Economic News Release

Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed            USDL-13-1803
until 8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, September 6, 2013

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                  THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- AUGUST 2013


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 169,000 in August, and
the unemployment rate was little changed at 7.3 percent, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Employment rose in retail
trade and health care but declined in information.

Household Survey Data

Both the number of unemployed persons, at 11.3 million, and the
unemployment rate, at 7.3 percent, changed little in August. The
jobless rate is down from 8.1 percent a year ago. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men
(7.1 percent), adult women (6.3 percent), teenagers (22.7 percent),
whites (6.4 percent), blacks (13.0 percent), and Hispanics (9.3
percent) showed little change in August. The jobless rate for Asians
was 5.1 percent (not seasonally adjusted), little changed from a year
earlier. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

In August, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27
weeks or more) was about unchanged at 4.3 million. These individuals
accounted for 37.9 percent of the unemployed. Over the past 12 months,
the number of long-term unemployed has declined by 733,000. (See 
table A-12.) 

The civilian labor force participation rate edged down to 63.2 percent
in August. The employment-population ratio, at 58.6 percent, was
essentially unchanged. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons
(sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) declined by
334,000 to 7.9 million in August. These individuals were working part
time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable
to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In August, 2.3 million persons were marginally attached to the labor
force, down by 219,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not
seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force,
wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime
in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because
they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.
(See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 866,000 discouraged workers
in August, essentially unchanged from a year earlier. (The data are
not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not
currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available
for them. The remaining 1.5 million persons marginally attached to the
labor force in August had not searched for work for reasons such as
school attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 169,000 in August, about
in line with the average monthly gain of 184,000 over the prior 12
months. In August, job growth occurred in retail trade and health
care, while employment in information declined. Employment continued
to trend up in food services and drinking places, professional and
business services, and wholesale trade. (See table B-1.)

Retail trade added 44,000 jobs in August and has added 393,000 jobs
over the past 12 months. In August, job growth occurred in clothing
stores (+14,000), food and beverage stores (+12,000), general
merchandise stores (+9,000), and electronics and appliance stores
(+4,000).

Employment in health care increased by 33,000 in August. Within the
industry, most of the job growth occurred in ambulatory care
services (+27,000).

In August, employment in professional and business services continued
to trend up (+23,000). Over the past 12 months, this industry has
added 614,000 jobs. Employment in temporary help services changed
little in August.

Within leisure and hospitality, employment in food services and
drinking places continued to trend up in August (+21,000). Over the
year, food services and drinking places has added 354,000 jobs.

In August, wholesale trade employment continued to trend up (+8,000).
This industry has added 83,000 jobs over the past 12 months.

Within manufacturing, employment in motor vehicles and parts rose by
19,000 in August, after declining by 10,000 in July. Auto manufacturers 
laid off more workers for model changeover in July than in recent years. 
The return of laid-off workers contributed to the increase in August. 
Over the past 12 months, auto manufacturers have added 34,000 jobs.

Within information, the motion picture and sound recording industry
lost 22,000 jobs in August, following a gain of 8,000 in July.

Employment in other major industries, including mining and logging,
construction, transportation and warehousing, financial activities,
and government, showed little or no change in August.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls
increased by 0.1 hour in August to 34.5 hours. In manufacturing, the
workweek increased by 0.1 hour to 40.8 hours, and overtime increased
by 0.2 hour to 3.4 hours. The average workweek for production and
nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at
33.6 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In August, average hourly earnings for all employees on private
nonfarm payrolls rose by 5 cents to $24.05. Over the year, average
hourly earnings have risen by 52 cents, or 2.2 percent. In August,
average hourly earnings of private-sector production and
nonsupervisory employees rose by 4 cents to $20.20. (See tables B-3
and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for June was revised
from +188,000 to +172,000, and the change for July was revised from
+162,000 to +104,000. With these revisions, employment gains in June
and July combined were 74,000 less than previously reported.

_____________
The Employment Situation for September is scheduled to be released on
Friday, October 4, 2013, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).


   ------------------------------------------------------------------
  |                                                                  |
  |      2013 CES Preliminary Benchmark Revision to be Released      |
  |                      on September 26, 2013                       |
  |                                                                  |
  | Each year, the Current Employment Statistics (CES) survey        |
  | estimates are benchmarked to comprehensive counts of employment  |
  | from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) for the |
  | month of March. These counts are derived from state unemployment |
  | insurance (UI) tax records that nearly all employers are         |
  | required to file. On September 26, 2013, at 10:00 a.m., the      |
  | Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) will release the preliminary    |
  | estimate of the upcoming annual benchmark revision to the        |
  | establishment survey employment series. This is the same day     |
  | the First Quarter 2013 data from the QCEW will be issued.        |
  | Preliminary benchmark revisions for all major industry sectors,  |
  | as well as total nonfarm and total private levels, will be       |
  | available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/ces/cesprelbmk.htm.  |
  |                                                                  |
  | The final benchmark revision will be issued with the publication |
  | of the January 2014 Employment Situation news release in         |
  | February.                                                        |
  |                                                                  |
   ------------------------------------------------------------------




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Aug.
2012
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Change from:
July
2013-
Aug.
2013

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

243,566 245,552 245,756 245,959 203

Civilian labor force

154,647 155,835 155,798 155,486 -312

Participation rate

63.5 63.5 63.4 63.2 -0.2

Employed

142,164 144,058 144,285 144,170 -115

Employment-population ratio

58.4 58.7 58.7 58.6 -0.1

Unemployed

12,483 11,777 11,514 11,316 -198

Unemployment rate

8.1 7.6 7.4 7.3 -0.1

Not in labor force

88,919 89,717 89,957 90,473 516

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

8.1 7.6 7.4 7.3 -0.1

Adult men (20 years and over)

7.6 7.0 7.0 7.1 0.1

Adult women (20 years and over)

7.3 6.8 6.5 6.3 -0.2

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

24.5 24.0 23.7 22.7 -1.0

White

7.2 6.6 6.6 6.4 -0.2

Black or African American

14.0 13.7 12.6 13.0 0.4

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

5.9 5.0 5.7 5.1 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

10.2 9.1 9.4 9.3 -0.1

Total, 25 years and over

6.7 6.2 6.1 6.0 -0.1

Less than a high school diploma

12.0 10.7 11.0 11.3 0.3

High school graduates, no college

8.7 7.6 7.6 7.6 0.0

Some college or associate degree

6.6 6.4 6.0 6.1 0.1

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.1 3.9 3.8 3.5 -0.3

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

6,935 6,119 5,921 5,970 49

Job leavers

946 1,030 979 893 -86

Reentrants

3,316 3,291 3,258 3,129 -129

New entrants

1,268 1,259 1,254 1,299 45

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,865 2,692 2,563 2,563 0

5 to 14 weeks

2,848 2,864 2,869 2,766 -103

15 to 26 weeks

1,823 1,896 1,788 1,694 -94

27 weeks and over

5,023 4,328 4,246 4,290 44

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

8,043 8,226 8,245 7,911 -334

Slack work or business conditions

5,195 5,193 5,177 4,808 -369

Could only find part-time work

2,524 2,652 2,665 2,719 54

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,954 19,044 19,128 19,339 211

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,561 2,582 2,414 2,342 -

Discouraged workers

844 1,027 988 866 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Aug.
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)
Aug.
2013(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

165 172 104 169

Total private

131 194 127 152

Goods-producing

-14 6 -17 18

Mining and logging

-3 3 2 4

Construction

3 10 -3 0

Manufacturing

-14 -7 -16 14

Durable goods(1)

-14 -2 -14 22

Motor vehicles and parts

-6.6 4.9 -10.4 18.8

Nondurable goods

0 -5 -2 -8

Private service-providing(1)

145 188 144 134

Wholesale trade

6.5 6.5 11.6 8.4

Retail trade

11.2 45.3 48.8 44.0

Transportation and warehousing

9.3 2.4 -13.9 12.0

Information

-2 -7 13 -18

Financial activities

7 11 17 -5

Professional and business services(1)

29 64 32 23

Temporary help services

4.4 19.1 8.1 13.1

Education and health services(1)

32 23 26 43

Health care and social assistance

26.4 23.6 14.9 38.3

Leisure and hospitality

45 43 13 27

Other services

-1 -1 -2 0

Government

34 -22 -23 17

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private women employees

47.9 47.9 47.9 48.0

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.6 82.6 82.6 82.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.4 34.5 34.4 34.5

Average hourly earnings

$23.53 $24.00 $24.00 $24.05

Average weekly earnings

$809.43 $828.00 $825.60 $829.73

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

96.5 98.5 98.4 98.8

Over-the-month percent change

0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.4

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

108.3 112.8 112.6 113.3

Over-the-month percent change

0.1 0.6 -0.2 0.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.6 33.7 33.6 33.6

Average hourly earnings

$19.76 $20.15 $20.16 $20.20

Average weekly earnings

$663.94 $679.06 $677.38 $678.72

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

103.8 105.9 105.7 105.8

Over-the-month percent change

-0.2 0.2 -0.2 0.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

137.0 142.5 142.3 142.8

Over-the-month percent change

-0.1 0.5 -0.1 0.4

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private (266 industries)

51.7 57.0 55.1 59.2

Manufacturing (81 industries)

38.9 41.4 46.9 49.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of   employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a   smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change   than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.

   In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment,
   employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. Slightly more
   than 20 percent of all employees in the payroll survey sample have a weekly pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the effect
   of extreme weather on estimates of over-the-month change in employment.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours. Current and historical
   data are available on the  household survey's most requested statistics page at
   http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 145,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 557,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 90,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-40,000 to +140,000 (50,000 +/- 90,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Aug.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

243,566 245,756 245,959 243,566 245,175 245,363 245,552 245,756 245,959

Civilian labor force

155,255 157,196 155,971 154,647 155,238 155,658 155,835 155,798 155,486

Participation rate

63.7 64.0 63.4 63.5 63.3 63.4 63.5 63.4 63.2

Employed

142,558 145,113 144,509 142,164 143,579 143,898 144,058 144,285 144,170

Employment-population ratio

58.5 59.0 58.8 58.4 58.6 58.6 58.7 58.7 58.6

Unemployed

12,696 12,083 11,462 12,483 11,659 11,760 11,777 11,514 11,316

Unemployment rate

8.2 7.7 7.3 8.1 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.4 7.3

Not in labor force

88,311 88,560 89,988 88,919 89,936 89,705 89,717 89,957 90,473

Persons who currently want a job

7,031 6,862 6,291 6,956 6,413 6,712 6,580 6,619 6,285

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

117,492 118,595 118,700 117,492 118,296 118,393 118,490 118,595 118,700

Civilian labor force

82,669 83,965 83,110 81,991 82,621 82,862 82,898 82,852 82,513

Participation rate

70.4 70.8 70.0 69.8 69.8 70.0 70.0 69.9 69.5

Employed

76,089 77,569 76,962 75,174 76,239 76,299 76,447 76,466 76,164

Employment-population ratio

64.8 65.4 64.8 64.0 64.4 64.4 64.5 64.5 64.2

Unemployed

6,580 6,396 6,148 6,817 6,382 6,564 6,451 6,387 6,349

Unemployment rate

8.0 7.6 7.4 8.3 7.7 7.9 7.8 7.7 7.7

Not in labor force

34,823 34,630 35,590 35,501 35,675 35,531 35,592 35,743 36,186

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

108,851 110,054 110,172 108,851 109,736 109,839 109,943 110,054 110,172

Civilian labor force

79,436 80,275 79,902 79,085 79,803 79,878 79,883 79,909 79,639

Participation rate

73.0 72.9 72.5 72.7 72.7 72.7 72.7 72.6 72.3

Employed

73,736 74,854 74,522 73,097 74,159 74,124 74,276 74,328 74,010

Employment-population ratio

67.7 68.0 67.6 67.2 67.6 67.5 67.6 67.5 67.2

Unemployed

5,700 5,421 5,381 5,988 5,644 5,754 5,607 5,581 5,629

Unemployment rate

7.2 6.8 6.7 7.6 7.1 7.2 7.0 7.0 7.1

Not in labor force

29,415 29,778 30,269 29,766 29,933 29,961 30,060 30,145 30,533

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

126,073 127,161 127,260 126,073 126,878 126,970 127,062 127,161 127,260

Civilian labor force

72,586 73,231 72,861 72,656 72,617 72,796 72,938 72,946 72,973

Participation rate

57.6 57.6 57.3 57.6 57.2 57.3 57.4 57.4 57.3

Employed

66,470 67,543 67,547 66,990 67,340 67,599 67,612 67,819 68,005

Employment-population ratio

52.7 53.1 53.1 53.1 53.1 53.2 53.2 53.3 53.4

Unemployed

6,116 5,688 5,314 5,666 5,277 5,197 5,326 5,127 4,968

Unemployment rate

8.4 7.8 7.3 7.8 7.3 7.1 7.3 7.0 6.8

Not in labor force

53,488 53,930 54,398 53,418 54,261 54,174 54,124 54,215 54,287

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

117,760 118,907 119,018 117,760 118,612 118,708 118,804 118,907 119,018

Civilian labor force

69,502 69,656 69,821 69,800 69,744 69,895 70,075 70,033 70,140

Participation rate

59.0 58.6 58.7 59.3 58.8 58.9 59.0 58.9 58.9

Employed

64,023 64,754 65,129 64,716 65,101 65,329 65,314 65,489 65,750

Employment-population ratio

54.4 54.5 54.7 55.0 54.9 55.0 55.0 55.1 55.2

Unemployed

5,480 4,902 4,692 5,083 4,642 4,566 4,761 4,544 4,390

Unemployment rate

7.9 7.0 6.7 7.3 6.7 6.5 6.8 6.5 6.3

Not in labor force

48,258 49,251 49,197 47,960 48,868 48,813 48,730 48,875 48,878

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,955 16,795 16,770 16,955 16,827 16,816 16,805 16,795 16,770

Civilian labor force

6,317 7,264 6,248 5,763 5,692 5,886 5,878 5,857 5,707

Participation rate

37.3 43.3 37.3 34.0 33.8 35.0 35.0 34.9 34.0

Employed

4,800 5,504 4,859 4,351 4,320 4,445 4,469 4,469 4,410

Employment-population ratio

28.3 32.8 29.0 25.7 25.7 26.4 26.6 26.6 26.3

Unemployed

1,517 1,760 1,389 1,412 1,372 1,441 1,409 1,388 1,297

Unemployment rate

24.0 24.2 22.2 24.5 24.1 24.5 24.0 23.7 22.7

Not in labor force

10,638 9,530 10,522 11,192 11,135 10,930 10,927 10,938 11,062

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Aug.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

193,376 194,373 194,489 193,376 194,041 194,147 194,254 194,373 194,489

Civilian labor force

123,848 124,807 123,786 123,292 123,504 123,844 123,766 123,719 123,378

Participation rate

64.0 64.2 63.6 63.8 63.6 63.8 63.7 63.7 63.4

Employed

114,895 116,321 115,884 114,395 115,266 115,557 115,563 115,552 115,464

Employment-population ratio

59.4 59.8 59.6 59.2 59.4 59.5 59.5 59.4 59.4

Unemployed

8,953 8,486 7,903 8,897 8,238 8,287 8,204 8,167 7,913

Unemployment rate

7.2 6.8 6.4 7.2 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.4

Not in labor force

69,528 69,565 70,703 70,084 70,537 70,303 70,488 70,654 71,112

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,506 64,906 64,653 64,246 64,674 64,680 64,625 64,595 64,433

Participation rate

73.4 73.3 73.0 73.1 73.2 73.2 73.1 73.0 72.8

Employed

60,438 60,995 60,873 59,910 60,540 60,545 60,620 60,528 60,416

Employment-population ratio

68.8 68.9 68.7 68.2 68.6 68.5 68.6 68.4 68.2

Unemployed

4,068 3,911 3,781 4,336 4,135 4,135 4,005 4,067 4,017

Unemployment rate

6.3 6.0 5.8 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.3 6.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,250 54,204 54,261 54,408 54,221 54,447 54,469 54,501 54,474

Participation rate

58.4 58.0 58.1 58.6 58.2 58.4 58.4 58.4 58.3

Employed

50,484 50,794 51,083 50,915 51,123 51,311 51,222 51,339 51,494

Employment-population ratio

54.4 54.4 54.7 54.8 54.8 55.0 54.9 55.0 55.1

Unemployed

3,766 3,410 3,178 3,493 3,098 3,136 3,247 3,162 2,980

Unemployment rate

6.9 6.3 5.9 6.4 5.7 5.8 6.0 5.8 5.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

5,092 5,698 4,873 4,638 4,608 4,717 4,672 4,623 4,470

Participation rate

40.3 45.6 39.0 36.7 36.8 37.7 37.3 37.0 35.8

Employed

3,974 4,532 3,929 3,569 3,603 3,700 3,721 3,685 3,555

Employment-population ratio

31.4 36.2 31.5 28.2 28.8 29.6 29.7 29.5 28.5

Unemployed

1,118 1,165 944 1,069 1,005 1,017 951 938 916

Unemployment rate

22.0 20.5 19.4 23.0 21.8 21.6 20.4 20.3 20.5

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,954 30,390 30,426 29,954 30,290 30,322 30,355 30,390 30,426

Civilian labor force

18,491 18,825 18,578 18,389 18,617 18,723 18,636 18,671 18,511

Participation rate

61.7 61.9 61.1 61.4 61.5 61.7 61.4 61.4 60.8

Employed

15,810 16,311 16,071 15,811 16,167 16,202 16,090 16,318 16,108

Employment-population ratio

52.8 53.7 52.8 52.8 53.4 53.4 53.0 53.7 52.9

Unemployed

2,681 2,513 2,507 2,578 2,450 2,521 2,546 2,353 2,403

Unemployment rate

14.5 13.4 13.5 14.0 13.2 13.5 13.7 12.6 13.0

Not in labor force

11,463 11,565 11,847 11,566 11,673 11,599 11,719 11,719 11,914

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,243 8,450 8,337 8,231 8,377 8,441 8,358 8,434 8,324

Participation rate

67.5 67.7 66.7 67.4 67.4 67.9 67.1 67.6 66.6

Employed

7,108 7,398 7,224 7,059 7,319 7,301 7,270 7,382 7,204

Employment-population ratio

58.2 59.3 57.8 57.8 58.9 58.7 58.4 59.2 57.6

Unemployed

1,135 1,052 1,113 1,172 1,058 1,140 1,088 1,052 1,120

Unemployment rate

13.8 12.4 13.3 14.2 12.6 13.5 13.0 12.5 13.5

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,494 9,444 9,444 9,463 9,529 9,562 9,556 9,508 9,450

Participation rate

62.9 61.5 61.4 62.7 62.3 62.5 62.3 62.0 61.5

Employed

8,240 8,382 8,355 8,323 8,425 8,487 8,413 8,510 8,449

Employment-population ratio

54.6 54.6 54.4 55.1 55.1 55.4 54.9 55.5 55.0

Unemployed

1,254 1,063 1,088 1,140 1,105 1,074 1,143 998 1,001

Unemployment rate

13.2 11.3 11.5 12.0 11.6 11.2 12.0 10.5 10.6

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

755 930 797 695 711 720 722 729 738

Participation rate

28.7 36.3 31.2 26.4 27.5 28.0 28.1 28.4 28.9

Employed

462 531 491 429 423 413 407 426 456

Employment-population ratio

17.6 20.7 19.2 16.3 16.4 16.1 15.8 16.6 17.8

Unemployed

293 399 306 265 287 307 315 303 282

Unemployment rate

38.8 42.9 38.4 38.2 40.5 42.6 43.6 41.6 38.2

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

12,845 13,298 13,241 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

8,175 8,641 8,574 - - - - - -

Participation rate

63.6 65.0 64.8 - - - - - -

Employed

7,694 8,153 8,133 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

59.9 61.3 61.4 - - - - - -

Unemployed

482 488 441 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

5.9 5.7 5.1 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

4,670 4,657 4,667 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Aug.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

36,881 37,548 37,630 36,881 37,320 37,395 37,471 37,548 37,630

Civilian labor force

24,395 25,220 24,964 24,351 24,512 24,848 24,869 25,040 24,942

Participation rate

66.1 67.2 66.3 66.0 65.7 66.4 66.4 66.7 66.3

Employed

21,943 22,822 22,656 21,874 22,310 22,583 22,601 22,675 22,612

Employment-population ratio

59.5 60.8 60.2 59.3 59.8 60.4 60.3 60.4 60.1

Unemployed

2,452 2,398 2,308 2,477 2,202 2,265 2,267 2,366 2,330

Unemployment rate

10.1 9.5 9.2 10.2 9.0 9.1 9.1 9.4 9.3

Not in labor force

12,486 12,328 12,666 12,529 12,808 12,547 12,602 12,508 12,688

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,430 13,847 13,895 - - - - - -

Participation rate

80.8 81.7 81.8 - - - - - -

Employed

12,336 12,784 12,799 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

74.2 75.5 75.4 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,094 1,063 1,096 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

8.1 7.7 7.9 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,751 9,930 9,786 - - - - - -

Participation rate

58.7 58.6 57.6 - - - - - -

Employed

8,745 9,041 8,938 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

52.7 53.3 52.6 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,005 889 847 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

10.3 9.0 8.7 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,214 1,443 1,284 - - - - - -

Participation rate

33.2 39.5 35.1 - - - - - -

Employed

861 997 919 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

23.5 27.3 25.2 - - - - - -

Unemployed

352 446 364 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

29.0 30.9 28.4 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,163 10,886 10,901 11,196 10,999 11,237 11,161 10,889 10,939

Participation rate

45.3 45.4 45.2 45.5 44.8 45.0 44.5 45.4 45.4

Employed

9,922 9,723 9,753 9,852 9,725 9,993 9,969 9,692 9,700

Employment-population ratio

40.3 40.5 40.5 40.0 39.6 40.0 39.8 40.4 40.2

Unemployed

1,241 1,163 1,148 1,344 1,274 1,243 1,192 1,197 1,239

Unemployment rate

11.1 10.7 10.5 12.0 11.6 11.1 10.7 11.0 11.3

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

36,356 36,722 36,336 36,751 36,200 36,236 36,320 36,741 36,592

Participation rate

59.3 59.0 58.6 59.9 58.7 58.9 59.1 59.0 59.0

Employed

33,298 33,995 33,680 33,560 33,510 33,572 33,562 33,950 33,826

Employment-population ratio

54.3 54.6 54.3 54.7 54.3 54.6 54.6 54.5 54.5

Unemployed

3,058 2,727 2,656 3,191 2,689 2,664 2,757 2,791 2,766

Unemployment rate

8.4 7.4 7.3 8.7 7.4 7.4 7.6 7.6 7.6

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,479 37,252 37,701 37,433 37,371 37,470 37,297 37,341 37,496

Participation rate

68.5 67.1 67.5 68.4 68.4 68.5 68.1 67.3 67.2

Employed

34,914 34,931 35,343 34,958 34,992 35,036 34,925 35,105 35,216

Employment-population ratio

63.8 62.9 63.3 63.9 64.1 64.0 63.7 63.2 63.1

Unemployed

2,565 2,320 2,358 2,476 2,379 2,435 2,372 2,237 2,281

Unemployment rate

6.8 6.2 6.3 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.4 6.0 6.1

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

48,413 48,831 48,944 48,429 49,492 49,473 49,466 49,173 49,141

Participation rate

75.5 75.0 75.1 75.5 75.6 75.8 75.6 75.5 75.4

Employed

46,253 46,779 47,097 46,433 47,563 47,581 47,537 47,281 47,400

Employment-population ratio

72.1 71.8 72.3 72.4 72.7 72.9 72.7 72.6 72.8

Unemployed

2,160 2,051 1,847 1,996 1,929 1,892 1,929 1,891 1,740

Unemployment rate

4.5 4.2 3.8 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Aug.
2012
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2012
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2012
Aug.
2013

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,132 21,359 19,316 19,131 1,816 2,228

Civilian labor force

10,948 10,809 9,836 9,444 1,112 1,365

Participation rate

51.8 50.6 50.9 49.4 61.3 61.3

Employed

10,228 10,139 9,217 8,878 1,011 1,260

Employment-population ratio

48.4 47.5 47.7 46.4 55.7 56.6

Unemployed

720 671 619 566 101 105

Unemployment rate

6.6 6.2 6.3 6.0 9.1 7.7

Not in labor force

10,184 10,550 9,480 9,687 704 863

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,571 2,883 2,164 2,280 407 603

Civilian labor force

2,081 2,263 1,805 1,848 276 415

Participation rate

81.0 78.5 83.4 81.0 67.9 68.8

Employed

1,854 2,036 1,611 1,664 243 372

Employment-population ratio

72.1 70.6 74.5 73.0 59.7 61.7

Unemployed

227 226 193 183 33 43

Unemployment rate

10.9 10.0 10.7 9.9 12.1 10.3

Not in labor force

490 621 359 432 131 188

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,083 3,099 2,648 2,555 435 545

Civilian labor force

2,553 2,531 2,234 2,129 319 403

Participation rate

82.8 81.7 84.4 83.3 73.3 73.9

Employed

2,403 2,392 2,108 2,018 296 374

Employment-population ratio

78.0 77.2 79.6 79.0 67.9 68.7

Unemployed

149 140 126 111 24 28

Unemployment rate

5.8 5.5 5.6 5.2 7.4 7.1

Not in labor force

530 568 414 426 116 142

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,815 9,758 9,499 9,386 316 372

Civilian labor force

3,101 2,852 3,003 2,753 98 99

Participation rate

31.6 29.2 31.6 29.3 30.9 26.6

Employed

2,939 2,705 2,842 2,614 98 91

Employment-population ratio

29.9 27.7 29.9 27.9 30.9 24.5

Unemployed

162 147 162 139 0 8

Unemployment rate

5.2 5.1 5.4 5.0 0.0 7.8

Not in labor force

6,714 6,906 6,495 6,633 218 273

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,663 5,618 5,006 4,910 657 708

Civilian labor force

3,213 3,163 2,794 2,714 419 449

Participation rate

56.7 56.3 55.8 55.3 63.8 63.4

Employed

3,031 3,005 2,656 2,582 375 423

Employment-population ratio

53.5 53.5 53.1 52.6 57.1 59.8

Unemployed

182 158 138 132 44 26

Unemployment rate

5.7 5.0 4.9 4.9 10.5 5.8

Not in labor force

2,450 2,455 2,212 2,196 238 259

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

213,655 215,784 93,681 95,108 119,974 120,677

Civilian labor force

142,098 143,021 71,750 72,631 70,348 70,390

Participation rate

66.5 66.3 76.6 76.4 58.6 58.3

Employed

130,730 132,749 66,159 67,300 64,571 65,449

Employment-population ratio

61.2 61.5 70.6 70.8 53.8 54.2

Unemployed

11,368 10,272 5,591 5,331 5,778 4,941

Unemployment rate

8.0 7.2 7.8 7.3 8.2 7.0

Not in labor force

71,557 72,764 21,932 22,477 49,626 50,287

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Beginning with data for January 2013, estimates for veterans incorporate population controls derived from the updated Department of Veterans Affairs' population model.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Aug.
2012
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2012
Aug.
2013

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,191 28,726 215,375 217,233

Civilian labor force

5,878 5,884 149,377 150,087

Participation rate

20.9 20.5 69.4 69.1

Employed

5,064 5,053 137,495 139,456

Employment-population ratio

18.0 17.6 63.8 64.2

Unemployed

814 831 11,882 10,631

Unemployment rate

13.9 14.1 8.0 7.1

Not in labor force

22,313 22,842 65,998 67,146

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,689 2,584 75,682 75,997

Participation rate

35.3 33.8 82.9 82.8

Employed

2,326 2,170 69,714 70,492

Employment-population ratio

30.5 28.4 76.3 76.8

Unemployed

362 413 5,968 5,505

Unemployment rate

13.5 16.0 7.9 7.2

Not in labor force

4,934 5,067 15,666 15,782

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,208 2,326 66,972 66,906

Participation rate

28.5 29.1 70.7 70.5

Employed

1,828 1,957 61,478 62,127

Employment-population ratio

23.6 24.5 64.9 65.4

Unemployed

380 368 5,494 4,779

Unemployment rate

17.2 15.8 8.2 7.1

Not in labor force

5,526 5,665 27,807 28,025

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

981 975 6,723 7,183

Participation rate

7.6 7.4 23.0 23.5

Employed

909 926 6,303 6,837

Employment-population ratio

7.1 7.1 21.5 22.4

Unemployed

72 49 421 347

Unemployment rate

7.4 5.0 6.3 4.8

Not in labor force

11,853 12,110 22,525 23,339

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Aug.
2012
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2012
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2012
Aug.
2013

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

37,847 38,197 18,329 18,441 19,518 19,757

Civilian labor force

24,998 25,540 14,388 14,543 10,610 10,997

Participation rate

66.1 66.9 78.5 78.9 54.4 55.7

Employed

23,080 23,833 13,371 13,630 9,709 10,203

Employment-population ratio

61.0 62.4 72.9 73.9 49.7 51.6

Unemployed

1,918 1,707 1,017 913 901 794

Unemployment rate

7.7 6.7 7.1 6.3 8.5 7.2

Not in labor force

12,849 12,658 3,941 3,898 8,908 8,760

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

205,719 207,762 99,163 100,259 106,555 107,503

Civilian labor force

130,257 130,431 68,281 68,567 61,976 61,865

Participation rate

63.3 62.8 68.9 68.4 58.2 57.5

Employed

119,479 120,676 62,718 63,332 56,761 57,344

Employment-population ratio

58.1 58.1 63.2 63.2 53.3 53.3

Unemployed

10,778 9,755 5,563 5,235 5,215 4,520

Unemployment rate

8.3 7.5 8.1 7.6 8.4 7.3

Not in labor force

75,462 77,331 30,882 31,692 44,579 45,639

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,286 2,435 2,398 2,146 2,017 2,059 2,067 2,159 2,204

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,500 1,494 1,509 1,388 1,227 1,263 1,268 1,303 1,367

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

761 915 855 734 772 793 790 842 820

Unpaid family workers

24 25 34 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

140,273 142,678 142,111 139,918 141,592 141,890 142,004 142,165 141,947

Wage and salary workers(1)

131,348 133,606 133,254 131,215 132,847 133,201 133,273 133,224 133,277

Government

19,791 19,151 19,729 20,411 20,269 20,361 20,157 20,041 20,365

Private industries

111,558 114,455 113,526 110,749 112,558 112,865 113,167 113,164 112,886

Private households

796 704 680 - - - - - -

Other industries

110,762 113,752 112,846 109,987 111,932 112,274 112,552 112,535 112,244

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,857 9,010 8,782 8,754 8,651 8,597 8,643 8,831 8,678

Unpaid family workers

67 62 74 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,842 8,324 7,690 8,043 7,916 7,904 8,226 8,245 7,911

Slack work or business conditions

5,054 5,140 4,632 5,195 5,129 4,841 5,193 5,177 4,808

Could only find part-time work

2,405 2,757 2,616 2,524 2,527 2,721 2,652 2,665 2,719

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

17,217 17,503 17,701 18,954 18,908 18,934 19,044 19,128 19,339

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,723 8,207 7,567 7,910 7,793 7,797 8,111 8,101 7,785

Slack work or business conditions

4,971 5,068 4,566 5,118 5,058 4,778 5,120 5,106 4,747

Could only find part-time work

2,391 2,732 2,598 2,527 2,454 2,686 2,632 2,665 2,714

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

16,893 17,201 17,376 18,596 18,542 18,511 18,696 18,779 18,935

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

142,558 145,113 144,509 142,164 143,579 143,898 144,058 144,285 144,170

16 to 19 years

4,800 5,504 4,859 4,351 4,320 4,445 4,469 4,469 4,410

16 to 17 years

1,601 1,870 1,622 1,382 1,490 1,505 1,451 1,460 1,412

18 to 19 years

3,199 3,634 3,238 2,988 2,834 2,937 3,027 3,034 3,014

20 years and over

137,759 139,608 139,650 137,813 139,260 139,453 139,589 139,816 139,760

20 to 24 years

13,371 14,180 13,777 13,100 13,569 13,412 13,605 13,654 13,543

25 years and over

124,388 125,428 125,873 124,676 125,678 126,057 125,978 126,087 126,205

25 to 54 years

94,038 94,247 94,379 94,048 94,393 94,569 94,461 94,476 94,424

25 to 34 years

30,656 31,168 31,171 30,577 31,133 31,292 31,217 31,176 31,143

35 to 44 years

30,545 30,582 30,737 30,597 30,637 30,691 30,570 30,686 30,779

45 to 54 years

32,836 32,497 32,471 32,874 32,623 32,586 32,675 32,613 32,502

55 years and over

30,349 31,181 31,494 30,628 31,285 31,488 31,517 31,612 31,781

Men, 16 years and over

76,089 77,569 76,962 75,174 76,239 76,299 76,447 76,466 76,164

16 to 19 years

2,353 2,715 2,441 2,077 2,080 2,175 2,171 2,138 2,155

16 to 17 years

713 929 784 604 653 686 696 679 670

18 to 19 years

1,640 1,786 1,657 1,504 1,426 1,485 1,495 1,457 1,508

20 years and over

73,736 74,854 74,522 73,097 74,159 74,124 74,276 74,328 74,010

20 to 24 years

6,988 7,412 7,154 6,764 6,990 6,917 6,952 7,037 6,956

25 years and over

66,748 67,442 67,368 66,407 67,095 67,192 67,331 67,270 67,122

25 to 54 years

50,541 50,882 50,670 50,168 50,565 50,613 50,672 50,592 50,388

25 to 34 years

16,706 16,971 16,936 16,502 16,887 16,961 16,944 16,849 16,791

35 to 44 years

16,599 16,680 16,634 16,519 16,673 16,660 16,602 16,597 16,571

45 to 54 years

17,235 17,231 17,100 17,147 17,005 16,992 17,125 17,146 17,026

55 years and over

16,207 16,560 16,698 16,239 16,530 16,578 16,659 16,678 16,733

Women, 16 years and over

66,470 67,543 67,547 66,990 67,340 67,599 67,612 67,819 68,005

16 to 19 years

2,447 2,789 2,418 2,273 2,239 2,271 2,298 2,330 2,255

16 to 17 years

888 941 838 779 837 819 755 781 741

18 to 19 years

1,559 1,848 1,581 1,484 1,408 1,452 1,532 1,577 1,506

20 years and over

64,023 64,754 65,129 64,716 65,101 65,329 65,314 65,489 65,750

20 to 24 years

6,383 6,768 6,624 6,336 6,578 6,495 6,653 6,617 6,588

25 years and over

57,640 57,986 58,505 58,269 58,583 58,866 58,647 58,817 59,084

25 to 54 years

43,498 43,365 43,709 43,880 43,828 43,955 43,790 43,884 44,036

25 to 34 years

13,950 14,197 14,235 14,075 14,246 14,330 14,272 14,327 14,353

35 to 44 years

13,946 13,902 14,103 14,078 13,964 14,030 13,968 14,089 14,208

45 to 54 years

15,601 15,265 15,371 15,727 15,619 15,595 15,550 15,467 15,476

55 years and over

14,142 14,621 14,796 14,389 14,755 14,910 14,857 14,934 15,048

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

44,038 43,873 44,112 43,913 44,024 44,176 43,963 43,914 43,988

Married women, spouse present

34,178 33,950 34,198 34,788 34,346 34,716 34,672 34,622 34,755

Women who maintain families

9,213 9,291 9,224 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

116,214 117,688 117,868 114,492 116,053 116,238 115,998 116,090 116,208

Part-time workers(2)

26,344 27,425 26,641 27,711 27,549 27,699 28,059 28,233 27,999

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,635 6,897 6,776 6,931 6,983 6,918 7,065 7,036 7,065

Percent of total employed

4.7 4.8 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.9 4.9 4.9

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,366 5,187 5,318 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,618 9,925 9,638 9,488 9,423 9,390 9,432 9,673 9,498

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Aug.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

12,483 11,514 11,316 8.1 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.4 7.3

16 to 19 years

1,412 1,388 1,297 24.5 24.1 24.5 24.0 23.7 22.7

16 to 17 years

573 599 504 29.3 27.3 27.5 26.5 29.1 26.3

18 to 19 years

878 755 836 22.7 22.6 22.4 22.6 19.9 21.7

20 years and over

11,071 10,125 10,019 7.4 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.7

20 to 24 years

2,106 1,962 2,020 13.8 13.1 13.2 13.5 12.6 13.0

25 years and over

9,020 8,163 8,056 6.7 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.0

25 to 54 years

7,124 6,463 6,366 7.0 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3

25 to 34 years

2,758 2,544 2,645 8.3 7.4 7.2 7.6 7.5 7.8

35 to 44 years

2,154 1,952 1,843 6.6 5.8 6.2 5.9 6.0 5.7

45 to 54 years

2,212 1,967 1,877 6.3 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.5

55 years and over

1,908 1,657 1,693 5.9 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.0 5.1

Men, 16 years and over

6,817 6,387 6,349 8.3 7.7 7.9 7.8 7.7 7.7

16 to 19 years

829 805 720 28.5 26.2 27.1 28.0 27.4 25.0

16 to 17 years

347 327 243 36.5 31.2 31.6 30.8 32.5 26.6

18 to 19 years

518 460 508 25.6 23.9 24.0 25.8 24.0 25.2

20 years and over

5,988 5,581 5,629 7.6 7.1 7.2 7.0 7.0 7.1

20 to 24 years

1,199 1,158 1,172 15.1 14.0 14.6 15.0 14.1 14.4

25 years and over

4,841 4,415 4,504 6.8 6.3 6.3 6.1 6.2 6.3

25 to 54 years

3,780 3,431 3,552 7.0 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.6

25 to 34 years

1,492 1,404 1,555 8.3 7.6 7.3 7.4 7.7 8.5

35 to 44 years

1,116 1,028 983 6.3 5.7 6.1 5.8 5.8 5.6

45 to 54 years

1,172 999 1,014 6.4 6.2 6.2 5.8 5.5 5.6

55 years and over

1,061 984 952 6.1 5.7 5.8 5.5 5.6 5.4

Women, 16 years and over

5,666 5,127 4,968 7.8 7.3 7.1 7.3 7.0 6.8

16 to 19 years

583 583 578 20.4 22.1 21.7 19.7 20.0 20.4

16 to 17 years

226 272 261 22.5 23.8 23.6 22.0 25.8 26.0

18 to 19 years

359 295 327 19.5 21.2 20.6 19.1 15.8 17.9

20 years and over

5,083 4,544 4,390 7.3 6.7 6.5 6.8 6.5 6.3

20 to 24 years

906 804 848 12.5 12.3 11.8 11.9 10.8 11.4

25 years and over

4,179 3,748 3,552 6.7 5.9 5.9 6.2 6.0 5.7

25 to 54 years

3,344 3,032 2,814 7.1 6.2 6.3 6.5 6.5 6.0

25 to 34 years

1,266 1,140 1,090 8.3 7.3 7.1 7.9 7.4 7.1

35 to 44 years

1,038 924 860 6.9 6.0 6.4 6.2 6.2 5.7

45 to 54 years

1,040 968 863 6.2 5.5 5.7 5.6 5.9 5.3

55 years and over(1)

929 750 813 6.2 4.8 4.3 5.4 4.9 5.2

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

2,258 1,967 1,982 4.9 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3

Married women, spouse present

1,881 1,678 1,531 5.1 4.4 4.4 4.6 4.6 4.2

Women who maintain families(1)

1,295 1,095 1,137 12.3 10.3 9.9 10.7 10.5 11.0

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

10,719 9,604 9,604 8.6 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.6 7.6

Part-time workers(3)

1,786 1,882 1,676 6.1 6.0 5.9 6.1 6.2 5.6

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

6,820 5,934 5,856 6,935 6,410 6,147 6,119 5,921 5,970

On temporary layoff

1,147 1,337 986 1,211 1,170 997 1,199 1,221 1,062

Not on temporary layoff

5,673 4,597 4,870 5,724 5,240 5,151 4,920 4,700 4,908

Permanent job losers

4,444 3,548 3,707 4,463 3,976 3,822 3,700 3,589 3,714

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,229 1,049 1,163 1,261 1,264 1,329 1,220 1,111 1,194

Job leavers

1,018 996 950 946 864 944 1,030 979 893

Reentrants

3,445 3,450 3,217 3,316 3,151 3,333 3,291 3,258 3,129

New entrants

1,413 1,703 1,439 1,268 1,280 1,268 1,259 1,254 1,299

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

53.7 49.1 51.1 55.6 54.8 52.6 52.3 51.9 52.9

On temporary layoff

9.0 11.1 8.6 9.7 10.0 8.5 10.2 10.7 9.4

Not on temporary layoff

44.7 38.0 42.5 45.9 44.8 44.1 42.1 41.2 43.5

Job leavers

8.0 8.2 8.3 7.6 7.4 8.1 8.8 8.6 7.9

Reentrants

27.1 28.6 28.1 26.6 26.9 28.5 28.1 28.5 27.7

New entrants

11.1 14.1 12.6 10.2 10.9 10.8 10.8 11.0 11.5

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4.4 3.8 3.8 4.5 4.1 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8

Job leavers

0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0

New entrants

0.9 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,809 2,842 2,523 2,865 2,474 2,706 2,692 2,563 2,563

5 to 14 weeks

3,218 3,348 3,116 2,848 2,848 2,669 2,864 2,869 2,766

15 weeks and over

6,669 5,892 5,822 6,846 6,320 6,306 6,225 6,034 5,984

15 to 26 weeks

1,636 1,570 1,525 1,823 1,967 1,950 1,896 1,788 1,694

27 weeks and over

5,033 4,322 4,297 5,023 4,353 4,357 4,328 4,246 4,290

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

38.7 35.3 36.6 39.3 36.5 36.9 35.6 36.6 37.0

Median duration, in weeks

16.8 13.8 15.2 18.2 17.5 17.3 16.3 15.7 16.4

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

22.1 23.5 22.0 22.8 21.3 23.2 22.9 22.4 22.7

5 to 14 weeks

25.3 27.7 27.2 22.7 24.5 22.8 24.3 25.0 24.4

15 weeks and over

52.5 48.8 50.8 54.5 54.3 54.0 52.8 52.6 52.9

15 to 26 weeks

12.9 13.0 13.3 14.5 16.9 16.7 16.1 15.6 15.0

27 weeks and over

39.6 35.8 37.5 40.0 37.4 37.3 36.7 37.0 37.9

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Aug.
2012
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2012
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2012
Aug.
2013

Total, 16 years and over(1)

142,558 144,509 12,696 11,462 8.2 7.3

Management, professional, and related occupations

53,696 54,515 2,556 2,130 4.5 3.8

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

22,831 22,807 868 794 3.7 3.4

Professional and related occupations

30,866 31,708 1,688 1,336 5.2 4.0

Service occupations

25,909 26,305 2,400 2,407 8.5 8.4

Sales and office occupations

32,781 33,039 2,892 2,532 8.1 7.1

Sales and related occupations

15,445 15,741 1,455 1,214 8.6 7.2

Office and administrative support occupations

17,336 17,298 1,437 1,318 7.7 7.1

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,085 13,468 1,443 1,289 9.9 8.7

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,071 1,125 131 126 10.9 10.0

Construction and extraction occupations

7,170 7,449 969 873 11.9 10.5

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,844 4,894 343 291 6.6 5.6

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

17,086 17,182 1,936 1,593 10.2 8.5

Production occupations

8,664 8,389 913 771 9.5 8.4

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,423 8,793 1,023 822 10.8 8.5

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Aug.
2012
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2012
Aug.
2013

Total, 16 years and over(1)

12,696 11,462 8.2 7.3

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

9,552 8,391 7.9 6.9

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

61 59 5.8 5.3

Construction

923 758 11.3 9.1

Manufacturing

1,136 968 7.3 6.2

Durable goods

698 542 7.2 5.5

Nondurable goods

437 427 7.6 7.4

Wholesale and retail trade

1,723 1,454 8.3 7.2

Transportation and utilities

424 417 7.1 6.8

Information

211 192 7.3 6.6

Financial activities

469 347 5.3 3.8

Professional and business services

1,377 1,224 8.9 8.0

Education and health services

1,369 1,211 6.2 5.4

Leisure and hospitality

1,416 1,326 10.1 9.3

Other services

443 434 6.7 6.5

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

125 147 8.1 9.4

Government workers

1,059 961 5.1 4.6

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

548 524 5.3 5.1

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.3 3.7 3.7 4.4 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.4 3.8 3.8 4.5 4.1 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

8.2 7.7 7.3 8.1 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.4 7.3

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

8.7 8.3 7.9 8.6 8.0 8.0 8.2 8.0 7.8

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

9.7 9.1 8.7 9.6 8.9 8.8 9.1 8.8 8.7

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

14.6 14.3 13.6 14.7 13.9 13.8 14.3 14.0 13.7

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Aug.
2012
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2012
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2012
Aug.
2013

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

88,311 89,988 34,823 35,590 53,488 54,398

Persons who currently want a job

7,031 6,291 3,102 2,715 3,929 3,575

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,561 2,342 1,281 1,168 1,280 1,174

Discouraged workers(2)

844 866 489 477 355 389

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,717 1,476 792 692 925 785

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,635 6,776 3,357 3,425 3,278 3,351

Percent of total employed

4.7 4.7 4.4 4.5 4.9 5.0

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,550 3,705 2,007 2,050 1,542 1,655

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,720 1,771 605 651 1,115 1,120

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

272 189 192 139 80 50

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,049 1,062 532 564 517 498

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)
Aug.
2013(p)
Aug.
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)
Aug.
2013(p)
Change from:
July2013 - Aug.2013(p)

Total nonfarm

133,753 136,769 135,583 135,961 133,927 135,860 135,964 136,133 169

Total private

112,927 114,978 115,054 115,218 112,002 114,023 114,150 114,302 152

Goods-producing

18,838 18,923 18,958 19,044 18,422 18,637 18,620 18,638 18

Mining and logging

870 882 888 896 849 871 873 877 4

Logging

53.1 51.5 51.9 53.6 50.5 51.2 50.2 50.9 0.7

Mining

817.1 830.3 835.8 842.6 798.9 819.4 822.8 826.2 3.4

Oil and gas extraction

190.7 195.2 197.4 199.1 188.0 193.3 194.9 196.3 1.4

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

228.9 229.8 228.0 228.0 220.6 222.6 221.4 220.8 -0.6

Coal mining

85.7 86.6 85.8 85.9 85.3 85.5 85.5 85.6 0.1

Support activities for mining

397.5 405.3 410.4 415.5 390.3 403.5 406.5 409.1 2.6

Construction

5,920 5,995 6,059 6,085 5,630 5,801 5,798 5,798 0

Construction of buildings

1,278.2 1,290.8 1,305.8 1,305.3 1,233.3 1,261.9 1,264.6 1,260.7 -3.9

Residential building

597.9 602.0 607.0 607.4 573.9 583.3 583.8 583.2 -0.6

Nonresidential building

680.3 688.8 698.8 697.9 659.4 678.6 680.8 677.5 -3.3

Heavy and civil engineering construction

945.6 939.5 948.4 959.5 877.5 892.5 890.0 891.2 1.2

Specialty trade contractors

3,695.9 3,764.2 3,804.6 3,819.9 3,519.5 3,646.2 3,642.9 3,646.5 3.6

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,552.2 1,610.7 1,633.7 1,640.5 1,474.6 1,549.2 1,557.5 1,562.4 4.9

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,143.7 2,153.5 2,170.9 2,179.4 2,044.9 2,097.0 2,085.4 2,084.1 -1.3

Manufacturing

12,048 12,046 12,011 12,063 11,943 11,965 11,949 11,963 14

Durable goods

7,523 7,563 7,515 7,556 7,482 7,510 7,496 7,518 22

Wood products

340.9 350.9 352.8 352.7 335.5 345.5 346.2 347.0 0.8

Nonmetallic mineral products

369.3 375.5 378.2 379.8 360.2 367.0 368.7 370.4 1.7

Primary metals

405.1 395.1 392.5 394.6 403.8 393.7 392.7 393.1 0.4

Fabricated metal products

1,427.3 1,445.0 1,441.2 1,444.6 1,417.1 1,434.5 1,434.8 1,435.8 1.0

Machinery

1,105.1 1,103.8 1,106.2 1,104.5 1,102.0 1,098.5 1,102.2 1,102.9 0.7

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,097.5 1,088.9 1,088.0 1,086.8 1,093.7 1,085.1 1,083.0 1,082.8 -0.2

Computer and peripheral equipment

161.4 163.3 165.0 164.4 161.4 162.8 163.6 164.3 0.7

Communications equipment

108.9 107.4 106.4 106.3 108.9 107.0 106.6 106.4 -0.2

Semiconductors and electronic components

385.3 381.0 380.3 380.8 383.5 380.1 378.7 378.8 0.1

Electronic instruments

401.2 398.0 396.9 396.3 399.3 396.2 395.1 394.6 -0.5

Electrical equipment and appliances

371.1 363.9 365.5 364.3 369.9 362.3 363.4 363.3 -0.1

Transportation equipment(1)

1,467.1 1,501.8 1,457.2 1,494.2 1,467.1 1,494.2 1,475.4 1,494.9 19.5

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

781.0 813.3 779.3 816.5 781.5 807.4 797.0 815.8 18.8

Furniture and related products

356.1 358.7 357.7 359.3 351.1 353.7 354.4 354.8 0.4

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

583.5 579.6 576.0 574.8 581.6 575.2 575.6 572.9 -2.7

Nondurable goods

4,525 4,483 4,496 4,507 4,461 4,455 4,453 4,445 -8

Food manufacturing

1,517.4 1,477.9 1,490.1 1,505.3 1,476.0 1,470.8 1,465.2 1,464.5 -0.7

Textile mills

117.8 115.7 114.7 114.6 117.5 114.6 114.5 114.3 -0.2

Textile product mills

117.3 115.3 114.0 115.1 116.6 114.1 114.0 114.5 0.5

Apparel

146.4 142.9 140.3 141.5 146.3 141.7 141.4 141.6 0.2

Paper and paper products

378.7 379.5 379.4 377.7 377.9 377.1 377.3 376.8 -0.5

Printing and related support activities

463.9 450.2 449.6 447.0 462.0 448.5 448.0 445.4 -2.6

Petroleum and coal products

114.8 117.0 117.4 117.4 112.6 114.6 114.9 115.3 0.4

Chemicals

786.5 797.3 800.6 796.2 783.1 793.9 796.2 793.0 -3.2

Plastics and rubber products

653.5 660.6 661.6 661.3 646.8 656.3 658.0 654.8 -3.2

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

228.6 226.7 228.3 231.2 222.0 222.9 223.4 224.4 1.0

Private service-providing

94,089 96,055 96,096 96,174 93,580 95,386 95,530 95,664 134

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,517 25,971 25,960 26,027 25,520 25,928 25,973 26,037 64

Wholesale trade

5,713.7 5,791.7 5,801.6 5,795.4 5,692.2 5,754.7 5,766.3 5,774.7 8.4

Durable goods

2,851.8 2,878.4 2,885.3 2,883.7 2,839.2 2,862.7 2,867.3 2,872.1 4.8

Nondurable goods

1,983.3 2,017.8 2,018.3 2,012.4 1,976.5 2,001.8 2,005.0 2,006.2 1.2

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

878.6 895.5 898.0 899.3 876.5 890.2 894.0 896.4 2.4

Retail trade

14,854.3 15,143.3 15,193.5 15,248.3 14,850.1 15,149.8 15,198.6 15,242.6 44.0

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,746.8 1,786.2 1,795.1 1,794.6 1,730.7 1,770.4 1,775.4 1,777.7 2.3

Automobile dealers

1,099.1 1,126.6 1,130.5 1,132.0 1,092.9 1,120.1 1,122.9 1,124.8 1.9

Furniture and home furnishings stores

437.7 445.1 445.6 442.1 442.4 450.5 450.7 447.9 -2.8

Electronics and appliance stores

497.7 495.5 498.2 502.6 504.7 505.9 506.7 511.0 4.3

Building material and garden supply stores

1,175.3 1,247.9 1,228.6 1,207.9 1,163.8 1,188.8 1,193.6 1,195.0 1.4

Food and beverage stores

2,878.5 2,938.6 2,949.4 2,957.1 2,863.4 2,917.9 2,927.7 2,939.4 11.7

Health and personal care stores

1,002.8 1,025.1 1,025.1 1,031.5 1,003.9 1,025.5 1,028.3 1,033.4 5.1

Gasoline stations

853.5 868.2 875.2 873.1 839.9 856.5 861.1 859.2 -1.9

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,406.3 1,412.8 1,437.2 1,477.2 1,402.0 1,454.6 1,464.0 1,477.7 13.7

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

584.7 568.3 571.8 585.9 581.7 581.0 582.3 582.1 -0.2

General merchandise stores(1)

3,030.2 3,095.0 3,108.4 3,114.5 3,068.4 3,132.3 3,141.6 3,151.0 9.4

Department stores

1,452.4 1,458.4 1,465.9 1,468.7 1,483.4 1,495.7 1,496.3 1,498.4 2.1

Miscellaneous store retailers

803.8 822.4 821.4 817.9 804.2 817.5 817.7 817.5 -0.2

Nonstore retailers

437.0 438.2 437.5 443.9 445.0 448.9 449.5 450.7 1.2

Transportation and warehousing

4,390.1 4,472.9 4,404.0 4,425.2 4,420.8 4,465.4 4,451.5 4,463.5 12.0

Air transportation

463.1 449.8 449.3 447.2 458.9 445.3 444.3 442.7 -1.6

Rail transportation

231.4 231.8 231.1 231.1 229.6 230.6 230.5 229.7 -0.8

Water transportation

65.6 63.7 65.0 64.5 63.1 62.4 62.7 62.1 -0.6

Truck transportation

1,384.0 1,398.6 1,401.1 1,409.0 1,356.5 1,382.4 1,382.8 1,382.8 0.0

Transit and ground passenger transportation

385.3 462.6 383.2 387.0 449.6 466.5 446.2 453.8 7.6

Pipeline transportation

44.1 45.4 45.6 45.6 44.0 45.2 45.3 45.4 0.1

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

34.4 33.6 33.8 33.0 26.7 26.4 25.6 25.7 0.1

Support activities for transportation

577.3 586.7 589.3 593.1 578.7 586.5 590.3 594.2 3.9

Couriers and messengers

519.1 517.5 517.0 522.9 528.4 531.3 533.5 535.4 1.9

Warehousing and storage

685.8 683.2 688.6 691.8 685.3 688.8 690.3 691.7 1.4

Utilities

558.6 562.7 561.2 558.0 556.7 558.2 556.9 556.1 -0.8

Information

2,695 2,697 2,713 2,688 2,682 2,688 2,701 2,683 -18

Publishing industries, except Internet

741.6 727.2 731.1 730.0 738.7 727.9 727.7 726.5 -1.2

Motion picture and sound recording industries

389.7 389.6 398.5 369.1 376.8 380.6 388.5 366.3 -22.2

Broadcasting, except Internet

282.8 286.6 284.9 285.1 283.7 286.1 285.5 286.0 0.5

Telecommunications

853.7 857.0 859.3 863.0 855.9 858.2 861.4 864.1 2.7

Data processing, hosting and related services

251.4 254.5 254.9 254.7 252.1 253.7 255.3 255.2 -0.1

Other information services

175.7 182.4 184.5 186.5 174.3 181.6 182.9 184.9 2.0

Financial activities

7,844 7,940 7,972 7,952 7,795 7,891 7,908 7,903 -5

Finance and insurance

5,852.3 5,913.1 5,931.2 5,919.0 5,844.4 5,901.4 5,912.7 5,911.7 -1.0

Monetary authorities - central bank

17.4 16.9 17.0 17.0 17.2 16.9 16.8 16.7 -0.1

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,585.5 2,615.1 2,621.6 2,615.7 2,582.7 2,612.2 2,614.7 2,613.4 -1.3

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,739.8 1,737.2 1,739.5 1,733.6 1,734.8 1,733.3 1,732.1 1,729.9 -2.2

Commercial banking

1,318.8 1,304.4 1,306.5 1,300.0 1,314.9 1,302.2 1,300.9 1,296.9 -4.0

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

818.7 833.3 838.0 833.3 816.8 828.7 833.6 832.3 -1.3

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,343.5 2,361.1 2,367.5 2,366.3 2,340.9 2,357.1 2,361.2 2,363.0 1.8

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

87.2 86.7 87.1 86.7 86.8 86.5 86.4 86.3 -0.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,991.8 2,027.3 2,041.0 2,032.5 1,950.7 1,989.5 1,995.2 1,991.6 -3.6

Real estate

1,439.2 1,466.2 1,478.5 1,471.8 1,412.9 1,444.7 1,450.7 1,446.2 -4.5

Rental and leasing services

528.5 537.7 539.2 537.4 513.7 521.4 521.3 522.2 0.9

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

24.1 23.4 23.3 23.3 24.1 23.4 23.2 23.2 0.0

Professional and business services

18,122 18,664 18,692 18,743 17,994 18,553 18,585 18,608 23

Professional and technical services(1)

7,888.9 8,088.4 8,114.6 8,106.6 7,928.7 8,118.0 8,133.5 8,144.4 10.9

Legal services

1,122.4 1,134.4 1,136.6 1,129.6 1,122.4 1,124.7 1,126.0 1,128.7 2.7

Accounting and bookkeeping services

843.0 879.8 872.7 874.4 917.3 942.4 943.7 946.1 2.4

Architectural and engineering services

1,343.0 1,369.5 1,372.9 1,370.9 1,324.8 1,356.4 1,353.2 1,352.8 -0.4

Computer systems design and related services

1,637.7 1,690.9 1,705.0 1,703.0 1,633.7 1,694.3 1,697.7 1,700.1 2.4

Management and technical consulting services

1,136.9 1,186.9 1,196.9 1,197.4 1,132.7 1,184.4 1,191.6 1,193.3 1.7

Management of companies and enterprises

2,020.1 2,058.5 2,066.1 2,058.4 2,013.5 2,045.4 2,052.3 2,050.8 -1.5

Administrative and waste services

8,213.4 8,517.2 8,511.1 8,578.4 8,052.0 8,389.2 8,399.5 8,412.9 13.4

Administrative and support services(1)

7,833.8 8,131.0 8,121.4 8,193.0 7,679.8 8,008.4 8,019.6 8,034.2 14.6

Employment services(1)

3,225.0 3,386.9 3,372.1 3,449.0 3,170.3 3,375.2 3,380.8 3,389.9 9.1

Temporary help services

2,564.4 2,709.0 2,685.0 2,749.7 2,534.0 2,694.5 2,702.6 2,715.7 13.1

Business support services

820.6 839.2 839.7 843.8 831.6 850.7 852.3 852.7 0.4

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,916.8 1,994.1 2,002.9 1,987.9 1,821.9 1,882.3 1,888.0 1,892.2 4.2

Waste management and remediation services

379.6 386.2 389.7 385.4 372.2 380.8 379.9 378.7 -1.2

Education and health services

20,028 20,459 20,353 20,409 20,363 20,669 20,695 20,738 43

Educational services

3,051.0 3,161.0 3,085.8 3,081.6 3,363.5 3,369.1 3,379.7 3,385.0 5.3

Health care and social assistance

16,976.7 17,297.7 17,267.6 17,327.5 16,999.7 17,300.2 17,315.1 17,353.4 38.3

Health care(3)

14,346.6 14,579.1 14,594.9 14,631.6 14,322.9 14,566.4 14,578.0 14,610.7 32.7

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,337.5 6,522.1 6,526.8 6,560.7 6,334.0 6,517.6 6,529.7 6,556.3 26.6

Offices of physicians

2,396.5 2,435.1 2,438.4 2,445.1 2,397.2 2,436.8 2,439.1 2,445.1 6.0

Outpatient care centers

655.4 689.2 692.8 695.2 655.7 688.8 692.8 695.3 2.5

Home health care services

1,201.0 1,281.7 1,282.6 1,294.4 1,202.6 1,281.3 1,286.2 1,295.7 9.5

Hospitals

4,800.9 4,831.1 4,839.8 4,833.8 4,794.6 4,830.8 4,829.5 4,830.4 0.9

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,208.2 3,225.9 3,228.3 3,237.1 3,194.3 3,218.0 3,218.8 3,224.0 5.2

Nursing care facilities

1,667.8 1,663.2 1,662.0 1,666.4 1,662.6 1,659.7 1,658.3 1,661.7 3.4

Social assistance(1)

2,630.1 2,718.6 2,672.7 2,695.9 2,676.8 2,733.8 2,737.1 2,742.7 5.6

Child day care services

812.7 831.3 782.5 804.5 857.8 852.2 849.5 850.2 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

14,404 14,773 14,855 14,833 13,788 14,172 14,185 14,212 27

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,241.4 2,294.9 2,334.1 2,290.4 1,973.2 2,037.1 2,023.8 2,023.9 0.1

Performing arts and spectator sports

433.3 445.1 439.6 443.6 403.9 422.1 414.7 416.0 1.3

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

146.5 148.0 148.5 144.7 135.1 135.7 134.6 134.3 -0.3

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,661.6 1,701.8 1,746.0 1,702.1 1,434.2 1,479.3 1,474.5 1,473.6 -0.9

Accommodation and food services

12,162.1 12,478.3 12,521.2 12,542.5 11,814.8 12,135.2 12,161.6 12,188.5 26.9

Accommodation

1,952.6 1,933.3 1,977.8 1,974.1 1,815.2 1,834.8 1,829.6 1,835.3 5.7

Food services and drinking places

10,209.5 10,545.0 10,543.4 10,568.4 9,999.6 10,300.4 10,332.0 10,353.2 21.2

Other services

5,479 5,551 5,551 5,522 5,438 5,485 5,483 5,483 0

Repair and maintenance

1,194.7 1,203.9 1,201.1 1,201.2 1,190.3 1,196.3 1,195.7 1,197.3 1.6

Personal and laundry services

1,322.3 1,352.4 1,346.4 1,344.8 1,314.3 1,335.7 1,337.0 1,337.4 0.4

Membership associations and organizations

2,962.2 2,995.0 3,003.5 2,975.8 2,933.7 2,952.5 2,950.2 2,947.9 -2.3

Government

20,826 21,791 20,529 20,743 21,925 21,837 21,814 21,831 17

Federal

2,825.0 2,761.0 2,753.0 2,752.0 2,810.0 2,750.0 2,739.0 2,739.0 0.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,216.3 2,172.1 2,162.0 2,162.1 2,200.5 2,157.6 2,149.2 2,148.9 -0.3

U.S. Postal Service

608.7 589.1 591.0 590.3 609.8 592.3 589.5 589.8 0.3

State government

4,782.0 4,794.0 4,700.0 4,734.0 5,049.0 5,019.0 5,011.0 5,008.0 -3.0

State government education

2,102.9 2,119.6 2,030.7 2,065.8 2,388.4 2,368.1 2,359.0 2,357.9 -1.1

State government, excluding education

2,678.9 2,673.9 2,669.2 2,667.8 2,660.8 2,650.7 2,651.6 2,650.5 -1.1

Local government

13,219.0 14,236.0 13,076.0 13,257.0 14,066.0 14,068.0 14,064.0 14,084.0 20.0

Local government education

6,770.9 7,763.9 6,554.4 6,790.3 7,793.0 7,771.3 7,775.1 7,795.2 20.1

Local government, excluding education

6,448.4 6,471.7 6,521.2 6,466.6 6,272.9 6,296.4 6,288.8 6,288.3 -0.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Aug.
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)
Aug.
2013(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.4 34.5 34.4 34.5

Goods-producing

40.1 40.4 40.3 40.4

Mining and logging

43.5 44.2 44.0 44.0

Construction

38.6 39.0 38.8 39.0

Manufacturing

40.5 40.9 40.7 40.8

Durable goods

40.7 41.2 41.0 41.1

Nondurable goods

40.2 40.4 40.1 40.3

Private service-providing

33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.5 34.5 34.5 34.5

Wholesale trade

38.6 38.8 38.8 38.9

Retail trade

31.5 31.4 31.5 31.4

Transportation and warehousing

38.3 38.5 38.5 38.6

Utilities

41.8 42.5 42.2 42.3

Information

36.5 36.9 36.7 36.8

Financial activities

37.2 37.3 37.1 37.2

Professional and business services

36.0 36.0 36.0 36.0

Education and health services

32.8 32.9 32.8 32.8

Leisure and hospitality

26.0 26.0 25.9 26.0

Other services

31.5 31.7 31.6 31.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.2 3.4 3.2 3.4

Durable goods

3.2 3.4 3.2 3.4

Nondurable goods

3.3 3.4 3.3 3.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Aug.
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)
Aug.
2013(p)
Aug.
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)
Aug.
2013(p)

Total private

$23.53 $24.00 $24.00 $24.05 $809.43 $828.00 $825.60 $829.73

Goods-producing

24.70 25.22 25.21 25.28 990.47 1,018.89 1,015.96 1,021.31

Mining and logging

28.65 29.82 29.53 29.66 1,246.28 1,318.04 1,299.32 1,305.04

Construction

25.77 26.19 26.24 26.27 994.72 1,021.41 1,018.11 1,024.53

Manufacturing

23.91 24.42 24.39 24.47 968.36 998.78 992.67 998.38

Durable goods

25.31 25.84 25.82 25.87 1,030.12 1,064.61 1,058.62 1,063.26

Nondurable goods

21.54 21.96 21.93 22.05 865.91 887.18 879.39 888.62

Private service-providing

23.26 23.71 23.71 23.76 774.56 789.54 789.54 791.21

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20.54 20.97 20.95 21.00 708.63 723.47 722.78 724.50

Wholesale trade

26.88 27.74 27.73 27.70 1,037.57 1,076.31 1,075.92 1,077.53

Retail trade

16.35 16.62 16.59 16.67 515.03 521.87 522.59 523.44

Transportation and warehousing

22.01 22.26 22.33 22.36 842.98 857.01 859.71 863.10

Utilities

34.24 35.12 35.17 35.10 1,431.23 1,492.60 1,484.17 1,484.73

Information

31.49 32.84 32.68 32.76 1,149.39 1,211.80 1,199.36 1,205.57

Financial activities

29.33 30.29 30.38 30.43 1,091.08 1,129.82 1,127.10 1,132.00

Professional and business services

28.04 28.47 28.44 28.51 1,009.44 1,024.92 1,023.84 1,026.36

Education and health services

24.26 24.64 24.64 24.71 795.73 810.66 808.19 810.49

Leisure and hospitality

13.39 13.47 13.50 13.54 348.14 350.22 349.65 352.04

Other services

20.90 21.27 21.31 21.33 658.35 674.26 673.40 678.29

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Aug.
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)
Aug.
2013(p)
Percent change from:
July
2013 - Aug.
2013(p)
Aug.
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)
Aug.
2013(p)
Percent change from:
July
2013 - Aug.
2013(p)

Total private

96.5 98.5 98.4 98.8 0.4 108.3 112.8 112.6 113.3 0.6

Goods-producing

84.2 85.8 85.5 85.8 0.4 94.0 97.8 97.4 98.0 0.6

Mining and logging

116.1 121.0 120.7 121.3 0.5 133.5 144.8 143.1 144.4 0.9

Construction

74.9 78.0 77.5 77.9 0.5 83.9 88.7 88.4 89.0 0.7

Manufacturing

87.0 88.0 87.5 87.8 0.3 96.8 100.0 99.2 99.9 0.7

Durable goods

85.7 87.1 86.5 87.0 0.6 96.4 100.0 99.2 100.0 0.8

Nondurable goods

89.5 89.8 89.1 89.4 0.3 97.8 100.1 99.2 100.0 0.8

Private service-providing

100.0 102.0 102.1 102.3 0.2 112.7 117.1 117.3 117.7 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

95.8 97.3 97.5 97.7 0.2 105.9 109.8 109.9 110.4 0.5

Wholesale trade

95.9 97.4 97.6 98.0 0.4 107.5 112.8 113.0 113.3 0.3

Retail trade

95.0 96.6 97.2 97.2 0.0 102.7 106.2 106.7 107.1 0.4

Transportation and warehousing

96.9 98.4 98.1 98.6 0.5 108.2 111.1 111.2 111.9 0.6

Utilities

100.7 102.6 101.7 101.8 0.1 113.9 119.1 118.2 118.0 -0.2

Information

89.4 90.6 90.5 90.2 -0.3 100.2 105.9 105.3 105.2 -0.1

Financial activities

95.0 96.4 96.1 96.3 0.2 108.6 113.9 113.9 114.3 0.4

Professional and business services

101.9 105.0 105.2 105.4 0.2 115.7 121.2 121.2 121.7 0.4

Education and health services

108.7 110.7 110.5 110.7 0.2 123.6 127.8 127.6 128.2 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

102.3 105.1 104.8 105.4 0.6 110.5 114.3 114.2 115.2 0.9

Other services

94.9 96.3 96.0 96.6 0.6 112.6 116.3 116.1 116.9 0.7

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Aug.
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)
Aug.
2013(p)
Aug.
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)
Aug.
2013(p)

Total nonfarm

66,123 67,071 67,168 67,293 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private

53,646 54,624 54,726 54,845 47.9 47.9 47.9 48.0

Goods-producing

4,100 4,103 4,100 4,098 22.3 22.0 22.0 22.0

Mining and logging

114 117 117 118 13.4 13.4 13.4 13.5

Construction

728 742 742 744 12.9 12.8 12.8 12.8

Manufacturing

3,258 3,244 3,241 3,236 27.3 27.1 27.1 27.1

Durable goods

1,729 1,732 1,731 1,730 23.1 23.1 23.1 23.0

Nondurable goods

1,529 1,512 1,510 1,506 34.3 33.9 33.9 33.9

Private service-providing

49,546 50,521 50,626 50,747 52.9 53.0 53.0 53.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,309 10,538 10,565 10,608 40.4 40.6 40.7 40.7

Wholesale trade

1,714.9 1,708.0 1,714.0 1,720.2 30.1 29.7 29.7 29.8

Retail trade

7,427.9 7,642.3 7,668.8 7,705.2 50.0 50.4 50.5 50.6

Transportation and warehousing

1,028.1 1,049.3 1,044.6 1,044.9 23.3 23.5 23.5 23.4

Utilities

138.0 137.9 137.9 137.2 24.8 24.7 24.8 24.7

Information

1,075 1,068 1,073 1,070 40.1 39.7 39.7 39.9

Financial activities

4,522 4,540 4,548 4,539 58.0 57.5 57.5 57.4

Professional and business services

7,958 8,258 8,296 8,320 44.2 44.5 44.6 44.7

Education and health services

15,628 15,862 15,873 15,922 76.7 76.7 76.7 76.8

Leisure and hospitality

7,195 7,372 7,384 7,402 52.2 52.0 52.1 52.1

Other services

2,859 2,883 2,887 2,886 52.6 52.6 52.7 52.6

Government

12,477 12,447 12,442 12,448 56.9 57.0 57.0 57.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Aug.
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)
Aug.
2013(p)

Total private

92,561 94,145 94,269 94,382

Goods-producing

13,270 13,381 13,366 13,374

Mining and logging

642 638 641 643

Construction

4,215 4,378 4,372 4,371

Manufacturing

8,413 8,365 8,353 8,360

Durable goods

5,161 5,147 5,139 5,151

Nondurable goods

3,252 3,218 3,214 3,209

Private service-providing

79,291 80,764 80,903 81,008

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,663 21,931 21,982 22,029

Wholesale trade

4,585.3 4,635.7 4,645.2 4,649.5

Retail trade

12,804.5 12,993.2 13,041.0 13,079.5

Transportation and warehousing

3,828.8 3,851.7 3,846.0 3,850.0

Utilities

444.5 450.3 450.1 449.5

Information

2,171 2,179 2,189 2,177

Financial activities

6,005 6,072 6,089 6,083

Professional and business services

14,882 15,349 15,383 15,405

Education and health services

17,861 18,124 18,146 18,182

Leisure and hospitality

12,162 12,532 12,542 12,558

Other services

4,547 4,577 4,572 4,574

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Aug.
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)
Aug.
2013(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.6 33.7 33.6 33.6

Goods-producing

41.0 41.3 41.2 41.3

Mining and logging

45.9 45.8 46.1 46.1

Construction

39.1 39.6 39.5 39.6

Manufacturing

41.6 41.8 41.7 41.9

Durable goods

41.8 42.2 42.0 42.2

Nondurable goods

41.1 41.3 41.1 41.3

Private service-providing

32.4 32.4 32.3 32.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.7 33.6 33.6 33.7

Wholesale trade

38.5 38.7 38.6 38.8

Retail trade

30.5 30.1 30.1 30.2

Transportation and warehousing

37.9 38.3 38.3 38.4

Utilities

41.0 42.0 41.7 41.6

Information

35.7 35.9 35.8 35.8

Financial activities

36.7 36.8 36.5 36.6

Professional and business services

35.2 35.3 35.2 35.3

Education and health services

32.3 32.3 32.1 32.1

Leisure and hospitality

24.9 25.0 24.8 24.9

Other services

30.5 30.8 30.6 30.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.1 4.3 4.3 4.4

Durable goods

4.2 4.3 4.3 4.4

Nondurable goods

4.0 4.3 4.2 4.3

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Aug.
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)
Aug.
2013(p)
Aug.
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)
Aug.
2013(p)

Total private

$19.76 $20.15 $20.16 $20.20 $663.94 $679.06 $677.38 $678.72

Goods-producing

20.92 21.27 21.26 21.30 857.72 878.45 875.91 879.69

Mining and logging

25.75 27.10 26.77 27.02 1,181.93 1,241.18 1,234.10 1,245.62

Construction

23.98 24.27 24.28 24.21 937.62 961.09 959.06 958.72

Manufacturing

19.07 19.30 19.30 19.37 793.31 806.74 804.81 811.60

Durable goods

20.18 20.38 20.39 20.45 843.52 860.04 856.38 862.99

Nondurable goods

17.27 17.56 17.53 17.60 709.80 725.23 720.48 726.88

Private service-providing

19.51 19.91 19.93 19.96 632.12 645.08 643.74 646.70

Trade, transportation, and utilities

17.41 17.70 17.70 17.72 586.72 594.72 594.72 597.16

Wholesale trade

22.18 22.63 22.63 22.63 853.93 875.78 873.52 878.04

Retail trade

13.80 13.98 13.99 14.00 420.90 420.80 421.10 422.80

Transportation and warehousing

19.51 19.71 19.75 19.84 739.43 754.89 756.43 761.86

Utilities

31.66 32.09 32.15 32.03 1,298.06 1,347.78 1,340.66 1,332.45

Information

27.00 27.96 27.64 27.84 963.90 1,003.76 989.51 996.67

Financial activities

22.86 23.98 24.09 24.13 838.96 882.46 879.29 883.16

Professional and business services

23.23 23.66 23.68 23.71 817.70 835.20 833.54 836.96

Education and health services

21.09 21.44 21.48 21.53 681.21 692.51 689.51 691.11

Leisure and hospitality

11.65 11.76 11.79 11.83 290.09 294.00 292.39 294.57

Other services

17.63 17.88 17.91 17.95 537.72 550.70 548.05 551.07

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Aug.
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)
Aug.
2013(p)
Percent change from:
July
2013 - Aug.
2013(p)
Aug.
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)
Aug.
2013(p)
Percent change from:
July
2013 - Aug.
2013(p)

Total private

103.8 105.9 105.7 105.8 0.1 137.0 142.5 142.3 142.8 0.4

Goods-producing

83.1 84.4 84.2 84.4 0.2 106.5 110.0 109.6 110.1 0.5

Mining and logging

156.6 155.3 157.0 157.5 0.3 234.5 244.7 244.5 247.5 1.2

Construction

82.5 86.8 86.5 86.7 0.2 106.8 113.8 113.4 113.3 -0.1

Manufacturing

80.3 80.3 80.0 80.4 0.5 100.2 101.3 100.9 101.9 1.0

Durable goods

81.1 81.6 81.1 81.7 0.7 102.1 103.8 103.2 104.3 1.1

Nondurable goods

78.7 78.3 77.8 78.1 0.4 96.1 97.2 96.4 97.1 0.7

Private service-providing

109.7 111.7 111.5 112.0 0.4 146.6 152.4 152.3 153.2 0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

101.8 102.7 103.0 103.5 0.5 126.4 129.7 130.0 130.8 0.6

Wholesale trade

104.0 105.7 105.6 106.2 0.6 135.8 140.8 140.8 141.6 0.6

Retail trade

98.9 99.0 99.4 100.0 0.6 116.9 118.6 119.1 120.0 0.8

Transportation and warehousing

109.2 111.0 110.9 111.3 0.4 135.2 138.8 138.9 140.1 0.9

Utilities

93.2 96.7 96.0 95.6 -0.4 123.2 129.6 128.8 127.8 -0.8

Information

88.5 89.3 89.4 89.0 -0.4 118.2 123.6 122.4 122.6 0.2

Financial activities

103.7 105.2 104.6 104.8 0.2 145.9 155.2 155.1 155.6 0.3

Professional and business services

117.4 121.4 121.4 121.9 0.4 162.3 171.0 171.0 172.0 0.6

Education and health services

124.5 126.3 125.7 125.9 0.2 172.5 178.0 177.4 178.2 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

110.9 114.8 113.9 114.5 0.5 146.8 153.3 152.5 153.9 0.9

Other services

97.3 98.9 98.1 98.5 0.4 124.9 128.8 128.0 128.8 0.6

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: September 06, 2013
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