Economic News Release

Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed                                  USDL-13-1527
until 8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, August 2, 2013

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                         THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JULY 2013


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 162,000 in July, and the unemployment rate edged
down to 7.4 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Employment rose in
retail trade, food services and drinking places, financial activities, and wholesale trade.

Household Survey Data

Both the number of unemployed persons, at 11.5 million, and the unemployment rate, at 7.4 percent,
edged down in July. Over the year, these measures were down by 1.2 million and 0.8 percentage
point, respectively. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult women (6.5 percent) and blacks
(12.6 percent) declined in July. The rates for adult men (7.0 percent), teenagers (23.7 percent),
whites (6.6 percent), and Hispanics (9.4 percent) showed little or no change. The jobless rate
for Asians was 5.7 percent (not seasonally adjusted), little changed from a year earlier. (See
tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

In July, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was little
changed at 4.2 million. These individuals accounted for 37.0 percent of the unemployed. The
number of long-term unemployed has declined by 921,000 over the past year. (See table A-12.)

The civilian labor force participation rate was 63.4 percent in July, little changed over the
month. The employment-population ratio was unchanged at 58.7 percent. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary
part-time workers) was essentially unchanged at 8.2 million in July. These individuals were working
part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time
job. (See table A-8.)

In July, 2.4 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, little changed from a
year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor
force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12
months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks
preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 988,000 discouraged workers in July, up by 136,000 from
a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not
currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining
1.4 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in July had not searched for work for
reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 162,000 in July, with gains in retail trade, food
services and drinking places, financial activities, and wholesale trade. Over the prior 12 months,
nonfarm employment growth averaged 189,000 per month. (See table B-1.)

Retail trade added 47,000 jobs in July and has added 352,000 over the past 12 months. In July, job
growth occurred in general merchandise stores (+9,000), motor vehicle and parts dealers (+6,000),
building material and garden supply stores (+6,000), and health and personal care stores (+5,000).

Within leisure and hospitality, employment in food services and drinking places increased by 38,000
in July and by 381,000 over the year.

Financial activities employment increased by 15,000 in July, with a gain of 6,000 in securities,
commodity contracts, and investments. Over the year, financial activities has added 120,000 jobs.

Employment increased in wholesale trade (+14,000) in July. Over the past 12 months, this industry
has added 83,000 jobs.

Employment in professional and business services continued to trend up in July (+36,000). Within
the industry, job growth continued in management of companies and enterprises (+7,000) and in
management and technical consulting services (+7,000). Employment in temporary help services
changed little over the month.

Manufacturing employment was essentially unchanged in July and has changed little, on net, over
the past 12 months. Within the industry, employment in motor vehicles and parts rose by 9,000
in July.

Employment in health care was essentially unchanged over the month. Thus far in 2013, health
care has added an average of 16,000 jobs per month, compared with an average monthly increase
of 27,000 in 2012.

Employment in other major industries, including mining and logging, construction, transportation
and warehousing, and government, showed little change in July.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls decreased by 0.1 hour in July
to 34.4 hours. In manufacturing, the workweek decreased by 0.2 hour to 40.6 hours, and overtime
declined by 0.2 hour to 3.2 hours. The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees
on private nonfarm payrolls decreased by 0.1 hour to 33.6 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In July, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged down by 2 cents
to $23.98, following a 10-cent increase in June. Over the year, average hourly earnings have risen
by 44 cents, or 1.9 percent. In July, average hourly earnings of private-sector production and
nonsupervisory employees were unchanged at $20.14. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for May was revised from +195,000 to +176,000, and
the change for June was revised from +195,000 to +188,000. With these revisions, employment gains
in May and June combined were 26,000 less than previously reported.

_____________
The Employment Situation for August is scheduled to be released on Friday, September 6, 2013, at
8:30 a.m. (EDT).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category July
2012
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Change from:
June
2013-
July
2013

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

243,354 245,363 245,552 245,756 204

Civilian labor force

154,995 155,658 155,835 155,798 -37

Participation rate

63.7 63.4 63.5 63.4 -0.1

Employed

142,250 143,898 144,058 144,285 227

Employment-population ratio

58.5 58.6 58.7 58.7 0.0

Unemployed

12,745 11,760 11,777 11,514 -263

Unemployment rate

8.2 7.6 7.6 7.4 -0.2

Not in labor force

88,359 89,705 89,717 89,957 240

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

8.2 7.6 7.6 7.4 -0.2

Adult men (20 years and over)

7.7 7.2 7.0 7.0 0.0

Adult women (20 years and over)

7.5 6.5 6.8 6.5 -0.3

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

23.9 24.5 24.0 23.7 -0.3

White

7.4 6.7 6.6 6.6 0.0

Black or African American

14.1 13.5 13.7 12.6 -1.1

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

6.2 4.3 5.0 5.7 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

10.3 9.1 9.1 9.4 0.3

Total, 25 years and over

6.9 6.1 6.2 6.1 -0.1

Less than a high school diploma

12.7 11.1 10.7 11.0 0.3

High school graduates, no college

8.6 7.4 7.6 7.6 0.0

Some college or associate degree

7.1 6.5 6.4 6.0 -0.4

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.1 3.8 3.9 3.8 -0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

7,106 6,147 6,119 5,921 -198

Job leavers

879 944 1,030 979 -51

Reentrants

3,374 3,333 3,291 3,258 -33

New entrants

1,299 1,268 1,259 1,254 -5

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,697 2,706 2,692 2,563 -129

5 to 14 weeks

3,102 2,669 2,864 2,869 5

15 to 26 weeks

1,756 1,950 1,896 1,788 -108

27 weeks and over

5,167 4,357 4,328 4,246 -82

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

8,245 7,904 8,226 8,245 19

Slack work or business conditions

5,319 4,841 5,193 5,177 -16

Could only find part-time work

2,568 2,721 2,652 2,665 13

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,846 18,934 19,044 19,128 84

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,529 2,164 2,582 2,414 -

Discouraged workers

852 780 1,027 988 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category July
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)
July
2013(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

153 176 188 162

Total private

177 187 196 161

Goods-producing

26 -4 8 4

Mining and logging

-1 2 3 4

Construction

5 -1 8 -6

Manufacturing

22 -5 -3 6

Durable goods(1)

20 1 0 8

Motor vehicles and parts

12.0 6.0 6.4 9.1

Nondurable goods

2 -6 -3 -2

Private service-providing(1)

151 191 188 157

Wholesale trade

10.1 7.3 7.0 13.7

Retail trade

3.1 32.6 39.7 46.8

Transportation and warehousing

11.3 -5.7 0.7 4.6

Information

9 3 -4 9

Financial activities

0 7 13 15

Professional and business services(1)

52 70 61 36

Temporary help services

15.3 26.8 16.2 7.7

Education and health services(1)

35 20 16 13

Health care and social assistance

25.5 9.7 18.4 8.3

Leisure and hospitality

27 43 57 23

Other services

10 13 -3 -2

Government

-24 -11 -8 1

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private women employees

47.9 47.9 47.9 47.9

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.6 82.6 82.6 82.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.4 34.5 34.5 34.4

Average hourly earnings

$23.54 $23.90 $24.00 $23.98

Average weekly earnings

$809.78 $824.55 $828.00 $824.91

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

96.4 98.4 98.5 98.4

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

108.2 112.1 112.8 112.5

Over-the-month percent change

0.3 0.2 0.6 -0.3

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.7 33.7 33.7 33.6

Average hourly earnings

$19.77 $20.08 $20.14 $20.14

Average weekly earnings

$666.25 $676.70 $678.72 $676.70

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

104.0 105.7 105.9 105.8

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.2 0.2 -0.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

137.2 141.8 142.4 142.2

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.2 0.4 -0.1

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private (266 industries)

56.0 58.1 57.3 54.5

Manufacturing (81 industries)

51.2 45.1 45.7 50.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of   employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a   smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change   than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.

   In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment,
   employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. Slightly more
   than 20 percent of all employees in the payroll survey sample have a weekly pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the effect
   of extreme weather on estimates of over-the-month change in employment.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours. Current and historical
   data are available on the  household survey's most requested statistics page at
   http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 145,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 557,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 90,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-40,000 to +140,000 (50,000 +/- 90,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
July
2012
June
2013
July
2013
July
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

243,354 245,552 245,756 243,354 244,995 245,175 245,363 245,552 245,756

Civilian labor force

156,526 157,089 157,196 154,995 155,028 155,238 155,658 155,835 155,798

Participation rate

64.3 64.0 64.0 63.7 63.3 63.3 63.4 63.5 63.4

Employed

143,126 144,841 145,113 142,250 143,286 143,579 143,898 144,058 144,285

Employment-population ratio

58.8 59.0 59.0 58.5 58.5 58.6 58.6 58.7 58.7

Unemployed

13,400 12,248 12,083 12,745 11,742 11,659 11,760 11,777 11,514

Unemployment rate

8.6 7.8 7.7 8.2 7.6 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.4

Not in labor force

86,828 88,463 88,560 88,359 89,967 89,936 89,705 89,717 89,957

Persons who currently want a job

6,837 7,152 6,862 6,587 6,722 6,413 6,712 6,580 6,619

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

117,381 118,490 118,595 117,381 118,204 118,296 118,393 118,490 118,595

Civilian labor force

83,554 83,837 83,965 82,407 82,584 82,621 82,862 82,898 82,852

Participation rate

71.2 70.8 70.8 70.2 69.9 69.8 70.0 70.0 69.9

Employed

76,691 77,277 77,569 75,512 76,329 76,239 76,299 76,447 76,466

Employment-population ratio

65.3 65.2 65.4 64.3 64.6 64.4 64.4 64.5 64.5

Unemployed

6,863 6,560 6,396 6,895 6,255 6,382 6,564 6,451 6,387

Unemployment rate

8.2 7.8 7.6 8.4 7.6 7.7 7.9 7.8 7.7

Not in labor force

33,828 34,654 34,630 34,975 35,619 35,675 35,531 35,592 35,743

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

108,727 109,943 110,054 108,727 109,635 109,736 109,839 109,943 110,054

Civilian labor force

79,758 80,186 80,275 79,376 79,747 79,803 79,878 79,883 79,909

Participation rate

73.4 72.9 72.9 73.0 72.7 72.7 72.7 72.7 72.6

Employed

73,863 74,717 74,854 73,288 74,228 74,159 74,124 74,276 74,328

Employment-population ratio

67.9 68.0 68.0 67.4 67.7 67.6 67.5 67.6 67.5

Unemployed

5,894 5,469 5,421 6,089 5,519 5,644 5,754 5,607 5,581

Unemployment rate

7.4 6.8 6.8 7.7 6.9 7.1 7.2 7.0 7.0

Not in labor force

28,969 29,757 29,778 29,351 29,888 29,933 29,961 30,060 30,145

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

125,972 127,062 127,161 125,972 126,791 126,878 126,970 127,062 127,161

Civilian labor force

72,972 73,253 73,231 72,588 72,443 72,617 72,796 72,938 72,946

Participation rate

57.9 57.7 57.6 57.6 57.1 57.2 57.3 57.4 57.4

Employed

66,435 67,565 67,543 66,738 66,956 67,340 67,599 67,612 67,819

Employment-population ratio

52.7 53.2 53.1 53.0 52.8 53.1 53.2 53.2 53.3

Unemployed

6,537 5,688 5,688 5,850 5,487 5,277 5,197 5,326 5,127

Unemployment rate

9.0 7.8 7.8 8.1 7.6 7.3 7.1 7.3 7.0

Not in labor force

53,000 53,809 53,930 53,384 54,348 54,261 54,174 54,124 54,215

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

117,648 118,804 118,907 117,648 118,520 118,612 118,708 118,804 118,907

Civilian labor force

69,402 69,899 69,656 69,673 69,544 69,744 69,895 70,075 70,033

Participation rate

59.0 58.8 58.6 59.2 58.7 58.8 58.9 59.0 58.9

Employed

63,703 64,981 64,754 64,437 64,707 65,101 65,329 65,314 65,489

Employment-population ratio

54.1 54.7 54.5 54.8 54.6 54.9 55.0 55.0 55.1

Unemployed

5,700 4,918 4,902 5,236 4,837 4,642 4,566 4,761 4,544

Unemployment rate

8.2 7.0 7.0 7.5 7.0 6.7 6.5 6.8 6.5

Not in labor force

48,246 48,905 49,251 47,975 48,976 48,868 48,813 48,730 48,875

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,979 16,805 16,795 16,979 16,840 16,827 16,816 16,805 16,795

Civilian labor force

7,366 7,004 7,264 5,945 5,737 5,692 5,886 5,878 5,857

Participation rate

43.4 41.7 43.3 35.0 34.1 33.8 35.0 35.0 34.9

Employed

5,560 5,143 5,504 4,525 4,351 4,320 4,445 4,469 4,469

Employment-population ratio

32.7 30.6 32.8 26.7 25.8 25.7 26.4 26.6 26.6

Unemployed

1,806 1,860 1,760 1,420 1,386 1,372 1,441 1,409 1,388

Unemployment rate

24.5 26.6 24.2 23.9 24.2 24.1 24.5 24.0 23.7

Not in labor force

9,613 9,801 9,530 11,033 11,103 11,135 10,930 10,927 10,938

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
July
2012
June
2013
July
2013
July
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

193,245 194,254 194,373 193,245 193,946 194,041 194,147 194,254 194,373

Civilian labor force

124,749 124,627 124,807 123,578 123,382 123,504 123,844 123,766 123,719

Participation rate

64.6 64.2 64.2 63.9 63.6 63.6 63.8 63.7 63.7

Employed

115,255 116,132 116,321 114,428 115,080 115,266 115,557 115,563 115,552

Employment-population ratio

59.6 59.8 59.8 59.2 59.3 59.4 59.5 59.5 59.4

Unemployed

9,493 8,495 8,486 9,151 8,302 8,238 8,287 8,204 8,167

Unemployment rate

7.6 6.8 6.8 7.4 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6

Not in labor force

68,496 69,628 69,565 69,667 70,565 70,537 70,303 70,488 70,654

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,795 64,843 64,906 64,485 64,549 64,674 64,680 64,625 64,595

Participation rate

73.8 73.3 73.3 73.4 73.1 73.2 73.2 73.1 73.0

Employed

60,588 60,951 60,995 60,073 60,594 60,540 60,545 60,620 60,528

Employment-population ratio

69.0 68.9 68.9 68.4 68.7 68.6 68.5 68.6 68.4

Unemployed

4,208 3,892 3,911 4,413 3,955 4,135 4,135 4,005 4,067

Unemployment rate

6.5 6.0 6.0 6.8 6.1 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,141 54,239 54,204 54,380 54,255 54,221 54,447 54,469 54,501

Participation rate

58.4 58.1 58.0 58.6 58.2 58.2 58.4 58.4 58.4

Employed

50,115 50,893 50,794 50,653 50,940 51,123 51,311 51,222 51,339

Employment-population ratio

54.0 54.5 54.4 54.6 54.7 54.8 55.0 54.9 55.0

Unemployed

4,026 3,346 3,410 3,727 3,315 3,098 3,136 3,247 3,162

Unemployment rate

7.4 6.2 6.3 6.9 6.1 5.7 5.8 6.0 5.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

5,812 5,545 5,698 4,713 4,578 4,608 4,717 4,672 4,623

Participation rate

45.9 44.3 45.6 37.2 36.5 36.8 37.7 37.3 37.0

Employed

4,553 4,289 4,532 3,702 3,546 3,603 3,700 3,721 3,685

Employment-population ratio

36.0 34.3 36.2 29.3 28.3 28.8 29.6 29.7 29.5

Unemployed

1,259 1,256 1,165 1,010 1,032 1,005 1,017 951 938

Unemployment rate

21.7 22.7 20.5 21.4 22.5 21.8 21.6 20.4 20.3

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,918 30,355 30,390 29,918 30,255 30,290 30,322 30,355 30,390

Civilian labor force

18,643 18,852 18,825 18,424 18,524 18,617 18,723 18,636 18,671

Participation rate

62.3 62.1 61.9 61.6 61.2 61.5 61.7 61.4 61.4

Employed

15,845 16,154 16,311 15,833 16,068 16,167 16,202 16,090 16,318

Employment-population ratio

53.0 53.2 53.7 52.9 53.1 53.4 53.4 53.0 53.7

Unemployed

2,799 2,698 2,513 2,590 2,456 2,450 2,521 2,546 2,353

Unemployment rate

15.0 14.3 13.4 14.1 13.3 13.2 13.5 13.7 12.6

Not in labor force

11,274 11,502 11,565 11,494 11,731 11,673 11,599 11,719 11,719

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,307 8,411 8,450 8,277 8,447 8,377 8,441 8,358 8,434

Participation rate

68.1 67.5 67.7 67.9 68.1 67.4 67.9 67.1 67.6

Employed

7,071 7,331 7,398 7,049 7,370 7,319 7,301 7,270 7,382

Employment-population ratio

58.0 58.9 59.3 57.8 59.4 58.9 58.7 58.4 59.2

Unemployed

1,236 1,079 1,052 1,228 1,077 1,058 1,140 1,088 1,052

Unemployment rate

14.9 12.8 12.4 14.8 12.7 12.6 13.5 13.0 12.5

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,361 9,551 9,444 9,371 9,365 9,529 9,562 9,556 9,508

Participation rate

62.1 62.3 61.5 62.1 61.3 62.3 62.5 62.3 62.0

Employed

8,170 8,365 8,382 8,290 8,226 8,425 8,487 8,413 8,510

Employment-population ratio

54.2 54.6 54.6 55.0 53.9 55.1 55.4 54.9 55.5

Unemployed

1,190 1,186 1,063 1,080 1,139 1,105 1,074 1,143 998

Unemployment rate

12.7 12.4 11.3 11.5 12.2 11.6 11.2 12.0 10.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

976 891 930 776 713 711 720 722 729

Participation rate

37.0 34.7 36.3 29.4 27.6 27.5 28.0 28.1 28.4

Employed

604 458 531 494 472 423 413 407 426

Employment-population ratio

22.9 17.8 20.7 18.7 18.2 16.4 16.1 15.8 16.6

Unemployed

372 433 399 282 241 287 307 315 303

Unemployment rate

38.1 48.6 42.9 36.3 33.8 40.5 42.6 43.6 41.6

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

12,812 13,291 13,298 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

8,346 8,737 8,641 - - - - - -

Participation rate

65.1 65.7 65.0 - - - - - -

Employed

7,830 8,302 8,153 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

61.1 62.5 61.3 - - - - - -

Unemployed

516 435 488 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

6.2 5.0 5.7 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

4,466 4,554 4,657 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
July
2012
June
2013
July
2013
July
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

36,792 37,471 37,548 36,792 37,242 37,320 37,395 37,471 37,548

Civilian labor force

24,627 24,975 25,220 24,467 24,354 24,512 24,848 24,869 25,040

Participation rate

66.9 66.7 67.2 66.5 65.4 65.7 66.4 66.4 66.7

Employed

22,092 22,698 22,822 21,950 22,122 22,310 22,583 22,601 22,675

Employment-population ratio

60.0 60.6 60.8 59.7 59.4 59.8 60.4 60.3 60.4

Unemployed

2,536 2,277 2,398 2,517 2,232 2,202 2,265 2,267 2,366

Unemployment rate

10.3 9.1 9.5 10.3 9.2 9.0 9.1 9.1 9.4

Not in labor force

12,164 12,495 12,328 12,325 12,888 12,808 12,547 12,602 12,508

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,426 13,768 13,847 - - - - - -

Participation rate

81.0 81.4 81.7 - - - - - -

Employed

12,325 12,731 12,784 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

74.4 75.3 75.5 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,102 1,036 1,063 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

8.2 7.5 7.7 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,814 9,914 9,930 - - - - - -

Participation rate

59.3 58.6 58.6 - - - - - -

Employed

8,788 9,057 9,041 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

53.1 53.5 53.3 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,027 857 889 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

10.5 8.6 9.0 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,386 1,293 1,443 - - - - - -

Participation rate

37.9 35.4 39.5 - - - - - -

Employed

979 910 997 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

26.8 24.9 27.3 - - - - - -

Unemployed

407 383 446 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

29.4 29.6 30.9 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2012
June
2013
July
2013
July
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,457 11,414 10,886 11,446 11,264 10,999 11,237 11,161 10,889

Participation rate

46.2 45.5 45.4 46.2 46.0 44.8 45.0 44.5 45.4

Employed

10,062 10,312 9,723 9,997 10,012 9,725 9,993 9,969 9,692

Employment-population ratio

40.6 41.1 40.5 40.3 40.9 39.6 40.0 39.8 40.4

Unemployed

1,395 1,102 1,163 1,449 1,252 1,274 1,243 1,192 1,197

Unemployment rate

12.2 9.7 10.7 12.7 11.1 11.6 11.1 10.7 11.0

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

36,782 36,324 36,722 37,014 36,121 36,200 36,236 36,320 36,741

Participation rate

59.2 59.1 59.0 59.6 58.6 58.7 58.9 59.1 59.0

Employed

33,676 33,681 33,995 33,823 33,359 33,510 33,572 33,562 33,950

Employment-population ratio

54.2 54.8 54.6 54.5 54.1 54.3 54.6 54.6 54.5

Unemployed

3,105 2,643 2,727 3,191 2,762 2,689 2,664 2,757 2,791

Unemployment rate

8.4 7.3 7.4 8.6 7.6 7.4 7.4 7.6 7.6

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,299 36,943 37,252 37,414 37,232 37,371 37,470 37,297 37,341

Participation rate

68.1 67.4 67.1 68.3 68.1 68.4 68.5 68.1 67.3

Employed

34,546 34,561 34,931 34,772 34,845 34,992 35,036 34,925 35,105

Employment-population ratio

63.1 63.1 62.9 63.5 63.8 64.1 64.0 63.7 63.2

Unemployed

2,752 2,382 2,320 2,642 2,387 2,379 2,435 2,372 2,237

Unemployment rate

7.4 6.4 6.2 7.1 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.4 6.0

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

47,517 49,086 48,831 47,675 49,236 49,492 49,473 49,466 49,173

Participation rate

75.5 75.1 75.0 75.8 75.3 75.6 75.8 75.6 75.5

Employed

45,381 47,163 46,779 45,711 47,371 47,563 47,581 47,537 47,281

Employment-population ratio

72.1 72.1 71.8 72.6 72.5 72.7 72.9 72.7 72.6

Unemployed

2,136 1,923 2,051 1,964 1,865 1,929 1,892 1,929 1,891

Unemployment rate

4.5 3.9 4.2 4.1 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
July
2012
July
2013
July
2012
July
2013
July
2012
July
2013

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,163 21,384 19,349 19,159 1,814 2,225

Civilian labor force

10,925 10,923 9,845 9,529 1,080 1,395

Participation rate

51.6 51.1 50.9 49.7 59.5 62.7

Employed

10,173 10,221 9,171 8,918 1,002 1,303

Employment-population ratio

48.1 47.8 47.4 46.5 55.2 58.6

Unemployed

752 702 674 610 79 92

Unemployment rate

6.9 6.4 6.8 6.4 7.3 6.6

Not in labor force

10,238 10,461 9,504 9,630 734 830

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,453 2,728 2,056 2,197 397 530

Civilian labor force

1,945 2,155 1,683 1,800 263 355

Participation rate

79.3 79.0 81.9 81.9 66.1 67.0

Employed

1,771 1,989 1,524 1,661 247 328

Employment-population ratio

72.2 72.9 74.2 75.6 62.2 61.8

Unemployed

174 166 159 138 15 27

Unemployment rate

8.9 7.7 9.4 7.7 5.9 7.7

Not in labor force

507 573 373 397 135 175

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,158 3,291 2,668 2,664 489 627

Civilian labor force

2,599 2,713 2,237 2,208 361 504

Participation rate

82.3 82.4 83.8 82.9 73.8 80.5

Employed

2,428 2,572 2,098 2,093 330 479

Employment-population ratio

76.9 78.1 78.6 78.6 67.5 76.4

Unemployed

170 141 139 115 31 26

Unemployment rate

6.5 5.2 6.2 5.2 8.5 5.1

Not in labor force

559 578 431 456 128 122

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,868 9,789 9,551 9,421 318 368

Civilian labor force

3,217 2,922 3,125 2,835 92 87

Participation rate

32.6 29.9 32.7 30.1 29.1 23.7

Employed

3,020 2,727 2,932 2,644 88 84

Employment-population ratio

30.6 27.9 30.7 28.1 27.7 22.7

Unemployed

197 195 193 192 4 4

Unemployment rate

6.1 6.7 6.2 6.8 4.6 4.0

Not in labor force

6,652 6,867 6,426 6,586 225 281

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,684 5,576 5,074 4,876 610 700

Civilian labor force

3,164 3,133 2,800 2,685 364 448

Participation rate

55.7 56.2 55.2 55.1 59.7 64.0

Employed

2,953 2,933 2,617 2,520 336 413

Employment-population ratio

52.0 52.6 51.6 51.7 55.1 58.9

Unemployed

211 200 183 165 28 36

Unemployment rate

6.7 6.4 6.5 6.1 7.7 7.9

Not in labor force

2,520 2,443 2,274 2,191 246 252

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

213,366 215,592 93,604 94,951 119,762 120,641

Civilian labor force

142,848 143,519 72,405 73,049 70,443 70,470

Participation rate

66.9 66.6 77.4 76.9 58.8 58.4

Employed

130,997 133,021 66,608 67,722 64,389 65,299

Employment-population ratio

61.4 61.7 71.2 71.3 53.8 54.1

Unemployed

11,850 10,498 5,797 5,327 6,054 5,171

Unemployment rate

8.3 7.3 8.0 7.3 8.6 7.3

Not in labor force

70,518 72,072 21,199 21,902 49,319 50,171

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Beginning with data for January 2013, estimates for veterans incorporate population controls derived from the updated Department of Veterans Affairs' population model.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
July
2012
July
2013
July
2012
July
2013

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,007 28,406 215,346 217,349

Civilian labor force

5,791 5,778 150,735 151,418

Participation rate

20.7 20.3 70.0 69.7

Employed

5,004 4,926 138,122 140,186

Employment-population ratio

17.9 17.3 64.1 64.5

Unemployed

787 852 12,613 11,231

Unemployment rate

13.6 14.7 8.4 7.4

Not in labor force

22,216 22,628 64,611 65,932

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,612 2,638 76,636 76,858

Participation rate

34.4 35.3 83.9 83.6

Employed

2,289 2,240 70,401 71,084

Employment-population ratio

30.2 30.0 77.0 77.3

Unemployed

323 398 6,235 5,774

Unemployment rate

12.4 15.1 8.1 7.5

Not in labor force

4,971 4,841 14,742 15,073

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,207 2,188 67,470 67,576

Participation rate

28.7 28.3 71.2 71.0

Employed

1,817 1,778 61,567 62,468

Employment-population ratio

23.6 23.0 64.9 65.7

Unemployed

390 410 5,903 5,108

Unemployment rate

17.7 18.7 8.7 7.6

Not in labor force

5,487 5,556 27,352 27,574

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

973 953 6,629 6,984

Participation rate

7.6 7.2 22.7 23.1

Employed

898 908 6,155 6,634

Employment-population ratio

7.1 6.9 21.1 21.9

Unemployed

74 44 474 350

Unemployment rate

7.6 4.7 7.2 5.0

Not in labor force

11,758 12,232 22,517 23,285

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
July
2012
July
2013
July
2012
July
2013
July
2012
July
2013

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

37,627 37,941 18,428 18,391 19,199 19,550

Civilian labor force

25,180 25,382 14,575 14,634 10,606 10,748

Participation rate

66.9 66.9 79.1 79.6 55.2 55.0

Employed

23,211 23,689 13,553 13,767 9,657 9,922

Employment-population ratio

61.7 62.4 73.5 74.9 50.3 50.8

Unemployed

1,970 1,693 1,021 867 948 825

Unemployment rate

7.8 6.7 7.0 5.9 8.9 7.7

Not in labor force

12,446 12,559 3,853 3,757 8,593 8,802

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

205,727 207,815 98,954 100,204 106,774 107,611

Civilian labor force

131,346 131,814 68,979 69,331 62,367 62,483

Participation rate

63.8 63.4 69.7 69.2 58.4 58.1

Employed

119,916 121,424 63,137 63,803 56,778 57,621

Employment-population ratio

58.3 58.4 63.8 63.7 53.2 53.5

Unemployed

11,430 10,390 5,842 5,528 5,589 4,862

Unemployment rate

8.7 7.9 8.5 8.0 9.0 7.8

Not in labor force

74,381 76,001 29,975 30,873 44,407 45,128

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2012
June
2013
July
2013
July
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,477 2,234 2,435 2,224 2,001 2,017 2,059 2,067 2,159

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,584 1,380 1,494 1,397 1,250 1,227 1,263 1,268 1,303

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

843 836 915 786 710 772 793 790 842

Unpaid family workers

49 18 25 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

140,649 142,607 142,678 140,013 141,317 141,592 141,890 142,004 142,165

Wage and salary workers(1)

131,619 133,652 133,606 131,154 132,761 132,847 133,201 133,273 133,224

Government

19,332 19,719 19,151 20,100 20,633 20,269 20,361 20,157 20,041

Private industries

112,287 113,932 114,455 110,990 112,147 112,558 112,865 113,167 113,164

Private households

818 702 704 - - - - - -

Other industries

111,469 113,230 113,752 110,255 111,462 111,932 112,274 112,552 112,535

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,957 8,885 9,010 8,845 8,407 8,651 8,597 8,643 8,831

Unpaid family workers

74 71 62 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,316 8,440 8,324 8,245 7,638 7,916 7,904 8,226 8,245

Slack work or business conditions

5,235 5,222 5,140 5,319 4,906 5,129 4,841 5,193 5,177

Could only find part-time work

2,637 2,748 2,757 2,568 2,576 2,527 2,721 2,652 2,665

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

17,200 17,931 17,503 18,846 18,745 18,908 18,934 19,044 19,128

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,218 8,328 8,207 8,104 7,544 7,793 7,797 8,111 8,101

Slack work or business conditions

5,175 5,150 5,068 5,258 4,832 5,058 4,778 5,120 5,106

Could only find part-time work

2,607 2,717 2,732 2,558 2,510 2,454 2,686 2,632 2,665

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

16,863 17,644 17,201 18,519 18,435 18,542 18,511 18,696 18,779

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2012
June
2013
July
2013
July
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

143,126 144,841 145,113 142,250 143,286 143,579 143,898 144,058 144,285

16 to 19 years

5,560 5,143 5,504 4,525 4,351 4,320 4,445 4,469 4,469

16 to 17 years

1,956 1,676 1,870 1,538 1,482 1,490 1,505 1,451 1,460

18 to 19 years

3,604 3,467 3,634 3,007 2,868 2,834 2,937 3,027 3,034

20 years and over

137,566 139,698 139,608 137,725 138,935 139,260 139,453 139,589 139,816

20 to 24 years

13,901 13,981 14,180 13,380 13,382 13,569 13,412 13,605 13,654

25 years and over

123,665 125,717 125,428 124,279 125,615 125,678 126,057 125,978 126,087

25 to 54 years

93,769 94,390 94,247 94,000 94,409 94,393 94,569 94,461 94,476

25 to 34 years

30,601 31,206 31,168 30,554 31,180 31,133 31,292 31,217 31,176

35 to 44 years

30,389 30,523 30,582 30,523 30,620 30,637 30,691 30,570 30,686

45 to 54 years

32,779 32,661 32,497 32,924 32,610 32,623 32,586 32,675 32,613

55 years and over

29,896 31,326 31,181 30,279 31,206 31,285 31,488 31,517 31,612

Men, 16 years and over

76,691 77,277 77,569 75,512 76,329 76,239 76,299 76,447 76,466

16 to 19 years

2,827 2,560 2,715 2,224 2,101 2,080 2,175 2,171 2,138

16 to 17 years

912 832 929 666 645 653 686 696 679

18 to 19 years

1,916 1,728 1,786 1,560 1,444 1,426 1,485 1,495 1,457

20 years and over

73,863 74,717 74,854 73,288 74,228 74,159 74,124 74,276 74,328

20 to 24 years

7,313 7,193 7,412 6,936 7,006 6,990 6,917 6,952 7,037

25 years and over

66,550 67,524 67,442 66,323 67,205 67,095 67,192 67,331 67,270

25 to 54 years

50,581 50,878 50,882 50,263 50,669 50,565 50,613 50,672 50,592

25 to 34 years

16,726 16,987 16,971 16,561 16,980 16,887 16,961 16,944 16,849

35 to 44 years

16,583 16,607 16,680 16,500 16,655 16,673 16,660 16,602 16,597

45 to 54 years

17,272 17,284 17,231 17,202 17,034 17,005 16,992 17,125 17,146

55 years and over

15,969 16,646 16,560 16,060 16,536 16,530 16,578 16,659 16,678

Women, 16 years and over

66,435 67,565 67,543 66,738 66,956 67,340 67,599 67,612 67,819

16 to 19 years

2,733 2,584 2,789 2,301 2,250 2,239 2,271 2,298 2,330

16 to 17 years

1,045 844 941 871 837 837 819 755 781

18 to 19 years

1,688 1,739 1,848 1,447 1,424 1,408 1,452 1,532 1,577

20 years and over

63,703 64,981 64,754 64,437 64,707 65,101 65,329 65,314 65,489

20 to 24 years

6,588 6,789 6,768 6,443 6,376 6,578 6,495 6,653 6,617

25 years and over

57,115 58,192 57,986 57,956 58,411 58,583 58,866 58,647 58,817

25 to 54 years

43,188 43,512 43,365 43,737 43,740 43,828 43,955 43,790 43,884

25 to 34 years

13,875 14,220 14,197 13,992 14,200 14,246 14,330 14,272 14,327

35 to 44 years

13,805 13,915 13,902 14,023 13,965 13,964 14,030 13,968 14,089

45 to 54 years

15,507 15,377 15,265 15,722 15,575 15,619 15,595 15,550 15,467

55 years and over

13,927 14,680 14,621 14,219 14,670 14,755 14,910 14,857 14,934

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

43,743 43,923 43,873 43,764 44,007 44,024 44,176 43,963 43,914

Married women, spouse present

33,734 34,276 33,950 34,365 34,319 34,346 34,716 34,672 34,622

Women who maintain families

9,354 9,348 9,291 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

116,131 117,400 117,688 114,478 115,903 116,053 116,238 115,998 116,090

Part-time workers(2)

26,995 27,442 27,425 27,890 27,442 27,549 27,699 28,059 28,233

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,741 6,990 6,897 6,871 7,102 6,983 6,918 7,065 7,036

Percent of total employed

4.7 4.8 4.8 4.8 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.9 4.9

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,256 5,170 5,187 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,800 9,720 9,925 9,630 9,117 9,423 9,390 9,432 9,673

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
July
2012
June
2013
July
2013
July
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

12,745 11,777 11,514 8.2 7.6 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.4

16 to 19 years

1,420 1,409 1,388 23.9 24.2 24.1 24.5 24.0 23.7

16 to 17 years

564 522 599 26.8 27.1 27.3 27.5 26.5 29.1

18 to 19 years

859 882 755 22.2 22.1 22.6 22.4 22.6 19.9

20 years and over

11,325 10,368 10,125 7.6 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.8

20 to 24 years

2,082 2,123 1,962 13.5 13.3 13.1 13.2 13.5 12.6

25 years and over

9,266 8,274 8,163 6.9 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.1

25 to 54 years

7,248 6,491 6,463 7.2 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4

25 to 34 years

2,735 2,579 2,544 8.2 7.4 7.4 7.2 7.6 7.5

35 to 44 years

2,213 1,932 1,952 6.8 6.0 5.8 6.2 5.9 6.0

45 to 54 years

2,299 1,981 1,967 6.5 5.7 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.7

55 years and over

1,973 1,777 1,657 6.1 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.0

Men, 16 years and over

6,895 6,451 6,387 8.4 7.6 7.7 7.9 7.8 7.7

16 to 19 years

806 844 805 26.6 25.9 26.2 27.1 28.0 27.4

16 to 17 years

286 309 327 30.0 30.7 31.2 31.6 30.8 32.5

18 to 19 years

512 521 460 24.7 23.4 23.9 24.0 25.8 24.0

20 years and over

6,089 5,607 5,581 7.7 6.9 7.1 7.2 7.0 7.0

20 to 24 years

1,224 1,228 1,158 15.0 14.4 14.0 14.6 15.0 14.1

25 years and over

4,865 4,406 4,415 6.8 6.0 6.3 6.3 6.1 6.2

25 to 54 years

3,752 3,436 3,431 6.9 6.1 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4

25 to 34 years

1,420 1,362 1,404 7.9 7.1 7.6 7.3 7.4 7.7

35 to 44 years

1,150 1,015 1,028 6.5 5.6 5.7 6.1 5.8 5.8

45 to 54 years

1,181 1,059 999 6.4 5.6 6.2 6.2 5.8 5.5

55 years and over

1,113 970 984 6.5 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.5 5.6

Women, 16 years and over

5,850 5,326 5,127 8.1 7.6 7.3 7.1 7.3 7.0

16 to 19 years

614 565 583 21.1 22.4 22.1 21.7 19.7 20.0

16 to 17 years

278 214 272 24.2 24.0 23.8 23.6 22.0 25.8

18 to 19 years

347 361 295 19.3 20.7 21.2 20.6 19.1 15.8

20 years and over

5,236 4,761 4,544 7.5 7.0 6.7 6.5 6.8 6.5

20 to 24 years

858 895 804 11.8 12.0 12.3 11.8 11.9 10.8

25 years and over

4,401 3,868 3,748 7.1 6.3 5.9 5.9 6.2 6.0

25 to 54 years

3,496 3,055 3,032 7.4 6.6 6.2 6.3 6.5 6.5

25 to 34 years

1,315 1,217 1,140 8.6 7.7 7.3 7.1 7.9 7.4

35 to 44 years

1,063 916 924 7.0 6.5 6.0 6.4 6.2 6.2

45 to 54 years

1,118 921 968 6.6 5.7 5.5 5.7 5.6 5.9

55 years and over(1)

979 836 750 6.6 5.2 4.8 4.3 5.4 4.9

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

2,276 1,975 1,967 4.9 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3

Married women, spouse present

2,074 1,677 1,678 5.7 4.7 4.4 4.4 4.6 4.6

Women who maintain families(1)

1,239 1,123 1,095 11.7 10.7 10.3 9.9 10.7 10.5

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

10,787 9,956 9,604 8.6 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.6

Part-time workers(3)

1,953 1,834 1,882 6.5 5.9 6.0 5.9 6.1 6.2

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2012
June
2013
July
2013
July
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

7,151 5,939 5,934 7,106 6,329 6,410 6,147 6,119 5,921

On temporary layoff

1,525 1,139 1,337 1,429 1,107 1,170 997 1,199 1,221

Not on temporary layoff

5,626 4,800 4,597 5,677 5,223 5,240 5,151 4,920 4,700

Permanent job losers

4,377 3,639 3,548 4,368 3,959 3,976 3,822 3,700 3,589

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,248 1,161 1,049 1,308 1,264 1,264 1,329 1,220 1,111

Job leavers

897 981 996 879 986 864 944 1,030 979

Reentrants

3,579 3,600 3,450 3,374 3,176 3,151 3,333 3,291 3,258

New entrants

1,773 1,728 1,703 1,299 1,316 1,280 1,268 1,259 1,254

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

53.4 48.5 49.1 56.1 53.6 54.8 52.6 52.3 51.9

On temporary layoff

11.4 9.3 11.1 11.3 9.4 10.0 8.5 10.2 10.7

Not on temporary layoff

42.0 39.2 38.0 44.8 44.2 44.8 44.1 42.1 41.2

Job leavers

6.7 8.0 8.2 6.9 8.4 7.4 8.1 8.8 8.6

Reentrants

26.7 29.4 28.6 26.7 26.9 26.9 28.5 28.1 28.5

New entrants

13.2 14.1 14.1 10.3 11.1 10.9 10.8 10.8 11.0

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4.6 3.8 3.8 4.6 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.9 3.8

Job leavers

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6

Reentrants

2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1

New entrants

1.1 1.1 1.1 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2012
June
2013
July
2013
July
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

3,021 3,569 2,842 2,697 2,464 2,474 2,706 2,692 2,563

5 to 14 weeks

3,585 2,592 3,348 3,102 2,838 2,848 2,669 2,864 2,869

15 weeks and over

6,794 6,086 5,892 6,923 6,348 6,320 6,306 6,225 6,034

15 to 26 weeks

1,547 1,841 1,570 1,756 1,737 1,967 1,950 1,896 1,788

27 weeks and over

5,247 4,245 4,322 5,167 4,611 4,353 4,357 4,328 4,246

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

37.4 34.1 35.3 38.8 37.1 36.5 36.9 35.6 36.6

Median duration, in weeks

15.2 14.3 13.8 16.8 18.1 17.5 17.3 16.3 15.7

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

22.5 29.1 23.5 21.2 21.1 21.3 23.2 22.9 22.4

5 to 14 weeks

26.8 21.2 27.7 24.4 24.4 24.5 22.8 24.3 25.0

15 weeks and over

50.7 49.7 48.8 54.4 54.5 54.3 54.0 52.8 52.6

15 to 26 weeks

11.5 15.0 13.0 13.8 14.9 16.9 16.7 16.1 15.6

27 weeks and over

39.2 34.7 35.8 40.6 39.6 37.4 37.3 36.7 37.0

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
July
2012
July
2013
July
2012
July
2013
July
2012
July
2013

Total, 16 years and over(1)

143,126 145,113 13,400 12,083 8.6 7.7

Management, professional, and related occupations

53,165 54,064 2,666 2,286 4.8 4.1

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

22,943 22,754 912 737 3.8 3.1

Professional and related occupations

30,222 31,309 1,753 1,549 5.5 4.7

Service occupations

26,565 26,768 2,666 2,573 9.1 8.8

Sales and office occupations

32,835 33,142 2,836 2,450 8.0 6.9

Sales and related occupations

15,536 15,840 1,400 1,170 8.3 6.9

Office and administrative support occupations

17,299 17,301 1,436 1,280 7.7 6.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,174 13,973 1,529 1,288 10.4 8.4

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,216 1,157 138 78 10.2 6.3

Construction and extraction occupations

7,157 7,665 1,056 930 12.9 10.8

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,801 5,151 335 280 6.5 5.2

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

17,388 17,167 1,900 1,735 9.8 9.2

Production occupations

8,545 8,337 903 857 9.6 9.3

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,843 8,830 997 878 10.1 9.0

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
July
2012
July
2013
July
2012
July
2013

Total, 16 years and over(1)

13,400 12,083 8.6 7.7

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

9,692 8,683 7.9 7.1

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

83 57 7.6 5.1

Construction

994 767 12.3 9.1

Manufacturing

1,128 1,082 7.2 6.9

Durable goods

703 619 7.2 6.3

Nondurable goods

426 463 7.3 7.8

Wholesale and retail trade

1,780 1,389 8.6 6.8

Transportation and utilities

392 388 6.5 6.4

Information

190 172 6.7 5.8

Financial activities

458 412 5.1 4.5

Professional and business services

1,378 1,265 9.1 8.1

Education and health services

1,436 1,283 6.5 5.7

Leisure and hospitality

1,420 1,470 9.7 10.0

Other services

433 396 6.7 6.0

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

131 97 7.9 6.5

Government workers

1,182 1,073 5.7 5.3

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

623 528 5.9 5.0

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2012
June
2013
July
2013
July
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.3 3.9 3.7 4.5 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.9

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.6 3.8 3.8 4.6 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.9 3.8

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

8.6 7.8 7.7 8.2 7.6 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.4

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

9.1 8.4 8.3 8.7 8.1 8.0 8.0 8.2 8.0

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

10.0 9.3 9.1 9.7 8.9 8.9 8.8 9.1 8.8

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

15.2 14.6 14.3 14.9 13.8 13.9 13.8 14.3 14.0

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
July
2012
July
2013
July
2012
July
2013
July
2012
July
2013

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

86,828 88,560 33,828 34,630 53,000 53,930

Persons who currently want a job

6,837 6,862 3,062 3,113 3,775 3,749

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,529 2,414 1,328 1,260 1,200 1,154

Discouraged workers(2)

852 988 514 572 338 416

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,676 1,426 815 688 862 738

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,741 6,897 3,409 3,568 3,333 3,329

Percent of total employed

4.7 4.8 4.4 4.6 5.0 4.9

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,459 3,689 1,939 2,061 1,520 1,627

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,871 1,810 670 715 1,201 1,094

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

271 289 191 174 80 115

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,065 1,038 567 584 498 454

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)
July
2013(p)
July
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)
July
2013(p)
Change from:
June2013 - July2013(p)

Total nonfarm

133,368 136,383 136,777 135,664 133,762 135,688 135,876 136,038 162

Total private

112,746 114,141 114,975 115,081 111,871 113,829 114,025 114,186 161

Goods-producing

18,785 18,663 18,923 18,988 18,436 18,631 18,639 18,643 4

Mining and logging

868 868 881 889 852 868 871 875 4

Logging

52.6 49.6 51.5 52.0 50.8 51.2 51.1 50.2 -0.9

Mining

815.0 818.4 829.7 837.2 800.7 816.3 819.8 824.7 4.9

Oil and gas extraction

190.2 193.1 194.6 196.4 187.6 193.1 192.6 193.9 1.3

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

229.1 226.3 229.8 229.7 221.8 222.3 223.3 223.2 -0.1

Coal mining

86.8 85.6 86.6 86.6 86.4 85.0 85.8 86.1 0.3

Support activities for mining

395.7 399.0 405.3 411.1 391.3 400.9 403.9 407.6 3.7

Construction

5,888 5,834 5,992 6,054 5,627 5,791 5,799 5,793 -6

Construction of buildings

1,274.9 1,259.1 1,290.3 1,301.0 1,236.0 1,261.1 1,261.7 1,262.1 0.4

Residential building

598.7 585.9 602.2 606.8 576.3 584.3 583.6 583.7 0.1

Nonresidential building

676.2 673.2 688.1 694.2 659.7 676.8 678.1 678.4 0.3

Heavy and civil engineering construction

930.2 910.9 940.5 950.4 872.0 888.6 893.2 891.2 -2.0

Specialty trade contractors

3,682.7 3,663.5 3,761.1 3,802.4 3,519.0 3,641.1 3,643.7 3,640.1 -3.6

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,542.7 1,556.0 1,608.7 1,628.8 1,468.7 1,541.9 1,547.2 1,553.4 6.2

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,140.0 2,107.5 2,152.4 2,173.6 2,050.3 2,099.2 2,096.5 2,086.7 -9.8

Manufacturing

12,029 11,961 12,050 12,045 11,957 11,972 11,969 11,975 6

Durable goods

7,525 7,516 7,565 7,548 7,496 7,512 7,512 7,520 8

Wood products

342.6 346.3 349.8 352.9 335.9 345.6 344.8 346.4 1.6

Nonmetallic mineral products

371.8 371.9 375.6 378.4 362.0 367.9 367.2 368.9 1.7

Primary metals

406.7 397.0 395.6 393.0 406.7 395.6 393.9 392.5 -1.4

Fabricated metal products

1,426.3 1,435.2 1,445.2 1,443.8 1,418.5 1,434.3 1,435.3 1,436.8 1.5

Machinery

1,106.1 1,101.7 1,103.7 1,104.3 1,100.9 1,101.1 1,098.3 1,100.0 1.7

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,101.4 1,081.9 1,089.0 1,086.5 1,097.0 1,083.9 1,084.7 1,081.5 -3.2

Computer and peripheral equipment

160.7 161.1 163.3 163.0 159.7 161.6 162.3 161.8 -0.5

Communications equipment

110.0 107.2 107.3 106.6 110.1 107.3 106.9 106.6 -0.3

Semiconductors and electronic components

387.9 378.3 381.0 380.1 386.2 378.9 379.9 378.2 -1.7

Electronic instruments

402.6 396.0 398.2 397.4 400.9 396.5 396.5 395.7 -0.8

Electrical equipment and appliances

373.0 364.3 364.2 366.0 370.6 365.3 362.7 364.1 1.4

Transportation equipment(1)

1,461.6 1,487.6 1,503.2 1,486.7 1,472.0 1,488.0 1,494.2 1,496.2 2.0

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

774.9 802.3 813.2 807.0 788.1 802.5 808.9 818.0 9.1

Furniture and related products

352.5 353.8 358.9 357.9 349.2 352.7 353.8 354.6 0.8

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

582.9 576.1 579.8 578.2 583.1 577.6 577.1 578.5 1.4

Nondurable goods

4,504 4,445 4,485 4,497 4,461 4,460 4,457 4,455 -2

Food manufacturing

1,498.6 1,454.2 1,477.6 1,490.2 1,473.0 1,471.3 1,470.6 1,465.1 -5.5

Textile mills

118.1 114.3 115.9 115.0 118.0 114.3 114.7 114.9 0.2

Textile product mills

116.8 113.7 115.3 114.1 116.1 113.9 113.8 113.6 -0.2

Apparel

147.2 143.7 143.0 139.6 147.6 142.4 141.5 140.7 -0.8

Paper and paper products

380.7 376.1 379.5 379.4 378.9 377.1 377.1 377.4 0.3

Printing and related support activities

464.6 450.0 450.4 449.1 463.5 450.1 448.8 448.0 -0.8

Petroleum and coal products

114.9 115.3 117.0 117.5 111.9 114.0 114.5 114.8 0.3

Chemicals

786.2 795.3 798.9 801.7 782.8 795.6 795.5 797.2 1.7

Plastics and rubber products

649.7 658.7 660.7 662.1 647.4 657.9 657.1 659.7 2.6

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

226.9 223.2 226.8 228.7 222.0 223.2 222.9 223.6 0.7

Private service-providing

93,961 95,478 96,052 96,093 93,435 95,198 95,386 95,543 157

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,485 25,816 25,966 25,978 25,485 25,873 25,921 25,984 63

Wholesale trade

5,721.2 5,758.4 5,791.2 5,803.9 5,685.7 5,748.2 5,755.2 5,768.9 13.7

Durable goods

2,857.4 2,859.0 2,878.3 2,887.1 2,838.2 2,859.5 2,863.1 2,868.8 5.7

Nondurable goods

1,987.2 2,010.7 2,016.8 2,016.8 1,974.3 1,999.4 2,001.2 2,004.3 3.1

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

876.6 888.7 896.1 900.0 873.2 889.3 890.9 895.8 4.9

Retail trade

14,838.5 15,029.7 15,143.8 15,191.7 14,838.9 15,104.5 15,144.2 15,191.0 46.8

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,743.4 1,773.1 1,786.2 1,796.9 1,725.1 1,763.5 1,771.5 1,777.7 6.2

Automobile dealers

1,095.3 1,116.1 1,126.3 1,131.0 1,088.5 1,114.2 1,120.4 1,123.9 3.5

Furniture and home furnishings stores

433.7 445.8 444.7 445.8 440.2 452.8 451.3 452.8 1.5

Electronics and appliance stores

502.2 496.3 496.0 498.7 508.2 505.0 505.4 505.9 0.5

Building material and garden supply stores

1,205.2 1,254.1 1,248.2 1,230.4 1,172.7 1,181.7 1,189.9 1,195.6 5.7

Food and beverage stores

2,880.4 2,906.5 2,938.1 2,946.9 2,858.8 2,908.0 2,915.9 2,924.0 8.1

Health and personal care stores

999.1 1,024.6 1,025.1 1,028.0 1,001.3 1,028.7 1,025.4 1,030.5 5.1

Gasoline stations

852.5 856.1 868.4 874.5 839.5 855.6 856.8 860.0 3.2

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,380.8 1,388.2 1,412.6 1,429.5 1,396.6 1,440.3 1,449.4 1,453.7 4.3

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

571.7 564.2 568.8 569.3 583.6 579.0 580.4 580.3 -0.1

General merchandise stores(1)

3,036.3 3,076.3 3,095.1 3,109.1 3,069.1 3,129.6 3,131.0 3,140.1 9.1

Department stores

1,455.4 1,453.2 1,458.5 1,466.1 1,485.9 1,494.8 1,495.1 1,495.3 0.2

Miscellaneous store retailers

799.6 810.4 822.5 825.4 798.1 813.5 818.9 822.0 3.1

Nonstore retailers

433.6 434.1 438.1 437.2 445.7 446.8 448.3 448.4 0.1

Transportation and warehousing

4,372.4 4,469.3 4,469.2 4,422.1 4,411.5 4,463.0 4,463.7 4,468.3 4.6

Air transportation

464.4 447.5 449.6 448.5 460.0 446.3 445.3 444.1 -1.2

Rail transportation

230.3 231.5 231.5 231.5 229.9 230.7 230.8 231.1 0.3

Water transportation

65.5 62.9 63.7 64.9 63.6 62.7 62.4 62.8 0.4

Truck transportation

1,375.3 1,385.8 1,396.2 1,407.2 1,356.2 1,384.5 1,381.5 1,387.8 6.3

Transit and ground passenger transportation

381.8 486.7 462.4 394.8 442.8 467.8 466.6 458.0 -8.6

Pipeline transportation

44.0 45.3 45.4 45.6 43.7 45.3 45.1 45.3 0.2

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

34.8 28.2 33.6 33.7 26.0 26.1 26.5 25.6 -0.9

Support activities for transportation

577.4 583.8 586.3 589.8 577.6 583.8 586.2 590.3 4.1

Couriers and messengers

516.4 518.2 517.5 517.7 528.5 530.9 530.6 532.9 2.3

Warehousing and storage

682.5 679.4 683.0 688.4 683.2 684.9 688.7 690.4 1.7

Utilities

552.8 558.4 562.2 560.0 549.0 557.2 557.7 556.1 -1.6

Information

2,691 2,706 2,697 2,710 2,684 2,695 2,691 2,700 9

Publishing industries, except Internet

740.9 725.7 727.7 731.3 738.2 729.3 728.3 728.1 -0.2

Motion picture and sound recording industries

384.0 407.4 389.5 394.6 377.2 390.6 383.9 388.0 4.1

Broadcasting, except Internet

284.4 284.0 286.5 284.3 284.8 284.9 286.1 284.8 -1.3

Telecommunications

856.7 854.5 856.6 859.7 859.2 857.1 857.5 861.1 3.6

Data processing, hosting and related services

249.8 253.4 254.5 257.4 250.6 251.7 254.2 257.8 3.6

Other information services

175.3 180.6 182.4 182.2 173.5 181.2 180.8 180.5 -0.3

Financial activities

7,847 7,875 7,941 7,971 7,788 7,880 7,893 7,908 15

Finance and insurance

5,851.0 5,882.6 5,913.6 5,932.5 5,833.9 5,894.4 5,903.3 5,915.3 12.0

Monetary authorities - central bank

17.4 16.7 16.9 17.0 17.2 16.8 16.9 16.8 -0.1

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,582.8 2,605.6 2,616.0 2,624.0 2,575.9 2,610.8 2,614.0 2,617.6 3.6

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,742.7 1,731.8 1,737.2 1,740.1 1,734.8 1,734.7 1,733.8 1,733.2 -0.6

Commercial banking

1,320.5 1,302.4 1,304.3 1,306.7 1,315.1 1,305.0 1,302.8 1,302.2 -0.6

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

819.7 827.0 833.4 838.8 816.2 830.9 829.5 835.1 5.6

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,343.5 2,347.3 2,360.6 2,365.0 2,337.7 2,349.5 2,356.2 2,358.9 2.7

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

87.6 86.0 86.7 87.7 86.9 86.4 86.7 86.9 0.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,996.3 1,992.5 2,027.0 2,038.5 1,954.4 1,985.3 1,989.6 1,992.8 3.2

Real estate

1,442.4 1,443.9 1,465.9 1,475.1 1,417.8 1,440.9 1,445.0 1,448.0 3.0

Rental and leasing services

529.6 525.7 537.7 540.1 512.5 521.3 521.3 521.7 0.4

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

24.3 22.9 23.4 23.3 24.1 23.1 23.3 23.1 -0.2

Professional and business services

18,053 18,492 18,657 18,691 17,965 18,489 18,550 18,586 36

Professional and technical services(1)

7,881.4 8,051.2 8,087.4 8,121.1 7,904.1 8,104.1 8,118.5 8,139.6 21.1

Legal services

1,135.1 1,125.1 1,134.5 1,138.8 1,123.2 1,126.9 1,124.2 1,127.0 2.8

Accounting and bookkeeping services

839.6 896.7 879.5 874.7 912.6 940.4 942.6 945.1 2.5

Architectural and engineering services

1,341.1 1,352.2 1,368.5 1,372.3 1,322.1 1,351.9 1,355.5 1,352.8 -2.7

Computer systems design and related services

1,633.9 1,683.1 1,690.6 1,704.8 1,627.3 1,686.6 1,694.5 1,698.8 4.3

Management and technical consulting services

1,128.4 1,177.4 1,187.5 1,197.3 1,124.6 1,178.5 1,185.4 1,192.3 6.9

Management of companies and enterprises

2,024.0 2,038.0 2,057.6 2,067.2 2,012.6 2,042.1 2,046.9 2,054.2 7.3

Administrative and waste services

8,147.9 8,402.6 8,512.2 8,502.6 8,048.2 8,342.6 8,384.4 8,392.0 7.6

Administrative and support services(1)

7,764.7 8,023.8 8,126.3 8,113.2 7,674.6 7,964.3 8,003.9 8,012.2 8.3

Employment services(1)

3,149.3 3,331.9 3,381.1 3,358.3 3,166.4 3,345.4 3,367.6 3,367.9 0.3

Temporary help services

2,508.1 2,664.8 2,703.9 2,679.0 2,529.6 2,675.4 2,691.6 2,699.3 7.7

Business support services

813.9 838.5 839.1 843.2 829.4 848.3 851.9 855.4 3.5

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,938.9 1,949.4 1,993.4 2,003.9 1,825.7 1,871.4 1,882.3 1,889.2 6.9

Waste management and remediation services

383.2 378.8 385.9 389.4 373.6 378.3 380.5 379.8 -0.7

Education and health services

19,991 20,714 20,460 20,330 20,331 20,646 20,662 20,675 13

Educational services

3,058.4 3,411.3 3,163.4 3,074.8 3,358.0 3,369.5 3,366.9 3,371.9 5.0

Health care and social assistance

16,933.0 17,302.6 17,296.1 17,255.2 16,973.3 17,276.6 17,295.0 17,303.3 8.3

Health care(3)

14,328.2 14,541.2 14,579.1 14,580.6 14,303.5 14,546.5 14,561.3 14,563.8 2.5

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,319.7 6,502.3 6,521.1 6,517.0 6,319.2 6,500.7 6,513.4 6,520.0 6.6

Offices of physicians

2,393.6 2,427.7 2,433.7 2,432.4 2,393.7 2,433.1 2,434.5 2,433.8 -0.7

Outpatient care centers

653.7 686.7 689.1 690.9 654.4 685.4 688.5 691.3 2.8

Home health care services

1,195.5 1,277.5 1,282.5 1,281.1 1,197.7 1,274.2 1,280.4 1,284.3 3.9

Hospitals

4,801.9 4,822.3 4,831.4 4,835.1 4,788.7 4,829.1 4,829.5 4,825.1 -4.4

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,206.6 3,216.6 3,226.6 3,228.5 3,195.6 3,216.7 3,218.4 3,218.7 0.3

Nursing care facilities

1,670.4 1,660.6 1,663.8 1,660.9 1,665.5 1,660.3 1,659.6 1,657.2 -2.4

Social assistance(1)

2,604.8 2,761.4 2,717.0 2,674.6 2,669.8 2,730.1 2,733.7 2,739.5 5.8

Child day care services

790.0 880.6 830.0 780.2 855.5 852.3 850.6 847.4 -3.2

Leisure and hospitality

14,387 14,368 14,782 14,864 13,743 14,129 14,186 14,209 23

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,267.6 2,095.7 2,301.1 2,343.2 1,960.3 2,025.1 2,043.1 2,032.9 -10.2

Performing arts and spectator sports

426.0 447.6 449.2 447.8 399.5 425.9 426.0 421.9 -4.1

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

148.4 141.8 147.3 147.7 133.5 136.5 135.3 134.0 -1.3

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,693.2 1,506.3 1,704.6 1,747.7 1,427.3 1,462.7 1,481.8 1,477.0 -4.8

Accommodation and food services

12,119.3 12,272.3 12,480.8 12,521.2 11,782.3 12,103.9 12,142.5 12,175.6 33.1

Accommodation

1,965.7 1,835.8 1,932.7 1,979.8 1,815.7 1,829.9 1,833.5 1,828.2 -5.3

Food services and drinking places

10,153.6 10,436.5 10,548.1 10,541.4 9,966.6 10,274.0 10,309.0 10,347.4 38.4

Other services

5,507 5,507 5,549 5,549 5,439 5,486 5,483 5,481 -2

Repair and maintenance

1,199.6 1,207.1 1,203.6 1,201.7 1,192.8 1,201.3 1,195.7 1,195.0 -0.7

Personal and laundry services

1,322.7 1,346.7 1,350.7 1,343.5 1,313.2 1,332.4 1,334.1 1,334.5 0.4

Membership associations and organizations

2,985.1 2,953.2 2,994.4 3,003.6 2,933.1 2,952.2 2,952.7 2,951.1 -1.6

Government

20,622 22,242 21,802 20,583 21,891 21,859 21,851 21,852 1

Federal

2,826.0 2,757.0 2,761.0 2,761.0 2,805.0 2,758.0 2,748.0 2,746.0 -2.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,213.2 2,168.2 2,171.9 2,170.0 2,194.6 2,166.1 2,156.4 2,157.2 0.8

U.S. Postal Service

612.9 589.0 589.1 591.0 610.0 592.0 591.6 588.6 -3.0

State government

4,740.0 5,070.0 4,802.0 4,716.0 5,042.0 5,037.0 5,028.0 5,025.0 -3.0

State government education

2,058.1 2,408.7 2,126.0 2,046.4 2,377.8 2,383.1 2,376.2 2,372.8 -3.4

State government, excluding education

2,682.3 2,661.7 2,676.1 2,669.6 2,664.4 2,653.7 2,651.9 2,652.3 0.4

Local government

13,056.0 14,415.0 14,239.0 13,106.0 14,044.0 14,064.0 14,075.0 14,081.0 6.0

Local government education

6,550.7 8,139.0 7,766.0 6,573.1 7,765.7 7,776.0 7,774.1 7,784.2 10.1

Local government, excluding education

6,505.3 6,275.5 6,473.3 6,533.1 6,278.3 6,287.9 6,301.0 6,297.0 -4.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry July
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)
July
2013(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.4 34.5 34.5 34.4

Goods-producing

40.2 40.4 40.4 40.2

Mining and logging

44.1 43.8 44.2 43.9

Construction

38.5 39.1 39.0 38.7

Manufacturing

40.7 40.7 40.8 40.6

Durable goods

41.0 41.1 41.1 40.9

Nondurable goods

40.2 40.2 40.3 40.1

Private service-providing

33.3 33.3 33.3 33.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.5 34.6 34.5 34.5

Wholesale trade

38.6 38.7 38.8 38.7

Retail trade

31.5 31.5 31.4 31.4

Transportation and warehousing

38.3 38.6 38.5 38.5

Utilities

42.0 42.3 42.5 41.9

Information

36.5 36.7 36.9 36.7

Financial activities

37.1 37.3 37.3 37.2

Professional and business services

36.0 36.1 36.0 35.9

Education and health services

32.9 32.8 32.9 32.8

Leisure and hospitality

26.0 26.0 26.0 25.9

Other services

31.7 31.7 31.6 31.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.2 3.3 3.4 3.2

Durable goods

3.2 3.3 3.4 3.2

Nondurable goods

3.3 3.4 3.4 3.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
July
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)
July
2013(p)
July
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)
July
2013(p)

Total private

$23.54 $23.90 $24.00 $23.98 $809.78 $824.55 $828.00 $824.91

Goods-producing

24.72 25.08 25.21 25.18 993.74 1,013.23 1,018.48 1,012.24

Mining and logging

28.73 29.36 29.71 29.32 1,266.99 1,285.97 1,313.18 1,287.15

Construction

25.78 26.10 26.18 26.21 992.53 1,020.51 1,021.02 1,014.33

Manufacturing

23.94 24.28 24.41 24.37 974.36 988.20 995.93 989.42

Durable goods

25.32 25.70 25.83 25.80 1,038.12 1,056.27 1,061.61 1,055.22

Nondurable goods

21.57 21.83 21.95 21.92 867.11 877.57 884.59 878.99

Private service-providing

23.25 23.62 23.71 23.69 774.23 786.55 789.54 786.51

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20.53 20.89 20.97 20.95 708.29 722.79 723.47 722.78

Wholesale trade

26.84 27.62 27.77 27.77 1,036.02 1,068.89 1,077.48 1,074.70

Retail trade

16.33 16.56 16.61 16.58 514.40 521.64 521.55 520.61

Transportation and warehousing

22.02 22.18 22.24 22.31 843.37 856.15 856.24 858.94

Utilities

34.59 35.22 35.12 35.09 1,452.78 1,489.81 1,492.60 1,470.27

Information

31.82 32.58 32.85 32.68 1,161.43 1,195.69 1,212.17 1,199.36

Financial activities

29.22 30.08 30.27 30.26 1,084.06 1,121.98 1,129.07 1,125.67

Professional and business services

28.09 28.43 28.49 28.47 1,011.24 1,026.32 1,025.64 1,022.07

Education and health services

24.22 24.52 24.63 24.61 796.84 804.26 810.33 807.21

Leisure and hospitality

13.40 13.45 13.46 13.48 348.40 349.70 349.96 349.13

Other services

20.83 21.21 21.26 21.28 660.31 672.36 671.82 674.58

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
July
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)
July
2013(p)
Percent change from:
June
2013 - July
2013(p)
July
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)
July
2013(p)
Percent change from:
June
2013 - July
2013(p)

Total private

96.4 98.4 98.5 98.4 -0.1 108.2 112.1 112.8 112.5 -0.3

Goods-producing

84.4 85.8 85.8 85.4 -0.5 94.3 97.2 97.8 97.2 -0.6

Mining and logging

118.1 119.5 121.0 120.7 -0.2 136.2 140.8 144.3 142.1 -1.5

Construction

74.7 78.1 78.0 77.3 -0.9 83.7 88.5 88.7 88.0 -0.8

Manufacturing

87.6 87.7 87.9 87.5 -0.5 97.5 99.0 99.7 99.1 -0.6

Durable goods

86.5 86.9 86.9 86.6 -0.3 97.3 99.2 99.7 99.2 -0.5

Nondurable goods

89.5 89.5 89.6 89.2 -0.4 98.0 99.1 99.8 99.2 -0.6

Private service-providing

99.9 101.8 102.0 101.8 -0.2 112.5 116.4 117.1 116.8 -0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

95.6 97.4 97.3 97.5 0.2 105.7 109.5 109.8 109.9 0.1

Wholesale trade

95.8 97.1 97.4 97.4 0.0 107.3 111.9 112.9 112.9 0.0

Retail trade

94.9 96.6 96.6 96.9 0.3 102.5 105.8 106.1 106.2 0.1

Transportation and warehousing

96.7 98.6 98.4 98.5 0.1 108.1 111.0 111.0 111.5 0.5

Utilities

99.8 102.0 102.5 100.8 -1.7 114.0 118.7 119.0 116.9 -1.8

Information

89.5 90.3 90.7 90.5 -0.2 101.4 104.8 106.1 105.3 -0.8

Financial activities

94.6 96.3 96.4 96.3 -0.1 107.9 112.9 113.8 113.7 -0.1

Professional and business services

101.7 105.0 105.0 104.9 -0.1 115.8 120.9 121.2 121.0 -0.2

Education and health services

108.9 110.2 110.7 110.4 -0.3 123.6 126.6 127.7 127.3 -0.3

Leisure and hospitality

102.0 104.8 105.2 105.0 -0.2 110.2 113.7 114.3 114.2 -0.1

Other services

95.5 96.4 96.0 96.3 0.3 112.9 116.0 115.8 116.3 0.4

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
July
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)
July
2013(p)
July
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)
July
2013(p)

Total nonfarm

66,017 66,981 67,083 67,200 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private

53,559 54,513 54,628 54,744 47.9 47.9 47.9 47.9

Goods-producing

4,103 4,107 4,104 4,101 22.3 22.0 22.0 22.0

Mining and logging

114 118 116 116 13.4 13.6 13.3 13.3

Construction

726 741 741 740 12.9 12.8 12.8 12.8

Manufacturing

3,263 3,248 3,247 3,245 27.3 27.1 27.1 27.1

Durable goods

1,735 1,734 1,734 1,735 23.1 23.1 23.1 23.1

Nondurable goods

1,528 1,514 1,513 1,510 34.3 33.9 33.9 33.9

Private service-providing

49,456 50,406 50,524 50,643 52.9 52.9 53.0 53.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,281 10,507 10,535 10,569 40.3 40.6 40.6 40.7

Wholesale trade

1,708.0 1,704.9 1,705.5 1,709.1 30.0 29.7 29.6 29.6

Retail trade

7,412.2 7,615.7 7,641.6 7,671.1 50.0 50.4 50.5 50.5

Transportation and warehousing

1,024.1 1,048.1 1,050.0 1,049.7 23.2 23.5 23.5 23.5

Utilities

137.0 138.3 138.0 138.7 25.0 24.8 24.7 24.9

Information

1,079 1,071 1,069 1,075 40.2 39.7 39.7 39.8

Financial activities

4,518 4,543 4,542 4,548 58.0 57.7 57.5 57.5

Professional and business services

7,950 8,224 8,266 8,310 44.3 44.5 44.6 44.7

Education and health services

15,597 15,837 15,853 15,860 76.7 76.7 76.7 76.7

Leisure and hospitality

7,175 7,344 7,376 7,392 52.2 52.0 52.0 52.0

Other services

2,856 2,880 2,883 2,889 52.5 52.5 52.6 52.7

Government

12,458 12,468 12,455 12,456 56.9 57.0 57.0 57.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry July
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)
July
2013(p)

Total private

92,421 93,995 94,158 94,309

Goods-producing

13,295 13,395 13,385 13,393

Mining and logging

643 639 640 645

Construction

4,217 4,375 4,377 4,371

Manufacturing

8,435 8,381 8,368 8,377

Durable goods

5,182 5,155 5,148 5,162

Nondurable goods

3,253 3,226 3,220 3,215

Private service-providing

79,126 80,600 80,773 80,916

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,620 21,890 21,933 21,992

Wholesale trade

4,578.1 4,631.6 4,638.8 4,651.7

Retail trade

12,784.5 12,954.3 12,990.5 13,033.5

Transportation and warehousing

3,819.8 3,854.7 3,853.5 3,857.3

Utilities

437.4 449.8 450.0 449.7

Information

2,172 2,187 2,181 2,189

Financial activities

5,995 6,063 6,075 6,090

Professional and business services

14,845 15,301 15,351 15,390

Education and health services

17,833 18,099 18,117 18,129

Leisure and hospitality

12,114 12,485 12,541 12,556

Other services

4,547 4,575 4,575 4,570

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry July
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)
July
2013(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.7 33.7 33.7 33.6

Goods-producing

41.1 41.3 41.3 41.1

Mining and logging

46.8 45.9 45.7 45.7

Construction

39.1 39.7 39.5 39.4

Manufacturing

41.7 41.8 41.8 41.7

Durable goods

42.1 42.1 42.2 42.0

Nondurable goods

41.0 41.2 41.3 41.3

Private service-providing

32.4 32.5 32.4 32.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.7 33.8 33.6 33.5

Wholesale trade

38.6 38.8 38.7 38.6

Retail trade

30.4 30.3 30.1 30.0

Transportation and warehousing

37.9 38.5 38.3 38.3

Utilities

41.3 41.9 41.9 40.9

Information

35.8 35.7 35.9 35.7

Financial activities

36.6 36.7 36.8 36.5

Professional and business services

35.3 35.3 35.2 35.2

Education and health services

32.2 32.2 32.3 32.1

Leisure and hospitality

24.9 25.0 25.0 24.9

Other services

30.7 30.7 30.8 30.6

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.2 4.3 4.3 4.2

Durable goods

4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3

Nondurable goods

4.0 4.2 4.3 4.1

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
July
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)
July
2013(p)
July
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)
July
2013(p)

Total private

$19.77 $20.08 $20.14 $20.14 $666.25 $676.70 $678.72 $676.70

Goods-producing

20.97 21.26 21.27 21.25 861.87 878.04 878.45 873.38

Mining and logging

25.99 27.13 27.07 26.80 1,216.33 1,245.27 1,237.10 1,224.76

Construction

24.02 24.28 24.29 24.28 939.18 963.92 959.46 956.63

Manufacturing

19.11 19.27 19.29 19.28 796.89 805.49 806.32 803.98

Durable goods

20.19 20.32 20.37 20.40 850.00 855.47 859.61 856.80

Nondurable goods

17.34 17.55 17.53 17.47 710.94 723.06 723.99 721.51

Private service-providing

19.52 19.83 19.90 19.91 632.45 644.48 644.76 643.09

Trade, transportation, and utilities

17.46 17.62 17.69 17.67 588.40 595.56 594.38 591.95

Wholesale trade

22.22 22.59 22.64 22.64 857.69 876.49 876.17 873.90

Retail trade

13.83 13.89 13.97 13.97 420.43 420.87 420.50 419.10

Transportation and warehousing

19.58 19.62 19.67 19.65 742.08 755.37 753.36 752.60

Utilities

32.01 31.97 32.10 32.10 1,322.01 1,339.54 1,344.99 1,312.89

Information

27.04 27.61 27.95 27.61 968.03 985.68 1,003.41 985.68

Financial activities

22.82 23.88 23.98 24.04 835.21 876.40 882.46 877.46

Professional and business services

23.21 23.59 23.66 23.67 819.31 832.73 832.83 833.18

Education and health services

21.08 21.38 21.45 21.47 678.78 688.44 692.84 689.19

Leisure and hospitality

11.64 11.74 11.75 11.76 289.84 293.50 293.75 292.82

Other services

17.60 17.83 17.87 17.90 540.32 547.38 550.40 547.74

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
July
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)
July
2013(p)
Percent change from:
June
2013 - July
2013(p)
July
2012
May
2013
June
2013(p)
July
2013(p)
Percent change from:
June
2013 - July
2013(p)

Total private

104.0 105.7 105.9 105.8 -0.1 137.2 141.8 142.4 142.2 -0.1

Goods-producing

83.5 84.5 84.5 84.1 -0.5 107.2 110.1 110.0 109.5 -0.5

Mining and logging

159.9 155.9 155.4 156.6 0.8 241.7 245.9 244.7 244.2 -0.2

Construction

82.6 87.0 86.6 86.2 -0.5 107.1 114.0 113.5 113.1 -0.4

Manufacturing

80.7 80.4 80.3 80.2 -0.1 100.9 101.3 101.3 101.1 -0.2

Durable goods

82.0 81.5 81.6 81.5 -0.1 103.3 103.4 103.8 103.8 0.0

Nondurable goods

78.6 78.3 78.4 78.2 -0.3 96.3 97.1 97.1 96.6 -0.5

Private service-providing

109.4 111.8 111.7 111.6 -0.1 146.4 151.9 152.3 152.2 -0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

101.6 103.1 102.7 102.7 0.0 126.5 129.6 129.6 129.5 -0.1

Wholesale trade

104.1 105.8 105.7 105.7 0.0 136.2 140.8 141.0 141.0 0.0

Retail trade

98.4 99.4 99.0 99.0 0.0 116.6 118.3 118.5 118.5 0.0

Transportation and warehousing

109.0 111.7 111.1 111.2 0.1 135.4 139.0 138.6 138.6 0.0

Utilities

92.4 96.4 96.4 94.1 -2.4 123.4 128.6 129.2 126.0 -2.5

Information

88.7 89.1 89.4 89.2 -0.2 118.8 121.8 123.7 121.9 -1.5

Financial activities

103.3 104.7 105.2 104.6 -0.6 145.0 153.9 155.3 154.8 -0.3

Professional and business services

117.4 121.1 121.1 121.4 0.2 162.2 169.9 170.5 171.0 0.3

Education and health services

123.9 125.7 126.2 125.5 -0.6 171.7 176.7 178.0 177.2 -0.4

Leisure and hospitality

110.5 114.3 114.8 114.5 -0.3 146.1 152.4 153.2 152.9 -0.2

Other services

97.9 98.5 98.8 98.1 -0.7 125.5 128.0 128.7 127.9 -0.6

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: August 02, 2013
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