Economic News Release

Employment Situation News Release


Transmission of material in this release is embargoed            USDL-10-1076
until 8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, August 6, 2010

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                         THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JULY 2010


Total nonfarm payroll employment declined by 131,000 in July, and the unem-
ployment rate was unchanged at 9.5 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statis-
tics reported today. Federal government employment fell, as 143,000 temporary
workers hired for the decennial census completed their work. Private-sector
payroll employment edged up by 71,000.

Household Survey Data

Both the number of unemployed persons, at 14.6 million, and the unemployment
rate, at 9.5 percent, were unchanged in July. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for adult men (9.7 per-
cent), adult women (7.9 percent), teenagers (26.1 percent), whites (8.6 per-
cent), blacks (15.6 percent), and Hispanics (12.1 percent) showed little or no
change in July. The jobless rate for Asians was 8.2 percent, not seasonally
adjusted. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

In July, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks and
over) was little changed at 6.6 million. These individuals made up 44.9 per-
cent of unemployed persons. (See table A-12.)

The civilian labor force participation rate (64.6 percent) and the employment-
population ratio (58.4  percent) were essentially unchanged in July; however,
these measures have declined by 0.6 percentage point and 0.4 point, respec-
tively, since April. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes re-
ferred to as involuntary part-time workers) was essentially unchanged over
the month at 8.5 million but has declined by 623,000 since April. These in-
dividuals were working part time because their hours had been cut back or
because they were unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

About 2.6 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force in July,
an increase of 340,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally ad-
justed.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were avail-
able for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They
were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the
4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 1.2 million discouraged workers
in July, up by 389,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally ad-
justed.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because
they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.4 million persons
marginally attached to the labor force had not searched for work in the 4 weeks
preceding the survey for reasons such as school attendance or family responsi-
bilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment decreased by 131,000 in July, reflecting the
departure of 143,000 temporary Census 2010 workers from federal government pay-
rolls. Total private employment edged up over the month (+71,000). Thus far this
year, private sector employment has increased by 630,000, with about two-thirds
of the gain occurring in March and April. (See table B-1.)

Manufacturing employment increased by 36,000 over the month. Motor vehicles and
parts had fewer seasonal layoffs than normal for July, contributing to a season-
ally adjusted employment increase of 21,000. The industry had added 32,000 jobs
in the first 6 months of the year. In July, employment in fabricated metals rose
by 9,000. Manufacturing employment has expanded by 183,000 since December 2009.

Health care added 27,000 jobs in July. Over the past 12 months, health care em-
ployment has risen by 231,000.

In July, employment in transportation and warehousing edged up by 12,000. Since
a recent low in February, transportation and warehousing has added 56,000 jobs.

Mining employment rose by 7,000 in July, with the gain concentrated in support
activities for mining. Mining has added 63,000 jobs since October 2009.

Employment in professional and business services was little changed (-13,000)
in July. The number of jobs in temporary help services showed little movement
(-6,000) over the month.

Employment in financial activities continued to trend down in July, with a
decline of 17,000. So far this year, monthly job losses in the industry have
averaged 12,000, compared with an average monthly job loss of 29,000 for all
of 2009.

Construction employment changed little (-11,000) in July; 10,000 construction
workers were off payrolls due to strike activity.

Employment in other private-sector industries, including wholesale trade, re-
tail trade, information, and leisure and hospitality showed little change in
July.

Government employment fell by 202,000 in July, largely reflecting the loss of
143,000 temporary workers hired for Census 2010. Employment in both state and
local governments edged down over the month.

In July, the average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls
increased by 0.1 hour to 34.2 hours. The manufacturing workweek for all em-
ployees increased by 0.1 hour to 40.1 hours, following a decrease of 0.5 hour
in June. The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on
private nonfarm payrolls increased by 0.1 hour to 33.5 hours in July. (See
tables B-2 and B-7.)

Average hourly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls increased
by 4 cents, or 0.2 percent, to $22.59 in July. Over the past 12 months, average
hourly earnings have increased by 1.8 percent. In July, average hourly earnings
of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees increased by 2 cents,
or 0.1 percent, to $19.04. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for May was revised from +433,000
to +432,000, and the change for June was revised from -125,000 to -221,000.
__________
The Employment Situation for August is scheduled to be released on Friday,
September 3, 2010, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category July
2009
May
2010
June
2010
July
2010
Change from:
June
2010-
July
2010

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

235,870 237,499 237,690 237,890 200

Civilian labor force

154,351 154,393 153,741 153,560 -181

Participation rate

65.4 65.0 64.7 64.6 -0.1

Employed

139,817 139,420 139,119 138,960 -159

Employment-population ratio

59.3 58.7 58.5 58.4 -0.1

Unemployed

14,534 14,973 14,623 14,599 -24

Unemployment rate

9.4 9.7 9.5 9.5 0.0

Not in labor force

81,519 83,107 83,949 84,330 381

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

9.4 9.7 9.5 9.5 0.0

Adult men (20 years and over)

9.8 9.8 9.9 9.7 -0.2

Adult women (20 years and over)

7.6 8.1 7.8 7.9 0.1

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

24.5 26.4 25.7 26.1 0.4

White

8.7 8.8 8.6 8.6 0.0

Black or African American

14.7 15.5 15.4 15.6 0.2

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

8.3 7.5 7.7 8.2 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

12.4 12.4 12.4 12.1 -0.3

Total, 25 years and over

8.1 8.4 8.2 8.1 -0.1

Less than a high school diploma

15.3 15.0 14.1 13.8 -0.3

High school graduates, no college

9.4 10.9 10.8 10.1 -0.7

Some college or associate degree

8.0 8.3 8.2 8.3 0.1

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.7 4.7 4.4 4.5 0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

9,549 9,223 9,114 9,125 11

Job leavers

882 969 900 900 0

Reentrants

3,306 3,453 3,308 3,393 85

New entrants

994 1,206 1,140 1,188 48

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

3,181 2,752 2,769 2,839 70

5 to 14 weeks

3,539 3,019 3,121 3,060 -61

15 to 26 weeks

2,847 2,161 2,208 2,151 -57

27 weeks and over

4,972 6,763 6,751 6,572 -179

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

8,808 8,809 8,627 8,529 -98

Slack work or business conditions

6,831 6,143 6,165 6,119 -46

Could only find part-time work

1,826 2,326 2,101 2,246 145

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,993 17,929 17,870 18,157 287

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,282 2,223 2,591 2,622 -

Discouraged workers

796 1,083 1,207 1,185 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category July
2009
May
2010
June
2010(p)
July
2010(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

-346 432 -221 -131

Total private

-297 51 31 71

Goods-producing

-128 21 -3 33

Mining and logging

-5 11 5 8

Construction

-80 -29 -21 -11

Manufacturing

-43 39 13 36

Durable goods(1)

-25 36 15 36

Motor vehicles and parts

37.0 9.3 -2.4 20.7

Nondurable goods

-18 3 -2 0

Private service-providing(1)

-169 30 34 38

Wholesale trade

-15.8 -1.0 2.2 8.4

Retail trade

-53.5 -5.8 -20.5 6.7

Transportation and warehousing

-27.3 8.7 15.0 12.2

Information

-12 -2 -14 1

Financial activities

-23 -9 -12 -17

Professional and business services(1)

-48 26 23 -13

Temporary help services

-8.8 30.4 11.2 -5.6

Education and health services(1)

21 25 26 30

Health care and social assistance

27.2 18.8 21.1 27.8

Leisure and hospitality

-4 -15 21 6

Other services

-5 4 -4 6

Government

-49 381 -252 -202

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.9 49.8 49.7 49.7

Total private women employees

48.4 48.3 48.2 48.2

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.4 82.4 82.4 82.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.8 34.2 34.1 34.2

Average hourly earnings

$22.20 $22.55 $22.55 $22.59

Average weekly earnings

$750.36 $771.21 $768.96 $772.58

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

91.3 92.2 92.0 92.3

Over-the-month percent change

-0.2 0.3 -0.2 0.3

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

96.6 99.2 98.9 99.5

Over-the-month percent change

-0.1 0.6 -0.3 0.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.1 33.5 33.4 33.5

Average hourly earnings

$18.62 $19.00 $19.02 $19.04

Average weekly earnings

$616.32 $636.50 $635.27 $637.84

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

98.2 99.3 99.0 99.4

Over-the-month percent change

0.1 0.3 -0.3 0.4

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

122.1 126.1 125.9 126.4

Over-the-month percent change

0.3 0.6 -0.2 0.4

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private

26.4 56.1 55.2 55.6

Manufacturing

19.5 65.9 53.0 50.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary



    Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates


Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based
estimates of employment and both have strengths and limitations. The
establishment survey employment series has a smaller margin of error on
the measurement of month-to-month change than the household survey because
of its much larger sample size. An over-the-month employment change of
about 100,000 is statistically significant in the establishment survey,
while the threshold for a statistically significant change in the household
survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more expansive
scope than the establishment survey because it includes the self-employed,
unpaid family workers, agricultural workers, and private household workers,
who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household survey also
provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.

Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants.
However, neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to
identify the legal status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to de-
termine how many are counted in either survey. The establishment survey does
not collect data on the legal status of workers. The household survey does
include questions which identify the foreign and native born, but it does not
include questions about the legal status of the foreign born.

Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data
series by incorporating additional information that was not available at
the time of the initial publication of the estimates. The establishment
survey revises its initial monthly estimates twice, in the immediately suc-
ceeding 2 months, to incorporate additional sample receipts from respondents
in the survey and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. For more informa-
tion on the monthly revisions, please visit www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revi-
sion that re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available
from unemployment insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for
sampling and modeling errors in the estimates. For more information on the
annual benchmark revision, please visit www.bls.gov/web/cesbmart.htm.

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of busi-
ness establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sam-
ple is designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment
estimate; firms from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled
to achieve that goal.
  
Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account 
for the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The
adjustment comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net 
jobs impact of business births and deaths based on the actual past values of
the net impact that can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of
Employment and Wages. The establishment survey uses modeling rather than sam-
pling for this purpose because the survey is not immediately able to bring new
businesses into the sample. There is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a
new firm and its appearance on the sampling frame and availability for selection.
BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a year.

Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of house-
holds. All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available
to work are included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are in-
cluded even if they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or ques-
tion relating to unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped looking for
work?

Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs
are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
underutilization (discouraged workers and other groups not officially counted as
unemployed) are published each month in the Employment Situation news release.





Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the
Current Population Survey (household survey) and the Current Employ-
ment Statistics survey (establishment survey). The household survey 
provides information on the labor force, employment, and unemploy-
ment that appears in the "A" tables, marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a 
sample survey of about 60,000 households conducted by the U.S. Cen-
sus Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). 

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, 
and earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the 
"B" tables, marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each 
month from the payroll records of a sample of nonagricultural busi-
ness establishments. The sample includes about 140,000 businesses and 
government agencies representing approximately 410,000 worksites and is 
drawn from a sampling frame of roughly 8.9 million unemployment  in-
surance tax accounts. The active sample includes approximately one-
third of all nonfarm payroll employees. 

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular 
week or pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is 
generally the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. 
In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period 
including the 12th, which may or may not correspond directly to the 
calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire
civilian noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series
of questions on work and job search activities, each person 16 years
and over in a sample household is classified as employed, unemployed,
or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as
paid employees during the reference week; worked in their own business, 
profession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 
hours in a family business or farm. People are also counted as employ-
ed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, 
bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the follow-
ing criteria: they had no employment during the reference week; they 
were available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts 
to find employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the 
reference week. Persons laid off from a job and expecting recall need 
not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The unemployment 
data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eli-
gibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed per-
sons. Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the
labor force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a per-
cent of the labor force. The labor force participation rate is the
labor force as a percent of the population, and the employment-popula-
tion ratio is the employed as a percent of the population. Additional 
information about the household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/
cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from pri-
vate nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as
well as from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees
on nonfarm payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the
reference pay period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are
counted in each job they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced
for the private sector for all employees and for production and nonsu-
pervisory employees. Production and nonsupervisory employees are defin-
ed as production and related employees in manufacturing and mining and 
logging, construction workers in construction, and nonsupervisory em-
ployees in private service-providing industries. 

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s princi-
pal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American 
Industry Classification System. Additional information about the estab-
lishment survey can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/#technical.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and
methodological differences between the household and establishment
surveys result in important distinctions in the employment estimates
derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-
     employed, unpaid family workers, and private household workers
     among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.
  
   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the
     employed. The establishment survey does not.
  
   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and
     older. The establishment survey is not limited by age.
  
   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than
     one job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted
     separately for each appearance.
  
Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and
the levels of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring
fluctuations. These events may result from seasonal changes in weather, 
major holidays, and the opening and closing of schools. The effect of 
such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern
each year, their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by
adjusting for regular seasonal variation. These adjustments make non-
seasonal developments, such as declines in employment or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot. For
example, in the household survey, the large number of youth entering
the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes that
have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if
the level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in
the establishment survey, payroll employment in education declines by
about 20 percent at the end of the spring term and later rises with
the start of the fall term, obscuring the underlying employment trends
in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes at the end and
beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The
seasonally adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to
analyze changes in month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both
the household and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series
for many major estimates, such as total payroll employment, employment
in most major sectors, total employment, and unemployment are computed
by aggregating independently adjusted component series. For example,
total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate
that would be obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors
are calculated each month using all relevant data, up to and including
the data for the current month. In the household survey, new seasonal
factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the es-
tablishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month 
to adjust the three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months 
are routinely revised to incorporate additional sample reports and re-
calculated seasonal adjustment factors. In both surveys, 5-year revi-
sions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are
subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample rather
than the entire population is surveyed, there is a chance that the
sample estimates may differ from the "true" population values they
represent. The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending
on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured by
the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent chance, 
or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ 
by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population value 
because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 
90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in
total nonfarm employment from the establishment survey is on the order
of plus or minus 100,0001. Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment
increases by 50,000 from one month to the next. The 90-percent confi-
dence interval on the monthly change would range from -50,000 to 
+150,000 (50,000 +/- 100,0002). These figures do not mean that the
sample results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is
about a 90-percent chance that the "true" over-the-month change lies
within this interval. Since this range includes values of less than
zero, we could not say with confidence that nonfarm employment had, in
fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported nonfarm employ-
ment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90-percent 
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is 
likely (at least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in 
fact, risen that month. At an unemployment rate of around 5.5 percent, 
the 90-percent confidence interval for the monthly change in unemploy-
ment as measured by the household survey is about +/- 280,000, and for 
the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about +/-0.19 per-
centage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments
have lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than
estimates which are based on a small number of observations. The pre-
cision of estimates also is improved when the data are cumulated over 
time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by
nonsampling error, which can occur for many reasons, including the
failure to sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain
information for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwill-
ingness of respondents to provide correct information on a timely 
basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collec-
tion or processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most
recent 2 months are based on incomplete returns; for this reason,
these estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables. It is only
after two successive revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly 
all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is consi-
dered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment
survey is the inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment
generated by new firms. To correct for this systematic underestima-
tion of employment growth, an estimation procedure with two compo-
nents is used to account for business births. The first component 
excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based 
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from 
business births. This is incorporated into the sample-based esti-
mation procedure by simply not reflecting sample units going out 
of business, but imputing to them the same employment trend as the 
other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for most of the 
net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to
estimate the residual net birth/death employment not accounted for 
by the imputation. The historical time series used to create and 
test the ARIMA model was derived from the unemployment insurance 
universe micro-level database, and reflects the actual residual net 
of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are ad-
justed once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll
employment obtained from administrative records of the unemployment
insurance program. The difference between the March sample-based em-
ployment estimates and the March universe counts is known as a bench-
mark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey error. 
The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of 
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions  for 
total nonfarm employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from 
-0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory im-
paired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal 
Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
July
2009
June
2010
July
2010
July
2009
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010
July
2010

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

235,870 237,690 237,890 235,870 237,159 237,329 237,499 237,690 237,890

Civilian labor force

156,255 154,767 155,270 154,351 153,910 154,715 154,393 153,741 153,560

Participation rate

66.2 65.1 65.3 65.4 64.9 65.2 65.0 64.7 64.6

Employed

141,055 139,882 140,134 139,817 138,905 139,455 139,420 139,119 138,960

Employment-population ratio

59.8 58.9 58.9 59.3 58.6 58.8 58.7 58.5 58.4

Unemployed

15,201 14,885 15,137 14,534 15,005 15,260 14,973 14,623 14,599

Unemployment rate

9.7 9.6 9.7 9.4 9.7 9.9 9.7 9.5 9.5

Not in labor force

79,614 82,923 82,620 81,519 83,249 82,614 83,107 83,949 84,330

Persons who currently want a job

6,244 6,461 6,143 5,978 6,044 5,951 5,734 5,895 5,886

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

114,173 115,102 115,207 114,173 114,821 114,910 115,001 115,102 115,207

Civilian labor force

83,375 82,669 83,071 82,255 81,895 82,453 82,245 82,017 81,962

Participation rate

73.0 71.8 72.1 72.0 71.3 71.8 71.5 71.3 71.1

Employed

74,861 74,148 74,749 73,613 73,092 73,548 73,639 73,375 73,454

Employment-population ratio

65.6 64.4 64.9 64.5 63.7 64.0 64.0 63.7 63.8

Unemployed

8,515 8,521 8,323 8,642 8,803 8,905 8,606 8,642 8,507

Unemployment rate

10.2 10.3 10.0 10.5 10.7 10.8 10.5 10.5 10.4

Not in labor force

30,798 32,432 32,135 31,919 32,926 32,457 32,756 33,084 33,245

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

105,530 106,522 106,641 105,530 106,198 106,301 106,407 106,522 106,641

Civilian labor force

79,337 79,201 79,356 78,984 78,796 79,356 79,237 79,110 78,971

Participation rate

75.2 74.4 74.4 74.8 74.2 74.7 74.5 74.3 74.1

Employed

71,911 71,773 72,068 71,255 70,913 71,358 71,477 71,316 71,332

Employment-population ratio

68.1 67.4 67.6 67.5 66.8 67.1 67.2 66.9 66.9

Unemployed

7,427 7,428 7,287 7,728 7,882 7,998 7,760 7,793 7,638

Unemployment rate

9.4 9.4 9.2 9.8 10.0 10.1 9.8 9.9 9.7

Not in labor force

26,193 27,321 27,286 26,547 27,403 26,945 27,170 27,412 27,671

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

121,696 122,589 122,683 121,696 122,339 122,419 122,499 122,589 122,683

Civilian labor force

72,880 72,098 72,199 72,096 72,015 72,262 72,148 71,724 71,598

Participation rate

59.9 58.8 58.8 59.2 58.9 59.0 58.9 58.5 58.4

Employed

66,194 65,735 65,385 66,205 65,813 65,907 65,781 65,743 65,506

Employment-population ratio

54.4 53.6 53.3 54.4 53.8 53.8 53.7 53.6 53.4

Unemployed

6,686 6,363 6,814 5,892 6,203 6,355 6,367 5,981 6,092

Unemployment rate

9.2 8.8 9.4 8.2 8.6 8.8 8.8 8.3 8.5

Not in labor force

48,816 50,491 50,484 49,600 50,323 50,157 50,350 50,865 51,085

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

113,296 114,264 114,372 113,296 113,974 114,066 114,160 114,264 114,372

Civilian labor force

68,993 68,761 68,717 68,910 69,027 69,265 69,128 68,859 68,747

Participation rate

60.9 60.2 60.1 60.8 60.6 60.7 60.6 60.3 60.1

Employed

63,182 63,277 62,775 63,685 63,495 63,552 63,505 63,516 63,314

Employment-population ratio

55.8 55.4 54.9 56.2 55.7 55.7 55.6 55.6 55.4

Unemployed

5,811 5,484 5,942 5,225 5,532 5,712 5,623 5,343 5,433

Unemployment rate

8.4 8.0 8.6 7.6 8.0 8.2 8.1 7.8 7.9

Not in labor force

44,303 45,504 45,654 44,386 44,947 44,801 45,032 45,405 45,625

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

17,044 16,904 16,877 17,044 16,987 16,962 16,932 16,904 16,877

Civilian labor force

7,925 6,806 7,197 6,457 6,087 6,094 6,028 5,772 5,843

Participation rate

46.5 40.3 42.6 37.9 35.8 35.9 35.6 34.1 34.6

Employed

5,962 4,833 5,290 4,877 4,496 4,544 4,438 4,286 4,315

Employment-population ratio

35.0 28.6 31.3 28.6 26.5 26.8 26.2 25.4 25.6

Unemployed

1,963 1,973 1,907 1,581 1,591 1,550 1,590 1,486 1,528

Unemployment rate

24.8 29.0 26.5 24.5 26.1 25.4 26.4 25.7 26.1

Not in labor force

9,118 10,098 9,679 10,586 10,899 10,867 10,905 11,132 11,034

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
July
2009
June
2010
July
2010
July
2009
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010
July
2010

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

190,944 191,979 192,109 190,944 191,648 191,749 191,856 191,979 192,109

Civilian labor force

127,069 125,761 126,152 125,911 125,054 125,779 125,429 124,959 125,060

Participation rate

66.5 65.5 65.7 65.9 65.3 65.6 65.4 65.1 65.1

Employed

115,861 114,782 115,183 114,984 114,108 114,484 114,359 114,163 114,300

Employment-population ratio

60.7 59.8 60.0 60.2 59.5 59.7 59.6 59.5 59.5

Unemployed

11,209 10,979 10,969 10,927 10,945 11,295 11,070 10,797 10,760

Unemployment rate

8.8 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.8 9.0 8.8 8.6 8.6

Not in labor force

63,875 66,218 65,957 65,033 66,594 65,970 66,427 67,019 67,049

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,692 65,412 65,603 65,609 64,973 65,556 65,419 65,349 65,412

Participation rate

75.7 74.8 74.9 75.6 74.5 75.1 74.9 74.7 74.7

Employed

60,091 59,941 60,213 59,642 59,208 59,504 59,639 59,561 59,662

Employment-population ratio

69.2 68.5 68.8 68.7 67.9 68.2 68.3 68.1 68.2

Unemployed

5,602 5,471 5,389 5,967 5,765 6,052 5,780 5,788 5,750

Unemployment rate

8.5 8.4 8.2 9.1 8.9 9.2 8.8 8.9 8.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,853 54,721 54,634 54,960 55,104 55,184 55,062 54,883 54,818

Participation rate

60.2 59.7 59.6 60.3 60.3 60.3 60.1 59.9 59.8

Employed

50,696 50,700 50,429 51,202 51,103 51,123 50,981 50,971 50,943

Employment-population ratio

55.6 55.3 55.0 56.2 55.9 55.9 55.7 55.6 55.5

Unemployed

4,157 4,022 4,205 3,759 4,000 4,061 4,081 3,911 3,875

Unemployment rate

7.6 7.3 7.7 6.8 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.1 7.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

6,525 5,628 5,915 5,342 4,977 5,040 4,948 4,728 4,830

Participation rate

50.1 43.6 46.0 41.0 38.4 38.9 38.3 36.7 37.5

Employed

5,075 4,141 4,540 4,140 3,797 3,857 3,739 3,630 3,695

Employment-population ratio

38.9 32.1 35.3 31.8 29.3 29.8 28.9 28.2 28.7

Unemployed

1,450 1,486 1,375 1,202 1,180 1,183 1,209 1,097 1,135

Unemployment rate

22.2 26.4 23.2 22.5 23.7 23.5 24.4 23.2 23.5

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,252 28,685 28,718 28,252 28,591 28,624 28,653 28,685 28,718

Civilian labor force

18,085 17,960 18,066 17,651 17,871 17,951 17,983 17,768 17,651

Participation rate

64.0 62.6 62.9 62.5 62.5 62.7 62.8 61.9 61.5

Employed

15,218 15,157 15,059 15,050 14,920 14,985 15,189 15,036 14,896

Employment-population ratio

53.9 52.8 52.4 53.3 52.2 52.4 53.0 52.4 51.9

Unemployed

2,867 2,803 3,007 2,600 2,951 2,966 2,794 2,732 2,755

Unemployment rate

15.9 15.6 16.6 14.7 16.5 16.5 15.5 15.4 15.6

Not in labor force

10,167 10,725 10,652 10,601 10,720 10,673 10,670 10,917 11,067

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

7,976 8,107 8,088 7,875 8,134 8,130 8,184 8,062 8,004

Participation rate

70.1 69.8 69.5 69.2 70.4 70.2 70.6 69.4 68.8

Employed

6,693 6,717 6,749 6,617 6,592 6,668 6,782 6,656 6,667

Employment-population ratio

58.8 57.8 58.0 58.1 57.0 57.6 58.5 57.3 57.3

Unemployed

1,283 1,390 1,339 1,258 1,542 1,462 1,402 1,406 1,337

Unemployment rate

16.1 17.1 16.6 16.0 19.0 18.0 17.1 17.4 16.7

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,154 9,098 9,161 9,030 9,021 9,146 9,106 9,070 9,005

Participation rate

64.5 63.1 63.5 63.7 62.8 63.6 63.3 62.9 62.4

Employed

7,951 8,035 7,854 7,958 7,907 7,894 7,977 7,998 7,847

Employment-population ratio

56.1 55.7 54.4 56.1 55.1 54.9 55.4 55.5 54.4

Unemployed

1,203 1,063 1,307 1,071 1,115 1,252 1,128 1,072 1,157

Unemployment rate

13.1 11.7 14.3 11.9 12.4 13.7 12.4 11.8 12.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

955 756 817 746 716 675 694 636 643

Participation rate

35.5 28.4 30.8 27.8 26.7 25.3 26.0 23.9 24.2

Employed

574 405 456 476 421 423 430 382 382

Employment-population ratio

21.4 15.2 17.2 17.7 15.7 15.8 16.2 14.4 14.4

Unemployed

380 351 361 270 294 252 263 254 261

Unemployment rate

39.9 46.4 44.2 36.2 41.1 37.3 38.0 39.9 40.6

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

10,903 11,210 11,200 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

7,394 7,315 7,342 - - - - - -

Participation rate

67.8 65.3 65.6 - - - - - -

Employed

6,780 6,749 6,742 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

62.2 60.2 60.2 - - - - - -

Unemployed

614 566 601 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

8.3 7.7 8.2 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

3,509 3,895 3,857 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
July
2009
June
2010
July
2010
July
2009
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010
July
2010

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

32,926 33,662 33,747 32,926 33,414 33,498 33,578 33,662 33,747

Civilian labor force

22,695 22,724 22,908 22,540 22,707 22,684 22,789 22,674 22,738

Participation rate

68.9 67.5 67.9 68.5 68.0 67.7 67.9 67.4 67.4

Employed

19,849 19,922 20,110 19,748 19,848 19,850 19,953 19,854 19,987

Employment-population ratio

60.3 59.2 59.6 60.0 59.4 59.3 59.4 59.0 59.2

Unemployed

2,846 2,802 2,798 2,792 2,859 2,834 2,836 2,820 2,751

Unemployment rate

12.5 12.3 12.2 12.4 12.6 12.5 12.4 12.4 12.1

Not in labor force

10,232 10,938 10,839 10,386 10,706 10,814 10,789 10,989 11,009

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

12,824 12,965 13,065 - - - - - -

Participation rate

83.7 82.7 83.2 - - - - - -

Employed

11,384 11,500 11,735 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

74.3 73.4 74.7 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,440 1,466 1,330 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

11.2 11.3 10.2 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,553 8,700 8,650 - - - - - -

Participation rate

59.1 59.0 58.5 - - - - - -

Employed

7,541 7,741 7,599 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

52.1 52.5 51.4 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,013 958 1,050 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

11.8 11.0 12.1 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,317 1,059 1,193 - - - - - -

Participation rate

42.1 32.7 36.8 - - - - - -

Employed

924 681 775 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

29.6 21.0 23.9 - - - - - -

Unemployed

393 378 418 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

29.8 35.7 35.0 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2009
June
2010
July
2010
July
2009
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010
July
2010

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

12,142 12,330 11,823 12,412 11,775 12,122 12,133 12,095 12,048

Participation rate

47.3 46.3 46.4 48.3 46.1 46.4 45.8 45.4 47.3

Employed

10,352 10,727 10,286 10,518 10,067 10,335 10,319 10,391 10,390

Employment-population ratio

40.3 40.3 40.4 40.9 39.4 39.5 39.0 39.0 40.8

Unemployed

1,790 1,603 1,538 1,894 1,708 1,787 1,814 1,704 1,658

Unemployment rate

14.7 13.0 13.0 15.3 14.5 14.7 15.0 14.1 13.8

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

37,832 37,742 37,583 38,163 38,855 38,849 38,433 38,107 37,941

Participation rate

61.7 61.4 61.0 62.2 62.0 62.4 62.0 62.0 61.6

Employed

34,269 33,957 33,844 34,571 34,654 34,728 34,251 33,993 34,113

Employment-population ratio

55.9 55.2 54.9 56.4 55.3 55.8 55.2 55.3 55.4

Unemployed

3,563 3,786 3,739 3,593 4,201 4,120 4,182 4,114 3,829

Unemployment rate

9.4 10.0 9.9 9.4 10.8 10.6 10.9 10.8 10.1

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

36,839 36,383 36,884 36,600 36,582 36,552 36,832 36,586 36,713

Participation rate

71.2 70.3 70.3 70.7 70.8 70.8 71.0 70.7 70.0

Employed

33,800 33,411 33,715 33,684 33,586 33,535 33,780 33,579 33,652

Employment-population ratio

65.3 64.5 64.3 65.1 65.0 65.0 65.1 64.9 64.1

Unemployed

3,039 2,972 3,169 2,915 2,996 3,017 3,052 3,007 3,061

Unemployment rate

8.2 8.2 8.6 8.0 8.2 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.3

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

45,751 45,911 46,042 45,680 45,800 45,879 45,718 46,246 46,015

Participation rate

76.9 76.7 76.2 76.8 77.2 77.3 77.3 77.3 76.2

Employed

43,330 43,868 43,725 43,527 43,549 43,642 43,581 44,200 43,924

Employment-population ratio

72.9 73.3 72.4 73.2 73.4 73.5 73.6 73.8 72.7

Unemployed

2,422 2,043 2,317 2,153 2,251 2,237 2,136 2,046 2,091

Unemployment rate

5.3 4.5 5.0 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.4 4.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
July
2009
July
2010
July
2009
July
2010
July
2009
July
2010

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

22,168 21,997 20,410 20,210 1,758 1,787

Civilian labor force

12,095 11,857 10,942 10,739 1,153 1,118

Participation rate

54.6 53.9 53.6 53.1 65.6 62.6

Employed

11,139 10,863 10,078 9,809 1,062 1,053

Employment-population ratio

50.3 49.4 49.4 48.5 60.4 58.9

Unemployed

955 994 864 930 91 65

Unemployment rate

7.9 8.4 7.9 8.7 7.9 5.8

Not in labor force

10,073 10,140 9,468 9,471 605 669

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

1,937 2,161 1,559 1,758 377 402

Civilian labor force

1,632 1,824 1,347 1,529 286 295

Participation rate

84.3 84.4 86.4 87.0 75.7 73.3

Employed

1,472 1,609 1,221 1,346 251 262

Employment-population ratio

76.0 74.5 78.3 76.6 66.5 65.2

Unemployed

160 215 126 183 35 32

Unemployment rate

9.8 11.8 9.3 12.0 12.1 11.0

Not in labor force

304 336 213 229 92 108

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,968 2,897 2,499 2,441 469 456

Civilian labor force

2,641 2,473 2,249 2,125 392 349

Participation rate

89.0 85.4 90.0 87.1 83.7 76.4

Employed

2,436 2,293 2,073 1,969 362 325

Employment-population ratio

82.1 79.2 83.0 80.7 77.4 71.1

Unemployed

205 180 175 156 30 24

Unemployment rate

7.8 7.3 7.8 7.3 7.5 6.9

Not in labor force

327 423 251 316 77 108

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,382 10,971 10,993 10,596 389 375

Civilian labor force

4,316 3,985 4,183 3,879 133 106

Participation rate

37.9 36.3 38.1 36.6 34.1 28.3

Employed

3,996 3,654 3,868 3,551 128 104

Employment-population ratio

35.1 33.3 35.2 33.5 33.0 27.6

Unemployed

319 331 315 328 4 2

Unemployment rate

7.4 8.3 7.5 8.5 3.2 2.2

Not in labor force

7,067 6,986 6,810 6,717 257 269

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,882 5,968 5,359 5,415 523 553

Civilian labor force

3,506 3,574 3,164 3,206 342 368

Participation rate

59.6 59.9 59.0 59.2 65.5 66.6

Employed

3,235 3,306 2,916 2,943 320 363

Employment-population ratio

55.0 55.4 54.4 54.4 61.1 65.5

Unemployed

271 268 248 262 23 6

Unemployment rate

7.7 7.5 7.8 8.2 6.6 1.6

Not in labor force

2,375 2,394 2,195 2,209 181 185

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

204,913 207,265 89,230 90,554 115,683 116,712

Civilian labor force

141,217 140,908 70,916 70,999 70,300 69,908

Participation rate

68.9 68.0 79.5 78.4 60.8 59.9

Employed

127,779 127,573 63,690 64,035 64,089 63,538

Employment-population ratio

62.4 61.6 71.4 70.7 55.4 54.4

Unemployed

13,437 13,335 7,226 6,965 6,211 6,371

Unemployment rate

9.5 9.5 10.2 9.8 8.8 9.1

Not in labor force

63,696 66,357 18,314 19,554 45,382 46,803

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
July
2009
July
2010
July
2009
July
2010

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

27,027 26,000 208,842 211,890

Civilian labor force

6,217 5,603 150,039 149,668

Participation rate

23.0 21.5 71.8 70.6

Employed

5,275 4,684 135,780 135,450

Employment-population ratio

19.5 18.0 65.0 63.9

Unemployed

942 919 14,259 14,218

Unemployment rate

15.1 16.4 9.5 9.5

Not in labor force

20,810 20,397 58,804 62,223

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,820 2,606 77,013 76,808

Participation rate

39.7 36.2 85.0 84.2

Employed

2,370 2,167 69,188 69,198

Employment-population ratio

33.3 30.1 76.3 75.8

Unemployed

450 439 7,825 7,609

Unemployment rate

16.0 16.8 10.2 9.9

Not in labor force

4,290 4,602 13,642 14,432

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,575 2,192 67,421 67,036

Participation rate

33.5 30.3 72.9 71.7

Employed

2,153 1,801 61,368 60,827

Employment-population ratio

28.0 24.9 66.4 65.1

Unemployed

422 391 6,054 6,210

Unemployment rate

16.4 17.8 9.0 9.3

Not in labor force

5,103 5,046 25,025 26,460

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

821 805 5,604 5,824

Participation rate

6.7 7.0 21.8 21.4

Employed

752 716 5,224 5,425

Employment-population ratio

6.1 6.2 20.3 20.0

Unemployed

70 89 380 399

Unemployment rate

8.5 11.1 6.8 6.8

Not in labor force

11,417 10,749 20,137 21,331

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
July
2009
July
2010
July
2009
July
2010
July
2009
July
2010

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

35,216 36,207 17,658 18,266 17,558 17,942

Civilian labor force

24,289 24,586 14,388 14,746 9,902 9,841

Participation rate

69.0 67.9 81.5 80.7 56.4 54.8

Employed

21,856 22,249 12,905 13,340 8,951 8,909

Employment-population ratio

62.1 61.5 73.1 73.0 51.0 49.7

Unemployed

2,433 2,337 1,483 1,405 951 932

Unemployment rate

10.0 9.5 10.3 9.5 9.6 9.5

Not in labor force

10,926 11,621 3,270 3,520 7,656 8,101

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

200,654 201,683 96,516 96,941 104,138 104,741

Civilian labor force

131,966 130,684 68,988 68,326 62,978 62,358

Participation rate

65.8 64.8 71.5 70.5 60.5 59.5

Employed

119,199 117,884 61,956 61,408 57,243 56,476

Employment-population ratio

59.4 58.5 64.2 63.3 55.0 53.9

Unemployed

12,767 12,800 7,032 6,918 5,735 5,882

Unemployment rate

9.7 9.8 10.2 10.1 9.1 9.4

Not in labor force

68,688 70,999 27,528 28,615 41,160 42,384

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2009
June
2010
July
2010
July
2009
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010
July
2010

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,361 2,311 2,416 2,138 2,217 2,254 2,228 2,120 2,192

Wage and salary workers

1,392 1,401 1,485 1,236 1,374 1,397 1,363 1,289 1,329

Self-employed workers

926 854 884 867 851 823 821 808 825

Unpaid family workers

42 56 47 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

138,694 137,572 137,717 137,629 136,715 137,199 137,207 136,857 136,599

Wage and salary workers

129,619 128,339 128,707 128,849 127,712 128,183 128,197 127,900 127,881

Government

20,766 21,026 20,326 21,330 21,281 21,440 21,270 21,242 20,978

Private industries

108,853 107,312 108,381 107,464 106,447 106,706 106,906 106,740 106,869

Private households

923 697 692 - - - - - -

Other industries

107,930 106,616 107,689 106,631 105,682 105,977 106,204 106,065 106,270

Self-employed workers

9,007 9,123 8,927 8,793 8,949 8,910 8,952 8,889 8,779

Unpaid family workers

68 110 83 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(1)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(2)

9,103 8,867 8,737 8,808 9,054 9,152 8,809 8,627 8,529

Slack work or business conditions

6,711 6,004 5,994 6,831 6,177 6,268 6,143 6,165 6,119

Could only find part-time work

1,978 2,380 2,360 1,826 2,388 2,489 2,326 2,101 2,246

Part time for noneconomic reasons(3)

17,235 16,847 16,635 18,993 18,379 18,140 17,929 17,870 18,157

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(2)

8,977 8,734 8,610 8,664 8,946 9,049 8,661 8,472 8,386

Slack work or business conditions

6,606 5,924 5,907 6,713 6,099 6,213 6,041 6,074 6,018

Could only find part-time work

1,974 2,355 2,346 1,789 2,406 2,486 2,306 2,086 2,192

Part time for noneconomic reasons(3)

16,869 16,504 16,313 18,610 18,066 17,798 17,627 17,580 17,774

Footnotes
(1) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(3) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2009
June
2010
July
2010
July
2009
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010
July
2010

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

141,055 139,882 140,134 139,817 138,905 139,455 139,420 139,119 138,960

16 to 19 years

5,962 4,833 5,290 4,877 4,496 4,544 4,438 4,286 4,315

16 to 17 years

2,136 1,554 1,698 1,695 1,402 1,453 1,429 1,380 1,345

18 to 19 years

3,826 3,279 3,591 3,186 3,093 3,073 2,992 2,899 2,984

20 years and over

135,093 135,049 134,844 134,941 134,409 134,911 134,982 134,833 134,646

20 to 24 years

13,342 13,087 13,275 12,758 12,601 12,509 12,818 12,698 12,670

25 years and over

121,751 121,962 121,569 122,332 121,731 122,352 122,203 122,263 122,109

25 to 54 years

94,873 94,137 93,780 95,202 94,053 94,487 94,227 94,270 94,062

25 to 34 years

30,128 30,232 30,405 30,061 30,080 30,208 30,162 30,157 30,278

35 to 44 years

31,421 30,714 30,470 31,566 30,730 30,874 30,844 30,772 30,604

45 to 54 years

33,324 33,192 32,906 33,575 33,244 33,405 33,221 33,341 33,180

55 years and over

26,878 27,825 27,789 27,130 27,678 27,865 27,976 27,993 28,047

Men, 16 years and over

74,861 74,148 74,749 73,613 73,092 73,548 73,639 73,375 73,454

16 to 19 years

2,950 2,375 2,680 2,357 2,179 2,189 2,162 2,059 2,122

16 to 17 years

1,092 748 905 816 689 698 679 631 667

18 to 19 years

1,857 1,627 1,776 1,547 1,492 1,500 1,479 1,434 1,472

20 years and over

71,911 71,773 72,068 71,255 70,913 71,358 71,477 71,316 71,332

20 to 24 years

6,930 6,747 6,857 6,517 6,410 6,357 6,565 6,473 6,434

25 years and over

64,980 65,026 65,211 64,791 64,503 64,945 64,922 64,862 64,937

25 to 54 years

50,771 50,425 50,624 50,576 50,003 50,363 50,317 50,264 50,340

25 to 34 years

16,399 16,358 16,616 16,238 16,261 16,370 16,272 16,274 16,403

35 to 44 years

16,923 16,664 16,702 16,882 16,593 16,661 16,686 16,649 16,644

45 to 54 years

17,448 17,404 17,306 17,455 17,149 17,332 17,359 17,341 17,293

55 years and over

14,210 14,600 14,588 14,215 14,500 14,582 14,605 14,598 14,597

Women, 16 years and over

66,194 65,735 65,385 66,205 65,813 65,907 65,781 65,743 65,506

16 to 19 years

3,012 2,458 2,609 2,519 2,317 2,355 2,275 2,227 2,192

16 to 17 years

1,043 806 794 879 713 755 750 749 678

18 to 19 years

1,969 1,652 1,816 1,639 1,601 1,573 1,513 1,466 1,512

20 years and over

63,182 63,277 62,775 63,685 63,495 63,552 63,505 63,516 63,314

20 to 24 years

6,412 6,340 6,418 6,240 6,191 6,152 6,253 6,225 6,236

25 years and over

56,770 56,937 56,358 57,541 57,229 57,407 57,282 57,401 57,172

25 to 54 years

44,102 43,712 43,157 44,627 44,050 44,124 43,910 44,006 43,722

25 to 34 years

13,728 13,874 13,789 13,823 13,819 13,837 13,890 13,882 13,875

35 to 44 years

14,498 14,049 13,768 14,684 14,137 14,213 14,158 14,123 13,960

45 to 54 years

15,876 15,788 15,600 16,120 16,094 16,073 15,862 16,000 15,887

55 years and over

12,668 13,225 13,201 12,915 13,179 13,283 13,371 13,396 13,450

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

43,900 43,397 43,367 43,955 43,083 43,205 43,322 43,333 43,369

Married women, spouse present

34,872 34,211 33,886 35,321 34,887 34,643 34,238 34,332 34,304

Women who maintain families

8,751 8,929 8,829 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

114,184 113,856 113,974 112,394 111,256 112,091 112,716 112,646 112,076

Part-time workers(2)

26,871 26,026 26,160 27,782 27,549 27,167 26,750 26,755 27,082

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,282 6,899 6,579 7,247 6,959 7,029 7,239 7,002 6,546

Percent of total employed

5.2 4.9 4.7 5.2 5.0 5.0 5.2 5.0 4.7

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
July
2009
June
2010
July
2010
July
2009
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010
July
2010

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

14,534 14,623 14,599 9.4 9.7 9.9 9.7 9.5 9.5

16 to 19 years

1,581 1,486 1,528 24.5 26.1 25.4 26.4 25.7 26.1

16 to 17 years

596 568 586 26.0 29.6 29.2 29.8 29.2 30.4

18 to 19 years

970 915 924 23.3 24.4 24.1 24.6 24.0 23.6

20 years and over

12,953 13,137 13,072 8.8 9.1 9.2 9.0 8.9 8.8

20 to 24 years

2,301 2,300 2,345 15.3 15.8 17.2 14.7 15.3 15.6

25 years and over

10,807 10,896 10,784 8.1 8.3 8.3 8.4 8.2 8.1

25 to 54 years

8,786 8,802 8,684 8.4 8.8 8.7 8.7 8.5 8.5

25 to 34 years

3,360 3,464 3,336 10.1 10.0 10.2 10.5 10.3 9.9

35 to 44 years

2,731 2,621 2,659 8.0 8.6 8.1 8.1 7.8 8.0

45 to 54 years

2,696 2,717 2,689 7.4 7.8 7.7 7.7 7.5 7.5

55 years and over

1,963 2,073 2,066 6.7 6.9 7.0 7.1 6.9 6.9

Men, 16 years and over

8,642 8,642 8,507 10.5 10.7 10.8 10.5 10.5 10.4

16 to 19 years

914 849 869 27.9 29.7 29.3 28.1 29.2 29.0

16 to 17 years

325 308 321 28.5 30.9 32.2 32.4 32.8 32.5

18 to 19 years

580 540 535 27.3 29.1 27.8 26.3 27.4 26.7

20 years and over

7,728 7,793 7,638 9.8 10.0 10.1 9.8 9.9 9.7

20 to 24 years

1,349 1,404 1,438 17.1 18.4 19.9 16.1 17.8 18.3

25 years and over

6,487 6,432 6,270 9.1 9.0 8.9 9.1 9.0 8.8

25 to 54 years

5,347 5,241 5,047 9.6 9.5 9.3 9.5 9.4 9.1

25 to 34 years

2,038 2,110 1,957 11.2 11.2 10.9 11.4 11.5 10.7

35 to 44 years

1,658 1,499 1,505 8.9 8.8 8.5 8.6 8.3 8.3

45 to 54 years

1,651 1,631 1,584 8.6 8.6 8.5 8.4 8.6 8.4

55 years and over

1,140 1,191 1,223 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.5 7.7

Women, 16 years and over

5,892 5,981 6,092 8.2 8.6 8.8 8.8 8.3 8.5

16 to 19 years

667 637 659 20.9 22.4 21.4 24.6 22.3 23.1

16 to 17 years

271 260 266 23.6 28.3 26.2 27.4 25.8 28.2

18 to 19 years

389 374 389 19.2 19.5 20.2 22.9 20.3 20.5

20 years and over

5,225 5,343 5,433 7.6 8.0 8.2 8.1 7.8 7.9

20 to 24 years

952 896 907 13.2 13.0 14.3 13.2 12.6 12.7

25 years and over

4,320 4,464 4,514 7.0 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.2 7.3

25 to 54 years

3,439 3,561 3,637 7.2 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.5 7.7

25 to 34 years

1,322 1,353 1,379 8.7 8.6 9.4 9.5 8.9 9.0

35 to 44 years

1,072 1,122 1,153 6.8 8.4 7.6 7.4 7.4 7.6

45 to 54 years

1,045 1,086 1,105 6.1 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.4 6.5

55 years and over(1)

974 912 984 7.1 6.0 5.7 5.9 6.5 6.9

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

3,281 3,168 3,054 6.9 6.7 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.6

Married women, spouse present

2,041 2,133 2,103 5.5 6.0 6.3 6.3 5.9 5.8

Women who maintain families(1)

1,266 1,228 1,362 12.6 11.3 11.0 11.6 12.1 13.4

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

12,742 12,727 12,675 10.2 10.5 10.6 10.4 10.2 10.2

Part-time workers(3)

1,788 1,836 1,863 6.0 6.7 6.5 6.7 6.4 6.4

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2009
June
2010
July
2010
July
2009
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010
July
2010

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

9,447 8,769 8,964 9,549 9,354 9,246 9,223 9,114 9,125

On temporary layoff

1,804 1,213 1,281 1,670 1,595 1,359 1,478 1,424 1,268

Not on temporary layoff

7,643 7,556 7,682 7,880 7,758 7,887 7,746 7,690 7,857

Permanent job losers

6,320 6,297 6,383 6,411 6,393 6,494 6,410 6,404 6,518

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,323 1,258 1,300 1,343 1,366 1,393 1,336 1,287 1,339

Job leavers

917 847 935 882 894 938 969 900 900

Reentrants

3,464 3,628 3,591 3,306 3,544 3,739 3,453 3,308 3,393

New entrants

1,373 1,642 1,647 994 1,197 1,231 1,206 1,140 1,188

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

62.1 58.9 59.2 64.8 62.4 61.0 62.1 63.0 62.5

On temporary layoff

11.9 8.1 8.5 11.3 10.6 9.0 9.9 9.8 8.7

Not on temporary layoff

50.3 50.8 50.8 53.5 51.8 52.0 52.2 53.2 53.8

Job leavers

6.0 5.7 6.2 6.0 6.0 6.2 6.5 6.2 6.2

Reentrants

22.8 24.4 23.7 22.4 23.6 24.7 23.3 22.9 23.2

New entrants

9.0 11.0 10.9 6.8 8.0 8.1 8.1 7.9 8.1

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

6.0 5.7 5.8 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9

Job leavers

0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

2.2 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.3 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.2

New entrants

0.9 1.1 1.1 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2009
June
2010
July
2010
July
2009
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010
July
2010

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

3,456 3,409 3,111 3,181 2,646 2,682 2,752 2,769 2,839

5 to 14 weeks

4,091 2,848 3,507 3,539 3,228 2,991 3,019 3,121 3,060

15 weeks and over

7,654 8,627 8,519 7,819 8,983 8,969 8,924 8,959 8,722

15 to 26 weeks

2,720 2,207 1,978 2,847 2,436 2,253 2,161 2,208 2,151

27 weeks and over

4,934 6,420 6,541 4,972 6,547 6,716 6,763 6,751 6,572

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

24.1 32.8 32.6 25.3 31.2 33.0 34.4 35.2 34.2

Median duration, in weeks

14.7 21.6 20.3 15.9 20.0 21.6 23.2 25.5 22.2

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

22.7 22.9 20.6 21.9 17.8 18.3 18.7 18.6 19.4

5 to 14 weeks

26.9 19.1 23.2 24.3 21.7 20.4 20.5 21.0 20.9

15 weeks and over

50.4 58.0 56.3 53.8 60.5 61.3 60.7 60.3 59.7

15 to 26 weeks

17.9 14.8 13.1 19.6 16.4 15.4 14.7 14.9 14.7

27 weeks and over

32.5 43.1 43.2 34.2 44.1 45.9 46.0 45.5 44.9

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
July
2009
July
2010
July
2009
July
2010
July
2009
July
2010

Total, 16 years and over(1)

141,055 140,134 15,201 15,137 9.7 9.7

Management, professional, and related occupations

51,810 50,974 3,034 2,687 5.5 5.0

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

21,893 21,015 1,126 1,045 4.9 4.7

Professional and related occupations

29,917 29,959 1,909 1,642 6.0 5.2

Service occupations

25,831 25,314 2,756 2,903 9.6 10.3

Sales and office occupations

34,066 33,588 3,221 3,494 8.6 9.4

Sales and related occupations

16,016 15,400 1,450 1,723 8.3 10.1

Office and administrative support occupations

18,050 18,188 1,771 1,771 8.9 8.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,500 13,886 2,334 2,117 14.7 13.2

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,048 1,160 155 142 12.9 10.9

Construction and extraction occupations

7,492 7,775 1,686 1,470 18.4 15.9

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,961 4,950 493 506 9.0 9.3

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

15,847 16,372 2,434 2,256 13.3 12.1

Production occupations

7,685 8,304 1,397 1,161 15.4 12.3

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,163 8,068 1,037 1,095 11.3 11.9

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
July
2009
July
2010
July
2009
July
2010

Total, 16 years and over(1)

15,201 15,137 9.7 9.7

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

11,967 11,555 9.9 9.6

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

95 79 12.6 10.1

Construction

1,687 1,528 18.2 17.3

Manufacturing

1,988 1,556 12.4 10.0

Durable goods

1,379 1,028 13.7 10.4

Nondurable goods

609 528 10.1 9.2

Wholesale and retail trade

1,854 2,023 9.0 9.8

Transportation and utilities

511 537 8.8 9.2

Information

373 344 11.5 10.6

Financial activities

570 582 6.1 6.4

Professional and business services

1,531 1,447 10.9 10.0

Education and health services

1,269 1,420 6.1 6.6

Leisure and hospitality

1,600 1,570 11.2 11.4

Other services

490 469 7.4 7.4

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

180 134 12.1 8.7

Government workers

1,129 1,187 5.1 5.5

Self-employed and unpaid family workers

552 614 5.2 5.8

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2009
June
2010
July
2010
July
2009
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010
July
2010

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.9 5.6 5.5 5.1 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

6.0 5.7 5.8 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

9.7 9.6 9.7 9.4 9.7 9.9 9.7 9.5 9.5

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

10.2 10.3 10.4 9.9 10.3 10.6 10.3 10.2 10.2

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

11.0 11.1 11.2 10.7 11.1 11.3 11.0 11.0 11.0

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

16.8 16.7 16.8 16.4 16.9 17.1 16.6 16.5 16.5

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
July
2009
July
2010
July
2009
July
2010
July
2009
July
2010

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

79,614 82,620 30,798 32,135 48,816 50,484

Persons who currently want a job

6,244 6,143 2,793 2,801 3,451 3,343

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,282 2,622 1,138 1,385 1,144 1,237

Discouraged workers(2)

796 1,185 476 742 320 443

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,486 1,437 663 644 823 793

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,282 6,579 3,529 3,206 3,753 3,373

Percent of total employed

5.2 4.7 4.7 4.3 5.7 5.2

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,807 3,424 1,972 1,821 1,835 1,603

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,796 1,679 621 557 1,175 1,122

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

332 283 194 199 138 84

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,292 1,144 707 604 585 540

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2009
May
2010
June
2010(p)
July
2010(p)
July
2009
May
2010
June
2010(p)
July
2010(p)
Change from:
June 2010- July 2010(p)

Total nonfarm

129,971 131,222 131,345 129,954 130,294 130,594 130,373 130,242 -131

Total private

108,697 107,846 108,640 108,731 107,778 107,635 107,666 107,737 71

Goods-producing

18,667 17,982 18,252 18,348 18,375 17,993 17,990 18,023 33

Mining and logging

697 718 731 747 687 720 725 733 8

Logging

49.9 47.0 48.0 49.4 49.1 48.7 48.2 48.4 0.2

Mining

647.2 670.7 683.1 697.3 637.4 671.1 676.7 684.1 7.4

Oil and gas extraction

162.3 165.0 166.0 166.0 161.0 165.3 164.0 164.3 0.3

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

216.6 216.0 219.9 222.7 208.6 213.3 213.5 214.0 0.5

Coal mining

80.6 82.6 82.8 83.3 80.9 82.8 83.0 83.3 0.3

Support activities for mining

268.3 289.7 297.2 308.6 267.8 292.5 299.2 305.8 6.6

Construction

6,225 5,646 5,784 5,857 5,949 5,605 5,584 5,573 -11

Construction of buildings

1,391.1 1,269.6 1,295.7 1,298.2 1,344.1 1,271.2 1,261.6 1,249.9 -11.7

Residential building

649.5 583.3 601.7 594.6 625.3 584.0 579.7 569.8 -9.9

Nonresidential building

741.6 686.3 694.0 703.6 718.8 687.2 681.9 680.1 -1.8

Heavy and civil engineering construction

892.9 826.3 854.3 865.9 834.6 802.8 805.5 804.8 -0.7

Specialty trade contractors

3,940.8 3,549.9 3,633.8 3,693.1 3,770.7 3,530.8 3,516.9 3,517.9 1.0

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,681.7 1,554.0 1,598.8 1,610.1 1,598.9 1,542.6 1,536.6 1,529.6 -7.0

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,259.1 1,995.9 2,035.0 2,083.0 2,171.8 1,988.2 1,980.3 1,988.3 8.0

Manufacturing

11,745 11,618 11,737 11,744 11,739 11,668 11,681 11,717 36

Durable goods

7,177 7,133 7,202 7,206 7,197 7,159 7,174 7,210 36

Wood products

359.4 353.1 360.7 357.0 352.4 353.3 354.7 350.0 -4.7

Nonmetallic mineral products

403.6 388.5 393.9 395.2 393.5 386.0 384.6 384.6 0.0

Primary metals

350.6 367.7 371.9 371.6 353.8 370.0 372.5 373.2 0.7

Fabricated metal products

1,286.8 1,289.3 1,306.1 1,314.1 1,291.4 1,300.2 1,308.0 1,317.1 9.1

Machinery

1,005.2 988.5 998.8 1,001.7 1,008.6 996.3 1,000.1 1,003.2 3.1

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,125.7 1,093.2 1,100.0 1,104.0 1,122.8 1,096.0 1,097.9 1,099.0 1.1

Computer and peripheral equipment

163.1 158.8 158.6 160.3 163.2 158.9 159.0 159.7 0.7

Communication equipment

121.0 120.3 122.2 121.7 120.8 120.5 121.6 121.1 -0.5

Semiconductors and electronic components

369.3 363.3 367.1 368.6 369.2 365.1 366.6 367.8 1.2

Electronic instruments

422.4 404.5 405.9 407.4 419.9 404.7 404.5 404.5 0.0

Electrical equipment and appliances

372.1 368.4 370.9 373.2 370.9 369.7 369.7 371.3 1.6

Transportation equipment(1)

1,307.4 1,349.5 1,357.0 1,348.1 1,341.6 1,351.7 1,349.2 1,376.8 27.6

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

626.5 686.8 690.3 674.6 663.1 686.6 684.2 704.9 20.7

Furniture and related products

383.1 361.2 366.5 365.0 377.5 360.1 361.6 358.7 -2.9

Miscellaneous manufacturing

582.8 573.2 575.8 576.4 584.5 575.6 575.3 575.9 0.6

Nondurable goods

4,568 4,485 4,535 4,538 4,542 4,509 4,507 4,507 0

Food manufacturing

1,477.8 1,439.7 1,465.4 1,481.9 1,460.3 1,460.9 1,462.0 1,461.2 -0.8

Beverages and tobacco products

191.5 182.5 186.1 185.4 186.8 183.2 182.3 181.0 -1.3

Textile mills

121.7 123.9 124.4 124.3 122.8 123.5 123.9 124.9 1.0

Textile product mills

123.9 122.6 123.3 122.8 124.9 123.2 123.0 123.1 0.1

Apparel

168.0 164.5 167.6 165.0 168.2 164.9 164.7 165.3 0.6

Leather and allied products

28.8 28.5 29.0 28.0 29.0 28.3 28.7 28.1 -0.6

Paper and paper products

407.0 398.3 401.1 400.6 403.9 399.0 398.7 397.5 -1.2

Printing and related support activities

515.0 496.2 497.2 494.7 517.9 497.3 495.9 496.4 0.5

Petroleum and coal products

119.3 115.0 117.7 117.7 115.6 113.8 114.0 113.7 -0.3

Chemicals

801.3 781.3 784.0 782.0 797.3 782.1 779.1 777.9 -1.2

Plastics and rubber products

613.4 632.9 639.2 636.0 615.3 632.6 634.7 637.4 2.7

Private service-providing

90,030 89,864 90,388 90,383 89,403 89,642 89,676 89,714 38

Trade, transportation, and utilities

24,845 24,684 24,806 24,780 24,845 24,742 24,736 24,761 25

Wholesale trade

5,626.2 5,577.9 5,610.1 5,617.8 5,596.9 5,575.2 5,577.4 5,585.8 8.4

Durable goods

2,820.1 2,767.9 2,778.7 2,789.0 2,808.0 2,772.2 2,766.1 2,773.6 7.5

Nondurable goods

1,990.4 1,978.8 1,988.9 1,984.8 1,975.6 1,971.5 1,973.0 1,971.2 -1.8

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

815.7 831.2 842.5 844.0 813.3 831.5 838.3 841.0 2.7

Retail trade

14,489.9 14,386.3 14,438.7 14,443.1 14,492.3 14,447.5 14,427.0 14,433.7 6.7

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,646.2 1,642.4 1,648.3 1,644.9 1,624.9 1,633.3 1,628.1 1,623.4 -4.7

Automobile dealers

1,018.0 1,015.9 1,021.9 1,019.3 1,008.9 1,014.5 1,013.8 1,010.6 -3.2

Furniture and home furnishings stores

439.9 433.4 435.5 435.2 445.9 441.2 441.8 441.2 -0.6

Electronics and appliance stores

475.8 471.9 472.0 472.7 482.0 480.3 479.9 479.5 -0.4

Building material and garden supply stores

1,187.4 1,224.9 1,200.9 1,171.8 1,155.0 1,163.3 1,146.9 1,143.8 -3.1

Food and beverage stores

2,850.7 2,805.3 2,823.3 2,821.8 2,834.4 2,807.2 2,801.7 2,802.7 1.0

Health and personal care stores

985.5 974.1 978.0 976.0 984.6 976.2 974.7 974.9 0.2

Gasoline stations

839.2 824.6 828.7 836.0 826.8 822.8 819.7 822.2 2.5

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,357.8 1,348.5 1,366.7 1,393.6 1,361.1 1,390.1 1,391.3 1,394.3 3.0

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

593.7 590.3 592.8 587.1 619.4 609.0 611.0 610.3 -0.7

General merchandise stores(1)

2,923.3 2,891.0 2,910.7 2,923.4 2,956.9 2,933.6 2,940.2 2,951.1 10.9

Department stores

1,435.5 1,442.7 1,451.9 1,459.5 1,467.8 1,482.0 1,486.1 1,490.5 4.4

Miscellaneous store retailers

783.4 771.0 770.9 771.9 780.3 769.5 767.9 768.5 0.6

Nonstore retailers

407.0 408.9 410.9 408.7 421.0 421.0 423.8 421.8 -2.0

Transportation and warehousing

4,165.3 4,162.3 4,198.0 4,164.1 4,195.9 4,162.3 4,177.3 4,189.5 12.2

Air transportation

460.3 453.5 455.8 455.1 457.0 452.9 452.9 451.2 -1.7

Rail transportation

217.5 216.2 218.7 219.7 217.0 216.4 219.0 218.7 -0.3

Water transportation

64.5 63.9 66.4 66.1 61.8 63.7 64.4 63.3 -1.1

Truck transportation

1,271.4 1,228.0 1,248.1 1,258.4 1,254.5 1,234.5 1,234.3 1,240.2 5.9

Transit and ground passenger transportation

359.2 434.0 419.4 371.7 418.7 414.6 419.7 430.3 10.6

Pipeline transportation

41.2 38.8 39.2 39.7 40.9 39.1 39.2 39.3 0.1

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

37.1 30.4 36.8 39.8 28.3 29.1 30.0 30.0 0.0

Support activities for transportation

539.8 541.8 549.6 552.3 538.7 545.2 548.4 550.7 2.3

Couriers and messengers

535.5 516.1 520.2 515.3 539.6 521.3 522.5 519.7 -2.8

Warehousing and storage

638.8 639.6 643.8 646.0 639.4 645.5 646.9 646.1 -0.8

Utilities

563.2 557.0 559.0 555.3 559.8 556.6 554.7 552.2 -2.5

Information

2,793 2,728 2,724 2,722 2,785 2,725 2,711 2,712 1

Publishing industries, except Internet

790.0 759.3 760.7 762.4 788.1 762.5 760.6 760.3 -0.3

Motion picture and sound recording industries

352.9 362.9 356.5 358.1 345.6 354.8 345.7 349.5 3.8

Broadcasting, except Internet

297.1 293.4 294.6 294.8 298.2 294.9 294.7 295.4 0.7

Telecommunications

969.1 925.5 925.7 919.0 968.9 927.5 925.2 919.4 -5.8

Data processing, hosting and related services

249.0 248.5 246.1 245.4 249.3 246.6 245.5 245.8 0.3

Other information services

134.6 138.5 140.3 141.9 134.4 138.9 139.6 141.6 2.0

Financial activities

7,786 7,590 7,637 7,633 7,719 7,602 7,590 7,573 -17

Finance and insurance

5,759.3 5,644.2 5,660.0 5,658.0 5,738.1 5,653.4 5,647.8 5,640.0 -7.8

Monetary authorities - central bank

21.1 21.3 21.2 21.4 20.9 21.2 21.2 21.3 0.1

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,599.3 2,558.7 2,566.3 2,570.3 2,587.3 2,562.7 2,561.9 2,558.8 -3.1

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,764.1 1,749.0 1,757.0 1,761.5 1,755.6 1,752.2 1,753.6 1,752.9 -0.7

Commercial banking

1,321.4 1,309.4 1,315.6 1,320.1 1,315.3 1,312.3 1,312.9 1,313.7 0.8

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

803.1 794.2 800.3 801.7 800.6 797.4 797.8 799.1 1.3

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,248.3 2,185.2 2,187.0 2,180.9 2,241.9 2,186.9 2,181.8 2,177.0 -4.8

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

87.5 84.8 85.2 83.7 87.4 85.2 85.1 83.8 -1.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,026.4 1,945.5 1,977.0 1,975.0 1,980.8 1,948.4 1,941.9 1,932.9 -9.0

Real estate

1,431.4 1,384.7 1,399.4 1,396.6 1,404.7 1,387.8 1,380.8 1,374.5 -6.3

Rental and leasing services

568.5 536.6 553.4 554.2 550.1 536.3 537.1 534.5 -2.6

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

26.5 24.2 24.2 24.2 26.0 24.3 24.0 23.9 -0.1

Professional and business services

16,518 16,632 16,780 16,784 16,405 16,664 16,687 16,674 -13

Professional and technical services(1)

7,439.4 7,321.6 7,357.2 7,378.7 7,464.9 7,405.5 7,400.8 7,405.6 4.8

Legal services

1,131.4 1,101.5 1,115.4 1,115.2 1,117.5 1,104.3 1,101.1 1,100.3 -0.8

Accounting and bookkeeping services

847.3 834.7 818.4 818.0 921.0 898.1 893.2 893.2 0.0

Architectural and engineering services

1,320.8 1,275.0 1,281.6 1,287.6 1,305.7 1,278.2 1,271.5 1,272.3 0.8

Computer systems design and related services

1,426.2 1,441.3 1,440.7 1,454.9 1,423.6 1,446.5 1,445.9 1,451.7 5.8

Management and technical consulting services

993.8 973.1 987.9 995.6 988.0 979.3 988.6 990.4 1.8

Management of companies and enterprises

1,857.7 1,821.2 1,842.0 1,835.5 1,849.0 1,825.5 1,828.0 1,824.2 -3.8

Administrative and waste services

7,221.3 7,488.8 7,580.6 7,570.2 7,091.3 7,432.7 7,458.2 7,444.4 -13.8

Administrative and support services(1)

6,864.6 7,135.1 7,221.5 7,204.6 6,741.0 7,078.9 7,103.4 7,087.1 -16.3

Employment services(1)

2,413.2 2,760.7 2,798.5 2,772.3 2,398.7 2,764.1 2,787.8 2,764.5 -23.3

Temporary help services

1,755.2 2,081.1 2,103.2 2,085.7 1,749.3 2,082.1 2,093.3 2,087.7 -5.6

Business support services

796.1 786.0 779.9 781.5 809.4 793.2 793.3 795.8 2.5

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,852.5 1,798.5 1,841.1 1,848.8 1,738.6 1,730.3 1,728.5 1,732.7 4.2

Waste management and remediation services

356.7 353.7 359.1 365.6 350.3 353.8 354.8 357.3 2.5

Education and health services

18,878 19,566 19,359 19,250 19,186 19,502 19,528 19,558 30

Educational services

2,794.0 3,183.7 2,960.0 2,855.4 3,085.8 3,138.9 3,144.4 3,146.5 2.1

Health care and social assistance

16,083.7 16,381.8 16,399.3 16,395.0 16,100.6 16,362.6 16,383.7 16,411.5 27.8

Health care(3)

13,580.5 13,715.1 13,768.8 13,814.4 13,540.8 13,731.6 13,745.6 13,772.2 26.6

Ambulatory health care services(1)

5,793.0 5,902.5 5,920.6 5,950.5 5,779.3 5,905.4 5,911.6 5,934.7 23.1

Offices of physicians

2,284.4 2,309.6 2,314.2 2,318.2 2,280.0 2,314.4 2,314.9 2,316.0 1.1

Outpatient care centers

543.8 550.1 552.4 554.0 543.0 550.5 551.7 552.8 1.1

Home health care services

1,027.3 1,066.3 1,067.3 1,076.5 1,025.7 1,064.5 1,065.2 1,074.4 9.2

Hospitals

4,692.7 4,697.7 4,718.9 4,726.2 4,675.2 4,708.9 4,711.9 4,709.6 -2.3

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,094.8 3,114.9 3,129.3 3,137.7 3,086.3 3,117.3 3,122.1 3,127.9 5.8

Nursing care facilities

1,648.6 1,653.4 1,659.3 1,661.5 1,645.4 1,654.3 1,656.0 1,657.9 1.9

Social assistance(1)

2,503.2 2,666.7 2,630.5 2,580.6 2,559.8 2,631.0 2,638.1 2,639.3 1.2

Child day care services

788.6 889.0 854.2 800.5 849.4 863.9 866.2 863.6 -2.6

Leisure and hospitality

13,773 13,303 13,674 13,796 13,101 13,070 13,091 13,097 6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,207.5 1,968.3 2,153.5 2,227.5 1,905.9 1,889.4 1,908.1 1,914.8 6.7

Performing arts and spectator sports

431.9 429.4 432.1 457.6 401.9 408.3 409.3 419.8 10.5

Museums, historical sites, zoos, and parks

144.3 134.1 142.3 145.8 129.8 128.9 130.0 130.4 0.4

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,631.3 1,404.8 1,579.1 1,624.1 1,374.2 1,352.2 1,368.8 1,364.6 -4.2

Accommodation and food services

11,565.3 11,334.5 11,520.7 11,568.3 11,195.4 11,180.1 11,182.8 11,182.0 -0.8

Accommodation

1,884.6 1,741.3 1,840.2 1,905.5 1,755.4 1,749.2 1,758.9 1,768.7 9.8

Food services and drinking places

9,680.7 9,593.2 9,680.5 9,662.8 9,440.0 9,430.9 9,423.9 9,413.3 -10.6

Other services

5,437 5,361 5,408 5,418 5,362 5,337 5,333 5,339 6

Repair and maintenance

1,157.6 1,159.7 1,157.3 1,158.5 1,149.1 1,150.2 1,145.3 1,147.6 2.3

Personal and laundry services

1,291.9 1,286.9 1,291.7 1,283.7 1,280.2 1,273.5 1,274.0 1,274.1 0.1

Membership associations and organizations

2,987.1 2,914.3 2,958.5 2,975.8 2,932.2 2,913.1 2,914.1 2,917.6 3.5

Government

21,274 23,376 22,705 21,223 22,516 22,959 22,707 22,505 -202

Federal

2,854.0 3,396.0 3,192.0 3,055.0 2,816.0 3,396.0 3,171.0 3,017.0 -154.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,142.0 2,741.1 2,539.4 2,396.6 2,113.9 2,738.2 2,516.8 2,368.7 -148.1

U.S. Postal Service

711.8 654.6 652.5 658.2 701.7 657.9 654.2 648.6 -5.6

State government

4,850.0 5,208.0 4,934.0 4,815.0 5,154.0 5,157.0 5,144.0 5,134.0 -10.0

State government education

2,021.2 2,434.4 2,144.0 2,032.7 2,351.5 2,387.2 2,377.9 2,375.5 -2.4

State government, excluding education

2,828.5 2,773.4 2,790.3 2,782.3 2,802.0 2,769.3 2,765.8 2,758.2 -7.6

Local government

13,570.0 14,772.0 14,579.0 13,353.0 14,546.0 14,406.0 14,392.0 14,354.0 -38.0

Local government education

6,834.7 8,381.8 8,032.5 6,750.4 8,048.9 8,007.5 8,007.2 7,980.1 -27.1

Local government, excluding education

6,734.8 6,390.5 6,546.9 6,602.5 6,497.5 6,398.1 6,384.9 6,373.8 -11.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry July
2009
May
2010
June
2010(p)
July
2010(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.8 34.2 34.1 34.2

Goods-producing

38.5 39.6 39.3 39.4

Mining and logging

41.8 43.8 43.1 43.5

Construction

37.4 37.4 37.3 37.4

Manufacturing

38.8 40.5 40.0 40.1

Durable goods

39.0 40.7 40.3 40.4

Nondurable goods

38.7 40.0 39.6 39.5

Private service-providing

32.9 33.1 33.1 33.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.1 34.2 34.2 34.3

Wholesale trade

37.8 38.2 38.2 38.2

Retail trade

31.3 31.2 31.2 31.3

Transportation and warehousing

38.2 38.5 38.3 38.4

Utilities

40.7 41.6 41.2 41.3

Information

36.4 36.8 36.8 36.8

Financial activities

36.5 37.0 37.1 37.1

Professional and business services

34.9 35.4 35.3 35.4

Education and health services

32.9 32.9 32.9 32.9

Leisure and hospitality

25.5 25.7 25.7 25.8

Other services

31.5 31.9 31.9 31.9

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

2.2 3.0 2.9 2.9

Durable goods

2.0 3.0 2.9 2.9

Nondurable goods

2.6 3.1 3.0 3.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
July
2009
May
2010
June
2010(p)
July
2010(p)
July
2009
May
2010
June
2010(p)
July
2010(p)

Total private

$22.20 $22.55 $22.55 $22.59 $750.36 $771.21 $768.96 $772.58

Goods-producing

23.79 24.02 23.97 24.02 915.92 951.19 942.02 946.39

Mining and logging

27.16 27.56 27.36 27.40 1,135.29 1,207.13 1,179.22 1,191.90

Construction

24.86 25.17 25.15 25.19 929.76 941.36 938.10 942.11

Manufacturing

23.06 23.27 23.21 23.27 894.73 942.44 928.40 933.13

Durable goods

24.58 24.74 24.68 24.75 958.62 1,006.92 994.60 999.90

Nondurable goods

20.63 20.89 20.84 20.86 798.38 835.60 825.26 823.97

Private service-providing

21.82 22.20 22.22 22.25 717.88 734.82 735.48 736.48

Trade, transportation, and utilities

19.33 19.77 19.74 19.76 659.15 676.13 675.11 677.77

Wholesale trade

25.50 26.22 26.20 26.28 963.90 1,001.60 1,000.84 1,003.90

Retail trade

15.41 15.63 15.59 15.60 482.33 487.66 486.41 488.28

Transportation and warehousing

20.36 20.93 20.97 20.94 777.75 805.81 803.15 804.10

Utilities

32.84 33.13 32.81 32.79 1,336.59 1,378.21 1,351.77 1,354.23

Information

29.46 30.33 30.42 30.25 1,072.34 1,116.14 1,119.46 1,113.20

Financial activities

26.44 27.12 27.12 27.17 965.06 1,003.44 1,006.15 1,008.01

Professional and business services

27.10 27.17 27.25 27.36 945.79 961.82 961.93 968.54

Education and health services

22.39 22.82 22.83 22.91 736.63 750.78 751.11 753.74

Leisure and hospitality

12.94 13.07 13.07 13.09 329.97 335.90 335.90 337.72

Other services

19.60 19.84 19.91 19.89 617.40 632.90 635.13 634.49

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
July
2009
May
2010
June
2010(p)
July
2010(p)
Percent change from:
June 2010- July 2010(p)
July
2009
May
2010
June
2010(p)
July
2010(p)
Percent change from:
June 2010 - July 2010(p)

Total private

91.3 92.2 92.0 92.3 0.3 96.6 99.2 98.9 99.5 0.6

Goods-producing

80.6 81.2 80.5 80.9 0.5 86.7 88.1 87.3 87.8 0.6

Mining and logging

90.2 99.1 98.2 100.2 2.0 98.4 109.6 107.9 110.2 2.1

Construction

76.7 72.2 71.8 71.8 0.0 82.8 79.0 78.4 78.6 0.3

Manufacturing

81.9 85.0 84.1 84.5 0.5 87.9 92.0 90.7 91.5 0.9

Durable goods

79.0 82.0 81.4 82.0 0.7 86.3 90.1 89.2 90.1 1.0

Nondurable goods

87.7 90.0 89.1 88.9 -0.2 91.8 95.4 94.2 94.0 -0.2

Private service-providing

94.5 95.3 95.3 95.4 0.1 99.9 102.5 102.6 102.8 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

92.1 92.0 91.9 92.3 0.4 95.8 97.9 97.7 98.2 0.5

Wholesale trade

92.3 92.9 93.0 93.1 0.1 98.2 101.7 101.6 102.1 0.5

Retail trade

92.1 91.5 91.4 91.7 0.3 93.8 94.6 94.2 94.6 0.4

Transportation and warehousing

91.7 91.7 91.6 92.1 0.5 94.8 97.4 97.4 97.8 0.4

Utilities

98.6 100.2 98.9 98.7 -0.2 106.9 109.6 107.2 106.9 -0.3

Information

92.6 91.6 91.1 91.1 0.0 97.1 98.9 98.7 98.2 -0.5

Financial activities

92.8 92.7 92.8 92.6 -0.2 95.8 98.1 98.2 98.2 0.0

Professional and business services

90.0 92.8 92.6 92.8 0.2 98.9 102.1 102.3 102.9 0.6

Education and health services

102.7 104.4 104.6 104.7 0.1 107.8 111.6 111.8 112.4 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

95.3 95.8 96.0 96.4 0.4 99.5 101.1 101.2 101.8 0.6

Other services

93.6 94.3 94.3 94.4 0.1 104.1 106.2 106.5 106.5 0.0

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
July
2009
May
2010
June
2010(p)
July
2010(p)
July
2009
May
2010
June
2010(p)
July
2010(p)

Total nonfarm

65,032 64,975 64,839 64,758 49.9 49.8 49.7 49.7

Total private

52,148 51,934 51,915 51,914 48.4 48.3 48.2 48.2

Goods-producing

4,258 4,155 4,149 4,160 23.2 23.1 23.1 23.1

Mining and logging

98 100 101 100 14.3 13.9 13.9 13.6

Construction

795 739 737 736 13.4 13.2 13.2 13.2

Manufacturing

3,365 3,316 3,311 3,324 28.7 28.4 28.3 28.4

Durable goods

1,788 1,754 1,749 1,766 24.8 24.5 24.4 24.5

Nondurable goods

1,577 1,562 1,562 1,558 34.7 34.6 34.7 34.6

Private service-providing

47,890 47,779 47,766 47,754 53.6 53.3 53.3 53.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,212 10,048 10,044 10,049 41.1 40.6 40.6 40.6

Wholesale trade

1,708.1 1,677.6 1,676.5 1,674.6 30.5 30.1 30.1 30.0

Retail trade

7,344.6 7,237.5 7,230.9 7,234.3 50.7 50.1 50.1 50.1

Transportation and warehousing

1,017.2 997.8 1,001.0 1,005.5 24.2 24.0 24.0 24.0

Utilities

141.9 135.4 135.1 134.1 25.3 24.3 24.4 24.3

Information

1,164 1,112 1,105 1,106 41.8 40.8 40.8 40.8

Financial activities

4,580 4,478 4,469 4,456 59.3 58.9 58.9 58.8

Professional and business services

7,400 7,416 7,422 7,399 45.1 44.5 44.5 44.4

Education and health services

14,851 15,056 15,065 15,084 77.4 77.2 77.1 77.1

Leisure and hospitality

6,863 6,862 6,848 6,853 52.4 52.5 52.3 52.3

Other services

2,820 2,807 2,813 2,807 52.6 52.6 52.7 52.6

Government

12,884 13,041 12,924 12,844 57.2 56.8 56.9 57.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry July
2009
May
2010
June
2010(p)
July
2010(p)

Total private

88,760 88,712 88,754 88,800

Goods-producing

13,226 12,951 12,955 12,967

Mining and logging

503 537 543 551

Construction

4,493 4,226 4,210 4,186

Manufacturing

8,230 8,188 8,202 8,230

Durable goods

4,920 4,901 4,919 4,949

Nondurable goods

3,310 3,287 3,283 3,281

Private service-providing

75,534 75,761 75,799 75,833

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,056 20,968 20,976 20,997

Wholesale trade

4,511.4 4,482.3 4,484.8 4,483.0

Retail trade

12,440.7 12,428.9 12,424.7 12,438.5

Transportation and warehousing

3,655.2 3,613.2 3,625.8 3,637.5

Utilities

449.0 443.1 440.5 437.8

Information

2,226 2,183 2,178 2,177

Financial activities

5,969 5,873 5,853 5,832

Professional and business services

13,371 13,646 13,672 13,671

Education and health services

16,839 17,085 17,114 17,140

Leisure and hospitality

11,584 11,539 11,544 11,549

Other services

4,489 4,467 4,462 4,467

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry July
2009
May
2010
June
2010(p)
July
2010(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.1 33.5 33.4 33.5

Goods-producing

39.3 40.5 40.2 40.3

Mining and logging

42.9 45.4 44.6 44.7

Construction

37.8 38.1 38.2 38.1

Manufacturing

39.9 41.5 41.0 41.1

Durable goods

39.9 41.7 41.3 41.4

Nondurable goods

39.8 41.1 40.5 40.6

Private service-providing

32.0 32.3 32.2 32.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

32.9 33.3 33.3 33.5

Wholesale trade

37.4 38.0 37.9 38.0

Retail trade

29.9 30.2 30.1 30.4

Transportation and warehousing

36.2 37.1 37.3 37.2

Utilities

41.9 42.2 42.3 42.4

Information

36.5 36.6 36.6 36.5

Financial activities

35.9 36.2 36.2 36.2

Professional and business services

34.6 35.1 35.0 35.1

Education and health services

32.2 32.2 32.2 32.1

Leisure and hospitality

24.7 24.8 24.7 24.9

Other services

30.4 30.9 30.8 30.9

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.0 3.9 3.8 3.8

Durable goods

2.8 3.9 3.8 3.8

Nondurable goods

3.3 4.0 3.8 3.7

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
July
2009
May
2010
June
2010(p)
July
2010(p)
July
2009
May
2010
June
2010(p)
July
2010(p)

Total private

$18.62 $19.00 $19.02 $19.04 $616.32 $636.50 $635.27 $637.84

Goods-producing

19.92 20.21 20.21 20.24 782.86 818.51 812.44 815.67

Mining and logging

23.31 23.81 23.91 23.87 1,000.00 1,080.97 1,066.39 1,066.99

Construction

22.69 23.12 23.17 23.22 857.68 880.87 885.09 884.68

Manufacturing

18.26 18.56 18.53 18.57 728.57 770.24 759.73 763.23

Durable goods

19.40 19.73 19.69 19.73 774.06 822.74 813.20 816.82

Nondurable goods

16.56 16.80 16.76 16.79 659.09 690.48 678.78 681.67

Private service-providing

18.34 18.74 18.76 18.78 586.88 605.30 604.07 606.59

Trade, transportation, and utilities

16.44 16.87 16.86 16.85 540.88 561.77 561.44 564.48

Wholesale trade

20.86 21.49 21.50 21.54 780.16 816.62 814.85 818.52

Retail trade

12.96 13.22 13.24 13.24 387.50 399.24 398.52 402.50

Transportation and warehousing

18.75 19.31 19.18 19.17 678.75 716.40 715.41 713.12

Utilities

29.45 30.42 30.31 30.45 1,233.96 1,283.72 1,282.11 1,291.08

Information

25.48 25.77 25.68 25.83 930.02 943.18 939.89 942.80

Financial activities

20.79 21.36 21.37 21.40 746.36 773.23 773.59 774.68

Professional and business services

22.39 22.77 22.78 22.87 774.69 799.23 797.30 802.74

Education and health services

19.51 19.92 19.98 20.05 628.22 641.42 643.36 643.61

Leisure and hospitality

11.12 11.34 11.34 11.33 274.66 281.23 280.10 282.12

Other services

16.57 16.81 16.88 16.84 503.73 519.43 519.90 520.36

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
July
2009
May
2010
June
2010(p)
July
2010(p)
Percent change from:
June
2010 - July
2010(p)
July
2009
May
2010
June
2010(p)
July
2010(p)
Percent change from:
June
2010 - July
2010(p)

Total private

98.2 99.3 99.0 99.4 0.4 122.1 126.1 125.9 126.4 0.4

Goods-producing

79.4 80.2 79.6 79.9 0.4 96.9 99.2 98.5 99.0 0.5

Mining and logging

114.7 129.6 128.7 130.9 1.7 155.5 179.4 179.0 181.7 1.5

Construction

85.0 80.6 80.5 79.9 -0.7 104.2 100.6 100.7 100.1 -0.6

Manufacturing

75.4 78.0 77.2 77.6 0.5 90.0 94.7 93.5 94.3 0.9

Durable goods

73.7 76.8 76.3 77.0 0.9 89.3 94.6 93.8 94.8 1.1

Nondurable goods

77.6 79.6 78.3 78.5 0.3 90.8 94.5 92.8 93.1 0.3

Private service-providing

103.4 104.6 104.4 104.7 0.3 130.0 134.4 134.2 134.9 0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

96.6 97.3 97.4 98.1 0.7 113.3 117.1 117.1 117.9 0.7

Wholesale trade

99.4 100.3 100.1 100.3 0.2 122.1 127.0 126.8 127.3 0.4

Retail trade

94.2 95.0 94.7 95.7 1.1 104.6 107.7 107.4 108.6 1.1

Transportation and warehousing

99.6 100.9 101.8 101.9 0.1 118.5 123.6 123.9 123.9 0.0

Utilities

96.2 95.6 95.3 95.0 -0.3 118.3 121.4 120.6 120.7 0.1

Information

92.8 91.2 91.0 90.7 -0.3 117.0 116.4 115.7 116.0 0.3

Financial activities

102.5 101.7 101.4 101.0 -0.4 131.8 134.4 134.0 133.7 -0.2

Professional and business services

103.7 107.3 107.2 107.5 0.3 138.1 145.4 145.4 146.3 0.6

Education and health services

117.0 118.7 118.9 118.7 -0.2 150.0 155.4 156.1 156.4 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

104.9 104.9 104.5 105.4 0.9 132.4 135.1 134.6 135.6 0.7

Other services

95.7 96.8 96.4 96.8 0.4 115.6 118.6 118.6 118.8 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: August 06, 2010
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