Economic News Release

Employment Situation News Release


Transmission of material in this release is embargoed                USDL-10-1662
until 8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, December 3, 2010

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                         THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- NOVEMBER 2010


The unemployment rate edged up to 9.8 percent in November, and nonfarm payroll
employment was little changed (+39,000), the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. Temporary help services and health care continued to add jobs
over the month, while employment fell in retail trade. Employment in most major
industries changed little in November.

Household Survey Data

The number of unemployed persons was 15.1 million in November. The unemployment
rate edged up to 9.8 percent; it was 9.6 percent in each of the prior 3 months.
(See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (10.0 per-
cent), adult women (8.4 percent), whites (8.9 percent), and Hispanics (13.2 per-
cent) edged up in November. The jobless rate for blacks (16.0 percent) showed
little change over the month, while the rate for teenagers declined to 24.6 per-
cent. The jobless rate for Asians was 7.6 percent, not seasonally adjusted. (See
tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

Among the unemployed, the number of job losers and persons who completed tempor-
ary jobs rose by 390,000 to 9.5 million in November. The number of long-term un-
employed (those jobless for 27 weeks and over) was little changed at 6.3 million
and accounted for 41.9 percent of the unemployed. (See tables A-11 and A-12.)

The civilian labor force participation rate held at 64.5 percent in November, and
the employment-population ratio was essentially unchanged at 58.2 percent. (See
table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred
to as involuntary part-time workers) was little changed over the month at 9.0 mil-
lion. These individuals were working part time because their hours had been cut
back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

About 2.5 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force in November,
up from 2.3 million a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These
individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and
had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as un-
employed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the sur-
vey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 1.3 million discouraged workers in
November, an increase of 421,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not season-
ally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work 
because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.2 million
persons marginally attached to the labor force had not searched for work in the
4 weeks preceding the survey for reasons such as school attendance or family
responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment changed little in November (+39,000). Job gains
continued in temporary help services and in health care, while employment fell in
retail trade. Since December 2009, total payroll employment has increased by an 
average of 86,000 per month. (See table B-1.)

Within professional and business services, employment in temporary help services
continued to increase in November (+40,000) and has risen by 494,000 since Septem-
ber 2009.

Health care continued to add jobs over the month, with a gain of 19,000. Much of
the increase occurred in hospitals (+8,000).

Employment in mining continued to trend up over the month. Support activities for
mining added 6,000 jobs in November and has added 74,000 jobs since October 2009.

Retail trade employment fell by 28,000 in November. Job losses occurred in depart-
ment stores (-9,000) and in furniture and home furnishings stores (-5,000).

Employment in manufacturing was little changed over the month (-13,000). Following
job growth earlier in 2010, employment has been relatively flat, on net, since May.
Employment in most other major industries changed little in November.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls held at 34.3
hours in November. The manufacturing workweek for all employees also was unchanged,
at 40.3 hours, and factory overtime remained at 3.1 hours. The average workweek for
production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls decreased by
0.1 hour to 33.5 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In November, average hourly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls
increased by 1 cent to $22.75. Over the past 12 months, average hourly earnings
have increased by 1.6 percent. In November, average hourly earnings of private-sec-
tor production and nonsupervisory employees were unchanged at $19.19. (See tables
B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for September was revised from -41,000
to -24,000, and the change for October was revised from +151,000 to +172,000.

-----------
The Employment Situation for December is scheduled to be released on Friday,
January 7, 2011, at 8:30 a.m. (EST).

    __________________________________________________________________________
   |                                                                          |
   |           Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Household Survey Data          |
   |                                                                          |
   |In accordance with usual practice, The Employment Situation release for   |
   |December 2010, scheduled for January 7, 2011, will incorporate annual     |
   |revisions in seasonally adjusted unemployment and   other  labor  force   |
   |series from the household survey. Seasonally adjusted data for the most   |
   |recent 5 years are subject to revision.                                   |
   |                                                                          |
   |__________________________________________________________________________|


    __________________________________________________________________________
   |                                                                          |
   |               Upcoming Changes to Establishment Survey Data              |
   |                                                                          |
   |Effective with the release of January 2011 data on February 4, 2011, the  |
   |establishment survey will begin estimating net business birth/death ad-   |
   |justment factors on a quarterly basis, replacing the current practice of  |
   |estimating the factors annually. This will allow the establishment sur-   |
   |vey to incorporate information from the Quarterly Census of Employment    |
   |and Wages into the birth/death adjustment factors as soon as it becomes   |
   |available and thereby improve the factors. Additional information on this |
   |change is available at www.bls.gov/ces/ces_quarterly_birthdeath.pdf.      |
   |                                                                          |
   |__________________________________________________________________________|


    __________________________________________________________________________
   |                                                                          |
   |                  Upcoming Changes to Household Survey Data               |
   |                                                                          |
   |Effective with the release of January 2011 data on February 4, 2011, two  |
   |additional data series--"Self-employed workers, unincorporated" and "Self-|
   |employed workers, incorporated"--will be added to table A-9. As a result, |
   |the format of table A-9 will change. Data on the incorporated self-employ-|
   |ed have not previously been published on a regular basis.                 |
   |                                                                          |
   |Also, in table A-8, the data series currently labeled "Self-employed work-|
   |ers" (one for Agriculture and related industries and one for Nonagricul-  |
   |tural industries) will be renamed "Self-employed workers, unincorporated."|
   |This is strictly a change in title and not in definition; the data shown  |
   |will not be affected. This change is being made to clarify that these data|
   |only include persons operating unincorporated businesses. A similar title |
   |change will be made to one data series in table A-14.                     |
   |                                                                          |
   |In addition, a change affecting data collected on unemployment duration   |
   |will be introduced in the household survey in January 2011. Presently,    |
   |the Current Population Survey can record unemployment durations of up to  |
   |2 years. Starting with data collected for January 2011, respondents will  |
   |be able to report unemployment durations of up to 5 years. This change    |
   |will likely affect one data series in this news release: the average      |
   |(mean) duration of unemployment, which is found in table A-12. The change |
   |does not affect the estimate of total unemployment or other data series on|
   |duration of unemployment. Additional information is available at          |
   |www.bls.gov/cps/duration.htm.                                             |
   |                                                                          |
   |Beginning with data for January 2011, occupation estimates in table A-13  |
   |will reflect the introduction of the 2010 Census occupation classification|
   |system into the household survey. This occupation classification system is|
   |derived from the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification system. Histor-|
   |ical data will not be revised.                                            |
   |                                                                          |
   |__________________________________________________________________________|
 
 
 
  

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Nov.
2009
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010
Change from:
Oct.
2010-
Nov.
2010

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

236,743 238,322 238,530 238,715 185

Civilian labor force

153,720 154,158 153,904 154,007 103

Participation rate

64.9 64.7 64.5 64.5 0.0

Employed

138,381 139,391 139,061 138,888 -173

Employment-population ratio

58.5 58.5 58.3 58.2 -0.1

Unemployed

15,340 14,767 14,843 15,119 276

Unemployment rate

10.0 9.6 9.6 9.8 0.2

Not in labor force

83,022 84,164 84,626 84,708 82

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

10.0 9.6 9.6 9.8 0.2

Adult men (20 years and over)

10.4 9.8 9.7 10.0 0.3

Adult women (20 years and over)

8.0 8.0 8.1 8.4 0.3

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

26.8 26.0 27.1 24.6 -2.5

White

9.3 8.7 8.8 8.9 0.1

Black or African American

15.6 16.1 15.7 16.0 0.3

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

7.3 6.4 7.1 7.6 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

12.7 12.4 12.6 13.2 0.6

Total, 25 years and over

8.5 8.3 8.2 8.4 0.2

Less than a high school diploma

15.0 15.4 15.3 15.7 0.4

High school graduates, no college

10.4 10.0 10.1 10.0 -0.1

Some college or associate degree

9.0 9.1 8.5 8.7 0.2

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.9 4.4 4.7 5.1 0.4

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

9,965 9,401 9,108 9,498 390

Job leavers

929 807 854 862 8

Reentrants

3,221 3,436 3,512 3,451 -61

New entrants

1,270 1,187 1,273 1,238 -35

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,774 2,891 2,657 2,828 171

5 to 14 weeks

3,517 3,350 3,458 3,359 -99

15 to 26 weeks

3,075 2,336 2,519 2,576 57

27 weeks and over

5,901 6,123 6,206 6,313 107

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

9,225 9,472 9,154 8,972 -182

Slack work or business conditions

6,684 6,733 6,232 6,038 -194

Could only find part-time work

2,238 2,456 2,572 2,569 -3

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,354 18,234 18,211 18,365 154

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,323 2,548 2,602 2,531 -

Discouraged workers

861 1,209 1,219 1,282 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Nov.
2009
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010(p)
Nov.
2010(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

64 -24 172 39

Total private

75 112 160 50

Goods-producing

-33 -10 3 -15

Mining and logging

7 7 11 3

Construction

-15 -11 3 -5

Manufacturing

-25 -6 -11 -13

Durable goods(1)

-23 5 -4 -5

Motor vehicles and parts

-4.6 -0.9 1.2 -1.5

Nondurable goods

-2 -11 -7 -8

Private service-providing(1)

108 122 157 65

Wholesale trade

-6.2 4.5 10.0 4.7

Retail trade

8.8 -3.9 13.0 -28.1

Transportation and warehousing

7.2 16.5 0.7 11.6

Information

-12 -7 -1 1

Financial activities

2 4 0 -9

Professional and business services(1)

106 28 50 53

Temporary help services

94.7 27.3 34.7 39.5

Education and health services(1)

31 26 64 30

Health care and social assistance

26.1 34.2 39.9 23.1

Leisure and hospitality

-21 38 -10 11

Other services

-6 17 30 -8

Government

-11 -136 12 -11

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.9 49.6 49.6 49.6

Total private women employees

48.4 48.1 48.1 48.1

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.4 82.4 82.4 82.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.9 34.2 34.3 34.3

Average hourly earnings

$22.39 $22.68 $22.74 $22.75

Average weekly earnings

$759.02 $775.66 $779.98 $780.33

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

91.1 92.6 93.0 93.1

Over-the-month percent change

0.7 -0.2 0.4 0.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

97.2 100.2 100.9 101.0

Over-the-month percent change

0.8 0.0 0.7 0.1

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.2 33.5 33.6 33.5

Average hourly earnings

$18.80 $19.11 $19.19 $19.19

Average weekly earnings

$624.16 $640.19 $644.78 $642.87

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

97.9 99.7 100.1 99.9

Over-the-month percent change

0.7 0.1 0.4 -0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

123.0 127.3 128.4 128.1

Over-the-month percent change

0.8 0.2 0.9 -0.2

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private

46.8 54.5 58.0 52.0

Manufacturing

45.7 52.4 43.9 43.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary



    Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates


Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based
estimates of employment and both have strengths and limitations. The
establishment survey employment series has a smaller margin of error on
the measurement of month-to-month change than the household survey because
of its much larger sample size. An over-the-month employment change of
about 100,000 is statistically significant in the establishment survey,
while the threshold for a statistically significant change in the household
survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more expansive
scope than the establishment survey because it includes the self-employed,
unpaid family workers, agricultural workers, and private household workers,
who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household survey also
provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.

Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants.
However, neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to
identify the legal status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to de-
termine how many are counted in either survey. The establishment survey does
not collect data on the legal status of workers. The household survey does
include questions which identify the foreign and native born, but it does not
include questions about the legal status of the foreign born.

Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data
series by incorporating additional information that was not available at
the time of the initial publication of the estimates. The establishment
survey revises its initial monthly estimates twice, in the immediately suc-
ceeding 2 months, to incorporate additional sample receipts from respondents
in the survey and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. For more informa-
tion on the monthly revisions, please visit www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revi-
sion that re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available
from unemployment insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for
sampling and modeling errors in the estimates. For more information on the
annual benchmark revision, please visit www.bls.gov/web/cesbmart.htm.

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of busi-
ness establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sam-
ple is designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment
estimate; firms from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled
to achieve that goal.
  
Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account 
for the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The
adjustment comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net 
jobs impact of business births and deaths based on the actual past values of
the net impact that can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of
Employment and Wages. The establishment survey uses modeling rather than sam-
pling for this purpose because the survey is not immediately able to bring new
businesses into the sample. There is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a
new firm and its appearance on the sampling frame and availability for selection.
BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a year.

Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of house-
holds. All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available
to work are included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are in-
cluded even if they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or ques-
tion relating to unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped looking for
work?

Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs
are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in The Employment
Situation news release.





Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the
Current Population Survey (household survey) and the Current Employ-
ment Statistics survey (establishment survey). The household survey 
provides information on the labor force, employment, and unemploy-
ment that appears in the "A" tables, marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a 
sample survey of about 60,000 households conducted by the U.S. Cen-
sus Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). 

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, 
and earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the 
"B" tables, marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each 
month from the payroll records of a sample of nonagricultural busi-
ness establishments. The sample includes about 140,000 businesses and 
government agencies representing approximately 410,000 worksites and is 
drawn from a sampling frame of roughly 8.9 million unemployment  in-
surance tax accounts. The active sample includes approximately one-
third of all nonfarm payroll employees. 

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular 
week or pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is 
generally the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. 
In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period 
including the 12th, which may or may not correspond directly to the 
calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire
civilian noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series
of questions on work and job search activities, each person 16 years
and over in a sample household is classified as employed, unemployed,
or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as
paid employees during the reference week; worked in their own business, 
profession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 
hours in a family business or farm. People are also counted as employ-
ed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, 
bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the follow-
ing criteria: they had no employment during the reference week; they 
were available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts 
to find employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the 
reference week. Persons laid off from a job and expecting recall need 
not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The unemployment 
data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eli-
gibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed per-
sons. Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the
labor force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a per-
cent of the labor force. The labor force participation rate is the
labor force as a percent of the population, and the employment-popula-
tion ratio is the employed as a percent of the population. Additional 
information about the household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/
cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from pri-
vate nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as
well as from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees
on nonfarm payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the
reference pay period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are
counted in each job they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced
for the private sector for all employees and for production and nonsu-
pervisory employees. Production and nonsupervisory employees are defin-
ed as production and related employees in manufacturing and mining and 
logging, construction workers in construction, and nonsupervisory em-
ployees in private service-providing industries. 

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s princi-
pal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American 
Industry Classification System. Additional information about the estab-
lishment survey can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/#technical.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and
methodological differences between the household and establishment
surveys result in important distinctions in the employment estimates
derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-
     employed, unpaid family workers, and private household workers
     among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.
  
   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the
     employed. The establishment survey does not.
  
   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and
     older. The establishment survey is not limited by age.
  
   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than
     one job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted
     separately for each appearance.
  
Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and
the levels of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring
fluctuations. These events may result from seasonal changes in weather, 
major holidays, and the opening and closing of schools. The effect of 
such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern
each year, their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by
adjusting for regular seasonal variation. These adjustments make non-
seasonal developments, such as declines in employment or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot. For
example, in the household survey, the large number of youth entering
the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes that
have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if
the level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in
the establishment survey, payroll employment in education declines by
about 20 percent at the end of the spring term and later rises with
the start of the fall term, obscuring the underlying employment trends
in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes at the end and
beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The
seasonally adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to
analyze changes in month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both
the household and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series
for many major estimates, such as total payroll employment, employment
in most major sectors, total employment, and unemployment are computed
by aggregating independently adjusted component series. For example,
total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate
that would be obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors
are calculated each month using all relevant data, up to and including
the data for the current month. In the household survey, new seasonal
factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the es-
tablishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month 
to adjust the three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months 
are routinely revised to incorporate additional sample reports and re-
calculated seasonal adjustment factors. In both surveys, 5-year revi-
sions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are
subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample rather
than the entire population is surveyed, there is a chance that the
sample estimates may differ from the "true" population values they
represent. The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending
on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured by
the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent chance, 
or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ 
by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population value 
because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 
90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in
total nonfarm employment from the establishment survey is on the order
of plus or minus 100,0001. Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment
increases by 50,000 from one month to the next. The 90-percent confi-
dence interval on the monthly change would range from -50,000 to 
+150,000 (50,000 +/- 100,0002). These figures do not mean that the
sample results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is
about a 90-percent chance that the "true" over-the-month change lies
within this interval. Since this range includes values of less than
zero, we could not say with confidence that nonfarm employment had, in
fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported nonfarm employ-
ment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90-percent 
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is 
likely (at least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in 
fact, risen that month. At an unemployment rate of around 5.5 percent, 
the 90-percent confidence interval for the monthly change in unemploy-
ment as measured by the household survey is about +/- 280,000, and for 
the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about +/-0.19 per-
centage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments
have lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than
estimates which are based on a small number of observations. The pre-
cision of estimates also is improved when the data are cumulated over 
time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by
nonsampling error, which can occur for many reasons, including the
failure to sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain
information for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwill-
ingness of respondents to provide correct information on a timely 
basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collec-
tion or processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most
recent 2 months are based on incomplete returns; for this reason,
these estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables. It is only
after two successive revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly 
all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is consi-
dered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment
survey is the inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment
generated by new firms. To correct for this systematic underestima-
tion of employment growth, an estimation procedure with two compo-
nents is used to account for business births. The first component 
excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based 
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from 
business births. This is incorporated into the sample-based esti-
mation procedure by simply not reflecting sample units going out 
of business, but imputing to them the same employment trend as the 
other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for most of the 
net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to
estimate the residual net birth/death employment not accounted for 
by the imputation. The historical time series used to create and 
test the ARIMA model was derived from the unemployment insurance 
universe micro-level database, and reflects the actual residual net 
of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are ad-
justed once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll
employment obtained from administrative records of the unemployment
insurance program. The difference between the March sample-based em-
ployment estimates and the March universe counts is known as a bench-
mark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey error. 
The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of 
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions  for 
total nonfarm employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from 
-0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory im-
paired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal 
Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Nov.
2009
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2009
July
2010
Aug.
2010
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

236,743 238,530 238,715 236,743 237,890 238,099 238,322 238,530 238,715

Civilian labor force

153,539 153,652 153,698 153,720 153,560 154,110 154,158 153,904 154,007

Participation rate

64.9 64.4 64.4 64.9 64.6 64.7 64.7 64.5 64.5

Employed

139,132 139,749 139,415 138,381 138,960 139,250 139,391 139,061 138,888

Employment-population ratio

58.8 58.6 58.4 58.5 58.4 58.5 58.5 58.3 58.2

Unemployed

14,407 13,903 14,282 15,340 14,599 14,860 14,767 14,843 15,119

Unemployment rate

9.4 9.0 9.3 10.0 9.5 9.6 9.6 9.6 9.8

Not in labor force

83,204 84,878 85,017 83,022 84,330 83,989 84,164 84,626 84,708

Persons who currently want a job

5,618 5,867 5,832 6,043 5,886 5,972 6,202 6,255 6,218

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

114,632 115,542 115,640 114,632 115,207 115,317 115,433 115,542 115,640

Civilian labor force

81,612 81,675 81,651 81,964 81,962 82,299 82,187 81,969 82,030

Participation rate

71.2 70.7 70.6 71.5 71.1 71.4 71.2 70.9 70.9

Employed

73,107 73,970 73,540 72,794 73,454 73,608 73,581 73,454 73,329

Employment-population ratio

63.8 64.0 63.6 63.5 63.8 63.8 63.7 63.6 63.4

Unemployed

8,505 7,705 8,111 9,171 8,507 8,691 8,606 8,514 8,701

Unemployment rate

10.4 9.4 9.9 11.2 10.4 10.6 10.5 10.4 10.6

Not in labor force

33,019 33,867 33,988 32,667 33,245 33,017 33,247 33,574 33,610

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

106,018 107,007 107,114 106,018 106,641 106,761 106,887 107,007 107,114

Civilian labor force

78,723 78,859 78,822 78,901 78,971 79,332 79,307 78,989 79,029

Participation rate

74.3 73.7 73.6 74.4 74.1 74.3 74.2 73.8 73.8

Employed

71,112 71,960 71,471 70,662 71,332 71,521 71,545 71,363 71,129

Employment-population ratio

67.1 67.2 66.7 66.7 66.9 67.0 66.9 66.7 66.4

Unemployed

7,611 6,899 7,352 8,239 7,638 7,811 7,762 7,626 7,900

Unemployment rate

9.7 8.7 9.3 10.4 9.7 9.8 9.8 9.7 10.0

Not in labor force

27,295 28,147 28,291 27,117 27,671 27,429 27,581 28,018 28,085

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

122,111 122,988 123,075 122,111 122,683 122,783 122,889 122,988 123,075

Civilian labor force

71,927 71,977 72,046 71,756 71,598 71,811 71,971 71,935 71,977

Participation rate

58.9 58.5 58.5 58.8 58.4 58.5 58.6 58.5 58.5

Employed

66,024 65,779 65,875 65,587 65,506 65,642 65,811 65,607 65,559

Employment-population ratio

54.1 53.5 53.5 53.7 53.4 53.5 53.6 53.3 53.3

Unemployed

5,902 6,198 6,171 6,169 6,092 6,169 6,161 6,329 6,418

Unemployment rate

8.2 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.5 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.9

Not in labor force

50,184 51,011 51,029 50,355 51,085 50,972 50,918 51,053 51,098

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

113,737 114,704 114,801 113,737 114,372 114,481 114,596 114,704 114,801

Civilian labor force

69,049 69,131 69,374 68,742 68,747 68,844 69,091 69,003 69,158

Participation rate

60.7 60.3 60.4 60.4 60.1 60.1 60.3 60.2 60.2

Employed

63,787 63,645 63,779 63,269 63,314 63,356 63,586 63,386 63,370

Employment-population ratio

56.1 55.5 55.6 55.6 55.4 55.3 55.5 55.3 55.2

Unemployed

5,262 5,487 5,595 5,473 5,433 5,488 5,505 5,617 5,788

Unemployment rate

7.6 7.9 8.1 8.0 7.9 8.0 8.0 8.1 8.4

Not in labor force

44,688 45,573 45,427 44,994 45,625 45,637 45,505 45,701 45,643

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,988 16,819 16,800 16,988 16,877 16,857 16,839 16,819 16,800

Civilian labor force

5,767 5,661 5,501 6,077 5,843 5,934 5,760 5,912 5,821

Participation rate

33.9 33.7 32.7 35.8 34.6 35.2 34.2 35.2 34.6

Employed

4,233 4,144 4,165 4,450 4,315 4,373 4,261 4,312 4,389

Employment-population ratio

24.9 24.6 24.8 26.2 25.6 25.9 25.3 25.6 26.1

Unemployed

1,534 1,517 1,335 1,627 1,528 1,561 1,500 1,600 1,432

Unemployment rate

26.6 26.8 24.3 26.8 26.1 26.3 26.0 27.1 24.6

Not in labor force

11,221 11,158 11,299 10,911 11,034 10,923 11,079 10,907 10,979

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Nov.
2009
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2009
July
2010
Aug.
2010
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

191,516 192,527 192,641 191,516 192,109 192,245 192,391 192,527 192,641

Civilian labor force

125,170 124,749 124,735 125,258 125,060 125,362 125,404 124,907 124,833

Participation rate

65.4 64.8 64.7 65.4 65.1 65.2 65.2 64.9 64.8

Employed

114,403 114,588 114,254 113,669 114,300 114,470 114,500 113,974 113,673

Employment-population ratio

59.7 59.5 59.3 59.4 59.5 59.5 59.5 59.2 59.0

Unemployed

10,767 10,161 10,481 11,589 10,760 10,893 10,904 10,933 11,160

Unemployment rate

8.6 8.1 8.4 9.3 8.6 8.7 8.7 8.8 8.9

Not in labor force

66,346 67,778 67,907 66,258 67,049 66,883 66,987 67,620 67,808

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,286 65,066 65,074 65,387 65,412 65,590 65,583 65,203 65,104

Participation rate

74.9 74.1 74.1 75.0 74.7 74.9 74.8 74.3 74.1

Employed

59,438 59,872 59,492 58,996 59,662 59,738 59,755 59,431 59,102

Employment-population ratio

68.2 68.2 67.7 67.7 68.2 68.2 68.1 67.7 67.3

Unemployed

5,848 5,194 5,583 6,390 5,750 5,852 5,829 5,771 6,002

Unemployment rate

9.0 8.0 8.6 9.8 8.8 8.9 8.9 8.9 9.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,165 55,076 55,155 54,908 54,818 54,848 55,011 54,829 54,946

Participation rate

60.4 59.9 60.0 60.1 59.8 59.8 59.9 59.6 59.7

Employed

51,334 51,185 51,195 50,852 50,943 50,979 51,062 50,819 50,791

Employment-population ratio

56.2 55.7 55.7 55.6 55.5 55.5 55.6 55.3 55.2

Unemployed

3,831 3,891 3,960 4,056 3,875 3,869 3,949 4,010 4,156

Unemployment rate

6.9 7.1 7.2 7.4 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.6

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,719 4,607 4,506 4,963 4,830 4,924 4,810 4,875 4,783

Participation rate

36.3 35.9 35.2 38.2 37.5 38.3 37.5 38.0 37.3

Employed

3,631 3,531 3,568 3,820 3,695 3,752 3,683 3,723 3,781

Employment-population ratio

28.0 27.5 27.9 29.4 28.7 29.2 28.7 29.0 29.5

Unemployed

1,088 1,076 938 1,142 1,135 1,172 1,127 1,152 1,002

Unemployment rate

23.0 23.4 20.8 23.0 23.5 23.8 23.4 23.6 20.9

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,404 28,831 28,865 28,404 28,718 28,755 28,794 28,831 28,865

Civilian labor force

17,606 17,913 17,979 17,660 17,651 17,879 17,754 17,936 18,031

Participation rate

62.0 62.1 62.3 62.2 61.5 62.2 61.7 62.2 62.5

Employed

14,938 15,199 15,206 14,904 14,896 14,967 14,895 15,122 15,149

Employment-population ratio

52.6 52.7 52.7 52.5 51.9 52.0 51.7 52.4 52.5

Unemployed

2,667 2,715 2,772 2,757 2,755 2,911 2,860 2,814 2,882

Unemployment rate

15.2 15.2 15.4 15.6 15.6 16.3 16.1 15.7 16.0

Not in labor force

10,798 10,918 10,886 10,744 11,067 10,877 11,040 10,895 10,834

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

7,911 8,076 8,084 7,915 8,004 8,082 8,064 8,073 8,101

Participation rate

69.0 69.0 69.0 69.0 68.8 69.4 69.1 69.0 69.1

Employed

6,637 6,837 6,815 6,584 6,667 6,687 6,645 6,760 6,752

Employment-population ratio

57.9 58.5 58.2 57.4 57.3 57.4 56.9 57.8 57.6

Unemployed

1,274 1,239 1,269 1,331 1,337 1,395 1,419 1,313 1,349

Unemployment rate

16.1 15.3 15.7 16.8 16.7 17.3 17.6 16.3 16.7

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,999 9,158 9,238 9,001 9,005 9,103 9,082 9,168 9,233

Participation rate

63.1 63.2 63.6 63.1 62.4 63.0 62.7 63.3 63.6

Employed

7,942 7,996 8,035 7,946 7,847 7,902 7,940 8,000 8,025

Employment-population ratio

55.7 55.2 55.4 55.7 54.4 54.7 54.9 55.2 55.3

Unemployed

1,057 1,162 1,203 1,055 1,157 1,202 1,143 1,168 1,208

Unemployment rate

11.7 12.7 13.0 11.7 12.9 13.2 12.6 12.7 13.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

696 680 657 743 643 693 608 695 697

Participation rate

26.0 25.7 24.9 27.8 24.2 26.2 23.0 26.3 26.5

Employed

359 365 356 373 382 379 310 361 373

Employment-population ratio

13.4 13.8 13.5 14.0 14.4 14.3 11.7 13.7 14.2

Unemployed

337 314 301 370 261 314 298 334 324

Unemployment rate

48.4 46.2 45.8 49.8 40.6 45.4 49.0 48.0 46.5

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

10,879 11,306 11,376 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

7,080 7,317 7,335 - - - - - -

Participation rate

65.1 64.7 64.5 - - - - - -

Employed

6,566 6,798 6,780 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

60.4 60.1 59.6 - - - - - -

Unemployed

514 519 555 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

7.3 7.1 7.6 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

3,799 3,988 4,041 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Nov.
2009
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2009
July
2010
Aug.
2010
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

33,291 34,014 34,102 33,291 33,747 33,836 33,927 34,014 34,102

Civilian labor force

22,622 22,784 22,958 22,564 22,738 22,729 22,910 22,803 22,912

Participation rate

68.0 67.0 67.3 67.8 67.4 67.2 67.5 67.0 67.2

Employed

19,860 20,051 20,042 19,692 19,987 20,002 20,070 19,939 19,896

Employment-population ratio

59.7 58.9 58.8 59.2 59.2 59.1 59.2 58.6 58.3

Unemployed

2,762 2,733 2,916 2,872 2,751 2,726 2,840 2,865 3,017

Unemployment rate

12.2 12.0 12.7 12.7 12.1 12.0 12.4 12.6 13.2

Not in labor force

10,669 11,230 11,145 10,727 11,009 11,107 11,017 11,211 11,190

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

12,862 12,964 13,000 - - - - - -

Participation rate

83.0 81.8 81.8 - - - - - -

Employed

11,374 11,566 11,454 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

73.4 73.0 72.1 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,488 1,398 1,546 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

11.6 10.8 11.9 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,767 8,867 8,999 - - - - - -

Participation rate

59.9 59.5 60.2 - - - - - -

Employed

7,838 7,833 7,916 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

53.5 52.5 52.9 - - - - - -

Unemployed

929 1,034 1,083 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

10.6 11.7 12.0 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

993 953 959 - - - - - -

Participation rate

31.5 29.3 29.4 - - - - - -

Employed

649 651 672 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

20.6 20.0 20.6 - - - - - -

Unemployed

344 301 288 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

34.7 31.6 30.0 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2009
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2009
July
2010
Aug.
2010
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,929 11,519 11,730 12,003 12,048 11,819 11,821 11,800 11,807

Participation rate

46.0 45.9 46.3 46.3 47.3 46.4 46.7 47.0 46.6

Employed

10,207 9,908 9,943 10,202 10,390 10,165 10,001 9,993 9,952

Employment-population ratio

39.4 39.4 39.3 39.3 40.8 39.9 39.5 39.8 39.3

Unemployed

1,722 1,611 1,788 1,802 1,658 1,654 1,820 1,806 1,855

Unemployment rate

14.4 14.0 15.2 15.0 13.8 14.0 15.4 15.3 15.7

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

38,013 37,638 37,794 37,759 37,941 38,314 38,116 37,968 37,815

Participation rate

62.0 60.9 61.0 61.6 61.6 61.9 61.9 61.4 61.1

Employed

34,249 34,186 34,178 33,851 34,113 34,373 34,289 34,130 34,021

Employment-population ratio

55.9 55.3 55.2 55.2 55.4 55.6 55.6 55.2 54.9

Unemployed

3,764 3,452 3,616 3,908 3,829 3,940 3,827 3,838 3,793

Unemployment rate

9.9 9.2 9.6 10.4 10.1 10.3 10.0 10.1 10.0

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,228 37,445 37,337 36,946 36,713 37,068 37,037 37,228 37,067

Participation rate

70.9 70.6 70.4 70.4 70.0 70.5 70.4 70.2 69.9

Employed

34,099 34,417 34,247 33,629 33,652 33,850 33,684 34,067 33,839

Employment-population ratio

65.0 64.9 64.6 64.1 64.1 64.4 64.0 64.2 63.8

Unemployed

3,128 3,028 3,090 3,318 3,061 3,218 3,352 3,161 3,228

Unemployment rate

8.4 8.1 8.3 9.0 8.3 8.7 9.1 8.5 8.7

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

45,981 46,451 46,330 45,992 46,015 45,676 46,472 46,140 46,328

Participation rate

77.4 76.6 76.6 77.4 76.2 75.8 76.4 76.1 76.6

Employed

43,888 44,370 44,101 43,743 43,924 43,582 44,420 43,992 43,959

Employment-population ratio

73.9 73.2 72.9 73.6 72.7 72.3 73.1 72.6 72.7

Unemployed

2,093 2,081 2,228 2,249 2,091 2,094 2,052 2,149 2,370

Unemployment rate

4.6 4.5 4.8 4.9 4.5 4.6 4.4 4.7 5.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Nov.
2009
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2009
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2009
Nov.
2010

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

22,037 21,865 20,272 20,072 1,765 1,793

Civilian labor force

11,847 11,572 10,755 10,468 1,092 1,104

Participation rate

53.8 52.9 53.1 52.2 61.9 61.6

Employed

10,840 10,573 9,825 9,543 1,015 1,030

Employment-population ratio

49.2 48.4 48.5 47.5 57.5 57.4

Unemployed

1,008 999 930 924 78 75

Unemployment rate

8.5 8.6 8.6 8.8 7.1 6.8

Not in labor force

10,190 10,293 9,517 9,604 673 689

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,060 2,266 1,725 1,915 335 352

Civilian labor force

1,695 1,893 1,460 1,648 235 245

Participation rate

82.3 83.5 84.6 86.1 70.2 69.8

Employed

1,533 1,704 1,316 1,476 217 228

Employment-population ratio

74.4 75.2 76.3 77.1 64.8 64.8

Unemployed

162 189 144 171 18 18

Unemployment rate

9.6 10.0 9.9 10.4 7.6 7.2

Not in labor force

365 373 265 267 100 106

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,872 2,844 2,410 2,418 462 426

Civilian labor force

2,493 2,488 2,133 2,155 360 332

Participation rate

86.8 87.5 88.5 89.1 77.8 78.1

Employed

2,322 2,304 1,990 2,003 332 301

Employment-population ratio

80.8 81.0 82.6 82.8 71.8 70.8

Unemployed

171 183 143 152 28 31

Unemployment rate

6.9 7.4 6.7 7.1 7.7 9.3

Not in labor force

380 356 278 263 102 93

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,225 10,872 10,850 10,515 375 357

Civilian labor force

4,214 3,865 4,084 3,747 130 118

Participation rate

37.5 35.5 37.6 35.6 34.6 33.1

Employed

3,859 3,501 3,740 3,391 118 110

Employment-population ratio

34.4 32.2 34.5 32.2 31.6 30.8

Unemployed

355 364 344 356 11 8

Unemployment rate

8.4 9.4 8.4 9.5 8.8 7.0

Not in labor force

7,011 7,007 6,766 6,768 245 239

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,879 5,883 5,286 5,225 593 659

Civilian labor force

3,446 3,326 3,077 2,918 368 408

Participation rate

58.6 56.5 58.2 55.8 62.1 62.0

Employed

3,126 3,064 2,779 2,673 348 391

Employment-population ratio

53.2 52.1 52.6 51.2 58.6 59.3

Unemployed

319 262 299 245 20 18

Unemployment rate

9.3 7.9 9.7 8.4 5.6 4.3

Not in labor force

2,434 2,557 2,209 2,307 225 251

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

205,716 207,753 89,809 90,989 115,907 116,764

Civilian labor force

139,779 140,294 69,952 70,296 69,827 69,998

Participation rate

67.9 67.5 77.9 77.3 60.2 59.9

Employed

126,943 127,474 62,664 63,370 64,279 64,103

Employment-population ratio

61.7 61.4 69.8 69.6 55.5 54.9

Unemployed

12,836 12,820 7,288 6,926 5,548 5,894

Unemployment rate

9.2 9.1 10.4 9.9 7.9 8.4

Not in labor force

65,937 67,459 19,858 20,693 46,079 46,766

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Nov.
2009
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2009
Nov.
2010

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

27,031 26,886 209,712 211,829

Civilian labor force

5,802 5,784 147,737 147,914

Participation rate

21.5 21.5 70.4 69.8

Employed

4,983 4,945 134,148 134,470

Employment-population ratio

18.4 18.4 64.0 63.5

Unemployed

819 839 13,588 13,443

Unemployment rate

14.1 14.5 9.2 9.1

Not in labor force

21,229 21,102 61,975 63,916

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,640 2,641 75,221 75,268

Participation rate

36.6 35.9 82.8 82.4

Employed

2,231 2,226 67,341 67,834

Employment-population ratio

31.0 30.2 74.1 74.2

Unemployed

410 415 7,881 7,434

Unemployment rate

15.5 15.7 10.5 9.9

Not in labor force

4,564 4,718 15,627 16,104

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,342 2,338 66,614 66,617

Participation rate

30.6 31.2 71.8 71.2

Employed

2,001 1,976 61,238 61,013

Employment-population ratio

26.1 26.4 66.0 65.2

Unemployed

342 362 5,377 5,604

Unemployment rate

14.6 15.5 8.1 8.4

Not in labor force

5,320 5,157 26,117 26,899

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

820 805 5,901 6,029

Participation rate

6.7 6.7 22.6 22.4

Employed

752 743 5,570 5,623

Employment-population ratio

6.2 6.2 21.3 20.9

Unemployed

68 62 331 406

Unemployment rate

8.3 7.7 5.6 6.7

Not in labor force

11,345 11,227 20,231 20,912

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Nov.
2009
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2009
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2009
Nov.
2010

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

35,956 36,350 18,005 18,035 17,951 18,315

Civilian labor force

24,350 24,788 14,351 14,403 9,999 10,385

Participation rate

67.7 68.2 79.7 79.9 55.7 56.7

Employed

22,091 22,387 12,964 13,012 9,127 9,375

Employment-population ratio

61.4 61.6 72.0 72.1 50.8 51.2

Unemployed

2,259 2,401 1,387 1,391 872 1,010

Unemployment rate

9.3 9.7 9.7 9.7 8.7 9.7

Not in labor force

11,606 11,562 3,654 3,632 7,952 7,930

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

200,787 202,365 96,627 97,605 104,160 104,760

Civilian labor force

129,189 128,909 67,261 67,249 61,927 61,661

Participation rate

64.3 63.7 69.6 68.9 59.5 58.9

Employed

117,041 117,029 60,144 60,528 56,897 56,500

Employment-population ratio

58.3 57.8 62.2 62.0 54.6 53.9

Unemployed

12,148 11,881 7,118 6,720 5,030 5,161

Unemployment rate

9.4 9.2 10.6 10.0 8.1 8.4

Not in labor force

71,598 73,455 29,365 30,356 42,233 43,099

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2009
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2009
July
2010
Aug.
2010
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,039 2,360 2,127 2,086 2,192 2,188 2,154 2,359 2,191

Wage and salary workers

1,281 1,475 1,347 1,331 1,329 1,300 1,291 1,447 1,385

Self-employed workers

740 840 749 752 825 855 799 833 772

Unpaid family workers

18 45 30 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

137,093 137,389 137,289 136,357 136,599 136,974 137,243 136,782 136,668

Wage and salary workers

128,049 128,487 128,468 127,160 127,881 128,314 128,429 127,814 127,656

Government

21,466 20,900 20,745 21,233 20,978 20,575 20,928 20,763 20,590

Private industries

106,583 107,587 107,723 105,856 106,869 107,760 107,481 107,053 107,064

Private households

776 562 650 - - - - - -

Other industries

105,807 107,025 107,073 105,097 106,270 107,118 106,900 106,433 106,449

Self-employed workers

8,973 8,817 8,727 9,111 8,779 8,678 8,743 8,896 8,849

Unpaid family workers

72 85 93 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(1)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(2)

8,894 8,408 8,670 9,225 8,529 8,860 9,472 9,154 8,972

Slack work or business conditions

6,524 5,695 5,897 6,684 6,119 6,380 6,733 6,232 6,038

Could only find part-time work

2,132 2,442 2,487 2,238 2,246 2,347 2,456 2,572 2,569

Part time for noneconomic reasons(3)

19,208 18,717 19,290 18,354 18,157 18,558 18,234 18,211 18,365

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(2)

8,796 8,279 8,526 9,137 8,386 8,730 9,336 9,047 8,830

Slack work or business conditions

6,446 5,619 5,805 6,616 6,018 6,304 6,640 6,161 5,948

Could only find part-time work

2,124 2,421 2,468 2,241 2,192 2,320 2,431 2,523 2,564

Part time for noneconomic reasons(3)

18,871 18,302 18,928 18,066 17,774 18,161 17,891 17,784 17,969

Footnotes
(1) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(3) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2009
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2009
July
2010
Aug.
2010
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

139,132 139,749 139,415 138,381 138,960 139,250 139,391 139,061 138,888

16 to 19 years

4,233 4,144 4,165 4,450 4,315 4,373 4,261 4,312 4,389

16 to 17 years

1,349 1,409 1,369 1,409 1,345 1,402 1,398 1,422 1,440

18 to 19 years

2,884 2,735 2,796 3,036 2,984 2,975 2,867 2,897 2,966

20 years and over

134,899 135,605 135,250 133,931 134,646 134,877 135,131 134,749 134,499

20 to 24 years

12,456 12,723 12,781 12,446 12,670 12,838 12,841 12,781 12,785

25 years and over

122,443 122,881 122,469 121,539 122,109 122,074 122,267 121,894 121,673

25 to 54 years

95,033 94,791 94,347 94,318 94,062 94,005 94,067 94,017 93,672

25 to 34 years

30,072 30,589 30,458 29,793 30,278 30,318 30,315 30,325 30,210

35 to 44 years

31,209 30,886 30,715 31,031 30,604 30,584 30,514 30,648 30,532

45 to 54 years

33,753 33,315 33,175 33,494 33,180 33,104 33,238 33,044 32,930

55 years and over

27,410 28,091 28,122 27,221 28,047 28,069 28,200 27,878 28,001

Men, 16 years and over

73,107 73,970 73,540 72,794 73,454 73,608 73,581 73,454 73,329

16 to 19 years

1,996 2,010 2,069 2,131 2,122 2,087 2,036 2,091 2,201

16 to 17 years

619 623 627 673 667 667 660 650 685

18 to 19 years

1,377 1,387 1,443 1,453 1,472 1,428 1,372 1,441 1,528

20 years and over

71,112 71,960 71,471 70,662 71,332 71,521 71,545 71,363 71,129

20 to 24 years

6,291 6,481 6,473 6,301 6,434 6,571 6,536 6,540 6,497

25 years and over

64,821 65,479 64,998 64,375 64,937 64,952 65,015 64,838 64,591

25 to 54 years

50,450 50,805 50,304 50,090 50,340 50,321 50,303 50,255 49,957

25 to 34 years

16,316 16,668 16,491 16,157 16,403 16,478 16,433 16,438 16,331

35 to 44 years

16,819 16,737 16,652 16,719 16,644 16,601 16,534 16,574 16,541

45 to 54 years

17,314 17,400 17,162 17,214 17,293 17,242 17,336 17,243 17,085

55 years and over

14,371 14,675 14,693 14,285 14,597 14,631 14,712 14,583 14,634

Women, 16 years and over

66,024 65,779 65,875 65,587 65,506 65,642 65,811 65,607 65,559

16 to 19 years

2,238 2,134 2,096 2,318 2,192 2,286 2,225 2,221 2,189

16 to 17 years

730 786 742 736 678 735 738 772 755

18 to 19 years

1,507 1,348 1,354 1,583 1,512 1,547 1,494 1,456 1,437

20 years and over

63,787 63,645 63,779 63,269 63,314 63,356 63,586 63,386 63,370

20 to 24 years

6,165 6,242 6,308 6,145 6,236 6,267 6,305 6,241 6,288

25 years and over

57,622 57,402 57,471 57,164 57,172 57,122 57,252 57,056 57,083

25 to 54 years

44,583 43,986 44,042 44,229 43,722 43,684 43,765 43,762 43,716

25 to 34 years

13,755 13,921 13,967 13,637 13,875 13,840 13,883 13,887 13,878

35 to 44 years

14,389 14,150 14,063 14,312 13,960 13,983 13,980 14,074 13,992

45 to 54 years

16,439 15,915 16,013 16,280 15,887 15,862 15,902 15,801 15,845

55 years and over

13,038 13,416 13,429 12,936 13,450 13,438 13,488 13,294 13,367

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

43,484 43,492 43,296 43,336 43,369 43,433 43,723 43,349 43,127

Married women, spouse present

35,082 34,642 34,725 34,867 34,304 34,213 34,449 34,555 34,530

Women who maintain families

8,798 8,959 8,817 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

111,274 112,342 111,348 110,901 112,076 111,822 111,716 111,592 111,114

Part-time workers(2)

27,858 27,407 28,068 27,400 27,082 27,705 27,636 27,446 27,628

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,222 6,817 6,816 7,060 6,546 6,814 6,684 6,665 6,710

Percent of total employed

5.2 4.9 4.9 5.1 4.7 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.8

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Nov.
2009
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2009
July
2010
Aug.
2010
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

15,340 14,843 15,119 10.0 9.5 9.6 9.6 9.6 9.8

16 to 19 years

1,627 1,600 1,432 26.8 26.1 26.3 26.0 27.1 24.6

16 to 17 years

569 631 474 28.8 30.4 31.4 30.3 30.7 24.8

18 to 19 years

1,071 950 948 26.1 23.6 23.9 23.1 24.7 24.2

20 years and over

13,712 13,243 13,687 9.3 8.8 9.0 8.9 8.9 9.2

20 to 24 years

2,361 2,297 2,421 15.9 15.6 14.9 14.8 15.2 15.9

25 years and over

11,264 10,937 11,213 8.5 8.1 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.4

25 to 54 years

9,171 8,739 8,995 8.9 8.5 8.5 8.7 8.5 8.8

25 to 34 years

3,436 3,325 3,525 10.3 9.9 9.8 10.0 9.9 10.4

35 to 44 years

2,909 2,623 2,559 8.6 8.0 7.7 8.4 7.9 7.7

45 to 54 years

2,827 2,791 2,911 7.8 7.5 8.1 7.7 7.8 8.1

55 years and over

2,085 2,179 2,197 7.1 6.9 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.3

Men, 16 years and over

9,171 8,514 8,701 11.2 10.4 10.6 10.5 10.4 10.6

16 to 19 years

932 888 801 30.4 29.0 29.7 29.3 29.8 26.7

16 to 17 years

296 340 273 30.5 32.5 33.0 33.5 34.3 28.5

18 to 19 years

638 530 522 30.5 26.7 28.1 26.2 26.9 25.5

20 years and over

8,239 7,626 7,900 10.4 9.7 9.8 9.8 9.7 10.0

20 to 24 years

1,415 1,299 1,441 18.3 18.3 17.3 17.1 16.6 18.2

25 years and over

6,763 6,332 6,430 9.5 8.8 9.1 9.1 8.9 9.1

25 to 54 years

5,562 5,005 5,148 10.0 9.1 9.2 9.4 9.1 9.3

25 to 34 years

2,046 1,912 2,011 11.2 10.7 10.4 10.9 10.4 11.0

35 to 44 years

1,707 1,485 1,418 9.3 8.3 8.3 8.6 8.2 7.9

45 to 54 years

1,809 1,608 1,720 9.5 8.4 9.0 8.6 8.5 9.1

55 years and over

1,201 1,327 1,282 7.8 7.7 8.4 7.9 8.3 8.1

Women, 16 years and over

6,169 6,329 6,418 8.6 8.5 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.9

16 to 19 years

695 712 631 23.1 23.1 22.9 22.8 24.3 22.4

16 to 17 years

274 291 202 27.1 28.2 30.0 27.1 27.4 21.1

18 to 19 years

433 421 426 21.5 20.5 19.5 20.1 22.4 22.9

20 years and over

5,473 5,617 5,788 8.0 7.9 8.0 8.0 8.1 8.4

20 to 24 years

946 998 980 13.3 12.7 12.2 12.3 13.8 13.5

25 years and over

4,501 4,605 4,783 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.7

25 to 54 years

3,610 3,734 3,846 7.5 7.7 7.7 7.8 7.9 8.1

25 to 34 years

1,390 1,413 1,514 9.3 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.2 9.8

35 to 44 years

1,202 1,138 1,141 7.7 7.6 7.1 8.1 7.5 7.5

45 to 54 years

1,018 1,182 1,192 5.9 6.5 7.1 6.7 7.0 7.0

55 years and over(1)

859 846 887 6.2 6.9 6.9 6.4 5.9 6.2

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

3,517 3,282 3,264 7.5 6.6 6.8 6.8 7.0 7.0

Married women, spouse present

2,105 2,085 2,127 5.7 5.8 6.0 5.7 5.7 5.8

Women who maintain families(1)

1,131 1,267 1,317 11.4 13.4 13.4 12.9 12.4 13.0

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

13,699 13,012 13,368 11.0 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.4 10.7

Part-time workers(3)

1,626 1,854 1,692 5.6 6.4 6.7 6.1 6.3 5.8

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2009
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2009
July
2010
Aug.
2010
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

9,130 8,331 8,926 9,965 9,125 9,305 9,401 9,108 9,498

On temporary layoff

1,245 890 1,172 1,548 1,268 1,480 1,349 1,278 1,425

Not on temporary layoff

7,884 7,441 7,754 8,418 7,857 7,825 8,051 7,829 8,073

Permanent job losers

6,515 6,009 6,183 6,920 6,518 6,480 6,589 6,319 6,457

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,369 1,432 1,571 1,439 1,339 1,345 1,463 1,510 1,616

Job leavers

921 876 852 929 900 874 807 854 862

Reentrants

3,158 3,466 3,348 3,221 3,393 3,411 3,436 3,512 3,451

New entrants

1,198 1,230 1,156 1,270 1,188 1,259 1,187 1,273 1,238

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

63.4 59.9 62.5 64.8 62.5 62.7 63.4 61.8 63.1

On temporary layoff

8.6 6.4 8.2 10.1 8.7 10.0 9.1 8.7 9.5

Not on temporary layoff

54.7 53.5 54.3 54.7 53.8 52.7 54.3 53.1 53.6

Job leavers

6.4 6.3 6.0 6.0 6.2 5.9 5.4 5.8 5.7

Reentrants

21.9 24.9 23.4 20.9 23.2 23.0 23.2 23.8 22.9

New entrants

8.3 8.8 8.1 8.3 8.1 8.5 8.0 8.6 8.2

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5.9 5.4 5.8 6.5 5.9 6.0 6.1 5.9 6.2

Job leavers

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

2.1 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.2

New entrants

0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2009
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2009
July
2010
Aug.
2010
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,583 2,432 2,639 2,774 2,839 2,760 2,891 2,657 2,828

5 to 14 weeks

3,296 3,037 3,152 3,517 3,060 3,635 3,350 3,458 3,359

15 weeks and over

8,528 8,434 8,491 8,976 8,722 8,484 8,458 8,725 8,889

15 to 26 weeks

2,678 2,335 2,233 3,075 2,151 2,235 2,336 2,519 2,576

27 weeks and over

5,849 6,099 6,258 5,901 6,572 6,249 6,123 6,206 6,313

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

29.4 34.9 34.5 28.6 34.2 33.6 33.3 33.9 33.8

Median duration, in weeks

20.2 21.9 21.7 20.2 22.2 19.9 20.4 21.2 21.6

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

17.9 17.5 18.5 18.2 19.4 18.5 19.7 17.9 18.8

5 to 14 weeks

22.9 21.8 22.1 23.0 20.9 24.4 22.8 23.3 22.3

15 weeks and over

59.2 60.7 59.5 58.8 59.7 57.0 57.5 58.8 59.0

15 to 26 weeks

18.6 16.8 15.6 20.1 14.7 15.0 15.9 17.0 17.1

27 weeks and over

40.6 43.9 43.8 38.7 44.9 42.0 41.7 41.8 41.9

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Nov.
2009
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2009
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2009
Nov.
2010

Total, 16 years and over(1)

139,132 139,415 14,407 14,282 9.4 9.3

Management, professional, and related occupations

52,263 51,532 2,530 2,525 4.6 4.7

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

20,721 20,420 1,194 1,191 5.4 5.5

Professional and related occupations

31,543 31,111 1,336 1,334 4.1 4.1

Service occupations

24,364 24,641 2,604 2,810 9.7 10.2

Sales and office occupations

33,281 33,525 3,202 3,232 8.8 8.8

Sales and related occupations

15,428 15,732 1,538 1,515 9.1 8.8

Office and administrative support occupations

17,853 17,793 1,664 1,717 8.5 8.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,194 12,768 2,472 2,274 15.8 15.1

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

934 956 128 194 12.1 16.9

Construction and extraction occupations

7,509 6,896 1,897 1,619 20.2 19.0

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,751 4,916 447 461 8.6 8.6

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

16,030 16,949 2,359 2,263 12.8 11.8

Production occupations

7,644 8,390 1,248 1,169 14.0 12.2

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,385 8,560 1,111 1,094 11.7 11.3

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Nov.
2009
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2009
Nov.
2010

Total, 16 years and over(1)

14,407 14,282 9.4 9.3

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

11,688 11,363 9.9 9.5

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

96 68 12.0 8.5

Construction

1,780 1,596 19.4 18.8

Manufacturing

1,882 1,526 12.5 9.9

Durable goods

1,219 991 12.7 10.4

Nondurable goods

663 535 12.0 9.1

Wholesale and retail trade

1,879 1,883 9.2 9.0

Transportation and utilities

493 434 8.5 7.6

Information

243 268 7.6 8.8

Financial activities

619 590 6.7 6.7

Professional and business services

1,514 1,521 10.6 10.6

Education and health services

1,168 1,298 5.5 5.9

Leisure and hospitality

1,524 1,634 11.9 12.4

Other services

491 545 8.0 8.6

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

180 223 12.6 14.5

Government workers

748 949 3.4 4.4

Self-employed and unpaid family workers

592 591 5.7 5.8

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2009
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2009
July
2010
Aug.
2010
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.6 5.5 5.5 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.7 5.8

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.9 5.4 5.8 6.5 5.9 6.0 6.1 5.9 6.2

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

9.4 9.0 9.3 10.0 9.5 9.6 9.6 9.6 9.8

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

9.9 9.8 10.0 10.5 10.2 10.3 10.3 10.4 10.6

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

10.7 10.6 10.8 11.3 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.1 11.3

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

16.4 15.9 16.3 17.2 16.5 16.7 17.1 17.0 17.0

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Nov.
2009
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2009
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2009
Nov.
2010

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

83,204 85,017 33,019 33,988 50,184 51,029

Persons who currently want a job

5,618 5,832 2,671 2,823 2,947 3,010

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,323 2,531 1,242 1,399 1,081 1,131

Discouraged workers(2)

861 1,282 504 830 357 452

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,462 1,249 738 570 725 679

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,222 6,816 3,461 3,202 3,761 3,614

Percent of total employed

5.2 4.9 4.7 4.4 5.7 5.5

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,864 3,573 2,062 1,855 1,802 1,718

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,899 1,891 617 629 1,282 1,262

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

228 206 142 135 86 71

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,170 1,113 603 564 567 549

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2009
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010(p)
Nov.
2010(p)
Nov.
2009
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010(p)
Nov.
2010(p)
Change from:
Oct. 2010- Nov. 2010(p)

Total nonfarm

130,969 130,628 131,594 131,811 129,697 130,328 130,500 130,539 39

Total private

107,974 108,554 108,959 109,060 107,190 108,068 108,228 108,278 50

Goods-producing

18,177 18,364 18,353 18,239 17,960 18,038 18,041 18,026 -15

Mining and logging

682 758 770 771 676 749 760 763 3

Logging

48.9 49.2 49.1 48.2 47.2 47.2 46.9 46.8 -0.1

Mining

633.2 708.8 720.5 722.6 628.4 701.8 712.7 716.6 3.9

Oil and gas extraction

160.6 167.4 169.4 168.0 160.2 167.8 169.8 167.8 -2.0

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

209.7 222.7 223.1 222.4 207.2 217.3 218.8 219.2 0.4

Coal mining

79.4 84.4 84.9 84.6 79.3 84.1 84.8 84.2 -0.6

Support activities for mining

262.9 318.7 328.0 332.2 261.0 316.7 324.1 329.6 5.5

Construction

5,868 5,846 5,847 5,752 5,732 5,617 5,620 5,615 -5

Construction of buildings

1,320.6 1,298.4 1,292.7 1,280.1 1,295.9 1,262.3 1,256.8 1,257.0 0.2

Residential building

615.4 594.6 589.5 584.2 602.6 574.9 570.8 571.3 0.5

Nonresidential building

705.2 703.8 703.2 695.9 693.3 687.4 686.0 685.7 -0.3

Heavy and civil engineering construction

838.3 889.8 892.8 862.9 808.7 827.2 831.2 832.5 1.3

Specialty trade contractors

3,709.0 3,657.5 3,661.1 3,608.7 3,627.6 3,527.9 3,532.3 3,525.5 -6.8

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,600.7 1,587.3 1,577.2 1,552.4 1,566.6 1,522.0 1,518.6 1,518.9 0.3

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,108.3 2,070.2 2,083.9 2,056.3 2,061.0 2,005.9 2,013.7 2,006.6 -7.1

Manufacturing

11,627 11,760 11,736 11,716 11,552 11,672 11,661 11,648 -13

Durable goods

7,099 7,225 7,222 7,224 7,047 7,185 7,181 7,176 -5

Wood products

351.1 350.6 345.7 346.4 348.6 344.8 343.7 344.3 0.6

Nonmetallic mineral products

388.8 394.1 391.5 385.9 382.6 383.8 383.2 380.5 -2.7

Primary metals

353.3 376.4 376.1 375.6 350.8 374.8 374.4 374.2 -0.2

Fabricated metal products

1,279.0 1,332.0 1,334.4 1,333.1 1,268.0 1,321.0 1,320.7 1,321.7 1.0

Machinery

984.0 1,001.0 1,008.4 1,009.7 975.9 1,000.8 1,001.9 1,003.6 1.7

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,101.2 1,101.9 1,101.9 1,106.5 1,097.9 1,103.4 1,102.2 1,102.9 0.7

Computer and peripheral equipment

160.1 161.5 162.3 163.2 159.5 161.3 162.0 161.9 -0.1

Communication equipment

118.5 122.1 123.3 123.3 118.3 122.6 123.3 123.2 -0.1

Semiconductors and electronic components

362.3 368.7 368.4 368.7 360.8 368.6 368.1 367.6 -0.5

Electronic instruments

411.7 405.2 403.1 405.8 411.4 406.0 403.8 405.2 1.4

Electrical equipment and appliances

364.8 375.0 375.3 374.2 363.4 373.7 374.3 373.0 -1.3

Transportation equipment(1)

1,328.9 1,357.9 1,351.8 1,356.3 1,318.0 1,349.1 1,348.6 1,346.9 -1.7

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

663.0 690.7 687.1 690.9 653.3 683.0 684.2 682.7 -1.5

Furniture and related products

366.9 359.4 356.9 354.0 365.8 357.3 355.9 353.5 -2.4

Miscellaneous manufacturing

581.2 576.2 579.6 581.9 576.1 576.2 575.9 575.5 -0.4

Nondurable goods

4,528 4,535 4,514 4,492 4,505 4,487 4,480 4,472 -8

Food manufacturing

1,471.4 1,488.3 1,471.1 1,459.2 1,457.4 1,454.2 1,448.5 1,447.7 -0.8

Beverages and tobacco products

185.4 188.0 189.1 183.0 185.3 182.9 184.7 183.0 -1.7

Textile mills

123.8 123.1 123.8 124.2 122.5 122.8 123.2 123.1 -0.1

Textile product mills

124.7 122.0 121.5 119.9 122.8 121.5 120.0 118.6 -1.4

Apparel

162.7 165.6 164.0 162.5 164.0 163.2 164.0 163.2 -0.8

Leather and allied products

28.1 29.5 30.1 29.8 28.4 29.2 29.7 29.8 0.1

Paper and paper products

399.6 398.6 398.1 396.8 398.5 397.8 397.5 395.9 -1.6

Printing and related support activities

505.9 491.3 490.5 492.1 501.4 490.0 488.8 488.8 0.0

Petroleum and coal products

115.6 115.7 117.2 115.6 115.2 113.4 114.7 114.9 0.2

Chemicals

794.7 776.0 773.4 774.0 794.7 777.7 775.3 773.4 -1.9

Plastics and rubber products

616.4 636.9 635.0 635.3 614.8 634.3 633.1 633.7 0.6

Private service-providing

89,797 90,190 90,606 90,821 89,230 90,030 90,187 90,252 65

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,111 24,750 24,916 25,235 24,678 24,795 24,819 24,806 -13

Wholesale trade

5,593.8 5,603.5 5,626.2 5,635.2 5,568.3 5,593.9 5,603.9 5,608.6 4.7

Durable goods

2,782.2 2,784.8 2,794.4 2,800.4 2,775.0 2,781.3 2,785.7 2,790.8 5.1

Nondurable goods

1,989.9 1,976.1 1,986.4 1,989.2 1,975.4 1,973.2 1,976.3 1,974.3 -2.0

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

821.7 842.6 845.4 845.6 817.9 839.4 841.9 843.5 1.6

Retail trade

14,736.4 14,351.2 14,483.0 14,783.8 14,374.5 14,444.9 14,457.9 14,429.8 -28.1

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,616.2 1,654.2 1,654.9 1,649.1 1,620.4 1,640.4 1,647.6 1,652.2 4.6

Automobile dealers

1,005.7 1,028.6 1,030.6 1,029.6 1,007.8 1,021.7 1,027.0 1,031.0 4.0

Furniture and home furnishings stores

457.0 435.3 449.8 455.8 438.6 440.3 443.4 438.6 -4.8

Electronics and appliance stores

495.5 479.6 493.9 510.8 477.2 486.5 491.1 491.1 0.0

Building material and garden supply stores

1,129.6 1,132.4 1,123.8 1,114.6 1,142.9 1,141.1 1,136.5 1,133.3 -3.2

Food and beverage stores

2,831.2 2,800.2 2,812.7 2,830.9 2,808.5 2,808.9 2,808.1 2,806.3 -1.8

Health and personal care stores

987.4 964.2 969.4 981.5 979.1 971.4 972.4 972.3 -0.1

Gasoline stations

822.2 826.6 820.6 815.8 823.5 820.6 818.2 817.2 -1.0

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,443.7 1,367.9 1,398.2 1,480.4 1,363.1 1,393.8 1,398.4 1,396.8 -1.6

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

637.9 604.4 606.5 625.8 604.7 604.4 600.5 596.9 -3.6

General merchandise stores(1)

3,080.3 2,900.3 2,943.1 3,083.9 2,928.1 2,949.9 2,949.9 2,935.4 -14.5

Department stores

1,576.8 1,452.1 1,480.0 1,588.1 1,464.3 1,488.9 1,487.9 1,479.1 -8.8

Miscellaneous store retailers

789.7 765.5 778.5 785.4 773.3 766.7 770.4 768.6 -1.8

Nonstore retailers

445.7 420.6 431.6 449.8 415.1 420.9 421.4 421.1 -0.3

Transportation and warehousing

4,221.7 4,244.8 4,254.3 4,265.5 4,175.8 4,204.3 4,205.0 4,216.6 11.6

Air transportation

452.5 455.5 455.0 452.5 454.7 453.9 453.8 453.0 -0.8

Rail transportation

214.2 222.4 222.6 222.7 213.2 221.3 222.1 222.1 0.0

Water transportation

62.3 65.1 65.4 63.8 63.0 63.8 64.7 64.5 -0.2

Truck transportation

1,255.5 1,265.4 1,264.6 1,257.1 1,243.3 1,242.1 1,243.1 1,244.5 1.4

Transit and ground passenger transportation

432.4 445.5 453.6 453.5 417.5 435.6 436.9 436.5 -0.4

Pipeline transportation

41.8 38.9 39.1 39.1 41.6 38.8 38.8 38.8 0.0

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

24.2 34.0 29.5 26.2 27.7 28.8 29.1 29.6 0.5

Support activities for transportation

542.1 547.1 550.6 546.3 539.0 546.2 546.6 544.1 -2.5

Couriers and messengers

550.8 522.4 521.0 543.5 542.7 527.4 523.2 534.4 11.2

Warehousing and storage

645.9 648.5 652.9 660.8 633.1 646.4 646.7 649.1 2.4

Utilities

559.2 550.2 552.4 550.9 559.8 551.6 552.6 551.4 -1.2

Information

2,770 2,707 2,711 2,728 2,762 2,717 2,716 2,717 1

Publishing industries, except Internet

773.9 759.3 759.9 762.9 770.7 760.3 759.7 759.2 -0.5

Motion picture and sound recording industries

352.5 351.8 348.0 354.2 350.6 355.5 351.6 351.7 0.1

Broadcasting, except Internet

297.6 297.3 299.0 300.2 295.5 297.8 298.1 298.1 0.0

Telecommunications

962.5 913.5 918.4 923.2 961.4 916.7 919.5 920.6 1.1

Data processing, hosting and related services

248.6 243.4 244.3 245.7 248.3 245.1 245.1 245.1 0.0

Other information services

135.2 141.4 141.5 142.2 135.4 141.7 141.8 142.2 0.4

Financial activities

7,662 7,588 7,586 7,571 7,666 7,582 7,582 7,573 -9

Finance and insurance

5,699.9 5,639.8 5,648.4 5,647.9 5,699.6 5,649.0 5,649.2 5,645.7 -3.5

Monetary authorities - central bank

21.0 21.4 21.3 21.6 21.1 21.4 21.4 21.6 0.2

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,569.4 2,563.7 2,573.8 2,571.2 2,573.1 2,570.3 2,575.1 2,573.7 -1.4

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,749.3 1,756.3 1,764.5 1,763.2 1,750.9 1,760.1 1,765.8 1,764.8 -1.0

Commercial banking

1,309.8 1,317.0 1,322.9 1,320.9 1,311.4 1,319.0 1,323.4 1,322.3 -1.1

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

797.1 799.6 796.9 799.0 795.1 800.8 796.5 797.4 0.9

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,226.0 2,170.4 2,171.0 2,170.8 2,223.7 2,171.6 2,171.2 2,167.8 -3.4

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

86.4 84.7 85.4 85.3 86.6 84.9 85.0 85.2 0.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,961.6 1,948.0 1,938.0 1,923.0 1,966.8 1,933.3 1,932.4 1,927.5 -4.9

Real estate

1,406.1 1,387.6 1,383.7 1,378.4 1,405.6 1,379.7 1,378.8 1,376.5 -2.3

Rental and leasing services

530.2 536.5 530.0 520.3 535.7 529.7 529.2 526.7 -2.5

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

25.3 23.9 24.3 24.3 25.5 23.9 24.4 24.3 -0.1

Professional and business services

16,621 16,843 16,994 17,023 16,466 16,758 16,808 16,861 53

Professional and technical services(1)

7,423.3 7,337.7 7,403.4 7,431.9 7,433.3 7,420.4 7,429.8 7,437.2 7.4

Legal services

1,106.5 1,104.3 1,107.6 1,106.6 1,106.2 1,107.6 1,107.2 1,106.1 -1.1

Accounting and bookkeeping services

861.1 806.0 812.9 821.8 918.4 882.9 877.8 876.2 -1.6

Architectural and engineering services

1,297.2 1,279.9 1,284.3 1,286.1 1,289.6 1,276.9 1,275.6 1,278.2 2.6

Computer systems design and related services

1,441.6 1,460.8 1,480.9 1,484.0 1,431.3 1,463.1 1,472.4 1,473.3 0.9

Management and technical consulting services

1,002.5 990.7 1,005.6 1,012.2 990.6 992.6 996.3 1,000.0 3.7

Management of companies and enterprises

1,826.6 1,836.3 1,834.2 1,834.3 1,824.9 1,835.5 1,833.3 1,833.1 -0.2

Administrative and waste services

7,371.0 7,668.6 7,756.4 7,757.2 7,207.3 7,501.9 7,544.5 7,591.1 46.6

Administrative and support services(1)

7,017.9 7,307.8 7,397.5 7,401.1 6,856.5 7,145.5 7,189.2 7,236.6 47.4

Employment services(1)

2,643.2 2,904.5 2,983.1 3,022.0 2,515.8 2,821.5 2,851.6 2,896.4 44.8

Temporary help services

1,966.2 2,210.9 2,293.0 2,322.3 1,861.3 2,143.8 2,178.5 2,218.0 39.5

Business support services

827.7 788.5 810.1 819.3 813.4 798.2 800.9 801.6 0.7

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,743.6 1,804.7 1,783.5 1,740.5 1,726.8 1,732.0 1,730.8 1,725.5 -5.3

Waste management and remediation services

353.1 360.8 358.9 356.1 350.8 356.4 355.3 354.5 -0.8

Education and health services

19,543 19,542 19,859 19,945 19,313 19,625 19,689 19,719 30

Educational services

3,275.8 3,091.9 3,322.1 3,354.2 3,092.7 3,146.6 3,170.9 3,177.1 6.2

Health care and social assistance

16,267.4 16,450.5 16,537.2 16,591.2 16,220.7 16,478.5 16,518.4 16,541.5 23.1

Health care(3)

13,651.7 13,804.2 13,859.5 13,900.5 13,622.9 13,822.2 13,851.1 13,870.3 19.2

Ambulatory health care services(1)

5,844.7 5,949.5 5,986.6 6,003.0 5,830.3 5,962.0 5,979.4 5,986.8 7.4

Offices of physicians

2,304.9 2,319.9 2,332.3 2,335.6 2,298.1 2,326.0 2,329.2 2,328.7 -0.5

Outpatient care centers

546.1 556.1 560.8 562.2 544.4 557.0 559.9 560.6 0.7

Home health care services

1,049.5 1,078.1 1,085.4 1,093.0 1,046.1 1,079.8 1,083.8 1,087.9 4.1

Hospitals

4,697.6 4,719.4 4,729.1 4,743.8 4,690.4 4,722.9 4,728.6 4,736.6 8.0

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,109.4 3,135.3 3,143.8 3,153.7 3,102.2 3,137.3 3,143.1 3,146.9 3.8

Nursing care facilities

1,655.3 1,662.0 1,664.0 1,671.6 1,649.7 1,661.3 1,663.7 1,666.1 2.4

Social assistance(1)

2,615.7 2,646.3 2,677.7 2,690.7 2,597.8 2,656.3 2,667.3 2,671.2 3.9

Child day care services

874.8 867.1 881.1 886.5 859.6 868.0 870.4 870.8 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

12,788 13,391 13,129 12,930 13,024 13,173 13,163 13,174 11

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,755.8 2,001.4 1,855.9 1,748.9 1,895.7 1,917.4 1,894.7 1,893.9 -0.8

Performing arts and spectator sports

381.1 450.2 410.7 402.7 393.2 423.6 407.9 417.0 9.1

Museums, historical sites, zoos, and parks

124.7 131.1 127.7 123.1 129.1 128.4 127.4 127.7 0.3

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,250.0 1,420.1 1,317.5 1,223.1 1,373.4 1,365.4 1,359.4 1,349.2 -10.2

Accommodation and food services

11,032.3 11,389.6 11,273.2 11,180.6 11,128.2 11,255.9 11,268.7 11,279.9 11.2

Accommodation

1,691.1 1,799.3 1,741.4 1,703.8 1,735.0 1,761.6 1,752.0 1,751.5 -0.5

Food services and drinking places

9,341.2 9,590.3 9,531.8 9,476.8 9,393.2 9,494.3 9,516.7 9,528.4 11.7

Other services

5,302 5,369 5,411 5,389 5,321 5,380 5,410 5,402 -8

Repair and maintenance

1,137.2 1,155.9 1,159.1 1,149.1 1,141.3 1,152.7 1,157.2 1,153.5 -3.7

Personal and laundry services

1,268.0 1,269.8 1,278.6 1,276.1 1,270.8 1,271.8 1,281.6 1,278.7 -2.9

Membership associations and organizations

2,896.5 2,942.9 2,972.9 2,964.2 2,908.7 2,955.1 2,970.8 2,970.2 -0.6

Government

22,995 22,074 22,635 22,751 22,507 22,260 22,272 22,261 -11

Federal

2,825.0 2,853.0 2,840.0 2,831.0 2,833.0 2,843.0 2,835.0 2,837.0 2.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,143.6 2,206.9 2,189.7 2,188.1 2,150.4 2,194.2 2,190.1 2,194.9 4.8

U.S. Postal Service

680.9 646.5 650.4 642.8 682.8 648.4 644.9 641.7 -3.2

State government

5,348.0 5,178.0 5,333.0 5,358.0 5,172.0 5,170.0 5,182.0 5,183.0 1.0

State government education

2,565.3 2,426.1 2,587.4 2,614.0 2,378.0 2,415.4 2,427.8 2,428.0 0.2

State government, excluding education

2,782.4 2,752.3 2,745.9 2,743.7 2,793.6 2,754.9 2,754.1 2,754.6 0.5

Local government

14,822.0 14,043.0 14,462.0 14,562.0 14,502.0 14,247.0 14,255.0 14,241.0 -14.0

Local government education

8,419.8 7,686.5 8,156.9 8,272.9 8,054.1 7,893.4 7,914.6 7,910.4 -4.2

Local government, excluding education

6,402.3 6,356.3 6,305.3 6,289.1 6,448.0 6,353.4 6,340.5 6,330.5 -10.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Nov.
2009
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010(p)
Nov.
2010(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.9 34.2 34.3 34.3

Goods-producing

38.9 39.6 39.7 39.7

Mining and logging

42.2 43.2 43.1 42.9

Construction

37.2 37.8 38.0 37.9

Manufacturing

39.6 40.2 40.3 40.3

Durable goods

39.8 40.4 40.5 40.6

Nondurable goods

39.2 39.8 39.9 39.8

Private service-providing

32.8 33.2 33.3 33.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.0 34.2 34.4 34.4

Wholesale trade

37.7 38.5 38.5 38.5

Retail trade

31.2 31.1 31.3 31.3

Transportation and warehousing

38.0 38.4 38.7 38.8

Utilities

41.0 41.4 42.0 41.7

Information

36.5 36.8 36.8 36.9

Financial activities

36.7 37.1 37.1 37.2

Professional and business services

35.1 35.6 35.7 35.7

Education and health services

32.7 33.0 33.0 33.0

Leisure and hospitality

25.5 25.8 25.9 25.9

Other services

31.3 32.0 31.9 31.9

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

2.6 3.0 3.1 3.1

Durable goods

2.5 2.9 2.9 3.1

Nondurable goods

2.8 3.2 3.3 3.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Nov.
2009
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010(p)
Nov.
2010(p)
Nov.
2009
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010(p)
Nov.
2010(p)

Total private

$22.39 $22.68 $22.74 $22.75 $759.02 $775.66 $779.98 $780.33

Goods-producing

23.89 24.13 24.17 24.14 929.32 955.55 959.55 958.36

Mining and logging

26.84 27.91 27.72 27.36 1,132.65 1,205.71 1,194.73 1,173.74

Construction

25.07 25.21 25.26 25.30 932.60 952.94 959.88 958.87

Manufacturing

23.16 23.37 23.42 23.39 917.14 939.47 943.83 942.62

Durable goods

24.73 24.84 24.87 24.86 984.25 1,003.54 1,007.24 1,009.32

Nondurable goods

20.67 20.99 21.06 20.98 810.26 835.40 840.29 835.00

Private service-providing

22.03 22.34 22.39 22.42 722.58 741.69 745.59 746.59

Trade, transportation, and utilities

19.52 19.87 19.90 19.91 663.68 679.55 684.56 684.90

Wholesale trade

25.86 26.31 26.38 26.45 974.92 1,012.94 1,015.63 1,018.33

Retail trade

15.46 15.63 15.66 15.67 482.35 486.09 490.16 490.47

Transportation and warehousing

20.66 21.18 21.18 21.18 785.08 813.31 819.67 821.78

Utilities

33.08 33.11 33.21 32.90 1,356.28 1,370.75 1,394.82 1,371.93

Information

29.94 30.98 31.18 31.36 1,092.81 1,140.06 1,147.42 1,157.18

Financial activities

26.77 27.21 27.27 27.28 982.46 1,009.49 1,011.72 1,014.82

Professional and business services

27.11 27.39 27.45 27.50 951.56 975.08 979.97 981.75

Education and health services

22.53 22.97 23.05 23.02 736.73 758.01 760.65 759.66

Leisure and hospitality

13.14 13.08 13.10 13.09 335.07 337.46 339.29 339.03

Other services

20.02 19.92 20.05 20.17 626.63 637.44 639.60 643.42

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Nov.
2009
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010(p)
Nov.
2010(p)
Percent change from:
Oct. 2010- Nov. 2010(p)
Nov.
2009
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010(p)
Nov.
2010(p)
Percent change from:
Oct. 2010 - Nov. 2010(p)

Total private

91.1 92.6 93.0 93.1 0.1 97.2 100.2 100.9 101.0 0.1

Goods-producing

79.6 81.4 81.6 81.5 -0.1 85.9 88.8 89.1 89.0 -0.1

Mining and logging

89.6 101.7 102.9 102.9 0.0 96.6 113.9 114.5 113.0 -1.3

Construction

73.5 73.2 73.6 73.3 -0.4 80.0 80.2 80.8 80.6 -0.2

Manufacturing

82.3 84.4 84.5 84.4 -0.1 88.6 91.7 92.1 91.9 -0.2

Durable goods

79.0 81.7 81.9 82.0 0.1 86.7 90.2 90.4 90.6 0.2

Nondurable goods

88.1 89.1 89.2 88.8 -0.4 92.4 94.9 95.3 94.6 -0.7

Private service-providing

94.0 96.0 96.5 96.5 0.0 100.3 103.9 104.6 104.8 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

91.2 92.2 92.8 92.7 -0.1 95.8 98.6 99.4 99.4 0.0

Wholesale trade

91.6 94.0 94.1 94.2 0.1 98.9 103.2 103.6 104.0 0.4

Retail trade

91.1 91.2 91.9 91.7 -0.2 93.1 94.3 95.1 95.0 -0.1

Transportation and warehousing

90.8 92.4 93.1 93.6 0.5 95.2 99.3 100.1 100.6 0.5

Utilities

99.3 98.8 100.4 99.5 -0.9 108.5 108.1 110.2 108.1 -1.9

Information

92.1 91.3 91.3 91.6 0.3 98.1 100.7 101.3 102.2 0.9

Financial activities

92.7 92.7 92.7 92.8 0.1 96.9 98.4 98.7 98.8 0.1

Professional and business services

90.9 93.8 94.4 94.7 0.3 99.8 104.1 105.0 105.5 0.5

Education and health services

102.8 105.4 105.7 105.9 0.2 108.5 113.4 114.2 114.2 0.0

Leisure and hospitality

94.8 97.0 97.3 97.4 0.1 100.5 102.3 102.8 102.8 0.0

Other services

92.3 95.4 95.6 95.5 -0.1 104.8 107.8 108.8 109.3 0.5

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Nov.
2009
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010(p)
Nov.
2010(p)
Nov.
2009
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010(p)
Nov.
2010(p)

Total nonfarm

64,736 64,659 64,725 64,711 49.9 49.6 49.6 49.6

Total private

51,896 52,005 52,067 52,083 48.4 48.1 48.1 48.1

Goods-producing

4,163 4,128 4,111 4,107 23.2 22.9 22.8 22.8

Mining and logging

98 103 103 104 14.5 13.8 13.6 13.6

Construction

765 728 725 724 13.3 13.0 12.9 12.9

Manufacturing

3,300 3,297 3,283 3,279 28.6 28.2 28.2 28.2

Durable goods

1,744 1,744 1,733 1,731 24.7 24.3 24.1 24.1

Nondurable goods

1,556 1,553 1,550 1,548 34.5 34.6 34.6 34.6

Private service-providing

47,733 47,877 47,956 47,976 53.5 53.2 53.2 53.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,089 10,023 10,027 10,000 40.9 40.4 40.4 40.3

Wholesale trade

1,685.9 1,681.8 1,686.5 1,690.0 30.3 30.1 30.1 30.1

Retail trade

7,260.6 7,207.6 7,211.0 7,188.1 50.5 49.9 49.9 49.8

Transportation and warehousing

1,002.7 1,001.0 997.9 990.7 24.0 23.8 23.7 23.5

Utilities

139.6 132.3 131.7 130.9 24.9 24.0 23.8 23.7

Information

1,139 1,105 1,104 1,109 41.2 40.7 40.6 40.8

Financial activities

4,546 4,458 4,451 4,444 59.3 58.8 58.7 58.7

Professional and business services

7,390 7,447 7,469 7,489 44.9 44.4 44.4 44.4

Education and health services

14,940 15,134 15,179 15,201 77.4 77.1 77.1 77.1

Leisure and hospitality

6,828 6,880 6,880 6,888 52.4 52.2 52.3 52.3

Other services

2,801 2,830 2,846 2,845 52.6 52.6 52.6 52.7

Government

12,840 12,654 12,658 12,628 57.0 56.8 56.8 56.7

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Nov.
2009
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010(p)
Nov.
2010(p)

Total private

88,302 89,062 89,203 89,261

Goods-producing

12,936 12,986 12,993 12,993

Mining and logging

491 559 568 572

Construction

4,337 4,247 4,259 4,263

Manufacturing

8,108 8,180 8,166 8,158

Durable goods

4,816 4,920 4,913 4,915

Nondurable goods

3,292 3,260 3,253 3,243

Private service-providing

75,366 76,076 76,210 76,268

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20,876 20,972 20,990 20,971

Wholesale trade

4,481.3 4,479.9 4,484.0 4,487.2

Retail trade

12,328.8 12,425.0 12,442.3 12,417.4

Transportation and warehousing

3,618.5 3,629.6 3,626.0 3,630.8

Utilities

446.9 437.3 437.5 436.0

Information

2,200 2,183 2,183 2,183

Financial activities

5,932 5,841 5,824 5,811

Professional and business services

13,446 13,746 13,793 13,853

Education and health services

16,945 17,204 17,274 17,303

Leisure and hospitality

11,516 11,629 11,616 11,620

Other services

4,451 4,501 4,530 4,527

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Nov.
2009
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010(p)
Nov.
2010(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.2 33.5 33.6 33.5

Goods-producing

39.7 40.7 40.6 40.5

Mining and logging

43.0 44.6 44.3 44.6

Construction

37.8 39.0 38.8 38.6

Manufacturing

40.5 41.2 41.2 41.3

Durable goods

40.6 41.4 41.5 41.6

Nondurable goods

40.3 41.0 40.9 40.8

Private service-providing

32.1 32.3 32.4 32.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.0 33.4 33.5 33.4

Wholesale trade

37.6 38.2 38.1 38.0

Retail trade

30.0 30.1 30.2 30.2

Transportation and warehousing

36.4 37.6 37.7 37.8

Utilities

41.6 42.2 43.0 42.7

Information

36.7 36.2 36.4 36.5

Financial activities

36.1 36.3 36.3 36.3

Professional and business services

34.8 35.2 35.3 35.2

Education and health services

32.2 32.2 32.3 32.2

Leisure and hospitality

24.9 24.7 24.9 24.9

Other services

30.5 30.9 30.9 30.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.4 3.9 3.9 4.0

Durable goods

3.2 3.9 3.9 4.1

Nondurable goods

3.6 3.9 4.0 3.9

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Nov.
2009
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010(p)
Nov.
2010(p)
Nov.
2009
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010(p)
Nov.
2010(p)

Total private

$18.80 $19.11 $19.19 $19.19 $624.16 $640.19 $644.78 $642.87

Goods-producing

20.02 20.34 20.41 20.43 794.79 827.84 828.65 827.42

Mining and logging

23.28 24.11 23.81 23.70 1,001.04 1,075.31 1,054.78 1,057.02

Construction

22.89 23.24 23.41 23.48 865.24 906.36 908.31 906.33

Manufacturing

18.38 18.64 18.68 18.70 744.39 767.97 769.62 772.31

Durable goods

19.55 19.81 19.84 19.89 793.73 820.13 823.36 827.42

Nondurable goods

16.66 16.86 16.90 16.85 671.40 691.26 691.21 687.48

Private service-providing

18.54 18.84 18.93 18.92 595.13 608.53 613.33 611.12

Trade, transportation, and utilities

16.65 16.96 17.05 17.04 549.45 566.46 571.18 569.14

Wholesale trade

21.16 21.66 21.86 21.80 795.62 827.41 832.87 828.40

Retail trade

13.12 13.32 13.38 13.41 393.60 400.93 404.08 404.98

Transportation and warehousing

18.94 19.19 19.23 19.19 689.42 721.54 724.97 725.38

Utilities

29.92 30.63 30.79 30.86 1,244.67 1,292.59 1,323.97 1,317.72

Information

25.68 26.00 26.13 26.20 942.46 941.20 951.13 956.30

Financial activities

21.07 21.40 21.62 21.61 760.63 776.82 784.81 784.44

Professional and business services

22.50 22.93 22.99 23.00 783.00 807.14 811.55 809.60

Education and health services

19.73 20.09 20.17 20.11 635.31 646.90 651.49 647.54

Leisure and hospitality

11.28 11.26 11.29 11.30 280.87 278.12 281.12 281.37

Other services

16.81 16.86 16.91 16.97 512.71 520.97 522.52 522.68

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Nov.
2009
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010(p)
Nov.
2010(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2010 - Nov.
2010(p)
Nov.
2009
Sept.
2010
Oct.
2010(p)
Nov.
2010(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2010 - Nov.
2010(p)

Total private

97.9 99.7 100.1 99.9 -0.2 123.0 127.3 128.4 128.1 -0.2

Goods-producing

78.5 80.8 80.6 80.4 -0.2 96.2 100.6 100.8 100.6 -0.2

Mining and logging

112.2 132.5 133.7 135.6 1.4 151.9 185.8 185.2 186.9 0.9

Construction

82.1 82.9 82.7 82.4 -0.4 101.5 104.1 104.6 104.5 -0.1

Manufacturing

75.4 77.3 77.2 77.3 0.1 90.6 94.3 94.3 94.6 0.3

Durable goods

73.5 76.5 76.6 76.8 0.3 89.7 94.6 94.9 95.4 0.5

Nondurable goods

78.2 78.8 78.4 78.0 -0.5 92.0 93.8 93.6 92.8 -0.9

Private service-providing

103.4 105.1 105.6 105.3 -0.3 131.5 135.7 137.0 136.6 -0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

96.0 97.7 98.0 97.6 -0.4 114.1 118.1 119.2 118.7 -0.4

Wholesale trade

99.2 100.8 100.6 100.4 -0.2 123.7 128.6 129.6 129.0 -0.5

Retail trade

93.6 94.7 95.1 94.9 -0.2 105.3 108.1 109.1 109.1 0.0

Transportation and warehousing

99.1 102.7 102.9 103.3 0.4 119.1 125.1 125.5 125.8 0.2

Utilities

95.1 94.4 96.2 95.2 -1.0 118.8 120.7 123.7 122.7 -0.8

Information

92.2 90.2 90.7 91.0 0.3 117.2 116.1 117.3 118.0 0.6

Financial activities

102.5 101.5 101.2 100.9 -0.3 133.5 134.3 135.2 134.9 -0.2

Professional and business services

104.9 108.4 109.1 109.3 0.2 140.4 148.0 149.3 149.6 0.2

Education and health services

117.7 119.5 120.4 120.2 -0.2 152.7 157.8 159.6 158.9 -0.4

Leisure and hospitality

105.1 105.3 106.0 106.1 0.1 134.6 134.6 135.9 136.1 0.1

Other services

95.2 97.6 98.2 97.8 -0.4 116.6 119.9 121.0 120.9 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: January 03, 2011
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