Economic News Release

Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed                         USDL-12-2366
until 8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, December 7, 2012

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                         THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- NOVEMBER 2012
                         
                         
   (NOTE: Data published in this release for women employees in the retail trade;
   trade, transportation, and utilities; private service-providing; total private;
   and total nonfarm industries are erroneous. Errors are found in Summary table B
   and table B-5. Additional information is available at
   www.bls.gov/bls/ceswomen_retail_correction.htm.)


Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 146,000 in November, and the unemployment
rate edged down to 7.7 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.
Employment increased in retail trade, professional and business services, and health
care.


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 |                                                                                     |
 |                                Hurricane Sandy                                      |
 |                                                                                     |
 |Hurricane Sandy made landfall on the Northeast coast on October 29th, causing severe |
 |damage in some states. Nevertheless, our survey response rates in the affected       |
 |states were within normal ranges. Our analysis suggests that Hurricane Sandy did not |
 |substantively impact the national employment and unemployment estimates for November.|
 |BLS will release the regional and state estimates on December 21st. For additional   |
 |information on how severe weather affects employment and unemployment data, see      |
 |Question 8 in the Frequently Asked Questions section of this release.                |
 |                                                                                     |
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Household Survey Data

The unemployment rate edged down to 7.7 percent in November. The number of unemployed
persons, at 12.0 million, changed little. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (7.2 percent), adult
women (7.0 percent), teenagers (23.5 percent), whites (6.8 percent), and Hispanics (10.0
percent) showed little or no change in November. The unemployment rate for blacks (13.2
percent) declined over the month. The jobless rate for Asians was 6.4 percent (not
seasonally adjusted), little changed from a year earlier. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was little
changed at 4.8 million in November. These individuals accounted for 40.1 percent of
the unemployed. (See table A-12.)

The civilian labor force participation rate declined by 0.2 percentage point to 63.6 percent
in November, offsetting an increase of the same amount in October. Total employment was
about unchanged in November, following a combined increase of 1.3 million over the prior
2 months. The employment-population ratio, at 58.7 percent, changed little
in November. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as
involuntary part-time workers), at 8.2 million in November, was little changed over the
month. These individuals were working part time because their hours had been cut back or
because they were unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In November, 2.5 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, essentially
unchanged from a year earlier. (These data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals
were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job
sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not
searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 979,000 discouraged workers in November, little
changed from a year earlier. (These data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers
are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for
them. The remaining 1.5 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in November
had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey for reasons such as school
attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 146,000 in November. Since the beginning
of this year, employment growth has averaged 151,000 per month, about the same as the 
average monthly job gain of 153,000 in 2011. In November, employment rose in retail
trade, professional and business services, and health care. (See table B-1.)

Retail trade employment rose by 53,000 in November and has increased by 140,000 over the
past 3 months. Over the month, job gains occurred in clothing and clothing accessory stores 
(+33,000), in general merchandise stores (+10,000), and in electronics and appliance stores
(+9,000). Employment in miscellaneous store retailers decreased by 13,000.

In November, employment in professional and business services rose by 43,000. Employment
continued to increase in computer systems design and related services.

Health care employment continued to increase in November (+20,000), with gains in hospitals
(+8,000) and in nursing care facilities (+5,000). Health care has added an average of 26,000
jobs per month this year.

Employment in wholesale trade edged up over the month (+13,000). Since reaching an employment
trough in May 2010, the industry has added 228,000 jobs.

Information employment also edged up in November (+12,000), with the increase concentrated
in motion picture and sound recording (+15,000). On net, information employment has changed
little over the past 12 months.

In November, leisure and hospitality employment continued to trend up (+23,000). Over the
past 12 months, the industry has added 305,000 jobs.

Employment in construction declined by 20,000 in November, with much of the loss occurring
in construction of buildings (-11,000). Since early 2010, employment in construction has
shown no clear trend.

Manufacturing employment changed little over the month. Within the industry, job losses
in food manufacturing (-12,000) and chemicals (-9,000) more than offset gains in motor
vehicles and parts (+10,000) and wood products (+3,000). On net, manufacturing employment
has changed little since this past spring.

Employment in other major industries, including mining and logging, transportation and
warehousing, financial activities, and government, showed little change in November.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls remained at 34.4
hours in November. The manufacturing workweek edged up by 0.1 hour to 40.6 hours, and
factory overtime was unchanged at 3.2 hours. The average workweek for production and
nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged up 0.1 hour to 33.7 hours.
(See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In November, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose
by 4 cents to $23.63. Over the past 12 months, average hourly earnings have risen by
1.7 percent. In November, average hourly earnings of private-sector production and
nonsupervisory employees edged up by 3 cents to $19.84. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for September was revised from +148,000
to +132,000, and the change for October was revised from +171,000 to +138,000.

_____________
The Employment Situation for December is scheduled to be released on Friday,
January 4, 2013, at 8:30 a.m. (EST).


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 |                                                                                        |
 |                   Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Household Survey Data                |
 |                                                                                        |
 |In accordance with usual practice, The Employment Situation release for December 2012,  |
 |scheduled for January 4, 2013, will incorporate annual revisions in seasonally adjusted |
 |unemployment and other labor force series from the household survey. Seasonally adjusted|
 |data for the most recent 5 years are subject to revision.                               |
 |                                                                                        |
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  |                                                                                       |
  |                         Household Survey Reference Period                             |
  |                                                                                       |
  |In the household survey, the reference period for November 2012 was the calendar week  |
  |that included the 5th of the month. Typically, the reference period for the household  |
  |survey is the calendar week that includes the 12th of the month. In accordance with our|
  |usual practice for November, the reference and survey periods were a week earlier this |
  |year so that household survey interviews would not be conducted during the Thanksgiving|
  |holiday.                                                                               |
  |                                                                                       |
   ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Nov.
2011
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Change from:
Oct.
2012-
Nov.
2012

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

240,441 243,772 243,983 244,174 191

Civilian labor force

153,937 155,063 155,641 155,291 -350

Participation rate

64.0 63.6 63.8 63.6 -0.2

Employed

140,614 142,974 143,384 143,262 -122

Employment-population ratio

58.5 58.7 58.8 58.7 -0.1

Unemployed

13,323 12,088 12,258 12,029 -229

Unemployment rate

8.7 7.8 7.9 7.7 -0.2

Not in labor force

86,503 88,710 88,341 88,883 542

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

8.7 7.8 7.9 7.7 -0.2

Adult men (20 years and over)

8.3 7.3 7.3 7.2 -0.1

Adult women (20 years and over)

7.8 7.0 7.2 7.0 -0.2

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

23.7 23.7 23.7 23.5 -0.2

White

7.6 7.0 7.0 6.8 -0.2

Black or African American

15.5 13.4 14.3 13.2 -1.1

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

6.5 4.8 4.9 6.4 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

11.4 9.9 10.0 10.0 0.0

Total, 25 years and over

7.3 6.6 6.6 6.5 -0.1

Less than a high school diploma

13.3 11.3 12.2 12.2 0.0

High school graduates, no college

8.8 8.7 8.4 8.1 -0.3

Some college or associate degree

7.6 6.5 6.9 6.5 -0.4

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.4 4.1 3.8 3.8 0.0

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

7,599 6,535 6,575 6,413 -162

Job leavers

1,005 957 1,010 922 -88

Reentrants

3,355 3,306 3,300 3,295 -5

New entrants

1,276 1,247 1,301 1,327 26

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,510 2,542 2,632 2,577 -55

5 to 14 weeks

2,896 2,826 2,851 2,747 -104

15 to 26 weeks

2,087 1,860 1,836 1,819 -17

27 weeks and over

5,680 4,844 5,002 4,786 -216

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

8,469 8,613 8,344 8,176 -168

Slack work or business conditions

5,578 5,523 5,219 5,105 -114

Could only find part-time work

2,496 2,572 2,614 2,658 44

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,363 18,736 18,923 18,588 -335

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,591 2,517 2,433 2,505 -

Discouraged workers

1,096 802 813 979 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Nov.
2011
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012(p)
Nov.
2012(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

157 132 138 146

Total private

178 122 189 147

Goods-producing

8 -17 18 -22

Mining and logging

4 0 -7 5

Construction

1 -1 15 -20

Manufacturing

3 -16 10 -7

Durable goods(1)

14 -14 7 11

Motor vehicles and parts

1.4 -1.4 -2.5 9.7

Nondurable goods

-11 -2 3 -18

Private service-providing(1)

170 139 171 169

Wholesale trade

6.9 -0.5 8.0 13.1

Retail trade

33.8 36.6 50.9 52.6

Transportation and warehousing

9.9 3.7 9.2 3.5

Information

-2 -8 -5 12

Financial activities

11 14 5 1

Professional and business services(1)

39 8 55 43

Temporary help services

19.7 -10.0 13.9 18.0

Education and health services(1)

20 45 24 18

Health care and social assistance

6.2 37.3 38.2 22.0

Leisure and hospitality

42 28 20 23

Other services

8 11 5 3

Government

-21 10 -51 -1

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.4 49.3 49.3 49.3

Total private women employees

47.9 47.8 47.8 47.8

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.5 82.6 82.6 82.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.4 34.5 34.4 34.4

Average hourly earnings

$23.23 $23.60 $23.59 $23.63

Average weekly earnings

$799.11 $814.20 $811.50 $812.87

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

94.8 96.4 96.3 96.5

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.3 -0.1 0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

105.0 108.5 108.4 108.7

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.7 -0.1 0.3

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.7 33.7 33.6 33.7

Average hourly earnings

$19.59 $19.80 $19.81 $19.84

Average weekly earnings

$660.18 $667.26 $665.62 $668.61

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

102.2 103.8 103.7 104.1

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.4 -0.1 0.4

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

133.7 137.3 137.2 138.0

Over-the-month percent change

0.3 0.7 -0.1 0.6

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private (266 industries)

55.6 57.0 63.0 59.0

Manufacturing (81 industries)

48.1 43.2 56.8 47.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data in this table have been corrected. For more information see http://www.bls.gov/bls/ceswomen_usps_correction.htm.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of   employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a   smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change   than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.

   In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment,
   employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. Slightly more
   than 20 percent of all employees in the payroll survey sample have a weekly pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the effect
   of extreme weather on estimates of over-the-month change in employment.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours. Current and historical
   data are available on the  household survey's most requested statistics page at
   http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 141,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 486,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor force.
The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the labor
force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a percent
of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the employed as
a percent of the population. Additional information about the household
survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/#technical.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 100,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to 
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-50,000 to +150,000 (50,000 +/- 100,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that 
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is about
+/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about +/- 0.2
percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Nov.
2011
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2011
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

240,441 243,983 244,174 240,441 243,354 243,566 243,772 243,983 244,174

Civilian labor force

153,683 155,779 154,953 153,937 155,013 154,645 155,063 155,641 155,291

Participation rate

63.9 63.8 63.5 64.0 63.7 63.5 63.6 63.8 63.6

Employed

141,070 144,039 143,549 140,614 142,220 142,101 142,974 143,384 143,262

Employment-population ratio

58.7 59.0 58.8 58.5 58.4 58.3 58.7 58.8 58.7

Unemployed

12,613 11,741 11,404 13,323 12,794 12,544 12,088 12,258 12,029

Unemployment rate

8.2 7.5 7.4 8.7 8.3 8.1 7.8 7.9 7.7

Not in labor force

86,757 88,204 89,221 86,503 88,340 88,921 88,710 88,341 88,883

Persons who currently want a job

6,183 6,142 6,495 6,595 6,554 6,957 6,727 6,587 6,817

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

116,755 117,710 117,810 116,755 117,381 117,492 117,600 117,710 117,810

Civilian labor force

82,080 82,715 82,310 82,341 82,395 82,008 82,384 82,696 82,495

Participation rate

70.3 70.3 69.9 70.5 70.2 69.8 70.1 70.3 70.0

Employed

75,157 76,498 76,142 74,975 75,466 75,161 75,752 76,055 75,968

Employment-population ratio

64.4 65.0 64.6 64.2 64.3 64.0 64.4 64.6 64.5

Unemployed

6,923 6,217 6,167 7,366 6,929 6,847 6,632 6,642 6,527

Unemployment rate

8.4 7.5 7.5 8.9 8.4 8.3 8.0 8.0 7.9

Not in labor force

34,674 34,995 35,501 34,414 34,987 35,484 35,216 35,014 35,315

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

108,203 109,096 109,206 108,203 108,727 108,851 108,973 109,096 109,206

Civilian labor force

79,378 79,873 79,554 79,440 79,353 79,103 79,426 79,708 79,539

Participation rate

73.4 73.2 72.8 73.4 73.0 72.7 72.9 73.1 72.8

Employed

73,183 74,416 74,121 72,846 73,227 73,086 73,597 73,868 73,796

Employment-population ratio

67.6 68.2 67.9 67.3 67.3 67.1 67.5 67.7 67.6

Unemployed

6,195 5,457 5,433 6,594 6,125 6,016 5,829 5,840 5,743

Unemployment rate

7.8 6.8 6.8 8.3 7.7 7.6 7.3 7.3 7.2

Not in labor force

28,825 29,222 29,652 28,763 29,374 29,748 29,547 29,388 29,667

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

123,686 126,273 126,364 123,686 125,972 126,073 126,172 126,273 126,364

Civilian labor force

71,603 73,064 72,644 71,596 72,619 72,637 72,678 72,945 72,796

Participation rate

57.9 57.9 57.5 57.9 57.6 57.6 57.6 57.8 57.6

Employed

65,913 67,540 67,407 65,639 66,754 66,940 67,222 67,329 67,293

Employment-population ratio

53.3 53.5 53.3 53.1 53.0 53.1 53.3 53.3 53.3

Unemployed

5,690 5,523 5,237 5,957 5,865 5,697 5,456 5,616 5,502

Unemployment rate

7.9 7.6 7.2 8.3 8.1 7.8 7.5 7.7 7.6

Not in labor force

52,083 53,209 53,720 52,090 53,354 53,437 53,493 53,328 53,568

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

115,526 117,980 118,079 115,526 117,648 117,760 117,869 117,980 118,079

Civilian labor force

68,850 70,277 69,873 68,711 69,691 69,781 69,834 70,075 69,897

Participation rate

59.6 59.6 59.2 59.5 59.2 59.3 59.2 59.4 59.2

Employed

63,710 65,316 65,175 63,352 64,446 64,670 64,952 65,043 64,987

Employment-population ratio

55.1 55.4 55.2 54.8 54.8 54.9 55.1 55.1 55.0

Unemployed

5,140 4,961 4,698 5,359 5,244 5,111 4,882 5,032 4,911

Unemployment rate

7.5 7.1 6.7 7.8 7.5 7.3 7.0 7.2 7.0

Not in labor force

46,675 47,703 48,206 46,815 47,957 47,979 48,034 47,906 48,181

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,711 16,907 16,890 16,711 16,979 16,955 16,931 16,907 16,890

Civilian labor force

5,454 5,629 5,526 5,786 5,970 5,761 5,802 5,859 5,855

Participation rate

32.6 33.3 32.7 34.6 35.2 34.0 34.3 34.7 34.7

Employed

4,177 4,306 4,252 4,416 4,546 4,344 4,425 4,473 4,479

Employment-population ratio

25.0 25.5 25.2 26.4 26.8 25.6 26.1 26.5 26.5

Unemployed

1,277 1,322 1,273 1,370 1,424 1,417 1,378 1,386 1,376

Unemployment rate

23.4 23.5 23.0 23.7 23.8 24.6 23.7 23.7 23.5

Not in labor force

11,257 11,278 11,364 10,925 11,009 11,194 11,129 11,048 11,035

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Nov.
2011
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2011
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

193,598 193,633 193,748 193,598 193,245 193,376 193,503 193,633 193,748

Civilian labor force

124,565 124,085 123,503 124,652 123,589 123,265 123,662 123,838 123,501

Participation rate

64.3 64.1 63.7 64.4 64.0 63.7 63.9 64.0 63.7

Employed

115,584 115,885 115,571 115,130 114,409 114,340 114,992 115,209 115,084

Employment-population ratio

59.7 59.8 59.7 59.5 59.2 59.1 59.4 59.5 59.4

Unemployed

8,981 8,200 7,932 9,522 9,180 8,925 8,670 8,629 8,417

Unemployment rate

7.2 6.6 6.4 7.6 7.4 7.2 7.0 7.0 6.8

Not in labor force

69,033 69,548 70,244 68,945 69,656 70,111 69,841 69,795 70,247

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,407 64,923 64,607 65,366 64,467 64,246 64,544 64,759 64,474

Participation rate

73.9 73.7 73.3 73.9 73.4 73.1 73.4 73.6 73.2

Employed

60,938 60,980 60,713 60,605 60,027 59,890 60,274 60,499 60,351

Employment-population ratio

68.9 69.3 68.9 68.5 68.4 68.1 68.5 68.7 68.5

Unemployed

4,469 3,943 3,894 4,761 4,440 4,356 4,270 4,261 4,123

Unemployment rate

6.8 6.1 6.0 7.3 6.9 6.8 6.6 6.6 6.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,659 54,685 54,471 54,520 54,385 54,411 54,531 54,431 54,358

Participation rate

59.2 58.8 58.5 59.1 58.6 58.6 58.7 58.5 58.4

Employed

51,091 51,352 51,292 50,774 50,662 50,892 51,105 51,022 51,008

Employment-population ratio

55.3 55.2 55.1 55.0 54.6 54.8 55.0 54.9 54.8

Unemployed

3,568 3,333 3,180 3,746 3,723 3,519 3,426 3,409 3,350

Unemployment rate

6.5 6.1 5.8 6.9 6.8 6.5 6.3 6.3 6.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,499 4,477 4,425 4,766 4,737 4,609 4,588 4,648 4,669

Participation rate

35.2 35.5 35.1 37.3 37.4 36.5 36.4 36.9 37.1

Employed

3,555 3,553 3,567 3,751 3,720 3,558 3,613 3,689 3,725

Employment-population ratio

27.8 28.2 28.3 29.4 29.4 28.2 28.6 29.3 29.6

Unemployed

944 924 858 1,015 1,017 1,051 975 959 944

Unemployment rate

21.0 20.6 19.4 21.3 21.5 22.8 21.2 20.6 20.2

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,259 30,027 30,061 29,259 29,918 29,954 29,991 30,027 30,061

Civilian labor force

17,900 18,767 18,407 17,934 18,383 18,379 18,345 18,732 18,426

Participation rate

61.2 62.5 61.2 61.3 61.4 61.4 61.2 62.4 61.3

Employed

15,236 16,172 16,065 15,151 15,798 15,797 15,881 16,049 15,994

Employment-population ratio

52.1 53.9 53.4 51.8 52.8 52.7 53.0 53.4 53.2

Unemployed

2,664 2,595 2,342 2,783 2,585 2,583 2,464 2,684 2,432

Unemployment rate

14.9 13.8 12.7 15.5 14.1 14.1 13.4 14.3 13.2

Not in labor force

11,359 11,261 11,654 11,325 11,534 11,575 11,645 11,295 11,635

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,185 8,318 8,275 8,195 8,270 8,228 8,202 8,301 8,244

Participation rate

68.4 67.8 67.4 68.5 67.8 67.3 67.0 67.7 67.1

Employed

6,917 7,222 7,259 6,851 7,042 7,049 7,035 7,128 7,172

Employment-population ratio

57.8 58.9 59.1 57.3 57.7 57.7 57.5 58.1 58.4

Unemployed

1,268 1,096 1,016 1,344 1,227 1,180 1,167 1,173 1,072

Unemployment rate

15.5 13.2 12.3 16.4 14.8 14.3 14.2 14.1 13.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,106 9,710 9,464 9,095 9,344 9,455 9,382 9,675 9,472

Participation rate

61.9 64.1 62.4 61.8 62.0 62.6 62.0 63.9 62.4

Employed

7,948 8,503 8,404 7,911 8,268 8,316 8,364 8,471 8,391

Employment-population ratio

54.0 56.1 55.4 53.7 54.8 55.1 55.3 55.9 55.3

Unemployed

1,158 1,206 1,060 1,184 1,076 1,139 1,018 1,204 1,080

Unemployment rate

12.7 12.4 11.2 13.0 11.5 12.0 10.9 12.4 11.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

608 739 668 643 770 696 761 756 711

Participation rate

23.7 28.2 25.6 25.0 29.2 26.4 29.0 28.9 27.3

Employed

370 446 402 388 488 432 482 450 431

Employment-population ratio

14.4 17.1 15.4 15.1 18.5 16.4 18.4 17.2 16.5

Unemployed

238 293 266 255 282 264 279 307 280

Unemployment rate

39.1 39.6 39.8 39.6 36.6 37.9 36.7 40.5 39.4

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,589 12,939 12,934 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

7,419 8,149 8,344 - - - - - -

Participation rate

64.0 63.0 64.5 - - - - - -

Employed

6,939 7,753 7,814 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

59.9 59.9 60.4 - - - - - -

Unemployed

480 396 530 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

6.5 4.9 6.4 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

4,170 4,790 4,590 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Nov.
2011
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2011
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

34,808 37,058 37,147 34,808 36,792 36,881 36,969 37,058 37,147

Civilian labor force

23,255 24,602 24,479 23,222 24,497 24,352 24,477 24,587 24,544

Participation rate

66.8 66.4 65.9 66.7 66.6 66.0 66.2 66.3 66.1

Employed

20,684 22,221 22,086 20,574 21,966 21,865 22,050 22,118 22,097

Employment-population ratio

59.4 60.0 59.5 59.1 59.7 59.3 59.6 59.7 59.5

Unemployed

2,571 2,381 2,394 2,648 2,531 2,487 2,427 2,469 2,447

Unemployment rate

11.1 9.7 9.8 11.4 10.3 10.2 9.9 10.0 10.0

Not in labor force

11,553 12,456 12,667 11,586 12,294 12,529 12,492 12,471 12,603

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,169 13,643 13,463 - - - - - -

Participation rate

81.7 81.6 80.3 - - - - - -

Employed

11,884 12,506 12,414 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

73.7 74.8 74.1 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,285 1,137 1,050 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

9.8 8.3 7.8 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,085 9,897 9,965 - - - - - -

Participation rate

59.6 59.3 59.6 - - - - - -

Employed

8,118 8,959 8,938 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

53.2 53.7 53.4 - - - - - -

Unemployed

967 938 1,027 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

10.6 9.5 10.3 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,000 1,062 1,051 - - - - - -

Participation rate

29.2 29.0 28.7 - - - - - -

Employed

682 755 734 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

19.9 20.7 20.1 - - - - - -

Unemployed

319 306 317 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

31.8 28.9 30.1 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2011
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2011
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,673 11,128 11,072 11,713 11,472 11,179 11,199 11,263 11,106

Participation rate

46.8 45.3 45.2 47.0 46.3 45.4 45.1 45.9 45.3

Employed

10,190 9,865 9,762 10,161 10,012 9,833 9,932 9,886 9,747

Employment-population ratio

40.9 40.2 39.8 40.8 40.4 39.9 40.0 40.2 39.7

Unemployed

1,483 1,263 1,310 1,552 1,460 1,346 1,267 1,377 1,359

Unemployment rate

12.7 11.3 11.8 13.3 12.7 12.0 11.3 12.2 12.2

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

37,089 36,614 36,692 37,089 37,047 36,703 36,627 36,778 36,672

Participation rate

60.3 59.8 59.5 60.3 59.7 59.9 59.5 60.1 59.4

Employed

33,970 33,783 33,863 33,807 33,838 33,486 33,455 33,702 33,695

Employment-population ratio

55.2 55.2 54.9 54.9 54.5 54.6 54.4 55.0 54.6

Unemployed

3,119 2,831 2,830 3,282 3,209 3,217 3,172 3,076 2,978

Unemployment rate

8.4 7.7 7.7 8.8 8.7 8.8 8.7 8.4 8.1

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,086 37,905 37,356 36,816 37,398 37,375 37,622 37,775 37,282

Participation rate

69.0 69.2 68.6 68.5 68.3 68.3 68.8 69.0 68.4

Employed

34,347 35,307 35,009 34,009 34,729 34,895 35,191 35,176 34,853

Employment-population ratio

63.9 64.5 64.3 63.3 63.4 63.8 64.3 64.3 64.0

Unemployed

2,739 2,598 2,348 2,807 2,669 2,480 2,431 2,599 2,429

Unemployment rate

7.4 6.9 6.3 7.6 7.1 6.6 6.5 6.9 6.5

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

47,147 49,006 48,853 47,117 47,697 48,404 48,469 48,676 48,844

Participation rate

76.0 75.8 75.5 75.9 75.8 75.5 75.9 75.3 75.5

Employed

45,161 47,242 47,039 45,058 45,732 46,400 46,503 46,849 46,968

Employment-population ratio

72.8 73.1 72.7 72.6 72.7 72.4 72.8 72.5 72.6

Unemployed

1,985 1,764 1,815 2,059 1,965 2,004 1,966 1,827 1,876

Unemployment rate

4.2 3.6 3.7 4.4 4.1 4.1 4.1 3.8 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2012

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,463 21,042 19,657 19,223 1,806 1,819

Civilian labor force

11,181 10,921 10,055 9,764 1,126 1,157

Participation rate

52.1 51.9 51.2 50.8 62.3 63.6

Employed

10,350 10,199 9,303 9,151 1,047 1,049

Employment-population ratio

48.2 48.5 47.3 47.6 58.0 57.6

Unemployed

832 721 753 613 79 108

Unemployment rate

7.4 6.6 7.5 6.3 7.0 9.3

Not in labor force

10,282 10,121 9,602 9,459 680 662

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,400 2,575 2,053 2,144 347 431

Civilian labor force

1,994 2,121 1,741 1,813 253 307

Participation rate

83.1 82.4 84.8 84.6 72.9 71.3

Employed

1,773 1,909 1,567 1,642 206 268

Employment-population ratio

73.9 74.1 76.3 76.6 59.3 62.1

Unemployed

221 211 174 172 47 40

Unemployment rate

11.1 10.0 10.0 9.5 18.7 12.9

Not in labor force

406 454 312 331 94 124

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,922 3,027 2,444 2,545 479 482

Civilian labor force

2,446 2,519 2,104 2,165 341 354

Participation rate

83.7 83.2 86.1 85.1 71.3 73.4

Employed

2,320 2,383 1,987 2,063 333 320

Employment-population ratio

79.4 78.7 81.3 81.1 69.6 66.4

Unemployed

126 135 118 102 8 34

Unemployment rate

5.2 5.4 5.6 4.7 2.4 9.5

Not in labor force

477 509 339 380 137 128

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

10,224 9,706 9,905 9,395 319 311

Civilian labor force

3,326 2,979 3,226 2,878 101 101

Participation rate

32.5 30.7 32.6 30.6 31.5 32.4

Employed

3,099 2,803 2,998 2,711 101 92

Employment-population ratio

30.3 28.9 30.3 28.9 31.5 29.4

Unemployed

227 176 227 167 0 9

Unemployment rate

6.8 5.9 7.0 5.8 0.0 9.1

Not in labor force

6,898 6,728 6,679 6,517 219 211

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,917 5,733 5,256 5,139 661 594

Civilian labor force

3,416 3,303 2,985 2,908 431 395

Participation rate

57.7 57.6 56.8 56.6 65.2 66.5

Employed

3,158 3,104 2,751 2,735 408 369

Employment-population ratio

53.4 54.1 52.3 53.2 61.7 62.1

Unemployed

257 199 234 173 23 26

Unemployment rate

7.5 6.0 7.8 6.0 5.4 6.5

Not in labor force

2,501 2,431 2,271 2,231 230 199

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

210,130 214,099 92,624 93,938 117,506 120,161

Civilian labor force

140,734 142,232 71,217 71,672 69,517 70,560

Participation rate

67.0 66.4 76.9 76.3 59.2 58.7

Employed

129,352 132,060 65,260 66,399 64,092 65,662

Employment-population ratio

61.6 61.7 70.5 70.7 54.5 54.6

Unemployed

11,382 10,172 5,957 5,273 5,425 4,899

Unemployment rate

8.1 7.2 8.4 7.4 7.8 6.9

Not in labor force

69,396 71,867 21,407 22,266 47,989 49,601

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2012

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

27,331 28,888 213,110 215,286

Civilian labor force

5,676 5,990 148,007 148,963

Participation rate

20.8 20.7 69.5 69.2

Employed

4,938 5,230 136,132 138,320

Employment-population ratio

18.1 18.1 63.9 64.2

Unemployed

738 761 11,875 10,644

Unemployment rate

13.0 12.7 8.0 7.1

Not in labor force

21,655 22,898 65,103 66,323

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,617 2,751 75,366 75,035

Participation rate

34.5 35.0 82.4 82.3

Employed

2,223 2,353 69,099 69,526

Employment-population ratio

29.3 30.0 75.6 76.2

Unemployed

394 398 6,267 5,509

Unemployment rate

15.1 14.5 8.3 7.3

Not in labor force

4,973 5,100 16,084 16,174

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,173 2,187 66,205 67,037

Participation rate

29.6 28.2 70.5 70.7

Employed

1,893 1,920 61,025 62,263

Employment-population ratio

25.8 24.7 65.0 65.7

Unemployed

279 268 5,180 4,774

Unemployment rate

12.9 12.2 7.8 7.1

Not in labor force

5,161 5,571 27,654 27,763

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

886 1,052 6,436 6,891

Participation rate

7.1 7.9 23.2 23.5

Employed

821 957 6,009 6,530

Employment-population ratio

6.6 7.2 21.6 22.3

Unemployed

64 95 427 360

Unemployment rate

7.3 9.0 6.6 5.2

Not in labor force

11,521 12,228 21,365 22,386

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2012

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

36,705 38,105 18,196 18,485 18,509 19,620

Civilian labor force

24,696 25,217 14,468 14,384 10,228 10,832

Participation rate

67.3 66.2 79.5 77.8 55.3 55.2

Employed

22,631 23,272 13,328 13,410 9,303 9,862

Employment-population ratio

61.7 61.1 73.2 72.5 50.3 50.3

Unemployed

2,065 1,945 1,140 974 925 971

Unemployment rate

8.4 7.7 7.9 6.8 9.0 9.0

Not in labor force

12,009 12,888 3,728 4,101 8,282 8,788

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

203,735 206,069 98,559 99,325 105,176 106,744

Civilian labor force

128,987 129,737 67,612 67,925 61,375 61,811

Participation rate

63.3 63.0 68.6 68.4 58.4 57.9

Employed

118,439 120,277 61,829 62,732 56,610 57,545

Employment-population ratio

58.1 58.4 62.7 63.2 53.8 53.9

Unemployed

10,548 9,459 5,783 5,193 4,765 4,266

Unemployment rate

8.2 7.3 8.6 7.6 7.8 6.9

Not in labor force

74,748 76,333 30,947 31,400 43,801 44,933

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2011
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2011
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,176 2,222 2,045 2,262 2,235 2,151 2,209 2,214 2,131

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,319 1,446 1,274 1,359 1,401 1,391 1,413 1,415 1,325

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

824 758 761 849 791 739 763 755 781

Unpaid family workers

33 18 11 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

138,894 141,817 141,504 138,304 139,929 139,920 140,769 141,286 141,156

Wage and salary workers(1)

130,261 132,967 132,458 129,604 131,043 131,101 131,734 132,383 132,052

Government

20,525 20,745 20,702 20,434 20,015 20,432 20,619 20,524 20,559

Private industries

109,736 112,222 111,757 109,159 110,974 110,726 111,024 111,771 111,468

Private households

674 707 754 - - - - - -

Other industries

109,062 111,514 111,002 108,485 110,251 109,965 110,218 111,057 110,699

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,576 8,775 8,977 8,628 8,824 8,720 8,838 8,795 8,958

Unpaid family workers

57 76 69 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,271 7,870 7,994 8,469 8,246 8,031 8,613 8,344 8,176

Slack work or business conditions

5,499 4,976 5,032 5,578 5,342 5,217 5,523 5,219 5,105

Could only find part-time work

2,492 2,634 2,706 2,496 2,576 2,507 2,572 2,614 2,658

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,355 19,460 19,392 18,363 18,866 18,996 18,736 18,923 18,588

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,161 7,768 7,898 8,358 8,111 7,901 8,482 8,225 8,067

Slack work or business conditions

5,422 4,910 4,975 5,502 5,282 5,140 5,455 5,161 5,044

Could only find part-time work

2,473 2,613 2,685 2,518 2,559 2,508 2,597 2,634 2,661

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,950 19,058 19,043 17,941 18,543 18,656 18,405 18,559 18,291

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2011
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2011
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

141,070 144,039 143,549 140,614 142,220 142,101 142,974 143,384 143,262

16 to 19 years

4,177 4,306 4,252 4,416 4,546 4,344 4,425 4,473 4,479

16 to 17 years

1,368 1,459 1,290 1,413 1,540 1,392 1,433 1,463 1,348

18 to 19 years

2,809 2,848 2,963 2,995 3,012 2,983 2,989 3,052 3,145

20 years and over

136,893 139,732 139,297 136,198 137,674 137,756 138,550 138,910 138,782

20 to 24 years

13,225 13,535 13,624 13,200 13,364 13,114 13,482 13,534 13,596

25 years and over

123,668 126,197 125,672 122,973 124,203 124,600 125,017 125,363 125,181

25 to 54 years

94,322 95,089 94,523 93,708 93,957 94,001 94,378 94,422 94,063

25 to 34 years

30,992 31,161 31,183 30,743 30,527 30,508 30,768 30,893 30,942

35 to 44 years

30,423 30,892 30,652 30,222 30,474 30,580 30,663 30,708 30,498

45 to 54 years

32,907 33,036 32,688 32,743 32,956 32,912 32,947 32,821 32,622

55 years and over

29,346 31,108 31,149 29,264 30,247 30,599 30,639 30,942 31,119

Men, 16 years and over

75,157 76,498 76,142 74,975 75,466 75,161 75,752 76,055 75,968

16 to 19 years

1,974 2,082 2,021 2,129 2,238 2,074 2,155 2,187 2,172

16 to 17 years

594 684 593 654 666 605 646 719 653

18 to 19 years

1,380 1,398 1,428 1,465 1,577 1,511 1,510 1,474 1,506

20 years and over

73,183 74,416 74,121 72,846 73,227 73,086 73,597 73,868 73,796

20 to 24 years

6,967 7,081 7,147 6,980 6,921 6,760 6,963 7,082 7,126

25 years and over

66,216 67,335 66,975 65,853 66,285 66,368 66,625 66,822 66,698

25 to 54 years

50,701 50,817 50,429 50,368 50,256 50,147 50,360 50,383 50,171

25 to 34 years

17,080 16,937 16,903 16,895 16,555 16,487 16,579 16,702 16,718

35 to 44 years

16,497 16,661 16,488 16,370 16,488 16,512 16,560 16,559 16,384

45 to 54 years

17,124 17,219 17,037 17,102 17,214 17,148 17,221 17,122 17,068

55 years and over

15,515 16,518 16,546 15,485 16,029 16,221 16,265 16,439 16,527

Women, 16 years and over

65,913 67,540 67,407 65,639 66,754 66,940 67,222 67,329 67,293

16 to 19 years

2,203 2,224 2,232 2,287 2,308 2,270 2,270 2,286 2,307

16 to 17 years

774 775 697 759 873 788 787 744 694

18 to 19 years

1,429 1,450 1,535 1,530 1,434 1,472 1,479 1,578 1,639

20 years and over

63,710 65,316 65,175 63,352 64,446 64,670 64,952 65,043 64,987

20 to 24 years

6,258 6,454 6,478 6,220 6,444 6,354 6,519 6,452 6,470

25 years and over

57,452 58,862 58,698 57,119 57,918 58,232 58,391 58,541 58,484

25 to 54 years

43,622 44,272 44,094 43,340 43,700 43,854 44,017 44,039 43,892

25 to 34 years

13,912 14,224 14,280 13,848 13,972 14,021 14,189 14,191 14,224

35 to 44 years

13,926 14,231 14,164 13,852 13,986 14,068 14,102 14,149 14,114

45 to 54 years

15,783 15,816 15,651 15,641 15,743 15,764 15,726 15,699 15,554

55 years and over

13,830 14,590 14,603 13,779 14,218 14,378 14,374 14,503 14,592

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

44,159 44,484 44,293 43,933 43,715 43,879 43,984 44,114 44,036

Married women, spouse present

34,705 34,716 34,839 34,442 34,381 34,814 34,841 34,558 34,553

Women who maintain families

8,723 9,442 9,226 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

113,138 116,045 115,515 113,212 114,345 114,388 115,226 115,459 115,657

Part-time workers(2)

27,932 27,993 28,034 27,378 27,925 27,757 27,731 27,875 27,538

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,083 6,976 7,235 7,004 6,845 6,921 6,866 6,908 7,106

Percent of total employed

5.0 4.8 5.0 5.0 4.8 4.9 4.8 4.8 5.0

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,060 5,383 5,160 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,400 9,532 9,738 9,478 9,616 9,458 9,602 9,550 9,740

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Nov.
2011
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2011
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

13,323 12,258 12,029 8.7 8.3 8.1 7.8 7.9 7.7

16 to 19 years

1,370 1,386 1,376 23.7 23.8 24.6 23.7 23.7 23.5

16 to 17 years

428 490 538 23.3 26.6 29.3 25.3 25.1 28.5

18 to 19 years

917 894 802 23.4 22.2 22.7 22.8 22.7 20.3

20 years and over

11,953 10,872 10,653 8.1 7.6 7.5 7.2 7.3 7.1

20 to 24 years

2,190 2,055 1,971 14.2 13.5 13.9 12.4 13.2 12.7

25 years and over

9,740 8,877 8,672 7.3 6.9 6.8 6.6 6.6 6.5

25 to 54 years

7,719 6,975 6,747 7.6 7.2 7.1 6.8 6.9 6.7

25 to 34 years

3,108 2,799 2,648 9.2 8.2 8.3 8.1 8.3 7.9

35 to 44 years

2,268 2,055 2,019 7.0 6.9 6.6 6.3 6.3 6.2

45 to 54 years

2,343 2,121 2,080 6.7 6.5 6.4 6.1 6.1 6.0

55 years and over

1,991 1,920 1,906 6.4 6.2 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8

Men, 16 years and over

7,366 6,642 6,527 8.9 8.4 8.3 8.0 8.0 7.9

16 to 19 years

772 802 784 26.6 26.4 28.6 27.2 26.8 26.5

16 to 17 years

239 284 305 26.7 30.0 36.5 30.1 28.3 31.8

18 to 19 years

533 529 471 26.7 24.5 25.5 25.6 26.4 23.8

20 years and over

6,594 5,840 5,743 8.3 7.7 7.6 7.3 7.3 7.2

20 to 24 years

1,292 1,147 1,044 15.6 15.2 15.2 13.7 13.9 12.8

25 years and over

5,300 4,765 4,704 7.4 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6

25 to 54 years

4,187 3,701 3,607 7.7 7.0 7.0 6.8 6.8 6.7

25 to 34 years

1,705 1,499 1,429 9.2 7.8 8.3 8.0 8.2 7.9

35 to 44 years

1,237 1,056 1,065 7.0 6.6 6.4 6.1 6.0 6.1

45 to 54 years

1,245 1,146 1,113 6.8 6.4 6.5 6.1 6.3 6.1

55 years and over

1,113 1,064 1,097 6.7 6.5 6.1 6.4 6.1 6.2

Women, 16 years and over

5,957 5,616 5,502 8.3 8.1 7.8 7.5 7.7 7.6

16 to 19 years

598 584 592 20.7 21.2 20.5 20.2 20.3 20.4

16 to 17 years

190 206 232 20.0 23.9 22.5 20.9 21.7 25.1

18 to 19 years

384 364 331 20.1 19.6 19.7 19.7 18.8 16.8

20 years and over

5,359 5,032 4,911 7.8 7.5 7.3 7.0 7.2 7.0

20 to 24 years

898 909 926 12.6 11.7 12.5 11.0 12.3 12.5

25 years and over

4,440 4,112 3,968 7.2 7.1 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.4

25 to 54 years

3,532 3,274 3,140 7.5 7.4 7.1 6.9 6.9 6.7

25 to 34 years

1,403 1,299 1,219 9.2 8.6 8.3 8.2 8.4 7.9

35 to 44 years

1,031 999 954 6.9 7.2 6.9 6.4 6.6 6.3

45 to 54 years

1,098 975 967 6.6 6.6 6.3 6.0 5.8 5.9

55 years and over(1)

847 842 773 5.8 6.6 6.2 5.6 5.5 5.0

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

2,461 2,150 2,195 5.3 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.7

Married women, spouse present

1,937 1,857 1,826 5.3 5.7 5.2 5.0 5.1 5.0

Women who maintain families(1)

1,230 1,231 1,103 12.4 11.7 12.3 11.3 11.5 10.7

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

11,520 10,432 10,139 9.2 8.7 8.6 8.3 8.3 8.1

Part-time workers(3)

1,754 1,841 1,812 6.0 6.5 6.0 5.8 6.2 6.2

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2011
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2011
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

7,201 6,125 6,069 7,599 7,123 7,003 6,535 6,575 6,413

On temporary layoff

955 741 877 1,181 1,417 1,246 1,169 1,080 1,077

Not on temporary layoff

6,246 5,383 5,193 6,418 5,705 5,757 5,366 5,495 5,337

Permanent job losers

4,878 4,212 4,003 5,033 4,387 4,484 4,311 4,302 4,146

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,367 1,171 1,190 1,385 1,319 1,273 1,055 1,193 1,191

Job leavers

1,000 1,065 913 1,005 878 942 957 1,010 922

Reentrants

3,248 3,295 3,199 3,355 3,380 3,318 3,306 3,300 3,295

New entrants

1,164 1,255 1,223 1,276 1,311 1,277 1,247 1,301 1,327

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

57.1 52.2 53.2 57.4 56.1 55.8 54.3 54.0 53.6

On temporary layoff

7.6 6.3 7.7 8.9 11.2 9.9 9.7 8.9 9.0

Not on temporary layoff

49.5 45.9 45.5 48.5 45.0 45.9 44.5 45.1 44.6

Job leavers

7.9 9.1 8.0 7.6 6.9 7.5 7.9 8.3 7.7

Reentrants

25.8 28.1 28.1 25.3 26.6 26.5 27.4 27.1 27.6

New entrants

9.2 10.7 10.7 9.6 10.3 10.2 10.4 10.7 11.1

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4.7 3.9 3.9 4.9 4.6 4.5 4.2 4.2 4.1

Job leavers

0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1

New entrants

0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2011
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2011
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,297 2,413 2,340 2,510 2,711 2,844 2,542 2,632 2,577

5 to 14 weeks

2,766 2,647 2,634 2,896 3,092 2,868 2,826 2,851 2,747

15 weeks and over

7,551 6,680 6,431 7,766 6,945 6,878 6,703 6,839 6,605

15 to 26 weeks

1,933 1,766 1,724 2,087 1,760 1,845 1,860 1,836 1,819

27 weeks and over

5,618 4,915 4,707 5,680 5,185 5,033 4,844 5,002 4,786

Average (mean) duration, in weeks(1)

41.1 40.9 40.1 40.9 38.8 39.2 39.8 40.2 40.0

Median duration, in weeks

21.8 20.3 19.5 21.5 16.7 18.0 18.5 19.6 19.0

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

18.2 20.6 20.5 19.1 21.3 22.6 21.1 21.4 21.6

5 to 14 weeks

21.9 22.5 23.1 22.0 24.3 22.8 23.4 23.1 23.0

15 weeks and over

59.9 56.9 56.4 59.0 54.5 54.6 55.5 55.5 55.4

15 to 26 weeks

15.3 15.0 15.1 15.8 13.8 14.7 15.4 14.9 15.2

27 weeks and over

44.5 41.9 41.3 43.1 40.7 40.0 40.1 40.6 40.1

Footnotes
(1) Beginning in January 2011, this series reflects a change to the collection of data on unemployment duration. For more information, see www.bls.gov/cps/duration.htm.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2012

Total, 16 years and over(1)

141,070 143,549 12,613 11,404 8.2 7.4

Management, professional, and related occupations

52,787 54,951 2,336 2,077 4.2 3.6

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

21,776 22,643 1,060 905 4.6 3.8

Professional and related occupations

31,011 32,308 1,277 1,171 4.0 3.5

Service occupations

24,783 25,137 2,610 2,352 9.5 8.6

Sales and office occupations

33,294 33,370 2,965 2,584 8.2 7.2

Sales and related occupations

15,607 15,632 1,323 1,236 7.8 7.3

Office and administrative support occupations

17,687 17,738 1,641 1,348 8.5 7.1

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,422 12,986 1,662 1,516 11.0 10.5

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,011 906 189 166 15.8 15.5

Construction and extraction occupations

7,440 7,178 1,151 1,066 13.4 12.9

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,970 4,902 321 284 6.1 5.5

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

16,785 17,106 1,823 1,625 9.8 8.7

Production occupations

8,310 8,567 872 736 9.5 7.9

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,475 8,539 951 889 10.1 9.4

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2012

Total, 16 years and over(1)

12,613 11,404 8.2 7.4

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

9,740 8,600 8.2 7.1

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

76 53 8.3 5.6

Construction

1,100 988 13.1 12.2

Manufacturing

1,176 982 7.7 6.4

Durable goods

749 640 7.9 6.6

Nondurable goods

427 341 7.3 6.1

Wholesale and retail trade

1,726 1,454 8.4 7.1

Transportation and utilities

423 398 7.2 6.6

Information

225 187 7.4 6.8

Financial activities

557 432 6.1 4.7

Professional and business services

1,340 1,197 9.0 7.9

Education and health services

1,132 1,176 5.2 5.2

Leisure and hospitality

1,451 1,354 11.1 10.3

Other services

535 381 8.4 5.7

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

222 193 14.9 13.6

Government workers

964 825 4.5 3.8

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

523 563 5.2 5.4

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2011
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2011
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012
Nov.
2012

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.9 4.3 4.2 5.0 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.3

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.7 3.9 3.9 4.9 4.6 4.5 4.2 4.2 4.1

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

8.2 7.5 7.4 8.7 8.3 8.1 7.8 7.9 7.7

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

8.9 8.0 7.9 9.3 8.8 8.6 8.3 8.4 8.3

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

9.7 9.0 8.8 10.2 9.7 9.6 9.3 9.3 9.2

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

15.0 13.9 13.9 15.6 15.0 14.7 14.7 14.6 14.4

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2012

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

86,757 89,221 34,674 35,501 52,083 53,720

Persons who currently want a job

6,183 6,495 2,915 3,028 3,268 3,467

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,591 2,505 1,355 1,267 1,236 1,238

Discouraged workers(2)

1,096 979 679 556 416 422

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,495 1,526 676 711 819 816

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,083 7,235 3,505 3,572 3,578 3,663

Percent of total employed

5.0 5.0 4.7 4.7 5.4 5.4

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,712 3,752 2,105 2,014 1,607 1,738

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,854 2,037 573 715 1,281 1,322

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

219 218 137 128 82 90

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,262 1,172 671 678 591 494

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2011
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012(p)
Nov.
2012(p)
Nov.
2011
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012(p)
Nov.
2012(p)
Change from:
Oct.2012 - Nov.2012(p)

Total nonfarm

133,172 133,866 134,702 135,069 131,963 133,568 133,706 133,852 146

Total private

110,692 112,021 112,378 112,631 109,959 111,554 111,743 111,890 147

Goods-producing

18,271 18,649 18,616 18,443 18,114 18,305 18,323 18,301 -22

Mining and logging

820 848 839 835 814 835 828 833 5

Logging

49.7 52.6 52.0 51.2 48.7 49.9 49.8 50.0 0.2

Mining

769.9 795.3 786.9 784.0 764.9 785.3 778.6 782.8 4.2

Oil and gas extraction

183.2 196.0 195.5 195.9 183.2 195.6 195.8 196.3 0.5

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

221.6 222.0 219.0 216.3 219.1 215.9 214.4 215.0 0.6

Coal mining

87.1 81.2 79.3 79.9 86.9 81.1 79.8 80.5 0.7

Support activities for mining

365.1 377.3 372.4 371.8 362.6 373.8 368.4 371.5 3.1

Construction

5,644 5,770 5,770 5,641 5,520 5,519 5,534 5,514 -20

Construction of buildings

1,247.5 1,256.5 1,262.8 1,239.2 1,226.9 1,218.0 1,222.1 1,211.0 -11.1

Residential building

577.6 582.2 578.0 572.2 568.5 561.6 559.6 552.8 -6.8

Nonresidential building

669.9 674.3 684.8 667.0 658.4 656.4 662.5 658.2 -4.3

Heavy and civil engineering construction

867.1 912.5 910.4 871.8 834.2 842.9 843.9 840.1 -3.8

Specialty trade contractors

3,529.8 3,600.8 3,597.0 3,530.1 3,458.5 3,457.8 3,467.8 3,463.2 -4.6

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,479.2 1,526.8 1,527.3 1,499.0 1,453.4 1,465.4 1,470.9 1,474.1 3.2

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,050.6 2,074.0 2,069.7 2,031.1 2,005.1 1,992.4 1,996.9 1,989.1 -7.8

Manufacturing

11,807 12,031 12,007 11,967 11,780 11,951 11,961 11,954 -7

Durable goods

7,344 7,493 7,490 7,490 7,331 7,472 7,479 7,490 11

Wood products

331.7 333.0 333.4 335.0 331.4 328.7 332.2 335.5 3.3

Nonmetallic mineral products

368.9 366.8 367.6 365.5 364.2 358.9 360.6 361.8 1.2

Primary metals

400.1 406.5 406.9 404.7 399.6 405.0 405.9 404.2 -1.7

Fabricated metal products

1,361.0 1,411.3 1,410.8 1,409.5 1,359.4 1,407.0 1,408.1 1,412.6 4.5

Machinery

1,075.9 1,100.9 1,101.0 1,099.6 1,076.0 1,103.6 1,102.1 1,101.6 -0.5

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,108.7 1,097.9 1,099.6 1,095.4 1,107.1 1,099.1 1,100.1 1,096.4 -3.7

Computer and peripheral equipment

161.8 164.2 164.0 164.4 161.1 164.8 164.5 164.2 -0.3

Communications equipment

113.2 108.1 107.0 106.7 113.1 107.8 107.0 106.7 -0.3

Semiconductors and electronic components

387.4 384.3 385.2 381.6 387.0 384.4 384.8 382.5 -2.3

Electronic instruments

401.3 397.1 398.2 397.9 401.1 397.7 399.0 399.1 0.1

Electrical equipment and appliances

367.7 372.3 372.1 372.1 367.3 372.0 372.7 374.0 1.3

Transportation equipment(1)

1,408.3 1,472.0 1,469.0 1,479.5 1,405.1 1,468.8 1,469.7 1,478.2 8.5

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

732.8 780.6 775.9 786.7 730.2 778.4 775.9 785.6 9.7

Furniture and related products

347.9 351.9 349.1 346.3 349.8 348.8 348.3 348.0 -0.3

Miscellaneous manufacturing

573.7 580.8 580.5 582.0 571.0 579.6 579.2 577.9 -1.3

Nondurable goods

4,463 4,538 4,517 4,477 4,449 4,479 4,482 4,464 -18

Food manufacturing

1,454.9 1,506.7 1,492.6 1,467.0 1,446.0 1,468.7 1,467.8 1,455.5 -12.3

Beverages and tobacco products

192.4 207.8 205.6 202.1 191.7 200.0 201.1 202.3 1.2

Textile mills

119.1 119.9 117.7 118.6 119.2 119.3 118.2 118.7 0.5

Textile product mills

115.7 113.3 114.1 113.6 115.2 113.1 113.6 113.4 -0.2

Apparel

150.9 147.9 147.2 147.1 151.2 146.5 146.6 146.4 -0.2

Leather and allied products

30.4 29.4 29.0 29.3 30.3 29.1 28.8 28.9 0.1

Paper and paper products

392.1 390.4 387.9 386.4 391.4 388.9 387.8 386.4 -1.4

Printing and related support activities

462.6 451.8 453.1 454.5 460.7 450.4 451.8 452.4 0.6

Petroleum and coal products

114.4 116.6 119.1 118.0 113.5 114.6 115.7 116.6 0.9

Chemicals

791.4 801.2 800.3 789.0 791.0 799.1 800.8 791.7 -9.1

Plastics and rubber products

638.7 653.4 650.6 651.4 638.6 648.8 649.8 651.4 1.6

Private service-providing

92,421 93,372 93,762 94,188 91,845 93,249 93,420 93,589 169

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,591 25,346 25,529 26,029 25,154 25,411 25,478 25,547 69

Wholesale trade

5,573.9 5,642.3 5,667.9 5,677.8 5,554.1 5,645.6 5,653.6 5,666.7 13.1

Durable goods

2,767.2 2,799.2 2,802.6 2,804.7 2,761.9 2,798.5 2,797.4 2,802.1 4.7

Nondurable goods

1,960.3 1,978.6 1,996.0 2,002.5 1,948.9 1,981.2 1,988.6 1,994.4 5.8

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

846.4 864.5 869.3 870.6 843.3 865.9 867.6 870.2 2.6

Retail trade

15,083.5 14,705.5 14,850.7 15,316.2 14,724.7 14,804.9 14,855.8 14,908.4 52.6

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,704.1 1,736.7 1,737.9 1,733.9 1,705.6 1,724.9 1,730.9 1,734.2 3.3

Automobile dealers

1,068.3 1,096.2 1,098.4 1,095.3 1,069.0 1,090.8 1,094.1 1,094.4 0.3

Furniture and home furnishings stores

463.1 447.0 461.2 471.0 446.8 452.0 453.3 452.6 -0.7

Electronics and appliance stores

539.6 488.6 496.5 530.9 515.8 497.9 497.7 506.8 9.1

Building material and garden supply stores

1,118.2 1,139.2 1,132.1 1,129.7 1,142.8 1,153.7 1,155.0 1,158.6 3.6

Food and beverage stores

2,861.6 2,881.9 2,893.5 2,924.3 2,839.1 2,886.5 2,891.0 2,897.7 6.7

Health and personal care stores

996.7 999.6 1,015.5 1,026.5 987.0 1,005.5 1,016.7 1,017.1 0.4

Gasoline stations

832.6 836.9 833.6 836.4 833.3 831.3 832.2 834.4 2.2

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,469.6 1,375.0 1,415.4 1,581.5 1,375.2 1,404.7 1,419.2 1,452.5 33.3

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

600.4 569.2 567.7 603.6 565.1 565.2 567.8 566.5 -1.3

General merchandise stores(1)

3,261.0 3,002.0 3,048.5 3,231.4 3,118.3 3,060.6 3,068.6 3,078.2 9.6

Department stores

1,671.1 1,466.5 1,490.4 1,620.4 1,570.1 1,510.7 1,512.1 1,514.0 1.9

Miscellaneous store retailers

774.7 795.2 801.8 781.6 760.6 786.4 788.2 775.0 -13.2

Nonstore retailers

461.9 434.2 447.0 465.4 435.1 436.2 435.2 434.8 -0.4

Transportation and warehousing

4,375.9 4,433.2 4,445.4 4,470.9 4,316.7 4,394.3 4,403.5 4,407.0 3.5

Air transportation

454.7 455.3 452.1 447.4 455.8 453.5 452.0 448.1 -3.9

Rail transportation

232.0 230.5 232.2 232.5 231.2 230.8 231.7 231.3 -0.4

Water transportation

62.2 68.3 68.1 67.4 63.1 67.2 67.7 68.4 0.7

Truck transportation

1,324.0 1,371.7 1,373.9 1,368.7 1,311.1 1,351.2 1,355.9 1,358.4 2.5

Transit and ground passenger transportation

449.0 455.1 463.0 463.1 431.4 442.6 444.1 445.0 0.9

Pipeline transportation

43.3 44.3 44.1 44.4 43.2 44.3 44.2 44.4 0.2

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

25.9 36.5 31.4 27.6 29.7 31.1 30.5 30.7 0.2

Support activities for transportation

576.8 583.4 591.1 585.6 574.5 584.5 587.3 583.0 -4.3

Couriers and messengers

547.4 521.0 515.1 549.1 528.3 524.9 522.8 525.4 2.6

Warehousing and storage

660.6 667.1 674.4 685.1 648.4 664.2 667.3 672.3 5.0

Utilities

557.4 564.7 564.6 563.7 558.2 565.7 565.2 565.2 0.0

Information

2,656 2,615 2,615 2,649 2,644 2,626 2,621 2,633 12

Publishing industries, except Internet

748.7 739.1 738.9 736.3 745.8 738.4 736.6 733.6 -3.0

Motion picture and sound recording industries

364.0 361.9 357.1 386.1 359.5 369.3 365.0 379.6 14.6

Broadcasting, except Internet

281.4 280.1 279.2 281.2 279.0 279.1 278.4 278.9 0.5

Telecommunications

852.0 824.7 828.0 833.3 850.3 828.5 829.0 829.3 0.3

Data processing, hosting and related services

244.6 239.4 239.9 240.5 244.1 240.2 240.2 239.6 -0.6

Other information services

165.1 170.0 171.6 171.7 165.1 170.6 171.4 172.1 0.7

Financial activities

7,690 7,763 7,770 7,764 7,691 7,759 7,764 7,765 1

Finance and insurance

5,757.4 5,787.9 5,803.1 5,816.5 5,750.7 5,798.7 5,804.1 5,809.2 5.1

Monetary authorities - central bank

19.2 19.2 19.4 19.5 19.2 19.2 19.3 19.3 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,566.5 2,598.8 2,603.0 2,611.0 2,563.4 2,603.6 2,605.6 2,607.2 1.6

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,741.6 1,744.4 1,746.2 1,747.2 1,742.0 1,749.6 1,749.8 1,750.4 0.6

Commercial banking

1,316.0 1,314.4 1,315.6 1,314.9 1,316.9 1,318.5 1,318.2 1,318.4 0.2

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

806.3 800.2 806.2 808.4 805.1 802.2 804.8 804.8 0.0

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,281.4 2,285.8 2,290.2 2,294.1 2,278.9 2,289.5 2,290.3 2,294.3 4.0

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

84.0 83.9 84.3 83.5 84.1 84.2 84.1 83.6 -0.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,933.0 1,974.9 1,966.7 1,947.6 1,940.6 1,960.0 1,960.3 1,955.3 -5.0

Real estate

1,405.2 1,428.7 1,422.8 1,412.0 1,408.9 1,420.1 1,418.1 1,414.5 -3.6

Rental and leasing services

503.5 523.0 520.8 512.4 507.4 516.7 519.2 517.9 -1.3

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

24.3 23.2 23.1 23.2 24.3 23.2 23.0 22.9 -0.1

Professional and business services

17,676 18,033 18,171 18,181 17,521 17,956 18,011 18,054 43

Professional and technical services(1)

7,777.6 7,901.1 7,966.5 7,989.8 7,787.1 7,982.2 8,001.6 8,016.9 15.3

Legal services

1,117.9 1,114.7 1,122.9 1,123.7 1,116.7 1,121.3 1,122.3 1,122.5 0.2

Accounting and bookkeeping services

890.0 873.3 880.4 897.6 943.6 952.7 955.1 956.4 1.3

Architectural and engineering services

1,307.3 1,336.0 1,336.6 1,335.2 1,301.9 1,328.2 1,329.3 1,331.7 2.4

Computer systems design and related services

1,563.4 1,613.7 1,630.9 1,635.9 1,553.1 1,617.2 1,623.9 1,631.0 7.1

Management and technical consulting services

1,105.3 1,148.5 1,162.5 1,160.5 1,092.7 1,147.4 1,151.8 1,151.8 0.0

Management of companies and enterprises

1,929.1 1,955.3 1,957.0 1,965.4 1,928.3 1,955.0 1,958.0 1,963.1 5.1

Administrative and waste services

7,969.5 8,176.3 8,247.9 8,225.5 7,806.0 8,018.4 8,051.0 8,074.3 23.3

Administrative and support services(1)

7,601.7 7,801.9 7,873.8 7,853.9 7,439.1 7,647.3 7,679.6 7,701.9 22.3

Employment services(1)

3,137.6 3,270.8 3,327.7 3,323.1 3,014.1 3,187.3 3,205.7 3,209.5 3.8

Temporary help services

2,491.2 2,597.3 2,647.2 2,657.0 2,377.6 2,528.5 2,542.4 2,560.4 18.0

Business support services

830.6 821.2 840.0 855.6 814.4 827.9 832.0 836.7 4.7

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,798.5 1,849.4 1,841.4 1,809.3 1,784.1 1,784.0 1,793.2 1,800.0 6.8

Waste management and remediation services

367.8 374.4 374.1 371.6 366.9 371.1 371.4 372.4 1.0

Education and health services

20,290 20,328 20,607 20,684 20,046 20,410 20,434 20,452 18

Educational services

3,460.5 3,280.8 3,470.6 3,500.9 3,275.3 3,342.6 3,328.8 3,325.1 -3.7

Health care and social assistance

16,829.1 17,046.7 17,135.9 17,182.8 16,770.8 17,067.0 17,105.2 17,127.2 22.0

Health care(3)

14,195.0 14,413.9 14,474.6 14,504.5 14,162.2 14,421.2 14,455.3 14,475.3 20.0

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,243.7 6,385.5 6,433.4 6,435.6 6,222.8 6,387.0 6,413.9 6,418.6 4.7

Offices of physicians

2,395.5 2,434.5 2,458.0 2,462.1 2,386.6 2,438.0 2,450.6 2,452.3 1.7

Outpatient care centers

637.5 668.3 674.6 672.1 635.8 670.8 673.1 673.2 0.1

Home health care services

1,159.8 1,209.3 1,219.3 1,218.7 1,154.3 1,206.2 1,214.4 1,214.7 0.3

Hospitals

4,770.8 4,829.6 4,838.7 4,852.2 4,765.2 4,832.6 4,839.1 4,847.4 8.3

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,180.5 3,198.8 3,202.5 3,216.7 3,174.2 3,201.6 3,202.3 3,209.3 7.0

Nursing care facilities

1,666.0 1,660.2 1,659.0 1,669.0 1,661.0 1,660.2 1,659.3 1,663.8 4.5

Social assistance(1)

2,634.1 2,632.8 2,661.3 2,678.3 2,608.6 2,645.8 2,649.9 2,651.9 2.0

Child day care services

857.0 843.2 855.5 852.1 839.5 840.8 841.9 835.7 -6.2

Leisure and hospitality

13,179 13,903 13,677 13,492 13,436 13,698 13,718 13,741 23

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,761.6 1,988.1 1,888.7 1,804.4 1,910.7 1,927.9 1,931.1 1,945.2 14.1

Performing arts and spectator sports

382.7 423.5 410.3 396.5 397.9 406.9 406.3 406.9 0.6

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

129.0 136.7 134.9 131.9 134.3 135.0 135.4 136.7 1.3

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,249.9 1,427.9 1,343.5 1,276.0 1,378.5 1,386.0 1,389.4 1,401.6 12.2

Accommodation and food services

11,417.4 11,914.7 11,787.9 11,687.7 11,525.4 11,769.9 11,786.4 11,795.4 9.0

Accommodation

1,745.7 1,851.8 1,799.1 1,754.5 1,799.9 1,806.7 1,808.6 1,809.0 0.4

Food services and drinking places

9,671.7 10,062.9 9,988.8 9,933.2 9,725.5 9,963.2 9,977.8 9,986.4 8.6

Other services

5,339 5,384 5,393 5,389 5,353 5,389 5,394 5,397 3

Repair and maintenance

1,162.0 1,167.9 1,169.2 1,163.0 1,166.0 1,162.8 1,166.0 1,164.2 -1.8

Personal and laundry services

1,284.5 1,302.9 1,305.0 1,307.4 1,288.6 1,302.6 1,307.4 1,309.0 1.6

Membership associations and organizations

2,892.9 2,912.9 2,918.9 2,919.0 2,898.7 2,923.4 2,920.5 2,923.7 3.2

Government

22,480 21,845 22,324 22,438 22,004 22,014 21,963 21,962 -1

Federal

2,830.0 2,813.0 2,805.0 2,788.0 2,839.0 2,810.0 2,804.0 2,799.0 -5.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,211.0 2,211.0 2,193.1 2,187.4 2,218.3 2,203.3 2,197.0 2,196.8 -0.2

U.S. Postal Service

618.5 601.8 611.7 600.1 620.3 606.5 606.5 602.5 -4.0

State government

5,233.0 5,104.0 5,225.0 5,253.0 5,056.0 5,088.0 5,073.0 5,079.0 6.0

State government education

2,570.9 2,462.3 2,594.7 2,621.0 2,383.0 2,445.1 2,432.7 2,437.1 4.4

State government, excluding education

2,662.1 2,641.4 2,629.8 2,632.4 2,673.2 2,643.3 2,640.6 2,642.1 1.5

Local government

14,417.0 13,928.0 14,294.0 14,397.0 14,109.0 14,116.0 14,086.0 14,084.0 -2.0

Local government education

8,210.7 7,679.4 8,074.3 8,174.8 7,858.1 7,865.8 7,829.6 7,826.5 -3.1

Local government, excluding education

6,206.0 6,248.8 6,219.5 6,222.3 6,251.2 6,250.4 6,256.3 6,257.7 1.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Nov.
2011
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012(p)
Nov.
2012(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.4 34.5 34.4 34.4

Goods-producing

39.9 40.2 40.1 40.2

Mining and logging

44.3 43.6 43.5 43.4

Construction

38.1 38.8 38.7 38.8

Manufacturing

40.4 40.6 40.5 40.6

Durable goods

40.8 40.9 40.8 40.9

Nondurable goods

39.9 40.1 40.0 40.1

Private service-providing

33.3 33.3 33.2 33.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.6 34.5 34.4 34.6

Wholesale trade

38.8 38.7 38.6 38.7

Retail trade

31.7 31.5 31.4 31.6

Transportation and warehousing

38.4 38.2 38.3 38.4

Utilities

41.7 41.9 41.6 42.2

Information

36.8 36.5 36.3 36.5

Financial activities

37.4 37.4 37.2 37.3

Professional and business services

35.8 36.0 35.8 36.0

Education and health services

32.8 32.9 32.9 32.8

Leisure and hospitality

26.1 26.1 26.0 26.0

Other services

31.7 31.5 31.5 31.5

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2

Durable goods

3.3 3.1 3.2 3.2

Nondurable goods

3.2 3.3 3.3 3.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Nov.
2011
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012(p)
Nov.
2012(p)
Nov.
2011
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012(p)
Nov.
2012(p)

Total private

$23.23 $23.60 $23.59 $23.63 $799.11 $814.20 $811.50 $812.87

Goods-producing

24.48 24.82 24.77 24.84 976.75 997.76 993.28 998.57

Mining and logging

28.24 29.00 28.78 28.87 1,251.03 1,264.40 1,251.93 1,252.96

Construction

25.43 25.87 25.86 25.96 968.88 1,003.76 1,000.78 1,007.25

Manufacturing

23.78 24.05 23.99 24.04 960.71 976.43 971.60 976.02

Durable goods

25.26 25.46 25.38 25.42 1,030.61 1,041.31 1,035.50 1,039.68

Nondurable goods

21.28 21.65 21.63 21.68 849.07 868.17 865.20 869.37

Private service-providing

22.93 23.30 23.31 23.35 763.57 775.89 773.89 777.56

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20.20 20.56 20.58 20.60 698.92 709.32 707.95 712.76

Wholesale trade

26.53 26.92 27.01 27.03 1,029.36 1,041.80 1,042.59 1,046.06

Retail trade

16.01 16.38 16.40 16.40 507.52 515.97 514.96 518.24

Transportation and warehousing

21.89 21.93 21.91 21.91 840.58 837.73 839.15 841.34

Utilities

33.74 34.62 34.21 35.29 1,406.96 1,450.58 1,423.14 1,489.24

Information

31.53 31.75 31.68 31.74 1,160.30 1,158.88 1,149.98 1,158.51

Financial activities

28.27 29.39 29.45 29.51 1,057.30 1,099.19 1,095.54 1,100.72

Professional and business services

27.95 28.16 28.12 28.16 1,000.61 1,013.76 1,006.70 1,013.76

Education and health services

23.89 24.27 24.32 24.38 783.59 798.48 800.13 799.66

Leisure and hospitality

13.31 13.40 13.38 13.38 347.39 349.74 347.88 347.88

Other services

20.61 20.84 20.86 20.85 653.34 656.46 657.09 656.78

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Nov.
2011
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012(p)
Nov.
2012(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2012 - Nov.
2012(p)
Nov.
2011
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012(p)
Nov.
2012(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2012 - Nov.
2012(p)

Total private

94.8 96.4 96.3 96.5 0.2 105.0 108.5 108.4 108.7 0.3

Goods-producing

82.3 83.8 83.7 83.8 0.1 91.1 94.0 93.7 94.1 0.4

Mining and logging

113.3 114.4 113.2 113.6 0.4 128.5 133.2 130.8 131.7 0.7

Construction

72.5 73.8 73.8 73.7 -0.1 80.1 83.0 83.0 83.2 0.2

Manufacturing

85.6 87.3 87.1 87.3 0.2 94.7 97.6 97.2 97.6 0.4

Durable goods

84.2 86.0 85.9 86.2 0.3 94.5 97.3 96.8 97.4 0.6

Nondurable goods

88.6 89.6 89.5 89.3 -0.2 95.7 98.5 98.2 98.3 0.1

Private service-providing

98.2 99.7 99.6 100.1 0.5 109.1 112.6 112.5 113.2 0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

94.7 95.3 95.3 96.1 0.8 102.9 105.5 105.6 106.6 0.9

Wholesale trade

94.0 95.3 95.2 95.7 0.5 104.1 107.1 107.3 107.9 0.6

Retail trade

94.8 94.7 94.8 95.7 0.9 100.4 102.6 102.7 103.8 1.1

Transportation and warehousing

94.9 96.1 96.5 96.9 0.4 105.4 106.9 107.3 107.7 0.4

Utilities

100.7 102.6 101.7 103.2 1.5 112.3 117.3 115.0 120.3 4.6

Information

88.9 87.5 86.9 87.8 1.0 99.8 99.0 98.0 99.2 1.2

Financial activities

94.8 95.6 95.2 95.4 0.2 104.6 109.7 109.4 109.9 0.5

Professional and business services

98.7 101.7 101.4 102.2 0.8 111.7 116.0 115.5 116.6 1.0

Education and health services

107.0 109.3 109.4 109.2 -0.2 119.8 124.3 124.7 124.7 0.0

Leisure and hospitality

100.1 102.0 101.8 101.9 0.1 107.4 110.3 109.9 110.0 0.1

Other services

94.0 94.1 94.1 94.2 0.1 110.0 111.2 111.4 111.5 0.1

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Nov.
2011
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012(p)
Nov.
2012(p)
Nov.
2011
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012(p)
Nov.
2012(p)

Total nonfarm

65,199 65,883 65,961 66,052 49.4 49.3 49.3 49.3

Total private

52,619 53,349 53,441 53,530 47.9 47.8 47.8 47.8

Goods-producing

4,045 4,093 4,094 4,097 22.3 22.4 22.3 22.4

Mining and logging

108 113 113 114 13.3 13.5 13.6 13.7

Construction

707 717 716 717 12.8 13.0 12.9 13.0

Manufacturing

3,230 3,263 3,265 3,266 27.4 27.3 27.3 27.3

Durable goods

1,709 1,727 1,729 1,728 23.3 23.1 23.1 23.1

Nondurable goods

1,521 1,536 1,536 1,538 34.2 34.3 34.3 34.5

Private service-providing

48,574 49,256 49,347 49,433 52.9 52.8 52.8 52.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,031 10,089 10,134 10,161 39.9 39.7 39.8 39.8

Wholesale trade

1,674.3 1,694.2 1,698.9 1,698.6 30.1 30.0 30.0 30.0

Retail trade

7,213.5 7,233.9 7,271.6 7,297.6 49.0 48.9 48.9 48.9

Transportation and warehousing

1,007.4 1,020.4 1,022.2 1,022.2 23.3 23.2 23.2 23.2

Utilities

136.0 140.6 141.2 142.1 24.4 24.9 25.0 25.1

Information

1,071 1,053 1,054 1,055 40.5 40.1 40.2 40.1

Financial activities

4,473 4,504 4,504 4,510 58.2 58.0 58.0 58.1

Professional and business services

7,784 7,960 7,964 7,979 44.4 44.3 44.2 44.2

Education and health services

15,383 15,666 15,686 15,707 76.7 76.8 76.8 76.8

Leisure and hospitality

7,013 7,140 7,156 7,174 52.2 52.1 52.2 52.2

Other services

2,819 2,844 2,849 2,847 52.7 52.8 52.8 52.8

Government

12,580 12,534 12,520 12,522 57.2 56.9 57.0 57.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data in this table have been corrected. For more information see http://www.bls.gov/bls/ceswomen_usps_correction.htm.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Nov.
2011
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012(p)
Nov.
2012(p)

Total private

90,745 92,179 92,343 92,442

Goods-producing

13,047 13,159 13,177 13,144

Mining and logging

614 628 624 624

Construction

4,165 4,130 4,144 4,132

Manufacturing

8,268 8,401 8,409 8,388

Durable goods

5,035 5,145 5,149 5,152

Nondurable goods

3,233 3,256 3,260 3,236

Private service-providing

77,698 79,020 79,166 79,298

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,343 21,565 21,625 21,674

Wholesale trade

4,459.0 4,548.6 4,555.9 4,567.5

Retail trade

12,714.8 12,758.0 12,798.0 12,829.1

Transportation and warehousing

3,724.4 3,806.2 3,819.4 3,825.7

Utilities

444.7 451.7 451.7 451.8

Information

2,124 2,127 2,124 2,134

Financial activities

5,896 5,974 5,977 5,976

Professional and business services

14,421 14,877 14,922 14,954

Education and health services

17,569 17,886 17,900 17,923

Leisure and hospitality

11,857 12,090 12,112 12,129

Other services

4,488 4,501 4,506 4,508

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Nov.
2011
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012(p)
Nov.
2012(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.7 33.7 33.6 33.7

Goods-producing

40.9 41.1 41.0 41.1

Mining and logging

47.0 46.0 45.7 45.4

Construction

38.9 39.3 39.4 39.4

Manufacturing

41.5 41.5 41.5 41.6

Durable goods

41.9 41.8 41.8 42.0

Nondurable goods

40.8 41.1 41.0 41.1

Private service-providing

32.5 32.4 32.4 32.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.8 33.7 33.6 33.9

Wholesale trade

38.6 38.7 38.5 38.7

Retail trade

30.6 30.4 30.3 30.6

Transportation and warehousing

37.8 37.9 38.0 38.1

Utilities

41.7 41.1 40.7 41.5

Information

36.2 35.8 35.6 36.0

Financial activities

36.5 36.8 36.8 36.8

Professional and business services

35.2 35.3 35.1 35.2

Education and health services

32.4 32.3 32.3 32.3

Leisure and hospitality

24.8 24.9 24.9 24.8

Other services

30.7 30.5 30.5 30.5

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.1 4.2 4.1 4.1

Durable goods

4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1

Nondurable goods

4.0 4.1 4.1 4.2

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Nov.
2011
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012(p)
Nov.
2012(p)
Nov.
2011
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012(p)
Nov.
2012(p)

Total private

$19.59 $19.80 $19.81 $19.84 $660.18 $667.26 $665.62 $668.61

Goods-producing

20.73 20.95 21.00 21.03 847.86 861.05 861.00 864.33

Mining and logging

24.87 25.78 25.96 26.04 1,168.89 1,185.88 1,186.37 1,182.22

Construction

23.68 24.00 24.05 24.10 921.15 943.20 947.57 949.54

Manufacturing

18.98 19.13 19.17 19.20 787.67 793.90 795.56 798.72

Durable goods

20.15 20.22 20.22 20.24 844.29 845.20 845.20 850.08

Nondurable goods

17.11 17.37 17.48 17.50 698.09 713.91 716.68 719.25

Private service-providing

19.35 19.56 19.56 19.58 628.88 633.74 633.74 636.35

Trade, transportation, and utilities

17.27 17.45 17.45 17.48 583.73 588.07 586.32 592.57

Wholesale trade

22.00 22.23 22.21 22.26 849.20 860.30 855.09 861.46

Retail trade

13.70 13.83 13.85 13.85 419.22 420.43 419.66 423.81

Transportation and warehousing

19.55 19.49 19.47 19.47 738.99 738.67 739.86 741.81

Utilities

31.15 31.96 31.85 32.83 1,298.96 1,313.56 1,296.30 1,362.45

Information

26.76 27.16 27.02 26.97 968.71 972.33 961.91 970.92

Financial activities

22.20 22.91 23.03 23.19 810.30 843.09 847.50 853.39

Professional and business services

23.21 23.37 23.32 23.32 816.99 824.96 818.53 820.86

Education and health services

20.98 21.11 21.11 21.13 679.75 681.85 681.85 682.50

Leisure and hospitality

11.48 11.63 11.64 11.63 284.70 289.59 289.84 288.42

Other services

17.39 17.51 17.53 17.53 533.87 534.06 534.67 534.67

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Nov.
2011
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012(p)
Nov.
2012(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2012 - Nov.
2012(p)
Nov.
2011
Sept.
2012
Oct.
2012(p)
Nov.
2012(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2012 - Nov.
2012(p)

Total private

102.2 103.8 103.7 104.1 0.4 133.7 137.3 137.2 138.0 0.6

Goods-producing

81.5 82.6 82.6 82.6 0.0 103.5 106.0 106.2 106.3 0.1

Mining and logging

153.4 153.5 151.5 150.5 -0.7 221.8 230.2 228.8 228.0 -0.3

Construction

81.1 81.3 81.8 81.5 -0.4 103.7 105.3 106.2 106.1 -0.1

Manufacturing

78.8 80.0 80.1 80.1 0.0 97.8 100.1 100.4 100.6 0.2

Durable goods

79.3 80.8 80.9 81.3 0.5 99.7 102.0 102.1 102.8 0.7

Nondurable goods

77.7 78.8 78.8 78.4 -0.5 94.0 96.8 97.3 96.9 -0.4

Private service-providing

108.0 109.5 109.7 110.2 0.5 143.2 146.8 147.1 147.9 0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

100.6 101.3 101.3 102.4 1.1 123.9 126.1 126.1 127.7 1.3

Wholesale trade

101.4 103.7 103.3 104.1 0.8 131.4 135.8 135.1 136.5 1.0

Retail trade

98.5 98.2 98.2 99.4 1.2 115.6 116.4 116.5 118.0 1.3

Transportation and warehousing

106.0 108.6 109.3 109.7 0.4 131.4 134.3 134.9 135.5 0.4

Utilities

94.8 94.9 94.0 95.9 2.0 123.3 126.7 125.0 131.4 5.1

Information

87.8 86.9 86.3 87.7 1.6 116.3 116.9 115.4 117.1 1.5

Financial activities

103.0 105.2 105.3 105.2 -0.1 141.4 149.0 149.9 150.9 0.7

Professional and business services

113.8 117.7 117.4 118.0 0.5 157.1 163.7 162.9 163.7 0.5

Education and health services

122.8 124.6 124.7 124.9 0.2 169.4 172.9 173.1 173.5 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

107.7 110.3 110.5 110.2 -0.3 140.4 145.6 146.0 145.5 -0.3

Other services

96.6 96.3 96.4 96.4 0.0 122.4 122.8 123.1 123.2 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: December 12, 2012
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