,564 34.8 34.7 34.7 34.8

Private service-providing

48,106 47,764 47,807 47,803 53.6 53.4 53.4 53.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,289 10,075 10,063 10,047 41.2 40.8 40.7 40.6

Wholesale trade

1,724.2 1,687.8 1,680.9 1,679.5 30.6 30.3 30.1 30.1

Retail trade

7,396.8 7,257.2 7,253.2 7,238.5 50.8 50.3 50.2 50.1

Transportation and warehousing

1,025.2 993.7 992.9 993.9 24.2 24.0 24.0 24.0

Utilities

142.8 136.6 136.1 135.4 25.5 24.5 24.4 24.3

Information

1,179 1,119 1,116 1,117 41.9 41.0 40.9 40.9

Financial activities

4,610 4,493 4,486 4,476 59.3 59.0 58.9 58.9

Professional and business services

7,499 7,403 7,418 7,421 45.2 44.7 44.6 44.5

Education and health services

14,819 15,023 15,045 15,062 77.4 77.2 77.2 77.3

Leisure and hospitality

6,890 6,846 6,871 6,874 52.5 52.5 52.5 52.5

Other services

2,820 2,805 2,808 2,806 52.6 52.7 52.7 52.6

Government

12,938 12,824 12,853 13,068 57.2 57.0 56.9 56.9

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry May
2009
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010(p)
May
2010(p)

Total private

89,401 88,497 88,668 88,694

Goods-producing

13,508 12,905 12,953 12,943

Mining and logging

516 517 524 533

Construction

4,643 4,259 4,271 4,229

Manufacturing

8,349 8,129 8,158 8,181

Durable goods

5,005 4,850 4,873 4,901

Nondurable goods

3,344 3,279 3,285 3,280

Private service-providing

75,893 75,592 75,715 75,751

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,215 20,946 20,953 20,954

Wholesale trade

4,541.5 4,482.7 4,484.1 4,480.6

Retail trade

12,525.1 12,417.6 12,437.7 12,441.0

Transportation and warehousing

3,696.9 3,600.9 3,587.7 3,588.9

Utilities

451.2 444.4 443.5 443.0

Information

2,252 2,180 2,187 2,188

Financial activities

6,007 5,883 5,882 5,874

Professional and business services

13,520 13,573 13,624 13,641

Education and health services

16,791 17,042 17,064 17,074

Leisure and hospitality

11,618 11,515 11,543 11,555

Other services

4,490 4,453 4,462 4,465

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry May
2009
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010(p)
May
2010(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.1 33.3 33.4 33.5

Goods-producing

39.0 40.1 40.5 40.5

Mining and logging

43.3 44.2 44.8 45.6

Construction

37.6 37.8 38.7 37.9

Manufacturing

39.5 41.0 41.2 41.5

Durable goods

39.4 41.2 41.4 41.7

Nondurable goods

39.6 40.8 40.9 41.2

Private service-providing

32.0 32.2 32.2 32.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

32.9 33.1 33.2 33.2

Wholesale trade

37.6 37.8 37.9 38.0

Retail trade

29.9 30.1 30.1 30.1

Transportation and warehousing

35.9 36.8 37.2 37.1

Utilities

42.1 41.6 41.8 41.8

Information

36.6 36.5 36.5 36.6

Financial activities

36.0 36.1 36.2 36.3

Professional and business services

34.7 35.0 35.0 35.1

Education and health services

32.3 32.1 32.2 32.2

Leisure and hospitality

24.8 25.0 24.9 24.8

Other services

30.5 30.8 30.8 30.9

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

2.8 3.7 3.9 4.1

Durable goods

2.6 3.7 3.9 4.1

Nondurable goods

3.2 3.7 3.9 4.0

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
May
2009
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010(p)
May
2010(p)
May
2009
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010(p)
May
2010(p)

Total private

$18.55 $18.90 $18.95 $18.99 $614.01 $629.37 $632.93 $636.17

Goods-producing

19.85 20.16 20.18 20.20 774.15 808.42 817.29 818.10

Mining and logging

23.33 23.87 23.88 23.93 1,010.19 1,055.05 1,069.82 1,091.21

Construction

22.63 23.12 23.07 23.10 850.89 873.94 892.81 875.49

Manufacturing

18.15 18.47 18.50 18.57 716.93 757.27 762.20 770.66

Durable goods

19.27 19.65 19.67 19.73 759.24 809.58 814.34 822.74

Nondurable goods

16.47 16.71 16.74 16.81 652.21 681.77 684.67 692.57

Private service-providing

18.27 18.64 18.68 18.73 584.64 600.21 601.50 603.11

Trade, transportation, and utilities

16.45 16.77 16.83 16.86 541.21 555.09 558.76 559.75

Wholesale trade

20.86 21.37 21.51 21.56 784.34 807.79 815.23 819.28

Retail trade

12.96 13.18 13.20 13.19 387.50 396.72 397.32 397.02

Transportation and warehousing

18.77 19.16 19.20 19.32 673.84 705.09 714.24 716.77

Utilities

29.42 29.93 30.01 30.15 1,238.58 1,245.09 1,254.42 1,260.27

Information

25.45 25.65 25.63 25.76 931.47 936.23 935.50 942.82

Financial activities

20.79 21.34 21.36 21.42 748.44 770.37 773.23 777.55

Professional and business services

22.23 22.63 22.67 22.77 771.38 792.05 793.45 799.23

Education and health services

19.40 19.80 19.87 19.88 626.62 635.58 639.81 640.14

Leisure and hospitality

11.01 11.31 11.31 11.33 273.05 282.75 281.62 280.98

Other services

16.50 16.79 16.78 16.79 503.25 517.13 516.82 518.81

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
May
2009
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010(p)
May
2010(p)
Percent change from:
Apr.
2010 - May
2010(p)
May
2009
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010(p)
May
2010(p)
Percent change from:
Apr.
2010 - May
2010(p)

Total private

98.9 98.5 98.9 99.3 0.4 122.5 124.3 125.3 126.0 0.6

Goods-producing

80.5 79.1 80.2 80.1 -0.1 97.9 97.6 99.1 99.1 0.0

Mining and logging

118.7 121.4 124.7 129.2 3.6 161.1 168.6 173.3 179.8 3.8

Construction

87.4 80.6 82.8 80.3 -3.0 106.8 100.6 103.1 100.1 -2.9

Manufacturing

75.7 76.5 77.1 77.9 1.0 89.8 92.4 93.3 94.6 1.4

Durable goods

74.1 75.1 75.8 76.8 1.3 89.1 92.1 93.1 94.6 1.6

Nondurable goods

78.0 78.8 79.2 79.6 0.5 90.8 93.1 93.6 94.6 1.1

Private service-providing

103.8 104.1 104.2 104.3 0.1 130.1 133.0 133.5 133.9 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

97.3 96.7 97.0 97.0 0.0 114.2 115.6 116.4 116.6 0.2

Wholesale trade

100.6 99.8 100.1 100.3 0.2 123.6 125.6 126.8 127.3 0.4

Retail trade

94.8 94.6 94.8 94.8 0.0 105.3 106.9 107.2 107.2 0.0

Transportation and warehousing

99.9 99.7 100.5 100.2 -0.3 119.0 121.2 122.4 122.8 0.3

Utilities

97.2 94.6 94.8 94.7 -0.1 119.3 118.1 118.8 119.2 0.3

Information

94.1 90.8 91.1 91.4 0.3 118.6 115.3 115.6 116.6 0.9

Financial activities

103.5 101.6 101.9 102.0 0.1 133.0 134.1 134.6 135.1 0.4

Professional and business services

105.1 106.5 106.9 107.3 0.4 139.1 143.4 144.2 145.4 0.8

Education and health services

117.0 118.0 118.5 118.6 0.1 149.2 153.6 154.8 155.0 0.1

Leisure and hospitality

105.6 105.5 105.3 105.0 -0.3 132.0 135.5 135.3 135.1 -0.1

Other services

96.1 96.2 96.4 96.8 0.4 115.5 117.7 117.9 118.4 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: June 04, 2010
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