Economic News Release

Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed                        USDL-13-1102
until 8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, June 7, 2013

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                          THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- MAY 2013


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 175,000 in May, and the unemployment
rate was essentially unchanged at 7.6 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. Employment rose in professional and business services, food services
and drinking places, and retail trade.

Household Survey Data

Both the number of unemployed persons, at 11.8 million, and the unemployment rate, at
7.6 percent, were essentially unchanged in May. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (7.2 percent),
adult women (6.5 percent), teenagers (24.5 percent), whites (6.7 percent), blacks
(13.5 percent), and Hispanics (9.1 percent) showed little or no change in May. The
jobless rate for Asians was 4.3 percent (not seasonally adjusted), little changed from
a year earlier. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

In May, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was
unchanged at 4.4 million. These individuals accounted for 37.3 percent of the unemployed.
Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term unemployed has declined by 1.0 million.
(See table A-12.)

The civilian labor force rose by 420,000 to 155.7 million in May; however, the labor
force participation rate was little changed at 63.4 percent. Over the year, the labor
force participation rate has declined by 0.4 percentage point. The employment-population
ratio was unchanged in May at 58.6 percent and has shown little movement, on net, over 
the past year. (See table A-1.)

In May, the number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred
to as involuntary part-time workers) was unchanged at 7.9 million. These individuals were
working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to
find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In May, 2.2 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down from 2.4
million a year earlier. (These data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were
not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job
sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not
searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 780,000 discouraged workers in May, little
changed from a year earlier. (These data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged
workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are
available for them. The remaining 1.4 million persons marginally attached to the labor
force in May had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family
responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 175,000 in May, with gains in professional
and business services, food services and drinking places, and retail trade. Over the
prior 12 months, employment growth averaged 172,000 per month. (See table B-1.)

Professional and business services added 57,000 jobs in May. Within this industry,
employment continued to trend up in temporary help services (+26,000), computer systems
design and related services (+6,000), and architectural and engineering services (+5,000).
Employment in professional and business services has grown by 589,000 over the past year.

Within leisure and hospitality, employment in food services and drinking places continued
to expand, increasing by 38,000 in May and by 337,000 over the past year.

Retail trade employment increased by 28,000 in May. The industry added an average of
20,000 jobs per month over the prior 12 months. In May, general merchandise stores
continued to add jobs (+10,000).

Health care employment continued to trend up in May (+11,000). Job gains in home health
care services (+7,000) and outpatient care centers (+4,000) more than offset a loss in
hospitals (-6,000). Over the prior 12 months, job growth in health care averaged 24,000
per month.

Within government, federal government employment declined by 14,000 in May. Over the past
3 months, federal government employment has decreased by 45,000.

Employment in other major industries, including mining and logging, construction,
manufacturing, wholesale trade, transportation and warehousing, and financial activities,
showed little or no change over the month.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged in
May at 34.5 hours. In manufacturing, the workweek increased by 0.1 hour to 40.8 hours,
and overtime was unchanged at 3.3 hours. The average workweek for production and
nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls increased by 0.1 hour to 33.8
hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In May, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls, at $23.89,
changed little (+1 cent). Over the year, average hourly earnings have risen by 46 cents, or
2.0 percent. In May, average hourly earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory
employees, at $20.08, changed little (+1 cent). (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for March was revised from +138,000 to
+142,000, and the change for April was revised from +165,000 to +149,000. With these
revisions, employment gains in March and April combined were 12,000 less than previously
reported.

_____________
The Employment Situation for June is scheduled to be released on Friday, July 5, 2013,
at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category May
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
Change from:
Apr.
2013-
May
2013

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

242,966 244,995 245,175 245,363 188

Civilian labor force

154,998 155,028 155,238 155,658 420

Participation rate

63.8 63.3 63.3 63.4 0.1

Employed

142,302 143,286 143,579 143,898 319

Employment-population ratio

58.6 58.5 58.6 58.6 0.0

Unemployed

12,695 11,742 11,659 11,760 101

Unemployment rate

8.2 7.6 7.5 7.6 0.1

Not in labor force

87,968 89,967 89,936 89,705 -231

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

8.2 7.6 7.5 7.6 0.1

Adult men (20 years and over)

7.7 6.9 7.1 7.2 0.1

Adult women (20 years and over)

7.3 7.0 6.7 6.5 -0.2

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

24.4 24.2 24.1 24.5 0.4

White

7.4 6.7 6.7 6.7 0.0

Black or African American

13.6 13.3 13.2 13.5 0.3

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

5.2 5.0 5.1 4.3 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

11.0 9.2 9.0 9.1 0.1

Total, 25 years and over

6.9 6.2 6.1 6.1 0.0

Less than a high school diploma

13.0 11.1 11.6 11.1 -0.5

High school graduates, no college

8.2 7.6 7.4 7.4 0.0

Some college or associate degree

7.8 6.4 6.4 6.5 0.1

Bachelor's degree and higher

3.9 3.8 3.9 3.8 -0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

6,968 6,329 6,410 6,147 -263

Job leavers

902 986 864 944 80

Reentrants

3,450 3,176 3,151 3,333 182

New entrants

1,347 1,316 1,280 1,268 -12

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,602 2,464 2,474 2,706 232

5 to 14 weeks

3,007 2,838 2,848 2,669 -179

15 to 26 weeks

1,703 1,737 1,967 1,950 -17

27 weeks and over

5,385 4,611 4,353 4,357 4

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

8,116 7,638 7,916 7,904 -12

Slack work or business conditions

5,174 4,906 5,129 4,841 -288

Could only find part-time work

2,693 2,576 2,527 2,721 194

Part time for noneconomic reasons

19,356 18,745 18,908 18,934 26

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,423 2,326 2,347 2,164 -

Discouraged workers

830 803 835 780 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category May
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
May
2013(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

125 142 149 175

Total private

152 154 157 178

Goods-producing

-12 14 -15 -1

Mining and logging

3 2 -4 0

Construction

-21 16 -2 7

Manufacturing

6 -4 -9 -8

Durable goods(1)

7 1 -2 -2

Motor vehicles and parts

3.8 2.8 -2.7 2.4

Nondurable goods

-1 -5 -7 -6

Private service-providing(1)

164 140 172 179

Wholesale trade

12.7 3.4 3.9 7.9

Retail trade

9.4 -2.8 19.9 27.7

Transportation and warehousing

30.3 -4.1 5.9 -3.9

Information

2 3 -7 3

Financial activities

14 6 9 4

Professional and business services(1)

37 59 60 57

Temporary help services

13.4 19.5 26.4 25.6

Education and health services(1)

47 48 37 26

Health care and social assistance

36.6 24.7 32.3 11.8

Leisure and hospitality

4 31 39 43

Other services

6 -3 3 13

Government

-27 -12 -8 -3

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.4 49.3 49.4 49.4

Total private women employees

47.9 47.8 47.9 47.9

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.6 82.6 82.6 82.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.4 34.6 34.5 34.5

Average hourly earnings

$23.43 $23.83 $23.88 $23.89

Average weekly earnings

$805.99 $824.52 $823.86 $824.21

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

96.2 98.3 98.2 98.3

Over-the-month percent change

-0.1 0.4 -0.1 0.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

107.5 111.7 111.8 112.0

Over-the-month percent change

-0.1 0.4 0.1 0.2

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.7 33.8 33.7 33.8

Average hourly earnings

$19.70 $20.04 $20.07 $20.08

Average weekly earnings

$663.89 $677.35 $676.36 $678.70

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

103.7 105.7 105.5 106.0

Over-the-month percent change

0.1 0.1 -0.2 0.5

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

136.4 141.4 141.4 142.2

Over-the-month percent change

0.0 0.1 0.0 0.6

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private (266 industries)

63.5 57.0 55.6 59.8

Manufacturing (81 industries)

55.6 50.6 45.1 45.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of   employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a   smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change   than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.

   In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment,
   employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. Slightly more
   than 20 percent of all employees in the payroll survey sample have a weekly pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the effect
   of extreme weather on estimates of over-the-month change in employment.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours. Current and historical
   data are available on the  household survey's most requested statistics page at
   http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 145,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 557,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 90,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-40,000 to +140,000 (50,000 +/- 90,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
May
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
May
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

242,966 245,175 245,363 242,966 244,663 244,828 244,995 245,175 245,363

Civilian labor force

154,998 154,739 155,734 154,998 155,654 155,524 155,028 155,238 155,658

Participation rate

63.8 63.1 63.5 63.8 63.6 63.5 63.3 63.3 63.4

Employed

142,727 143,724 144,432 142,302 143,322 143,492 143,286 143,579 143,898

Employment-population ratio

58.7 58.6 58.9 58.6 58.6 58.6 58.5 58.6 58.6

Unemployed

12,271 11,014 11,302 12,695 12,332 12,032 11,742 11,659 11,760

Unemployment rate

7.9 7.1 7.3 8.2 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.6

Not in labor force

87,968 90,436 89,629 87,968 89,008 89,304 89,967 89,936 89,705

Persons who currently want a job

6,835 6,329 7,193 6,349 6,631 6,821 6,722 6,413 6,712

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

117,177 118,296 118,393 117,177 118,033 118,117 118,204 118,296 118,393

Civilian labor force

82,409 82,201 82,924 82,361 82,940 82,823 82,584 82,621 82,862

Participation rate

70.3 69.5 70.0 70.3 70.3 70.1 69.9 69.8 70.0

Employed

75,712 76,029 76,608 75,415 76,290 76,375 76,329 76,239 76,299

Employment-population ratio

64.6 64.3 64.7 64.4 64.6 64.7 64.6 64.4 64.4

Unemployed

6,697 6,172 6,316 6,946 6,650 6,447 6,255 6,382 6,564

Unemployment rate

8.1 7.5 7.6 8.4 8.0 7.8 7.6 7.7 7.9

Not in labor force

34,768 36,095 35,469 34,816 35,093 35,295 35,619 35,675 35,531

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

108,503 109,736 109,839 108,503 109,448 109,541 109,635 109,736 109,839

Civilian labor force

79,511 79,551 80,015 79,373 80,016 79,910 79,747 79,803 79,878

Participation rate

73.3 72.5 72.8 73.2 73.1 72.9 72.7 72.7 72.7

Employed

73,567 74,042 74,456 73,230 74,139 74,249 74,228 74,159 74,124

Employment-population ratio

67.8 67.5 67.8 67.5 67.7 67.8 67.7 67.6 67.5

Unemployed

5,945 5,509 5,559 6,143 5,877 5,661 5,519 5,644 5,754

Unemployment rate

7.5 6.9 6.9 7.7 7.3 7.1 6.9 7.1 7.2

Not in labor force

28,991 30,184 29,824 29,130 29,432 29,631 29,888 29,933 29,961

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

125,788 126,878 126,970 125,788 126,630 126,710 126,791 126,878 126,970

Civilian labor force

72,589 72,538 72,810 72,636 72,715 72,701 72,443 72,617 72,796

Participation rate

57.7 57.2 57.3 57.7 57.4 57.4 57.1 57.2 57.3

Employed

67,015 67,695 67,824 66,887 67,032 67,116 66,956 67,340 67,599

Employment-population ratio

53.3 53.4 53.4 53.2 52.9 53.0 52.8 53.1 53.2

Unemployed

5,574 4,843 4,986 5,749 5,682 5,585 5,487 5,277 5,197

Unemployment rate

7.7 6.7 6.8 7.9 7.8 7.7 7.6 7.3 7.1

Not in labor force

53,200 54,340 54,160 53,152 53,916 54,009 54,348 54,261 54,174

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

117,448 118,612 118,708 117,448 118,348 118,433 118,520 118,612 118,708

Civilian labor force

69,775 69,833 69,955 69,777 69,749 69,772 69,544 69,744 69,895

Participation rate

59.4 58.9 58.9 59.4 58.9 58.9 58.7 58.8 58.9

Employed

64,840 65,533 65,611 64,653 64,675 64,867 64,707 65,101 65,329

Employment-population ratio

55.2 55.3 55.3 55.0 54.6 54.8 54.6 54.9 55.0

Unemployed

4,936 4,300 4,343 5,124 5,074 4,905 4,837 4,642 4,566

Unemployment rate

7.1 6.2 6.2 7.3 7.3 7.0 7.0 6.7 6.5

Not in labor force

47,672 48,778 48,753 47,670 48,599 48,661 48,976 48,868 48,813

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

17,015 16,827 16,816 17,015 16,867 16,854 16,840 16,827 16,816

Civilian labor force

5,711 5,355 5,764 5,847 5,889 5,842 5,737 5,692 5,886

Participation rate

33.6 31.8 34.3 34.4 34.9 34.7 34.1 33.8 35.0

Employed

4,320 4,149 4,364 4,419 4,508 4,376 4,351 4,320 4,445

Employment-population ratio

25.4 24.7 26.0 26.0 26.7 26.0 25.8 25.7 26.4

Unemployed

1,391 1,206 1,400 1,428 1,381 1,466 1,386 1,372 1,441

Unemployment rate

24.4 22.5 24.3 24.4 23.4 25.1 24.2 24.1 24.5

Not in labor force

11,304 11,473 11,052 11,168 10,978 11,012 11,103 11,135 10,930

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
May
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
May
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

193,004 194,041 194,147 193,004 193,776 193,859 193,946 194,041 194,147

Civilian labor force

123,897 123,048 123,836 123,981 123,971 123,626 123,382 123,504 123,844

Participation rate

64.2 63.4 63.8 64.2 64.0 63.8 63.6 63.6 63.8

Employed

115,015 115,231 115,828 114,817 115,266 115,250 115,080 115,266 115,557

Employment-population ratio

59.6 59.4 59.7 59.5 59.5 59.5 59.3 59.4 59.5

Unemployed

8,882 7,817 8,009 9,163 8,705 8,376 8,302 8,238 8,287

Unemployment rate

7.2 6.4 6.5 7.4 7.0 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.7

Not in labor force

69,107 70,993 70,311 69,023 69,805 70,233 70,565 70,537 70,303

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,680 64,441 64,785 64,581 64,924 64,720 64,549 64,674 64,680

Participation rate

73.8 73.0 73.3 73.7 73.7 73.4 73.1 73.2 73.2

Employed

60,349 60,450 60,816 60,074 60,652 60,659 60,594 60,540 60,545

Employment-population ratio

68.8 68.5 68.8 68.5 68.8 68.8 68.7 68.6 68.5

Unemployed

4,331 3,992 3,969 4,507 4,272 4,061 3,955 4,135 4,135

Unemployment rate

6.7 6.2 6.1 7.0 6.6 6.3 6.1 6.4 6.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,620 54,300 54,411 54,720 54,318 54,224 54,255 54,221 54,447

Participation rate

58.9 58.3 58.3 59.1 58.4 58.2 58.2 58.2 58.4

Employed

51,087 51,374 51,390 51,078 50,869 50,946 50,940 51,123 51,311

Employment-population ratio

55.1 55.1 55.1 55.1 54.7 54.7 54.7 54.8 55.0

Unemployed

3,533 2,926 3,021 3,642 3,450 3,278 3,315 3,098 3,136

Unemployment rate

6.5 5.4 5.6 6.7 6.4 6.0 6.1 5.7 5.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,597 4,307 4,641 4,680 4,729 4,682 4,578 4,608 4,717

Participation rate

36.3 34.4 37.1 36.9 37.7 37.3 36.5 36.8 37.7

Employed

3,579 3,408 3,622 3,665 3,746 3,645 3,546 3,603 3,700

Employment-population ratio

28.2 27.2 28.9 28.9 29.8 29.1 28.3 28.8 29.6

Unemployed

1,018 899 1,019 1,015 983 1,037 1,032 1,005 1,017

Unemployment rate

22.1 20.9 21.9 21.7 20.8 22.1 22.5 21.8 21.6

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,854 30,290 30,322 29,854 30,190 30,223 30,255 30,290 30,322

Civilian labor force

18,275 18,532 18,690 18,301 18,641 18,639 18,524 18,617 18,723

Participation rate

61.2 61.2 61.6 61.3 61.7 61.7 61.2 61.5 61.7

Employed

15,837 16,240 16,226 15,808 16,073 16,059 16,068 16,167 16,202

Employment-population ratio

53.0 53.6 53.5 53.0 53.2 53.1 53.1 53.4 53.4

Unemployed

2,438 2,292 2,464 2,493 2,568 2,580 2,456 2,450 2,521

Unemployment rate

13.3 12.4 13.2 13.6 13.8 13.8 13.3 13.2 13.5

Not in labor force

11,579 11,758 11,632 11,553 11,549 11,583 11,731 11,673 11,599

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,270 8,326 8,432 8,275 8,382 8,437 8,447 8,377 8,441

Participation rate

68.0 67.0 67.8 68.1 67.8 68.2 68.1 67.4 67.9

Employed

7,082 7,287 7,274 7,093 7,262 7,352 7,370 7,319 7,301

Employment-population ratio

58.3 58.7 58.5 58.3 58.8 59.4 59.4 58.9 58.7

Unemployed

1,188 1,039 1,157 1,183 1,120 1,085 1,077 1,058 1,140

Unemployment rate

14.4 12.5 13.7 14.3 13.4 12.9 12.7 12.6 13.5

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,327 9,543 9,530 9,350 9,545 9,491 9,365 9,529 9,562

Participation rate

62.0 62.4 62.3 62.2 62.7 62.2 61.3 62.3 62.5

Employed

8,317 8,531 8,531 8,286 8,367 8,302 8,226 8,425 8,487

Employment-population ratio

55.3 55.8 55.7 55.1 54.9 54.4 53.9 55.1 55.4

Unemployed

1,011 1,012 999 1,064 1,178 1,189 1,139 1,105 1,074

Unemployment rate

10.8 10.6 10.5 11.4 12.3 12.5 12.2 11.6 11.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

678 663 728 676 714 711 713 711 720

Participation rate

25.5 25.7 28.3 25.5 27.5 27.4 27.6 27.5 28.0

Employed

439 422 420 430 444 404 472 423 413

Employment-population ratio

16.5 16.3 16.3 16.2 17.1 15.6 18.2 16.4 16.1

Unemployed

239 241 308 246 270 307 241 287 307

Unemployment rate

35.2 36.4 42.3 36.4 37.8 43.1 33.8 40.5 42.6

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

12,749 13,244 13,343 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

8,080 8,456 8,491 - - - - - -

Participation rate

63.4 63.9 63.6 - - - - - -

Employed

7,656 8,025 8,127 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

60.0 60.6 60.9 - - - - - -

Unemployed

424 431 365 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

5.2 5.1 4.3 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

4,669 4,788 4,851 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
May
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
May
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

36,626 37,320 37,395 36,626 37,094 37,169 37,242 37,320 37,395

Civilian labor force

24,534 24,475 24,872 24,568 24,572 24,563 24,354 24,512 24,848

Participation rate

67.0 65.6 66.5 67.1 66.2 66.1 65.4 65.7 66.4

Employed

21,984 22,412 22,743 21,856 22,199 22,215 22,122 22,310 22,583

Employment-population ratio

60.0 60.1 60.8 59.7 59.8 59.8 59.4 59.8 60.4

Unemployed

2,550 2,063 2,129 2,712 2,373 2,348 2,232 2,202 2,265

Unemployment rate

10.4 8.4 8.6 11.0 9.7 9.6 9.2 9.0 9.1

Not in labor force

12,092 12,845 12,523 12,058 12,522 12,606 12,888 12,808 12,547

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,486 13,640 13,731 - - - - - -

Participation rate

81.8 81.1 81.4 - - - - - -

Employed

12,195 12,602 12,737 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

74.0 74.9 75.5 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,291 1,037 995 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

9.6 7.6 7.2 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,904 9,796 10,017 - - - - - -

Participation rate

60.1 58.2 59.3 - - - - - -

Employed

8,993 9,062 9,203 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

54.5 53.8 54.5 - - - - - -

Unemployed

911 734 815 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

9.2 7.5 8.1 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,144 1,039 1,124 - - - - - -

Participation rate

31.3 28.5 30.8 - - - - - -

Employed

796 748 804 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

21.8 20.5 22.0 - - - - - -

Unemployed

348 291 320 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

30.4 28.0 28.5 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
May
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,670 11,072 11,483 11,452 11,125 11,256 11,264 10,999 11,237

Participation rate

45.8 45.1 45.9 44.9 45.5 47.2 46.0 44.8 45.0

Employed

10,242 9,810 10,295 9,966 9,784 9,999 10,012 9,725 9,993

Employment-population ratio

40.2 39.9 41.2 39.1 40.0 41.9 40.9 39.6 40.0

Unemployed

1,428 1,262 1,188 1,486 1,341 1,257 1,252 1,274 1,243

Unemployment rate

12.2 11.4 10.3 13.0 12.0 11.2 11.1 11.6 11.1

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

37,119 36,224 36,488 36,900 36,557 36,143 36,121 36,200 36,236

Participation rate

59.8 58.7 59.3 59.5 58.7 58.1 58.6 58.7 58.9

Employed

34,239 33,614 33,963 33,883 33,585 33,289 33,359 33,510 33,572

Employment-population ratio

55.2 54.5 55.2 54.6 54.0 53.6 54.1 54.3 54.6

Unemployed

2,880 2,610 2,525 3,017 2,972 2,854 2,762 2,689 2,664

Unemployment rate

7.8 7.2 6.9 8.2 8.1 7.9 7.6 7.4 7.4

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

36,899 37,058 37,189 37,178 37,201 37,291 37,232 37,371 37,470

Participation rate

68.5 67.8 68.0 69.0 68.3 68.0 68.1 68.4 68.5

Employed

34,157 34,820 34,848 34,280 34,587 34,776 34,845 34,992 35,036

Employment-population ratio

63.4 63.7 63.7 63.7 63.5 63.5 63.8 64.1 64.0

Unemployed

2,741 2,238 2,341 2,898 2,614 2,515 2,387 2,379 2,435

Unemployment rate

7.4 6.0 6.3 7.8 7.0 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.5

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

48,191 49,663 49,392 48,291 48,991 49,436 49,236 49,492 49,473

Participation rate

76.7 75.9 75.6 76.9 75.8 75.9 75.3 75.6 75.8

Employed

46,408 47,888 47,623 46,411 47,172 47,555 47,371 47,563 47,581

Employment-population ratio

73.9 73.2 72.9 73.9 72.9 73.0 72.5 72.7 72.9

Unemployed

1,783 1,775 1,770 1,879 1,819 1,881 1,865 1,929 1,892

Unemployment rate

3.7 3.6 3.6 3.9 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
May
2012
May
2013
May
2012
May
2013
May
2012
May
2013

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,224 21,439 19,412 19,217 1,812 2,222

Civilian labor force

11,228 11,203 10,077 9,768 1,152 1,435

Participation rate

52.9 52.3 51.9 50.8 63.6 64.6

Employed

10,348 10,459 9,263 9,110 1,085 1,349

Employment-population ratio

48.8 48.8 47.7 47.4 59.9 60.7

Unemployed

880 744 814 658 67 86

Unemployment rate

7.8 6.6 8.1 6.7 5.8 6.0

Not in labor force

9,996 10,236 9,335 9,449 660 787

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,620 2,694 2,178 2,228 442 466

Civilian labor force

2,074 2,224 1,781 1,893 293 331

Participation rate

79.2 82.5 81.8 84.9 66.2 71.0

Employed

1,812 2,061 1,556 1,746 256 315

Employment-population ratio

69.1 76.5 71.4 78.4 57.8 67.6

Unemployed

263 163 226 147 37 16

Unemployment rate

12.7 7.3 12.7 7.8 12.7 4.9

Not in labor force

546 470 397 335 149 135

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,032 3,470 2,545 2,742 487 728

Civilian labor force

2,571 2,879 2,185 2,309 386 570

Participation rate

84.8 83.0 85.8 84.2 79.2 78.4

Employed

2,410 2,729 2,039 2,193 370 536

Employment-population ratio

79.5 78.6 80.1 80.0 76.0 73.7

Unemployed

161 150 145 116 16 34

Unemployment rate

6.3 5.2 6.6 5.0 4.1 6.0

Not in labor force

462 591 360 434 101 157

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,936 9,871 9,615 9,497 321 373

Civilian labor force

3,369 3,077 3,250 2,979 118 97

Participation rate

33.9 31.2 33.8 31.4 36.9 26.1

Employed

3,135 2,860 3,023 2,769 112 91

Employment-population ratio

31.6 29.0 31.4 29.2 35.0 24.4

Unemployed

234 217 228 211 6 6

Unemployment rate

6.9 7.1 7.0 7.1 5.2 6.6

Not in labor force

6,567 6,794 6,365 6,518 202 276

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,636 5,404 5,074 4,749 562 655

Civilian labor force

3,215 3,023 2,860 2,587 354 436

Participation rate

57.0 55.9 56.4 54.5 63.1 66.6

Employed

2,992 2,809 2,645 2,402 347 407

Employment-population ratio

53.1 52.0 52.1 50.6 61.8 62.2

Unemployed

223 214 215 185 7 29

Unemployment rate

6.9 7.1 7.5 7.1 2.1 6.7

Not in labor force

2,421 2,381 2,214 2,162 207 219

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

212,936 215,051 93,271 94,694 119,665 120,357

Civilian labor force

141,926 142,557 71,452 72,196 70,474 70,362

Participation rate

66.7 66.3 76.6 76.2 58.9 58.5

Employed

131,032 132,557 65,822 66,844 65,211 65,713

Employment-population ratio

61.5 61.6 70.6 70.6 54.5 54.6

Unemployed

10,894 10,000 5,631 5,351 5,263 4,649

Unemployment rate

7.7 7.0 7.9 7.4 7.5 6.6

Not in labor force

71,010 72,494 21,819 22,498 49,191 49,995

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Beginning with data for January 2013, estimates for veterans incorporate population controls derived from the updated Department of Veterans Affairs' population model.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
May
2012
May
2013
May
2012
May
2013

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,059 28,552 214,907 216,811

Civilian labor force

5,821 5,903 149,177 149,831

Participation rate

20.7 20.7 69.4 69.1

Employed

5,068 5,099 137,658 139,333

Employment-population ratio

18.1 17.9 64.1 64.3

Unemployed

752 805 11,519 10,497

Unemployment rate

12.9 13.6 7.7 7.0

Not in labor force

22,238 22,649 65,730 66,980

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,586 2,577 75,401 75,739

Participation rate

34.9 34.7 82.4 82.4

Employed

2,225 2,216 69,344 70,039

Employment-population ratio

30.0 29.8 75.8 76.2

Unemployed

362 360 6,056 5,701

Unemployment rate

14.0 14.0 8.0 7.5

Not in labor force

4,819 4,853 16,078 16,158

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,282 2,342 66,922 66,780

Participation rate

29.1 29.6 70.7 70.3

Employed

1,964 1,949 61,894 62,330

Employment-population ratio

25.0 24.7 65.4 65.7

Unemployed

318 393 5,028 4,450

Unemployment rate

13.9 16.8 7.5 6.7

Not in labor force

5,564 5,560 27,712 28,161

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

953 984 6,854 7,311

Participation rate

7.4 7.4 23.8 24.4

Employed

880 933 6,420 6,965

Employment-population ratio

6.9 7.1 22.3 23.2

Unemployed

73 51 435 346

Unemployment rate

7.6 5.2 6.3 4.7

Not in labor force

11,855 12,236 21,939 22,661

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
May
2012
May
2013
May
2012
May
2013
May
2012
May
2013

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

37,504 37,503 18,291 18,233 19,213 19,270

Civilian labor force

24,878 24,958 14,405 14,386 10,473 10,572

Participation rate

66.3 66.5 78.8 78.9 54.5 54.9

Employed

23,038 23,384 13,409 13,568 9,629 9,816

Employment-population ratio

61.4 62.4 73.3 74.4 50.1 50.9

Unemployed

1,840 1,574 996 818 844 756

Unemployment rate

7.4 6.3 6.9 5.7 8.1 7.2

Not in labor force

12,625 12,545 3,886 3,847 8,740 8,698

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

205,462 207,860 98,887 100,160 106,575 107,700

Civilian labor force

130,120 130,776 68,004 68,538 62,115 62,238

Participation rate

63.3 62.9 68.8 68.4 58.3 57.8

Employed

119,689 121,048 62,303 63,040 57,386 58,008

Employment-population ratio

58.3 58.2 63.0 62.9 53.8 53.9

Unemployed

10,431 9,728 5,701 5,498 4,729 4,230

Unemployment rate

8.0 7.4 8.4 8.0 7.6 6.8

Not in labor force

75,342 77,084 30,882 31,622 44,460 45,462

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
May
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,371 1,951 2,168 2,274 2,057 2,065 2,001 2,017 2,059

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,482 1,144 1,322 1,421 1,245 1,258 1,250 1,227 1,263

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

843 783 831 809 775 792 710 772 793

Unpaid family workers

46 23 15 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

140,356 141,774 142,263 140,033 141,255 141,415 141,317 141,592 141,890

Wage and salary workers(1)

131,493 133,065 133,483 131,321 132,445 132,694 132,761 132,847 133,201

Government

20,322 20,635 20,537 20,079 20,696 20,571 20,633 20,269 20,361

Private industries

111,172 112,429 112,947 111,288 111,746 112,141 112,147 112,558 112,865

Private households

834 617 663 - - - - - -

Other industries

110,337 111,813 112,284 110,486 110,873 111,411 111,462 111,932 112,274

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,784 8,632 8,715 8,640 8,746 8,686 8,407 8,651 8,597

Unpaid family workers

78 77 65 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,837 7,709 7,618 8,116 7,973 7,988 7,638 7,916 7,904

Slack work or business conditions

4,961 4,920 4,604 5,174 5,126 5,136 4,906 5,129 4,841

Could only find part-time work

2,620 2,530 2,727 2,693 2,630 2,578 2,576 2,527 2,721

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,694 19,829 19,315 19,356 18,464 18,908 18,745 18,908 18,934

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,736 7,590 7,523 7,991 7,867 7,865 7,544 7,793 7,797

Slack work or business conditions

4,901 4,845 4,544 5,106 5,047 5,045 4,832 5,058 4,778

Could only find part-time work

2,588 2,513 2,714 2,646 2,610 2,542 2,510 2,454 2,686

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,319 19,494 18,993 18,893 18,182 18,549 18,435 18,542 18,511

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
May
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

142,727 143,724 144,432 142,302 143,322 143,492 143,286 143,579 143,898

16 to 19 years

4,320 4,149 4,364 4,419 4,508 4,376 4,351 4,320 4,445

16 to 17 years

1,347 1,361 1,415 1,431 1,453 1,520 1,482 1,490 1,505

18 to 19 years

2,974 2,787 2,949 2,976 3,048 2,866 2,868 2,834 2,937

20 years and over

138,407 139,576 140,067 137,883 138,814 139,116 138,935 139,260 139,453

20 to 24 years

13,360 13,444 13,339 13,416 13,471 13,527 13,382 13,569 13,412

25 years and over

125,046 126,132 126,728 124,510 125,311 125,604 125,615 125,678 126,057

25 to 54 years

94,520 94,591 94,963 94,227 94,147 94,387 94,409 94,393 94,569

25 to 34 years

30,748 31,185 31,402 30,692 31,137 31,152 31,180 31,133 31,292

35 to 44 years

30,656 30,749 30,834 30,540 30,480 30,521 30,620 30,637 30,691

45 to 54 years

33,116 32,658 32,726 32,996 32,531 32,714 32,610 32,623 32,586

55 years and over

30,527 31,540 31,765 30,283 31,164 31,217 31,206 31,285 31,488

Men, 16 years and over

75,712 76,029 76,608 75,415 76,290 76,375 76,329 76,239 76,299

16 to 19 years

2,145 1,987 2,152 2,185 2,151 2,126 2,101 2,080 2,175

16 to 17 years

628 607 654 659 673 713 645 653 686

18 to 19 years

1,518 1,380 1,498 1,517 1,472 1,408 1,444 1,426 1,485

20 years and over

73,567 74,042 74,456 73,230 74,139 74,249 74,228 74,159 74,124

20 to 24 years

6,909 6,877 6,900 6,894 7,070 7,073 7,006 6,990 6,917

25 years and over

66,658 67,166 67,557 66,335 67,002 67,149 67,205 67,095 67,192

25 to 54 years

50,525 50,543 50,867 50,316 50,474 50,603 50,669 50,565 50,613

25 to 34 years

16,648 16,837 16,997 16,643 16,889 16,940 16,980 16,887 16,961

35 to 44 years

16,500 16,666 16,732 16,441 16,519 16,597 16,655 16,673 16,660

45 to 54 years

17,377 17,040 17,138 17,233 17,066 17,066 17,034 17,005 16,992

55 years and over

16,133 16,623 16,689 16,019 16,528 16,546 16,536 16,530 16,578

Women, 16 years and over

67,015 67,695 67,824 66,887 67,032 67,116 66,956 67,340 67,599

16 to 19 years

2,175 2,162 2,213 2,234 2,357 2,250 2,250 2,239 2,271

16 to 17 years

719 755 762 771 780 807 837 837 819

18 to 19 years

1,456 1,408 1,451 1,459 1,576 1,458 1,424 1,408 1,452

20 years and over

64,840 65,533 65,611 64,653 64,675 64,867 64,707 65,101 65,329

20 to 24 years

6,451 6,567 6,440 6,521 6,402 6,455 6,376 6,578 6,495

25 years and over

58,389 58,966 59,171 58,174 58,309 58,455 58,411 58,583 58,866

25 to 54 years

43,995 44,048 44,096 43,911 43,674 43,784 43,740 43,828 43,955

25 to 34 years

14,101 14,348 14,405 14,049 14,248 14,212 14,200 14,246 14,330

35 to 44 years

14,156 14,083 14,102 14,099 13,961 13,925 13,965 13,964 14,030

45 to 54 years

15,738 15,618 15,588 15,763 15,465 15,648 15,575 15,619 15,595

55 years and over

14,394 14,918 15,076 14,264 14,636 14,671 14,670 14,755 14,910

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

43,903 43,905 44,284 43,815 44,117 43,934 44,007 44,024 44,176

Married women, spouse present

34,673 34,442 34,804 34,626 34,271 34,400 34,319 34,346 34,716

Women who maintain families

9,516 9,465 9,557 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

114,634 115,674 116,643 114,300 115,918 115,841 115,903 116,053 116,238

Part-time workers(2)

28,092 28,050 27,789 28,057 27,467 27,569 27,442 27,549 27,699

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,174 7,029 7,123 6,941 6,919 7,259 7,102 6,983 6,918

Percent of total employed

5.0 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,419 5,342 5,305 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,627 9,415 9,546 9,450 9,521 9,478 9,117 9,423 9,390

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
May
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
May
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

12,695 11,659 11,760 8.2 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.6

16 to 19 years

1,428 1,372 1,441 24.4 23.4 25.1 24.2 24.1 24.5

16 to 17 years

511 559 570 26.3 28.4 27.6 27.1 27.3 27.5

18 to 19 years

907 827 847 23.3 20.8 23.0 22.1 22.6 22.4

20 years and over

11,267 10,287 10,320 7.6 7.3 7.1 6.9 6.9 6.9

20 to 24 years

2,003 2,053 2,048 13.0 14.2 13.1 13.3 13.1 13.2

25 years and over

9,281 8,204 8,232 6.9 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1

25 to 54 years

7,199 6,429 6,503 7.1 6.7 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.4

25 to 34 years

2,743 2,497 2,425 8.2 7.7 7.8 7.4 7.4 7.2

35 to 44 years

2,221 1,897 2,026 6.8 6.5 6.2 6.0 5.8 6.2

45 to 54 years

2,236 2,036 2,053 6.3 6.0 5.5 5.7 5.9 5.9

55 years and over

2,093 1,825 1,760 6.5 6.0 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.3

Men, 16 years and over

6,946 6,382 6,564 8.4 8.0 7.8 7.6 7.7 7.9

16 to 19 years

803 738 810 26.9 26.4 27.0 25.9 26.2 27.1

16 to 17 years

268 297 318 28.9 31.3 31.1 30.7 31.2 31.6

18 to 19 years

524 447 469 25.7 23.7 24.3 23.4 23.9 24.0

20 years and over

6,143 5,644 5,754 7.7 7.3 7.1 6.9 7.1 7.2

20 to 24 years

1,143 1,135 1,183 14.2 15.3 13.4 14.4 14.0 14.6

25 years and over

5,007 4,518 4,543 7.0 6.5 6.3 6.0 6.3 6.3

25 to 54 years

3,813 3,521 3,524 7.0 6.6 6.4 6.1 6.5 6.5

25 to 34 years

1,443 1,383 1,331 8.0 7.7 7.7 7.1 7.6 7.3

35 to 44 years

1,160 1,006 1,074 6.6 6.2 5.9 5.6 5.7 6.1

45 to 54 years

1,210 1,132 1,118 6.6 5.9 5.7 5.6 6.2 6.2

55 years and over

1,194 998 1,019 6.9 6.2 6.0 5.7 5.7 5.8

Women, 16 years and over

5,749 5,277 5,197 7.9 7.8 7.7 7.6 7.3 7.1

16 to 19 years

625 635 631 21.9 20.5 23.2 22.4 22.1 21.7

16 to 17 years

244 262 253 24.0 25.7 24.3 24.0 23.8 23.6

18 to 19 years

382 379 377 20.8 17.9 21.7 20.7 21.2 20.6

20 years and over

5,124 4,642 4,566 7.3 7.3 7.0 7.0 6.7 6.5

20 to 24 years

861 918 865 11.7 13.1 12.7 12.0 12.3 11.8

25 years and over

4,274 3,686 3,690 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.3 5.9 5.9

25 to 54 years

3,386 2,909 2,980 7.2 6.8 6.6 6.6 6.2 6.3

25 to 34 years

1,300 1,114 1,094 8.5 7.7 7.9 7.7 7.3 7.1

35 to 44 years

1,060 890 952 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.0 6.4

45 to 54 years

1,026 904 934 6.1 6.0 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.7

55 years and over(1)

847 756 685 5.6 5.9 5.6 5.2 4.8 4.3

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

2,433 2,017 2,018 5.3 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.4 4.4

Married women, spouse present

1,799 1,582 1,597 4.9 5.2 4.9 4.7 4.4 4.4

Women who maintain families(1)

1,168 1,086 1,044 10.9 11.3 11.0 10.7 10.3 9.9

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

10,840 9,892 9,941 8.7 8.3 8.1 7.9 7.9 7.9

Part-time workers(3)

1,825 1,760 1,752 6.1 6.2 6.2 5.9 6.0 5.9

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
May
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

6,607 6,079 5,751 6,968 6,637 6,522 6,329 6,410 6,147

On temporary layoff

909 1,080 768 1,128 1,155 1,078 1,107 1,170 997

Not on temporary layoff

5,699 4,998 4,983 5,840 5,483 5,443 5,223 5,240 5,151

Permanent job losers

4,458 3,840 3,728 4,514 4,208 4,128 3,959 3,976 3,822

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,240 1,158 1,255 1,326 1,275 1,315 1,264 1,264 1,329

Job leavers

849 836 882 902 981 956 986 864 944

Reentrants

3,513 2,966 3,459 3,450 3,515 3,340 3,176 3,151 3,333

New entrants

1,302 1,133 1,210 1,347 1,287 1,279 1,316 1,280 1,268

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

53.8 55.2 50.9 55.0 53.4 53.9 53.6 54.8 52.6

On temporary layoff

7.4 9.8 6.8 8.9 9.3 8.9 9.4 10.0 8.5

Not on temporary layoff

46.4 45.4 44.1 46.1 44.1 45.0 44.2 44.8 44.1

Job leavers

6.9 7.6 7.8 7.1 7.9 7.9 8.4 7.4 8.1

Reentrants

28.6 26.9 30.6 27.2 28.3 27.6 26.9 26.9 28.5

New entrants

10.6 10.3 10.7 10.6 10.4 10.6 11.1 10.9 10.8

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4.3 3.9 3.7 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.1 3.9

Job leavers

0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

2.3 1.9 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1

New entrants

0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
May
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,572 2,045 2,710 2,602 2,766 2,667 2,464 2,474 2,706

5 to 14 weeks

2,442 2,375 2,141 3,007 3,028 2,782 2,838 2,848 2,669

15 weeks and over

7,257 6,594 6,451 7,088 6,566 6,493 6,348 6,320 6,306

15 to 26 weeks

1,852 2,106 2,084 1,703 1,858 1,695 1,737 1,967 1,950

27 weeks and over

5,405 4,488 4,366 5,385 4,708 4,797 4,611 4,353 4,357

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

41.4 39.0 38.6 39.6 35.3 36.9 37.1 36.5 36.9

Median duration, in weeks

22.0 20.0 18.8 20.1 16.0 17.8 18.1 17.5 17.3

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

21.0 18.6 24.0 20.5 22.4 22.3 21.1 21.3 23.2

5 to 14 weeks

19.9 21.6 18.9 23.7 24.5 23.3 24.4 24.5 22.8

15 weeks and over

59.1 59.9 57.1 55.8 53.1 54.4 54.5 54.3 54.0

15 to 26 weeks

15.1 19.1 18.4 13.4 15.0 14.2 14.9 16.9 16.7

27 weeks and over

44.0 40.8 38.6 42.4 38.1 40.2 39.6 37.4 37.3

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
May
2012
May
2013
May
2012
May
2013
May
2012
May
2013

Total, 16 years and over(1)

142,727 144,432 12,271 11,302 7.9 7.3

Management, professional, and related occupations

54,156 54,740 2,275 1,990 4.0 3.5

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

22,691 22,657 966 888 4.1 3.8

Professional and related occupations

31,465 32,083 1,309 1,102 4.0 3.3

Service occupations

25,870 26,220 2,482 2,526 8.8 8.8

Sales and office occupations

32,684 33,231 2,782 2,474 7.8 6.9

Sales and related occupations

15,179 15,320 1,308 1,174 7.9 7.1

Office and administrative support occupations

17,504 17,911 1,474 1,300 7.8 6.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

12,908 13,193 1,609 1,327 11.1 9.1

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,114 1,020 133 64 10.7 5.9

Construction and extraction occupations

6,971 7,128 1,153 942 14.2 11.7

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,823 5,045 323 321 6.3 6.0

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

17,109 17,048 1,784 1,744 9.4 9.3

Production occupations

8,433 8,183 814 864 8.8 9.6

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,676 8,864 970 880 10.1 9.0

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
May
2012
May
2013
May
2012
May
2013

Total, 16 years and over(1)

12,271 11,302 7.9 7.3

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

9,419 8,655 7.8 7.1

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

47 66 4.5 5.9

Construction

1,150 891 14.2 10.8

Manufacturing

1,099 1,056 7.1 6.8

Durable goods

683 640 7.2 6.7

Nondurable goods

416 416 7.1 7.0

Wholesale and retail trade

1,654 1,466 8.1 7.3

Transportation and utilities

480 371 7.8 6.0

Information

230 187 7.8 6.4

Financial activities

462 417 5.1 4.4

Professional and business services

1,296 1,255 8.5 8.0

Education and health services

1,172 1,058 5.3 4.8

Leisure and hospitality

1,326 1,455 9.7 10.4

Other services

501 433 7.8 6.7

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

148 92 9.5 6.8

Government workers

899 811 4.2 3.8

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

503 534 4.9 5.3

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
May
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.7 4.3 4.1 4.6 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.1

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.3 3.9 3.7 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.1 3.9

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

7.9 7.1 7.3 8.2 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.6

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

8.4 7.6 7.7 8.7 8.4 8.3 8.1 8.0 8.0

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

9.3 8.5 8.5 9.6 9.3 9.2 8.9 8.9 8.8

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

14.3 13.4 13.4 14.8 14.4 14.3 13.8 13.9 13.8

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
May
2012
May
2013
May
2012
May
2013
May
2012
May
2013

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

87,968 89,629 34,768 35,469 53,200 54,160

Persons who currently want a job

6,835 7,193 3,214 3,313 3,622 3,880

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,423 2,164 1,239 1,081 1,183 1,083

Discouraged workers(2)

830 780 469 424 360 356

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,593 1,384 770 657 823 727

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,174 7,123 3,605 3,570 3,569 3,553

Percent of total employed

5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 5.3 5.2

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,655 3,704 2,111 2,082 1,544 1,622

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,979 1,954 639 689 1,340 1,265

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

250 191 170 117 80 74

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,245 1,237 656 671 589 566

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
May
2013(p)
May
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
May
2013(p)
Change from:
Apr.2013 - May2013(p)

Total nonfarm

134,213 134,570 135,482 136,367 133,522 135,313 135,462 135,637 175

Total private

111,915 112,304 113,221 114,128 111,616 113,454 113,611 113,789 178

Goods-producing

18,410 18,256 18,425 18,669 18,396 18,652 18,637 18,636 -1

Mining and logging

855 857 856 867 855 869 865 865 0

Logging

49.4 47.7 47.4 49.4 50.9 50.4 51.0 51.0 0.0

Mining

805.6 808.8 808.4 817.1 803.9 818.1 814.2 814.2 0.0

Oil and gas extraction

185.9 191.0 192.1 193.5 185.7 192.4 193.1 193.8 0.7

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

227.1 220.1 220.5 225.1 223.6 226.1 222.8 220.7 -2.1

Coal mining

88.8 85.8 84.1 84.9 88.1 85.4 84.1 84.0 -0.1

Support activities for mining

392.6 397.7 395.8 398.5 394.6 399.6 398.3 399.7 1.4

Construction

5,648 5,487 5,655 5,848 5,615 5,799 5,797 5,804 7

Construction of buildings

1,228.3 1,212.2 1,236.4 1,264.4 1,234.3 1,263.7 1,269.4 1,267.7 -1.7

Residential building

569.6 551.7 571.9 590.2 572.5 580.1 589.7 590.6 0.9

Nonresidential building

658.7 660.5 664.5 674.2 661.8 683.6 679.7 677.1 -2.6

Heavy and civil engineering construction

880.2 809.8 857.6 915.1 860.8 889.6 886.3 889.4 3.1

Specialty trade contractors

3,539.6 3,464.7 3,560.8 3,668.3 3,519.4 3,646.0 3,641.5 3,647.3 5.8

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,482.2 1,451.5 1,503.0 1,557.8 1,468.3 1,536.6 1,540.0 1,544.6 4.6

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,057.4 2,013.2 2,057.8 2,110.5 2,051.1 2,109.4 2,101.5 2,102.7 1.2

Manufacturing

11,907 11,912 11,914 11,954 11,926 11,984 11,975 11,967 -8

Durable goods

7,468 7,486 7,491 7,510 7,467 7,512 7,510 7,508 -2

Wood products

338.1 340.4 341.6 346.2 336.2 346.3 344.6 345.9 1.3

Nonmetallic mineral products

367.1 358.5 363.6 371.4 363.7 367.7 366.7 367.4 0.7

Primary metals

404.4 397.4 396.9 394.7 404.1 398.2 396.2 394.0 -2.2

Fabricated metal products

1,410.7 1,425.1 1,429.2 1,434.6 1,411.9 1,431.4 1,433.7 1,434.0 0.3

Machinery

1,100.4 1,104.3 1,105.0 1,104.1 1,101.5 1,104.0 1,106.4 1,103.3 -3.1

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,096.8 1,082.3 1,080.2 1,082.5 1,098.8 1,084.3 1,083.6 1,084.5 0.9

Computer and peripheral equipment

158.2 159.4 160.2 161.2 158.7 160.0 160.8 161.9 1.1

Communications equipment

109.3 107.8 107.2 107.3 109.7 108.0 107.7 107.4 -0.3

Semiconductors and electronic components

384.9 379.4 378.4 378.7 386.0 379.8 379.2 379.2 0.0

Electronic instruments

403.1 396.5 395.4 395.9 403.1 396.9 396.5 396.5 0.0

Electrical equipment and appliances

370.7 363.6 363.9 364.3 371.1 365.9 365.9 366.1 0.2

Transportation equipment(1)

1,449.6 1,489.8 1,484.8 1,483.5 1,449.5 1,484.2 1,483.9 1,484.0 0.1

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

771.4 802.9 796.5 798.2 770.3 796.9 794.2 796.6 2.4

Furniture and related products

352.1 350.7 351.0 352.5 350.6 352.4 351.8 350.9 -0.9

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

578.3 573.9 574.9 576.4 580.0 577.5 577.6 577.5 -0.1

Nondurable goods

4,439 4,426 4,423 4,444 4,459 4,472 4,465 4,459 -6

Food manufacturing

1,449.8 1,445.0 1,445.2 1,453.7 1,468.9 1,474.5 1,474.9 1,472.1 -2.8

Textile mills

118.7 114.4 114.3 114.3 118.0 114.6 114.3 113.8 -0.5

Textile product mills

117.5 115.2 114.0 114.4 116.9 115.8 114.5 114.2 -0.3

Apparel

150.4 145.7 142.7 143.8 149.6 145.8 143.2 143.3 0.1

Paper and paper products

379.2 375.3 374.9 375.6 380.3 377.3 376.9 376.6 -0.3

Printing and related support activities

465.6 454.5 451.5 450.0 465.4 456.0 452.7 449.5 -3.2

Petroleum and coal products

113.7 112.8 113.8 115.0 112.7 115.4 114.4 113.6 -0.8

Chemicals

779.9 793.3 793.8 796.4 782.4 793.8 794.8 795.7 0.9

Plastics and rubber products

643.6 654.2 654.4 656.7 643.4 655.9 656.2 656.3 0.1

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

220.5 215.3 218.8 224.5 221.5 222.4 223.4 224.2 0.8

Private service-providing

93,505 94,048 94,796 95,459 93,220 94,802 94,974 95,153 179

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,423 25,497 25,619 25,828 25,463 25,804 25,835 25,868 33

Wholesale trade

5,678.8 5,704.7 5,722.2 5,761.5 5,666.7 5,737.1 5,741.0 5,748.9 7.9

Durable goods

2,829.7 2,843.2 2,846.7 2,861.5 2,828.4 2,855.9 2,857.4 2,860.1 2.7

Nondurable goods

1,980.3 1,980.1 1,990.5 2,010.1 1,969.9 1,996.0 1,996.4 1,999.2 2.8

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

868.8 881.4 885.0 889.9 868.4 885.2 887.2 889.6 2.4

Retail trade

14,787.3 14,815.7 14,909.6 15,036.6 14,838.9 15,049.5 15,069.4 15,097.1 27.7

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,735.0 1,748.4 1,761.9 1,774.0 1,727.3 1,760.8 1,760.8 1,762.1 1.3

Automobile dealers

1,089.4 1,106.4 1,113.4 1,117.5 1,088.2 1,110.9 1,113.6 1,113.9 0.3

Furniture and home furnishings stores

433.3 443.8 445.6 444.9 440.5 450.7 452.7 453.5 0.8

Electronics and appliance stores

502.7 498.8 496.2 496.6 511.1 504.2 503.2 504.8 1.6

Building material and garden supply stores

1,242.3 1,167.5 1,225.9 1,262.3 1,170.5 1,177.0 1,181.0 1,183.8 2.8

Food and beverage stores

2,853.6 2,864.0 2,873.3 2,905.4 2,852.9 2,895.5 2,899.7 2,904.3 4.6

Health and personal care stores

992.5 1,019.5 1,025.0 1,024.8 994.4 1,026.2 1,031.7 1,029.9 -1.8

Gasoline stations

844.6 837.7 844.7 857.1 841.1 850.6 851.0 855.8 4.8

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,344.2 1,391.3 1,378.7 1,385.4 1,389.2 1,443.4 1,431.0 1,436.8 5.8

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

570.8 561.7 560.3 560.3 585.4 578.7 577.8 575.1 -2.7

General merchandise stores(1)

3,039.9 3,061.3 3,069.5 3,078.8 3,087.6 3,108.3 3,123.1 3,132.8 9.7

Department stores

1,466.5 1,451.0 1,455.8 1,454.3 1,507.0 1,486.1 1,493.9 1,497.1 3.2

Miscellaneous store retailers

799.4 785.2 795.9 812.9 796.5 807.8 811.0 812.5 1.5

Nonstore retailers

429.0 436.5 432.6 434.1 442.4 446.3 446.4 445.7 -0.7

Transportation and warehousing

4,402.4 4,422.7 4,431.9 4,471.3 4,402.7 4,462.2 4,468.1 4,464.2 -3.9

Air transportation

461.0 444.4 446.2 448.3 460.0 446.4 447.3 447.3 0.0

Rail transportation

231.1 230.5 231.5 231.7 231.2 230.9 230.9 230.6 -0.3

Water transportation

62.3 61.5 61.9 62.6 62.2 62.9 63.0 62.4 -0.6

Truck transportation

1,342.1 1,348.2 1,368.3 1,385.0 1,345.9 1,374.0 1,386.5 1,385.8 -0.7

Transit and ground passenger transportation

464.3 483.8 484.1 488.2 446.7 470.5 470.1 470.4 0.3

Pipeline transportation

43.6 44.5 44.3 45.1 43.8 44.7 44.7 45.2 0.5

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

28.7 21.4 23.6 28.9 26.9 27.0 26.3 26.7 0.4

Support activities for transportation

577.8 584.2 583.4 583.9 578.3 586.4 583.4 582.2 -1.2

Couriers and messengers

518.2 522.0 510.3 518.3 528.7 532.3 530.3 530.4 0.1

Warehousing and storage

673.3 682.2 678.3 679.3 679.0 687.1 685.6 683.2 -2.4

Utilities

554.7 553.9 555.5 558.1 554.2 555.6 556.5 557.3 0.8

Information

2,690 2,699 2,689 2,706 2,681 2,701 2,694 2,697 3

Publishing industries, except Internet

734.7 727.5 727.9 725.9 738.9 730.1 730.2 729.6 -0.6

Motion picture and sound recording industries

391.4 401.5 388.4 407.1 376.1 400.2 391.6 394.0 2.4

Broadcasting, except Internet

286.7 286.0 286.8 284.8 288.0 285.8 286.0 285.1 -0.9

Telecommunications

853.3 856.0 855.2 855.0 856.0 855.1 856.1 857.1 1.0

Data processing, hosting and related services

252.3 250.6 252.0 252.8 250.1 250.3 250.5 250.1 -0.4

Other information services

171.6 177.6 178.6 180.2 171.9 179.3 180.0 181.3 1.3

Financial activities

7,773 7,823 7,843 7,874 7,782 7,859 7,868 7,872 4

Finance and insurance

5,814.0 5,876.4 5,879.0 5,881.8 5,825.4 5,880.1 5,889.9 5,889.3 -0.6

Monetary authorities - central bank

16.9 16.5 16.6 16.7 17.0 16.7 16.7 16.7 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,562.6 2,601.9 2,606.7 2,604.5 2,570.0 2,602.9 2,611.1 2,608.2 -2.9

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,734.8 1,735.2 1,734.0 1,731.2 1,737.6 1,737.0 1,737.2 1,734.1 -3.1

Commercial banking

1,317.1 1,308.8 1,306.2 1,301.9 1,318.8 1,309.4 1,308.4 1,305.0 -3.4

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

809.9 826.0 826.4 825.7 813.3 826.4 828.5 829.9 1.4

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,337.5 2,345.7 2,342.7 2,348.5 2,337.9 2,347.6 2,346.8 2,348.0 1.2

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

87.1 86.3 86.6 86.4 87.2 86.5 86.8 86.5 -0.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,958.5 1,946.7 1,964.2 1,992.5 1,956.1 1,978.9 1,978.1 1,982.7 4.6

Real estate

1,418.2 1,416.7 1,426.7 1,442.3 1,416.9 1,437.0 1,433.4 1,437.5 4.1

Rental and leasing services

516.1 506.7 514.8 527.3 514.9 518.4 521.8 522.1 0.3

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

24.2 23.3 22.7 22.9 24.3 23.5 22.9 23.1 0.2

Professional and business services

17,872 18,169 18,386 18,481 17,878 18,350 18,410 18,467 57

Professional and technical services(1)

7,801.4 8,127.7 8,155.6 8,052.3 7,867.4 8,063.1 8,085.5 8,103.7 18.2

Legal services

1,118.0 1,123.1 1,125.9 1,127.6 1,121.5 1,128.2 1,129.8 1,129.3 -0.5

Accounting and bookkeeping services

863.9 1,053.8 1,040.0 898.1 913.6 935.0 937.0 940.1 3.1

Architectural and engineering services

1,321.6 1,325.8 1,334.3 1,348.8 1,323.5 1,343.5 1,346.0 1,350.9 4.9

Computer systems design and related services

1,604.2 1,667.3 1,677.2 1,685.6 1,609.7 1,676.1 1,680.8 1,686.8 6.0

Management and technical consulting services

1,108.1 1,160.3 1,168.3 1,176.0 1,112.8 1,169.6 1,172.9 1,176.1 3.2

Management of companies and enterprises

2,000.6 2,024.3 2,024.4 2,034.2 2,004.4 2,030.7 2,034.1 2,037.2 3.1

Administrative and waste services

8,070.2 8,016.7 8,206.3 8,394.6 8,006.3 8,256.0 8,290.8 8,326.4 35.6

Administrative and support services(1)

7,698.9 7,646.2 7,832.8 8,015.3 7,634.8 7,877.8 7,913.6 7,948.6 35.0

Employment services(1)

3,133.4 3,183.9 3,246.7 3,324.6 3,132.7 3,286.2 3,314.6 3,334.5 19.9

Temporary help services

2,496.8 2,535.0 2,588.8 2,659.3 2,493.8 2,627.8 2,654.2 2,679.8 25.6

Business support services

813.0 834.5 835.6 838.1 824.0 835.9 841.3 845.6 4.3

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,906.0 1,743.5 1,859.7 1,947.7 1,830.9 1,862.2 1,861.3 1,867.7 6.4

Waste management and remediation services

371.3 370.5 373.5 379.3 371.5 378.2 377.2 377.8 0.6

Education and health services

20,357 20,748 20,800 20,709 20,290 20,590 20,627 20,653 26

Educational services

3,401.5 3,516.8 3,525.3 3,418.5 3,353.7 3,360.6 3,365.9 3,380.1 14.2

Health care and social assistance

16,955.9 17,231.0 17,274.7 17,290.9 16,936.1 17,229.1 17,261.4 17,273.2 11.8

Health care(3)

14,259.6 14,487.4 14,515.8 14,529.4 14,274.3 14,508.5 14,532.8 14,543.5 10.7

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,299.5 6,454.5 6,479.2 6,496.6 6,301.6 6,467.7 6,484.8 6,500.1 15.3

Offices of physicians

2,385.8 2,418.7 2,421.1 2,426.4 2,391.1 2,423.3 2,429.5 2,434.2 4.7

Outpatient care centers

647.2 679.8 681.7 685.3 646.9 679.3 680.9 684.4 3.5

Home health care services

1,192.3 1,256.4 1,268.6 1,275.7 1,190.6 1,259.2 1,266.5 1,273.4 6.9

Hospitals

4,771.2 4,830.6 4,828.4 4,821.6 4,781.1 4,831.0 4,835.8 4,829.9 -5.9

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,188.9 3,202.3 3,208.2 3,211.2 3,191.6 3,209.8 3,212.2 3,213.5 1.3

Nursing care facilities

1,664.4 1,659.3 1,660.1 1,659.0 1,665.6 1,662.9 1,662.8 1,660.1 -2.7

Social assistance(1)

2,696.3 2,743.6 2,758.9 2,761.5 2,661.8 2,720.6 2,728.6 2,729.7 1.1

Child day care services

881.9 879.8 881.6 882.8 855.7 858.8 857.8 855.5 -2.3

Leisure and hospitality

13,946 13,668 13,993 14,356 13,702 14,026 14,065 14,108 43

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,027.0 1,865.2 1,964.1 2,093.5 1,955.8 2,010.3 2,008.7 2,018.2 9.5

Performing arts and spectator sports

423.5 408.6 445.3 450.7 403.0 428.4 433.1 430.5 -2.6

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

138.4 131.6 135.4 141.7 133.5 139.3 138.0 137.6 -0.4

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,465.1 1,325.0 1,383.4 1,501.1 1,419.3 1,442.6 1,437.6 1,450.1 12.5

Accommodation and food services

11,919.3 11,802.8 12,028.7 12,262.5 11,746.6 12,015.8 12,056.4 12,089.7 33.3

Accommodation

1,823.4 1,762.5 1,787.5 1,833.8 1,822.5 1,827.4 1,833.7 1,828.9 -4.8

Food services and drinking places

10,095.9 10,040.3 10,241.2 10,428.7 9,924.1 10,188.4 10,222.7 10,260.8 38.1

Other services

5,444 5,444 5,466 5,505 5,424 5,472 5,475 5,488 13

Repair and maintenance

1,194.2 1,194.4 1,200.3 1,206.5 1,185.9 1,198.1 1,198.8 1,203.5 4.7

Personal and laundry services

1,316.9 1,322.4 1,332.0 1,347.2 1,303.8 1,329.5 1,329.9 1,333.0 3.1

Membership associations and organizations

2,933.0 2,927.3 2,933.3 2,951.4 2,934.5 2,944.2 2,946.4 2,951.5 5.1

Government

22,298 22,266 22,261 22,239 21,906 21,859 21,851 21,848 -3

Federal

2,821.0 2,762.0 2,760.0 2,748.0 2,821.0 2,773.0 2,762.0 2,748.0 -14.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,209.3 2,173.4 2,169.0 2,166.2 2,207.1 2,180.7 2,173.2 2,163.8 -9.4

U.S. Postal Service

612.0 588.8 590.5 581.7 614.3 592.3 588.4 584.6 -3.8

State government

5,081.0 5,197.0 5,202.0 5,082.0 5,049.0 5,051.0 5,048.0 5,046.0 -2.0

State government education

2,404.7 2,546.1 2,551.0 2,431.6 2,378.4 2,395.5 2,397.0 2,401.3 4.3

State government, excluding education

2,676.7 2,650.5 2,651.2 2,650.2 2,670.5 2,655.0 2,650.7 2,644.5 -6.2

Local government

14,396.0 14,307.0 14,299.0 14,409.0 14,036.0 14,035.0 14,041.0 14,054.0 13.0

Local government education

8,135.8 8,142.3 8,111.8 8,141.9 7,766.3 7,767.7 7,771.2 7,778.4 7.2

Local government, excluding education

6,260.5 6,165.1 6,187.1 6,267.5 6,269.6 6,267.7 6,269.5 6,275.2 5.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry May
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
May
2013(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.4 34.6 34.5 34.5

Goods-producing

40.1 40.4 40.3 40.4

Mining and logging

43.6 43.3 43.2 43.6

Construction

38.5 39.1 39.0 39.2

Manufacturing

40.6 40.8 40.7 40.8

Durable goods

41.0 41.1 41.0 41.1

Nondurable goods

40.0 40.3 40.0 40.2

Private service-providing

33.3 33.4 33.3 33.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.6 34.7 34.6 34.6

Wholesale trade

38.7 38.7 38.7 38.8

Retail trade

31.6 31.7 31.5 31.6

Transportation and warehousing

38.3 38.8 38.6 38.6

Utilities

41.6 42.5 42.1 42.2

Information

36.6 36.4 36.4 36.6

Financial activities

37.1 37.2 37.2 37.3

Professional and business services

35.9 36.1 36.0 36.1

Education and health services

32.9 32.9 32.9 32.9

Leisure and hospitality

26.0 26.2 26.1 26.1

Other services

31.6 31.8 31.7 31.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.3 3.4 3.3 3.3

Durable goods

3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3

Nondurable goods

3.2 3.5 3.4 3.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
May
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
May
2013(p)
May
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
May
2013(p)

Total private

$23.43 $23.83 $23.88 $23.89 $805.99 $824.52 $823.86 $824.21

Goods-producing

24.61 24.96 24.98 25.04 986.86 1,008.38 1,006.69 1,011.62

Mining and logging

28.62 29.08 29.08 29.50 1,247.83 1,259.16 1,256.26 1,286.20

Construction

25.71 26.02 26.06 26.06 989.84 1,017.38 1,016.34 1,021.55

Manufacturing

23.80 24.15 24.17 24.22 966.28 985.32 983.72 988.18

Durable goods

25.15 25.55 25.57 25.64 1,031.15 1,050.11 1,048.37 1,053.80

Nondurable goods

21.50 21.75 21.76 21.77 860.00 876.53 870.40 875.15

Private service-providing

23.15 23.56 23.61 23.62 770.90 786.90 786.21 788.91

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20.40 20.84 20.89 20.91 705.84 723.15 722.79 723.49

Wholesale trade

26.73 27.51 27.57 27.54 1,034.45 1,064.64 1,066.96 1,068.55

Retail trade

16.20 16.59 16.62 16.63 511.92 525.90 523.53 525.51

Transportation and warehousing

22.03 22.06 22.16 22.20 843.75 855.93 855.38 856.92

Utilities

33.85 34.99 34.74 35.28 1,408.16 1,487.08 1,462.55 1,488.82

Information

31.73 32.58 32.84 32.67 1,161.32 1,185.91 1,195.38 1,195.72

Financial activities

29.10 29.96 30.12 30.08 1,079.61 1,114.51 1,120.46 1,121.98

Professional and business services

28.03 28.41 28.40 28.41 1,006.28 1,025.60 1,022.40 1,025.60

Education and health services

24.10 24.47 24.52 24.52 792.89 805.06 806.71 806.71

Leisure and hospitality

13.33 13.43 13.43 13.45 346.58 351.87 350.52 351.05

Other services

20.76 21.11 21.15 21.22 656.02 671.30 670.46 674.80

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
May
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
May
2013(p)
Percent change from:
Apr.
2013 - May
2013(p)
May
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
May
2013(p)
Percent change from:
Apr.
2013 - May
2013(p)

Total private

96.2 98.3 98.2 98.3 0.1 107.5 111.7 111.8 112.0 0.2

Goods-producing

84.0 85.9 85.6 85.8 0.2 93.5 96.9 96.6 97.1 0.5

Mining and logging

117.1 118.2 117.4 118.5 0.9 134.6 138.0 137.1 140.4 2.4

Construction

74.5 78.2 77.9 78.4 0.6 83.2 88.4 88.2 88.8 0.7

Manufacturing

87.1 88.0 87.7 87.8 0.1 96.4 98.8 98.6 98.9 0.3

Durable goods

86.2 86.9 86.7 86.9 0.2 96.3 98.6 98.4 98.9 0.5

Nondurable goods

89.0 89.9 89.1 89.5 0.4 97.1 99.3 98.4 98.8 0.4

Private service-providing

99.6 101.6 101.5 102.0 0.5 111.7 116.0 116.1 116.7 0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

95.8 97.4 97.2 97.3 0.1 105.2 109.2 109.3 109.6 0.3

Wholesale trade

95.7 96.9 96.9 97.3 0.4 106.7 111.2 111.5 111.9 0.4

Retail trade

95.2 96.9 96.4 96.9 0.5 102.0 106.3 105.9 106.5 0.6

Transportation and warehousing

96.5 99.1 98.7 98.6 -0.1 107.9 110.9 111.0 111.1 0.1

Utilities

99.7 102.2 101.4 101.8 0.4 111.6 118.1 116.4 118.6 1.9

Information

89.6 89.8 89.6 90.1 0.6 101.2 104.2 104.7 104.9 0.2

Financial activities

94.6 95.7 95.9 96.2 0.3 107.3 111.9 112.6 112.8 0.2

Professional and business services

100.9 104.2 104.2 104.9 0.7 114.6 119.9 119.9 120.7 0.7

Education and health services

108.7 110.3 110.5 110.6 0.1 122.7 126.4 126.9 127.1 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

101.6 104.9 104.7 105.1 0.4 109.3 113.6 113.5 114.0 0.4

Other services

95.0 96.4 96.2 96.7 0.5 111.9 115.5 115.4 116.4 0.9

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
May
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
May
2013(p)
May
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
May
2013(p)

Total nonfarm

65,916 66,743 66,855 66,937 49.4 49.3 49.4 49.4

Total private

53,426 54,269 54,377 54,458 47.9 47.8 47.9 47.9

Goods-producing

4,089 4,103 4,107 4,112 22.2 22.0 22.0 22.1

Mining and logging

111 117 118 119 13.0 13.5 13.6 13.8

Construction

719 738 741 745 12.8 12.7 12.8 12.8

Manufacturing

3,259 3,248 3,248 3,248 27.3 27.1 27.1 27.1

Durable goods

1,732 1,732 1,734 1,734 23.2 23.1 23.1 23.1

Nondurable goods

1,527 1,516 1,514 1,514 34.2 33.9 33.9 34.0

Private service-providing

49,337 50,166 50,270 50,346 52.9 52.9 52.9 52.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,244 10,445 10,476 10,491 40.2 40.5 40.5 40.6

Wholesale trade

1,702.6 1,702.0 1,702.5 1,703.8 30.0 29.7 29.7 29.6

Retail trade

7,380.7 7,562.4 7,589.3 7,599.4 49.7 50.3 50.4 50.3

Transportation and warehousing

1,023.0 1,043.9 1,046.0 1,049.5 23.2 23.4 23.4 23.5

Utilities

137.7 136.9 137.8 138.6 24.8 24.6 24.8 24.9

Information

1,080 1,072 1,067 1,071 40.3 39.7 39.6 39.7

Financial activities

4,519 4,540 4,546 4,538 58.1 57.8 57.8 57.6

Professional and business services

7,908 8,136 8,165 8,198 44.2 44.3 44.4 44.4

Education and health services

15,560 15,801 15,823 15,838 76.7 76.7 76.7 76.7

Leisure and hospitality

7,171 7,296 7,318 7,333 52.3 52.0 52.0 52.0

Other services

2,855 2,876 2,875 2,877 52.6 52.6 52.5 52.4

Government

12,490 12,474 12,478 12,479 57.0 57.1 57.1 57.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry May
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
May
2013(p)

Total private

92,207 93,688 93,813 93,978

Goods-producing

13,281 13,426 13,407 13,388

Mining and logging

651 642 638 635

Construction

4,221 4,382 4,379 4,386

Manufacturing

8,409 8,402 8,390 8,367

Durable goods

5,157 5,159 5,153 5,139

Nondurable goods

3,252 3,243 3,237 3,228

Private service-providing

78,926 80,262 80,406 80,590

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,612 21,844 21,849 21,866

Wholesale trade

4,560.1 4,621.1 4,622.4 4,630.8

Retail trade

12,802.5 12,915.1 12,921.3 12,932.0

Transportation and warehousing

3,808.4 3,860.6 3,856.2 3,852.6

Utilities

440.5 447.4 448.8 450.1

Information

2,165 2,187 2,186 2,192

Financial activities

5,979 6,040 6,062 6,062

Professional and business services

14,739 15,191 15,234 15,303

Education and health services

17,799 18,047 18,076 18,101

Leisure and hospitality

12,097 12,386 12,427 12,487

Other services

4,535 4,567 4,572 4,579

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry May
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
May
2013(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.7 33.8 33.7 33.8

Goods-producing

41.0 41.3 41.3 41.3

Mining and logging

46.3 45.7 45.7 46.0

Construction

39.0 39.7 39.7 39.8

Manufacturing

41.6 41.8 41.8 41.8

Durable goods

42.0 42.3 42.1 42.2

Nondurable goods

40.9 41.2 41.2 41.2

Private service-providing

32.4 32.5 32.4 32.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.7 33.8 33.6 33.8

Wholesale trade

38.6 38.8 38.6 38.8

Retail trade

30.5 30.3 30.0 30.3

Transportation and warehousing

38.0 38.8 38.6 38.5

Utilities

41.1 42.0 41.7 41.9

Information

35.8 35.7 35.7 35.6

Financial activities

36.6 36.7 36.7 36.7

Professional and business services

35.2 35.4 35.3 35.4

Education and health services

32.3 32.3 32.3 32.3

Leisure and hospitality

24.9 25.0 25.0 25.0

Other services

30.6 30.7 30.7 30.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.2 4.4 4.3 4.2

Durable goods

4.4 4.4 4.3 4.2

Nondurable goods

3.9 4.3 4.3 4.3

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
May
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
May
2013(p)
May
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
May
2013(p)

Total private

$19.70 $20.04 $20.07 $20.08 $663.89 $677.35 $676.36 $678.70

Goods-producing

20.88 21.18 21.21 21.26 856.08 874.73 875.97 878.04

Mining and logging

25.68 26.41 26.68 27.23 1,188.98 1,206.94 1,219.28 1,252.58

Construction

23.93 24.25 24.30 24.28 933.27 962.73 964.71 966.34

Manufacturing

19.03 19.23 19.22 19.25 791.65 803.81 803.40 804.65

Durable goods

20.12 20.27 20.26 20.30 845.04 857.42 852.95 856.66

Nondurable goods

17.25 17.54 17.53 17.53 705.53 722.65 722.24 722.24

Private service-providing

19.45 19.79 19.82 19.83 630.18 643.18 642.17 644.48

Trade, transportation, and utilities

17.41 17.60 17.62 17.63 586.72 594.88 592.03 595.89

Wholesale trade

22.14 22.46 22.49 22.56 854.60 871.45 868.11 875.33

Retail trade

13.82 13.95 13.93 13.92 421.51 422.69 417.90 421.78

Transportation and warehousing

19.57 19.48 19.58 19.63 743.66 755.82 755.79 755.76

Utilities

31.46 32.07 32.09 32.10 1,293.01 1,346.94 1,338.15 1,344.99

Information

26.80 27.72 27.82 27.61 959.44 989.60 993.17 982.92

Financial activities

22.68 23.68 23.81 23.85 830.09 869.06 873.83 875.30

Professional and business services

23.19 23.58 23.57 23.60 816.29 834.73 832.02 835.44

Education and health services

21.03 21.31 21.34 21.34 679.27 688.31 689.28 689.28

Leisure and hospitality

11.61 11.74 11.74 11.76 289.09 293.50 293.50 294.00

Other services

17.54 17.78 17.81 17.80 536.72 545.85 546.77 548.24

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
May
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
May
2013(p)
Percent change from:
Apr.
2013 - May
2013(p)
May
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
May
2013(p)
Percent change from:
Apr.
2013 - May
2013(p)

Total private

103.7 105.7 105.5 106.0 0.5 136.4 141.4 141.4 142.2 0.6

Goods-producing

83.2 84.7 84.6 84.5 -0.1 106.4 109.9 109.9 110.0 0.1

Mining and logging

160.2 155.9 154.9 155.2 0.2 239.2 239.5 240.4 245.8 2.2

Construction

82.4 87.1 87.0 87.4 0.5 106.5 114.1 114.2 114.6 0.4

Manufacturing

80.3 80.6 80.5 80.3 -0.2 99.9 101.4 101.2 101.1 -0.1

Durable goods

81.4 82.0 81.5 81.5 0.0 102.2 103.8 103.1 103.3 0.2

Nondurable goods

78.4 78.7 78.6 78.4 -0.3 95.5 97.6 97.3 97.1 -0.2

Private service-providing

109.1 111.3 111.2 111.8 0.5 145.5 151.0 151.0 151.9 0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

101.5 102.9 102.3 103.0 0.7 126.1 129.2 128.6 129.6 0.8

Wholesale trade

103.7 105.6 105.1 105.8 0.7 135.2 139.7 139.2 140.6 1.0

Retail trade

98.8 99.1 98.1 99.2 1.1 117.1 118.4 117.1 118.3 1.0

Transportation and warehousing

108.9 112.8 112.0 111.7 -0.3 135.2 139.3 139.2 139.0 -0.1

Utilities

92.6 96.1 95.7 96.4 0.7 121.6 128.6 128.2 129.2 0.8

Information

88.5 89.1 89.1 89.1 0.0 117.4 122.3 122.7 121.7 -0.8

Financial activities

103.0 104.4 104.7 104.7 0.0 143.7 152.0 153.4 153.7 0.2

Professional and business services

116.3 120.5 120.5 121.4 0.7 160.5 169.1 169.0 170.5 0.9

Education and health services

124.0 125.7 125.9 126.1 0.2 171.5 176.2 176.7 176.9 0.1

Leisure and hospitality

110.3 113.4 113.8 114.3 0.4 145.5 151.2 151.7 152.7 0.7

Other services

97.3 98.3 98.4 98.9 0.5 124.4 127.4 127.7 128.3 0.5

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: June 07, 2013
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