Economic News Release

Employment Characteristics of Families News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Thursday, April 26, 2012            USDL-12-0771

Technical information:  (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov
                                
                                
          EMPLOYMENT CHARACTERISTICS OF FAMILIES -- 2011


In 2011, 11.5 percent of families included an unemployed person,
falling from a peak of 12.4 percent in 2010, the U.S. Bureau of
Labor Statistics reported today. Of the nation's 78.4 million
families, 79.8 percent had at least one employed member in 2011.

These data on employment, unemployment, and family relationships
are collected as part of the Current Population Survey (CPS), a
monthly sample survey of approximately 60,000 households. Families 
are classified either as married-couple families or as families 
maintained by women or men without spouses present. For further 
information about the CPS, see the Technical Note.

Families and Unemployment

The number of families with at least one member unemployed
decreased from 9.7 million in 2010 to 9.0 million in 2011. The
proportion of families with an unemployed member also declined
from a peak of 12.4 percent in 2010 to 11.5 percent in 2011. In
2011, black and Hispanic families remained more likely to have an
unemployed member (18.9 and 16.3 percent, respectively) than
white and Asian families (10.4 and 10.9 percent, respectively).
(See table 1.)

Most families with an unemployed member also have at least one
family member who is employed. Among families with an
unemployed member in 2011, 67.2 percent also had an employed
family member, about the same as in 2010. (See table 1.)

Among married-couple families with an unemployed member in 2011,
79.2 percent contained at least one employed family member. Among
families maintained by men (no spouse present) with an unemployed
member, 53.6 percent had an employed member in 2011; for families
maintained by women (no spouse present), the proportion was 45.9
percent. These proportions were little changed from 2010 for the
three family types. (See table 3.)

Families and Employment

The share of families with an employed member edged down from
80.0 percent in 2010 to 79.8 percent in 2011. The likelihood of
having an employed family member declined to 74.2 percent in 
2011 for black families. The share for Asian families rose to 
88.0 percent, while the likelihood for white and Hispanic 
families showed little or no change at 80.2 and 84.2 percent,
respectively. (See table 1.)

In 2011, families maintained by women with no spouse present
remained less likely to have an employed member (71.7 percent)
than married-couple families (81.9 percent) or families maintained
by men with no spouse present (80.2 percent). Both the husband and
wife were employed in 47.5 percent of married-couple families in
2011. The husband was the only worker in 19.9 percent of 
married-couple families, and the wife was the only worker in 
8.3 percent. (See table 2.)

Families with Children

Forty-four percent of all families included children (sons,
daughters, step-children, or adopted children) under age 18.
Among the 34.3 million families with children, 87.2 percent had
an employed parent in 2011, compared with 87.4 percent in 2010.
The mother was employed in 65.9 percent of families maintained by
women with no spouse present in 2011, down from 67.0 percent in
2010. The father was employed in 79.6 percent of families maintained
by men with no spouse present in 2011, up from 75.8 percent in 2010.
Among married-couple families with children, 95.8 percent had an
employed parent in 2011, little changed from the prior year. The
share of married-couple families where both parents worked edged
up to 58.5 percent in 2011 from 58.1 percent in 2010. (See table 4.)

Mothers

The labor force participation rate--the percent of the population
working or looking for work--for all mothers with children under
age 18 was 70.6 percent in 2011, little different from 70.8 percent
in 2010. In 2011, the participation rate for married mothers with
a spouse present (68.7 percent) remained lower than the rate for
mothers with other marital statuses (74.6 percent). (Other marital
status refers to persons who never married or are widowed, divorced,
separated, or married but living apart from their spouse.) Married
mothers were about as likely to be employed as mothers with other
marital statuses in 2011, but their unemployment rate was 
substantially lower--6.0 percent, compared with 15.0 percent for
mothers with other marital statuses. (See table 5.)

Mothers with younger children are less likely to be in the labor
force than mothers with older children. In 2011, the labor force
participation rate of mothers with children under 6 years old
(63.9 percent) was lower than the rate of those whose youngest
child was 6 to 17 years old (76.1 percent). The participation
rate of mothers with infants under a year old was 55.8 percent.
Among mothers with infants, there was little difference in the
participation rate of married mothers (56.9 percent) and those
with other marital statuses (53.2 percent). However, the
unemployment rate for married mothers of infants, at 6.4 percent,
was considerably lower than the rate for mothers with other
marital statuses (24.2 percent). (See tables 5 and 6.)




Technical Note
 
  The estimates in this release are based on annual average data from the
Current Population Survey (CPS). The CPS, which is conducted by the U.S.
Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), is a monthly survey
of about 60,000 eligible households that provides information on the labor
force status, demographics, and other characteristics of the nation's
civilian noninstitutional population age 16 and over.

  The data for 2011 presented in this release are not strictly comparable
with data for 2010 and earlier years because of the introduction in January
2011 of revised population controls used in the CPS. The effect of the
revised population controls on the family estimates is unknown.  However,
the effect of the new controls on the monthly CPS estimates was to decrease
the December 2010 employment level by 472,000 and the unemployment level by
32,000. The updated controls had little or no effect on unemployment rates
and other ratios. Additional information is available from the BLS website
at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#pop.

  Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request: Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Reliability of the estimates

  Statistics based on the CPS are subject to both sampling and nonsampling
error.  When a sample, rather than the entire population, is surveyed,
there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling error,
varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-
percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample
will differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population
value because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at
the 90-percent level of confidence.

  The CPS data also are affected by nonsampling error. Nonsampling error
can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of
the population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the
sample, inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct
information, and errors made in the collection or processing of the data.

  A full discussion of the reliability of data from the CPS and information
on estimating standard errors is available at
www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#reliability.
 
Definitions

  Definitions of the principal terms used in this release are presented
below.

  Family. A family is a group of two or more persons residing together who
are related by birth, marriage, or adoption. The
count of families is for "primary" families only, that is, the householder
and all other persons related to and residing with the householder.
Families are classified either as married-couple families or as families
maintained by women or men without spouses. Families include those without
children as well as those with children under 18.

  Householder.  The householder is the family reference person.  This is
the person (or one of the persons) in whose name the housing unit is owned
or rented.  The relationship of other individuals in the household is
defined in terms of relationship to the householder. The race or ethnicity
of the family is determined by that of the householder.

  Married, spouse present; other marital status. These terms denote the
marital status of individuals at the time of interview. Married, spouse
present, refers to husbands and wives living together in the same
household, even though one may be temporarily absent on business, on
vacation, on a visit, in a hospital, or for other reasons. Other marital
status includes persons who are never-married; married, spouse absent; sep-
arated; widowed; or divorced. Separated includes persons with legal
separations, those living apart with intentions of obtaining a divorce, and
other people permanently or temporarily separated because of marital
discord.  Married, spouse absent, includes married people living apart
because either the husband or wife was employed and living at  a
considerable distance from home, was serving away from home in the Armed
Forces, had moved to another area, or had a different place of residence
for any other reason except separation as defined above.

  Children. Data on children refer to own children under age 18 that live
in the household. Included are sons, daughters, step-children, and adopted
children of the husband, wife, or person maintaining the family.  Not
included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, other related children, and
all unrelated children living in the household.

  Employed.  Employed persons are (a) all those who, during the survey
reference week, did any work at all as paid employees, worked in their own
business, profession, or on their own farm, or who worked 15 hours or more
as unpaid workers in a family-operated enterprise; and (b) all those who
did not work but had jobs or businesses from which they were temporarily
absent due to illness, bad weather, vacation, child-care problems, labor
disputes, or personal reasons, whether or not they were paid for the time
off and whether or not they were seeking other jobs.

  Unemployed. The unemployed are persons who had no employment during the
reference week, were available for work at that time, and had made specific
efforts to find employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with
the reference week. Persons who were waiting to be recalled to a job from
which they had been laid off need not be looking for work to be classified
as unemployed.

  Civilian labor force. The civilian labor force comprises all persons
classified as employed or unemployed.

  Unemployment rate. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a
percent of the civilian labor force.

  Labor force participation rate. The labor force participation rate is
the labor force as a percent of the population.




Table 1. Employment and unemployment in families by race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 2010-2011 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2010 2011

EMPLOYMENT IN FAMILIES

Total families

78,246 78,362

With at least one family member employed

62,560 62,529

As a percent of total families

80.0 79.8

With at least one family member employed full time(1)

56,471 56,498

With no family member employed

15,686 15,833

As a percent of total families

20.0 20.2

White

Total families

63,551 63,635

With at least one family member employed

51,048 51,030

As a percent of total families

80.3 80.2

With at least one family member employed full time(1)

46,150 46,203

With no family member employed

12,502 12,605

As a percent of total families

19.7 19.8

Black or African American

Total families

9,404 9,370

With at least one family member employed

7,030 6,954

As a percent of total families

74.8 74.2

With at least one family member employed full time(1)

6,222 6,105

With no family member employed

2,374 2,416

As a percent of total families

25.2 25.8

Asian

Total families

3,531 3,559

With at least one family member employed

3,081 3,131

As a percent of total families

87.3 88.0

With at least one family member employed full time(1)

2,863 2,932

With no family member employed

450 427

As a percent of total families

12.7 12.0

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Total families

10,561 10,902

With at least one family member employed

8,897 9,178

As a percent of total families

84.2 84.2

With at least one family member employed full time(1)

7,934 8,201

With no family member employed

1,664 1,724

As a percent of total families

15.8 15.8

UNEMPLOYMENT IN FAMILIES

Total families

78,246 78,362

With at least one family member unemployed

9,695 9,043

As a percent of total families

12.4 11.5

Some family member(s) employed

6,566 6,079

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

67.7 67.2

Some family member(s) employed full time(1)

5,572 5,211

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

57.5 57.6

White

Total families

63,551 63,635

With at least one family member unemployed

7,202 6,608

As a percent of total families

11.3 10.4

Some family member(s) employed

5,069 4,627

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

70.4 70.0

Some family member(s) employed full time(1)

4,289 3,964

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

59.6 60.0

Black or African American

Total families

9,404 9,370

With at least one family member unemployed

1,807 1,767

As a percent of total families

19.2 18.9

Some family member(s) employed

1,009 985

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

55.8 55.7

Some family member employed full time(1)

862 835

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

47.7 47.3

Asian

Total families

3,531 3,559

With at least one family member unemployed

400 389

As a percent of total families

11.3 10.9

Some family member(s) employed

308 298

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

76.8 76.4

Some family member(s) employed full time(1)

267 270

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

66.7 69.3

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Total families

10,561 10,902

With at least one family member unemployed

1,841 1,781

As a percent of total families

17.4 16.3

Some family member(s) employed

1,262 1,226

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

68.6 68.8

Some family member(s) employed full time(1)

1,060 1,030

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

57.6 57.8

Footnotes
(1) Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.

NOTE: The race or ethnicity of the family is determined by that of the householder, the family reference person in whose name the housing unit is owned or rented. Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 2. Families by presence and relationship of employed members and family type, 2010-2011 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Number Percent distribution
2010 2011 2010 2011

MARRIED-COUPLE FAMILIES

Total

57,524 57,290 100.0 100.0

With at least one family member employed

47,238 46,910 82.1 81.9

Husband only

11,311 11,426 19.7 19.9

Wife only

4,937 4,764 8.6 8.3

Husband and wife

27,501 27,229 47.8 47.5

Other employment combinations

3,489 3,491 6.1 6.1

With no family member employed

10,286 10,379 17.9 18.1

FAMILIES MAINTAINED BY WOMEN(1)

Total

14,913 15,147 100.0 100.0

With at least one family member employed

10,715 10,867 71.9 71.7

Householder only

6,189 6,248 41.5 41.2

Householder and other member(s)

2,603 2,683 17.5 17.7

Other member(s), not householder

1,923 1,937 12.9 12.8

With no family member employed

4,198 4,280 28.1 28.3

FAMILIES MAINTAINED BY MEN(1)

Total

5,809 5,926 100.0 100.0

With at least one family member employed

4,607 4,752 79.3 80.2

Householder only

2,215 2,399 38.1 40.5

Householder and other member(s)

1,525 1,506 26.2 25.4

Other member(s), not householder

867 847 14.9 14.3

With no family member employed

1,202 1,174 20.7 19.8

Footnotes
(1) No spouse present.

NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 3. Unemployment in families by presence and relationship of employed members and family type, 2010-2011 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Number Percent distribution
2010 2011 2010 2011

MARRIED-COUPLE FAMILIES

With at least one family member unemployed, total

6,147 5,576 100.0 100.0

Employment of family members

Some family member(s) employed

4,884 4,413 79.4 79.2

No family member employed

1,263 1,162 20.6 20.8

Unemployment of family members

Husband unemployed

2,813 2,387 45.8 42.8

Wife employed

1,783 1,497 29.0 26.9

Wife unemployed

1,697 1,610 27.6 28.9

Husband employed

1,455 1,350 23.7 24.2

Other family member(s) unemployed

1,637 1,579 26.6 28.3

FAMILIES MAINTAINED BY WOMEN(1)

With at least one family member unemployed, total

2,446 2,498 100.0 100.0

Employment of family members

Some family member(s) employed

1,094 1,146 44.7 45.9

No family member employed

1,351 1,352 55.3 54.1

Unemployment of family members

Householder unemployed

1,227 1,268 50.2 50.8

Other member(s) employed

254 275 10.4 11.0

Other family member(s) unemployed

1,218 1,229 49.8 49.2

FAMILIES MAINTAINED BY MEN(1)

With at least one family member unemployed, total

1,102 970 100.0 100.0

Employment of family members

Some family member(s) employed

587 520 53.3 53.6

No family member employed

515 450 46.7 46.4

Unemployment of family members

Householder unemployed

680 575 61.7 59.4

Other member(s) employed

259 231 23.5 23.8

Other family member(s) unemployed

422 394 38.3 40.6

Footnotes
(1) No spouse present.

NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 4. Families with own children: Employment status of parents by age of youngest child and family type, 2010-2011 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Number Percent distribution
2010 2011 2010 2011

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 18 YEARS

Total families

34,513 34,269 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

30,153 29,891 87.4 87.2

No parent employed

4,359 4,379 12.6 12.8

Married-couple families

Total

23,804 23,334 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

22,776 22,360 95.7 95.8

Mother employed

15,577 15,267 65.4 65.4

Both parents employed

13,822 13,649 58.1 58.5

Mother employed, not father

1,755 1,618 7.4 6.9

Father employed, not mother

7,199 7,093 30.2 30.4

Neither parent employed

1,028 974 4.3 4.2

Families maintained by mother(1)

Total

8,401 8,538 100.0 100.0

Mother employed

5,627 5,622 67.0 65.9

Mother not employed

2,774 2,916 33.0 34.1

Families maintained by father(1)

Total

2,308 2,397 100.0 100.0

Father employed

1,750 1,908 75.8 79.6

Father not employed

557 489 24.2 20.4

WITH OWN CHILDREN 6 TO 17 YEARS, NONE YOUNGER

Total families

19,480 19,301 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

17,224 17,027 88.4 88.2

No parent employed

2,257 2,274 11.6 11.8

Married-couple families

Total

13,203 12,927 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

12,650 12,388 95.8 95.8

Mother employed

9,333 9,118 70.7 70.5

Both parents employed

8,256 8,136 62.5 62.9

Mother employed, not father

1,076 982 8.2 7.6

Father employed, not mother

3,318 3,270 25.1 25.3

Neither parent employed

553 539 4.2 4.2

Families maintained by mother(1)

Total

4,987 5,043 100.0 100.0

Mother employed

3,594 3,575 72.1 70.9

Mother not employed

1,393 1,468 27.9 29.1

Families maintained by father(1)

Total

1,290 1,330 100.0 100.0

Father employed

979 1,063 75.9 79.9

Father not employed

311 267 24.1 20.1

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 6 YEARS

Total families

15,032 14,969 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

12,930 12,864 86.0 85.9

No parent employed

2,103 2,105 14.0 14.1

Married-couple families

Total

10,601 10,407 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

10,125 9,972 95.5 95.8

Mother employed

6,244 6,149 58.9 59.1

Both parents employed

5,566 5,512 52.5 53.0

Mother employed, not father

678 636 6.4 6.1

Father employed, not mother

3,881 3,824 36.6 36.7

Neither parent employed

475 435 4.5 4.2

Families maintained by mother(1)

Total

3,414 3,495 100.0 100.0

Mother employed

2,033 2,047 59.6 58.6

Mother not employed

1,381 1,448 40.4 41.4

Families maintained by father(1)

Total

1,018 1,067 100.0 100.0

Father employed

771 845 75.8 79.2

Father not employed

247 222 24.2 20.8

Footnotes
(1) No spouse present.

NOTE: Own children include sons, daughters, step-children, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 5. Employment status of the population by sex, marital status, and presence and age of own children under 18, 2010-2011 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2010 2011
Total Men Women Total Men Women

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 18 YEARS

Civilian noninstitutional population

64,488 28,463 36,025 63,885 28,143 35,743

Civilian labor force

52,159 26,661 25,499 51,521 26,302 25,219

Participation rate

80.9 93.7 70.8 80.6 93.5 70.6

Employed

47,863 24,653 23,210 47,578 24,619 22,959

Full-time workers(1)

40,282 23,176 17,106 40,275 23,245 17,029

Part-time workers(2)

7,581 1,477 6,104 7,303 1,374 5,930

Employment-population ratio

74.2 86.6 64.4 74.5 87.5 64.2

Unemployed

4,296 2,008 2,289 3,943 1,683 2,260

Unemployment rate

8.2 7.5 9.0 7.7 6.4 9.0

Married, spouse present

Civilian noninstitutional population

50,868 25,820 25,049 49,999 25,392 24,607

Civilian labor force

41,600 24,332 17,268 40,783 23,873 16,911

Participation rate

81.8 94.2 68.9 81.6 94.0 68.7

Employed

38,870 22,689 16,181 38,379 22,480 15,900

Full-time workers(1)

33,142 21,444 11,698 32,940 21,322 11,618

Part-time workers(2)

5,728 1,245 4,482 5,440 1,158 4,282

Employment-population ratio

76.4 87.9 64.6 76.8 88.5 64.6

Unemployed

2,730 1,643 1,087 2,404 1,393 1,011

Unemployment rate

6.6 6.8 6.3 5.9 5.8 6.0

Other marital status(3)

Civilian noninstitutional population

13,620 2,643 10,977 13,886 2,751 11,135

Civilian labor force

10,559 2,329 8,230 10,737 2,429 8,308

Participation rate

77.5 88.1 75.0 77.3 88.3 74.6

Employed

8,994 1,964 7,029 9,198 2,139 7,059

Full-time workers(1)

7,140 1,732 5,408 7,335 1,923 5,412

Part-time workers(2)

1,853 232 1,621 1,864 216 1,647

Employment-population ratio

66.0 74.3 64.0 66.2 77.8 63.4

Unemployed

1,566 365 1,201 1,539 290 1,249

Unemployment rate

14.8 15.7 14.6 14.3 11.9 15.0

WITH OWN CHILDREN 6 TO 17 YEARS, NONE YOUNGER

Civilian noninstitutional population

35,402 15,639 19,763 35,027 15,431 19,596

Civilian labor force

29,625 14,515 15,110 29,193 14,289 14,904

Participation rate

83.7 92.8 76.5 83.3 92.6 76.1

Employed

27,421 13,482 13,939 27,178 13,422 13,756

Full-time workers(1)

23,239 12,725 10,514 23,186 12,735 10,450

Part-time workers(2)

4,182 757 3,425 3,992 686 3,306

Employment-population ratio

77.5 86.2 70.5 77.6 87.0 70.2

Unemployed

2,204 1,032 1,172 2,015 867 1,148

Unemployment rate

7.4 7.1 7.8 6.9 6.1 7.7

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 6 YEARS

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,086 12,824 16,262 28,858 12,712 16,146

Civilian labor force

22,534 12,146 10,388 22,328 12,013 10,315

Participation rate

77.5 94.7 63.9 77.4 94.5 63.9

Employed

20,442 11,171 9,271 20,400 11,197 9,203

Full-time workers(1)

17,043 10,451 6,592 17,089 10,510 6,579

Part-time workers(2)

3,399 720 2,679 3,311 687 2,624

Employment-population ratio

70.3 87.1 57.0 70.7 88.1 57.0

Unemployed

2,092 975 1,117 1,928 816 1,112

Unemployment rate

9.3 8.0 10.8 8.6 6.8 10.8

WITH NO OWN CHILDREN UNDER 18 YEARS

Civilian noninstitutional population

173,342 86,711 86,631 175,732 88,175 87,558

Civilian labor force

101,729 55,324 46,405 102,096 55,673 46,423

Participation rate

58.7 63.8 53.6 58.1 63.1 53.0

Employed

91,201 48,706 42,495 92,291 49,671 42,620

Full-time workers(1)

71,432 40,325 31,108 72,282 41,087 31,194

Part-time workers(2)

19,769 8,381 11,387 20,010 8,584 11,426

Employment-population ratio

52.6 56.2 49.1 52.5 56.3 48.7

Unemployed

10,528 6,618 3,910 9,805 6,002 3,803

Unemployment rate

10.3 12.0 8.4 9.6 10.8 8.2

Footnotes
(1) Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
(2) Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
(3) Includes never married; married, spouse absent; divorced; separated; and widowed persons.

NOTE: Own children include sons, daughters, step-children, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 6. Employment status of mothers with own children under 3 years old by single year of age of youngest child and marital status, 2010-2011 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2010 2011
With own children under 3 years old With own children under 3 years old
Total 2 years 1 year Under 1
year
Total 2 years 1 year Under 1
year

TOTAL MOTHERS

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,503 2,968 3,351 3,184 9,259 2,893 3,353 3,013

Civilian labor force

5,770 1,908 2,062 1,800 5,613 1,848 2,083 1,682

Participation rate

60.7 64.3 61.5 56.5 60.6 63.9 62.1 55.8

Employed

5,114 1,708 1,815 1,590 4,977 1,645 1,844 1,488

Full-time workers(1)

3,570 1,200 1,243 1,128 3,486 1,169 1,296 1,021

Part-time workers(2)

1,543 509 572 462 1,492 476 548 467

Employment-population ratio

53.8 57.6 54.2 49.9 53.8 56.9 55.0 49.4

Unemployed

656 199 246 210 635 202 239 194

Unemployment rate

11.4 10.5 12.0 11.7 11.3 11.0 11.5 11.5

Married, spouse present

Civilian noninstitutional population

6,642 2,055 2,344 2,243 6,488 1,999 2,381 2,109

Civilian labor force

3,941 1,275 1,403 1,263 3,854 1,220 1,434 1,200

Participation rate

59.3 62.1 59.8 56.3 59.4 61.0 60.2 56.9

Employed

3,670 1,195 1,301 1,174 3,603 1,138 1,342 1,123

Full-time workers(1)

2,596 841 896 859 2,594 822 967 805

Part-time workers(2)

1,074 354 405 315 1,009 316 375 318

Employment-population ratio

55.3 58.2 55.5 52.3 55.5 56.9 56.4 53.3

Unemployed

271 80 101 89 251 82 92 77

Unemployment rate

6.9 6.3 7.2 7.1 6.5 6.7 6.4 6.4

Other marital status(3)

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,862 914 1,007 941 2,771 894 973 905

Civilian labor force

1,828 633 659 537 1,759 628 649 482

Participation rate

63.9 69.2 65.5 57.0 63.5 70.3 66.8 53.2

Employed

1,444 514 514 416 1,375 508 502 365

Full-time workers(1)

974 359 346 269 892 347 329 216

Part-time workers(2)

470 155 168 147 483 161 173 149

Employment-population ratio

50.4 56.2 51.1 44.2 49.6 56.8 51.6 40.3

Unemployed

385 119 145 121 384 120 147 117

Unemployment rate

21.0 18.8 22.0 22.5 21.8 19.2 22.6 24.2

Footnotes
(1) Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
(2) Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
(3) Includes never married; married, spouse absent; divorced; separated; and widowed persons.

NOTE: Own children include sons, daughters, step-children, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Last Modified Date: April 26, 2012
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