Economic News Release

Employment Situation News Release


Transmission of material in this release is embargoed            USDL-10-1212
until 8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, September 3, 2010

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                       THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- AUGUST 2010


Nonfarm payroll employment changed little (-54,000) in August, and the unem-
ployment rate was about unchanged at 9.6 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor
Statistics reported today. Government employment fell, as 114,000 temporary
workers hired for the decennial census completed their work. Private-sector
payroll employment continued to trend up modestly (+67,000).

Household Survey Data

The number of unemployed persons (14.9 million) and the unemployment rate
(9.6 percent) were little changed in August. From May through August, the
jobless rate remained in the range of 9.5 to 9.7 percent. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for adult men (9.8 per-
cent), adult women (8.0 percent), teenagers (26.3 percent), whites (8.7 per-
cent), blacks (16.3 percent), and Hispanics (12.0 percent) showed little
change in August. The jobless rate for Asians was 7.2 percent, not season-
ally adjusted. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks and over) de-
clined by 323,000 over the month to 6.2 million. In August, 42.0 percent of
unemployed persons had been jobless for 27 weeks or more. (See table A-12.)

In August, the civilian labor force participation rate (64.7 percent) and
the employment-population ratio (58.5 percent) were essentially unchanged.
(See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes re-
ferred to as involuntary part-time workers) increased by 331,000 over the
month to 8.9 million. These individuals were working part time because their
hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job.
(See table A-8.)

About 2.4 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force in
August, little changed from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally ad-
justed.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were avail-
able for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They
were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the
4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 1.1 million discouraged workers in
August, an increase of 352,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not season-
ally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work
because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.3 million
persons marginally attached to the labor force had not searched for work in the
4 weeks preceding the survey for reasons such as school attendance or family
responsibilities.

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment was little changed (-54,000) in August. Govern-
ment employment fell by 121,000, reflecting the departure of 114,000 temporary
Census 2010 workers from federal government payrolls. Total private employment
continued to trend up modestly over the month (+67,000). Since its most recent
low in December 2009, private-sector employment has risen by 763,000. (See
table B-1.)

Employment in health care increased by 28,000 in August, with the largest gains
occurring in ambulatory health care services (+17,000) and hospitals (+9,000).
Thus far in 2010, the health care industry has added an average of 20,000 jobs
per month, about in line with the average monthly job growth in 2009.

Mining employment rose by 8,000 in August. Since a recent low in October 2009,
employment in the industry has increased by 72,000. Support activities for mining
has accounted for about three-fourths of the gain.

Manufacturing employment declined by 27,000 over the month. A decline in motor
vehicles and parts (-22,000) offset a gain of similar magnitude in July as the
industry departed somewhat from its usual layoff and recall pattern for annual
retooling.

Within professional and business services, employment in temporary help services
was up by 17,000. This industry has added 392,000 jobs since a recent employment
low in September 2009.

Construction employment was up (+19,000) in August. This change partially re-
flected the return to payrolls of 10,000 workers who were on strike in July.

Employment in retail trade was about unchanged over the month. A job gain among
motor vehicle and parts dealers (+8,000) was essentially offset by losses in
building materials and garden supply stores (-6,000).

Employment in other private-sector industries, including wholesale trade, trans-
portation and warehousing, information, financial activities, and leisure and
hospitality, showed little change in August.

Over the month, government employment fell by 121,000, largely reflecting the
loss of 114,000 temporary workers hired for Census 2010. The number of tempor-
ary Census 2010 workers peaked in May at 564,000 but has declined to 82,000 in
August.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged
over the month at 34.2 hours. The manufacturing workweek for all employees in-
creased by 0.1 hour to 40.2 hours, and factory overtime was up by 0.1 hour. The
average workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm
payrolls increased by 0.1 hour to 33.5 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

Average hourly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls increased
by 6 cents, or 0.3 percent, to $22.66 in August. Over the past 12 months, aver-
age hourly earnings have increased by 1.7 percent. In August, average hourly
earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees increased by
3 cents, or 0.2 percent, to $19.08. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for June was revised from -221,000
to -175,000, and the change for July was revised from -131,000 to -54,000.

___________
The Employment Situation for September is scheduled to be released on Friday,
October 8, 2010, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Aug.
2009
June
2010
July
2010
Aug.
2010
Change from:
July
2010-
Aug.
2010

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

236,087 237,690 237,890 238,099 209

Civilian labor force

154,426 153,741 153,560 154,110 550

Participation rate

65.4 64.7 64.6 64.7 0.1

Employed

139,433 139,119 138,960 139,250 290

Employment-population ratio

59.1 58.5 58.4 58.5 0.1

Unemployed

14,993 14,623 14,599 14,860 261

Unemployment rate

9.7 9.5 9.5 9.6 0.1

Not in labor force

81,661 83,949 84,330 83,989 -341

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

9.7 9.5 9.5 9.6 0.1

Adult men (20 years and over)

10.2 9.9 9.7 9.8 0.1

Adult women (20 years and over)

7.7 7.8 7.9 8.0 0.1

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

25.7 25.7 26.1 26.3 0.2

White

8.9 8.6 8.6 8.7 0.1

Black or African American

15.2 15.4 15.6 16.3 0.7

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

7.5 7.7 8.2 7.2 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

13.0 12.4 12.1 12.0 -0.1

Total, 25 years and over

8.4 8.2 8.1 8.3 0.2

Less than a high school diploma

15.5 14.1 13.8 14.0 0.2

High school graduates, no college

9.8 10.8 10.1 10.3 0.2

Some college or associate degree

8.2 8.2 8.3 8.7 0.4

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.7 4.4 4.5 4.6 0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

9,814 9,114 9,125 9,305 180

Job leavers

835 900 900 874 -26

Reentrants

3,294 3,308 3,393 3,411 18

New entrants

1,096 1,140 1,188 1,259 71

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,992 2,769 2,839 2,760 -79

5 to 14 weeks

4,093 3,121 3,060 3,635 575

15 to 26 weeks

2,825 2,208 2,151 2,235 84

27 weeks and over

5,024 6,751 6,572 6,249 -323

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

9,077 8,627 8,529 8,860 331

Slack work or business conditions

6,895 6,165 6,119 6,380 261

Could only find part-time work

2,065 2,101 2,246 2,347 101

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,768 17,870 18,157 18,558 401

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,270 2,591 2,622 2,370 -

Discouraged workers

758 1,207 1,185 1,110 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Aug.
2009
June
2010
July
2010(p)
Aug.
2010(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

-212 -175 -54 -54

Total private

-215 61 107 67

Goods-producing

-130 1 37 0

Mining and logging

-9 6 7 8

Construction

-64 -9 -4 19

Manufacturing

-57 4 34 -27

Durable goods(1)

-46 7 33 -24

Motor vehicles and parts

-8.4 -5.1 22.3 -21.6

Nondurable goods

-11 -3 1 -3

Private service-providing(1)

-85 60 70 67

Wholesale trade

-8.7 4.7 8.3 4.1

Retail trade

-15.3 -16.2 7.4 -4.9

Transportation and warehousing

-1.1 12.1 11.6 -7.4

Information

-9 -14 4 -1

Financial activities

-24 -11 -11 -4

Professional and business services(1)

-34 33 -3 20

Temporary help services

-15.7 18.6 -0.9 16.8

Education and health services(1)

35 30 34 45

Health care and social assistance

32.0 22.6 29.6 40.2

Leisure and hospitality

-18 30 11 13

Other services

-9 -7 10 3

Government

3 -236 -161 -121

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.9 49.7 49.7 49.7

Total private women employees

48.4 48.2 48.2 48.2

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.3 82.4 82.4 82.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.8 34.1 34.2 34.2

Average hourly earnings

$22.28 $22.55 $22.60 $22.66

Average weekly earnings

$753.06 $768.96 $772.92 $774.97

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

91.1 92.0 92.4 92.4

Over-the-month percent change

-0.2 -0.2 0.4 0.0

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

96.8 99.0 99.6 99.9

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 -0.2 0.6 0.3

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.1 33.4 33.4 33.5

Average hourly earnings

$18.69 $19.02 $19.05 $19.08

Average weekly earnings

$618.64 $635.27 $636.27 $639.18

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

98.0 99.1 99.2 99.5

Over-the-month percent change

-0.2 -0.2 0.1 0.3

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

122.3 125.9 126.2 126.9

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 -0.2 0.2 0.6

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private

32.9 53.7 56.7 53.0

Manufacturing

26.2 48.8 53.0 47.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary



    Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates


Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based
estimates of employment and both have strengths and limitations. The
establishment survey employment series has a smaller margin of error on
the measurement of month-to-month change than the household survey because
of its much larger sample size. An over-the-month employment change of
about 100,000 is statistically significant in the establishment survey,
while the threshold for a statistically significant change in the household
survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more expansive
scope than the establishment survey because it includes the self-employed,
unpaid family workers, agricultural workers, and private household workers,
who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household survey also
provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.

Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants.
However, neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to
identify the legal status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to de-
termine how many are counted in either survey. The establishment survey does
not collect data on the legal status of workers. The household survey does
include questions which identify the foreign and native born, but it does not
include questions about the legal status of the foreign born.

Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data
series by incorporating additional information that was not available at
the time of the initial publication of the estimates. The establishment
survey revises its initial monthly estimates twice, in the immediately suc-
ceeding 2 months, to incorporate additional sample receipts from respondents
in the survey and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. For more informa-
tion on the monthly revisions, please visit www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revi-
sion that re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available
from unemployment insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for
sampling and modeling errors in the estimates. For more information on the
annual benchmark revision, please visit www.bls.gov/web/cesbmart.htm.

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of busi-
ness establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sam-
ple is designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment
estimate; firms from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled
to achieve that goal.
  
Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account 
for the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The
adjustment comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net 
jobs impact of business births and deaths based on the actual past values of
the net impact that can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of
Employment and Wages. The establishment survey uses modeling rather than sam-
pling for this purpose because the survey is not immediately able to bring new
businesses into the sample. There is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a
new firm and its appearance on the sampling frame and availability for selection.
BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a year.

Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of house-
holds. All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available
to work are included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are in-
cluded even if they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or ques-
tion relating to unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped looking for
work?

Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs
are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
underutilization (discouraged workers and other groups not officially counted as
unemployed) are published each month in the Employment Situation news release.





Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the
Current Population Survey (household survey) and the Current Employ-
ment Statistics survey (establishment survey). The household survey 
provides information on the labor force, employment, and unemploy-
ment that appears in the "A" tables, marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a 
sample survey of about 60,000 households conducted by the U.S. Cen-
sus Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). 

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, 
and earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the 
"B" tables, marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each 
month from the payroll records of a sample of nonagricultural busi-
ness establishments. The sample includes about 140,000 businesses and 
government agencies representing approximately 410,000 worksites and is 
drawn from a sampling frame of roughly 8.9 million unemployment  in-
surance tax accounts. The active sample includes approximately one-
third of all nonfarm payroll employees. 

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular 
week or pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is 
generally the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. 
In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period 
including the 12th, which may or may not correspond directly to the 
calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire
civilian noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series
of questions on work and job search activities, each person 16 years
and over in a sample household is classified as employed, unemployed,
or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as
paid employees during the reference week; worked in their own business, 
profession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 
hours in a family business or farm. People are also counted as employ-
ed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, 
bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the follow-
ing criteria: they had no employment during the reference week; they 
were available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts 
to find employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the 
reference week. Persons laid off from a job and expecting recall need 
not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The unemployment 
data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eli-
gibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed per-
sons. Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the
labor force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a per-
cent of the labor force. The labor force participation rate is the
labor force as a percent of the population, and the employment-popula-
tion ratio is the employed as a percent of the population. Additional 
information about the household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/
cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from pri-
vate nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as
well as from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees
on nonfarm payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the
reference pay period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are
counted in each job they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced
for the private sector for all employees and for production and nonsu-
pervisory employees. Production and nonsupervisory employees are defin-
ed as production and related employees in manufacturing and mining and 
logging, construction workers in construction, and nonsupervisory em-
ployees in private service-providing industries. 

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s princi-
pal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American 
Industry Classification System. Additional information about the estab-
lishment survey can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/#technical.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and
methodological differences between the household and establishment
surveys result in important distinctions in the employment estimates
derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-
     employed, unpaid family workers, and private household workers
     among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.
  
   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the
     employed. The establishment survey does not.
  
   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and
     older. The establishment survey is not limited by age.
  
   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than
     one job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted
     separately for each appearance.
  
Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and
the levels of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring
fluctuations. These events may result from seasonal changes in weather, 
major holidays, and the opening and closing of schools. The effect of 
such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern
each year, their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by
adjusting for regular seasonal variation. These adjustments make non-
seasonal developments, such as declines in employment or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot. For
example, in the household survey, the large number of youth entering
the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes that
have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if
the level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in
the establishment survey, payroll employment in education declines by
about 20 percent at the end of the spring term and later rises with
the start of the fall term, obscuring the underlying employment trends
in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes at the end and
beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The
seasonally adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to
analyze changes in month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both
the household and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series
for many major estimates, such as total payroll employment, employment
in most major sectors, total employment, and unemployment are computed
by aggregating independently adjusted component series. For example,
total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate
that would be obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors
are calculated each month using all relevant data, up to and including
the data for the current month. In the household survey, new seasonal
factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the es-
tablishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month 
to adjust the three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months 
are routinely revised to incorporate additional sample reports and re-
calculated seasonal adjustment factors. In both surveys, 5-year revi-
sions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are
subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample rather
than the entire population is surveyed, there is a chance that the
sample estimates may differ from the "true" population values they
represent. The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending
on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured by
the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent chance, 
or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ 
by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population value 
because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 
90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in
total nonfarm employment from the establishment survey is on the order
of plus or minus 100,0001. Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment
increases by 50,000 from one month to the next. The 90-percent confi-
dence interval on the monthly change would range from -50,000 to 
+150,000 (50,000 +/- 100,0002). These figures do not mean that the
sample results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is
about a 90-percent chance that the "true" over-the-month change lies
within this interval. Since this range includes values of less than
zero, we could not say with confidence that nonfarm employment had, in
fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported nonfarm employ-
ment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90-percent 
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is 
likely (at least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in 
fact, risen that month. At an unemployment rate of around 5.5 percent, 
the 90-percent confidence interval for the monthly change in unemploy-
ment as measured by the household survey is about +/- 280,000, and for 
the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about +/-0.19 per-
centage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments
have lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than
estimates which are based on a small number of observations. The pre-
cision of estimates also is improved when the data are cumulated over 
time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by
nonsampling error, which can occur for many reasons, including the
failure to sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain
information for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwill-
ingness of respondents to provide correct information on a timely 
basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collec-
tion or processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most
recent 2 months are based on incomplete returns; for this reason,
these estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables. It is only
after two successive revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly 
all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is consi-
dered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment
survey is the inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment
generated by new firms. To correct for this systematic underestima-
tion of employment growth, an estimation procedure with two compo-
nents is used to account for business births. The first component 
excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based 
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from 
business births. This is incorporated into the sample-based esti-
mation procedure by simply not reflecting sample units going out 
of business, but imputing to them the same employment trend as the 
other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for most of the 
net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to
estimate the residual net birth/death employment not accounted for 
by the imputation. The historical time series used to create and 
test the ARIMA model was derived from the unemployment insurance 
universe micro-level database, and reflects the actual residual net 
of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are ad-
justed once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll
employment obtained from administrative records of the unemployment
insurance program. The difference between the March sample-based em-
ployment estimates and the March universe counts is known as a bench-
mark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey error. 
The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of 
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions  for 
total nonfarm employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from 
-0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory im-
paired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal 
Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Aug.
2009
July
2010
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010
July
2010
Aug.
2010

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

236,087 237,890 238,099 236,087 237,329 237,499 237,690 237,890 238,099

Civilian labor force

154,897 155,270 154,678 154,426 154,715 154,393 153,741 153,560 154,110

Participation rate

65.6 65.3 65.0 65.4 65.2 65.0 64.7 64.6 64.7

Employed

140,074 140,134 139,919 139,433 139,455 139,420 139,119 138,960 139,250

Employment-population ratio

59.3 58.9 58.8 59.1 58.8 58.7 58.5 58.4 58.5

Unemployed

14,823 15,137 14,759 14,993 15,260 14,973 14,623 14,599 14,860

Unemployment rate

9.6 9.7 9.5 9.7 9.9 9.7 9.5 9.5 9.6

Not in labor force

81,190 82,620 83,421 81,661 82,614 83,107 83,949 84,330 83,989

Persons who currently want a job

5,728 6,143 6,083 5,609 5,951 5,734 5,895 5,886 5,972

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

114,288 115,207 115,317 114,288 114,910 115,001 115,102 115,207 115,317

Civilian labor force

82,704 83,071 82,685 82,466 82,453 82,245 82,017 81,962 82,299

Participation rate

72.4 72.1 71.7 72.2 71.8 71.5 71.3 71.1 71.4

Employed

74,341 74,749 74,592 73,436 73,548 73,639 73,375 73,454 73,608

Employment-population ratio

65.0 64.9 64.7 64.3 64.0 64.0 63.7 63.8 63.8

Unemployed

8,363 8,323 8,093 9,031 8,905 8,606 8,642 8,507 8,691

Unemployment rate

10.1 10.0 9.8 11.0 10.8 10.5 10.5 10.4 10.6

Not in labor force

31,583 32,135 32,632 31,821 32,457 32,756 33,084 33,245 33,017

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

105,651 106,641 106,761 105,651 106,301 106,407 106,522 106,641 106,761

Civilian labor force

79,132 79,356 79,426 79,196 79,356 79,237 79,110 78,971 79,332

Participation rate

74.9 74.4 74.4 75.0 74.7 74.5 74.3 74.1 74.3

Employed

71,728 72,068 72,215 71,142 71,358 71,477 71,316 71,332 71,521

Employment-population ratio

67.9 67.6 67.6 67.3 67.1 67.2 66.9 66.9 67.0

Unemployed

7,403 7,287 7,211 8,055 7,998 7,760 7,793 7,638 7,811

Unemployment rate

9.4 9.2 9.1 10.2 10.1 9.8 9.9 9.7 9.8

Not in labor force

26,519 27,286 27,335 26,455 26,945 27,170 27,412 27,671 27,429

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

121,799 122,683 122,783 121,799 122,419 122,499 122,589 122,683 122,783

Civilian labor force

72,192 72,199 71,993 71,960 72,262 72,148 71,724 71,598 71,811

Participation rate

59.3 58.8 58.6 59.1 59.0 58.9 58.5 58.4 58.5

Employed

65,733 65,385 65,327 65,997 65,907 65,781 65,743 65,506 65,642

Employment-population ratio

54.0 53.3 53.2 54.2 53.8 53.7 53.6 53.4 53.5

Unemployed

6,460 6,814 6,666 5,962 6,355 6,367 5,981 6,092 6,169

Unemployment rate

8.9 9.4 9.3 8.3 8.8 8.8 8.3 8.5 8.6

Not in labor force

49,607 50,484 50,789 49,839 50,157 50,350 50,865 51,085 50,972

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

113,405 114,372 114,481 113,405 114,066 114,160 114,264 114,372 114,481

Civilian labor force

68,830 68,717 68,766 68,847 69,265 69,128 68,859 68,747 68,844

Participation rate

60.7 60.1 60.1 60.7 60.7 60.6 60.3 60.1 60.1

Employed

63,091 62,775 62,845 63,552 63,552 63,505 63,516 63,314 63,356

Employment-population ratio

55.6 54.9 54.9 56.0 55.7 55.6 55.6 55.4 55.3

Unemployed

5,739 5,942 5,921 5,295 5,712 5,623 5,343 5,433 5,488

Unemployment rate

8.3 8.6 8.6 7.7 8.2 8.1 7.8 7.9 8.0

Not in labor force

44,575 45,654 45,715 44,558 44,801 45,032 45,405 45,625 45,637

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

17,031 16,877 16,857 17,031 16,962 16,932 16,904 16,877 16,857

Civilian labor force

6,935 7,197 6,486 6,383 6,094 6,028 5,772 5,843 5,934

Participation rate

40.7 42.6 38.5 37.5 35.9 35.6 34.1 34.6 35.2

Employed

5,255 5,290 4,859 4,740 4,544 4,438 4,286 4,315 4,373

Employment-population ratio

30.9 31.3 28.8 27.8 26.8 26.2 25.4 25.6 25.9

Unemployed

1,680 1,907 1,627 1,643 1,550 1,590 1,486 1,528 1,561

Unemployment rate

24.2 26.5 25.1 25.7 25.4 26.4 25.7 26.1 26.3

Not in labor force

10,096 9,679 10,371 10,648 10,867 10,905 11,132 11,034 10,923

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Aug.
2009
July
2010
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010
July
2010
Aug.
2010

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

191,086 192,109 192,245 191,086 191,749 191,856 191,979 192,109 192,245

Civilian labor force

126,290 126,152 125,710 126,038 125,779 125,429 124,959 125,060 125,362

Participation rate

66.1 65.7 65.4 66.0 65.6 65.4 65.1 65.1 65.2

Employed

115,173 115,183 114,941 114,784 114,484 114,359 114,163 114,300 114,470

Employment-population ratio

60.3 60.0 59.8 60.1 59.7 59.6 59.5 59.5 59.5

Unemployed

11,118 10,969 10,769 11,254 11,295 11,070 10,797 10,760 10,893

Unemployment rate

8.8 8.7 8.6 8.9 9.0 8.8 8.6 8.6 8.7

Not in labor force

64,796 65,957 66,535 65,048 65,970 66,427 67,019 67,049 66,883

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,506 65,603 65,602 65,640 65,556 65,419 65,349 65,412 65,590

Participation rate

75.4 74.9 74.9 75.5 75.1 74.9 74.7 74.7 74.9

Employed

59,896 60,213 60,221 59,514 59,504 59,639 59,561 59,662 59,738

Employment-population ratio

68.9 68.8 68.7 68.5 68.2 68.3 68.1 68.2 68.2

Unemployed

5,610 5,389 5,381 6,126 6,052 5,780 5,788 5,750 5,852

Unemployment rate

8.6 8.2 8.2 9.3 9.2 8.8 8.9 8.8 8.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,971 54,634 54,751 55,036 55,184 55,062 54,883 54,818 54,848

Participation rate

60.3 59.6 59.7 60.4 60.3 60.1 59.9 59.8 59.8

Employed

50,763 50,429 50,548 51,211 51,123 50,981 50,971 50,943 50,979

Employment-population ratio

55.7 55.0 55.1 56.2 55.9 55.7 55.6 55.5 55.5

Unemployed

4,207 4,205 4,203 3,825 4,061 4,081 3,911 3,875 3,869

Unemployment rate

7.7 7.7 7.7 7.0 7.4 7.4 7.1 7.1 7.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

5,813 5,915 5,357 5,362 5,040 4,948 4,728 4,830 4,924

Participation rate

44.6 46.0 41.7 41.2 38.9 38.3 36.7 37.5 38.3

Employed

4,513 4,540 4,173 4,060 3,857 3,739 3,630 3,695 3,752

Employment-population ratio

34.7 35.3 32.5 31.2 29.8 28.9 28.2 28.7 29.2

Unemployed

1,300 1,375 1,184 1,303 1,183 1,209 1,097 1,135 1,172

Unemployment rate

22.4 23.2 22.1 24.3 23.5 24.4 23.2 23.5 23.8

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,290 28,718 28,755 28,290 28,624 28,653 28,685 28,718 28,755

Civilian labor force

17,658 18,066 17,991 17,596 17,951 17,983 17,768 17,651 17,879

Participation rate

62.4 62.9 62.6 62.2 62.7 62.8 61.9 61.5 62.2

Employed

15,005 15,059 15,052 14,914 14,985 15,189 15,036 14,896 14,967

Employment-population ratio

53.0 52.4 52.3 52.7 52.4 53.0 52.4 51.9 52.0

Unemployed

2,653 3,007 2,939 2,682 2,966 2,794 2,732 2,755 2,911

Unemployment rate

15.0 16.6 16.3 15.2 16.5 15.5 15.4 15.6 16.3

Not in labor force

10,632 10,652 10,764 10,694 10,673 10,670 10,917 11,067 10,877

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

7,951 8,088 8,131 7,913 8,130 8,184 8,062 8,004 8,082

Participation rate

69.7 69.5 69.8 69.4 70.2 70.6 69.4 68.8 69.4

Employed

6,682 6,749 6,813 6,569 6,668 6,782 6,656 6,667 6,687

Employment-population ratio

58.6 58.0 58.5 57.6 57.6 58.5 57.3 57.3 57.4

Unemployed

1,269 1,339 1,318 1,344 1,462 1,402 1,406 1,337 1,395

Unemployment rate

16.0 16.6 16.2 17.0 18.0 17.1 17.4 16.7 17.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,957 9,161 9,123 8,976 9,146 9,106 9,070 9,005 9,103

Participation rate

63.1 63.5 63.1 63.2 63.6 63.3 62.9 62.4 63.0

Employed

7,833 7,854 7,835 7,885 7,894 7,977 7,998 7,847 7,902

Employment-population ratio

55.1 54.4 54.2 55.5 54.9 55.4 55.5 54.4 54.7

Unemployed

1,124 1,307 1,288 1,091 1,252 1,128 1,072 1,157 1,202

Unemployment rate

12.5 14.3 14.1 12.2 13.7 12.4 11.8 12.9 13.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

749 817 737 708 675 694 636 643 693

Participation rate

27.9 30.8 27.8 26.4 25.3 26.0 23.9 24.2 26.2

Employed

489 456 404 460 423 430 382 382 379

Employment-population ratio

18.2 17.2 15.3 17.2 15.8 16.2 14.4 14.4 14.3

Unemployed

260 361 332 247 252 263 254 261 314

Unemployment rate

34.7 44.2 45.1 35.0 37.3 38.0 39.9 40.6 45.4

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

10,931 11,200 11,265 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

7,252 7,342 7,311 - - - - - -

Participation rate

66.3 65.6 64.9 - - - - - -

Employed

6,709 6,742 6,783 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

61.4 60.2 60.2 - - - - - -

Unemployed

542 601 528 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

7.5 8.2 7.2 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

3,679 3,857 3,955 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Aug.
2009
July
2010
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010
July
2010
Aug.
2010

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

33,017 33,747 33,836 33,017 33,498 33,578 33,662 33,747 33,836

Civilian labor force

22,417 22,908 22,832 22,320 22,684 22,789 22,674 22,738 22,729

Participation rate

67.9 67.9 67.5 67.6 67.7 67.9 67.4 67.4 67.2

Employed

19,511 20,110 20,116 19,411 19,850 19,953 19,854 19,987 20,002

Employment-population ratio

59.1 59.6 59.5 58.8 59.3 59.4 59.0 59.2 59.1

Unemployed

2,906 2,798 2,716 2,908 2,834 2,836 2,820 2,751 2,726

Unemployment rate

13.0 12.2 11.9 13.0 12.5 12.4 12.4 12.1 12.0

Not in labor force

10,599 10,839 11,004 10,697 10,814 10,789 10,989 11,009 11,107

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

12,788 13,065 13,049 - - - - - -

Participation rate

83.2 83.2 82.8 - - - - - -

Employed

11,209 11,735 11,694 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

73.0 74.7 74.2 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,578 1,330 1,355 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

12.3 10.2 10.4 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,470 8,650 8,718 - - - - - -

Participation rate

58.3 58.5 58.8 - - - - - -

Employed

7,536 7,599 7,708 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

51.9 51.4 52.0 - - - - - -

Unemployed

934 1,050 1,010 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

11.0 12.1 11.6 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,160 1,193 1,065 - - - - - -

Participation rate

37.0 36.8 32.8 - - - - - -

Employed

766 775 714 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

24.4 23.9 22.0 - - - - - -

Unemployed

394 418 351 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

34.0 35.0 33.0 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2009
July
2010
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010
July
2010
Aug.
2010

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

12,240 11,823 11,750 12,323 12,122 12,133 12,095 12,048 11,819

Participation rate

47.0 46.4 46.1 47.4 46.4 45.8 45.4 47.3 46.4

Employed

10,433 10,286 10,189 10,414 10,335 10,319 10,391 10,390 10,165

Employment-population ratio

40.1 40.4 40.0 40.0 39.5 39.0 39.0 40.8 39.9

Unemployed

1,807 1,538 1,562 1,909 1,787 1,814 1,704 1,658 1,654

Unemployment rate

14.8 13.0 13.3 15.5 14.7 15.0 14.1 13.8 14.0

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

37,926 37,583 38,156 38,073 38,849 38,433 38,107 37,941 38,314

Participation rate

61.6 61.0 61.7 61.9 62.4 62.0 62.0 61.6 61.9

Employed

34,391 33,844 34,458 34,324 34,728 34,251 33,993 34,113 34,373

Employment-population ratio

55.9 54.9 55.7 55.8 55.8 55.2 55.3 55.4 55.6

Unemployed

3,535 3,739 3,698 3,749 4,120 4,182 4,114 3,829 3,940

Unemployment rate

9.3 9.9 9.7 9.8 10.6 10.9 10.8 10.1 10.3

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

36,588 36,884 37,074 36,667 36,552 36,832 36,586 36,713 37,068

Participation rate

71.2 70.3 70.5 71.3 70.8 71.0 70.7 70.0 70.5

Employed

33,485 33,715 33,751 33,645 33,535 33,780 33,579 33,652 33,850

Employment-population ratio

65.1 64.3 64.2 65.4 65.0 65.1 64.9 64.1 64.4

Unemployed

3,103 3,169 3,323 3,022 3,017 3,052 3,007 3,061 3,218

Unemployment rate

8.5 8.6 9.0 8.2 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.3 8.7

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

45,868 46,042 45,733 45,817 45,879 45,718 46,246 46,015 45,676

Participation rate

77.1 76.2 75.9 77.0 77.3 77.3 77.3 76.2 75.8

Employed

43,495 43,725 43,460 43,650 43,642 43,581 44,200 43,924 43,582

Employment-population ratio

73.1 72.4 72.1 73.4 73.5 73.6 73.8 72.7 72.3

Unemployed

2,373 2,317 2,273 2,167 2,237 2,136 2,046 2,091 2,094

Unemployment rate

5.2 5.0 5.0 4.7 4.9 4.7 4.4 4.5 4.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Aug.
2009
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2009
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2009
Aug.
2010

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

22,137 21,965 20,378 20,176 1,759 1,789

Civilian labor force

12,063 11,910 10,916 10,783 1,147 1,127

Participation rate

54.5 54.2 53.6 53.4 65.2 63.0

Employed

11,130 10,871 10,065 9,828 1,065 1,043

Employment-population ratio

50.3 49.5 49.4 48.7 60.5 58.3

Unemployed

933 1,039 851 955 82 84

Unemployment rate

7.7 8.7 7.8 8.9 7.1 7.4

Not in labor force

10,074 10,055 9,462 9,393 612 662

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

1,947 2,181 1,581 1,780 366 401

Civilian labor force

1,644 1,854 1,354 1,576 290 278

Participation rate

84.5 85.0 85.7 88.5 79.3 69.4

Employed

1,459 1,679 1,201 1,428 257 252

Employment-population ratio

74.9 77.0 76.0 80.2 70.4 62.8

Unemployed

185 175 153 149 33 26

Unemployment rate

11.3 9.4 11.3 9.4 11.2 9.4

Not in labor force

302 327 227 204 76 123

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,027 2,954 2,546 2,515 481 439

Civilian labor force

2,683 2,518 2,297 2,194 386 323

Participation rate

88.6 85.2 90.2 87.2 80.2 73.7

Employed

2,490 2,333 2,131 2,031 358 302

Employment-population ratio

82.2 79.0 83.7 80.7 74.5 68.9

Unemployed

193 185 166 164 27 21

Unemployment rate

7.2 7.3 7.2 7.5 7.1 6.5

Not in labor force

344 437 249 321 95 116

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,338 10,923 10,952 10,558 387 364

Civilian labor force

4,239 3,986 4,115 3,889 124 97

Participation rate

37.4 36.5 37.6 36.8 32.1 26.5

Employed

3,930 3,593 3,817 3,502 113 91

Employment-population ratio

34.7 32.9 34.9 33.2 29.1 24.9

Unemployed

309 393 298 387 12 6

Unemployment rate

7.3 9.9 7.2 10.0 9.3 6.1

Not in labor force

7,099 6,937 6,837 6,669 263 268

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,825 5,907 5,300 5,322 525 585

Civilian labor force

3,497 3,552 3,150 3,123 347 429

Participation rate

60.0 60.1 59.4 58.7 66.0 73.3

Employed

3,252 3,266 2,916 2,868 337 398

Employment-population ratio

55.8 55.3 55.0 53.9 64.1 68.1

Unemployed

245 286 235 255 10 31

Unemployment rate

7.0 8.0 7.4 8.2 2.9 7.1

Not in labor force

2,328 2,355 2,149 2,199 179 156

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

205,074 207,255 89,360 90,634 115,714 116,621

Civilian labor force

140,266 140,472 70,433 70,744 69,833 69,728

Participation rate

68.4 67.8 78.8 78.1 60.3 59.8

Employed

126,995 127,411 63,285 63,956 63,710 63,455

Employment-population ratio

61.9 61.5 70.8 70.6 55.1 54.4

Unemployed

13,271 13,061 7,148 6,788 6,123 6,273

Unemployment rate

9.5 9.3 10.1 9.6 8.8 9.0

Not in labor force

64,807 66,783 18,927 19,890 45,881 46,892

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Aug.
2009
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2009
Aug.
2010

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

26,993 26,045 209,094 212,054

Civilian labor force

5,989 5,738 148,907 148,940

Participation rate

22.2 22.0 71.2 70.2

Employed

4,978 4,841 135,096 135,078

Employment-population ratio

18.4 18.6 64.6 63.7

Unemployed

1,011 897 13,811 13,863

Unemployment rate

16.9 15.6 9.3 9.3

Not in labor force

21,003 20,307 60,186 63,114

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,731 2,682 76,346 76,245

Participation rate

38.0 37.6 84.2 83.4

Employed

2,198 2,243 68,767 68,885

Employment-population ratio

30.6 31.4 75.9 75.4

Unemployed

534 439 7,578 7,360

Unemployment rate

19.5 16.4 9.9 9.7

Not in labor force

4,459 4,456 14,304 15,134

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,408 2,225 66,844 66,775

Participation rate

32.2 30.7 72.1 71.4

Employed

2,012 1,844 60,976 60,687

Employment-population ratio

26.9 25.4 65.8 64.9

Unemployed

396 381 5,868 6,088

Unemployment rate

16.4 17.1 8.8 9.1

Not in labor force

5,076 5,029 25,860 26,762

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

850 831 5,718 5,920

Participation rate

6.9 7.1 22.2 21.8

Employed

768 754 5,353 5,506

Employment-population ratio

6.2 6.5 20.8 20.3

Unemployed

82 77 365 415

Unemployment rate

9.6 9.3 6.4 7.0

Not in labor force

11,469 10,823 20,023 21,217

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Aug.
2009
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2009
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2009
Aug.
2010

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

35,312 36,347 17,683 18,237 17,629 18,110

Civilian labor force

24,142 24,644 14,314 14,616 9,828 10,028

Participation rate

68.4 67.8 80.9 80.1 55.8 55.4

Employed

21,695 22,415 12,847 13,360 8,847 9,055

Employment-population ratio

61.4 61.7 72.7 73.3 50.2 50.0

Unemployed

2,447 2,229 1,466 1,256 981 974

Unemployment rate

10.1 9.0 10.2 8.6 10.0 9.7

Not in labor force

11,170 11,703 3,370 3,621 7,800 8,082

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

200,774 201,752 96,604 97,080 104,170 104,672

Civilian labor force

130,755 130,034 68,391 68,069 62,364 61,965

Participation rate

65.1 64.5 70.8 70.1 59.9 59.2

Employed

118,379 117,504 61,494 61,232 56,885 56,272

Employment-population ratio

59.0 58.2 63.7 63.1 54.6 53.8

Unemployed

12,375 12,530 6,897 6,837 5,479 5,693

Unemployment rate

9.5 9.6 10.1 10.0 8.8 9.2

Not in labor force

70,020 71,718 28,213 29,011 41,806 42,708

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2009
July
2010
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010
July
2010
Aug.
2010

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,241 2,416 2,327 2,095 2,254 2,228 2,120 2,192 2,188

Wage and salary workers

1,368 1,485 1,409 1,252 1,397 1,363 1,289 1,329 1,300

Self-employed workers

847 884 886 821 823 821 808 825 855

Unpaid family workers

26 47 31 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

137,833 137,717 137,592 137,285 137,199 137,207 136,857 136,599 136,974

Wage and salary workers

128,493 128,707 128,656 128,168 128,183 128,197 127,900 127,881 128,314

Government

20,665 20,326 20,062 21,124 21,440 21,270 21,242 20,978 20,575

Private industries

107,828 108,381 108,595 107,094 106,706 106,906 106,740 106,869 107,760

Private households

859 692 678 - - - - - -

Other industries

106,969 107,689 107,916 106,273 105,977 106,204 106,065 106,270 107,118

Self-employed workers

9,269 8,927 8,884 9,032 8,910 8,952 8,889 8,779 8,678

Unpaid family workers

71 83 52 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(1)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(2)

8,835 8,737 8,628 9,077 9,152 8,809 8,627 8,529 8,860

Slack work or business conditions

6,497 5,994 6,031 6,895 6,268 6,143 6,165 6,119 6,380

Could only find part-time work

1,917 2,360 2,183 2,065 2,489 2,326 2,101 2,246 2,347

Part time for noneconomic reasons(3)

16,921 16,635 16,888 18,768 18,140 17,929 17,870 18,157 18,558

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(2)

8,712 8,610 8,509 8,946 9,049 8,661 8,472 8,386 8,730

Slack work or business conditions

6,406 5,907 5,953 6,797 6,213 6,041 6,074 6,018 6,304

Could only find part-time work

1,900 2,346 2,159 2,046 2,486 2,306 2,086 2,192 2,320

Part time for noneconomic reasons(3)

16,590 16,313 16,546 18,383 17,798 17,627 17,580 17,774 18,161

Footnotes
(1) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(3) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2009
July
2010
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010
July
2010
Aug.
2010

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

140,074 140,134 139,919 139,433 139,455 139,420 139,119 138,960 139,250

16 to 19 years

5,255 5,290 4,859 4,740 4,544 4,438 4,286 4,315 4,373

16 to 17 years

1,949 1,698 1,637 1,694 1,453 1,429 1,380 1,345 1,402

18 to 19 years

3,306 3,591 3,223 3,043 3,073 2,992 2,899 2,984 2,975

20 years and over

134,819 134,844 135,060 134,693 134,911 134,982 134,833 134,646 134,877

20 to 24 years

13,015 13,275 13,202 12,714 12,509 12,818 12,698 12,670 12,838

25 years and over

121,804 121,569 121,858 122,042 122,352 122,203 122,263 122,109 122,074

25 to 54 years

94,896 93,780 94,027 94,903 94,487 94,227 94,270 94,062 94,005

25 to 34 years

30,018 30,405 30,429 29,951 30,208 30,162 30,157 30,278 30,318

35 to 44 years

31,445 30,470 30,612 31,444 30,874 30,844 30,772 30,604 30,584

45 to 54 years

33,433 32,906 32,986 33,507 33,405 33,221 33,341 33,180 33,104

55 years and over

26,908 27,789 27,831 27,140 27,865 27,976 27,993 28,047 28,069

Men, 16 years and over

74,341 74,749 74,592 73,436 73,548 73,639 73,375 73,454 73,608

16 to 19 years

2,613 2,680 2,377 2,294 2,189 2,162 2,059 2,122 2,087

16 to 17 years

991 905 808 833 698 679 631 667 667

18 to 19 years

1,622 1,776 1,569 1,464 1,500 1,479 1,434 1,472 1,428

20 years and over

71,728 72,068 72,215 71,142 71,358 71,477 71,316 71,332 71,521

20 to 24 years

6,723 6,857 6,857 6,483 6,357 6,565 6,473 6,434 6,571

25 years and over

65,005 65,211 65,358 64,685 64,945 64,922 64,862 64,937 64,952

25 to 54 years

50,842 50,624 50,750 50,501 50,363 50,317 50,264 50,340 50,321

25 to 34 years

16,376 16,616 16,689 16,219 16,370 16,272 16,274 16,403 16,478

35 to 44 years

16,925 16,702 16,725 16,822 16,661 16,686 16,649 16,644 16,601

45 to 54 years

17,541 17,306 17,336 17,460 17,332 17,359 17,341 17,293 17,242

55 years and over

14,163 14,588 14,608 14,184 14,582 14,605 14,598 14,597 14,631

Women, 16 years and over

65,733 65,385 65,327 65,997 65,907 65,781 65,743 65,506 65,642

16 to 19 years

2,642 2,609 2,482 2,446 2,355 2,275 2,227 2,192 2,286

16 to 17 years

958 794 829 861 755 750 749 678 735

18 to 19 years

1,685 1,816 1,654 1,579 1,573 1,513 1,466 1,512 1,547

20 years and over

63,091 62,775 62,845 63,552 63,552 63,505 63,516 63,314 63,356

20 to 24 years

6,292 6,418 6,345 6,231 6,152 6,253 6,225 6,236 6,267

25 years and over

56,799 56,358 56,500 57,358 57,407 57,282 57,401 57,172 57,122

25 to 54 years

44,053 43,157 43,277 44,402 44,124 43,910 44,006 43,722 43,684

25 to 34 years

13,642 13,789 13,740 13,732 13,837 13,890 13,882 13,875 13,840

35 to 44 years

14,520 13,768 13,887 14,623 14,213 14,158 14,123 13,960 13,983

45 to 54 years

15,892 15,600 15,650 16,047 16,073 15,862 16,000 15,887 15,862

55 years and over

12,746 13,201 13,223 12,956 13,283 13,371 13,396 13,450 13,438

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

43,859 43,367 43,512 43,847 43,205 43,322 43,333 43,369 43,433

Married women, spouse present

34,672 33,886 33,721 35,151 34,643 34,238 34,332 34,304 34,213

Women who maintain families

8,777 8,829 8,714 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

113,863 113,974 113,508 112,117 112,091 112,716 112,646 112,076 111,822

Part-time workers(2)

26,211 26,160 26,411 27,636 27,167 26,750 26,755 27,082 27,705

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,772 6,579 6,515 7,079 7,029 7,239 7,002 6,546 6,814

Percent of total employed

4.8 4.7 4.7 5.1 5.0 5.2 5.0 4.7 4.9

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Aug.
2009
July
2010
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010
July
2010
Aug.
2010

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

14,993 14,599 14,860 9.7 9.9 9.7 9.5 9.5 9.6

16 to 19 years

1,643 1,528 1,561 25.7 25.4 26.4 25.7 26.1 26.3

16 to 17 years

612 586 643 26.5 29.2 29.8 29.2 30.4 31.4

18 to 19 years

1,023 924 933 25.2 24.1 24.6 24.0 23.6 23.9

20 years and over

13,350 13,072 13,299 9.0 9.2 9.0 8.9 8.8 9.0

20 to 24 years

2,270 2,345 2,249 15.1 17.2 14.7 15.3 15.6 14.9

25 years and over

11,124 10,784 11,062 8.4 8.3 8.4 8.2 8.1 8.3

25 to 54 years

9,113 8,684 8,782 8.8 8.7 8.7 8.5 8.5 8.5

25 to 34 years

3,483 3,336 3,287 10.4 10.2 10.5 10.3 9.9 9.8

35 to 44 years

2,802 2,659 2,564 8.2 8.1 8.1 7.8 8.0 7.7

45 to 54 years

2,827 2,689 2,931 7.8 7.7 7.7 7.5 7.5 8.1

55 years and over

1,983 2,066 2,215 6.8 7.0 7.1 6.9 6.9 7.3

Men, 16 years and over

9,031 8,507 8,691 11.0 10.8 10.5 10.5 10.4 10.6

16 to 19 years

976 869 880 29.9 29.3 28.1 29.2 29.0 29.7

16 to 17 years

350 321 328 29.6 32.2 32.4 32.8 32.5 33.0

18 to 19 years

625 535 558 29.9 27.8 26.3 27.4 26.7 28.1

20 years and over

8,055 7,638 7,811 10.2 10.1 9.8 9.9 9.7 9.8

20 to 24 years

1,329 1,438 1,377 17.0 19.9 16.1 17.8 18.3 17.3

25 years and over

6,773 6,270 6,476 9.5 8.9 9.1 9.0 8.8 9.1

25 to 54 years

5,624 5,047 5,126 10.0 9.3 9.5 9.4 9.1 9.2

25 to 34 years

2,108 1,957 1,919 11.5 10.9 11.4 11.5 10.7 10.4

35 to 44 years

1,772 1,505 1,493 9.5 8.5 8.6 8.3 8.3 8.3

45 to 54 years

1,743 1,584 1,713 9.1 8.5 8.4 8.6 8.4 9.0

55 years and over

1,149 1,223 1,350 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.5 7.7 8.4

Women, 16 years and over

5,962 6,092 6,169 8.3 8.8 8.8 8.3 8.5 8.6

16 to 19 years

667 659 681 21.4 21.4 24.6 22.3 23.1 22.9

16 to 17 years

262 266 315 23.3 26.2 27.4 25.8 28.2 30.0

18 to 19 years

399 389 374 20.2 20.2 22.9 20.3 20.5 19.5

20 years and over

5,295 5,433 5,488 7.7 8.2 8.1 7.8 7.9 8.0

20 to 24 years

941 907 872 13.1 14.3 13.2 12.6 12.7 12.2

25 years and over

4,352 4,514 4,586 7.1 7.6 7.6 7.2 7.3 7.4

25 to 54 years

3,489 3,637 3,656 7.3 7.9 7.9 7.5 7.7 7.7

25 to 34 years

1,375 1,379 1,368 9.1 9.4 9.5 8.9 9.0 9.0

35 to 44 years

1,030 1,153 1,071 6.6 7.6 7.4 7.4 7.6 7.1

45 to 54 years

1,084 1,105 1,217 6.3 6.9 6.8 6.4 6.5 7.1

55 years and over(1)

919 984 977 6.7 5.7 5.9 6.5 6.9 6.9

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

3,344 3,054 3,179 7.1 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.6 6.8

Married women, spouse present

2,041 2,103 2,188 5.5 6.3 6.3 5.9 5.8 6.0

Women who maintain families(1)

1,225 1,362 1,346 12.2 11.0 11.6 12.1 13.4 13.4

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

13,181 12,675 12,845 10.5 10.6 10.4 10.2 10.2 10.3

Part-time workers(3)

1,845 1,863 2,005 6.3 6.5 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.7

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2009
July
2010
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010
July
2010
Aug.
2010

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

9,316 8,964 8,894 9,814 9,246 9,223 9,114 9,125 9,305

On temporary layoff

1,526 1,281 1,359 1,704 1,359 1,478 1,424 1,268 1,480

Not on temporary layoff

7,790 7,682 7,535 8,110 7,887 7,746 7,690 7,857 7,825

Permanent job losers

6,406 6,383 6,214 6,654 6,494 6,410 6,404 6,518 6,480

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,384 1,300 1,321 1,408 1,393 1,336 1,287 1,339 1,345

Job leavers

909 935 943 835 938 969 900 900 874

Reentrants

3,386 3,591 3,492 3,294 3,739 3,453 3,308 3,393 3,411

New entrants

1,212 1,647 1,430 1,096 1,231 1,206 1,140 1,188 1,259

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

62.8 59.2 60.3 65.3 61.0 62.1 63.0 62.5 62.7

On temporary layoff

10.3 8.5 9.2 11.3 9.0 9.9 9.8 8.7 10.0

Not on temporary layoff

52.6 50.8 51.1 53.9 52.0 52.2 53.2 53.8 52.7

Job leavers

6.1 6.2 6.4 5.6 6.2 6.5 6.2 6.2 5.9

Reentrants

22.8 23.7 23.7 21.9 24.7 23.3 22.9 23.2 23.0

New entrants

8.2 10.9 9.7 7.3 8.1 8.1 7.9 8.1 8.5

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

6.0 5.8 5.7 6.4 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9 6.0

Job leavers

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

2.2 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2

New entrants

0.8 1.1 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2009
July
2010
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010
July
2010
Aug.
2010

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,867 3,111 2,632 2,992 2,682 2,752 2,769 2,839 2,760

5 to 14 weeks

4,322 3,507 3,939 4,093 2,991 3,019 3,121 3,060 3,635

15 weeks and over

7,633 8,519 8,189 7,849 8,969 8,924 8,959 8,722 8,484

15 to 26 weeks

2,572 1,978 1,916 2,825 2,253 2,161 2,208 2,151 2,235

27 weeks and over

5,061 6,541 6,273 5,024 6,716 6,763 6,751 6,572 6,249

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

25.1 32.6 33.1 25.2 33.0 34.4 35.2 34.2 33.6

Median duration, in weeks

15.5 20.3 19.6 15.5 21.6 23.2 25.5 22.2 19.9

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

19.3 20.6 17.8 20.0 18.3 18.7 18.6 19.4 18.5

5 to 14 weeks

29.2 23.2 26.7 27.4 20.4 20.5 21.0 20.9 24.4

15 weeks and over

51.5 56.3 55.5 52.6 61.3 60.7 60.3 59.7 57.0

15 to 26 weeks

17.4 13.1 13.0 18.9 15.4 14.7 14.9 14.7 15.0

27 weeks and over

34.1 43.2 42.5 33.6 45.9 46.0 45.5 44.9 42.0

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Aug.
2009
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2009
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2009
Aug.
2010

Total, 16 years and over(1)

140,074 139,919 14,823 14,759 9.6 9.5

Management, professional, and related occupations

51,724 50,879 2,925 2,762 5.4 5.1

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

21,849 20,741 1,141 1,067 5.0 4.9

Professional and related occupations

29,875 30,138 1,785 1,695 5.6 5.3

Service occupations

25,115 25,228 2,797 2,998 10.0 10.6

Sales and office occupations

34,132 33,429 3,252 3,345 8.7 9.1

Sales and related occupations

15,902 15,367 1,511 1,519 8.7 9.0

Office and administrative support occupations

18,230 18,062 1,741 1,826 8.7 9.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,561 13,743 2,176 2,136 13.8 13.5

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

984 1,092 182 117 15.6 9.6

Construction and extraction occupations

7,613 7,665 1,555 1,498 17.0 16.3

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,964 4,985 439 522 8.1 9.5

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

15,542 16,640 2,421 2,046 13.5 10.9

Production occupations

7,691 8,243 1,366 1,078 15.1 11.6

Transportation and material moving occupations

7,852 8,397 1,055 968 11.8 10.3

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Aug.
2009
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2009
Aug.
2010

Total, 16 years and over(1)

14,823 14,759 9.6 9.5

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

11,729 11,285 9.8 9.4

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

93 93 11.8 10.9

Construction

1,542 1,483 16.5 17.0

Manufacturing

1,866 1,463 11.8 9.5

Durable goods

1,297 984 13.0 10.0

Nondurable goods

569 479 9.7 8.6

Wholesale and retail trade

1,794 1,909 8.8 9.3

Transportation and utilities

547 440 9.8 7.3

Information

358 302 10.7 9.7

Financial activities

566 606 6.0 6.7

Professional and business services

1,560 1,524 11.0 10.5

Education and health services

1,239 1,430 6.0 6.7

Leisure and hospitality

1,636 1,507 12.0 10.8

Other services

528 530 8.2 8.3

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

195 114 13.1 7.9

Government workers

1,118 1,292 5.1 6.0

Self-employed and unpaid family workers

569 638 5.3 6.1

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2009
July
2010
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010
July
2010
Aug.
2010

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.9 5.5 5.3 5.1 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.5

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

6.0 5.8 5.7 6.4 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9 6.0

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

9.6 9.7 9.5 9.7 9.9 9.7 9.5 9.5 9.6

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

10.0 10.4 10.2 10.1 10.6 10.3 10.2 10.2 10.3

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

10.9 11.2 10.9 11.0 11.3 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

16.5 16.8 16.4 16.8 17.1 16.6 16.5 16.5 16.7

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Aug.
2009
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2009
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2009
Aug.
2010

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

81,190 83,421 31,583 32,632 49,607 50,789

Persons who currently want a job

5,728 6,083 2,572 2,785 3,156 3,298

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,270 2,370 1,197 1,292 1,072 1,078

Discouraged workers(2)

758 1,110 480 704 278 405

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,512 1,260 717 587 795 673

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,772 6,515 3,206 3,226 3,566 3,289

Percent of total employed

4.8 4.7 4.3 4.3 5.4 5.0

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,545 3,431 1,776 1,855 1,769 1,576

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,683 1,617 555 586 1,127 1,031

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

291 267 176 173 116 94

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,214 1,167 666 603 548 563

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2009
June
2010
July
2010(p)
Aug.
2010(p)
Aug.
2009
June
2010
July
2010(p)
Aug.
2010(p)
Change from:
July 2010- Aug. 2010(p)

Total nonfarm

129,871 131,346 130,077 130,149 130,082 130,419 130,365 130,311 -54

Total private

108,531 108,634 108,772 108,903 107,563 107,696 107,803 107,870 67

Goods-producing

18,646 18,248 18,348 18,443 18,245 17,994 18,031 18,031 0

Mining and logging

689 732 747 752 678 726 733 741 8

Logging

51.1 48.0 49.3 49.8 49.4 48.2 48.3 48.1 -0.2

Mining

637.4 683.9 697.6 702.5 628.6 677.7 685.0 692.5 7.5

Oil and gas extraction

161.4 166.5 166.3 168.3 160.1 164.7 165.1 166.8 1.7

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

214.9 220.1 222.3 223.7 207.4 214.1 214.5 216.2 1.7

Coal mining

81.2 82.8 83.0 83.5 81.0 82.9 83.0 83.1 0.1

Support activities for mining

261.1 297.3 309.0 310.5 261.1 298.9 305.4 309.5 4.1

Construction

6,185 5,786 5,862 5,914 5,885 5,596 5,592 5,611 19

Construction of buildings

1,385.5 1,294.9 1,302.2 1,306.1 1,332.2 1,264.9 1,257.4 1,254.6 -2.8

Residential building

647.3 600.7 596.3 598.9 617.9 582.2 574.8 572.2 -2.6

Nonresidential building

738.2 694.2 705.9 707.2 714.3 682.7 682.6 682.4 -0.2

Heavy and civil engineering construction

894.4 855.0 869.3 888.4 830.5 807.9 809.9 820.5 10.6

Specialty trade contractors

3,905.3 3,635.8 3,690.5 3,719.7 3,722.3 3,523.5 3,524.4 3,535.4 11.0

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,671.2 1,599.1 1,609.8 1,605.3 1,584.9 1,536.9 1,528.9 1,521.7 -7.2

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,234.1 2,036.7 2,080.7 2,114.4 2,137.4 1,986.6 1,995.5 2,013.7 18.2

Manufacturing

11,772 11,730 11,739 11,777 11,682 11,672 11,706 11,679 -27

Durable goods

7,186 7,197 7,200 7,218 7,151 7,166 7,199 7,175 -24

Wood products

360.5 360.5 356.8 356.3 350.2 354.2 349.2 346.2 -3.0

Nonmetallic mineral products

403.4 394.2 394.1 394.2 391.6 384.5 383.6 382.8 -0.8

Primary metals

354.2 371.9 372.3 375.1 353.9 372.7 373.7 374.4 0.7

Fabricated metal products

1,289.8 1,305.8 1,314.8 1,322.3 1,284.2 1,306.1 1,315.4 1,313.7 -1.7

Machinery

1,001.7 999.1 1,002.2 1,003.3 1,002.9 999.3 1,001.1 1,000.2 -0.9

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,115.0 1,099.5 1,102.9 1,104.6 1,113.3 1,098.0 1,099.5 1,102.1 2.6

Computer and peripheral equipment

161.1 158.5 160.1 161.4 161.2 159.2 160.0 160.9 0.9

Communication equipment

119.9 122.1 121.1 122.1 120.1 121.5 120.9 122.0 1.1

Semiconductors and electronic components

366.2 366.5 368.1 370.4 365.8 366.4 368.1 370.2 2.1

Electronic instruments

418.8 406.1 407.3 405.4 417.4 404.6 404.4 403.8 -0.6

Electrical equipment and appliances

371.0 370.5 373.0 374.0 369.8 369.5 371.2 372.1 0.9

Transportation equipment(1)

1,330.7 1,355.4 1,343.0 1,350.1 1,331.1 1,345.8 1,371.6 1,350.2 -21.4

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

655.1 689.1 673.7 682.3 654.7 681.5 703.8 682.2 -21.6

Furniture and related products

377.2 366.5 364.9 362.3 372.8 361.6 358.8 357.8 -1.0

Miscellaneous manufacturing

582.2 574.0 576.0 576.0 581.5 574.0 575.3 575.0 -0.3

Nondurable goods

4,586 4,533 4,539 4,559 4,531 4,506 4,507 4,504 -3

Food manufacturing

1,498.6 1,464.6 1,483.5 1,498.2 1,463.3 1,461.8 1,462.5 1,461.2 -1.3

Beverages and tobacco products

191.8 186.2 184.8 185.4 187.2 182.4 180.6 181.0 0.4

Textile mills

123.0 124.4 123.4 122.9 122.1 123.6 123.9 122.1 -1.8

Textile product mills

123.9 123.5 122.9 122.9 124.6 123.2 123.2 123.0 -0.2

Apparel

170.0 166.6 164.1 167.5 166.8 163.9 164.5 164.9 0.4

Leather and allied products

29.3 29.0 28.0 29.7 29.1 28.8 28.4 29.3 0.9

Paper and paper products

404.3 400.8 400.4 399.8 402.7 398.7 397.7 398.0 0.3

Printing and related support activities

513.7 497.0 494.9 494.1 513.4 495.5 496.1 493.4 -2.7

Petroleum and coal products

119.2 117.7 117.7 117.2 115.4 113.9 113.6 113.3 -0.3

Chemicals

794.7 784.1 782.7 780.1 793.2 779.6 778.9 778.8 -0.1

Plastics and rubber products

617.4 638.7 636.2 641.6 613.5 634.3 637.1 638.7 1.6

Private service-providing

89,885 90,386 90,424 90,460 89,318 89,702 89,772 89,839 67

Trade, transportation, and utilities

24,831 24,808 24,777 24,788 24,819 24,741 24,766 24,757 -9

Wholesale trade

5,612.2 5,612.1 5,620.7 5,621.1 5,588.2 5,579.9 5,588.2 5,592.3 4.1

Durable goods

2,811.0 2,780.2 2,791.8 2,791.8 2,799.3 2,767.6 2,774.8 2,775.1 0.3

Nondurable goods

1,982.4 1,989.1 1,984.6 1,983.3 1,972.8 1,973.9 1,972.6 1,974.5 1.9

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

818.8 842.8 844.3 846.0 816.1 838.4 840.8 842.7 1.9

Retail trade

14,497.0 14,442.2 14,442.5 14,463.0 14,477.0 14,431.3 14,438.7 14,433.8 -4.9

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,648.5 1,648.8 1,646.2 1,657.3 1,628.0 1,631.7 1,628.9 1,636.7 7.8

Automobile dealers

1,022.4 1,022.4 1,021.2 1,028.0 1,012.6 1,016.5 1,015.6 1,019.1 3.5

Furniture and home furnishings stores

437.4 435.7 434.4 432.6 441.2 441.3 439.1 436.9 -2.2

Electronics and appliance stores

477.3 470.9 471.9 475.5 482.4 479.6 479.7 481.4 1.7

Building material and garden supply stores

1,164.0 1,200.8 1,171.2 1,145.3 1,149.6 1,145.7 1,141.9 1,136.1 -5.8

Food and beverage stores

2,843.7 2,824.3 2,820.8 2,822.0 2,832.3 2,803.3 2,804.2 2,807.5 3.3

Health and personal care stores

982.8 977.7 973.7 974.1 983.6 974.5 973.5 974.2 0.7

Gasoline stations

843.2 829.3 837.8 836.5 830.3 820.4 823.7 822.0 -1.7

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,366.7 1,368.0 1,390.6 1,402.3 1,354.4 1,391.0 1,391.7 1,390.5 -1.2

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

611.7 591.6 586.4 601.1 619.6 609.8 609.3 606.8 -2.5

General merchandise stores(1)

2,926.2 2,913.6 2,927.1 2,928.8 2,955.2 2,941.8 2,954.5 2,949.8 -4.7

Department stores

1,447.5 1,454.5 1,462.2 1,471.2 1,471.7 1,488.7 1,493.3 1,493.6 0.3

Miscellaneous store retailers

785.4 770.8 773.3 775.1 780.3 768.3 769.9 769.8 -0.1

Nonstore retailers

410.1 410.7 409.1 412.4 420.1 423.9 422.3 422.1 -0.2

Transportation and warehousing

4,160.0 4,194.5 4,157.6 4,148.7 4,194.8 4,174.4 4,186.0 4,178.6 -7.4

Air transportation

460.7 455.7 456.2 457.8 457.6 453.8 453.2 453.8 0.6

Rail transportation

217.0 218.7 220.9 220.4 217.7 218.9 219.8 220.5 0.7

Water transportation

65.2 66.2 66.7 66.1 62.5 64.1 63.5 63.3 -0.2

Truck transportation

1,272.7 1,248.7 1,257.6 1,263.2 1,251.0 1,234.5 1,239.5 1,239.9 0.4

Transit and ground passenger transportation

351.2 419.1 371.1 351.3 417.6 418.1 429.5 417.5 -12.0

Pipeline transportation

41.5 39.2 39.2 39.5 41.4 39.2 39.1 39.4 0.3

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

36.3 35.1 37.6 37.0 28.0 28.8 28.7 28.6 -0.1

Support activities for transportation

541.2 547.5 550.7 551.4 539.8 546.5 548.6 549.2 0.6

Couriers and messengers

534.5 520.1 515.1 517.7 540.6 523.1 520.8 522.5 1.7

Warehousing and storage

639.7 644.2 642.5 644.3 638.6 647.4 643.3 643.9 0.6

Utilities

561.8 559.1 556.0 554.9 559.3 555.0 552.9 552.5 -0.4

Information

2,779 2,724 2,726 2,719 2,776 2,711 2,715 2,714 -1

Publishing industries, except Internet

782.3 760.7 763.0 763.2 781.1 760.9 761.3 761.6 0.3

Motion picture and sound recording industries

350.9 356.6 362.8 358.4 347.6 345.1 351.4 352.2 0.8

Broadcasting, except Internet

295.7 294.6 294.9 297.4 296.3 294.8 296.2 297.8 1.6

Telecommunications

967.0 925.6 919.0 916.2 966.8 925.5 920.1 916.5 -3.6

Data processing, hosting and related services

250.0 246.2 245.2 242.6 251.1 245.5 245.5 244.2 -1.3

Other information services

133.1 140.1 141.5 141.6 133.0 139.3 140.9 141.2 0.3

Financial activities

7,746 7,636 7,640 7,626 7,695 7,591 7,580 7,576 -4

Finance and insurance

5,728.5 5,661.0 5,659.8 5,653.3 5,718.9 5,649.9 5,643.3 5,642.9 -0.4

Monetary authorities - central bank

21.2 21.2 21.4 21.4 21.0 21.2 21.2 21.2 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,584.0 2,565.9 2,570.7 2,566.7 2,578.6 2,562.3 2,560.0 2,561.0 1.0

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,759.6 1,756.6 1,761.5 1,762.2 1,752.5 1,753.8 1,753.5 1,754.9 1.4

Commercial banking

1,316.6 1,315.2 1,319.8 1,320.2 1,311.9 1,313.0 1,314.0 1,315.6 1.6

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

799.2 800.5 802.0 800.9 798.6 797.9 799.2 799.8 0.6

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,236.7 2,188.2 2,181.8 2,181.0 2,233.4 2,183.4 2,179.0 2,177.7 -1.3

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

87.4 85.2 83.9 83.3 87.3 85.1 83.9 83.2 -0.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,017.2 1,975.4 1,979.8 1,972.5 1,975.8 1,941.2 1,936.8 1,932.9 -3.9

Real estate

1,427.0 1,397.6 1,400.0 1,396.4 1,402.8 1,379.8 1,377.5 1,374.5 -3.0

Rental and leasing services

563.9 553.6 555.6 551.9 547.2 537.4 535.5 534.6 -0.9

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

26.3 24.2 24.2 24.2 25.8 24.0 23.8 23.8 0.0

Professional and business services

16,528 16,786 16,806 16,871 16,371 16,697 16,694 16,714 20

Professional and technical services(1)

7,405.6 7,361.4 7,386.7 7,387.9 7,450.6 7,407.5 7,416.7 7,428.8 12.1

Legal services

1,120.5 1,115.0 1,115.5 1,107.1 1,116.5 1,101.1 1,101.4 1,102.4 1.0

Accounting and bookkeeping services

844.8 818.5 816.5 823.7 921.3 894.5 895.7 899.4 3.7

Architectural and engineering services

1,316.2 1,286.8 1,292.5 1,293.2 1,301.6 1,277.0 1,277.2 1,277.2 0.0

Computer systems design and related services

1,425.8 1,441.9 1,459.3 1,463.9 1,421.4 1,447.2 1,455.5 1,459.5 4.0

Management and technical consulting services

990.8 988.3 992.6 990.8 987.8 987.6 986.6 986.9 0.3

Management of companies and enterprises

1,856.7 1,839.9 1,835.0 1,834.3 1,845.1 1,825.5 1,821.6 1,819.1 -2.5

Administrative and waste services

7,265.7 7,584.9 7,584.1 7,648.3 7,075.6 7,463.6 7,455.8 7,465.6 9.8

Administrative and support services(1)

6,909.5 7,225.6 7,219.2 7,284.9 6,725.1 7,108.9 7,099.2 7,109.5 10.3

Employment services(1)

2,464.2 2,803.2 2,781.6 2,840.7 2,381.7 2,791.8 2,770.9 2,773.1 2.2

Temporary help services

1,795.9 2,109.3 2,093.5 2,164.7 1,733.6 2,100.7 2,099.8 2,116.6 16.8

Business support services

796.8 780.1 784.5 785.3 809.1 793.7 797.2 796.8 -0.4

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,836.7 1,840.5 1,851.4 1,843.7 1,735.0 1,728.8 1,735.8 1,738.1 2.3

Waste management and remediation services

356.2 359.3 364.9 363.4 350.5 354.7 356.6 356.1 -0.5

Education and health services

18,894 19,353 19,257 19,290 19,221 19,532 19,566 19,611 45

Educational services

2,779.2 2,959.1 2,864.9 2,848.3 3,088.7 3,146.4 3,151.4 3,156.3 4.9

Health care and social assistance

16,114.4 16,394.2 16,391.7 16,441.2 16,132.6 16,385.2 16,414.8 16,455.0 40.2

Health care(3)

13,589.5 13,768.7 13,811.4 13,833.5 13,558.6 13,748.1 13,770.9 13,799.1 28.2

Ambulatory health care services(1)

5,798.2 5,920.3 5,944.4 5,956.6 5,789.0 5,911.8 5,929.7 5,946.6 16.9

Offices of physicians

2,287.6 2,314.0 2,320.4 2,326.7 2,283.8 2,315.4 2,318.4 2,323.7 5.3

Outpatient care centers

544.1 552.0 555.0 557.8 544.2 551.9 554.0 556.7 2.7

Home health care services

1,029.0 1,067.6 1,073.6 1,074.0 1,028.1 1,064.8 1,070.9 1,073.7 2.8

Hospitals

4,687.8 4,719.4 4,728.2 4,735.2 4,675.4 4,714.6 4,713.2 4,721.8 8.6

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,103.5 3,129.0 3,138.8 3,141.7 3,094.2 3,121.7 3,128.0 3,130.7 2.7

Nursing care facilities

1,654.6 1,658.9 1,662.6 1,662.5 1,649.4 1,655.3 1,657.4 1,656.4 -1.0

Social assistance(1)

2,524.9 2,625.5 2,580.3 2,607.7 2,574.0 2,637.1 2,643.9 2,655.9 12.0

Child day care services

808.4 849.2 797.5 820.7 855.7 864.3 864.8 868.5 3.7

Leisure and hospitality

13,708 13,677 13,799 13,774 13,083 13,100 13,111 13,124 13

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,159.6 2,154.0 2,221.7 2,167.6 1,901.9 1,907.1 1,908.7 1,903.8 -4.9

Performing arts and spectator sports

424.5 431.6 451.0 448.3 398.6 407.8 414.8 417.1 2.3

Museums, historical sites, zoos, and parks

140.9 141.5 145.0 141.0 129.9 129.4 129.7 129.3 -0.4

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,594.2 1,580.9 1,625.7 1,578.3 1,373.4 1,369.9 1,364.2 1,357.4 -6.8

Accommodation and food services

11,547.9 11,522.5 11,577.4 11,605.9 11,180.9 11,193.3 11,202.6 11,219.9 17.3

Accommodation

1,879.7 1,843.0 1,910.2 1,913.7 1,754.0 1,762.2 1,773.6 1,778.7 5.1

Food services and drinking places

9,668.2 9,679.5 9,667.2 9,692.2 9,426.9 9,431.1 9,429.0 9,441.2 12.2

Other services

5,399 5,402 5,419 5,392 5,353 5,330 5,340 5,343 3

Repair and maintenance

1,154.3 1,156.4 1,156.3 1,157.8 1,148.0 1,145.2 1,147.3 1,149.8 2.5

Personal and laundry services

1,287.8 1,288.2 1,278.4 1,268.4 1,278.5 1,269.3 1,266.8 1,262.2 -4.6

Membership associations and organizations

2,956.9 2,957.7 2,984.0 2,966.2 2,926.6 2,915.8 2,925.8 2,931.0 5.2

Government

21,340 22,712 21,305 21,246 22,519 22,723 22,562 22,441 -121

Federal

2,833.0 3,192.0 3,067.0 2,940.0 2,815.0 3,173.0 3,030.0 2,919.0 -111.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,142.4 2,539.4 2,408.5 2,290.8 2,120.4 2,518.0 2,379.2 2,268.3 -110.9

U.S. Postal Service

690.4 652.5 658.2 649.4 694.4 655.3 650.9 650.3 -0.6

State government

4,905.0 4,951.0 4,877.0 4,892.0 5,172.0 5,159.0 5,174.0 5,160.0 -14.0

State government education

2,075.3 2,161.4 2,093.7 2,117.3 2,367.4 2,394.5 2,415.5 2,409.3 -6.2

State government, excluding education

2,829.4 2,789.1 2,783.4 2,774.3 2,804.7 2,764.8 2,758.0 2,750.7 -7.3

Local government

13,602.0 14,569.0 13,361.0 13,414.0 14,532.0 14,391.0 14,358.0 14,362.0 4.0

Local government education

6,930.2 8,026.3 6,770.2 6,861.6 8,034.0 8,005.6 7,987.9 7,977.5 -10.4

Local government, excluding education

6,672.0 6,542.5 6,590.6 6,552.8 6,497.9 6,385.6 6,370.2 6,384.2 14.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Aug.
2009
June
2010
July
2010(p)
Aug.
2010(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.8 34.1 34.2 34.2

Goods-producing

38.6 39.3 39.4 39.5

Mining and logging

42.5 43.1 43.4 43.6

Construction

37.2 37.4 37.5 37.6

Manufacturing

39.1 40.1 40.1 40.2

Durable goods

39.1 40.3 40.4 40.4

Nondurable goods

39.0 39.6 39.5 39.8

Private service-providing

32.9 33.1 33.1 33.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.1 34.2 34.3 34.3

Wholesale trade

37.8 38.2 38.2 38.3

Retail trade

31.3 31.2 31.3 31.3

Transportation and warehousing

38.1 38.4 38.5 38.5

Utilities

40.9 41.1 41.1 41.4

Information

36.5 36.7 36.6 36.6

Financial activities

36.5 37.1 37.0 37.0

Professional and business services

34.9 35.2 35.4 35.4

Education and health services

32.9 32.9 32.9 32.9

Leisure and hospitality

25.6 25.7 25.8 25.9

Other services

31.5 31.9 31.9 31.9

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

2.3 2.9 2.9 3.0

Durable goods

2.0 2.9 2.9 2.9

Nondurable goods

2.7 3.0 3.0 3.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Aug.
2009
June
2010
July
2010(p)
Aug.
2010(p)
Aug.
2009
June
2010
July
2010(p)
Aug.
2010(p)

Total private

$22.28 $22.55 $22.60 $22.66 $753.06 $768.96 $772.92 $774.97

Goods-producing

23.88 23.98 24.03 24.12 921.77 942.41 946.78 952.74

Mining and logging

27.52 27.40 27.48 27.78 1,169.60 1,180.94 1,192.63 1,211.21

Construction

24.92 25.14 25.17 25.20 927.02 940.24 943.88 947.52

Manufacturing

23.14 23.22 23.28 23.38 904.77 931.12 933.53 939.88

Durable goods

24.69 24.68 24.74 24.88 965.38 994.60 999.50 1,005.15

Nondurable goods

20.70 20.87 20.90 20.95 807.30 826.45 825.55 833.81

Private service-providing

21.89 22.21 22.25 22.31 720.18 735.15 736.48 738.46

Trade, transportation, and utilities

19.41 19.74 19.76 19.84 661.88 675.11 677.77 680.51

Wholesale trade

25.64 26.23 26.34 26.47 969.19 1,001.99 1,006.19 1,013.80

Retail trade

15.45 15.57 15.58 15.63 483.59 485.78 487.65 489.22

Transportation and warehousing

20.42 20.96 20.94 20.96 778.00 804.86 806.19 806.96

Utilities

33.12 32.83 32.81 33.05 1,354.61 1,349.31 1,348.49 1,368.27

Information

29.58 30.46 30.43 30.53 1,079.67 1,117.88 1,113.74 1,117.40

Financial activities

26.48 27.13 27.23 27.32 966.52 1,006.52 1,007.51 1,010.84

Professional and business services

27.20 27.23 27.32 27.40 949.28 958.50 967.13 969.96

Education and health services

22.45 22.84 22.91 22.96 738.61 751.44 753.74 755.38

Leisure and hospitality

13.00 13.06 13.07 13.10 332.80 335.64 337.21 339.29

Other services

19.70 19.90 19.88 19.90 620.55 634.81 634.17 634.81

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Aug.
2009
June
2010
July
2010(p)
Aug.
2010(p)
Percent change from:
July 2010- Aug. 2010(p)
Aug.
2009
June
2010
July
2010(p)
Aug.
2010(p)
Percent change from:
July 2010 - Aug. 2010(p)

Total private

91.1 92.0 92.4 92.4 0.0 96.8 99.0 99.6 99.9 0.3

Goods-producing

80.2 80.6 80.9 81.1 0.2 86.6 87.3 87.9 88.5 0.7

Mining and logging

90.5 98.3 100.0 101.5 1.5 100.0 108.2 110.3 113.2 2.6

Construction

75.4 72.1 72.3 72.7 0.6 81.7 78.8 79.0 79.6 0.8

Manufacturing

82.2 84.2 84.4 84.5 0.1 88.4 90.9 91.4 91.8 0.4

Durable goods

78.7 81.3 81.9 81.6 -0.4 86.3 89.1 90.0 90.2 0.2

Nondurable goods

88.2 89.1 88.9 89.5 0.7 92.6 94.3 94.2 95.1 1.0

Private service-providing

94.4 95.4 95.4 95.5 0.1 100.1 102.6 102.9 103.2 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

92.0 92.0 92.3 92.3 0.0 96.1 97.7 98.2 98.5 0.3

Wholesale trade

92.2 93.0 93.1 93.5 0.4 98.6 101.8 102.4 103.2 0.8

Retail trade

92.0 91.4 91.8 91.7 -0.1 94.0 94.1 94.5 94.8 0.3

Transportation and warehousing

91.5 91.7 92.2 92.1 -0.1 94.8 97.6 98.0 97.9 -0.1

Utilities

98.9 98.7 98.3 98.9 0.6 108.3 107.0 106.6 108.0 1.3

Information

92.5 90.9 90.8 90.7 -0.1 97.5 98.5 98.3 98.6 0.3

Financial activities

92.5 92.8 92.4 92.4 0.0 95.7 98.3 98.2 98.5 0.3

Professional and business services

89.9 92.4 92.9 93.1 0.2 99.0 102.0 102.9 103.3 0.4

Education and health services

102.9 104.6 104.8 105.0 0.2 108.2 111.9 112.4 113.0 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

95.6 96.1 96.5 97.0 0.5 100.2 101.2 101.8 102.5 0.7

Other services

93.4 94.2 94.4 94.4 0.0 104.5 106.4 106.5 106.7 0.2

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Aug.
2009
June
2010
July
2010(p)
Aug.
2010(p)
Aug.
2009
June
2010
July
2010(p)
Aug.
2010(p)

Total nonfarm

64,943 64,837 64,779 64,719 49.9 49.7 49.7 49.7

Total private

52,072 51,912 51,932 51,948 48.4 48.2 48.2 48.2

Goods-producing

4,232 4,144 4,154 4,148 23.2 23.0 23.0 23.0

Mining and logging

98 101 101 103 14.5 13.9 13.8 13.9

Construction

789 736 735 733 13.4 13.2 13.1 13.1

Manufacturing

3,345 3,307 3,318 3,312 28.6 28.3 28.3 28.4

Durable goods

1,775 1,744 1,755 1,750 24.8 24.3 24.4 24.4

Nondurable goods

1,570 1,563 1,563 1,562 34.7 34.7 34.7 34.7

Private service-providing

47,840 47,768 47,778 47,800 53.6 53.3 53.2 53.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,173 10,038 10,039 10,018 41.0 40.6 40.5 40.5

Wholesale trade

1,698.8 1,678.0 1,677.4 1,679.0 30.4 30.1 30.0 30.0

Retail trade

7,324.4 7,227.4 7,225.1 7,210.1 50.6 50.1 50.0 50.0

Transportation and warehousing

1,008.3 997.5 1,002.1 995.2 24.0 23.9 23.9 23.8

Utilities

141.5 135.1 134.2 133.3 25.3 24.3 24.3 24.1

Information

1,157 1,106 1,110 1,112 41.7 40.8 40.9 41.0

Financial activities

4,566 4,472 4,461 4,456 59.3 58.9 58.9 58.8

Professional and business services

7,392 7,426 7,413 7,413 45.2 44.5 44.4 44.4

Education and health services

14,880 15,067 15,092 15,124 77.4 77.1 77.1 77.1

Leisure and hospitality

6,854 6,849 6,857 6,872 52.4 52.3 52.3 52.4

Other services

2,818 2,810 2,806 2,805 52.6 52.7 52.5 52.5

Government

12,871 12,925 12,847 12,771 57.2 56.9 56.9 56.9

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Aug.
2009
June
2010
July
2010(p)
Aug.
2010(p)

Total private

88,575 88,767 88,852 88,908

Goods-producing

13,120 12,958 12,972 12,970

Mining and logging

493 542 550 553

Construction

4,435 4,220 4,205 4,222

Manufacturing

8,192 8,196 8,217 8,195

Durable goods

4,886 4,914 4,937 4,915

Nondurable goods

3,306 3,282 3,280 3,280

Private service-providing

75,455 75,809 75,880 75,938

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,020 20,964 20,980 20,955

Wholesale trade

4,502.2 4,486.8 4,486.0 4,487.1

Retail trade

12,416.8 12,418.5 12,426.9 12,419.7

Transportation and warehousing

3,652.4 3,618.5 3,629.4 3,609.6

Utilities

448.4 440.6 438.1 438.2

Information

2,218 2,179 2,183 2,184

Financial activities

5,950 5,856 5,844 5,837

Professional and business services

13,346 13,684 13,691 13,708

Education and health services

16,873 17,119 17,153 17,198

Leisure and hospitality

11,568 11,549 11,559 11,581

Other services

4,480 4,458 4,470 4,475

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Aug.
2009
June
2010
July
2010(p)
Aug.
2010(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.1 33.4 33.4 33.5

Goods-producing

39.4 40.2 40.3 40.5

Mining and logging

43.3 44.8 44.8 45.5

Construction

38.0 38.2 38.2 38.4

Manufacturing

40.0 41.0 41.1 41.2

Durable goods

40.0 41.3 41.4 41.4

Nondurable goods

39.9 40.5 40.7 40.9

Private service-providing

32.0 32.2 32.3 32.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

32.8 33.3 33.5 33.5

Wholesale trade

37.5 37.8 38.0 38.1

Retail trade

29.8 30.1 30.4 30.3

Transportation and warehousing

36.1 37.4 37.5 37.5

Utilities

41.9 42.2 42.3 42.2

Information

36.5 36.6 36.3 36.3

Financial activities

36.1 36.3 36.1 36.4

Professional and business services

34.7 35.0 35.1 35.1

Education and health services

32.2 32.2 32.1 32.2

Leisure and hospitality

24.7 24.7 24.8 24.8

Other services

30.5 30.7 30.9 30.9

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.0 3.9 3.8 3.9

Durable goods

2.8 3.9 3.8 3.8

Nondurable goods

3.3 3.8 3.7 4.0

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Aug.
2009
June
2010
July
2010(p)
Aug.
2010(p)
Aug.
2009
June
2010
July
2010(p)
Aug.
2010(p)

Total private

$18.69 $19.02 $19.05 $19.08 $618.64 $635.27 $636.27 $639.18

Goods-producing

19.95 20.22 20.25 20.29 786.03 812.84 816.08 821.75

Mining and logging

23.27 23.91 23.94 23.95 1,007.59 1,071.17 1,072.51 1,089.73

Construction

22.70 23.17 23.23 23.29 862.60 885.09 887.39 894.34

Manufacturing

18.31 18.54 18.56 18.57 732.40 760.14 762.82 765.08

Durable goods

19.45 19.70 19.72 19.75 778.00 813.61 816.41 817.65

Nondurable goods

16.63 16.78 16.79 16.78 663.54 679.59 683.35 686.30

Private service-providing

18.42 18.76 18.79 18.83 589.44 604.07 606.92 608.21

Trade, transportation, and utilities

16.54 16.85 16.84 16.86 542.51 561.11 564.14 564.81

Wholesale trade

20.98 21.51 21.58 21.55 786.75 813.08 820.04 821.06

Retail trade

13.04 13.23 13.22 13.22 388.59 398.22 401.89 400.57

Transportation and warehousing

18.82 19.15 19.13 19.19 679.40 716.21 717.38 719.63

Utilities

29.71 30.31 30.40 30.49 1,244.85 1,279.08 1,285.92 1,286.68

Information

25.67 25.75 25.97 25.84 936.96 942.45 942.71 937.99

Financial activities

20.90 21.39 21.45 21.47 754.49 776.46 774.35 781.51

Professional and business services

22.45 22.79 22.85 22.95 779.02 797.65 802.04 805.55

Education and health services

19.55 19.97 20.03 20.08 629.51 643.03 642.96 646.58

Leisure and hospitality

11.16 11.34 11.35 11.35 275.65 280.10 281.48 281.48

Other services

16.65 16.89 16.85 16.87 507.83 518.52 520.67 521.28

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Aug.
2009
June
2010
July
2010(p)
Aug.
2010(p)
Percent change from:
July
2010 - Aug.
2010(p)
Aug.
2009
June
2010
July
2010(p)
Aug.
2010(p)
Percent change from:
July
2010 - Aug.
2010(p)

Total private

98.0 99.1 99.2 99.5 0.3 122.3 125.9 126.2 126.9 0.6

Goods-producing

79.0 79.6 79.9 80.3 0.5 96.5 98.6 99.1 99.7 0.6

Mining and logging

113.4 129.0 130.9 133.7 2.1 153.5 179.4 182.3 186.2 2.1

Construction

84.4 80.7 80.4 81.2 1.0 103.4 101.0 100.9 102.1 1.2

Manufacturing

75.2 77.1 77.5 77.5 0.0 90.1 93.5 94.1 94.1 0.0

Durable goods

73.4 76.2 76.8 76.4 -0.5 89.2 93.8 94.5 94.3 -0.2

Nondurable goods

77.7 78.3 78.7 79.0 0.4 91.3 92.9 93.3 93.7 0.4

Private service-providing

103.2 104.4 104.8 104.9 0.1 130.4 134.3 135.0 135.4 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

96.1 97.3 98.0 97.9 -0.1 113.4 117.0 117.7 117.7 0.0

Wholesale trade

99.4 99.9 100.4 100.7 0.3 122.9 126.6 127.6 127.8 0.2

Retail trade

93.7 94.6 95.6 95.3 -0.3 104.7 107.3 108.4 107.9 -0.5

Transportation and warehousing

99.3 101.9 102.5 101.9 -0.6 118.5 123.8 124.3 124.0 -0.2

Utilities

96.1 95.1 94.8 94.6 -0.2 119.2 120.3 120.3 120.4 0.1

Information

92.4 91.0 90.5 90.5 0.0 117.4 116.1 116.3 115.8 -0.4

Financial activities

102.8 101.7 101.0 101.7 0.7 132.8 134.5 133.9 135.0 0.8

Professional and business services

103.8 107.3 107.7 107.8 0.1 138.6 145.6 146.4 147.3 0.6

Education and health services

117.2 118.9 118.8 119.5 0.6 150.6 156.1 156.4 157.7 0.8

Leisure and hospitality

104.7 104.6 105.1 105.3 0.2 132.7 134.6 135.4 135.7 0.2

Other services

95.9 96.0 96.9 97.0 0.1 116.3 118.2 119.0 119.2 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: September 03, 2010
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