Economic News Release

Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until		USDL-11-1576
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, November 4, 2011

Technical information:
 Household data:     (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data: (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces
 
Media contact:       (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- OCTOBER 2011


Nonfarm payroll employment continued to trend up in October (+80,000),
and the unemployment rate was little changed at 9.0 percent, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Employment in the private
sector rose, with modest job growth continuing in professional and
businesses services, leisure and hospitality, health care, and mining.
Government employment continued to trend down.

Household Survey Data

Both the number of unemployed persons (13.9 million) and the
unemployment rate (9.0 percent) changed little over the month. The
unemployment rate has remained in a narrow range from 9.0 to 9.2
percent since April. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate declined for
blacks (15.1 percent) in October, while the rates for adult men (8.8
percent), adult women (8.0 percent), teenagers (24.1 percent), whites
(8.0 percent), and Hispanics (11.4 percent) showed little or no
change. The jobless rate for Asians was 7.3 percent, not seasonally
adjusted. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

In October, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27
weeks and over) declined by 366,000 to 5.9 million, or 42.4 percent of
total unemployment. (See table A-12.)

The civilian labor force participation rate remained at 64.2 percent
in October, and the employment-population ratio was little changed at
58.4 percent. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons
(sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) decreased by
374,000 to 8.9 million in October. These individuals were working part
time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable
to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In October, 2.6 million persons were marginally attached to the labor
force, about the same as a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally
adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and
were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the
prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had
not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table
A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 967,000 discouraged workers
in October, a decrease of 252,000 from a year earlier. (The data are
not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not
currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available
for them. The remaining 1.6 million persons marginally attached to the
labor force in October had not searched for work in the 4 weeks
preceding the survey for reasons such as school attendance or family
responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment continued to trend up in October
(+80,000). Over the past 12 months, payroll employment has increased
by an average of 125,000 per month. In October, private-sector
employment increased by 104,000, with continued job growth in
professional and business services, leisure and hospitality, health
care, and mining. Government employment continued to contract in
October. (See table B-1.)

Employment in professional and business services continued to trend up
in October (+32,000) and has grown by 562,000 over the past 12 months.
Within the industry, there have been modest job gains in recent months
in temporary help services and in management and technical consulting
services.

Employment in leisure and hospitality edged up over the month
(+22,000). Since a recent low point in January 2010, the industry has
added 344,000 jobs.

Health care employment continued to expand in October 2011 (+12,000),
following a gain of 45,000 in September. Offices of physicians added
8,000 jobs in October. Over the past 12 months, health care has added
313,000 jobs.

In October, mining employment continued to increase (+6,000); oil and
gas extraction accounted for half of the increase. Since a recent low
point in October 2009, mining employment has risen by 152,000.

Manufacturing employment changed little in October 2011 (+5,000) and has
remained flat for 3 months. In October, a job gain in transportation
equipment (+10,000) was partly offset by small losses in other
manufacturing industries.

Within retail trade, employment increased in general merchandise
stores (+10,000) and in motor vehicle and parts dealers (+6,000) in
October. Retail trade has added 156,000 jobs over the past 12 months.

Construction employment declined by 20,000 in October, largely
offsetting an increase of 27,000 in September; both over-the-month
changes largely occurred in nonresidential construction. Employment in
both residential and nonresidential construction has shown little net
change in 2011.

Employment in other major private-sector industries, including
wholesale trade, transportation and warehousing, information, and
financial activities, changed little in October.

Government employment continued to trend down over the month (-24,000),
with most of the October decline in the non-educational component of
state government. Employment in both state government and local 
government has been trending down since the second half of 2008.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was
unchanged at 34.3 hours in October. The manufacturing workweek rose by
0.2 hour to 40.5 hours, and factory overtime remained at 3.2 hours.
The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on
private nonfarm payrolls edged up by 0.1 hour to 33.7 hours in
October. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In October, average hourly earnings for all employees on private
nonfarm payrolls increased by 5 cents, or 0.2 percent, to $23.19. This
increase followed a gain of 6 cents in September. Over the past 12
months, average hourly earnings have increased by 1.8 percent. In
October, average hourly earnings of private-sector production and
nonsupervisory employees increased by 3 cents, or 0.2 percent, to
$19.53. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for August was revised
from +57,000 to +104,000, and the change for September was revised
from +103,000 to +158,000.


______________
The Employment Situation for November is scheduled to be released on
Friday, December 2, 2011, at 8:30 a.m. (EST).



  _________________________________________________________________________
 |                                  					  |
 |             Administrative Changes to Household Survey		  |
 |   									  |
 | In January 2012, the Census Bureau, which conducts the household	  |
 | survey, will begin a year-long process of reorganizing its regional	  |
 | office structure. For more information on these Census Bureau changes, |
 | see www.census.gov/newsroom/pdf/General_QAs_FINAL2.pdf. Both the Census|
 | Bureau and the Bureau of Labor Statistics will monitor survey          |
 | operations during the transition period. No impact on the employment   |
 | and unemployment estimates from the survey is anticipated from this    |
 | organizational change.				                  |
 |________________________________________________________________________|

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Oct.
2010
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Change from:
Sept.
2011-
Oct.
2011

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

238,530 239,871 240,071 240,269 198

Civilian labor force

153,960 153,594 154,017 154,198 181

Participation rate

64.5 64.0 64.2 64.2 0.0

Employed

139,084 139,627 140,025 140,302 277

Employment-population ratio

58.3 58.2 58.3 58.4 0.1

Unemployed

14,876 13,967 13,992 13,897 -95

Unemployment rate

9.7 9.1 9.1 9.0 -0.1

Not in labor force

84,570 86,278 86,054 86,071 17

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

9.7 9.1 9.1 9.0 -0.1

Adult men (20 years and over)

9.7 8.9 8.8 8.8 0.0

Adult women (20 years and over)

8.1 8.0 8.1 8.0 -0.1

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

27.1 25.4 24.6 24.1 -0.5

White

8.8 8.0 8.0 8.0 0.0

Black or African American

15.7 16.7 16.0 15.1 -0.9

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

7.1 7.1 7.8 7.3 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

12.6 11.3 11.3 11.4 0.1

Total, 25 years and over

8.2 7.8 7.8 7.8 0.0

Less than a high school diploma

15.3 14.3 14.0 13.8 -0.2

High school graduates, no college

10.1 9.6 9.7 9.6 -0.1

Some college or associate degree

8.5 8.2 8.4 8.3 -0.1

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.7 4.3 4.2 4.4 0.2

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

9,070 8,203 8,121 8,006 -115

Job leavers

854 963 967 1,072 105

Reentrants

3,498 3,532 3,504 3,400 -104

New entrants

1,278 1,241 1,327 1,293 -34

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,659 2,755 2,772 2,694 -78

5 to 14 weeks

3,427 3,050 2,904 3,250 346

15 to 26 weeks

2,500 2,239 2,086 2,048 -38

27 weeks and over

6,234 6,034 6,242 5,876 -366

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

9,100 8,826 9,270 8,896 -374

Slack work or business conditions

6,174 5,833 5,963 5,901 -62

Could only find part-time work

2,564 2,736 2,852 2,631 -221

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,230 18,208 18,308 18,392 84

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,602 2,575 2,511 2,555 -

Discouraged workers

1,219 977 1,037 967 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Oct.
2010
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011(p)
Oct.
2011(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

171 104 158 80

Total private

143 72 191 104

Goods-producing

1 -13 29 -10

Mining and logging

9 2 5 5

Construction

-2 -14 27 -20

Manufacturing

-6 -1 -3 5

Durable goods(1)

2 -5 2 11

Motor vehicles and parts

2.7 -4.8 2.0 6.2

Nondurable goods

-8 4 -5 -6

Private service-providing(1)

142 85 162 114

Wholesale trade

11.4 4.8 -6.0 8.1

Retail trade

26.3 2.5 13.3 17.8

Transportation and warehousing

3.8 6.7 2.5 9.4

Information

-4 -50 34 -5

Financial activities

1 6 -5 4

Professional and business services(1)

40 45 50 32

Temporary help services

27.2 22.6 21.1 15.0

Education and health services(1)

64 38 58 28

Health care and social assistance

38.9 32.3 46.1 16.3

Leisure and hospitality

-31 23 13 22

Other services

29 8 1 -2

Government

28 32 -33 -24

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.7 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private women employees

48.2 47.9 47.9 47.9

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.4 82.4 82.4 82.5

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.3 34.2 34.3 34.3

Average hourly earnings

$22.77 $23.08 $23.14 $23.19

Average weekly earnings

$781.01 $789.34 $793.70 $795.42

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

92.6 93.6 94.1 94.2

Over-the-month percent change

0.4 -0.2 0.5 0.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

100.5 103.0 103.8 104.1

Over-the-month percent change

0.7 -0.5 0.8 0.3

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.5 33.5 33.6 33.7

Average hourly earnings

$19.23 $19.47 $19.50 $19.53

Average weekly earnings

$644.21 $652.25 $655.20 $658.16

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

99.4 100.8 101.3 101.7

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 -0.2 0.5 0.4

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

127.7 131.1 132.0 132.7

Over-the-month percent change

0.6 -0.3 0.7 0.5

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private

58.2 57.1 56.7 60.7

Manufacturing

45.1 49.4 50.0 51.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
of employment and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant
change in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has
a more expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes the self-
employed, unpaid family workers, agricultural workers, and private household workers,
who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household survey also provides
estimates of employment for demographic groups.

Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
born.

Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
www.bls.gov/web/cesbmart.htm.

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment estimate; firms
from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled to achieve that goal.

Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because the
survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There is an
unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the sampling
frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a
year.

Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work
are included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped
looking for work?

Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs
are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in The Employment
Situation news release.

How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact
on average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for
paid time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other
time off. The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always,
results in a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be
off work for part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while
some workers, such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.

In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment,
employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. About half of
all employees in the payroll survey have a 2-week, semi-monthly, or monthly pay
period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the effect
of extreme weather on estimates of employment from the establishment survey.


In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week’s work for weather-
related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time off.
The household survey collects data on the number of persons who usually work full
time but had reduced hours, or had a job but were not at work due to bad weather.
Current and historical data are available on the household survey’s most requested
statistics page at http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the
Current Population Survey (household survey) and the Current Employment
Statistics survey (establishment survey). The household survey provides
information on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears
in the "A" tables, marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about
60,000 households conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics (BLS). 

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, 
and earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the 
"B" tables, marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each 
month from the payroll records of a sample of nonagricultural business
establishments. The sample includes about 140,000 businesses and government
agencies representing approximately 440,000 worksites and is drawn from a
sampling frame of roughly 9 million unemployment insurance tax accounts.
The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm payroll
employees. 

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week
or pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally
the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which 
may or may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire
civilian noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series
of questions on work and job search activities, each person 16 years
and over in a sample household is classified as employed, unemployed,
or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid
employees during the reference week; worked in their own business, 
profession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 
hours in a family business or farm. People are also counted as employed
if they were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, bad
weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following
criteria: they had no employment during the reference week; they were
available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts to find
employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the reference
week. Persons laid off from a job and expecting recall need not be 
looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The unemployment data
derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eligibility
for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of
the labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force
as a percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is
the employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about
the household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as 
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay 
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector
for all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. 
Production and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and 
related employees in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction
workers in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in private service-
providing industries. 

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/#technical.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and
methodological differences between the household and establishment
surveys result in important distinctions in the employment estimates
derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-
     employed, unpaid family workers, and private household workers
     among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.
  
   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the
     employed. The establishment survey does not.
  
   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and
     older. The establishment survey is not limited by age.
  
   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than
     one job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted
     separately for each appearance.
  
Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and
the levels of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring
fluctuations. These events may result from seasonal changes in weather, 
major holidays, and the opening and closing of schools. The effect of 
such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern
each year, their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by
adjusting for regular seasonal variation. These adjustments make 
nonseasonal developments, such as declines in employment or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot. For
example, in the household survey, the large number of youth entering
the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes that
have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if
the level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in
the establishment survey, payroll employment in education declines by
about 20 percent at the end of the spring term and later rises with
the start of the fall term, obscuring the underlying employment trends
in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes at the end and
beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The
seasonally adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to
analyze changes in month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both
the household and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series
for many major estimates, such as total payroll employment, employment
in most major sectors, total employment, and unemployment are computed
by aggregating independently adjusted component series. For example,
total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate
that would be obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors
are calculated each month using all relevant data, up to and including
the data for the current month. In the household survey, new seasonal
factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the 
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month 
to adjust the three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months 
are routinely revised to incorporate additional sample reports and 
recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. In both surveys, 5-year revisions
to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are
subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample rather
than the entire population is surveyed, there is a chance that the
sample estimates may differ from the "true" population values they
represent. The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending
on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured by
the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent chance, 
or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ 
by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population value 
because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 
90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in
total nonfarm employment from the establishment survey is on the order
of plus or minus 100,000. Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment
increases by 50,000 from one month to the next. The 90-percent confidence
interval on the monthly change would range from -50,000 to +150,000 
(50,000 +/- 100,000). These figures do not mean that the sample results
are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the "true" over-the-month change lies within this interval.
Since this range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with
confidence that nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month.
If, however, the reported nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all
of the values within the 90-percent confidence interval would be greater
than zero. In this case, it is likely (at least a 90-percent chance) that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month. At an unemployment rate
of around 5.5 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval for the monthly
change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is about 
+/- 280,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is
about +/-0.19 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments
have lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than
estimates which are based on a small number of observations. The precision
of estimates also is improved when the data are cumulated over time, such
as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by
nonsampling error, which can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain information
for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness of 
respondents to provide correct information on a timely basis, mistakes
made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or processing of
the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most
recent 2 months are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these
estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables. It is only after two
successive revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly all sample
reports have been received, that the estimate is considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey
is the inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by
new firms. To correct for this systematic underestimation of employment
growth, an estimation procedure with two components is used to account
for business births. The first component excludes employment losses from
business deaths from sample-based estimation in order to offset the 
missing employment gains from business births. This is incorporated into
the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not reflecting sample
units going out of business, but imputing to them the same employment
trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for most
of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate
the residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the 
imputation. The historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA
model was derived from the unemployment insurance universe micro-level
database, and reflects the actual residual net of births and deaths over
the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted
once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment
obtained from administrative records of the unemployment insurance program.
The difference between the March sample-based employment estimates and
the March universe counts is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as
a rough proxy for total survey error. The new benchmarks also incorporate
changes in the classification of industries. Over the past decade, absolute
benchmark revisions  for total nonfarm employment have averaged 0.3 percent,
with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Oct.
2010
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Oct.
2010
June
2011
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

238,530 240,071 240,269 238,530 239,489 239,671 239,871 240,071 240,269

Civilian labor force

153,652 154,022 154,088 153,960 153,421 153,228 153,594 154,017 154,198

Participation rate

64.4 64.2 64.1 64.5 64.1 63.9 64.0 64.2 64.2

Employed

139,749 140,502 140,987 139,084 139,334 139,296 139,627 140,025 140,302

Employment-population ratio

58.6 58.5 58.7 58.3 58.2 58.1 58.2 58.3 58.4

Unemployed

13,903 13,520 13,102 14,876 14,087 13,931 13,967 13,992 13,897

Unemployment rate

9.0 8.8 8.5 9.7 9.2 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.0

Not in labor force

84,878 86,049 86,181 84,570 86,069 86,443 86,278 86,054 86,071

Persons who currently want a job

5,867 5,929 5,969 6,279 6,537 6,575 6,493 6,241 6,403

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

115,542 116,559 116,664 115,542 116,250 116,347 116,453 116,559 116,664

Civilian labor force

81,675 82,011 82,081 82,000 81,966 81,751 81,975 82,123 82,252

Participation rate

70.7 70.4 70.4 71.0 70.5 70.3 70.4 70.5 70.5

Employed

73,970 74,821 74,931 73,470 74,014 73,908 74,122 74,364 74,442

Employment-population ratio

64.0 64.2 64.2 63.6 63.7 63.5 63.6 63.8 63.8

Unemployed

7,705 7,189 7,151 8,530 7,952 7,844 7,853 7,758 7,809

Unemployment rate

9.4 8.8 8.7 10.4 9.7 9.6 9.6 9.4 9.5

Not in labor force

33,867 34,549 34,583 33,542 34,284 34,596 34,478 34,436 34,413

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

107,007 107,994 108,104 107,007 107,668 107,773 107,884 107,994 108,104

Civilian labor force

78,859 79,224 79,329 79,016 79,104 78,906 79,043 79,227 79,349

Participation rate

73.7 73.4 73.4 73.8 73.5 73.2 73.3 73.4 73.4

Employed

71,960 72,796 72,924 71,365 71,937 71,836 72,015 72,276 72,336

Employment-population ratio

67.2 67.4 67.5 66.7 66.8 66.7 66.8 66.9 66.9

Unemployed

6,899 6,427 6,405 7,651 7,167 7,070 7,028 6,952 7,013

Unemployment rate

8.7 8.1 8.1 9.7 9.1 9.0 8.9 8.8 8.8

Not in labor force

28,147 28,771 28,776 27,991 28,564 28,867 28,841 28,767 28,756

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

122,988 123,512 123,605 122,988 123,239 123,324 123,418 123,512 123,605

Civilian labor force

71,977 72,011 72,007 71,960 71,455 71,476 71,619 71,894 71,947

Participation rate

58.5 58.3 58.3 58.5 58.0 58.0 58.0 58.2 58.2

Employed

65,779 65,680 66,056 65,613 65,320 65,388 65,505 65,661 65,859

Employment-population ratio

53.5 53.2 53.4 53.3 53.0 53.0 53.1 53.2 53.3

Unemployed

6,198 6,331 5,951 6,346 6,134 6,088 6,114 6,233 6,087

Unemployment rate

8.6 8.8 8.3 8.8 8.6 8.5 8.5 8.7 8.5

Not in labor force

51,011 51,501 51,598 51,028 51,784 51,847 51,800 51,618 51,659

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

114,704 115,338 115,437 114,704 115,045 115,138 115,238 115,338 115,437

Civilian labor force

69,131 69,266 69,208 69,018 68,618 68,666 68,771 69,019 69,060

Participation rate

60.3 60.1 60.0 60.2 59.6 59.6 59.7 59.8 59.8

Employed

63,645 63,529 63,837 63,400 63,098 63,216 63,300 63,398 63,569

Employment-population ratio

55.5 55.1 55.3 55.3 54.8 54.9 54.9 55.0 55.1

Unemployed

5,487 5,737 5,371 5,618 5,520 5,450 5,472 5,622 5,491

Unemployment rate

7.9 8.3 7.8 8.1 8.0 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.0

Not in labor force

45,573 46,072 46,229 45,687 46,427 46,472 46,467 46,318 46,377

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,819 16,739 16,728 16,819 16,776 16,760 16,749 16,739 16,728

Civilian labor force

5,661 5,532 5,552 5,927 5,698 5,656 5,779 5,770 5,790

Participation rate

33.7 33.1 33.2 35.2 34.0 33.7 34.5 34.5 34.6

Employed

4,144 4,177 4,226 4,319 4,299 4,244 4,312 4,352 4,397

Employment-population ratio

24.6 25.0 25.3 25.7 25.6 25.3 25.7 26.0 26.3

Unemployed

1,517 1,356 1,326 1,607 1,399 1,412 1,467 1,418 1,393

Unemployment rate

26.8 24.5 23.9 27.1 24.5 25.0 25.4 24.6 24.1

Not in labor force

11,158 11,206 11,176 10,893 11,078 11,104 10,970 10,969 10,938

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Oct.
2010
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Oct.
2010
June
2011
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

192,527 193,365 193,493 192,527 192,989 193,106 193,236 193,365 193,493

Civilian labor force

124,749 124,812 124,870 124,914 124,493 124,503 124,563 124,702 124,870

Participation rate

64.8 64.5 64.5 64.9 64.5 64.5 64.5 64.5 64.5

Employed

114,588 115,266 115,421 113,975 114,358 114,420 114,631 114,751 114,849

Employment-population ratio

59.5 59.6 59.7 59.2 59.3 59.3 59.3 59.3 59.4

Unemployed

10,161 9,545 9,449 10,940 10,135 10,083 9,932 9,951 10,021

Unemployment rate

8.1 7.6 7.6 8.8 8.1 8.1 8.0 8.0 8.0

Not in labor force

67,778 68,553 68,623 67,612 68,496 68,603 68,673 68,662 68,623

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,066 65,290 65,315 65,215 65,203 65,099 65,105 65,269 65,333

Participation rate

74.1 73.9 73.9 74.3 74.0 73.8 73.7 73.9 73.9

Employed

59,872 60,648 60,608 59,425 59,943 59,929 60,108 60,235 60,187

Employment-population ratio

68.2 68.6 68.5 67.7 68.0 67.9 68.1 68.2 68.1

Unemployed

5,194 4,642 4,707 5,790 5,261 5,170 4,997 5,034 5,146

Unemployment rate

8.0 7.1 7.2 8.9 8.1 7.9 7.7 7.7 7.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,076 54,949 54,952 54,846 54,633 54,696 54,655 54,706 54,727

Participation rate

59.9 59.6 59.6 59.7 59.4 59.4 59.3 59.3 59.3

Employed

51,185 51,002 51,217 50,835 50,775 50,866 50,826 50,795 50,899

Employment-population ratio

55.7 55.3 55.5 55.3 55.2 55.2 55.2 55.1 55.2

Unemployed

3,891 3,947 3,735 4,012 3,858 3,830 3,828 3,911 3,828

Unemployment rate

7.1 7.2 6.8 7.3 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,607 4,573 4,604 4,853 4,657 4,708 4,803 4,728 4,810

Participation rate

35.9 35.8 36.0 37.8 36.3 36.8 37.5 37.0 37.6

Employed

3,531 3,616 3,596 3,715 3,640 3,625 3,697 3,722 3,763

Employment-population ratio

27.5 28.3 28.1 29.0 28.4 28.3 28.9 29.1 29.4

Unemployed

1,076 956 1,008 1,138 1,017 1,083 1,106 1,006 1,047

Unemployment rate

23.4 20.9 21.9 23.4 21.8 23.0 23.0 21.3 21.8

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,831 29,193 29,228 28,831 29,093 29,123 29,158 29,193 29,228

Civilian labor force

17,913 18,051 18,047 17,946 17,733 17,582 17,930 18,103 18,052

Participation rate

62.1 61.8 61.7 62.2 61.0 60.4 61.5 62.0 61.8

Employed

15,199 15,186 15,471 15,127 14,855 14,786 14,941 15,209 15,332

Employment-population ratio

52.7 52.0 52.9 52.5 51.1 50.8 51.2 52.1 52.5

Unemployed

2,715 2,865 2,576 2,818 2,877 2,796 2,989 2,893 2,720

Unemployment rate

15.2 15.9 14.3 15.7 16.2 15.9 16.7 16.0 15.1

Not in labor force

10,918 11,142 11,181 10,885 11,360 11,541 11,229 11,091 11,176

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,076 8,108 8,182 8,072 8,111 8,044 8,151 8,146 8,176

Participation rate

69.0 68.0 68.5 69.0 68.3 67.7 68.4 68.3 68.4

Employed

6,837 6,830 6,960 6,763 6,736 6,680 6,682 6,774 6,855

Employment-population ratio

58.5 57.3 58.3 57.8 56.7 56.2 56.1 56.8 57.4

Unemployed

1,239 1,279 1,221 1,309 1,375 1,364 1,469 1,372 1,321

Unemployment rate

15.3 15.8 14.9 16.2 17.0 17.0 18.0 16.8 16.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,158 9,348 9,254 9,173 8,953 8,945 9,153 9,291 9,252

Participation rate

63.2 63.7 62.9 63.3 61.2 61.1 62.4 63.3 62.9

Employed

7,996 8,027 8,116 7,998 7,718 7,745 7,923 8,064 8,089

Employment-population ratio

55.2 54.7 55.2 55.2 52.8 52.9 54.0 54.9 55.0

Unemployed

1,162 1,320 1,138 1,176 1,235 1,200 1,230 1,227 1,164

Unemployment rate

12.7 14.1 12.3 12.8 13.8 13.4 13.4 13.2 12.6

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

680 595 611 700 669 594 626 665 624

Participation rate

25.7 23.1 23.7 26.5 25.8 22.9 24.2 25.8 24.2

Employed

365 329 394 366 402 361 335 371 388

Employment-population ratio

13.8 12.7 15.3 13.9 15.5 13.9 13.0 14.4 15.1

Unemployed

314 266 216 334 267 233 291 294 236

Unemployment rate

46.2 44.8 35.4 47.7 39.9 39.2 46.5 44.2 37.8

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,306 11,523 11,614 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

7,317 7,360 7,462 - - - - - -

Participation rate

64.7 63.9 64.3 - - - - - -

Employed

6,798 6,784 6,916 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

60.1 58.9 59.6 - - - - - -

Unemployed

519 577 546 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

7.1 7.8 7.3 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

3,988 4,162 4,151 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Oct.
2010
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Oct.
2010
June
2011
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

34,014 34,640 34,724 34,014 34,391 34,470 34,555 34,640 34,724

Civilian labor force

22,784 23,058 23,313 22,814 22,816 22,741 22,917 22,993 23,259

Participation rate

67.0 66.6 67.1 67.1 66.3 66.0 66.3 66.4 67.0

Employed

20,051 20,569 20,757 19,936 20,164 20,171 20,332 20,389 20,600

Employment-population ratio

58.9 59.4 59.8 58.6 58.6 58.5 58.8 58.9 59.3

Unemployed

2,733 2,488 2,555 2,878 2,653 2,570 2,585 2,604 2,660

Unemployment rate

12.0 10.8 11.0 12.6 11.6 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.4

Not in labor force

11,230 11,582 11,412 11,201 11,574 11,728 11,638 11,647 11,465

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

12,964 13,112 13,182 - - - - - -

Participation rate

81.8 81.7 82.0 - - - - - -

Employed

11,566 11,887 11,891 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

73.0 74.1 73.9 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,398 1,225 1,291 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

10.8 9.3 9.8 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,867 9,000 9,141 - - - - - -

Participation rate

59.5 59.3 60.1 - - - - - -

Employed

7,833 7,993 8,183 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

52.5 52.7 53.8 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,034 1,007 958 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

11.7 11.2 10.5 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

953 946 990 - - - - - -

Participation rate

29.3 27.7 28.9 - - - - - -

Employed

651 689 683 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

20.0 20.2 19.9 - - - - - -

Unemployed

301 257 307 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

31.6 27.1 31.0 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Oct.
2010
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Oct.
2010
June
2011
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,519 11,840 11,570 11,800 11,392 11,704 11,664 11,738 11,768

Participation rate

45.9 46.9 46.6 47.0 45.0 46.9 46.7 46.5 47.4

Employed

9,908 10,303 10,105 9,995 9,768 9,952 10,002 10,092 10,141

Employment-population ratio

39.4 40.8 40.7 39.8 38.6 39.9 40.0 40.0 40.8

Unemployed

1,611 1,536 1,465 1,805 1,624 1,752 1,663 1,646 1,628

Unemployment rate

14.0 13.0 12.7 15.3 14.3 15.0 14.3 14.0 13.8

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

37,638 37,210 37,140 38,051 37,612 37,505 36,956 37,319 37,437

Participation rate

60.9 60.4 60.1 61.6 60.6 60.6 60.0 60.5 60.6

Employed

34,186 33,841 33,882 34,225 33,836 34,006 33,425 33,686 33,841

Employment-population ratio

55.3 54.9 54.8 55.4 54.5 54.9 54.3 54.7 54.8

Unemployed

3,452 3,369 3,258 3,826 3,775 3,499 3,531 3,632 3,596

Unemployment rate

9.2 9.1 8.8 10.1 10.0 9.3 9.6 9.7 9.6

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,445 37,172 37,114 37,120 36,786 36,686 37,013 37,164 36,895

Participation rate

70.6 69.5 69.4 70.0 69.8 68.9 69.2 69.5 69.0

Employed

34,417 34,072 34,119 33,972 33,708 33,657 33,975 34,031 33,826

Employment-population ratio

64.9 63.7 63.8 64.0 63.9 63.2 63.5 63.7 63.3

Unemployed

3,028 3,101 2,995 3,148 3,079 3,028 3,038 3,133 3,069

Unemployment rate

8.1 8.3 8.1 8.5 8.4 8.3 8.2 8.4 8.3

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

46,451 47,021 47,346 46,132 46,963 46,680 46,813 46,915 47,008

Participation rate

76.6 76.4 76.4 76.1 76.8 76.1 76.0 76.2 75.8

Employed

44,370 45,048 45,348 43,971 44,894 44,677 44,808 44,931 44,951

Employment-population ratio

73.2 73.2 73.1 72.6 73.4 72.9 72.7 73.0 72.5

Unemployed

2,081 1,973 1,998 2,161 2,069 2,003 2,005 1,985 2,058

Unemployment rate

4.5 4.2 4.2 4.7 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Oct.
2010
Oct.
2011
Oct.
2010
Oct.
2011
Oct.
2010
Oct.
2011

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,896 21,496 20,105 19,692 1,791 1,804

Civilian labor force

11,609 11,209 10,517 10,082 1,092 1,128

Participation rate

53.0 52.1 52.3 51.2 61.0 62.5

Employed

10,646 10,350 9,640 9,308 1,007 1,042

Employment-population ratio

48.6 48.1 47.9 47.3 56.2 57.8

Unemployed

962 859 877 774 85 85

Unemployment rate

8.3 7.7 8.3 7.7 7.8 7.6

Not in labor force

10,287 10,287 9,588 9,610 699 676

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,321 2,405 1,902 2,036 419 369

Civilian labor force

1,900 1,980 1,612 1,715 289 265

Participation rate

81.9 82.3 84.8 84.2 68.8 71.9

Employed

1,699 1,740 1,445 1,503 254 236

Employment-population ratio

73.2 72.3 76.0 73.8 60.7 64.1

Unemployed

201 240 167 211 34 29

Unemployment rate

10.6 12.1 10.4 12.3 11.9 10.9

Not in labor force

420 425 290 322 131 103

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,816 2,941 2,401 2,469 415 472

Civilian labor force

2,448 2,489 2,127 2,127 321 361

Participation rate

86.9 84.6 88.6 86.2 77.3 76.5

Employed

2,265 2,343 1,973 2,004 292 339

Employment-population ratio

80.4 79.7 82.2 81.2 70.3 71.8

Unemployed

183 146 154 124 29 22

Unemployment rate

7.5 5.9 7.3 5.8 9.0 6.2

Not in labor force

368 453 274 342 94 111

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

10,900 10,279 10,544 9,955 356 324

Civilian labor force

3,947 3,329 3,835 3,239 112 90

Participation rate

36.2 32.4 36.4 32.5 31.3 27.8

Employed

3,608 3,088 3,503 3,005 105 83

Employment-population ratio

33.1 30.0 33.2 30.2 29.4 25.6

Unemployed

339 241 332 234 7 7

Unemployment rate

8.6 7.2 8.7 7.2 6.1 7.9

Not in labor force

6,953 6,951 6,708 6,716 244 234

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,860 5,870 5,259 5,232 601 639

Civilian labor force

3,314 3,412 2,943 3,001 371 411

Participation rate

56.6 58.1 56.0 57.4 61.7 64.3

Employed

3,075 3,180 2,719 2,796 355 384

Employment-population ratio

52.5 54.2 51.7 53.4 59.2 60.1

Unemployed

239 232 223 205 15 27

Unemployment rate

7.2 6.8 7.6 6.8 4.2 6.6

Not in labor force

2,546 2,458 2,316 2,231 230 228

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

207,459 209,934 90,791 92,437 116,669 117,497

Civilian labor force

140,044 140,986 70,220 71,148 69,823 69,838

Participation rate

67.5 67.2 77.3 77.0 59.8 59.4

Employed

127,693 129,190 63,707 64,997 63,986 64,193

Employment-population ratio

61.6 61.5 70.2 70.3 54.8 54.6

Unemployed

12,350 11,796 6,513 6,151 5,837 5,645

Unemployment rate

8.8 8.4 9.3 8.6 8.4 8.1

Not in labor force

67,416 68,949 20,570 21,289 46,846 47,659

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Oct.
2010
Oct.
2011
Oct.
2010
Oct.
2011

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

26,545 27,214 211,986 213,055

Civilian labor force

5,682 5,802 147,970 148,286

Participation rate

21.4 21.3 69.8 69.6

Employed

4,842 5,037 134,907 135,949

Employment-population ratio

18.2 18.5 63.6 63.8

Unemployed

840 765 13,063 12,337

Unemployment rate

14.8 13.2 8.8 8.3

Not in labor force

20,863 21,412 64,015 64,769

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,643 2,649 75,282 75,325

Participation rate

36.1 34.9 82.4 82.4

Employed

2,204 2,262 68,269 68,806

Employment-population ratio

30.1 29.8 74.7 75.2

Unemployed

439 387 7,012 6,519

Unemployment rate

16.6 14.6 9.3 8.7

Not in labor force

4,668 4,938 16,080 16,114

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,262 2,257 66,634 66,490

Participation rate

30.8 30.6 71.2 70.9

Employed

1,924 1,960 60,931 61,099

Employment-population ratio

26.2 26.6 65.1 65.1

Unemployed

337 297 5,703 5,391

Unemployment rate

14.9 13.2 8.6 8.1

Not in labor force

5,090 5,114 26,966 27,337

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

777 896 6,054 6,471

Participation rate

6.5 7.3 22.4 23.3

Employed

714 815 5,706 6,044

Employment-population ratio

6.0 6.7 21.1 21.7

Unemployed

64 80 348 427

Unemployment rate

8.2 9.0 5.8 6.6

Not in labor force

11,105 11,360 20,969 21,318

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Oct.
2010
Oct.
2011
Oct.
2010
Oct.
2011
Oct.
2010
Oct.
2011

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

36,341 37,001 18,122 18,378 18,219 18,624

Civilian labor force

24,530 24,849 14,387 14,532 10,143 10,317

Participation rate

67.5 67.2 79.4 79.1 55.7 55.4

Employed

22,281 22,648 13,083 13,303 9,198 9,345

Employment-population ratio

61.3 61.2 72.2 72.4 50.5 50.2

Unemployed

2,249 2,201 1,304 1,230 945 971

Unemployment rate

9.2 8.9 9.1 8.5 9.3 9.4

Not in labor force

11,811 12,152 3,734 3,845 8,077 8,307

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

202,189 203,268 97,421 98,287 104,769 104,981

Civilian labor force

129,122 129,239 67,288 67,549 61,834 61,690

Participation rate

63.9 63.6 69.1 68.7 59.0 58.8

Employed

117,468 118,338 60,887 61,628 56,581 56,711

Employment-population ratio

58.1 58.2 62.5 62.7 54.0 54.0

Unemployed

11,654 10,901 6,401 5,921 5,253 4,980

Unemployment rate

9.0 8.4 9.5 8.8 8.5 8.1

Not in labor force

73,067 74,029 30,133 30,738 42,935 43,291

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Oct.
2010
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Oct.
2010
June
2011
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,360 2,281 2,246 2,348 2,217 2,245 2,355 2,267 2,250

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,475 1,409 1,339 1,446 1,383 1,419 1,475 1,380 1,325

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

840 839 873 823 829 810 843 839 862

Unpaid family workers

45 33 34 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

137,389 138,221 138,740 136,797 137,035 136,837 137,146 137,840 138,137

Wage and salary workers(1)

128,487 129,756 130,189 127,852 128,437 128,393 128,552 129,606 129,565

Government

20,900 20,569 20,682 20,717 20,318 20,302 20,286 20,568 20,519

Private industries

107,587 109,187 109,507 107,100 108,209 108,070 108,275 108,742 108,980

Private households

562 756 771 - - - - - -

Other industries

107,025 108,431 108,736 106,470 107,511 107,319 107,556 107,992 108,160

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,817 8,411 8,501 8,862 8,543 8,525 8,551 8,334 8,521

Unpaid family workers

85 55 50 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,408 8,541 8,258 9,100 8,552 8,396 8,826 9,270 8,896

Slack work or business conditions

5,695 5,497 5,518 6,174 5,806 5,687 5,833 5,963 5,901

Could only find part-time work

2,442 2,766 2,488 2,564 2,401 2,517 2,736 2,852 2,631

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,717 18,647 18,941 18,230 18,470 18,258 18,208 18,308 18,392

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,279 8,423 8,151 8,991 8,400 8,218 8,670 9,112 8,784

Slack work or business conditions

5,619 5,410 5,444 6,108 5,704 5,569 5,732 5,864 5,829

Could only find part-time work

2,421 2,749 2,472 2,534 2,341 2,466 2,720 2,868 2,613

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,302 18,249 18,543 17,848 18,151 17,880 17,813 17,877 17,985

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Oct.
2010
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Oct.
2010
June
2011
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

139,749 140,502 140,987 139,084 139,334 139,296 139,627 140,025 140,302

16 to 19 years

4,144 4,177 4,226 4,319 4,299 4,244 4,312 4,352 4,397

16 to 17 years

1,409 1,450 1,447 1,434 1,358 1,343 1,341 1,414 1,442

18 to 19 years

2,735 2,727 2,779 2,894 2,945 2,890 2,981 2,944 2,961

20 years and over

135,605 136,325 136,761 134,764 135,035 135,052 135,315 135,673 135,905

20 to 24 years

12,723 13,061 13,306 12,774 12,911 12,860 12,895 13,072 13,357

25 years and over

122,881 123,264 123,454 121,910 122,175 122,228 122,447 122,610 122,496

25 to 54 years

94,791 93,920 94,108 94,011 93,505 93,550 93,568 93,460 93,338

25 to 34 years

30,589 30,750 30,806 30,323 30,416 30,322 30,635 30,587 30,557

35 to 44 years

30,886 30,228 30,295 30,650 30,197 30,249 30,017 30,053 30,043

45 to 54 years

33,315 32,941 33,007 33,037 32,892 32,979 32,916 32,819 32,738

55 years and over

28,091 29,345 29,346 27,899 28,670 28,677 28,880 29,150 29,158

Men, 16 years and over

73,970 74,821 74,931 73,470 74,014 73,908 74,122 74,364 74,442

16 to 19 years

2,010 2,025 2,007 2,106 2,077 2,072 2,107 2,089 2,106

16 to 17 years

623 692 626 660 646 652 629 674 666

18 to 19 years

1,387 1,334 1,381 1,443 1,451 1,429 1,492 1,418 1,443

20 years and over

71,960 72,796 72,924 71,365 71,937 71,836 72,015 72,276 72,336

20 to 24 years

6,481 6,874 7,017 6,542 6,754 6,711 6,747 6,858 7,084

25 years and over

65,479 65,923 65,907 64,803 65,193 65,163 65,289 65,429 65,262

25 to 54 years

50,805 50,373 50,406 50,209 50,096 50,018 50,019 50,022 49,844

25 to 34 years

16,668 16,852 16,884 16,434 16,607 16,481 16,674 16,686 16,658

35 to 44 years

16,737 16,395 16,360 16,573 16,365 16,371 16,226 16,277 16,201

45 to 54 years

17,400 17,127 17,162 17,202 17,124 17,167 17,118 17,059 16,986

55 years and over

14,675 15,549 15,501 14,594 15,097 15,146 15,271 15,407 15,418

Women, 16 years and over

65,779 65,680 66,056 65,613 65,320 65,388 65,505 65,661 65,859

16 to 19 years

2,134 2,152 2,219 2,214 2,222 2,172 2,205 2,263 2,290

16 to 17 years

786 759 821 774 713 691 712 740 777

18 to 19 years

1,348 1,393 1,398 1,452 1,494 1,461 1,489 1,525 1,518

20 years and over

63,645 63,529 63,837 63,400 63,098 63,216 63,300 63,398 63,569

20 to 24 years

6,242 6,187 6,290 6,232 6,157 6,149 6,148 6,214 6,273

25 years and over

57,402 57,341 57,547 57,106 56,982 57,064 57,158 57,181 57,233

25 to 54 years

43,986 43,546 43,703 43,801 43,409 43,533 43,549 43,438 43,494

25 to 34 years

13,921 13,899 13,923 13,889 13,809 13,841 13,960 13,901 13,899

35 to 44 years

14,150 13,833 13,935 14,077 13,833 13,879 13,790 13,776 13,843

45 to 54 years

15,915 15,815 15,844 15,836 15,768 15,813 15,798 15,760 15,752

55 years and over

13,416 13,795 13,845 13,305 13,573 13,532 13,609 13,744 13,740

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

43,492 43,938 43,940 43,301 43,004 43,145 43,184 43,637 43,632

Married women, spouse present

34,642 34,095 34,401 34,553 33,676 33,734 33,845 34,052 34,239

Women who maintain families

8,959 9,173 9,101 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

112,342 112,980 113,456 111,585 111,907 111,859 112,330 112,357 112,778

Part-time workers(2)

27,407 27,522 27,530 27,433 27,631 27,606 27,407 27,704 27,514

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,817 6,946 6,989 6,679 6,880 6,741 6,927 6,964 6,887

Percent of total employed

4.9 4.9 5.0 4.8 4.9 4.8 5.0 5.0 4.9

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,037 4,950 5,030 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,657 9,249 9,374 9,684 9,372 9,335 9,394 9,173 9,383

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Oct.
2010
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Oct.
2010
June
2011
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

14,876 13,992 13,897 9.7 9.2 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.0

16 to 19 years

1,607 1,418 1,393 27.1 24.5 25.0 25.4 24.6 24.1

16 to 17 years

624 511 488 30.3 28.2 28.7 29.6 26.5 25.3

18 to 19 years

952 893 898 24.7 22.8 23.1 24.5 23.3 23.3

20 years and over

13,269 12,573 12,504 9.0 8.6 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.4

20 to 24 years

2,300 2,249 2,176 15.3 14.5 14.6 14.8 14.7 14.0

25 years and over

10,942 10,339 10,342 8.2 8.0 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8

25 to 54 years

8,761 8,284 8,147 8.5 8.2 8.0 8.1 8.1 8.0

25 to 34 years

3,350 3,287 3,313 9.9 9.6 9.7 9.5 9.7 9.8

35 to 44 years

2,616 2,443 2,339 7.9 7.8 7.1 7.7 7.5 7.2

45 to 54 years

2,796 2,554 2,495 7.8 7.3 7.3 7.1 7.2 7.1

55 years and over

2,169 2,106 2,187 7.2 7.0 6.9 6.6 6.7 7.0

Men, 16 years and over

8,530 7,758 7,809 10.4 9.7 9.6 9.6 9.4 9.5

16 to 19 years

879 807 796 29.4 27.4 27.2 28.1 27.9 27.4

16 to 17 years

337 257 249 33.8 30.7 29.9 28.6 27.6 27.2

18 to 19 years

529 533 551 26.8 25.7 25.6 28.9 27.3 27.6

20 years and over

7,651 6,952 7,013 9.7 9.1 9.0 8.9 8.8 8.8

20 to 24 years

1,297 1,286 1,222 16.5 15.5 15.7 16.5 15.8 14.7

25 years and over

6,321 5,712 5,808 8.9 8.4 8.2 8.1 8.0 8.2

25 to 54 years

5,007 4,572 4,605 9.1 8.6 8.4 8.5 8.4 8.5

25 to 34 years

1,913 1,817 1,895 10.4 10.0 10.2 9.8 9.8 10.2

35 to 44 years

1,479 1,354 1,324 8.2 8.1 7.5 8.1 7.7 7.6

45 to 54 years

1,615 1,401 1,386 8.6 7.7 7.7 7.4 7.6 7.5

55 years and over

1,315 1,139 1,203 8.3 7.9 7.4 7.0 6.9 7.2

Women, 16 years and over

6,346 6,233 6,087 8.8 8.6 8.5 8.5 8.7 8.5

16 to 19 years

728 612 597 24.8 21.6 22.7 22.6 21.3 20.7

16 to 17 years

287 254 239 27.0 25.9 27.5 30.5 25.5 23.6

18 to 19 years

423 360 347 22.6 19.7 20.6 19.4 19.1 18.6

20 years and over

5,618 5,622 5,491 8.1 8.0 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.0

20 to 24 years

1,003 963 954 13.9 13.4 13.2 12.8 13.4 13.2

25 years and over

4,620 4,628 4,533 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.3

25 to 54 years

3,754 3,712 3,542 7.9 7.8 7.5 7.7 7.9 7.5

25 to 34 years

1,436 1,470 1,418 9.4 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.6 9.3

35 to 44 years

1,137 1,088 1,015 7.5 7.4 6.7 7.2 7.3 6.8

45 to 54 years

1,181 1,153 1,110 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.6

55 years and over(1)

846 978 970 5.9 6.3 7.3 7.1 6.6 6.5

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

3,225 2,738 2,707 6.9 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.9 5.8

Married women, spouse present

2,079 2,127 2,092 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.8 5.9 5.8

Women who maintain families(1)

1,267 1,294 1,275 12.4 12.8 12.1 11.9 12.4 12.3

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

13,027 12,240 11,998 10.5 9.8 9.8 9.7 9.8 9.6

Part-time workers(3)

1,854 1,774 1,892 6.3 6.7 6.1 6.5 6.0 6.4

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Oct.
2010
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Oct.
2010
June
2011
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

8,331 7,636 7,390 9,070 8,261 8,215 8,203 8,121 8,006

On temporary layoff

890 813 861 1,293 1,251 1,268 1,247 1,196 1,236

Not on temporary layoff

7,441 6,823 6,528 7,777 7,010 6,947 6,956 6,925 6,770

Permanent job losers

6,009 5,383 5,170 6,254 5,606 5,567 5,545 5,500 5,362

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,432 1,440 1,359 1,523 1,405 1,380 1,411 1,426 1,409

Job leavers

876 1,064 1,103 854 965 928 963 967 1,072

Reentrants

3,466 3,500 3,368 3,498 3,430 3,410 3,532 3,504 3,400

New entrants

1,230 1,320 1,242 1,278 1,222 1,270 1,241 1,327 1,293

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

59.9 56.5 56.4 61.7 59.5 59.4 58.8 58.3 58.1

On temporary layoff

6.4 6.0 6.6 8.8 9.0 9.2 8.9 8.6 9.0

Not on temporary layoff

53.5 50.5 49.8 52.9 50.5 50.3 49.9 49.8 49.2

Job leavers

6.3 7.9 8.4 5.8 7.0 6.7 6.9 6.9 7.8

Reentrants

24.9 25.9 25.7 23.8 24.7 24.7 25.3 25.2 24.7

New entrants

8.8 9.8 9.5 8.7 8.8 9.2 8.9 9.5 9.4

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5.4 5.0 4.8 5.9 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2

Job leavers

0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7

Reentrants

2.3 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.2

New entrants

0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Oct.
2010
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Oct.
2010
June
2011
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,432 2,760 2,443 2,659 3,076 2,689 2,755 2,772 2,694

5 to 14 weeks

3,037 2,726 2,985 3,427 2,972 3,088 3,050 2,904 3,250

15 weeks and over

8,434 8,034 7,674 8,734 8,125 8,150 8,273 8,328 7,924

15 to 26 weeks

2,335 1,816 1,936 2,500 1,836 1,965 2,239 2,086 2,048

27 weeks and over

6,099 6,217 5,738 6,234 6,289 6,185 6,034 6,242 5,876

Average (mean) duration, in weeks(1)

34.9 41.0 39.8 33.9 39.9 40.4 40.3 40.5 39.4

Median duration, in weeks

21.9 22.2 21.1 21.3 22.5 21.2 21.8 22.2 20.8

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

17.5 20.4 18.6 17.9 21.7 19.3 19.6 19.8 19.4

5 to 14 weeks

21.8 20.2 22.8 23.1 21.0 22.2 21.7 20.7 23.4

15 weeks and over

60.7 59.4 58.6 58.9 57.3 58.5 58.8 59.5 57.1

15 to 26 weeks

16.8 13.4 14.8 16.9 13.0 14.1 15.9 14.9 14.8

27 weeks and over

43.9 46.0 43.8 42.1 44.4 44.4 42.9 44.6 42.4

Footnotes
(1) Beginning in January 2011, this series reflects a change to the collection of data on unemployment duration. For more information, see www.bls.gov/cps/duration.htm.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Oct.
2010
Oct.
2011
Oct.
2010
Oct.
2011
Oct.
2010
Oct.
2011

Total, 16 years and over(1)

139,749 140,987 13,903 13,102 9.0 8.5

Management, professional, and related occupations

51,818 52,864 2,417 2,410 4.5 4.4

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

20,699 21,700 1,089 1,068 5.0 4.7

Professional and related occupations

31,119 31,164 1,328 1,342 4.1 4.1

Service occupations

24,540 25,108 2,758 2,772 10.1 9.9

Sales and office occupations

33,394 32,932 3,300 3,023 9.0 8.4

Sales and related occupations

15,439 15,323 1,548 1,368 9.1 8.2

Office and administrative support occupations

17,955 17,609 1,752 1,655 8.9 8.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,091 13,121 2,060 1,746 13.6 11.7

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,085 1,028 155 174 12.5 14.5

Construction and extraction occupations

7,026 7,125 1,456 1,184 17.2 14.2

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,980 4,969 449 388 8.3 7.2

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

16,906 16,963 2,091 1,857 11.0 9.9

Production occupations

8,255 8,474 1,134 897 12.1 9.6

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,651 8,489 958 961 10.0 10.2

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2011 data, occupations reflect the introduction of the 2010 Census occupational classification system into the Current Population Survey, or household survey. This classification system is derived from the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC). No historical data have been revised. Data for 2011 are not strictly comparable with earlier years.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Oct.
2010
Oct.
2011
Oct.
2010
Oct.
2011

Total, 16 years and over(1)

13,903 13,102 9.0 8.5

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

10,990 10,126 9.3 8.5

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

89 69 10.4 7.8

Construction

1,445 1,129 17.3 13.7

Manufacturing

1,474 1,200 9.5 7.7

Durable goods

937 759 9.8 8.0

Nondurable goods

537 441 9.0 7.3

Wholesale and retail trade

1,888 1,764 9.2 8.6

Transportation and utilities

404 462 6.9 7.8

Information

300 195 9.8 6.6

Financial activities

590 524 6.7 5.8

Professional and business services

1,525 1,495 10.6 10.1

Education and health services

1,263 1,221 5.8 5.6

Leisure and hospitality

1,458 1,448 11.1 10.8

Other services

554 618 8.8 9.6

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

176 198 11.0 13.4

Government workers

950 924 4.3 4.3

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

557 612 5.4 6.1

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Oct.
2010
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Oct.
2010
June
2011
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.5 5.2 5.0 5.7 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.1

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.4 5.0 4.8 5.9 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

9.0 8.8 8.5 9.7 9.2 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.0

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

9.8 9.4 9.1 10.4 9.8 9.8 9.7 9.7 9.6

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

10.6 10.2 10.0 11.2 10.7 10.7 10.6 10.5 10.5

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

15.9 15.7 15.3 17.0 16.2 16.1 16.2 16.5 16.2

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Oct.
2010
Oct.
2011
Oct.
2010
Oct.
2011
Oct.
2010
Oct.
2011

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

84,878 86,181 33,867 34,583 51,011 51,598

Persons who currently want a job

5,867 5,969 2,806 2,818 3,061 3,151

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,602 2,555 1,345 1,358 1,258 1,196

Discouraged workers(2)

1,219 967 712 575 507 392

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,383 1,588 633 783 751 805

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,817 6,989 3,177 3,415 3,640 3,574

Percent of total employed

4.9 5.0 4.3 4.6 5.5 5.4

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,653 3,631 1,834 1,993 1,819 1,638

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,850 1,851 647 588 1,203 1,263

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

197 222 118 156 80 65

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,103 1,251 573 659 531 592

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Oct.
2010
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011(p)
Oct.
2011(p)
Oct.
2010
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011(p)
Oct.
2011(p)
Change from:
Sept.2011 - Oct.2011(p)

Total nonfarm

131,071 131,058 131,689 132,572 130,015 131,278 131,436 131,516 80

Total private

108,429 110,193 109,876 110,230 107,713 109,242 109,433 109,537 104

Goods-producing

18,103 18,507 18,438 18,408 17,785 18,075 18,104 18,094 -10

Mining and logging

743 814 816 823 734 800 805 810 5

Logging

51.4 49.4 49.7 48.6 49.1 47.1 47.3 46.4 -0.9

Mining

692.0 764.4 766.1 774.0 685.0 753.0 757.4 763.5 6.1

Oil and gas extraction

161.5 178.6 179.9 183.0 162.5 177.4 180.6 183.6 3.0

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

210.4 222.0 219.6 220.5 206.1 214.4 214.4 215.2 0.8

Coal mining

82.3 87.0 87.0 87.0 82.4 86.7 86.9 87.1 0.2

Support activities for mining

320.1 363.8 366.6 370.5 316.4 361.2 362.4 364.7 2.3

Construction

5,748 5,833 5,791 5,765 5,512 5,518 5,545 5,525 -20

Construction of buildings

1,256.9 1,275.3 1,272.4 1,269.1 1,217.1 1,220.7 1,231.7 1,230.5 -1.2

Residential building

579.8 581.4 577.0 580.5 559.5 555.9 559.3 562.6 3.3

Nonresidential building

677.1 693.9 695.4 688.6 657.6 664.8 672.4 667.9 -4.5

Heavy and civil engineering construction

906.6 911.0 912.2 915.6 845.1 843.0 847.4 851.1 3.7

Specialty trade contractors

3,584.0 3,647.1 3,606.7 3,580.7 3,450.1 3,454.3 3,465.8 3,443.7 -22.1

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,504.7 1,536.2 1,521.2 1,514.4 1,438.8 1,452.9 1,452.7 1,453.1 0.4

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,079.3 2,110.9 2,085.5 2,066.3 2,011.3 2,001.4 2,013.1 1,990.6 -22.5

Manufacturing

11,612 11,860 11,831 11,820 11,539 11,757 11,754 11,759 5

Durable goods

7,135 7,354 7,341 7,348 7,097 7,308 7,310 7,321 11

Wood products

339.0 339.1 335.6 332.7 336.0 330.5 330.8 331.0 0.2

Nonmetallic mineral products

379.9 380.9 377.1 375.3 371.8 369.5 367.9 367.1 -0.8

Primary metals

367.0 387.9 390.8 392.6 365.3 387.9 389.4 391.7 2.3

Fabricated metal products

1,313.5 1,372.2 1,368.8 1,370.3 1,300.6 1,361.4 1,360.5 1,361.1 0.6

Machinery

1,004.8 1,057.4 1,054.9 1,062.7 1,000.2 1,054.3 1,057.0 1,060.9 3.9

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,103.3 1,133.7 1,129.3 1,127.4 1,102.9 1,129.6 1,129.6 1,128.5 -1.1

Computer and peripheral equipment

163.7 173.3 172.9 172.8 163.5 173.0 172.8 173.0 0.2

Communication equipment

120.2 117.0 116.6 115.0 120.1 116.5 116.2 114.7 -1.5

Semiconductors and electronic components

372.5 390.5 389.5 389.2 372.1 388.4 389.2 389.5 0.3

Electronic instruments

403.3 403.9 402.1 402.1 403.8 402.9 402.8 402.8 0.0

Electrical equipment and appliances

365.3 374.0 371.8 372.1 364.7 371.7 371.2 371.7 0.5

Transportation equipment(1)

1,336.1 1,372.2 1,382.2 1,389.1 1,333.3 1,373.9 1,376.9 1,386.4 9.5

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

680.5 700.0 709.1 713.0 678.2 702.2 704.2 710.4 6.2

Furniture and related products

355.1 357.2 354.3 351.1 354.5 351.7 351.2 350.1 -1.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

571.3 579.1 575.8 574.7 567.5 577.7 575.3 572.9 -2.4

Nondurable goods

4,477 4,506 4,490 4,472 4,442 4,449 4,444 4,438 -6

Food manufacturing

1,463.0 1,479.7 1,472.3 1,464.1 1,440.3 1,443.4 1,442.2 1,442.9 0.7

Beverages and tobacco products

188.3 194.9 193.8 191.5 184.4 189.4 187.7 186.8 -0.9

Textile mills

119.3 122.5 121.4 120.1 118.8 122.0 121.2 120.1 -1.1

Textile product mills

118.3 116.2 113.2 113.8 117.1 116.1 113.7 113.1 -0.6

Apparel

156.6 155.6 157.5 156.4 156.6 154.6 155.6 156.1 0.5

Leather and allied products

28.9 29.2 30.2 30.5 28.3 29.0 29.8 30.0 0.2

Paper and paper products

397.2 400.8 400.4 400.9 396.6 399.2 399.5 399.9 0.4

Printing and related support activities

483.5 470.2 465.0 464.2 481.3 468.7 463.8 461.9 -1.9

Petroleum and coal products

117.6 114.3 114.3 116.8 115.5 111.4 112.3 113.6 1.3

Chemicals

777.2 785.8 785.6 781.1 779.4 783.2 785.6 782.8 -2.8

Plastics and rubber products

627.0 636.7 636.0 632.7 623.9 631.7 632.5 630.9 -1.6

Private service-providing

90,326 91,686 91,438 91,822 89,928 91,167 91,329 91,443 114

Trade, transportation, and utilities

24,747 24,959 24,898 25,077 24,670 24,957 24,968 25,003 35

Wholesale trade

5,488.5 5,573.9 5,547.1 5,568.5 5,467.4 5,547.8 5,541.8 5,549.9 8.1

Durable goods

2,736.6 2,790.8 2,774.8 2,784.7 2,728.3 2,776.9 2,774.3 2,778.2 3.9

Nondurable goods

1,941.5 1,962.2 1,954.3 1,961.3 1,931.8 1,952.8 1,951.6 1,952.1 0.5

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

810.4 820.9 818.0 822.5 807.3 818.1 815.9 819.6 3.7

Retail trade

14,455.8 14,591.7 14,481.8 14,623.3 14,456.6 14,581.6 14,594.9 14,612.7 17.8

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,642.4 1,696.3 1,692.3 1,694.7 1,634.9 1,678.7 1,681.3 1,687.6 6.3

Automobile dealers

1,016.5 1,051.0 1,051.7 1,053.1 1,012.6 1,043.7 1,045.9 1,049.8 3.9

Furniture and home furnishings stores

444.0 430.2 431.7 449.7 439.6 437.2 438.6 443.0 4.4

Electronics and appliance stores

508.3 485.8 477.0 488.1 506.1 493.8 485.6 486.5 0.9

Building material and garden supply stores

1,098.0 1,128.4 1,107.8 1,103.7 1,109.9 1,119.9 1,119.6 1,120.5 0.9

Food and beverage stores

2,815.1 2,855.0 2,840.5 2,848.9 2,810.6 2,840.1 2,846.7 2,844.5 -2.2

Health and personal care stores

974.7 977.4 974.7 978.3 977.6 977.5 980.4 979.7 -0.7

Gasoline stations

816.2 835.6 822.8 822.2 814.4 821.2 816.9 820.2 3.3

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,396.8 1,435.7 1,410.4 1,444.7 1,401.1 1,436.5 1,444.5 1,445.9 1.4

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

598.7 598.4 596.4 595.0 597.4 600.1 598.7 595.7 -3.0

General merchandise stores(1)

2,967.3 2,966.6 2,941.3 2,995.9 2,988.2 2,991.0 2,997.2 3,007.2 10.0

Department stores

1,479.4 1,478.5 1,460.8 1,495.7 1,495.1 1,500.2 1,502.6 1,508.0 5.4

Miscellaneous store retailers

765.7 771.0 768.3 772.2 757.8 766.7 768.3 764.7 -3.6

Nonstore retailers

428.6 411.3 418.6 429.9 419.0 418.9 417.1 417.2 0.1

Transportation and warehousing

4,253.1 4,238.5 4,315.1 4,331.6 4,196.2 4,274.5 4,277.0 4,286.4 9.4

Air transportation

464.6 479.7 476.1 475.0 463.7 475.7 475.1 474.9 -0.2

Rail transportation

218.7 226.9 227.1 227.1 218.4 226.5 226.1 226.6 0.5

Water transportation

64.0 65.8 64.7 65.3 63.5 63.6 64.0 64.7 0.7

Truck transportation

1,271.7 1,305.2 1,305.5 1,306.7 1,250.2 1,281.8 1,283.7 1,286.8 3.1

Transit and ground passenger transportation

462.0 377.4 455.8 462.5 442.9 445.0 444.0 444.6 0.6

Pipeline transportation

42.0 43.0 43.2 43.2 41.8 42.9 43.2 43.1 -0.1

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

28.6 37.0 34.0 31.0 28.1 28.9 28.6 29.7 1.1

Support activities for transportation

546.3 558.0 557.0 562.6 543.0 556.1 557.0 559.3 2.3

Couriers and messengers

519.4 513.4 517.1 515.6 516.5 521.9 522.8 521.8 -1.0

Warehousing and storage

635.8 632.1 634.6 642.6 628.1 632.1 632.5 634.9 2.4

Utilities

549.5 554.8 553.6 553.2 549.8 552.6 554.1 553.5 -0.6

Information

2,696 2,637 2,651 2,652 2,697 2,627 2,661 2,656 -5

Publishing industries, except Internet

759.1 756.5 753.4 756.0 758.9 755.3 754.5 755.4 0.9

Motion picture and sound recording industries

368.2 376.7 358.2 353.4 372.0 366.5 361.2 358.5 -2.7

Broadcasting, except Internet

297.3 293.5 294.0 295.1 296.0 294.3 294.4 293.8 -0.6

Telecommunications

887.3 809.6 846.2 844.0 886.2 809.6 849.1 844.2 -4.9

Data processing, hosting and related services

240.3 237.5 237.0 238.6 240.6 239.5 238.5 238.9 0.4

Other information services

143.5 163.3 162.6 164.5 143.3 162.0 163.0 164.8 1.8

Financial activities

7,621 7,657 7,610 7,615 7,617 7,612 7,607 7,611 4

Finance and insurance

5,683.8 5,678.6 5,655.1 5,665.2 5,685.6 5,670.4 5,666.1 5,665.9 -0.2

Monetary authorities - central bank

20.7 22.0 21.8 21.9 20.8 21.8 21.8 22.0 0.2

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,548.8 2,545.6 2,537.1 2,539.8 2,552.0 2,542.9 2,542.8 2,540.8 -2.0

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,737.5 1,763.8 1,753.5 1,754.5 1,738.9 1,757.8 1,757.8 1,756.7 -1.1

Commercial banking

1,311.9 1,330.0 1,322.9 1,323.3 1,313.8 1,325.8 1,325.4 1,324.5 -0.9

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

801.5 814.1 807.2 808.5 800.3 811.7 809.2 808.3 -0.9

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,225.6 2,211.1 2,203.7 2,208.9 2,225.7 2,208.2 2,206.5 2,209.0 2.5

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

87.2 85.8 85.3 86.1 86.8 85.8 85.8 85.8 0.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,936.8 1,978.8 1,954.5 1,949.5 1,931.7 1,941.9 1,941.2 1,945.2 4.0

Real estate

1,396.6 1,423.7 1,403.1 1,405.9 1,391.6 1,402.6 1,396.5 1,401.3 4.8

Rental and leasing services

515.0 529.2 525.6 517.6 514.7 513.5 518.8 517.9 -0.9

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

25.2 25.9 25.8 26.0 25.4 25.8 25.9 26.0 0.1

Professional and business services

16,950 17,368 17,358 17,490 16,759 17,239 17,289 17,321 32

Professional and technical services(1)

7,398.0 7,624.6 7,600.3 7,653.7 7,422.9 7,661.0 7,684.0 7,687.2 3.2

Legal services

1,116.3 1,118.2 1,109.1 1,113.8 1,115.9 1,113.7 1,112.5 1,112.9 0.4

Accounting and bookkeeping services

805.7 849.8 851.3 860.5 871.4 924.6 930.2 932.2 2.0

Architectural and engineering services

1,282.7 1,320.3 1,309.6 1,311.3 1,272.6 1,301.5 1,304.4 1,302.2 -2.2

Computer systems design and related services

1,465.1 1,520.7 1,517.1 1,530.1 1,456.9 1,515.2 1,519.9 1,522.8 2.9

Management and technical consulting services

1,003.4 1,055.6 1,052.0 1,069.5 994.6 1,053.6 1,057.3 1,061.1 3.8

Management of companies and enterprises

1,868.7 1,895.9 1,892.9 1,897.7 1,869.9 1,887.8 1,892.6 1,896.8 4.2

Administrative and waste services

7,683.5 7,847.8 7,864.4 7,938.9 7,466.3 7,690.1 7,712.0 7,737.4 25.4

Administrative and support services(1)

7,321.8 7,472.8 7,491.5 7,568.9 7,106.6 7,323.6 7,343.7 7,369.7 26.0

Employment services(1)

2,912.2 2,982.6 3,036.9 3,107.0 2,765.8 2,937.0 2,959.4 2,973.8 14.4

Temporary help services

2,259.0 2,296.6 2,354.9 2,423.8 2,137.3 2,270.3 2,291.4 2,306.4 15.0

Business support services

816.6 795.9 794.8 805.2 809.2 804.4 802.6 797.5 -5.1

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,794.9 1,866.0 1,830.6 1,819.3 1,747.9 1,765.3 1,766.1 1,773.2 7.1

Waste management and remediation services

361.7 375.0 372.9 370.0 359.7 366.5 368.3 367.7 -0.6

Education and health services

19,865 19,694 20,014 20,297 19,695 20,036 20,094 20,122 28

Educational services

3,320.1 2,907.6 3,188.6 3,398.9 3,170.1 3,225.7 3,237.6 3,248.6 11.0

Health care and social assistance

16,544.6 16,786.4 16,825.7 16,898.4 16,524.4 16,810.5 16,856.6 16,872.9 16.3

Health care(3)

13,884.0 14,160.0 14,160.3 14,201.7 13,875.0 14,131.7 14,176.7 14,188.3 11.6

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,039.1 6,185.9 6,190.5 6,218.2 6,033.4 6,178.0 6,201.7 6,206.5 4.8

Offices of physicians

2,330.1 2,374.3 2,377.9 2,398.1 2,327.8 2,373.3 2,383.8 2,392.0 8.2

Outpatient care centers

606.9 622.9 625.5 630.9 607.2 622.4 627.1 630.0 2.9

Home health care services

1,097.4 1,133.5 1,139.8 1,144.0 1,096.1 1,133.9 1,139.9 1,141.9 2.0

Hospitals

4,696.6 4,767.8 4,772.9 4,779.5 4,694.1 4,758.0 4,774.8 4,778.1 3.3

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,148.3 3,206.3 3,196.9 3,204.0 3,147.5 3,195.7 3,200.2 3,203.7 3.5

Nursing care facilities

1,667.9 1,687.6 1,683.1 1,686.7 1,667.0 1,683.6 1,684.4 1,686.9 2.5

Social assistance(1)

2,660.6 2,626.4 2,665.4 2,696.7 2,649.4 2,678.8 2,679.9 2,684.6 4.7

Child day care services

867.6 804.9 848.7 862.1 856.1 853.9 852.6 852.7 0.1

Leisure and hospitality

13,031 13,870 13,462 13,238 13,072 13,240 13,253 13,275 22

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,861.8 2,160.0 1,978.7 1,866.5 1,899.8 1,897.5 1,895.6 1,902.1 6.5

Performing arts and spectator sports

410.9 431.4 433.2 410.2 404.8 401.6 406.7 404.1 -2.6

Museums, historical sites, zoos, and parks

126.3 144.2 132.9 131.9 125.9 131.7 130.8 131.8 1.0

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,324.6 1,584.4 1,412.6 1,324.4 1,369.1 1,364.2 1,358.1 1,366.2 8.1

Accommodation and food services

11,169.0 11,709.8 11,483.2 11,371.8 11,172.4 11,342.7 11,357.2 11,373.0 15.8

Accommodation

1,755.0 1,954.0 1,846.2 1,798.8 1,766.2 1,811.9 1,808.1 1,811.1 3.0

Food services and drinking places

9,414.0 9,755.8 9,637.0 9,573.0 9,406.2 9,530.8 9,549.1 9,561.9 12.8

Other services

5,416 5,501 5,445 5,453 5,418 5,456 5,457 5,455 -2

Repair and maintenance

1,146.0 1,159.0 1,157.4 1,158.2 1,145.2 1,152.7 1,155.6 1,156.8 1.2

Personal and laundry services

1,268.4 1,293.9 1,288.3 1,284.1 1,272.3 1,287.1 1,289.9 1,288.0 -1.9

Membership associations and organizations

3,002.0 3,048.3 2,998.9 3,010.7 3,000.0 3,016.2 3,011.1 3,009.9 -1.2

Government

22,642 20,865 21,813 22,342 22,302 22,036 22,003 21,979 -24

Federal

2,850.0 2,837.0 2,825.0 2,813.0 2,847.0 2,818.0 2,814.0 2,812.0 -2.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,198.5 2,219.7 2,214.2 2,191.2 2,199.9 2,197.3 2,199.1 2,194.6 -4.5

U.S. Postal Service

651.1 617.1 610.7 622.0 646.6 620.7 614.8 617.5 2.7

State government

5,297.0 4,816.0 5,095.0 5,210.0 5,146.0 5,086.0 5,078.0 5,058.0 -20.0

State government education

2,552.1 2,114.4 2,409.2 2,551.3 2,393.7 2,402.7 2,397.0 2,392.7 -4.3

State government, excluding education

2,744.6 2,701.5 2,686.2 2,658.8 2,752.2 2,682.8 2,680.9 2,665.3 -15.6

Local government

14,495.0 13,212.0 13,893.0 14,319.0 14,309.0 14,132.0 14,111.0 14,109.0 -2.0

Local government education

8,206.5 6,772.2 7,637.7 8,107.7 7,980.0 7,874.5 7,860.4 7,861.6 1.2

Local government, excluding education

6,288.7 6,439.8 6,254.9 6,211.6 6,328.6 6,257.6 6,250.7 6,247.2 -3.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Oct.
2010
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011(p)
Oct.
2011(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.3 34.2 34.3 34.3

Goods-producing

39.8 39.8 39.9 40.0

Mining and logging

43.6 44.2 44.3 44.9

Construction

38.2 38.2 38.5 38.2

Manufacturing

40.4 40.3 40.3 40.5

Durable goods

40.6 40.6 40.7 40.9

Nondurable goods

40.0 39.7 39.6 40.0

Private service-providing

33.2 33.1 33.2 33.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.4 34.3 34.5 34.4

Wholesale trade

38.4 38.5 38.8 38.8

Retail trade

31.4 31.3 31.4 31.3

Transportation and warehousing

38.6 38.4 38.3 38.5

Utilities

41.7 41.6 42.3 42.3

Information

36.8 36.3 36.6 36.8

Financial activities

37.0 37.1 37.4 37.3

Professional and business services

35.8 35.7 35.8 35.8

Education and health services

32.8 32.7 32.7 32.6

Leisure and hospitality

25.9 25.8 25.8 25.9

Other services

31.7 31.5 31.6 31.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.1 3.1 3.2 3.2

Durable goods

2.9 3.1 3.2 3.2

Nondurable goods

3.4 3.2 3.1 3.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Oct.
2010
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011(p)
Oct.
2011(p)
Oct.
2010
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011(p)
Oct.
2011(p)

Total private

$22.77 $23.08 $23.14 $23.19 $781.01 $789.34 $793.70 $795.42

Goods-producing

24.20 24.45 24.52 24.58 963.16 973.11 978.35 983.20

Mining and logging

27.71 28.06 28.28 28.23 1,208.16 1,240.25 1,252.80 1,267.53

Construction

25.25 25.48 25.50 25.48 964.55 973.34 981.75 973.34

Manufacturing

23.49 23.72 23.79 23.90 949.00 955.92 958.74 967.95

Durable goods

24.95 25.27 25.33 25.48 1,012.97 1,025.96 1,030.93 1,042.13

Nondurable goods

21.11 21.12 21.18 21.23 844.40 838.46 838.73 849.20

Private service-providing

22.43 22.76 22.81 22.86 744.68 753.36 757.29 758.95

Trade, transportation, and utilities

19.79 20.05 20.07 20.11 680.78 687.72 692.42 691.78

Wholesale trade

26.29 26.31 26.31 26.43 1,009.54 1,012.94 1,020.83 1,025.48

Retail trade

15.63 15.76 15.79 15.81 490.78 493.29 495.81 494.85

Transportation and warehousing

21.16 21.89 21.84 21.81 816.78 840.58 836.47 839.69

Utilities

32.84 33.74 34.00 33.97 1,369.43 1,403.58 1,438.20 1,436.93

Information

31.03 31.43 31.29 31.25 1,141.90 1,140.91 1,145.21 1,150.00

Financial activities

27.38 27.82 27.94 28.01 1,013.06 1,032.12 1,044.96 1,044.77

Professional and business services

27.47 27.85 27.91 28.02 983.43 994.25 999.18 1,003.12

Education and health services

23.15 23.63 23.67 23.73 759.32 772.70 774.01 773.60

Leisure and hospitality

13.12 13.23 13.27 13.28 339.81 341.33 342.37 343.95

Other services

20.36 20.52 20.53 20.55 645.41 646.38 648.75 651.44

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Oct.
2010
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011(p)
Oct.
2011(p)
Percent change from:
Sept.
2011 - Oct.
2011(p)
Oct.
2010
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011(p)
Oct.
2011(p)
Percent change from:
Sept.
2011 - Oct.
2011(p)

Total private

92.6 93.6 94.1 94.2 0.1 100.5 103.0 103.8 104.1 0.3

Goods-producing

80.6 82.0 82.3 82.5 0.2 88.2 90.6 91.2 91.6 0.4

Mining and logging

100.6 111.1 112.1 114.3 2.0 111.9 125.2 127.2 129.5 1.8

Construction

72.6 72.6 73.6 72.7 -1.2 79.6 80.4 81.5 80.5 -1.2

Manufacturing

83.9 85.2 85.2 85.7 0.6 91.6 94.0 94.3 95.2 1.0

Durable goods

81.1 83.5 83.8 84.3 0.6 89.9 93.8 94.2 95.4 1.3

Nondurable goods

88.7 88.2 87.8 88.6 0.9 95.0 94.5 94.4 95.4 1.1

Private service-providing

95.9 96.9 97.4 97.5 0.1 104.2 106.9 107.6 108.0 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

92.2 93.0 93.6 93.5 -0.1 98.2 100.4 101.1 101.2 0.1

Wholesale trade

91.6 93.2 93.8 94.0 0.2 100.5 102.3 103.0 103.6 0.6

Retail trade

92.2 92.7 93.1 92.9 -0.2 95.3 96.6 97.2 97.1 -0.1

Transportation and warehousing

92.7 93.9 93.8 94.5 0.7 99.5 104.4 103.9 104.5 0.6

Utilities

99.2 99.4 101.4 101.3 -0.1 107.6 110.8 113.9 113.7 -0.2

Information

90.6 87.1 88.9 89.3 0.4 100.1 97.5 99.1 99.3 0.2

Financial activities

92.9 93.1 93.7 93.5 -0.2 99.3 101.1 102.2 102.3 0.1

Professional and business services

94.4 96.8 97.3 97.5 0.2 105.0 109.2 110.1 110.7 0.5

Education and health services

105.1 106.6 106.9 106.8 -0.1 114.0 118.0 118.6 118.7 0.1

Leisure and hospitality

96.6 97.5 97.6 98.1 0.5 102.3 104.0 104.4 105.1 0.7

Other services

95.2 95.2 95.5 95.8 0.3 110.0 110.9 111.3 111.7 0.4

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Oct.
2010
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011(p)
Oct.
2011(p)
Oct.
2010
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011(p)
Oct.
2011(p)

Total nonfarm

64,609 64,911 64,952 65,018 49.7 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private

51,950 52,376 52,431 52,491 48.2 47.9 47.9 47.9

Goods-producing

4,057 4,053 4,052 4,049 22.8 22.4 22.4 22.4

Mining and logging

99 107 107 109 13.5 13.4 13.3 13.5

Construction

710 709 711 710 12.9 12.8 12.8 12.9

Manufacturing

3,248 3,237 3,234 3,230 28.1 27.5 27.5 27.5

Durable goods

1,714 1,716 1,714 1,711 24.2 23.5 23.4 23.4

Nondurable goods

1,534 1,521 1,520 1,519 34.5 34.2 34.2 34.2

Private service-providing

47,893 48,323 48,379 48,442 53.3 53.0 53.0 53.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,000 10,006 9,989 10,000 40.5 40.1 40.0 40.0

Wholesale trade

1,642.9 1,670.0 1,668.5 1,668.1 30.0 30.1 30.1 30.1

Retail trade

7,217.8 7,194.7 7,185.9 7,194.6 49.9 49.3 49.2 49.2

Transportation and warehousing

1,002.6 1,006.6 1,000.0 1,003.1 23.9 23.5 23.4 23.4

Utilities

136.3 134.4 134.6 134.4 24.8 24.3 24.3 24.3

Information

1,095 1,076 1,081 1,079 40.6 41.0 40.6 40.6

Financial activities

4,468 4,439 4,425 4,419 58.7 58.3 58.2 58.1

Professional and business services

7,456 7,656 7,675 7,705 44.5 44.4 44.4 44.5

Education and health services

15,181 15,373 15,413 15,433 77.1 76.7 76.7 76.7

Leisure and hospitality

6,826 6,890 6,916 6,928 52.2 52.0 52.2 52.2

Other services

2,867 2,883 2,880 2,878 52.9 52.8 52.8 52.8

Government

12,659 12,535 12,521 12,527 56.8 56.9 56.9 57.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Oct.
2010
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011(p)
Oct.
2011(p)

Total private

88,785 90,034 90,227 90,319

Goods-producing

12,809 13,020 13,047 13,044

Mining and logging

550 601 603 607

Construction

4,187 4,171 4,195 4,182

Manufacturing

8,072 8,248 8,249 8,255

Durable goods

4,846 5,010 5,011 5,022

Nondurable goods

3,226 3,238 3,238 3,233

Private service-providing

75,976 77,014 77,180 77,275

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20,880 21,123 21,143 21,168

Wholesale trade

4,373.3 4,446.3 4,440.7 4,448.4

Retail trade

12,445.8 12,552.2 12,574.5 12,582.0

Transportation and warehousing

3,620.3 3,683.4 3,686.2 3,697.2

Utilities

440.9 441.2 441.4 440.0

Information

2,167 2,100 2,137 2,135

Financial activities

5,856 5,823 5,821 5,829

Professional and business services

13,724 14,184 14,218 14,241

Education and health services

17,275 17,548 17,596 17,626

Leisure and hospitality

11,535 11,672 11,699 11,707

Other services

4,539 4,564 4,566 4,569

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Oct.
2010
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011(p)
Oct.
2011(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.5 33.5 33.6 33.7

Goods-producing

40.6 40.8 40.8 40.9

Mining and logging

44.6 46.3 46.7 47.1

Construction

38.9 39.0 39.0 38.9

Manufacturing

41.2 41.3 41.3 41.5

Durable goods

41.4 41.7 41.8 41.8

Nondurable goods

40.9 40.6 40.7 40.9

Private service-providing

32.3 32.3 32.4 32.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.4 33.6 33.6 33.7

Wholesale trade

38.2 38.4 38.6 38.7

Retail trade

30.2 30.4 30.4 30.5

Transportation and warehousing

37.4 37.7 37.6 37.7

Utilities

42.6 42.0 42.2 42.3

Information

36.3 35.9 36.1 36.2

Financial activities

36.3 36.3 36.5 36.6

Professional and business services

35.3 35.1 35.2 35.2

Education and health services

32.3 32.3 32.4 32.4

Leisure and hospitality

24.9 24.7 24.7 24.9

Other services

30.8 30.7 30.7 30.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.9 4.1 4.0 4.1

Durable goods

3.9 4.2 4.1 4.2

Nondurable goods

4.0 4.0 3.9 4.0

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Oct.
2010
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011(p)
Oct.
2011(p)
Oct.
2010
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011(p)
Oct.
2011(p)

Total private

$19.23 $19.47 $19.50 $19.53 $644.21 $652.25 $655.20 $658.16

Goods-producing

20.41 20.71 20.68 20.74 828.65 844.97 843.74 848.27

Mining and logging

23.86 24.54 24.41 24.47 1,064.16 1,136.20 1,139.95 1,152.54

Construction

23.38 23.79 23.74 23.72 909.48 927.81 925.86 922.71

Manufacturing

18.71 18.92 18.91 19.01 770.85 781.40 780.98 788.92

Durable goods

19.88 20.08 20.07 20.20 823.03 837.34 838.93 844.36

Nondurable goods

16.92 17.07 17.06 17.11 692.03 693.04 694.34 699.80

Private service-providing

18.98 19.21 19.25 19.28 613.05 620.48 623.70 626.60

Trade, transportation, and utilities

16.99 17.15 17.19 17.24 567.47 576.24 577.58 580.99

Wholesale trade

21.82 21.98 21.99 22.06 833.52 844.03 848.81 853.72

Retail trade

13.38 13.46 13.47 13.56 404.08 409.18 409.49 413.58

Transportation and warehousing

19.22 19.52 19.62 19.58 718.83 735.90 737.71 738.17

Utilities

30.38 30.94 31.19 30.91 1,294.19 1,299.48 1,316.22 1,307.49

Information

26.22 26.53 26.66 26.74 951.79 952.43 962.43 967.99

Financial activities

21.68 21.75 21.86 21.92 786.98 789.53 797.89 802.27

Professional and business services

23.00 23.14 23.14 23.22 811.90 812.21 814.53 817.34

Education and health services

20.33 20.83 20.85 20.86 656.66 672.81 675.54 675.86

Leisure and hospitality

11.30 11.47 11.45 11.44 281.37 283.31 282.82 284.86

Other services

17.19 17.25 17.27 17.28 529.45 529.58 530.19 532.22

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Oct.
2010
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011(p)
Oct.
2011(p)
Percent change from:
Sept.
2011 - Oct.
2011(p)
Oct.
2010
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011(p)
Oct.
2011(p)
Percent change from:
Sept.
2011 - Oct.
2011(p)

Total private

99.4 100.8 101.3 101.7 0.4 127.7 131.1 132.0 132.7 0.5

Goods-producing

79.5 81.2 81.3 81.5 0.2 99.3 102.9 103.0 103.5 0.5

Mining and logging

130.4 147.9 149.6 151.9 1.5 180.9 211.0 212.4 216.2 1.8

Construction

81.6 81.4 81.9 81.5 -0.5 103.0 104.6 105.0 104.3 -0.7

Manufacturing

76.3 78.2 78.2 78.6 0.5 93.4 96.7 96.7 97.7 1.0

Durable goods

75.4 78.5 78.7 78.9 0.3 93.5 98.4 98.6 99.5 0.9

Nondurable goods

77.7 77.5 77.6 77.9 0.4 93.0 93.4 93.6 94.2 0.6

Private service-providing

104.9 106.4 106.9 107.4 0.5 136.5 140.1 141.1 142.0 0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

97.2 98.9 99.0 99.4 0.4 117.8 121.0 121.4 122.3 0.7

Wholesale trade

98.4 100.5 100.9 101.4 0.5 126.5 130.2 130.8 131.7 0.7

Retail trade

95.1 96.6 96.8 97.1 0.3 109.1 111.4 111.7 112.9 1.1

Transportation and warehousing

101.9 104.5 104.3 104.9 0.6 124.3 129.4 129.9 130.3 0.3

Utilities

96.1 94.8 95.3 95.2 -0.1 121.8 122.4 124.0 122.8 -1.0

Information

89.8 86.1 88.1 88.2 0.1 116.6 113.0 116.2 116.8 0.5

Financial activities

101.7 101.2 101.7 102.1 0.4 136.4 136.0 137.4 138.4 0.7

Professional and business services

108.6 111.6 112.2 112.3 0.1 148.6 153.6 154.4 155.2 0.5

Education and health services

120.4 122.3 123.0 123.2 0.2 160.9 167.4 168.6 168.9 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

105.3 105.7 105.9 106.8 0.8 135.1 137.6 137.7 138.8 0.8

Other services

98.1 98.3 98.3 98.7 0.4 122.8 123.5 123.7 124.3 0.5

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: November 04, 2011
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