Economic News Release

Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed                   USDL-12-1981
until 8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, October 5, 2012

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                    THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- SEPTEMBER 2012


The unemployment rate decreased to 7.8 percent in September, and total nonfarm 
payroll employment rose by 114,000, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported 
today. Employment increased in health care and in transportation and warehousing 
but changed little in most other major industries.

Household Survey Data

The unemployment rate declined by 0.3 percentage point to 7.8 percent in September. 
For the first 8 months of the year, the rate held within a narrow range of 8.1 
and 8.3 percent. The number of unemployed persons, at 12.1 million, decreased by 
456,000 in September. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (7.3 percent), 
adult women (7.0 percent), and whites (7.0 percent) declined over the month. 
The unemployment rates for teenagers (23.7 percent), blacks (13.4 percent), and 
Hispanics (9.9 percent) were little changed. The jobless rate for Asians, at 
4.8 percent (not seasonally adjusted), fell over the year. (See tables A-1, A-2, 
and A-3.)

In September, the number of job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs 
decreased by 468,000 to 6.5 million. (See table A-11.)

The number of persons unemployed for less than 5 weeks declined by 302,000 over 
the month to 2.5 million. The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 
27 weeks or more) was little changed at 4.8 million and accounted for 40.1 
percent of the unemployed. (See table A-12.)

Total employment rose by 873,000 in September, following 3 months of little 
change. The employment-population ratio increased by 0.4 percentage point to 
58.7 percent, after edging down in the prior 2 months. The overall trend in 
the employment-population ratio for this year has been flat. The civilian labor 
force rose by 418,000 to 155.1 million in September, while the labor force 
participation rate was little changed at 63.6 percent. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes 
referred to as involuntary part-time workers) rose from 8.0 million in August 
to 8.6 million in September. These individuals were working part time because 
their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time 
job. (See table A-8.)

In September, 2.5 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, 
essentially unchanged from a year earlier. (These data are not seasonally 
adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were 
available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. 
They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work 
in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 802,000 discouraged workers in 
September, a decline of 235,000 from a year earlier. (These data are not 
seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking 
for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 
1.7 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in September had 
not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey for reasons such 
as school attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 114,000 in September. In 2012, 
employment growth has averaged 146,000 per month, compared with an average 
monthly gain of 153,000 in 2011. In September, employment rose in health care 
and in transportation and warehousing. (See table B-1.)

Health care added 44,000 jobs in September. Job gains continued in ambulatory 
health care services (+30,000) and hospitals (+8,000). Over the past year, 
employment in health care has risen by 295,000.

In September, employment increased by 17,000 in transportation and warehousing. 
Within the industry, there were job gains in transit and ground passenger 
transportation (+9,000) and in warehousing and storage (+4,000).

Employment in financial activities edged up in September (+13,000), reflecting 
modest job growth in credit intermediation (+6,000) and real estate (+7,000).

Manufacturing employment edged down in September (-16,000). On net, manufacturing 
employment has been unchanged since April. In September, job losses occurred 
in computer and electronic products (-6,000) and in printing and related 
activities (-3,000).

Employment in other major industries, including mining and logging, construction, 
wholesale trade, retail trade, information, professional and business services, 
leisure and hospitality, and government, showed little change over the month.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged up by 
0.1 hour to 34.5 hours in September. The manufacturing workweek edged up by 
0.1 hour to 40.6 hours, and factory overtime was unchanged at 3.2 hours. 
The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on private 
nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at 33.7 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In September, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm 
payrolls rose by 7 cents to $23.58. Over the past 12 months, average hourly 
earnings have risen by 1.8 percent. In September, average hourly earnings of 
private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees increased by 5 cents 
to $19.81. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for July was revised from 
+141,000 to +181,000, and the change for August was revised from +96,000 to 
+142,000.

____________
The Employment Situation for October is scheduled to be released on
Friday, November 2, 2012, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Sept.
2011
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Change from:
Aug.
2012-
Sept.
2012

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

240,071 243,354 243,566 243,772 206

Civilian labor force

154,004 155,013 154,645 155,063 418

Participation rate

64.1 63.7 63.5 63.6 0.1

Employed

140,107 142,220 142,101 142,974 873

Employment-population ratio

58.4 58.4 58.3 58.7 0.4

Unemployed

13,897 12,794 12,544 12,088 -456

Unemployment rate

9.0 8.3 8.1 7.8 -0.3

Not in labor force

86,067 88,340 88,921 88,710 -211

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

9.0 8.3 8.1 7.8 -0.3

Adult men (20 years and over)

8.7 7.7 7.6 7.3 -0.3

Adult women (20 years and over)

8.1 7.5 7.3 7.0 -0.3

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

24.5 23.8 24.6 23.7 -0.9

White

7.9 7.4 7.2 7.0 -0.2

Black or African American

15.9 14.1 14.1 13.4 -0.7

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

7.8 6.2 5.9 4.8 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

11.3 10.3 10.2 9.9 -0.3

Total, 25 years and over

7.7 6.9 6.8 6.6 -0.2

Less than a high school diploma

13.9 12.7 12.0 11.3 -0.7

High school graduates, no college

9.6 8.7 8.8 8.7 -0.1

Some college or associate degree

8.4 7.1 6.6 6.5 -0.1

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.2 4.1 4.1 4.1 0.0

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

8,028 7,123 7,003 6,535 -468

Job leavers

972 878 942 957 15

Reentrants

3,484 3,380 3,318 3,306 -12

New entrants

1,323 1,311 1,277 1,247 -30

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,743 2,711 2,844 2,542 -302

5 to 14 weeks

2,902 3,092 2,868 2,826 -42

15 to 26 weeks

2,029 1,760 1,845 1,860 15

27 weeks and over

6,197 5,185 5,033 4,844 -189

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

9,270 8,246 8,031 8,613 582

Slack work or business conditions

5,900 5,342 5,217 5,523 306

Could only find part-time work

2,844 2,576 2,507 2,572 65

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,329 18,866 18,996 18,736 -260

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,511 2,529 2,561 2,517 -

Discouraged workers

1,037 852 844 802 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Sept.
2011
July
2012
Aug.
2012(p)
Sept.
2012(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

202 181 142 114

Total private

216 163 97 104

Goods-producing

33 20 -22 -10

Mining and logging

6 -1 -1 1

Construction

30 3 1 5

Manufacturing

-3 18 -22 -16

Durable goods(1)

4 18 -20 -13

Motor vehicles and parts

2.9 12.8 -6.9 -3.4

Nondurable goods

-7 0 -2 -3

Private service-providing(1)

183 143 119 114

Wholesale trade

-3.0 8.8 7.0 -1.6

Retail trade

14.2 3.2 8.3 9.4

Transportation and warehousing

1.8 14.2 7.7 17.1

Information

34 8 1 -6

Financial activities

-6 1 7 13

Professional and business services(1)

59 41 19 13

Temporary help services

23.7 13.0 0.1 -2.0

Education and health services(1)

58 40 25 49

Health care and social assistance

47.5 27.7 22.2 44.5

Leisure and hospitality

20 24 38 11

Other services

3 9 -2 9

Government

-14 18 45 10

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.4 49.3 49.3 49.3

Total private women employees

47.9 47.8 47.8 47.8

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.5 82.6 82.6 82.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.4 34.4 34.4 34.5

Average hourly earnings

$23.16 $23.52 $23.51 $23.58

Average weekly earnings

$796.70 $809.09 $808.74 $813.51

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

94.5 95.9 96.0 96.4

Over-the-month percent change

0.4 -0.2 0.1 0.4

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

104.4 107.6 107.7 108.4

Over-the-month percent change

0.7 -0.1 0.1 0.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.6 33.7 33.7 33.7

Average hourly earnings

$19.53 $19.77 $19.76 $19.81

Average weekly earnings

$656.21 $666.25 $665.91 $667.60

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

101.5 103.5 103.6 103.7

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

132.5 136.7 136.8 137.3

Over-the-month percent change

0.4 0.3 0.1 0.4

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private (266 industries)

57.9 54.9 51.3 52.8

Manufacturing (81 industries)

53.7 48.8 38.9 39.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data in this table have been corrected. For more information see http://www.bls.gov/bls/ceswomen_usps_correction.htm.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
of employment and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant
change in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has
a more expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes the self-
employed, unpaid family workers, agricultural workers, and private household workers,
who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household survey also provides
estimates of employment for demographic groups.

Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
born.

Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
www.bls.gov/web/cesbmart.htm.

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment estimate; firms
from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled to achieve that goal.

Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because the
survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There is an
unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the sampling
frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a
year.

Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work
are included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped
looking for work?

Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs
are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in The Employment
Situation news release.

How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact
on average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for
paid time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other
time off. The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always,
results in a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be
off work for part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while
some workers, such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.

In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment,
employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. About half of
all employees in the payroll survey have a 2-week, semi-monthly, or monthly pay
period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the effect
of extreme weather on estimates of employment from the establishment survey.


In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week’s work for weather-
related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time off.
The household survey collects data on the number of persons who usually work full
time but had reduced hours, or had a job but were not at work due to bad weather.
Current and historical data are available on the household survey’s most requested
statistics page at http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the
Current Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment
Statistics survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides
information on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears
in the "A" tables, marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about
60,000 eligible households conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). 

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, 
and earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the 
"B" tables, marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each 
month from the payroll records of a sample of nonagricultural business
establishments. Each month the CES program surveys about 141,000 businesses
and government agencies, representing approximately 486,000 individual worksites,
in order to provide detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of
workers on nonfarm payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third
of all nonfarm payroll employees. 

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week
or pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally
the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which 
may or may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire
civilian noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series
of questions on work and job search activities, each person 16 years
and over in a sample household is classified as employed, unemployed,
or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid
employees during the reference week; worked in their own business, 
profession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 
hours in a family business or farm. People are also counted as employed
if they were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, bad
weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following
criteria: they had no employment during the reference week; they were
available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts to find
employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the reference
week. Persons laid off from a job and expecting recall need not be 
looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The unemployment data
derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eligibility
for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of
the labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force
as a percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is
the employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about
the household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as 
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay 
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector
for all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. 
Production and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and 
related employees in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction
workers in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in private service-
providing industries. 

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/#technical.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and
methodological differences between the household and establishment
surveys result in important distinctions in the employment estimates
derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-
     employed, unpaid family workers, and private household workers
     among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.
  
   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the
     employed. The establishment survey does not.
  
   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and
     older. The establishment survey is not limited by age.
  
   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than
     one job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted
     separately for each appearance.
  
Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and
the levels of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring
fluctuations. These events may result from seasonal changes in weather, 
major holidays, and the opening and closing of schools. The effect of 
such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern
each year, their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by
adjusting for regular seasonal variation. These adjustments make 
nonseasonal developments, such as declines in employment or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot. For
example, in the household survey, the large number of youth entering
the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes that
have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if
the level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in
the establishment survey, payroll employment in education declines by
about 20 percent at the end of the spring term and later rises with
the start of the fall term, obscuring the underlying employment trends
in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes at the end and
beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The
seasonally adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to
analyze changes in month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both
the household and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series
for many major estimates, such as total payroll employment, employment
in most major sectors, total employment, and unemployment are computed
by aggregating independently adjusted component series. For example,
total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate
that would be obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors
are calculated each month using all relevant data, up to and including
the data for the current month. In the household survey, new seasonal
factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the 
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month 
to adjust the three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months 
are routinely revised to incorporate additional sample reports and 
recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. In both surveys, 5-year revisions
to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are
subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample rather
than the entire population is surveyed, there is a chance that the
sample estimates may differ from the "true" population values they
represent. The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending
on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured by
the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent chance, 
or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ 
by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population value 
because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 
90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in
total nonfarm employment from the establishment survey is on the order
of plus or minus 100,000. Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment
increases by 50,000 from one month to the next. The 90-percent confidence
interval on the monthly change would range from -50,000 to +150,000 
(50,000 +/- 100,000). These figures do not mean that the sample results
are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the "true" over-the-month change lies within this interval.
Since this range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with
confidence that nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month.
If, however, the reported nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all
of the values within the 90-percent confidence interval would be greater
than zero. In this case, it is likely (at least a 90-percent chance) that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month. At an unemployment rate
of around 5.5 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval for the monthly
change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is about 
+/- 280,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is
about +/-0.19 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments
have lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than
estimates which are based on a small number of observations. The precision
of estimates also is improved when the data are cumulated over time, such
as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by
nonsampling error, which can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain information
for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness of 
respondents to provide correct information on a timely basis, mistakes
made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or processing of
the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most
recent 2 months are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these
estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables. It is only after two
successive revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly all sample
reports have been received, that the estimate is considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey
is the inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by
new firms. To correct for this systematic underestimation of employment
growth, an estimation procedure with two components is used to account
for business births. The first component excludes employment losses from
business deaths from sample-based estimation in order to offset the 
missing employment gains from business births. This is incorporated into
the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not reflecting sample
units going out of business, but imputing to them the same employment
trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for most
of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate
the residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the 
imputation. The historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA
model was derived from the unemployment insurance universe micro-level
database, and reflects the actual residual net of births and deaths over
the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted
once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment
obtained from administrative records of the unemployment insurance program.
The difference between the March sample-based employment estimates and
the March universe counts is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as
a rough proxy for total survey error. The new benchmarks also incorporate
changes in the classification of industries. Over the past decade, absolute
benchmark revisions  for total nonfarm employment have averaged 0.3 percent,
with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Sept.
2011
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2011
May
2012
June
2012
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

240,071 243,566 243,772 240,071 242,966 243,155 243,354 243,566 243,772

Civilian labor force

154,022 155,255 155,075 154,004 155,007 155,163 155,013 154,645 155,063

Participation rate

64.2 63.7 63.6 64.1 63.8 63.8 63.7 63.5 63.6

Employed

140,502 142,558 143,333 140,107 142,287 142,415 142,220 142,101 142,974

Employment-population ratio

58.5 58.5 58.8 58.4 58.6 58.6 58.4 58.3 58.7

Unemployed

13,520 12,696 11,742 13,897 12,720 12,749 12,794 12,544 12,088

Unemployment rate

8.8 8.2 7.6 9.0 8.2 8.2 8.3 8.1 7.8

Not in labor force

86,049 88,311 88,697 86,067 87,958 87,992 88,340 88,921 88,710

Persons who currently want a job

5,929 7,031 6,427 6,240 6,291 6,520 6,554 6,957 6,727

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

116,559 117,492 117,600 116,559 117,177 117,277 117,381 117,492 117,600

Civilian labor force

82,011 82,669 82,341 82,142 82,350 82,450 82,395 82,008 82,384

Participation rate

70.4 70.4 70.0 70.5 70.3 70.3 70.2 69.8 70.1

Employed

74,821 76,089 76,119 74,435 75,401 75,486 75,466 75,161 75,752

Employment-population ratio

64.2 64.8 64.7 63.9 64.3 64.4 64.3 64.0 64.4

Unemployed

7,189 6,580 6,221 7,707 6,949 6,964 6,929 6,847 6,632

Unemployment rate

8.8 8.0 7.6 9.4 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.3 8.0

Not in labor force

34,549 34,823 35,260 34,417 34,827 34,827 34,987 35,484 35,216

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

107,994 108,851 108,973 107,994 108,503 108,613 108,727 108,851 108,973

Civilian labor force

79,224 79,436 79,516 79,241 79,382 79,425 79,353 79,103 79,426

Participation rate

73.4 73.0 73.0 73.4 73.2 73.1 73.0 72.7 72.9

Employed

72,796 73,736 74,060 72,340 73,229 73,259 73,227 73,086 73,597

Employment-population ratio

67.4 67.7 68.0 67.0 67.5 67.4 67.3 67.1 67.5

Unemployed

6,427 5,700 5,455 6,901 6,153 6,166 6,125 6,016 5,829

Unemployment rate

8.1 7.2 6.9 8.7 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.6 7.3

Not in labor force

28,771 29,415 29,457 28,753 29,121 29,188 29,374 29,748 29,547

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

123,512 126,073 126,172 123,512 125,788 125,878 125,972 126,073 126,172

Civilian labor force

72,011 72,586 72,734 71,862 72,657 72,713 72,619 72,637 72,678

Participation rate

58.3 57.6 57.6 58.2 57.8 57.8 57.6 57.6 57.6

Employed

65,680 66,470 67,214 65,672 66,886 66,929 66,754 66,940 67,222

Employment-population ratio

53.2 52.7 53.3 53.2 53.2 53.2 53.0 53.1 53.3

Unemployed

6,331 6,116 5,520 6,190 5,771 5,785 5,865 5,697 5,456

Unemployment rate

8.8 8.4 7.6 8.6 7.9 8.0 8.1 7.8 7.5

Not in labor force

51,501 53,488 53,437 51,650 53,131 53,165 53,354 53,437 53,493

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

115,338 117,760 117,869 115,338 117,448 117,546 117,648 117,760 117,869

Civilian labor force

69,266 69,502 70,026 68,989 69,807 69,803 69,691 69,781 69,834

Participation rate

60.1 59.0 59.4 59.8 59.4 59.4 59.2 59.3 59.2

Employed

63,529 64,023 65,058 63,406 64,671 64,628 64,446 64,670 64,952

Employment-population ratio

55.1 54.4 55.2 55.0 55.1 55.0 54.8 54.9 55.1

Unemployed

5,737 5,480 4,968 5,584 5,136 5,175 5,244 5,111 4,882

Unemployment rate

8.3 7.9 7.1 8.1 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.3 7.0

Not in labor force

46,072 48,258 47,842 46,349 47,641 47,743 47,957 47,979 48,034

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,739 16,955 16,931 16,739 17,015 16,997 16,979 16,955 16,931

Civilian labor force

5,532 6,317 5,533 5,774 5,819 5,936 5,970 5,761 5,802

Participation rate

33.1 37.3 32.7 34.5 34.2 34.9 35.2 34.0 34.3

Employed

4,177 4,800 4,215 4,362 4,388 4,528 4,546 4,344 4,425

Employment-population ratio

25.0 28.3 24.9 26.1 25.8 26.6 26.8 25.6 26.1

Unemployed

1,356 1,517 1,318 1,412 1,431 1,408 1,424 1,417 1,378

Unemployment rate

24.5 24.0 23.8 24.5 24.6 23.7 23.8 24.6 23.7

Not in labor force

11,206 10,638 11,398 10,965 11,197 11,061 11,009 11,194 11,129

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Sept.
2011
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2011
May
2012
June
2012
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

193,365 193,376 193,503 193,365 193,004 193,120 193,245 193,376 193,503

Civilian labor force

124,812 123,848 123,922 124,701 123,989 123,783 123,589 123,265 123,662

Participation rate

64.5 64.0 64.0 64.5 64.2 64.1 64.0 63.7 63.9

Employed

115,266 114,895 115,547 114,818 114,767 114,674 114,409 114,340 114,992

Employment-population ratio

59.6 59.4 59.7 59.4 59.5 59.4 59.2 59.1 59.4

Unemployed

9,545 8,953 8,374 9,883 9,222 9,109 9,180 8,925 8,670

Unemployment rate

7.6 7.2 6.8 7.9 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.2 7.0

Not in labor force

68,553 69,528 69,581 68,664 69,015 69,337 69,656 70,111 69,841

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,290 64,506 64,710 65,280 64,591 64,527 64,467 64,246 64,544

Participation rate

73.9 73.4 73.6 73.9 73.7 73.6 73.4 73.1 73.4

Employed

60,648 60,438 60,718 60,283 60,072 60,001 60,027 59,890 60,274

Employment-population ratio

68.6 68.8 69.0 68.2 68.5 68.4 68.4 68.1 68.5

Unemployed

4,642 4,068 3,992 4,998 4,519 4,526 4,440 4,356 4,270

Unemployment rate

7.1 6.3 6.2 7.7 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.6

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,949 54,250 54,797 54,691 54,717 54,506 54,385 54,411 54,531

Participation rate

59.6 58.4 59.0 59.3 59.0 58.8 58.6 58.6 58.7

Employed

51,002 50,484 51,333 50,807 51,045 50,918 50,662 50,892 51,105

Employment-population ratio

55.3 54.4 55.2 55.1 55.1 54.9 54.6 54.8 55.0

Unemployed

3,947 3,766 3,464 3,884 3,672 3,588 3,723 3,519 3,426

Unemployment rate

7.2 6.9 6.3 7.1 6.7 6.6 6.8 6.5 6.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,573 5,092 4,414 4,730 4,681 4,750 4,737 4,609 4,588

Participation rate

35.8 40.3 35.0 37.0 36.9 37.5 37.4 36.5 36.4

Employed

3,616 3,974 3,496 3,728 3,649 3,755 3,720 3,558 3,613

Employment-population ratio

28.3 31.4 27.7 29.1 28.8 29.7 29.4 28.2 28.6

Unemployed

956 1,118 918 1,002 1,031 995 1,017 1,051 975

Unemployment rate

20.9 22.0 20.8 21.2 22.0 20.9 21.5 22.8 21.2

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,193 29,954 29,991 29,193 29,854 29,885 29,918 29,954 29,991

Civilian labor force

18,051 18,491 18,245 18,096 18,290 18,541 18,383 18,379 18,345

Participation rate

61.8 61.7 60.8 62.0 61.3 62.0 61.4 61.4 61.2

Employed

15,186 15,810 15,796 15,224 15,807 15,872 15,798 15,797 15,881

Employment-population ratio

52.0 52.8 52.7 52.1 52.9 53.1 52.8 52.7 53.0

Unemployed

2,865 2,681 2,449 2,872 2,484 2,668 2,585 2,583 2,464

Unemployment rate

15.9 14.5 13.4 15.9 13.6 14.4 14.1 14.1 13.4

Not in labor force

11,142 11,463 11,746 11,097 11,564 11,345 11,534 11,575 11,645

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,108 8,243 8,152 8,151 8,281 8,324 8,270 8,228 8,202

Participation rate

68.0 67.5 66.6 68.3 68.1 68.4 67.8 67.3 67.0

Employed

6,830 7,108 7,050 6,796 7,102 7,146 7,042 7,049 7,035

Employment-population ratio

57.3 58.2 57.6 57.0 58.4 58.7 57.7 57.7 57.5

Unemployed

1,279 1,135 1,103 1,355 1,179 1,178 1,227 1,180 1,167

Unemployment rate

15.8 13.8 13.5 16.6 14.2 14.2 14.8 14.3 14.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,348 9,494 9,412 9,277 9,346 9,482 9,344 9,455 9,382

Participation rate

63.7 62.9 62.2 63.2 62.1 63.0 62.0 62.6 62.0

Employed

8,027 8,240 8,325 8,051 8,284 8,281 8,268 8,316 8,364

Employment-population ratio

54.7 54.6 55.0 54.8 55.1 55.0 54.8 55.1 55.3

Unemployed

1,320 1,254 1,087 1,226 1,062 1,202 1,076 1,139 1,018

Unemployment rate

14.1 13.2 11.5 13.2 11.4 12.7 11.5 12.0 10.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

595 755 681 667 664 735 770 696 761

Participation rate

23.1 28.7 26.0 25.8 25.0 27.8 29.2 26.4 29.0

Employed

329 462 421 377 421 446 488 432 482

Employment-population ratio

12.7 17.6 16.1 14.6 15.9 16.8 18.5 16.4 18.4

Unemployed

266 293 259 291 242 289 282 264 279

Unemployment rate

44.8 38.8 38.1 43.6 36.5 39.3 36.6 37.9 36.7

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,523 12,845 12,885 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

7,360 8,175 8,204 - - - - - -

Participation rate

63.9 63.6 63.7 - - - - - -

Employed

6,784 7,694 7,810 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

58.9 59.9 60.6 - - - - - -

Unemployed

577 482 394 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

7.8 5.9 4.8 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

4,162 4,670 4,681 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Sept.
2011
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2011
May
2012
June
2012
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

34,640 36,881 36,969 34,640 36,626 36,708 36,792 36,881 36,969

Civilian labor force

23,058 24,395 24,465 23,014 24,567 24,588 24,497 24,352 24,477

Participation rate

66.6 66.1 66.2 66.4 67.1 67.0 66.6 66.0 66.2

Employed

20,569 21,943 22,164 20,411 21,867 21,885 21,966 21,865 22,050

Employment-population ratio

59.4 59.5 60.0 58.9 59.7 59.6 59.7 59.3 59.6

Unemployed

2,488 2,452 2,301 2,603 2,700 2,703 2,531 2,487 2,427

Unemployment rate

10.8 10.1 9.4 11.3 11.0 11.0 10.3 10.2 9.9

Not in labor force

11,582 12,486 12,504 11,626 12,059 12,120 12,294 12,529 12,492

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,112 13,430 13,462 - - - - - -

Participation rate

81.7 80.8 80.8 - - - - - -

Employed

11,887 12,336 12,445 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

74.1 74.2 74.7 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,225 1,094 1,017 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

9.3 8.1 7.6 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,000 9,751 9,879 - - - - - -

Participation rate

59.3 58.7 59.3 - - - - - -

Employed

7,993 8,745 8,907 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

52.7 52.7 53.5 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,007 1,005 972 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

11.2 10.3 9.8 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

946 1,214 1,124 - - - - - -

Participation rate

27.7 33.2 30.7 - - - - - -

Employed

689 861 811 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

20.2 23.5 22.2 - - - - - -

Unemployed

257 352 312 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

27.1 29.0 27.8 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2011
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2011
May
2012
June
2012
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,840 11,163 11,337 11,746 11,451 11,384 11,472 11,179 11,199

Participation rate

46.9 45.3 45.6 46.5 44.9 45.0 46.3 45.4 45.1

Employed

10,303 9,922 10,155 10,108 9,960 9,952 10,012 9,833 9,932

Employment-population ratio

40.8 40.3 40.9 40.0 39.1 39.3 40.4 39.9 40.0

Unemployed

1,536 1,241 1,182 1,638 1,491 1,431 1,460 1,346 1,267

Unemployment rate

13.0 11.1 10.4 13.9 13.0 12.6 12.7 12.0 11.3

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

37,210 36,356 36,513 37,290 36,924 36,984 37,047 36,703 36,627

Participation rate

60.4 59.3 59.4 60.5 59.5 60.0 59.7 59.9 59.5

Employed

33,841 33,298 33,513 33,711 33,928 33,869 33,838 33,486 33,455

Employment-population ratio

54.9 54.3 54.5 54.7 54.7 55.0 54.5 54.6 54.4

Unemployed

3,369 3,058 3,000 3,579 2,996 3,116 3,209 3,217 3,172

Unemployment rate

9.1 8.4 8.2 9.6 8.1 8.4 8.7 8.8 8.7

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,172 37,479 37,788 37,070 37,079 37,451 37,398 37,375 37,622

Participation rate

69.5 68.5 69.1 69.3 68.8 68.9 68.3 68.3 68.8

Employed

34,072 34,914 35,346 33,963 34,155 34,639 34,729 34,895 35,191

Employment-population ratio

63.7 63.8 64.6 63.5 63.4 63.7 63.4 63.8 64.3

Unemployed

3,101 2,565 2,443 3,106 2,924 2,812 2,669 2,480 2,431

Unemployment rate

8.3 6.8 6.5 8.4 7.9 7.5 7.1 6.6 6.5

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

47,021 48,413 48,576 46,923 48,232 47,923 47,697 48,404 48,469

Participation rate

76.4 75.5 76.0 76.3 76.8 76.0 75.8 75.5 75.9

Employed

45,048 46,253 46,633 44,936 46,355 45,949 45,732 46,400 46,503

Employment-population ratio

73.2 72.1 73.0 73.0 73.8 72.9 72.7 72.4 72.8

Unemployed

1,973 2,160 1,943 1,986 1,877 1,973 1,965 2,004 1,966

Unemployment rate

4.2 4.5 4.0 4.2 3.9 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Sept.
2011
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2011
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2011
Sept.
2012

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,528 21,102 19,724 19,285 1,804 1,817

Civilian labor force

11,310 11,044 10,200 9,943 1,109 1,102

Participation rate

52.5 52.3 51.7 51.6 61.5 60.6

Employed

10,394 10,309 9,393 9,353 1,002 956

Employment-population ratio

48.3 48.9 47.6 48.5 55.5 52.6

Unemployed

916 735 808 590 108 145

Unemployment rate

8.1 6.7 7.9 5.9 9.7 13.2

Not in labor force

10,218 10,058 9,524 9,342 695 715

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,451 2,547 2,042 2,123 409 424

Civilian labor force

2,017 2,092 1,712 1,793 305 299

Participation rate

82.3 82.1 83.8 84.5 74.7 70.5

Employed

1,781 1,890 1,521 1,651 260 239

Employment-population ratio

72.7 74.2 74.5 77.7 63.7 56.5

Unemployed

235 202 191 143 45 60

Unemployment rate

11.7 9.7 11.1 8.0 14.7 19.9

Not in labor force

434 455 330 330 104 125

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,980 3,034 2,520 2,578 460 457

Civilian labor force

2,474 2,527 2,147 2,180 327 347

Participation rate

83.0 83.3 85.2 84.6 71.1 75.9

Employed

2,295 2,361 1,987 2,069 308 292

Employment-population ratio

77.0 77.8 78.9 80.3 67.0 63.8

Unemployed

179 166 160 111 19 55

Unemployment rate

7.2 6.6 7.4 5.1 5.7 15.9

Not in labor force

506 507 373 397 133 110

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

10,346 9,761 10,016 9,448 331 313

Civilian labor force

3,491 3,136 3,405 3,049 86 87

Participation rate

33.7 32.1 34.0 32.3 26.0 27.9

Employed

3,256 2,972 3,177 2,888 79 83

Employment-population ratio

31.5 30.4 31.7 30.6 23.9 26.5

Unemployed

235 165 229 160 7 4

Unemployment rate

6.7 5.3 6.7 5.3 8.0 5.0

Not in labor force

6,855 6,624 6,610 6,399 245 226

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,751 5,760 5,146 5,137 605 623

Civilian labor force

3,328 3,289 2,936 2,920 392 369

Participation rate

57.9 57.1 57.1 56.8 64.7 59.2

Employed

3,062 3,087 2,707 2,745 354 342

Employment-population ratio

53.2 53.6 52.6 53.4 58.6 54.9

Unemployed

266 202 229 175 37 26

Unemployment rate

8.0 6.1 7.8 6.0 9.5 7.2

Not in labor force

2,423 2,471 2,210 2,217 213 255

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

209,678 213,730 92,251 93,715 117,427 120,015

Civilian labor force

140,784 142,110 70,876 71,474 69,908 70,635

Participation rate

67.1 66.5 76.8 76.3 59.5 58.9

Employed

128,657 131,553 64,737 66,101 63,920 65,452

Employment-population ratio

61.4 61.6 70.2 70.5 54.4 54.5

Unemployed

12,127 10,557 6,139 5,373 5,988 5,184

Unemployment rate

8.6 7.4 8.7 7.5 8.6 7.3

Not in labor force

68,894 71,620 21,375 22,240 47,519 49,380

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Sept.
2011
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2011
Sept.
2012

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

27,355 28,776 212,716 214,996

Civilian labor force

5,770 6,060 148,252 149,015

Participation rate

21.1 21.1 69.7 69.3

Employed

4,843 5,241 135,659 138,093

Employment-population ratio

17.7 18.2 63.8 64.2

Unemployed

927 819 12,593 10,922

Unemployment rate

16.1 13.5 8.5 7.3

Not in labor force

21,585 22,717 64,464 65,981

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,614 2,717 75,322 75,186

Participation rate

34.7 35.4 82.4 82.3

Employed

2,135 2,327 68,879 69,632

Employment-population ratio

28.3 30.3 75.3 76.3

Unemployed

479 389 6,443 5,554

Unemployment rate

18.3 14.3 8.6 7.4

Not in labor force

4,926 4,959 16,097 16,120

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,251 2,330 66,608 66,965

Participation rate

30.6 29.7 71.0 70.7

Employed

1,897 1,973 60,855 61,997

Employment-population ratio

25.8 25.1 64.9 65.5

Unemployed

353 356 5,753 4,968

Unemployment rate

15.7 15.3 8.6 7.4

Not in labor force

5,113 5,523 27,202 27,695

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

905 1,014 6,321 6,864

Participation rate

7.3 7.7 23.0 23.6

Employed

810 940 5,924 6,464

Employment-population ratio

6.5 7.1 21.6 22.3

Unemployed

95 74 397 400

Unemployment rate

10.5 7.3 6.3 5.8

Not in labor force

11,547 12,234 21,164 22,166

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Sept.
2011
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2011
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2011
Sept.
2012

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

36,657 38,103 18,125 18,447 18,531 19,655

Civilian labor force

24,447 25,116 14,330 14,414 10,117 10,703

Participation rate

66.7 65.9 79.1 78.1 54.6 54.5

Employed

22,224 23,201 13,135 13,453 9,090 9,748

Employment-population ratio

60.6 60.9 72.5 72.9 49.1 49.6

Unemployed

2,222 1,915 1,195 961 1,027 954

Unemployment rate

9.1 7.6 8.3 6.7 10.2 8.9

Not in labor force

12,210 12,986 3,795 4,034 8,415 8,953

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

203,415 205,670 98,434 99,153 104,981 106,517

Civilian labor force

129,575 129,958 67,681 67,927 61,895 62,032

Participation rate

63.7 63.2 68.8 68.5 59.0 58.2

Employed

118,277 120,132 61,687 62,667 56,591 57,466

Employment-population ratio

58.1 58.4 62.7 63.2 53.9 53.9

Unemployed

11,298 9,826 5,994 5,260 5,304 4,566

Unemployment rate

8.7 7.6 8.9 7.7 8.6 7.4

Not in labor force

73,839 75,711 30,753 31,226 43,086 44,485

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2011
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2011
May
2012
June
2012
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,281 2,286 2,233 2,268 2,274 2,206 2,235 2,151 2,209

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,409 1,500 1,447 1,379 1,423 1,399 1,401 1,391 1,413

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

839 761 755 843 815 786 791 739 763

Unpaid family workers

33 24 31 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

138,221 140,273 141,101 137,932 140,037 140,205 139,929 139,920 140,769

Wage and salary workers(1)

129,756 131,348 132,078 129,595 131,322 131,308 131,043 131,101 131,734

Government

20,569 19,791 20,725 20,568 20,059 19,938 20,015 20,432 20,619

Private industries

109,187 111,558 111,353 108,774 111,421 111,433 110,974 110,726 111,024

Private households

756 796 811 - - - - - -

Other industries

108,431 110,762 110,541 108,026 110,613 110,671 110,251 109,965 110,218

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,411 8,857 8,947 8,336 8,598 8,787 8,824 8,720 8,838

Unpaid family workers

55 67 76 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,541 7,842 8,110 9,270 8,098 8,210 8,246 8,031 8,613

Slack work or business conditions

5,497 5,054 5,309 5,900 5,147 5,446 5,342 5,217 5,523

Could only find part-time work

2,766 2,405 2,589 2,844 2,649 2,514 2,576 2,507 2,572

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,647 17,217 18,970 18,329 19,393 18,829 18,866 18,996 18,736

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,423 7,723 8,003 9,115 7,982 8,075 8,111 7,901 8,482

Slack work or business conditions

5,410 4,971 5,238 5,803 5,078 5,355 5,282 5,140 5,455

Could only find part-time work

2,749 2,391 2,566 2,869 2,616 2,493 2,559 2,508 2,597

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,249 16,893 18,605 17,915 18,930 18,438 18,543 18,656 18,405

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2011
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2011
May
2012
June
2012
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

140,502 142,558 143,333 140,107 142,287 142,415 142,220 142,101 142,974

16 to 19 years

4,177 4,800 4,215 4,362 4,388 4,528 4,546 4,344 4,425

16 to 17 years

1,450 1,601 1,471 1,417 1,418 1,471 1,540 1,392 1,433

18 to 19 years

2,727 3,199 2,744 2,952 2,968 3,069 3,012 2,983 2,989

20 years and over

136,325 137,759 139,118 135,745 137,899 137,887 137,674 137,756 138,550

20 to 24 years

13,061 13,371 13,472 13,090 13,429 13,361 13,364 13,114 13,482

25 years and over

123,264 124,388 125,646 122,659 124,472 124,506 124,203 124,600 125,017

25 to 54 years

93,920 94,038 94,814 93,506 94,205 94,069 93,957 94,001 94,378

25 to 34 years

30,750 30,656 30,947 30,607 30,714 30,650 30,527 30,508 30,768

35 to 44 years

30,228 30,545 30,794 30,092 30,519 30,450 30,474 30,580 30,663

45 to 54 years

32,941 32,836 33,074 32,807 32,971 32,969 32,956 32,912 32,947

55 years and over

29,345 30,349 30,832 29,152 30,268 30,437 30,247 30,599 30,639

Men, 16 years and over

74,821 76,089 76,119 74,435 75,401 75,486 75,466 75,161 75,752

16 to 19 years

2,025 2,353 2,059 2,095 2,173 2,227 2,238 2,074 2,155

16 to 17 years

692 713 665 672 655 654 666 605 646

18 to 19 years

1,334 1,640 1,394 1,425 1,513 1,598 1,577 1,511 1,510

20 years and over

72,796 73,736 74,060 72,340 73,229 73,259 73,227 73,086 73,597

20 to 24 years

6,874 6,988 6,975 6,875 6,898 6,849 6,921 6,760 6,963

25 years and over

65,923 66,748 67,085 65,489 66,308 66,420 66,285 66,368 66,625

25 to 54 years

50,373 50,541 50,669 50,080 50,304 50,357 50,256 50,147 50,360

25 to 34 years

16,852 16,706 16,748 16,712 16,654 16,633 16,555 16,487 16,579

35 to 44 years

16,395 16,599 16,656 16,298 16,421 16,401 16,488 16,512 16,560

45 to 54 years

17,127 17,235 17,264 17,069 17,229 17,323 17,214 17,148 17,221

55 years and over

15,549 16,207 16,416 15,409 16,004 16,064 16,029 16,221 16,265

Women, 16 years and over

65,680 66,470 67,214 65,672 66,886 66,929 66,754 66,940 67,222

16 to 19 years

2,152 2,447 2,156 2,266 2,215 2,301 2,308 2,270 2,270

16 to 17 years

759 888 806 745 762 817 873 788 787

18 to 19 years

1,393 1,559 1,350 1,527 1,454 1,471 1,434 1,472 1,479

20 years and over

63,529 64,023 65,058 63,406 64,671 64,628 64,446 64,670 64,952

20 to 24 years

6,187 6,383 6,497 6,215 6,531 6,512 6,444 6,354 6,519

25 years and over

57,341 57,640 58,561 57,170 58,165 58,086 57,918 58,232 58,391

25 to 54 years

43,546 43,498 44,146 43,427 43,901 43,712 43,700 43,854 44,017

25 to 34 years

13,899 13,950 14,199 13,895 14,060 14,016 13,972 14,021 14,189

35 to 44 years

13,833 13,946 14,138 13,794 14,098 14,050 13,986 14,068 14,102

45 to 54 years

15,815 15,601 15,809 15,737 15,742 15,646 15,743 15,764 15,726

55 years and over

13,795 14,142 14,415 13,743 14,264 14,373 14,218 14,378 14,374

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

43,938 44,038 44,383 43,640 43,798 43,712 43,715 43,879 43,984

Married women, spouse present

34,095 34,178 34,871 34,091 34,620 34,526 34,381 34,814 34,841

Women who maintain families

9,173 9,213 9,233 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

112,980 116,214 115,678 112,479 114,212 114,573 114,345 114,388 115,226

Part-time workers(2)

27,522 26,344 27,655 27,640 28,038 27,894 27,925 27,757 27,731

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,946 6,635 6,818 6,970 6,959 6,769 6,845 6,921 6,866

Percent of total employed

4.9 4.7 4.8 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.9 4.8

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

4,950 5,366 5,263 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,249 9,618 9,702 9,179 9,413 9,572 9,616 9,458 9,602

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Sept.
2011
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2011
May
2012
June
2012
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

13,897 12,544 12,088 9.0 8.2 8.2 8.3 8.1 7.8

16 to 19 years

1,412 1,417 1,378 24.5 24.6 23.7 23.8 24.6 23.7

16 to 17 years

506 577 486 26.3 26.5 26.8 26.6 29.3 25.3

18 to 19 years

889 878 883 23.2 23.5 22.0 22.2 22.7 22.8

20 years and over

12,485 11,127 10,711 8.4 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.5 7.2

20 to 24 years

2,240 2,119 1,913 14.6 12.9 13.7 13.5 13.9 12.4

25 years and over

10,268 9,056 8,812 7.7 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.6

25 to 54 years

8,217 7,158 6,892 8.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.1 6.8

25 to 34 years

3,271 2,759 2,718 9.7 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.3 8.1

35 to 44 years

2,416 2,163 2,051 7.4 6.8 7.0 6.9 6.6 6.3

45 to 54 years

2,530 2,236 2,123 7.2 6.4 6.3 6.5 6.4 6.1

55 years and over

2,091 1,906 1,937 6.7 6.5 6.2 6.2 5.9 5.9

Men, 16 years and over

7,707 6,847 6,632 9.4 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.3 8.0

16 to 19 years

806 831 803 27.8 26.8 26.4 26.4 28.6 27.2

16 to 17 years

256 348 278 27.6 28.9 31.0 30.0 36.5 30.1

18 to 19 years

530 517 520 27.1 25.7 23.7 24.5 25.5 25.6

20 years and over

6,901 6,016 5,829 8.7 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.6 7.3

20 to 24 years

1,279 1,215 1,104 15.7 14.1 15.4 15.2 15.2 13.7

25 years and over

5,661 4,853 4,755 8.0 7.0 7.0 6.8 6.8 6.7

25 to 54 years

4,527 3,794 3,648 8.3 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.8

25 to 34 years

1,808 1,490 1,443 9.8 7.9 7.8 7.8 8.3 8.0

35 to 44 years

1,337 1,120 1,084 7.6 6.6 7.0 6.6 6.4 6.1

45 to 54 years

1,382 1,184 1,121 7.5 6.5 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.1

55 years and over

1,133 1,059 1,107 6.9 7.0 6.7 6.5 6.1 6.4

Women, 16 years and over

6,190 5,697 5,456 8.6 7.9 8.0 8.1 7.8 7.5

16 to 19 years

606 586 574 21.1 22.3 21.0 21.2 20.5 20.2

16 to 17 years

250 229 208 25.1 24.4 23.1 23.9 22.5 20.9

18 to 19 years

359 361 363 19.0 21.2 20.0 19.6 19.7 19.7

20 years and over

5,584 5,111 4,882 8.1 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.3 7.0

20 to 24 years

961 905 809 13.4 11.6 11.8 11.7 12.5 11.0

25 years and over

4,608 4,203 4,057 7.5 6.9 6.9 7.1 6.7 6.5

25 to 54 years

3,690 3,364 3,244 7.8 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.1 6.9

25 to 34 years

1,464 1,270 1,275 9.5 8.4 8.7 8.6 8.3 8.2

35 to 44 years

1,078 1,042 966 7.3 7.0 7.0 7.2 6.9 6.4

45 to 54 years

1,148 1,052 1,002 6.8 6.1 6.3 6.6 6.3 6.0

55 years and over(1)

978 929 849 6.6 5.6 5.8 6.6 6.2 5.6

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

2,674 2,284 2,166 5.8 5.3 4.9 5.0 4.9 4.7

Married women, spouse present

2,102 1,898 1,830 5.8 4.9 5.4 5.7 5.2 5.0

Women who maintain families(1)

1,294 1,295 1,181 12.4 10.9 11.8 11.7 12.3 11.3

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

12,188 10,767 10,429 9.8 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.6 8.3

Part-time workers(3)

1,767 1,780 1,699 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.0 5.8

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2011
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2011
May
2012
June
2012
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

7,636 6,820 6,161 8,028 6,989 7,207 7,123 7,003 6,535

On temporary layoff

813 1,147 787 1,195 1,106 1,331 1,417 1,246 1,169

Not on temporary layoff

6,823 5,673 5,374 6,833 5,883 5,875 5,705 5,757 5,366

Permanent job losers

5,383 4,444 4,296 5,416 4,553 4,560 4,387 4,484 4,311

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,440 1,229 1,078 1,417 1,330 1,315 1,319 1,273 1,055

Job leavers

1,064 1,018 1,041 972 891 936 878 942 957

Reentrants

3,500 3,445 3,339 3,484 3,439 3,227 3,380 3,318 3,306

New entrants

1,320 1,413 1,200 1,323 1,367 1,331 1,311 1,277 1,247

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

56.5 53.7 52.5 58.1 55.1 56.7 56.1 55.8 54.3

On temporary layoff

6.0 9.0 6.7 8.7 8.7 10.5 11.2 9.9 9.7

Not on temporary layoff

50.5 44.7 45.8 49.5 46.4 46.3 45.0 45.9 44.5

Job leavers

7.9 8.0 8.9 7.0 7.0 7.4 6.9 7.5 7.9

Reentrants

25.9 27.1 28.4 25.2 27.1 25.4 26.6 26.5 27.4

New entrants

9.8 11.1 10.2 9.6 10.8 10.5 10.3 10.2 10.4

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5.0 4.4 4.0 5.2 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.2

Job leavers

0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

2.3 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1

New entrants

0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2011
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2011
May
2012
June
2012
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,760 2,809 2,539 2,743 2,580 2,810 2,711 2,844 2,542

5 to 14 weeks

2,726 3,218 2,660 2,902 3,002 2,826 3,092 2,868 2,826

15 weeks and over

8,034 6,669 6,542 8,227 7,073 7,182 6,945 6,878 6,703

15 to 26 weeks

1,816 1,636 1,708 2,029 1,662 1,811 1,760 1,845 1,860

27 weeks and over

6,217 5,033 4,835 6,197 5,411 5,370 5,185 5,033 4,844

Average (mean) duration, in weeks(1)

41.0 38.7 40.2 40.4 39.7 39.9 38.8 39.2 39.8

Median duration, in weeks

22.2 16.8 18.9 21.8 20.1 19.8 16.7 18.0 18.5

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

20.4 22.1 21.6 19.8 20.4 21.9 21.3 22.6 21.1

5 to 14 weeks

20.2 25.3 22.7 20.9 23.7 22.0 24.3 22.8 23.4

15 weeks and over

59.4 52.5 55.7 59.3 55.9 56.0 54.5 54.6 55.5

15 to 26 weeks

13.4 12.9 14.5 14.6 13.1 14.1 13.8 14.7 15.4

27 weeks and over

46.0 39.6 41.2 44.7 42.8 41.9 40.7 40.0 40.1

Footnotes
(1) Beginning in January 2011, this series reflects a change to the collection of data on unemployment duration. For more information, see www.bls.gov/cps/duration.htm.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Sept.
2011
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2011
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2011
Sept.
2012

Total, 16 years and over(1)

140,502 143,333 13,520 11,742 8.8 7.6

Management, professional, and related occupations

52,665 54,655 2,450 2,245 4.4 3.9

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

21,587 22,944 1,035 828 4.6 3.5

Professional and related occupations

31,078 31,711 1,415 1,417 4.4 4.3

Service occupations

25,347 25,517 2,828 2,372 10.0 8.5

Sales and office occupations

32,735 33,271 3,246 2,714 9.0 7.5

Sales and related occupations

15,064 15,616 1,554 1,336 9.4 7.9

Office and administrative support occupations

17,672 17,655 1,692 1,378 8.7 7.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,387 12,979 1,675 1,523 11.1 10.5

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,038 1,089 131 114 11.2 9.5

Construction and extraction occupations

7,316 7,015 1,137 1,071 13.4 13.2

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

5,033 4,875 407 338 7.5 6.5

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

16,368 16,912 1,951 1,640 10.7 8.8

Production occupations

8,128 8,428 944 769 10.4 8.4

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,239 8,484 1,008 871 10.9 9.3

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Sept.
2011
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2011
Sept.
2012

Total, 16 years and over(1)

13,520 11,742 8.8 7.6

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

10,375 8,935 8.7 7.4

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

55 48 6.2 4.9

Construction

1,110 954 13.3 11.9

Manufacturing

1,306 1,032 8.4 6.7

Durable goods

821 668 8.4 6.8

Nondurable goods

484 364 8.4 6.6

Wholesale and retail trade

1,882 1,651 9.2 8.0

Transportation and utilities

458 372 7.8 6.3

Information

209 205 7.4 7.3

Financial activities

501 432 5.5 4.8

Professional and business services

1,509 1,253 10.1 8.2

Education and health services

1,241 1,204 5.7 5.5

Leisure and hospitality

1,492 1,312 11.3 9.7

Other services

613 473 9.4 7.1

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

169 153 11.1 10.0

Government workers

1,013 943 4.7 4.3

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

643 510 6.4 4.9

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2011
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2011
May
2012
June
2012
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.2 4.3 4.2 5.3 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.0 4.4 4.0 5.2 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.2

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

8.8 8.2 7.6 9.0 8.2 8.2 8.3 8.1 7.8

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

9.4 8.7 8.0 9.6 8.7 8.7 8.8 8.6 8.3

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

10.2 9.7 9.0 10.5 9.6 9.7 9.7 9.6 9.3

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

15.7 14.6 14.2 16.4 14.8 14.9 15.0 14.7 14.7

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Sept.
2011
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2011
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2011
Sept.
2012

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

86,049 88,697 34,549 35,260 51,501 53,437

Persons who currently want a job

5,929 6,427 2,792 2,953 3,137 3,474

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,511 2,517 1,319 1,281 1,192 1,236

Discouraged workers(2)

1,037 802 585 489 452 313

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,474 1,715 734 792 740 924

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,946 6,818 3,427 3,481 3,519 3,337

Percent of total employed

4.9 4.8 4.6 4.6 5.4 5.0

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,778 3,674 2,039 2,061 1,739 1,613

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,730 1,712 597 630 1,132 1,082

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

193 237 118 148 74 90

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,214 1,148 655 611 559 538

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2011
July
2012
Aug.
2012(p)
Sept.
2012(p)
Sept.
2011
July
2012
Aug.
2012(p)
Sept.
2012(p)
Change from:
Aug.2012 - Sept.2012(p)

Total nonfarm

131,975 132,853 133,223 133,797 131,694 133,244 133,386 133,500 114

Total private

110,100 112,193 112,366 111,989 109,642 111,298 111,395 111,499 104

Goods-producing

18,433 18,687 18,738 18,655 18,100 18,336 18,314 18,304 -10

Mining and logging

816 854 857 850 804 839 838 839 1

Logging

50.2 51.6 52.1 52.9 47.9 49.8 49.5 50.0 0.5

Mining

765.4 802.4 805.0 797.4 756.3 789.3 788.9 788.5 -0.4

Oil and gas extraction

179.7 197.9 198.1 195.2 180.0 195.2 195.4 195.0 -0.4

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

225.1 224.1 224.7 223.4 219.9 217.4 216.8 217.4 0.6

Coal mining

87.6 83.2 83.0 82.1 87.5 83.3 82.8 82.2 -0.6

Support activities for mining

360.6 380.4 382.2 378.8 356.4 376.7 376.7 376.1 -0.6

Construction

5,769 5,782 5,813 5,777 5,528 5,517 5,518 5,523 5

Construction of buildings

1,267.3 1,264.4 1,267.7 1,258.3 1,228.9 1,221.3 1,217.5 1,219.7 2.2

Residential building

578.5 589.7 589.0 584.0 561.6 565.2 563.7 564.8 1.1

Nonresidential building

688.8 674.7 678.7 674.3 667.3 656.1 653.8 654.9 1.1

Heavy and civil engineering construction

893.9 897.3 911.9 913.0 829.4 839.8 844.2 844.0 -0.2

Specialty trade contractors

3,607.4 3,620.2 3,633.1 3,606.0 3,469.9 3,456.1 3,455.8 3,459.6 3.8

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,512.3 1,531.8 1,541.9 1,531.9 1,448.8 1,458.9 1,466.2 1,468.5 2.3

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,095.1 2,088.4 2,091.2 2,074.1 2,021.1 1,997.2 1,989.6 1,991.1 1.5

Manufacturing

11,848 12,051 12,068 12,028 11,768 11,980 11,958 11,942 -16

Durable goods

7,338 7,530 7,527 7,496 7,304 7,502 7,482 7,469 -13

Wood products

336.4 336.4 334.5 333.8 331.4 329.4 327.0 328.7 1.7

Nonmetallic mineral products

373.9 371.8 369.5 366.8 364.4 360.7 358.8 357.9 -0.9

Primary metals

396.2 411.1 410.0 406.4 395.2 410.8 407.8 404.4 -3.4

Fabricated metal products

1,359.2 1,415.2 1,415.4 1,412.7 1,349.6 1,408.1 1,406.4 1,406.4 0.0

Machinery

1,066.4 1,109.2 1,108.4 1,102.8 1,067.4 1,104.6 1,106.0 1,105.8 -0.2

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,110.9 1,114.0 1,110.7 1,099.8 1,111.6 1,108.9 1,105.4 1,099.9 -5.5

Computer and peripheral equipment

160.0 167.0 167.8 164.0 160.0 165.9 167.0 164.4 -2.6

Communications equipment

114.6 109.4 108.3 108.1 114.3 109.4 108.5 107.9 -0.6

Semiconductors and electronic components

388.0 390.3 388.2 386.2 387.7 388.5 386.3 385.9 -0.4

Electronic instruments

402.9 403.0 401.6 397.3 403.8 400.8 399.1 397.4 -1.7

Electrical equipment and appliances

368.5 375.7 372.7 372.2 367.6 373.0 371.5 371.3 -0.2

Transportation equipment(1)

1,395.0 1,462.3 1,467.2 1,467.6 1,389.3 1,474.7 1,467.7 1,464.7 -3.0

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

725.0 772.3 778.4 778.4 720.5 787.0 780.1 776.7 -3.4

Furniture and related products

357.2 352.3 355.7 353.9 353.4 349.7 351.2 351.4 0.2

Miscellaneous manufacturing

574.6 582.3 582.9 580.2 574.5 581.9 580.4 578.9 -1.5

Nondurable goods

4,510 4,521 4,541 4,532 4,464 4,478 4,476 4,473 -3

Food manufacturing

1,485.1 1,487.8 1,506.4 1,504.5 1,454.7 1,463.7 1,466.3 1,466.9 0.6

Beverages and tobacco products

197.6 205.2 205.5 207.1 191.5 199.1 198.8 199.1 0.3

Textile mills

120.9 119.5 119.2 119.8 120.6 119.6 119.0 119.4 0.4

Textile product mills

115.0 114.0 114.3 113.2 115.4 113.0 113.1 112.7 -0.4

Apparel

153.5 147.2 146.3 146.1 151.9 147.1 145.5 144.5 -1.0

Leather and allied products

29.9 28.5 29.3 29.4 29.5 29.2 29.1 29.0 -0.1

Paper and paper products

393.0 393.1 391.2 389.4 392.0 391.0 389.5 388.4 -1.1

Printing and related support activities

467.0 456.8 456.3 453.0 465.6 455.2 454.3 451.1 -3.2

Petroleum and coal products

113.8 116.2 116.1 116.1 111.8 113.1 113.4 113.6 0.2

Chemicals

793.9 801.3 801.0 800.0 794.2 797.7 798.0 799.6 1.6

Plastics and rubber products

640.7 651.0 655.0 653.4 637.1 649.0 648.7 648.5 -0.2

Private service-providing

91,667 93,506 93,628 93,334 91,542 92,962 93,081 93,195 114

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,010 25,338 25,371 25,346 25,075 25,330 25,361 25,386 25

Wholesale trade

5,539.6 5,674.6 5,668.4 5,643.8 5,535.3 5,638.8 5,645.8 5,644.2 -1.6

Durable goods

2,756.8 2,817.3 2,814.2 2,803.5 2,755.6 2,799.6 2,802.5 2,801.8 -0.7

Nondurable goods

1,944.8 1,991.7 1,986.6 1,975.6 1,943.3 1,977.0 1,977.6 1,976.4 -1.2

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

838.0 865.6 867.6 864.7 836.4 862.2 865.7 866.0 0.3

Retail trade

14,570.9 14,756.8 14,775.6 14,689.3 14,678.6 14,750.2 14,758.5 14,767.9 9.4

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,708.6 1,732.3 1,736.0 1,734.5 1,696.1 1,713.7 1,718.4 1,721.7 3.3

Automobile dealers

1,067.8 1,089.8 1,093.6 1,094.5 1,061.5 1,082.6 1,086.5 1,089.0 2.5

Furniture and home furnishings stores

437.7 443.7 448.5 446.6 443.8 449.9 453.3 451.4 -1.9

Electronics and appliance stores

508.1 495.8 491.5 488.9 517.0 501.6 498.2 495.8 -2.4

Building material and garden supply stores

1,126.8 1,188.9 1,159.3 1,138.3 1,137.8 1,156.4 1,148.0 1,152.0 4.0

Food and beverage stores

2,833.4 2,901.0 2,899.4 2,880.0 2,840.4 2,878.8 2,883.3 2,884.8 1.5

Health and personal care stores

980.0 997.3 1,000.9 997.0 986.0 998.8 1,001.4 1,001.3 -0.1

Gasoline stations

832.1 842.7 844.0 836.7 826.5 830.0 830.5 830.5 0.0

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,332.8 1,363.8 1,391.8 1,376.1 1,362.0 1,379.5 1,386.3 1,395.8 9.5

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

577.2 562.2 574.2 566.4 578.6 570.5 565.9 559.9 -6.0

General merchandise stores(1)

3,028.5 3,020.0 3,013.8 2,998.9 3,085.1 3,051.7 3,050.3 3,050.3 0.0

Department stores

1,505.6 1,481.5 1,478.5 1,467.4 1,547.7 1,513.2 1,510.7 1,507.5 -3.2

Miscellaneous store retailers

771.4 781.5 785.0 793.6 771.5 779.7 784.7 789.2 4.5

Nonstore retailers

434.3 427.6 431.2 432.3 433.8 439.6 438.2 435.2 -3.0

Transportation and warehousing

4,343.1 4,345.4 4,359.8 4,448.2 4,303.7 4,383.3 4,391.0 4,408.1 17.1

Air transportation

458.1 462.0 460.7 455.6 457.4 458.3 456.7 454.2 -2.5

Rail transportation

232.1 232.7 231.4 231.4 230.9 232.2 230.0 231.4 1.4

Water transportation

63.3 69.4 69.5 68.4 62.5 67.5 67.0 67.0 0.0

Truck transportation

1,326.6 1,368.9 1,377.7 1,372.8 1,304.4 1,349.8 1,351.1 1,351.8 0.7

Transit and ground passenger transportation

447.4 372.7 376.4 462.7 437.2 435.1 441.3 450.5 9.2

Pipeline transportation

42.9 44.0 44.0 44.3 42.9 43.8 44.1 44.3 0.2

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

34.1 39.4 38.9 36.9 28.5 30.2 30.5 31.5 1.0

Support activities for transportation

566.0 582.8 582.3 584.4 566.2 582.3 582.7 585.1 2.4

Couriers and messengers

520.6 514.3 516.8 520.9 525.3 524.0 526.3 526.7 0.4

Warehousing and storage

652.0 659.2 662.1 670.8 648.4 660.1 661.3 665.6 4.3

Utilities

556.6 561.6 567.2 564.2 557.0 557.8 565.2 565.3 0.1

Information

2,640 2,643 2,650 2,623 2,649 2,637 2,638 2,632 -6

Publishing industries, except Internet

746.8 741.5 742.4 738.5 747.6 738.7 740.5 738.9 -1.6

Motion picture and sound recording industries

353.3 380.7 389.3 367.8 356.6 375.7 377.4 373.1 -4.3

Broadcasting, except Internet

280.7 279.4 277.9 279.8 280.9 279.8 278.7 278.9 0.2

Telecommunications

855.4 830.1 827.4 826.2 858.2 832.5 829.2 828.8 -0.4

Data processing, hosting and related services

240.6 240.8 242.3 239.3 242.2 241.4 242.7 240.3 -2.4

Other information services

163.0 170.6 170.9 171.1 163.5 168.8 169.7 171.6 1.9

Financial activities

7,677 7,801 7,796 7,760 7,675 7,738 7,745 7,758 13

Finance and insurance

5,735.6 5,800.5 5,800.1 5,785.2 5,746.4 5,779.8 5,790.2 5,795.2 5.0

Monetary authorities - central bank

19.2 19.4 19.4 19.2 19.2 19.2 19.2 19.2 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,551.0 2,597.1 2,598.4 2,596.2 2,555.5 2,590.3 2,595.4 2,601.8 6.4

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,736.9 1,753.9 1,750.8 1,744.7 1,740.3 1,746.9 1,746.8 1,750.7 3.9

Commercial banking

1,313.5 1,321.2 1,319.4 1,314.5 1,315.9 1,316.6 1,316.1 1,319.4 3.3

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

806.3 808.1 807.5 799.3 809.3 803.8 803.9 800.1 -3.8

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,275.3 2,290.6 2,289.9 2,286.7 2,278.3 2,281.6 2,287.1 2,289.9 2.8

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

83.8 85.3 84.9 83.8 84.1 84.9 84.6 84.2 -0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,941.8 2,000.6 1,995.6 1,974.7 1,928.5 1,957.7 1,954.4 1,962.5 8.1

Real estate

1,404.0 1,445.0 1,441.5 1,429.7 1,397.8 1,420.8 1,416.4 1,423.5 7.1

Rental and leasing services

513.6 532.1 530.8 521.8 506.5 513.6 514.6 515.8 1.2

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

24.2 23.5 23.3 23.2 24.2 23.3 23.4 23.2 -0.2

Professional and business services

17,513 18,000 18,072 18,051 17,441 17,924 17,943 17,956 13

Professional and technical services(1)

7,672.9 7,923.9 7,932.5 7,891.8 7,759.2 7,950.1 7,968.9 7,973.8 4.9

Legal services

1,110.9 1,133.3 1,120.1 1,113.9 1,114.5 1,120.8 1,119.4 1,120.4 1.0

Accounting and bookkeeping services

856.6 873.1 877.1 873.7 935.6 950.7 953.5 952.8 -0.7

Architectural and engineering services

1,306.5 1,341.6 1,344.5 1,335.7 1,301.4 1,323.2 1,325.9 1,328.8 2.9

Computer systems design and related services

1,543.9 1,612.7 1,618.3 1,612.0 1,546.1 1,606.3 1,613.1 1,616.0 2.9

Management and technical consulting services

1,080.8 1,144.6 1,151.9 1,145.6 1,085.9 1,140.2 1,146.3 1,144.5 -1.8

Management of companies and enterprises

1,923.2 1,962.8 1,959.5 1,958.0 1,923.9 1,952.6 1,952.8 1,956.5 3.7

Administrative and waste services

7,916.8 8,113.2 8,179.6 8,200.9 7,758.1 8,021.0 8,020.8 8,025.6 4.8

Administrative and support services(1)

7,543.2 7,730.7 7,800.0 7,826.6 7,389.4 7,647.9 7,649.2 7,654.7 5.5

Employment services(1)

3,059.6 3,178.7 3,253.3 3,286.9 2,975.8 3,202.4 3,201.4 3,196.0 -5.4

Temporary help services

2,408.4 2,515.0 2,569.8 2,616.9 2,341.4 2,535.7 2,535.8 2,533.8 -2.0

Business support services

804.4 807.8 814.5 821.7 812.9 822.5 824.9 825.5 0.6

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,844.0 1,893.1 1,871.3 1,851.6 1,779.2 1,779.4 1,775.3 1,781.7 6.4

Waste management and remediation services

373.6 382.5 379.6 374.3 368.7 373.1 371.6 370.9 -0.7

Education and health services

19,911 19,996 20,023 20,308 19,989 20,334 20,359 20,408 49

Educational services

3,205.5 3,032.9 3,021.1 3,259.6 3,253.4 3,331.0 3,334.4 3,338.3 3.9

Health care and social assistance

16,705.5 16,962.6 17,001.6 17,048.7 16,735.8 17,002.8 17,025.0 17,069.5 44.5

Health care(3)

14,118.2 14,391.7 14,410.6 14,424.8 14,134.3 14,369.3 14,385.7 14,429.2 43.5

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,188.0 6,349.8 6,368.1 6,392.4 6,199.6 6,349.8 6,361.6 6,391.4 29.8

Offices of physicians

2,369.0 2,430.3 2,431.9 2,435.5 2,374.8 2,429.0 2,430.6 2,437.2 6.6

Outpatient care centers

626.8 664.0 665.5 673.1 628.4 665.3 666.5 675.9 9.4

Home health care services

1,154.5 1,191.1 1,198.1 1,210.7 1,154.0 1,193.1 1,198.8 1,206.6 7.8

Hospitals

4,750.9 4,831.2 4,831.7 4,831.5 4,752.4 4,818.5 4,826.0 4,834.0 8.0

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,179.3 3,210.7 3,210.8 3,200.9 3,182.3 3,201.0 3,198.1 3,203.8 5.7

Nursing care facilities

1,670.8 1,667.1 1,664.0 1,660.6 1,671.4 1,662.9 1,658.9 1,660.4 1.5

Social assistance(1)

2,587.3 2,570.9 2,591.0 2,623.9 2,601.5 2,633.5 2,639.3 2,640.3 1.0

Child day care services

840.0 774.3 791.9 840.7 842.9 837.6 839.3 839.7 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

13,576 14,281 14,297 13,864 13,364 13,621 13,659 13,670 11

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,992.5 2,216.5 2,191.4 1,995.4 1,908.3 1,916.8 1,927.9 1,930.0 2.1

Performing arts and spectator sports

420.3 427.1 433.8 420.9 394.1 400.7 404.5 405.7 1.2

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

134.0 147.3 145.3 137.9 131.9 132.7 134.5 135.4 0.9

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,438.2 1,642.1 1,612.3 1,436.6 1,382.3 1,383.4 1,388.9 1,388.9 0.0

Accommodation and food services

11,583.5 12,064.5 12,105.1 11,868.1 11,455.9 11,704.0 11,730.9 11,739.5 8.6

Accommodation

1,845.0 1,969.1 1,954.6 1,848.0 1,806.8 1,814.3 1,810.6 1,803.5 -7.1

Food services and drinking places

9,738.5 10,095.4 10,150.5 10,020.1 9,649.1 9,889.7 9,920.3 9,936.0 15.7

Other services

5,340 5,447 5,419 5,382 5,349 5,378 5,376 5,385 9

Repair and maintenance

1,164.6 1,171.5 1,167.2 1,169.8 1,162.9 1,164.0 1,161.8 1,164.1 2.3

Personal and laundry services

1,293.1 1,308.7 1,308.5 1,302.8 1,294.1 1,299.0 1,299.3 1,300.4 1.1

Membership associations and organizations

2,882.2 2,966.6 2,942.9 2,909.4 2,892.4 2,914.8 2,914.9 2,920.7 5.8

Government

21,875 20,660 20,857 21,808 22,052 21,946 21,991 22,001 10

Federal

2,852.0 2,823.0 2,821.0 2,814.0 2,844.0 2,804.0 2,810.0 2,814.0 4.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,234.9 2,209.5 2,212.6 2,212.4 2,221.8 2,193.8 2,200.3 2,207.1 6.8

U.S. Postal Service

617.2 613.1 608.8 601.8 621.8 610.1 609.9 606.9 -3.0

State government

5,102.0 4,747.0 4,785.0 5,082.0 5,084.0 5,052.0 5,056.0 5,069.0 13.0

State government education

2,414.4 2,083.2 2,124.9 2,436.4 2,394.8 2,406.3 2,411.5 2,425.1 13.6

State government, excluding education

2,687.6 2,664.0 2,660.3 2,645.1 2,689.0 2,646.1 2,644.6 2,644.3 -0.3

Local government

13,921.0 13,090.0 13,251.0 13,912.0 14,124.0 14,090.0 14,125.0 14,118.0 -7.0

Local government education

7,657.8 6,603.7 6,819.9 7,669.9 7,866.7 7,832.9 7,874.1 7,876.6 2.5

Local government, excluding education

6,263.6 6,486.4 6,430.7 6,242.4 6,257.0 6,256.9 6,251.0 6,241.8 -9.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Sept.
2011
July
2012
Aug.
2012(p)
Sept.
2012(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.4 34.4 34.4 34.5

Goods-producing

39.9 40.2 40.1 40.2

Mining and logging

44.6 44.2 43.6 43.7

Construction

38.2 38.4 38.6 38.9

Manufacturing

40.4 40.7 40.5 40.6

Durable goods

40.8 41.0 40.7 40.9

Nondurable goods

39.7 40.2 40.1 40.1

Private service-providing

33.3 33.3 33.3 33.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.6 34.5 34.5 34.5

Wholesale trade

38.8 38.6 38.6 38.7

Retail trade

31.7 31.5 31.6 31.6

Transportation and warehousing

38.3 38.2 38.2 38.0

Utilities

42.4 42.2 41.7 41.8

Information

36.6 36.5 36.5 36.6

Financial activities

37.6 37.2 37.2 37.4

Professional and business services

35.8 36.0 36.1 36.2

Education and health services

32.8 32.9 32.9 32.9

Leisure and hospitality

25.9 26.0 26.0 26.1

Other services

31.7 31.7 31.5 31.4

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.1 3.2 3.2 3.2

Durable goods

3.1 3.2 3.1 3.1

Nondurable goods

3.1 3.3 3.3 3.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Sept.
2011
July
2012
Aug.
2012(p)
Sept.
2012(p)
Sept.
2011
July
2012
Aug.
2012(p)
Sept.
2012(p)

Total private

$23.16 $23.52 $23.51 $23.58 $796.70 $809.09 $808.74 $813.51

Goods-producing

24.50 24.76 24.74 24.83 977.55 995.35 992.07 998.17

Mining and logging

28.11 28.89 28.88 29.06 1,253.71 1,276.94 1,259.17 1,269.92

Construction

25.51 25.78 25.76 25.87 974.48 989.95 994.34 1,006.34

Manufacturing

23.77 24.00 23.99 24.04 960.31 976.80 971.60 976.02

Durable goods

25.32 25.41 25.41 25.45 1,033.06 1,041.81 1,034.19 1,040.91

Nondurable goods

21.17 21.59 21.57 21.65 840.45 867.92 864.96 868.17

Private service-providing

22.84 23.23 23.22 23.28 760.57 773.56 773.23 777.55

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20.08 20.52 20.53 20.56 694.77 707.94 708.29 709.32

Wholesale trade

26.38 26.80 26.86 26.91 1,023.54 1,034.48 1,036.80 1,041.42

Retail trade

15.85 16.34 16.36 16.39 502.45 514.71 516.98 517.92

Transportation and warehousing

21.80 21.99 21.98 21.93 834.94 840.02 839.64 833.34

Utilities

33.97 34.58 34.26 34.53 1,440.33 1,459.28 1,428.64 1,443.35

Information

31.42 31.81 31.49 31.83 1,149.97 1,161.07 1,149.39 1,164.98

Financial activities

28.05 29.16 29.27 29.39 1,054.68 1,084.75 1,088.84 1,099.19

Professional and business services

27.88 28.12 28.07 28.14 998.10 1,012.32 1,013.33 1,018.67

Education and health services

23.78 24.11 24.10 24.12 779.98 793.22 792.89 793.55

Leisure and hospitality

13.27 13.40 13.39 13.39 343.69 348.40 348.14 349.48

Other services

20.58 20.71 20.78 20.85 652.39 656.51 654.57 654.69

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Sept.
2011
July
2012
Aug.
2012(p)
Sept.
2012(p)
Percent change from:
Aug.
2012 - Sept.
2012(p)
Sept.
2011
July
2012
Aug.
2012(p)
Sept.
2012(p)
Percent change from:
Aug.
2012 - Sept.
2012(p)

Total private

94.5 95.9 96.0 96.4 0.4 104.4 107.6 107.7 108.4 0.6

Goods-producing

82.3 84.0 83.7 83.8 0.1 91.1 94.0 93.6 94.1 0.5

Mining and logging

112.7 116.5 114.8 115.2 0.3 127.2 135.2 133.1 134.4 1.0

Construction

72.8 73.0 73.4 74.1 1.0 80.7 81.8 82.2 83.2 1.2

Manufacturing

85.5 87.7 87.1 87.2 0.1 94.5 97.9 97.2 97.5 0.3

Durable goods

83.9 86.6 85.7 86.0 0.4 94.3 97.7 96.8 97.2 0.4

Nondurable goods

88.5 89.9 89.6 89.5 -0.1 95.0 98.4 98.1 98.3 0.2

Private service-providing

97.9 99.4 99.5 100.0 0.5 108.3 111.9 112.0 112.8 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

94.4 95.0 95.2 95.3 0.1 102.0 105.0 105.1 105.4 0.3

Wholesale trade

93.7 95.0 95.1 95.3 0.2 103.2 106.2 106.6 107.0 0.4

Retail trade

94.5 94.4 94.7 94.8 0.1 99.0 102.0 102.5 102.7 0.2

Transportation and warehousing

94.3 95.8 96.0 95.9 -0.1 104.4 106.9 107.1 106.7 -0.4

Utilities

102.2 101.8 102.0 102.2 0.2 114.7 116.4 115.4 116.6 1.0

Information

88.5 87.9 87.9 88.0 0.1 99.1 99.6 98.6 99.7 1.1

Financial activities

95.1 94.9 94.9 95.6 0.7 104.1 108.0 108.5 109.7 1.1

Professional and business services

98.2 101.5 101.9 102.2 0.3 110.9 115.6 115.9 116.6 0.6

Education and health services

106.7 108.9 109.0 109.3 0.3 118.9 123.0 123.1 123.5 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

98.8 101.0 101.3 101.8 0.5 105.7 109.2 109.5 110.0 0.5

Other services

93.9 94.5 93.8 93.7 -0.1 109.7 111.0 110.7 110.9 0.2

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Sept.
2011
July
2012
Aug.
2012(p)
Sept.
2012(p)
Sept.
2011
July
2012
Aug.
2012(p)
Sept.
2012(p)

Total nonfarm

65,114 65,690 65,782 65,839 49.4 49.3 49.3 49.3

Total private

52,504 53,188 53,259 53,313 47.9 47.8 47.8 47.8

Goods-producing

4,050 4,096 4,092 4,088 22.4 22.3 22.3 22.3

Mining and logging

106 114 114 113 13.2 13.6 13.6 13.5

Construction

708 715 717 721 12.8 13.0 13.0 13.1

Manufacturing

3,236 3,267 3,261 3,254 27.5 27.3 27.3 27.2

Durable goods

1,712 1,734 1,727 1,723 23.4 23.1 23.1 23.1

Nondurable goods

1,524 1,533 1,534 1,531 34.1 34.2 34.3 34.2

Private service-providing

48,454 49,092 49,167 49,225 52.9 52.8 52.8 52.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,022 10,053 10,075 10,067 40.0 39.7 39.7 39.7

Wholesale trade

1,667.9 1,693.5 1,703.5 1,691.2 30.1 30.0 30.2 30.0

Retail trade

7,218.5 7,205.0 7,213.3 7,213.7 49.2 48.8 48.9 48.8

Transportation and warehousing

1,000.6 1,015.2 1,017.9 1,021.2 23.2 23.2 23.2 23.2

Utilities

135.3 139.0 140.0 140.6 24.3 24.9 24.8 24.9

Information

1,075 1,062 1,058 1,054 40.6 40.3 40.1 40.0

Financial activities

4,468 4,483 4,489 4,504 58.2 57.9 58.0 58.1

Professional and business services

7,741 7,942 7,951 7,965 44.4 44.3 44.3 44.4

Education and health services

15,351 15,602 15,630 15,670 76.8 76.7 76.8 76.8

Leisure and hospitality

6,976 7,115 7,127 7,122 52.2 52.2 52.2 52.1

Other services

2,821 2,835 2,837 2,843 52.7 52.7 52.8 52.8

Government

12,610 12,502 12,523 12,526 57.2 57.0 56.9 56.9

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data in this table have been corrected. For more information see http://www.bls.gov/bls/ceswomen_usps_correction.htm.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Sept.
2011
July
2012
Aug.
2012(p)
Sept.
2012(p)

Total private

90,430 91,921 92,035 92,104

Goods-producing

13,044 13,207 13,178 13,178

Mining and logging

606 630 630 633

Construction

4,178 4,133 4,129 4,133

Manufacturing

8,260 8,444 8,419 8,412

Durable goods

5,010 5,183 5,159 5,156

Nondurable goods

3,250 3,261 3,260 3,256

Private service-providing

77,386 78,714 78,857 78,926

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,260 21,483 21,522 21,530

Wholesale trade

4,434.6 4,539.5 4,548.2 4,541.4

Retail trade

12,672.1 12,705.0 12,720.7 12,722.1

Transportation and warehousing

3,709.7 3,793.9 3,802.7 3,816.1

Utilities

444.0 444.2 450.4 450.3

Information

2,126 2,134 2,134 2,129

Financial activities

5,882 5,954 5,962 5,973

Professional and business services

14,349 14,824 14,856 14,891

Education and health services

17,507 17,828 17,852 17,875

Leisure and hospitality

11,784 11,996 12,037 12,030

Other services

4,478 4,495 4,494 4,498

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Sept.
2011
July
2012
Aug.
2012(p)
Sept.
2012(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.6 33.7 33.7 33.7

Goods-producing

40.8 41.1 41.0 41.0

Mining and logging

46.7 46.8 45.9 46.2

Construction

39.0 39.1 39.0 39.2

Manufacturing

41.3 41.7 41.5 41.5

Durable goods

41.8 42.1 41.9 41.8

Nondurable goods

40.7 41.0 41.0 41.0

Private service-providing

32.4 32.4 32.4 32.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.7 33.7 33.7 33.7

Wholesale trade

38.6 38.6 38.5 38.7

Retail trade

30.5 30.5 30.5 30.4

Transportation and warehousing

37.7 37.8 37.8 37.8

Utilities

42.3 41.4 41.0 41.2

Information

36.1 35.8 35.8 35.9

Financial activities

36.6 36.7 36.8 36.8

Professional and business services

35.2 35.3 35.3 35.3

Education and health services

32.4 32.2 32.3 32.3

Leisure and hospitality

24.7 24.9 24.8 24.8

Other services

30.8 30.6 30.5 30.6

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.0 4.2 4.2 4.2

Durable goods

4.1 4.3 4.2 4.2

Nondurable goods

3.9 4.0 4.1 4.1

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Sept.
2011
July
2012
Aug.
2012(p)
Sept.
2012(p)
Sept.
2011
July
2012
Aug.
2012(p)
Sept.
2012(p)

Total private

$19.53 $19.77 $19.76 $19.81 $656.21 $666.25 $665.91 $667.60

Goods-producing

20.71 20.97 20.94 20.95 844.97 861.87 858.54 858.95

Mining and logging

24.66 25.99 25.82 25.75 1,151.62 1,216.33 1,185.14 1,189.65

Construction

23.76 24.00 23.97 23.98 926.64 938.40 934.83 940.02

Manufacturing

18.94 19.16 19.15 19.15 782.22 798.97 794.73 794.73

Durable goods

20.12 20.24 20.26 20.24 841.02 852.10 848.89 846.03

Nondurable goods

17.06 17.40 17.35 17.38 694.34 713.40 711.35 712.58

Private service-providing

19.28 19.51 19.51 19.57 624.67 632.12 632.12 634.07

Trade, transportation, and utilities

17.21 17.45 17.41 17.46 579.98 588.07 586.72 588.40

Wholesale trade

22.02 22.21 22.19 22.25 849.97 857.31 854.32 861.08

Retail trade

13.51 13.83 13.80 13.86 412.06 421.82 420.90 421.34

Transportation and warehousing

19.66 19.56 19.49 19.45 741.18 739.37 736.72 735.21

Utilities

31.20 32.02 31.62 31.78 1,319.76 1,325.63 1,296.42 1,309.34

Information

26.71 27.03 27.00 27.16 964.23 967.67 966.60 975.04

Financial activities

21.95 22.71 22.73 22.83 803.37 833.46 836.46 840.14

Professional and business services

23.11 23.26 23.29 23.38 813.47 821.08 822.14 825.31

Education and health services

20.94 21.06 21.07 21.12 678.46 678.13 680.56 682.18

Leisure and hospitality

11.48 11.62 11.62 11.60 283.56 289.34 288.18 287.68

Other services

17.38 17.48 17.50 17.52 535.30 534.89 533.75 536.11

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Sept.
2011
July
2012
Aug.
2012(p)
Sept.
2012(p)
Percent change from:
Aug.
2012 - Sept.
2012(p)
Sept.
2011
July
2012
Aug.
2012(p)
Sept.
2012(p)
Percent change from:
Aug.
2012 - Sept.
2012(p)

Total private

101.5 103.5 103.6 103.7 0.1 132.5 136.7 136.8 137.3 0.4

Goods-producing

81.3 82.9 82.6 82.6 0.0 103.1 106.5 105.9 105.9 0.0

Mining and logging

150.4 156.7 153.7 155.4 1.1 215.7 236.8 230.8 232.7 0.8

Construction

81.6 80.9 80.6 81.1 0.6 104.7 104.9 104.4 105.0 0.6

Manufacturing

78.3 80.8 80.2 80.1 -0.1 97.0 101.3 100.4 100.4 0.0

Durable goods

78.7 82.0 81.2 81.0 -0.2 98.9 103.6 102.8 102.4 -0.4

Nondurable goods

77.9 78.8 78.8 78.7 -0.1 94.0 96.9 96.6 96.6 0.0

Private service-providing

107.2 109.0 109.2 109.3 0.1 141.7 145.9 146.1 146.7 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

99.9 100.9 101.1 101.1 0.0 122.6 125.6 125.6 126.0 0.3

Wholesale trade

100.8 103.2 103.1 103.5 0.4 130.8 135.0 134.8 135.7 0.7

Retail trade

97.8 98.1 98.2 97.9 -0.3 113.3 116.3 116.2 116.3 0.1

Transportation and warehousing

105.3 107.9 108.2 108.6 0.4 131.3 133.9 133.8 134.0 0.1

Utilities

96.0 94.0 94.4 94.9 0.5 125.1 125.7 124.6 125.9 1.0

Information

87.6 87.2 87.2 87.2 0.0 115.8 116.7 116.5 117.3 0.7

Financial activities

103.0 104.6 105.0 105.2 0.2 139.8 146.8 147.6 148.5 0.6

Professional and business services

113.2 117.3 117.5 117.8 0.3 155.7 162.3 162.9 163.9 0.6

Education and health services

122.4 123.8 124.4 124.5 0.1 168.4 171.4 172.3 172.9 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

106.6 109.4 109.3 109.3 0.0 139.0 144.4 144.3 144.0 -0.2

Other services

96.7 96.5 96.1 96.5 0.4 122.5 122.9 122.6 123.2 0.5

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: October 05, 2012
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