Economic News Release

Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed                          USDL-12-1531
until 8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, August 3, 2012

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                       THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JULY 2012


Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 163,000 in July, and the unemployment rate
was essentially unchanged at 8.3 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported
today. Employment rose in professional and business services, food services and drinking
places, and manufacturing.

Household Survey Data

Both the number of unemployed persons (12.8 million) and the unemployment rate (8.3
percent) were essentially unchanged in July. Both measures have shown little movement
thus far in 2012. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for Hispanics (10.3 percent) edged
down in July, while the rates for adult men (7.7 percent), adult women (7.5 percent),
teenagers (23.8 percent), whites (7.4 percent), and blacks (14.1 percent) showed little
or no change. The jobless rate for Asians was 6.2 percent in July (not seasonally
adjusted), little changed from a year earlier. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

In July, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks and over) was
little changed at 5.2 million. These individuals accounted for 40.7 percent of the
unemployed. (See table A-12.)

Both the civilian labor force participation rate, at 63.7 percent, and the employment-
population ratio, at 58.4 percent, changed little in July. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as
involuntary part-time workers) was essentially unchanged at 8.2 million in July. These
individuals were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because
they were unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In July, 2.5 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down from 2.8
million a year earlier. (These data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were
not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job
sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had
not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 852,000 discouraged workers in July, a decline
of 267,000 from a year earlier. (These data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged
workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are
available for them. The remaining 1.7 million persons marginally attached to the labor
force in July had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey for reasons
such as school attendance or family responsibilities.

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 163,000 in July. Since the beginning of this
year, employment growth has averaged 151,000 per month, about the same as the average
monthly gain of 153,000 in 2011. In July, employment rose in professional and business
services, food services and drinking places, and manufacturing. (See table B-1.)

Employment in professional and business services increased by 49,000 in July. Computer
systems design added 7,000 jobs, and employment in temporary help services continued
to trend up (+14,000).

Within leisure and hospitality, employment in food services and drinking places rose by
29,000 over the month and by 292,000 over the past 12 months.

Manufacturing employment rose in July (+25,000), with nearly all of the increase in durable
goods manufacturing. Within durable goods, the motor vehicles and parts industry had fewer
seasonal layoffs than is typical for July, contributing to a seasonally adjusted employment
increase of 13,000. Employment continued to trend up in fabricated metal products (+5,000).

Employment continued to trend up in health care in July (+12,000), with over-the-month
gains in outpatient care centers (+4,000) and in hospitals (+5,000). Employment also
continued to trend up in wholesale trade.

Utilities employment declined in July (-8,000). The decrease reflects 8,500 utility workers
who were off payrolls due to a labor-management dispute.

Employment in other major industries, including mining and logging, construction, retail
trade, transportation and warehousing, financial activities, and government, showed little
or no change over the month.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at
34.5 hours in July. Both the manufacturing workweek, at 40.7 hours, and factory overtime,
at 3.2 hours, were unchanged over the month. The average workweek for production and
nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at 33.7 hours. (See
tables B-2 and B-7.)

In July, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged up 
by 2 cents to $23.52. Over the year, average hourly earnings rose by 1.7 percent. In July,
average hourly earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees increased
by 2 cents to $19.77. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for May was revised from +77,000 to +87,000,
and the change for June was revised from +80,000 to +64,000.

_____________
The Employment Situation for August is scheduled to be released on Friday, September 7, 2012,
at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category July
2011
May
2012
June
2012
July
2012
Change from:
June
2012-
July
2012

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

239,671 242,966 243,155 243,354 199

Civilian labor force

153,358 155,007 155,163 155,013 -150

Participation rate

64.0 63.8 63.8 63.7 -0.1

Employed

139,450 142,287 142,415 142,220 -195

Employment-population ratio

58.2 58.6 58.6 58.4 -0.2

Unemployed

13,908 12,720 12,749 12,794 45

Unemployment rate

9.1 8.2 8.2 8.3 0.1

Not in labor force

86,313 87,958 87,992 88,340 348

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

9.1 8.2 8.2 8.3 0.1

Adult men (20 years and over)

8.9 7.8 7.8 7.7 -0.1

Adult women (20 years and over)

7.9 7.4 7.4 7.5 0.1

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

24.9 24.6 23.7 23.8 0.1

White

8.1 7.4 7.4 7.4 0.0

Black or African American

15.9 13.6 14.4 14.1 -0.3

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

7.7 5.2 6.3 6.2 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

11.3 11.0 11.0 10.3 -0.7

Total, 25 years and over

7.8 6.9 6.9 6.9 0.0

Less than a high school diploma

14.9 13.0 12.6 12.7 0.1

High school graduates, no college

9.3 8.1 8.4 8.7 0.3

Some college or associate degree

8.2 7.9 7.5 7.1 -0.4

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.3 3.9 4.1 4.1 0.0

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

8,146 6,989 7,207 7,123 -84

Job leavers

936 891 936 878 -58

Reentrants

3,424 3,439 3,227 3,380 153

New entrants

1,274 1,367 1,331 1,311 -20

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,675 2,580 2,810 2,711 -99

5 to 14 weeks

3,063 3,002 2,826 3,092 266

15 to 26 weeks

1,972 1,662 1,811 1,760 -51

27 weeks and over

6,162 5,411 5,370 5,185 -185

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

8,437 8,098 8,210 8,246 36

Slack work or business conditions

5,695 5,147 5,446 5,342 -104

Could only find part-time work

2,538 2,649 2,514 2,576 62

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,280 19,393 18,829 18,866 37

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,785 2,423 2,483 2,529 -

Discouraged workers

1,119 830 821 852 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category July
2011
May
2012
June
2012(p)
July
2012(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

96 87 64 163

Total private

175 116 73 172

Goods-producing

52 -15 13 24

Mining and logging

9 4 -1 0

Construction

13 -32 4 -1

Manufacturing

30 13 10 25

Durable goods(1)

22 12 10 24

Motor vehicles and parts

9.2 6.1 7.1 12.8

Nondurable goods

8 1 0 1

Private service-providing(1)

123 131 60 148

Wholesale trade

2.3 13.6 10.8 9.2

Retail trade

26.9 5.5 -3.2 6.7

Transportation and warehousing

-3.5 32.2 -3.4 6.9

Information

-4 4 -1 11

Financial activities

-4 11 3 1

Professional and business services(1)

39 18 44 49

Temporary help services

8.9 14.6 21.1 14.1

Education and health services(1)

50 44 -6 38

Health care and social assistance

36.1 33.5 9.5 19.1

Leisure and hospitality

17 -4 10 27

Other services

0 6 4 8

Government

-79 -29 -9 -9

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.4 49.3 49.3 49.3

Total private women employees

47.9 47.8 47.8 47.8

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.4 82.6 82.6 82.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.4 34.4 34.5 34.5

Average hourly earnings

$23.13 $23.43 $23.50 $23.52

Average weekly earnings

$795.67 $805.99 $810.75 $811.44

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

94.3 95.7 96.1 96.2

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 -0.2 0.4 0.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

104.0 107.0 107.7 107.9

Over-the-month percent change

0.5 0.0 0.7 0.2

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.7 33.7 33.7 33.7

Average hourly earnings

$19.52 $19.70 $19.75 $19.77

Average weekly earnings

$657.82 $663.89 $665.58 $666.25

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

101.5 103.3 103.4 103.5

Over-the-month percent change

0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

132.4 136.0 136.4 136.7

Over-the-month percent change

0.5 0.1 0.3 0.2

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private (266 industries)

62.2 61.3 56.8 56.4

Manufacturing (81 industries)

63.6 56.8 51.9 54.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data in this table have been corrected. For more information see http://www.bls.gov/bls/ceswomen_usps_correction.htm.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
of employment and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant
change in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has
a more expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes the self-
employed, unpaid family workers, agricultural workers, and private household workers,
who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household survey also provides
estimates of employment for demographic groups.

Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
born.

Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
www.bls.gov/web/cesbmart.htm.

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment estimate; firms
from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled to achieve that goal.

Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because the
survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There is an
unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the sampling
frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a
year.

Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work
are included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped
looking for work?

Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs
are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in The Employment
Situation news release.

How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact
on average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for
paid time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other
time off. The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always,
results in a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be
off work for part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while
some workers, such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.

In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment,
employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. About half of
all employees in the payroll survey have a 2-week, semi-monthly, or monthly pay
period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the effect
of extreme weather on estimates of employment from the establishment survey.


In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week’s work for weather-
related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time off.
The household survey collects data on the number of persons who usually work full
time but had reduced hours, or had a job but were not at work due to bad weather.
Current and historical data are available on the household survey’s most requested
statistics page at http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the
Current Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment
Statistics survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides
information on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears
in the "A" tables, marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about
60,000 eligible households conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). 

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, 
and earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the 
"B" tables, marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each 
month from the payroll records of a sample of nonagricultural business
establishments. Each month the CES program surveys about 141,000 businesses
and government agencies, representing approximately 486,000 individual worksites,
in order to provide detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of
workers on nonfarm payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third
of all nonfarm payroll employees. 

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week
or pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally
the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which 
may or may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire
civilian noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series
of questions on work and job search activities, each person 16 years
and over in a sample household is classified as employed, unemployed,
or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid
employees during the reference week; worked in their own business, 
profession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 
hours in a family business or farm. People are also counted as employed
if they were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, bad
weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following
criteria: they had no employment during the reference week; they were
available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts to find
employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the reference
week. Persons laid off from a job and expecting recall need not be 
looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The unemployment data
derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eligibility
for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of
the labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force
as a percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is
the employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about
the household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as 
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay 
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector
for all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. 
Production and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and 
related employees in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction
workers in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in private service-
providing industries. 

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/#technical.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and
methodological differences between the household and establishment
surveys result in important distinctions in the employment estimates
derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-
     employed, unpaid family workers, and private household workers
     among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.
  
   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the
     employed. The establishment survey does not.
  
   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and
     older. The establishment survey is not limited by age.
  
   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than
     one job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted
     separately for each appearance.
  
Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and
the levels of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring
fluctuations. These events may result from seasonal changes in weather, 
major holidays, and the opening and closing of schools. The effect of 
such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern
each year, their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by
adjusting for regular seasonal variation. These adjustments make 
nonseasonal developments, such as declines in employment or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot. For
example, in the household survey, the large number of youth entering
the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes that
have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if
the level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in
the establishment survey, payroll employment in education declines by
about 20 percent at the end of the spring term and later rises with
the start of the fall term, obscuring the underlying employment trends
in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes at the end and
beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The
seasonally adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to
analyze changes in month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both
the household and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series
for many major estimates, such as total payroll employment, employment
in most major sectors, total employment, and unemployment are computed
by aggregating independently adjusted component series. For example,
total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate
that would be obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors
are calculated each month using all relevant data, up to and including
the data for the current month. In the household survey, new seasonal
factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the 
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month 
to adjust the three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months 
are routinely revised to incorporate additional sample reports and 
recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. In both surveys, 5-year revisions
to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are
subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample rather
than the entire population is surveyed, there is a chance that the
sample estimates may differ from the "true" population values they
represent. The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending
on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured by
the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent chance, 
or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ 
by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population value 
because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 
90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in
total nonfarm employment from the establishment survey is on the order
of plus or minus 100,000. Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment
increases by 50,000 from one month to the next. The 90-percent confidence
interval on the monthly change would range from -50,000 to +150,000 
(50,000 +/- 100,000). These figures do not mean that the sample results
are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the "true" over-the-month change lies within this interval.
Since this range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with
confidence that nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month.
If, however, the reported nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all
of the values within the 90-percent confidence interval would be greater
than zero. In this case, it is likely (at least a 90-percent chance) that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month. At an unemployment rate
of around 5.5 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval for the monthly
change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is about 
+/- 280,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is
about +/-0.19 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments
have lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than
estimates which are based on a small number of observations. The precision
of estimates also is improved when the data are cumulated over time, such
as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by
nonsampling error, which can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain information
for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness of 
respondents to provide correct information on a timely basis, mistakes
made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or processing of
the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most
recent 2 months are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these
estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables. It is only after two
successive revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly all sample
reports have been received, that the estimate is considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey
is the inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by
new firms. To correct for this systematic underestimation of employment
growth, an estimation procedure with two components is used to account
for business births. The first component excludes employment losses from
business deaths from sample-based estimation in order to offset the 
missing employment gains from business births. This is incorporated into
the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not reflecting sample
units going out of business, but imputing to them the same employment
trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for most
of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate
the residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the 
imputation. The historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA
model was derived from the unemployment insurance universe micro-level
database, and reflects the actual residual net of births and deaths over
the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted
once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment
obtained from administrative records of the unemployment insurance program.
The difference between the March sample-based employment estimates and
the March universe counts is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as
a rough proxy for total survey error. The new benchmarks also incorporate
changes in the classification of industries. Over the past decade, absolute
benchmark revisions  for total nonfarm employment have averaged 0.3 percent,
with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
July
2011
June
2012
July
2012
July
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012
June
2012
July
2012

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

239,671 243,155 243,354 239,671 242,604 242,784 242,966 243,155 243,354

Civilian labor force

154,812 156,385 156,526 153,358 154,707 154,365 155,007 155,163 155,013

Participation rate

64.6 64.3 64.3 64.0 63.8 63.6 63.8 63.8 63.7

Employed

140,384 143,202 143,126 139,450 142,034 141,865 142,287 142,415 142,220

Employment-population ratio

58.6 58.9 58.8 58.2 58.5 58.4 58.6 58.6 58.4

Unemployed

14,428 13,184 13,400 13,908 12,673 12,500 12,720 12,749 12,794

Unemployment rate

9.3 8.4 8.6 9.1 8.2 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.3

Not in labor force

84,859 86,770 86,828 86,313 87,897 88,419 87,958 87,992 88,340

Persons who currently want a job

6,810 7,157 6,837 6,556 6,299 6,366 6,291 6,520 6,554

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

116,347 117,277 117,381 116,347 116,986 117,081 117,177 117,277 117,381

Civilian labor force

82,871 83,369 83,554 81,836 82,179 81,983 82,350 82,450 82,395

Participation rate

71.2 71.1 71.2 70.3 70.2 70.0 70.3 70.3 70.2

Employed

75,208 76,338 76,691 74,011 75,369 75,256 75,401 75,486 75,466

Employment-population ratio

64.6 65.1 65.3 63.6 64.4 64.3 64.3 64.4 64.3

Unemployed

7,664 7,030 6,863 7,825 6,810 6,727 6,949 6,964 6,929

Unemployment rate

9.2 8.4 8.2 9.6 8.3 8.2 8.4 8.4 8.4

Not in labor force

33,476 33,909 33,828 34,511 34,807 35,098 34,827 34,827 34,987

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

107,773 108,613 108,727 107,773 108,289 108,396 108,503 108,613 108,727

Civilian labor force

79,322 79,733 79,758 78,977 79,337 79,050 79,382 79,425 79,353

Participation rate

73.6 73.4 73.4 73.3 73.3 72.9 73.2 73.1 73.0

Employed

72,588 73,735 73,863 71,930 73,286 73,119 73,229 73,259 73,227

Employment-population ratio

67.4 67.9 67.9 66.7 67.7 67.5 67.5 67.4 67.3

Unemployed

6,734 5,998 5,894 7,047 6,051 5,930 6,153 6,166 6,125

Unemployment rate

8.5 7.5 7.4 8.9 7.6 7.5 7.8 7.8 7.7

Not in labor force

28,451 28,879 28,969 28,795 28,952 29,346 29,121 29,188 29,374

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

123,324 125,878 125,972 123,324 125,619 125,703 125,788 125,878 125,972

Civilian labor force

71,941 73,017 72,972 71,522 72,529 72,382 72,657 72,713 72,619

Participation rate

58.3 58.0 57.9 58.0 57.7 57.6 57.8 57.8 57.6

Employed

65,176 66,863 66,435 65,439 66,665 66,609 66,886 66,929 66,754

Employment-population ratio

52.8 53.1 52.7 53.1 53.1 53.0 53.2 53.2 53.0

Unemployed

6,764 6,153 6,537 6,084 5,863 5,773 5,771 5,785 5,865

Unemployment rate

9.4 8.4 9.0 8.5 8.1 8.0 7.9 8.0 8.1

Not in labor force

51,383 52,862 53,000 51,801 53,090 53,321 53,131 53,165 53,354

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

115,138 117,546 117,648 115,138 117,260 117,353 117,448 117,546 117,648

Civilian labor force

68,512 69,610 69,402 68,706 69,589 69,562 69,807 69,803 69,691

Participation rate

59.5 59.2 59.0 59.7 59.3 59.3 59.4 59.4 59.2

Employed

62,603 64,288 63,703 63,257 64,413 64,425 64,671 64,628 64,446

Employment-population ratio

54.4 54.7 54.1 54.9 54.9 54.9 55.1 55.0 54.8

Unemployed

5,909 5,322 5,700 5,449 5,176 5,137 5,136 5,175 5,244

Unemployment rate

8.6 7.6 8.2 7.9 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5

Not in labor force

46,626 47,936 48,246 46,432 47,671 47,791 47,641 47,743 47,957

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,760 16,997 16,979 16,760 17,056 17,034 17,015 16,997 16,979

Civilian labor force

6,978 7,042 7,366 5,675 5,781 5,753 5,819 5,936 5,970

Participation rate

41.6 41.4 43.4 33.9 33.9 33.8 34.2 34.9 35.2

Employed

5,193 5,178 5,560 4,262 4,335 4,321 4,388 4,528 4,546

Employment-population ratio

31.0 30.5 32.7 25.4 25.4 25.4 25.8 26.6 26.8

Unemployed

1,785 1,864 1,806 1,412 1,447 1,432 1,431 1,408 1,424

Unemployment rate

25.6 26.5 24.5 24.9 25.0 24.9 24.6 23.7 23.8

Not in labor force

9,782 9,955 9,613 11,085 11,274 11,282 11,197 11,061 11,009

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
July
2011
June
2012
July
2012
July
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012
June
2012
July
2012

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

193,106 193,120 193,245 193,106 192,788 192,893 193,004 193,120 193,245

Civilian labor force

125,659 124,624 124,749 124,557 123,713 123,499 123,989 123,783 123,589

Participation rate

65.1 64.5 64.6 64.5 64.2 64.0 64.2 64.1 64.0

Employed

115,350 115,280 115,255 114,497 114,697 114,355 114,767 114,674 114,409

Employment-population ratio

59.7 59.7 59.6 59.3 59.5 59.3 59.5 59.4 59.2

Unemployed

10,309 9,344 9,493 10,061 9,016 9,144 9,222 9,109 9,180

Unemployment rate

8.2 7.5 7.6 8.1 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4

Not in labor force

67,448 68,496 68,496 68,549 69,076 69,394 69,015 69,337 69,656

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,396 64,730 64,795 65,134 64,552 64,410 64,591 64,527 64,467

Participation rate

74.1 73.8 73.8 73.8 73.8 73.5 73.7 73.6 73.4

Employed

60,555 60,374 60,588 59,991 60,192 60,046 60,072 60,001 60,027

Employment-population ratio

68.6 68.8 69.0 68.0 68.8 68.6 68.5 68.4 68.4

Unemployed

4,841 4,356 4,208 5,142 4,360 4,364 4,519 4,526 4,440

Unemployment rate

7.4 6.7 6.5 7.9 6.8 6.8 7.0 7.0 6.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,464 54,265 54,141 54,690 54,473 54,435 54,717 54,506 54,385

Participation rate

59.1 58.5 58.4 59.4 58.9 58.8 59.0 58.8 58.6

Employed

50,345 50,598 50,115 50,864 50,873 50,719 51,045 50,918 50,662

Employment-population ratio

54.7 54.6 54.0 55.2 55.0 54.8 55.1 54.9 54.6

Unemployed

4,119 3,667 4,026 3,826 3,600 3,716 3,672 3,588 3,723

Unemployment rate

7.6 6.8 7.4 7.0 6.6 6.8 6.7 6.6 6.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

5,798 5,629 5,812 4,733 4,688 4,654 4,681 4,750 4,737

Participation rate

45.3 44.4 45.9 37.0 36.9 36.7 36.9 37.5 37.4

Employed

4,450 4,308 4,553 3,641 3,632 3,591 3,649 3,755 3,720

Employment-population ratio

34.7 34.0 36.0 28.4 28.6 28.3 28.8 29.7 29.4

Unemployed

1,348 1,321 1,259 1,092 1,056 1,063 1,031 995 1,017

Unemployment rate

23.3 23.5 21.7 23.1 22.5 22.8 22.0 20.9 21.5

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,123 29,885 29,918 29,123 29,792 29,824 29,854 29,885 29,918

Civilian labor force

17,895 18,758 18,643 17,614 18,427 18,274 18,290 18,541 18,383

Participation rate

61.4 62.8 62.3 60.5 61.9 61.3 61.3 62.0 61.4

Employed

14,890 15,978 15,845 14,812 15,843 15,891 15,807 15,872 15,798

Employment-population ratio

51.1 53.5 53.0 50.9 53.2 53.3 52.9 53.1 52.8

Unemployed

3,004 2,780 2,799 2,803 2,584 2,383 2,484 2,668 2,585

Unemployment rate

16.8 14.8 15.0 15.9 14.0 13.0 13.6 14.4 14.1

Not in labor force

11,229 11,128 11,274 11,509 11,365 11,550 11,564 11,345 11,534

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,105 8,376 8,307 8,069 8,283 8,162 8,281 8,324 8,270

Participation rate

68.2 68.8 68.1 67.9 68.4 67.3 68.1 68.4 67.8

Employed

6,748 7,204 7,071 6,699 7,137 7,054 7,102 7,146 7,042

Employment-population ratio

56.8 59.2 58.0 56.3 58.9 58.1 58.4 58.7 57.7

Unemployed

1,357 1,172 1,236 1,371 1,147 1,108 1,179 1,178 1,227

Unemployment rate

16.7 14.0 14.9 17.0 13.8 13.6 14.2 14.2 14.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,050 9,471 9,361 8,950 9,473 9,443 9,346 9,482 9,344

Participation rate

61.8 62.9 62.1 61.1 63.1 62.8 62.1 63.0 62.0

Employed

7,709 8,266 8,170 7,750 8,307 8,423 8,284 8,281 8,268

Employment-population ratio

52.6 54.9 54.2 52.9 55.4 56.1 55.1 55.0 54.8

Unemployed

1,341 1,205 1,190 1,199 1,166 1,019 1,062 1,202 1,076

Unemployment rate

14.8 12.7 12.7 13.4 12.3 10.8 11.4 12.7 11.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

740 910 976 596 671 669 664 735 770

Participation rate

28.5 34.4 37.0 23.0 25.1 25.1 25.0 27.8 29.2

Employed

433 508 604 363 399 413 421 446 488

Employment-population ratio

16.7 19.2 22.9 14.0 14.9 15.5 15.9 16.8 18.5

Unemployed

306 402 372 233 272 256 242 289 282

Unemployment rate

41.4 44.2 38.1 39.1 40.5 38.2 36.5 39.3 36.6

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,410 12,695 12,812 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

7,405 8,202 8,346 - - - - - -

Participation rate

64.9 64.6 65.1 - - - - - -

Employed

6,838 7,682 7,830 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

59.9 60.5 61.1 - - - - - -

Unemployed

568 519 516 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

7.7 6.3 6.2 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

4,004 4,493 4,466 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
July
2011
June
2012
July
2012
July
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012
June
2012
July
2012

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

34,470 36,708 36,792 34,470 36,463 36,546 36,626 36,708 36,792

Civilian labor force

22,920 24,679 24,627 22,778 24,128 24,253 24,567 24,588 24,497

Participation rate

66.5 67.2 66.9 66.1 66.2 66.4 67.1 67.0 66.6

Employed

20,325 21,962 22,092 20,207 21,638 21,755 21,867 21,885 21,966

Employment-population ratio

59.0 59.8 60.0 58.6 59.3 59.5 59.7 59.6 59.7

Unemployed

2,596 2,718 2,536 2,570 2,491 2,498 2,700 2,703 2,531

Unemployment rate

11.3 11.0 10.3 11.3 10.3 10.3 11.0 11.0 10.3

Not in labor force

11,549 12,029 12,164 11,692 12,335 12,293 12,059 12,120 12,294

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,088 13,425 13,426 - - - - - -

Participation rate

82.0 81.2 81.0 - - - - - -

Employed

11,882 12,147 12,325 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

74.5 73.5 74.4 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,206 1,277 1,102 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

9.2 9.5 8.2 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,722 9,909 9,814 - - - - - -

Participation rate

57.8 60.0 59.3 - - - - - -

Employed

7,735 8,886 8,788 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

51.2 53.8 53.1 - - - - - -

Unemployed

987 1,022 1,027 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

11.3 10.3 10.5 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,110 1,346 1,386 - - - - - -

Participation rate

32.6 36.8 37.9 - - - - - -

Employed

708 928 979 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

20.8 25.4 26.8 - - - - - -

Unemployed

402 418 407 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

36.2 31.0 29.4 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2011
June
2012
July
2012
July
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012
June
2012
July
2012

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,629 11,623 11,457 11,721 11,493 11,366 11,451 11,384 11,472

Participation rate

46.6 45.9 46.2 47.0 46.3 45.2 44.9 45.0 46.3

Employed

9,988 10,291 10,062 9,977 10,044 9,947 9,960 9,952 10,012

Employment-population ratio

40.0 40.6 40.6 40.0 40.4 39.6 39.1 39.3 40.4

Unemployed

1,641 1,332 1,395 1,744 1,449 1,419 1,491 1,431 1,460

Unemployment rate

14.1 11.5 12.2 14.9 12.6 12.5 13.0 12.6 12.7

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

37,113 36,851 36,782 37,471 36,475 36,718 36,924 36,984 37,047

Participation rate

59.9 59.8 59.2 60.5 59.0 59.2 59.5 60.0 59.7

Employed

33,750 33,884 33,676 33,973 33,573 33,834 33,928 33,869 33,838

Employment-population ratio

54.5 55.0 54.2 54.9 54.3 54.5 54.7 55.0 54.5

Unemployed

3,364 2,967 3,105 3,498 2,902 2,884 2,996 3,116 3,209

Unemployment rate

9.1 8.1 8.4 9.3 8.0 7.9 8.1 8.4 8.7

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

36,706 37,194 37,299 36,782 37,405 37,168 37,079 37,451 37,398

Participation rate

68.9 68.4 68.1 69.1 69.3 69.0 68.8 68.9 68.3

Employed

33,579 34,446 34,546 33,748 34,613 34,344 34,155 34,639 34,729

Employment-population ratio

63.0 63.4 63.1 63.4 64.2 63.7 63.4 63.7 63.4

Unemployed

3,128 2,748 2,752 3,034 2,793 2,824 2,924 2,812 2,669

Unemployment rate

8.5 7.4 7.4 8.2 7.5 7.6 7.9 7.5 7.1

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

46,621 47,631 47,517 46,665 48,191 47,977 48,232 47,923 47,697

Participation rate

76.0 75.5 75.5 76.1 76.2 76.2 76.8 76.0 75.8

Employed

44,435 45,674 45,381 44,665 46,189 46,062 46,355 45,949 45,732

Employment-population ratio

72.5 72.4 72.1 72.8 73.1 73.2 73.8 72.9 72.7

Unemployed

2,186 1,957 2,136 2,000 2,002 1,915 1,877 1,973 1,965

Unemployment rate

4.7 4.1 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.0 3.9 4.1 4.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
July
2011
July
2012
July
2011
July
2012
July
2011
July
2012

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,596 21,163 19,794 19,349 1,802 1,814

Civilian labor force

11,387 10,925 10,324 9,845 1,063 1,080

Participation rate

52.7 51.6 52.2 50.9 59.0 59.5

Employed

10,412 10,173 9,459 9,171 953 1,002

Employment-population ratio

48.2 48.1 47.8 47.4 52.9 55.2

Unemployed

975 752 865 674 110 79

Unemployment rate

8.6 6.9 8.4 6.8 10.3 7.3

Not in labor force

10,209 10,238 9,470 9,504 739 734

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,339 2,453 1,937 2,056 402 397

Civilian labor force

1,878 1,945 1,615 1,683 262 263

Participation rate

80.3 79.3 83.4 81.9 65.3 66.1

Employed

1,645 1,771 1,420 1,524 226 247

Employment-population ratio

70.3 72.2 73.3 74.2 56.1 62.2

Unemployed

232 174 195 159 37 15

Unemployment rate

12.4 8.9 12.1 9.4 14.1 5.9

Not in labor force

461 507 322 373 139 135

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,947 3,158 2,457 2,668 490 489

Civilian labor force

2,456 2,599 2,096 2,237 359 361

Participation rate

83.3 82.3 85.3 83.8 73.3 73.8

Employed

2,265 2,428 1,939 2,098 326 330

Employment-population ratio

76.9 76.9 78.9 78.6 66.6 67.5

Unemployed

191 170 158 139 33 31

Unemployment rate

7.8 6.5 7.5 6.2 9.2 8.5

Not in labor force

492 559 361 431 131 128

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

10,426 9,868 10,088 9,551 338 318

Civilian labor force

3,620 3,217 3,528 3,125 92 92

Participation rate

34.7 32.6 35.0 32.7 27.2 29.1

Employed

3,328 3,020 3,242 2,932 86 88

Employment-population ratio

31.9 30.6 32.1 30.7 25.3 27.7

Unemployed

292 197 286 193 6 4

Unemployment rate

8.1 6.1 8.1 6.2 6.7 4.6

Not in labor force

6,806 6,652 6,560 6,426 246 225

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,884 5,684 5,312 5,074 573 610

Civilian labor force

3,434 3,164 3,085 2,800 349 364

Participation rate

58.4 55.7 58.1 55.2 61.0 59.7

Employed

3,174 2,953 2,859 2,617 316 336

Employment-population ratio

53.9 52.0 53.8 51.6 55.1 55.1

Unemployed

260 211 226 183 34 28

Unemployment rate

7.6 6.7 7.3 6.5 9.6 7.7

Not in labor force

2,450 2,520 2,227 2,274 223 246

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

209,487 213,366 92,092 93,604 117,395 119,762

Civilian labor force

140,959 142,848 71,285 72,405 69,674 70,443

Participation rate

67.3 66.9 77.4 77.4 59.3 58.8

Employed

128,257 130,997 64,860 66,608 63,397 64,389

Employment-population ratio

61.2 61.4 70.4 71.2 54.0 53.8

Unemployed

12,702 11,850 6,425 5,797 6,277 6,054

Unemployment rate

9.0 8.3 9.0 8.0 9.0 8.6

Not in labor force

68,528 70,518 20,806 21,199 47,721 49,319

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
July
2011
July
2012
July
2011
July
2012

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

27,278 28,007 212,393 215,346

Civilian labor force

5,773 5,791 149,039 150,735

Participation rate

21.2 20.7 70.2 70.0

Employed

4,802 5,004 135,581 138,122

Employment-population ratio

17.6 17.9 63.8 64.1

Unemployed

970 787 13,458 12,613

Unemployment rate

16.8 13.6 9.0 8.4

Not in labor force

21,505 22,216 63,354 64,611

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,687 2,612 76,208 76,636

Participation rate

36.2 34.4 83.3 83.9

Employed

2,215 2,289 69,266 70,401

Employment-population ratio

29.9 30.2 75.7 77.0

Unemployed

472 323 6,942 6,235

Unemployment rate

17.6 12.4 9.1 8.1

Not in labor force

4,734 4,971 15,270 14,742

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,232 2,207 66,685 67,470

Participation rate

29.7 28.7 71.2 71.2

Employed

1,816 1,817 60,555 61,567

Employment-population ratio

24.2 23.6 64.7 64.9

Unemployed

416 390 6,129 5,903

Unemployment rate

18.6 17.7 9.2 8.7

Not in labor force

5,272 5,487 26,949 27,352

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

854 973 6,147 6,629

Participation rate

6.9 7.6 22.5 22.7

Employed

771 898 5,761 6,155

Employment-population ratio

6.2 7.1 21.1 21.1

Unemployed

83 74 386 474

Unemployment rate

9.7 7.6 6.3 7.2

Not in labor force

11,499 11,758 21,135 22,517

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
July
2011
July
2012
July
2011
July
2012
July
2011
July
2012

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

36,576 37,627 18,247 18,428 18,328 19,199

Civilian labor force

24,516 25,180 14,575 14,575 9,941 10,606

Participation rate

67.0 66.9 79.9 79.1 54.2 55.2

Employed

22,264 23,211 13,291 13,553 8,973 9,657

Employment-population ratio

60.9 61.7 72.8 73.5 49.0 50.3

Unemployed

2,252 1,970 1,284 1,021 968 948

Unemployment rate

9.2 7.8 8.8 7.0 9.7 8.9

Not in labor force

12,060 12,446 3,673 3,853 8,387 8,593

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

203,095 205,727 98,100 98,954 104,996 106,774

Civilian labor force

130,296 131,346 68,297 68,979 61,999 62,367

Participation rate

64.2 63.8 69.6 69.7 59.0 58.4

Employed

118,120 119,916 61,917 63,137 56,203 56,778

Employment-population ratio

58.2 58.3 63.1 63.8 53.5 53.2

Unemployed

12,176 11,430 6,380 5,842 5,796 5,589

Unemployment rate

9.3 8.7 9.3 8.5 9.3 9.0

Not in labor force

72,799 74,381 29,803 29,975 42,996 44,407

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2011
June
2012
July
2012
July
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012
June
2012
July
2012

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,484 2,377 2,477 2,250 2,218 2,150 2,274 2,206 2,235

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,596 1,514 1,584 1,415 1,394 1,342 1,423 1,399 1,401

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

867 826 843 816 811 793 815 786 791

Unpaid family workers

21 37 49 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

137,900 140,824 140,649 136,993 139,984 139,749 140,037 140,205 139,929

Wage and salary workers(1)

129,200 131,694 131,619 128,554 131,370 131,136 131,322 131,308 131,043

Government

19,661 19,679 19,332 20,306 20,338 19,896 20,059 19,938 20,015

Private industries

109,538 112,015 112,287 108,217 111,114 111,249 111,421 111,433 110,974

Private households

822 832 818 - - - - - -

Other industries

108,716 111,183 111,469 107,478 110,469 110,527 110,613 110,671 110,251

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,618 9,049 8,957 8,532 8,514 8,512 8,598 8,787 8,824

Unpaid family workers

82 82 74 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,514 8,394 8,316 8,437 7,672 7,853 8,098 8,210 8,246

Slack work or business conditions

5,542 5,378 5,235 5,695 5,081 5,187 5,147 5,446 5,342

Could only find part-time work

2,555 2,599 2,637 2,538 2,341 2,367 2,649 2,514 2,576

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

16,680 17,654 17,200 18,280 18,523 18,832 19,393 18,829 18,866

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,372 8,268 8,218 8,264 7,584 7,737 7,982 8,075 8,111

Slack work or business conditions

5,438 5,294 5,175 5,586 5,000 5,086 5,078 5,355 5,282

Could only find part-time work

2,536 2,587 2,607 2,510 2,295 2,324 2,616 2,493 2,559

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

16,283 17,285 16,863 17,883 18,100 18,418 18,930 18,438 18,543

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2011
June
2012
July
2012
July
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012
June
2012
July
2012

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

140,384 143,202 143,126 139,450 142,034 141,865 142,287 142,415 142,220

16 to 19 years

5,193 5,178 5,560 4,262 4,335 4,321 4,388 4,528 4,546

16 to 17 years

1,714 1,694 1,956 1,358 1,395 1,421 1,418 1,471 1,540

18 to 19 years

3,478 3,484 3,604 2,890 2,955 2,875 2,968 3,069 3,012

20 years and over

135,191 138,024 137,566 135,188 137,699 137,544 137,899 137,887 137,674

20 to 24 years

13,440 13,729 13,901 12,889 13,371 13,329 13,429 13,361 13,364

25 years and over

121,751 124,295 123,665 122,231 124,407 124,166 124,472 124,506 124,203

25 to 54 years

93,333 94,005 93,769 93,541 94,267 94,128 94,205 94,069 93,957

25 to 34 years

30,431 30,656 30,601 30,328 30,568 30,724 30,714 30,650 30,527

35 to 44 years

30,157 30,431 30,389 30,253 30,672 30,539 30,519 30,450 30,474

45 to 54 years

32,745 32,917 32,779 32,960 33,027 32,866 32,971 32,969 32,956

55 years and over

28,418 30,290 29,896 28,690 30,140 30,038 30,268 30,437 30,247

Men, 16 years and over

75,208 76,338 76,691 74,011 75,369 75,256 75,401 75,486 75,466

16 to 19 years

2,619 2,603 2,827 2,081 2,083 2,136 2,173 2,227 2,238

16 to 17 years

888 779 912 654 656 685 655 654 666

18 to 19 years

1,731 1,823 1,916 1,434 1,424 1,461 1,513 1,598 1,577

20 years and over

72,588 73,735 73,863 71,930 73,286 73,119 73,229 73,259 73,227

20 to 24 years

7,127 7,130 7,313 6,733 6,927 6,863 6,898 6,849 6,921

25 years and over

65,461 66,606 66,550 65,181 66,327 66,156 66,308 66,420 66,285

25 to 54 years

50,329 50,538 50,581 50,013 50,393 50,329 50,304 50,357 50,256

25 to 34 years

16,665 16,664 16,726 16,480 16,538 16,624 16,654 16,633 16,555

35 to 44 years

16,447 16,431 16,583 16,371 16,470 16,425 16,421 16,401 16,488

45 to 54 years

17,217 17,442 17,272 17,162 17,385 17,280 17,229 17,323 17,214

55 years and over

15,133 16,068 15,969 15,168 15,934 15,827 16,004 16,064 16,029

Women, 16 years and over

65,176 66,863 66,435 65,439 66,665 66,609 66,886 66,929 66,754

16 to 19 years

2,573 2,575 2,733 2,182 2,252 2,184 2,215 2,301 2,308

16 to 17 years

826 915 1,045 704 739 736 762 817 873

18 to 19 years

1,747 1,660 1,688 1,456 1,531 1,414 1,454 1,471 1,434

20 years and over

62,603 64,288 63,703 63,257 64,413 64,425 64,671 64,628 64,446

20 to 24 years

6,313 6,599 6,588 6,156 6,444 6,467 6,531 6,512 6,444

25 years and over

56,290 57,689 57,115 57,050 58,079 58,010 58,165 58,086 57,918

25 to 54 years

43,004 43,467 43,188 43,528 43,873 43,800 43,901 43,712 43,700

25 to 34 years

13,767 13,992 13,875 13,848 14,030 14,099 14,060 14,016 13,972

35 to 44 years

13,710 14,000 13,805 13,882 14,202 14,114 14,098 14,050 13,986

45 to 54 years

15,528 15,475 15,507 15,798 15,642 15,586 15,742 15,646 15,743

55 years and over

13,285 14,222 13,927 13,522 14,206 14,211 14,264 14,373 14,218

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

43,213 43,740 43,743 43,210 43,635 43,582 43,798 43,712 43,715

Married women, spouse present

33,243 34,177 33,734 33,809 34,325 34,207 34,620 34,526 34,381

Women who maintain families

9,224 9,264 9,354 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

113,759 116,024 116,131 112,006 115,290 114,478 114,212 114,573 114,345

Part-time workers(2)

26,624 27,178 26,995 27,582 26,912 27,420 28,038 27,894 27,925

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,724 6,707 6,741 6,777 6,985 6,870 6,959 6,769 6,845

Percent of total employed

4.8 4.7 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.9 4.8 4.8

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,170 5,206 5,256 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,485 9,875 9,800 9,348 9,325 9,305 9,413 9,572 9,616

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
July
2011
June
2012
July
2012
July
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012
June
2012
July
2012

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

13,908 12,749 12,794 9.1 8.2 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.3

16 to 19 years

1,412 1,408 1,424 24.9 25.0 24.9 24.6 23.7 23.8

16 to 17 years

534 539 559 28.2 28.8 26.4 26.5 26.8 26.6

18 to 19 years

872 864 860 23.2 22.9 24.5 23.5 22.0 22.2

20 years and over

12,496 11,341 11,370 8.5 7.5 7.4 7.6 7.6 7.6

20 to 24 years

2,196 2,119 2,087 14.6 13.2 13.2 12.9 13.7 13.5

25 years and over

10,280 9,268 9,273 7.8 6.8 6.8 6.9 6.9 6.9

25 to 54 years

8,141 7,245 7,268 8.0 7.1 6.9 7.1 7.2 7.2

25 to 34 years

3,257 2,739 2,728 9.7 8.6 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2

35 to 44 years

2,319 2,289 2,242 7.1 6.4 6.5 6.8 7.0 6.9

45 to 54 years

2,566 2,217 2,298 7.2 6.2 6.2 6.4 6.3 6.5

55 years and over

2,107 1,998 1,984 6.8 6.2 6.3 6.5 6.2 6.2

Men, 16 years and over

7,825 6,964 6,929 9.6 8.3 8.2 8.4 8.4 8.4

16 to 19 years

777 798 804 27.2 26.7 27.2 26.8 26.4 26.4

16 to 17 years

273 294 285 29.4 30.1 28.9 28.9 31.0 30.0

18 to 19 years

495 497 512 25.7 25.1 26.3 25.7 23.7 24.5

20 years and over

7,047 6,166 6,125 8.9 7.6 7.5 7.8 7.8 7.7

20 to 24 years

1,259 1,244 1,236 15.8 14.1 14.1 14.1 15.4 15.2

25 years and over

5,786 4,963 4,873 8.2 6.8 6.7 7.0 7.0 6.8

25 to 54 years

4,584 3,806 3,754 8.4 7.0 6.9 7.0 7.0 7.0

25 to 34 years

1,861 1,405 1,408 10.1 8.6 8.1 7.9 7.8 7.8

35 to 44 years

1,314 1,231 1,160 7.4 6.5 6.4 6.6 7.0 6.6

45 to 54 years

1,409 1,171 1,186 7.6 6.0 6.1 6.5 6.3 6.4

55 years and over

1,201 1,157 1,119 7.3 6.3 6.3 7.0 6.7 6.5

Women, 16 years and over

6,084 5,785 5,865 8.5 8.1 8.0 7.9 8.0 8.1

16 to 19 years

635 610 620 22.5 23.4 22.5 22.3 21.0 21.2

16 to 17 years

261 245 274 27.0 27.6 23.8 24.4 23.1 23.9

18 to 19 years

377 367 349 20.6 20.7 22.7 21.2 20.0 19.6

20 years and over

5,449 5,175 5,244 7.9 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5

20 to 24 years

936 875 851 13.2 12.2 12.3 11.6 11.8 11.7

25 years and over

4,494 4,304 4,400 7.3 6.8 6.8 6.9 6.9 7.1

25 to 54 years

3,557 3,439 3,514 7.6 7.2 7.0 7.2 7.3 7.4

25 to 34 years

1,396 1,334 1,320 9.2 8.6 8.2 8.4 8.7 8.6

35 to 44 years

1,005 1,059 1,082 6.7 6.4 6.7 7.0 7.0 7.2

45 to 54 years

1,157 1,046 1,112 6.8 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.3 6.6

55 years and over(1)

1,042 879 979 7.3 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.8 6.6

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

2,788 2,251 2,281 6.1 5.1 5.2 5.3 4.9 5.0

Married women, spouse present

2,024 1,957 2,070 5.6 5.3 5.3 4.9 5.4 5.7

Women who maintain families(1)

1,270 1,237 1,239 12.1 10.8 10.2 10.9 11.8 11.7

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

12,103 10,890 10,829 9.8 8.6 8.5 8.7 8.7 8.7

Part-time workers(3)

1,777 1,877 1,950 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.1 6.3 6.5

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2011
June
2012
July
2012
July
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012
June
2012
July
2012

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

8,107 6,927 7,151 8,146 7,020 6,852 6,989 7,207 7,123

On temporary layoff

1,294 1,188 1,525 1,246 1,120 1,083 1,106 1,331 1,417

Not on temporary layoff

6,813 5,739 5,626 6,900 5,900 5,768 5,883 5,875 5,705

Permanent job losers

5,509 4,490 4,377 5,517 4,632 4,529 4,553 4,560 4,387

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,305 1,249 1,248 1,383 1,268 1,239 1,330 1,315 1,319

Job leavers

973 879 897 936 1,117 997 891 936 878

Reentrants

3,603 3,556 3,579 3,424 3,269 3,341 3,439 3,227 3,380

New entrants

1,745 1,822 1,773 1,274 1,433 1,384 1,367 1,331 1,311

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

56.2 52.5 53.4 59.1 54.7 54.5 55.1 56.7 56.1

On temporary layoff

9.0 9.0 11.4 9.0 8.7 8.6 8.7 10.5 11.2

Not on temporary layoff

47.2 43.5 42.0 50.1 46.0 45.9 46.4 46.3 45.0

Job leavers

6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8 8.7 7.9 7.0 7.4 6.9

Reentrants

25.0 27.0 26.7 24.8 25.5 26.6 27.1 25.4 26.6

New entrants

12.1 13.8 13.2 9.2 11.2 11.0 10.8 10.5 10.3

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5.2 4.4 4.6 5.3 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.6

Job leavers

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.2

New entrants

1.1 1.2 1.1 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2011
June
2012
July
2012
July
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012
June
2012
July
2012

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,952 3,627 3,021 2,675 2,572 2,543 2,580 2,810 2,711

5 to 14 weeks

3,496 2,546 3,585 3,063 2,754 2,814 3,002 2,826 3,092

15 weeks and over

7,980 7,010 6,794 8,134 7,175 6,984 7,073 7,182 6,945

15 to 26 weeks

1,762 1,793 1,547 1,972 1,867 1,884 1,662 1,811 1,760

27 weeks and over

6,218 5,217 5,247 6,162 5,308 5,101 5,411 5,370 5,185

Average (mean) duration, in weeks(1)

39.0 38.2 37.4 40.2 39.4 39.1 39.7 39.9 38.8

Median duration, in weeks

19.7 17.4 15.2 21.2 19.9 19.4 20.1 19.8 16.7

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

20.5 27.5 22.5 19.3 20.6 20.6 20.4 21.9 21.3

5 to 14 weeks

24.2 19.3 26.8 22.1 22.0 22.8 23.7 22.0 24.3

15 weeks and over

55.3 53.2 50.7 58.6 57.4 56.6 55.9 56.0 54.5

15 to 26 weeks

12.2 13.6 11.5 14.2 14.9 15.3 13.1 14.1 13.8

27 weeks and over

43.1 39.6 39.2 44.4 42.5 41.3 42.8 41.9 40.7

Footnotes
(1) Beginning in January 2011, this series reflects a change to the collection of data on unemployment duration. For more information, see www.bls.gov/cps/duration.htm.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
July
2011
July
2012
July
2011
July
2012
July
2011
July
2012

Total, 16 years and over(1)

140,384 143,126 14,428 13,400 9.3 8.6

Management, professional, and related occupations

51,662 53,165 2,742 2,666 5.0 4.8

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

21,747 22,943 1,053 912 4.6 3.8

Professional and related occupations

29,915 30,222 1,689 1,753 5.3 5.5

Service occupations

25,584 26,565 2,764 2,666 9.8 9.1

Sales and office occupations

33,131 32,835 3,288 2,836 9.0 8.0

Sales and related occupations

15,503 15,536 1,603 1,400 9.4 8.3

Office and administrative support occupations

17,628 17,299 1,685 1,436 8.7 7.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,417 13,174 1,744 1,529 11.5 10.4

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,166 1,216 157 138 11.9 10.2

Construction and extraction occupations

7,317 7,157 1,161 1,056 13.7 12.9

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,934 4,801 426 335 7.9 6.5

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

16,590 17,388 2,103 1,900 11.2 9.8

Production occupations

8,055 8,545 1,049 903 11.5 9.6

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,534 8,843 1,054 997 11.0 10.1

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
July
2011
July
2012
July
2011
July
2012

Total, 16 years and over(1)

14,428 13,400 9.3 8.6

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

10,515 9,692 8.8 7.9

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

53 83 6.0 7.6

Construction

1,137 994 13.6 12.3

Manufacturing

1,418 1,128 9.2 7.2

Durable goods

934 703 9.6 7.2

Nondurable goods

484 426 8.5 7.3

Wholesale and retail trade

1,916 1,780 9.4 8.6

Transportation and utilities

486 392 7.8 6.5

Information

237 190 7.6 6.7

Financial activities

552 458 6.0 5.1

Professional and business services

1,389 1,378 9.4 9.1

Education and health services

1,263 1,436 5.9 6.5

Leisure and hospitality

1,510 1,420 10.9 9.7

Other services

554 433 8.6 6.7

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

166 131 9.8 7.9

Government workers

1,349 1,182 6.4 5.7

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

653 623 6.4 5.9

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2011
June
2012
July
2012
July
2011
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012
June
2012
July
2012

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.2 4.5 4.3 5.3 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.5

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.2 4.4 4.6 5.3 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.6

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

9.3 8.4 8.6 9.1 8.2 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.3

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

10.0 8.9 9.1 9.7 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.8

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

10.9 9.9 10.0 10.7 9.6 9.5 9.6 9.7 9.7

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

16.3 15.1 15.2 16.1 14.5 14.5 14.8 14.9 15.0

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
July
2011
July
2012
July
2011
July
2012
July
2011
July
2012

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

84,859 86,828 33,476 33,828 51,383 53,000

Persons who currently want a job

6,810 6,837 3,072 3,062 3,738 3,775

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,785 2,529 1,392 1,328 1,393 1,200

Discouraged workers(2)

1,119 852 639 514 480 338

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,667 1,676 754 815 913 862

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,724 6,741 3,371 3,409 3,353 3,333

Percent of total employed

4.8 4.7 4.5 4.4 5.1 5.0

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,569 3,459 1,994 1,939 1,574 1,520

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,726 1,871 628 670 1,098 1,201

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

246 271 151 191 95 80

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,118 1,065 557 567 561 498

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2011
May
2012
June
2012(p)
July
2012(p)
July
2011
May
2012
June
2012(p)
July
2012(p)
Change from:
June2012 - July2012(p)

Total nonfarm

131,038 133,723 134,072 132,868 131,407 133,018 133,082 133,245 163

Total private

110,251 111,369 112,165 112,192 109,374 111,072 111,145 111,317 172

Goods-producing

18,406 18,321 18,609 18,685 18,071 18,307 18,320 18,344 24

Mining and logging

809 842 851 855 795 842 841 841 0

Logging

50.1 48.4 50.0 51.9 48.4 50.0 50.2 50.0 -0.2

Mining

759.0 793.1 800.7 803.4 746.1 792.1 790.5 790.6 0.1

Oil and gas extraction

177.3 193.5 197.4 197.9 175.2 193.5 194.8 195.5 0.7

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

225.3 222.3 222.8 223.7 218.4 219.2 216.6 217.3 0.7

Coal mining

86.4 85.2 84.0 82.2 86.4 84.9 83.6 82.8 -0.8

Support activities for mining

356.4 377.3 380.5 381.8 352.5 379.4 379.1 377.8 -1.3

Construction

5,777 5,548 5,718 5,780 5,508 5,510 5,514 5,513 -1

Construction of buildings

1,258.4 1,218.4 1,251.6 1,265.6 1,215.8 1,223.4 1,218.9 1,224.2 5.3

Residential building

583.8 561.2 580.2 589.7 560.1 564.3 561.2 567.0 5.8

Nonresidential building

674.6 657.2 671.4 675.9 655.7 659.1 657.7 657.2 -0.5

Heavy and civil engineering construction

885.6 849.7 878.5 895.6 827.0 829.8 831.6 837.8 6.2

Specialty trade contractors

3,632.5 3,479.6 3,587.8 3,618.6 3,464.9 3,456.5 3,463.8 3,451.2 -12.6

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,527.1 1,472.0 1,520.7 1,532.1 1,450.1 1,454.9 1,458.7 1,455.6 -3.1

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,105.4 2,007.6 2,067.1 2,086.5 2,014.8 2,001.6 2,005.1 1,995.6 -9.5

Manufacturing

11,820 11,931 12,040 12,050 11,768 11,955 11,965 11,990 25

Durable goods

7,315 7,473 7,535 7,529 7,303 7,478 7,488 7,512 24

Wood products

336.1 331.9 336.0 336.6 328.8 330.4 329.4 329.6 0.2

Nonmetallic mineral products

378.8 367.3 371.7 372.4 367.1 363.9 361.6 361.5 -0.1

Primary metals

391.5 408.8 409.5 408.9 393.0 409.1 408.7 410.1 1.4

Fabricated metal products

1,358.9 1,399.7 1,414.4 1,416.5 1,355.3 1,402.0 1,407.0 1,412.2 5.2

Machinery

1,064.1 1,103.4 1,113.7 1,109.8 1,059.5 1,104.0 1,105.7 1,103.5 -2.2

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,113.6 1,108.9 1,113.9 1,112.9 1,110.5 1,111.6 1,109.2 1,108.6 -0.6

Computer and peripheral equipment

160.1 164.5 166.4 167.2 159.9 165.2 166.2 166.5 0.3

Communications equipment

115.0 108.8 109.3 110.2 115.1 109.5 108.9 110.2 1.3

Semiconductors and electronic components

386.5 387.3 389.6 387.4 385.2 388.4 387.4 385.7 -1.7

Electronic instruments

406.1 402.9 403.7 403.6 404.7 403.2 402.2 401.9 -0.3

Electrical equipment and appliances

370.2 373.1 375.4 375.1 368.1 373.8 374.0 372.9 -1.1

Transportation equipment(1)

1,366.3 1,450.5 1,464.1 1,462.5 1,387.2 1,452.9 1,461.4 1,481.9 20.5

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

699.3 769.2 778.7 769.7 721.7 769.6 776.7 789.5 12.8

Furniture and related products

360.4 351.9 352.2 352.1 357.3 349.9 348.8 348.9 0.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

575.3 577.8 583.7 582.3 576.2 579.9 582.5 582.5 0.0

Nondurable goods

4,505 4,458 4,505 4,521 4,465 4,477 4,477 4,478 1

Food manufacturing

1,483.3 1,441.1 1,468.3 1,490.1 1,460.7 1,459.9 1,463.4 1,464.5 1.1

Beverages and tobacco products

195.0 197.4 202.1 204.2 189.7 198.1 197.5 198.4 0.9

Textile mills

122.1 120.2 120.1 119.1 122.2 119.5 119.3 119.3 0.0

Textile product mills

118.5 114.6 115.6 114.2 117.6 114.0 113.8 113.1 -0.7

Apparel

149.7 150.8 148.7 147.7 149.9 150.1 147.6 147.9 0.3

Leather and allied products

29.1 29.7 29.6 28.6 29.5 29.7 29.5 29.2 -0.3

Paper and paper products

393.0 391.5 394.6 392.4 391.0 392.4 392.3 390.5 -1.8

Printing and related support activities

469.2 457.9 458.7 455.9 468.3 457.7 456.0 454.6 -1.4

Petroleum and coal products

115.5 115.0 115.6 116.3 111.7 113.7 112.9 113.0 0.1

Chemicals

792.6 794.8 801.2 802.9 788.8 796.9 797.5 798.6 1.1

Plastics and rubber products

637.3 645.2 650.1 649.4 635.9 644.8 646.9 648.5 1.6

Private service-providing

91,845 93,048 93,556 93,507 91,303 92,765 92,825 92,973 148

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,068 25,275 25,390 25,343 25,052 25,314 25,320 25,334 14

Wholesale trade

5,564.5 5,633.0 5,671.7 5,674.1 5,533.3 5,622.3 5,633.1 5,642.3 9.2

Durable goods

2,771.7 2,790.1 2,811.5 2,816.2 2,755.9 2,789.9 2,795.3 2,800.0 4.7

Nondurable goods

1,952.5 1,984.9 1,995.5 1,993.9 1,940.1 1,975.2 1,978.0 1,981.2 3.2

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

840.3 858.0 864.7 864.0 837.3 857.2 859.8 861.1 1.3

Retail trade

14,686.1 14,705.2 14,759.8 14,769.5 14,668.8 14,756.0 14,752.8 14,759.5 6.7

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,712.3 1,723.9 1,735.2 1,731.4 1,692.4 1,715.8 1,716.6 1,712.2 -4.4

Automobile dealers

1,065.6 1,083.7 1,090.5 1,089.5 1,058.1 1,082.4 1,083.9 1,081.2 -2.7

Furniture and home furnishings stores

437.1 443.8 443.2 443.1 442.6 450.6 450.1 449.0 -1.1

Electronics and appliance stores

524.1 496.5 496.3 496.9 531.6 505.6 503.5 504.3 0.8

Building material and garden supply stores

1,168.8 1,224.9 1,211.9 1,190.2 1,138.6 1,155.2 1,155.3 1,159.7 4.4

Food and beverage stores

2,852.1 2,874.0 2,898.8 2,905.1 2,830.5 2,873.6 2,876.5 2,882.7 6.2

Health and personal care stores

981.3 991.0 994.1 999.4 982.7 992.8 994.1 1,000.5 6.4

Gasoline stations

842.6 835.0 841.9 841.9 830.1 831.3 831.5 829.0 -2.5

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,339.9 1,328.3 1,346.7 1,356.0 1,346.9 1,368.6 1,368.8 1,367.6 -1.2

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

564.2 559.6 566.1 564.9 579.7 575.3 579.6 576.1 -3.5

General merchandise stores(1)

3,059.7 3,024.0 3,016.8 3,029.1 3,078.4 3,073.2 3,060.6 3,059.1 -1.5

Department stores

1,525.1 1,492.8 1,480.2 1,489.7 1,545.6 1,535.2 1,522.5 1,519.8 -2.7

Miscellaneous store retailers

783.8 781.0 781.9 784.8 781.8 777.4 776.6 779.8 3.2

Nonstore retailers

420.2 423.2 426.9 426.7 433.5 436.6 439.6 439.5 -0.1

Transportation and warehousing

4,258.5 4,373.4 4,391.0 4,339.7 4,295.0 4,373.2 4,369.8 4,376.7 6.9

Air transportation

462.1 458.4 462.0 461.9 459.4 458.2 458.8 459.0 0.2

Rail transportation

230.2 233.5 234.4 235.3 229.5 234.1 234.1 234.6 0.5

Water transportation

63.3 66.1 67.8 69.2 61.5 66.1 66.4 67.5 1.1

Truck transportation

1,320.8 1,336.9 1,361.4 1,363.4 1,303.8 1,340.7 1,343.3 1,346.4 3.1

Transit and ground passenger transportation

376.5 452.5 422.9 372.0 437.0 434.8 426.1 432.6 6.5

Pipeline transportation

43.3 43.7 44.2 43.9 42.9 43.8 44.0 43.6 -0.4

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

37.8 32.7 38.7 39.0 28.5 30.6 30.9 29.7 -1.2

Support activities for transportation

564.6 583.6 585.9 582.8 563.6 583.9 583.1 582.0 -1.1

Couriers and messengers

513.6 516.0 521.0 514.6 521.7 525.5 526.6 523.8 -2.8

Warehousing and storage

646.3 650.0 652.7 657.6 647.1 655.5 656.5 657.5 1.0

Utilities

558.6 563.4 567.2 559.3 555.3 562.8 563.8 555.7 -8.1

Information

2,668 2,642 2,648 2,654 2,665 2,636 2,635 2,646 11

Publishing industries, except Internet

752.2 735.3 739.0 742.0 749.4 739.1 738.3 739.1 0.8

Motion picture and sound recording industries

363.1 388.4 386.6 388.1 360.6 375.8 375.6 381.7 6.1

Broadcasting, except Internet

281.0 281.5 281.7 278.6 281.4 282.6 280.9 279.1 -1.8

Telecommunications

866.1 827.0 829.8 831.9 868.9 830.1 831.3 834.1 2.8

Data processing, hosting and related services

242.2 243.2 242.1 242.7 242.9 241.4 241.1 243.2 2.1

Other information services

163.3 167.0 169.0 170.2 161.4 167.2 167.3 168.4 1.1

Financial activities

7,741 7,726 7,788 7,806 7,676 7,734 7,737 7,738 1

Finance and insurance

5,771.2 5,763.4 5,792.5 5,800.8 5,749.9 5,772.4 5,775.7 5,777.3 1.6

Monetary authorities - central bank

19.2 18.8 19.0 19.4 19.0 18.9 19.0 19.2 0.2

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,567.2 2,577.2 2,592.0 2,596.4 2,558.0 2,582.0 2,585.4 2,586.1 0.7

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,750.1 1,745.9 1,750.5 1,754.3 1,740.9 1,747.9 1,746.6 1,745.5 -1.1

Commercial banking

1,322.7 1,317.8 1,319.2 1,321.7 1,315.8 1,319.8 1,317.0 1,315.6 -1.4

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

812.9 798.5 804.9 806.6 810.5 801.6 803.1 803.6 0.5

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,285.5 2,284.4 2,291.7 2,293.4 2,276.1 2,285.1 2,283.4 2,283.5 0.1

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

86.4 84.5 84.9 85.0 86.3 84.8 84.8 84.9 0.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,969.5 1,962.9 1,995.5 2,005.0 1,926.2 1,961.1 1,961.4 1,961.1 -0.3

Real estate

1,427.9 1,421.0 1,440.7 1,449.1 1,404.1 1,420.9 1,423.4 1,424.4 1.0

Rental and leasing services

517.5 518.5 531.4 532.4 498.3 516.7 514.5 513.4 -1.1

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

24.1 23.4 23.4 23.5 23.8 23.5 23.5 23.3 -0.2

Professional and business services

17,401 17,833 18,015 17,994 17,342 17,842 17,886 17,935 49

Professional and technical services(1)

7,688.8 7,851.5 7,909.7 7,927.5 7,715.7 7,922.2 7,937.3 7,955.2 17.9

Legal services

1,127.4 1,115.8 1,131.0 1,132.2 1,116.0 1,119.3 1,119.1 1,120.5 1.4

Accounting and bookkeeping services

855.7 904.3 884.1 876.3 928.8 958.9 952.7 953.2 0.5

Architectural and engineering services

1,313.5 1,322.3 1,338.8 1,343.5 1,294.3 1,323.6 1,323.6 1,323.8 0.2

Computer systems design and related services

1,539.9 1,584.9 1,597.4 1,609.7 1,535.8 1,589.7 1,598.2 1,605.2 7.0

Management and technical consulting services

1,078.7 1,123.9 1,137.3 1,146.1 1,076.2 1,129.2 1,136.4 1,142.7 6.3

Management of companies and enterprises

1,925.5 1,940.6 1,959.6 1,963.3 1,916.3 1,944.9 1,948.8 1,953.2 4.4

Administrative and waste services

7,787.0 8,041.0 8,145.9 8,102.8 7,709.6 7,975.2 7,999.7 8,026.8 27.1

Administrative and support services(1)

7,414.0 7,670.0 7,767.1 7,721.5 7,344.8 7,603.8 7,626.7 7,654.0 27.3

Employment services(1)

2,895.6 3,166.9 3,210.9 3,166.9 2,935.3 3,164.0 3,186.2 3,208.0 21.8

Temporary help services

2,257.5 2,507.5 2,546.1 2,502.9 2,297.1 2,504.4 2,525.5 2,539.6 14.1

Business support services

797.0 806.9 807.0 805.2 811.9 816.4 817.7 820.1 2.4

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,891.0 1,860.7 1,896.8 1,896.8 1,774.9 1,786.8 1,782.0 1,782.3 0.3

Waste management and remediation services

373.0 371.0 378.8 381.3 364.8 371.4 373.0 372.8 -0.2

Education and health services

19,564 20,359 20,080 19,983 19,898 20,291 20,285 20,323 38

Educational services

2,941.8 3,373.4 3,098.3 3,029.2 3,239.3 3,326.2 3,311.0 3,329.2 18.2

Health care and social assistance

16,622.6 16,986.0 16,982.1 16,953.5 16,658.5 16,964.9 16,974.4 16,993.5 19.1

Health care(3)

14,088.3 14,324.3 14,371.2 14,385.8 14,062.0 14,337.5 14,348.8 14,360.8 12.0

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,157.1 6,330.0 6,339.8 6,345.3 6,156.0 6,331.5 6,335.4 6,344.3 8.9

Offices of physicians

2,357.8 2,422.4 2,426.0 2,428.4 2,356.9 2,427.7 2,425.0 2,427.7 2.7

Outpatient care centers

620.4 656.7 660.3 663.7 621.3 656.4 660.0 664.1 4.1

Home health care services

1,140.0 1,188.4 1,190.4 1,190.1 1,140.7 1,185.9 1,189.6 1,191.4 1.8

Hospitals

4,747.1 4,801.7 4,820.9 4,832.6 4,731.2 4,810.5 4,812.3 4,817.6 5.3

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,184.1 3,192.6 3,210.5 3,207.9 3,174.8 3,195.5 3,201.1 3,198.9 -2.2

Nursing care facilities

1,675.8 1,660.7 1,667.2 1,666.9 1,672.3 1,662.3 1,663.0 1,663.2 0.2

Social assistance(1)

2,534.3 2,661.7 2,610.9 2,567.7 2,596.5 2,627.4 2,625.6 2,632.7 7.1

Child day care services

780.2 864.8 807.9 769.2 843.1 838.6 829.6 833.3 3.7

Leisure and hospitality

13,997 13,829 14,197 14,280 13,332 13,583 13,593 13,620 27

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,220.8 1,982.8 2,161.6 2,209.6 1,916.2 1,911.3 1,911.4 1,907.6 -3.8

Performing arts and spectator sports

417.6 424.7 417.2 422.5 389.0 402.4 397.1 395.8 -1.3

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

147.7 137.2 147.4 147.6 132.1 132.5 133.6 132.7 -0.9

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,655.5 1,420.9 1,597.0 1,639.5 1,395.1 1,376.4 1,380.7 1,379.1 -1.6

Accommodation and food services

11,776.6 11,845.7 12,035.4 12,070.6 11,415.7 11,672.1 11,681.4 11,712.6 31.2

Accommodation

1,962.5 1,814.5 1,913.5 1,971.3 1,814.2 1,817.1 1,817.8 1,819.6 1.8

Food services and drinking places

9,814.1 10,031.2 10,121.9 10,099.3 9,601.5 9,855.0 9,863.6 9,893.0 29.4

Other services

5,406 5,384 5,438 5,447 5,338 5,365 5,369 5,377 8

Repair and maintenance

1,166.6 1,166.5 1,170.8 1,172.1 1,159.7 1,158.8 1,158.9 1,164.5 5.6

Personal and laundry services

1,296.8 1,303.8 1,312.1 1,305.9 1,288.2 1,291.1 1,295.4 1,296.7 1.3

Membership associations and organizations

2,942.7 2,914.0 2,954.7 2,969.1 2,889.9 2,915.3 2,914.8 2,915.6 0.8

Government

20,787 22,354 21,907 20,676 22,033 21,946 21,937 21,928 -9

Federal

2,881.0 2,818.0 2,829.0 2,840.0 2,851.0 2,817.0 2,815.0 2,813.0 -2.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,243.5 2,205.6 2,218.6 2,226.8 2,219.2 2,203.0 2,202.3 2,203.4 1.1

U.S. Postal Service

637.3 612.2 610.8 613.1 631.9 614.4 613.1 609.9 -3.2

State government

4,759.0 5,093.0 4,833.0 4,755.0 5,054.0 5,059.0 5,059.0 5,053.0 -6.0

State government education

2,067.4 2,434.8 2,158.1 2,089.7 2,384.1 2,406.0 2,406.6 2,406.9 0.3

State government, excluding education

2,691.4 2,658.5 2,674.4 2,665.7 2,670.1 2,652.6 2,652.0 2,646.3 -5.7

Local government

13,147.0 14,443.0 14,245.0 13,081.0 14,128.0 14,070.0 14,063.0 14,062.0 -1.0

Local government education

6,660.2 8,200.9 7,803.8 6,578.2 7,862.5 7,813.1 7,792.4 7,785.4 -7.0

Local government, excluding education

6,486.5 6,242.1 6,441.6 6,502.9 6,265.9 6,257.2 6,270.6 6,277.0 6.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry July
2011
May
2012
June
2012(p)
July
2012(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.4 34.4 34.5 34.5

Goods-producing

39.9 40.1 40.2 40.2

Mining and logging

44.3 43.7 44.0 44.3

Construction

38.3 38.5 38.5 38.4

Manufacturing

40.4 40.6 40.7 40.7

Durable goods

40.7 40.9 41.0 41.0

Nondurable goods

39.8 40.0 40.1 40.2

Private service-providing

33.3 33.3 33.4 33.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.6 34.5 34.6 34.6

Wholesale trade

38.7 38.7 38.7 38.6

Retail trade

31.6 31.6 31.7 31.6

Transportation and warehousing

38.6 38.2 38.2 38.3

Utilities

41.7 41.6 41.5 42.4

Information

36.7 36.5 36.5 36.5

Financial activities

37.4 37.2 37.2 37.2

Professional and business services

35.8 35.9 35.9 36.0

Education and health services

32.9 32.9 32.9 32.9

Leisure and hospitality

25.9 26.1 26.2 26.1

Other services

31.8 31.6 31.7 31.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.1 3.3 3.2 3.2

Durable goods

3.1 3.3 3.2 3.2

Nondurable goods

3.2 3.2 3.3 3.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
July
2011
May
2012
June
2012(p)
July
2012(p)
July
2011
May
2012
June
2012(p)
July
2012(p)

Total private

$23.13 $23.43 $23.50 $23.52 $795.67 $805.99 $810.75 $811.44

Goods-producing

24.44 24.65 24.73 24.76 975.16 988.47 994.15 995.35

Mining and logging

27.77 28.78 28.90 29.12 1,230.21 1,257.69 1,271.60 1,290.02

Construction

25.42 25.71 25.74 25.78 973.59 989.84 990.99 989.95

Manufacturing

23.75 23.88 23.97 23.99 959.50 969.53 975.58 976.39

Durable goods

25.29 25.25 25.34 25.37 1,029.30 1,032.73 1,038.94 1,040.17

Nondurable goods

21.18 21.54 21.62 21.63 842.96 861.60 866.96 869.53

Private service-providing

22.82 23.14 23.21 23.23 759.91 770.56 775.21 773.56

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20.11 20.40 20.48 20.50 695.81 703.80 708.61 709.30

Wholesale trade

26.44 26.73 26.81 26.78 1,023.23 1,034.45 1,037.55 1,033.71

Retail trade

15.95 16.19 16.32 16.31 504.02 511.60 517.34 515.40

Transportation and warehousing

21.69 22.02 21.97 21.99 837.23 841.16 839.25 842.22

Utilities

33.61 33.90 34.14 34.73 1,401.54 1,410.24 1,416.81 1,472.55

Information

31.47 31.73 31.74 31.81 1,154.95 1,158.15 1,158.51 1,161.07

Financial activities

27.86 29.03 29.12 29.23 1,041.96 1,079.92 1,083.26 1,087.36

Professional and business services

27.96 28.07 28.10 28.15 1,000.97 1,007.71 1,008.79 1,013.40

Education and health services

23.69 24.09 24.20 24.12 779.40 792.56 796.18 793.55

Leisure and hospitality

13.23 13.32 13.37 13.38 342.66 347.65 350.29 349.22

Other services

20.54 20.60 20.64 20.69 653.17 650.96 654.29 657.94

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
July
2011
May
2012
June
2012(p)
July
2012(p)
Percent change from:
June
2012 - July
2012(p)
July
2011
May
2012
June
2012(p)
July
2012(p)
Percent change from:
June
2012 - July
2012(p)

Total private

94.3 95.7 96.1 96.2 0.1 104.0 107.0 107.7 107.9 0.2

Goods-producing

82.1 83.6 83.9 84.0 0.1 90.7 93.2 93.8 94.0 0.2

Mining and logging

110.7 115.6 116.3 117.1 0.7 123.4 133.6 134.9 136.9 1.5

Construction

72.7 73.1 73.2 73.0 -0.3 80.3 81.7 81.8 81.7 -0.1

Manufacturing

85.5 87.3 87.6 87.8 0.2 94.5 97.0 97.7 97.9 0.2

Durable goods

83.7 86.1 86.4 86.7 0.3 94.0 96.6 97.3 97.7 0.4

Nondurable goods

88.7 89.4 89.6 89.9 0.3 95.3 97.7 98.3 98.6 0.3

Private service-providing

97.6 99.2 99.6 99.4 -0.2 108.0 111.2 112.0 111.9 -0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

94.3 95.0 95.3 95.3 0.0 102.0 104.3 105.0 105.2 0.2

Wholesale trade

93.4 94.9 95.1 95.0 -0.1 103.1 105.9 106.4 106.2 -0.2

Retail trade

94.2 94.7 95.0 94.7 -0.3 99.3 101.4 102.5 102.2 -0.3

Transportation and warehousing

94.9 95.6 95.5 95.9 0.4 104.4 106.8 106.5 107.1 0.6

Utilities

100.2 101.3 101.2 101.9 0.7 111.3 113.5 114.2 117.0 2.5

Information

89.3 87.9 87.8 88.2 0.5 100.1 99.3 99.3 99.9 0.6

Financial activities

94.6 94.8 94.8 94.9 0.1 102.9 107.4 107.8 108.2 0.4

Professional and business services

97.6 100.7 101.0 101.5 0.5 110.6 114.6 115.0 115.8 0.7

Education and health services

106.6 108.7 108.6 108.9 0.3 118.3 122.6 123.2 123.0 -0.2

Leisure and hospitality

98.5 101.2 101.6 101.4 -0.2 105.2 108.7 109.6 109.5 -0.1

Other services

94.1 93.9 94.3 94.7 0.4 109.6 109.8 110.5 111.2 0.6

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
July
2011
May
2012
June
2012(p)
July
2012(p)
July
2011
May
2012
June
2012(p)
July
2012(p)

Total nonfarm

64,979 65,629 65,635 65,721 49.4 49.3 49.3 49.3

Total private

52,385 53,099 53,132 53,215 47.9 47.8 47.8 47.8

Goods-producing

4,059 4,085 4,096 4,100 22.5 22.3 22.4 22.4

Mining and logging

105 112 114 114 13.2 13.3 13.6 13.6

Construction

707 706 710 714 12.8 12.8 12.9 13.0

Manufacturing

3,247 3,267 3,272 3,272 27.6 27.3 27.3 27.3

Durable goods

1,719 1,734 1,736 1,737 23.5 23.2 23.2 23.1

Nondurable goods

1,528 1,533 1,536 1,535 34.2 34.2 34.3 34.3

Private service-providing

48,326 49,014 49,036 49,115 52.9 52.8 52.8 52.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,033 10,052 10,051 10,053 40.0 39.7 39.7 39.7

Wholesale trade

1,665.4 1,689.6 1,696.2 1,697.5 30.1 30.1 30.1 30.1

Retail trade

7,222.6 7,209.9 7,205.8 7,202.7 49.2 48.9 48.8 48.8

Transportation and warehousing

1,009.5 1,012.7 1,009.0 1,014.3 23.5 23.2 23.1 23.2

Utilities

135.4 139.5 139.7 138.3 24.4 24.8 24.8 24.9

Information

1,083 1,065 1,068 1,070 40.6 40.4 40.5 40.4

Financial activities

4,484 4,480 4,484 4,480 58.4 57.9 58.0 57.9

Professional and business services

7,691 7,909 7,928 7,965 44.3 44.3 44.3 44.4

Education and health services

15,281 15,566 15,559 15,594 76.8 76.7 76.7 76.7

Leisure and hospitality

6,940 7,108 7,114 7,120 52.1 52.3 52.3 52.3

Other services

2,814 2,834 2,832 2,833 52.7 52.8 52.7 52.7

Government

12,594 12,530 12,503 12,506 57.2 57.1 57.0 57.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data in this table have been corrected. For more information see http://www.bls.gov/bls/ceswomen_usps_correction.htm.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry July
2011
May
2012
June
2012(p)
July
2012(p)

Total private

90,173 91,755 91,801 91,938

Goods-producing

13,021 13,204 13,195 13,216

Mining and logging

597 638 635 630

Construction

4,165 4,142 4,135 4,132

Manufacturing

8,259 8,424 8,425 8,454

Durable goods

5,007 5,161 5,162 5,192

Nondurable goods

3,252 3,263 3,263 3,262

Private service-providing

77,152 78,551 78,606 78,722

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,218 21,493 21,487 21,489

Wholesale trade

4,433.5 4,525.0 4,529.0 4,540.1

Retail trade

12,641.6 12,737.5 12,731.4 12,721.7

Transportation and warehousing

3,698.9 3,783.4 3,777.9 3,787.1

Utilities

443.6 447.0 448.6 440.5

Information

2,140 2,129 2,132 2,143

Financial activities

5,881 5,939 5,948 5,953

Professional and business services

14,267 14,726 14,773 14,824

Education and health services

17,433 17,796 17,792 17,823

Leisure and hospitality

11,745 11,983 11,982 11,990

Other services

4,468 4,485 4,492 4,500

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry July
2011
May
2012
June
2012(p)
July
2012(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.7 33.7 33.7 33.7

Goods-producing

40.9 41.0 41.1 41.1

Mining and logging

46.4 46.3 46.7 47.2

Construction

39.1 39.0 39.0 39.0

Manufacturing

41.4 41.6 41.7 41.7

Durable goods

41.8 42.0 42.1 42.1

Nondurable goods

40.9 40.9 41.0 41.0

Private service-providing

32.5 32.4 32.5 32.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.7 33.7 33.8 33.8

Wholesale trade

38.5 38.6 38.7 38.6

Retail trade

30.6 30.5 30.5 30.5

Transportation and warehousing

37.8 37.9 38.0 38.0

Utilities

41.9 41.2 40.9 41.9

Information

36.4 35.8 35.9 35.8

Financial activities

36.5 36.6 36.8 36.7

Professional and business services

35.2 35.2 35.2 35.3

Education and health services

32.4 32.3 32.4 32.2

Leisure and hospitality

24.8 25.0 25.0 25.0

Other services

30.7 30.5 30.6 30.6

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.1 4.1 4.2 4.1

Durable goods

4.2 4.3 4.4 4.2

Nondurable goods

4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
July
2011
May
2012
June
2012(p)
July
2012(p)
July
2011
May
2012
June
2012(p)
July
2012(p)

Total private

$19.52 $19.70 $19.75 $19.77 $657.82 $663.89 $665.58 $666.25

Goods-producing

20.68 20.89 20.94 20.98 845.81 856.49 860.63 862.28

Mining and logging

24.62 25.78 25.91 26.00 1,142.37 1,193.61 1,210.00 1,227.20

Construction

23.65 23.93 23.95 24.02 924.72 933.27 934.05 936.78

Manufacturing

18.95 19.07 19.14 19.17 784.53 793.31 798.14 799.39

Durable goods

20.12 20.16 20.25 20.24 841.02 846.72 852.53 852.10

Nondurable goods

17.10 17.31 17.35 17.41 699.39 707.98 711.35 713.81

Private service-providing

19.28 19.45 19.50 19.51 626.60 630.18 633.75 634.08

Trade, transportation, and utilities

17.22 17.41 17.48 17.46 580.31 586.72 590.82 590.15

Wholesale trade

22.14 22.14 22.22 22.24 852.39 854.60 859.91 858.46

Retail trade

13.54 13.83 13.89 13.84 414.32 421.82 423.65 422.12

Transportation and warehousing

19.55 19.56 19.57 19.55 738.99 741.32 743.66 742.90

Utilities

30.94 31.51 31.70 32.00 1,296.39 1,298.21 1,296.53 1,340.80

Information

26.55 26.77 26.79 26.92 966.42 958.37 961.76 963.74

Financial activities

21.87 22.59 22.65 22.70 798.26 826.79 833.52 833.09

Professional and business services

23.24 23.22 23.23 23.24 818.05 817.34 817.70 820.37

Education and health services

20.86 21.01 21.09 21.07 675.86 678.62 683.32 678.45

Leisure and hospitality

11.49 11.61 11.64 11.65 284.95 290.25 291.00 291.25

Other services

17.36 17.42 17.45 17.49 532.95 531.31 533.97 535.19

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
July
2011
May
2012
June
2012(p)
July
2012(p)
Percent change from:
June
2012 - July
2012(p)
July
2011
May
2012
June
2012(p)
July
2012(p)
Percent change from:
June
2012 - July
2012(p)

Total private

101.5 103.3 103.4 103.5 0.1 132.4 136.0 136.4 136.7 0.2

Goods-producing

81.4 82.7 82.9 83.0 0.1 103.1 105.8 106.3 106.6 0.3

Mining and logging

147.2 157.0 157.6 158.0 0.3 210.8 235.4 237.5 238.9 0.6

Construction

81.5 80.9 80.7 80.7 0.0 104.1 104.5 104.4 104.7 0.3

Manufacturing

78.5 80.4 80.6 80.9 0.4 97.3 100.3 100.9 101.5 0.6

Durable goods

78.7 81.5 81.7 82.2 0.6 98.8 102.5 103.3 103.8 0.5

Nondurable goods

78.4 78.6 78.8 78.8 0.0 94.7 96.2 96.6 96.9 0.3

Private service-providing

107.2 108.8 109.2 109.4 0.2 141.7 145.1 146.0 146.3 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

99.7 101.0 101.2 101.3 0.1 122.5 125.4 126.2 126.1 -0.1

Wholesale trade

100.5 102.9 103.2 103.2 0.0 131.1 134.2 135.1 135.2 0.1

Retail trade

97.9 98.3 98.3 98.2 -0.1 113.6 116.6 117.0 116.5 -0.4

Transportation and warehousing

105.2 107.9 108.1 108.3 0.2 130.5 133.9 134.2 134.3 0.1

Utilities

95.1 94.2 93.8 94.4 0.6 122.8 123.9 124.2 126.1 1.5

Information

88.9 87.0 87.4 87.6 0.2 116.9 115.3 115.9 116.7 0.7

Financial activities

102.7 104.0 104.7 104.6 -0.1 138.9 145.3 146.7 146.7 0.0

Professional and business services

112.6 116.2 116.5 117.3 0.7 155.7 160.5 161.1 162.2 0.7

Education and health services

121.8 124.0 124.4 123.8 -0.5 167.1 171.3 172.4 171.5 -0.5

Leisure and hospitality

106.7 109.7 109.7 109.8 0.1 139.2 144.7 145.0 145.3 0.2

Other services

96.2 95.9 96.4 96.6 0.2 121.7 121.8 122.6 123.1 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: August 03, 2012
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