Economic News Release

Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed                   USDL-11-1011
until 8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, July 8, 2011

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                         THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JUNE 2011


Nonfarm payroll employment was essentially unchanged in June (+18,000), and the 
unemployment rate was little changed at 9.2 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor 
Statistics reported today. Employment in most major private-sector industries 
changed little over the month. Government employment continued to trend down.

Household Survey Data

The number of unemployed persons (14.1 million) and the unemployment rate (9.2 
percent) were essentially unchanged over the month. Since March, the number of 
unemployed persons has increased by 545,000, and the unemployment rate has 
risen by 0.4 percentage point. The labor force, at 153.4 million, changed 
little over the month. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (9.1 percent), 
adult women (8.0 percent), teenagers (24.5 percent), whites (8.1 percent), blacks 
(16.2 percent), and Hispanics (11.6 percent) showed little or no change in June. 
The jobless rate for Asians was 6.8 percent, not seasonally adjusted. (See tables 
A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of persons unemployed for less than 5 weeks increased by 412,000 in 
June. The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks and over) 
was essentially unchanged over the month, at 6.3 million, and accounted for 44.4 
percent of the unemployed. (See table A-12.)

The civilian labor force participation rate was little changed in June at 64.1 
percent. The employment-population ratio decreased by 0.2 percentage point to 58.2 
percent. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred 
to as involuntary part-time workers) was essentially unchanged in June at 8.6 
million. These individuals were working part time because their hours had been 
cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In June, 2.7 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, about 
the same as a year earlier. (These data are not seasonally adjusted.) These 
individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and 
had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as 
unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the 
survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 982,000 discouraged workers in June, 
down by 225,000 from a year earlier. (These data are not seasonally adjusted.) 
Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they 
believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.7 million persons 
marginally attached to the labor force in June had not searched for work in the 
4 weeks preceding the survey for reasons such as school attendance or family
responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment was essentially unchanged in June (+18,000). 
Following gains averaging 215,000 per month from February through April, 
employment has been essentially flat for the past 2 months. Employment in most 
major private-sector industries changed little in June, while government 
employment continued to trend down. (See table B-1.)

Within professional and business services, employment in professional and 
technical services increased in June (+24,000). This industry has added 245,000 
jobs since a recent low in March 2010. Employment in temporary help services 
changed little over the month and has shown little movement on net so far this 
year.

Health care employment continued to trend up in June (+14,000), with the largest 
gain in ambulatory health care services. Over the prior 12 months, health care had 
added an average of 24,000 jobs per month.

In June, employment in mining rose by 8,000, with most of the gain occurring in 
support activities for mining. Employment in mining has increased by 128,000 since 
a recent low in October 2009.

Employment in leisure and hospitality edged up (+34,000) in June and has grown by 
279,000 since a recent low in January 2010.

Employment in government continued to trend down over the month (-39,000). Federal 
employment declined by 14,000 in June. Employment in both state government and local 
government continued to trend down over the month and has been falling since the 
second half of 2008.

Manufacturing employment changed little in June. Following gains totaling 164,000 
between November 2010 and April 2011, employment in this industry has been flat for 
the past 2 months. In June, job gains in fabricated metal products (+8,000) were 
partially offset by a loss in wood products (-5,000).

Construction employment was essentially unchanged in June. After having fallen 
sharply during the 2007-09 period, employment in construction has shown little 
movement on net since early 2010.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls decreased by 0.1 
hour to 34.3 hours in June. The manufacturing workweek for all employees decreased 
by 0.3 hour to 40.3 hours over the month; factory overtime edged down by 0.1 hour 
to 3.1 hours. The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on
private nonfarm payrolls remained at 33.6 hours in June. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In June, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls 
decreased by 1 cent to $22.99. Over the past 12 months, average hourly earnings 
have increased by 1.9 percent. In June, average hourly earnings of private-sector 
production and nonsupervisory employees declined by 1 cent to $19.41. (See tables 
B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for April was revised from +232,000 
to +217,000, and the change for May was revised from +54,000 to +25,000.

_____________
The Employment Situation for July is scheduled to be released on Friday, August 5, 
2011, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category June
2010
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011
Change from:
May
2011-
June
2011

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

237,690 239,146 239,313 239,489 176

Civilian labor force

153,684 153,421 153,693 153,421 -272

Participation rate

64.7 64.2 64.2 64.1 -0.1

Employed

139,092 139,674 139,779 139,334 -445

Employment-population ratio

58.5 58.4 58.4 58.2 -0.2

Unemployed

14,593 13,747 13,914 14,087 173

Unemployment rate

9.5 9.0 9.1 9.2 0.1

Not in labor force

84,006 85,725 85,620 86,069 449

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

9.5 9.0 9.1 9.2 0.1

Adult men (20 years and over)

9.8 8.8 8.9 9.1 0.2

Adult women (20 years and over)

7.8 7.9 8.0 8.0 0.0

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

25.8 24.9 24.2 24.5 0.3

White

8.6 8.0 8.0 8.1 0.1

Black or African American

15.4 16.1 16.2 16.2 0.0

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

7.7 6.4 7.0 6.8 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

12.4 11.8 11.9 11.6 -0.3

Total, 25 years and over

8.2 7.6 7.8 8.0 0.2

Less than a high school diploma

14.1 14.6 14.7 14.3 -0.4

High school graduates, no college

10.7 9.7 9.5 10.0 0.5

Some college or associate degree

8.3 7.5 8.0 8.4 0.4

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.4 4.5 4.5 4.4 -0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

9,097 8,144 8,274 8,261 -13

Job leavers

897 942 908 965 57

Reentrants

3,272 3,375 3,433 3,430 -3

New entrants

1,147 1,346 1,231 1,222 -9

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,779 2,691 2,664 3,076 412

5 to 14 weeks

3,138 2,907 2,892 2,972 80

15 to 26 weeks

2,209 2,006 1,984 1,836 -148

27 weeks and over

6,691 5,839 6,200 6,289 89

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

8,631 8,600 8,548 8,552 4

Slack work or business conditions

6,172 5,689 5,834 5,806 -28

Could only find part-time work

2,123 2,480 2,473 2,401 -72

Part time for noneconomic reasons

17,963 18,282 18,468 18,470 2

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,591 2,466 2,206 2,680 -

Discouraged workers

1,207 989 822 982 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category June
2010
Apr.
2011
May
2011(p)
June
2011(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

-192 217 25 18

Total private

65 241 73 57

Goods-producing

0 43 3 4

Mining and logging

6 11 9 7

Construction

-18 4 -4 -9

Manufacturing

12 28 -2 6

Durable goods(1)

14 21 12 15

Motor vehicles and parts

-1.4 2.4 -3.5 0.9

Nondurable goods

-2 7 -14 -9

Private service-providing(1)

65 198 70 53

Wholesale trade

6.1 7.2 6.6 7.1

Retail trade

-12.5 64.1 -4.3 5.2

Transportation and warehousing

10.5 6.2 11.5 3.6

Information

-14 1 2 0

Financial activities

-12 1 14 -15

Professional and business services(1)

43 45 45 12

Temporary help services

18.6 -5.4 -1.7 -12.0

Education and health services(1)

27 40 18 0

Health care and social assistance

18.4 33.9 28.0 17.4

Leisure and hospitality

23 29 -24 34

Other services

-5 3 2 5

Government

-257 -24 -48 -39

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.8 49.6 49.5 49.5

Total private women employees

48.3 48.1 48.0 48.0

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.4 82.4 82.4 82.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.1 34.4 34.4 34.3

Average hourly earnings

$22.57 $22.93 $23.00 $22.99

Average weekly earnings

$769.64 $788.79 $791.20 $788.56

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

91.7 93.8 93.9 93.6

Over-the-month percent change

-0.2 0.5 0.1 -0.3

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

98.7 102.6 103.0 102.7

Over-the-month percent change

-0.2 0.7 0.4 -0.3

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.4 33.6 33.6 33.6

Average hourly earnings

$19.05 $19.37 $19.42 $19.41

Average weekly earnings

$636.27 $650.83 $652.51 $652.18

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

98.7 100.7 100.7 100.8

Over-the-month percent change

0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

125.6 130.3 130.7 130.7

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.5 0.3 0.0

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private

55.2 65.2 54.1 53.4

Manufacturing

51.2 66.7 51.2 52.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
of employment and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant
change in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has
a more expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes the self-
employed, unpaid family workers, agricultural workers, and private household workers,
who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household survey also provides
estimates of employment for demographic groups.

Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
born.

Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
www.bls.gov/web/cesbmart.htm.

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment estimate; firms
from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled to achieve that goal.

Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because the
survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There is an
unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the sampling
frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a
year.

Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work
are included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped
looking for work?

Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs
are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in The Employment
Situation news release.

How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact
on average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for
paid time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other
time off. The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always,
results in a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be
off work for part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while
some workers, such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.

In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment,
employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. About half of
all employees in the payroll survey have a 2-week, semi-monthly, or monthly pay
period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the effect
of extreme weather on estimates of employment from the establishment survey.


In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week’s work for weather-
related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time off.
The household survey collects data on the number of persons who usually work full
time but had reduced hours, or had a job but were not at work due to bad weather.
Current and historical data are available on the household survey’s most requested
statistics page at http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the
Current Population Survey (household survey) and the Current Employment
Statistics survey (establishment survey). The household survey provides
information on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears
in the "A" tables, marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about
60,000 households conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics (BLS). 

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, 
and earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the 
"B" tables, marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each 
month from the payroll records of a sample of nonagricultural business
establishments. The sample includes about 140,000 businesses and government
agencies representing approximately 440,000 worksites and is drawn from a
sampling frame of roughly 9 million unemployment insurance tax accounts.
The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm payroll
employees. 

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week
or pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally
the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which 
may or may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire
civilian noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series
of questions on work and job search activities, each person 16 years
and over in a sample household is classified as employed, unemployed,
or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid
employees during the reference week; worked in their own business, 
profession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 
hours in a family business or farm. People are also counted as employed
if they were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, bad
weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following
criteria: they had no employment during the reference week; they were
available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts to find
employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the reference
week. Persons laid off from a job and expecting recall need not be 
looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The unemployment data
derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eligibility
for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of
the labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force
as a percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is
the employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about
the household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as 
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay 
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector
for all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. 
Production and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and 
related employees in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction
workers in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in private service-
providing industries. 

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/#technical.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and
methodological differences between the household and establishment
surveys result in important distinctions in the employment estimates
derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-
     employed, unpaid family workers, and private household workers
     among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.
  
   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the
     employed. The establishment survey does not.
  
   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and
     older. The establishment survey is not limited by age.
  
   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than
     one job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted
     separately for each appearance.
  
Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and
the levels of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring
fluctuations. These events may result from seasonal changes in weather, 
major holidays, and the opening and closing of schools. The effect of 
such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern
each year, their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by
adjusting for regular seasonal variation. These adjustments make 
nonseasonal developments, such as declines in employment or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot. For
example, in the household survey, the large number of youth entering
the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes that
have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if
the level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in
the establishment survey, payroll employment in education declines by
about 20 percent at the end of the spring term and later rises with
the start of the fall term, obscuring the underlying employment trends
in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes at the end and
beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The
seasonally adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to
analyze changes in month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both
the household and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series
for many major estimates, such as total payroll employment, employment
in most major sectors, total employment, and unemployment are computed
by aggregating independently adjusted component series. For example,
total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate
that would be obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors
are calculated each month using all relevant data, up to and including
the data for the current month. In the household survey, new seasonal
factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the 
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month 
to adjust the three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months 
are routinely revised to incorporate additional sample reports and 
recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. In both surveys, 5-year revisions
to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are
subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample rather
than the entire population is surveyed, there is a chance that the
sample estimates may differ from the "true" population values they
represent. The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending
on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured by
the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent chance, 
or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ 
by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population value 
because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 
90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in
total nonfarm employment from the establishment survey is on the order
of plus or minus 100,000. Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment
increases by 50,000 from one month to the next. The 90-percent confidence
interval on the monthly change would range from -50,000 to +150,000 
(50,000 +/- 100,000). These figures do not mean that the sample results
are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the "true" over-the-month change lies within this interval.
Since this range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with
confidence that nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month.
If, however, the reported nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all
of the values within the 90-percent confidence interval would be greater
than zero. In this case, it is likely (at least a 90-percent chance) that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month. At an unemployment rate
of around 5.5 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval for the monthly
change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is about 
+/- 280,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is
about +/-0.19 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments
have lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than
estimates which are based on a small number of observations. The precision
of estimates also is improved when the data are cumulated over time, such
as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by
nonsampling error, which can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain information
for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness of 
respondents to provide correct information on a timely basis, mistakes
made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or processing of
the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most
recent 2 months are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these
estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables. It is only after two
successive revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly all sample
reports have been received, that the estimate is considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey
is the inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by
new firms. To correct for this systematic underestimation of employment
growth, an estimation procedure with two components is used to account
for business births. The first component excludes employment losses from
business deaths from sample-based estimation in order to offset the 
missing employment gains from business births. This is incorporated into
the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not reflecting sample
units going out of business, but imputing to them the same employment
trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for most
of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate
the residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the 
imputation. The historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA
model was derived from the unemployment insurance universe micro-level
database, and reflects the actual residual net of births and deaths over
the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted
once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment
obtained from administrative records of the unemployment insurance program.
The difference between the March sample-based employment estimates and
the March universe counts is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as
a rough proxy for total survey error. The new benchmarks also incorporate
changes in the classification of industries. Over the past decade, absolute
benchmark revisions  for total nonfarm employment have averaged 0.3 percent,
with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2010
May
2011
June
2011
June
2010
Feb.
2011
Mar.
2011
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

237,690 239,313 239,489 237,690 238,851 239,000 239,146 239,313 239,489

Civilian labor force

154,767 153,449 154,538 153,684 153,246 153,406 153,421 153,693 153,421

Participation rate

65.1 64.1 64.5 64.7 64.2 64.2 64.2 64.2 64.1

Employed

139,882 140,028 140,129 139,092 139,573 139,864 139,674 139,779 139,334

Employment-population ratio

58.9 58.5 58.5 58.5 58.4 58.5 58.4 58.4 58.2

Unemployed

14,885 13,421 14,409 14,593 13,673 13,542 13,747 13,914 14,087

Unemployment rate

9.6 8.7 9.3 9.5 8.9 8.8 9.0 9.1 9.2

Not in labor force

82,923 85,864 84,951 84,006 85,605 85,594 85,725 85,620 86,069

Persons who currently want a job

6,461 6,821 7,124 5,930 6,410 6,509 6,539 6,227 6,537

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

115,102 116,156 116,250 115,102 115,907 115,988 116,067 116,156 116,250

Civilian labor force

82,669 81,956 82,757 82,000 81,720 81,674 81,684 81,989 81,966

Participation rate

71.8 70.6 71.2 71.2 70.5 70.4 70.4 70.6 70.5

Employed

74,148 74,441 74,848 73,385 74,122 74,108 73,973 74,177 74,014

Employment-population ratio

64.4 64.1 64.4 63.8 63.9 63.9 63.7 63.9 63.7

Unemployed

8,521 7,515 7,910 8,614 7,598 7,566 7,712 7,811 7,952

Unemployment rate

10.3 9.2 9.6 10.5 9.3 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.7

Not in labor force

32,432 34,200 33,493 33,102 34,187 34,313 34,382 34,168 34,284

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

106,522 107,566 107,668 106,522 107,292 107,381 107,469 107,566 107,668

Civilian labor force

79,201 79,223 79,324 79,094 78,795 78,764 78,856 79,193 79,104

Participation rate

74.4 73.7 73.7 74.3 73.4 73.4 73.4 73.6 73.5

Employed

71,773 72,427 72,427 71,329 71,954 71,959 71,939 72,137 71,937

Employment-population ratio

67.4 67.3 67.3 67.0 67.1 67.0 66.9 67.1 66.8

Unemployed

7,428 6,796 6,897 7,765 6,841 6,805 6,917 7,056 7,167

Unemployment rate

9.4 8.6 8.7 9.8 8.7 8.6 8.8 8.9 9.1

Not in labor force

27,321 28,344 28,344 27,428 28,497 28,617 28,612 28,373 28,564

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

122,589 123,157 123,239 122,589 122,944 123,012 123,079 123,157 123,239

Civilian labor force

72,098 71,492 71,781 71,685 71,526 71,732 71,737 71,704 71,455

Participation rate

58.8 58.0 58.2 58.5 58.2 58.3 58.3 58.2 58.0

Employed

65,735 65,587 65,282 65,706 65,451 65,756 65,702 65,602 65,320

Employment-population ratio

53.6 53.3 53.0 53.6 53.2 53.5 53.4 53.3 53.0

Unemployed

6,363 5,905 6,499 5,978 6,075 5,976 6,035 6,102 6,134

Unemployment rate

8.8 8.3 9.1 8.3 8.5 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6

Not in labor force

50,491 51,664 51,458 50,904 51,418 51,280 51,342 51,453 51,784

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

114,264 114,954 115,045 114,264 114,714 114,792 114,868 114,954 115,045

Civilian labor force

68,761 68,728 68,459 68,826 68,802 68,898 68,896 68,908 68,618

Participation rate

60.2 59.8 59.5 60.2 60.0 60.0 60.0 59.9 59.6

Employed

63,277 63,423 62,811 63,483 63,319 63,566 63,479 63,402 63,098

Employment-population ratio

55.4 55.2 54.6 55.6 55.2 55.4 55.3 55.2 54.8

Unemployed

5,484 5,305 5,648 5,343 5,483 5,332 5,417 5,505 5,520

Unemployment rate

8.0 7.7 8.2 7.8 8.0 7.7 7.9 8.0 8.0

Not in labor force

45,504 46,226 46,586 45,438 45,912 45,894 45,972 46,047 46,427

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,904 16,792 16,776 16,904 16,845 16,827 16,809 16,792 16,776

Civilian labor force

6,806 5,498 6,755 5,764 5,649 5,744 5,669 5,592 5,698

Participation rate

40.3 32.7 40.3 34.1 33.5 34.1 33.7 33.3 34.0

Employed

4,833 4,177 4,891 4,279 4,300 4,339 4,255 4,240 4,299

Employment-population ratio

28.6 24.9 29.2 25.3 25.5 25.8 25.3 25.2 25.6

Unemployed

1,973 1,320 1,864 1,485 1,350 1,405 1,413 1,352 1,399

Unemployment rate

29.0 24.0 27.6 25.8 23.9 24.5 24.9 24.2 24.5

Not in labor force

10,098 11,295 10,021 11,140 11,196 11,083 11,140 11,201 11,078

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2010
May
2011
June
2011
June
2010
Feb.
2011
Mar.
2011
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

191,979 192,877 192,989 191,979 192,601 192,688 192,771 192,877 192,989

Civilian labor force

125,761 124,608 125,335 124,964 124,237 124,497 124,650 124,811 124,493

Participation rate

65.5 64.6 64.9 65.1 64.5 64.6 64.7 64.7 64.5

Employed

114,782 114,989 114,995 114,176 114,330 114,706 114,652 114,785 114,358

Employment-population ratio

59.8 59.6 59.6 59.5 59.4 59.5 59.5 59.5 59.3

Unemployed

10,979 9,618 10,340 10,788 9,907 9,791 9,998 10,026 10,135

Unemployment rate

8.7 7.7 8.2 8.6 8.0 7.9 8.0 8.0 8.1

Not in labor force

66,218 68,269 67,654 67,015 68,364 68,191 68,122 68,066 68,496

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,412 65,416 65,360 65,366 64,919 64,864 65,032 65,335 65,203

Participation rate

74.8 74.3 74.2 74.7 73.9 73.7 73.9 74.2 74.0

Employed

59,941 60,472 60,355 59,573 59,860 59,850 59,903 60,168 59,943

Employment-population ratio

68.5 68.7 68.5 68.1 68.1 68.0 68.1 68.3 68.0

Unemployed

5,471 4,943 5,005 5,793 5,059 5,014 5,129 5,167 5,261

Unemployment rate

8.4 7.6 7.7 8.9 7.8 7.7 7.9 7.9 8.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,721 54,709 54,429 54,877 54,677 54,950 54,971 54,912 54,633

Participation rate

59.7 59.5 59.1 59.9 59.5 59.8 59.8 59.7 59.4

Employed

50,700 50,956 50,471 50,977 50,816 51,184 51,138 50,999 50,775

Employment-population ratio

55.3 55.4 54.8 55.6 55.3 55.7 55.6 55.5 55.2

Unemployed

4,022 3,753 3,958 3,900 3,860 3,766 3,833 3,914 3,858

Unemployment rate

7.3 6.9 7.3 7.1 7.1 6.9 7.0 7.1 7.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

5,628 4,483 5,546 4,722 4,641 4,683 4,646 4,563 4,657

Participation rate

43.6 34.9 43.3 36.6 36.1 36.4 36.2 35.6 36.3

Employed

4,141 3,561 4,168 3,626 3,654 3,672 3,610 3,619 3,640

Employment-population ratio

32.1 27.8 32.5 28.1 28.4 28.6 28.1 28.2 28.4

Unemployed

1,486 922 1,377 1,095 987 1,011 1,036 945 1,017

Unemployment rate

26.4 20.6 24.8 23.2 21.3 21.6 22.3 20.7 21.8

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,685 29,063 29,093 28,685 28,976 29,005 29,035 29,063 29,093

Civilian labor force

17,960 17,705 17,966 17,745 17,865 17,836 17,849 17,750 17,733

Participation rate

62.6 60.9 61.8 61.9 61.7 61.5 61.5 61.1 61.0

Employed

15,157 14,867 14,993 15,020 15,124 15,067 14,966 14,870 14,855

Employment-population ratio

52.8 51.2 51.5 52.4 52.2 51.9 51.5 51.2 51.1

Unemployed

2,803 2,838 2,972 2,725 2,741 2,769 2,882 2,880 2,877

Unemployment rate

15.6 16.0 16.5 15.4 15.3 15.5 16.1 16.2 16.2

Not in labor force

10,725 11,358 11,127 10,941 11,112 11,169 11,186 11,313 11,360

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,107 8,024 8,155 8,054 8,053 8,119 8,113 8,056 8,111

Participation rate

69.8 67.7 68.7 69.4 68.2 68.7 68.6 68.0 68.3

Employed

6,717 6,618 6,793 6,654 6,745 6,758 6,731 6,645 6,736

Employment-population ratio

57.8 55.8 57.2 57.3 57.2 57.2 56.9 56.1 56.7

Unemployed

1,390 1,406 1,362 1,401 1,309 1,361 1,382 1,411 1,375

Unemployment rate

17.1 17.5 16.7 17.4 16.2 16.8 17.0 17.5 17.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,098 9,041 9,011 9,054 9,185 9,050 9,054 9,056 8,953

Participation rate

63.1 61.9 61.6 62.8 63.1 62.1 62.0 62.0 61.2

Employed

8,035 7,868 7,760 7,987 7,993 7,923 7,836 7,847 7,718

Employment-population ratio

55.7 53.9 53.1 55.4 54.9 54.4 53.7 53.7 52.8

Unemployed

1,063 1,172 1,251 1,067 1,192 1,127 1,217 1,210 1,235

Unemployment rate

11.7 13.0 13.9 11.8 13.0 12.5 13.4 13.4 13.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

756 640 799 637 627 668 682 638 669

Participation rate

28.4 24.6 30.8 23.9 23.9 25.6 26.2 24.5 25.8

Employed

405 380 440 379 386 387 398 378 402

Employment-population ratio

15.2 14.6 16.9 14.3 14.7 14.8 15.3 14.5 15.5

Unemployed

351 260 360 258 241 281 284 260 267

Unemployment rate

46.4 40.6 45.0 40.4 38.4 42.1 41.6 40.7 39.9

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,210 11,350 11,379 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

7,315 7,377 7,384 - - - - - -

Participation rate

65.3 65.0 64.9 - - - - - -

Employed

6,749 6,863 6,881 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

60.2 60.5 60.5 - - - - - -

Unemployed

566 514 504 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

7.7 7.0 6.8 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

3,895 3,973 3,995 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2010
May
2011
June
2011
June
2010
Feb.
2011
Mar.
2011
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

33,662 34,311 34,391 33,662 34,079 34,155 34,233 34,311 34,391

Civilian labor force

22,724 22,642 22,884 22,677 22,519 22,676 22,798 22,739 22,816

Participation rate

67.5 66.0 66.5 67.4 66.1 66.4 66.6 66.3 66.3

Employed

19,922 20,124 20,241 19,867 19,912 20,105 20,110 20,025 20,164

Employment-population ratio

59.2 58.7 58.9 59.0 58.4 58.9 58.7 58.4 58.6

Unemployed

2,802 2,518 2,643 2,810 2,606 2,571 2,688 2,715 2,653

Unemployment rate

12.3 11.1 11.5 12.4 11.6 11.3 11.8 11.9 11.6

Not in labor force

10,938 11,668 11,507 10,986 11,561 11,479 11,435 11,571 11,574

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

12,965 12,940 13,004 - - - - - -

Participation rate

82.7 81.5 81.7 - - - - - -

Employed

11,500 11,636 11,731 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

73.4 73.3 73.7 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,466 1,304 1,273 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

11.3 10.1 9.8 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,700 8,799 8,861 - - - - - -

Participation rate

59.0 58.5 58.8 - - - - - -

Employed

7,741 7,820 7,852 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

52.5 52.0 52.1 - - - - - -

Unemployed

958 979 1,010 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

11.0 11.1 11.4 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,059 904 1,018 - - - - - -

Participation rate

32.7 26.6 29.9 - - - - - -

Employed

681 668 658 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

21.0 19.7 19.3 - - - - - -

Unemployed

378 236 360 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

35.7 26.1 35.4 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2010
May
2011
June
2011
June
2010
Feb.
2011
Mar.
2011
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

12,330 11,669 11,672 12,046 11,317 11,652 11,567 11,442 11,392

Participation rate

46.3 46.0 46.1 45.2 45.5 46.1 45.5 45.1 45.0

Employed

10,727 10,072 10,141 10,348 9,749 10,059 9,876 9,757 9,768

Employment-population ratio

40.3 39.7 40.0 38.9 39.2 39.8 38.9 38.5 38.6

Unemployed

1,603 1,597 1,531 1,698 1,568 1,593 1,691 1,685 1,624

Unemployment rate

13.0 13.7 13.1 14.1 13.9 13.7 14.6 14.7 14.3

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

37,742 37,670 37,351 38,072 37,525 37,171 37,506 37,653 37,612

Participation rate

61.4 60.4 60.2 61.9 60.3 60.0 60.4 60.4 60.6

Employed

33,957 34,247 33,813 34,000 33,965 33,654 33,881 34,072 33,836

Employment-population ratio

55.2 54.9 54.5 55.3 54.6 54.4 54.6 54.6 54.5

Unemployed

3,786 3,423 3,538 4,071 3,560 3,517 3,626 3,581 3,775

Unemployment rate

10.0 9.1 9.5 10.7 9.5 9.5 9.7 9.5 10.0

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

36,383 36,659 36,454 36,676 36,784 36,653 36,637 36,780 36,786

Participation rate

70.3 69.4 69.2 70.9 69.5 69.7 69.7 69.7 69.8

Employed

33,411 33,898 33,406 33,650 33,919 33,938 33,907 33,852 33,708

Employment-population ratio

64.5 64.2 63.4 65.0 64.1 64.6 64.5 64.1 63.9

Unemployed

2,972 2,761 3,048 3,026 2,865 2,715 2,730 2,928 3,079

Unemployment rate

8.2 7.5 8.4 8.3 7.8 7.4 7.5 8.0 8.4

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

45,911 46,778 46,633 46,219 46,591 46,919 46,897 46,925 46,963

Participation rate

76.7 77.2 76.2 77.2 76.9 76.9 77.0 77.5 76.8

Employed

43,868 44,766 44,590 44,174 44,588 44,843 44,789 44,807 44,894

Employment-population ratio

73.3 73.9 72.9 73.8 73.6 73.5 73.5 74.0 73.4

Unemployed

2,043 2,012 2,044 2,045 2,003 2,076 2,109 2,118 2,069

Unemployment rate

4.5 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
June
2010
June
2011
June
2010
June
2011
June
2010
June
2011

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

22,027 21,628 20,241 19,828 1,786 1,800

Civilian labor force

11,777 11,438 10,637 10,366 1,141 1,072

Participation rate

53.5 52.9 52.5 52.3 63.9 59.5

Employed

10,836 10,430 9,777 9,468 1,059 962

Employment-population ratio

49.2 48.2 48.3 47.8 59.3 53.5

Unemployed

941 1,007 860 898 81 109

Unemployment rate

8.0 8.8 8.1 8.7 7.1 10.2

Not in labor force

10,250 10,190 9,604 9,462 645 728

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,124 2,387 1,764 1,980 360 407

Civilian labor force

1,744 1,955 1,490 1,683 254 272

Participation rate

82.1 81.9 84.5 85.0 70.6 66.7

Employed

1,544 1,695 1,330 1,456 214 239

Employment-population ratio

72.7 71.0 75.4 73.5 59.6 58.6

Unemployed

200 260 161 227 39 33

Unemployment rate

11.5 13.3 10.8 13.5 15.5 12.1

Not in labor force

380 432 274 296 106 136

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,941 2,934 2,455 2,469 486 466

Civilian labor force

2,530 2,437 2,148 2,115 381 322

Participation rate

86.0 83.0 87.5 85.7 78.4 69.2

Employed

2,337 2,263 1,974 1,964 364 299

Employment-population ratio

79.5 77.1 80.4 79.5 74.8 64.3

Unemployed

193 174 175 151 18 23

Unemployment rate

7.6 7.1 8.1 7.2 4.7 7.1

Not in labor force

411 497 306 354 105 144

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,042 10,461 10,663 10,122 379 339

Civilian labor force

3,985 3,648 3,875 3,539 110 109

Participation rate

36.1 34.9 36.3 35.0 29.0 32.0

Employed

3,712 3,364 3,607 3,264 104 100

Employment-population ratio

33.6 32.2 33.8 32.2 27.6 29.4

Unemployed

274 283 268 275 6 9

Unemployment rate

6.9 7.8 6.9 7.8 5.0 8.0

Not in labor force

7,057 6,814 6,788 6,583 269 231

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,920 5,845 5,359 5,258 561 588

Civilian labor force

3,518 3,398 3,123 3,029 396 369

Participation rate

59.4 58.1 58.3 57.6 70.4 62.9

Employed

3,243 3,108 2,866 2,784 377 324

Employment-population ratio

54.8 53.2 53.5 53.0 67.1 55.2

Unemployed

275 290 256 244 19 45

Unemployment rate

7.8 8.5 8.2 8.1 4.7 12.3

Not in labor force

2,402 2,447 2,236 2,229 166 218

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

206,801 209,273 90,295 91,992 116,505 117,281

Civilian labor force

140,570 140,742 70,824 71,192 69,746 69,550

Participation rate

68.0 67.3 78.4 77.4 59.9 59.3

Employed

127,492 128,145 63,623 64,605 63,870 63,540

Employment-population ratio

61.6 61.2 70.5 70.2 54.8 54.2

Unemployed

13,078 12,597 7,201 6,587 5,877 6,010

Unemployment rate

9.3 9.0 10.2 9.3 8.4 8.6

Not in labor force

66,231 68,531 19,471 20,800 46,759 47,731

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
June
2010
June
2011
June
2010
June
2011

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

26,330 27,665 211,361 211,825

Civilian labor force

5,713 5,903 149,055 148,635

Participation rate

21.7 21.3 70.5 70.2

Employed

4,889 4,903 134,993 135,226

Employment-population ratio

18.6 17.7 63.9 63.8

Unemployed

823 1,000 14,061 13,409

Unemployment rate

14.4 16.9 9.4 9.0

Not in labor force

20,617 21,762 62,306 63,189

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,646 2,758 76,396 75,997

Participation rate

36.7 36.2 83.8 83.3

Employed

2,218 2,252 68,508 68,873

Employment-population ratio

30.8 29.6 75.2 75.5

Unemployed

428 507 7,888 7,124

Unemployment rate

16.2 18.4 10.3 9.4

Not in labor force

4,559 4,852 14,753 15,231

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,291 2,262 66,892 66,556

Participation rate

30.8 29.4 71.7 71.3

Employed

1,951 1,838 61,030 60,647

Employment-population ratio

26.3 23.9 65.5 64.9

Unemployed

340 425 5,862 5,909

Unemployment rate

14.8 18.8 8.8 8.9

Not in labor force

5,140 5,436 26,346 26,822

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

776 882 5,766 6,083

Participation rate

6.6 7.1 21.4 22.3

Employed

720 814 5,455 5,707

Employment-population ratio

6.2 6.6 20.2 21.0

Unemployed

55 69 312 376

Unemployment rate

7.1 7.8 5.4 6.2

Not in labor force

10,918 11,474 21,207 21,136

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
June
2010
June
2011
June
2010
June
2011
June
2010
June
2011

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

36,155 36,323 18,165 18,132 17,991 18,191

Civilian labor force

24,688 24,294 14,689 14,495 9,999 9,799

Participation rate

68.3 66.9 80.9 79.9 55.6 53.9

Employed

22,541 22,260 13,404 13,345 9,136 8,916

Employment-population ratio

62.3 61.3 73.8 73.6 50.8 49.0

Unemployed

2,148 2,034 1,285 1,150 863 884

Unemployment rate

8.7 8.4 8.7 7.9 8.6 9.0

Not in labor force

11,467 12,029 3,475 3,637 7,992 8,392

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

201,535 203,166 96,937 98,119 104,598 105,048

Civilian labor force

130,079 130,244 67,980 68,262 62,099 61,982

Participation rate

64.5 64.1 70.1 69.6 59.4 59.0

Employed

117,342 117,869 60,743 61,503 56,599 56,366

Employment-population ratio

58.2 58.0 62.7 62.7 54.1 53.7

Unemployed

12,737 12,375 7,237 6,759 5,500 5,616

Unemployment rate

9.8 9.5 10.6 9.9 8.9 9.1

Not in labor force

71,456 72,922 28,957 29,856 42,499 43,066

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2010
May
2011
June
2011
June
2010
Feb.
2011
Mar.
2011
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,311 2,315 2,419 2,118 2,255 2,251 2,087 2,243 2,217

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,401 1,435 1,507 1,280 1,340 1,423 1,245 1,391 1,383

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

854 850 875 811 889 835 818 822 829

Unpaid family workers

56 31 36 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

137,572 137,713 137,711 136,876 137,443 137,738 137,595 137,551 137,035

Wage and salary workers(1)

128,339 128,822 128,883 127,915 128,664 128,800 128,840 128,803 128,437

Government

21,026 20,690 20,139 21,177 20,933 20,858 20,726 20,309 20,318

Private industries

107,312 108,132 108,744 106,823 107,681 107,946 108,186 108,505 108,209

Private households

697 799 766 - - - - - -

Other industries

106,616 107,333 107,977 106,184 106,965 107,251 107,510 107,727 107,511

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,123 8,812 8,752 8,865 8,688 8,773 8,650 8,655 8,543

Unpaid family workers

110 79 76 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,867 8,270 8,738 8,631 8,340 8,433 8,600 8,548 8,552

Slack work or business conditions

6,004 5,646 5,660 6,172 5,630 5,595 5,689 5,834 5,806

Could only find part-time work

2,380 2,396 2,570 2,123 2,415 2,332 2,480 2,473 2,401

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

16,847 18,656 17,355 17,963 18,220 18,417 18,282 18,468 18,470

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,734 8,144 8,600 8,482 8,248 8,265 8,475 8,400 8,400

Slack work or business conditions

5,924 5,547 5,570 6,080 5,558 5,504 5,581 5,731 5,704

Could only find part-time work

2,355 2,382 2,537 2,098 2,383 2,305 2,457 2,444 2,341

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

16,504 18,313 16,983 17,694 17,835 17,984 17,967 18,126 18,151

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2010
May
2011
June
2011
June
2010
Feb.
2011
Mar.
2011
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

139,882 140,028 140,129 139,092 139,573 139,864 139,674 139,779 139,334

16 to 19 years

4,833 4,177 4,891 4,279 4,300 4,339 4,255 4,240 4,299

16 to 17 years

1,554 1,203 1,554 1,378 1,311 1,326 1,247 1,249 1,358

18 to 19 years

3,279 2,974 3,337 2,886 3,000 2,990 2,989 2,982 2,945

20 years and over

135,049 135,850 135,238 134,813 135,274 135,525 135,419 135,539 135,035

20 to 24 years

13,087 12,868 13,289 12,714 12,954 13,021 12,978 12,970 12,911

25 years and over

121,962 122,983 121,949 122,164 122,245 122,479 122,423 122,641 122,175

25 to 54 years

94,137 94,088 93,441 94,192 93,764 93,949 93,690 93,919 93,505

25 to 34 years

30,232 30,617 30,463 30,164 30,412 30,538 30,354 30,627 30,416

35 to 44 years

30,714 30,402 30,170 30,750 30,409 30,605 30,441 30,302 30,197

45 to 54 years

33,192 33,069 32,808 33,278 32,943 32,806 32,895 32,989 32,892

55 years and over

27,825 28,895 28,509 27,972 28,481 28,530 28,733 28,722 28,670

Men, 16 years and over

74,148 74,441 74,848 73,385 74,122 74,108 73,973 74,177 74,014

16 to 19 years

2,375 2,013 2,421 2,056 2,168 2,149 2,033 2,040 2,077

16 to 17 years

748 579 775 628 668 688 582 594 646

18 to 19 years

1,627 1,435 1,646 1,433 1,495 1,454 1,441 1,446 1,451

20 years and over

71,773 72,427 72,427 71,329 71,954 71,959 71,939 72,137 71,937

20 to 24 years

6,747 6,764 7,051 6,480 6,715 6,731 6,712 6,756 6,754

25 years and over

65,026 65,663 65,376 64,846 65,179 65,207 65,193 65,448 65,193

25 to 54 years

50,425 50,480 50,269 50,258 50,247 50,241 50,107 50,358 50,096

25 to 34 years

16,358 16,698 16,666 16,282 16,627 16,677 16,557 16,747 16,607

35 to 44 years

16,664 16,475 16,386 16,649 16,477 16,481 16,428 16,421 16,365

45 to 54 years

17,404 17,308 17,217 17,327 17,143 17,083 17,123 17,189 17,124

55 years and over

14,600 15,183 15,108 14,588 14,932 14,966 15,087 15,090 15,097

Women, 16 years and over

65,735 65,587 65,282 65,706 65,451 65,756 65,702 65,602 65,320

16 to 19 years

2,458 2,164 2,471 2,223 2,132 2,190 2,222 2,200 2,222

16 to 17 years

806 625 779 749 644 638 665 654 713

18 to 19 years

1,652 1,540 1,691 1,453 1,506 1,537 1,548 1,537 1,494

20 years and over

63,277 63,423 62,811 63,483 63,319 63,566 63,479 63,402 63,098

20 to 24 years

6,340 6,104 6,238 6,234 6,239 6,290 6,266 6,214 6,157

25 years and over

56,937 57,320 56,573 57,318 57,065 57,272 57,230 57,193 56,982

25 to 54 years

43,712 43,608 43,172 43,935 43,517 43,708 43,584 43,561 43,409

25 to 34 years

13,874 13,920 13,797 13,882 13,785 13,862 13,798 13,880 13,809

35 to 44 years

14,049 13,927 13,784 14,102 13,931 14,124 14,014 13,881 13,833

45 to 54 years

15,788 15,761 15,591 15,951 15,800 15,723 15,772 15,800 15,768

55 years and over

13,225 13,712 13,401 13,383 13,549 13,564 13,646 13,631 13,573

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

43,397 43,124 43,096 43,341 42,957 42,880 42,987 42,998 43,004

Married women, spouse present

34,211 33,894 33,449 34,359 34,496 34,236 34,062 33,826 33,676

Women who maintain families

8,929 8,930 9,038 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

113,856 112,618 113,255 112,510 112,660 112,775 112,484 112,342 111,907

Part-time workers(2)

26,026 27,410 26,875 26,796 26,878 27,087 27,088 27,418 27,631

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,899 7,084 6,861 6,912 6,764 6,746 6,775 6,939 6,880

Percent of total employed

4.9 5.1 4.9 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.9 5.0 4.9

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,254 5,232 5,155 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,977 9,661 9,627 9,676 9,577 9,608 9,468 9,477 9,372

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
June
2010
May
2011
June
2011
June
2010
Feb.
2011
Mar.
2011
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

14,593 13,914 14,087 9.5 8.9 8.8 9.0 9.1 9.2

16 to 19 years

1,485 1,352 1,399 25.8 23.9 24.5 24.9 24.2 24.5

16 to 17 years

570 520 535 29.3 28.8 29.0 31.4 29.4 28.2

18 to 19 years

913 838 869 24.0 21.5 22.5 22.2 21.9 22.8

20 years and over

13,108 12,562 12,688 8.9 8.3 8.2 8.3 8.5 8.6

20 to 24 years

2,297 2,236 2,190 15.3 15.4 15.0 14.9 14.7 14.5

25 years and over

10,877 10,327 10,573 8.2 7.6 7.4 7.6 7.8 8.0

25 to 54 years

8,770 8,239 8,378 8.5 7.9 7.8 8.0 8.1 8.2

25 to 34 years

3,444 3,140 3,231 10.2 9.4 9.1 9.5 9.3 9.6

35 to 44 years

2,613 2,514 2,547 7.8 7.4 7.2 7.3 7.7 7.8

45 to 54 years

2,713 2,585 2,600 7.5 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.3 7.3

55 years and over

2,079 2,082 2,142 6.9 6.4 6.5 6.5 6.8 7.0

Men, 16 years and over

8,614 7,811 7,952 10.5 9.3 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.7

16 to 19 years

850 755 785 29.2 25.9 26.2 28.1 27.0 27.4

16 to 17 years

310 271 285 33.0 28.5 28.5 32.7 31.3 30.7

18 to 19 years

539 488 502 27.3 24.8 25.3 26.4 25.2 25.7

20 years and over

7,765 7,056 7,167 9.8 8.7 8.6 8.8 8.9 9.1

20 to 24 years

1,404 1,259 1,239 17.8 16.4 16.4 16.1 15.7 15.5

25 years and over

6,413 5,765 6,010 9.0 7.9 7.8 7.9 8.1 8.4

25 to 54 years

5,209 4,632 4,710 9.4 8.1 8.0 8.2 8.4 8.6

25 to 34 years

2,089 1,808 1,842 11.4 9.5 9.3 9.9 9.7 10.0

35 to 44 years

1,494 1,338 1,442 8.2 7.5 7.2 7.2 7.5 8.1

45 to 54 years

1,626 1,486 1,425 8.6 7.3 7.6 7.7 8.0 7.7

55 years and over

1,204 1,133 1,301 7.6 7.1 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.9

Women, 16 years and over

5,978 6,102 6,134 8.3 8.5 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6

16 to 19 years

635 597 614 22.2 21.8 22.7 21.8 21.3 21.6

16 to 17 years

260 248 249 25.8 29.1 29.5 30.1 27.5 25.9

18 to 19 years

374 350 367 20.5 17.8 19.7 17.9 18.6 19.7

20 years and over

5,343 5,505 5,520 7.8 8.0 7.7 7.9 8.0 8.0

20 to 24 years

893 977 951 12.5 14.2 13.5 13.7 13.6 13.4

25 years and over

4,464 4,562 4,562 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.3 7.4 7.4

25 to 54 years

3,561 3,606 3,668 7.5 7.7 7.5 7.7 7.6 7.8

25 to 34 years

1,355 1,332 1,389 8.9 9.2 9.0 9.1 8.8 9.1

35 to 44 years

1,119 1,176 1,104 7.4 7.4 7.1 7.5 7.8 7.4

45 to 54 years

1,087 1,099 1,175 6.4 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.9

55 years and over(1)

912 876 897 6.5 5.7 5.8 5.4 6.0 6.3

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

3,171 2,696 2,821 6.8 5.8 5.9 6.0 5.9 6.2

Married women, spouse present

2,136 2,072 1,999 5.9 5.4 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.6

Women who maintain families(1)

1,228 1,303 1,325 12.1 13.0 12.3 11.7 12.7 12.8

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

12,734 12,073 12,093 10.2 9.5 9.4 9.6 9.7 9.8

Part-time workers(3)

1,824 1,833 1,972 6.4 6.5 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.7

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2010
May
2011
June
2011
June
2010
Feb.
2011
Mar.
2011
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

8,769 7,885 7,940 9,097 8,334 8,209 8,144 8,274 8,261

On temporary layoff

1,213 1,004 1,097 1,403 1,270 1,197 1,251 1,214 1,251

Not on temporary layoff

7,556 6,881 6,843 7,694 7,064 7,013 6,894 7,060 7,010

Permanent job losers

6,297 5,566 5,500 6,392 5,671 5,625 5,480 5,653 5,606

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,258 1,315 1,343 1,302 1,393 1,388 1,414 1,407 1,405

Job leavers

847 869 923 897 898 896 942 908 965

Reentrants

3,628 3,477 3,836 3,272 3,352 3,262 3,375 3,433 3,430

New entrants

1,642 1,190 1,710 1,147 1,337 1,360 1,346 1,231 1,222

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

58.9 58.8 55.1 63.1 59.9 59.8 59.0 59.8 59.5

On temporary layoff

8.1 7.5 7.6 9.7 9.1 8.7 9.1 8.8 9.0

Not on temporary layoff

50.8 51.3 47.5 53.4 50.7 51.1 49.9 51.0 50.5

Job leavers

5.7 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.4 6.5 6.8 6.6 7.0

Reentrants

24.4 25.9 26.6 22.7 24.1 23.8 24.4 24.8 24.7

New entrants

11.0 8.9 11.9 8.0 9.6 9.9 9.8 8.9 8.8

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5.7 5.1 5.1 5.9 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.4

Job leavers

0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

2.3 2.3 2.5 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2

New entrants

1.1 0.8 1.1 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2010
May
2011
June
2011
June
2010
Feb.
2011
Mar.
2011
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

3,409 2,664 3,808 2,779 2,390 2,449 2,691 2,664 3,076

5 to 14 weeks

2,848 2,356 2,698 3,138 3,094 2,914 2,907 2,892 2,972

15 weeks and over

8,627 8,401 7,903 8,900 8,172 8,078 7,845 8,184 8,125

15 to 26 weeks

2,207 2,235 1,845 2,209 2,179 1,957 2,006 1,984 1,836

27 weeks and over

6,420 6,166 6,058 6,691 5,993 6,122 5,839 6,200 6,289

Average (mean) duration, in weeks(1)

32.8 41.2 38.0 34.8 37.1 39.0 38.3 39.7 39.9

Median duration, in weeks

21.6 23.8 19.3 25.5 21.2 21.7 20.7 22.0 22.5

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

22.9 19.8 26.4 18.8 17.5 18.2 20.0 19.4 21.7

5 to 14 weeks

19.1 17.6 18.7 21.2 22.7 21.7 21.6 21.0 21.0

15 weeks and over

58.0 62.6 54.8 60.1 59.8 60.1 58.4 59.6 57.3

15 to 26 weeks

14.8 16.7 12.8 14.9 16.0 14.6 14.9 14.4 13.0

27 weeks and over

43.1 45.9 42.0 45.2 43.9 45.5 43.4 45.1 44.4

Footnotes
(1) Beginning in January 2011, this series reflects a change to the collection of data on unemployment duration. For more information, see www.bls.gov/cps/duration.htm.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
June
2010
June
2011
June
2010
June
2011
June
2010
June
2011

Total, 16 years and over(1)

139,882 140,129 14,885 14,409 9.6 9.3

Management, professional, and related occupations

51,414 52,120 2,644 2,598 4.9 4.7

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

20,940 21,605 1,055 1,037 4.8 4.6

Professional and related occupations

30,475 30,515 1,589 1,561 5.0 4.9

Service occupations

25,024 25,432 2,653 2,710 9.6 9.6

Sales and office occupations

33,754 32,874 3,325 3,340 9.0 9.2

Sales and related occupations

15,623 15,322 1,620 1,639 9.4 9.7

Office and administrative support occupations

18,131 17,552 1,704 1,701 8.6 8.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,508 13,068 2,391 1,872 15.0 12.5

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,091 1,092 180 139 14.2 11.3

Construction and extraction occupations

7,556 7,194 1,676 1,312 18.2 15.4

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,861 4,782 534 422 9.9 8.1

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

16,182 16,635 2,201 2,136 12.0 11.4

Production occupations

8,138 8,023 1,122 1,096 12.1 12.0

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,044 8,612 1,079 1,040 11.8 10.8

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2011 data, occupations reflect the introduction of the 2010 Census occupational classification system into the Current Population Survey, or household survey. This classification system is derived from the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC). No historical data have been revised. Data for 2011 are not strictly comparable with earlier years.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
June
2010
June
2011
June
2010
June
2011

Total, 16 years and over(1)

14,885 14,409 9.6 9.3

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

11,568 10,733 9.7 9.0

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

64 46 8.2 5.2

Construction

1,785 1,317 20.1 15.6

Manufacturing

1,519 1,405 9.9 9.2

Durable goods

1,002 952 10.4 9.7

Nondurable goods

517 453 9.1 8.3

Wholesale and retail trade

1,900 1,995 9.3 9.7

Transportation and utilities

434 504 7.2 8.2

Information

291 245 8.8 7.9

Financial activities

631 607 6.9 6.8

Professional and business services

1,465 1,349 10.3 9.1

Education and health services

1,339 1,228 6.2 5.8

Leisure and hospitality

1,609 1,483 12.3 10.9

Other services

532 553 8.5 8.7

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

176 144 11.7 9.0

Government workers

966 1,232 4.4 5.8

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

534 589 5.0 5.7

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2010
May
2011
June
2011
June
2010
Feb.
2011
Mar.
2011
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.6 5.5 5.1 5.8 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.3

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.7 5.1 5.1 5.9 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.4

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

9.6 8.7 9.3 9.5 8.9 8.8 9.0 9.1 9.2

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

10.3 9.2 9.9 10.2 9.5 9.4 9.5 9.5 9.8

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

11.1 10.0 10.9 11.0 10.5 10.3 10.4 10.3 10.7

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

16.7 15.4 16.4 16.5 15.9 15.7 15.9 15.8 16.2

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
June
2010
June
2011
June
2010
June
2011
June
2010
June
2011

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

82,923 84,951 32,432 33,493 50,491 51,458

Persons who currently want a job

6,461 7,124 3,069 3,333 3,392 3,791

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,591 2,680 1,406 1,391 1,185 1,289

Discouraged workers(2)

1,207 982 793 549 414 432

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,384 1,698 613 841 771 857

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,899 6,861 3,477 3,400 3,422 3,461

Percent of total employed

4.9 4.9 4.7 4.5 5.2 5.3

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,406 3,584 1,895 1,976 1,512 1,608

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,810 1,781 614 625 1,196 1,156

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

301 291 219 160 82 131

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,331 1,154 728 619 604 534

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2010
Apr.
2011
May
2011(p)
June
2011(p)
June
2010
Apr.
2011
May
2011(p)
June
2011(p)
Change from:
May2011 - June2011(p)

Total nonfarm

130,908 131,072 131,703 132,079 129,981 130,974 130,999 131,017 18

Total private

108,178 108,478 109,197 110,037 107,258 108,823 108,896 108,953 57

Goods-producing

18,020 17,775 18,023 18,311 17,763 17,999 18,002 18,006 4

Mining and logging

709 759 777 795 704 770 779 786 7

Logging

50.1 44.2 45.8 46.6 50.2 47.6 47.2 46.5 -0.7

Mining

658.7 714.6 731.1 748.8 653.5 721.9 731.3 739.3 8.0

Oil and gas extraction

159.8 169.1 171.9 174.7 158.1 170.4 171.5 172.2 0.7

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

207.8 207.6 215.0 220.0 202.6 210.4 212.7 213.5 0.8

Coal mining

80.3 84.7 86.5 87.2 80.5 85.2 86.6 86.6 0.0

Support activities for mining

291.1 337.9 344.2 354.1 292.8 341.1 347.1 353.6 6.5

Construction

5,703 5,384 5,568 5,732 5,511 5,526 5,522 5,513 -9

Construction of buildings

1,264.1 1,187.9 1,213.5 1,252.0 1,231.2 1,222.1 1,217.2 1,215.3 -1.9

Residential building

594.0 544.2 558.3 580.5 573.9 564.2 559.5 558.0 -1.5

Nonresidential building

670.1 643.7 655.2 671.5 657.3 657.9 657.7 657.3 -0.4

Heavy and civil engineering construction

871.9 825.1 872.3 898.8 823.4 849.7 848.2 846.4 -1.8

Specialty trade contractors

3,566.9 3,371.1 3,482.2 3,581.5 3,456.6 3,453.8 3,457.0 3,451.7 -5.3

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,531.2 1,413.4 1,481.3 1,518.6 1,470.6 1,450.6 1,459.9 1,451.5 -8.4

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,035.7 1,957.7 2,000.9 2,062.9 1,986.0 2,003.2 1,997.1 2,000.2 3.1

Manufacturing

11,608 11,632 11,678 11,784 11,548 11,703 11,701 11,707 6

Durable goods

7,111 7,226 7,259 7,326 7,079 7,253 7,265 7,280 15

Wood products

353.4 337.0 338.3 339.6 347.4 339.4 336.5 331.4 -5.1

Nonmetallic mineral products

382.5 369.6 375.6 381.7 373.0 371.0 372.2 371.4 -0.8

Primary metals

363.3 379.0 383.1 386.4 363.8 380.7 383.8 385.1 1.3

Fabricated metal products

1,285.6 1,337.2 1,349.5 1,366.0 1,286.6 1,347.4 1,356.6 1,364.4 7.8

Machinery

997.0 1,033.1 1,039.1 1,050.0 996.1 1,036.8 1,042.5 1,046.6 4.1

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,099.9 1,120.5 1,119.6 1,128.3 1,099.5 1,123.0 1,121.5 1,123.5 2.0

Computer and peripheral equipment

159.5 169.9 169.9 172.2 160.6 170.6 170.0 172.4 2.4

Communication equipment

118.6 118.9 117.9 119.1 118.1 119.2 118.3 118.1 -0.2

Semiconductors and electronic components

370.3 382.4 382.8 386.3 370.5 383.0 383.8 384.0 0.2

Electronic instruments

406.4 403.2 401.4 403.3 405.1 403.9 401.9 402.0 0.1

Electrical equipment and appliances

360.2 367.1 368.8 372.2 359.2 369.3 370.0 370.7 0.7

Transportation equipment(1)

1,338.7 1,360.7 1,358.5 1,368.1 1,327.3 1,360.5 1,354.9 1,357.2 2.3

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

681.8 699.3 697.2 701.9 674.6 697.4 693.9 694.8 0.9

Furniture and related products

365.1 348.6 353.5 355.5 360.1 350.1 351.7 351.5 -0.2

Miscellaneous manufacturing

565.6 573.3 573.4 577.9 565.9 575.1 575.7 578.2 2.5

Nondurable goods

4,497 4,406 4,419 4,458 4,469 4,450 4,436 4,427 -9

Food manufacturing

1,456.4 1,424.7 1,429.3 1,444.3 1,452.7 1,455.3 1,447.9 1,440.0 -7.9

Beverages and tobacco products

185.5 177.1 182.1 189.6 182.3 181.7 183.1 185.1 2.0

Textile mills

120.5 122.2 122.5 124.0 119.8 122.3 122.0 122.8 0.8

Textile product mills

120.5 115.6 116.3 116.9 119.9 116.4 116.1 115.8 -0.3

Apparel

159.1 156.3 156.0 156.8 156.5 156.4 155.9 155.3 -0.6

Leather and allied products

27.8 29.2 29.2 29.2 27.6 29.2 29.1 29.0 -0.1

Paper and paper products

399.7 396.4 395.1 399.7 397.5 398.2 396.1 397.2 1.1

Printing and related support activities

490.6 469.8 469.2 469.3 489.1 472.2 469.2 466.9 -2.3

Petroleum and coal products

117.9 111.6 113.7 115.2 114.4 112.8 112.5 112.1 -0.4

Chemicals

788.4 775.5 775.0 781.1 783.6 777.8 775.8 776.4 0.6

Plastics and rubber products

630.4 628.0 630.2 632.0 625.6 628.0 628.7 626.2 -2.5

Private service-providing

90,158 90,703 91,174 91,726 89,495 90,824 90,894 90,947 53

Trade, transportation, and utilities

24,643 24,680 24,835 24,974 24,587 24,870 24,883 24,900 17

Wholesale trade

5,480.5 5,516.8 5,542.4 5,578.3 5,450.7 5,529.8 5,536.4 5,543.5 7.1

Durable goods

2,723.2 2,756.7 2,771.9 2,792.3 2,712.3 2,767.6 2,774.2 2,779.9 5.7

Nondurable goods

1,944.6 1,946.9 1,954.8 1,965.5 1,930.1 1,947.3 1,946.6 1,946.0 -0.6

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

812.7 813.2 815.7 820.5 808.3 814.9 815.6 817.6 2.0

Retail trade

14,414.6 14,389.7 14,479.8 14,558.9 14,408.5 14,536.3 14,532.0 14,537.2 5.2

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,636.5 1,664.6 1,678.1 1,688.2 1,619.5 1,665.8 1,670.1 1,669.6 -0.5

Automobile dealers

1,008.1 1,032.1 1,039.8 1,045.7 1,002.4 1,034.0 1,038.7 1,039.8 1.1

Furniture and home furnishings stores

432.1 428.7 429.1 430.7 437.6 435.6 436.3 436.6 0.3

Electronics and appliance stores

483.9 495.7 491.5 494.3 493.6 501.5 501.1 501.9 0.8

Building material and garden supply stores

1,176.7 1,169.9 1,188.3 1,177.7 1,123.9 1,131.2 1,122.6 1,121.1 -1.5

Food and beverage stores

2,827.3 2,807.4 2,829.6 2,856.5 2,806.8 2,833.2 2,829.8 2,832.5 2.7

Health and personal care stores

983.1 965.7 971.2 972.1 979.5 971.5 971.9 969.2 -2.7

Gasoline stations

824.5 810.8 822.8 830.9 815.5 817.1 820.3 821.9 1.6

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,352.1 1,383.0 1,384.3 1,400.5 1,376.1 1,422.5 1,425.0 1,426.8 1.8

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

583.5 578.5 579.4 576.9 601.0 597.6 596.7 595.0 -1.7

General merchandise stores(1)

2,944.7 2,930.6 2,933.2 2,956.3 2,974.3 2,983.4 2,977.7 2,981.9 4.2

Department stores

1,459.5 1,454.2 1,451.9 1,461.5 1,493.0 1,495.9 1,491.0 1,489.5 -1.5

Miscellaneous store retailers

762.1 752.1 766.5 771.0 759.6 763.0 764.0 765.9 1.9

Nonstore retailers

408.1 402.7 405.8 403.8 421.1 413.9 416.5 414.8 -1.7

Transportation and warehousing

4,193.0 4,224.1 4,261.5 4,281.7 4,175.8 4,252.4 4,263.9 4,267.5 3.6

Air transportation

465.7 471.8 475.3 470.6 463.7 469.7 472.9 468.9 -4.0

Rail transportation

214.8 222.1 223.2 222.8 214.4 221.8 222.8 223.0 0.2

Water transportation

65.1 62.7 64.3 65.0 63.1 64.0 64.1 63.2 -0.9

Truck transportation

1,255.5 1,256.9 1,272.4 1,297.8 1,241.9 1,275.3 1,278.3 1,282.7 4.4

Transit and ground passenger transportation

425.7 460.8 463.8 445.7 427.6 447.6 448.3 449.0 0.7

Pipeline transportation

42.1 43.2 43.1 43.5 42.1 43.2 43.3 43.5 0.2

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

34.1 23.6 31.5 36.7 27.8 27.1 29.4 29.9 0.5

Support activities for transportation

544.4 553.6 552.7 557.9 543.4 555.3 554.4 555.5 1.1

Couriers and messengers

517.6 508.1 512.0 515.4 520.6 521.0 522.0 522.6 0.6

Warehousing and storage

628.0 621.3 623.2 626.3 631.2 627.4 628.4 629.2 0.8

Utilities

555.3 549.6 551.5 554.7 551.7 551.4 551.1 551.5 0.4

Information

2,713 2,681 2,689 2,698 2,701 2,684 2,686 2,686 0

Publishing industries, except Internet

760.3 755.1 753.0 758.0 760.5 756.7 755.9 756.2 0.3

Motion picture and sound recording industries

377.7 367.3 377.6 378.6 365.8 365.2 368.5 367.8 -0.7

Broadcasting, except Internet

293.1 294.1 293.6 295.8 293.6 296.0 295.6 295.9 0.3

Telecommunications

897.8 868.5 866.2 866.6 898.3 873.1 870.3 869.9 -0.4

Data processing, hosting and related services

242.4 242.5 242.8 241.9 241.7 239.8 240.6 240.3 -0.3

Other information services

141.9 153.4 155.8 157.5 141.0 153.3 155.0 155.7 0.7

Financial activities

7,672 7,583 7,618 7,661 7,628 7,612 7,626 7,611 -15

Finance and insurance

5,699.2 5,656.5 5,667.3 5,683.1 5,689.4 5,666.5 5,675.6 5,666.9 -8.7

Monetary authorities - central bank

20.6 21.0 21.2 21.3 20.6 21.0 21.2 21.2 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,542.4 2,532.4 2,543.2 2,549.7 2,540.9 2,538.0 2,547.8 2,542.4 -5.4

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,733.6 1,746.4 1,755.1 1,760.3 1,732.2 1,750.1 1,757.3 1,755.4 -1.9

Commercial banking

1,307.6 1,318.4 1,326.2 1,327.6 1,306.0 1,321.2 1,328.0 1,324.6 -3.4

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

804.7 806.3 805.6 811.7 801.8 808.5 808.6 810.9 2.3

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,244.4 2,210.2 2,211.1 2,214.7 2,238.8 2,212.3 2,211.5 2,206.8 -4.7

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

87.1 86.6 86.2 85.7 87.3 86.7 86.5 85.6 -0.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,972.4 1,926.8 1,950.5 1,977.6 1,938.9 1,945.4 1,950.2 1,944.0 -6.2

Real estate

1,410.2 1,391.7 1,409.4 1,421.2 1,393.2 1,402.8 1,409.9 1,405.2 -4.7

Rental and leasing services

537.3 509.5 515.4 530.6 520.9 516.9 514.5 513.0 -1.5

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

24.9 25.6 25.7 25.8 24.8 25.7 25.8 25.8 0.0

Professional and business services

16,772 17,109 17,159 17,319 16,683 17,111 17,156 17,168 12

Professional and technical services(1)

7,365.8 7,654.0 7,552.2 7,630.7 7,408.5 7,581.4 7,623.9 7,648.1 24.2

Legal services

1,123.1 1,106.7 1,108.5 1,122.6 1,109.7 1,111.2 1,111.4 1,108.8 -2.6

Accounting and bookkeeping services

810.6 1,013.2 875.9 870.2 881.8 911.5 931.0 933.2 2.2

Architectural and engineering services

1,284.6 1,285.7 1,294.2 1,313.0 1,274.0 1,294.2 1,296.3 1,296.5 0.2

Computer systems design and related services

1,429.8 1,490.7 1,497.4 1,504.9 1,436.3 1,492.7 1,501.2 1,506.9 5.7

Management and technical consulting services

991.3 1,026.4 1,034.4 1,043.5 991.6 1,032.4 1,037.7 1,038.9 1.2

Management of companies and enterprises

1,875.7 1,868.3 1,881.5 1,893.5 1,863.9 1,877.3 1,883.0 1,882.6 -0.4

Administrative and waste services

7,530.6 7,586.6 7,725.4 7,794.6 7,410.9 7,651.9 7,648.7 7,637.6 -11.1

Administrative and support services(1)

7,168.0 7,229.0 7,362.3 7,425.7 7,052.8 7,290.2 7,285.9 7,275.3 -10.6

Employment services(1)

2,737.1 2,855.0 2,913.1 2,925.5 2,728.9 2,907.4 2,904.1 2,894.6 -9.5

Temporary help services

2,085.1 2,196.9 2,249.6 2,247.6 2,076.1 2,242.2 2,240.5 2,228.5 -12.0

Business support services

792.2 800.7 795.6 789.0 805.1 803.2 802.5 800.1 -2.4

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,853.3 1,768.0 1,839.1 1,884.3 1,741.1 1,767.6 1,766.0 1,765.5 -0.5

Waste management and remediation services

362.6 357.6 363.1 368.9 358.1 361.7 362.8 362.3 -0.5

Education and health services

19,357 20,084 19,992 19,741 19,535 19,905 19,923 19,923 0

Educational services

2,958.1 3,381.1 3,249.2 2,976.6 3,147.0 3,209.3 3,198.9 3,181.5 -17.4

Health care and social assistance

16,398.9 16,703.1 16,742.8 16,764.8 16,388.1 16,696.0 16,724.0 16,741.4 17.4

Health care(3)

13,790.4 14,008.6 14,029.0 14,086.7 13,769.8 14,025.6 14,043.6 14,057.1 13.5

Ambulatory health care services(1)

5,971.4 6,105.0 6,114.3 6,142.9 5,961.8 6,107.0 6,116.7 6,133.2 16.5

Offices of physicians

2,311.6 2,342.0 2,346.0 2,359.6 2,312.7 2,347.5 2,350.8 2,355.8 5.0

Outpatient care centers

598.6 618.2 620.1 620.6 598.6 617.2 620.1 620.3 0.2

Home health care services

1,077.8 1,118.6 1,117.1 1,122.1 1,074.6 1,116.1 1,116.5 1,121.8 5.3

Hospitals

4,687.1 4,729.3 4,732.8 4,749.5 4,682.5 4,738.2 4,742.0 4,738.0 -4.0

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,131.9 3,174.3 3,181.9 3,194.3 3,125.5 3,180.4 3,184.9 3,185.9 1.0

Nursing care facilities

1,662.0 1,677.4 1,680.0 1,687.9 1,659.1 1,681.2 1,681.7 1,684.7 3.0

Social assistance(1)

2,608.5 2,694.5 2,713.8 2,678.1 2,618.3 2,670.4 2,680.4 2,684.3 3.9

Child day care services

836.1 882.3 887.9 846.4 850.5 860.3 862.7 860.1 -2.6

Leisure and hospitality

13,592 13,127 13,416 13,817 13,018 13,200 13,176 13,210 34

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,168.6 1,864.6 1,958.7 2,159.2 1,920.9 1,905.5 1,881.1 1,900.3 19.2

Performing arts and spectator sports

435.0 416.5 419.6 427.1 412.7 410.6 398.7 403.7 5.0

Museums, historical sites, zoos, and parks

139.9 130.2 134.7 143.6 127.6 131.5 129.2 130.2 1.0

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,593.7 1,317.9 1,404.4 1,588.5 1,380.6 1,363.4 1,353.2 1,366.4 13.2

Accommodation and food services

11,423.4 11,262.0 11,457.3 11,658.1 11,097.5 11,294.6 11,294.4 11,309.2 14.8

Accommodation

1,852.7 1,745.4 1,785.5 1,885.9 1,768.2 1,789.0 1,788.8 1,794.9 6.1

Food services and drinking places

9,570.7 9,516.6 9,671.8 9,772.2 9,329.3 9,505.6 9,505.6 9,514.3 8.7

Other services

5,409 5,439 5,465 5,516 5,343 5,442 5,444 5,449 5

Repair and maintenance

1,144.3 1,154.5 1,161.6 1,165.7 1,134.3 1,149.6 1,151.7 1,151.9 0.2

Personal and laundry services

1,279.3 1,283.1 1,295.2 1,300.4 1,262.8 1,279.1 1,280.2 1,283.3 3.1

Membership associations and organizations

2,985.2 3,001.5 3,008.0 3,049.5 2,946.0 3,012.8 3,012.3 3,013.5 1.2

Government

22,730 22,594 22,506 22,042 22,723 22,151 22,103 22,064 -39

Federal

3,204.0 2,846.0 2,844.0 2,849.0 3,184.0 2,846.0 2,844.0 2,830.0 -14.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,551.1 2,211.2 2,217.0 2,226.8 2,527.8 2,214.2 2,214.2 2,204.0 -10.2

U.S. Postal Service

653.1 634.9 626.5 622.3 656.5 632.2 630.1 626.4 -3.7

State government

4,922.0 5,255.0 5,133.0 4,867.0 5,134.0 5,109.0 5,098.0 5,091.0 -7.0

State government education

2,134.3 2,541.3 2,416.8 2,140.5 2,369.5 2,391.9 2,384.9 2,384.3 -0.6

State government, excluding education

2,787.7 2,714.0 2,716.0 2,726.2 2,764.4 2,717.5 2,712.8 2,706.7 -6.1

Local government

14,604.0 14,493.0 14,529.0 14,326.0 14,405.0 14,196.0 14,161.0 14,143.0 -18.0

Local government education

8,077.9 8,289.5 8,269.5 7,893.2 8,039.0 7,919.1 7,892.4 7,879.8 -12.6

Local government, excluding education

6,525.9 6,203.0 6,259.6 6,432.7 6,366.1 6,277.0 6,268.7 6,262.8 -5.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry June
2010
Apr.
2011
May
2011(p)
June
2011(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.1 34.4 34.4 34.3

Goods-producing

39.5 39.9 40.1 39.9

Mining and logging

43.3 44.0 44.6 44.5

Construction

37.7 38.2 38.4 38.3

Manufacturing

40.1 40.4 40.6 40.3

Durable goods

40.4 40.8 40.9 40.6

Nondurable goods

39.7 39.8 40.0 39.8

Private service-providing

33.0 33.3 33.2 33.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.2 34.6 34.5 34.4

Wholesale trade

38.1 38.6 38.7 38.6

Retail trade

31.3 31.6 31.4 31.3

Transportation and warehousing

38.3 38.8 38.8 38.7

Utilities

41.1 42.0 42.4 41.6

Information

36.6 36.5 36.6 36.6

Financial activities

37.1 37.1 36.9 37.1

Professional and business services

35.2 35.7 35.7 35.7

Education and health services

32.8 32.8 32.8 32.8

Leisure and hospitality

25.7 25.9 25.9 25.8

Other services

31.7 31.8 31.8 31.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.0 3.2 3.2 3.1

Durable goods

2.9 3.2 3.2 3.1

Nondurable goods

3.1 3.3 3.2 3.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
June
2010
Apr.
2011
May
2011(p)
June
2011(p)
June
2010
Apr.
2011
May
2011(p)
June
2011(p)

Total private

$22.57 $22.93 $23.00 $22.99 $769.64 $788.79 $791.20 $788.56

Goods-producing

23.99 24.34 24.41 24.41 947.61 971.17 978.84 973.96

Mining and logging

27.35 28.28 28.39 28.38 1,184.26 1,244.32 1,266.19 1,262.91

Construction

25.13 25.39 25.36 25.36 947.40 969.90 973.82 971.29

Manufacturing

23.26 23.60 23.69 23.69 932.73 953.44 961.81 954.71

Durable goods

24.72 25.09 25.20 25.21 998.69 1,023.67 1,030.68 1,023.53

Nondurable goods

20.90 21.10 21.16 21.13 829.73 839.78 846.40 840.97

Private service-providing

22.23 22.59 22.66 22.65 733.59 752.25 752.31 751.98

Trade, transportation, and utilities

19.64 19.95 19.98 19.96 671.69 690.27 689.31 686.62

Wholesale trade

26.11 26.29 26.32 26.32 994.79 1,014.79 1,018.58 1,015.95

Retail trade

15.55 15.73 15.70 15.67 486.72 497.07 492.98 490.47

Transportation and warehousing

20.94 21.54 21.60 21.61 802.00 835.75 838.08 836.31

Utilities

32.48 33.73 33.92 34.01 1,334.93 1,416.66 1,438.21 1,414.82

Information

30.42 31.58 31.62 31.44 1,113.37 1,152.67 1,157.29 1,150.70

Financial activities

27.18 27.66 27.64 27.68 1,008.38 1,026.19 1,019.92 1,026.93

Professional and business services

27.24 27.58 27.65 27.70 958.85 984.61 987.11 988.89

Education and health services

22.92 23.39 23.54 23.48 751.78 767.19 772.11 770.14

Leisure and hospitality

13.07 13.21 13.24 13.18 335.90 342.14 342.92 340.04

Other services

20.19 20.35 20.37 20.42 640.02 647.13 647.77 649.36

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
June
2010
Apr.
2011
May
2011(p)
June
2011(p)
Percent change from:
May
2011 - June
2011(p)
June
2010
Apr.
2011
May
2011(p)
June
2011(p)
Percent change from:
May
2011 - June
2011(p)

Total private

91.7 93.8 93.9 93.6 -0.3 98.7 102.6 103.0 102.7 -0.3

Goods-producing

79.9 81.8 82.2 81.9 -0.4 86.7 90.0 90.7 90.3 -0.4

Mining and logging

95.8 106.5 109.2 109.9 0.6 105.2 120.9 124.4 125.2 0.6

Construction

71.6 72.7 73.1 72.8 -0.4 78.2 80.3 80.5 80.2 -0.4

Manufacturing

83.3 85.1 85.5 84.9 -0.7 90.1 93.3 94.2 93.5 -0.7

Durable goods

80.5 83.3 83.7 83.2 -0.6 88.4 92.8 93.6 93.2 -0.4

Nondurable goods

88.6 88.4 88.6 87.9 -0.8 93.9 94.6 95.1 94.3 -0.8

Private service-providing

94.9 97.1 96.9 97.0 0.1 102.2 106.3 106.4 106.4 0.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

91.4 93.5 93.3 93.1 -0.2 96.6 100.4 100.3 100.0 -0.3

Wholesale trade

90.6 93.1 93.5 93.4 -0.1 98.7 102.2 102.7 102.6 -0.1

Retail trade

91.6 93.3 92.7 92.4 -0.3 94.2 97.0 96.2 95.7 -0.5

Transportation and warehousing

91.5 94.4 94.7 94.5 -0.2 97.3 103.2 103.8 103.7 -0.1

Utilities

98.1 100.2 101.1 99.2 -1.9 105.3 111.6 113.3 111.5 -1.6

Information

90.3 89.5 89.8 89.8 0.0 97.8 100.6 101.1 100.5 -0.6

Financial activities

93.3 93.1 92.7 93.0 0.3 98.9 100.5 100.0 100.5 0.5

Professional and business services

92.4 96.1 96.3 96.4 0.1 101.9 107.4 107.9 108.2 0.3

Education and health services

104.3 106.3 106.4 106.4 0.0 112.0 116.4 117.3 117.0 -0.3

Leisure and hospitality

95.5 97.5 97.4 97.2 -0.2 100.7 104.0 104.0 103.4 -0.6

Other services

93.8 95.9 95.9 96.0 0.1 107.5 110.7 110.9 111.3 0.4

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
June
2010
Apr.
2011
May
2011(p)
June
2011(p)
June
2010
Apr.
2011
May
2011(p)
June
2011(p)

Total nonfarm

64,742 64,907 64,845 64,854 49.8 49.6 49.5 49.5

Total private

51,814 52,311 52,271 52,301 48.3 48.1 48.0 48.0

Goods-producing

4,099 4,069 4,059 4,062 23.1 22.6 22.5 22.6

Mining and logging

97 104 104 105 13.8 13.5 13.4 13.4

Construction

724 711 706 706 13.1 12.9 12.8 12.8

Manufacturing

3,278 3,254 3,249 3,251 28.4 27.8 27.8 27.8

Durable goods

1,732 1,723 1,722 1,728 24.5 23.8 23.7 23.7

Nondurable goods

1,546 1,531 1,527 1,523 34.6 34.4 34.4 34.4

Private service-providing

47,715 48,242 48,212 48,239 53.3 53.1 53.0 53.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,001 10,022 10,000 10,008 40.7 40.3 40.2 40.2

Wholesale trade

1,636.2 1,661.6 1,662.1 1,661.8 30.0 30.0 30.0 30.0

Retail trade

7,224.5 7,220.5 7,197.2 7,204.3 50.1 49.7 49.5 49.6

Transportation and warehousing

1,000.7 1,004.9 1,006.1 1,006.6 24.0 23.6 23.6 23.6

Utilities

139.2 134.8 134.6 135.1 25.2 24.4 24.4 24.5

Information

1,101 1,092 1,092 1,090 40.8 40.7 40.7 40.6

Financial activities

4,493 4,446 4,455 4,448 58.9 58.4 58.4 58.4

Professional and business services

7,429 7,616 7,629 7,644 44.5 44.5 44.5 44.5

Education and health services

15,068 15,299 15,293 15,306 77.1 76.9 76.8 76.8

Leisure and hospitality

6,791 6,897 6,871 6,872 52.2 52.3 52.1 52.0

Other services

2,832 2,870 2,872 2,871 53.0 52.7 52.8 52.7

Government

12,928 12,596 12,574 12,553 56.9 56.9 56.9 56.9

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry June
2010
Apr.
2011
May
2011(p)
June
2011(p)

Total private

88,409 89,689 89,742 89,779

Goods-producing

12,787 12,971 12,967 12,968

Mining and logging

526 581 585 590

Construction

4,158 4,178 4,174 4,174

Manufacturing

8,103 8,212 8,208 8,204

Durable goods

4,849 4,968 4,974 4,980

Nondurable goods

3,254 3,244 3,234 3,224

Private service-providing

75,622 76,718 76,775 76,811

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20,844 21,057 21,058 21,090

Wholesale trade

4,380.6 4,430.1 4,437.9 4,446.8

Retail trade

12,401.5 12,521.8 12,508.6 12,522.4

Transportation and warehousing

3,618.9 3,664.5 3,671.0 3,681.1

Utilities

443.0 440.6 440.3 439.9

Information

2,169 2,158 2,159 2,158

Financial activities

5,887 5,830 5,835 5,820

Professional and business services

13,660 14,047 14,100 14,087

Education and health services

17,121 17,438 17,443 17,451

Leisure and hospitality

11,477 11,635 11,625 11,651

Other services

4,464 4,553 4,555 4,554

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry June
2010
Apr.
2011
May
2011(p)
June
2011(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.4 33.6 33.6 33.6

Goods-producing

40.3 40.8 41.0 40.9

Mining and logging

44.7 46.6 46.7 47.0

Construction

38.3 38.8 39.1 39.0

Manufacturing

41.0 41.4 41.5 41.4

Durable goods

41.3 41.7 41.9 41.8

Nondurable goods

40.5 40.9 40.9 40.8

Private service-providing

32.2 32.4 32.3 32.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.2 33.7 33.6 33.8

Wholesale trade

37.8 38.5 38.6 38.6

Retail trade

30.1 30.5 30.3 30.5

Transportation and warehousing

37.2 38.0 37.8 38.1

Utilities

42.1 42.8 42.7 42.2

Information

36.5 36.4 36.3 36.3

Financial activities

36.3 36.3 36.2 36.2

Professional and business services

35.0 35.2 35.1 35.2

Education and health services

32.2 32.2 32.2 32.1

Leisure and hospitality

24.7 24.9 24.8 24.8

Other services

30.7 30.7 30.7 30.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.8 4.2 4.1 4.1

Durable goods

3.8 4.2 4.2 4.3

Nondurable goods

3.8 4.1 4.0 3.9

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
June
2010
Apr.
2011
May
2011(p)
June
2011(p)
June
2010
Apr.
2011
May
2011(p)
June
2011(p)

Total private

$19.05 $19.37 $19.42 $19.41 $636.27 $650.83 $652.51 $652.18

Goods-producing

20.24 20.60 20.62 20.62 815.67 840.48 845.42 843.36

Mining and logging

23.86 23.99 24.33 24.37 1,066.54 1,117.93 1,136.21 1,145.39

Construction

23.16 23.56 23.55 23.55 887.03 914.13 920.81 918.45

Manufacturing

18.59 18.91 18.92 18.91 762.19 782.87 785.18 782.87

Durable goods

19.76 20.13 20.12 20.08 816.09 839.42 843.03 839.34

Nondurable goods

16.81 17.01 17.04 17.06 680.81 695.71 696.94 696.05

Private service-providing

18.80 19.11 19.16 19.15 605.36 619.16 618.87 620.46

Trade, transportation, and utilities

16.81 17.11 17.15 17.13 558.09 576.61 576.24 578.99

Wholesale trade

21.51 21.94 21.99 22.05 813.08 844.69 848.81 851.13

Retail trade

13.22 13.43 13.41 13.39 397.92 409.62 406.32 408.40

Transportation and warehousing

19.12 19.37 19.51 19.44 711.26 736.06 737.48 740.66

Utilities

30.12 31.08 30.98 30.96 1,268.05 1,330.22 1,322.85 1,306.51

Information

25.78 26.68 26.60 26.40 940.97 971.15 965.58 958.32

Financial activities

21.47 21.79 21.74 21.77 779.36 790.98 786.99 788.07

Professional and business services

22.78 23.09 23.12 23.22 797.30 812.77 811.51 817.34

Education and health services

20.08 20.49 20.61 20.58 646.58 659.78 663.64 660.62

Leisure and hospitality

11.34 11.43 11.50 11.48 280.10 284.61 285.20 284.70

Other services

17.10 17.20 17.21 17.23 524.97 528.04 528.35 528.96

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
June
2010
Apr.
2011
May
2011(p)
June
2011(p)
Percent change from:
May
2011 - June
2011(p)
June
2010
Apr.
2011
May
2011(p)
June
2011(p)
Percent change from:
May
2011 - June
2011(p)

Total private

98.7 100.7 100.7 100.8 0.1 125.6 130.3 130.7 130.7 0.0

Goods-producing

78.7 80.9 81.2 81.1 -0.1 97.6 102.0 102.6 102.3 -0.3

Mining and logging

124.9 143.9 145.2 147.4 1.5 173.4 200.7 205.4 208.9 1.7

Construction

79.7 81.2 81.7 81.5 -0.2 99.7 103.3 103.9 103.6 -0.3

Manufacturing

76.2 78.0 78.2 78.0 -0.3 92.7 96.5 96.7 96.4 -0.3

Durable goods

75.2 77.8 78.3 78.2 -0.1 92.8 97.8 98.4 98.0 -0.4

Nondurable goods

77.6 78.2 77.9 77.5 -0.5 92.2 94.0 93.8 93.4 -0.4

Private service-providing

104.1 106.3 106.0 106.4 0.4 134.2 139.3 139.3 139.7 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

96.5 98.9 98.6 99.4 0.8 115.7 120.7 120.7 121.4 0.6

Wholesale trade

97.5 100.4 100.9 101.1 0.2 123.6 129.8 130.7 131.3 0.5

Retail trade

94.5 96.7 95.9 96.7 0.8 107.1 111.3 110.3 111.0 0.6

Transportation and warehousing

101.3 104.8 104.5 105.6 1.1 122.9 128.8 129.3 130.2 0.7

Utilities

95.4 96.5 96.2 95.0 -1.2 119.9 125.1 124.4 122.7 -1.4

Information

90.4 89.7 89.5 89.4 -0.1 115.3 118.4 117.8 116.9 -0.8

Financial activities

102.3 101.3 101.1 100.8 -0.3 135.8 136.4 135.9 135.7 -0.1

Professional and business services

107.1 110.8 110.9 111.1 0.2 145.2 152.3 152.6 153.5 0.6

Education and health services

118.9 121.1 121.2 120.8 -0.3 157.0 163.2 164.2 163.5 -0.4

Leisure and hospitality

103.9 106.2 105.7 105.9 0.2 133.8 137.8 138.0 138.1 0.1

Other services

96.1 98.1 98.1 98.1 0.0 119.8 122.9 123.0 123.1 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: July 08, 2011
Recommend this page using: